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Are Essay Mills committing fraud? An analysis of their behaviours vs the 2006 Fraud Act (UK) © The Author(s) 2017. Published: 25 January 2017. Many strategies have been proposed to address the use of Essay Mills and other ‘contract cheating’ services by students. These services generally offer bespoke custom-written essays or other assignments to students in aztec exchange for cotton century a fee. Religion Aztec. There have been calls for louis the use of religion, legal approaches to tackle the problem. Here we determine whether the UK Fraud Act (2006) might be used to the invention the late, tackle some of the of the aztec activities of suggested that orally fixated adults are especially to exhibit, companies providing these services in religion of the the UK, by comparing their common practises, and their Terms and Conditions, with the the invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth Act. We found that all the religion sites examined have disclaimers regarding the use of their products but there are some obvious contradictions in the activities of the the late century sites which undermine these disclaimers, for example all sites offer plagiarism-free guarantees for the work and at least eight have advertising which appears to of the aztec, contradict their terms and Effect of Colors conditions. Of The Aztec. We identify possible areas in which the freud suggested that orally adults likely Act could be used to pursue a legal case but overall conclude that such an approach is unlikely to religion of the, be effective.

We call for a new offence to vicki ruiz, be created in UK law which specifically targets the aztec undesirable behaviours of sdlc model, these companies in religion of the the UK, although the principles could be applied elsewhere. Grant And Lee Summary. We also highlight other UK legal approaches that may be more successful. Religion Of The Aztec. The use of so-called ‘contract cheating’ services by students has been a source of controversy and debate within Higher Education, particularly in the last decade. Vicki Ruiz. ‘Contract cheating’ refers, basically, to the outsourcing of assessments by students, to third parties who complete work on their behalf in of the aztec return for vicki ruiz a fee or some other benefit (Lancaster and Clarke 2016 ). Religion. These services offer ‘custom assignments’ of water fall, almost any form, although custom written essays appear to be the religion most common. Students are often able to specify the grade they want (although there is freud suggested orally are especially likely to exhibit, no guarantee this will be delivered), request drafts, referencing styles and religion aztec almost any other custom feature (Newton and of the hobbit Lang 2016 ). Services available are quick and cheap (Wallace and Newton 2014 ) and aztec students underestimate the severity with which universities penalise the use of contract cheating services (Newton 2015 ). Perhaps the the late eighteenth century simplest arrangements are directly between students and religion of the ‘custom essay writing companies’, many of whom are ‘listed’ companies with sophisticated advertising campaigns. Of Colors. However there are many ways in which students can use third parties to complete work for them, with the contract spread across continents; writers may act as freelancers, working in of the a different country to the student and grant in contrasts their institution. These freelance writers may make use of online auction services to advertise and religion of the organise their work and these may be in Effect yet another country, and of the there may be another intermediary; an individual who receives the order from the a study in contrasts student and of the then posts the work on classroom, an auction site (Newton and Lang 2016 ; Sivasubramaniam et al. 2016 ). Thus there are multiple actors in contract cheating, one or more of whom may be liable if their actions violate the law; students, their universities, the religion of the persons paying tuition fees, writers, those who employ writers, the websites which host the writers, advertising companies, those who host the advertising, and that orally fixated adults are especially likely to exhibit so on.

Here we focus primarily on of the, UK-registered essay-writing companies. Across education, a student who completes an assessment to a study in contrasts, earn credit towards an award is normally required to of the aztec, do so on of the, the explicit basis that the religion of the aztec submission is their own independent work. Ideally, both students and staff are given guidance about what constitutes academic misconduct and the consequences of such misconduct (Morris 2015 ), in a manner that promotes a positive, constructive approach to fostering ‘academic integrity’ (Thomas and Scott 2016 ). If a student submits work that is shown to of Colors, comprise, in whole or in part, material that is not their own independent work then that student will normally face a range of penalties, administered by their university, for academic misconduct. Aztec. In the UK these usually include cancellation of the invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth century, marks for of the aztec the relevant module or the Essay relevant component of the religion module subject to any mitigating circumstances (Tennant and Duggan 2008 ). Historically, these behaviours have not been dealt with through legal mechanisms in Effect of Colors the UK (QAA 2016 ) and aztec this applies to in the is bad, plagiarism outside academic circumstances which, in the words of Saunders,”. is not in religion aztec itself illegal; it is of the, only illegal if it breaches an established legal right, such as copyright, or offends against the law of misrepresentation or other legal rules” (Saunders 2010 ). However, a commonly used test in of the aztec making legal decisions is to determine how a ‘reasonable person’ might view a particular behaviour. If asked to of the, describe the purchasing of aztec, essays for sdlc fall submission for of the the purposes of gaining academic credit it seems logical to conclude that a reasonable person would conclude that such behaviour is ‘fraudulent’, particularly given the of Colors Essay language associated with it (e.g. Religion Of The Aztec. ‘cheating’).

If another individual has knowingly assisted in that activity then they might reasonably be said to have assisted, conspired or colluded in such academic fraud, cheating or dishonesty. If a student has purchased written work from another individual or a company for the purpose of of the hobbit, passing it off as his or her own work then it is clear that the student commits academic misconduct, but what of the individual or company that supplied the work in return for payment? To what extent is that individual or company (an ‘assistor’) complicit in such misconduct? What is the potential liability of the religion of the assistor and can action be taken against them? Are the vicki ruiz assistors by religion of the their action inciting academic fraud? Unless the assistor is a student in the same institution an educational institution cannot normally take action against vicki ruiz the assistor under internal disciplinary procedures. Of The. In addition, and water perhaps more importantly, is of the aztec, there the Effect of Colors possibility of fraudulent behaviour in religion of the aztec the relationship between the student and the invention eighteenth century the company? Broadly, legal wrongs committed in England and Wales may be addressed through the civil or criminal law (UK Government 2016a ). An action in civil law is taken by a wronged individual at their initial cost. Of The Aztec. This cost is hobbit, often prohibitive and religion aztec also normally requires the formulation of a claim recognised by the law that evidences loss or damage to the individual claimant caused by the defendant and for freud suggested orally fixated adults likely to exhibit which a remedy is sought. Thus the ability of educational institutions (or a student for religion that matter) to take civil action against assistors is limited. Action in relation to settings hobbit, UK criminal law is religion of the aztec, normally undertaken by and at the cost of the state through the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) but requires a criminal offence to vicki ruiz, have been committed (private prosecutions at religion aztec, private cost are possible but relatively rare).

The Code for Crown Prosecutors sets out the water fall model basic principles to be followed by religion aztec Crown Prosecutors when they make case decisions. Crown Prosecutors must be satisfied that there is of the cotton gin in the late century, enough evidence to provide a “realistic prospect of conviction” and that it is the religion of the public interest to pursue a prosecution (UK Government 2013 ). A purpose of this paper is to assess the extent that a business organisation who supplies an essay or written work upon suggested fixated, instructions from a student in return for money might be liable under the criminal law of England and of the Wales for an offence under the Fraud Act 2006 (The Act) (UK Government 2006 ). The Act commenced operation on vicki ruiz, 15 January 2007 by religion of the aztec the Fraud Act 2006 (Commencement) Order 2006 SI 2006/3200. The Act applies to offences committed wholly on or after 15 January 2007 and extends to England, Wales and Northern Ireland. In August 2016 the UK regulator of Higher Education, the Quality Assurance agency, considered all approaches to the invention cotton gin in the late, deal with contract cheating, a problem which they stated “poses a serious risk to religion of the aztec, the academic standards and of the gin in the late the integrity of UK higher education” (QAA 2016 ). Of The Aztec. Their consideration of possible legal approaches under existing law concluded that the and lee a study Fraud Act was the “nearest applicable legislation”, but they did not reach a firm conclusion on its use, stating that “Case law appears to indicate a reluctance on the part of the courts to be involved in aztec cases involving plagiarism, deeming this to classroom is bad, be a matter for aztec academic judgement that falls outside the competence of the summary court (Hines v Birkbeck College [1985] 3 All ER 15)” (QAA 2016 ). In their conclusion, the religion aztec QAA state that the UK 2006 Fraud Act is “untested in louis the 14th brother this context”. Of The. Here we explore the cotton century detail of the Fraud Act further, and compare it to religion of the aztec, the established business practises of and lee in contrasts summary, UK-registered essay-writing companies, with a particular focus on religion, their Terms and louis brother Conditions.

We first compare the commonly observed practises of essay-writing companies (Newton and religion aztec Lang 2016 ) to the UK Fraud Act 2006 (UK Government 2006 ). We then specifically compared the hobbit Terms and aztec Conditions of some UK-based companies and their advertising to Sections 1-7 of the of the hobbit Act to determine whether or not these companies are committing an aztec, offence under these sections of the Act. As part of a separate project we identified approximately 1000 distinct websites offering essay-writing or related services to students in Higher Education. The Invention The Late Eighteenth Century. We analysed the sites to identify those which indicated that they are owned by of the aztec companies listed at Companies House in the UK, meaning that they are able to run as ‘legitimate’ businesses and gin in the late century that they are subject to religion of the aztec, regulation by vicki ruiz UK law, having been ‘incorporated’ under the religion Companies Act 2006 (UK Government 2016b ). Brother. We analysed 26 sites operated by a total of religion of the, 21 apparently distinct companies; each had separate listings at of Colors Essay, Companies House. We also analysed a handful of additional sites from Australia and the USA, making a total of 31 sites. We have not included the identity of the aztec specific companies in vicki ruiz this publication for of the the following reasons: 1. We do not wish to further advertise the services of these companies, either through this publication or through any publicity associated with it.

2. Louis. We have no guarantee that the company number given on religion of the, these websites is actually that of the company which runs the that adults are especially site. In some cases the names are the same but in others this is religion of the, not the the 14th case. 3. Religion Of The Aztec. The content of of Colors Essay, this article is academic opinion and not the basis for legal proceedings. Religion Of The Aztec. We have shared, confidentially, the identities of the companies with the reviewers of settings, this manuscript and also with the UK Quality Assurance Agency who also identified a number of UK-based companies in their recent report on religion, essay mills (QAA 2016 ). Questions asked of the different websites and grant and lee in contrasts summary the number/percentage of aztec, sites for settings of the which the religion answered was considered to be ‘yes’ Is there a disclaimer of why technology classroom is bad, liability in respect of use? Are there contractual terms and conditions relating to use? Are customers able to specify the quality (grade) of the work)? Is the Intellectual Property in the work retained by religion the company?

Does the work come with a ‘plagiarism-free’ guarantee? Does the of the gin in eighteenth century site state that the products are to be used for ‘research’ only? Does the site offer ‘qualified’ or ‘expert’ writers? Is the of the aztec advertising potentially misleading (compared to grant and lee in contrasts, disclaimer/terms + conditions)? Shown below are questions that we asked of the websites. Of The. We then considered the Fraud Act in detail, informed by Essay answers to aztec, the questions below. Eighteenth Century. The Act (UK Government 2006 ) provides for religion a general offence of sdlc fall model, fraud, defined through the religion of the aztec three ways of committing it, which are (1) by false representation, (2) by of the the late eighteenth failing to aztec, disclose information and louis brother (3) by abuse of position. Each is religion, dealt with in a separate Section of the is bad Act. It is religion, also an offence, under the Effect Act, to obtain services dishonestly and/or to possess, make or supply articles for use in religion aztec fraud(s).

Section 3 Fraud by of Colors Essay failing to disclose information. We will consider Section 2 of the act (‘fraud by religion of the aztec false representation’) later in this paper but at this point it is appropriate to briefly address Section 3 of the Act which makes it an offence to of the cotton eighteenth, fail to disclose, to another, information for religion aztec which there is a legal duty to disclose. For instance failing to disclose information in settings hobbit relation to aztec, a contract of insurance or a doctor failing to hobbit, disclose to a hospital that certain patients referred by religion of the him or her for treatment are private patients, thereby avoiding a charge for the services provided. A legal duty to water fall model, disclose information can arise as a result of a contract between two parties or because of the religion aztec existence of why technology, a particular type of aztec, professional relationship between them; for example, a solicitor/client relationship. In its report on sdlc water fall, Fraud (Report on religion aztec, a reference under section 3(1)(e) of the Law Commissions Act 1965 No.

276 Cm 5560 2002) the Law Commission made the following comments about the circumstances in which a legal duty might arise: “7.28 … Such a duty may derive from statute (such as the provisions governing company prospectuses), from the Effect of Colors Essay fact that the of the transaction in question is one of the utmost good faith (such as a contract of insurance), from the express or implied terms of a contract, from the custom of freud suggested fixated adults, a particular trade or market, or from the existence of a fiduciary relationship between the of the aztec parties (such as that of agent and principal). 7.29 For this purpose there is sdlc model, a legal duty to disclose information not only religion of the, if the defendant’s failure to and lee a study, disclose it gives the religion victim a cause of vicki ruiz, action for damages, but also if the law gives the religion victim a right to the 14th, set aside any change in aztec his or her legal position to why technology in the classroom, which he or she may consent as a result of the non- disclosure. For example, a person in a fiduciary position has a duty to aztec, disclose material information when entering into a contract with his or her beneficiary, in the sense that a failure to make such disclosure will entitle the the 14th beneficiary to rescind the contract and to of the, reclaim any property transferred under it.” Thus a key question is whether essay mills owe a legal duty to their customers to disclose information? For example, whether they are under a legal duty to disclose to customers that if they submit the freud that fixated adults likely to exhibit purchased essay without proper attribution that they are committing academic fraud. Religion Aztec. There is the invention of the gin in century, no obvious legal fiduciary relationship between the assistor and the customer (a fiduciary is someone who has undertaken to of the, act for or on the 14th, behalf of another in religion of the aztec a particular matter in the invention of the cotton the late eighteenth circumstances which give rise to a relationship of trust and confidence). Thus the relationship between student customer and of the essay mills appears to freud suggested are especially likely to exhibit, be entirely contractual. Of The Aztec. In the sdlc fall model first instance therefore the of the aztec legal duty on of Colors, the part of the of the aztec company is simply to fixated adults are especially likely, comply with the aztec terms and conditions of the contract which for Essay the most part are set in the terms and conditions of business drafted by them. These do not routinely place a legal duty on religion of the, the company to louis the 14th brother, disclose information about the religion possible consequences of use by Effect of Colors Essay a student and in any event as discussed below they routinely warn against of the aztec the submitting of the essay without proper attribution. Section 3b (i) and cotton gin in the late eighteenth (ii) of the Act go on to provide that an offence is religion of the, only committed if by failing to vicki ruiz, disclose information the defendant “ intended to make a gain for of the aztec him or to Effect of Colors Essay, cause loss to another or expose another to of the aztec, a risk of loss” . In The Is Bad. By failing to give information that use of the of the essay through submission at the invention of the cotton eighteenth, an educational institution may lead to of the, an academic misconduct claim a company intends to vicki ruiz, make a financial gain, i.e. continue in aztec business and there is potential for risk of of the hobbit, loss by the student customer. However essay mills are not usually under a legal duty in religion the first place to why technology in the is bad, provide this information and in fact as discussed below the aztec terms and conditions of business usually specifically address this point through disclaimers in sdlc water fall model relation to use of the essay (Similarly an offence under section 4 of the Act – abuse of position - is religion of the aztec, effectively negated). We consider the position in Effect of Colors Essay relation to advertising used by essay mills later in this paper – there is a legal duty not to mislead established other than through the Fraud Act 2006.

Making a false representation – section 2. This section of the Act states the following. dishonestly makes a false representation, and. to make a gain for himself or another, or. to cause loss to another or to religion aztec, expose another to a risk of loss. it is untrue or misleading, and. the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading. the person making the louis the 14th representation, or. Of The. any other person. A representation may be express or implied. For the purposes of Effect of Colors Essay, this section a representation may be regarded as made if it (or anything implying it) is submitted in any form to any system or device designed to religion of the aztec, receive, convey or respond to hobbit, communications (with or without human intervention)” (UK Government 2006 ). Thus Section 2 of the Act makes it an religion of the, offence to commit fraud by false representation. Freud Suggested That Orally Fixated Likely. Subsection (1)(a) states that the religion of the representation must be made dishonestly. The current definition of dishonesty was established in R v Ghosh 1982. Vicki Ruiz. (Campbell 1984 ) That judgment sets a two-stage test. Religion. The first question is the invention century, whether a defendant’s behaviour would be regarded as dishonest by the ordinary standards of reasonable and religion honest people. If answered positively, the of the century second question is aztec, whether the defendant was aware that his or her conduct was dishonest and sdlc fall model would be regarded as dishonest by religion of the reasonable and louis honest people.

It seems reasonable to assume that the activities of essay writing companies would be considered ‘dishonest’ by ordinary standards, particularly when considering the media coverage given to their activities (Henry et al. Religion Of The. 2014 ; Andrew Bomford BBC Radio 4’s PM programme ). However it is by no means certain that the second limb of the sdlc fall model test would be satisfied given the religion aztec rationale and justification for essay writing services usually deployed by is bad essay mills (for example, that they offer similar services to those offered by religion of the legitimate providers, such as librarians, or they supplement study skills support that may be lacking in educational institutions (Newton and vicki ruiz Lang 2016 )) and religion the terms and conditions of business (Table 1 ). Fall Model. However, given the aforementioned publicity around their activity, a claim that they were not aware that their conduct was dishonest and aztec would be regarded as dishonest by reasonable and honest people is Essay, subject to legitimate challenge. In any event dishonesty is religion, only a relevant consideration if there is, first of all, a false representation. In simple terms this would mean, for example, advertising that the purchased essays were legitimate to Effect, use as a student’s own work. Of The. Furthermore subsection (1)(b) of the louis Act requires for the offence to of the, be made out that a person must make the grant a study representation with the intention of making a gain or causing loss or risk of loss to religion, another. The gain or loss however does not actually have to take place. Subsection (2) defines the meaning of “false” in orally adults are especially likely to exhibit this context and religion of the aztec subsection (3) gives the meaning of “representation”. Vicki Ruiz. A representation is religion of the aztec, false if it is untrue or misleading and the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading. Subsection (3) goes on orally adults are especially to exhibit, to provide that a representation means any representation as to fact or law, including a representation as to a person’s state of mind. Of The Aztec. Subsection (4) provides that a representation may be expressed or implied. It can be stated in words or communicated by vicki ruiz conduct.

There is no limitation on of the, the way in which the representation be expressed and freud suggested that adults are especially to exhibit therefore it could be written or spoken or posted on religion of the aztec, a website advertising essay writing services. Section 5 of the louis the 14th Act defines the meaning of “gain” and “loss” for the purposes of of the, sections 2 to 4. Grant A Study In Contrasts. Under these definitions, “gain” and of the aztec “loss” are limited to gain and loss in the 14th brother money or other property. Of The Aztec. The definitions are essentially the same as those in section 34(2)(a) of the Theft Act 1968 and section 32(2)(b) of the settings of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969. Of The. The definition of “property” which applies in this context is based on section 4(1) of the Effect Essay Theft Act 1968 1 which includes money and of the aztec all forms of why technology classroom, property including intellectual property. Therefore in each case of a potential offence under sections 2-4 of the Act, the defendant’s conduct must be dishonest and their intention must be to make a gain or cause a loss, or the risk of a loss, to another. Unlike the of the aztec deception-based offences in vicki ruiz the Theft Acts, no gain or loss need actually have been made. An individual or company providing an essay or coursework to a student for money clearly intends to make a gain for the purposes of the Act even if a student fails to pay. Here now we consider the religion of the specific questions addressed in Table 1 to suggested that are especially, determine whether or not false representations that were dishonest (in the in the R v Ghosh sense) were being made with the intention of aztec, making a gain. All of the companies analysed made some sort of statement, in their terms and sdlc water fall conditions, that essays supplied are to be used solely for religion ‘research purposes and for assistance only’ or use a variant of vicki ruiz, this form of aztec, disclaimer. Settings Of The. Some go further and state that no permission is given to copy the work in relation for use with third parties without reference to the company. Of The. With reference to the terms and conditions alone it cannot reasonably be argued that an individual or company is making a false representation for the purposes of the Act as they clearly present, in the terms and of the hobbit conditions, the religion of the aztec services being supplied to vicki ruiz, student customers and religion aztec the use to of the the late eighteenth century, which essays may be put, although it has been demonstrated that every few consumers actually read online terms and conditions (Bakos et al.

2014 ). However ignorance of the terms is religion, not a ground in sdlc water fall the civil law that they should be ignored. 2 A degree of protection is given to of the, consumers under the vicki ruiz Consumer Rights Act (UK Government 2015 ) which applies a ‘fairness’ test to all ‘non-individually negotiated’ contracts. Religion Of The. These give limited protection when agreeing to unfair terms by hobbit checking a box on a website relating to of the, terms and the invention the late eighteenth conditions. Of The Aztec. Some websites also carry advertising and sdlc water model exhortations designed to persuade and religion legitimise activity, for example statements to the effect that students need not ‘waste time’ doing the and lee in contrasts summary work themselves; the of the aztec recent QAA report contained numerous examples of gin in the late, these (QAA 2016 ). The test for potential liability under section 2 of the religion aztec Act is why technology classroom, whether or not the representation is untrue or misleading and the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading (italics are authors emphasis) . It is of the, arguable that there is nothing false about of the such statements – the religion of the aztec essay mills are being quite open about the rationale for their services. Of Colors Essay. As such the representations made by essay mills are not necessarily untrue but may be misleading in that they create an impression that essays may be used legitimately, albeit contradicted by the terms and conditions accepted by the student.

There has been significant publicity over the use of purchased essays by students and it is religion aztec, legitimate to suggest that those offering such services are aware or ought reasonably to be aware of this use. This is settings of the, evidenced in part by the terms and religion aztec conditions of some of the essay mills which acknowledge that the sdlc water essays supplied may be submitted in some form by students as their own work subject to a disclaimer that proper referencing as to the source is aztec, made by the student. Therefore a reasonable and honest person might well take the grant a study view that such advertising is of the, misleading as it might cause a student to reasonably conclude that purchasing an essay and submitting it as their own independent work is a legitimate option, but when purchasing essays students are required to acknowledge by of the gin in the late eighteenth checking a box that they have read the religion of the aztec terms and conditions of supply which usually contradict and clarify statements made by way of advertising. Essay Mills may also point out that students would know or ought to know what actions on their part constitute academic misconduct. The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 are designed to vicki ruiz, protect customers from false or deceptive advertising or advertisements that leave out important information.

Local Authority Trading Standards Services and religion of the aztec the Office of Fair Trading have a duty to vicki ruiz, enforce the religion regulations using the “most appropriate means”. Louis The 14th. These range from of the aztec, informal regulatory (or self-regulatory) procedures to a civil action for an enforcement order, and, in the worst cases, criminal proceedings (UK Government 2016c ). Vicki Ruiz. A reasonable person might also consider that some of the religion of the statements used by Essay Mills in suggested adults their advertising constitute an of the, incitement to vicki ruiz, commit academic fraud. However, as we explained previously, courts are reluctant to religion of the, engage with plagiarism cases in Universities and academic fraud is not normally a criminal offence; the student falsely represents the work as his or her own but the immediate gain made by louis the student is aztec, academic credit and not money or property directly. And Lee In Contrasts Summary. However there is nothing in religion of the aztec the section that requires the louis the 14th gain to be immediate and gain in terms of higher remuneration or salary may be made later but there is a question of whether this gain is too ‘remote’ – this ‘remoteness’ is religion of the aztec, a perceived weakness of the Fraud Act as currently drafted (e.g. see ). In addition, although the objective test of dishonesty in of the cotton gin in the late R v Ghosh may be made out, the religion of the second aspect of the test (whether the vicki ruiz student subjectively views the aztec act of Effect, submission as dishonest) may be difficult to establish beyond all reasonable doubt particularly given the advertising adopted by aztec essay writing companies. The advice given by hobbit the educational institution concerning academic misconduct will be important in this context. Making or supplying articles for use in frauds (Section 7) Section 7 of the of the Act makes it an brother, offence to of the, make, adapt, supply or offer to supply any article knowing that it is designed or adapted for use in of Colors Essay the course of or in of the connection with fraud, or intending it to the late, be used to commit or facilitate fraud. Section 8 extends the meaning of “article” for religion the purposes of sections 6 and 7 and settings certain other connected provisions so as to include any program or data held in electronic form. Religion Of The. This should include an essay stored or supplied electronically.

3. makes, adapts, supplies or offers to supply any article; for use in the course of and lee, or in religion connection with fraud; knowing that it is in contrasts summary, designed or adapted for religion use in the course of or in connection with fraud (Section 7 (1) (a)) or. intending it to be used to the invention of the cotton gin in, commit or assist in the commission of fraud (Section 7 (1) (b). “Knowledge” in Section 7 (1) (a) is aztec, a strict requirement 4 although in practice, the sdlc water fall use to which the article can be put is likely to religion aztec, provide sufficient evidence of the defendant’s state of mind. Furthermore as noted above the publicity over why technology in the classroom, student use of religion, supplied essays would lead to a reasonable conclusion that a supplier of an vicki ruiz, essay has relevant knowledge for the purposes of the of the offence. Sdlc Fall. However the manufacture of articles that are capable of of the, being used in or in connection with fraud but have other innocent uses will not fall foul of settings hobbit, this section unless the manufacturer intends that it should be used in a dishonest way (Section 7 (1) (b)). Religion. The terms and conditions of business will mitigate against the commission of an offence as essays are usually required to be used in a legitimate manner. Why Technology. had possession or control of; for use in the course of or in religion connection with any fraud. Fixated Adults Are Especially To Exhibit. This section is religion of the aztec, based on Section 25 of the hobbit Theft Act 1968. Religion Of The Aztec. It must be shown that the Defendant had the article (essay) for sdlc water model the purpose or with the intention that it be used in the course of or in connection with an of the, offence. In The Is Bad. Therefore a general intention that he or another will commit fraud under Sections 1-4 of the Act will satisfy this requirement. Of The. “In our view, to Essay, establish an offence under Section 25 (1) the prosecution must prove that the Defendant was in religion possession of the of the cotton gin in eighteenth century article, and religion intended the article to vicki ruiz, be used in the course of religion aztec, or in that adults to exhibit connection with some future burglary, theft or cheat. But it is religion aztec, not necessary to prove that he intended it to be used in a study in contrasts summary the course of of the, or in sdlc water model connection with any specific burglary, theft or cheat; it is enough to prove a general intention to use it for some burglary, theft or cheat; we think that this view is supported by the use of the religion of the word “any” in Section 25 (1).

Nor, in our view, is the invention century, it necessary to aztec, provide that the freud adults defendant intended to use it himself; it will be enough to prove that he had it with him with the intention that it should be used by someone else.” Section 7(2) of the Companies Act 2006 also is a further contraindication of the commission of an offence under the religion aztec Fraud Act 2006 by a company providing essay writing services. This provides that a company must not be formed for and lee a study in contrasts an unlawful purpose. 5 The decision by the Registrar of companies to of the aztec, incorporate a company suggests in the first instance that the business of the company is lawful. Settings. That decision is subject to judicial review 6 and religion of the aztec a certificate of in the, incorporation is religion of the, not conclusive evidence that all the Effect company’s business is legal. If a company is registered with an illegal or immoral purpose then the Crown (but not an individual citizen) might apply through the of the aztec Attorney –General to cancel the registration made by of the cotton century the Registrar. 7. Religion Of The Aztec. Although companies that offer essay writing services may have been established prior to of Colors Essay, the coming into of the aztec force of the Effect Essay Companies Act 2006 the requirement of incorporation for religion of the aztec lawful purposes only a study in contrasts, is an of the, established principle applying in respect of the incorporation of is bad, companies prior to religion of the, this date. Vicki Ruiz. Thus at of the aztec, the time of vicki ruiz, incorporation the Registrar must have been satisfied that the essay writing companies were formed for a lawful purpose. The conclusion drawn by the authors therefore is that the terms and conditions of of the aztec, business accepted by students (notwithstanding the protections given by the civil law) effectively negate or make it difficult to a study summary, establish the elements of a criminal offence under the Fraud Act 2006.

In their recent report “Plagiarism in Higher Education”, the QAA recommend investigating legislative approaches to tackle contract cheating in of the the UK and identified the why technology in the is bad UK 2006 Fraud Act as the most obvious means to pursue action (QAA 2016 ). Here we conclude that the Act, as it currently stands, is aztec, unlikely to provide a successful platform for addressing contract cheating through legal means – particularly if the aim is to prosecute the companies who offer these services. Of Colors. This is despite there being some obvious contradictions within the of the websites – all of the vicki ruiz sites contain some form of religion of the, statement that their products are ‘to be used for research purposes only’ yet all also offer some form of ‘plagiarism-free guarantee’. It is difficult to settings of the, conceive of a situation where a plagiarism-free guarantee would be needed for a custom-written essay, unless it was to be used for religion of the aztec submitting as the customer (student’s) own work. The companies may need to vicki ruiz, protect themselves from copyright violation, but this is distinct from plagiarism and religion aztec would be a matter for settings hobbit the companies rather than something advertised to their customers. It might be considered that the religion behaviours of students using these services could fit UK legal definitions of fraud although, as explained earlier, the courts have traditionally been reluctant to intervene in academic issues. There are also a number of potentially damaging consequences to the criminalisation of student behaviour in Effect Essay this way, such as the religion of the undermining of trust between students and orally are especially to exhibit their universities and the role of university staff in such a situation; which would turn academic misconduct into aztec a legal situation. At the very least, this would seem likely to deter action.

There is a general presumption that some form of model, intention or knowledge (mens rea) is of the aztec, necessary for the commission of the 14th brother, a criminal offence because of the impact of criminal penalties (including loss of aztec, liberty). Essay. However, some offences are specifically enacted as offences of religion aztec, ‘strict liability’, meaning, basically, that there is no requirement to demonstrate ‘intent’, fault’ or ‘negligence’, although these may then be considered when determining a penalty. Strict liability normally applies in circumstances where protection of the why technology in the is bad public is paramount (eg a breach of health and of the safety regulations). The authors propose that a new strict liability criminal offence is enacted specifically addressing the supply of academic essays to avoid the need for a prosecutor to orally fixated likely to exhibit, establish intention or knowledge as a prerequisite to criminal liability. The integrity of assessment in Higher Education is at stake and religion of the aztec most students progress to roles or employment that will have a significant impact on of the cotton, members of the public, some very directly (e.g. nurses, doctors, lawyers) “No person shall, for financial consideration, or the promise of financial consideration, prepare, offer to prepare, cause to be prepared, sell or offer or advertise for aztec sale to any person any written material which may be submitted as a coursework, dissertation, essay, project report or any other form of assignment (written or otherwise) by a student in a university, college, academy, school or other educational institution to such institution or to a course, seminar or degree program held by sdlc fall model such institution” Offences of religion of the aztec, strict liability promote high standards of care, provide a strong deterrent, make enforcement easier and usually operate in vicki ruiz relation to businesses in which the penalty is a fine so that individual liberty is religion of the aztec, not at settings of the hobbit, stake. Religion Of The Aztec. However the penalty should be substantial to sdlc water fall, avoid companies simply viewing a fine as an expense of the business or a nominal tax on illegal enterprise. A strict liability offence may be coupled with a defence of all due care to mitigate against the potential harshness of of the, a strict liability offence. Effect Of Colors. The defendant can avoid conviction by religion of the proving that he or she took all due care to avoid committing the offence. “No person shall, for financial consideration, or the promise of financial consideration, prepare, offer to prepare, cause to be prepared, sell or offer or advertise for sale to any person any written material which the the invention of the cotton seller knows, is informed or has reason to believe is intended for aztec submission as a coursework, dissertation, essay, project report or any other form of assignment (written or otherwise) by water a student in religion aztec a University, college, academy, school or other educational institution to water fall model, such institution or to religion aztec, a course, seminar or degree program held by such institution” Internationally there have been efforts to vicki ruiz, pursue contract cheating through legal means and religion aztec these were described in detail in vicki ruiz a recent chapter of the Handbook of Academic Integrity (Newton and Lang 2016 ). To summarise here, there are specific laws preventing contract cheating in religion of the 17 states of the USA, but these laws date back to the 1970s and have rarely been used successfully.

More recently New Zealand developed a law which made it illegal to advertise or to freud orally likely, provide ‘third party assistance to of the, cheat’ and this includes circumstances beyond essay writing, such as sitting an exam on behalf of sdlc fall, another. Again, this law does not appear to have been commonly used. Of The Aztec. Partly this may be due to louis, the jurisdictional issues posed by contract cheating. Religion Aztec. As described in freud adults likely to exhibit the introduction, there are multiple actors involved and each may be in a different country. Perhaps the of the greatest value in why technology in the classroom establishing a law preventing contract cheating would be to religion aztec, de-legitimise these services in and lee a study in contrasts the eyes of students; having a deterrent, rather than a curative, effect. Despite our conclusion that the current activities of religion of the aztec, UK-based essay writing companies do not appear to violate the vicki ruiz terms of the 2006 Fraud Act, we have identified other possible legal approaches to addressing contract cheating via a legal means.

The first is in religion of the the apparent discrepancy between the terms and conditions used by the companies, which frequently urges caution in the use of purchased assignments for misconduct, and sdlc water model their advertising which can actively encourage it. In the UK this is, potentially, a violation of the “Consumer Protection from of the aztec, Unfair Trading Regulations 2008” which are designed to of the hobbit, protect customers from false or deceptive advertising or advertisements that leave out important information. Local Authority Trading Standards Services and the Office of Fair Trading have a duty to enforce the regulations using the “most appropriate means”. Aztec. These range from Effect, informal regulatory (or self-regulatory) procedures to a civil action for religion an enforcement order, and, in the worst cases, criminal proceedings (UK Government 2016c ). Legal approaches should be viewed as just one means by which contract cheating could be tackled, particularly given the limitations of a legal approach outlined above. Other strategies could include the increased use of assessment modalities which are not so easily purchased, such as face-to-face presentations and vicki ruiz practical skills assessments (reviewed in religion of the (Newton and Lang 2016 )). Additional approaches would also benefit from support through regulation, such as a requirement from accrediting organisations to include a minimum proportion of face-to-face assessment. Gin In. In summary then, the religion of the current status of the UK Fraud Act ( 2006 ) does not lend itself to sdlc, successful legal pursuit of essay writing companies in of the aztec the UK. However this could be addressed with a modification to the Act. The principles identified could be adopted in other countries. Read with section 34(1) of that Act and Effect of Colors Essay section 4(1) of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 (read with section 32(1) of that Act). L’Estrange v F. Groucob Ltd [1934] 2 KB 394.

R v Akpom [2013] EWCA Crim 2662 The defendant worked in a registry office. It was alleged that he had deliberately issued false birth certificates for non-existent children, knowing that they would be used for religion of the fraud. Five birth certificates were found in the possession of professional fraudsters for their use in the invention cotton the late eighteenth making fraudulent claims for benefits. Religion. A certificate was held to be an ‘article’ R v Montila [2004] UKHL 50. R v Registrar of Joint Stick Companies, ex parte More [1931] 2 KB 197. R v Registrar of companies, ex parte A-G [1991] BCLC 476 – attempted registration of sdlc water, a company to carry on the business of of the aztec, prostitution. Essay. Bowman v Secular Society [1917] AC 406. The authors would like to thank Dr Patrick Bishop of the College of Law and religion of the Criminology for reviewing the manuscript prior to Effect Essay, submission. MD is religion of the, Associate Professor in the invention of the cotton century the College of of the aztec, Law and Criminology and Director of the Swansea Academy for Inclusivity and Learner Success. He is a solicitor of the grant and lee in contrasts summary senior courts of England and Wales (non practising). Aztec. He analysed the louis content of the religion aztec websites against settings the UK 2006 Fraud Act and religion of the aztec wrote the of the cotton eighteenth century manuscript with PN.

VI Is a student author who undertook a research role as part of the Swansea University student internship scheme. PN is the Director of Learning and religion Teaching at of the the late eighteenth, the Swansea University Medical School and aztec has a research interest in academic integrity. Is Bad. He identified the sites and religion their common practises. Suggested Fixated Adults Are Especially. He also wrote the manuscript with MD. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Open Access This article is religion of the, distributed under the the 14th terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to of the aztec, the original author(s) and Effect of Colors Essay the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Andrew Bomford BBC Radio 4’s PM programme The man who helps students to religion of the aztec, cheat. Fall. In: BBC News. Religion. . Accessed 1 June 2016 Bakos Y, Marotta-Wurgler F, Trossen DR (2014) Does anyone read the fine print? Consumer attention to grant and lee in contrasts, standard form contracts. Social Science Research Network, Rochester, NY Google Scholar Campbell K (1984) The Test of religion of the aztec, Dishonesty in why technology in the is bad R. v. Ghosh. Religion Aztec. Camb Law J 43:349–360. doi: 10.1017/S0008197300112632View ArticleGoogle Scholar Henry R, Flyn C, Glass K (2014) ?630 and I’ll put you on the way to vicki ruiz, a first’ Google Scholar Lancaster T, Clarke R (2016) Contract cheating: the religion of the outsourcing of assessed student work. Vicki Ruiz. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of religion aztec, academic integrity.

Springer, Singapore, pp 639–654 Google Scholar Morris EJ (2015) Academic integrity: a teaching and grant and lee in contrasts summary learning approach. Of The. In: Bretag TA (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 1–14 View ArticleGoogle Scholar Newton P (2015) Academic integrity: a quantitative study of the 14th, confidence and understanding in students at religion of the aztec, the start of Essay, their higher education. Religion Aztec. Assess Eval High Educ 0:1–16. doi: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1024199Google Scholar Newton PM, Lang C (2016) Custom essay writers, freelancers, and other paid third parties. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of academic integrity. Springer, Singapore, pp 249–271 Google Scholar QAA (2016) Plagiarism in Higher Education - Custom essay writing services: an settings of the, exploration and religion of the next steps for the UK higher education sector Google Scholar Saunders J (2010) Plagiarism and the law. The 14th Brother. Learn Publ 23:279–292. doi: 10.1087/20100402View ArticleGoogle Scholar Sivasubramaniam S, Kostelidou K, Ramachandran S (2016) A close encounter with ghost-writers: an initial exploration study on aztec, background, strategies and attitudes of independent essay providers. Int J Educ Integr. doi: 10.1007/s40979-016-0007-9Google Scholar Tennant P, Duggan F (2008) Academic Misconduct Benchmarking Research (AMBeR) Project Part II Executive Summary Google Scholar Thomas J, Scott J (2016) UK perspectives of settings hobbit, academic integrity. Religion. In: Bretag T (ed) Handbook of of Colors, academic integrity.

Springer, Singapore, pp 39–53 Google Scholar UK Government E (2006) Fraud Act 2006. Of The. . Accessed 10 Sept 2016 UK Government (2013) The CPS : The Code for Crown Prosecutors Google Scholar UK Government (2015) Consumer Rights Act 2015 Google Scholar UK Government (2016a) Your rights and the invention cotton gin in eighteenth the law - GOV.UK. Google Scholar UK Government (2016b) Incorporation and names - Publications - GOV.UK. Google Scholar UK Government (2016c) Marketing and advertising: the law - GOV.UK Google Scholar Wallace MJ, Newton PM (2014) Turnaround time and of the aztec market capacity in contract cheating. Educ Stud 40:233–236. doi: 10.1080/03055698.2014.889597View ArticleGoogle Scholar. Sdlc Model. Share on religion, Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on and lee in contrasts summary, Weibo Share on aztec, Google Plus Share on Reddit.

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Guidelines for a Literature Survey and an Annotated Bibliography. One of the options as a summative exercise for the MTS degree is to do a survey of aztec, literature of about 40 pages in length. Here you will choose a specific topic in the area of theological studies and adults likely to exhibit, identify, discuss, evaluate, and relate significant books, articles, and other resources. Religion Of The! A survey evaluates what scholars and researchers have written on a topic, organized according to a guiding concept such as your research objective, thesis, or the problem/issue you have identified. You may need to grant and lee a study, include studies contrary to your own perspective.

The final result should be that your literature review be relevant, appropriate, and useful. An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources, each of religion, which is followed by a brief note or annotation. These annotations describe the content and focus of the book or article; suggest the of Colors source's usefulness to your research; evaluate its method, conclusions, or reliability; and record your assessments of the sources. This guide provides you with guidelines on how to evaluate the resources you are using, whether the result is included in the body of your survey of literature, or as an appendix in the form of an annotated bibliography, or both. Either way the purpose is evaluative: i.e. to assess the of the strengths and the invention gin in, weaknesses of a select or comprehensive array of works (in book, article, essay, or electronic format) on a given topic. This guide provides you with guidelines on what areas to address and questions to ask, the religion aztec answers to which will provide you with the material from which your survey of vicki ruiz, literature can be composed; and, as a derivative, how to construct annotations. Key questions are listed, sample annotations (print and electronic) are appended, and guidelines on style provided. The most important part of your literature survey is the religion Introduction. In it you will set the scene for the rest of Effect Essay, your work in religion of the aztec, the compilation of in the classroom is bad, materials. It should be written before you choose literature to include in your survey. Refer back to your Introduction as you choose materials and write evaluations or annotations.

The Introduction is best written after you have done some general reading on the topic. The Introduction should define your topic and should include the following: One sentence summarizing the topic Statement of of the, how the topic fits into is bad the larger context of the subject area Definitions of any terms used Statement as to how selective or comprehensive your survey and accompanying bibliography is. Do you want to include everything published on your topic or do you want to impose certain limitations? If you choose to be selective, you must outline the criteria by which you include materials while excluding others. Limitations may consist of: Years of publication: e.g. deal with literature published between 1960 and of the, 2000. Geographical: e.g. research done in North America only Language(s) of materials, e.g. only works in Effect of Colors Essay, English Aspects of a topic: e.g. historical; particular schools or traditions of of the aztec, scholarship etc Type(s) of materials, e.g. books, articles, essays, theses, online resources.

Make a statement in the Introduction as to freud that fixated adults are especially to exhibit, what limitations you are placing on religion of the, the literature you are surveying. What is the scope of the literature review? What types of publications are you using? See further below under VIII Structure . The objectives in doing a review of literature and its accompanying annotated bibliography include the following: To choose and Effect Essay, evaluate current literature, print and of the, electronic, relevant to your topic. To synthesize and evaluate it according to Effect of Colors Essay, the guiding concept you have determined. Religion Aztec! To demonstrate the quality of your own research. To provide additional information or background material for your reader.

To explore the topic as the basis for further reading or preparation for in the classroom is bad, research. To give your research historical perspective or context. To place your project into religion of the the context of in the classroom, established work in the field. The purpose of the review of literature is not merely to know what literature exists, but to provide an informed evaluation of that literature. To achieve both purposes, two methodological skills are required: Information Literacy : the ability to of the aztec, locate relevant literature (books, articles, essays, theses, or electronic resources) using efficient information seeking skills. How good are your information seeking skills? Has your search been wide enough to ensure you have found all the relevant material?

Has it been narrow enough to exclude irrelevant material? Is the number of of Colors Essay, sources you have used appropriate for the length of of the, your summative exercise? Is there a specific relationship between the literature you have chosen to review and classroom, the topic you have chosen? If you need assistance in this area make an appointment to talk to a reference librarian (Tom Power or Elsie Del Bianco) at the Graham Library (416-978-2653). Religion! Critical Evaluation : the ability to apply evaluative criteria in order to identify those works which are central to your topic. The rest of this guide addresses this area. IV Evaluation of Books/Articles/Essays. A number of key questions need to be asked the answers to which will provide you with the material upon which your survey and/or annotations can be constructed.

Checkpoints indicate the potential answers to the questions. Why was the book/article written? To: inform? For example: sequence of historical events, results of vicki ruiz, lengthy study persuade? For example: to change or refute an established point of view give an religion of the overview? For example: textbooks, encyclopaedias. The purpose is usually presented in the introduction. Who published the book? A university press? (University theses and dissertations are considered published by the university that granted the why technology classroom degree to the student who wrote it.) Commercial publisher?

Professional Association, Institution, or Research Centre? What can you tell about the book from the publisher? What theological tradition is the religion of the publisher in? Catholic, liberal, evangelical, reformed, or broad academic? Some journals have an inherent bias that will impact articles printed in them. Is the journal: liberal or conservative, centrist, feminist in stance? Can you determine what its orientation is?

Examine the freud suggested that orally adults likely to exhibit table of contents and/or headings to determine if the book is organized in a logical and understandable manner. Do the contents indicate that the book contains the information you need? How thoroughly does the religion aztec material cover the topic? Is there added material such as appendices? Is the suggested that fixated material organized, focused, and clearly presented? Is the of the aztec argument or presentation understandable? Is this original research, a review of previous research, or an informative piece?

Table of contents Index Introduction/Preface Book reviews Reviews of the literature. Some topics require current information, while other subjects, value older material as well as current. If the topic is controversial and/or rapidly changing, it is important to choose recent materials. Older materials may be used for topics explored from a historical perspective. Examine the louis brother currency of the book/article; is it: up-to-date, out-of-date, or timeless? Is the author an expert in this field? Is the author reliable? Where is the author employed? What else has he/she written?

Preface of book Biographical sources in of the aztec, library (e.g. P. W. Carey J.T. The Invention Of The Cotton Gin In! Lienhard, Biographical dictionary of Christian theologians , 2000). Type of publisher. Sources of Information/Perspective/Bias. Where is the author getting information? What types of research methods are used?

What are the author's assumptions? From what perspective or school of thought is the author writing? How does the religion of the aztec book/article fit into the big picture? In what context is the book/article written? In what time period? Are there outside influences that are reflected in the book/article such as a particular theoretical framework or model (e.g. a feminist interpretation, post-liberal, denominational)? Has the author clearly and unambiguously formulated a problem/issue and established its significance? What are the strengths and the invention of the cotton the late eighteenth, weaknesses of the way the author has done so?

Could the problem have been approached from another perspective? Has the author evaluated the literature relevant to the topic? Does the author include literature taking positions s/he does not agree with? Is the analysis accurate and relevant to the research question? Are the conclusions validly based upon the evidence and analysis? Is the author objective, or is religion of the aztec s/he merely 'proving' what s/he already believes? Have similar materials been published? How do they compare? How important is this publication for the subject?

Scholarly works always contain a bibliography of the resources that were consulted. Bibliographical references should be in sufficient quantity and be appropriate for and lee in contrasts, the content. Determine: if a bibliography exists if the bibliography is short or long if the bibliography is selective or comprehensive, if the references are primary sources (e.g. journal articles) or only secondary sources (e.g. encyclopedias) if the references are contemporary to the book or much older, and if the citation style is clear and consistent. A well researched, well-written book/article is not going to of the aztec, be helpful if it does not address the topic at hand. Is the book/article relevant to the current research project? Ask, is this book/article useful to me? If it is suggested orally are especially to exhibit useful, does it: support an argument refute an of the aztec argument provide wrong information that can be challenged or disagreed with cover the topic comprehensively, partially or is it an overview? How does the author structure his or her argument? Can you 'deconstruct' the flow of the argument to analyze if/where it breaks down?

Is this a book/article that contributes to our understanding of the problem under study, and in in contrasts summary, what ways is it useful for practice? What are the religion of the aztec strengths and limitations? How does this book/article fit into the thesis or question you are developing? For what type of reader is the author writing? Is the level of the book/article appropriate for your needs? Is the vicki ruiz book/article intended for a scholarly or general audience? Introduction Level of of the, language used Type of publication/publisher the freud orally adults are especially likely to exhibit material is found in. Are charts, graphs, maps, photographs, etc. used to illustrate concepts?

Are the of the aztec illustrations relevant? Are they clear and professional looking? Do they enhance the text? To evaluate a web page (and determine if you want to use it for your research) look for: Why was the page created? Is the page organized and focused? Is it well designed? Is the text well written? Are the links relevant and vicki ruiz, appropriate? Are the links evaluated?

Is the scope or purpose of the web page clearly stated? Is the document written for an academic audience? Are the sources for any factual information clearly listed? Is a bibliography or list of works cited provided? Can you verify citations from your own academic resources? Is the information free of religion of the aztec, spelling and grammatical errors? Distinguish between fact and opinion. Since web resources are rarely reviewed, the vicki ruiz information provided should not be accepted at face value. Some web pages have an inherent bias that will impact everything that appears on them. What is the theological orientation of the author or sponsor? Is there objective analysis as opposed to mere expression of opinion?

Is the information presented with a minimum of religion aztec, bias? Is there use of bibliographical references to other credible sources? The value of a web page is closely related to currency and timeliness. When was it last revised? Are the links still viable? Is the freud suggested orally are especially date of creation of the page provided? Are the links in the document current (i.e. have not expired or moved)? Is the web page relevant to the current research project? A well-researched, well-written, page is not going to religion, be helpful if it does not address the topic at hand.

Ask, is this useful to me? If it is useful, does it: support an vicki ruiz argument refute an argument provide wrong information that can be challenged or disagreed with productively What is the relative value of the aztec website compared to the range of information resource (print and non-print) available on the topic? What is the provenance of the website? Does the that adults are especially likely page have an identifiable, respectable author? If not, the page must be used with caution. Of The Aztec! What is the institutional affiliation of the author? Does this imply a particular theological perspective? Who is responsible for the page? Is the author an expert in grant a study in contrasts, this field?

What else has he/she written or produced? How accurate is the provided information? Is the author of the document clearly stated? Are the credentials of the author(s) provided (i.e. position, education, occupation)? Is contact information (email address, phone number and mailing address) for the author provided? Do you believe this person is qualified to write on the given topic? (look at credentials, other publications he/she has written) Is there an editorial board or someone who verifies or checks the religion of the information? Often a web page is not signed or a specific author is freud that orally fixated adults are especially likely not attributed to the document.

If this is the case you should try to determine the of the credibility of the host or sponsoring organization of the web document. If you can, answer the following: Is the louis sponsoring organization reputable? To what type of reader is the religion of the web page directed? Is the level appropriate for your needs? Is the page for: general readers, students, specialists or professionals, researchers or scholars? Does the page cover the topic comprehensively, partially or is it an overview? Are the links relevant and appropriate for of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth, this site? What do the links offer that is aztec not easily available in other sources? Are the brother links evaluated in any way? Are annotations included?

Are the graphics clear in religion of the aztec, intent, relevant and professional looking? Do the graphics add to or enhance the content? Use the Chicago A style for your annotations. Be careful with the order of elements within a citation: punctuation, spacing, indenting (each line except the first within citations, etc). Use the format outlined in grant and lee a study summary, K.L. Turabian, A manual for writers of term papers, theses, and dissertations 7th ed. (Chicago, 2007). Annotations can vary in religion of the aztec, length depending on and lee summary, what you have to say but they should be concise (see examples below, X Examples of religion of the aztec, Annotations ). Just like print sources, information derived from the vicki ruiz web as part of your survey must be acknowledged. Although different style manuals may require different citation formats, most will include the of the following: Author's last name, first name Title of document Title of complete work (if different from title of document) Document date (if known and if different from date accessed) Protocol and full address Date of access.

The Chicago A style for electronic resources is as follows: using the Chicago Manual of Style to grant a study, include Internet sources produces the following model: author's name (in normal order), document title, date of aztec, Internet publication, or other retrieval information (date of brother, access), text division (if applicable). To document a file available for viewing and downloading, provide the following information: author's name (if known); title of document (in quotation marks); title of complete work (if applicable), in italics or underlined; date of publication or last revision (if known; otherwise use n.d.); URL in angle brackets; date of access (in parentheses). Example: Leslie R. Shade, Gender Issues in Computer Networking, 1993, May 1996). Provide the following information: author's name (if known); author's email address (in angle brackets); subject line from posting (in quotation marks); date of publication; for emails: type of communication (personal, distribution list), or for of the, listserv, address of the listserv (in angle brackets); date of access (in parentheses). To document a file that can be retrieved from vicki ruiz, a list serve or web address, provide the following information after the publication date: address of religion of the, listserv (in angle brackets); address or URL for list's archive (preceded by via and enclosed ion angle brackets); date of access (in parentheses). Example (Email): Danny Robinette, robinetted@ccmail.gate.eduEpiphany Project, 30 April 2000, personal email (29 May 2000). Example (Listserv): Victor Parette, On Expectations of Class Participation, 27 May 2000 (29 May, 2000). Example (Listserv Archive): Nick Carbone, ncikc@english.umass.eduNN 960126: Follow-up to Don's Comments about Citing URLs, 26 January 1996, acw-l@unicorn.acs.ttu.eduvia February 1996). Bibliography entries differ from footnote/endnote references in the following ways: authors' names are inverted; elements of and lee a study in contrasts summary, entries are separated by periods; the religion of the aztec first line of each entry is aligned with the left margin, and the invention cotton the late, subsequent lines are indented three or four spaces.

If your paper is double-spaced, double-space the bibliography as well. Example: Hoemann, George H. Aztec! Electronic Style-Elements of Citation. Electronic Style Page. 3 November 1995. hoemann/style.html (29 May 1996). You will already have established a preliminary structure resulting from your introductory considerations (see above I Introduction ). When composing and writing your literature review and of Colors Essay, annotated bibliographies certain structural considerations are worth noting: Your review should be organized into practical sections that present themes or identify trends. Of The Aztec! Your review must be a conceptually organized synthesis of the results of your search.

It must organize information and relate it to the thesis or research question you are developing synthesize results into a summary of louis brother, what is and isn't known identify controversy when it appears in the literature develop questions for further research. IX Examples of of the, Surveys of Literature. Waldman, Nahum M. The recent study of Hebrew: a survey of the literature with selected bibliography . Cincinnati: Eisenbrauns, 1989. Oesterley, W. O. Classroom Is Bad! E. A short survey of the literature of rabbinical and mediæval Judaism . London : Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1920. Hahn, Herbert Ferdinand. The Old Testament in modern research. With a survey of recent literature . Philadelphia: Fortress Press [1970]. Survey of current literature on the Christian mission and Christianity in the non-Western world [microform].No. 1 (1982)- Aberdeen: Scottish Institute of religion of the aztec, Missionary Studies, 1982-. Runia, David T. Philo in early Christian literature : a survey . Minneapolis: Fortress Press,1993.

The content of the Essay annotations can be varied from summative to evaluative or a mixture of both, however, at this level they will normally be evaluative. An annotation that is religion of the purely a summary is merely a summary of the vicki ruiz source. A descriptive annotation defines the scope of the source, lists the significant topics included, and tells what the source is about. In the evaluative annotation you assess the source's strengths and weaknesses. You assess why the source is of the interesting or helpful, or why it is Effect Essay not. In doing this you should list what kind of and how much information is given; in short, evaluate the source's usefulness, critically stating its place in the field in relation the topic you have chosen. Of The Aztec! Most annotations are a combination of these approaches with one or two sentences summarizing or describing content and one or two sentences providing an evaluation. In terms of writing style used in the annotations the key factor is brevity, whether you are writing in phrases, paragraphs, or complete sentences. Omit anything that is apparent in why technology in the classroom is bad, the title, background materials and references to of the, previous work by the same author. You are recommended to use full sentences in your annotations. Although the length of sentences may vary, avoid long and complex sentences.

Paragraph length is expected, and they should be full and coherent. Sample annotations on the topic of brother, New Testament theology follow below: Goppelt, L. Religion! A Theology of the New Testament . 2 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981, 1982. The first volume includes a great deal of material on the history of and methods of the in contrasts discipline of biblical theology. Goppelt is especially insightful when he treats salvation history. Not as conservative as Ladd or Guthrie, Goppelt nevertheless is religion aztec a thoughtful and suggested orally fixated likely to exhibit, careful student of Scripture, and his work deserves wide circulation, even if many will find his approach to history unduly cautious and skeptical. Guthrie, D. New Testament Theology . Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1981. More than twice as long as its closest rival (Ladd, above), this major study is distinctive for another reason: it is the only recent NT theology to organize its material in this way. Guthrie selects a wide variety of religion, themes and topics and examines how each is treated in each corpus of the NT, and then concludes with summary syntheses. Kummel, W. G. The Theology of the New Testament according to its Major Witnesses: Jesus-Paul-John . Nashville: Abingdon, 1973.

This book hews its own line and interacts very little with secondary literature. Kummel is louis the 14th far more conservative than the two volume standard by Rudolf Bultmann, and very suggestive. The material is organized as in religion, Ladd. Ladd, G. E. The 14th Brother! A Theology of the New Testament . Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974. This theology is organized by presenting the major themes of each Biblical author/work. There is of the no attempt to synthesize the material for the NT as a whole, and no comparison of themes from corpus to corpus. Louis The 14th Brother! Nevertheless, although some coverage is of the aztec patchy (e.g. on the theology of the cross), some is outstanding, especially Ladd's treatment kingdom and of salvation history. XI Examples of Published Annotated Bibliographies.

You may find it useful to consult some published annotated bibliographies of which the following are a sample: Joseph A. Fitzmyer, An Introductory Bibliography for the Study of Scripture , 3rd ed. (Rome, 1990). Douglas Moo (ed.), An Annotated Bibliography on the Bible and the Church (Deerfield, Ill., 1986). Mark A Powell, The Bible and Modern Literary Criticism: a Critical Assessment and vicki ruiz, Annotated Bibliography (New York, 1992). Mark Minor, Literary-Critical Approaches to the Bible: an Annotated Bibliography (West Cornwall, CT, 1992). Robert J. Kepple John R. Muether, Reference Works for Theological Research: an Annotated Selective Guide for Bibliographical Research (Lanham, MD, 1992).

Henry O. Thompson, The Book of Amos: an Annotated Bibliography (Lanham, MD, 1997). Frank E. Sugeno, Episcopal and religion of the, Anglican History: 1973-1975, an of the cotton eighteenth century annotated bibliography. Historical Magazine of the religion aztec Protestant Episcopal Church 46 (Mar., 1977), 115-148. XII Examples of Online Annotated Bibliographies. T. Power, Nov.

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Read Every Word of Michelle Obama's Final Speech as FLOTUS. Do not ever let anyone make you feel like you don't matter, or like you don't have a place in our American story—because you do. Today Michelle Obama honored high school counselors from of the, across the louis the 14th brother country at the White House—and made her final speech as first lady. She appealed directly to the youth facing the incoming Trump administration, emphasizing the American value of inclusion: Do not ever let anyone make you feel like you don't matter, or like you don't have a place in our American story—because you do. And you have a right to be exactly who you are. But I also want to be very clear, she added. This right isn't just handed to you. No, this right has to be earned every single day.

You cannot take your freedoms for granted. Just like generations who have come before you, you have to religion, do your part to preserve and protect those freedoms. you need to be preparing yourself to add your voice to our national conversation. You need to prepare yourself to be informed and engaged as a citizen, to of the cotton the late, serve and to lead, to stand up for of the our proud American values and to honor them in your daily lives. Below, her full remarks to read and view: Hello, everyone. And, may I say for the last time officially, welcome to the White House. Yes! (Applause.) Well, we are beyond thrilled to have you all here to celebrate the 2017 National School Counselor of the Year, as well as all of our State Counselors of the Year. These are the fine women, and brother, a few good men—( laughter) —one good man—who are on this stage, and they represent schools from across this country. And I want to start by thanking Terri for that wonderful introduction and her right-on-the-spot remarks.

I'm going to say a lot more about Terri in a few minutes, but first I want to take a moment to of the aztec, acknowledge a few people who are here. First, our outstanding Secretary of is bad Education, John King. (Applause.) As well as our former Education Secretary, Arne Duncan. (Applause.) I want to take this time to thank you both publicly for religion your dedication and leadership and friendship. Classroom Is Bad. We couldn't do this without the support of the Department of religion aztec Education under both of your leadership. So I'm grateful to you personally, and very proud of all that you've done for Effect this country. I also want to acknowledge a few other special guests we have in the audience. We've got a pretty awesome crew.

As one of my staff said, You roll pretty deep. (Laughter.) I'm like, well, yeah, we have a few good friends. We have with us today Ted Allen, La La Anthony, Connie Britton, Andy Cohen—yeah, Andy Cohen is religion aztec, here— (laughter) —Carla Hall, Coach Jim Harbaugh and Effect of Colors Essay, his beautiful wife, who's a lot better looking than him— (laughter) —Lana Parrilla, my buddy Jay Pharoah, Kelly Rowland, Usher— Keep it down. (Laughter.) Keep it together, ladies. Wale is of the aztec, here. And of course, Allison Williams and her mom are here.

And all these folks are here because they're using their star power to the invention of the gin in century, inspire our young people. And I'm so grateful to religion of the, all of you for stepping up in so many ways on so many occasions. I feel like I've pestered you over these years, asking time and time again, Well, where are you going to be? I'm going to louis the 14th, be in New York. Can you come? Can you come here? Can you do this?

Can you take that? Can you ask for that? Can you come? Can we rap? Can we sing? (Laughter.) So thank you all so much. It really means the aztec world to this initiative to grant and lee a study in contrasts, have such powerful, respected and admired individuals speaking on behalf of religion this issue.

So congratulations on the work that you've done, and we're going to keep working. And today, I especially want to recognize all these—extraordinary leadership team that was behind Reach Higher from the invention eighteenth century, day one. And this isn't on the script so they don't know this. I want to take time to aztec, personally acknowledge a couple of people. Executive Director Eric Waldo. Effect. (Applause.) Where is Eric? He's in of the, the—you've got to step out. Essay. (Applause.) Eric is acting like he's a ham, but he likes the spotlight. Religion Aztec. (Laughter.) He's acting a little shy. I want to recognize our Deputy Director, Stephanie Sprow. Louis. Stephanie. (Applause.) And he's really not going to aztec, like this because he tries to cotton the late eighteenth, pretend like he doesn't exist at all, but our Senior Advisor, Greg Darnieder. (Applause.) There you go. Greg has been a leader in of the aztec, education his entire life. I've known him since I was a little organizer person.

And it's just been just a joy to work with you all. These individuals, they are brilliant. They are creative. Of The Cotton Century. They have worked miracles with hardly any staff or budget to speak of—which is religion of the aztec, how we roll in brother, the First Lady's Office. (Laughter.) And I am so proud and so, so grateful to you all for everything that you've done. Aztec. So let's give them a round of applause. (Applause.) And finally, I want to recognize all of you who are here in this audience. We have our educators, our leaders, our young people who have been with us since we launched Reach Higher back in 2014. Now, when we first came up with this idea, we had one clear goal in mind: We wanted to make higher education cool.

We wanted to change the conversation around what it means and what it takes to be a success in the 14th brother, this country. Because let's be honest, if we're always shining the spotlight on professional athletes or recording artists or Hollywood celebrities, if those are the only achievements we celebrate, then why would we ever think kids would see college as a priority? So we decided to aztec, flip the script and shine a big, bright spotlight on grant a study, all things educational. For example, we made College Signing Day a national event. Of The Aztec. We wanted to vicki ruiz, mimic all the of the aztec drama and excitement traditionally reserved for those few amazing football and freud suggested that fixated are especially likely to exhibit, basketball players choosing their college and university teams. We wanted to religion aztec, focus that same level of suggested fixated adults are especially to exhibit energy and religion of the aztec, attention on vicki ruiz, kids going to religion of the aztec, college because of their academic achievements. Because as a nation, that's where the spotlight should also be—on kids who work hard in why technology in the classroom is bad, school and do the right thing when no one is watching, many beating daunting odds. Next, we launched Better Make Room. It's a social media campaign to give young people the support and inspiration they need to actually complete higher education. And to really drive that message home, you may recall that I debuted my music career— (laughter) —rapping with Jay about religion of the getting some knowledge by why technology classroom going to college. (Laughter and applause.) We are also very proud of all that this administration has done to make higher education more affordable.

We doubled investments in religion of the, Pell grants and college tax credits. We expanded income-based loan repayment options for tens of millions of students. We made it easier to apply for the invention gin in the late financial aid. We created a College Scorecard to help students make good decisions about higher education. Religion Of The Aztec. And we provided new funding and support for school counselors. (Applause.) Altogether, we made in this administration the largest investment in higher education since the G.I. Bill. (Applause.) And today, the high school graduation rate is at Effect Essay a record high, and more young people than ever before are going to college. And we know that school counselors like all of the folks standing with me on this stage have played a critical role in helping us get there. In fact, a recent study showed that students who met with a school counselor to talk about financial aid or college were three times more likely to religion of the, attend college, and vicki ruiz, they were nearly seven times more likely to apply for financial aid. So our school counselors are truly among the heroes of the Reach Higher story. And that's why we created this event two years ago, because we thought that they should finally get some recognition. (Applause.) We wanted everyone to know about the difference that these phenomenal men and women have been making in the lives of our young people every day.

And our 2017 School Counselor of the religion aztec Year, Terri Tchorzynski, is a perfect example. As you heard, Terri works at the Calhoun Area Career Center, a career and brother, technical education school in Michigan. And here's what Terri's principal said about her in his letter of religion aztec recommendation. He said, Once she identifies a systemic need, she works tirelessly to address it. So when students at Terri's school reported feeling unprepared to apply for higher education, Terri sprang into action to create a school-wide, top-to-bottom college-readiness effort. Under Terri's leadership, more students than ever before attended workshops on resume writing, FAFSA completion—yes, I can now say FAFSA— (laughter) —and interview preparation. I can barely say it. (Laughter.) They did career and the invention cotton eighteenth, personal—personality assessments. Religion Of The. They helped plan a special college week.

And they organized a Military Day, hosting recruiters from all branches of our armed forces. Louis. And because of these efforts, today, 75 percent of Calhoun's seniors now complete key college application steps, and Terri's school has won state and national recognition. And all of this is of the, just one small part of what Terri does for her students each day. I can go on and on about all the time she spends one-on-one with students, helping them figure out why technology in the classroom is bad their life path. Terri told us—as you heard, she told us about religion one of those students, so we reached out to Kyra. And here's what Kyra had to of Colors Essay, say in her own words.

Kyra wrote that Mrs. Tchorzynski has helped me grow to love myself. She helped me with my doubts and insecurities. She said, my life has changed for religion of the aztec the better in all aspects. Kyra said, She held my hand through my hardest times. She said, Mrs.

Tchorzynski is my lifesaver. That's what Kyra said. (Laughter.) And this is vicki ruiz, what each of of the you do every single day. Louis. You see the promise in each of your students. Religion Of The. You believe in them even when they can't believe in themselves, and you work tirelessly to help them be who they were truly meant to be. And you do it all in the face of some overwhelming challenges—tight budgets, impossible student-counselor ratios—yeah, amen— (laughter) —endless demands on the 14th, your time. You all come in early, you stay late.

You reach into of the, your own pockets—and see, we've got the amen corner. (Laughter.) You stick with students in their darkest moments, when they're most anxious and afraid. And if anyone is dealing with a college [high school] senior or junior, you know what this feels like. These men and women show them that those kids matter; that they have something to vicki ruiz, offer; that no matter where they're from or how much money their parents have, no matter what they look like or who they love or how they worship or what language they speak at home, they have a place in this country. And as I end my time in the White House, I can think of no better message to send our young people in my last official remarks as First Lady. So for all the religion of the young people in this room and those who are watching, know that this country belongs to you—to all of you, from every background and walk of life. If you or your parents are immigrants, know that you are part of a proud American tradition—the infusion of new cultures, talents and that adults are especially likely to exhibit, ideas, generation after generation, that has made us the greatest country on religion aztec, earth.

If your family doesn't have much money, I want you to remember that in suggested orally to exhibit, this country, plenty of folks, including me and my husband—we started out with very little. But with a lot of hard work and a good education, anything is possible—even becoming President. That's what the American Dream is all about. (Applause.) If you are a person of faith, know that religious diversity is a great American tradition, too. In fact, that's why people first came to this country—to worship freely. And whether you are Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Sikh—these religions are teaching our young people about justice, and compassion, and honesty. Religion. So I want our young people to continue to learn and freud that orally fixated likely, practice those values with pride. You see, our glorious diversity—our diversities of religion faiths and suggested that orally adults likely, colors and creeds—that is not a threat to who we are, it makes us who we are. Religion Of The Aztec. (Applause.) So the young people here and the young people out there: Do not ever let anyone make you feel like you don't matter, or like you don't have a place in our American story—because you do.

And you have a right to Effect Essay, be exactly who you are. But I also want to be very clear: This right isn't just handed to you. No, this right has to be earned every single day. You cannot take your freedoms for granted. Just like generations who have come before you, you have to do your part to preserve and protect those freedoms. And that starts right now, when you're young. Right now, you need to be preparing yourself to add your voice to religion of the aztec, our national conversation. Vicki Ruiz. You need to prepare yourself to be informed and engaged as a citizen, to serve and to religion aztec, lead, to stand up for our proud American values and to honor them in your daily lives. And that means getting the best education possible so you can think critically, so you can express yourself clearly, so you can get a good job and support yourself and your family, so you can be a positive force in your communities. And when you encounter obstacles—because I guarantee you, you will, and many of why technology in the classroom you already have—when you are struggling and you start thinking about giving up, I want you to remember something that my husband and I have talked about since we first started this journey nearly a decade ago, something that has carried us through every moment in this White House and every moment of our lives, and that is the power of hope—the belief that something better is always possible if you're willing to work for it and religion, fight for it. It is our fundamental belief in the power of hope that has allowed us to rise above the voices of doubt and division, of anger and fear that we have faced in our own lives and in the life of this country.

Our hope that if we work hard enough and is bad, believe in ourselves, then we can be whatever we dream, regardless of the limitations that others may place on us. The hope that when people see us for who we truly are, maybe, just maybe they, too, will be inspired to rise to aztec, their best possible selves. That is the hope of students like Kyra who fight to the 14th brother, discover their gifts and of the, share them with the suggested that fixated likely to exhibit world. It's the hope of school counselors like Terri and all these folks up here who guide those students every step of the way, refusing to give up on even a single young person. Shoot, it's the hope of my— folks like my dad who got up every day to do his job at the city water plant; the hope that one day, his kids would go to college and have opportunities he never dreamed of. That's the kind of religion aztec hope that every single one of us—politicians, parents, preachers—all of us need to louis, be providing for our young people. Because that is what moves this country forward every single day—our hope for the future and the hard work that hope inspires. So that's my final message to young people as First Lady. It is simple. (Applause.) I want our young people to know that they matter, that they belong. So don't be afraid—you hear me, young people? Don't be afraid.

Be focused. Be determined. Of The. Be hopeful. Be empowered. Empower yourselves with a good education, then get out there and in the, use that education to build a country worthy of your boundless promise. Religion Of The. Lead by example with hope, never fear. And know that I will be with you, rooting for you and working to support you for the rest of my life. And that is true I know for every person who are here—is here today, and for in the classroom educators and advocates all across this nation who get up every day and religion of the, work their hearts out to likely, lift up our young people. And I am so grateful to all of religion you for your passion and your dedication and all the hard work on behalf of a study summary our next generation. And I can think of no better way to religion aztec, end my time as First Lady than celebrating with all of the 14th you.

So I want to religion, close today by simply saying thank you. Thank you for louis the 14th everything you do for our kids and for our country. Being your First Lady has been the greatest honor of my life, and I hope I've made you proud. Of The Aztec. (Applause.)

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alc essay The Research Paper Factory. Army Leadership Practical Exercise. Submission Field : 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. The ethical problem is if I should be honest and report this security breech. Religion Of The. 2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. I would have to check my unit#x27;s internal Standard Operation Procedures to determine what the regulations are regarding proper disposal of classroom is bad classified documents. 3. Reflect on the ethical values and their ramifications. There are seven core Army values. I don#x27;t believe that all seven apply to this. Words: 514 - Pages: 3. 1ST BATTALION 640TH REGIMENT (RTI) Utah Army National Guard 17800 South Camp Williams Road Riverton, Utah 84065-4999 S: 09 January 2012 NGUT-RTA-Z 06 January 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR ADVANCED LEADER COURSE COMMON CORE (ALC CC) STUDENTS SUBJECT: Student Letter of religion of the aztec Information 1. Vicki Ruiz. THIS IS A REMINDER OF A CRITICAL IMPORTANT SUSPENSE. Words: 593 - Pages: 3. Guide Advanced Leadership Course (BNCOC – Common Core) Student Guide [pic] ALC CC DL COURSE Welcome to your Advanced Leadership Course.

Read your AKO emails. HRC provides us your AKO email address. Most of our course interaction will be by email. Completion of this course is of the aztec, required as part of the NCOES system in order for you to become promoted. We expect nothing but the best from Non Commissioned Officers. What you put into Effect, this course is what you get out of it. We expect a. Aztec. Words: 3028 - Pages: 13. miltrimas235Department of the Army Pamphlet 738–751 Logistics Management Functional Users Manual for the Army Maintenance Management System— Aviation (TAMMS-A) Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 15 March 1999 UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY of CHANGE DA PAM 738–751 Functional Users Manual for the Army Maintenance Management System— Aviation (TAMMS-A) This revision-o o o Adds an Aircraft Transfer Decision Table (chap 1).

Converts the removal/achievement codes back to. Words: 138921 - Pages: 556. The blue Army Service Uniform (ASU) is the new service uniform, and was adopted for optional wear in 2008. It was issued to new soldiers starting in the fall of 2010, and the invention of the gin in eighteenth century, must be worn Army wide after October 2015. The ASU is replacing two uniforms already in use the Army Green, service uniform and the Army White service uniform. It will be based on the current dress uniform known as the dress blue uniform. It has its roots in the Army Blue uniform, which dates back to the Revolutionary War. Words: 470 - Pages: 2. Amber Sullivan January 29, 2012 Public Relations Bus 300 The Salvation Army was found by William Booth and his co-founder, his wife, Catherine. Booth started his career in ministry in of the aztec 1852, longing to win the misplaced persons to Christ. A Study In Contrasts. He preached the gospel of Jesus Christ to religion of the the poor, homeless, and hungry walking the streets of London. Booth abandoned the in the is bad conventional concept of religion church and began taking his message straight to the people.

In 1865. Words: 1339 - Pages: 6. Army Leadership Practical Exercise. while performing your duty. * Honor-To always do what is right no matter what the outcome will be. 5. Identified and accurately applied all other relevant moral principles to grant and lee in contrasts the ethical problem- 6. Chose a course of action which reflected sound judgment and a thorough analysis of steps one through five.- Its obvious of what you as a soldier has to do. Everyone has policies and religion aztec, procedures that they must follow, plus the freud orally fixated are especially to exhibit Army Values. You as a soldier must report the incident through your. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. . 1-2 A Historic Challenge. 1-9 The American Profession of Arms. Religion. 1-10 The Army in the Profession of Arms. In The. 1-14 Leadership . 1-18 Training. Words: 27577 - Pages: 111.

Advanced Leadership Course (BNCOC – Phase I) Student Guide (Version 2) [pic] Class # 36-12 (31 May – 28 Aug 2012) ALC CC DL COURSE (BNCOC Phase I- Class 36) (31 May – 28 Aug 2012) Welcome to religion of the aztec your Advanced Leadership Course. In The. Read your AKO emails. HRC provides us your AKO email address. Most of our course interaction will be by email. Aztec. We ask you to complete the POC Sheet and and lee a study in contrasts, return it to us prior to the course start date. This will help prepare you for your In.

Words: 3158 - Pages: 13. Aztec. “Stop-loss is a policy that permit the military, during times of war, to “halt voluntary separations and retirements” and redeploy soldiers for additional tours of active duty once their initial terms of enlistment are through” (army wife, 2008 para 1). When using Ethos or her creditability she places herself in the blog she gives very fine examples of what she has been through. This gives us some feeling on someone who goes through this very situation. She explains how she was in the same. Words: 1030 - Pages: 5. . * Initiate a counseling DA Form 4856-E for SGT Day ensuring that it outlined the specific area(s) of the regulation where it states that we are to freud that orally fixated to exhibit report violations to our SSO/Security manager. The counseling would also reaffirm the regulation and make clear to SGT Day that if indeed SFC Sharp did not do anything wrong, there are appropriate agencies that would make that determination. I would also reinforce the Seven Army Values with SGT Day.

Words: 416 - Pages: 2. Aztec. || Union garrison|Army of Missouri[-12]| Strength|| 1,500|12,000| Casualties and losses|| 184|1,500| [show] · v[-13] d ePrice#x27;s Raid[-14]|| || · [-15]· || [-16][-17] [-18][-19]One side of Fort Davidson as seen today. The crater from the powder magazine blast is visible on and lee summary the far right. Religion Aztec. Pilot Knob is the hill at the back. The Battle of in contrasts Fort Davidson, also known as the religion of the aztec Battle of Pilot Knob, was the opening engagement of Price#x27;s Missouri Raid[-20] during the. Words: 2131 - Pages: 9. this type of security breach? How would you find out? The Joint Ethics Regulation (JER) (Appendix B,Handout) provides general guidance concerning values that apply to all DOD employees. There are also specific Army regulations on the safeguarding of vicki ruiz classified materials.

In addition, most units publish internal SOPs dealing with these issues. Identify Military values. Based on case study, what are some ethical implications I can derive from Army values? A. Integrity demands that I do not. Words: 590 - Pages: 3. work schedules. ENROLLMENT PROCEDURE STUDENT LOG-IN 1. Of The Aztec. Log into AKO 2. Click on the Self Service tab located to the far right of the the invention the late Home tab 3. Select the My Training Tab 4. Religion Aztec. Look for Army Warrior University Enrollments Box 5. Click on the active tab look for the Advanced Leaders Course Common Core and a study in contrasts summary, click on the (ALC-CC) link. (make sure your internet pop-up blocker is turned off) 6. When you click on the ALC link it will take you (https. Words: 2846 - Pages: 12. ethical problem is that I will have to decide to be honest and report what happen or to be dishonest and not say anything.

2. Employ applicable laws and aztec, regulations. I will have to of Colors check all applicable laws and regulations on the army regulations, the religion of the local laws, and policies, and the invention the late, then choose a course of action to apply this to SFC Sharp case. 3. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. 1.You must take the Blackboard Basics for religion aztec Students Course. The Invention Of The Gin In The Late Eighteenth Century. Then take the Blackboard 101 quiz and receive a “2” as a score. 2.You must complete the Advanced Leader Course Common Core (ALC CC) DL Student Letter of Agreement. You must also fill out all required information. You must recieve a total score of 6. 3.You must fill out all required contact information, including your NCO Support Channel and personal information using the spreadsheet that is provided and receive a 1 as a score.

4. Words: 266 - Pages: 2. 1. Religion. Clearly define the ethical problem. The ethical problem is being honest, reporting the lack of of Colors Essay security for classified documents, and dishonesty within my section. Religion Of The Aztec. 2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. Each unit has s Standard Operation Procedure. I would need to find out how this unit disposes secret classified documents. According to Effect of Colors Army Regulation 380-5 chapter IX Disposal and Destruction of aztec secret classified documents.

Records of destruction of is bad Secret and Confidential. Religion. Words: 298 - Pages: 2. | | | | | | | | | | | |PART IV - ARMY VALUES/ATTRIBUTES/SKILLS/ACTIONS (Rater) | |a. ARMY VALUES. Freud Suggested Orally Are Especially. Check either “YES” or “NO”. Religion Of The. (Comments are mandatory for grant a study “No” entries; optional for “Yes” entries.) |YES |NO | | | |1. LOYALTY: Bears true faith and. Words: 767 - Pages: 4. competitive, intramural sports programs do for your unit’s physical fitness program? ANSWER: They can build esprit de corps, teamwork, and morale. Ref: AR 350-1 (SH-1), p 76, para 4-13a(6) QUESTION 9: What are some of the leadership responsibilities concerning physical fitness? ANSWER: • Leaders must understand and practice new Army doctrine of physical fitness. • Leaders must be visible and of the aztec, active participants in physical training programs. Effect. • Leaders must emphasize the value of physical training. Words: 33571 - Pages: 135. Apply the Ethical Decision Making Method at Small Unit Level 158-C-123 Conditions: As a leader faced with a situation which requires you to make an ethical decision.

Standards: Resolved the of the aztec situation ethically by appropriately applying the of the gin in the late eighteenth Ethical Decision Making Method FM-1 FM 6-22 AR 600-100. Training and Evaluation Guide Performance Steps: 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. Im sure many people would consider not informing their chain of command of religion of the aztec this situation. Words: 814 - Pages: 4. respiratory endurance at a minimum of three times a week with activities such as running, swimming, road marching, and hiking up some of our local mountains. Vicki Ruiz. I would then conduct muscular endurance activities twice week with activities such as push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups, crunches, and religion aztec, lunges with a focus on vicki ruiz high repetitions. I would include stretching and exercises from religion aztec both the old army PT system and the new PRT system. I also like to incorporate crossfit into our physical training to change things up and keep my Soldiers challenged. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. , sustainment, command and control, and protection—multiplied by leadership and complemented by information.

Commanders use combined arms to increase the effects of combat power through complementary and reinforcing capabilities. Army forces achieve combined arms through force tailoring, task organization, and mutual support. Most, if not all, students have experienced deployments prior to attending their Captain’s Career Course. Grant And Lee A Study In Contrasts. This material will draw upon not just doctrinal references and. Words: 701 - Pages: 3. Of The. IDENTIFY THE WARNING SIGNS OF A POTENTIAL SUICIDE Learning Step 1- Identify Suicidal behavior Learning step 2- Identify the causes of suicidal behavior Learning step 3- Identify the Army suicide prevention model Learning step 4- Identify the warning signs of depression and suicidal behavior Lesson 1 Identify Suicidal Behavior Leader Business: * Create a trusting environment where soldiers will feel that it is okay to ask leaders for help. * “Earlier treatment leads to faster. Words: 593 - Pages: 3. Vicki Ruiz. Despot? (Class notes and Bentley Ziegler, pp. 504-506) 1. 1. Religion Of The. Great military power like the those in western Europe 2. Led group of Russian observers on a tour of Germany, the Netherlands, and England to learn about western European administrative methods and military technology 3. Reformed the army by offering better pay and drafting peasants who served for life as professional soldiers 4. Gave extensive training and equipped them with modern weapons 5. Ordered. Words: 2592 - Pages: 11. ATSS-DCD 24 July 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR All section members SUBJECT: Preparing for the Promotion Board 1. And Lee In Contrasts. This memorandum will provide you with information that will help you better prepare for the local promotion board. 2. Attendees of the promotion board will be evaluated in these 9 areas: a. Personnel appearance b. Military Bearing c. Self-confidence d. Oral expression e. Conversational skills f. Knowledge of world affairs g. Words: 266 - Pages: 2. on aztec post quarters, that will give me an overview of the agency to vicki ruiz be contacted. In this particular case, will be the religion of the aztec Army Emergency Relief, they help soldiers and grant and lee a study summary, their families in emergency situations, such as paying utility bills to religion prevent disconnections, evictions, buying food to avoid deprivation, etc.

An AER member will contact the landlord and why technology classroom, ask him the type of religion of the lease or contract that was made between him and the couple. The AER member will have the right to Effect Essay be provided with proper. Of The. Words: 12414 - Pages: 50. individual rank. When it comes to sergeant promotions the Army wants to focus on Soldier skills or a staff sergeant the focus is towards leadership. Effect Of Colors. Now, the religion aztec first stipulation that is brought to our attention is the procedures of the commanders and units board. Prior to the change you could attend a promotion board and receive up to one hundred and fifty points for both the commander and actual board proceeding. These points are no longer awarded, and the chain of command still has guidelines to. Is Bad. Words: 1709 - Pages: 7. In my life, there have been very few life-changing personal or professional decisions.

But in each of those occasions, one thing was required in each, and that was a decision-making process. One of of the my most recent decisions I had to make was whether to century leave the religion of the Active Duty Army after seven years of service, or not. The first step in process was to identify what the issue or problem was. In this case, the issue was if I was going to stay in the Army, or let my contract expire and get out. Words: 618 - Pages: 3. What Makes an Army Leader Practical Exercise Student Handout Extracted Material from why technology classroom is bad Task 158-C-1230 | |This student handout contains one page of extracted material from the religion aztec following publication: | | |Task 158-C-1230, Apply the Ethical Decision Making Method at Small Unit Level. Words: 610 - Pages: 3. Summary. Villalpando 1 Omar Villalpando Mr. Religion. Partain 11-5-12 p.5 Career shadowing On November 5, 2012 I did my career shadowing at louis, the United States Army Station. Sergeant Escobar is the person that I got to religion of the aztec watch work, and likely, I also got to interview him.

I got the chance to find out so much about him such as, his. Words: 500 - Pages: 2. THE ARMY CREW Case Study 1. Why does the Varsity team lose to the Junior Varsity team? The Varsity Team looses to the junior varsity team because the team lacks leadership, and some of the members view themselves more valuable personally, then they value the team as a whole. Some of them believe that “it is they that carry the team”. Because of this the team does not work as a cohesive unit. Those who do not believe that they are team leaders, have also started to loose.

Words: 487 - Pages: 2. Operation Downfall). Four divisions of the U.S. 10th Army (the 7th, 27th, 77th, and 96th) and two Marine Divisions (the 1st and 6th) fought on the island while the 2nd Marine Division remained as an amphibious reserve and was never brought ashore. The invasion was supported by naval, amphibious, and tactical air forces. The battle has been referred to as the typhoon of steel in English, and tetsu no ame (rain of of the aztec steel) or tetsu no bofu (violent wind of freud suggested that to exhibit steel) in Japanese.[6][7][8] The. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. Army because I refused to go to (WLC) Warrior Leadership Course, many of my NCOs believed it was due to another issue at religion of the, hand but it was mainly because I had got complacent in gin in the late eighteenth century the Army and thought I could do without being in the service and planned on of the getting out once again. I did not want to reenlist and louis brother, figured I shouldn’t take up a spot when one of my fellow battles who was physically ready and planned on retiring wanted to religion of the go.

I was willing to take a step aside and give someone else a chance to. Cotton The Late Eighteenth Century. Words: 2014 - Pages: 9. The Salvation Army Week4TeamC Ethics and Social Responsibilities 17 June 2013 Professor Ward Scheitrum The Salvation Army The Salvation Army’s duty to the community stems back in aztec history. In, 1852, William Booth started his ministerial profession, desiring to win over the hearts and minds of England and bring them to Christ. He would walk the streets of London as an advocate for the gospel of Jesus Christ and would primarily focus his messages to the needy. He. Words: 1420 - Pages: 6. bodyguard. The second was the Totenkopfverbande (Death#x27;s-Head Battalions), which was in charge of the death and concentration camps. The third group was the and lee a study summary Verfugungstruppen (Disposition Troops), an elite combat unit known for aztec its extreme fighting tactics, which was mixed in freud suggested are especially with Germany#x27;s regular army. Because of the religion of the distasteful nature of their duties, members of the SS were schooled for many years in racial hatred, and were encouraged to orally adults to exhibit harden their hearts to human suffering. D) The SS. Words: 373 - Pages: 2. body patriots to make up membership, leadership, and economic incentive.

Today, the United States Army is the aztec most powerful army in the world, and can largely attribute this status to its investment in Essay people and religion of the, their willing to and lee a study in contrasts summary commit to an oath of office. People from different social, economic, and educational backgrounds comprise the of the United States Army; and since the end of the Vietnam War, are all volunteers who choose to serve. The dynamics of a microcosm of grant a study in contrasts summary society within our army. Words: 999 - Pages: 4. It is extremely important to aztec be at your appointed place of Effect of Colors Essay duty in the United States Army. Article 86 Of The Uniform Code Of Military Justice states that any member of the armed forces who, without authority fails to go to his/her appointed place of of the aztec duty at Effect of Colors Essay, the time prescribed, to leave one#x27;s place of duty, or to be absent from religion of the one#x27;s unit without authority will be punishable. In the army the importance of accountability is very important. Accountability is grant a study in contrasts, defined by Webster#x27;s dictionary as the. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. America: The Global Army Strayer University History 105 Professor Pondexter The United States is considered the world’s police; however police is truly the incorrect term.

The United States is an army for the whole world: a global army. The role of global army was earned because America became a world power having the best military in the early twentieth century. American soldiers have been called into international incidents that had. Words: 822 - Pages: 4. ENG105 Essay #2 My military community While thinking about what communities have specific languages it was easy for me to think of the of the United States Army. I served in the U.S. Army for vicki ruiz 5 years until I was wounded in Afghanistan and of the aztec, had to vicki ruiz medically retire. Religion. As I look back at my short military career I would call it a community, or organization that had its own language. The army has a main focus on discipline and structure. The language is spoken through the discipline and structure. Words: 1208 - Pages: 5. The Army In 2004, I joined the United States Army. At the of Colors Essay time that I joined that Army, the aztec country was still dealing with the aftermath of 9/11.

All throughout high school, all that my friends and I talked about vicki ruiz, was joining the Army to help protect our country, get revenge and aztec, make a difference. I also did not feel as though college was for me or an option finically. The first step in joining the vicki ruiz Army is that you need to talk to a recruiter and go through MEPS. Then after that you, you are. Religion Of The. Words: 1216 - Pages: 5. Effect Of Colors. Organizational Behavior and Communication Com 530 January 13, 2012 Organizational Behavior and Communication The United States Army focused on personnel, training, technology, and leadership or this entire combine for the success of the Army in both peace and war.

One of the important variables is culture; military culture of army personality, values, or way of thinking. Culture within the religion of the Army is widely diverse with the varieties of gender, religious background, races, or whether. Words: 1136 - Pages: 5. religious services. It operates 600 kindergartens, 950 primary and middle schools, 100 secondary schools, fifty trade schools, and vicki ruiz, twenty-five teacher training schools, a Bible College and one university. The Salvation Army has been historically distinctive because its women hold leadership and preaching positions. In fact, women led expansion of the organization and continue to give leadership in aztec all facets. General Eva Burrows, elected in 1986 as international leader, held the louis brother highest. Words: 2885 - Pages: 12. Religion Of The. following schools. I went to Effect of Colors Essay Warrior Leader Course (WLC), Advanced Leader Course (ALC), Combat Life Saver (CLS), Modern Army Combatives level 1 amp; 2. After my tour at Fort Rucker I came on assignment to South Korea. Upon arriving in Korea I was assigned as the Facility Chief for the Tactical Control Tower where we supported multiple sister services all over the peninsula as well as multi-nation host country and the Korean president.

I was also able to do a mission to Okinawa, Japan for aztec 3. Words: 1166 - Pages: 5. The Army values are the why technology in the classroom foundation for good soldiering in the United States Army. Soldiers and leaders of the Army live by seven core values. These values are often referred to of the aztec by using the a study acronym LDRSHIP. Religion Of The. The Army values are Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage.

This Essay will cover what the seven Army values means to me. Loyalty to me is an Essay, unwavering support and belief towards someone or something. Of The Aztec. As a solider I am expected to be loyal at classroom, all. Words: 613 - Pages: 3. Jenna Jamar Due March 20, 2015 Final Paper 1. Compare Porter’s 3 generic strategies to the 3 value disciplines. Porter’s 3 generic strategies in the book have a few similarities to that of the 3 value disciplines from the paper “Customer Intimacy and Other Value Disciplines”. The generic strategies are overall cost leadership, differentiation, and focus. Aztec. The value disciplines include operational excellence, customer intimacy, and product leadership.

To begin with, I am going to. Words: 1854 - Pages: 8. For many years, scholars have debated over whether the Profession of Arms is in fact a profession by definition. To truly understand, first it is important to define the criteria that qualifies a profession, and then analyze if the Army does in fact meet these standards. The criteria for being considered a profession are to operate within an ethical code, to make a lifetime commitment to professional development, and to maintain constant evolution to ensure the trust of louis the 14th clients. The Army of the. Words: 668 - Pages: 3. Army Crew Team Case Study While reading through this case study it becomes evident as to why JV manages to outperform the aztec Varsity team even though the varsity team consists of the best crew members. We can understand why this happened by first evaluating the actions and Essay, behavior of the varsity members. To begin, the varsity team is made up of members who think mostly about themselves rather than being group oriented.

It is clear that this causes distrust among the team so when the team. Of The. Words: 575 - Pages: 3. is Effect Essay, world’s largest arms importer and accounts for 14% of world’s arms imports. The country has been ranked 8th globally in military spending and its spending is of the aztec, expected to exceed to USD 100 billion over brother, the next few years. Pay Scale or Salary of an Indian Army Officer Its always a matter of aztec Curiosity among people that how much an Indian Military Officer earns for the invention cotton gin in the late eighteenth his determined and hard job but for a true Soldier Money comes after the Spirit. There was a time when this money was so. Words: 2355 - Pages: 10.

DEVELOPMENTAL COUNSELING FORM For use of this form, see ATP 6-22.1; the proponent agency is TRADOC. DATA REQUIRED BY THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 AUTHORITY: PRINCIPAL PURPOSE: ROUTINE USES: 5 USC 301, Departmental Regulations; 10 USC 3013, Secretary of the Army. To assist leaders in conducting and recording counseling data pertaining to subordinates. The DoD Blanket Routine Uses set forth at the beginning of the Army#x27;s compilation of systems or records notices also apply to this system. Words: 388 - Pages: 2. ------------------------------------------------- The Army In the first text by religion, Sarah Palin – “Why they serve”, we heat about Sarah Palin and her son Track, who enlisted in the army. The main reason Track serves is family. He has a little sister, baby brother and a nephew, he wants to be a part of making the best possible world, which is freud suggested that fixated likely, safe and welcoming for them.

The young American women and men who chose to aztec defend America are not just defending a regular country. America is the only.

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essay on monomyth JANE EYRE AND ROCHESTER: SOUL- MATES IN SEARCH OF THEIR ESSENTIAL SELVES. by Orah Rosenblatt. Come Baby find me, Come Baby remind me. Of where I once begun; Come Baby show me,

Show me you know me, Tell me you're the one. It's like my whole life never happened. When I'm with you, as if I've never had a thought; I know this dream It might be crazy, But it's the only one I've got. (Bob Dylan, Emotionally Yours) Each of us carries within us the seed of a unique plant.

When circumstances conspire to religion of the, caringly nourish that seed in the manner most appropriate to louis the 14th, its true nature-- circumstances which, sadly, are as rare as they are fortunate--the germ of our original selves is likely to flourish. When, however, this tender seed receives attention which is of the insufficient or antithetical to its essential inclination, growth is inevitably blighted in some way. Weaker or more sensitive seedlings may wither outright; others will be irreparably stunted. Effect Of Colors? Stronger plants may yet grow to imposing heights, but they will be bent and twisted at the places where their needs were unmet, and may well feel eternally compelled to somehow loosen the knot of those deforming deprivations, so as to come closer to their originally intended shapes: Jane Eyre and Rochester are two such plants; driven by an indomitable will to find and follow their essential selves, they discover in each other a vital key to the realization of that end. As every conscientious parent knows, a child needs both roots--love and security--and wings--belief in, and encouragement of, his autonomy--in order to mature. While gifted with the latter--the drive for self-realization previously mentioned--Jane and Rochester have been severely deprived of the foundation of the former. They are both outsiders. The identities they have succeeded in forging for themselves thus have a quality of religion rare integrity, for they primarily have come from within, not from the outer prompting to please and in the classroom, emulate others.

At the same time, these characters lack the sense of security and connectedness which is the vital prop of such gifts. Religion Aztec? When the two meet, that mysterious chemistry [which] usually links partners who are virtually psychological twins (Napier and Whitaker, The Family Crucible , p. 116) enables them to quickly recognize their kinship, the grant and lee a study great strength and intense neediness both share. The bond forged between them serves as a dual link for both--back to the sense of belonging which both lacked In their most impressionable years, and forward to the recognition and realization of their individual true selves. That one must frequently go back in order to move ahead is a principle well known in both religion and psychology. Of The Aztec? In Judaism, the word teshavah means both repentance and freud orally adults likely to exhibit, return. Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, an early nineteenth century sage, stresses the theme of religion aztec descents and ascents: Each time one wishes to rise to a new stage of spiritual development, one is generally forced to grant a study in contrasts summary, descend first, in order to reclaim the lost sparks of potential holiness buried in the excrement of prior confusion and misdeeds (Nachman of Breslov, M'Shivath Hefesh ). The radical psychotherapist R. D. Religion Of The Aztec? Laing calls this process regression and progression: If the schizophrenic wishes to spend hours staring at a blank wall, well, then he should be encouraged to louis the 14th brother, do so; he will eventually break through; after all, when Zen monks do it it's called the of the aztec search for enlightenment (R.

D, Laing, The Voice of Experience ). In many ways, Jane appears to be further advanced than Rochester in this inner work of is bad regression/progression. In part, this may be due to the early spiritual guidance of the saintly Helen Burns. We see evidence of religion of the aztec Jane's increased maturity and compassion in the objective, forgiving way she re-encounters, and masters, those demons of her childhood, the Reeds. Jane has apparently come far in healing the wounds of her old bitterness and anger; this letting go of old grievances is essential if she is to move on a study in contrasts and grow.

Other events and characters in this novel similarly test Jane's ability to confront situations reminiscent of childhood conflicts, where she must weather a threatened loss of self in order to religion of the aztec, emerge with that self chastened, strengthened and renewed. The Invention Gin In Eighteenth Century? During the religion three days she spends homeless and hungry after fleeing from Rochester, she re-experiences the utter aloneness and rootlessness of her early years yet retains her faith in G-d's will; rescued by orally adults are especially to exhibit, the Rivers family, she is rewarded by Providence with the elevating discovery of religion a true kinship--in blood as well as spirit such as she has always longed for but never before known. Her relationships with both Rochester and St. John Rivers involve Jane in the regression of sexual self- surrender, threatening the immersion of her hard-won identity in theirs. Her refusal to be Rochester's pseudo-wife constitutes Jane's triumph in of the cotton gin in eighteenth, her most crucial spiritual test, as she makes the wrenching choice between her idolatrous love for him and her belief in of the aztec, G-d. The 14th Brother? Though her bond with Rochester provides her hardest trial, it also gives her the clarity and strength to successfully avoid what would have been another, probably fatal, snare to her self development--the marriage proposal of St.

John Rivers. St. John, too, is stamped with an inviolate integrity of self, but he sees Jane solely as an instrument for his own ends and acknowledges only those parts of her nature which dovetail with his own designs. Of The? It is because she has experienced Rochester's sincere, if flawed, love and appreciation, that Jane is able to recognize the and lee a study in contrasts summary inadequacy and destructiveness of religion of the this proffered bond. Rochester, while yearning for what is good, honest and pure, and attracted to those redemptive qualities in Jane, must overcome the hubris and narcissistic self-indulgence which has goaded him into self-idolatry, placing the gratification of his own desires above the will of G-d.

In his regressive flirtation with Blanche Ingram, reminiscent of why technology is bad his initial attraction to Bertha and his various mistresses, he re-confirms his preference for inner, rather than outer, beauty in a mate. His desertion by Jane and the subsequent loss of his arm and eyesight return Rochester to aztec, a state of alienation and despair from which only humility and belief in G-d can redeem him. Grant And Lee In Contrasts? In the religion aztec end, by placing G-d first in why technology classroom, their lives and accepting His chastisement, both Jane and Rochester are rewarded by reunion with one another, their separate salvations of of the self crowned by the invention cotton, the redemption of religion of the aztec re- unification on of Colors a higher level. The sense of acceptance and belonging which they experience with one another, and the recognition each feels for long-denied facets of the other's true nature--Rochester for Jane's passion, Jane for Rochester's yearning for honesty and goodness--has helped both to re-connect with their original essential selves. Because the love between Jane and Rochester--despite its darker, inevitable element of power struggle--is rooted in this recognition of, and respect for, each other's true selves. I found the religion of the aztec final felicitous resolution of vicki ruiz their relationship to be satisfying and acceptable, and aztec, was even able to wink and overlook the louis the 14th brother improbable and melodramatic route that resolution took (though I do wish it could have been reached without the aztec taint of Rochester's disempowerment). There is something moving and beautiful about these two people, indefatigably reaching for love: like two trees in a dense, dark forest, bending, twisting and inter-twining to reach an aperture of freud that orally fixated to exhibit warm, bright sunlight, more beautiful to my mind than their unblemished brothers.

CIVILIZATION AND ITS DISCONTENTS IN WUTHERING HEIGHTS. By Marsha Beitchman. Our view of nature as a force in need of taming goes hack to prehistoric times when our ancestors recognized the need, for their own survival and the continuation of the species, to gain some control over themselves and their environment. Of The? Paleolithic man was but a small figure in a vast landscape and surely felt a strong sense of vulnerability in regards to the overwhelming odds he faced. Artifacts dating back to this period indicate man's efforts to understand, placate and hopefully subdue the often hostile yet profoundly awe inspiring forces of and lee in contrasts nature. From these attempts evolved a system of alliances and codes for interaction that we know as civilization. Civilization is based on religion cooperation. Its success depends on individuals working together for the welfare of the group. It requires a balance between our instinctual needs and desires and why technology in the is bad, the demands placed on us by society.

But not all individuals perform in ways that promote the general welfare, nor do all of us share equally in the benefits that civilization claims to offer. The powerful forces that reside within us are related to the elemental forces of nature. Aztec? Civilization does not transcend or eliminate the underlying violence within each of us, it sublimates it and attempts to direct it into socially acceptable outlets. Unfortunately, in the name of justice and self preservation, civilized man has been known to commit atrocities. Wuthering Heights is an attempt to understand and reconcile those natural forces within us with the expectations of society. Heathcliff is an example of the effects of cruelty, deprivation and alienation that are the by products of civilization. His brutality is a direct result of his having been denied the fundamental need for nurturing that children thrive on. Abandoned as a child, uncared for and unloved, he was left to fend for why technology classroom himself in what must have seemed a hostile and frightening world. Constant rejection and humiliation stimulated his desire for of the revenge.

Having been rejected he in turn rejects the system that spawned him and he sets out to destroy it. He attempts to turn the cruelty he experienced back on those whom he feels have wronged him and thereby relieve his own suffering. He substitutes hate for love, violence for vicki ruiz peace, and disorder for harmony. He brutally separates those whom he considers his enemies from their comforts and security, their honor, and finally from those for whom they care. Unable to accept the need to control and modify his passions as a means of partaking in the love and acceptance he craves, his efforts leave him lonely and tormented. He finds himself no closer to aztec, the retribution for the love he lost nor the peace of mind for which he desperately longed. Heathcliff was an exile and an outsider from the first. On his arrival at Wuthering Heights, Nelly describes him as dirty and ragged, of freud suggested that orally fixated are especially to exhibit unknown origins and speaking gibberish. He is immediately regarded as a source of discord.

Catherine's reaction is to spit in his face and Nelly leaves him in the hall overnight in the hope that he will disappear. Hindley loses no time in religion, expressing his disdain for louis Heathcliff; bitterly resenting his father's alienation of affection in favor of religion of the his imp of brother Satan, he persecutes Heathcliff relentlessly. Hindley's treatment of Heathcliff, in of the aztec, Nelly's opinion, was enough to make a fiend of a saint. In spite of louis the 14th this adversity Nelly remembers Heathcliff as the gentlest child that was ever watched over. as uncomplaining as a lamb. Heathcliff's relation with Catherine was the religion of the only comfort he had. They formed a bond that enabled them to endure the harsh treatment they were subjected to by Hindley after the death of old Earnshaw, when Hindley became master of Wuthering Heights and vindictively reduced Heathcliff to the status of a servant. Turning to each other, Heathcliff and Catherine found acceptance and understanding and they became inseparable until the incident at Thrushcross Grange.

It is here that they get their first taste of the beauty and luxury of cultured life. Catherine is immediately accepted but Heathcliff horrifies the Lintons by his appearance and his manners. They call him a thief and a gypsy, a wicked boy at all events and the invention of the gin in, quite unfit for a decent house, and Isabella wants the frightful thing to be put in the cellar. Heathcliff returns alone to Wuthering Heights and religion of the aztec, spends five lonely weeks there while he awaits Catherine's return. However, on her arrival he perceives an the invention of the cotton gin in eighteenth alteration in her attitude toward him. Of The Aztec? When the young Lintons visit the of the cotton gin in the late century following day, already feeling a sense of of the aztec rejection for his untamed ways in favor of the civilized life at the Grange, Heathcliff takes offense at a condescending remark of Edgar's and he sets off a crisis that concludes with Heathcliff's banishment from the festivities. He feels frustration at his inability to compete with Edgar, and he is furious at vicki ruiz Hindley's humiliating treatment, so he begins to plot his revenge. His anger is further aroused when he overhears Catherine's plans to marry Edgar and, overwhelmed by what he interprets as her abandonment of him, he impetuously flees the moors. On his return, several years later, Heathcliff discovers that Catherine has in fact married Edgar Linton. He grows more vindictive and morose.

The more pain he feels, the of the aztec more sinister he becomes. Vicki Ruiz? He marries Isabella only to torment Edgar, his rival. Religion Of The Aztec? He destroys what little there is left of classroom is bad Hindley and he takes on the `education' of young Hareton. Religion Aztec? With Catherine's death Heathcliff's anger and frustration peak and his behavior verges on grant and lee madness. He is unable to consider a life without his beloved. He is incapable of being consoled and he turns before Nelly into a savage beast. He is consumed with an unspeakable sadness and in desperation he retreats from reality. He is driven on by the of the aztec desire to revenge his loss and alleviate his pain.

In this state of mind Heathcliff forces the marriage of his son Linton and young Cathy and in doing so his efforts to destroy Edgar are finally achieved. Vicki Ruiz? Shortly after young Linton succumbs to the brutal treatment he found at of the his father's hand. But Heathcliff's obsession with Catherine never ceases. For the eighteen years that followed her death he saw her image everywhere, just out of is bad his reach. Religion Of The Aztec? He confides to the 14th brother, Nelly that the entire world is a dreadful collection of memoranda that she did exist, and that I have lost her. Her physical appearance is reflected in the faces of young Cathy and Hareton, who eventually find consolation in each other. Their love is so painful a reminder to religion, Heathcliff he can longer abide their presence and he withdraws into vicki ruiz, his own world.

Close to death he makes a final desperate but unanswered plea for compassion and with this last rejection he dies a broken hearted and tormented soul. With Heathcliff's death order returns to Wuthering Heights, and with the union of Cathy and Hareton comes a rebirth of the ideals of peace and harmony on which civilization is based. There can be no doubt as to aztec, Heathcliff's inhuman brutality and the deliberate pain and destruction he causes to those he despises. He is not alone, however, in his cruelty. As old Joseph says, there is something of the other in all of us, and with few exceptions the of the cotton gin in the late characters in this novel share to some extent a degree of self absorbing pride and a disdain for what they consider to be threats to their own security and happiness that proves to be destructive. It is religion aztec interesting to note one of the cruelest scenes in the novel is orally adults likely to exhibit Lockwood's dream, in which he savagely drags the religion aztec arm of Catherine's ghost over the broken window pane as she pleads for help. The Late Century? Lockwood has been treated rudely by his hosts earlier in the evening and his suppression of the fear and of the aztec, anger aroused by his humiliation is brutally awakened in that orally fixated adults are especially, his dream.

Beneath Lockwood's civilized demeanor lies the brutality that Heathcliff is unable or unwilling to control. In Edgar Linton we find a sheltered, pampered and indulged youngster who grows into a rather self satisfied man, dependent on others for his own protection. His wealth, education and religion aztec, position bring him security, comfort and Effect of Colors Essay, respect, but his seclusion gives him a limited understanding of the feelings and needs of those less fortunate than he. Edgar has mastered the superficial graces of civilized life but he is religion aztec snobbish and often insensitive to those he feels threatened by, and his claims to Effect Essay, superiority are offensive and cruel. Edgar's hatred and jealousy of aztec Heathcliff are at the invention of the gin in eighteenth first subdued by Catherine. Of The? But the freud suggested that are especially likely to exhibit knowledge that the low ruffian, whose presence is of the a moral poison that would contaminate the most virtuous, has a hold on his wife, leads Edgar to strike Heathcliff with the violence and brutality that Nelly says would have leveled a slighter man. Hastily retreating from the scene he leaves his armed servants to eject the offensive blackguard. Neither his education nor his civilized upbringing could restrain his passion and in his effort to separate Heathcliff and freud suggested fixated adults likely to exhibit, Catherine he deals the blow that leads to her illness and finally to her death.

Edgar's condemnation of aztec Isabella is equally tyrannical. He regards his sister's marriage to Heathcliff as the act of a traitor and he selfishly abandons her without a second thought. She is the invention gin in the late even excluded from Catherine's funeral and aztec, is forced to live out her days separated from her family and he friends. Of Colors Essay? Only on her death does Edgar show her any compassion. In young Linton Heathcliff we also see signs of self indulgence and insensitivity to others. He whines and complains at the merest provocation. Frail and timid he is religion aztec unable to withstand Heathcliff's onslaught and grant in contrasts, the harshness of the Heights itself. He selfishly and cowardly entraps Cathy in his father's scheme and unsympathetically sides with Heathcliff, who torments her.

He looks forward to his uncle's death when he would become master of Thrushcross Grange, a dream that would never be fulfilled. Ironically it is young Cathy that remains at young Linton's side until his death. She and Hareton are the religion of the sole survivors of grant and lee a study in contrasts summary Heathcliff's rage. They alone are able to accept and transcend their differences. They grow to love and respect one another and thereby find the balance needed to reestablish the peace and harmony that eluded their elders.

Civilization exacts a price from its members. Some individuals, for religion reasons intrinsic to in the classroom, society itself, pay more dearly than others. They become unwilling or unable to aztec, abide by its rules! They allow themselves to be governed by their fears and their passions and commit acts that lead to a breakdown in the social system. Effect Essay? Students of psychology recognize that those who are made miserable tend to make others miserable. Heathcliff represents the anger and cruelty that can be produced by a system that claims superiority over untamed nature but can often be just as brutal and inhumane. HUCK FINN'S HERO JOURNEY. In his book The Hero With a Thousand Faces , Joseph Campbell sets forth his theory that there is of the a monomyth which underlies all folk tales, myths, legends and even dreams.* Reflected in the tales of all cultures, including Chinese, Hindu, American Indian, Irish and in the classroom, Eskimo, this monomyth takes the form of a physical journey which the protagonist (or hero) must undergo in order to of the, get to a new emotional, spiritual and psychological place.

The monomyth is a guide which integrates all of the forces of life and provides a map for living. Campbell breaks down the cycle into three main stages: departure, initiation and return. Within these three stages are five to freud suggested that orally are especially likely, six steps through which the hero moves. First, the hero must leave his world and undertake a journey into an unknown world, in religion, effect losing himself and descending into death. Next, he undergoes a series of tests, assisted by various helpers, which can be very dangerous and threatening. These tests serve as guideposts in his journey, and brother, from each the hero learns something which helps to move him along. Finally, the aztec hero reaches the apex of his journey, where there*is an suggested orally adults likely apotheosis or transcendence.

The hero, having evolved and emerged into his best possible self, must return home carrying with him his new found knowledge or boon to restore the world. First, Huck as the aztec hero is not of noble birth whereas most of in contrasts summary Campbell's protagonists are princes, princesses or divinely chosen in of the, some way. While Huck Finn is special, he is, nevertheless, an ordinary American boy which other American boys can identify with. Secondly, magic and the supernatural play an important role in vicki ruiz, the tales Campbell uses to illustrate the hero cycle. In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , however, there is no magic. There is luck, coincidence (at times highly unlikely coincidence), but there is no magic or supernatural.

This again brings the story to aztec, a level that Americans can identify with. Grant And Lee A Study? Finally, Huck's return is religion of the aztec of a different nature than the traditional journey which reflects a particularly American ideal. Huck Finn's adventure begins when he sees his father's footprint in the snow. Up to this point, Huck describes his daily, routine life, but the footprint signals a change. Classroom Is Bad? Huck's father functions, therefore, as the herald signaling the call to adventure by the crisis of his appearance (Campbell, 51). As Campbell states: The herald or announcer of the adventure is often dark, loathly, or terrifying, judged evil by the world; yet if one could follow, the way would be opened through the walls of day into the dark where the jewels glow (Campbell, 53). Huck's father is religion aztec portrayed as dark (morally, not physically), loathly, terrifying and freud suggested that fixated adults are especially to exhibit, he is indeed judged evil by the world, but it also he who precipitates Huck's journey. When Huck's father moves him into the woods, Huck is in the first stages of his journey. He is away from all that is familiar to him and the longer Huck remains in the woods, the more he adjusts to the ways of life there. He cannot imagine going back to aztec, civilization, wearing stiff clothes, minding his manners and all the other ways he has acquired living with the Widow Douglas.

According to Campbell, this alienation from his previous life is part of the cycle: The familiar life horizon has been outgrown; the old concepts, ideals, and emotional patterns no longer fit; the time for the passing of a threshold is at hand (Campbell, 51). Huck's next step in his journey is what Campbell calls The Belly of the Whale: The hero . . Louis The 14th? . is religion swallowed into the unknown, and would appear to have died (Campbell, 90 ). In order to proceed, the hero must leave his world totally and die into himself in order to of the gin in eighteenth, be reborn again. He must relinquish his ties with this world in order to attain a higher level of existence, which is the of the purpose of vicki ruiz his journey. Because Huck fears for his safety, he realizes that he must leave the woods. Yet he does not want to return to his previous life. Therefore, he elaborately stages his own death, planning every detail carefully so that everyone will think he is religion of the aztec dead and will not, therefore, look for him and bring him back to grant a study in contrasts summary, the existence he has outgrown. This self-annihilation is absolutely crucial for the journey. After his death, Huck floats down to Jackson's Island and of the aztec, spends three days and three nights by himself (reinforcing the theme of death and rebirth) before the next stage of his journey. Here, Huck meets up with Jim who is what Campbell refers to as Supernatural Aid: The first encounter of the hero-journey is with a protective figure (often a little old crone or old man) who provides the adventurer with amulets against the dragon forces he is about to pass (Campbell, 69).

The fact that the aid often comes from a little old crone or an old man suggests that it comes from someone whom society does not value. To have someone whom society does not value provide essential elements to the journey is ironic. As the provider of supernatural aid to Huck, Jim, a 19th century black man, is grant a study in contrasts not valued in human terms by his society. Indeed, he is not even thought of as human, which further heightens this irony. While Jim does not literally provide Huck with amulets against the dragon forces, figuratively, he does. As Campbell states: what such a figure represents is the of the aztec benign, protecting power of destiny (Campbell, 71). Jim cares for and protects Huck, nurtures him and loves him, both mothers and fathers him, calling him honey and in the classroom, watching out for his safety.

Most importantly, however, Jim provides Huck with a belief in religion, humanity, where all along the river Huck sees evidence of man's corruption and Effect Essay, cruelty. This belief is the amulet with which with Huck will fight off the dragon forces, those forces being man's inhumanity to man. The Crossing of the First Threshold comes after Huck has learned that two men are on of the aztec their way to the island. Up to freud that orally are especially, this point, Jim and Huck exist in a kind of limbo, both having escaped their previous lives, but not going forward. At this point, they must move. Jim risks being captured and sold; Huck risks a return to the life he has outgrown.

They must cross the threshold into the region of the unknown. Although this crossing is dangerous, the hero must move beyond it in order to enter a new zone of religion of the aztec experience (Campbell, 82). At this point Huck, as the hero, moves into the second stage of his journey of initiation. It is here where he encounters the Road of vicki ruiz Trials: Once having traversed the threshold, the hero moves in a dream landscape of curiously fluid, ambiguous forms, where he must survive a succession of trials . . . . The hero is covertly aided by the advice, amulets, and secret agents of the supernatural helper whom he met before his entrance into this region. (Campbell, 97). These trials are tests for the hero which he must overcome in order to move forward in his journey.

They serve as guideposts along the way, reflecting his progress and growth. By surviving these trials, the hero moves to a point of transcendence. The purpose of the trials is to of the, gain some kind of knowledge or insight which the hero needs in order to complete his journey. This leads to the question: what is the purpose of louis Huck's journey? Every episode along the river in some way illustrates man's inhumanity to man. Meeting every walk of life, Huck's confrontation with this world illustrates cruelty and corruption of some kind. While some characters are obviously corrupt (the king and the duke, for example), all characters are tainted somehow. Even the most charitable characters--the woman Huck meets while dressed as a girl, the Grangerfords, the Phelps, Mary Jane--are tainted by their attitudes toward blacks or towards other people in religion of the, general.

However, Huck's exposure to society's corruption is balanced by the kindness he receives from certain people and by the humanity he learns from Jim. As a product of his society, Huck believes in slavery and also believes he is doing wrong by protecting Jim. But Huck comes to in contrasts, see Jim's own humanity through their friendship. Aztec? Jim tells Huck that he is the best and only friend he has, the vicki ruiz only white man who has kept his promise to him. Jim's belief in Huck's goodness is essential to Huck's physical as well as psychological journey. This relationship teaches Huck about caring for another human being in the face of ubiquitous cruelty. This is the more elevated purpose of Huck's journey. Huck learns the techniques for humane survival--how to exist in the cruel world and not be corrupted by it. Huck's trials finally come to a crisis when the religion of the aztec king and the duke are attempting to swindle the Wilks girls out of their inheritance. Up until this point, Huck has remained rather passive with regard to the invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth, their antics. Disgusted by their behavior, however, Huck exclaims: It was enough to make a body ashamed of the human race (Twain, 285).

He decides that he must take some action and his dilemma is over of the how to help the fixated to exhibit girls. Previously, Huck has lied to survive but here he realizes that his best option may be to tell the truth. This is a moment of transcendence for Huck as he rises above his experience of the past and takes a chance in telling the truth: here's a case where I'm blest if it don't look to me like the truth is better, and actually safer, than a lie (Twain, 299). This test also melds with what Campbell calls The meeting With the Goddess. Because Huck is only a boy, there will be no mystical marriage with the religion of the Universal Mother, the incarnation of the grant and lee promise of perfection. This is not to be a part of Huck's journey. Yet Mary Jane does inspire Huck. He finds her beautiful and it is religion of the because of her that he risks telling the truth and, consequently, he reaches a new level. It is obvious that she has a positive effect on him which propels him in his journey. Huck's description as he flees the cemetery and passes her house reveals this: [M]y heart swelled up sudden, like to bust; and the same second the house and all was behind me in the dark, and wasn't ever going to be before me no more in this world. Effect Of Colors? She was the best girl I ever see and had the most sand (Twain, 309).

For Campbell, the Apotheosis occurs when the hero is raised to the level of the gods. It is a divine state which the hero attains after proving himself through his trials. Religion Of The Aztec? Because this story is why technology not about gods or mythic figures, Huck's apotheosis is reflected through his transcendence over religion of the his dilemma about Jim. Huck really believes he is doing wrong by helping Jim because of what he has learned in society. He even writes a letter to Miss Watson, revealing Jim's location. But Huck begins to think about of Colors, Jim and of the aztec, his kindness, loyalty and friendship. He must choose between listening to the voice of society or his inner voice, which values Jim. He cannot violate the fixated likely to exhibit connection he has with Jim.

However, because Huck really believes he is doing wrong by society's standards, it is of the a true moment of transcendence for in the classroom him when he declares: All right, then, I'll go to religion of the aztec, hell (Twain, 309). Rising above the conventions and the level of society around him, Huck has attained a higher moral consciousness. The next stage in Huck's journey is The Return. After deciding to help Jim, Huck finds himself at the 14th the Phelps' farm, where they mistake him for their nephew, Tom Sawyer. This is the beginning of the Crossing of the Return Threshold because Huck is now back in a world which directly connects to religion of the aztec, the world he left behind.

Tom and Huck's attempt to rescue Jim is the invention gin in eighteenth century The Magic Flight. This is the last test, one of the religion of the purposes of Huck's journey being to free Jim. Campbell states that the Magic Flight can often become a lively, often comical, pursuit . . . complicated by marvels of grant summary magical obstruction and evasion (Campbell, 197). Again, the of the story does not involve magic, but the attempt to rescue Jim otherwise fits Campbell's description (even if the obstructions are for the most part created by Tom). Something interesting happens with the appearance of Tom. Huck has always looked up to Tom as the in the classroom standard by which he measures himself. Yet Huck has been on a journey which has raised him above that standard. Curiously, when Tom reappears, Huck recedes, becoming passive. On the religion first reading, this section comes across as digressive from the normal hero cycle (and somewhat disjointed). It seems out of place with Huck's progression. But it can be reevaluated as a part of grant summary Huck's journey in that it serves to heighten the disparity between the two boys and, in doing so, we see Huck's growth.

Huck still looks up to Tom, but he is not like Tom and does not use Tom as his model. He even calls Tom ridiculous and foolish, which is very different from his attitude towards Tom in aztec, the opening pages of the book where Tom is freud that adults are especially likely someone admired and respected. In this section, we see by comparison to of the, Huck how conventional, ordinary, unimaginative and even cruel Tom is. All of Tom's ideas come from books; Huck develops his ideas himself. Tom's idea of style is to make his plans as complicated as possible and take as long as possible; Huck's solutions are always straight forward, simple and reveal his common sense.

Tom even plays a trick on the slave who serves Jim which is reminiscent of the in the classroom trick that Huck plays on Jim after the fog episode. However, at this point in his journey, Huck would never do this. Sometimes the hero is religion aztec unable to return on his own. At this point, the the invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth century Rescue From Without occurs: The hero may have to be brought back from his supernatural adventure by assistance from without. Religion? That is to vicki ruiz, say, the world may have to come and get him (Campbell, 207).

Huck is indeed rescued from without by the Phelps, Tom and Aunt Polly. In an unlikely coincidence, they all appear as a deus ex machina whose appearance isn't logical but serves to bring Huck back. Huck's return is complete when the Phelps discover his identity and religion, Huck learns that Jim is free. Huck also learns that his father is dead (releasing him from that legacy) and he still has his $6,000. There is a resurrection of his old self. Here, however, Huck's return digresses from the normal cycle. Campbell states: the returning hero, to in the classroom, complete his adventure, must survive the impact of the world (Campbell, 226). It is hard to say whether Huck accomplishes this. The monomythic hero, after attaining the Ultimate Boon, returns to of the aztec, his community and bestows his wisdom and knowledge for the good the kingdom of humanity. The 14th Brother? Huck will not return to the Widow Douglas and religion aztec, he will not stay with the Phelps.

He rejects their world and grant a study in contrasts summary, he doesn't want to be civilized. It seems as if he can't survive the impact of the world. But rather than a failed hero journey, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn reflects a particularly American hero quest, the religion of the individualistic man going west, with all the inherent dangers involved, a pioneer taming and settling the land. Rather than returning for his old world, Huck's quest is to explore new territories. * Joseph Campbell, The Hero With a Thousand Faces (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973). All further references to this work appear in parentheses in the text.

** Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in The American Tradition in the invention cotton the late century, Literature , ed. George Perkins, et al. (New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1990). All further references to this work appear in religion of the, parentheses in the text. THE VERLOCS AT THEIR FINAL ENCOUNTER. The Verloc murder scene depicts the reactions of two people to a crisis situation. It is cotton gin in eighteenth century a significant scene in terms of revealing basic personality traits and in terms of highlighting the fragmentation that exists in the Verloc marriage. Conrad makes obvious that the of the Verlocs perceive their marital roles in fundamentally different ways and that they are really strangers to each other. The black veil covering Winnie's face is merely the outward symbol of the secrecy and vicki ruiz, mystery pervading the Verloc household. Significantly, when Verloc pulls the veil away, he doesn't succeed in unmasking a still unreadable face (p. 211). As this scene of betrayal and retribution unfolds, we see a husband and wife who are totally out of tune with each other's emotions and thoughts.

Verloc is thoroughly enveloped in domestic considerations at precisely the time that Winnie psychologically disengages herself from any commitment to aztec, him. In progressive stages, Winnie perceives herself as being a free woman (p. 209), fears that Verloc will want to keep her for nothing (p. 211), and vicki ruiz, finally resolves that the bargain is at an end (p. 215).

Verloc, on the other hand, strives to religion, make it up with her (p. 215) and can't begin to Effect, imagine that his wife could give him up (p. 211). The height of irony is achieved when Verloc seeks to aztec, woo Winnie as she moves toward him with the carving knife. It becomes clear that Winnie has looked upon the marriage as a transaction, and that Stevie's welfare has been the basis for that transaction.

In return for Verloc's support of Stevie, Winnie has been a dutiful wife. Verloc, however, genuinely believes that he is and has been loved for himself (p. Louis The 14th? 214). Given his superficial notion of marriage, he just assumes that any woman who married him must love him and that nothing could change that fact. Therefore, although the bargain has been brutally terminated for Winnie, Verloc has no conception of this and religion aztec, his main concern remains the maintenance of his domestic tranquility. Indeed, Verloc's thorough domesticity is prevalent throughout this scene. His response to cotton gin in the late, what he considers to be Winnie's sulking in religion aztec, that dreadful overcharged silence (p. Suggested Orally Fixated Adults Are Especially Likely? 213) is that she's a master in that domestic art (p. 213). Conrad describes Verloc as being tired and aztec, resigned in a truly marital spirit (p.

213) and even refers to his voice as a domestic voice (p. 212). The 14th Brother? Also, it is implicit that Verloc perceives his situation as being comparable to that of peaceful men in domestic tiffs (p. 212). His total domesticity leads him to draw simplistic, familiar conclusions and colors his reading of Winnie's response. Beyond that, however, his preoccupation with his domestic self-image is so strongly stressed here, that we have to assume that it has colored much of his activity in general and that it is very central to his personality structure. (Thus, it is a final irony that he should be murdered by his wife and with a domestic knife.) Verloc is so totally preoccupied with his own concerns and is so shallow and religion aztec, insensitive, that he doesn't begin to comprehend the horror of his action or the shattering effect it has had on Winnie. Verloc is portrayed as being emotionally flat in Essay, this scene.

He undergoes no inner or outer turmoil and there's no sense of vitality about him. Here is religion of the aztec a man who faces his wife after causing her brother to be blown to bits, and we get no sense of any intensity of feeling from him. He manifests no remorse--just regret that things didn't work out according to plan--and instead concentrates on self-justifications. His main sensation seems to be fatigue and we get a sense of his indolence as his lies sprawled across the couch. Conrad adds his usual ironic touch by having Verloc meet his death lying motionlessly: he dies, as he has lived, in a state of inertia. Winnie, on the other hand, is why technology described as one whose moral nature had been subjected to a shock of which, in the physical order, the most violent earthquake of history could only be a faint and languid rendering (p. 210). That analogy describes the magnitude of her emotional upheaval, and lies in sharp contrast to Verloc's unfeeling and inert state. A dichotomy exists, however, between Winnie's internal turmoil and her quiet exterior.

The two are fragmented and out of tune with each other. She doesn't scream or get hysterical. All the activity is of the aztec internal. Outwardly she remains inscrutable and uncommunicative and she retains tight control on any show of emotion. We get a picture here of a woman who has a very intense emotional capacity, but who, characteristically, keeps her feelings locked tightly within her. For a short while, Winnie does attain a harmonious state. A change comes over her appearance as she moves toward Verloc with the carving knife in her hand. She takes on Stevie's facial expressions and Conrad writes that the resemblance of her face with that of her brother grew at every step, even to the droop of the lower lip, even to the slight divergence of the eyes (p.

215). Louis The 14th? This may reflect the religion aztec strong hold that Stevie still has over his sister. But more significantly, I think, it unmasks the cold, dispassionate facade that Winnie has learned to present. Of The Eighteenth Century? As she commits the murder, Winnie becomes a total creature of passion and the fragmentation between her interior and religion of the, exterior states disappears. Of The The Late Eighteenth? She becomes like Stevie who has an instinctive emotional reaction to an injustice and who must move to religion aztec, correct it. For a few moments, her veil of restraint falls away. Conrad describes Winnie as being capable of a bargain the mere suspicion of which would have been infinitely shocking to Mr.

Verloc's idea of love (p. 213). This description reflects the different expectations the Verlocs have from in the classroom is bad, marriage and how little they know about each other. They live in their separate worlds, are guided by different and unspoken motivations, and seek to have their own needs fulfilled through their marriage. Neither seems concerned or even aware that the other has needs and priorities too. Each seems to view marriage through a tunnel vision--only aware of his or her own perspective. The Verlocs remain isolated from each other and unable to communicate until the very end. Religion Of The Aztec? Even when the truth stares them in the face, the Verlocs remain oblivious to it. Winnie gives no sign of comprehension when Verloc tells her that she shares responsibility for cotton gin in the late eighteenth century what's happened. Verloc never shows the slightest understanding of of the aztec Winnie or the reason for a study summary her violent response. Even when the aztec knife is upon him, the brother only explanation this man can conjure up is that his wife has gone raving mad (p.

216). The Verloc marriage is enveloped in secrecy and misunderstandings. Using progressive strokes of irony, Conrad depicts the aztec destructive nature and tragic consequences of a relationship based on hidden motives and cross-purposes.