Date: 11.19.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 7747
Buyessayonline.cloudns.cx #Essay on The Apology Written By Plato

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Essay on The Apology Written By Plato














Order Custom Written Essays Online - Essay on The Apology Written By Plato

Nov/Thu/2017 | Uncategorized


Buy Essay Papers Online - Apology (Plato) - Wikipedia

Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Apology Written By Plato,

Academic Proofreading - Argument in the Apology Essay -- Plato Socrates -

boring essays I can#8217;t speak for Essay every teacher, but I#8217;m fairly sure I#8217;m not the only instructor out executive, there who dreads reading research papers. It#8217;s not the extra time that goes into commenting on and grading research papers that I have a problem with (although that#8217;s certainly a factor). No, what really makes me want to put off looking at those stacks of essays for on The as long as humanly possible is how mind-numbingly dull most of the paper topics are. Somehow we#8217;ve become indoctrinated with the idea that research papers have to be boring. When did we learn that a dry, un-engaging writing style was a necessary requirement of academic writing? I#8217;d like to Essay about place the Essay Apology blame solely on arm of high school, but I#8217;m afraid that even the professional journals we refer our students to By Plato in college perpetuate this misperception of about, what an Essay on The academic paper should sound like. The Significance In Both And Modern. Looking at Written By Plato my stack of research paper proposals, I have 8 papers on Ancient global warming and 5 on Essay Apology Written illegal immigration to dying look forward to#8230; in on The just one of my classes. Maybe 2 or 3 of about Monopolistic Competition, those students feel passionately about those topics, but I#8217;m willing to Essay on The Written bet that not all 15 students care about (or are even particularly interested in) those issues. Dying. So#8230;

Why do students choose boring topics? They think the topic will guarantee they get a good grade. Actually, the on The Apology Written more interested you are in Analysis of Modern Greece's EU an issue, the Essay By Plato better you will write about The Significance of Clothing in Both, that issue. Written By Plato. Interest alone doesn#8217;t guarantee good writing, but it makes the process of researching and writing about Monopolistic, a topic much easier and more enjoyable. Let#8217;s face it when you couldn#8217;t care less about an Essay Apology Written By Plato essay topic, you#8217;re not going to a lesson before dying feel inclined to invest much effort in it. Apology Written. While it is movie true that you could be disinterested in a topic and still craft a beautiful essay about Essay, it, the of Clothing and Fashion in Both and Modern process of writing that paper would probably have been less than enjoyable. College students in this day and age have so many demands on their time that they have to be selective about how they spend it. Writing a research paper on a topic that you aren#8217;t passionate about on The Apology Written By Plato, or don#8217;t want to The Significance in Both and Modern learn more about is on The Apology Written painful for before both you and your teacher. Apology Written. We#8217;re all about multitasking in the 21th century; let your essays do double duty too.

They can#8217;t think of The Significance of Clothing in Both Ancient, anything else to write about. On The Written. When you choose a run-of-the-mill topic just because it#8217;s common (e.g., global warming, health care reform, illegal immigration), you#8217;re actually doing yourself a disservice. It would be much easier on everyone (including the teacher) if the essay topic were assigned. Essay About Competition. The instructor makes you come up with your own, though, for Essay Apology Written a reason . On The Line. Employers don#8217;t stand behind you looking over Written By Plato your shoulder while you#8217;re on the job. They may if you#8217;re in Competition training, but after that period is Written By Plato over, you#8217;re on your own. To Australia. You#8217;ll be given a task and told to complete it but very rarely will you be told step-by-step exactly how to go about Essay on The Apology Written, completing your assignment. It#8217;s inefficient to explain life line have an Essay Apology employee who needs their hand held in order to get anything done. Essay On The Threat Transnational. As valuable as being a self-starter is to employers, the ability to Essay on The Written By Plato come up with innovative ideas for Emotion improving the Essay Written By Plato company is Armour just as important. Coming up with a research paper topic is supposed to Essay on The Written By Plato be challenging because it#8217;s an exercise in intellectual independence.

Choose something you#8217;re interested in. Greece's Politics: Dictatorships To Democracy. That#8217;s it. That#8217;s the By Plato secret essay topic choosing technique passed down by executive nerds for centuries. Essay On The By Plato. If you like your paper, your paper will like you back. Unless you#8217;re used to movie citizen filling out those #8220;50 Random Things About Myself#8221; memes all the Apology By Plato time, chances are it#8217;s been a while since the with last time you sat down and thought about Apology By Plato, what it is The Significance and Fashion in Both Ancient and Modern that interests you. Essay On The Written. No worries the citizen way to on The Apology Written By Plato figure out your interests (for those who have no idea what they like) is to take stock of what you DO. When you get together with your friends, what do you usually talk about?

Is there a t.v. Essay About Monopolistic. show you like watching? Do you have any hobbies? Do you (or anyone in Essay on The Apology your family) have a special ability/quirk that you could hone in on citizen as a possible paper topic? Take me, for Written example. My twin and I love watching horror movies. Good ones, bad ones, high budget ones, low budget ones#8230;we#8217;ve seen them all.

That affinity for horror movies has great potential when it comes to essay topics. Executive Arm Of. Do good horror movies have anything in common? Do the Essay Apology Written By Plato bad ones share a common denominator as well? Is there a position I can take about explain the title line, what factors need to be present in a horror movie for it to Essay on The be good/profitable (or what shouldn#8217;t be included in movie law abiding a horror movie)? All the on The evidence I need to and Modern World back up my claims are at the local Blockbuster and online. I like comic books too. On The Apology. They#8217;re a veritable trove when it comes to controversial topics for an essay. A Lesson Before Dying. Just earlier this year the on The By Plato way Batman was killed off was a mockery of everything that made him Batman!

Grrr! I could go on with Essay for pages about Essay on The Apology By Plato, how wrong his death was#8230; stick a few citations here and there and Emotion Essay I#8217;d have a persuasive research paper. Try and think about what topics make you stand up on on The Written a soapbox. Not only will you have a better chance of writing well, you#8217;ll also be doing yourself a favor when it comes to essay length. Executive. When you don#8217;t know anything about a topic and Essay Written don#8217;t want to know anything about of Modern Greece's Dictatorships to Democracy to the EU, it, it#8217;s awfully difficult to meet those paper length requirements. 5 star for the Batman#39;s death topic :) 5 star for the Batman#39;s death topic :)

Write My Essays Today - Plato: Apology - Essay Writing Tutorial,

Essay on The Apology Written By Plato

Buying essays online - Apology (Plato) - Wikipedia

Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Apology Written By Plato,

Expert Essay Writers - Apology (Plato) - Wikipedia

My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant. By JOSE ANTONIO VARGAS JUNE 22, 2011. One August morning nearly two decades ago, my mother woke me and put me in Essay on The Written By Plato a cab. Essay Threat. She handed me a jacket. Essay. Baka malamig doon were among the few words she said. (It might be cold there.) When I arrived at the Philippines Ninoy Aquino International Airport with her, my aunt and a family friend, I was introduced to a man Id never seen. Threat Transnational Terrorism To Australia. They told me he was my uncle. He held my hand as I boarded an airplane for Apology By Plato, the first time.

It was 1993, and I was 12. My mother wanted to give me a better life, so she sent me thousands of miles away to live with her parents in America my grandfather ( Lolo in Tagalog) and grandmother ( Lola ). After I arrived in Mountain View, Calif., in executive arm of government the San Francisco Bay Area, I entered sixth grade and quickly grew to love my new home, family and culture. I discovered a passion for language, though it was hard to Essay By Plato learn the executive government, difference between formal English and American slang. One of my early memories is of a freckled kid in middle school asking me, Whats up? I replied, The sky, and he and Essay, a couple of other kids laughed. I won the eighth-grade spelling bee by memorizing words I couldnt properly pronounce. (The winning word was indefatigable.) One day when I was 16, I rode my bike to the nearby D.M.V. office to get my drivers permit. Some of my friends already had their licenses, so I figured it was time. But when I handed the clerk my green card as proof of U.S. residency, she flipped it around, examining it. This is fake, she whispered. Dont come back here again. Confused and scared, I pedaled home and confronted Lolo. I remember him sitting in Essay on The of Extremist-Muslim Transnational the garage, cutting coupons. I dropped my bike and ran over to on The Apology him, showing him the green card. A Lesson Dying. Peke ba ito ? I asked in Tagalog. Apology Written. (Is this fake?) My grandparents were naturalized American citizens he worked as a security guard, she as a food server and they had begun supporting my mother and of Clothing and Fashion and Modern, me financially when I was 3, after my fathers wandering eye and inability to Apology By Plato properly provide for The Significance and Fashion in Both and Modern, us led to on The Written my parents separation.

Lolo was a proud man, and I saw the shame on his face as he told me he purchased the card, along with other fake documents, for me. Dont show it to Armour other people, he warned. I decided then that I could never give anyone reason to doubt I was an American. I convinced myself that if I worked enough, if I achieved enough, I would be rewarded with citizenship. I felt I could earn it. Ive tried. Over the Apology Written, past 14 years, Ive graduated from high school and college and built a career as a journalist, interviewing some of the most famous people in the country. On the surface, Ive created a good life.

Ive lived the American dream. But I am still an undocumented immigrant. And that means living a different kind of reality. It means going about my day in fear of being found out. It means rarely trusting people, even those closest to me, with who I really am. It means keeping my family photos in a shoebox rather than displaying them on shelves in movie law abiding citizen my home, so friends dont ask about them.

It means reluctantly, even painfully, doing things I know are wrong and unlawful. And it has meant relying on a sort of 21st-century underground railroad of supporters, people who took an interest in Essay Apology Written my future and Essay, took risks for Written By Plato, me. Last year I read about four students who walked from Miami to Washington to lobby for Essay on The of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism, the Dream Act, a nearly decade-old immigration bill that would provide a path to legal permanent residency for Essay on The Apology Written By Plato, young people who have been educated in this country. A Lesson Before Dying. At the risk of Essay on The Apology deportation the Obama administration has deported almost 800,000 people in law abiding citizen the last two years they are speaking out. On The Apology Written By Plato. Their courage has inspired me. There are believed to The Significance and Fashion and Modern be 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States. Were not always who you think we are.

Some pick your strawberries or care for your children. Some are in on The By Plato high school or college. And some, it turns out, write news articles you might read. I grew up here. This is my home. Yet even though I think of myself as an American and consider America my country, my country doesnt think of me as one of its own. My first challenge was the language. Though I learned English in the Philippines, I wanted to lose my accent. During high school, I spent hours at a time watching television (especially Frasier, Home Improvement and reruns of The Golden Girls) and movies (from Goodfellas to Analysis of Modern Greece's Politics: to Democracy EU Anne of on The Written By Plato Green Gables), pausing the executive arm of, VHS to on The try to copy how various characters enunciated their words. At the Analysis of Modern From Dictatorships, local library, I read magazines, books and on The, newspapers anything to learn how to write better.

Kathy Dewar, my high-school English teacher, introduced me to law abiding journalism. From the moment I wrote my first article for the student paper, I convinced myself that having my name in print writing in Essay on The Written By Plato English, interviewing Americans validated my presence here. The debates over executive government, illegal aliens intensified my anxieties. Apology Written. In 1994, only a year after my flight from the Philippines, Gov. Pete Wilson was re-elected in part because of his support for before symbols, Proposition 187, which prohibited undocumented immigrants from attending public school and accessing other services. (A federal court later found the law unconstitutional.) After my encounter at Essay on The Apology Written By Plato, the D.M.V. in 1997, I grew more aware of anti-immigrant sentiments and and Fashion World, stereotypes: they dont want to assimilate, they are a drain on society. Theyre not talking about me, I would tell myself.

I have something to contribute. To do that, I had to work and for that, I needed a Social Security number. Fortunately, my grandfather had already managed to Apology Written get one for me. Lolo had always taken care of everyone in with Essay the family. He and my grandmother emigrated legally in 1984 from Zambales, a province in the Philippines of rice fields and bamboo houses, following Lolos sister, who married a Filipino-American serving in the American military. Apology. She petitioned for her brother and his wife to join her.

When they got here, Lolo petitioned for his two children my mother and her younger brother to follow them. Executive Arm Of. But instead of mentioning that my mother was a married woman, he listed her as single. Legal residents cant petition for their married children. Besides, Lolo didnt care for Essay Apology Written By Plato, my father. He didnt want him coming here too. But soon Lolo grew nervous that the Armour with Emotion, immigration authorities reviewing the on The Apology By Plato, petition would discover my mother was married, thus derailing not only Analysis Politics: From to the EU, her chances of coming here but those of my uncle as well. So he withdrew her petition. After my uncle came to America legally in Essay Written 1991, Lolo tried to get my mother here through a tourist visa, but she wasnt able to obtain one. Thats when she decided to send me.

My mother told me later that she figured she would follow me soon. She never did. The uncle who brought me here turned out to be a coyote, not a relative, my grandfather later explained. Lolo scraped together enough money I eventually learned it was $4,500, a huge sum for him to pay him to smuggle me here under a fake name and fake passport. (I never saw the passport again after the flight and have always assumed that the coyote kept it.) After I arrived in America, Lolo obtained a new fake Filipino passport, in my real name this time, adorned with a fake student visa, in addition to the fraudulent green card. Using the arm of, fake passport, we went to the local Social Security Administration office and applied for a Social Security number and card. It was, I remember, a quick visit. When the card came in the mail, it had my full, real name, but it also clearly stated: Valid for Essay on The Apology Written, work only with I.N.S. On The Threat Of Extremist-Muslim Terrorism To Australia. authorization. When I began looking for work, a short time after the D.M.V. incident, my grandfather and I took the Social Security card to Kinkos, where he covered the I.N.S. authorization text with a sliver of white tape. We then made photocopies of the Essay on The Apology Written By Plato, card. At a glance, at least, the copies would look like copies of Analysis of Modern Greece's Politics: From to Democracy to the EU a regular, unrestricted Social Security card. Lolo always imagined I would work the kind of low-paying jobs that undocumented people often take. (Once I married an American, he said, I would get my real papers, and everything would be fine.) But even menial jobs require documents, so he and I hoped the Written By Plato, doctored card would work for Essay, now.

The more documents I had, he said, the better. While in high school, I worked part time at Subway, then at the front desk of the local Y.M.C.A., then at on The Apology Written By Plato, a tennis club, until I landed an The Significance of Clothing and Fashion Ancient and Modern World, unpaid internship at The Mountain View Voice, my hometown newspaper. First I brought coffee and helped around the office; eventually I began covering city-hall meetings and other assignments for pay. For more than a decade of getting part-time and full-time jobs, employers have rarely asked to check my original Social Security card. When they did, I showed the photocopied version, which they accepted. Over time, I also began checking the citizenship box on my federal I-9 employment eligibility forms. (Claiming full citizenship was actually easier than declaring permanent resident green card status, which would have required me to provide an alien registration number.) This deceit never got easier. Essay On The By Plato. The more I did it, the more I felt like an impostor, the more guilt I carried and the more I worried that I would get caught. But I kept doing it.

I needed to of Clothing and Fashion and Modern World live and survive on Essay on The Apology my own, and I decided this was the way. Mountain View High School became my second home. To Democracy EU. I was elected to represent my school at school-board meetings, which gave me the chance to meet and befriend Rich Fischer, the Essay Written By Plato, superintendent for our school district. I joined the speech and debate team, acted in school plays and eventually became co-editor of The Oracle, the student newspaper. That drew the attention of my principal, Pat Hyland. Youre at school just as much as I am, she told me. Of Modern Greece's Dictatorships To The EU. Pat and Essay Written By Plato, Rich would soon become mentors, and over time, almost surrogate parents for me. After a choir rehearsal during my junior year, Jill Denny, the choir director, told me she was considering a Japan trip for our singing group. I told her I couldnt afford it, but she said wed figure out movie law abiding, a way.

I hesitated, and then decided to Essay Apology Written tell her the truth. Its not really the money, I remember saying. I dont have the right passport. When she assured me wed get the proper documents, I finally told her. I cant get the right passport, I said. Im not supposed to be here. She understood. So the choir toured Hawaii instead, with me in on The Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational tow. (Mrs. Denny and I spoke a couple of on The months ago, and she told me she hadnt wanted to leave any student behind.) Later that school year, my history class watched a documentary on Harvey Milk, the openly gay San Francisco city official who was assassinated. This was 1999, just six months after Matthew Shepards body was found tied to on The of Extremist-Muslim to Australia a fence in Wyoming.

During the discussion, I raised my hand and said something like: Im sorry Harvey Milk got killed for being gay. . . . Ive been meaning to say this. . . . Im gay. I hadnt planned on coming out that morning, though I had known that I was gay for several years. On The By Plato. With that announcement, I became the only openly gay student at school, and it caused turmoil with my grandparents. Lolo kicked me out of the house for a few weeks. Though we eventually reconciled, I had disappointed him on two fronts. First, as a Catholic, he considered homosexuality a sin and was embarrassed about having ang apo na bakla (a grandson who is Essay Threat Transnational to Australia, gay). Even worse, I was making matters more difficult for myself, he said.

I needed to marry an American woman in Essay on The Apology By Plato order to gain a green card. Tough as it was, coming out about being gay seemed less daunting than coming out about my legal status. I kept my other secret mostly hidden. While my classmates awaited their college acceptance letters, I hoped to get a full-time job at The Mountain View Voice after graduation. Emotion Essay. Its not that I didnt want to go to college, but I couldnt apply for state and federal financial aid. Without that, my family couldnt afford to send me. But when I finally told Pat and Apology Written By Plato, Rich about The Significance my immigration problem as we called it from then on Apology they helped me look for a solution. At first, they even wondered if one of them could adopt me and fix the situation that way, but a lawyer Rich consulted told him it wouldnt change my legal status because I was too old.

Eventually they connected me to a new scholarship fund for high-potential students who were usually the before dying, first in their families to attend college. Most important, the fund was not concerned with immigration status. I was among the first recipients, with the scholarship covering tuition, lodging, books and on The Written, other expenses for my studies at San Francisco State University. As a college freshman, I found a job working part time at The San Francisco Chronicle, where I sorted mail and movie, wrote some freelance articles. My ambition was to get a reporting job, so I embarked on a series of internships. First I landed at The Philadelphia Daily News, in the summer of 2001, where I covered a drive-by shooting and the wedding of the 76ers star Allen Iverson. Using those articles, I applied to The Seattle Times and got an internship for the following summer. But then my lack of proper documents became a problem again. The Timess recruiter, Pat Foote, asked all incoming interns to Essay on The Written By Plato bring certain paperwork on Emotion their first day: a birth certificate, or a passport, or a drivers license plus an Essay By Plato, original Social Security card. I panicked, thinking my documents wouldnt pass muster. A Lesson Before. So before starting the on The Written, job, I called Pat and told her about my legal status.

After consulting with management, she called me back with the Armour with Emotion Essay, answer I feared: I couldnt do the internship. This was devastating. Essay On The Apology Written. What good was college if I couldnt then pursue the career I wanted? I decided then that if I was to succeed in a profession that is all about truth-telling, I couldnt tell the truth about myself. After this episode, Jim Strand, the venture capitalist who sponsored my scholarship, offered to pay for an immigration lawyer. On The To Australia. Rich and I went to on The Apology Written meet her in San Franciscos financial district. An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email. I was hopeful. This was in early 2002, shortly after Senators Orrin Hatch, the Utah Republican, and Dick Durbin, the Illinois Democrat, introduced the Analysis Politics:, Dream Act Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors.

It seemed like the legislative version of Essay Apology Written By Plato what Id told myself: If I work hard and a lesson, contribute, things will work out. But the Essay Apology, meeting left me crushed. My only solution, the lawyer said, was to go back to of Clothing in Both the Philippines and Essay on The Apology Written By Plato, accept a 10-year ban before I could apply to return legally. If Rich was discouraged, he hid it well. Put this problem on law abiding a shelf, he told me. Compartmentalize it. Keep going.

And I did. Essay Apology By Plato. For the summer of a lesson symbols 2003, I applied for Essay Apology Written, internships across the country. Several newspapers, including The Wall Street Journal, The Boston Globe and The Chicago Tribune, expressed interest. But when The Washington Post offered me a spot, I knew where I would go. And this time, I had no intention of acknowledging my problem. The Post internship posed a tricky obstacle: It required a drivers license. (After my close call at the California D.M.V., Id never gotten one.) So I spent an The Significance of Clothing in Both, afternoon at on The Apology, The Mountain View Public Library, studying various states requirements. Oregon was among the most welcoming and it was just a few hours drive north.

Again, my support network came through. Essay On The Threat Transnational. A friends father lived in Portland, and he allowed me to use his address as proof of residency. Pat, Rich and Richs longtime assistant, Mary Moore, sent letters to Apology me at that address. Rich taught me how to a lesson do three-point turns in a parking lot, and a friend accompanied me to Portland. The license meant everything to on The Written By Plato me it would let me drive, fly and work. But my grandparents worried about the Portland trip and the Washington internship. While Lola offered daily prayers so that I would not get caught, Lolo told me that I was dreaming too big, risking too much. I was determined to pursue my ambitions. I was 22, I told them, responsible for my own actions.

But this was different from Lolos driving a confused teenager to Kinkos. The Significance Of Clothing And Fashion In Both Ancient. I knew what I was doing now, and I knew it wasnt right. But what was I supposed to do? I was paying state and federal taxes, but I was using an invalid Social Security card and writing false information on my employment forms. But that seemed better than depending on my grandparents or on Pat, Rich and Jim or returning to a country I barely remembered. Essay Apology Written. I convinced myself all would be O.K. if I lived up to the qualities of a citizen: hard work, self-reliance, love of my country. At the D.M.V. in Portland, I arrived with my photocopied Social Security card, my college I.D., a pay stub from Armour with, The San Francisco Chronicle and my proof of state residence the letters to the Portland address that my support network had sent. It worked. My license, issued in 2003, was set to expire eight years later, on on The Apology my 30th birthday, on Feb.

3, 2011. I had eight years to arm of succeed professionally, and to Essay on The Written hope that some sort of immigration reform would pass in the meantime and allow me to stay. It seemed like all the time in the world. My summer in Washington was exhilarating. Executive. I was intimidated to Apology Written By Plato be in Armour Essay a major newsroom but was assigned a mentor Peter Perl, a veteran magazine writer to By Plato help me navigate it. A few weeks into the internship, he printed out one of my articles, about Essay Threat Transnational Terrorism a guy who recovered a long-lost wallet, circled the first two paragraphs and left it on my desk. Great eye for details awesome! he wrote. Though I didnt know it then, Peter would become one more member of my network. At the end of the summer, I returned to The San Francisco Chronicle. My plan was to finish school I was now a senior while I worked for on The Apology By Plato, The Chronicle as a reporter for the city desk. Law Abiding. But when The Post beckoned again, offering me a full-time, two-year paid internship that I could start when I graduated in June 2004, it was too tempting to pass up.

I moved back to Washington. About four months into my job as a reporter for The Post, I began feeling increasingly paranoid, as if I had illegal immigrant tattooed on my forehead and in Washington, of all places, where the debates over immigration seemed never-ending. I was so eager to Essay on The Apology prove myself that I feared I was annoying some colleagues and citizen, editors and worried that any one of these professional journalists could discover my secret. The anxiety was nearly paralyzing. Essay Apology. I decided I had to tell one of the The Significance Ancient, higher-ups about my situation.

I turned to Peter. By this time, Peter, who still works at The Post, had become part of management as the papers director of newsroom training and professional development. On The Apology Written. One afternoon in late October, we walked a couple of blocks to government Lafayette Square, across from the White House. Over some 20 minutes, sitting on a bench, I told him everything: the Social Security card, the drivers license, Pat and Rich, my family. Peter was shocked. I understand you 100 times better now, he said. On The Apology Written By Plato. He told me that I had done the movie law abiding citizen, right thing by on The Apology By Plato telling him, and that it was now our shared problem.

He said he didnt want to do anything about it just yet. I had just been hired, he said, and I needed to prove myself. When youve done enough, he said, well tell Don and Len together. (Don Graham is the chairman of The Washington Post Company; Leonard Downie Jr. Politics: From To Democracy. was then the papers executive editor.) A month later, I spent my first Thanksgiving in Apology By Plato Washington with Peter and his family. In the five years that followed, I did my best to a lesson before do enough. I was promoted to staff writer, reported on video-game culture, wrote a series on Washingtons H.I.V./AIDS epidemic and covered the Essay Apology Written By Plato, role of Essay on The Terrorism technology and Apology, social media in the 2008 presidential race. I visited the executive, White House, where I interviewed senior aides and covered a state dinner and gave the Secret Service the Essay, Social Security number I obtained with false documents. I did my best to steer clear of reporting on a lesson dying immigration policy but couldnt always avoid it. On two occasions, I wrote about Hillary Clintons position on Apology Written By Plato drivers licenses for law abiding citizen, undocumented immigrants.

I also wrote an article about Senator Mel Martinez of Florida, then the Essay on The Apology By Plato, chairman of the Armour with, Republican National Committee, who was defending his partys stance toward Latinos after only one Republican presidential candidate John McCain, the co-author of a failed immigration bill agreed to participate in a debate sponsored by Univision, the Spanish-language network. It was an odd sort of dance: I was trying to stand out in a highly competitive newsroom, yet I was terrified that if I stood out too much, Id invite unwanted scrutiny. I tried to compartmentalize my fears, distract myself by reporting on the lives of other people, but there was no escaping the central conflict in my life. On The By Plato. Maintaining a deception for so long distorts your sense of Analysis of Modern Greece's Politics: From Dictatorships EU self. You start wondering who youve become, and why. In April 2008, I was part of a Post team that won a Pulitzer Prize for the papers coverage of the Virginia Tech shootings a year earlier. Lolo died a year earlier, so it was Lola who called me the day of the announcement. The first thing she said was, Anong mangyayari kung malaman ng mga tao ?

What will happen if people find out? I couldnt say anything. After we got off the phone, I rushed to the bathroom on the fourth floor of the on The Apology Written By Plato, newsroom, sat down on government the toilet and on The Apology Written By Plato, cried. In the of Clothing and Fashion Ancient, summer of 2009, without ever having had that follow-up talk with top Post management, I left the paper and moved to on The Apology Written New York to join The Huffington Post. I met Arianna Huffington at Politics: Dictatorships to the, a Washington Press Club Foundation dinner I was covering for The Post two years earlier, and she later recruited me to join her news site. I wanted to learn more about Web publishing, and I thought the new job would provide a useful education. Still, I was apprehensive about the move: many companies were already using E-Verify, a program set up by the Department of Homeland Security that checks if prospective employees are eligible to work, and I didnt know if my new employer was among them.

But Id been able to get jobs in other newsrooms, I figured, so I filled out the paperwork as usual and succeeded in landing on the payroll. While I worked at The Huffington Post, other opportunities emerged. My H.I.V./AIDS series became a documentary film called The Other City, which opened at the Tribeca Film Festival last year and was broadcast on Showtime. I began writing for Essay Apology Written, magazines and landed a dream assignment: profiling Facebooks Mark Zuckerberg for executive arm of government, The New Yorker. The more I achieved, the By Plato, more scared and depressed I became. Analysis To The EU. I was proud of my work, but there was always a cloud hanging over it, over Essay on The Apology By Plato, me. My old eight-year deadline the and Fashion Ancient and Modern World, expiration of Essay Written By Plato my Oregon drivers license was approaching. After slightly less than a year, I decided to leave The Huffington Post. In part, this was because I wanted to promote the documentary and write a book about online culture or so I told my friends. But the real reason was, after so many years of The Significance of Clothing in Both and Modern World trying to Apology Written be a part of the system, of focusing all my energy on my professional life, I learned that no amount of professional success would solve my problem or ease the sense of loss and movie citizen, displacement I felt.

I lied to a friend about why I couldnt take a weekend trip to Apology Written Mexico. Another time I concocted an excuse for why I couldnt go on an all-expenses-paid trip to Switzerland. Arm Of Government. I have been unwilling, for years, to be in a long-term relationship because I never wanted anyone to get too close and ask too many questions. All the while, Lolas question was stuck in my head: What will happen if people find out? Early this year, just two weeks before my 30th birthday, I won a small reprieve: I obtained a drivers license in the state of Washington.

The license is valid until 2016. On The Apology. This offered me five more years of acceptable identification but also five more years of fear, of lying to people I respect and institutions that trusted me, of running away from who I am. Im done running. Before Dying Symbols. Im exhausted. Essay Apology. I dont want that life anymore. So Ive decided to Essay come forward, own up to what Ive done, and tell my story to the best of my recollection. Ive reached out to former bosses and employers and apologized for misleading them a mix of humiliation and liberation coming with each disclosure. Essay By Plato. All the people mentioned in this article gave me permission to use their names.

Ive also talked to family and friends about my situation and am working with legal counsel to review my options. I dont know what the consequences will be of telling my story. I do know that I am grateful to my grandparents, my Lolo and Lola, for giving me the chance for a better life. Im also grateful to my other family the support network I found here in America for encouraging me to pursue my dreams. Its been almost 18 years since Ive seen my mother. Analysis From Dictatorships To The EU. Early on, I was mad at on The Apology Written, her for putting me in this position, and then mad at myself for being angry and ungrateful. By the time I got to college, we rarely spoke by a lesson before dying phone. It became too painful; after a while it was easier to Essay on The Apology Written By Plato just send money to help support her and my two half-siblings. My sister, almost 2 years old when I left, is almost 20 now.

Ive never met my 14-year-old brother. I would love to see them. Not long ago, I called my mother. I wanted to fill the gaps in my memory about with that August morning so many years ago. We had never discussed it. Part of Apology By Plato me wanted to shove the memory aside, but to write this article and face the facts of my life, I needed more details. Did I cry? Did she? Did we kiss goodbye? My mother told me I was excited about meeting a stewardess, about getting on a plane.

She also reminded me of the one piece of advice she gave me for blending in: If anyone asked why I was coming to America, I should say I was going to Disneyland. Jose Antonio Vargas (Jose@DefineAmerican.com) is executive, a former reporter for The Washington Post and shared a Pulitzer Prize for Essay Written, coverage of the Virginia Tech shootings. Of Clothing World. He founded Define American, which seeks to change the conversation on immigration reform. Editor: Chris Suellentrop (C.Suellentrop-MagGroup@nytimes.com) A version of this article appears in print on on The By Plato June 26, 2011, on Page MM22 of the arm of, Sunday Magazine with the headline: Outlaw.

Today's Paper | Subscribe. Were interested in your feedback on Essay this page. Tell us what you think.

Buy Essay Online - SparkNotes: The Apology: Summary

Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Apology Written By Plato,

Custom Essay Order - Apology (Plato) - Wikipedia

aix support resume We only By Plato, do consulting. No permanent job inquiries please. Mladen is a long term Oracle DBA, with more than 14 years database administration and system administration experience. He has extensive experience in Unix scripting, database performance tuning and administration and system administration of various flavors of Unix systems. Mladen is a long time member of the of Clothing in Both World Oracle list and a consultant with more than 17 years of Essay on The Apology Written professional IT experience. He has a bachelor degree in arm of mathematics and is an Oracle Certified Professional (OCP).

Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) Senior Oracle DBA, 8i OCP certified, experienced in providing Oracle support on HP-UX, Linux, Solaris AIX and Win2k, as well as performing a lead roles in production support teams. Installed, configured, upgraded, migrated and Essay on The By Plato, patched Oracle databases in heterogeneous environment. Extensive experience with RDBMS, RAC, installations, RMAN, OEM, DataGuard, database tuning and troubleshooting. Development support, production support, and design review in a complex environment. A Lesson Dying Symbols. Plan, Implement and test disaster recovery system, using RMAN and custom written shell scripts. Create and maintain Oracle DataGuard configuration. Database m onitoring and tuning, application and queries using TKPROF, OEM, STATSPACK and custom scripts. Extensive experience in tuning complex OLTP database with several thousands of concurrent users. Some experience in creating, maintaining and on The Apology, tuning data warehouse databases. In particular, experience with both RAC and of Clothing and Fashion and Modern, OPS. Experienced in evaluating, reviewing and assisting developers create data models. Oracle 8i, 9i and 10g. Programming using SQL, C,UNIX Shell Scripting, Perl, PL/SQL, HTML and Essay on The Apology, PHP. November 2004 to December 2005. Of Modern Politics: Dictatorships To The. , Sr. Oracle DBA, Allegient Systems International.

Install, load, monitor and troubleshoot company's Oracle databases. Loading includes writing Perl scripts to fetch, parse and load data from the external sources. Supported databases were on Essay on The By Plato, Linux and Politics: From Dictatorships to Democracy EU, Solaris. Plan, implement and test companys disaster recovery strategy using RMAN. Production support, and Database System infrastructure development. Monitoring and Essay Apology Written, tuning from instance to query level by OEM, Tora, EXPLAIN PLAN, STATSPACK, ANALYZE, DBMS_STAT, TKPROF and so on . As a part of RD for the company, I installed the necessary software and created RAC system on RH EL 3.0. I created Linux RAC 9.2.0.6 database from scratch. RMAN backup.

In particular, I re-wrote refresh of so-called reporting database (daily copy of production) using RMAN. Before RMAN, it was done by export/import. Perl scripting, shell scripting and PL/SQL programming to resolve business problems of various nature. Analysis Of Modern Politics: To The EU. Initial 10G exploration and testing. July 2004 to November 2004, Sr. Oracle DBA, Premium IT. Essay On The Apology By Plato. This was short term consulting job at AE TV network. My responsibility was to reprogram a bunch of proprietary shell scripts and help developers with tuning application. This job also included fair amount of database tuning, analysis of the application design and performing performance analysis of the existing applications by using TKPROF. The Significance Of Clothing In Both Ancient. August 2003 to July 2004., Sr. Oracle DBA, Wang Trading LLC. Install, load, monitor and troubleshoot company's two Oracle 9.2.05 databases. Loading includes writing perl scripts to fetch, parse and load data from the external sources. Databases are on Essay on The Apology Written, Linux. Plan, implement and test disaster recovery strategy using RMAN 9i (without catalog).

Database design, production support, and Database System infrastructure development. Before Dying Symbols. Monitoring and tuning from instance to query level by OEM, Tora, EXPLAIN PLAN, STATSPACK, ANALYZE, DBMS_STAT, TKPROF and so on . Essay Apology. Use Migration Workbench for SQL Server to migrate a small SQL Server database to Oracle. May 1999 to July 2003, Sr. A Lesson Dying. Oracle DBA, Oxford Health Plans. Plan, implement and test disaster recovery strategy using custom written shell scripts and EMC BCV's. Migrate database from Oracle 7.3.4 on Essay on The Apology, Siemens/Reliant Unix to on The Threat Transnational Terrorism to Australia Oracle 8i on HP-UX. Essay On The Written By Plato. Plan, test, help and support migrating Oracle*Forms environment from Dev2000 to The Significance of Clothing and Fashion World Developer 6i. Monitor, support and perform critical 7x24 beeper duty on the company's complex OPS database on HP 9000/N hardware. Monitoring was done by OEM, STATSPACK and custom made scripts.

It also included solving complex performance problems on Oracle Parallel Server. Supervise, coordinate and control a team of Essay Apology two junior DBAs performing developer support and end-user support. Support any project requiring a high level of technical expertise with Oracle . J anuary 1999 to May 1999., Oracle DBA, Flexi International Software. Support the development of financial software and it's porting to Oracle. Help developers in porting applications from Sybase and MS SQL Server to Oracle. Port stored procedures and triggers from Transac/SQL to PL/SQL Advise management of Analysis of Modern Greece's Politics: From Dictatorships to Democracy to the technical direction and best development practices. Suggest changes to the application model in order to achieve the Essay By Plato optimal performance. Maintain knowledge database repository for the company's applications. Executive Arm Of Government. Be technical support for developers, quality control and customers. March 1997 to Written By Plato December 1998. The Significance In Both Ancient And Modern. Oracle DBA at Interal Corp. (Consulting position at Essay Apology By Plato FTI in New York City). Maintain client/server system consisting of HP,SUN and PC workstations. Perform ORACLE administration.

Maintain performance and security of a lesson ORACLE databases. Install and configure ORACLE software on Unix (HP and SUN) and PC (Win95 and NT40) environments. Perform disaster planning, enroll new users, maintain space within the database, suggest and implement backup strategy to maximize security and safety. Provide technical assistance to developers in all matters concerning performance, including optimizing and rewriting SQL statements in applications. Assist and Essay on The By Plato, partially write applications using Oracle WebServer 2.1 and PL/SQL toolkit provided with it. Positions held prior to arriving in the USA: Colt Telecom, London UK September 1996 March 1997, Oracle DBA. Telstra UK , London UK May 1996 September 1996, Oracle DBA. Aster, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 1993 April 1996, Pre-sales support consultant.

KOPA, Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia, March 1989. - May 1993. CAOP Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia, 1985 February 1989.

Buy an Essay Online for Cheap 24/7 - Socrates in the Apology: An Essay on

Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Apology Written By Plato,

Online Cheap Custom Essay - Apology- Plato essays

essay descartes PREVIEW OF FINAL EXAMINATION. INSTRUCTIONS: Write a 25-30 minute essay on on The Apology any two topics from Group A (Descartes), and on of Clothing in Both World any two topics from Group B (Hume) below. Put your name and the name of your Teaching Assistant on the examination booklet. Written By Plato? Also, turn in with your booklet the Essay on The Threat Terrorism to Australia 3 x 5 card (with your name printed on it) on which you have written, typed, or printed whatever you have thought might help you to write intelligent essays. Be sure to write legibly and to give examples wherever possible. Written? Also, be sure to incorporate into each of movie law abiding citizen your essays all the matters mentioned in the paragraph that expands the Essay on The essay topic. This material is meant to help you structure your essays; it is not -- nor is it intended to be -- exhaustive, and you should not limit your essays to matters raised in it. GROUP A (DESCARTES): D1. Descartes's 4-Part Method.

In the The Significance of Clothing and Fashion in Both epiphany he experienced in the stove-heated tent on Essay on The Apology November 10, 1619, Descartes somehow espied the 4-part method whereby he claimed to have later made remarkable discoveries. In what does this method consist? In what ways does it resemble proof or demonstration in euclidean geometry? Are its rules algorithmic (like the rules of before symbols long division), i.e., is creativity unnecessary when applying them? For each rule of his method, can one tell whether one has followed it correctly? What are the starting points of the method? What made him decide to apply his method to mathematics before applying it to the other sciences or to philosophy? After having become skilled in its application to mathematics, why did Descartes decide to apply his method to philosophy rather than to one of the sciences? D2. Descartes's Provisional Moral Code. Why does Descartes find it necessary to formulate and Essay on The Apology Written adopt a provisional moral code?

In what does it consist? Is it a radical or conservative code? Is it provincial? In what ways does his provisional moral code differ sharply from the method that he has developed for arriving at certain truths? What is Stoic about dying, his provisional moral code? How does he use the old Scholastic principle that the will naturally tends to desire only what the intellect represents to it as somehow possible to Apology By Plato, justify his second provisional moral maxim? What occupation does Descartes adopt?

Does he think it to be the best occupation? Why? D3. Descartes's Language and Action Tests. Explain carefully Descartes's so-called Language Test for Essay of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism, discriminating between humans and robots. Essay Written? What, according to Descartes, makes this test work infallibly? What kind of certainty does it produce? Explain his so-called Action Test for discriminating between humans and before robots. Is it an Essay on The Written, infallible test? What kind of certainty does it generate?

Explain how these two tests can be used to distinguish humans from animals. How does Descartes meet some of the objections that might be raised against his Language Test? How does he appeal to animal failure to justify his Action Test? D4. Descartes on Observation and Experimentation. Why does Descartes think that observations become more important the further one goes in knowledge? At the outset of inquiry into nature, should one rest content with natural (spontaneous) observations or should one seek more recondite observations via deliberate, contrived experiments? Why? What order does Descartes follow with respect to observations? What problems does he encounter at the third stage, i.e., after first having dealt with God and the first principles or causes of everything that exists, and secondly with the first and most ordinary effects deducible from these causes?

At the third stage, does Descartes's inquiry move from effects to causes, or vice versa? What holds him back from further progress? What profit had he anticipated from publication of the a lesson before dying symbols physical treatise he has now decided to Apology Written By Plato, suppress? D5. Executive? Descartes's Method of Doubt in the First Meditation. Why is Descartes so obsessed with doubt? Why does he submit his beliefs to scrutiny by on The Apology, class or type rather than one at a time? What causes him to and Fashion in Both Ancient, doubt his sense-based beliefs?

To doubt beliefs such as that he has a head and hands? To doubt his mathematical beliefs? What is the Evil Demon hypothesis? What function does it serve? Is there any way for Descartes to Written, frustrate the Evil Demon?

Formulate Descartes's dream hypothesis. Why does he advance it? Which of his beliefs does it call into doubt? Which ones does it leave intact? Is he able to reject the dream hypothesis in before symbols this Meditation?

D6. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in Essay By Plato the Second Meditation. What is the Cogito, a proposition or an executive arm of government, argument or a bit of both? How does Descartes derive it? What does he mean by thinking? How certain is Descartes that he is thinking? On what grounds? How certain is he that he exists? On what grounds? How certain or indubitable is the Cogito itself? What does the Cogito tell Descartes about his own nature?

D7. Descartes's nature as a thinking thing in the Second Meditation. Why does Descartes reject the traditional answer rational animal to the question what his nature is, i.e., what kind of Essay on The Apology By Plato thing he is? What is his own answer to on The Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism, this question? Is having a body, or being able to perform activities like eating or walking, part of his nature? Why or why not?

What does he mean by thinking? Does he distinguish seeing a horse from Essay on The, seeming to see the horse? Why or why not? Is it possible that a body can think? Is it possible that Descartes is law abiding citizen really a body?

Which is more easily and better known: a piece of wax or one's own mind? Why? D8. The Third Meditation Argument for the Existence of God. What at the beginning of on The Apology By Plato this Meditation does Descartes know with certainty to exist? With respect to their formal reality, are some ideas superior to or more perfect than others? With respect to their objective reality? What causal principle does Descartes invoke to Armour with Emotion, escape from solipsism? How does it apply to ideas?

What kind of idea will enable him to escape solipsism? To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to the existence of God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to his idea of himself or to his idea of an angel (a purely spiritual but finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of God be materially false?

Why does it matter? D9. Error, intellect, and will in the Fourth Meditation. Would God be a malicious deceiver if He placed in me a cognitive faculty that makes mistakes or errors when I use it properly? Show how the answer to the preceding question gives rise to the two paradoxes of error. Essay On The Apology Written By Plato? Formulate Descartes's account of error. The Significance Of Clothing Ancient And Modern? Explain whether God could have given Descartes an intellect of such sort that he would never make any errors? In what sense is Descartes's will equal to God's? In what sense is it inferior to God's?

Is God blameworthy for having given Descartes a will that outstrips his intellect? What can Descartes himself do to escape error? How does he know that this escape from Written By Plato, error really works? If he nonetheless falls into movie law abiding citizen, error, does it reflect badly on God? D10. Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation.

Where does Descartes get the Essay on The Apology idea for his ontological argument? What is it about his idea of a triangle that makes it possible for him to prove that the sum of its interior angles equals 180 degrees? How does the idea of a unicorn differ from the idea of a triangle? How cogent are mathematical demonstrations (proofs)? Can Descartes doubt a mathematical theorem when he has its proof before his mind?

Formulate his ontological proof of the The Significance of Clothing in Both World existence of God. How cogent is it? Why then does Descartes hesitate to accept its conclusion as an indubitable and certain truth? Formulate the three objections he raises against his own ontological argument? How does he answer these objections? Does he now give his full assent to his ontological argument and on The its conclusion? D11. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to of Clothing and Fashion Ancient World, an external world. What causal principle and what conceptual premiss does Descartes invoke to prove that bodies can exist? Explain how he argues to the probable existence of Essay on The Apology By Plato bodies from the fact that he can imagine mathematical objects like triangles.

On the basis of movie citizen what causal principle does Descartes think that his sense ideas (sensations and sense perceptions) must come from one of four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in Written perfection between bodies and God? How does Descartes rule out himself as the on The Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational to Australia source of his sense ideas? Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the on The source of Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the sources of his adventitious sense ideas? D12. Arm Of? Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and God's veracity in on The By Plato the Sixth Meditation. Distinguish accidental from systematic or intrinsic error? Is the fact that someone desires to eat a good-tasting but poisoned soup an example of accidental or systematic error? Does it convict God of malicious deception?

Why or why not? Is the illness-induced thirst of someone who suffers from dropsy an accidental or a systematic error? If systematic, does it convict God of malicious deception? Why or why not? H1. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions.

What does Hume mean by a perception of the mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis? Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an executive, impression?

A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. Apology? What is with Emotion inner sense? Outer sense? How does the copy (the idea) resemble the original (the impression or sentiment)? How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions? Does he intend this thesis to be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge the thesis?

What is the philosophical status of an Written By Plato, alleged simple idea for which there is no corresponding impression? What is Hume's Microscope and how does this thesis give rise to it? What is the relevance of the case of the missing shade of blue? What is Hume's final disposition of this case? Formulate Hume's Fork.

Give examples of Analysis Greece's to the relations of ideas and of matters of fact or real existence. What is the basis of on The Written Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and arm of government jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori? Which are discoverable a posteriori?

Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take us beyond the immediate deliverances of sense and of memory? When do people think they have insight into causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the observation that cause and on The By Plato effect are distinct events? What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to show?

To what is human reason limited in causal matters? H3. No Rational Justification of Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of all reasoning concerning matters of fact and real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Armour with Essay, Hume's new question: What is the Essay on The Written foundation of all conclusions from experience? Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. What can past experience tell us about executive arm of, which objects follow upon which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from past experience to the future and to Apology Written, unobserved cases?

Is the link between past and future intuitive? Demonstrative? Do we appeal to executive, a principle of the uniformity of nature in making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in a noncircular fashion? Why don't these considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for the aforesaid extrapolation? H4. Essay Written? Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of The Significance in Both and Modern World ideas as copies of impressions, what is the obvious way or method to eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous?

To what is Written Hume referring when he speaks of Essay Threat a new microscope or species of optics, by which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test case of Essay Written By Plato philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for before dying, the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by on The Written, enumerating its component simple ideas? H5. Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the on The Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism to Australia idea of necessary connection is a copy of an impression produced by single instances of physical objects or events that stand in a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on the operations of the mind? In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the body by Essay, the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the of Extremist-Muslim Terrorism influence of the will over the body only Essay on The, through experience?

Does the idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an Armour, impression produced or felt when the mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the Written By Plato influence of will over thoughts and other mental contents only from From to Democracy to the EU, experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the Apology original sentiment of which the idea of necessary connection is a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto the world? By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? H6. Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the of Modern Politics: to Democracy credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of animal minds? What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to apply this touchstone to his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of how we reason about matters of fact and real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience?

Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on past experience? To what evidence for on The Apology By Plato, these claims does Hume point? Can one account for these animal inferences or expectations as instances of movie reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of uniformity of nature principle? Do human children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to be explained in the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather than to habit or custom? H7. A Priori Knowledge of Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of on The Apology Written matters of fact and real existence from sense perception and movie law abiding citizen causal reasoning?

If not, what is this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is INSTINCT? Is causal reasoning itself an on The By Plato, instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of Transnational Terrorism to Australia matters of fact and real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of Essay Written By Plato fact and real existence? If so, where and executive arm of how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? H8. Essay Apology Written? The Nature of a lesson before Belief.

What does Hume take belief in a proposition to be? Does he offer a definition of belief? Why not? How does he describe the on The Apology Written By Plato feeling or sentiment of belief? Would someone who was incapable of Armour Essay feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of ideas is closely tied to Apology, belief? In what way is executive arm of it tied? Do resemblance and contiguity by themselves ever give rise to belief? Why not?

H9. On The Apology? Reliability of Human Testimony and Miracles. How common, useful, and a lesson before dying symbols necessary is Essay reasoning based on human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of human veracity and of the conformity of events to reports about executive, them? On the relation of cause and effect?

When does the evidence of human testimony have the Essay Written By Plato status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the force of testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the improbability of the before symbols reported event one of Written these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the executive arm of reported event is miraculous, is this circumstance direct and full proof against its occurrence? What if the testimony to the miracle is Essay on The so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles?

Why or why not? The third quiz will count for 30% of the quiz-and-recitation grade (the first quiz and recitation section participation will each count for 20%, the second quiz for 30%). It will consist of one long essay and two short essays on topics to be distributed in advance. ESSAY TOPICS FOR 3RD QUIZ. Long Essay Topics: L1. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions. What does Hume mean by a perception of the mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis?

Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an impression? A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. Law Abiding Citizen? What is inner sense? Outer sense? How does the on The Apology Written By Plato copy (the idea) resemble the before symbols original (the impression or sentiment)?

How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions? Does he intend this thesis to Written, be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge. the thesis? What is the philosophical status of an alleged simple idea for which there is Essay Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational no corresponding impression?

What is Hume's Microscope and how does this thesis give rise to it? What is the relevance of the case of the missing shade of blue? What is Hume's final disposition of Essay on The Written By Plato this case? Formulate Hume's Fork. Threat Of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism To Australia? Give examples of on The Apology Written By Plato relations of movie law abiding citizen ideas and of matters of fact or real existence. What is the basis of Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori?

Which are discoverable a posteriori? Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take. us beyond the immediate deliverances of sense and of memory? When do people think they have insight into causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the Essay on The Apology Written By Plato observation that cause. and effect are distinct events?

What is the before symbols thought experiment about Written By Plato, Adam supposed to show? To what is human reason limited in The Significance of Clothing in Both Ancient causal matters? L3. No Rational Justification of Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of on The Apology Written By Plato all reasoning concerning matters of fact and real existence? What is the citizen foundation of all our reasonings and Essay on The Written conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Hume's new question: What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience?

Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. What can past. experience tell us about which objects follow upon which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from a lesson dying, past experience to the future and to unobserved cases? Is the Essay Apology link between past and law abiding future intuitive?

Demonstrative? Do we appeal to a principle of the uniformity of Essay Apology Written nature in making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in a noncircular fashion? Why don't these. considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for the aforesaid extrapolation?

L4. Single versus Multiple Cases. Can single cases of the conjunction of two objects or events ever give rise to the idea of cause-and-effect? Explain. How does a multiplicity of cases give rise to this idea? What does this show about the law abiding role of reason or the understanding in generating the idea of cause-and-effect? Could the understanding by itself ever get beyond what is immediately present to the. senses or to memory? If reason does not prompt us to draw conclusions from experience, i.e., to make inductive or causal inferences, what principle does prompt such inferences?

What is custom? Is it a type of instinct? How does the invocation of Essay on The Apology Written custom (habit) remove the difficulty about multiple-case versus single-case causal inferences? Without custom, what would the range of human knowledge be? Can we, by reasoning about it, resist custom (habit) when it prompts us to infer one thing from another thing that is present to our senses or memory when we have found the two things constantly conjoined in our experience? Is it custom or will, then, that determines what we believe about matters of fact? Was Descartes wrong to think that we have it always within our power to suspend judgment on government any proposition that we do not clearly and Essay By Plato distinctly perceive to be true?

L5. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of Politics: to Democracy to the EU ideas as copies of Essay impressions, what is the obvious way or method to eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only executive arm of government, complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous?

To what is Hume referring when he speaks of a new microscope or species of optics, by which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test. case of philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by on The Written, enumerating its component simple ideas?

L6. Armour? Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the idea of necessary connection is a copy of an impression produced by single instances of on The Apology physical objects or events that stand in dying symbols a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from Essay By Plato, reflection on the operations of the mind?

In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the body by on The of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism, the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the influence of the Essay on The By Plato will over the body only through experience? Does the idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an impression produced or felt when the executive arm of mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the influence of will over thoughts and other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the on The Apology Written original sentiment of which the idea of necessary connection is a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto the world?

By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? L7. Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of animal minds? What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to apply this touchstone to his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of how we reason about matters of fact and real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience?

Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on Armour Emotion past experience? To what evidence for these claims does Hume point? Can one account for Essay Apology Written, these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of uniformity of nature principle? Do human. children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to be explained in the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather.

than to habit or custom? L8. A Priori Knowledge of Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of arm of matters of fact and real existence from on The, sense perception and causal reasoning? If not, what is this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is INSTINCT?

Is causal reasoning itself an instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and Essay Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and real existence? If so, where and how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? Short Essay Topics: S1. Written By Plato? Mental Geography. Why does Hume attach considerable importance to Greece's From EU, taxonomy in on The By Plato the study of government mind when he fully realizes that taxonomy has little value in Essay on The the natural sciences?

What does he mean by and Fashion Ancient and Modern, the moral sciences? Does he expect them to advance beyond the taxonomic stage? How does he envision progress in these sciences? Where does the systematization of taxonomically organized data come in? Is his own theory of the Essay on The Written association of Armour with Essay ideas an example of on The Apology By Plato such progress?

S2. Dying? The Missing Shade of on The By Plato Blue. Formulate this thought experiment. Essay On The Threat Of Extremist-Muslim? What does Hume think it shows? Is it a counterexample to his thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions of sense? How might Hume have dismissed this thought experiment as unprobative? Why didn't he do this? How does he resolve the problem raised by his own analysis of this thought experiment?

S3. The Association of Ideas. What governs the flow of ideas in our minds? Formulate Hume's three principles of association of ideas, and give examples. Does Hume believe these three principles are complete? In what sense? On what grounds? Why is the principle of Cause Effect so important? How does it differ from the other two principles? How is it related to belief? S4.

Does Scepticism Paralyze? Why do religion and some types of Written philosophy corrupt morals, detract from the enjoyment of life, and make one lazy and presumptuous? Does Hume's brand of scepticism do these things? Why or why not? Will people refuse or be reluctant to make causal inferences when they realize the practice cannot be rationally justified? Why or why not? Would it have been better if such inferences were a matter of with Emotion Essay reasoning and argumentation? Why or why not? S5. The Nature of Essay on The Written By Plato Belief.

What does Hume take belief in a proposition to before symbols, be? Does he offer a definition of Essay By Plato belief? Why not? How does he describe the Analysis of Modern From Dictatorships to the EU feeling or sentiment of belief? Would someone who was incapable of feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of ideas is on The Written closely tied to belief? In what way is it tied? Do resemblance and contiguity by themselves ever give rise to belief?

Why not? S6. Pre-established Harmony between the Essay Courses of Nature and Ideas. Why does Hume speak of a certain pre-established harmony between the course of Nature and the course of our ideas? In what does it consist? Is the principle that effects this harmony or correlation reason or custom (habit)? Explain. Why is it advantageous to on The Apology Written By Plato, the human organism that it be custom rather than reason that establishes this correspondence? S7. Definitions of Cause.

Hume advances two definitions of cause, namely, (a) an object, followed by Analysis of Modern Greece's Politics: From Dictatorships to Democracy EU, another, and Written By Plato where all the objects similar to the first are followed by objects similar to the second, and (b) an of Modern From Dictatorships EU, object followed by another, and whose appearance always conveys the thought to that other. Are these two definitions equivalent? To which experience does each definition orrespond? Is the Essay on The Written By Plato following restatement by Hume of definition (a) really equivalent to definition (a), namely: an object followed by another where, if the first object had not been, the second never had existed? If not, what are we to before dying, make of this restatement of definition (a)? S8. Reliability of Human Testimony. How common, useful, and necessary is reasoning based on Essay on The By Plato human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of law abiding human veracity and By Plato of the conformity of events to of Clothing in Both World, reports about them?

On the Written relation of The Significance of Clothing cause and Essay Apology Written effect? When does the evidence of human testimony have the status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the force of testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the The Significance of Clothing and Fashion in Both Ancient improbability of the reported event one of these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is miraculous, is this circumstance direct and full proof against its occurrence? What if the Essay Apology By Plato testimony to the miracle is so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the law abiding citizen wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles?

Why or why not? Essay Topics for Quiz #2 (on Descartes?s Meditations) Long (25 minutes) essay topics (The student must select one topic): L1. Descartes's Method of Doubt in Apology By Plato the First Meditation. L2. My whole nature is to be a thinking thing in the Second Meditation. L3. The Third Meditation Argument for executive, the Existence of God. escape solipsism?

To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to the existence of God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to his idea of himself or to on The Apology Written By Plato, his idea of an before dying, angel (a purely spiritual finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of God be materially false?

Why does it matter? L4. Error, the intellect, and the will in the Fourth Meditation. escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into Essay on The By Plato, error, does it reflect badly on God? L5. Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation. L6. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world. these four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God?

How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of his sense ideas. Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the source of movie citizen Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the sources of his adventitious sense ideas? Short (12 minutes each) essay topics (The student must select two of the topics below, subject to the following restriction: the Essay Written short-essay topics and the long-essay topic must all pertain to different Meditations. For example, you may choose only one of L1, S1, and S2; similarly, you may choose only with Essay, one of Apology By Plato L2, S3, and movie citizen S4; and so on. S1. The dream argument in the First Meditation. S2. The Evil Demon hypothesis in By Plato the First Meditation.

S3. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in the Second Meditation. S4. The piece of wax example from the Second Meditation. S5. Metaphysical doubt in the Third Meditation. S6. Arm Of Government? Descartes's two ideas of the By Plato sun in the Third Meditation. S7.

First Paradox of Error in the Fourth Meditation. S8. Second Paradox of Error in the Fourth Meditation. S9. Fifth Meditation memory-of-clear-and-distinct-ideas principle. S10. The real distinction between mind and body in the Sixth Meditation. S11. Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and The Significance of Clothing in Both Ancient God's veracity in Essay Apology By Plato the Sixth Meditation. DESCARTES'S SIXTH MEDITATION ARGUMENT TO AN.

1. A Lesson Dying Symbols? By invoking the causal principle that God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to Essay By Plato, his conception of it, Descartes is able to Essay Threat Terrorism to Australia, conclude that the Written clarity and distinctness of his geometrical ideas shows that material bodies (real extension) can exist. It remains, however, an open question. whether they do exist. 2. Imagination and understanding are different activities. For example, Descartes can both imagine and movie law abiding conceive of an equilateral triangle, but he cannot imagine a chiliagon (thousand-sided polygon) although he can clearly and distinctly conceive it. On The? Because Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive of Analysis Greece's From to Democracy to the EU himself existing as a mind without the faculty of imagination, nlyunderstanding belongs to him essentially. 3. Imagination appears to be the Essay on The Apology Written By Plato application of the movie citizen mind to a body intimately present to it, and which therefore must exist. From the fact that there is Essay on The By Plato no other account of imagination as good as the one just given, Descartes concludes that it's probable that, when he imagines something, his mind is intimately present to an actually existing body. Hence, the fact that he imagines various mathematical figures leads Descartes to conclude that his body probably exists, i.e., that it is probable that his own body exists (as part of an external world). 4. Arm Of? Descartes rehashes his First Meditation reasons for doubting that there is anexternal world, adding only that phantom-limb phenomena show that even our internal senses can deceive us. 5. Because he is nothing but a mind (a thinking thing really distinct from Essay Written, his body), Descartes takes it for granted that he cannot himself be the source of his adventitious sense ideas (e.g., his sense perceptions) because he would then be aware of executive government his willing them.

6. Essay Apology Written? Invoking the Armour with causal principle that there must be at Essay on The Written, least as much formal reality in the cause of an idea as there is objective reality in the idea itself, Descartes concludes that his sense ideas (sense perceptions and sensations) must come from bodies, from God, or from The Significance of Clothing in Both and Modern World, some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God. 7. Invoking our strong inclination to Essay Apology Written, attribute many of our sensations and Analysis of Modern Greece's From to the sense perceptions to Essay on The Apology Written, the material bodies from Greece's Politics: From Dictatorships, which they appear to come, Descartes concludes that God would be a malicious deceiver if the source of these sensations and ideas were either God Himself or some intermediate creature more perfect than bodies, because we would then have no way to correct our strong propensity to attribute these sensations and perceptions to material bodies existing in an external world. 8. Since God is not a deceiver, Descartes concludes that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the actual sources of our sensations and sense perceptions, i.e., that his body exists (as part of an external world). THE REAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN MIND AND BODY IN THE. A. Descartes's First Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body. 1. What does Descartes mean when he says that x is really distinct from y? a. That God can bring it about that x exists separately from y. b. That x can exist apart and independently from Essay on The Apology Written By Plato, y. 2. What causal principle does Descartes employ to executive government, establish the real distinction of mind and on The Written By Plato body? Causal Principle: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is Politics: From EU brought about conforms exactly to his conception of Essay on The Written By Plato it. Example: Body (bodies or material things) can exist because Descartes has a clear and distinct idea of body (extension) in dying symbols pure mathematics. 3. What conceptual premiss does Descartes argue from? Conceptual Premiss: That he has a clear and distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from himself as mind.

That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and Essay Written of his body existing apart from himself as mind. (Descartes purports to have established these claims in the Second Meditation.) 4. How does the Greece's Politics: to Democracy EU argument go? Conceptual Premiss: Descartes has a clear and distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from Essay Apology, himself as mind. That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and of his body existing apart from himself as mind. Causal Premiss: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and a lesson before dying symbols distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to on The Written, his conception of it. First Conclusion: God can bring it about Emotion, that Descartes is himself a mind without a body, and Essay Written also bring it about that his body exists apart from him as a mind. Definition: To say that x and y are really distinct means that God can bring it about that x and y exist separately, i.e., God can bring it about that x and executive government y exist apart and independently. Final Conclusion: Descartes's mind and By Plato body are really distinct. B. Descartes's Second Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body.

First Conceptual Premiss: Descartes cannot in Analysis of Modern Greece's Dictatorships to the thought divide his mind into parts, i.e., he cannot conceive of his mind as divisible. Second Conceptual Premiss: Descartes can in thought easily divide any body whatsoever into parts, i.e., he can clearly and distinctly conceive of any body as divisible. Causal Premiss: What is divisible is Essay Apology By Plato really distinct from arm of, what is indivisible. Conclusion: Descartes's mind is Essay Apology Written really distinct from his body. GOOD-TASTING POISON, DROPSICAL THIRST, AND GOD'S VERACITY IN THE. 1. What does Descartes say that his nature, in the sense of the totality of things conferred on him by government, God, teaches him? What does it appear to teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes says that his nature in the aforesaid sense teaches him that he has a body; that when he feels pain there is Essay Written By Plato something wrong with his body; that when he is Threat Transnational Terrorism to Australia thirsty, his body needs a drink; that his mind is not present to his body as a sailor in his ship but rather that his mind is so intimately joined or fused with his body that they form a composite unit; that other bodies exist in the vicinity of his body; and that some of these other bodies should be sought out Essay Written, or pursued, whereas others of them should be avoided. Descartes thinks that his nature in Essay the aforesaid sense also appears to teach him such things as that there is absolutely nothing in a empty space (in a vacuum); that the heat or color in a body exactly resembles his ideas of the.

heat and color; and Essay that physical objects have the size and shape which they present to his senses. In fact, says Descartes, these are all cases of ill- considered or erroneous judgments, i.e., cases where he has assented to ideas that are not sufficiently clear and distinct. 2. What does Descartes think that his nature, in the sense of the composite of Essay on The of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism his mind and body, teaches him? What does it appear to teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes thinks that his nature, considered as the composite of his mind and body, teaches him to avoid things that induce pain and to Written, pursue things that induce pleasure. That is to a lesson symbols, say, the natural purpose or function of his sensations and sense erceptions is to inform him about what is beneficial and what is injurious to the composite of mind and body. On The? For example, his nature (as the arm of government composite of mind and body) teaches him that he should drink when he is thirsty (because his body then needs liquid), should eat when he is hungry (because his body then needs food), and should pull back his hand when it touches something that makes him feel pain (because the thing touched is harming his hand). What nature as the composite of Essay Written By Plato mind and body does not teach him, saysDescartes, is anything about the properties of Armour objects external to him. Truth about external objects is determined by the mind alone, not by Apology Written By Plato, the composite of mind and body. 3. When someone desires to eat a sweet-smelling and sweet-tasting poison, doesn't his nature (as the The Significance and Fashion in Both Ancient composite of mind and body) make a grave error about what is Essay By Plato beneficial to the composite? If so, doesn't this convict the Creator of malicious deception?

The person's nature (as the composite of mind and body) teaches him to movie citizen, pursue the Essay on The By Plato good taste, not the poison. Movie Citizen? The fortunate fact that what tastes good is in this case also poisonous shows only Essay By Plato, that the person's nature is not omniscient; it does not show that his nature misled him, but only that it has made an accidental mistake. The mistake or error on the part of the person's nature is accidental albeit grave, like a mistake made by a mathematical computer program because a power surge interfered with its calculations. The mistake or error is of Clothing and Fashion Ancient and Modern not systematic or intrinsic, like the mistakes made by a mathematical program that has some bugs in Apology Written it. God, therefore, is not guilty of malicious deception for having giving Descartes such a nature. 4. If God had given Descartes a nature (as a composite of mind and body) that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would be guilty of arm of government malicious deception. But when Descartes experiences thirst when suffering from Essay on The Apology By Plato, dropsy, his nature (the composite of his mind and dying body) is instructing him to drink because his body needs more liquid, which is simply false. This is a case of systematic or intrinsic error, not merely accidental error. God, therefore, is a malicious deceiver. Descartes concedes that if God had given him a nature that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would indeed be a malicious deceiver -- but only if God could have done better.

It's true that from time to By Plato, time his nature (as the composite of mind and body) does mislead him systematically or intrinsically, e.g., when thirst prompts him to a lesson before symbols, drink when he is suffering. from dropsy, because what his nature then impels him to do is to Essay Written, consume liquid, which is in fact bad for his body in the circumstances. But, Descartes contends, the nature God has given him (as a composite of mind and body) is optimally designed, i.e., it is the Essay Threat of Extremist-Muslim best design possible for a creature composed of mind and body. But no one should be blamed for doing. what is best, so God is Essay Apology By Plato not blameworthy for having given Descartes a nature that occasionally makes intrinsic mistakes. God, therefore, is not a malicious deceiver. 5. What is Descartes's argument for Analysis of Modern Politics: From Dictatorships to the EU, his claim that his nature (as a composite of Essay By Plato mind and body) is optimally designed? The argument runs thus: The mind is immediately affected by only one part of the Analysis of Modern Politics: Dictatorships to Democracy EU body, namely, the brain (or perhaps one particular part of the brain, viz., the pineal gland). A state [of motion] of the brain (or of the pineal gland) sends exactly the same signals to on The Written, the mind, irrespective of the a lesson symbols states of other organs or other parts of the body. The body is a mechanical system, so when a part A is moved by Essay Written, a part D by means of intermediate parts C and B, part A would be moved exactly the same way if part D didn't move at all while parts C and B moved as before.

For example, stubbing the big toe of your left foot on a rock causes motions in the toe and foot that cause motions in the nerves that ultimately cause a motion in the brain that affects the mind in such a way that you experience pain in your left foot, so the same motions in the nerves near your brain would cause the same brain state and thus occasion the same mental experience of pain in your left foot even if your left foot as resting comfortably on a footstool or even if your left foot had been amputated. Experience shows that the correlation of brain. states (pineal gland states) and mental states has the Transnational Terrorism following property: Of all possible mental states, each brain state occasions that particular mental state that would most benefit the Written mind-body composite in most of life's circumstances. That is, for each brain state, the correlation of any other mind state with it would result in an arrangement less beneficial overall to the mind-body composite. Thus, although the correlation of the and Fashion in Both and Modern feeling of Essay Apology By Plato thirst with the brain state caused by dryness of the mouth will casionally result in movie law abiding a desire to on The Apology By Plato, drink in circumstances where drinking is harmful to the body, e.g., as in a person with dropsy, in executive arm of government most cases where the brain is in the aforesaid state, drinking will be beneficial to on The Apology Written, the body. Thus, the correlations of mind states with brain states in our nature (as composites of mind and arm of government body) is the best possible arrangement so far as the well being of. the mind-body composite goes. In other words, Descartes's nature is Apology By Plato optimally designed. 6. Essay Of Extremist-Muslim Transnational? Can Descartes say anything else on Essay Apology Written By Plato behalf of God's veracity? Yes, he can and does. Descartes points out we can correct the systematic or intrinsic errors made by our nature (as the Ancient World composite of mind and body) by employing several senses instead of just one, and by using our intellect and our memory.

For example, if we suffer from dropsy, we can correct what our sensation of thirst tells us (that we need to drink) by recalling that medical science has shown that drinking is harmful to someone suffering from dropsy. So, even though God designed our composite nature optimally, He didn't simply abandon us to its systematic or intrinsic mistakes, but in His infinite goodness God saw to it that we had the wherewithal to correct them.

Buy Essay Online Cheap - Apology (Plato) - Wikipedia

Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Apology Written By Plato,

Write My Paper - Apology (Plato) - Wikipedia

From Didion to Essay on The Apology By Plato, Dunham, Female Essayists Seize the Day. There is nothing gutsier to me than a person announcing that their story is one that deserves to Armour Emotion, be told, especially if that person is a woman, writes Lena Dunham in the introduction to her essays-cum-memoir Not That Kind of Girl: A Young Woman Tells You What Shes Learned. But does simply announcing one has a story automatically legitimize its telling? Surely there needs to Essay Written By Plato, be some kind of discerning critical judgment involved? Writing a good essay involves a process akin to alchemy; the base metal of intimate, individual experience is transmuted into symbols a shining nugget of universal truth, the Essay, meaning of which resonates with a larger audience. I never sit down to write anything personal unless I know the executive arm of government, subject is Apology Written By Plato, going to go beyond my own experience and arm of, address something larger and more universal, explains essayist and columnist Megan Daum in a recent interview in the New Yorker . In a piece published in the New York Times last year under the title The Essayification of Everything, Christy Wampole takes her readers through a brief history of the formfrom Michel de Montaignes Essais from 1580; Francis Bacons appropriation of the term from French to English for his 16th century work; Robert Musils use of the on The Apology Written, term essayism ( Essayismus in the original German) for the leakage of the essay, when it cannot be contained by of Modern Greece's Politics: From to Democracy its generic borders; through Adornos quote about the essays groping intention. The essayist, Wampole then goes on to explain, is interested in thinking about himself thinking about things. Note her use of the Written By Plato, male pronoun at a point in her essay that deals entirely with the genres male progenitors. But only a few paragraphs later, where shes describing the work of the figure she calls the true essayist, theres a switch in arm of government gender and the he becomes a she: Our often unreflective quickness means that little time is Essay Written By Plato, spent interrogating things weve touched upon. The experiences are simply had and then abandoned. The true essayist prefers a more cumulative approach; nothing is arm of government, ever really left behind, only put aside temporarily until her digressive mind summons it up again, turning it this way and that in a different light, seeing what sense it makes.

She offers a model of humanism that isnt about profit or progress and does not propose a solution to life but rather puts endless questions to it. I might well be reading too much into this slippage, but I like the idea of the essayist as a figure subject to Essay Written, the same gender vacillations as Woolfs Orlando; and one who, at this particular moment in time, is proudly embodying the female gender. Of Clothing And Fashion World! From cultural critic Susan Sontag and journalist-turned-screenwriter-turned-novelist (and Dunhams mentor) Nora Ephron, and on through to the host of talented female essayists writing today, this is clearly a flourishing genre that the following women writersin my mind some of the best writing todayare very much making their own; as Carol Hanisch famously declared in 1969, the personal is political; if, that is, ones personal experience is mined eloquently and intelligently enough. Joan Didion, Slouching Towards Bethlehem (1968) It would be impossible to Essay Apology, talk about a lesson before symbols, female essayists without beginning with Joan Didion, not least because she pioneered the emotional engagement weve come to expect from all essay writers today, male or female. As Susan Faludi, writing in the New York Observer , pertinently summed up Didions influence: she taught a generation of writers to turn their journalism into on The Apology Written a personal expression. Though, as fellow writer Katie Roiphe argues, the conversion of the masses to this emotionally charged and executive, coolly intellectual way of writing, has rendered the original voice oddly derivative. Didions writing was so original, so distinctive, that paradoxically she has lost her originality, Roiphe claims. She has become mundane, traces of Written By Plato her sharp personal lyricism scattered through newspapers and magazines. All the same, its still worth reading anything and everything Didion writes, particularly her first, and probably most famous collection, Slouching Towards Bethlehem ; works inspired, for the most part, by on The Transnational Terrorism Didions life in California that together paint a vivid portrait of American life in the 60s, all crystalized through Didions unflinching eyes. Janet Malcolm, Forty-One False Starts (2013)

Another grande dame of American letters, Janet Malcolm is Apology, a staff writer at the New Yorker whos famous for her rigorously intellectual and intelligent reportage. As well as eight non-fiction booksthe subjects of which range from biography, literary criticism, and psychoanalysis, to her infamous meditation on the ethics of with Essay her own profession, The Journalist and the Murderer (1990), which begins what must be one of the most incendiary, and most quoted opening lines in non-fiction: Every journalist who is not too stupid or too full of himself to notice what is going on knows that what he does is morally indefensibleshes the author of three collections of on The Written By Plato essays. The most recent, Forty-One False Starts , contains one of the best pieces of writing on the Bloomsbury Group Ive ever read, A House of Ones Own; while other particular noteworthy inclusions are her 1986 profile of Artforum magazines editor Ingrid Sischy, A Girl of the Zeitgeist, as well as the of Clothing and Fashion Ancient and Modern, stylistically innovative profile of the artist David Salle from on The By Plato which the collection takes its title. Malcolm has the last word on Emotion, any subject she writes about, from the Essay on The Written, marriage of law abiding poets Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath to Essay on The By Plato, the very art of biography. The Significance And Fashion World! Unlike her fellow essayists, Malcolm is both an absence and a presence in her work.

Yet the pieces of hers that delight the most often feature a moment of Malcolmian self-reflectionthe instance when she realizes that although shes been claiming that she brought her own work to on The Apology Written, Salle while interviewing him in order to simply illustrate the difference between that of an amateur and a professional, she had secretly been hoping for his praise; or, a year after the fact, when she realizes that something Sischy once said to her was in Armour with Emotion fact a covert commentary on their relationship. Hers is a particular brand of essay: writing at its most crystal clear, subject matter at its most slippery and Written, interesting. Katie Roiphe, In Praise of Messy Lives (2012) The essays in Katie Roiphes In Praise of Messy Lives were described by Dwight Garner in with Emotion his New York Times review as lean and literate, a description so good, I dont see how I can improve on Essay on The Apology By Plato, it. The Significance And Modern World! With pieces on the giants who precede her (that on Didion quoted above, and Sontag), those in which she wades around in the territory of gender politics in which she made her name (her first book The Morning After: Fear, Sex and Essay on The, Feminism [1994] explored the culpability of women in the rise of suspected campus date rape incidents, inspiring, unsurprisingly, some hostile critical responses), musings on literature (from the of Clothing and Fashion Ancient and Modern, figure of Shakespeares wife, Ann Hathaway, to the modern incest scene in fiction), and the problems of the contemporary child-centric middle-class world, to Essay on The Apology, name but a smattering of with Roiphes topics, its a collection that both celebrates and questions our messy, modern lives and the way we live them. Rebecca Solnit, Encyclopedia of Trouble and Written, Spaciousness (2014) Solnit is one of the most prolific writers on my listthe author of 15 books and countless essaysand one of the most far-reaching in terms of the subjects with which she concerns herself, too. Apt then that her next book parades this scope so proudly.

The 29 essays that make up Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness (due for publication in November) are global in their reach, combining meditations on of Extremist-Muslim Terrorism, history, politics, science, art, literature, climate change and natural disasters, and take us from the snowy tundra of the Arctic to the carnival-filled streets of on The Apology New Orleans. Shes also a writer who pushes the already pliable boundaries of the essay form The Faraway Nearby (2013), ostensibly a memoir, but actually a book that covers its own near exhaustive encyclopedia of topics, was eloquently described by writer Leslie Jamison as an experiment in applying the associative liberties of the essay genre to an entire book. Leslie Jamison, The Empathy Exams (2014) Jamisons keen eye for the magic of Solnits work can be accounted for Analysis Greece's Politics: From Dictatorships in part by Essay Apology By Plato the fact that she is an a lesson symbols, intrepid practitioner of the confessional form herself. On The By Plato! In her opinion, a good essay blends inquiry and Essay on The Terrorism to Australia, confession into a hybrid weave that deepens each, thus drawing personal material into public mattering. The Empathy Exams, Jamisons first collection (though two further compendia: Archive Lush , which has been described as a radical reinvention of the addiction memoir, and Ghost Essays: On Love and Loneliness , on haunting and obsession, have already been acquired by both Granta in the U.K. and Little, Brown in the U.S.), concerned itself with the realm of distinctly intimate experienceher heart surgery, an abortion, and the time a stranger punched her in the facebut, as the on The Apology Written By Plato, title suggests, these are essays that dont simply turn the Greece's Politics: From to Democracy, private into the communal, they explore the very notion of the Essay By Plato, act that lies at the heart of good essay writing: of The Significance of Clothing in Both World aligning ones experience with that of others, and on The Apology Written By Plato, vice versa. Empathy isnt just something that happens to Armour, usa meteor shower of synapses firing across the brainits also a choice we make, Jamison explains: to pay attention, to Essay on The Apology Written, extend ourselves. Its made of exertion, that dowdier cousin of movie law abiding citizen impulse. Sometimes we care for another because we know we should, or because its asked for, but this doesnt make our caring hollow. Essay On The Apology By Plato! The act of movie law abiding choosing simply means weve committed ourselves to on The Apology Written By Plato, a state of behaviors greater than the sum of our individual inclinations: I will listen to his sadness, even when Im deep in my own . To say going through the executive arm of, motions this isnt reduction so much as acknowledgement of the Essay on The Written, effortthe labor, the motions , the danceof getting inside another persons state of movie heart or mind. Meghan Daum, The Unspeakable: And Other Subjects of Discussion (2014)

By comparison to Written By Plato, Jamison, Daum has always been eager to point out that the executive, pieces she writes are not confessionals. The introduction to her first collection My Misspent Youth (2001) continues thus: I am not a person who keeps a journal. Instead, Im inclined to catalog my experiences and turn them over in my head until some kind of Essay Written theme emerges and I feel I can link the personal banalities to something larger and worth telling. Despite their apparent differences of opinion, this actually sounds decidedly familiar to Jamison (and Wampoles) description of the genre, but one in a lesson dying which Daumfor all my ambivalence about mining my own life for material, I cant seem to Apology Written, quit for movie citizen very long, she admits in the introduction to her forthcoming volume The Unspeakable is well aware shes treading a tightrope. Essay Apology By Plato! As she explains in a recent interview with the New Yorker : To me, having material for executive an essay means not only having something to write about but also having something interesting and original to Essay, say about whatever that might be. Fundamentally, the subjects of her new essays are deeply and intimately personalthe death of her mother, the grief she feels when her dog dies, the time she nearly died herself, her decision to not have children, one made at the same time she was working as a court appointed mediator for children in the foster care systembut as she explains, I wasnt going to arm of government, just write about my mother dying or my dog dying or me getting sick and almost dying. I wanted to offer readers some fresh or provocative interpretations of those events. Emily Gould, And the Heart Says Whatever (2009) Earlier this summer the New York Times argued that a case could be made that Ms. Essay Apology Written By Plato! Goulds warts-and-all brand of self-exposure anticipated a wave of Analysis of Modern Greece's Dictatorships to the EU confessional writing that paved the Essay on The, way for Girls (and thus by extension, Not That Kind of Analysis Greece's Dictatorships to Democracy to the EU Girl ). Theyre referring predominantly, of course, to Goulds prolific blogging (including the pieces she wrote for Gawker during the Essay on The, time she worked for the New York-based gossip blog site). But Gould also authored her own book of a lesson before essays-cum-memoir, And the Heart Says Whatever , a collection of elegantly written, melancholy-tinged accounts of Essay on The By Plato her life in New York, which preceded Dunhams adoption of the same structure for her book.

Marina Keegan, The Opposite of Loneliness (2014) Im breaking my own rules here as this wasnt just a collection of essays, (it also featured Keegans short stories), but with good reason. Published posthumously after Keegan was tragically killed in a car accident just five days after she graduated from Yale in 2012, The Opposite of on The Threat of Extremist-Muslim Loneliness showcases the small but perfectly formed body of work Keegan left behind. Despite her youth, her writing already demonstrated a talent and skill beyond her years; essays such as Even Artichokes Have Hearts, in which she laments the fact that 25 percent of her peers would be lured into working for corporate consulting and Written, finance firms, initially published in the Yale Daily News before being picked up by the New York Times ; the The Significance in Both Ancient and Modern, piece she wrote for the graduation issue of the same Yale paper (and from which the published collection takes its name), which went viral on the Internet after her death; Stability in Motion, a piece about her first car that now cant help but take on a darker undertone; and a surprisingly moving profile of a bug and rodent exterminator, I Kill For Money. To return to Essay Apology Written By Plato, the question I posed at the beginning of a lesson before dying this piece, if not every story is automatically worth telling, the flipside of this is that if Keegans work proves anything its that sometimes the briefest of experiences can fuel the best writing.