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resume sap ps SYAFRINAL SYARIEN Resume. Summary of Qualifications. Syafrinal Syarien has more than 14 years consulting experiences related to ERP Implementation and business process enhancement projects. He has been involved in many ERP projects in Indonesia , Australia , USA , Saudi Arabia and government examples, other ASEAN countries. Hnc Social Care Essay. With solid background and experiences, he gains a lot of competencies in examples various industry sectors, i.e. Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG), retail industry, automotive, logistics, steel mills, petrochemicals, oil and gas, telecommunication, constructions, and government sectors. Syafrinal Syarien is one of jack works first generation of SAP consultants in Indonesia. Parliamentary Government Examples. His knowledge and method, experiences in ERP sectors have been recognized by government examples SAP. Currently, he holds four professional certificates awarded by SAP Asia and method, SAP America.
In certain events, SAP Asia asked him to parliamentary government, be an observation instructor on SAP Partner Academy and other official training events. He is also an active member of the Association of government Operations Management (APICS) During ERP implementation, he actively introduces and jack london works, persuades the clients to parliamentary, adopt proven new concepts in logistics and supply chain, i.e. Kanban, JIT, LEAN, TQM, and Theory of london Constraints. Parliamentary Government. He believes that ERP implementation will be highly successful and brings huge benefits for the company if the company also implements the what determinism proven concept based on best-practice in their respective industry sectors.
Summary of roles in SAP Implementation Projects: As Project Manager: 3 projects As Integration Manager: 2 projects As PS Team Lead: 4 projects As SD Team Lead: 5 projects As CRM Team member: 1 project As IS-Retail Team Lead: 3 projects. SAP Certifications: Certified ASAP Implementation Methodology, 1998, SAP America Certified SAP Application Consultant CRM and Internet Sales, 2000, SAP Indonesia Certified SAP Application Consultant SD Module, 2000, SAP Indonesia Certified SAP Application Consultant PS Module, 2002, SAP Indonesia Certified SAP Solution Consultant Solution Manager, 2010, SAP Malaysia. SAP Implementation Projects. Descon Engineering Limited , Lahore, Pakistan. SAP Project System (PS) Team Lead. July 2010 – November 2010. Descon is parliamentary a group of ventures with a diverse activities portfolio: Project Management, EPC, Engineering, Manufacturing, Construction, Maintenance, Software Development, Mining, Chemicals and Trading. Company’s operations span Pakistan, the The Life Concentration UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, Egypt and Afghanistan. Syafrinal involved in this challenging SAP Engineering, Construction, and Operation (ECO) project as Project System (PS) team lead. He joined the project in the middle of Business Blueprint phase and provided the client with great solution to handle some challenging problems in ECO Project Management, such as: - Managing large construction projects with more than 10,000 WBS elements and parliamentary government examples, 200,000 project activities using SAP PS module.
- Managing centralized materials procurement and distribution across multiple projects. - Integration between AutoCAD and SAP (PS, DMS, BOM) during Engineering project phase. - Enhancement SAP PS functionality in progress calculation method for Project (Percentage of Completion, S-Curve, Earned Value Analysis, etc.). PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk , Bandung, Indonesia. SAP CRM Consultant. May 2010 – June 2010. PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia is a public listed company and the biggest telecomunication company in Indonesia. Syafrinal was responsible to jack london, do the parliamentary examples following activities: - Roll out of hnc social values existing SAP CRM version 5.0 to parliamentary examples, a new division.
The SAP CRM functionalities include Master Data, Marketing Process, Sales Process, Services Process. - Developed enhancement in SAP CRM to allow mass-changes on certain master data and uploading offline transactions to care values essay, SAP CRM. Bakrie Telecom , Jakarta , Indonesia. Subject Matter Expert (SME) for parliamentary government SAP Project System Module. March 2010 – April 2010. Bakrie Telecom is a leading cellular phone services provider in Indonesia with more than 9 million subscribers in all over country.
The implementation of Essay SAP Project System (PS) module is a strategic initiative from the management to examples, manage network expansion projects. Thus, SAP PS module is an important business enable to achieve this goal. As a Subject Matter Expert (SME), Syafrinal actively involves in observation method the project to give strategic advise both in technical and functional aspects of PS module, as well as business policy and parliamentary examples, integration to determinism, other modules such as Investment Management (IM) and Material Management (MM). Hayel Saeed Anam Group, Jakarta , Indonesia. July 2009 – February 2010. Hayel Saeed Anam (HSA) Group of Companies operates in Indonesia in two sites: Cikupa and parliamentary, Medan . Hnc Social. The main business is in government Crude Palm Oil (CPO), Textile, Dairy and Bly the, Commodity products. The SAP implementation at HSA Group comprises of core modules, e.g., FI , CO , MM, MM, PP, PM, QM, and SD. As the Project Manager, Syafrinal is responsible to manage the parliamentary project with more than 30 team members (consultants and internal team).
The main achievement is to complete the project on time and on budget with high quality of The Life Concentration deliverables. PT. Krakatau Steel, Jakarta, Indonesia. SAP PS IM Team Lead and parliamentary examples, Integration Manager. June 2008 – February 2009. Krakatau Steel is the largest Indonesian state-owned company in steel industry. Their products including hot-rolled and cold-rolled sheets, steel rod and bar. Krakatau Steel implements SAP PS and who is to blame, IM to manage large scale projects in examples expanding steel mills facilities and also to control OPEX spending. Syafrinal involves as team lead for end-to-end implementation of PS and IM module for Krakatau Steel: - Conduct SAP Training Level 2 – PLM200 Project Life Cycle. - Conduct Feasibility Study and what is biological determinism, user readiness. - Determine project scope and rough-cut planning in parliamentary examples implementation SAP PS and IM module.
- Design Business Blueprint. - Configure SAP PS and observation method, IM modules according to Blueprint Documents. - Enhance some functions on: o Project Procurement functions to parliamentary, meet legal requirements for state-owned company. o Project Progress Determination and Reports. Sinar Mas Real Estate Developer, Jakarta, Indonesia. November 2007 – April 2008. The Sinar Mas Real Estate Developer ( SIMASRED ), is one of the leading real estate developers in what is biological determinism Indonesia . SIMASRED has substantial interests in various undertakings such as residential, apartments, commercials, shopping centers, hotels, office buildings, industrial estates, townships as well as the highly regarded as Superblock - mixed-use developments.
SIMASRED also engages in real estate and parliamentary examples, property services such as construction, architectural designs, engineering consultancy and method, property management. Syafrinal Syarien involved as SAP PS Team Lead to define business blueprint and realization for Project System module to be implemented in the following area: - Residential Construction Projects. - Commercial Construction (High Raise buildings) Projects. - Industrial Estate Construction Projects. In addition to PS, SAP Investment Management (IM) module is also implemented to support corporate investment planning for Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) and Operational Expenditure (OPEX).
Syafrinal also led the same activities for IM module. PT. XL Axiata Tbk, Jakarta, Indonesia. SAP CRM Team Member. September 2007 – October 2007. Excelcom is a leading cellular phone services provider in parliamentary examples Indonesia with more than 10 million subscribers in all over Essay on Nellie Bly the the country. Syafrinal assisted SAP CRM 5.0 Implementation at parliamentary government Excelcom to jack london, manage customer relationship processes with the parliamentary following scenarios: o Consumers Helpdesk. o Billing Helpdesk. o Product Development Helpdesk. - Sales Scenarios with integration to SAP ECC SD module.
o Account and Contact Management. Binzagr Co., Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. SAP IS-Retail and what is biological determinism, SD Team Lead. April 2007 – August 2007. Binzagr Company distributes a wide range of consumer products to all sectors of the trade. Since its establishment, Binzagr Company has steadily developed to government, become a leading distributor in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia . Who Is To Blame. Binzagr’s principals include Unilever, Kellogs, Hershey’s, Kraft, Dunlop, etc. Binzagr operates more than 700 Retail Van Sales (RVS) to serve thousands customers in remote area.
Under SAP IS-Retail solutions, each RVS is considered as a store with Handheld Computer device as Point of parliamentary Sales (POS) system. Syafrinal involved in this SAP IS-Retail project as a team lead of SD module and SAP IS-Retail Solutions. His roles are: Provide the best practice solutions from The Life Camp Essay SAP SD module to government, serve Modern Trade and Wholesales customers. Provide SAP IS-Retail solutions for RVS transactions, e.g. retail promotional activities, stock allocations, replenishment process from warehouse to Concentration Essay, RVS sites, POS inbound and government examples, outbound interfaces. Train team members on SAP IS-Retail functions.
PT. DKSH Indonesia. SAP Project Manager/System Integrator. January 2007 – March 2007. DKSH is the No. 1 Services Group in Asia , focusing on sourcing, marketing, logistics and distribution. Founded and jack london, deeply rooted in Asia, DKSH successfully bridges complex markets within and between Asia Pacific, Europe and government examples, the Americas . Syafrinal involved in this SAP roll-out project from jack london DKSH global template as a project manager as well as a system integrator. His roles are: Manage integration process from logistics to government, accounting in SAP. Coordinate Supply Chain process: Forecast-to-Stock and what, Order-to-Cash Make sure all legal requirements from examples Indonesia will fit DKSH global template.
Manage the project which consists of is biological determinism 10 consultants and more than 20 team members. PT. Government. Wings Surya, Surabaya , Indonesia. SAP Project Manager. March 2006 – December 2006. PT. Wings Surya (WS) is Journalist a sister company of Sayap Mas Utama (SMU) in Wings Group of companies, with annual revenue more than USD 1.6 billion. In addition to government, SMU, Wings Surya manufactures and distributes the product to eastern region of on Nellie Bly the Journalist Indonesia as well as export to parliamentary examples, abroad. Wings Surya has main business in Essay on Nellie Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) divided into the following divisions: § Food and Beverages (Manufacturing and Distribution) § Personal Care (Manufacturing and Distribution) § Fabric Care (Manufacturing and Distribution) § Building Materials (Distribution Only) Wings Surya distributes the product through modern distribution channel (hypermarket, supermarket, etc.) as well as traditional shops. From geographical point of view, eastern region of Indonesia has very complex route for transportation process.
So the main challenge for parliamentary government examples this project is how to maximize SAP Logistics Execution (LE) functions especially in what is biological Transportation planning execution and shipment cost calculation. PT. Multibintang Indonesia , Tbk., Jakarta. SAP Logistics Consultant. January 2006 – February 2006. PT.
Multibintang Indonesia (MBI) is parliamentary examples a public listed company and a subsidiary of who is to blame Heineken, Holland . MBI is a leading company in beverage products in Indonesia . Their products are divided into government two divisions, which are: This project is a roll-out project from Heineken, Holland . In conjunction with SAP implementation, Syafrinal were responsible to who is to blame, handle specific country requirements regarding logistics (returnable packaging and parliamentary, empties handling) and taxation process (VAT, LST, and Excise Duty) in Indonesia, so that the SAP system is who is to blame compliance with local regulations. PT. Sayap Mas Utama, Jakarta. SAP Logistics Consultant. February 2005 – December 2005. PT. Sayap Mas Utama (SMU) is a leading Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) company in Indonesia with more than USD 1.5 billion annual revenue. Their products are divided into three division: - Fabric Care (detergent, softener, bleach, etc.) - Personal Care (soap, toothpaste, shampoo, etc.) - Food and parliamentary government examples, Beverage (instant noodle, juices, energy drinks, etc.) - Building Materials (tiles, fibercement, roof, and gypsum)
This mySAP ERP project is very challenging since a lot of organizational entities are in project scope. Including the interface of mySAP ERP with Manugistics, Workflows, and complex enhancements for Free Goods activities. Meanwhile, in Logistics Execution process, there are 12 Warehouses included, and more than 500 transportation fleet with complex route scheduling and shipment costs calculation. Syafrinal was responsible to who is to blame, configure and enhance SAP standard functions in government Sales and Distribution module especially in what determinism pricing and logistics execution so that it satisfied client’s requirements. He also led all logitics team (MM, PP, WM , SD ) as a system integrator. Since the company also distributes the product directly to traditional market with complex pricing and discount structure, Syafrinal has successfully configured the standard SAP system to be satisfied the following requirements: - Cross-selling discount : buy one fast moving product and get a certain discount if the customer buys another slow moving product.
- Variation Items Discount : the customer will get discount if they buy a number of certain items altogether in parliamentary government one order. - Product Launching Discount : for a brand new product, the customer will get progressive discount based on repeat order. - Voucher Redemption : for what certain period, if the customer achieved sales target, they will be eligible to receive voucher with certain nominal value. The customer may redeem this voucher for invoice payment. Finally, this project has been awarded by SAP Indonesia as “The Best ERP implementation of the parliamentary government examples year 2005”. PT. Tigaraksa Satria Tbk, Jakarta-Indonesia. December 2003 – October 2004.
SAP IS-Retail Consultant. PT. Tigaraksa Satria, Tbk. is a public listed company with main business in selling and who is to blame, distributing Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG). Their business can be divided into the following divisions: - Food and parliamentary examples, Beverage. - Fashion Retailing (SAP IS-Retail) - Exclusive Book Direct Selling. - Household Gas Product. In conjunction with SAP implementation project, Syafrinal Syarien is responsible to london works, manage inventory supply chain process across distribution networks using SAP IS-Retail functions . His main role is to government examples, synchronize all processes from inbound, internal warehouse, and outbound processes. In order to who is to blame, increase service level to the customers and at examples the same time reduce inventory level, he also introduced new concept in replenishment based on Just in Time (JIT) methodology as provided by SAP IS-Retail functions. SAP IS-Retail functions are used intensively in Fashion Retailing considering the company has only hnc social values essay one Distribution Center (DC) with more than 400 outlets/stores to be supplied by DC. Some SAP IS-Retail functions including: - Category Management (Articles and Classification) - Promotion Activities (Free Goods, Coupon and Bonus Buy) - Mechandise Logictics (Allocation, Distribution, Replenishment) - Retail Information System (RIS) - Interface to POS system. As the result, SAP Indonesia awarded this project as “The Best ERP Implementation of the year 2004”.
PT. Belfoods Indonesia , Jakarta-Indonesia. SAP Project Manager. July 2003 – November 2003. This project is the first SAP implementation in government examples Indonesia for Small and Mid Size Business (SMB) based on SAP All-in-One concept. This end-to-end project was effectively completed within 4 months. In addition to hnc social essay, ERP implementation, Syafrinal Syarien has successfully managed to enhance Belfoods’ business process based on Pack-to-Order. This method eventually reduces finished goods stocks and eliminates forecast inaccuracy at government SKU level. Nestle Philippines , Manila-Philippines. SAP Logistics Instructor.
SAP Philippines has invited Syafrinal Syarien to conduct SAP training for Bly the Journalist team members of Nestle Philippines in logistics and warehouse management area. Syafrinal Syarien was appointed by SAP Philippines because his previous experiences working for SAP project at Nestle USA . PT. Examples. Matahari Putra Prima, Tbk., Jakarta-Indonesia. November 2002 – March 2003. Matahari is the largest retail player with more than 200 stores in Indonesia . Their retail outlets can be divided into the following group:
Syafrinal involved in a full-cycle SAP logistics implementation at Distribution Center of the leading retailer in Indonesia . What. This implementation uses SAP IS-Retail functionalities and RF devices for mobile data entry. SAP IS-Retail specific functions used at the DC include: o Push method (allocation and replenishment) o Pull method (store orders) - Handling Unit Management. - Interface with POS and examples, Retail System at stores (RETEK) As a team leader for outbound logistics process, Syafrinal managed all team members in logistics to work together in order to who is to blame, increase efficiency in picking strategy and examples, transportation processes. This project was very challenging since it has to The Life Concentration Camp Essay, manage huge SKUs and variety of products including fashion, FMCG, basic home appliances, and perishable items in a very large warehouse facility. Thai Oil Company Limited, Cholburi-Thailand. SAP Project System Consultant.
Thai Oil has planned to implement SAP Project System (PS) module for their engineering and maintenance process. Prior to implementation, Syafrinal Syarien was invited to examples, conduct a two weeks SAP intensive workshop for Project System (PS) module to maintain all activities in crude oil transportation, including building pipeline facilities, maintenance projects, civil works in refinery facilities, etc. In the london works workshop, Syafrinal Syarien also worked together with other consultants to adjust existing modules, which are Material Management, Asset Management, Plant Maintenance, Controlling, Finance, and Asset Management, so that they will be working and integrated properly with PS module. PT. Excelcomindo, Jakarta-Indonesia. SAP PS Consultant. March 2002 – April 2002. Excelcomindo is the leading cellular phone service provider in Indonesia . Syafrinal was responsible for revisiting Project System (PS) Module. The client has been implementing PS module for about 18 months and wanted to improve the performance and examples, functions of PS module and its integration points to other modules. Upon completion of The Life in a Essay his tasks, Syafrinal has succesfully redesigned and improved some functions for PS module, such as: - Redesign standard structure of parliamentary government WBS to be more efficient and manageable. - Implement logistics function of PS to manage project stocks.
PT. On Nellie Journalist. Indofood Sukses Makmur, Jakarta-Indonesia. SAP Sales Distribution Consultant. July 2001 – February 2002. PT. Indofood is the biggest food producer in Indonesia . Parliamentary Examples. The SAP implementation project was managed directly by SAP Indonesia . SAP Indonesia has hired Syafrinal Syarien to lead SAP implementation in Sales and london, Distribution module for the following divisions of Indofood : - Snack Food Division. - Food Seasoning Division.
- Baby Food Division. - Biscuit and Confectionary Division. Syafrinal Syarien was responsible for Sales and Distribution module, in parliamentary which requires a highly usage of batch management and Warehouse Management and very fast moving products. Johnson Johnson Indonesia (JNJ) SAP Logistics Consultant. January 2001 – July 2001.
The world wide consumer goods pharmaceutical company. The project covered Johnson Johnson (JnJ) companies in The Life in a Camp 6 countries and parliamentary examples, managed by its project office in Sydney , Australia . The project went live at hnc social values the same time for examples all six companies in each country Syafrinal Syarien was assigned to lead the implementation activities in logistics area for jack JnJ Indonesia including Sales and parliamentary government, Distribution and london works, Warehouse Management. Government. This project was awarded by jack works JnJ ASEAN as the parliamentary government best implementation among other the on Nellie Journalist six countries. PT. Examples. Supra Sumber Cipta its Subsidiaries (Consumer Product Division of Japfa Group) SAP Sales Distribution Consultant. April 2000 – November 2000.
Syafrinal Syarien was responsible for Sales and Distribution Module. This client heavily uses canvass selling where transactions captured in SAP only once a week and this requirement have impact on the credit limit checking – sales order entry processing – delivery (batch managed) – and availability check His activities include collecting user’s requirements; manage workshops and training, coordinating testing cycles and customizing. Method. Developed ABAP reports and together with ABAP programmers create and test add-ons sales program for parliamentary government examples mobile sales task force. California Steel Industries, USA. SAP Sales Distribution Consultant. April 1999 – October 1999. California Steel Industries (CSI) is a steel maker deals with flat steel products: hot rolled, pickled and method, oil, galvanized, cold rolled, sheet, and electric resistance welded pipe. Syafrinal Syarien was responsible to implement Sales Distribution (SD) module including Transportation functions for CSI.
To accommodate the complex pricing structures as per requirements, Syafrinal developed pricing with Variant Configuration and certain complex pricing formula. Nestle, USA (the world-wide consumer goods company) SAP Project System Consultant. November 1998 – April 1999. Nestle USA needs to manage the sales promotion activities and marketing campaign using SAP Project System as the solution Syafrinal Syarien conducted workshop for collecting user’s requirement, translate them into Business Blueprint document and make the necessary setting in PS module according to Blueprint. Examples. By using SAP Project System module, Nestle USA would be able manage all promotional activities, control the what budget availability and monitor the effectiveness of each marketing and promotion event. Various Projects in parliamentary Australia.
(mostly for in a Camp government institutions) December 1997 – June 1998. Syafrinal Syarien was hired by a consulting company in Australia as SAP consultant on a contract basis. He was assigned to various SAP projects in Canberra , Australia , with major clients are government institutions. The clients are as follows : Australian War Memorial Museum (AWM) Syafrinal Syarien was responsible in design activities, configuration of SD module. One of this museum services is selling documentary video, souvenirs, and reprint of parliamentary examples war photo's which has to be booked as revenue.
Orders from care customers were processed according to parliamentary government examples, Make-to-Order concept. Australian Parliament House (APH) Syafrinal Syarien participated in preliminary overview of The Life in a Camp Essay SAP PS implementation, determining the PS project scope, and government examples, preparing the proposal. Australian Intellectual Property Organization (AIPO) Syafrinal Syarien supported AIPO for post implementation support for SD module. PT. Amoco Mitsui PTA Indonesia, Serang-Indonesia. SAP R/3 Specialist.
July 1996 – November 1997. This project has been recognized as “Success Story” in Petrochemical sector by SAP Asia Syafrinal Syarien was responsible as internal consultant of PT Amoco Mitsui for on Nellie SD, QM and PS modules act as valuable counter part for parliamentary the implementor. Smoothing the business analysis stage and translating Amoco’s requirements into SAP Specific Business flow. His activities includes: performed end user’s training, developed SAP user’s manual, and The Life Camp Essay, performed technical supports. July 2008 – Present. Freelancer SAP Consultant. Work as a freelancer SAP Consultant for various companies, including: Soltius Indonesia, Abyor International, Aseta, and SAP Field Services.
January 2006 – June 2008. PT. Government Examples. Soltius Indonesia. (A merger between IMC Consulting and SDI Technologies) An SAP Indonesia National Logo as implementation partner. Position: SAP Senior Consultant. April 2000 – December 2005. PT.
Integrasi Mitra Ciptakarya (IMC Consulting) An SAP Indonesia National Logo as implementation partner. Position: Consulting Manager. October 1998 – October 1999. Metamor Enterprise Solutions, Inc ., Los Angeles , USA. An SAP America National Logo as implementation partner. Position: SAP Consultant. December 1997 – September 1998. Software Consulting Services, Pty. Ltd . Australia.
An SAP Australia National Logo as implementation partner. Position: SAP Consultant, contract basis. July 1996 – November 1997. PT Amoco Mitsui PTA Indonesia. A world-class petrochemical company. Position: SAP R/3 Specialist. August 1995 – June 1996. PT Berlian Sistem Informasi , Indonesia. A subsidiary of Mitsubishi Corporation, Japan. Position: System Analyst.
December 1993 – July 1995. PT Prabu Jaya Persada , Indonesia. The main dealer of Mitsubishi Motors Indonesia. Position: System Engineer. - Certified ASAP Implementation Methodology, 1998, SAP America. - Certified SAP Application Consultant CRM and Internet Sales, 2000, SAP Indonesia. - Certified SAP Application Consultant SD Module, 2000, SAP Indonesia. - Certified SAP Application Consultant PS Module, 2002, SAP Indonesia. - Certified SAP Solution Consultant Solution Manager 4.0, 2010, SAP Malaysia. Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung , Indonesia. BS Degree in Mathematics.
Graduate on October 23, 1993 with notation “very satisfactory” Title of thesis: “A Mathematical Model for Production Planning” - English – Very good. - Address: Vila Ilhami C-115, Karawaci, Tangerang 15810, Indonesia.
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Voltammetric Methods for Trace Analysis of Chromium Essay. Voltammetric methods of analysis, which have been used since the parliamentary government, invention of polarography in 1922, witnessed a serious decline in use and was even threatened with extinction with the development of Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) in the mid-1960’s (Bond, 1980, pp. 2-3). The remarkable detection limits of AAS, coupled with its ability to determine almost all the metallic elements, was beyond the reach of classical polarography, which had come to be regarded as a very unattractive technique due to its clumsy instrumentation. However, there has been a resurgence of interest in the electroanalytical techniques during the past years, mainly as a result of the appearance of vastly improved, commercially available instrumentation which has taken full advantage of the electronic revolution. In parallel with the instrumental developments, there have also been accompanying advances in jack the theoretical aspects of government examples, electroanalytical techniques with the development of, for example, ax, pulse and stripping techniques. As a consequence, voltammetry is now established as an extremely versatile, sensitive, rapid and inexpensive analytical technique which has found applications in most areas of analytical chemistry. The fundamental principles of in a Concentration Essay, polarography are described by Bond (1980), though he recounts developments in polarographic techniques that have led to the renaissance and widespread adoption of voltammetry. Over the last 15-20 years, there has been a revolution in government examples the existing data regarding the distributions and chemical behavior of method, trace elements in natural waters. This revolution has been brought about by the realisation that any analytical methodology has to account for parliamentary government, the risks of contamination as well as analyte losses involved during the sampling and sample handling steps.
Thus clean techniques have been developed and adopted for the collection, preservation, storage and analysis of water samples for trace analysis. This, coupled with the advent of extremely sensitive techniques, has resulted in concentrations of Essay on Nellie Bly the Journalist, trace elements in parliamentary government seawater being shown to be factors of 10 to 1000 times lower than those previously accepted (Donat, et al. , 1995, p. 247). This in turn has led to a demand for more accurate data to be generated at lower concentrations. The focus of this paper is to discuss voltammetric methods for the analysis of one of the biogeochemically important trace metals in Camp Essay natural water: chromium. Voltammetric Methods AAS (especially Electrothermal AAS) techniques are generally regarded as the ultimate methods of detection for ultra-trace analysis because of the detection limits attainable by these techniques.
However, in the form of Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (ASV), voltammetry offers a technique that, in specific cases, can rival these techniques with respect to detection limits, reproducibility and ease of operation. The extreme sensitivity of ASV is due to the analyte preconcentration step inherent to the technique, whereas the spectrometric techniques rely on a prior analyte preconcentration step. Another advantage that ASV offers is that it can speciate the analyte species on the basis of their lability in the natural medium (Florence, 1986) The high sensitivity of ASV allows for parliamentary government examples, the determination of The Life in a Concentration Essay, metal speciation in natural waters without the necessity of external pre-concentration. Parliamentary Government! ASV involves two steps: deposition step, which is an internal pre-concentration, during which a negative potential is applied at the mercury drop (i. e. the working electrode) and the metal ion is reduced to the metal which dissolves in the mercury drop forming an amalgam, followed by the stripping step, during which a positive-going potential scan causes re-oxidation of the metal in who is to blame the amalgam.
Thus, the amalgamated metals are stripped out of the mercury electrode and parliamentary examples, give rise to on Nellie Bly the, anodic peak currents, whose heights are proportional to the ASV-labile (i. e. ASV-measurable) metal species (Willard et al. Examples! , 1988, p. 719). Jack London! The applicability of ASV is contingent on the metal to government examples, be determined being soluble in mercury to care values, form an amalgam. Parliamentary Government Examples! This requirement severely limits its widespread application in environmental analysis and ASV has remained more or less confined to the determination of method, Cu, Pb, Cd and Zn. In this respect, the applicability of ASV is very restrictive, in government contrast to Concentration Camp Essay, the capability of AAS or ICP techniques, which are readily applicable for the determination of most of the elements in the Periodic Table (Willard et al. , 1988). In parallel with ASV, Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry (CSV) techniques have also been used for trace element analysis.
Until relatively recently, this technique was viewed as the government, ‘mirror image’ of ASV (Wang, 1985). In classical CSV, the values, analyte species is electrolytically preconcentrated as an insoluble Hg species on the electrode by the imposition of a relatively positive, constant potential during the parliamentary government examples, deposition stage. The applied potential results in the formation of Hg22+ ions on the electrode surface. Analyte species capable of forming insoluble Hg compounds react with the Hg22+ to form an insoluble film on the surface of the electrode. During the who is to blame, stripping stage, a negative potential scan is applied on the electrode, resulting in government the reduction of this insoluble compound to Hg0 and the original analyte ion. The faradaic current resulting from london this reduction forms the analytical signal. In this preconcentration mode, CSV is applicable to the analysis of mainly anionic species and has been used for the analysis of halides, cyanide, sulphide and a variety of government examples, organic compounds (Wang, 1985). The applicability of CSV has now been extended to hnc social care essay, the determination of metallic species following considerable research into a new, non-electrolytic method of preconcentration during the last decade.
This preconcentration method is based on the observation that many organic compounds exhibit surface active properties that are manifested by their adsorption from solution onto the surface of a solid phase. Adsorption has been regarded as an undesirable adverse effect in polarography for a long time but enhancements in polarographic waves had been observed and attributed to adsorption since the early days of polarography (Bond, 1980). Pihlar et al. (1981) were the government, first to exploit adsorption of the dimethylglyoxime complex of Ni on the Hg electrode for the preconcentration of what is biological determinism, Ni before its stripping. Since then, procedures for the determination of government, a large number of is biological, trace elements have been developed and government, applied to environmental samples. Hnc Social Care Essay! Wang (1989) provides excellent review on the development, potentials and applications of CSV, which contains a detailed treatment of the fundamental principles of CSV, the mechanisms of complex adsorption and examples, of the stripping step. The principle behind the care essay, new method is very simple: under optimized solution conditions, the analyte (generally metal ions) reacts with an added ligand to form a complex which is adsorbed on the surface electrode during the preconcentration stage.
This complex is then reduced during the stripping stage, which consists of the application of a negative potential scan on the electrode. During the stripping stage, the parliamentary examples, reduction process producing the peak current may be due to the reduction of the metal ion, the reduction of the ligand or the simultaneous reduction of both the ligand and the metal ion. The selectivity of the method is determined by the judicious choice of the complex-forming ligand and, since the reaction between the The Life in a Concentration Essay, ligand and the analyte is government examples usually dependent on the oxidation state of the analyte species, speciation analysis is is biological determinism generally achieved (Wang, 1985). A comprehensive review of ligands used in, and metals determinable by CSV is given by (Paneli, 1993). It can be conceived that with the choice of government examples, a proper ligand, any metallic species should be amenable to CSV determination, opening up the whole Periodic Table to this extremely sensitive, selective and inexpensive analytical technique. The reduction of the ligand can be used for the determination of metals which are reduced at very negative potentials. Who Is To Blame! It is no wonder therefore that so much activity has been channeled towards the parliamentary, search for new ligands for CSV of trace metals in environmental samples.
Almost two decades after the technique was first used for the determination of nickel, there is method some continuing debate as to the name of the technique. Since the adsorption phenomenon is utilized for preconcentration of the analyte species, the technique has also been referred to as Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetry, (AdSV), as well as Adsorptive Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry (AdCSV), whereas many workers simply refer to it as CSV based on the direction of the current flow during the government examples, reduction. Following a discussion on the pros and cons of the different names used for the technique, Fogg (1994) reached the conclusion that the term cathodic stripping voltammetry with adsorptive accumulation would be more informative. In A Concentration Essay! However, he acknowledged that the term cathodic stripping will continue to be used. In contrast to parliamentary government examples, the analytical methods, electrochemical methods for trace metal analysis are very fast and require relatively simple and inexpensive instrumentation. If the complexing ligand is chosen such that the reaction occurs selectively between the ligand and the analyte in a given oxidation state, speciation is achievable without lengthy separation steps and the preconcentration inherent to the technique precludes the need for a potentially contaminating preconcentration step (Wang, 1985). The whole analytical procedure can generally be carried out within the confines of a clean bench, which is a major asset in trace analysis. The fact that the material adsorbed on the mercury electrode is readily accessible for instantaneous reduction during the stripping stage leads to the flow of a large current, which is the analytical signal. Hence high sensitivities, i. e. , extremely low detection limits, can be achieved. In CSV, detection limits in the sub-µg/L level are routinely achieved using preconcentration times of 1-3 min (Wang, 1985). All these assets make CSV potentially the most appropriate technique for environmental, and, specifically, natural water analysis.
Voltammetric Analytical Methods for Chromium. Chromium occurs principally in nature as the extremely stable mineral chromite, FeO. Cr2O3. Method! In most soils and bedrocks, it is examples similarly immobilized in the trivalent state; however, the environmental concentrations of who is to blame, chromium are significantly in excess of the natural mobilization of the element by weathering processes. This is because chromium and its compounds have widespread industrial applications, resulting in examples large quantities of the london works, element being discharged in the environment (Bowen, 1979). The chromium concentrations encountered in natural waters are very low; concentrations vary from 0. 1 to 0. 3 µg/L in seawater and from 0.3 to 6 µg/L in unpolluted surface waters (Bowen, 1979). The study of the chemical speciation of chromium in natural waters has been a topic of great interest for 40 years.
The speciation studies have almost exclusively focused on the distribution of chromium between Cr(III) and Cr(VI) (Fukai, 1967, p. 901). Polarographic methods for the analysis of chromium have long been established but the detection limits do not permit their application to natural waters. However, it was during the polarographic study of Cr in examples supporting medium containing EDTA and nitrate ions that an important observation was made by determinism, Tanaka and Ito (1966). These authors found that the Cr polarographic waves were unusually high in this medium and attributed it to the catalytic re-oxidation of an intermediate Cr(II)-EDTA complex by parliamentary examples, nitrate ions. Golimowski et al. (1985) were the first to recognize the role of adsorption in the polarographic determination of Cr in the presence of DTPA as supporting electrolyte. They showed that the Cr-DTPA is adsorbed on Hg whereas Cr-EDTA is not, hence the notion that DTPA is more suitable than EDTA for the polarographic determination of Cr. Golimowski et al. (1985) exploited the adsorption of the Cr-DTPA complex for the preconcentration of the analyte at is biological determinism, a Hanging Mercury Drop Electrode and thus published the first CSV method for chromium. DTPA was used as the complexing ligand and the catalytic effect of nitrate ions was used for enhancement of the reduction currents. In what would be the first application of a voltammetric technique for the determination of chromium at levels prevalent in natural waters, they reported a detection limit of 20 µg/L for a 2-min deposition time. The superiority of this analytical method vis-a-vis the non-electrochemical methods was unquestionable.
The CSV method provided not only the required detection limit, but it did so without the need for any separate sample pretreatment steps (Golimowski et al. , 1985). However, Golimowski et al. (1985) failed to consider that the sensitivity of Cr(III) was less than that of Cr(VI), although this observation had already been made by Zarebski in 1977. These authors also failed to observe that the response of Cr(III) was transient (see below). According to Golimowski et al. (1985) therefore, the method was applicable for the determination of parliamentary, total chromium and jack london, they claimed success in its application for the determination of chromium in river, lake, sea and rain water. Given the view of Golimowski et al. (1985) regarding the applicability of the DTPA method for the determination to Cr(III), Torrance and Gatford (1987) made a very thorough study of the CSV of the Cr-DTPA complex and government, confirmed that the responses of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) were indeed different. They found that the Cr(VI):Cr(III) response ratio was 14:1 at 0. 1 µg/L and 1. The Life Camp Essay! 2:1 at 1 µg/L of Cr respectively. These authors also found that with both Cr(III) and Cr(VI) there was a kinetic effect that produced a decrease in parliamentary government examples peak current with time; this decrease was more severe for in a Essay, Cr(III), with a decrease of 15% in the first 5 min after the addition of DTPA. Therefore it was concluded that Cr(III) and Cr(VI) cannot be determined in a solution unless all Cr(III) is oxidized to Cr(VI).
They achieved this by heating the sample solutions with bromine water and attained detection limits of 0. 023 µg/L Cr as Cr(VI) (Torrance and Gatford, 1987). Scholz et al. (1990) also confirmed that the DTPA method works reliably only for Cr(VI) and proposed that, for parliamentary government, the speciation of chromium, total chromium be determined as Cr(VI) after prior conversion of Cr(III) to Cr(VI) by jack london, uv-irradiation. Cr(VI) only was determined after a prior step in which the parliamentary, Cr(III) was removed from solution by coprecipitation with AI(OH)3. Cr(III) could then be obtained by difference. The use of DTPA as the complexing ligand in the determination of chromium was further studied by Boussemart et al. (1992), who devised and optimized a method for hnc social essay, the speciation of chromium in natural water. These authors observed that the sensitivity for examples, Cr(III) was about who is to blame, 70% of the Cr(VI) sensitivity.
They also found that the response for Cr(III) was transient, disappearing completely in about 30 min. They therefore devised a method whereby the CSV peak current was recorded under optimized conditions immediately after the addition of DTPA to the voltammetric cell. The peak current at this time would be equivalent to government examples, the response due to Cr(III) and Cr(VI). Then, after 30 min (when the Cr(III) was believed not to be responding), they carried out a determination of in a Concentration Camp Essay, Cr(VI) by a Cr(VI) standards addition. The concentration of Cr(III) was estimated from the initial response of government, Cr(III) plus Cr(VI). Thus, they reported a detection limit of 0. 1 nM (ca. 5 ng/L) for a 2-min deposition time. Although they used this method for the speciation of Cr in determinism natural water, it is deficient in that the Cr(III) can only be estimated (Boussemart et al. , 1992). Apparently, these authors failed to consider the findings of Torrance and Gatford (1987) regarding the government, differing ratios of Cr(VI):Cr(III) responses at different concentrations as well as the rapidly decreasing response of Cr(III). The rate of decrease of the Cr(III) response is such that by the time the solution is purged and the first voltammetric run completed, there already is a substantial loss in signal.
If, as is normal practice, voltammetric runs are carried out in triplicate and, as proposed, a deposition time of 2 min is chosen, it would be impossible to quantify the initial response due to the Cr(III). However, this method is very useful because it enables total Cr(VI) to Essay, be determined without any sample pretreatment step. Government Examples! Probably having realized the The Life in a Camp Essay, deficiencies of the parliamentary government, above method, Boussemart and van den Berg (1994) later published another method for the determination of Cr(III) in natural water. In this case, the Cr(III) was preconcentrated by adsorption on silica. The adsorbed Cr(III) was later released by jack works, converting it to government examples, Cr(VI) by uv-irradiation and this Cr(VI) was determined by CSV, with DTPA as the complexing ligand. Conclusion. From the discussion above it can be seen that analytical methods with the required sensitivity for the speciation determination of chromium in natural water can be based on electrochemical techniques with better attainable detection.
Additionally, the electrochemical techniques generally involve less sample pretreatment and are faster and cheaper to perform. For these reasons, electroanalytical methods are preferable for the determination of chromium. Of the stripping techniques discussed, the method based on DTP A seems best suited to london, the determination of Cr(VI) in natural water, because Cr(III) does not respond. However, the difficulty faced in determining Cr(III) is a major drawback. Parliamentary! Considering the methods described above, the complete speciation of chromium would need the complete oxidation of Cr(III) to Cr(VI) or the physical separation of the Cr(III) species as done in the methods by what is biological, Boussemart and van den Berg (1994), or Scholz et al. (1990). These pretreatment steps are lengthy and are potentially likely to introduce analyte losses as well as contamination in the analytical method.
The incorporation of sample pretreatment steps seems to be contrary to the spirit of electroanalytical techniques where excellent sensitivity coupled with simplicity and minimal sample handling is lauded as the great asset of the examples, technique. The complete speciation of chromium could in principle be achieved without any need for sample pretreatment by care essay, the use of two different complexing ligands, for example, DTPA for Cr(VI) only and then cupferron or 2,2-bipyridine for total chromium (Cr(III) plus Cr(VI)). The difference between total chromium and Cr(VI) would then be equivalent to Cr(III). However, adoption of such a speciation scheme has apparently not yet been investigated, probably because it would entail undesirable additional time and government examples, costs (costs and purification of additional chemicals etc. ) in the overall process. Bond, A. M. (1980). Determinism! Modern Polarographic Methods in Analytical Chemistry. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Boussemart, M. , van den Berg, C. M. G. , Ghaddaf, M. Parliamentary Government Examples! (1992). In A! The determination of the chromium speciation in sea water using catalytic cathodic stripping voltammetry. Anal. Chim. Acta, 262, 103–115. Boussemart, M., van den Berg, C. (1994). Preconcentration of chromium (III) from seawater by adsorption on silica. and voltammetric determination. Analyst, 119, 1349-1353. Bowen, H. J. M. (1979).
Environmental Chemistry of the examples, Elements. Academic Press. Donat, J. Method! R. , Bruland, K. W. (1995). Trace Elements in the Oceans, in parliamentary Salbu, B. and Steinnes, E. (Eds. ), Trace Elements in Natural Waters. CRC Press.
Fogg, A. Hnc Social Care! G. (1994). Adsorptive stripping voltammetry or cathodic stripping voltammetry? Methods of accumulation and determination in examples stripping voltammetry. Anal. Proc. , 31, 313-317. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 20 January 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Voltammetric Methods for Essay on Nellie Bly the Journalist, Trace Analysis of Chromium.
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All these perspectives comes from various theorists such as Weber, Durkheim, Freus, Max and Foucault . Foucault published a very influential book ‘Madness and Civilisation’ which outlined how in 15th century Europe, the mad people were sent away in ships. allowing the The Life in a Concentration, observer to see everyone within the perimeters while people are not able see or acknowledge them back. Michel Foucault mentions in his essay entitled “ Panopticism ” that there is a common resemblance to this 17th century structure, to many different, but common spaces in today’s society. Clapp Questions for Thought and Discussion “ Panopticism ,” by Michel Foucault Directions: Use these study questions to help you think about the article in a variety of ways. Parliamentary Examples. Use these questions to test yourself! 1. According to Foucault , how were plague-stricken societies organized to. ? Panopticism meaning a certain view point from an all seeing eye seems to be the way we as a people, although we may not know it are being seen. Within every building, social class, or individual there is Essay a certain type of parliamentary government behavior permitted and if that behavior is observation not met with what is “right” there. | Panopticism ; Michel Foucault’s Ingenious Theory PHL 101 Issues in Philosophy | A French philosopher, Michel Foucault developed the theory Panopticism and is explained in his book, Discipline and government examples Punish: The Birth of the Concentration Camp Essay, Prison.
Foucault was able to erect this theory based off of Jeremy. people’s rights behind and just focused on government examples power and control of the party in charge. It developed from a theory on a way of who is to blame controlling people, Panopticism , and was tweaked and government modified by the two rulers because of its intenseness to make it suitable for their countries. Determinism. Because of this still extreme. Panopticism is like the design of Bentham prison Panopticon. The prison is “At the periphery, and annular building; at the center, a tower; this tower is parliamentary examples pierced with wide windows that open onto the inner side of the who is to blame, ring, the periphery building is divided into cells, each of which extends the whole. the nation-state and its constituent institutions (e.g. Parliamentary Examples. representative democracy, public education, modern bureaucracy) and forms of surveillance ( Foucault 1995, 170–77). Some writers have suggested there is more than one possible modernity, given the unsettled nature of the term and of history itself. Levinas, these three books discussed, and/or relied upon, the values, works of many philosophers and authors, including linguist Saussure, Hegel, Foucault , Bataille, Descartes, anthropologist Levi-Strauss, paleontologist Leroi-Gourhan, psychoanalyst Freud, and writers such. God. -- Michele Shea People know what they do; and sometimes they know why they do it.
But what they don't know is what they do. -- M. Foucault ?????????? You must learn from the mistakes of others. You can't possibly live long enough to make them all yourself. --Sam Leveneson ?????????? . Sexuality Vol. 1, Butler claims that any attempt at censorship, legal or otherwise, necessarily propagates the parliamentary government, very language it seeks to forbid. As Foucault argues, for example, the strict sexual mores of 19th century Western Europe did nothing but amplify the discourse of sexuality it sought to control. Compare and Contrast Butler's and Goffman's Notion of Performance in Terms of Masculinity. subject of masculinity. Her book ‘Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity’ (1990) draws on many social theorists, most importantly Foucault . The main thesis of Butler's argument in in a Essay, this book is that the relationship of sex, gender, masculinity and sexuality are all culturally constructed. Leadership and Philosophical Positions. own House. His leadership style was full of innovations on the basis of which he used to take decisions (Geldenhuys and government examples Kotze, 1985).
According to Foucault , “when knowledge extends, it reinforces the effects of power” (McNay, 1994, p. 103). Who Is To Blame. Botha was open to information and parliamentary government examples had networks through which. something that everyone has heard of Journalist before. The word is lost in parliamentary, an effort to hnc social ensure that everyone understands what is happening in places where panopticism is used. The basic idea around the fact that it is easier to watch the movements and actions of government examples people using a panoptic model is something that has. power in that it is conducted in a punitive manner.
Foucault describes the use of this power used on the people locked in their houses during the works, plague and parliamentary examples the unfortunate lepers: “If he leaves the method, street, he will be condemned to death” ( Foucault 209), and “the leper was caught up in a practice of rejection. To what extent do you agree with Foucault that we live in parliamentary, a ‘disciplinary society’? Foucault’s belief that the on Nellie Bly the, social control in disciplinary pervades all elements of life and government examples there is no escape from this type of control. Michel Foucault is care not a Freudian, a Marxist, a structuralist, a phenomenologist. and Fink, 2009, p.22).
This is parliamentary government examples referred to as the mutual constitution. References: Narrative: The Open University, 2015a) Course companion: Foucault (1969) cited in Lewis and Fink Lewis, G. and Fink, J. (2009) ‘Themes, Terms and Concepts’ in Fink, J., Lewis, G., Carabine, J., Newman, J. and Korner. transform human consciousness/ Relationship between drug-use and art/Analyse style of jack london a particular actor/ Popularity of trashy, pulp magazines. / Foucault and Kesey, or Madness, Civilization, and One Flew over Cuckoo’s Nest. /Journalists in parliamentary government examples, combat—life on edge/Cirque du soleil/Gonzo journalism/Representational. Modern Society and the Growth of State Surveillance. share and return on in a Concentration capital invested (Dandeker, 1990:200). Foucault argues that Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon prison design (1991:200) is paradigmatic of modernity’s newly evolving disciplinary society (Green, 1999:29). As Foucault (1991:219) notes disciplines define compact hierarchical networks. seeing. We are able to obtain more powerful knowledge if we go about our days observing rather than just living a life full of brief sights. Michel Foucault , a French philosopher explores several elements in the ways in which our humanity and social sciences work. Parliamentary Examples. In his work, Discipline and Punishment.
Some Pitfalls of Doing Qualitative Discourse Analysis. producing meaning. They constitute the nature of the body, unconscious and conscious mind and emotional life of the subjects they seek to govern’. Foucault paid particular attention to the periodisation of local discourses and how certain knowledges and practices change historically. A good contemporary. Expansion of golf courses in the United States. Geo- graphical Review, 98, 24-42 Foucault , M. Jack Works. (1988). Government Examples. Technologies of the self. Who Is To Blame. In L. H. Martin, H. Gutman, amp; P. Parliamentary Examples. H. Hutton(Eds.), Technologies of the self: A seminar with Michel Foucault (pp.
16-49). London:Tavistock Durkheim, Emile. amp; Mueller, John H. amp;. Hare-Brained Bugs Bunny Analysis of Rabbit of Seville. Elmer Fudd does not possess. Hnc Social Care Values. Bugs Bunny uses his newly gained power over a lost agentless Elmer Fudd to examples promptly lash him with a straight razor. Foucault describes the soul as the prison of the body because the identity (soul) socially inscribed on the body represses its own style of self, (30) and.
Scholarly Paper- Misery by Stephen King. they were very problematic. Hnc Social Care. The older view was first challenged by parliamentary, Wimsatt and Beardsley (1954, 1998), who called this the “intentional fallacy”. Who Is To Blame. Foucault developed his ‘Author functions’: classifications, attribution and parliamentary examples valuation. These functions were used to in a Concentration Essay discuss the government examples, work of the author that I studied. stab’ at a topic that had been little discussed within an existential-phenomenological framework.
Its influences were widespread and plentiful. Method. Foucault (1979, 1985 1986), Sartre (1956) and (most significantly) Merleau-Ponty (1962) to be sure, but also Weeks 299 Ernesto Spinelli (1985) and. How Socialorder Is Made and government examples Remade. 317) It is safe to care values say that he focused on the micro-social phenomenon meaning that he studied human interaction at the smallest scale. Parliamentary. In contrast Foucault studies the wider picture of human interaction. He studies how discourses shape attitudes and also how discourses can be used to normalise behaviour. international relations theory critiques theories like Marxism that provide an overarching metanarrative to history. Key postmodern thinkers include Lyotard, Foucault and Derrida. ------------------------------------------------- Criticisms[ A criticism made of post-modern approaches to international relations.
The Case for Mediation in Primary Care. suppressed. Sociology of health, an hnc social care established science, has been consistently relegated to the realm of subjugated knowledge (to borrow a term from Foucault ) in this conflict (Navarro and Muntaner 2004b). Parliamentary. Laissez-faire ideology: - Tyrannical Non-Directiveness Part of the difficulty is that history. Although Bentham never lived long enough to see his model prison ever built it was the basis for many prisons throughout the world. According to Michael Foucault this was a crucial development, as he believed that the principles of Panopticon would seep out of their institutional location to infiltrate non-institutional. Jeffrey Weeks wrote, “Social processes construct subjectivities not just as categories but at on Nellie, the level of individual desire.”(Thorp 3) Michel Foucault has also suggested in his theory “that sexual preference may itself be nothing more than a superficial matter of taste and practice” (Thorp 4) Overall.
toda experiencia humana, e produto de um complexo conjunto de processos sociais, culturais e historicos. A concepcao moderna de sexualidade, segundo Foucault (1988), designa uma serie de fenomenos que englobam tanto os mecanismos biologicos da reproducao como as variantes individuais e sociais do comportamento. Postcolonial Theory and the Rewriting of History. is the effect of parliamentary language and ideas. This axiom of Althusser has helped in the unraveling of certain institutions and ideas. But it was his student Foucault who brought up the care values, question of discourse to examples the literary theory. On the footsteps of Marx, Engles and Althusser he also said that individual is not. and in the outer life. Hnc Social Care Values. “As Foucault and others have noted, practices of coercion and domination are often camouflaged by practical rhetoric and supporting theory that appear to be benevolent, therapeutic, and government voluntaristic.” By referencing a famous theorist, Foucault gains appreciation as well as. Evaluate the Postmodernist Explanation of the The Life Concentration Essay, Role and Function of Religion in Contemporary Society. (40 Marks)
Evaluate the postmodernist explanation of the role and function of religion in contemporary society. (40 marks) According to postmodernists such as Foucault we live in a ‘post-modern’ world, where none of the accepted theories or ‘truths’ or ‘narratives’ can be relied on. One really big narrative is that. Eng-W 131 22 October 2011 Microtheme 4 The panoptic schema makes any apparatus of parliamentary government examples power more intense… It is method a way of obtaining from power ( Foucault 161). Foucault states that the Panopticon is set up in a way that a prisoner is forced to be self-discipline. The Panopticon is a building set up like a. Theories of Social Construction of Sexuality. influenced the way people think has undoubtedly been Foucault . In The History of Sexuality, Foucault attempts to disprove the thesis that Western society has seen a repression of sexuality since the 17th century and government that sexuality has been unmentionable. Foucault , states that Western culture has long been fixated. Who Possesses Agency? Michel Foucault’s work in which he titled Panopticism , he explains his views on power; how it is operated, obtained and sustained.
He based the word panopticism on Jeremy Bentham’s panopticon - an architectural design of a building that enables the one who possesses agency. Foucault’s essay “ Panopticism ” teaches in how we are always being watched effects our behavior and makes us conform is correct, but if there is any variation, it will not work, as proven in Kesey’s novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. Par 2: Michel Foucault’s essay “ Panopticism ” talks about the idea. literary criticism that swept over the academic world in the twentieth century and culminated in the postmodern philosophies of Barthes, Derrida, and essay Foucault . Central to Eliot's approach was his concept of impersonal poetry and, closely related, his attitude justifying tradition as an integral part. Power’s position in society is always established as a permanent authority to ensure the positive behavior of the people.
Panopticism , the idea of rules and routines, whether selfimposed or enforced by a higher authority, may begin to drive our life and . answers got marks over examples, 70, particularly where, as some people did, there was an effort to Essay on Nellie link this complex theories of power and control such as Foucault , Burawoy, Barker, Knights and McCabe. It was great to see that a handful of people were able to argue their way through to these theories. These were. place, and tends to be restored immediately when it is breached I looked at the main differences and similarities between the two theorists Michel Foucault and Erwing Goffman? If we now compare and contrast Goffman’s and Foucault’s explanations of how social order is made and examples remade. I looked at Goffman’s.
Situational crime prevention Chaike – Crime displacement Wilson and Kelling – Broken windows Concepts: Restorative justice, restitutive justice Foucault – Sovereign/Disciplinary power Carrabine et al – Prisons and Bly the Journalist imprisonment Garland – Mass incarceration and transcarceration Victims of crime . public displays of control to the development of early prisons up to present day with CCTV and computerised systems. Government. The post modernist Michel Foucault wrote his book Discipline and Punish (1977) in which he looks at what is biological, the development of the prison system from government examples, 18th century to modern time. He found. Michele Foucault Panopticism and Discipline. the prisoners of the panopticon are always aware of. Panopticism describes this continuous alertness as a way for the governing agents to subconsciously establish control, since the prisoners will presumably always be on The Life in a Essay their “best behavior.” Foucault depicts the government examples, panopticon as a way of exercising power.
fact talking about ‘the author’ but ‘the Author’. Michel Foucault’s essay, What is an Author?’(1969), should be read along with Barthes’s essay. Foucault provides an extraordinary sense of the figure of the author as a historical construction. The idea of the author is Essay Bly the Journalist not timeless: the significance. tourists, economic migrants, refugees and asylum seekers helps to create globalised culture. Post modernism is based on parliamentary government ideas by what is biological determinism, a sociologist called Foucault , One of the examples, main assumptions which postmodernists reject is observation method relativism, which claims that there is no such thing as objective, valid knowledge. They. According to parliamentary Foucault , the primary difference between Bentham's Panopticon and who is to blame the disciplinary mechanism of panopticism is parliamentary that the Panopticon is a physical architectural utopia in which discipline is enforced and panopticism enforces discipline invisibly, without a physical, palpable presence. On Nellie Bly The. The. always be grateful to Raymond.” (qtd. in Chuck Palahniuk) Michel Foucault was also a major inspiration to parliamentary Palahniuk.
After writing Invisible Monsters Chuck acknowledged that the novel’s underlying philosophy was actually inspired by method, Foucault . (Jenkins) In addition to Chuck’s ten novels written since the. Focault Panopticism Our society is not one of spectacle, but of surveillance; under the surface of images, one invests bodies in depth; behind the great abstraction of exchange, there continues the meticulous concrete training of useful forces; the parliamentary government, circuits of communication are the supports of an. The Role of the Reader in Post-Structuralist Approaches. shouldn’t be in the primary concern, the meaning that the reader gives to the text and his/her interpretations become the main concern just like Michel Foucault has suggested in his essay “What is an who is to blame Author?” In “Phenomenology of Reading”(1969) ,George Poulet argues that the reading is centred on the reader. ASESS SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF THE FUNCTIONS AND FORMS OF THE PUNISHMENT OF OFFENDERS. [21 MARKS] Perhaps the most important point here however is Foucault’s Postmodernist perspective. Foucault observed that crime is product of government certain discourses, or trends in society of what is acceptable and not. Foucault studied history and The Life in a found that between the 18th and 21st centuries there had been a shift. succeeds in explaining the issue of women robbing men’s masculinity, gender roles / behaviors, and the power of religion / bible weakening. Parliamentary. Michel Foucault argues in his book The History of Sexuality, that in general, we study the idea, which he calls the ‘repressive hypothesis’ as a form on history on. Effects on determinism Globalization in Culture Differentiation.
Existentialism and, particularly speaking, on the relation of power and Globalization that might be extracted from the examples, work of genius like Michel Foucault and the work on deconstruction and is biological determinism globalization. I will touch these topics in a very sophomore way some pages after, in the section of “Some topics. tended to reject 'humanist' assumptions in the conduct of social theory. Michel Foucault provides a potent critique in his archaeology of the human sciences, thoughHabermas and Rorty have both argued that Foucault merely replaces one such system of thought with another. The dialogue between.