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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only ts eliot access via Resume Genius Resume Builder. Weve decided to provide them to you for The Ethics Essay, free. Do you want a resume thats simple, sleek, and to the point? Then youve come to ts eliot the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Feel free to download it into ethiopian a Microsoft Word document for the wasteland ts eliot analysis, personalized editing. We have two reasons for calling it Classic. First, its our oldest resume template. Second and ethiopian christianity, more importantly its the most versatile one out of our entire library.

This is the wasteland, not a fancy resume template in literature template the slightest. Its simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and unpretentious. Lets get one thing straight hiring managers arent going to trash a resume because its not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because theyd be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to like simpler designs. The content of the wasteland ts eliot, your resume is far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, youve done a good job.

The beauty of the Classic is that anyone can use it. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and can be modified to suit all jobs and industries. Simply formatted resume designed for maximum clarity and readability. Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an interesting aesthetic effect. Top 1.27? Bottom 2.54? Left 2.54? Right 2.54? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.

Click here to Martin Luther King Versus X Essay download. The Classic template pack. Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to better integrate its and mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the Chicago templates use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Classic, the the wasteland Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is if you like your resume sections to Effect: More an More Essays be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like thats excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. City, state, and employment dates placed in the wasteland ts eliot analysis a separate column on the right.

Top 1.27? Bottom 1.27? Left 2.03? Right 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack. This ones pretty simple initially we only had one version of this resume template, one with green headings.

Naturally, we associated green with the Martin King Irish. Since wed named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on ts eliot analysis with the city name formula. Essays! Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, weve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and ts eliot analysis, demanded more choices. But, we still call it Dublin due to Martin Luther King Versus Malcolm its roots. Obviously if youre Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and easy to read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for analysis, a job. The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it.

No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by of Eating Meat Essay 1.05pt for an interesting effect. Top 1.27? Bottom 1.27? Left 2.03? Right 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Dublin template pack. Once you look at this resume template, you immediately know why its called Elegant. It just is. This resume is so light on the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is infused with a soft and ts eliot, gentle touch, and stands out as being particularly well crafted.

Thats why its one of Martin Luther Versus Malcolm, our most popularly downloaded resumes. Those of ts eliot, you with a flair for the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to appreciate the Luther King X Essay Elegant templates style and formatting. Its easy to read, clear, and makes great use of analysis, white space. Its tough to campaign generalize, but those of ts eliot, you applying for The Dependence Effect: an More, positions that require more rigidity and strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in headers expanded by the wasteland 2.8pt, and name by 4.8, giving the More an More Essays elegant feel. Top 2.54? Bottom 2.54? Left 1.9? Right 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Elegant template pack.

Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and the wasteland analysis, readability. She came up with this columned approach headings are left aligned to help save space, and have large enough text to be very clear. Due to this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of that university. Those of you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. The Ethics Meat Essay! The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy. If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to the wasteland ts eliot be written. Ethiopian Christianity! Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to those who prefer straight lines and boxes. Top 1.27? Bottom 1.27? Left 1.27? Right 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.

Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more modern than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only come into the wasteland analysis existence within the last 20-30 years. Stop Smoking Campaign! Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc. For this new breed of ts eliot analysis, professional comes a new breed of review template, resume template: the Modern. Sporting a very flat design, the the wasteland analysis Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of formatting and Malcolm X Essay, style to the wasteland produce a template that is campaign, anything but classic. The modern is all about efficiency and simplicity. The contact details, job headings and skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and aesthetically appealing form. The Wasteland Ts Eliot! This resume template looks equally good in literature template printed form or on an iPad or desktop.

Modern is analysis, perfect for Essay, those who dont feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a Classic resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the wasteland ts eliot analysis, the Modern template. Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to download. The Modern template pack. Milano is the two circular-flow represent, how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is ts eliot, famed for its rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, its fashion industry. The Milano resume template encapsulates all of The Dependence More an More, these characteristics to one degree or another.

This template was not built from scratch, but instead has been built upon ts eliot analysis, an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Things were then spiced up so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is a balancing act that the Effect: More an More Essays Milano pulls off well. Similar to how a cup of coffee with just the right amount of cream is not too rich but not to bitter is perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano templates style and formatting is eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the Milano seems to the wasteland ts eliot be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators. Regardless of industry, if you are looking for The Ethics, a way to stand out ts eliot amongst the other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the Milano and customizing it with your own information for your next job application.

Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details. Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to christianity download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious? If thats the case, then the Park template below is the perfect option for you. Download this subtle and classy resume template and edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side.

Its fall, the smell of leaves lingers on the wasteland ts eliot the breeze as you walk back from smoking campaign you favorite coffee shop. The Wasteland! You pass a well-dressed businessman in slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan. Sitting next to literature him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in place by the weight of a black Mont Blanc pen. The atmosphere, the season, the resume; they all seem to be in the wasteland analysis perfect harmony. Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park.

Whether in its original accountant lamp green or one of the other four other carefully selected understated colors, the Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for The Ethics of Eating Essay, your personality. Different from our other templates in that it harmonious blends just the the wasteland ts eliot analysis right amount of styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to produce a resume that would look perfectly at home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for ethiopian christianity, the job applicant who knows the difference between a Windsor and a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for the wasteland, the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the difference. The Park is not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of space right away in the header of the resume, with a large margin between the Effect: More Essays top of the page and the applicants name.

There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on the wasteland ts eliot analysis The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and christianity, formatting and measured use of analysis, breaks and lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. Stop Smoking! Left aligned text. Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to download. The Park template pack. resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to choose wed suggest the Chicago or the Modern. Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for your help We would recommend the the wasteland Milano template.

Good luck! I am trying to decide what to The Ethics of Eating Meat Essay use as a professional massage therapist. Thanks. Check out our Elegant templates. Good luck on the job hunt!

Hi, which template is good for ts eliot analysis, the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The Harvard should be suitable. Good luck! Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and the two loops diagram, a half ago and I am looking to the wasteland analysis break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background. The Dependence Effect: More! Let me know what you think! #128578;

Contemporary should work just fine. Which one would be good for a television producer? Or someone in the wasteland ts eliot the media industry? Thanks! The Milano sounds like the right way to smoking go. Best of luck! which template would be good for a high school student? which template would be great for executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry. Im BCA graduate. Try the the wasteland ts eliot analysis Chicago on for size.

Good luck on the job hunt! which template suitable for internship? which template is suitable for a project manager. Which template is suitable for literature, a job at the wasteland analysis a bank? which Template is better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt! What resume is most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst.

HI, what resume is suitable for a management consultant? or an auditor? The Milano would suit either of those professions. Good luck! The decision is really a matter of preference. Ethiopian! We suggest you try a few and see which one you like best.

Good luck! Thank you very much for sharing!! Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the Elegant Template. Analysis! Good luck on Luther King X Essay the job hunt!

Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didnt see anything for paralegals, either The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for samples. The Wasteland! Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the Essays Park template. It offers plenty of space for the wasteland analysis, you to include all of your skills.

what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you dont know which template to use for stop campaign, a beginner. For a beginner, our Classic is always a solid choice. Ts Eliot! Good luck on Martin King Malcolm X Essay the job hunt! Any of the resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to the wasteland analysis choose wed suggest the Chicago. Also, you should check out ethiopian christianity our tips on ts eliot how to address criminal history in a cover letter: Try using the Park template. Of Eating Meat Essay! Good luck with finding an internship! We suggest the analysis Milano. Dont forget to check out our Pharmacist resume: Good luck on the internship. What resume would you recommend for a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to a more career building one?

The Park template would be an The Ethics of Eating Essay appropriate choice. Good luck with the the wasteland career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC? Wed suggest going with the Modern template. Literature! Best of the wasteland ts eliot, luck finding an HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months.

My previuos jobs were a ups helper and a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the Milano template. Good luck! What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from The Dependence More Essays a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to ts eliot CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the Milano template. Christianity! Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position?

You should visit our nurse resume sample page: You can download the the wasteland ts eliot example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of resume will you recommend for template, a college student, applying for the wasteland analysis, a job. which resume would you recommend for a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this!

Ill use the Harvard Resume Template. Circular-flow Diagram Represent! #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to the wasteland ts eliot writing a resume fresh out of college without work experience is to: 2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to the position to which youre applying. Good luck with your job search!

Hey there Aditya, Id recommend the The Ethics of Eating Classic B W template for your resume. Its a nice standard look nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck! With all of that experience, you have some flexibility! When in doubt, the reverse-chronological is a good choice. Enjoy the ts eliot analysis fresh start, and best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is merging?

All staff must re-apply. All of these resume templates are perfect for Martin Luther King Versus Malcolm X Essay, someone in your situation it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to prove the the wasteland analysis value you bring to The Ethics of Eating Meat the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for its content even more than its format. Analysis! Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight check out the following link for some ideas to make the content of The Dependence Effect: More, your resume stand out: Good luck, and please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Check out analysis this link and see if one jumps out at you: Good luck with your career! Id first recommend checking out this page: What you want to do is highlight your education over Essays, professional experience since most likely thats a stronger area for the wasteland analysis, you, then proceed from there. Martin Luther King Versus Malcolm! Good luck landing your internship! Share Resume Genius Original Templates Experts Choice

Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to the wasteland analysis help you land more interviews in ethiopian christianity todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of ts eliot analysis, Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Luther King Malcolm X Essay Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the wasteland analysis the test, and literature review template, learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is the wasteland ts eliot, a couple yards short of a touchdown. Literature Review! There are tons of errors throughout.

See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to the wasteland analysis download one, but be sure to make small modifications to christianity unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful.

Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the ts eliot call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to The Dependence Effect: More an More Essays introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in analysis today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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The Carbon Cycle: What Goes Around Comes Around. by John Arthur Harrison, Ph.D. Table of contents The geological carbon cycle The biological carbon cycle Human alteration of the carbon cycle How scientists study past atmosphere and climate Terms you should know atmosphere : the collective mass of gases that surrounds Earth or another planet. organic : originating from a living organism; a compound that contains hydrocarbons species : a distinct type of plant or animal; a related group of living things that can produce offspring. Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe, and the wasteland ts eliot, is absolutely essential to life on Earth. In fact, carbon constitutes the very definition of life, as its presence or absence helps define whether a molecule is the two in the, considered to the wasteland analysis be organic or inorganic.

Every organism on Earth needs carbon either for structure, energy, or, as is the case of humans, for both. Discounting water, you are about half carbon. Additionally, carbon is found in forms as diverse as the gas carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), and in solids like limestone (CaCO 3 ), wood, plastic, diamonds, and graphite. The movement of carbon, in its many forms, between the atmosphere, oceans, biosphere, and geosphere is described by the carbon cycle, illustrated in Figure 1. This cycle consists of several storage carbon reservoirs and the processes by which the carbon moves between reservoirs. Carbon reservoirs include the atmosphere, the oceans, vegetation, rocks, and soil; these are shown in black text along with their approximate carbon capacities in Figure 1. The purple numbers and arrows in Figure 1 show the fluxes between these reservoirs, or the The Ethics Meat Essay, amount of carbon that moves in and out of the ts eliot analysis, reservoirs per year. Literature Review? If more carbon enters a pool than leaves it, that pool is considered a net carbon sink . If more carbon leaves a pool than enters it, that pool is considered net carbon source . Figure 1 : A cartoon of the global carbon cycle. Pools (in black) are gigatons (1Gt = 1x10 9 Tons) of carbon, and fluxes (in purple) are Gt carbon per year. Illustration courtesy NASA Earth Science Enterprise. image NASA. The global carbon cycle, one of the major biogeochemical cycles, can be divided into geological and biological components.

The geological carbon cycle operates on a timescale of millions of years, whereas the biological carbon cycle operates on a timescale of days to the wasteland thousands of years. The geological component of the carbon cycle is where it interacts with the rock cycle in the processes of weathering and dissolution, precipitation of minerals, burial and ethiopian christianity, subduction, and volcanic eruptions (see The Rock Cycle module for information). In the atmosphere, carbonic acid forms by a reaction with atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water. As this weakly acidic water reaches the surface as rain, it reacts with minerals at Earth's surface, slowly dissolving them into their component ions through the process of chemical weathering. Ts Eliot Analysis? These component ions are carried in surface waters like streams and rivers eventually to the ocean, where they precipitate out as minerals like calcite (CaCO 3 ). Through continued deposition and burial, this calcite sediment forms the rock called limestone. This cycle continues as seafloor spreading pushes the seafloor under continental margins in the process of subduction. As seafloor carbon is pushed deeper into stop the Earth by the wasteland ts eliot tectonic forces, it heats up, eventually melts, and can rise back up to the surface, where it is released as CO 2 and returned to the atmosphere. This return to Martin King Versus Malcolm X Essay the atmosphere can occur violently through volcanic eruptions, or more gradually in seeps, vents, and CO 2 -rich hotsprings. Tectonic uplift can also expose previously buried limestone. One example of this occurs in the Himalayas where some of the world's highest peaks are formed of analysis, material that was once at the bottom of the ocean.

Weathering, subduction, and volcanism control atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over christianity time periods of ts eliot, hundreds of millions of years. Carbonic acid reaches the Earth's surface by way of. Biology plays an important role in the movement of carbon between land, ocean, and atmosphere through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. An More Essays? Virtually all multicellular life on Earth depends on the wasteland ts eliot, the production of sugars from sunlight and carbon dioxide (photosynthesis) and The Ethics Essay, the metabolic breakdown (respiration) of those sugars to ts eliot produce the energy needed for movement, growth, and reproduction. Christianity? Plants take in carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from the atmosphere during photosynthesis, and release CO 2 back into the atmosphere during respiration through the following chemical reactions: Through photosynthesis, green plants use solar energy to turn atmospheric carbon dioxide into carbohydrates (sugars). Plants and animals use these carbohydrates (and other products derived from them) through a process called respiration, the ts eliot, reverse of photosynthesis. Respiration releases the energy contained in sugars for use in metabolism and changes carbohydrate fuel back into carbon dioxide, which is in turn released back to the atmosphere.

The amount of carbon taken up by christianity photosynthesis and analysis, released back to the atmosphere by respiration each year is about 1,000 times greater than the amount of carbon that moves through the geological cycle on an annual basis. On land, the major exchange of carbon with the atmosphere results from photosynthesis and christianity, respiration. During daytime in the growing season, leaves absorb sunlight and take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. At the same time plants, animals, and soil microbes consume the carbon in organic matter and return carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Photosynthesis stops at night when the sun cannot provide the driving energy for the reaction, though respiration continues. This kind of imbalance between these two processes is reflected in seasonal changes in the atmospheric CO 2 concentrations. During winter in the northern hemisphere, photosynthesis ceases when many plants lose their leaves, but respiration continues.

This condition leads to an increase in atmospheric CO 2 concentrations during the northern hemisphere winter. The Wasteland? With the onset of spring, however, photosynthesis resumes and atmospheric CO 2 concentrations are reduced. Ethiopian Christianity? This cycle is reflected in the monthly means (the light blue line) of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations shown in Figure 2. Figure 2 : The Keeling Curve, a long-term record of atmospheric CO 2 concentration measured at the Mauna Loa Observatory (Keeling et al.). Although the annual oscillations represent natural, seasonal variations, the long-term increase means that concentrations are higher than they have been in 400,000 years (see text and Figure 3). Graphic courtesy of NASA's Earth Observatory. image NASA. In the oceans, phytoplankton (microscopic marine plants that form the base of the marine food chain) use carbon to make shells of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ). The shells settle to the bottom of the ocean when phytoplankton die and analysis, are buried in the sediments. The shells of ethiopian christianity, phytoplankton and other creatures can become compressed over time as they are buried and are often eventually transformed into limestone. Additionally, under certain geological conditions, organic matter can be buried and over ts eliot analysis time form deposits of the carbon-containing fuels coal and oil. It is the non-calcium containing organic matter that is transformed into fossil fuel. Both limestone formation and fossil fuel formation are biologically controlled processes and stop smoking, represent long-term sinks for atmospheric CO 2 . The major biological exchange of carbon with the atmosphere is from.

Human alteration of the analysis, carbon cycle. Recently, scientists have studied both short- and long-term measurements of atmospheric CO 2 levels. Charles Keeling, an oceanographer at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, is responsible for creating the longest continuous record of atmospheric CO 2 concentrations, taken at the Mauna Loa observatory in Effect: an More Essays Hawaii. His data (now widely known as the the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Keeling curve, shown in Figure 2) revealed that human activities are significantly altering the natural carbon cycle. Stop Smoking Campaign? Since the onset of the the wasteland ts eliot, industrial revolution about literature template 150 years ago, human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation have accelerated, and both have contributed to ts eliot analysis a long-term rise in atmospheric CO 2 . Of Eating? Burning oil and coal releases carbon into the atmosphere far more rapidly than it is being removed, and this imbalance causes atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations to increase.

In addition, by ts eliot clearing forests, we reduce the ability of photosynthesis to remove CO 2 from the atmosphere, also resulting in a net increase. Because of stop, these human activities, atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are higher today than they have been over the last half-million years or longer. Because CO 2 increases the atmosphere's ability to the wasteland ts eliot analysis hold heat, it has been called a greenhouse gas. Stop Smoking Campaign? Scientists believe that the increase in analysis CO 2 is already causing important changes in the global climate. Many attribute the observed 0.6 degree C increase in King Malcolm global average temperature over the past century mainly to increases in atmospheric CO 2 . Without substantive changes in global patterns of fossil fuel consumption and deforestation, warming trends are likely to continue. The best scientific estimate is that global mean temperature will increase between 1.4 and 5.8 degrees C over the wasteland ts eliot analysis the next century as a result of stop smoking, increases in ts eliot atmospheric CO 2 and campaign, other greenhouse gases.

This kind of increase in global temperature would cause a significant rise in average sea-level (0.09-0.88 meters), exposing low-lying coastal cities or cities located by tidal rivers, such as New Orleans, Portland, Washington, and Philadelphia, to increasingly frequent and severe floods. Ts Eliot? Glacial retreat and species range shifts are also likely to result from global warming, and it remains to The Dependence Effect: More an More be seen whether relatively immobile species such as trees can shift their ranges fast enough to keep pace with warming. Even without the changes in climate, however, increased concentrations of ts eliot analysis, CO 2 could have an important impact on patterns of plant growth worldwide. Literature Template? Because some species of plants respond more favorably to increases in analysis CO 2 than others, scientists believe we may see pronounced shifts in plant species as a result of increasing atmospheric CO 2 concentrations, even without any change in temperature. For example, under elevated CO 2 conditions, shrubs are thought to Martin Luther King respond more favorably than certain grass species due to their slightly different photosynthetic pathway. Because of this competitive inequality, some scientists have hypothesized that grasslands will be invaded by CO 2 -responsive grass species or shrubby species as CO 2 increases.

Figure 3 : CO 2 over the wasteland ts eliot analysis the past 140,000 years as seen in an ice core and in The Dependence Effect: the modern Mauna Loa record. The red line represents predicted concentrations. Figure courtesy of : Rebecca Dorsey, University of Oregon. Carbon dioxide is considered a greenhouse gas because. How scientists study past atmosphere and the wasteland, climate. In an The Ethics attempt to understand whether recently observed changes in the global carbon cycle are a new phenomenon, or have instead occurred throughout geologic history, scientists have devoted considerable effort to developing methods for understanding Earth's past atmosphere and climate. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? These techniques include analysis of gas bubbles trapped in Luther King Malcolm X Essay ice, tree rings, and ocean and lake floor sediments for clues about past climates and atmospheres. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Together, these techniques suggest that over the past 20 million years, the Earth's climate has oscillated between relatively warm and relatively cold conditions called interglacial and glacial periods. During interglacial periods, atmospheric CO 2 concentrations were relatively high, and Luther X Essay, during glacial periods, CO 2 concentrations were relatively low. We are currently in an interglacial warm period, and human activities are pushing CO 2 concentrations higher than they have been for hundreds of thousands of years (Figure 3).

Understanding and ts eliot analysis, mitigating negative impacts of atmospheric CO 2 enrichment constitute two of the most central challenges that environmental scientists and policy makers currently face. In order to address this issue, the scientific community has formed the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an international, interdisciplinary consortium comprised of stop smoking campaign, thousands of the wasteland, climate experts collaborating to produce consensus reports on climate change science. Many nations have agreed to conditions specified by the Kyoto Protocol, a multilateral treaty aimed at averting the negative impacts associated with human-induced climate change. The Two In The Circular-flow Diagram? The United States, which is the wasteland ts eliot analysis, currently responsible for approximately one quarter of global CO 2 emissions, has so far declined to participate in the Kyoto Protocol. Carbon, the fourth most abundant element in the universe, moves between the atmosphere, oceans, biosphere, and geosphere in what is called the carbon cycle . This module provides an overview of the The Dependence More, global carbon cycle, one of the the wasteland ts eliot analysis, major biogeochemical cycles. The module explains geological and biological components of the cycle. Major sources and sinks of carbon are discussed, as well as the impact of human activities on global carbon levels. The presence of carbon determines whether something is literature template, organic or inorganic; all living things require carbon to live. Carbon cycles through the ecosystem in various ways, from photosynthesis and analysis, respiration to weathering and other geologic processes. Many factors, such as seasons and human activities, influence the concentration of carbon in Essay the global atmosphere.

John Arthur Harrison, Ph.D. “The Carbon Cycle” Visionlearning Vol. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? EAS-2 (3), 2003. For ad-free content and access to our Classroom, Sign In or Register for Free. Our content on-the-go. Literature Review Template? Download our new app for iPad and the wasteland, iPhone today!

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Elia and The Last Essays of the wasteland ts eliot analysis Elia / Charles Lamb, by Charles Lamb. Lamb took the name of stop smoking Elia, which should, he said, be pronounced Ellia, from an old clerk, an Italian, at the SouthSea House in Lambs time: that is, in 17911792. Writing to John Taylor in July, 1821, just after he had taken over the magazine (see below), Lamb says, referring to the wasteland analysis the SouthSea House essay, having a brother now there, and doubting how he might relish certain descriptions in it, I clapt down the name of Elia to it, which passed off pretty well, for Elia himself added the function of an author to that of a scrivener, like myself. I went the smoking other day (not having seen him [Elia] for a year) to laugh over ts eliot analysis, with him at my usurpation of his name, and found him, alas! no more than a name, for he died of consumption eleven months ago, and I knew not of it. So the the two diagram represent name has fairly devolved to ts eliot analysis me, I think; and tis all he has left me. In the Luther Malcolm library at Welbeck is a copy of a pamphlet, in ts eliot, French, entitled Considerations sur letat actuel de la France au mois de Juin 1815, par un Anglais , which was presented to of Eating Essay the Duke of Portland by the author, F.A. Elia. This was probably Lambs Elia.

The pamphlet is the wasteland, reprinted, together with other interesting matter remotely connected with Lamb, in King X Essay, Letters from the Originals at Welbeck Abbey , privately printed, 1909. Elia. Essays which have appeared under that signature in the London Magazine , was published early in 1823. Lambs original intention was to ts eliot furnish the book with a whimsical preface, as we learn from the following letter to John Taylor, dated December 7, 1822: DEAR SIR I should like the enclosed Dedication to Meat Essay be printed, unless you dislike it. I like it. It is in the olden style. But if you object to it, put forth the book as it is; only ts eliot analysis, pray dont let the printer mistake the word curt for curst . TO THE FRIENDLY AND JUDICIOUS READER, who will take these Papers, as they were meant; not understanding every thing perversely in its absolute and literal sense, but giving fair construction, as to an after-dinner conversation; allowing for the two in the diagram represent, the rashness and necessary incompleteness of first thoughts; and not remembering, for the purpose of an after taunt, words spoken peradventure after the the wasteland ts eliot analysis fourth glass, the Author wishes (what he would will for himself) plenty of good friends to stand by him, good books to Martin Luther Malcolm solace him, prosperous events to all his honest undertakings, and a candid interpretation to his most hasty words and actions. The other sort (and he hopes many of them will purchase his book too) he greets with the curt invitation of Timon, Uncover, dogs, and lap: or he dismisses them with the confident security of the philosopher you beat but on the case of Elia. On better consideration, pray omit that Dedication. The Wasteland Analysis? The Essays want no Preface: they are all Preface . A Preface is nothing but a talk with the reader; and they do nothing else. Pray omit it.

There will be a sort of Preface in the next Magazine, which may act as an advertisement, but not proper for the volume. Let ELIA come forth bare as he was born. The sort of Preface in ethiopian christianity, the next number was the character sketch of the late Elia on page 171. Elia did not reach a second edition in Lambs lifetime that is to say, during a period of twelve years although the editions into which it has passed between his death and the present day are legion. Why, considering the popularity of the the wasteland ts eliot essays as they appeared in the London Magazine , the book should have found so few purchasers is a problem difficult of solution. Lamb himself seems to have attributed some of the cause to Southeys objection, in the Quarterly Review , that Elia wanted a sounder religious feeling; but more probably the book was too dear: it was published at 9s. 6d. Ordinary reviewers do not seem to have perceived at all that a rare humorist, humanist and master of the two represent prose had arisen, although among the finer intellects who had any inclination to analysis search for excellence for excellences sake Lamb made his way.

William Hazlitt, for example, drew attention to the rich quality of Elia ; as also did Leigh Hunt; and christianity, William Hone, who cannot, however, as a critic be mentioned with these, was tireless in advocating the book. Among strangers to Lamb who from the first extolled his genius was Miss Mitford. But Elia did not sell. Ten years passed before Lamb collected his essays again, and then in ts eliot analysis, 1833 was published The Last Essays of smoking campaign Elia , with Edward Moxons imprint. The mass of minor essays in the London Magazine and the wasteland analysis, elsewhere, which Lamb disregarded when he compiled his two collections, will be found in Vol.

I. of the present edition. The Last Essays of Elia had little, if any, better reception than the first; and Lamb had the mortification of being asked by the Norris family to suppress the exquisite and kindly little memoir of More an More Randal Norris, entitled A DeathBed (see page 279), which was held to be too personal. Ts Eliot? When, in template, 1835, after Lambs death, a new edition of Elia and The Last Essays of Elia was issued, the ts eliot Confessions of a Drunkard took its place (see Vol. I.). Meanwhile a Philadelphian firm had been beforehand with Lamb, and had issued in 1828 a second series of Elia . The American edition of Elia had been the same as the English except for a slightly different arrangement of the essays. But when in 1828 the American second series was issued, it was found to contain three pieces not by Lamb at all. A trick of writing superficially like Lamb had been growing in the London Magazine ever since the beginning; hence the confusion of the ethiopian christianity American editor. The three articles not by Lamb, as he pointed out to N.P.

Willis (see Pencillings by the Way ), are Twelfth Night, The Nuns and the wasteland ts eliot, Ale of Caverswell, and Valentines Day. Of these Allan Cunningham wrote the second, and B.W. Procter (Barry Cornwall) the other two. The volume contained only eleven essays which Lamb himself selected for The Last Essays of Elia : it was eked out with the three spurious pieces above referred to, with several pieces never collected by Lamb, and with four of the loops diagram humorous articles in the Works , 1818. Bernard Bartons sonnet To Elia stood as introduction. Altogether it was a very interesting book, as books lacking authority often are. In the notes that follow reference is often made to Lambs Key.

This is a paper explaining certain initials and blanks in Elia , which Lamb drew up for the wasteland, R.B. Pitman, a fellow clerk at the East India House. I give it here in full, merely remarking that the first numerals refer to the pages of the original edition of stop campaign Elia and those in brackets to the present volume: The London Magazine , with John Scott (17831821) as its editor was founded in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, 1820 by Baldwin, Cradock Joy. Its first number was dated January, 1820, and The Dependence Effect: More an More Essays, Lambs first contribution was in the wasteland ts eliot, the number for August, 1820. Lamb had known Scott as editor of The Champion in 1814, but, according to Talfourd, it was Hazlitt who introduced Lamb to the London Magazine . John Scott, who was the author of two interesting books of travel, A Visit to Paris in 1814 and Paris Re-visited in 1815, was an admirable editor, and all was going exceedingly well until he plunged into a feud with Blackwoods Magazine in general, and John Gibson Lockhart in particular, the story of which in full may be read in Mr.

Langs Life and Letters of Lockhart , 1896. In the duel which resulted Scott was shot above the hip. The Two Loops In The Diagram Represent? The wound was at analysis first thought lightly of, but Scott died on February 27, 1821 an able man much regretted. The magazine did not at first show signs of Scotts loss; it continued to bear the imprint of its original publishers and its quality remained very high. With Lamb and Meat, Hazlitt writing regularly this could hardly be otherwise. But four months after the death of Scott and eighteen months after its establishment the London Magazine passed into the hands of the publishers Taylor Hessey, the first number with their imprint being dated August, 1821. Although for a while no diminution of merit was perceptible and rather an access of gaiety for Taylor brought Hood with him and John Hamilton Reynolds yet the high editorial standards of Scott ceased to be applied. Thenceforward the decline of the magazine was steady. John Taylor (17811864), senior partner in the firm of Taylor Hessey, was known as the ts eliot identifier of Sir Philip Francis with the author of Junius, on The Dependence More an More, which subject he had issued three books. The Wasteland? Although unfitted for the post, he acted as editor of the London Magazine until it was again sold in ethiopian, 1825.

With the beginning of ts eliot analysis 1825 Taylor made a change in the magazine. He started a new series, and increased the Martin King Versus X Essay size and ts eliot, the price. Template? But the experiment did not answer; the spirit had evaporated; and in the autumn he sold it to Henry Southern (17991853), who had founded the Retrospective Review in 1820. The last number of the London Magazine to the wasteland ts eliot analysis bear Taylor Hesseys name, and (in my opinion) to The Ethics Essay contain anything by Lamb, was August, 1825. We have no definite information on the matter, but there is every indication in Lambs Letters that Taylor was penurious and ts eliot analysis, not clever in his relations with contributors. Scott Lamb seems to The Ethics Essay have admired and liked; but even in analysis, Scotts day payment does not seem to have been prompt. Lamb was paid, according to Barry Cornwall, two or three times the amount of other writers, who received for prose a pound a page. But Lamb himself says that the rate for ethiopian, him was twenty guineas a sheet, a sheet being sixteen pages; and he told Moore that he had received ?170 for two years Elia.

In a letter to Barton in January, 1823, Lamb remarks: B [Baldwin] who first engaged me as Elia has not paid me up yet (nor any of us without repeated mortifying appeals). The following references to the wasteland ts eliot the London in an More, Lambs letters to Barton tell the story of the wasteland analysis its decadence quite clearly enough. The Two In The Circular-flow Represent? In May, 1823:I cannot but think the London drags heavily. I miss Janus [Wainewright]. And O how it misses Hazlitt Procter, too, is analysis, affronted (as Janus has been) with their abominable curtailment of his things. Again, a little later, in September:The London I fear falls off. I linger among its creaking rafters, like the last rat. It will topple down, if they dont get some Buttresses. Christianity? They have pulled down three, W. Hazlitt, Procter, and their best stay, kind light-hearted Wainwright, their Janus. In January, 1824, at the beginning of his eight months silence:The London must do without me for a time, a time, and half a time, for ts eliot analysis, I have lost all interest about it.

Again, in The Dependence Effect: Essays, December, 1824:Taylor Hessey finding their magazine goes off very heavily at 2s. 6d., are prudently going to raise their price another shilling; and the wasteland ts eliot, having already more authors than they want, intend to stop smoking campaign increase the ts eliot analysis number of them. If they set up against template, the New Monthly, they must change their present hands. Ts Eliot Analysis? It is not tying the dead carcase of a Review to a half-dead Magazine will do their business. In January, 1825 (to Sarah Hutchinson):You ask about the editor of the smoking campaign Lond. I know of none. This first specimen [of a new series] is flat and pert enough to justify subscribers, who grudge at tother shilling. Next month Lamb writes, again to Barton:Our second Number [of the new series] is all trash.

What are T. H. about? It is whip syllabub, thin sown with aught of profit or delight. Thin sown! not a germ of analysis fruit or corn. Why did poor Scott die! There was comfort in writing with such associates as were his little band of scribblers, some gone away, some affronted away, and I am left as the solitary widow [in one of Bartons poems] looking for watercresses.

Finally, in August, 1825:Taylor has dropt the London. It was indeed a dead weight. It was Job in the Slough of The Ethics Despond. I shuffle off my part of the pack, and stand like Christian with light and merry shoulders. In addition to analysis Lamb and Hazlitt the London Magazine had more or less regular contributions, in its best days, from De Quincey, Allan Cunningham (Nalla), T.G. Wainewright, afterwards the poisoner, but in those days an amusing weaver of gay artificial prose, John Clare, Bernard Barton, H.F. Cary, Richard Ayton, George Darley, Thomas Hood, John Hamilton Reynolds, Sir John Bowring, John Poole, B.W. Procter; while among occasional writers for it were Thomas Carlyle, Landor and Julius Hare. The essay, Stage Illusion, in the number for August, 1825, was, I believe, the ethiopian christianity last that Lamb contributed. (In this connection see Mr.

Bertram Dobells Sidelights on Charles Lamb , 1903.) Lamb then passed over to Colburns New Monthly Magazine , where the Popular Fallacies appeared, together with certain other of his later essays. His last contribution to the wasteland analysis that magazine was dated September, 1826. In 1827 he was chiefly occupied in selecting Garrick play extracts for Hones Table Book , at the British Museum, and for a while after that he seems to smoking campaign have been more interested in writing acrostics and album verses than prose. The Wasteland Analysis? In 1831, however, Moxons Englishmans Magazine offered harbourage for anything Lamb cared to give it, and a brief revival of Elia (under the Luther King X Essay name of Peter) resulted. With its death in October, 1831, Lambs writing career practically ceased.

Page 1. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? THE SOUTH-SEA HOUSE. London Magazine , August, 1820. Although the Bachelors Complaint of the Behaviour of Married People, Valentines Day, and On the Acting of Munden, were all written before this essay, it is none the less the first of the The Ethics of Eating Meat Essay essays of Elia. I have remarked, in the wasteland analysis, the notes to a small edition of christianity Elia , that it is probably unique in literature for the wasteland ts eliot analysis, an author to find himself, as Lamb did, in his forty-fourth year, by recording impressions gathered in his seventeenth; but I think now that Lamb probably visited his brother at the SouthSea House from time to time in later years, and gathered other impressions then. I am led to this conclusion partly by the fact that Thomas Tame was not appointed DeputyAccountant until four or five years after Lamb had left. We do not know exactly what Lambs duties were at the SouthSea House or how long he was there: probably only for the twenty-three weeks from September, 1791 mentioned in the receipt below, discovered by Mr. J.A. Rutter in a little exhibition of documents illustrative of the South Sea Bubble in the Albert Museum at Exeter: Recd 8th feby 1792 of the Honble South Sea Company by the hands of their Secretary Twelve pounds 1s.

6d. for 23 weeks attendance in the Examiners Office. ?12 1 6. CHAS. LAMB. This shows that Lambs salary was half a guinea weekly, paid half-yearly. His brother John was already in Luther Versus Malcolm, the service of the analysis Company, where he remained till his death, rising to Accountant. It has been conjectured that it was through his influence that Charles was admitted, with the view of picking up book-keeping; but the real patron and introducer was Joseph Pake, one of the directors, whom we meet on page 92. Template? Whether Lamb had ideas of remaining, or whether he merely filled a temporary gap in the Examiners Office, we cannot tell. He passed to the East India House in the spring of 1792. The South Sea Company was incorporated in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, 1710.

The year of the Bubble was 1720. The SouthSea House, remodelled, is now a congeries of offices. Page 2, line 11. Effect:? Forty years ago . To be accurate, twenty-eight to analysis thirty. Page 3, line 1. Accounts ... puzzle me . Christianity? Here Elia begins his matter-of-lie career. Lamb was at this time in the Accountants Office of the India House, living among figures all day.

Page 3, line 7 from analysis, foot. Evans . William Evans. The Directories of The Dependence an More Essays those days printed lists of the ts eliot analysis chief officials in some of the public offices, and it is christianity, possible to trace the careers of the clerks whom Lamb names. All are genuine. Evans, whose name is given one year as Evan Evans, was appointed cashier (or deputy-cashier) in 1792. Page 4, line 4. Ready to imagine himself one . Lamb was fond of this conceit. See his little essay The Last Peach (Vol. I.), and the mischievous letter to Bernard Barton, after Fauntleroys trial, warning him against peculation. Page 4, line 7. Andertons . Either the the wasteland ts eliot coffee-shop in Fleet Street, now Andertons Hotel, or a city offshoot of it.

The portrait, if it ever was in existence, is no longer known there. Page 5, line 17. John Tipp . John Lamb succeeded Tipp as Accountant somewhen about 1806. Page 5, line 27. Christianity? I know not, etc. This parenthesis was not in the London Magazine , but the following footnote was appended to the sentence: I have since been informed, that the ts eliot analysis present tenant of them is a Mr. Lamb, a gentleman who is happy in the possession of some choice pictures, and among them a rare portrait of Milton, which I mean to do myself the pleasure of going to see, and at the same time to refresh my memory with the sight of old scenes. Mr. Lamb has the character of a right courteous and communicative collector. Mr. Lamb was, of course, John Lamb, or James Elia (see the Martin Versus X Essay essay My Relations), then (in 1820) Accountant of the SouthSea House.

He left the the wasteland Milton to his brother. It is now in America. Page 6, line 5 from foot. Henry Man . This was Henry Man (17471790), deputy-secretary of the literature SouthSea House from 1776, and an author of light trifles in the papers, and of one or two books. The Miscellaneous Works in Verse and Prose of the late Henry Man was published in 1802, among the subscribers being three of the officials named in this essay John Evans, R. Plumer, and Mr. Analysis? Tipp, and also Thomas Maynard, who, though assigned to the Stock Exchange, is probably the childlike, pastoral M of a later paragraph. Small politics are for the most part kept out of Mans volumes, which are high-spirited rather than witty, but this punning epigram (of which Lamb was an admirer) on Lord Spencer and Lord Sandwich may be quoted: Two Lords whose names if I should quote, Some folks might call me sinner: The one invented half a coat , The other half a dinner . Such lords as these are useful men,

Heaven sends them to console one; Because theres now not one in ten, That can procure a whole one . Page 7, line 13. Stop Campaign? Plumer . Richard Plumer (spelled Plomer in the directories), deputy-secretary after Man. Lamb was peculiarly interested in the Plumers from the fact that his grandmother, Mrs. Field, had been housekeeper of their mansion at Blakesware, near Ware (see notes to DreamChildren and the wasteland ts eliot, Blakesmoor in H shire). The fine old Whig was William Plumer, who had been her employer, and The Dependence an More Essays, was now living at analysis Gilston. He died in 1821. The following passage from the memoir of Edward Cave (16911754), which Dr. Johnson wrote for the two loops diagram represent, the Gentlemans Magazine (which Cave established) in the wasteland analysis, 1754, shows that Lamb was mistaken about Plumer:

He [Cave] was afterwards raised to the office of clerk of the franks, in which he acted with great spirit and firmness; and often stopped franks which were given by ethiopian members of parliament to their friends; because he thought such extension of a peculiar right illegal. This raised many complaints, and having stopped, among others, a frank given to the old dutchess of Marlborough by Mr. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Walter Plummer , he was cited before the house, as for breach of privilege, and accused, I suppose very unjustly, of opening letters to detect them. He was treated with great harshness and severity, but declining their questions by literature pleading his oath of secrecy, was at ts eliot last dismissed. The Two Diagram? And it must be recorded to his honour, that when he was ejected from his office, he did not think himself discharged from his trust, but continued to refuse to his nearest friends any information about the management of the office. I borrow from Canon Ainger an interesting note on Walter Plumer, written in the eighteen-eighties, showing that Lamb was mistaken on other matters too: The present Mr. Plumer, of Allerton, Totness, a grandson of Richard Plumer of the SouthSea House, by no means acquiesces in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, the tradition here recorded as to his grandfathers origin. More An More Essays? He believes that though the links are missing, Richard Plumer was descended in analysis, regular line from the Baronet, Sir Walter Plumer, who died at the end of the seventeenth century.

Lambs memory has failed him here in one respect. The Bachelor Uncle, Walter Plumer, uncle of William Plumer of Blakesware, was most certainly not a bachelor (see the review pedigree of the family in the wasteland, Cussans Hertfordshire ). Page 7, line 10 from foot. M. According to the Key to the initials and blanks in some of the essays, which Lamb filled in for a curious correspondent, M stood for one Maynard. Maynard, hangd himself is Lambs entry. He was chief clerk in the Old Annuities and Three Per Cents, 17881793. Page 8. OXFORD IN THE VACATION. London Magazine , October, 1820, where it is dated at the end, August 5, 1820.

From my rooms facing the Bodleian. My own belief is that Lamb wrote the Martin Luther King Versus X Essay essay at Cambridge, under the influence of Cambridge, where he spent a few weeks in the summers of 1819 and 1820, and transferred the scene to Oxford by way of mystification. He knew Oxford, of course, but he had not been there for some years, and it was at Cambridge that he met Dyer and saw the Milton MSS. Concerning a visit to ts eliot analysis Oxford (in 1810), Hazlitt had written, in his Table Talk essay On the Conversation of Authors, in the preceding (the September) number of the London Magazine : L [that is, Lamb] once came down into the country to see us. Stop Smoking? He was like the most capricious poet Ovid among the Goths. The country people thought him an oddity, and analysis, did not understand his jokes. Review? It would be strange if they had; for he did not make any while he staid.

But when we crossed the country to Oxford, then he spoke a little. He and the old colleges were hail-fellow well-met; and in the quadrangles, he walked gowned. The quotation is a reference to Lambs sonnet, I was not Trained in Academic Bowers, written at Cambridge in 1819: Yet can I fancy, wandering mid thy towers, Myself a nursling, Granta, of the wasteland analysis thy lap; My brow seems tightening with the Doctors cap, And I walk gowned . Page 8, line 6 from ethiopian christianity, foot. Ts Eliot? Agnize . Lamb was fond of Effect: an More Essays this word. I have seen it stated ingeniously that it was of his own coinage from agnus , a lamb but the derivation is ad gnoscere , to acknowledge, to recognise, and the word is to ts eliot be found in other places in Othello, for example (Act I., Scene 3, line 232): A natural and prompt alacrity.

Page 9, middle. Literature? Red-letter days . See note on page 351. The holidays at the India House, which are given in the London directories of Lambs early time there, make a considerable list. But in 1820 the Accountants Office, where Lamb was, kept only five days in the year. Page 10, line 11. I can here ... enact the student. Lamb had distilled the ts eliot matter of this paragraph into his sonnet, I was not Trained in Academic Bowers, written at Cambridge in the two in the diagram represent, August of the the wasteland analysis preceding year (see above and Vol. IV.). Page 11, line 12 from foot. Unsettle my faith. At this point, in the London Magazine , Lamb appended the Luther Malcolm footnote: There is something to me repugnant, at any time, in written hand.

The text never seems determinate. Print settles it. I had thought of the Lycidas as of a full-grown beauty as springing up with all its parts absolute till, in evil hour, I was shown the original written copy of it, together with the other minor poems of its author, in the Library of Trinity, kept like some treasure to be proud of. I wish they had thrown them in the Cam, or sent them, after the latter cantos of Spenser, into the Irish Channel. How it staggered me to see the fine things in their ore! interlined, corrected! as if their words were mortal, alterable, displaceable at pleasure! as if they might have been otherwise, and just as good! as if inspirations were made up of parts, and those fluctuating, successive, indifferent! I will never go into the work-shop of any great artist again, nor desire a sight of his picture, till it is the wasteland, fairly off the easel; no, not if Raphael were to be alive again, and painting another Galatea. In the Appendix to The Dependence More an More Vol. I., page 428, I have printed a passage from the ts eliot original MS. of Comus , which there is reason to believe was contributed to the London Magazine by Lamb. Page 11, line 9 from foot.

G.D. George Dyer (17551841), Lambs friend for many years. Ethiopian Christianity? This is the analysis first mention of him in the essays; but we shall meet him again, particularly in Amicus Redivivus. George Dyer was educated at Christs Hospital long before Lambs time there, and, becoming a Grecian, had entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He became at first an usher in Essex, then a private tutor to the children of Robert Robinson, the Unitarian, whose life he afterwards excellently wrote, then an usher again, at stop smoking Northampton, one of his colleagues being John Clarke, father of Lambs friend, Charles Cowden Clarke. In 1792 he settled in Cliffords Inn as a hack; wrote poems, made indexes, examined libraries for a great bibliographical work (never published), and ts eliot analysis, contributed all that was original to Valpys classics in 141 volumes. Under this work his sight gave way; and he once showed Hazlitt two fingers the use of christianity which he had lost in copying out MSS. of Procrus and the wasteland ts eliot, Plotinus in a fine Greek hand. Fortunately a good woman took him under her wing; they were married in smoking, 1825; and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Dyers last days were happy.

His best books were his Life of Robert Robinson and his History of the Malcolm University and Colleges of Cambridge . Lamb and his friends laughed at the wasteland analysis him and stop smoking, loved him. In addition to the stories told by Lamb in the wasteland ts eliot, his letters and essays, there are amusing characteristics of Dyer in Crabb Robinsons diary, in Leigh Hunt, in Hazlitt, in Talfourd, and in christianity, other places. All bear upon his gentleness, his untidiness and his want of humour. One of the most famous stories tells of the wasteland ts eliot analysis Dyers criticism of ethiopian Williams, the terrible Ratcliffe Highway murderer. Dyer, who would never say an ill word of any one, was asked his opinion of this cold-blooded assassin of two families. He must, he replied after due thought, be rather an eccentric character. Page 12, line 10. Injustice to him.

In the London Magazine the following footnote came here, almost certainly by Lamb: Violence or injustice certainly none, Mr. Elia. But you will acknowledge that the the wasteland ts eliot charming unsuspectingness of review our friend has sometimes laid him open to attacks, which, though savouring (we hope) more of waggery than malice such is our unfeigned respect for G.D. might, we think, much better have been omitted. Such was that silly joke of L[amb], who, at the wasteland analysis the time the question of the Scotch Novels was first agitated, gravely assured our friend who as gravely went about ethiopian christianity repeating it in the wasteland ts eliot, all companies that Lord Castlereagh had acknowledged himself to campaign be the author of Waverly! Note not by Elia. Page 12, line 11. Strike an abstract idea. I do not find this quotation if it be one; but when John Lamb once knocked Hazlitt down, during an argument on pigments, Hazlitt refrained from the wasteland analysis, striking back, remarking that he was a metaphysician and dealt not in Martin Versus, blows but in ideas. Lamb may be slyly remembering this.

Page 12, line 15. C. Cambridge. Dyer added a work on Privileges of the University if Cambridge to his History . Page 12, line 8 from foot. Our friend M.s. Basil Montagu, Q.C. (17701851), legal writer, philanthropist, editor of analysis Bacon, and the friend of Effect: an More Wordsworth and Coleridge.

The Mrs. M. here referred to was Montagus third wife, a Mrs. Skepper. It was she who was called by Edward Irving the noble lady, and to the wasteland ts eliot whom Carlyle addressed some early letters. A.S. was Anne Skepper, afterwards Mrs. Bryan Waller Procter, a fascinating lady who lived to a great age and died as recently as 1888. The Montagus then lived at 25 Bedford Square. Page 13, line 17. The Dependence More An More Essays? Starts like a thing surprised. Here we have an interesting example of Lambs gift of fused quotation.

Wordsworths line in the Ode on the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Intimations of Immortality, Tremble like a guilty thing surprised, and Shakespeares phrase in Hamlet (Act I., Scene 1, line 148), Started like a guilty thing, were probably both in his mind as he wrote. Page 13, line 24. Obtruded personal presence. In the London Magazine the Martin King Versus following passage came here: D. commenced life, after a course of hard study in the House of pure Emanuel, as usher to a knavish fanatic schoolmaster at ***, at a salary of eight pounds per annum, with board and lodging.

Of this poor stipend, he never received above half in all the laborious years he served this man. He tells a pleasant anecdote, that when poverty, staring out at his ragged knees, has sometimes compelled him, against the modesty of his nature, to hint at arrears, Dr. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? *** would take no immediate notice, but, after supper, when the school was called together to even-song, he would never fail to introduce some instructive homily against riches, and literature, the corruption of the heart occasioned through the desire of them ending with Lord, keep thy servants, above all things from the heinous sin of avarice. Having food and analysis, raiment, us therewithal be content. Give me Agars wish, and christianity, the like; which to the little auditory, sounded like a doctrine full of Christian prudence and simplicity but to poor D. was a receipt in full for that quarters demands at least. And D. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? has been under-working for himself ever since; drudging at low rates for unappreciating booksellers wasting his fine erudition in silent corrections of the classics, and in those unostentatious but solid services to learning, which commonly fall to stop campaign the lot of laborious scholars, who have not the art to sell themselves to the best advantage.

He has published poems, which do not sell, because their character is inobtrusive like his own and because he has been too much absorbed in analysis, ancient literature, to know what the popular mark in poetry is, even if he could have hit it. And, therefore, his verses are properly, what he terms them, crotchets; voluntaries; odes to Liberty, and Spring; effusions; little tributes, and offerings, left behind him, upon The Dependence an More Essays tables and window-seats, at parting from friends houses; and from all the inns of hospitality, where he has been courteously (or but tolerably) received in his pilgrimage. If his muse of kindness halt a little behind the strong lines, in fashion in this excitement-craving age, his prose is the best of the sort in the world, and exhibits a faithful transcript of his own healthy natural mind, and cheerful innocent tone of conversation. The foregoing passage called forth a protest from one W.K. necessitating the following reply from Lamb, which was printed in the London Magazine , under the Lions Head, for December, 1820: Elia requests the Editor to inform W.K. that in his article on Oxford, under the initials G.D., it is his ambition to make more familiar to the public, a character, which, for integrity and single-heartedness, he has long been accustomed to rank among the best patterns of his species. The Wasteland Analysis? That, if he has failed in stop smoking, the end which he proposed, it was an error of the wasteland judgment merely. That, if in pursuance of his purpose, he has drawn forth some personal peculiarities of his friend into notice, it was only from the conviction that the public, in living subjects especially, do not endure pure panegyric. That the anecdotes, which he produced, were no more than he conceived necessary to awaken attention to character, and were meant solely to illustrate it. Literature Template? That it is an entire mistake to suppose, that he undertook the character to the wasteland set off his own wit or ingenuity. Essays? That, he conceives, a candid interpreter might find something intended, beyond a heartless jest.

That G.D., however, having thought it necessary to disclaim the anecdote respecting Dr. it becomes him, who never for a moment can doubt the veracity of the wasteland analysis his friend, to account for it from an imperfect remembrance of some story he heard long ago, and which, happening to tally with his argument, he set too hastily to of Eating Meat Essay the account of the wasteland G.D. That, from G.D.s strong affirmations and proofs to the contrary, he is bound to believe it belongs to Martin Luther no part of G.D.s biography. That the transaction, supposing it true, must have taken place more than forty years ago. That, in consequence, it is the wasteland, not likely to meet the eye of The Ethics Meat many who might be justly offended. Finally, that what he has said of the Booksellers, referred to a period of many years, in which he has had the happiness of G.D.s acquaintance; and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, can have nothing to do with any present or prospective engagements of G.D., with those gentlemen, to the nature of which he professes himself an entire stranger. The result of the protest was that Lamb omitted the passage objected to when he collected Elia in 1823. It might well be restored now; but I have preferred to The Ethics Essay print everything in the body of this edition as Lamb arranged it for the wasteland analysis, press. Page 14. The Two Loops? CHRISTS HOSPITAL FIVE AND THIRTY YEARS AGO. London Magazine , November, 1820. This essay, which is based upon the Recollections of ts eliot analysis Christs Hospital in Vol.

I., is a curious blend of The Ethics of Eating Essay Lambs own experiences at school with those of Coleridge. The Wasteland? Both boys entered at the same time on July 17, 1782: Coleridge was then nearly ten, Lamb was seven and a half. Coleridge was clothed on July 18 and went to Hertford for a while; Lamb was clothed on October 9. Lamb left the school in November, 1789, Coleridge in September, 1791. The school which Lamb knew is now no more. Luther? The boys are now all in new buildings in the wasteland ts eliot, the midst of green fields near Horsham, many miles from Lambs city and Essay, its roar. Page 14, line 15. The worthy sub-treasurer. Randal Norris (see note to A DeathBed). I have not been able to discover the cause of his influence. Page 14, lines 18, 19.

Crug ... piggins. Ts Eliot Analysis? Crug is the two in the circular-flow diagram represent, still current slang. In the ts eliot school museum one of Luther King Malcolm X Essay these piggins is preserved. Page 14, line 25. The Wasteland? Three banyan days. Three vegetarian days. Coleridge complains (in a letter to Poole) that he was never sufficiently fed except on Wednesdays. He gives the following table of food:

Our diet was very scanty. Every morning a bit of smoking campaign dry bread and some bad small beer. Every evening a larger piece of bread, and cheese or butter, whichever we liked. For dinner on Sunday, boiled beef and the wasteland ts eliot, broth; Monday, bread and butter, and milk and christianity, water; Tuesday, roast mutton; Wednesday, bread and butter, and ts eliot, rice milk; Thursday, boiled beef and broth; Friday, boiled mutton and broth; Saturday, bread and literature review, butter, and pease-porridge. The Wasteland? Our food was portioned; and, excepting on Wednesdays, I never had a bellyfull. Our appetites were damped, never satisfied; and we had no vegetables. Page 14, line 8 from foot. Caro equina. Horseflesh.

Mr. The Ethics Of Eating Meat? Pearces chapter on food at the school in his excellent Annals of Christs Hospital is very interesting, and records great changes. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Rotten-roasted or rare, i.e. , over-roasted or under-done. Page 15, line 3. The good old relative. Aunt Hetty, or more properly, Sarah Lamb. Compare the of Eating Meat Essay Lines written on the Day of my Aunts Funeral, Vol. The Wasteland Analysis? IV.: I have not forgot. How thou didst love thy Charles, when he was yet.

A prating schoolboy: I have not forgot. The busy joy on that important day, When, childlike, the poor wanderer was content. To leave the bosom of parental love, His childhoods play-place, and his early home, For the rude fosterings of a strangers hand, Hard, uncouth tasks, and schoolboys scanty fare.

How did thine eyes peruse him round and round. And hardly knew him in his yellow coats, Red leathern belt, and review, gown of russet blue. Page 15, line 13. I was a poor friendless boy. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Here Lamb speaks as Coleridge, who came all the Effect: an More Essays way from the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Ottery St.

Mary, in Devonshire (not Calne, in Wiltshire), and had no London friends. Ethiopian? In John Woodvil Lamb borrowed St. Analysis? Mary Ottery again (see Vol. IV.). Coleridge has recorded how unhappy he was in his early days at school. Page 15, line 12 from Luther King X Essay, foot. Whole-day-leaves. In this connection the the wasteland ts eliot analysis following passage from Trollopes History of Meat Christs Hospital , 1834, is interesting:

Those days, on the wasteland ts eliot, which leave is given to ethiopian be absent from the Hospital during the whole day, are called whole-day leaves . Ts Eliot? ... Smoking Campaign? A ticket is a small oval medal attached to the button-hole, without which, except on the wasteland, leaves, no boy is circular-flow diagram represent, allowed to pass the gates. Subjoined is a list of the holidays, which have been hitherto kept at analysis Christs Hospital; but it is in contemplation to of Eating abridge them materially. Of the policy of such a measure great doubts may fairly be entertained, inasmuch as the vacations are so short as to give sufficient respite neither to ts eliot analysis master nor scholar; and these occasional breaks, in the arduous duties of the former more especially, enable him to repair the exhausted energies of body and in the represent, mind by necessary relaxation. If those days, which are marked with an asterisk, fall on a Sunday, they are kept on the Monday following; and likewise the state holidays. Also the birthdays of the King and Queen, and the Prince and Princess of Wales: and the Kings accession, proclamation, and coronation.

In addition to the generous allowance of holidays above given the boys had every alternate Wednesday for a whole day; eleven days at Easter, four weeks in the summer, and fifteen days at Christmas. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? In 1837 the holiday system was remodelled. Compare Lambs other remarks on of Eating Meat, his whole-day rambles in Recollections of Christs Hospital (Vol. I.) and in the essays in the present volume entitled Amicus Redivivus and Newspapers. Page 16, line 14. Ts Eliot Analysis? The Tower . Blue-coat boys still have this right of free entrance to the Tower; but the lions are no more. They were transferred to the Zoological Gardens in 1831. Page 16, line 16. L.s governor . Meaning Samuel Salt, M.P.; but it was actually his friend Mr. Timothy Yeats who signed Lambs paper. More accurately, Lambs father lived under Salts roof.

Page 16, line 7 from foot. H . According to in the circular-flow represent Lambs Key this was Hodges; but in the British Museum copy of Elia , first edition, some one has written Huggins. It is immaterial. Nevis and St. Kitts (St. Christophers) are islands in the British West Indies. Tobin would be James Webbe Tobin, of Nevis, who died in 1814, the brother of the playwright John Tobin, author of the wasteland ts eliot analysis The Honeymoon. Page 17, line 2. A young ass . The general opinion at Christs Hospital is that Lamb invented this incident; and yet it has the air of being true. Page 17, line 18. L.s admired Perry . John Perry, steward from 1761 to 1785, mentioned in Lambs earlier essay. Page 17, foot.

Gags . Still current slang. Page 17, foot. . No name in literature review, the Key. The quotation is an adaptation of: It is reported thou didst eat strange flesh. Which some did die to look on. Antony and Cleopatra, Act I., Scene 4, lines 6768. It is perhaps worth remarking that in David Copperfield Dickens has a school incident of a similar character.

Page 18, line 14 from foot. Mr. Hathaway . The Wasteland? Matthias Hathaway, steward from 1790 to 1813. Page 19, line 8. I was a hypochondriac lad . Here Lamb drops the Coleridge mask and speaks as himself. Page 20, line 15.

Bamber Gascoigne, and the two in the diagram represent, Peter Aubert . Bamber Gascoigne, M.P. (17251791), of Bifrons, in the wasteland, Essex. Of Peter Aubert I can find nothing, except that the assistant secretary of the East India Company at the time Lamb wrote this essay was Peter Auber, afterwards full secretary. His name here may be a joke. Page 20, line 6 from foot. Matthew Field . The Rev. Matthew Feilde, also vicar of Ugley and curate of Berden. For the Rev.

James Boyer see below. Page 21, line 18. Peter Wilkins, etc. Christianity? The Adventures of Peter Wilkins , by the wasteland ts eliot analysis Robert Paltock, 1751, is still read; but The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Robert Boyle , 1736, has had its day. It was a blend of unconvincing travel and some rather free narrative: a piece of stop campaign sheer hackwork to meet a certain market. See Lambs sonnet to the wasteland ts eliot Stothard, Vol. The Two Loops In The Diagram Represent? IV. Ts Eliot? The Fortunate BlueCoat Boy I have not seen. Canon Ainger describes it as a rather foolish romance, showing how a Blue-coat boy marries a rich lady of rank. The sub-title is stop campaign, Memoirs of the Life and Happy Adventures of Mr. Benjamin Templeman; formerly a Scholar in Christs Hospital. By an Orphanotropian, 1770.

Page 22, footnote. I have not discovered a copy of Matthew Feildes play. Page 23, line 17 from foot. Squinting W . Not identifiable. Page 23, line 7 from foot. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Coleridge, in review template, his literary life . Coleridge speaks in the Biographia Literaria of having had the inestimable advantage of ts eliot a very sensible, though at the same time a very severe master, the literature Reverend James Bowyer [Boyer], and goes on to attribute to that masters discrimination and thoroughness much of his own classical knowledge and early interest in poetry and criticism. Coleridge gives this example of the wasteland ts eliot Boyers impatient humour:

In our own English compositions (at least for the last three years of our school education), he showed no mercy to phrase, metaphor, or image, unsupported by a sound sense, or where the same sense might have been conveyed with equal force and smoking campaign, dignity in plainer words. The Wasteland? Lute, harp and lyre, Muse, Muses and inspirations, Pegasus, Parnassus and Hippocrene , were all an The Dependence Effect: More abomination to ts eliot analysis him. Christianity? In fancy I can almost hear him now exclaiming, Harp? Harp? Lyre? Pen and ink, boy, you mean! Muse, boy, muse? Your nurses daughter, you mean! Pierian spring? Oh, aye! the cloister pump, I suppose! Touching Boyers cruelty, Coleridge adds that his severities, even now, not seldom furnish the dreams by which the blind fancy would fain interpret to the mind the painful sensations of distempered sleep.

In Table Talk Coleridge tells another story of Boyer. The discipline at Christs Hospital in my time, he says, was ultra-Spartan; all domestic ties were to be put aside. Boy! I remember Bowyer saying to me once when I was crying the first day of my return after the ts eliot holidays, Boy! the The Ethics of Eating school is your father! Boy! the school is your mother! Boy! the school is your brother! the school is your sister! the school is your first cousin, and your second cousin, and analysis, all the rest of your relations! Lets have no more crying! Leigh Hunt in his autobiography also has reminiscences of Boyer and Feilde. James Boyer or Bowyer was born in the two in the circular-flow, 1736, was admitted to the school in the wasteland ts eliot, 1744, and passed to Balliol. He resigned his Upper Grammar Mastership in 1799, and probably retired to the rectory of Gainscolne to Meat Essay which he had been appointed by the school committee six years earlier. The Wasteland Analysis? They also gave him ?500 and literature review template, a staff. Page 23, line 6 from foot.

Author of the Country Spectator . Thomas Fanshaw Middleton (17691822), afterwards Bishop of Calcutta, who was at school with Lamb and Coleridge. In the the wasteland little statuette group which is called the Coleridge Memorial, subscribed for in 1872, on the centenary of Coleridges birth, and held in rotation by the ward in which most prizes have been gained in ethiopian christianity, the year, Middleton is the the wasteland analysis tallest figure. Literature Review Template? It is reproduced in the wasteland ts eliot, my large edition. The story which it celebrates is to the effect that Middleton found Coleridge reading Virgil in the playground and asked him if he were learning a lesson. Martin King Versus? Coleridge replied that he was reading for pleasure, an answer which Middleton reported to Boyer, and the wasteland, which led to Boyer taking special notice of him. The Country Spectator was a magazine conducted by Middleton in 17921793.

Page 23, line 3 from foot. C . Coleridge again. Page 24, line 4. Literature Review Template? Lancelot Pepys Stevens . Analysis? Rightly spelled Stephens, afterwards Under Grammar Master at the school. Page 24, line 6. Dr. Te . Arthur William Trollope (17681827), who succeeded Boyer as Upper Grammar Master. He resigned in 1826. Page 24, line 21. Th . Sir Edward Thornton (17661852), diplomatist, who was sent as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Lower Saxony, to the two in the diagram represent Sweden, to Denmark and other courts, afterwards becoming minister to Portugal.

Page 24, line 23. Middleton . See note above. The treatise was The Doctrine of the Greek Article as applied to the Criticism and analysis, the Illustration of the New Testament , 1808. It was directed chiefly against Granville Sharpe. Middleton was the first Bishop of Calcutta. Page 24, line 8 from The Ethics, foot.

Richards . This was George Richards (17671837). His poem on Aboriginal Britons, which won a prize given in 1791 by the wasteland ts eliot Earl Harcourt, is mentioned favourably in smoking, Byrons English Bards and Scotch Reviewers . Ts Eliot? Richards became vicar of St. Martins-inthe-Fields and a Governor of Christs Hospital. He founded a gold medal for Latin hexameters. Page 24, foot. S ... M . According to the Key Scott, died in Bedlam, and The Ethics Meat Essay, Maunde, dismissd school.

Page 24, foot. Analysis? Finding some of Edwards race. From Priors Carmen Seculare for 1700: Finding some of ethiopian christianity Stuarts race. Unhappy, pass their annals by. Lamb alters Stuart to Edward because Edward VI. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? founded Christs Hospital. Page 25, line 12. C.V.

Le G . Charles Valentine Le Grice (17731858), whom we meet also in the essay on Grace Before Meat. Le Grice, in Essay, his description of Lamb as a schoolboy in Talfourds Memorials , remarked: I never heard his name mentioned without the addition of Charles, although, as there was no other boy of the name of Lamb, the addition was unnecessary; but there was an analysis implied kindness in it, and it was a proof that his gentle manners excited that kindness. Page 25, line 20. Allen . Robert Allen, whom we meet again in the essay on Newspapers. After a varied and not fortunate career he died of apoplexy in 1805. Page 25, line 8 from foot. The junior Le G . Samuel Le Grice became a soldier and died in the West Indies. Lamb wrote of him to Coleridge in 1796, after the tragedy at his home, at a time when friends were badly needed, Sam Le Grice who was then in town was with me the first 3 or 4 days, and was as a brother to me, gave up every hour of his time to the very hurting of Martin King Malcolm his health and spirits, in constant attendance and humouring my poor father. Page 25, line 8 from foot. F . Analysis? Joseph Favell, afterwards Captain, who had a commission from the Duke of York as had Sam Le Grice and was killed in the Peninsula, at Salamanca, 1812. Lamb states in the essay on Poor Relations, where Favell figures as W., that he met his death at St.

Sebastian. Both Sam Le Grice and Favell were to in the diagram have accompanied Coleridge and Southey to the Susquehanna as Pantisocrats. Page 26, line 1. Fr . Frederick William Franklin, master of the the wasteland analysis Hertford branch of the school from 1801 to 1827. He died in The Ethics Essay, 1836. Page 26, line 2. Marmaduke T . Marmaduke Thompson, to whom Lamb dedicated Rosamund Gray in analysis, 1798. Page 26, line 3. Catalogue of Grecians . Lamb was at Christs Hospital from 1782 to 1789, and his list is The Ethics of Eating Meat, not quite complete. He himself never was a Grecian; that is to say, one of the picked scholars on the grammar side of the school, two of whom were sent up to Cambridge with a hospital exhibition every year, on the understanding that they should take orders. Lamb was one of the DeputyGrecians from whom the Grecians were chosen, but his stammer standing in his way and a Church career being out of the question, he never became a full Grecian. Writing to George Dyer, who had been a Grecian, in 1831, Lamb says: I dont know how it is, but I keep my rank in fancy still since school days.

I can never forget I was a deputy Grecian! ... Alas! what am I now? What is a Leadenhall clerk, or India pensioner, to a deputy Grecian? How art thou fallen, O Lucifer! Lambs memory is preserved at the wasteland ts eliot Christs Hospital by a medal which is given for the best English essays.

It was first struck in 1875, the Martin Versus X Essay centenary of his birth. Page 26. THE TWO RACES OF MEN. London Magazine , December, 1820. Writing to Wordsworth in April of 1816, Lamb says:I have not bound the poems yet. I wait till people have done borrowing them. I think I shall get a chain and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, chain them to my shelves, more Bodleiano , and people may come and read them at chains length.

For of those who borrow, some read slow; some mean to read but dont read; and some neither read nor meant to read, but borrow to Luther Malcolm X Essay leave you an opinion of their sagacity. I must do my money-borrowing friends the ts eliot justice to in the diagram say that there is the wasteland ts eliot, nothing of this caprice or wantonness of The Dependence More alienation in the wasteland analysis, them. When they borrow my money they never fail to make use of it. Probably the germ of the essay is to be found in this passage, as Lamb never forgot his thoughts. Page 26, line 17 of essay. Brinsley . Richard Brinsley Sheridan, the dramatist and a great spendthrift. Effect: More? He died in ts eliot, 1816. Lamb knew him slightly. Page 26, line 9 from foot.

Beyond Tooke . That is, beyond the literature review template philological theories of The Diversions of Purley by John Home Tooke (17361812). Page 27, line 22. Ralph Bigod . John Fenwick, an unlucky friend of the Lambs, an anticipatory Micawber, of whom we know too little, and seem likely to find out little more. Lamb mentions him again in the essay on Chimney Sweepers, and in that on Newspapers, in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, his capacity as editor of The Albion , for which Lamb wrote its extinguishing epigram in the summer of 1801. Literature Template? There are references to ts eliot analysis the Fenwicks in Mary Lambs letters to Sarah Stoddart and in Lambs letters; but nothing very informing. After financial embarrassments in England they emigrated to America.

Page 29, line 12. Comberbatch . Coleridge, who had enlisted as a young man in the 15th Light Dragoons as Silas Titus Comberback. Page 29, line 16. Bloomsbury . Lamb was then in rooms at 20 Great Russell Street (now Russell Street), Covent Garden, which is not in Bloomsbury. Page 29, line 27. The Ethics Essay? Should he go on acting . The Letters contain references to this habit of Coleridges. Writing to the wasteland analysis him in 1809 Lamb says, referring among other loans to the volume of Meat Essay Dodsley with Vittoria Corombona (The White Devil, by John Webster) in it:While I think on it, Coleridge, I fetchd away my books which you had at the Courier Office, and found all but a third volume of the old plays, containing the White Devil, Greens Tu Quoque, and the Honest Whore, perhaps the most valuable volume of them all that I could not find. Pray, if you can, remember what you did with it, or where you took it out with you a walking perhaps; send me word, for, to use the old plea, it spoils a set. I found two other volumes (you had three), the Arcadia and analysis, Daniel , enriched with manuscript notes. I wish every book I have were so noted.

They have thoroughly converted me to relish Daniel , or to Meat say I relish him, for after all, I believe I did relish him. And several years later (probably in 1820) we find him addressing Coleridge with reference to analysis Luthers Table Talk: Why will you make your visits, which should give pleasure, matter of regret to your friends? You never come but you take away some folio, that is part of my existence. With a great deal of literature template difficulty I was made to comprehend the extent of my loss. My maid, Becky, brought me a dirty bit of paper, which contained her description of some book which Mr. Coleridge had taken away. It was Lusters Tables , which, for some time, I could not make out. Ts Eliot Analysis? What! has he carried away any of the tables , Becky? No, it wasnt any tables, but it was a book that he called Lusters Tables . I was obliged to search personally among my shelves, and a huge fissure suddenly disclosed to me the Meat true nature of the damage I had sustained. Allsop tells us that Lamb once said of the wasteland ts eliot Coleridge: He sets his mark upon literature template whatever he reads; it is henceforth sacred. His spirit seems to have breathed upon it; and, if not for ts eliot, its author, yet for his sake, we admire it. Page 30, line 1. John Buncle . Most of Lambs books are in The Dependence Effect: an More, America; Lambs copy of John Buncle , with an introductory note written in by Coleridge, was sold, with other books from his library, in New York in 1848. The Life of the wasteland John Buncle, Esq ., a book highly praised by Hazlitt, was by Thomas Amory (1691?-1788), published, Part I. in The Dependence More, 1756 and Part II. in 1766.

A condensed reprint was issued in the wasteland, 1823 entitled The Spirit of Buncle , in which, Mr. Christianity? W.C. Hazlitt suggests, Lamb may have had a hand with William Hazlitt. Page 30, line 19. Spiteful K. Ts Eliot Analysis? James Kenney (17801849), the Martin King Malcolm X Essay dramatist, then resident at Versailles, where Lamb and his sister visited him in 1822. He married Louisa Mercier, daughter of Louis Sebastian Mercier, the French critic, and widow of Lambs earlier friend, Thomas Holcroft. One of their two sons was named Charles Lamb Kenney (18211881). Lamb recovered Margaret of Newcastles Letters (folio, 1664), which is among the books in America, as is also the the wasteland ts eliot Fulke Greville (small folio, 1633). Page 31, line 4. S.T.C. Ethiopian Christianity? ... The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? annotations . Lambs copy of Daniels Poetical Works , two volumes, 1718, and Martin Luther King Versus, of Brownes Enquiries into Vulgar and Common Errors , folio, 1658, both with marginalia by himself and ts eliot, Coleridge, are in existence, but I cannot say where: probably in America. Lambs copy of Beaumont and Fletcher, with Coleridges notes (see Old China), is, however, safe in the British Museum. His Fulke Greville, as I have said, is in America, but I fancy it has nothing of stop Coleridge in it, nor has his Burton quarto, 1621 which still exists.

Coleridges notes in the Beaumont and Fletcher folio are not numerous, but usually ample and seriously critical. At the foot of the wasteland ts eliot a page of the Siege of Corinth, on which he had written two notes (one, O flat! flat! flat! Sole! Flounder! Place! all stinking! stinkingly flat!), he added: N.B. I shall not be long here, Charles! I gone, you will not mind my having spoiled a book in order to leave a Relic. Underneath the initials S.T.C. are the initials W.W. which suggest that Wordsworth was present. The Museum also has Lambs Milton, with annotations by himself and Coleridge. In the Descriptive Catalogue of the Library of Charles Lamb , privately issued by the New York Dibdin Club in the two circular-flow, 1897, is a list of five of Lambs books now in America containing valuable and unpublished marginalia by Coleridge: The Life of John Buncle , Donnes Poems (I shall die soon, my dear Charles Lamb, and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, then you will not be vexed that I have scribbled your book. S.T.C., 2d May, 1811), Reynolds Gods Revenge against ...

Murder , 1651 (O what a beautiful concordia discordantium is an unthinking good mans soul!), The History of of Eating Meat Philip de Commines in English, and ts eliot, Petwins Letters Concerning the Mind . Page 31. NEW YEARS EVE. London Magazine , January, 1821. The melancholy pessimism of this essay led to some remonstrance from robuster readers of the London Magazine . In addition to the letter from A Father referred to below, the essay produced, seven months later, in the August number of the London Magazine , a long poetical Epistle to Elia, signed Olen, in which very simply and touchingly Lamb was reminded that the grave is not the end, was asked to consider the promises of the Christian faith, and The Dependence Effect: More an More Essays, finally was offered a glimpse of some of the friends he would meet in heaven among them Ulysses, Shakespeare and Alice Wn. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Taylor, the publisher and editor of the magazine, sent Lamb a copy. He replied, acknowledging the kindness of the author, and adding:Poor Elia ... does not pretend to so very clear revelations of a future state of being as Olen seems gifted with.

He stumbles about dark mountains at Effect: More Essays best; but he knows at least how to be thankful for this life, and is too thankful, indeed, for certain relationships lent him here, not to tremble for a possible resumption of the gift. He is too apt to express himself lightly, and cannot be sorry for the present occasion, as it has called forth a reproof so Christian-like. Lamb thought the poet to be James Montgomery, but it was in reality Charles Abraham Elton. The poem was reprinted in a volume entitled Boyhood and other Poems , in 1835. It is conceivable that Lamb was reasoned with privately upon the sentiments expressed in this essay; and perhaps we may take the following sonnet which he contributed over his own name to, the London Magazine for ts eliot, April, 1821, as a kind of defiant postscript thereto, a further challenge to those who reproached him for ethiopian, his remarks concerning death, and who suggested that he did not really mean them: They talk of time, and of times galling yoke, That like a millstone on the wasteland analysis, mans mind doth press, Which only works and loops circular-flow represent, business can redress: Of divine Leisure such foul lies are spoke,

Wounding her fair gifts with calumnious stroke. But might I, fed with silent meditation, Assoiled live from ts eliot, that fiend Occupation Improbus labor , which my spirits hath broke Id drink of times rich cup, and never surfeit Fling in more days than went to make the gem.

That crowned the white top of Methusalem Yea on my weak neck take, and never forfeit, Like Atlas bearing up the dainty sky, The heaven-sweet burthen of eternity. It was also probably the present essay which led to The Ethics Essay Lambs difference with Southey and the famous letter of remonstrance.

Southey accused Elia of wanting a sounder religious feeling, and Lamb suggests in his reply that New Years Eve was the chief offender. See Vol. I. for Lambs amplification of one of its passages. It may be interesting here to ts eliot quote Coleridges description of Lamb as one hovering between heaven and Luther King Malcolm, earth, neither hoping much nor fearing anything. Page 31, line 10 from foot. Ts Eliot Analysis? Bells . The music of bells seems always to have exerted fascination over Lamb. Stop Smoking Campaign? See the reference in the story of the analysis First Going to Church, in Mrs.

Leicesters School , Vol. III.; in his poem Sabbath Bells, Vol. Of Eating? IV.; and his John Woodvil, Vol. Ts Eliot Analysis? IV. Page 31, foot. I saw the skirts of the departing Year . From Coleridges Ode to the Departing Year, as printed in 1796 and 1797. Lamb was greatly taken by this line.

He wrote to Coleridge on January 2, 1797, in a letter of which only a small portion has been printed:The opening [of the Ode] is in the spirit of the sublimest allegory. Christianity? The idea of the skirts of the departing year, seen far onwards, waving in the wind, is one of those noble Hints at which the Readers imagination is apt to the wasteland ts eliot kindle into grand conceptions. Afterwards Coleridge altered skirts to train. Page 32, line 21. Seven. ... years . See note to DreamChildren. Alice W n is identified with Ann Simmons, who lived near Blakesware when Lamb was a youth, and of whom he wrote his love sonnets. According to the Key the name is feigned. Page 32, line 25.

Old Dorrell . Of Eating Meat? See the poem Going or Gone, Vol. IV. There seems really to have been such an enemy of the the wasteland Lamb fortunes. He was one of the witnesses to the will of John Lamb, the father William Dorrell. Page 33, line 5. Meat Essay? Small-pox at five . There is no other evidence than this casual mention that Lamb ever suffered from this complaint. Possibly he did not.

He went to Christs Hospital at the age of the wasteland analysis seven. Page 33, line 13. Loops Circular-flow Diagram? From what have I not fallen . Lamb had had this idea many years before. In 1796 he wrote this sonnet (text of ts eliot analysis 1818): We were two pretty babes, the youngest she, The youngest, and the loveliest far, I ween, And Innocence her name. The time has been.

We two did love each others company; Time was, we two had wept to have been apart: But when by show of seeming good beguild, I left the garb and manners of Martin Versus Malcolm X Essay a child, And my first love for the wasteland, mans society, Defiling with the world my virgin heart

My loved companion droppd a tear, and fled, And hid in deepest shades her awful head. Beloved, who shall tell me where thou art In what delicious Eden to be found That I may seek thee the wide world around? Page 33, line 27. Phantom cloud of Elia . The speculations in the paragraph that ends with these words were fantastical at any rate to one reader, who, under the of Eating Essay signature A Father, contributed to the March number of the London Magazine a eulogy of the wasteland ts eliot paternity, in which Elia was reasoned with and rebuked. Ah! Elia! hadst thou possessed offspring of thine own to dally with, thou wouldst never have made the melancholy avowal that thou hast almost ceased to the two loops circular-flow hope! Lamb did not reply. Page 33, line 7 from foot.

Not childhood alone ... The passage between these words and freezing days of December was taken by Charles Lloyd, Lambs early friend, as the motto of a poem, in his Poems , 1823, entitled Stanzas on the Difficulty with which, in Youth, we Bring Home to our Habitual Consciousness the Idea of analysis Death. Page 34, line 15 from ethiopian, foot. Midnight darlings . Leigh Hunt records, in his essay My Books, that he once saw Lamb kiss an old folio Chapmans Homer . Page 34, line 8 from foot. The Wasteland Analysis? Sweet assurance of Effect: More an More Essays a look . A favourite quotation of the wasteland Lambs (here adapted) from Matthew Roydons elegy on christianity, Sir Philip Sidney: A sweet attractive kind of analysis grace, A full assurance given by looks.

A portion of the circular-flow represent poem is quoted in ts eliot analysis, the Elia essay on in the circular-flow represent, Some Sonnets of Sir Philip Sidney. Page 37. Ts Eliot Analysis? MRS. BATTLES OPINIONS ON WHIST. London Magazine , February, 1821. Mrs. The Ethics Meat Essay? Battle was probably, in real life, to a large extent Sarah Burney, the wife of analysis RearAdmiral James Burney, Lambs friend, and the centre of the whist-playing set to which he belonged. The theory that Lambs grandmother, Mrs. Field, was the literature review template original Mrs. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Battle, does not, I think, commend itself, although that lady may have lent a trait or two.

It has possibly arisen from the relation of the passage in ethiopian christianity, the essay on Blakesware, where Mrs. Battle is said to have died in the haunted room, to that in DreamChildren, where Lamb says that Mrs. Ts Eliot? Field occupied this room. The fact that Mrs. Battle and Mrs. Burney were both Sarahs is a small piece of evidence towards their fusion, but there is something more conclusive in the correspondence. Writing in March, 1830, concerning the old whist days, to William Ayrton, one of the old whist-playing company, and the neighbour of the Burneys in ethiopian, Little James Street, Pimlico, Lamb makes use of an elision which, I think, may be taken as more than support of the theory that Mrs.

Battle and the wasteland, Mrs. The Dependence Effect:? Burney were largely the same practically proof. Your letter, which was only not so pleasant as your appearance would have been, has revived some old images; Phillips (not the Colonel), with his few hairs bristling up at the charge of analysis a revoke, which he declares impossible; the old Captains significant nod over the right shoulder (was it not?); Mrs. Bs determined questioning of the score, after the game was absolutely gone to the d l. Lamb, I think, would have written out Mrs. Burney in full had he not wished to suggest Mrs. Battle too.

This conjecture is borne out by the testimony of the late Mrs. Lefroy, in her youth a friend of the Burneys and the Lambs, who told Canon Ainger that though Mrs. Battle had many differing points she was undoubtedly Mrs. Burney. But of course there are the usual cross-trails the reference to the pictures at Sandham; to Walter Plumer; to the legacy to The Ethics of Eating Meat Essay Lamb; and ts eliot, so forth. Perhaps among the Blakesware portraits was one which Lamb chose as Mrs. The Dependence Essays? Battles presentment; perhaps Mrs. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Field had told him of an ancient dame who had certain of the two circular-flow represent Mrs. Battles characteristics, and he superimposed Mrs.

Burney upon this foundation. For further particulars concerning the Burney whist parties see the notes to the wasteland ts eliot analysis the Letter to Southey, Vol. I. Admiral Burney (17501821), a son of Dr. Burney, the loops in the circular-flow historian of music, and friend of Johnson and Reynolds, was the brother of Fanny Burney, afterwards Madame dArblay.

See also The Wedding, page 275 of this volume, for another glimpse of Lambs old friend. Admiral Burney wrote An Essay on the Game of Whist , which was published in 1821. As he lived until November, 1821, he probably read the present essay. Analysis? Writing to review template Wordsworth, March 20, 1822, Lamb says: Theres Capt. Ts Eliot Analysis? Burney gone! what fun has whist now; what matters it what you lead, if you can no longer fancy him looking over The Ethics, you? Page 37, line 1 of the wasteland ts eliot essay. A clean hearth . To this, in the London Magazine , Lamb put the footnote: This was before the stop smoking campaign introduction of rugs, reader. Ts Eliot Analysis? You must remember the Luther intolerable crash of the unswept cinder, betwixt your foot and analysis, the marble. Page 37, line 8 of Martin Luther Malcolm essay. Win one game, and lose another . To this, in the London Magazine , Lamb put the the wasteland ts eliot note: As if a sportsman should tell you he liked to kill a fox one day, and lose him the next.

Page 38, line 26. Mr. Bowles . The Rev. William Lisle Bowles (17621850), whose sonnets had so influenced Coleridges early poetical career. His edition of Pope was published in 1806.

I have tried in vain to discover if Mr. The Ethics Of Eating Meat? Bowles MS. and notes for this edition are still in existence. If so, they might contain Lambs contribution. But it is rather more likely, I fear, that Lamb invented the story. The game of ombre is in Canto III. of The Rape of the Lock . The only ts eliot, writing on diagram, cards which we know Lamb to have done, apart from this essay, is the elementary rules of whist which he made out for Mrs. Badams quite late in his life as a kind of introduction to the reading of Admiral Burneys treatise. This letter is in America and has never been printed except privately; nor, if its owner can help it, will it. Page 40, line 26. Old Walter Plumer . Analysis? See the Effect: Essays essay on The SouthSea House. Page 42, line 18 from foot.

Bad passions . Here came in the wasteland ts eliot, the London Magazine , in parenthesis, (dropping for a while the speaking mask of old Sarah Battle). Page 43, line 2. Bridget Elia . This is Lambs first reference in the essays to Mary Lamb under this name. See Mackery End and Old China. A little essay on card playing in the EveryDay Book , the authorship of which is unknown, but which may be Hones, ends with the following pleasant passage: Cousin Bridget and the gentle Elia seem beings of that age wherein lived Pamela, whom, with old Sarah Battle, we may imagine entering their room, and sitting down with them to a square game. Yet Bridget and Elia live in our own times: she, full of kindness to literature review template all, and of soothings to Elia especially; he, no less kind and consoling to Bridget, in all simplicity holding converse with the world, and, ever and anon, giving us scenes that Metzu and De Foe would admire, and portraits that Deuner and Hogarth would rise from their graves to paint. Page 43. A CHAPTER ON EARS. London Magazine , March, 1821. Lamb was not so utterly without ear as he states. The Wasteland? Crabb Robinson in his diary records more than once that Lamb hummed tunes, and Barron Field, in the memoir of Lamb contributed by Martin King X Essay him to the Annual Biography and Obituary for 1836, mentions his love for certain beautiful airs, among them Kents O that I had wings like a dove (mentioned in this essay), and Handels From mighty kings. Lamb says that it was Braham who awakened a love of the wasteland music in him.

Compare Lambs lines to Clara Novello, Vol. IV., page 101, and also Mary Lambs postscript to his Free Thoughts on Eminent Composers, same volume. Page 43, foot. I was never ... in the pillory . Ethiopian? This sentence led to an amusing article in the London Magazine for analysis, the next month, April, 1821, entitled The Confessions of H.F.V.H. Delamore, Esq., unmistakably, I think, by Lamb, which will be found in Vol. I. of this edition, wherein Lamb confesses to a brief sojourn in the stocks at Barnet for brawling on of Eating Meat, Sunday, an incident for the broad truth of which we have the testimony of his friend Brook Pulham. Page 44, lines 6 and ts eliot analysis, 7. Water parted from the Meat sea , In Infancy . Songs by Arne in Artaxerxes, Lambs First Play (see page 113). Page 44, line 11.

Mrs. S . The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? The Key gives Mrs. Spinkes. We meet a Will Weatherall in Distant Correspondents, page 120; but I have not been able to discover more concerning either. Page 44, line 17. Alice Wn . See note to Dream Children. Page 44, line 26. My friend A. Probably William Ayrton (17771818), the musical critic, one of the Burneys whist-playing set, and a friend and correspondent of More Lambs. See the musical rhyming letter to him from Lamb, May 17, 1817.

Page 47, line 5. My friend, Nov . Ts Eliot? Vincent Novello (17811861), the organist, the father of Mrs. Cowden Clarke, and a great friend of Lamb. Page 47, footnote. Another friend of Vincent Novellos uses the same couplet (from Watts Divine Songs for Children , Song XXVIII., For the Lords Day, Evening) in the description of glees by the old cricketers at the Bat and ethiopian, Ball on Broad Halfpenny Down, near Hambledon I refer to John Nyren, author of The Young Cricketers Tutor , 1833. There is no evidence that Lamb and Nyren ever met, but one feels that they ought to have done so, in Novellos hospitable rooms. Page 48, line 3. Lutheran beer . Analysis? Edmund Ollier, the son of Martin Luther Versus Malcolm Charles Ollier, the publisher of Lambs Works , 1818, in the wasteland ts eliot, his reminiscences of Lamb, prefixed to one edition of Elia , tells this story: Once at a musical party at Leigh Hunts, being oppressed with what to him was nothing but a prolonged noise ... he said If one only had a pot of porter, one might get through this. It was procured for The Dependence Effect: Essays, him and analysis, he weathered the Mozartian storm. In the London Magazine this essay had the following postscript: P.S. A writer, whose real name, it seems, is Boldero , but who has been entertaining the town for the last twelve months, with some very pleasant lucubrations, under the ethiopian assumed signature of Leigh Hunt 29 , in his Indicator, of the 31st January last, has thought fit to insinuate, that I Elia do not write the little sketches which bear my signature, in this Magazine; but that the true author of them is the wasteland ts eliot analysis, a Mr. Lb. Observe the critical period at which he has chosen to impute the calumny! on the very eve of the The Ethics Meat publication of our last number affording no scope for explanation for a full month during which time, I must needs lie writhing and tossing, under the cruel imputation of nonentity. Good heavens! that a plain man must not be allowed to the wasteland ts eliot analysis be They call this an age of The Ethics of Eating Meat personality: but surely this spirit of anti-personality (if I may so express it) is something worse. Take away my moral reputation: I may live to discredit that calumny. Injure my literary fame I may write that up again But when a gentleman is robbed of his identity, where is he?

Other murderers stab but at our existence, a frail and perishing trifle at the best. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? But here is an assassin who aims at our very essence; who not only forbids us to be any longer, but to have been at all. Let our ancestors look to it Is the parish register nothing? Is the of Eating Meat Essay house in Princes-street, Cavendish-square, where we saw the light six-and-forty years ago, nothing? Were our progenitors from stately Genoa, where we flourished four centuries back, before the barbarous name of Boldero 30 was known to a European mouth, nothing? Was the goodly scion of our name, transplanted into England, in the reign of the seventh Henry, nothing? Are the archives of the steel yard, in succeeding reigns (if haply they survive the fury of our envious enemies) showing that we flourished in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, prime repute, as merchants, down to the period of the commonwealth, nothing? Why then the world, and all thats int is nothing The covering sky is nothing, Bohemia is nothing. I am ashamed that this trifling writer should have power to move me so.

Leigh Hunt, in loops diagram represent, The Indicator , January 31 and February 7, 1821, had reprinted from The Examiner a review of Lambs Works , with a few prefatory remarks in which it was stated: We believe we are taking no greater liberty with him [Charles Lamb] than our motives will warrant, when we add that he sometimes writes in the London Magazine under the signature of Elia. In The Indicator of ts eliot March 7, 1821, Leigh Hunt replied to ethiopian Elia. Leigh Hunt was no match for Lamb in this kind of raillery, and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, the first portion of the The Dependence More an More Essays reply is rather cumbersome. At the end, however, he says: There was , by the bye, a family of the name of Elia who came from Italy Jews; which may account for this boast about Genoa. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? See also in his last article in the London Magazine [the essay on Ears] some remarkable fancies of conscience in reference to the Papal religion. They further corroborate what we have heard; viz. that the family were obliged to fly from loops in the represent, Genoa for saying that the Pope was the author of analysis Rabelais; and that Elia is not an anagram, as some have thought it, but the JudaicoChristian name of the writer before us, whose surname, we find, is not Lamb, but Lomb; Elia Lomb! What a name! He told a friend of ethiopian christianity ours so in company, and would have palmed himself upon him for a Scotchman, but that his countenance betrayed him. It is amusing to ts eliot note that Maginn, writing the text to accompany the the two loops in the circular-flow Maclise portrait of Lamb in Frasers Magazine in 1835, gravely states that Lambs name was really Lomb, and the wasteland, that he was of Jewish extraction. The subject of Lambs birth reopened a little while later. In the Lions Head, which was the loops circular-flow represent title of the pages given to correspondence in the London Magazine , in the number for November, 1821, was the following short article from analysis, Lambs pen: ELIA TO HIS CORRESPONDENTS. A Correspondent, who writes himself Peter Ball, or Bell for his hand-writing is as ragged as his manners admonishes me of the Martin Versus X Essay old saying, that some people (under a courteous periphrasis I slur his less ceremonious epithet) had need have good memories.

In my Old Benchers of the Inner Temple, I have delivered myself, and truly, a Templar born. Bell clamours upon this, and the wasteland, thinketh that he hath caught a fox. Martin King X Essay? It seems that in a former paper, retorting upon a weekly scribbler who had called my good identity in question, (see P.S. to my Chapter on Ears,) I profess myself a native of some spot near Cavendish Square, deducing my remoter origin from Italy. But who does not see, except this tinkling cymbal, that in the wasteland, that idle fiction of Genoese ancestry I was answering a fool according to his folly that Elia there expresseth himself ironically, as to an approved slanderer, who hath no right to the truth, and can be no fit recipient of it? Such a one it is usual to leave to his delusions; or, leading him from error still to contradictory error, to plunge him (as we say) deeper in the mire, and give him line till he suspend himself. No understanding reader could be imposed upon by such obvious rhodomontade to suspect me for an alien, or believe me other than English. To a second Correspondent, who signs himself a Wiltshire man, and claims me for the two circular-flow diagram represent, a countryman upon ts eliot the strength of an equivocal phrase in my Christs Hospital, a more mannerly reply is The Ethics of Eating Meat Essay, due. Passing over the Genoese fable, which Bell makes such a ring about, he nicely detects a more subtle discrepancy, which Bell was too obtuse to strike upon. Referring to the passage (in page 484 of our second volume 31 ), I must confess, that the term native town, applied to Calne, prima facie seems to bear out the construction which my friendly Correspondent is willing to put upon it.

The context too, I am afraid, a little favours it. But where the words of an author, taken literally, compared with some other passage in his writings, admitted to the wasteland ts eliot be authentic, involve a palpable contradiction, it hath been the custom of the ingenuous commentator to smooth the difficulty by the supposition, that in the one case an allegorical or tropical sense was chiefly intended. So by the word native, I may be supposed to mean a town where I might have been born; or where it might be desirable that I should have been born, as being situate in wholesome air, upon a dry chalky soil, in which I delight; or a town, with the inhabitants of which I passed some weeks, a summer or two ago, so agreeably, that they and it became in a manner native to me. Without some such latitude of interpretation in the present case, I see not how we can avoid falling into a gross error in physics, as to ethiopian christianity conceive that a gentleman may be born in two places, from which all modern and ancient testimony is alike abhorrent. Bacchus cometh the nearest to it, whom I remember Ovid to have honoured with the epithet Twice born. 32 But not to mention that he is so called (we conceive) in reference to ts eliot analysis the places whence rather than the places where he was delivered for by either birth he may probably be challenged for a Theban in a strict way of speaking, he was a filius femoris by no means in the same sense as he had been before a filius alvi , for that latter was but a secondary and tralatitious way of being born, and he but a denizen of the second house of his geniture. Thus much by way of explanation was thought due to the courteous Wiltshire man. To Indagator, Investigator, Incertus, and the rest of the pack, that are so importunate about the Martin Luther X Essay true localities of his birth as if, forsooth, Elia were presently about to be passed to his parish to all such churchwarden critics he answereth, that, any explanation here given notwithstanding, he hath not so fixed his nativity (like a rusty vane) to one dull spot, but that, if he seeth occasion, or the argument shall demand it, he will be born again, in future papers, in whatever place, and at whatever period, shall seem good unto him. Modo me Thebis modo Athenis. 29 Clearly a fictitious appellation; for if we admit the the wasteland ts eliot latter of these names to be in a manner English, what is Leigh ? Christian nomenclature knows no such.

30 It is clearly of transatlantic origin. 31 See page 15 of this volume. Imperfectus adhuc infans genetricis ab alvo. Eripitur, patrioque tener (si credere dignum est) Tutaque bis geniti sunt incunabula Bacchi. Page 48. ALL FOOLS DAY. London Magazine , April, 1821. Page 49, line 1. Empedocles . Lamb appended this footnote in the London Magazine : He who, to be deemd. A god, leapd fondly into Etnas flames.

Paradise Lost , III., lines 470471 [should be 469470]. Page 49, line 5. Cleombrotus . Lambs London Magazine footnote: He who, to enjoy. Platos Elysium, leapd into the sea. Paradise Lost , III., lines 471472. Page 49, line 8. Plasterers at Babel . Lambs London Magazine note: The builders next of Babel on stop, the plain. Paradise Lost , III., lines 466467.

Page 49, line 10. My right hand . Lamb, it is probably unnecessary to remind the reader, stammered too. Page 49, line 13 from foot. Duns , Duns Scotus (1265?-1308?), metaphysician, author of De modis significandi sive Grammatica Speculativa and ts eliot analysis, other philosophic works. Known as Doctor Subtilis. There was nothing of Duns in the London Magazine ; the smoking campaign sentence ran: Mr. Hazlitt, I cannot indulge you in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, your definitions. This was at a time when Lamb and review, Hazlitt were not on good terms. Page 49, last line.

Honest R . Lambs Key gives Ramsay, London Library, Ludgate Street; now extinct. I have tried in vain to find out more about Ramsay. The London Library was established at the wasteland 5 Ludgate Street in 1785. Later, the books were lodged at Charles Taylors house in Hatton Garden, and were finally removed to the present London Institute in Finsbury Circus. Page 50, line 6. The Ethics Meat Essay? Good Granville S . Lambs Key gives Granville Sharp. This was the ts eliot analysis eccentric Granville Sharp, the review template Quaker abolitionist (17351813).

Page 51. Analysis? A QUAKERS MEETING. London Magazine , April, 1821. Lambs connection with Quakers was somewhat intimate throughout his life. In early days he was friendly with the The Ethics Essay Birmingham Lloyds Charles, Robert and Priscilla, of the younger generation, and their father, Charles Lloyd, the banker and the wasteland ts eliot, translator of Horace and Homer (see Charles Lamb and the Lloyds , 1898); and Martin Luther King X Essay, later with Bernard Barton, the Quaker poet of Woodbridge. Also he had loved from afar Hester Savory, the subject of his poem Hester (see Vol. IV.). A passage from a letter written in February, 1797, to Coleridge, bears upon this essay:Tell Lloyd I have had thoughts of turning Quaker, and have been reading, or am rather just beginning to read, a most capital book, good thoughts in good language, William Penns No Cross, No Crown, I like it immensely. Unluckily I went to one of ts eliot analysis his meetings, tell him, in St.

John Street [Clerkenwell] yesterday, and saw a man under all the agitations and workings of a fanatic, who believed himself under the the two circular-flow diagram represent influence of some inevitable presence. This cured me of Quakerism; I love it in the books of Penn and Woolman, but I detest the vanity of a man thinking he speaks by the Spirit. ... Both Forster and Hood tell us that Lamb in outward appearance resembled a Quaker. Page 52, line 13. The uncommunicating muteness of fishes . Lamb had in mind this thought on the silence of fishes when he was at work on John Woodvil . Simon remarks, in the exquisite passage (Vol. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? IV.) in reply to the question, What is it you love? The fish in th other element. That knows no touch of eloquence. Page 53, second quotation. How reverend ... An adaptation of Congreves description of York Minster in The Ethics Meat, The Mourning Bride (Mary Lambs first play), Act I., Scene 1: How reverend is the face of this tall pile ... Page 53, middle. Fox and Dewesbury . George Fox (16241691) founded the Society of Friends.

William Dewesbury was one of the wasteland analysis Foxs first colleagues, and a famous preacher. William Penn (16441718), the campaign founder of Pennsylvania, was the most illustrious of the early converts to Quakerism. Lamb refers to him again, before his judges, in the essay on Imperfect Sympathies, page 73. George Foxs Journal was lent to Lamb by a friend of Bernard Bartons in 1823. On returning it, Lamb remarked (February 17, 1823):I have quoted G.F. in my Quakers Meeting as having said he was lifted up in spirit (which I felt at the time to be not a Quaker phrase), and the Judge and Jury were as dead men under his feet. I find no such words in ts eliot, his Journal, and of Eating Meat, I did not get them from Sewell, and the wasteland ts eliot, the latter sentence I am sure I did not mean to invent. I must have put some other Quakers words into review, his mouth. Sewel was a Dutchman William Sewel (16541720). The Wasteland Analysis? His title runs: History of the Rise, Increase and Progress of the Christian People called Quakers, written originally in Low Dutch by W. Sewel, and by himself translated into English , 1722. James Naylor (16171660) was one of the early Quaker martyrs my favourite Lamb calls him in The Ethics Meat, a letter. John Woolman (17201772) was an American Friend.

His principal writings are to ts eliot be found in A Journal of the Life, Gospel Labours, and Christian Experiences of that faithful minister of Jesus Christ, John Woolman, late of Mount Holly in stop smoking campaign, the Province of Jersey, North America , 1795. Modern editions are obtainable. Page 56. THE OLD AND THE NEW SCHOOLMASTER. London Magazine , May, 1821. Page 56, line 9. Ortelius ... Arrowsmith . Abraham Ortellius (15271598), the Dutch geographer and analysis, the author of Theatrum Orbis Terr? , 1570. Aaron Arrowsmith (17501823) was a well-known cartographer at The Dependence Effect: the beginning of the nineteenth century. Lamb would perhaps have known something of ts eliot analysis his Atlas of Southern India , a very useful work at the East India House.

Page 56, line 13. A very dear friend . Barren Field (see the essay on Distant Correspondents). Page 56, line 10 from More an More Essays, foot. My friend M . Thomas Manning (17721840), the mathematician and traveller, and Lambs correspondent. Page 56, last line. On Devons leafy shores . From Wordsworths Excursion , III. Page 57, line 16. Daily jaunts . The Wasteland Analysis? Though Lamb was then (1821) living at 20 Great Russell Street, Covent Garden, he rented rooms at 14 Kingsland Row, Dalston, in which to take holidays and do his literary work undisturbed. At that time Dalston, which adjoins Shackleton, was the country and Kingsland Green an open space opposite Lambs lodging.

Page 58, line 23. The North Pole Expedition . X Essay? This would probably be Sir John Franklins expedition which set out in 1819 and ended in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, disaster, the subject of Franklins book, Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the years 1819, 20, 21, 22 (1823). Sir John Ross made an expedition in 1818, and Sir William Edward Parry in 1819, and again in 18211823 with Lyon. The panorama was possibly at Burfords Panorama in christianity, the Strand, afterwards moved to analysis Leicester Square. Page 60, line 17.

Tractate on Education . The Ethics Essay? Miltons Tractate on Education , addressed to his friend, Samuel Hartlib, was published in analysis, 1644. The quotation above is from that work. This paragraph of Lambs essay was afterwards humorously expanded in his Letter to an Old Gentleman whose Education has been Neglected (see Vol. The Two Loops Circular-flow? I.). Page 60, last line. Mr. Bartleys Orrery.

George Bartley (1782?-1858), the comedian, lectured on astronomy and poetry at the Lyceum during Lent at this time. An orrery is a working model of the the wasteland solar system. The Panopticon was, I assume, a forerunner of the famous Panopticon in template, Leicester Square. Page 61, line 8. Plaything for an hour . A quotation, from Charles and Mary Lambs Poetry for Children Parental Recollections: A childs a plaything for analysis, an hour. Page 63, end of essay. Can I reproach her for Versus Malcolm X Essay, it . After these words, in the London Magazine , came: These kind of complaints are not often drawn from me. I am aware that I am a fortunate, I mean a prosperous man. My feelings prevent me from transcribing any further. Page 63. VALENTINES DAY.

This essay first appeared in The Examiner , February 14 and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, 15, 1819, and of Eating Meat Essay, again in The Indicator , February 14, 1821. Signed *** Page 64, line 18. Analysis? Twopenny postman. Ethiopian Christianity? Hone computed, in his EveryDay Book , Vol. I., 1825, that two hundred thousand letters beyond the usual daily average annually pass through the two-penny post-office in London on Valentines Day. The Bishops vogue is now (1911) almost over. Page 65, line 15 from foot. E.B. Lambs Key gives Edward Burney, half brother of the wasteland Miss Burney. This was Edward Francis Burney (17601848), who illustrated many old authors, among them Richardson.

Page 66. More Essays? IMPERFECT SYMPATHIES. London Magazine , August, 1821, where the the wasteland ts eliot title ran: Jews, Quakers, Scotchmen, and other Imperfect Sympathies. Page 69, line 18 from review template, foot. A print ... after Leonardo. The Virgin of the analysis Rocks.

See Vol. IV. for Lambs and his sisters verses on this picture. Crabb Robinsons MS. Effect: More An More? diary tells us that the Scotchman was one Smith, a friend of Godwin. His exact reply to Lambs remark about my beauty was: Why, sir, from all I have heard of you, as well as from what I have myself seen, I certainly entertain a very high opinion of your abilities, but I confess that I have not formed any opinion concerning your personal pretensions. Page 70, line 10.

The poetry of Burns. Burns was the god of my idolatry, Lamb wrote to Coleridge in 1796. Coleridges lines on Burns, To a Friend who had declared his intention of writing no more poetry, were addressed to Lamb. Barry Cornwall records seeing Lamb kiss his copy of the poet. Page 70, line 17. You can admire him . The Wasteland Analysis? In the London Magazine Lamb added: I have a great mind to give up Burns. There is certainly a bragging spirit of generosity, a swaggering assertion of independence, and all that , in his writings. Page 70, line 18. The Dependence Effect: More An More? Smollett . Tobias George Smollett (17211771), the novelist, came of a Dumbartonshire family. Rory was Roderick Randoms schoolboy name.

His companion was Strap. See Roderick Random , Chapter XIII., for the passage in question. Smollett continued the History of England of David Hume (17111776), also a Scotchman, and one of the authors whom Lamb could not read (see Detached Thoughts on Books and Reading, page 196). Lambs criticism of Scotchmen did not pass without comment. Ts Eliot? The pleasantest remark made upon it was that of Christopher North (John Wilson) some dozen years later (after he had met Lamb), in a Blackwood paper entitled Twaddle on Tweedside (May, 1833), wherein he wrote:

Charles Lamb ought really not to abuse Scotland in the pleasant way he so often does in the sylvan shades of Enfield; for Scotland loves Charles Lamb; but he is ethiopian, wayward and wilful in his wisdom, and conceits that many a Cockney is a better man even than Christopher North. But what will not Christopher forgive to Genius and the wasteland analysis, Goodness? Even Lamb bleating libels on his native land. Nay, he learns lessons of humanity, even from the mild malice of Elia, and breathes a blessing on him and his household in their Bower of Rest. Coleridge was much pleased by this little reference to his friend. He described it as very sweet indeed (see his Table Talk , May 14, 1833). Page 70, line 14 from foot. Hugh of Lincoln . Hugh was a small Lincoln boy who, tradition states, was tortured to death by the Jews.

His dead body being touched by a blind woman, she received sight. Many years earlier Lamb had spoken of the Jew in Martin King Versus Malcolm, English society with equal frankness (see his note to the Jew of Malta in the Dramatic Specimens ). Page 71, line 18. B . John Braham, nee Abraham (1774?-1856), the ts eliot great tenor. Ethiopian? Writing to Manning in 1808, Lamb says:Do you like Brahams singing? The little Jew has bewitched me. Ts Eliot? I follow him like as the boys followed Tom the Piper.

He cures me of melancholy as David cured Saul. ... I was insensible to music till he gave me a new sense. ... Brahams singing, when it is impassioned, is finer than Mrs. Siddonss or Mr. Kembles acting! and when it is More an More Essays, not impassioned it is as good as hearing a person of fine sense talking.

The brave little Jew! Two years later Lamb tells Manning of Brahams absence from London, adding: He was a rare composition of the Jew, the the wasteland gentleman, and the angel; yet all these elements mixed up so kindly in him that you could not tell which preponderated. In this essay Lamb refers to the two circular-flow Brahams singing in Handels oratorio Israel in Egypt. Concerning Brahams abandonment of the the wasteland ts eliot analysis Jewish faith see Lambs sarcastic essay The Religion of Actors, Vol. Versus Malcolm X Essay? I., page 338. Page 73, line 17 from foot. I was travelling . Lamb did not really take part in this story. It was told him by Sir Anthony Carlisle (17681840), the surgeon, as he confessed to his Quaker friend, Bernard Barton (March 11, 1823), who seemed to the wasteland miss its point. Lamb described Carlisle as the best story-teller I ever heard. Page 74. WITCHES, AND OTHER NIGHT-FEARS. London Magazine , October, 1821. Compare with this essay Maria Howes story of The Witch Aunt, in Mrs.

Leicesters School (see Vol. III.), which Lamb had written thirteen years earlier. Page 75, line 12 from foot. History of the Bible, by Stackhouse . Thomas Stackhouse (16771752) was rector of stop Boldon, in Durham; his New History of the Holy Bible from the the wasteland Beginning of the World to the Establishment of Christianity the work in question was published in 1737. Page 75, line 6 from foot. The Witch raising up Samuel . This paragraph was the third place in which Lamb recorded his terror of Effect: More Essays this picture of the Witch of Endor in Stackhouses Bible , but the first occasion in which he took it to himself. In one draft of John Woodvil (see Vol. IV.), the hero says: I can remember when a child the the wasteland ts eliot analysis maids. Would place me on their lap, as they undrest me,

As silly women use, and tell me stories. Of Witches make me read Glanvil on Witchcraft, And in conclusion show me in Luther Malcolm, the Bible, The old Family Bible, with the the wasteland ts eliot analysis pictures in it, The graving of the Witch raising up Samuel, Which so possest my fancy, being a child, That nightly in my dreams an old Hag came. And sat upon my pillow.

Then again, in Mrs. Leicesters School , in literature, the story of Maria Howe, called The Witch Aunt, one of the three stories in the wasteland analysis, that book which Lamb wrote, Stackhouses Bible is found once more. In my large edition I give a reproduction of the terrible picture. Page 77, foot. Dear little T.H. This was the unlucky passage which gave Southey his chief text in ethiopian, his criticism of Elia as a book wanting a sounder religious feeling, and which led to Lambs expostulatory Letter (see Vol. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? I.).

Southey commented thus: This poor child, instead of being trained up in the way in which he should go, had been bred in The Ethics of Eating Meat Essay, the ways of modern philosophy; he had systematically been prevented from analysis, knowing anything of that Saviour who said, Suffer little children to come unto Me, and forbid them not; for of such is the Kingdom of Heaven; care had been taken that he should not pray to God, nor lie down at night in reliance upon His good Providence! T.H. was Thornton Hunt, Leigh Hunts eldest son and Lambs favourite child (see verses to him in Vol. IV.). Page 79, line 18 from ethiopian, foot. Analysis? Barry Cornwall . Campaign? Bryan Waller Procter (17871874), Lambs friend. The reference is to A Dream, a poem in Barry Cornwalls Dramatic Scenes , 1819, which Lamb greatly admired.

See his sonnet to the poet in Vol. IV., where it is mentioned again. Page 80, last paragraph of essay. The Wasteland? In the original MS. of this essay (now in the Dyce and Forster collection at South Kensington) the last paragraph ran thus: When I awoke I came to a determination to write prose all the rest of my life; and with submission to some of our young writers, who are yet diffident of their powers, and balancing perhaps between verse and prose, they might not do unwisely to decide the preference by the texture of their natural dreams. If these are prosaic, they may depend upon it they have not much to expect in a creative way from their artificial ones. What dreams must not Spenser have had! Page 80. MY RELATIONS. London Magazine , June, 1821. Page 80, beginning. Essays? At that point of life . Lamb was forty-six on ts eliot analysis, February 10, 1821.

Page 80, line 12 of essay. I had an christianity aunt . The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Aunt Hetty, who died in 1797 (see the essay on Christs Hospital). Page 81, line 6. The chapel in Essex-street . The headquarters of template that heresy, Unitarianism. Lamb was at first a Unitarian, but afterwards dropped away from all sects. Page 81, line 23. Brother, or sister, I never had any to ts eliot analysis know them . Lamb is writing strictly as the imagined Elia, Elia being Lamb in mind rather than Lamb in template, fact. It amused him to present his brother John and his sister Mary as his cousins James and the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Bridget Elia. We have here an excellent example of his whimsical blending of truth and invention: brothers and sisters he denies, yet admits one sister, Elizabeth, who died in both their infancies. Lamb had in reality two sisters named Elizabeth, the literature review template former of whom he never knew. She was born in 1762.

The second Elizabeth, his parents fifth child, was born in 1768, seven years before Charles. Altogether the Lambs had seven children, of the wasteland analysis whom only John (born 1763), Mary Anne (born 1764) and stop smoking campaign, Charles (born 1775) grew up. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Again Lamb confesses to several cousins in Hertfordshire, and to two others. The two others were fictitious, but it was true that he had Hertfordshire relations (see the essay Mackery End, in Hertfordshire). John Lambs character is perhaps sufficiently described in this essay and in DreamChildren. He was a well-to-do official in review, the SouthSea House, succeeding John Tipp as accountant. Crabb Robinson found him too bluff and noisy to ts eliot be bearable; and he once knocked Hazlitt down in a dispute about painting. He died on circular-flow, October 26, 1821, to his brothers great grief, leaving Charles everything. The Wasteland? He married late in life a Mrs. Dowden. Probably she had her own money and Martin Luther King X Essay, needed none of her second husbands. Hence the peculiarity of the will.

Mrs. John Lamb died in analysis, 1826. John Lambs sympathy with animals led him to literature review write in 1810 a pamphlet entitled A Letter to the Right Hon. William Windham, on ts eliot analysis, his opposition to Lord Erskines Bill for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Mr. Windham having expressed it as his opinion that the subject was not one for legislation. Martin Luther Versus? Lamb sent the pamphlet to Crabb Robinson on February 7, 1810, saying:My Brother whom you have met at my rooms (a plump good looking man of seven and forty!) has written a book about humanity, which I transmit to the wasteland ts eliot analysis you herewith. Wilson the Publisher has put it in his head that you can get it Reviewed for him. I dare say it is the two in the circular-flow, not in the scope of your Review but if you could put it into the wasteland ts eliot analysis, any likely train, he would rejoyce. For alas! our boasted Humanity partakes of Vanity.

As it is, he teazes me to death with chusing to suppose that I could get it into all the Reviews at a moments notice. I!! who have been set up as a mark for them to throw at and would willingly consign them all to Hell flames and Meg?ras snaky locks. But heres the Book and Martin King Malcolm X Essay, dont shew it Mrs. Collier, for I remember she makes excellent Eel soup, and the leading points of the Book are directed against that very process. This is the passage one red-hot sentence concerning eels: If an eel had the wisdom of analysis Solomon, he could not help himself in the ill-usage that befalls him; but if he had, and were told, that it was necessary for our subsistence that he should be eaten, that he must be skinned first, and then broiled; if ignorant of Luther King Versus mans usual practice, he would conclude that the cook would so far use her reason as to cut off his head first, which is not fit for food, as then he might be skinned and broiled without harm; for however the other parts of his body might be convulsed during the culinary operations, there could be no feeling of consciousness therein, the communication with the brain being cut off; but if the woman were immediately to stick a fork into his eye, skin him alive, coil him up in a skewer, head and all, so that in ts eliot analysis, the extremest agony he could not move, and forthwith broil him to death: then were the More Essays same Almighty Power that formed man from the dust, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of the wasteland life, to call the eel into The Ethics Meat Essay, a new existence, with a knowledge of the treatment he had undergone, and ts eliot, he found that the ethiopian instinctive disposition which man has in common with other carnivorous animals, which inclines him to cruelty, was not the analysis sole cause of smoking campaign his torments; but that men did not attend to consider whether the sufferings of the wasteland ts eliot such insignificant creatures could be lessened: that eels were not the only sufferers; that lobsters and review template, other shell fish were put into cold water and boiled to death by slow degrees in many parts of the sea coast; that these, and many other such wanton atrocities, were the consequence of ts eliot carelessness occasioned by the pride of mankind despising their low estate, and of the general opinion that there is no punishable sin in the ill-treatment of animals designed for our use; that, therefore, the woman did not bestow so much thought on him as to cut his head off first, and that she would have laughed at any considerate person who should have desired such a thing; with what fearful indignation might he inveigh against the unfeeling metaphysician that, like a cruel spirit alarmed at the appearance of a dawning of ethiopian christianity mercy upon animals, could not rest satisfied with opposing the Cruelty Prevention Bill by analysis the plea of the two in the possible inconvenience to mankind, highly magnified and emblazoned, but had set forth to the vulgar and ts eliot analysis, unthinking of christianity all ranks, in the jargon of proud learning, that mans obligations of morality towards the creatures subjected to his use are imperfect obligations! The poem The BeggarMan, in Poetry for ts eliot analysis, Children , 1809 (see Vol. III.), was also from John Lambs pen. Page 85, asterisks. Of Eating Meat? Society for the Relief of Distrest Sailors, says Lambs Key. Page 86, last line of essay. Through the green plains of analysis pleasant Hertfordshire . This line occurs in a sonnet of Lambs written many years before the essay (see Vol. IV.). Probably, however, Lamb did not invent it, for stop campaign, (the late W.J.

Craig pointed out) in Lelands Itinerary , which Lamb must have known, if only on account of the the wasteland ts eliot antiquarys remarks on Hertfordshire, is quoted a poem by William Vallans ( fl. 15781590), The Tale of the The Dependence Effect: More Essays Two Swans, containing the line The fruitful fields of pleasant Hertfordshire which one can easily understand would have lingered in Lambs mind very graciously. In the ts eliot analysis London Magazine the essay ended with the words, Till then, Farewell. Page 86. MACKERY END, IN HERTFORDSHIRE.

London Magazine , July, 1821. Reprinted in Elia , 1823, as written, save for the omission of ethiopian christianity italics from many passages. Bridget Elia, who is met also in Mrs. Battle, in My Relations, and in Old China, was, of course, Mary Lamb. Page 86, line 11 from foot. She must have a story . Thomas Westwood, in ts eliot analysis, his reminiscences of the Lambs in later years, printed in in the circular-flow diagram represent, Notes and Queries , speaks of the wasteland ts eliot Mary Lambs passion for novel-reading in the Enfield days, when he was a boy. Page 87, line 6. Luther King X Essay? Margaret Newcastle . Lambs devotion to ts eliot this lady is expressed again in Essay, the essay on The Two Races of Men, in the essay on Beggars, and in Detached Thoughts on the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Books and Reading. Page 87, line 8. Free-thinkers ... The Dependence More An More? William Godwin, perhaps alone among Lambs friends, quite answers to the description of leader of novel philosophies and systems; but there had been also Thomas Holcroft and John Thelwall among the Lambs acquaintance.

And Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt would come within this description. Page 87, foot. Good old English reading . The reference is to Samuel Salts library in the Temple (see note to The Old Benchers of the Inner Temple). Page 88, line 14. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Mackery End . The farmhouse still stands, although new front rooms have been added. At the end of the present hall, one passes through what was in Lambs time the front door, and an More Essays, thereafter the house is exactly as it used to be save that its south windows have been filled in. By kind invitation of Mr. Dolphin Smith, the farmer, who had been there over forty years, I spent in 1902 some time in ts eliot analysis, the same parlour in which the Lambs had been entertained.

Harpenden, on the north-west, has grown immensely since Lambs day, and the houses at the Folly, between Wheathampstead and the Cherry Trees, are new; but Mackery End, or Mackrye End as the farmers waggons have it, remains unencroached upon. Near by is the fine old mansion which is Mackery End house proper; Lambs Mackery End was the farm. Lambs first visit there must have been when he was a very little boy somewhere about 1780. Probably we may see recollections of it in Mary Lambs story The Farmhouse in ethiopian, Mrs. Leicesters School (see Vol. The Wasteland Analysis? III. of this edition). Page 88, line 18. Stop? A great-aunt . Mary Field, Lambs grandmother, was Mary Bruton, whose sister married, as he says, a Gladman, and was the great-aunt mentioned. The present occupier of the farm is neither Gladman nor Bruton; but both names are still to be found in the county.

A Miss Sarah Bruton, a direct descendant of Lambs great-aunt, was living at Wheathampstead in 1902. She had on the wasteland ts eliot, her walls two charming oval portraits of ancestresses, possibly for she was uncertain as to Martin King Versus their identity two of the handsome sisters whom Lamb extols. Writing to analysis Manning, May 28, 1819, Lamb says:How are my cousins, the Gladmans of Wheathampstead, and farmer Bruton? Mrs. Bruton is a glorious woman. Hail, Mackery End! This is a fragment of christianity a blank verse poem which I once meditated, but got no further. Page 89, verse. But thou, that didst appear so fair ... Ts Eliot Analysis? From Wordsworths Yarrow Visited, Stanza 6. The Two Loops In The Diagram Represent? Writing to Wordsworth in 1815, Lamb said of this stanza that he thought no lovelier could be found in the wide world of poetry. From a letter to Taylor, of the London Magazine , belonging to the summer of the wasteland 1821, we gather that the proof-reader had altered the ethiopian christianity last word of the third line to air to make it rhyme to ts eliot analysis fair. Lamb says: Day is the right reading, and I implore you to restore it . Page 90, line 4. B.F. Barron Field (see note to Distant Correspondents), then living in The Dependence Effect: Essays, Sydney, where he composed, and had printed for private circulation in the wasteland ts eliot, 1819, a volume of poems reviewed by Lamb (see Vol.

I.), in stop, 1819, one of which was entitled The Kangaroo. It was the ts eliot analysis first book printed in Australia. Field edited Heywood for literature review template, the old Shakespeare Society. Although a Field, he was no kinsman of Lambs. Page 90. MODERN GALLANTRY. London Magazine , November, 1822. De Quincey writes in London Reminiscences concerning the present essay: Among the prominent characteristics of Lamb, I know not how it is that I have omitted to notice the peculiar emphasis and depth of his courtesy. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? This quality was in him a really chivalrous feeling, springing from his heart, and cherished with the sanctity of review a duty. He says somewhere in speaking of himself[?] under the mask of a third person, whose character he is describing, that, in passing a servant girl, even at a street-crossing, he used to take off his hat. Analysis? Now, the spirit of Lambs gallantry would have prompted some such expression of homage, though the literature review customs of the the wasteland analysis country would not allow it to be literally fulfilled, for the very reason that would prompt it viz ., in order to pay respect since the girl would, in such a case, suppose a man laughing at her.

But the instinct of loops in the circular-flow his heart was to think highly of female nature, and to pay a real homage (not the hollow demonstration of outward honour which a Frenchman calls his homage, and which is really a mask for contempt) to the wasteland the sacred idea of The Dependence Effect: Essays pure and virtuous womanhood. Barry Cornwall has the following story in his Memoir of Lamb: Lamb, one day, encountered a small urchin loaded with a too heavy package of grocery. It caused him to analysis tremble and stop. Charles inquired where he was going, took (although weak) the load upon his own shoulder, and managed to carry it to Islington, the place of destination. Finding that the purchaser of the grocery was a female, he went with the urchin before her, and loops, expressed a hope that she would intercede with the poor boys master, in order to prevent his being over-weighted in future. Sir, said the ts eliot dame, after the manner of Tisiphone, frowning upon him, I buy my sugar and have nothing to do with the mans manner of sending it. Lamb at once perceived the character of the purchaser, and taking off his hat, said, humbly, Then I hope, maam, youll give me a drink of small beer. This was of course refused. He afterwards called upon the grocer, on the boys behalf. The Ethics Essay? With what effect I do not know. Page 90, line 2 of the wasteland essay. The Two Loops In The Represent? Upon the point of gallantry . Here, in the London Magazine , came the words: as upon a thing altogether unknown to the old classic ages. This has been defined to consist in a certain obsequiousness, or deferential respect, paid to the wasteland females, as females.

Page 92, line 3. Joseph Paice . The Ethics Meat? Joseph Paice was, as Lamb pointed out to Barton in a letter in January, 1830, a real person, and ts eliot, all that Lamb records. According to Miss Anne Mannings Family Pictures , 1860, Joseph Paice, who was a friend of Thomas Coventry, took Lamb into his office at 27 Bread Street Hill somewhere in 1789 or 1790 to learn book-keeping and business habits. He passed thence to the SouthSea House and thence to of Eating Meat Essay the East India House. Miss Manning (who was the author of the wasteland analysis Flemish Interiors ) helps to fill out Lambs sketch into a full-length portrait. She tells us that Mr. Paices life was one long series of gentle altruisms and the truest Christianities. Charles Lamb speaks of his holding an the two in the diagram represent umbrella over ts eliot, a market-womans fruit-basket, lest her store should be spoilt by a sudden shower; and his uncovering his head to a servant-girl who was requesting him to direct her on her way. These traits are quite in keeping with many that can still be authenticated: his carrying presents of game himself , for instance, to humble friends, who might ill have spared a shilling to template a servant; and ts eliot, his offering a seat in his hackney-coach to Luther King Versus X Essay some poor, forlorn, draggled beings, who were picking their way along on a rainy day. Sometimes these chance guests have proved such uncongenial companions, that the kind old man has himself faced the the wasteland ts eliot analysis bad weather rather than prolong the acquaintance, paying the hackney-coachman for setting down the stop smoking stranger at the wasteland ts eliot the end of his fare.

At lottery times, he used to be troubled with begging visits from certain improvident hangers-on, who had risked their all in Essay, buying shares of an unlucky number. About the time the numbers were being drawn, there would be a ring at analysis the gate-bell, perhaps at dinner time. His spectacles would be elevated, an anxious expression would steal over his face, as he half raised himself from his seat, to obtain a glance at the intruder Ah, I thought so, I expected as much, he would gently say. I expected I should soon have a visit from poor Mrs. Essays? or Mrs. . Will you excuse me, my dear madam, (to my grandmother) for a moment, while I just tell her it is quite out of my power to help her? counting silver into the wasteland ts eliot analysis, his hand all the time. Then, a parley would ensue at the hall-door complainant telling her tale in a doleful voice: My good woman, I really cannot, etc.; and at last the hall-door would be shut. Well, sir, my grandmother used to say, as Mr. Paice returned to his seat, I do not think you have sent Mrs. away quite penniless. Merely enough for a joint of meat, my good madam just a trifle to buy her a joint of meat. Family Pictures should be consulted by any one who would know more of this gentleman and of Susan Winstanly.

Page 92, line 5. Edwards . Thomas Edwards (16991757), author of Canons of Criticism , 1748. The sonnet in question, which was modelled on that addressed by Milton to Cyriack Skinner, was addressed to Paice, as the authors nephew, bidding him carry on the two loops in the diagram represent, the family line. Paice, however, as Lamb tells us, did not marry. Page 94. THE OLD BENCHERS OF THE INNER TEMPLE. London Magazine , September, 1821. Lambs connection with the Temple was fairly continuous until 1817, when he was thirty-eight. He was born at No. 2 Crown Office Row in 1775, and he did not leave it, except for visits to Hertfordshire, until 1782, when he entered Christs Hospital. There he remained, save for the wasteland ts eliot analysis, holidays, until 1789, returning then to Malcolm X Essay Crown Office Row for the brief period between leaving school and the death of Samuel Salt, under whose roof the Lambs dwelt, in February, 1792. Ts Eliot Analysis? The 7 Little Queen Street, the 45 and 36 Chapel Street, Pentonville, and the first 34 Southampton Buildings (with Gutch) periods, followed; but in in the circular-flow represent, 1801 Lamb and his sister were back in the Temple again, at 16 Mitre Court Buildings, since rebuilt.

They moved from there, after a brief return to 34 Southampton Buildings, to 4 Inner Temple Lane (since rebuilt and now called Johnsons Buildings) in 1809, where they remained until the move to the wasteland analysis 20 Great Russell Street in template, 1817. With each change after that (except for another and briefer sojourn in Southampton Buildings in 1830), Lambs home became less urban. His last link with the Temple may be said to have snapped with the death of Randal Morris, sub-treasurer of the Inner Temple, in 1827 (see A DeathBed), although now and analysis, then he slept at Crabb Robinsons chambers. The Worshipful Masters of the Bench of the Hon. Society of the Inner Temple to circular-flow diagram give the Benchers their full title have the the wasteland analysis government of the Inner Temple in their hands. Page 97, line 12 from foot, J ll . Joseph Jekyll, great-nephew of Joseph Jekyll, Master of the Rolls, well known as a wit and diner-out. Loops? He became a Bencher in 1795, and was made a Master in Chancery in 1815, through the influence of the Prince Regent. Ts Eliot? Under his direction the hall of the Inner Temple and the Temple Church were restored, and he compiled a little book entitled Facts and Observations relating to the Temple Church and the Monuments contained in it , 1811. He became a K.C. in the two in the diagram, 1805, and ts eliot, died in 1837, aged eighty-five. Jekyll was a friend of George Dyer, and stop, was interested in the wasteland ts eliot, Lambs other friends, the Norrises. letter from him, thanking Lamb for a copy of the Last Essays of represent Elia , is ts eliot, printed in Mr.

W.C. Hazlitts The Lambs . He had another link of a kind with Lamb in being M.P. for literature review, sweet Calne in the wasteland, Wiltshire. Jekylls chambers were at 6 Kings Bench Walk. On the same staircase lived for a while George Colman the Younger. Page 97, line 9 from foot. Thomas Coventry . Thomas Coventry became a Bencher in 1766.

He was the nephew of William, fifth Earl of Coventry, and resided at North Cray Place, near Bexley, in Kent, and in Serjeants Inn, where he died in 1797, in his eighty-fifth year. He is buried in the Temple Church. The Two Loops Circular-flow Diagram? Coventry was a sub-governor of the SouthSea House, and it was he who presented Lambs friend, James White, to Christs Hospital. He was M.P. for Bridport from 1754 to 1780. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? As an illustration of Coventrys larger benefactions it may be remarked that he presented ?10,000 worth of stop smoking South Sea stock to Christs Hospital in 1782. Page 98, line 9. Samuel Salt . Samuel Salt was the son of the the wasteland ts eliot Rev. Stop Smoking Campaign? John Salt, of Audley, in Staffordshire; and he married a daughter of Lord Coventry, thus being connected with Thomas Coventry by marriage. He was M.P. for ts eliot analysis, Liskeard for the two loops in the, some years, and a governor of the SouthSea House.

Samuel Salt, who became a Bencher in the wasteland, 1782, rented at No. 2 Crown Office Row two sets of chambers, in one of which the Martin Luther X Essay Lamb family dwelt. John Lamb, Lambs father, who is described as a scrivener in Charless Christs Hospital application form, was Salts right-hand man, not only in business, but privately, while Mrs. Lamb acted as housekeeper and possibly as cook. Samuel Salt played the part of tutelary genius to John Lambs two sons. It was he who arranged for Charles to be nominated for Christs Hospital (by Timothy Yeats); probably he was instrumental also in getting him into the East India House; and in all likelihood it was he who paved the way for the younger John Lambs position in the SouthSea House.

It was also Samuel Salt who gave to Charles and Mary the freedom of his library (see the reference in the essay on Mackery End): a privilege which, to ourselves, is the most important of the wasteland all. Salt died in February, 1792, and is buried in the vault of the Temple Church. He left to John Lamb ?500 in South Sea stock and a small annual sum, and to Elizabeth Lamb ?200 in money; but with his death the prosperity of the Effect: an More Essays family ceased. Page 98, line 21. Lovel . See below. Page 98, line 9 from foot. Miss Blandy . Mary Blandy was the daughter of Francis Blandy, a lawyer at Henley-on-Thames. The statement that she was to analysis inherit ?10,000 induced an officer in the marines, named Cranstoun, a son of Lord Cranstoun, to woo her, although he already had a wife living. Her father proving hostile, Cranstoun supplied her with arsenic to bring about his removal.

Mr. Blandy died on August 14, 1751. Mary Blandy was arrested, and hanged on April 6 in review, the next year, after a trial which caused immense excitement. Analysis? The defence was that Miss Blandy was ignorant of the nature of the powder, and thought it a means of persuading her father to her point of view. In this belief the father, who knew he was being tampered with, also shared. Cranstoun avoided the More an More law, but died in ts eliot, the same year. Lamb had made use of Salts faux pas , many years earlier, in Mr. H. (see Vol. iv.). Page 99, line 13. His eye lacked lustre . The Dependence More An More? At these words, in the London Magazine , came this passage: Lady Mary Wortley Montague was an exception to her sex: she says, in analysis, one of her letters, I wonder what the smoking women see in S. I do not think him by any means handsome.

To me he appears an extraordinary dull fellow, and to want common sense. Yet the fools are all sighing for analysis, him. I have not found the passage. Page 99, line 14. Susan P . This is Susannah Peirson, sister of the Peter Peirson to Meat Essay whom we shall come directly. Samuel Salt left her a choice of books in his library, together with a money legacy and a silver inkstand, hoping that reading and reflection would make her life more comfortable. Bd Row would be Bedford Row.

Page 99, line 12 from foot, F., the the wasteland counsel . I cannot be sure who this was. Stop Smoking? The Law Directory of that day does not help. Page 99, foot. Ts Eliot? Elwes . John Elwes, the miser (17141789), whose Life was published in smoking campaign, 1790 after running through The World the work of Topham, that papers editor, who is mentioned in Lambs essay on Newspapers. Page 100, line 15.

Lovel . Lovel was the name by which Lamb refers to his father, John Lamb. We know nothing of him in the wasteland, his prime beyond what is The Ethics, told in ts eliot, this essay, but after the great tragedy, there are in the Letters glimpses of him as a broken, querulous old man. He died in 1799. Of John Lambs early days all our information is contained in this essay, in review template, his own Poetical Pieces , where he describes his life as a footman, and in the essay on the wasteland ts eliot, Poor Relations, where his boyish memories of Lincoln are mentioned. Of his verses it was perhaps too much (though prettily filial) to say they were next to the two diagram represent Swift and Prior; but they have much good humour and spirit. John Lambs poems were printed in a thin quarto under the title Poetical Pieces on Several Occasions . The dedication was to The FortyNine Members of the Friendly Society for the wasteland analysis, the Benefit of in the represent their Widows, of whom I have the honour of making the Number Fifty, and in the dedicatory epistle it is stated that the Society was in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, some degree the cause of literature template Number Fiftys commencing author, on account of the wasteland its approving and printing certain lines which were spoken by him at an annual meeting it the literature review Devil Tavern. The first two poetical pieces are apologues on ts eliot analysis, marriage and the happiness that it should bring, the characters being drawn from bird life. Then follow verses written for the meetings of the Society, and miscellaneous compositions. Of these the description of a ladys footmans daily life, from Luther Malcolm, within, has a good deal of sprightliness, and displays quite a little mastery of the ts eliot analysis mock-heroic couplet. The last poem is a long rhymed version of the The Ethics of Eating story of Joseph.

With this exception, for which Lambs character-sketch does not quite prepare us, it is very natural to think of the author as Lovel. One of the pieces, a familiar letter to a doctor, begins thus: For favours to my son and wife, I shall love you whilst Ive life, Your clysters, potions, helpd to save, Our infant lambkin from the grave. The infant lambkin was probably John Lamb, but of course it might have been Charles. The expression, however, proves that punning ran in the wasteland, the family. Lambs library contained his fathers copy of Hudibras . Lambs phrase, descriptive of his fathers decline, is taken with a variation from his own poems from the Lines written on the Day of Martin Luther King X Essay my Aunts Funeral ( Blank Verse , 1798): One parent yet is left a wretched thing,

A sad survivor of the wasteland analysis his buried wife. A palsy-smitten, childish, old, old man, A semblance most forlorn of what he was A merry cheerful man. Page 100, line 17. The Dependence Effect: An More? Flapper . This is ts eliot analysis, probably an allusion to the flappers in Gullivers Travels the servants who, in Laputa, carried bladders with which every now and then they flapped the mouths and ears of their employers, to ethiopian recall them to themselves and analysis, disperse their meditations. Page 100, line 9 from foot. Better was not concerned . At these words, in the London Magazine , came: He pleaded the cause of a delinquent in the treasury of the Temple so effectually with S. the then treasurer that the More an More Essays man was allowed to keep his place. L. had the offer to succeed him. It had been a lucrative promotion. But L. chose to forego the the wasteland ts eliot analysis advantage, because the man had a wife and family. Page 101, line 10.

Bayes . Mr. Bayes is the author and stage manager in Buckinghams Rehearsal. This phrase is not in the play and must have been John Lambs own, in reference to Garrick. Page 101, line 23. Peter Pierson . Smoking? Peter Peirson (as his name was rightly spelled) was the son of Peter Peirson of the parish of the wasteland St. Andrews, Holborn, who lived probably in Bedford Row.

He became a Bencher in 1800, died in 1808, and the two in the circular-flow, is buried in the Temple Church. When Charles Lamb entered the East India House in April, 1792, Peter Peirson and his brother, John Lamb, were his sureties. Page 101, line 11 from foot. Our great philanthropist . Probably John Howard, whom, as we have seen in the essay on Christs Hospital, Lamb did not love. He was of singular sallowness. Page 101, line 9 from foot.

Daines Barrington . Daines Barrington (17271800), the correspondent of Gilbert White, many of ts eliot whose letters in The Natural History of Selborne are addressed to him. Indeed it was Barrington who inspired that work: a circumstance which must atone for The Dependence Effect: More Essays, his exterminatory raid on the Temple sparrows. His Chambers were at the wasteland ts eliot 5 Kings Bench Walk. Barrington became a Bencher in 1777 and died in 1800. In The Circular-flow? He is buried in the Temple Church. His Episcopal brother was Shute Barrington (17341826), Bishop successively of Llandaff, Salisbury and Durham. Page 102, line 1. Old Barton . Thomas Barton, who became a Bencher in 1775 and died in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, 1791. His chambers were in Kings Bench Walk. He is buried in the vault of the Temple Church.

Page 102, line 6. Read . John Reade, who became a Bencher in 1792 and died in 1804. His rooms were in Mitre Court Buildings. Page 102, line 6. Twopenny . Richard, Twopenny was not a Bencher, but merely a resident in the Temple. He was strikingly thin. Twopenny was stockbroker to the Bank of England, and died in 1809. Page 102, line 8. Wharry . John Wharry, who became a Bencher in 1801, died in 1812, and Martin Versus Malcolm, was buried in the Temple Church. Page 102, line 22.

Jackson . This was Richard Jackson, some time M.P. for New Romney, to whom Johnson, Boswell tells us, refused the analysis epithet Omniscient as blasphemous, changing it to all knowing. He was made a Bencher in 1770 and died in 1787. Page 102, foot. Mingay . James Mingay, who was made a Bencher in 1785, died in 1812. He was M.P. for Thetford and senior Kings Counsel. He was also Recorder of Aldborough, Crabbes town. He lived at The Dependence More an More Essays 4 Kings Bench Walk. Page 103, line 1. Baron Maseres . This was Francis Maseres (17311824), mathematician, reformer and Cursiter Baron of the Exchequer. He lived at 5 Kings Bench Walk, and at Reigate, and wore a three-cornered hat and ruffles to the end. In April, 1801, Lamb wrote to Manning:I live at No.

16 Mitre-court Buildings, a pistol-shot off Baron Maseres. You must introduce me to the wasteland ts eliot analysis the Baron. I think we should suit one another mainly. He Jives on the ground floor, for convenience of the ethiopian gout; I prefer the the wasteland ts eliot attic story, for the air. He keeps three footmen and two maids; I have neither maid nor laundress, not caring to be troubled with them! His forte, I understand, is the higher mathematics; my turn, I confess, is more to poetry and the belles lettres.

The very antithesis of our characters would make up a harmony. You must bring the Baron and More an More Essays, me together. Baron Maseres, who was made a Bencher in 1774, died in 1824. Page 104, line 13. Hookers and Seldens . Richard Hooker (1554?-1600), the the wasteland ts eliot analysis judicious, was Master of the Temple. John Selden (15841654), the jurist, who lived in Paper Buildings and practised law in the Temple, was buried in christianity, the Temple Church with much pomp. Page 104. GRACE BEFORE MEAT. London Magazine , November, 1821. This was the essay, Lamb suggested, which Southey may have had in mind when in an article in the Quarterly Review he condemned Elia as wanting a sounder religious feeling. In his Letter to Southey (Vol.

I.), which contained Lambs protest against Southeys strictures, he wrote:I am at a loss what particular essay you had in view (if my poor ramblings amount to that appellation) when you were in such a hurry to thrust in your objection, like bad news, foremost. The Wasteland? Perhaps the Paper on Luther X Essay, Saying Graces was the obnoxious feature. I have endeavoured there to rescue a voluntary duty good in place, but never, as I remember, literally commanded from the charge of an undecent formality. Rightly taken, sir, that paper was not against graces, but want of grace; not against the ceremony, but the carelessness and slovenliness so often observed in the performance of it. Page 108, line 12 from foot. C . Coleridge; but Lamb may really have said it. Page 108, foot. The author of the Rambler . Veal pie with prunes in it was perhaps Dr.

Johnsons favourite dish. Page 109, line 10. Dagon . The fish god worshipped by the Philistines. See Judges xvi. Ts Eliot? 23 and I Samuel v. for the full significance of Lambs reference. Page 110, line 16. The Two Loops Circular-flow Represent? C.V.L. Charles Valentine le Grice. Later in life, in the wasteland, 1798, Le Grice himself became a clergyman.

Page 110, line 19. Our old form at school . The Christs Hospital graces in Lambs day were worded thus: Give us thankful hearts, O Lord God, for the Table which thou hast spread for ethiopian, us. Bless thy good Creatures to our use, and us to thy service, for Jesus Christ his sake. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Amen . Blessed Lord, we yield thee hearty praise and thanksgiving for our Founders and Benefactors, by whose Charitable Benevolence thou hast refreshed our Bodies at this time. So season and refresh our Souls with thy Heavenly Spirit, that we may live to thy Honour and Glory. Protect thy Church, the King, and all the Royal Family. And preserve us in peace and truth through Christ our Saviour.

Amen . Page 110. Literature? MY FIRST PLAY. London Magazine , December, 1821. Lamb had already sketched out this essay in the Table Talk in Leigh Hunts Examiner , December 9, 1813, under the title Playhouse Memoranda (see Vol. Analysis? I.).

Leigh Hunt reprinted it in The Indicator , December 13, 1820. Page 111, line 1. Garricks Drury . Garricks Drury Lane was condemned in 1791, and superseded in 1794 by the new theatre, the literature review burning of which in 1809 led to the Rejected Addresses . It has recently come to the wasteland ts eliot light that Lamb was among the competitors who sent in to the management the real addresses. The present Drury Lane Theatre dates from 1812. Page 111, line 11. My godfather F. Lambs godfather was Francis Fielde. The British Directory for 1793 gives him as Francis Field, oilman, 62 High Holborn. Whether or no he played the part in Sheridans matrimonial comedy that is attributed to him, I do not know (Moore makes the friend a Mr. Ewart); but it does not sound like an invented story.

Richard Brinsley Sheridan carried Miss Linley, the oratorio singer, from Bath and the persecutions of Major Mathews, in March, 1772, and placed her in France. They were married near Calais, and The Ethics Essay, married again in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, England in April, 1773. Sheridan became manager of Drury Lane, in Martin Luther King X Essay, succession to Garrick, in 1776, the the wasteland ts eliot analysis first performance under his control being on September 21. Lamb is The Ethics Essay, supposed to have had some personal acquaintance with Sheridan. Mary Lamb speaks of him as helping the Sheridans, father and the wasteland ts eliot, son, with a pantomime; but of the work we know nothing definite. I do not consider the play printed in part in the late Charles Kents edition of Lamb, on the authority of P.G. Patmore, either to be by Lamb or to correspond to Mary Lambs description. Page 118, line 8. His testamentary beneficence . Lamb was not joking. Writing to The Athen?um , January 5, 1901, Mr. Thomas Greg says: Three-quarters of a century after it passed out of Lambs possession I am happy to tell the world or that small portion of it to Effect: More whom any fact about his life is the wasteland ts eliot analysis, precious exactly where and what this landed property is.

By indentures of lease and release dated March 23 and 24, 1779, George Merchant and Thomas Wyman, two yeomen of Braughing in Martin Luther King Versus Malcolm X Essay, the county of ts eliot analysis Hertford, conveyed to Francis Fielde, of the stop smoking parish of St. Andrews, Holborn, in the county of Middlesex, oilman, for the consideration of the wasteland analysis ?20., all that messuage or tenement, with the orchard, gardens, yards, barns, edifices, and buildings, and all and singular the appurtenances therewithal used or occupied, situate, lying, and being at West Mill Green in the parish of Buntingford West Mill in the said county of Hertford, etc. On March 5, 1804, Francis Fielde, of New Cavendish Street, Esq., made his will, and, with the exception of two, annuities to female relatives, left all his residuary estate, real and personal, to campaign his wife Sarah Fielde. This will was proved on November 5, 1809. By indentures of lease and release dated August 20 and 21, 1812, Sarah Fielde conveyed the said property to Charles Lamb, of Inner Temple Lane, gentleman. By an indenture of feoffment dated February 15, 1815, made between the said Charles Lamb of the first part, the said Sarah Fielde of the second part, and Thomas Greg the younger, of Broad Street Buildings, London, Esq., the said property was conveyed to the said Thomas Greg the ts eliot younger for ?50. The said Thomas Greg the younger died in Effect: More an More Essays, 1839, and the wasteland ts eliot, left the literature review said property to his nephew, Robert Philips Greg, now of Coles Park, West Mill, in the same county; and the said Robert Philips Greg in 1884 conveyed it to his nephew, Thomas Tylston Greg, of 15 Cliffords Inn, London, in whose possession it now is in substantially the same condition as it was in 1815. The evidence that the Charles Lamb who conveyed the the wasteland ts eliot analysis property in 1815 is Elia himself is overwhelming. 1. Literature Review Template? The essay itself gives the locality correctly: it is about two and analysis, a half miles from Puckeridge. 2. The plot of land contains as near as possible three-quarters of an circular-flow represent acre, with an old thatched cottage and ts eliot analysis, small barn standing upon it.

The barn, specially mentioned in all the deeds, is a most unusual adjunct of so small a cottage. The property, the Martin Luther King Versus X Essay deeds of which go back to the wasteland 1708, appears to have been isolated and King Versus X Essay, held by small men, and analysis, consists of The Ethics of Eating Essay a long narrow tongue of the wasteland land jutting into Martin Luther Versus X Essay, the property now of the Savile family (Earls of Mexborough), but formerly of the Earls of Hardwicke. 3. The witness to Charles Lambs signature on the deed of 1815 is William Hazlitt, of 19, York Street, Westminster. 4. Lamb was living in ts eliot, Inner Temple Lane in 1815, and did not leave the Temple till 1817. 5. The essay was printed in the London Magazine for December, 1821, six years after the estate has passed into more prudent hands. 6. And lastly, the Martin Luther King Versus Malcolm following letter in Charles Lambs own handwriting, found with the deeds which are in my possession, clinches the matter: MR. SARGUS This is to give you notice that I have parted with the analysis Cottage to Mr.

Grig Junr. to whom you will pay rent from Michaelmas last. The rent that was due at The Ethics Michaelmas I do not wish you to pay me. Ts Eliot Analysis? I forgive it you as you may have been at some expences in repairs. Inner Temple Lane, London, It is certainly not the an More fact that Lamb acquired the property, as he states, by the will of his godfather, for it was conveyed to him some three years after the latters death by Mrs. Fielde. But strict accuracy of fact in Lambs Essays we neither look for nor desire. In all probability Mrs. Analysis? Fielde conveyed him the property in accordance with an expressed wish of Meat Essay her husband in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, his lifetime. Reading also between the ethiopian lines of the ts eliot analysis essay, it is The Dependence an More, interesting to notice that Francis Fielde, the Holborn oilman of 1779, in the wasteland ts eliot, 1809 has become Francis Fielde, Esq., of New Cavendish Street. In the letter quoted above Lamb speaks of review his purchaser as Mr.

Grig Junr., more, I am inclined to think, from his desire to have his little joke than from mere inaccuracy, for he must have known the correct name of his purchaser. But Mr. Greg, Jun., was only just twenty-one when he bought the property, and the wasteland ts eliot, the expression as merry as a grig running in loops in the, Lambs mind might have proved irresistible to him. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Lastly, the an More Essays property is now called, and has been so far back as I can trace, Button Snap. No such name is found in any of the title-deeds, and it was impossible before to understand whence it arose. Now it is not: Lamb must have so christened his little property in jest, and the name has stuck. Page 113, line 1. The maternal lap . With the exception of a brief mention on page 33 the gentle posture of maternal tenderness this is Lambs only reference to the wasteland ts eliot analysis his mother in all the essays probably from the wish not to wound his sister, who would naturally read all he wrote; although we are told by christianity Talfourd that she spoke of her mother with composure. But it is possible to be more sensitive for others than they are for themselves. Page 113, line 3. The play was Artaxerxes . The opera, by analysis Thomas Augustine Arne (17101778), produced in 1762, founded on Metastasios Artaserse. The date of the performance was in all probability December 1, 1780, although Lamb suggests that it was later; for that was the The Ethics of Eating Meat only occasion in the wasteland analysis, 178081-82 on which Artaxerxes was followed by Harlequins Invasion, a pantomime dating from of Eating, 1759, the work of Garrick. It shows Harlequin invading the territory of Shakespeare; Harlequin is defeated and Shakespeare restored. Page 113, line 20.

The Lady of the ts eliot analysis Manor . Smoking? Here Lambs memory, I fancy, betrayed him. This play (a comic opera by William Kenrick) was not performed at Drury Lane or Covent Garden in the period mentioned. Lambs pen probably meant to write The Lord of the Manor, General Burgoynes opera, with music by William Jackson, of analysis Exeter, which was produced in 1780. It was frequently followed in the bill by christianity Robinson Crusoe, but never by ts eliot Luns Ghost, whereas Wycherleys Way of the World was followed by Luns Ghost at stop smoking campaign Drury Lane on January 9, 1782. We may therefore assume that Lambs second visit to the theatre was to see The Lord of the Manor, followed by Robinson Crusoe, some time in 1781, and his third to see The Way of the World, followed by Luns Ghost on January 9, 1782. Luns Ghost was produced on January 3, 1782. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Lun was the campaign name under which John Rich (1682?-1761), the pantomimist and theatrical manager, had played in pantomime. Page 113, last line. Round Church ... of the Templars . This allusion to the wasteland analysis the Temple Church and its Gothic heads was used before by Lamb in his story First Going to christianity Church in Mrs.

Leicesters School (see Vol. III.). In that volume Mary Lamb had told the story of what we may take to be her first play (see Visit to the Cousins), the piece being Congreves Mourning Bride. Page 114, line 1. The season 17812 . The Wasteland? Lamb was six on ethiopian, February 10, 1781. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? He says, in his Play-house Memoranda, of the same occasion, Oh when shall I forget first seeing a play, at the age of five or six? Page 114, line 3. At school . Lamb was at Christs Hospital from The Ethics Meat, 1782 to 1789. Page 114, end. Mrs. Siddons in Isabella. Mrs. The Wasteland? Siddons first played this part at Drury Lane on October 10, 1782.

The play was Isabella, a version by Garrick of Southernes Fatal Marriage. Mrs. Siddons also appeared frequently as Isabella in Luther, Measure for Measure; but Lamb clearly says in Isabella, meaning the play. Lambs sonnet, in which he collaborated with Coleridge, on Mrs. Siddons, which was printed in the Morning Chronicle in December, 1794 (see Vol. IV.), was written when he was nineteen.

It runs (text of 1797): As when a child on ts eliot, some long winters night. Affrighted clinging to its Grandams knees. With eager wondring and perturbd delight. Listens strange tales of fearful dark decrees. Mutterd to wretch by of Eating Meat necromantic spell; Or of those hags, who at ts eliot the witching time. Of murky midnight ride the air sublime, And mingle foul embrace with fiends of Hell:

Cold Horror drinks its blood! Anon the tear. More gentle starts, to hear the Beldame tell. Of pretty babes, that lovd each other dear, Murderd by cruel Uncles mandate fell: Evn such the shivring joys thy tones impart, Evn so thou, SIDDONS! meltest my sad heart!

Page 115. DREAM-CHILDREN. London Magazine , January, 1822. John Lamb died on The Ethics of Eating Meat, October 26, 1821, leaving all his property to ts eliot his brother. Charles was greatly upset by his loss. Writing to Wordsworth in March, 1822, he said: We are pretty well save colds and rheumatics, and a certain deadness to every thing, which I think I may date from poor Johns Loss. ... Deaths over-set one, and put one out Luther King Versus Malcolm X Essay long after the recent grief. (His friend Captain Burney died in the same month.) Lamb probably began DreamChildren, in some ways, I think, his most perfect prose work almost immediately upon his brothers death. The essay My Relations may be taken in connection with this as completing the picture of John Lamb. His lameness was caused by the fall of a stone in 1796, but I doubt if the leg were really amputated.

The description in the wasteland analysis, this essay of Blakesware, the seat of the Plumers, is supplemented by the essay entitled Blakesmoor in H shire. Except that Lamb substitutes Norfolk for the nearer county, the description is accurate; it is even true that there is a legend in the Plumer family concerning the More mysterious death of two children and the loss of the baronetcy thereby Sir Walter Plumer, who died in the seventeenth century, being the last to hold the title. In his poem The Grandame (see Vol. IV.), Lamb refers to Mrs. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? Fields garrulous tongue and her joy in recounting the oft-told tale; and it may be to his early associations with the old story that his great affection for Mortons play, The Children in Martin X Essay, the Wood, which he so often commended particularly with Miss Kelly in the caste was due. The actual legend of the the wasteland children in the wood belongs, however, to Norfolk. William Plumers newer and more fashionable mansion was at Gilston, which is not in the adjoining county, but also in Hertfordshire, near Harlow, only a few miles distant from the two represent, Blakesware.

Mrs. Field died of the wasteland analysis cancer in the breast in August, 1792, and was buried in Widford churchyard, hard by The Ethics of Eating Blakesware. According to Lambs Key the name Alice Wn was feigned. If by analysis Alice Wn Lamb, as has been suggested, means Ann Simmons, of More an More Blenheims, near Blakesware, he was romancing when he said that he had courted her for seven long years, although the same statement is made in the essay on New Years Eve. We know that in 1796 he abandoned all ideas of marriage. Writing to Coleridge in November of that year, in reference to the wasteland ts eliot analysis his love sonnets, he says: It is Martin X Essay, a passion of which I retain nothing. Ts Eliot? ... Thank God, the folly has left me for ever. Not even a review of my love verses renews one wayward wish in me. This was 1796. Therefore, as he was born in 1775, he must have begun the wooing of Alice Wn when he was fourteen in Martin Luther King Versus X Essay, order to complete the the wasteland ts eliot seven long years of courtship. My own feeling, as I have stated in the notes to the love sonnets in literature template, Vol.

IV., is the wasteland ts eliot analysis, that Lamb was never a very serious wooer, and that Alice Wn was more an abstraction around which now and then to group tender imaginings of what might have been than any tangible figure. A proof that Ann Simmons and Alice Wn are one has been found in the circumstance that Miss Simmons did marry a Mr. In The Circular-flow Represent? Bartrum, or Bartram, mentioned by Lamb in this essay as being the father of Alices real children. Bartrum was a pawnbroker in Princes Street, Coventry Street. Mr. W.C. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Hazlitt says that Hazlitt had seen Lamb wandering up and down before the shop trying to get a glimpse of his old friend.

Page 118. DISTANT CORRESPONDENTS. London Magazine , March, 1822. The germ of this essay will be found in christianity, a letter to Barron Field, to whom the essay is addressed, of August 31, 1817. Barron Field was a son of Henry Field, apothecary to ts eliot analysis Christs Hospital.

His brother, Francis John Field, through whom Lamb probably came to know Barron, was a clerk in the India House. Barron Field was associated with Lamb on Leigh Hunts Reflector in 18101812. He also was dramatic critic for The Times for a while. In 1816 he was appointed judge of the The Ethics of Eating Essay Supreme Court of New South Wales, where he remained until 1824. For other information see the note, in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Vol. I., to his FirstFruits of Australian Poetry , reviewed by Lamb. In the same number of the London Magazine which included the present essay was Fields account of his outward voyage to New South Wales. Page 119, line 24. Our mutual friend P. Not identifiable: probably no one in particular. The Bench would be the Kings Bench Prison.

A little later one of Lambs friends, William Hone, was confined there for three years. Page 121, line 8. The late Lord C. This was Thomas Pitt, second Baron Camelford (17751804), who after a quarrelsome life, first in More, the navy and afterwards as a man about town, was killed in ts eliot analysis, a duel at Kensington, just where Melbury Road now is. The spot chosen by him for his grave was on in the represent, the borders of the the wasteland analysis Lake of Lampierre, near three trees; but there is a doubt if his body ever rested there, for it lay for years in Meat Essay, the crypt of St. Annes, Soho. Its ultimate fate was the subject of the wasteland ts eliot analysis a story by Charles Reade. Page 123, line 11. Bleach . Illegitimacy, according to some old authors, wears out in the third generation, enabling a natural sons descendant to resume the ancient coat-of-arms. Lamb refers to this sanction.

Page 123, line 20. Hare-court . The Lambs lived at 4 Inner Temple Lane (now rebuilt as Johnsons Buildings) from 1809 to 1817. Writing to literature Coleridge in June, 1809, Lamb says:The rooms are delicious, and the best look backwards into Hare Court, where there is a pump always going. Hare Court trees come in at the window, so that its like living in a garden. Barron Field was entered on the books of the the wasteland analysis Inner Temple in 1809 and was called to the Bar in 1814.

Page 123, last paragraph. Sally Wr . Lambs Key gives Sally Winter; but as to who she was we have no knowledge. Page 123, end. J.W. James White. See next essay. Page 124. The Dependence Effect:? THE PRAISE OF CHIMNEY-SWEEPERS. London Magazine , May, 1822, where it has a sub-title, A MayDay Effusion.

This was not Lambs only literary association with chimney-sweepers. In Vol. I. of this edition will be found the description of a sweep in the country which there is the wasteland ts eliot, good reason to believe is Lambs work. Again, in 1824, James Montgomery, the poet, edited a book The ChimneySweepers Friend and Climbing Boys Album with the review template benevolent purpose of the wasteland analysis interesting people in the hardships of the climbing boys life and producing legislation to alleviate it. The first half of the book is practical: reports of committees, and so forth; the smoking campaign second is sentimental; verses by Bernard Barton, William Lisle Bowles, and many others; short stories of kidnapped children forced to the horrid business; and kindred themes. Among the favourite poets of the day to whom Montgomery applied were Scott, Wordsworth, Rogers, Moore, Joanna Baillie and ts eliot analysis, Lamb. Ethiopian Christianity? Lamb replied by copying out (with the alteration of Toddy for Dacre) The ChimneySweeper from Blakes Songs of Innocence , described by Montgomery as a very rare and curious little work. In that poem it will be remembered the little sweep cries weep, weep, weep. Lamb compares the cry more prettily to the peep, peep of the sparrow. Page 125, line 6. Shop ...

Mr. Thomas Reads Saloop Coffee House was at No. 102 Fleet Street. Analysis? The following lines were painted on a board in Reads establishment: Come, all degrees now passing by, My charming liquor taste and try; To Lockyer come, and Essay, drink your fill;

Mount Pleasant has no kind of ill. The fumes of wine, punch, drams and beer, It will expell; your spirits cheer; From drowsiness your spirits free. Sweet as a rose your breath will be, Come taste and try, and speak your mind; Such rare ingredients here are joined,

Mount Pleasant pleases all mankind. Page 127, line 12 from the wasteland ts eliot, foot. The young Montagu . Edward Wortley Montagu (17131776), the traveller, ran away from Westminster School more than once, becoming, among other things, a chimney-sweeper. Page 127, line 9 from Martin Malcolm X Essay, foot. Arundel Castle . The Sussex seat of the Dukes of Norfolk. The late duke was Charles Howard, eleventh duke, who died in 1815, and who spent enormous sums of money on the wasteland, curiosities.

I can find no record of the More an More story of the ts eliot analysis sweep. Perhaps Lamb invented it, or applied it to Arundel. Page 128, line 14 from foot. Stop Smoking Campaign? Jem White . James White (17751820), who was at Christs Hospital with Lamb, and ts eliot analysis, who wrote Falstaffs Letters , 1796, in his company (see Vol. Loops In The Circular-flow Diagram Represent? I.). There never was his like, Lamb told another old schoolfellow, Valentine Le Grice, in 1833; we shall never see such days as those in which he flourished. See the essay On Some of the ts eliot analysis Old Actors, for an anecdote of White.

Page 128, line 8 from foot. The fair of St. Bartholomew . Held on ethiopian christianity, September 3 at Smithfield, until 1855. George Daniel, in his recollections of Lamb, records a visit they paid together to the Fair. Lamb took Wordsworth through its noisy mazes in 1802. Page 129, line 14. Bigod . John Fenwick (see note to The Two Races of Men).

Leigh Hunt, in the wasteland ts eliot, The Examiner for May 5, 1822, quoted some of the best sentences of this essay. On May 12 a correspondent (L.E.) wrote a very agreeable letter supporting Lambs plea for Meat, generosity to the wasteland sweeps and remarking thus upon Lamb himself: I read the smoking modicum on ts eliot analysis, ChimneySweepers, which your last paper contained, with pleasure. It appears to be the production of of Eating that sort of mind which you justly denominate gifted; but which is greatly undervalued by the majority of men, because they have no sympathies in common with it. Analysis? Many who might partially appreciate such a spirit, do nevertheless object to it, from the snap-dragon nature of Essay its coruscations, which shine themselves, but shew every thing around them to disadvantage. Ts Eliot Analysis? Your deep philosophers also, and literature, all the laborious professors of the art of sinking, may elevate their nasal projections, and demand cui bono? For my part I prefer a little enjoyment to a great deal of philosophy. Ts Eliot Analysis? It is these gifted minds that enliven our habitations, and contribute so largely to those every-day delights, which constitute, after all, the chief part of mortal happiness. Such minds are ever active their light, like the The Dependence Effect: More vestal lamp, is ever burning and in my opinion the man who refines the common intercourse of life, and wreaths the altars of our household gods with flowers, is the wasteland analysis, more deserving of respect and The Ethics of Eating Meat Essay, gratitude than all the sages who waste their lives in elaborate speculations, which tend to nothing, and which we cannot comprehend nor they neither. On June 2, however, J.C.H. intervened to correct what he considered the dangerous spirit of Lambs essay, which said so little of the hardships of the sweeps, but rather suggested that they were a happy class. J.C.H. then put the the wasteland case of the unhappy sweep with some eloquence, urging upon all householders the claims of the mechanical sweeping machine.

Page 130. A COMPLAINT OF THE DECAY OF BEGGARS IN THE METROPOLIS. London Magazine , June, 1822. The origin of this essay was the activity at that time of the Society for smoking campaign, the Suppression of Mendicity, founded in 1818, of which a Mr. W.H. Bodkin was the Hon. Secretary.

The Societys motto was Benefacta male collocata, malefacta existima; and it attempted much the same work now performed by the Charity Organisation Society. Perhaps the delight expressed in its annual reports in the exposure of impostors was a shade too hearty at any rate one can see therein cause sufficient for ts eliot analysis, Lambs counter-blast. Lamb was not the only critic of Mr. Bodkins zeal. Hood, in the Odes and ethiopian, Addresses , published in 1825, included a remonstrance to Mr.

Bodkin. The Societys activity led to a special commission of the House of Commons in 1821 to inquire into the laws relating to vagrants, concerning which Lamb speaks, the the wasteland clergyman alluded to being Dr. Henry Butts Owen, of Highgate. The result of the commission was an additional stringency, brought about by The Dependence Effect: More Mr. George Chetwynds bill. It was this essay, says Hood, which led to his acquaintance with Charles Lamb. After its appearance in the London Magazine , of the wasteland ts eliot which Hood was then sub-editor, he wrote Lamb a letter on coarse paper purporting to come from literature, a grateful beggar; Lamb did not admit the discovery of the perpetrator of the joke, but soon afterwards Lamb called on Hood when he was ill, and the wasteland, a friendship followed to which we owe Hoods charming recollections of Lamb among the best that were written of him by any one. Page 131, line 14. The Blind Beggar . The reference is to the two loops in the circular-flow diagram the ballad of the wasteland ts eliot The Beggars Daughter of Bednall Green. The version in the Percy Reliques relates the adventures of Henry, Earl of Leicester, the son of ethiopian Simon de Montfort, who was blinded at the battle of Evesham and left for dead, and thereafter begged his way with his pretty Bessee. The Wasteland Ts Eliot? In the the two in the diagram represent London Magazine Lamb had written Earl of Flanders, which he altered to Earl of Cornwall in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, Elia . The ballad says Earl of Martin King Leicester. Page 131, line 28.

Dear Margaret Newcastle . One of Lambs recurring themes of praise (see The Two Races of Men, Mackery End in Hertfordshire, and Detached Thoughts on Books and Reading). Ts Eliot Analysis? Romancical, according to the New English Dictionary , is Lambs own word. This is the review template only reference given for it. Page 133, line 7. Spital sermons . On Monday of the wasteland Easter week it was the custom for christianity, the Christs Hospital boys to walk in procession to the Royal Exchange, and on the wasteland, Tuesday to Martin Malcolm X Essay the Mansion House; on each occasion returning with the Lord Mayor to the wasteland hear a special sermon a spital sermon, as it was called and an anthem. The sermon is literature review, now preached only on Easter Tuesday. Page 133, line 24. Overseers of St. The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? L . Martin King Malcolm? Lambs Key states that both the overseers and the mild rector were inventions. In the analysis London Magazine the Versus Malcolm rectors parish is P. Page 133, line 27. Vincent Bourne . Ts Eliot? See Lambs essay on Vincent Bourne, Vol. I. This poem was translated by the two diagram Lamb himself, and was first published in The Indicator for May 3, 1820.

See Vol. IV. for Lambs other translations from Bourne. Page 135, line 2. A well-known figure . This beggar I take to be Samuel Horsey. He is the wasteland ts eliot analysis, stated to have been known as the King of the Beggars, and a very prominent figure in London. His mutilation is ascribed to the falling of a piece of The Dependence Essays timber in Bow Lane, Cheapside, some nineteen years before; but it may have been, as Lamb says, in the Gordon Riots of the wasteland 1780. There is the figure of Horsey on his little carriage, with several other of the more notable beggars of the day plying their calling, in an etching of old houses at the corner of Chancery Lane and ethiopian, Fleet Street, made by ts eliot J.T.

Smith in 1789 for his Ancient Topography of London , 1815. I give it in my large edition. Page 137, end of essay. Feigned or not. Literature Review Template? In the London Magazine the the wasteland analysis essay did not end here. It continued thus: Pray God your honour relieve me, said a poor beadswoman to my friend L one day; I have seen better days. So have I, my good woman, retorted he, looking up at the welkin which was just then threatening a storm and the jest (he will have it) was as good to the beggar as a tester. It was at all events kinder than consigning her to the stocks, or the parish beadle But L. has a way of viewing things in rather a paradoxical light on some occasions. P.S. My friend Hume (not MP.) has a curious manuscript in his possession, the original draught of the celebrated Beggars Petition (who cannot say by King Versus Malcolm X Essay heart the Beggars Petition?) as it was written by some school usher (as I remember) with corrections interlined from the pen of Oliver Goldsmith. As a specimen of the the wasteland ts eliot doctors improvement, I recollect one most judicious alteration A pamperd menial drove me from the door. It stood originally A livery servant drove me, c. Here is an instance of poetical or artificial language properly substituted for the phrase of common conversation; against Wordsworth. I think I must get H. to send it to the LONDON, as a corollary to the foregoing.

The foregoing passage needs some commentary. Of Eating Essay? Lambs friend L was Lamb himself. He tells the story to Manning in the letter of January 2,1810. Lambs friend Hume was Joseph Hume of the the wasteland victualling office, Somerset House, to whom letters from Lamb will be found in stop campaign, Mr. W.C. Hazlitts Lamb and Hazlitt , 1900.

Hume translated The Inferno of Dante into blank verse, 1812. Ts Eliot Analysis? The Beggars Petition, a stock piece for infant recitation a hundred years ago, was a poem beginning thus: Pity the sorrows of a poor old man. Whose trembling limbs have borne him to your door, Whose days are dwindled to the shortest span; Oh give relief, and Heaven will bless your store. In the Effect: an More Essays reference to Wordsworth Lamb pokes fun at the statement, in the wasteland, his friends preface to the second edition of Lyrical Ballads , that the purpose of that book was to The Dependence Effect: relate or describe incidents and the wasteland, situations from common life as far as possible in a selection of language really used by men. Lambs P.S. concerning the Beggars Petition was followed in the London Magazine by this N.B. : N.B. I am glad to see JANUS veering about to the old quarter. I feared he had been rust-bound. C. being asked why he did not like Golds London as well as ours it was in poor S.s time replied Because there is no WEATHERCOCK. And thats the reason why.

The explanation of this note is that Janus Weathercock one of the pseudonyms of Thomas Griffiths Wainewright after a long absence from its pages, had sent to the previous months London Magazine , May, 1822, an christianity amusing letter of criticism of that periodical, commenting on some of its regular contributors. Therein he said: Clap Elia on the back for such a series of good behaviour. Who C. is cannot be said; possibly Lamb, as a joke, intends Coleridge to be indicated; but poor S. would be John Scott, the first editor of the London Magazine , who was killed in a duel. C.s reply consisted of the ts eliot analysis last lines of stop Wordsworths Anecdote for Fathers; or, Falsehood Corrected. Accurately they run: At Kelve there was no weather-cock. And thats the reason why. The hero of this poem was a son of ts eliot Lambs friend Basil Montagu. Golds London Magazine was a contemporary of the stop campaign better known London magazine of the same name.

In Vol. III. appeared an article entitled The Literary Ovation, describing an imaginary dinner-party given by Messrs. Baldwin, Cradock Joy in February, 1821, at which Lamb was supposed to be present and to the wasteland ts eliot sing a song by Webster, one of template his old dramatists. Mr. Bertram Dobell conjectures that Wainewright may have written this squib. Page 137. A DISSERTATION UPON ROAST PIG. London Magazine , September, 1822. There has been some discussion as to the origin of the central idea of this essay.

A resemblance is found in a passage in The Turkish Spy , where, after describing the annual burnt-offering of a bull by the Athenians, The Spy continues: In process of time a certain priest, in the midst of his bloody sacrifice, taking up a piece of the the wasteland ts eliot broiled flesh which had fallen from the altar on the ground, and burning his fingers therewith, suddenly clapt them to literature review template his mouth to mitigate the pain. But, when he had once tasted the ts eliot sweetness of the fat, not only longed for more of template it, but gave a piece to his assistant; and he to others; who, all pleased with the new-found dainties, fell to eating of the wasteland analysis flesh greedily. Loops In The? And hence this species of gluttony was taught to other mortals. Este, a contributor to ts eliot Notes and Queries , June 21, 1884, wrote: A quarto volume of forty-six pages, once in stop, Charles Lambs library (according to a pencilled note in the volume) is before me, entitled: Gli Elogi del Porco, Capitoli Berneschi di Tigrinto Bistonio P.A., E. Accademico Ducale de Dissonanti di Modena. In Modena per gli Eredi di Bartolmeo Soliani Stampatori Ducali MDCCLXI. Con Licenza de Superiori , [wherein] some former owner of the volume has copied out the wasteland ts eliot Lambs prose with many exact verbal resemblances from the poem.

It has also been suggested that Porphyrys tract on ethiopian christianity, Abstinence from Animal Food , translated by William Taylor, bears a likeness to the passage. Taylors translation, however, was not published till 1823, some time after Lambs essay. These parallels merely go to show that the idea was a commonplace; at the same time it is not Lamb, but Manning, who told him the ts eliot analysis story, that must declare its origin. Not only in the essay, but in a letter to Barton in The Ethics Meat Essay, March, 1823, does Lamb express his indebtedness to his traveller friend. Allsop, indeed, in the wasteland ts eliot, his Letters of Coleridge , claims to give the Chinese story which Manning lent to Lamb and which produced the Dissertation. It runs thus: A child, in in the represent, the early ages, was left alone by its mother in a house in which was a pig. A fire took place; the child escaped, the pig was burned. The child scratched and pottered among the ashes for its pig, which at ts eliot last it found.

All the loops diagram provisions being burnt, the child was very hungry, and not yet having any artificial aids, such as golden ewers and damask napkins, began to lick or suck its fingers to free them from the ashes. A piece of fat adhered to one of his thumbs, which, being very savoury alike in taste and odour, he rightly judged to belong to analysis the pig. Liking it much, he took it to his mother, just then appearing, who also tasted it, and both agreed that it was better than fruit or vegetables. They rebuilt the house, and King Versus, the woman, after the fashion of good wives, who, says the chronicle, are now very scarce, put a pig into it, and was about to set it on fire, when an old man, one whom observation and reflection had made a philosopher, suggested that a pile of wood would do as well. (This must have been the analysis father of economists.) The next pig was killed before it was roasted, and thus. From low beginnings, We date our winnings.

Manning, by the way, contributed articles on Chinese jests to the New Monthly Magazine in 1826. A preliminary sketch of the second portion of this essay will be found in the letter to Coleridge dated March 9, 1822. See also the letters to Mr. and Mrs. Bruton, January 6, 1823, to Mrs. Collier, November 2, 1824, and to H. Dodwell, October 7, 1827, all in acknowledgment of pigs sent to Lamb probably from an impulse found in this essay. Later, Lamb abandoned the extreme position here taken. In the little essay entitled Thoughts on Presents of Game, 1833 (see Vol. Christianity? I.), he says: Time was, when Elia ... preferred to all a roasted pig. But he disclaims all such green-sickness appetites in future. Page 141, verse. Ere sin could blight ... From Coleridges Epitaph on an Infant.

Page 142, line 7 from foot. My good old aunt . Probably Aunt Hetty. See the ts eliot essay on Christs Hospital, for another story of her. The phrase, Over London Bridge, unless an invention, suggests that before this aunt went to live with the Lambs probably not until they left the Temple in 1792 she was living on the two loops circular-flow diagram, the Surrey side. The Wasteland? But it was possibly an Elian mystification. Lamb had another aunt, but of her we know nothing. Page 143, line 11 from foot. St. Omers . The French Jesuit College.

Lamb, it is unnecessary to stop smoking campaign say, was never there. Page 144. A BACHELORS COMPLAINT OF THE BEHAVIOUR OF MARRIED PEOPLE. This is, by many years, the earliest of these essays. It was printed first in The Reflector , No. Ts Eliot? IV., in 1811 or 1812. When Lamb brought his Works together, in 1818, he omitted it. In September, 1822, it appeared in the London Magazine as one of the reprints of Lambs earlier writings, of which the Confessions of a Drunkard (see Vol. I.)was the Versus Malcolm first.

In that number also appeared the Dissertation upon Roast Pig, thereby offering the reader an opportunity of comparing Lambs style in 1811 with his riper and richer style of 1822. The germ of the essay must have been long in ts eliot, Lambs mind, for we find him writing to Hazlitt in 1805 concerning Mrs. Rickman: A good-natured woman though, which is as much as you can expect from a friends wife, whom you got acquainted with as a bachelor. Page 147, line 6. Stop Campaign? Love me, love my dog . See Popular Fallacies, page 302, for an expansion of ts eliot analysis this paragraph. Page 150. Malcolm X Essay? ON SOME OF THE OLD ACTORS. In February, 1822, Lamb began a series of three articles in analysis, the London Magazine on The Old Actors. The second was printed in April and The Ethics Meat, the third in ts eliot, October of the same year. Afterwards, in reprinting them in Elia , he rearranged them into Versus, the essays, On Some of the Old Actors, On the Artificial Comedy of the Last Century, and On the Acting of the wasteland ts eliot Munden, omitting a considerable portion altogether. Christianity? The essay in the wasteland ts eliot analysis, its original tripart form will be found in of Eating Meat Essay, the Appendix to this volume. In one of his theatrical notices in the wasteland, The Examiner (see Vol.

I.) Lamb remarks, Defunct merit comes out upon us strangely, and certain critics believe that he praised some of the old actors beyond their deserts. But no one can regret any such excesses. Page 150, beginning. Essay? Twelfth Night . The Wasteland? When recalling early playgoing days in Old China, Lamb refers again to this play Viola in Illyria. Page 150, foot.

Whitfield, Packer, Benson, Burton, Phillimore and Luther X Essay, Barrymore . Whitfield, who made his London debut as Trueman in George Barnwell about 1776, was a useful man at Covent Garden and Drury Lane. John Hayman Packer (17301806), known in Lambs time for ts eliot analysis, his old men. He acted at Drury Lane until 1805. Martin King Versus X Essay? Benson, who married a sister of Mrs. Stephen Kemble, wrote one or two plays, and was a good substitute in emergencies. He committed suicide during brain fever in the wasteland, 1796. Burton was a creditable utility actor at Covent Garden and Drury Lane. Phillimore filled small parts at Drury Lane. Barrymore was of higher quality, a favourite character actor both at Drury Lane and the Haymarket. Page 151, line 6. Mrs. Jordan . Mrs. Jordan, born in 1762, ceased to act in England in 1814 and christianity, died in 1816.

Nell was her famous part, in analysis, Coffeys The Devil to Pay. Miss Hoyden is in Vanbrughs Relapse. Lamb is referring to Viola in Act I., Scene 5, and Act II., Scene 4, of Twelfth Night. Page 151, line 8 from foot. The Dependence More Essays? Mrs. Powel . Mrs. Powel, previously known as Mrs. Farmer, and afterwards Mrs. Renaud, was at Drury Lane from the wasteland ts eliot analysis, 1788 to 1811. She ended her London career in 1816 and died in 1829.

Page 152, line 8. Of all the actors . The London Magazine article began at this point. Robert Bensley (1738?-1817?) was at Martin King Versus Malcolm Drury Lane from 1775 to 1796, when he retired (alternating it with the Haymarket). G.H. Boaden and George Colman both bear out Lambs eulogy of Bensley as Malvolio; but otherwise he is not the subject of much praise. Page 152, line 15. Venetian incendiary . The Wasteland? Pierre in Otways Venice Preserved. Lamb appended the passage in a footnote in the London Magazine . Page 153, line 12. Baddeley ... Parsons ... John Kemble . Literature Template? Robert Baddeley (17331794), the husband of Mrs.

Baddeley, and ts eliot analysis, the original Moses in the School for Scandal. William Parsons (17361795), the original Crabtree in the School for Scandal, and a favourite actor of Lambs. John Philip Kemble (17571823), who managed Drury Lane from 1788 to 1801. Page 153, line 11 from foot. Of birth and The Ethics Meat, feeling . In the the wasteland ts eliot London Magazine a footnote came here (see page 316). Page 153, line 6 from foot. Length of service . In the London Magazine a footnote came here (see page 316).

Page 154, line 24. Review? House of misrule . The Wasteland Ts Eliot? A long passage came here in the London Magazine (see page 317). Page 154, line 8 from foot. Hero of template La Mancha . The Wasteland Ts Eliot? Compare a similar analysis of Don Quixotes character on page 264. Page 155, line 23.

Dodd . James William Dodd (1740?-1796). Page 155, line 24. Loops In The Circular-flow? Lovegrove . William Lovegrove (17781816), famous in old comedy parts and as Peter Fidget in The Boarding House. Page 155, foot. The gardens of Grays Inn. These gardens are said to have been laid out under the supervision of Bacon, who retained his chambers in the Inn until his death. As Dodd died in 1796 and Lamb wrote in 1822, it would be fully twenty-six years and perhaps more since Lamb met him.

Page 156, lines 2629. Ts Eliot? Foppington, etc. Foppington in Vanbrughs Relapse, Tattle in Congreves Love for Love, Backbite in Sheridans School for Scandal, Acres in The Rivals by the same author, and Fribble in Garricks Miss in her Teens. Page 157, line 13. The Ethics Of Eating Meat Essay? If few can remember. The praise of Suett that follows is interpolated here from the the wasteland ts eliot third part of Lambs original essay (see page 332). The Ethics? Richard Suett, who had been a Westminster chorister (not St. Pauls), left the ts eliot stage in June, 1805, and smoking, died in July. Page 157, footnote, Jem White . The Wasteland Ts Eliot Analysis? See note above. Page 158, line 22.

His friend Mathews. Charles Mathews (17761835), whom Lamb knew. Page 159, line 1. Jack Bannister. John Bannister retired from the stage in 1815. The Ethics Of Eating Meat Essay? He died in analysis, 1836. Page 159, line 7. Literature Review Template? Children in the Wood. Mortons play, of which Lamb was so fond. It is mentioned again in Barbara S and Old China.

Page 159, line 19. The elder Palmer. The first part of the essay is here resumed again. The elder Palmer was John Palmer, who died on the stage, in 1798, when playing in The Stranger. Lambs remarks tend to confuse him with Gentleman Palmer, who died before Lamb was born. Robert Palmer, Johns brother, died about 1805. Page 159, line 22. Moody . John Moody (1727?-1812), famous as Teague in The Committee. Page 159, lines 31 to 36. The Dukes Servant, etc. Analysis? The Dukes servant in Garricks High Life below Stairs, Captain Absolute in Sheridans Rivals, Dick Amlet in Vanbrughs Confederacy. Page 160, line 1. Young Wilding ...

Joseph Surface. In Footes Liar and Sheridans School for Scandal. Page 161. ON THE ARTIFICIAL COMEDY OF THE LAST CENTURY. See note to the essay On Some of the Old Actors.

See also A Vision of The Ethics of Eating Horns (Vol. I.) for, as it seems to the wasteland ts eliot me, a whimsical extension to the point of absurdity of the circular-flow diagram represent theory expressed in this essay a theory which Lord Macaulay, in his review of Leigh Hunts edition of the Dramatic Works of Wycherley, Congreve, etc., in 1840, opposed with characteristic vigour. Hartley Coleridge, in a letter to Edward Moxon concerning Leigh Hunts edition of Wycherley and Congreve, happily remarked: Nothing more or better can be said in the wasteland analysis, defence of these writers than what Lamb has said in his delightful essay ... which is, after all, rather an apology for Effect: More, the audiences who applauded and himself who delighted in their plays, than for the plays themselves. ... But Lamb always took things by the better handle. Page 163, line 16. The Fainalls, etc . Analysis? Fainall in Congreves Way of the World, Mirabel in Farquhars Inconstant, Dorimant in the two loops in the represent, Etheredges Man of Mode, and the wasteland ts eliot, Lady Touchstone in of Eating Meat Essay, Congreves Double Dealer.

Page 163, line 12 from foot. Angelica . In Love for analysis, Love. Page 164, line 26, etc. Ethiopian? Sir Simon, etc . All these characters are in Wycherleys Love in a Wood. Page 166, line 21. Ts Eliot Analysis? King . Thomas King (17301805), at one time manager of Drury Lane, the original Sir Peter Teazle, on May 8, 1777, the first night of the Martin King Malcolm School for Scandal, and the most famous actor in the part until he retired in 1802. Page 167, line 14. The Wasteland Analysis? Miss Pope . Campaign? Jane Pope (17421818), the original Mrs.

Candour, left the stage in the wasteland analysis, 1808. Page 167, line 15 from foot. Managers comedy . Sheridan was manager of Drury Lane when the the two circular-flow represent School for Scandal was produced. Page 167, same line. Miss Farren ... Mrs. The Wasteland? Abingdon . Elizabeth Farren, afterwards Countess of Derby, played Lady Teazle for smoking campaign, the last time in 1797. Mrs.

Abingdon had retired from Drury Lane in 1782. Page 167, line 10 from foot. Smith . Gentleman Smith took his farewell of the stage, as Charles Surface, in 1788. Page 168, end of essay. Fashionable tragedy . See page 328, line 21, for the continuation of the wasteland this essay in the London Magazine . Page 168. ON THE ACTING OF MUNDEN. See note to the essay On Some of the Old Actors above. Ethiopian? Lamb lifted this essay into the London Magazine from The Examiner , where it had appeared on November 7 and 8, 1819, with slight changes. Page 168, title.

Munden . Joseph Shepherd Munden (17581832) acted at Covent Garden practically continuously from 1790 to 1811. The Wasteland Analysis? He moved to Drury Lane in 1813, and remained there till the end. His farewell performance was on May 31, 1824. We know Lamb to have met Munden from Raymonds Memoirs of smoking campaign Elliston . Page 168, line 2 of essay. Ts Eliot Analysis? Cockletop . In OKeeffes farce Modern Antiques. This farce is no longer played, although a skilful hand might, I think, make it attractive to our audiences. Barry Cornwall in his memoir of Lamb has a passage concerning Munden as Cockletop, which helps to support Lambs praise. Support is not necessary, but useful; it is one of the literature template misfortunes of the actors calling that he can live only in the praise of his critics. In the ts eliot analysis Drama of Modern Antiques, especially, space was allowed him for his movements.

The words were nothing. The prosperity of the an More Essays piece depended exclusively on the wasteland, the genius of the actor. Munden enacted the part of an old man credulous beyond ordinary credulity; and when he came upon the stage there was in smoking campaign, him an almost sublime look of wonder, passing over the scene and people around him, and settling apparently somewhere beyond the moon. What he believed in, improbable as it was to mere terrestrial visions, you at the wasteland ts eliot once conceived to be quite possible to be true. The sceptical idiots of the play pretend to give him a phial nearly full of water.

He is assured that this contains Cleopatras tear. Well; who can disprove it? Munden evidently recognised it. What a large tear! he exclaimed. Then they place in his hands a druidical harp, which to vulgar eyes might resemble a modern gridiron. He touches the chords gently: pipes to the spirit ditties of review no tone; and you imagine ?olian strains. At last, William Tells cap is produced. Ts Eliot Analysis? The people who affect to cheat him, apparently cut the rim from a modern hat, and place the scull-cap in his hands; and then begins the almost finest piece of acting that I ever witnessed.

Munden accepts the accredited cap of Tell, with confusion and reverence. He places it slowly and solemnly on his head, growing taller in the act of crowning himself. Soon he swells into the heroic size; a great archer; and enters upon his dreadful task. He weighs the arrow carefully; he tries the review tension of the bow, the elasticity of the string; and finally, after a most deliberate aim, he permits the arrow to fly, and looks forward at the same time with intense anxiety. You hear the twang, you see the heros knitted forehead, his eagerness; you tremble; at last you mark his calmer brow, his relaxing smile, and analysis, are satisfied that the son is saved! It is ethiopian, difficult to paint in words this extraordinary performance, which I have several times seen; but you feel that it is transcendent. Analysis? You think of Sagittarius, in the broad circle of the Zodiac; you recollect that archery is as old as Genesis; you are reminded that Ishmael, the son of Hagar, wandered about the Jud?an deserts and became an archer.

Page 169, line 16. Edwin . This would probably be John Edwin the of Eating Elder (17491790). But John Edwin the the wasteland ts eliot analysis Younger (17681805) might have been meant. He was well known in Nipperkin, one of Mundens parts. Page 169, line 21. Farley ... Knight ... Stop Smoking? Liston . Charles Farley (17711859), mainly known as the deviser of Covent Garden pantomimes; Edward Knight (17741826), an eccentric little comedian; John Listen (1776?-1846), whose mock biography Lamb wrote (see Vol.

I.). Page 169, line 7 from foot. Sir Christopher Curry ... Old Dornton . Sir Christopher in Inkle and Yarico, by the younger Colman; Old Dornton in Holcrofts Road to the wasteland ts eliot analysis Ruin. Page 170, line 6. The Cobbler of Preston . A play, founded on The Taming of the Shrew, by Charles Johnson, written in 1716.