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Berghain: The Secretive, Sex-Fueled World of piaget development Techno's Coolest Club. Calpurnia's. Berlin's Berghain is piaget famed for calpurnia's church its groundbreaking sounds and X-rated sights, but the club is piaget also a test case for how tourism and how did cromwell gentrification are threatening Europe's party capital. At 11:30 a.m. on piaget development theory a Sunday in January, the New Graduate Nurses Essay massive main dance floor at piaget development theory Berlin's Berghain is full. Dino Sabatini, an how did oliver die, Italian DJ with short dark hair, is playing hard, hypnotic techno to development, a crowd of shirtless gay men, disheveled dudes in sneakers and tiny women with tiny backpacks. Many of these revelers have been in church the club for more than 24 hours, a feat of stamina likely attributable to some combination of MDMA, speed and ketamine. The club has been open since Friday night and piaget development theory will remain open until some time Monday morning. On the dark, cavernous dance floor #x2014; which is located in the imposing turbine hall of a defunct East German heating and power station #x2014; the what is realist strain of endless partying is starting to become evident. Near the club's main staircase, an overly energetic young man in knee socks and short shorts is development dangerously close to falling from a platform on to a trio of skinny brunettes below. The air smells of calpurnia's weed, sweat and urine, and development theory next to the bar, a couple of what is realist glassy-eyed men in piaget theory leather harnesses are leaning against each other, absentmindedly putting their hands down each others' pants as strobe lights flash. I've seen two men making out, but that's about it, complains Sofia, a thin, hoodie-wearing 24 year old with long hair visiting from New Graduate Nurses, New York, while surveying the piaget development general crowd.

She's eager to Hard and Success in the Comedy Industry, see more. Piaget Development Theory. Sofia is at how did thomas die the tail end of a three-week visit to the city with her husband, a Brooklyn bar-owner, and has been a fan of EDM since she was 19. This is her last day in Berlin, and her friends recommended she come here, the city's most famously hardcore and important club for electronic dance music, as a final blow-out: Everybody was telling me you need to development theory, go to what is realist, Berghain, she says. So this is piaget development theory where we went. What Is Realist. She isn't alone.

Over the piaget development theory past decade, Berlin has transformed into Europe's unofficial party capital, and Berghain has developed a reputation as the Mecca of clubbing. How Did Die. According to piaget theory, a study by what is realist Berlin tourism organization visitBerlin, one-third of theory visitors to Berlin are drawn by calpurnia's the city's nightlife. A record 5.3 million tourists visited Berlin in piaget the first half of essay prompt 2013, including 150,000 Americans #x2014; an theory, increase of nearly eight percent over the first half of 2012. New Graduate Essay. Many of these American tourists were drawn to the city's music scene by the popularity of EDM back home. The famously secretive Berghain #x2014; which attracts many of the world's most respected DJs and theory has been described as the best club in the world by everyone from the New York Times #xA0;to DJ Mag #xA0;#x2014; has gone from being a local phenomenon, infamous for what is realist its sex parties and development theory drugs, to one of the city's most high-profile tourist attractions. Now the venue stands at Jay Leno: Hard and Success in the Comedy Industry the intersection of the bigger trends facing the city, namely gentrification, a rise in piaget development theory low-fare tourism and a flood of New Graduate Nurses international hype, and piaget development faces an awkward question: What does it mean for a club to Work and Success in the Comedy, be underground when the entire world wants to dance there? A visitor carries a cloth tote bag advertising Berghain during the second annual Hipster Olympics on July 21st, 2012. Piaget. Adam Berry/Getty Images. To enter Berghain is, as many people have described it, a religious experience. On Facebook, Sunday trips to the club are referred to as Sunday Mass, and techno blogs are littered with references to the church of Berghain.

Religious imagery is nothing new to the electronic music scene #x2014; Frankie Knuckles compared the Warehouse, the Chicago club which gave birth to house music, to what is realist, a church for people who have fallen from piaget theory, grace #x2014; but in how did thomas die the case of Berghain, the piaget sacred comparison is especially apt. How Did Cromwell Die. First of all, the building is development theory enormous. The main Berghain dance floor, which focuses on hard techno, has 60-foot ceilings supported by massive pillars made of unpainted concrete. Oliver Die. The construction is similar to piaget development, that of New Graduate Essay a cathedral of the piaget development Middle Ages, says Thomas Karsten, one of the two architects responsible for how did oliver cromwell the 2004 renovations of the building, which was originally constructed in 1953 as part of East Germany's postwar reconstruction process and abandoned in the late 1980s. There's something almost spiritual about the atmosphere. Most of the building has retained its original industrial architecture #x2014; the development d#xE9;cor is spare, the on Interactive walls are mostly empty and a slightly less Dante's Inferno-esque upstairs space, called Panorama Bar, makes use of cages that formerly housed electrical equipment. As a result, the development theory club, which was opened by how did die two media-averse German men, Norbert Thormann and Michael Teufele (who, in keeping with the club's no-media policy, refused an interview request), still has the theory look and feel of an abandoned building. Work Comedy Industry Essay. A large metallic swing hangs off the piaget development side of the dance floor, and warm white lights illuminate part of an imposing preserved fa#xE7;ade behind the club's main bar. The building is Artwork Reflection so large and maze-like, you can discover new stairways and rooms even after spending a few days in the club.#xA0; The most conspicuous new elements in the main space are the famous stacks of Funktion One speakers that dominate the piaget theory dance floor. Benedikt Koch, who installed the Berghain sound system#xA0;#x2014; one of the most powerful in the world #x2014;#xA0;claims that on most nights, the club's sonic apparatus operates at only 10 to Essay, 20 percent of its full capacity.

The clean sound, Koch says, helps people get less tired during marathon parties. If you turned it up to full power, he claims, it would be like getting a massage of development theory every nerve of your body. The cult of the calpurnia's church club, which takes its name from the adjacent neighborhoods of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain, also stems from the piaget theory its rigorously tasteful approach to how did paine, booking. Development. In the nine years since Berghain opened, the club has hosted many of the world's best known and most esteemed DJs #x2014; residents include Ben Klock and Cassy, while Detroit legends Carl Craig and cromwell die Jeff Mills as well as famous younger DJs, like Gesaffelstein, have also played sets. The smaller Panorama Bar floor, which focuses on groovier, more melodic house music rather than the main floor's severe techno, has hosted avant-garde heroes Laurent Garnier and Ricardo Villalobos, among many others. While EDM in piaget development theory the U.S. is currently dominated by how did cromwell die the more pop-friendly vibe of dubstep, the piaget sound in examples the main Berghain space is development theory dark, hardcore techno. When the former turbine hall fills with people, one-third of the crowd tend to be shirtless men, sweat and testosterone dripping off their bodies, and much of the cromwell dancing consists of some combination of piaget marching and paine forceful air-punching, a proper physical response to the big, industrial beats.

As Karsten puts it, When you're in the building on a Sunday afternoon, there's this feeling that this is exactly right, that the club Berghain and the building Berghain are part of the intensification of this minimal music, and you can't imagine anything different. The story of Berghain begins 20 years ago, when Thormann and Teufele threw their first Snax sex party, a fetish gathering that was held in various different locations around Berlin. In the piaget development late Nineties, a contact at Deutsche Bahn, the on Interactive Artwork German national railroad, helped them secure a space for their parties in piaget theory a former railway freight yard, which later became a club called Ostgut, the predecessor to what is realist, Berghain. Ostgut was in piaget development theory many ways the quintessential gritty, hedonistic Berlin club. Daniel Wang, a Berlin DJ who has played at the berlin blockade the cold war? Berghain, remembers that the first time he went to a Snax party at development Ostgut, he had to climb off the side of a bridge and how did down a ladder to piaget theory, make it into the boundary-pushing club. There was a piss room with huge funnels connected to tubes so the what is realist liquid wouldn't drip onto piaget theory the dance floor, and Jay Leno: Hard and Success in the Comedy Industry Essay people could duck their heads under the funnel waiting to development theory, be pissed on, he remembers. When the club was closed to make way for a new arena, the calpurnia's owners searched for a permanent location, and in 2004, they opened Berghain, which has a capacity of 1,500. Development Theory. Panorama Bar, the what is realist upstairs dance floor, opened in piaget development theory October of that year, followed one month later by examples the main dance floor, and one year later by piaget theory Lab.Oratory, the gay sex club (Crisco is how did die sold at the bar) that takes up space on the building's ground floor. The club melded Ostgut's underground vibe with a more professional service experience #x2014; drinks are shuttled to and from the bar via hidden hallways, and the building was retrofitted so clubbers couldn't easily injure themselves. In the piaget development early years #x2014; before the city's tourism boom hit full swing #x2014; the club attracted a typically eccentric Berlin crowd: diehard techno fans, leather fetishists, bearded young professionals on drugs.

Shambhu Leroux, a voluble, heavily tattooed blues singer who for eight years was one of the club's bartenders, said there was a genuine vibe at Berghain in the beginning. She remembers that the crowd welcomed nonconformists, including transgender people like her. How Did Oliver Die. There were a lot of freaks there, Leroux said. Development. #x201C;[And that] is calpurnia's church a word I apply to myself. Berghain's exterior during the day. CC Image Courtesy of piaget | Berlin Webdesigner on cromwell Flickr. Piaget Development. In addition to oliver, the music, sex and drugs were always a key part of the club's appeal: It's no accident that Berghain offers countless areas for piaget theory people to sneak away to #x2014; there are two darkrooms, small closable cubbies upstairs, and what is realist large unisex bathroom stalls which, according to Karsten, were built to accommodate six people and also to piaget, be capable of how did thomas paine resisting cleaning materials not used outside of the theory meatpacking industry. The club was also purpose-built not to examples, have any dead ends, even in the bathrooms, so people can cruise each other without running into a wall.

Those bathrooms don't have any mirrors, either, to save partiers the buzzkilling indignity of seeing their own faces after an theory, epic partying session. Essay Examples. Lab.Oratory, which shares Berghain's industrial architecture, is development known as Berlin's most extreme sex club. How Did Thomas Die. The club hosts regular nights called Yellow Facts, Sewer System and Scat (the website description reads: From hard to development theory, soft stools, you'll find the right taker for what is realist everything.) Neda Sanai, an artist and filmmaker who worked as a bouncer for six years, says visitors to Lab.Oratory would sometimes bring shit into the club in piaget development theory Tupperware containers. Karsten, the Work in the Essay Berghain architect, says, if we designed the Lab again, we would have made those floor drains a bit bigger. The all-male Snax parties still take place twice a year, once on Easter weekend and once in November. At its most recent iteration #x2014; a sports-themed bacchanalia #x2014; the dress code required sneakers and sportswear, and development the line to get in at what is realist midnight was more than three hours long. A boxing ring was set up in development theory the middle of the the cold war? main dance floor, and as Boris, one of the piaget resident DJs, played pounding techno the space filled up with men in jockstraps having sex, or giving each other blowjobs by the bar. Cromwell. At 9 a.m., the club was still full, and three men were trying to piaget, revive a passed-out man in the downstairs orgy room, while a dozen others had sex nearby. On Interactive Artwork Reflection. If you want an explanation for the extreme nature of the Berlin club scene, you need to look at piaget development theory the city's history. Nurses. For the decades before unification, the city was poor and piaget development isolated, with little to offer economically. Half of New Graduate Berlin was walled in, Boris, a native Berliner remembers, and piaget development the city was politically aligned with the Essay on Interactive Artwork Reflection left; it had a very militant character, which expressed itself in piaget theory a very aggressive, minimalist raw form of techno.

This sound became the the berlin blockade the cold war? staple of the piaget development illegal parties that sprouted up in the abandoned factories and Hard in the Comedy Industry Essay warehouses after the fall of the Berlin Wall, and then, over piaget the following decades, in the more permanent clubs that eventually took their place. The names of these clubs are now a shorthand for the berlin war? the crazed party culture of post-reunification Berlin, when former East and piaget development theory West Germans found common ground in how did oliver die the city's hedonistic dance floors: The Bunker, E-Werk, Tresor, Weekend, WMF. Piaget. In the naughties, Bar 25, a drug-fueled club that looked like a gypsy-acid pirate lair and had its own hostel became a high-profile symbol of the city's debauched nightlife and Essay the subject of piaget development a popular documentary. What Is Realist. In the piaget theory past two decades, the city's tradition of essay examples sexual permissiveness, lax drug policing and left-wing, anarchist politics blended together to piaget development theory, create the most sexually adventurous, unconventional party scene in Europe. The city's historical poverty meant high unemployment and Essay on Interactive Artwork large numbers of people with no reason to wake up early on Monday, fueling the appetite for marathon-length parties and a dislike of closing times. It's a fuck-off to the rigid capitalist version of piaget development theory time that is enforced in any other city in the world, says Wang. They're truly saying that money is of secondary importance, that it's the experience that matters. This stands in New Graduate contrast to the big-business Las Vegas EDM scene and events like the piaget Electric Daisy Carnival, which have introduced a new generation of young Americans to electronic music, albeit without the sense of what is realist danger and edginess that characterized the rave scene of the development theory Nineties. In Vegas, superstar DJs like deadmau5 and how did die Skrillex make millions of dollars a year, performing in piaget controlled, meticulously set-designed clubs where table service can run in the tens of New Graduate Nurses Essay thousands of dollars.#xA0; By contrast, Berlin is development scrappy, grimy and Jay Leno: Work in the Essay chaotic.

Cover charges and piaget drinks are still cheap, the venues look run-down and how did oliver cromwell authentic, and development theory you're less likely to thomas, see a celebrity than you are two people fucking at development theory the bar. How Did Thomas. Additionally, unlike too many Stateside venues, Berlin's clubs and parties are almost never overrun with corporate branding for energy drinks or body spray. For Americans hungry for a taste of underground techno culture, the piaget theory lure of prompt this seemingly unspoiled scene can be hard to development, resist. There's the legend of Berghain, DJ Harvey says. Nurses. It's a cross between The Lord of the development Rings and what is realist the Stonewall Riots, and then there's the stories about the development theory guy who turns up with frozen shit and uses it as a dildo. New Graduate Nurses. At 4 a.m. on a recent Sunday, a constant line of a few dozen people was braving a wind chill of minus 11 Fahrenheit #x2014;#xA0;the coldest night of the year so far in development theory Berlin #x2014;#xA0;to patiently face the how did die club's notorious bouncers. The three enormous, stern, black-clad German men were turning away about development theory as many people as they were letting in, with little discernible pattern to their decision-making. One couple, seemingly in shock about Work and Success Essay being rejected and unsure about piaget theory what to do next, stood shivering next to Jay Leno: and Success in the Comedy Essay, the club's metal entry barriers until a bouncer yelled at piaget theory them in German, and then in English, that it was time for on Interactive Artwork Reflection them to piaget development theory, get off of private property. Berghain's door policy is what is realist almost as famous as its A-list roster of development theory DJs. The club's main bouncer, Sven Marquardt, a bearish East German photographer with a face covered in barbed-wire tattoos, is a minor celebrity in how did thomas paine Germany and referred to development, in newspaper headlines as the lord of the church night. Piaget Theory. Blogs and Twitter are filled with advice for potential visitors on how to how did the berlin blockade, get into the door #x2014;#xA0;don't go as a large group, don't speak English near the development door, act gay, but not too gay #x2014;#xA0;but most people admit that there is calpurnia's church no way to know the theory rules.

Famously, and perhaps apocryphally, Britney Spears is said to have been denied entry.#xA0; Given that, it's understandable when people take the rejection at the door personally. The Berlin The Cold. Sanai says she once witnessed a woman who couldn't get in development pick up broken glass from the New Graduate Essay ground near the development door and begin cutting her arms. (For what it's worth, she says there are no firm rules for getting in what is realist the door, and piaget that it's up to the individual bouncers who they let in). The strict door policy is partly meant to protect Berghain's alternative identity from drunks or gawking businessmen in suits, but also more recently from the how did oliver flood of development tourists that has surged into in the Comedy, Berlin. On this day, as on piaget development theory most others, it seemed moot #x2014; most of the people walking up to how did oliver die, Berghain's doors were speaking English or Spanish or Italian, not German. Theory. An inside view of calpurnia's Berghain. CC Image Courtesy ewar woowar on Flickr.

Luis-Manuel Garcia, an ethnomusicologist with Berlin's Max Planck Institute for Human Development studying the piaget development theory city's techno scene, claims the massive recent popularity of EDM in the United States has accelerated the scene's touristification and brought in a younger, less-bohemian crowd. He compares it to Hard and Success Comedy Industry Essay, the vaunted Chicago rave scene of the Nineties, which suffered from the piaget theory massive, sudden influx of thomas die newcomers and then rapidly died out. Piaget Theory. Something similar is happening in Berlin and Berghain, specifically, Garcia says. Berghain is church changing, and piaget theory sooner or later it's going to be over.#xA0; To hear him explain it, the life cycle of Jay Leno: Essay a techno club is similar to development, that of an what is realist, island ecosystem: Something I have observed in piaget development theory many different scenes in many different cities, is that for Hard Work in the Industry a scene to theory, be lively and coherent, it requires turnover but also a certain amount of how did blockade impact war? stability. If a scene becomes too insular, it tends to piaget development theory, stagnate, but if it is suddenly overwhelmed by what is realist newcomers, the elements that created it begin to dissolve. When you start getting huge turnover in piaget development a club, explains Garcia, it becomes more and more difficult for those who have been there for a long time to the berlin blockade impact, teach the development newcomers how to behave. The Berlin Impact The Cold. In the piaget development theory case of how did the berlin war? Berghain and theory its cult-like devotees, this anxiety is cromwell overlaid with the city's often schizophrenic relationship with tourists, who are thought of, on one hand, as economic saviors and, on the other, as unwelcome intruders. In the development theory last several years, the issue of tourism has become increasingly prickly in Berlin.#xA0;

If you bike around the New Graduate Nurses Essay recently gentrified neighborhoods of development Kreuzberg or Neukoelln, you can't escape the anti-tourist graffiti which marks many of the walls #x2014;Eat the tourists, Fuck tourists, Touristen Fisten . The anger stems, first and foremost, from how did impact war?, economics: In Neukoelln, for example, rents went up 23 percent between 2007 and 2010, and, although tourists carry only a small part of the development theory blame, many people associate the increase with the what is realist rise in foreign visitors and piaget theory new arrivals. Work Comedy Industry. In the theory nightlife world, the rise in tourism has been similarly controversial. New Graduate. Tobias Rapp, the development author of Lost and how did the berlin war? Sound , a book about Berlin club culture, argues that the piaget rise in visitors has actually invigorated the city's clubbing scene #x2014; bringing more knowledgeable techno fans and Hard Essay excitement into the clubs. Theory. The bigger problem is the Essay on Interactive Artwork Berliners, he says, who have become blas#xE9; about the local techno scene and have an arrogance that is out of place. But many locals see the piaget development threat as deeply existential. The rise in church visitors from piaget development theory, London and New York and San Francisco means not only swarms of what is realist non-German speakers getting drunk in Berlin parks, but the theory encroachment of Work Comedy globalized mass capitalism into Berlin's anarcho-bohemian bubble. It means rising prices for locals, and, therefore, the need to work more, and, ultimately, less opportunity for three-day long partying. Theory. Rapp paraphrases the late German theater director Christoph Schlingensief, who was himself nodding to Samuel Beckett, when he describes the how did thomas die city's philosophy: Fail again, fail better.#xA0; Now the city is grappling with what it means to become a success. According to Berlin's senator for economics, the city's economy is expected to grow at three times the piaget development theory rate of other German states in how did blockade the cold war? 2014.

Tourism, of which techno is a large part, brought over piaget development 10 billion euros into the city in 2011. Klaus Wowereit, the city's mayor, regularly meets with the what is realist owners of Berghain, and four years ago, the development state offered 1.2 million euros in financing for the club, so it could expand its cultural offerings (the club did not accept the offer). Examples. Berghain is a lodestar in Berlin, says Wang, whether you like what the theory club has to offer or not, it is an Essay on Interactive Artwork, attraction that gives life to its satellites. According to piaget, Sanai, large numbers of tourists started coming to Berghain around 2009. In 2007, Pitchfork had already described it#xA0;as quite possibly the New Graduate Essay current world capital of techno. Development Theory. In 2009, DJ Mag crowned it the how did top club in the world.

At that point, the rise of discount airlines had made it affordable for people in Europe to come to theory, Berlin for thomas paine a weekend, party for two days and then fly back home. EasyJet started doing offers, she says, and you would see that one week the piaget people would be Spanish, the essay prompt examples next week Italian, the next England. Leroux says the development theory change came very slowly, little bit by how did oliver cromwell die little bit. She said gradually the visitors became more uptight, and development theory then would start trying to what is realist, take photos of piaget theory her with their iPhones or ask her if she was a real woman. I'd never had this question asked at the beginning, she says about the how did paine die interlopers. Piaget. There was this attitude of calpurnia's we are not really living here, so we can shit all over theory the place, because tomorrow we won't be here.

By definition, subcultures are fleeting, Rapp says. But in recent years, the rise of the Internet and Jay Leno: Hard Work Industry social media has accelerated the development theory process. How Did. When Berghain opened, there were no smartphones. Now over 85,000 people have checked in at piaget development theory Berghain on Facebook and prompt examples despite the club's no-photography policy, a search for #berghain on Instagram reveals nearly 12,000 posts. With social media in the underground club world, everybody who wants to theory, know about examples something knows about piaget theory it, says DJ Harvey. Berghain isn't headline news anymore. Gradually, Garcia says, Berghain regulars stopped coming Fridays and Saturdays because those nights became dominated by tourists and New Graduate now, if ever, only come on Sundays during the day. Piaget Development Theory. On techno sites, like Bodytonic, locals complain#xA0;that the club has become an attraction filled with Irish techno tourists on blockade impact the cold war? ketamine. Development Theory. (Last year, Berlin electronic band JETS' Travis Stewart called Saturday nights at Berghain a tourist trap). One long-term German Snax party regular complains that even the how did the berlin impact the cold sex parties are becoming more tame: It's become less extreme #x2014; now you go to present yourself, and consume the music and piaget theory maybe have sex, but it's not as experimental.

Garcia, who has been going to Berghain since 2007, says he prefers going on church Sundays to avoid crowds. Development. When the New York Times published a travel guide this fall claiming the insider secret was to come to the club at Jay Leno: Work noon that day to avoid the wait, Garcia says that On Facebook all of piaget development my friends who are connected to that scene said, 'Oh fuck, now do we have to go Monday afternoon? Other recent developments have gradually chipped away at Berghain's elevated reputation: In October, Lady Gaga held an church, album release party#xA0;on Berghain property (Apparat, the German electronic star, tweeted#xA0;that this was sad.) A few weeks later, a video pitch#xA0;for an theory, app called How to thomas paine die, Get Into Berghain #xA0;made the rounds on piaget theory social media and in how did paine die Berlin newspapers. In it, a programmer describes an app allowing users to piaget development, find out the how did blockade lineup and connecting them to theory, an online store to on Interactive, purchase the piaget development theory perfect Berghain apparel (the example: 340-euro Alexander McQueen sneakers). Lady Gaga poses for the press prior to New Graduate, the prelistening fan event of theory her new CD 'Artpop' at calpurnia's church Halle Berghain on piaget development October 24, 2013. Anita Bugge/WireImage.

In a possible indication of how did the berlin impact war? broader future intentions, the owners of development Berghain purchased the essay building from the Vattenfall power company in 2011 and last year opened a new space for development events like ballet performances. Thomas Paine Die. Plans to expand parts of the development theory building for other cultural uses have been in how did the berlin impact the cold war? the works for years, but have yet to piaget, be financially viable. What Is Realist. The club already hosts concerts and development various arts events during the calpurnia's church week, and has grown to include a biergarten and piaget another concert venue. #xA0;There might be a moment, which may be happening right now already, where Berghain isn't cool anymore, but it is already an institution, like the philharmonic, for die electronic music, says Rapp. If the club plays its cards well, and development doesn't compromise its programming choices, then it will continue to church, play that role for years to development, come.

If not, it'll be a spiral into the abyss.#xA0; But whatever happens to calpurnia's, Berghain itself, the piaget development club's biggest legacy might be its effect on New Graduate Nurses the city as a whole, as a magnet for a class of young, educated culturally inclined people who come to visit the city and then move here and throw new parties of theory their own #x2014; even if it attracts its share of clueless American tourists too. Clubs open up and close down, says Rapp, and calpurnia's if Berghain closes, it wouldn't be the piaget end.#xA0; In London, Chicago and what is realist New York, underground electronic music scenes appeared and then faded away, becoming a quieter part of the piaget development cities' identities and Reflection then resurging in different moments. Piaget Development Theory. In the far future, Berlin may well follow those cities' leads, becoming a more expensive, and Nurses Essay boring, version of piaget development itself, where clubs close at normal hours and Essay Artwork Reflection beers cost as much as a small meal. Karsten believes the piaget theory city's clubbing culture is going to church, become more upscale and conventional because more international guests are coming, who expect to go into a club and piaget order a table with champagne. Together with his partner, Alexandra Erhard, he recently designed Avenue, a new club in the formerly hip Berlin district of how did the berlin the cold war? Mitte, which boasts table service and caters to piaget development, a more upscale clientele.#xA0; A new term, Clubsterben, which translates as club death, was coined by owners to describe the spate of recent of club closures, allegedly due to gentrification, but, as Rapp points out, the city still has lots of New Graduate Essay places that are undiscovered, and piaget the club mile is simply gradually moving eastward, towards the New Graduate Essay districts of development Lichtenberg and on Interactive Reflection Neukoelln, where there are still empty spaces, and piaget plenty of scuzz. The Berlin War?. There, clubs like ://about blank and piaget development Salon zur wilden Renate host marathon parties of Jay Leno: Hard and Success in the Comedy Essay their own.#xA0; Dancers of Berlin's State Ballet perform the play 'mass' (Masse) at piaget 'Berghain,' on on Interactive Reflection May 2nd, 2013 Kay Nietfeld/AFP/Getty Images. Development Theory. By the how did impact the cold afternoon on Sunday, Sofia, the visitor from New York City, is feeling better about her Berghain experience. She managed to get some drugs in the club's bathroom, and is scouring the development theory club for a hot woman with whom she and her husband could have a threesome.

I've spoken to on Interactive Reflection, four women, and theory none of them were interested, she pouts, staring glumly off into the distance. Then she decides to keep trying and how did thomas die walks off.#xA0; At this point in the day, the theory party-shifts are changing #x2014; people who have been in the clue for a full day are fading while newcomers, who came after eating breakfast, are trickling in. Jay Leno: In The Comedy. At the bar, a gaggle of theory clean-cut British tourists from London are looking at their iPhones, and how did oliver die marveling at the time. Piaget Development. We should be eating lunch right now, one says, amazed. On the thomas die dance floor, a middle-aged man is rubbing his crotch against piaget a blonde woman's thigh and fondling her boob like he's testing the how did cromwell ripeness of a cantaloupe. The party will continue until the evening and into piaget development, Monday morning, at which point the tourists will return to their Airbnbs and the locals will go home, most likely to rest and Essay on Interactive Artwork Reflection prepare for normal life to piaget, resume.

Outside the club, the what is realist winter sun remains hidden behind Berlin's usual thick cloud cover, and piaget development the city's elevated train rattles by. As people stumble out the prompt front door, dazed by piaget development the muffled light, a constant trickle of newcomers trudge up the on Interactive Artwork dirt path to confront the theory stonefaced bouncers, unsure if they'll be turned away or be allowed to essay prompt examples, climb the piaget theory stairs and disappear into how did die, the noisy darkness of piaget theory Berghain.#xA0; Sign up for our newsletter to receive breaking news directly in Nurses your inbox.

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kind of nature essay Physics and Cosmology Articles, Blogs, Videos, and News. Wandering Towards a Goal. How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intention? December 2, 2016 to March 3, 2017. Contest Partner: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Fnd. Contest Partners: Nanotronics Imaging, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, and The John Templeton Foundation. Media Partner: Scientific American.

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The distinction between a theory's kinematics and its dynamics, that is, between the space of physical states it posits and its law of evolution, is central to the conceptual framework of piaget development, many physicists. A change to church, the kinematics of a theory, however, can be compensated by a change to piaget development, its dynamics without empirical consequence, which strongly suggests that these features of the theory, considered separately, cannot have physical significance. It must therefore be concluded (with apologies to Minkowski) that henceforth kinematics by itself, and dynamics by itself, are doomed to fade away into mere shadows, and only a kind of union of the two will preserve an independent reality. The notion of causal structure seems to provide a good characterization of this union. Robert Spekkens is a faculty member at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada. Essay Reflection! His area of research is the piaget, foundations of quantum theory. One of the basic assumptions implicit in the way physics is usually done is that all causation flows in calpurnia's church, a bottom up fashion, from micro to macro scales. However this is piaget, wrong in many cases in biology, and in particular in the way the how did die, brain functions. Here I make the case that it is also wrong in the case of digital computers the paradigm of piaget development, mechanistic algorithmic causation - and in many cases in physics, ranging from the origin of the arrow of time to the process of Essay on Interactive, quantum state preparation.

I consider some examples from piaget theory, classical physics; from quantum physics; and the case of Essay, digital computers, and then explain why it this possible without contradicting the causal powers of the underlying micro physics. Development! Understanding the emergence of genuine complexity out of the underlying physics depends on recognising this kind of causation. It is a missing ingredient in present day theory; and taking it into account may help understand such mysteries as the measurement problem in quantum mechanics: George Ellis is a relativist and cosmologist residing in Cape Town, South Africa. His books include On the Large Scale Structure of Space-Time co-authored with Stephen Hawking. In addition to contemplating relativistic and philosophical aspects of cosmology, he is now engaged in trying to how did oliver cromwell die, understand how complex systems such as you and me can arise out of the underlying physics. From classical mechanics to quantum field theory, the physical facts at one point in theory, space are held to be independent of how did the berlin impact the cold, those at other points in space. I propose that we can usefully challenge this orthodoxy in order to explain otherwise puzzling correlations at both cosmological and microscopic scales. Steve Weinstein is an associate professor of philosophy and physics at the University of Waterloo, and an affiliate of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics.

He has written broadly on the foundations of quantum mechanics, on piaget reasoning in how did oliver, cosmology, and on the possibility of extra time dimensions. He is also a musician and songwriter in his copious spare time. According to reductionism, every complex phenomenon can and theory, should be explained in terms of the simplest possible entities and mechanisms. The parts determine the whole. This approach has been an outstanding success in science, but this essay will point out ways in which it could nevertheless be giving us wrong ideas and holding back progress.

For example, it may be impossible to understand key features of the on Interactive Artwork Reflection, universe such as its pervasive arrow of time and piaget development, remarkably high degree of isotropy and blockade impact war?, homogeneity unless we study it holistically -- as a true whole. A satisfactory interpretation of quantum mechanics is development, also likely to be profoundly holistic, involving the entire universe. The phenomenon of entanglement already hints at Comedy Industry Essay such a possibility. After completing a PhD in theoretical physics, I became an independent researcher to avoid the publish-or-perish syndrome. For 45 years I have worked on the nature of time, motion, and the quantum theory of the universe.

I am the author of two books: The Discovery of Dynamics and The End of Time, in which I argue that time is an illusion. Details of my research work are given at my website Since 2008 I have been a Visiting Professor at the University of Oxford. It is time to to take a pause of reflection on piaget development the general foundations of examples, physics, re-examining the piaget development theory, solidity of the Nurses, most basic principles, as the relativity and the equivalence principles that are currently under dispute for violations at the Planck scale. A constructive criticism engages us in seeking new general principles, which reduce to the old ones as approximations holding in the physical domain already explored. At the very basis of physics are epistemological and operational rules for the same formulability of the physical law and for the computability of its theoretical predictions, rules that give rise to new solid principles. These rules lead us to a quantum-information theoretic formulation, hinging on a logical identification of the experimental protocol with the piaget theory, quantum algorithm. I am professor at the University of Pavia, where I teach Physical Theory of Information and on Interactive, Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, and enjoy research with a marvelous group of much younger collaborators.

General relativity and the standard model of particle physics remain the most fundamental physical theories enjoying robust experimental confirmation. The foundational assumptions of physics changed rapidly during the early development of these theories, but the piaget development theory, challenges of Nurses Essay, their refinement and the exploitation of their explanatory power turned attention away from piaget, foundational issues. Work And Success In The! Deep problems and anomalous observations remain unaddressed. Development! New theories such as string theory attempt to resolve these issues, but are presently untested. In this essay, I evaluate the foundational assumptions of modern physics and propose new physical principles.

I reject the manifold structure of essay prompt, spacetime, the existence of an independent time parameter and static background structure, the symmetry interpretation of covariance, the commutativity of spacetime, and a number of related assumptions. The central new principle I propose is called the development, causal metric hypothesis. The classical version of Essay, this hypothesis states that the metric properties of spacetime, up to overall scale, arise from the binary relation generating the causal order. Piaget! The quantum version states that the phases associated with congruence classes of church, directed paths in causal configuration space are determined by the causal relations of their constituent universes. Ben Dribus is a Ph.D. student in mathematics at Louisiana State University, studying algebraic geometry and algebraic K-theory. He has a background in physics and is interested in applying modern algebra, order theory, and development theory, graph theory to foundational questions. I argue that it is possible for a theory to be neither quantized nor classical. We should therefore give up the assumption that the fundamental theory which describes gravity at shortest distances must either be quantized, or quantization must emerge from a fundamentally classical theory. To illustrate my point I will discuss an Hard Work Comedy Industry, example for a theory that is piaget theory, neither classical nor quantized, and argue that it has the potential to resolve the tensions between the quantum field theories of the standard model and oliver cromwell, general relativity.

Sabine is an assistant professor at Nordita in Stockholm. Her work is mostly focused on the phenomenology of quantum gravity. In her free time she blogs at When we want to predict the future, we compute it from what we know about the present. Specifically, we take a mathematical representation of observed reality, plug it into some dynamical equations, and then map the time-evolved result back to real world predictions. But while this computational process can tell us what we want to know, we have taken this procedure too literally, implicitly assuming that the universe must compute itself in the same manner. Physical theories that do not follow this computational framework are deemed illogical, right from the start. But this anthropocentric assumption has steered our physical models into an impossible corner, primarily because of quantum phenomena. Meanwhile, we have not been exploring other models in which the universe is not so limited. In fact, some of these alternate models already have a well-established importance, but are thought to be mathematical tricks without physical signficance.

This essay argues that only by dropping our assumption that the universe is a computer can we fully develop such models, explain quantum phenomena, and understand the workings of our universe. Ken Wharton is a full professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at San Jose State University, and a member of FQXi. His research in the field of Quantum Foundations is development, focused on realistic models that reside in ordinary spacetime, especially those that feature the same time-symmetry as the phenomena they attempt to explain. The notion of location physics really needs is exclusively the one of detection at a given detector and Jay Leno: Hard Work and Success Comedy Industry Essay, the time for each such detection is most primitively assessed as the readout of some specific material clock. Piaget! The redundant abstraction of a macroscopic spacetime organizing all our particle detections is unproblematic and church, extremely useful in the classical-mechanics regime. But I here observe that in some of the contexts where quantum mechanics is most significant, such as quantum tunneling through a barrier, the piaget development theory, spacetime abstraction proves to the berlin blockade the cold, be cumbersome. And I argue that in quantum-gravity research we might limit our opportunities for discovery if we insist on the availability of a spacetime picture. Researcher in Theoretical Physics as Sapienza University of Rome. Theory! Previously worked at CERN, Univ Neuchatel, Oxford Univ, MIT.

PhD from Boston University. Was awarded an FQXi Large Grant in 2008. The symmetrization postulate and Essay Reflection, the associated Bose/Fermi (anti)-commutators for field mode operators are among the pillars on which local quantum field theory lays its foundations. They ultimately determine the structure of Fock space and development theory, are closely connected with the local properties of the fields and with the action of symmetry generators on observables and states. We here show that the quantum field theory describing a relativistic particle coupled to three dimensional Einstein gravity as a topological defect must be constructed using a deformed algebra of creation and annihilation operators. Calpurnia's! This reflects a non-trivial group manifold structure of the classical momentum space and a modification of the Leibniz rule for the action of piaget development, symmetry generators governed by Newton's constant. We outline various arguments suggesting that, at least at the qualitative level, these three-dimensional results could also apply to real four-dimensional world thus forcing us to re-think the die, ordinary multiparticle structure of quantum field theory and many of the fundamental aspects connected to piaget development theory, it. Dr. Arzano is a researcher in theoretical physics at the Sapienza University of Rome in Italy. He obtained his PhD from the University of North Carolina at Essay Artwork Chapel Hill and development, has worked as a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Essay Reflection, Canada and as a Marie Curie Fellow at Institute for Theoretical Physics at Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Part of his current research revolves around the question of which of the fundamental pillars of our current description of high energy physics can or must be rethought when (quantum) gravity enters the picture. In this essay I will discuss the question: Is spacetime quantized, as in piaget development theory, quantum geometry, or is it possible to derive the quantization procedure from the structure of spacetime? All proposals of quantum gravity try to quantize spacetime or derive it as an Reflection, emergent phenomenon. In this essay, all major approaches are analyzed to find an piaget, alternative to Essay on Interactive Reflection, a discrete structure on spacetime or to development theory, the emergence of oliver cromwell die, spacetime. Here I will present the idea that spacetime defines the quantum state by using new developments in the differential topology of 3- and 4-manifolds. In particular the plethora of exotic smoothness structures in dimension 4 could be the corner stone of quantum gravity. I'm a post-doc worker at the German Aerospace Center. I received my PhD at Humboldt university. Piaget Development Theory! My research interests are wide-spreaded from evolutionary algorithms and quantum computing to quantum gravity.

Since more than 15 years I try to uncover the role of exotic smoothness in general relativity and quantum gravity. In physics we encounter particles in one of blockade war?, two ways. Either as fundamental constituents of the theory or as emergent excitations. These two ways differ by how the particle relates to the background. Piaget Development! It either sits on the background, or it is an excitation of the oliver die, background. We argue that by choosing the former to construct our fundamental theories we have made a costly mistake.

Instead we should think of particles as excitations of a background. We show that this point of view sheds new light on the cosmological constant problem and even leads to observable consequences by giving a natural explanation for the appearance of MOND-like behavior. In this context it also becomes clear why there are numerical coincidences between the MOND acceleration parameter a_0, the cosmological constant Lambda and the Hubble parameter H_0. Olaf Dreyer is a theoretical physicist working at the university in Rome. He received a PhD in Quantum Gravity at the Pennsylvania State University and has worked at development the Perimeter Institute, Imperial College, and the MIT, where he was supported by essay prompt an FQXi grant. In this essay, I argue that modern science is not the dichotomous pairing of theory and experiment that it is typically presented as, and I offer an alternative paradigm defined by its functions as a human endeavor. I also demonstrate how certain sci- entific debates, such as the debate over the nature of the quantum state, can be partially resolved by this new paradigm. Ian Durham is an Associate Professor of Physics at Saint Anselm College where he has served as Chair of both the Physics and Mathematics Departments and piaget, as Director of the Computational Physical Science Program. He is a member of FQXi. Sean Gryb Flavio Mercati. Have our fundamental theories got time right?

Does size really matter? Or is physics all in the eyes of the how did cromwell, beholder? In this essay, we question the origin of time and piaget development, scale by reevaluating the nature of measurement. We then argue for impact the cold war?, a radical scenario, supported by piaget theory a suggestive calculation, where the examples, flow of time is inseparable from the measurement process. Our scenario breaks the bond of time and space and builds a new one: the marriage of time and scale.

Sean Gryb worked on his PhD at the Perimeter Institute and is now enjoying a postdoc at piaget Utrecht University. Flavio Mercati received his PhD from the University of Rome Sapienza and calpurnia's, is currently starting a postdoc at the Perimeter Institute. Both are working on developing Shape Dynamics and are generally interested in the foundations and experimental tests of quantum gravity. The discovery that the Universe is accelerating in its expansion has brought the basic concept of cosmic expansion into question. An analysis of the evolution of this concept suggests that the piaget development theory, paradigm that was finally settled into prior to that discovery was not the best option, as the observed acceleration lends empirical support to an alternative which could incidentally explain expansion in general. I suggest, then, that incomplete reasoning regarding the nature of oliver die, cosmic time in the derivation of the standard model is the reason why the theory cannot coincide with this alternative concept.

Therefore, through an investigation of the theoretical and empirical facts surrounding the nature of cosmic time, I argue that an enduring three-dimensional cosmic present must necessarily be assumed in piaget, relativistic cosmologyand in prompt examples, a stricter sense than it has been. Finally, I point to development theory, a related result which could offer a better explanation of the empirically constrained expansion rate. I recently completed my PhD in physics at the University of essay prompt, Saskatchewan in piaget development, Saskatoon, Canada, where I live with my wife and calpurnia's church, two kids, and have been criticising standard cosmology for its shortcomings and inconsistencies for development theory, the past few years. This essay presents the Essay on Interactive Reflection, main line of argument from development theory, my dissertation, which was defended in March. According to Karl Popper assumptions are statements used to construct theories. During the Nurses Essay, construction of a theory whether the statements are either true or false turn out to be irrelevant in view of the fact that, actually, they gain their scientific value when the deductions derived from them suffice to explain experimental evidence. Piaget Development! Science is enriched with assumptions of all kinds and essay prompt, physics is not exempted. Beyond doubt, some assumptions have been greatly beneficial for physics. They are usually embraced based on the kind of problems expected to be solved in a given moment of a science. Some have been quite useful, some have not. Some others are discarded in a given moment and reconsidered in a later one.

An illustrative example of this is the conception of piaget development, light, first, according to Newton, as particle; then, according to Huygens, as wave; and then, again, according to Einstein, as particle. Likewise, once, according to Newton, a preferred system of reference (PSR) was assumed; then, according to Einstein, rejected; and then, here the assumption is calpurnia's, reconsidered. It is claimed that the assumption that there is no PSR can be fundamentally wrong. Holding a Ph.D in physics since 2010, Dr. Israel Perez is an active researcher currently performing at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada. His main field of research is piaget development, experimental condensed matter, particularly, he is focusing his efforts in the study of the electronic properties of High-Tc and iron-based superconductors. During his spare time he also does research in the philosophy of physics and mathematics. Recently, Zeno's paradoxes have become his prey. He is the Jay Leno: Hard Work Comedy Industry, author of several articles and essays in both fields. As before, this essay should not be taken superficially. Angelo Bassi, Tejinder Singh Hendrik Ulbricht.

The principle of linear superposition is a hallmark of quantum theory. It has been confirmed experimentally for photons, electrons, neutrons, atoms, for molecules having masses up to ten thousand amu, and also in development theory, collective states such as SQUIDs and Bose-Einstein condensates. However, the principle does not seem to hold for positions of large objects! Why for New Graduate Nurses Essay, instance, a table is never found to be in two places at the same time? One possible explanation for the absence of macroscopic superpositions is that quantum theory is an approximation to a stochastic nonlinear theory. This hypothesis may have its fundamental origins in gravitational physics, and theory, is being put to test by modern ongoing experiments on matter wave interferometry. Angelo Bassi works on Essay on Interactive Artwork foundations of quantum mechanics and has a Ph.D. degree in Physics from University of Trieste. After completing post-docs at ICTP and University Ludwig-Maxmillian he joined University of Trieste as faculty. Tejinder Singh is Professor at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai. His research interests are in quantum gravity and measurement problem.

Hendrik Ulbricht received his Ph.D. in the surface science experimental group of Gerhard Ertl, and after completing post-docs at Vanderbilt and Vienna he is piaget, now Reader at Southampton University where he leads an experimental effort on Matter-wave Interferometry and quantum-nanophysics. A central challenge in calpurnia's church, studies of the origin of life is that we dont know whether life is 'just' very complex chemistry, or if there is something fundamentally distinct about living matter. Whats at development theory stake here is not merely an issue of complexification; the question of whether life is fully reducible to just the rules chemistry and physics (albeit in a very complicated manner) or is blockade, perhaps something different, forces us to assess precisely what it is that we mean by the very nature of the question of the piaget theory, emergence of life. I argue that if we are going to treat the origin of life as a solvable scientific inquiry (which we certainly can and should), we must assume, at least on phenomenological grounds, that life is Comedy Essay, nontrivially different from nonlife. As such, a fully reductionist picture may be inadequate to address the piaget theory, emergence of how did the berlin blockade the cold war?, life. Piaget Development! The essay focuses on how treating the unique informational narrative of living systems as more than just complex chemistry may open up new avenues for research in investigations of the Nurses Essay, origin of piaget development theory, life. I conclude with a discussion of the New Graduate, potential implications of such a phenomenological framework if successful in elucidating the emergence of life as a well-defined transition on our interpretation of life as a fundamental natural phenomenon. Sara Imari Walker is a NASA Astrobiology Postdoctoral Fellow working in the Beyond Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science at piaget Arizona State University. She received her Ph.D. in Physics and Astronomy from Dartmouth College.

She then worked as postdoctoral fellow in the NSF/NASA Center for Chemical Evolution and essay examples, the NASA Astrobiology Institute Center for piaget, Ribosomal Origins and Evolution based at the Georgia Institute of Technology. She is also member of the leadership council for the space science research and education nonprofit Blue Marble Space and a researcher at the Blue Marble Space Institute of Science. The assumption that classical information derives from underlying objects or things, with absolute properties, may be impeding progress in prompt, physics. Taking Wheeler's it from bit seriously requires placing informational systems in relational context to each other. Doing so raises questions about the nature of the early universe, and suggests a possible simplest-case scenario for ultimate reality. An informational mechanics could describe the world as a compact, evolutionary system of information, where objects, spacetime, and development theory, physical laws emerge in relation to topologically connected complex subsystems (observers). Under this program, interpretational concerns may be neglected, while recovering the full predictive power of 20th-century quantum mechanics. A desire to hobnob with rock stars led me to a career in music journalism out of college, but I've always stayed close to my science roots. I've been making music under the name Eddie Current since taking freshman physics at University of California Berkeley (BA Biological Science), and while I lost my top form long ago, I can still recite ? to 40 or 50 decimal places. My book The Frustrated Songwriter's Handbook has reportedly helped inspire recent songs by the British bands Keane and Doves.

Cosmology is the calpurnia's church, study of the piaget theory, origin and evolution of the universe the one we all love and calpurnia's, inhabit. In this essay, however, I argue that the piaget development theory, basic assumption of a single universe shared by multiple observers is wrong. Synthesizing the implications of black hole radiation, horizon complementarity, dark energy, observations of the cosmic microwave background and quantum logic, I argue that moving toward a true theory of quantum gravity will require us to give up the notion that we all share the same universe. Instead, I argue, each observer has their own universe, which constitutes a complete and singular reality. I am a science writer, consultant for New Scientist magazine and 2012-13 MIT Knight Science Journalism Fellow.

I have a master's degree in the philosophy and history of science from the London School of Economics.

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Learn how to write resumes that get you HIRED with our FREE, 30+ page ebook. You can unsubscribe from our mailing list at any time. We won't use your email address for anything else, promise! So you want to theory, work for a startup? Have you ever wondered what a startup founder wants in the people who work for her? What goes on essay examples your resume is the deciding factor when applying for any job, but with startups it can be even more important.

Ultimately, what the CEO wants is whats going to get you a job. Understanding her perspective is critical to acing your startup resume and breaking into this world. Psst! For even more great resume advice, check out Skillcrushs free Ultimate Guide to piaget, the Perfect Resume! Its easy to impact the cold war?, assume that startup leaders arent too picky in their hiring.

Their organizations are typically less well-known than their big company brethren. Piaget Development Theory? They cant possibly be as demanding as Google with millions of applicants, right? Even if they get fewer applicants than the Big G, they also need a lot fewer employees. How Did Blockade Impact The Cold? Google needs to hire 5,000 new staffers a year while a tiny startup may need just one. The startup can afford to hold out for piaget, the perfect new teammate. Especially because that new teammate is Nurses Essay, likely to have a huge impact on piaget development theory the organization. One new employee at Google is a drop in the oceanif she does a great job or a terrible one, the overall companys fortunes wont likely shift one iota. But Employee #5 in a five-person organization is now responsible for 20% of the workload and, potentially, 20% of the cold war?, its success or failure. With so much riding on everyones shoulders, Employees 1-4 arent likely to be free to train #5.

The organization needs someone who can come in and hit the ground running. The Googles of the world, with giant HR departments and armies of engineers, can afford to hire for pure potential and then polish that potential through extensive training. Startup founders can actually be pickier than, yes, even Google. Theyre hiring the one perfect employee who can make or break their organizationsand they need that person to piaget, contribute immediately. No pressure, right? What Do Startups Want on Your Resume? So what does all this mean for your chances of getting a startup job? Startups want it all in their early employees, so its up to die, you to give it to them! The best way to piaget theory, do that is to strike a balance between these five tensions inherent in a startups hiring wishlist: 1) Big Company Experience vs.

Startup Experience. Startups tend to Essay on Interactive, fetishize big company experience even more than big companies themselves. Why? Because so much of a startups future is unpredictable, theyre routinely evaluated on their only known asset: their employees. Many Silicon Valley pitch decks start with a description of the theory, teams background (Ex-Apple, Ex-Google, Ex-Facebook) before they even get to the startups product.

Being able to list a well-known brand name on your resume is like catnip to Artwork Reflection, a status-hungry founder. Piaget? Even if it was just an internship or a freelance project, being able to say that My new developer cut her teeth at Amazon lets her bask in the halo of your former employer. The totally ironic thing about this big company idolatry is that big company working styles are dead wrong for startups. If a former employee of a tech giant walks into Essay on Interactive a startup, expecting to specialize in piaget development theory one very focused area and how did the berlin blockade war? then delegate her work to piaget theory, a giant team of underlings, shes in for a rude awakening. Startups tend to run crazy lean at prompt first, meaning that everyone wears multiple hats and theres no one else to piaget, do the work except for the person staring at you in the mirror. Startups also want to Hard Work Comedy Industry, see that youve got some entrepreneurial experience on your resume. Think of it as evidence that youll actually be willing to work the long, stressful hours that startups require. Whether you helped start a club in college or launched some cool projects on the side, founders want to be sure that you havent gotten too soft in your cushy big company environs. Startups need someone to come in and hit the ground running.

They want to see a track record of development theory, resultsnot just potential. The very best startup resumes are going to include detailed proof of what youve actually accomplished. Here are two ways to on Interactive Artwork, demonstrate your past success: Quantify the accomplishment : List specific, numerical outcomes that came directly from your work (shipped an app three months ahead of schedule, increased page views 27%) Brand the development theory, accomplishment : Even if you dont have a specific number to share, you can increase your bullets impressiveness by dropping a fancy brand name or title into how did oliver die the story (partnered with Disney to roll out the new site, worked with the CEO to develop a content strategy) At the same time startup founders seek result-generating mercenaries, they also want a mercenary with a little personality. If theyre going to be to elbow-to-elbow with you in the startup trenches, just talking about work is development, going to Essay on Interactive, get old. Showcasing your passionwhether for organizing a kickball league or collecting rare tequilasis critical for development, making this case: Hey, you wouldnt mind spending more time with me than your significant other! Make sure that the Nurses Essay, Additional section on your resume is just as robust and interesting as your Experience section, not a cliched afterthought: Interested in books, tech, and long walks on the beach.

Weve already discussed how time-starved startup employees are. That means when it comes time to theory, review resumes, no startup recruiter is Reflection, going to spend hours trying to decipher your resume and figure out piaget development theory exactly what Configured the church, DJI protocol for the alpha launch really means. The onus is on piaget development theory you to be crystal clear with your bullets. No jargon from a different industry, no weird acronyms specific to your former employer, and pretty much nothing that your mother wouldnt understand. If the startup recruiter doesnt get it in Nurses Essay 10 seconds, shes already gone. Startups also dont want someone whos too straight and narrow. If all your bullets are super orderly (I downloaded the data, applied the preset algorithm, and uploaded the theory, results), that can be suggestive of a person whos not equipped to handle the potential chaos of the on Interactive Artwork, startup experience. The most predictable thing about startups is development theory, just how unpredictable they areyou never know when a bug will wipe out calpurnia's your database or a major new deal will change your companys whole business. As much as startup recruiters look for clarity and easy-to-follow logic, they also need someone who can deviate from the plan, should the circumstances call for it. That means including bullets about times that youve made sense of development theory, ambiguous data, worn different hats to cromwell, help your team out, or even led major changes yourselfbecause all those stories speak to your ability to thrive under entropy.

Remember that big company hiring process we mentioned at the beginning? A recruiter there has the luxury of development theory, looking for general talent (e.g., someone with a background in CS but not necessarily expertise in the companys specific language) because she can always have them trained in Essay Artwork Reflection the new language, post-hire. Unfortunately for the startup recruiter, she doesnt have access to the same window of time or training resourcesshe needs someone who can commit code on development theory Day 1. Reflection? And that means she needs to be incredibly precise with her resume search (e.g., looking specifically for Bootstrap or AngularJS). Which means that you, the aspiring startup employee, need to list those specific keywords on piaget theory your resume. Even if you only have basic knowledge of the particular skill, make sure its listedbecause its mere presence can be the difference between getting an interview and getting stuck in resume limbo for how did oliver cromwell, eternity. Even if you get past the initial keyword screen, youre not necessarily destined for startup greatness yet. Thats because startups can afford to piaget development theory, be picky with their one hire. Even if youve got the right keywords, a startup recruiter may dig a little deeper and check out the Hard Work and Success Industry Essay, actual quality of your work. If your work lives only on your hard drive, youre out of luck. Development Theory? But if youve taken the Essay on Interactive Artwork, critical step of bringing it onlinebe it through Github, Behance, LinkedIn, or your own personal siteyoure back in the game.

Make sure that you include a link to your portfolio on your resume to provide depth beyond the theory, mere mention of the right keywords. 5) Functional Expertise vs. Industry Passion. Another thing that gives startup recruiters some peace of mind is knowing that youve already done the exact job theyre hiring for. Just like startups themselves, your future performance is unknowable except through extrapolating your past performance. For better or worse, your past titles become mental shortcuts to Essay Artwork Reflection, your past performance. For example, if your most recent title said ProgrammerLevel 1, a recruiter may not be sure what that actually means relative to her Front End Developer role.

But if your last title said Front End Developer, well, bingo! Youve clearly done the job before, so theres no reason to believe that you couldnt do it again. She can quickly check the Functional Expertise box in her mental checklist and move on development theory to other questions. While demonstrating functional expertise is church, a great start to the hiring process, its often not enough for a startup thats holding out for the whole enchilada. That means you want to complement it by also demonstrating passion and knowledge for the startups specific industry.

Lets say a recruiter at piaget development an educational technology startup is cromwell, considering two candidates for a front end role. Both candidates have prior experience here. But only one listed this on their resume: I help run my local EdTech Meetup, given my love for all things education. Who do you think the recruiter is going to choose? Thats why its critical to demonstrate both functional expertise AND industry passionnot just one or the other. What You Can Do to Make Startups Want You. Clearly, thats a lot to ask for in one resume. Startups have everything riding on this decision. Unlike their big company peers, who can afford to piaget development theory, hire 100 pretty-good-but-not-perfect candidates, a startups fate really does hang in the balance with each of their early hires. Your goal shouldnt be to include every single item listed above on your resume. Nurses Essay? Instead, sympathize with the plight of the piaget, startup founder and recruiter. Understand what they really care about so that you can speak their language and assuage their concerns.

If you can show them that you appreciate the stakes of their decision and that you can bear the responsibility of being that make-or-break hire, then chances are theyll start to see you as part of the tribe: the few, the crazy, and the brave who are willing to risk it all to build something new! Understanding the Startup Hiring Process. Many people assume its easier to how did cromwell die, get a job in startups than big companies after all, everyone knows about Google but a small startup may fly under the piaget, radar. However, in practice, startups may actually be choosier than their big company brethren for 3 reasons: Theyre only hiring one person, not 100 so can they hold out for the perfect candidate That one person will have an outsize impact if its the how did oliver cromwell, companys first product manager, theyll directly control the startups fortunes vs. one PM in development theory an army of hundreds They dont have the time or resources to train the person so they need someone who can hit the ground running. As a result, its critical that you optimize your resume to on Interactive Artwork Reflection, win against piaget development, these steep odds. 10 Things Startups Want to See on essay Your Resume.

Startups are very brand conscious because their own brands are still nascent. Thus, they love nothing more than to flaunt their teams pedigree: Led by engineers from piaget development Google, Facebook, and Apple leveraging the halo effect from Essay Artwork Reflection your past employer. At the same time, startups are suspicious that people whove spent too much time in big companies have become soft, unwilling to put in the long hours required of piaget development, a brand-new launch. So they also want to know that youve got the entrepreneurial spirit to carry you through the Trough of Sorrow! :) 3. Track Record of Results.

Especially with big company hires, startups are concerned that youve just been riding the church, coat-tails of your fancy pants employer, not actually rolling up your sleeves and accomplishing anything. So they specifically look to piaget development, see what did you really do both the exact work and the outcomes that directly came from what you did (shipped ahead of schedule, earned $XXX revenue) Because seeing is New Graduate Nurses Essay, believing, especially for a cynical startup recruiter on their 7th rodeo, the best way to piaget theory, prove your impact is to have a publicly-accessible portfolio. Whether thats embedded media on your LinkedIn profile, your Github repository, or a Behance collection, startups want a tangible way to Artwork Reflection, assess your work. Another thing that gives startup recruiters some peace of mind is knowing that youve done this specific job before.

And the piaget development, surest-fire way to demonstrate that is to have the calpurnia's church, exact same job title that theyre hiring for. Development? For example, if the recruiter is looking for a Front End Developer and your resume lists that identical title, youre golden. A big company recruiter is likely to give you the essay prompt examples, benefit of the doubt when reviewing your bullets because they need to find diamonds in the rough in order to meet their quotas (100 engineer hires this quarter!). Whereas a startup recruiter, tasked with finding only the piaget theory, one perfect candidate, has the luxury of passing anyone whos not crystal clear. So if your recruiter has to work hard to understand what youre talking about Hard in the Comedy Essay (e.g., youre using acronyms or jargon from another industry), shes already gone.

7. Industry Knowledge/Passion. Again, the development, big company recruiter cant afford to hold out for engineers interested in on Interactive Artwork Reflection a specific vertical she just needs lots of development, people who can code. How Did Oliver Cromwell Die? Whereas her startup counterpart can wait for someone with both relevant skills and theory knowledge. Thus, the perfect startup resume shows that not only can you do the job (I know Ruby, Python) but that youre passionate about this specific space (I help run my local EdTech Meetup, given my love for how did cromwell, all things education). A big company recruiter may search for general talent in an area (Computer Science) with the plan to get them up-to-speed post-hire, while the startup recruiter, who cant hope to train someone through a 6-month onboarding process, needs to be incredibly precise with her search (Bootstrap, AngularJS) So when the recruiter programs her applicant tracking system, shell be rejecting some generally qualified candidates if they dont have the exact skills she needs. In spite of the workaholic nature of startups, they want someone who actually does something outside of piaget, work every now and then.

And the Comedy, reason for that is how intense the development, working environment is. If youre going to Work Essay, be to elbow-to-elbow with your teammates for 14-hour day after 14-hour day, youre going to piaget, need to talk about something besides code. Which means that showcasing your passion whether for organizing a kickball league or collecting rare tequilas is critical for Hard in the Industry Essay, proving that, Hey you wouldnt mind spending more time with me than your significant other! Perhaps the most predictable thing about the piaget development theory, startup experience is just how unpredictable it is you never know when a bug will wipe out your database or a major new deal will change your companys whole business. So as much as recruiters look for New Graduate Essay, the above nine things, what they really need is someone who can basically do anything, should the circumstances call for it.

So including bullets about theory times that youve made sense of ambiguous data, worn different hats to help your team out, or even led major changes yourself all speak to Essay, this ability to development theory, thrive under entropy. Startups do, indeed, ask for New Graduate Nurses, a lotafter all, their very existence depends on making the piaget theory, right hires. But the New Graduate, goal isnt to have every possible thing from the above list, but to theory, understand what a startup truly cares aboutas evidenced by their resume preferences. So that way, when you go after your dream job, you do it with an understanding of calpurnia's, your audience and a fluency in their crazy, native language! Jeremy Schifeling is the Founder + Chief Nerd at piaget Break into Tech, a website for Hard and Success in the Comedy Essay, anyone who wants to land a rewarding tech job, no matter their background. Skillcrush readers can get free access to piaget development, the tech resume checklist Jeremy used to screen candidates at Nurses Essay LinkedIn and startups. Get Our FREE Guide to piaget theory, the Perfect Resume. Learn how to write resumes that get you HIRED with our FREE, 30+ page ebook. You can unsubscribe from our mailing list at any time. We won't use your email address for anything else, promise!

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7 Reasons This Is An Excellent Resume For Someone Making A Career Change. Writing a resume can be a daunting task. And if you're changing careers or industries, it's even more challenging. When you're attempting to change careers, you're often going up against many other candidates who possess a more traditional (and regularly accepted) work history for the role or industry you're targeting, says Amanda Augustine, a career expert at TheLadders, an online job-matching service for professionals. But a standout resume will help you get noticed when you might otherwise be passed over. . In order to create an eye-catching resume that'll help you stand out from the development competition, you'll have to oliver cromwell die, look at all your experience and accolades in a different light, she says. Piaget? You must evaluate your experience, education, and professional development and skills to determine what's considered important for your new career, and then you'll have to the berlin impact war?, re-position or re-brand yourself. . To do this, you'll need to become well versed in your target industry's terminology so you can express your previous experience and skills in terms that your new audience will understand and appreciate, Augustine explains. Piaget? That can take a lot of effort on church, the part of the job seeker; it may even require you to speak with people who work in your target field which you should be doing anyway to learn which of your skills are transferable and most prized.

She says when you have a well-crafted document and an advocate in piaget theory your corner, you're much more likely to succeed with your career transition. To get a clearer picture of examples what makes a resume stand out, we asked Augustine to create a sample of an excellent one for a professional changing careers. . While your resume may look different depending on development, the job or industry you're targeting, the one below from Essay on Interactive Artwork, someone hoping to transition from HR to sales should serve as a useful guide: Skye Gould/Business Insider. What makes this an excellent resume for someone transitioning careers or industries? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. Development Theory? The job seeker's new career objective is clear. . If you want to change careers, it's best to have your new job goal well-defined, as this will dictate how you reposition your experience and Jay Leno: in the Comedy Industry Essay, which qualifications you decide to highlight in your new resume, Augustine says. . 2. This resume focuses on the skills, achievements, and piaget development, qualifications that are most relevant to the job seeker's new career track. . While HR and sales may not seem like similar career tracks, many of the skills leveraged by recruiters can be transferable to a sales or marketing career, she explains. Calpurnia's Church? It's important to identify which of piaget development theory your skill sets are valuable to essay prompt examples, another field, and in what capacity.

I can rattle off a list of common skills that are easily transferable to a variety industries and functions problem-solving, strategic thinking, strong written or oral communication, people management, innovation, negotiation, etc. but it gets trickier when you're considering a switch from a very specialized role to a completely different field. In these cases, talk to people who work in the industries that interest you. Once they have a good understanding of your background and strengths, they'll be able to provide insight into which roles in their field might be relevant to you. Piaget Development? 3. This resume sells what the job seeker has to offer. . Hazel is a technical recruiter seeking a position selling recruiting software to corporations, so her extensive knowledge of the recruitment process and Essay, her experience using and training others on development theory, various social recruiting platforms and applicant tracking systems work is emphasized in her professional summary and New Graduate Essay, highlighted throughout the rest of her resume. 4. Theory? The job seeker's experience is repackaged into terms that her target prospective employers will understand. . Nurses Essay? Wherever possible, this job seeker's experience was translated into sales terminology, says Augustine. Piaget Development Theory? For example, the Hard Work in the Industry terms 'clients' or 'internal clients' were used to describe the hiring managers. Candidates were turned into prospects or potential leads. In her list of core competencies, 'Hazel' used sales keywords such as 'lifecycle management' and 'pipeline management,' leaving out the terms that would make these competencies recruiter-specific (i.e. Development? 'recruitment process lifecycle' and Jay Leno: Work in the Comedy Industry, 'candidate pipeline'). . Every field has its own acronyms and terminology. Piaget Development? It's your job to figure out how to translate your experience and past successes into terms that resonate with your new target audience. Blockade Impact The Cold? Subscribe to industry-specific publications, conduct informational interviews, and start attending events that are relevant to your target field to gain this insight, and update your resume accordingly.

5. This resume is piaget development concise and only includes relevant information. . How Did Oliver? Even though the job seeker has over six years of experience and has worked in at least three positions, her resume is only one page long. Her earlier positions only contain small blurbs about her work with a couple achievements highlighted, Augustine notes. Rather than listing out a laundry list of development theory your skills and experience, carefully select the accomplishments and responsibilities that will support your current career objectives. 6. The job seeker's major contributions and achievements are quantified . How Did The Berlin The Cold War?? . Development? Include numbers whenever possible, whether you're describing the size of your budget, the number of events you helped organize, or the number of people you managed, to demonstrate your value to Hard Comedy Essay, the employer. Piaget Theory? 7. The job seeker included non-work related skills and activities. The Berlin Impact War?? . Hazel listed her membership in Toastmasters, since employers value good communication skills in their sales employees. Showcase any memberships to professional associations, volunteer work, internships, or other extracurricular activities that allowed you to either leverage relevant skills or exposed you to your target field or industry, Augustine says.. SEE ALSO: This Is An Ideal Resume For A Mid-Level Employee.

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Dissertation on Human Resource Management. Effective Strategy for piaget theory Creating Harmonious Working Relationship among Culturally Diverse Employees. There are various factors that contribute to the rising workplace diversity. These include increasing numbers of immigrants, company mergers and examples joint ventures in different countries, increased engagement of piaget theory business consultants and temporary employees, international competition and the phenomenon of globalization, which has transformed the world into a global village. Globalization has occurred because of a combination of church factors such as improved infrastructure, advancements in technology. Infrastructure and technology have not only provided cheaper means of communication and travel, but have revolutionized the development theory, speed at which individuals and businesses communicate with each other. Domestic companies are also spreading their operations to new territories across the Nurses, globe in search of new markets or outsourcing some aspects of their production process.

Management of employee cultural diversity, through the integration of suitable strategies plays a key role in development theory, improving the competitive advantage of the business, especially on the global platform. Globalization calls for specific approaches that promote harmonious working relationships within increasingly culturally diverse workplaces. Hansen (2002) observes that workplace diversity is critical to the existence of businesses and identifying key strategies to ensure harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees is integral to the survival of church any business. Diversity in this case means the piaget theory, differences between individuals based on how did the berlin blockade impact war? their culture, which influences their perceptions, values and beliefs. There is increased pressure on piaget human resource departments to integrate culturally diverse employees, while at the same time maintaining high levels of motivation among the divergent groups. The main issue in a culturally diverse workforce is creating synergy, teamwork and calpurnia's one cohesive culture made up of the various cultural groups within the workplace (Hansen, 2002). A key aspect of creating a cohesive workplace culture is how individual employees perceive that they are receiving fair and equal treatment. Identifying employee perception of fairness begins by evaluating current employee benefits and development theory assessing specific suggestions that are appealing to a diverse workforce. Identifying such strategies is on Interactive, critical as it plays a role in development, employee retention output and overall success of a business. Dissatisfied employees who feel they are not being treated fairly especially pertaining to their culture, will have low levels of motivation and their output may not meaningfully impact the overall successful performance of the business. This paper will look at various options that are available in diversity management in order to identify the most suitable and effective strategy in managing a culturally diverse workforce in a manner the will create cohesiveness and harmony, increase employee satisfaction and maximize their output.

There are various traditional approaches that corporations adopt in order to motivate their culturally diverse workforce. These are such as benefit plans insurance and retirement programs. However, with cultural diversity expanding more than before, traditional approaches are no longer sufficient in promoting harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. There is need for groundbreaking strategies that will not only ensure that each employee feels valued at the workplace, but will create employee loyalty to the company and motivate them to increase their output. These strategies should have the ability to retain employees; companies loose their experienced employees to corporations that have better strategies in handling cultural diversity and ensuring employee satisfaction. To accommodate the various needs of culturally diverse employees, companies may choose to offer them benefits that are flexible according to the specific needs of individual employees. A company may come up with a range of New Graduate Nurses Essay offers which employees can pick from, depending on how best they suit their needs.

This strategy has the advantage of piaget development theory minimizing wastage, as benefits will not be wasted on the employees who do not need. Giving employees benefits that they do not need has no additional value to Jay Leno: and Success in the Industry Essay, the company as the benefits will have no motivational effect (Bohlander Snell, 2007). Traditionally, employees are presented with a benefits package that consists of vacation, health insurance and piaget development theory sick leave. How Did Blockade The Cold War?? This benefits package also ensures that the employees have minimum level coverage against unexpected financial hardships. Development? In this strategy, employees are offered a predetermined number of credits, which they may use to Essay on Interactive, purchase additional benefits that they deem suitable to piaget theory, their needs. However, this strategy bears a disadvantage to the corporation in the case of poor selection of employees. In this case, the company would bear the church, burden of employees who have many financial costs. In addition, employees may select high cost benefits which are of use to them, but ultimately present a financial burden to the corporation. Such complexities must be analyzed by the company before settling on a particular approach. The strategy that is selected should be beneficial to piaget development theory, the company as well as to church, the employees.

The strategy should be comprehensive enough that it addresses most, if not all issues pertaining to cultural diversity, and at the same time protects the interests of the company and overall profitability. Theory? The overall diversity management strategy should give the company a competitive edge on Jay Leno: Hard Work Comedy Industry Essay the global scale and piaget boost its ability to Artwork Reflection, recruit and retain employees, in addition to attaining the ability to development, adjust to the evolving and increasingly culturally diverse workforce. There are many examples of strategies that companies have used in the past, to manage a culturally diverse workforce, which have proved to be redundant, if not ultimately disastrous in terms of prompt examples maintaining harmonious working relationship with employees and overall company performance. A good illustration of this is development, when a leading insurance company in California US, gave its leading salespersons tickets to a Christmas event being held in a local church. This decision proved to be disastrous as more than a third of the companys sales people were Jewish. Such as strategy, though aimed at rewarding hardworking employees, was not culturally sensitive, which lead to oliver cromwell die, boycotts and resignations of employees and within six months, this mistake had cost the company more than one million dollars (Tahmincioglu, 2004). The scenario demonstrates the importance of careful evaluation before deciding on a specific strategy that creates harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. The selected benefits and approaches should match the needs of the piaget development, various cultures represented in calpurnia's church, the workforce as the case scenario illustrates how catastrophic it would be for the company in the event of a mismatch.

In a bid to arrive at the most suitable and comprehensive strategy for dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce, the paper will look at selected specific groups that should be targeted to boost their motivation and ensure that they experience fair treatment in piaget theory, their specific workstations. Essay? One target group that forms part of a culturally diverse workforce is the immigrant workforce. Hammers (2003) observes that, one way of enhancing the piaget development theory, working experience of immigrant employees, especially those whom English is a second language, is by developing their language and communicative skills through English as a second language (ESL) classes. Additionally companies may consider readjusting their training structure for cromwell new employees in a way that mirrors how individuals from different cultures learn. This is particularly important as studies have revealed that people from different cultures and piaget backgrounds have different ways of acquiring knowledge, and if this factor is not integrated in the new-employee training manuals, then the immigrants will not gain what was intended, and New Graduate Nurses Essay their work experience and output may become redundant. Companies should consider that conventional approaches to employee training may not be suitable for the a workforce that is culturally diverse, and the knowledge and piaget theory information deemed as crucial for the traditional employee may not be so for immigrant workers. In addition, the training of new-employees should include topics that educate the workforce about the specific cultures, particularly those that to which the Hard Work and Success Comedy Industry Essay, new employees belong. Piaget? Additional presentations should be prepared for the existing workforce, which encourage empathy, understanding and tolerance of all cultural groups within the workforce.

The training should aim at ensuring that all employees have cultural competence and essay are able to relate with colleagues from other cultures, with a sufficient amount of respect and empathy. Being culturally competent will ensure that employees understand how to communicate with individuals from different cultures, as some cultures are regarded as high context cultures while others are low context cultures. Having this knowledge is especially critical as it addresses how people from development, different cultures communicate, and how their way of communication is bound to Essay, influence the communicative process within the workplace. Individuals from high context cultures are often misunderstood by those from low context cultures. Low-context culture individuals perceive their counterparts from high context cultures as ambiguous, deceitful, convoluted and indirect. Piaget Development? However, people from high context culture appear to communicate indirectly as their culture lays greater emphasis on their ability to retain cohesiveness with others and not say anything that may be deemed as offensive or upsetting to the other party.

In this context, high context culture will not say anything that appears offensive, making low context colleagues perceive their indirectness as deceit. On their part, high context employees perceive their low context colleagues as insensitive as they tend to communicate more directly. This may aggravate employee relationships when some individual feel that their colleagues are not treating them fairly or they are being insensitive to their feelings. Training in cultural competence will ensure that the workforce has the Essay on Interactive, basic idea of how individuals from different cultures perceive situations and their ways of communicating and acquiring meaning from communication. This will ultimately lead to development, increased harmony, cohesiveness and employee satisfaction at calpurnia's church, the work place. The paper will also look at strategies that multinational corporations operating in various parts of the world use to accommodate the culture of the local workforce, and how to integrate it with the theory, wider operation of the whole company. When companies venture into new territories to expand their businesses in the spirit of globalization, they encounter diverse cultures and Essay Artwork cultural practices that may not be particularly suited to the overall operational model of the business. However, these cultural aspects must be accommodated and integrated into company employee-cohesion strategy if it hopes to piaget development, make any meaningful impact and realize its goals within that particular cultural setting. Prompt Examples? Aspects of piaget development culture that multinationals are faced with include employee work ethics based on culture, religion, among other factors.

The psychological definition of prejudice is, attitudes that have value content and weight that are not based on any practical reality or whose objective reality has not been examined (Gilbert Ivancevich, 2001). The characteristics of prejudice are usually negative feelings and Essay Artwork actions that are stigmatizing towards others. Ethnic prejudices are characterized by the negative perceptions and attitudes that individuals or groups harbor against individuals or groups of a different ethnicity or group. Furthermore, it is piaget development theory, important that prejudices not only exist within the attitudes of people but are also institutional such as in laws, literature or school syllabuses. They also exist at die, the social level such as social discussions.

There are also many prejudices that are present in procedures for categorizing people and social groups, and even act as rational understanding for dividing and rejecting specific groups. Bruner (2003), the image of how we frame about theory, people is connected to the social power they may posses. Differences in social positions, power and wealth are significant factors that influence the church, way in which people perceive others. Consequently, prejudices are not the casual inventions of people, but are directly linked to piaget, prevailing social structures, which are intervened socially in social discussion or institution level through the media and the education system (Govaris 2004). Robertson, Kulik and Pepper (2003) state that there are a number of approaches that a company can use in establishing a diversity program, and it is Hard Work in the Comedy Industry, not likely for there to be an exclusive way that is guaranteed to be the most successful. They further observe that the piaget theory, likelihood of essay prompt such a success is dependent on situational dynamics such as the strategies of the organization, environment, the piaget development, people as well as organizational culture. Organizations in this case, range from monolithic kind, meaning the number of minority employees is relatively low (Cox, 1991). Cox goes on to observe that in such a case, efforts towards diversifying the workplace are likely to be met with hostility and resistance. The multicultural kinds are organizations where employees from essay examples, minority groups work in all levels of the enterprise. In this case, diversity operates as a principle, which is incorporated in the value system and strategies of the corporate culture.

In such organizations, diversity programs are not met with resistance since the climate is already diverse, (Richard, 2000). Furthermore, Elsass and Graves (1997) note that the acceptance of diversity of piaget development theory programs by the employees also depend on how did cromwell how the organization is piaget, performing at the time. How Did Oliver Die? Firms that are downsizing will have their attempts to piaget theory, introduce diversity programs met with considerable hostility, while those, which are growing and expanding will experience minimal hostility against new diversity programs. Richardson (2000) observes that being aware of the situation is crucial in an organizations bid to implement a diversity program, since situational factors are determinant of how a diversity program will be received by calpurnia's church, the employees. Zahavy and Erez (2002) are of the opinion that the success of a diversity program depends on the goals that the development, company has set when undertaking such a measure. In addition, the goals should be constantly reviewed, based on the feedback that is received on the performance of such objectives.

According to Locke and Comedy Essay Latham, (1990), the theory, goal setting theory is based on the notion that precise goals that are both tasking and essay prompt examples acceptable stimulate performance on theory a range of duties than goals, which are easy, ambiguous and unreal. In this context, goals and objectives are referent to what the diversity program intends to accomplish. The diversity program should also clearly distinguish goals from quotas or proportions since they are not similar and will impact the diversity program in different ways. Increasing the number of on Interactive Reflection culturally diverse employees may be one of the goals, but using quotas when giving promotions or hiring new employees may possibly be perceived as reverse discrimination (Zahavy Erez, 2002). Therefore, when an organization is preparing a diversity program, goals other than proportions or quotas should be considered. Such goals may include mentoring of employees from minority groups, improving the relationship with employees from minority groups, increasing cross-cultural knowledge and cultural competence of employees within the organization (Richard, 2002).

These goals may be complemented with specific objects such as increasing the numbers of women and other minority employees being hired as well as those receiving promotions. Zahavy and Erez (2002) suggest that when developing a diversity program, an organization should engage legal counsel to piaget development theory, makes sure that the objectives and the approaches proposed are in line with employment laws as well as ethical standards. The goals should not only be specific in nature, but also realistic. Jay Leno: Work In The Comedy Industry? This should be ascertained by thorough examination of the prevailing strategies in use, which should then be transformed into the definite objectives that will subsequently be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. In order to optimize the development, benefits of setting specific goals for the diversity program, it is Nurses, necessary that the organization engage in evaluation procedures at specific stages. The progress and impact of such a program must be accessed and the obtained feedback integrated in the ensuing implementation process.

Feedback in this case is very crucial as it provides insight on how well the goals of the diversity program are being met and factors that need to be changed to streamline the process. Bowen and Blackmon (2003) observe that goals should give priority to the what needs to be accomplished, enhance creation of efficient strategies as well as stimulate the efforts need in attaining the goals. Goals should be specific enough for the participants because more benefits are associated with having specific goals and specific procedures for attaining them. Hoffman (2003) adds that ambiguous goals such as those that seemingly encompass all the objectives, detracts attention and does not stimulate action from the piaget development theory, participants. In this case, Hoffman emphasizes that; an organization should break down its overall objective for diversity management, into specific goals that are comprehensible and applicable by the workforce. According to Hard and Success Comedy, Howard, Hoffman and development theory Wintenberg (2003) add that framing of a diversity program has a great influence on church its overall success. Theory? This is oliver cromwell die, based on psychological research that has proven that psychological framing of messages is instrumental in how they are perceived and interpreted by the recipients. In this case, Zahavy and Erez (2002) state that well framed diversity programs are not perceived as threats that need to be overcome, but rather as opportunities or challenges.

There are a number of frames that are can be used in strategies, which include, assimilation/learning approach which views diversity as a tool for reorganizing the organizations basic tasks and procedures. Another frame proposed by Ely and Thomas (2001) is the access and legitimacy view, which approaches diversity programs as a strategy that will give the organization legitimacy in the market. This is accomplished by hiring employees who have fundamental similarities with the targeted clientele. Piaget Development? The other frame is the discrimination versus fairness that views diversity programs as a means through which the organization can get rid of discrimination and provide equal opportunities to its employees. Ely and Thomas (2003) note that the above three framing process will be successful to some degree. However, they emphasize that the framing method, which is most likely to motivate employees, to be actively involved and committed to the realization of the goals of the diversity program, is integration and learning. This is because it is based on the underlying principle that motivates the workforce for how did oliver cromwell die long-term success of the program. Theory? Management also plays an important role. Research indicates that diversity programs which received enthusiastic endorsement and support from the top levels of Hard and Success Industry management were the most successful (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003).

When employees perceive that the management is deeply committed to the diversity program, then they are more likely to piaget development, emulate them. Nurses Essay? Additionally, putting the strategy into practice, by having a culturally diverse management team is also a great motivating factor for a successful diversity program. Adding to the framing of diversity programs strategy, Kravitz and development theory Klineberg (2002) state that when creating affirmative actions aimed at increasing the impact the cold, number of piaget development theory women and other minorities in the workforce, it is important to put into consideration a number of important factors. Mostly, affirmative action may have the calpurnia's, negative effect of stigmatizing the beneficiary, instead of affirming them. Piaget? This is because affirmative actions is construed as supporting individuals based on calpurnia's either gender or their minority status and not on their competence to perform their duties, leading to a misconception that they are incompetent, (Heilman Stathatos, 2007). Social identity theory is another theory relevant to the formulation of diversity programs (Tajfel Turner, 1986). This theory applies to diversity programs and management because when the workforce identifies with the organization, the chances for the success of the diversity program are much higher.

The premise of this theory is that individuals desire to perceive themselves in the most positive light, and one way of doing so is development, being identified with individuals who are like themselves. In the same way, groups are likely to gravitate towards insiders and outsiders, where outsiders are usually considered negatively. When this happens at the workplace, diversity strategies are less likely to be successful. When such in-groupings occur, workmates become prejudiced against each other, stereotypes prevail triggering conflicts (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003). Lefkowitz (1994) observes that there are various factors that exist within the working environment that will cause the employees to gravitate towards those who are most similar to how did impact the cold, them. A research conducted by Harrison and Bell, (1998) suggests that individual employees need to be encouraged to know themselves, in order to piaget theory, counteract the tendency of workmates to associate themselves with only those they perceive to be like them.

This requires a lot of church time, and various strategies. Brickson (2000) in his study, established that having a reward structure within the organization is likely to stimulate employees to collaborate and cooperate but there is need for piaget theory specific goals that are geared towards enhancing teamwork and forming of mutual relationships by the workforce. Oliver? Specifically, when the reward being giving makes it a requirement for the employees to cooperate or collaborate with each other, then the institution as well as the teams become precedent as opposed to the individual differences that separate the theory, workforce. In the church, same way, Chatman, Polzer and theory Barsade (1998) add that tasks that are more individually based and rewards for church such will only motivate the workers to become more individualistic and will not encourage teamwork and cooperation. This will result to the ineffectiveness of the piaget, diversity programs. Enhancing a culture of cooperation within the organization will require management to take a leadership position that emphasizes on common good and basing some performance of tasks on overall group performance and not on individuals and rewarding such group achievements often (Brickson 2003). Brickson (2003) observes that the success of the berlin impact a diversity program largely depends on how well it is managed.

Various steps are key to having a successful diversity management plan. Development Theory? According to Lyness (2006), diversity management includes enhancing the how did oliver die, commitment of piaget senior management to New Graduate Essay, the diversity program, as well as making the answerable to issues arising in its implementation and overall success. Lyness is also of the opinion that human resources should not be charged with managing the theory, diversity program but the responsibility should be placed upon line management. Management at all levels should also be held accountable for calpurnia's church the program. Page (2007) notes that that diversity management should constitute a council made up of all line management who are charged with ensuring that the piaget theory, diversity program is well instituted and that any arising issues are amicably addressed. Diversity, within the on Interactive Artwork Reflection, context of employee management, means all the considerable differences that exist between people, and include the perceptions of differences, which need to be put under consideration in specific circumstances. In most cases, the piaget development theory, most significant differences are usually those, which are not very obvious, such as belief and value systems and thought processes.

Scott (2007) cites some basic sources of diversity that impact businesses in one way or another to be, age, ethnicity, culture, gender, religion, language, economic status, regional culture, sexual orientation, working experience, personality, learning style, ideology, e.t..c. Diversity management is therefore a continuous process that incorporates the recognition of differences within the workforce, within all fundament functions of the business, communication and services with the intention of creating a harmonious, fair, inclusive and effective organization. Diversity management encourages participation, inclusion, and the full contribution of all members of start towards the goals and objectives of the organization. Diversity also cultivates a good reputation for the organization among various groups in the society and the global market (Scott 2007). Diversity and diversity management at the workplace has undergone major revolution in the last 30 years in both UK and major economies on essay prompt the globe. Piaget Development? This is particularly so because of increased immigration, ease in transport as well as the emergence of Nurses Essay globalization and the global market. Especially in piaget development theory, the early seventies to the mid nineties, there have been various laws, which have been instituted against sexual and racial discrimination (West Frances, 2007). In addition, extensive legislation has been formulated that shields that emphasize on Hard and Success in the Industry Essay equal opportunities for all, human rights, health and safety at the workplace as well as the rights that protect the disabled. These laws made it imperative for businesses and institutions to development theory, comply in order to mitigate the essay examples, risks of expensive penalties, legal action, injuries, reduced motivation and damage to development, the organizations reputation among other factors (Scott, 2007). Essay Prompt Examples? This factor have continued to motivate businesses to have comprehensive and effective diversity programs to the present date.

Managers are held responsible to development, ensure tolerance and fairness at the workplace, which according to West and Frances (2007), is die, achieved through staff training, control systems and other compliance policies. In the past decade, the globalized economy has created a marked increase in workforce diversity, and more competition for experienced and talented employee (Ely Thomas, 2001). Additionally, the expectations of employees regarding the balance in work and life, has risen. Workers have also come to piaget, expect more flexibility, increased opportunities both to showcase their talents and benefit for their efforts, recognition and respect (HR Focus, 2008).. In this respect, businesses have found it of utmost importance to reorganize their business model to focus on competitiveness and benefits that will ensure that they are in compliance of employment laws and regulations. This in turn reduces the business risks as well as responding to the changes in the economy and society, thereby ensuring overall business viability and success. How Did Impact The Cold War?? Hostager and De Meuse (2003) observe that managers are charged with the responsibility of enhancing workforce diversity and its advantages to create social cohesiveness and inclusiveness, which are significant elements that determine the effectiveness and success of the development theory, organization. According to West and Essay on Interactive Artwork Frances (2007), some businesses manage issues arising from diversity as they occur, or will simply ignore them. However, as Childers (2005) has proved that, only businesses and organizations that have cultural diversity management strategies, which are ultimately successful and effective and are likely to remain competitive over a long period. Grimes (2008) adds that, the theory, key to die, coming up with a good strategy for managing cultural diversity is understanding, what factors that motivate and satisfy the development theory, employees regardless of their backgrounds. One of the most composite elements of diversity is cultural background that plays a big role in prompt, employee expectations, motivation and overall satisfaction (West and Frances 2007).

Age, education, gender, mental and physical ability are some other diversity factors that greatly impact the working environment. Piaget Development? Presence of people from different nationalities, cultures and essay prompt examples social backgrounds makes the current state of workplaces very complex and delicate. Gilbert and Ivancevich (2000) state that human beings are more alike than they are different, and perceived differences are rooted in upbringing, and acquired viewpoints about the piaget development theory, world and the manner in which things are done. Prompt? Childers (2005) adds that the most significant of these differences are those that are based in our belief systems, our values and theory our attitudes. How Did Oliver Cromwell Die? In this case, the piaget theory, management of Reflection diversity should be connected to the both the performance of the organization as well as that of the individual.

This is based on the notion that performance is largely dependent on the quality of ones thinking, which is based on the quality of information that an individual has (Bowen and development theory Blackmon, 2003) Without the right kind of information, especially that, which concerns others, misperceptions and miscommunication will be inevitable. Having the knowledge about differences, and essay prompt how they are likely to impact relationships, actions and decisions within the piaget theory, composite diverse working environment enables managers and the business at large to enhance performance at the individual and team levels (HR Focus, 2008). Lyness (2006) states that a sound diversity management strategy makes it imperative for businesses to gain new knowledge, information and skills that are geared towards the development of cultural competence. Managing people who are from diverse cultural backgrounds calls for a combined knowledge and skills, which can be acquired, and that will lead to the acquisition of cultural knowledge and competence. According to New Graduate Essay, Brickson (2003), cultural competence is awareness, practices, knowledge, skills and procedures that are required in for the appropriated and efficient functioning within situations and circumstances that are generally culturally diverse and interaction of individuals coming from development theory, diverse cultures. In order to so, it is paramount to have a comprehensive understanding of what culture is as well as the meaning of cultural diversity (Lynes, 2006). It is also of great importance, when seeking to become culturally competent, to have frameworks and die concepts that are comprehensive enough to facilitate the ability to manage and analyze culture and piaget theory cultural diversity in ways that are practical and applicable. According to HR Focus, (2008) groups desire to work harmoniously and calpurnia's church with cooperation without disagreements and conflicts. It is common practice for organizations to piaget, ignore discussion of differences, which exist between members of a group.

This is because there are many complex issues that are associated with diversity. Cultural competence involves having the knowledge that people may be inherently different, but these differences should not inhibit the good performance (Zahavy Erez, 2002). A sound diversity management plan therefore involves the assessment and discussion of these differences, how they impact working relationships and how they should be addressed (Brickson, 2003). West and Frances (2007)observe that there are various challenges that related to cultural diversity and which business, both macro and micro have to contend with. i.Complying with regulations on safety, equal opportunities and anti discrimination.

ii.Responding to a increased diversity in the labor market. iii.Competing for Jay Leno: and Success in the Industry the talent available in the labor force. iv.Managing innovation and knowledge in the workplace. v.Sustainable relationships with the community. vi.Serving a market that is culturally diverse, both locally and internationally. vii.Meeting the development, needs and expectations of the workforce. viii.Meeting all ethical standards and how did cromwell die social responsibility. ix.Remaining competitive in culturally diverse global market. Each of the above elements bears great significance of the performance and viability of a business. According to Watson (2002) the top 100 companies in diversity management, based on equal pay and opportunities, motivation and of employees and had a 10.7% increase on returns on investment.

This has motivated many global companies to be actively engaged in competing for a position in the best companies in terms of diversity management (Diversity Inc, 2009). There is sufficient evidence that proves that companies benefit when they incorporate diversity in their operations, planning and decision-making. Lynes (2007)observes that some of this benefits can be observed and measured within the short term. These include reduction of employee complaints and increase in output of employee. However, as (Zahavy Erez, 2002). Theory? adds, the major and most significant benefits are those that are ingrained into the organizations culture and have long term effects. Nurses Essay? This will ensure sustainable cohesion, inclusion and piaget theory overall productivity. Undertaking a management approach, that enhances on compliance, organization and market growth factors into Reflection, everyday business operations will present immense benefits, reduce costs and increase profitability, (Rosenfeld, Landis Dalsky, 2003) add that it is imperative that, while undertaking diversity program implementation, business and organizations specific issues should be considered, as well as specific aims and objectives. Piaget? In order to do so, the case for action should be analyzed in detail. Sacco and Schmitt (2003).notes that, the pertinent issues related to the organization and oliver cromwell die business case strategy include: i.Development of the organization. ii.Management of knowledge and skills.

v.Development of development products and church services. Rosenfeld, Landis and Dalsky, (2003) further observes that the business case for cultural diversity management is based on the proven fact that businesses gain competitive advantage whey they have sound diversity management strategies and piaget polices. This is primarily because sustainable competitive edge is obtained from resources, which includes human resources, which are not easily replicable but go a long way into adding value to products and services. This facilitates the growth and development of the organization in a number of ways, which Sacco and Schmitt (2003) cites as: enhanced team and management functions. better long term strategies and planning, which factor in demographic trends.

Better response and flexibility to changing markets. Better mechanisms for resolving employee conflicts and improved decision making. Improved chances of attracting better talent and employee retention. In terms of talent attraction and retention, Richard (2000) notes that organizations that have sound strategies in Hard Work Comedy Essay, diversity management, and that address the issues of minority employees greatly cut down on development employee turnover, which saves them money, retains skills and boosts the church, reputation of the organization within the global market. Businesses that are known to be fair, give equal opportunities to their employees and have respect for all minority groups will be greatly preferred by all potential employees. Such organizations will always attract the best talent in the industry.

In addition, a good working environment that is not discriminative increases labor turnover as well as reducing employee absenteeism. Richard (2000) adds that a sound diversity management program reduces employee groupings in terms of piaget development theory insiders and outsiders, stimulates motivation, creates flexibility and New Graduate enhances the productivity of employees. West and Frances (2007) goes on to say that when teams and team leaders are increasingly aware of cultural factors that exist within teams, then members will be better positioned to make meaningful contributions to the team. There is also reduction of the negative influence and teams are able to integrate for better outcomes. Specifically pertaining to global businesses, Wintenberg (2003) notes that linguistic diversity within the piaget, workforce will enable the Hard in the Industry Essay, organization to piaget development, communicate easily with an international market. The business will also have more choices when considering international markets because they have become more culturally competent (Scott, 2007). Moreover, the organization will be more effective when recruiting and retaining of qualified personnel from oversees. Wintenberg (2003) adds that the company will also have more flexibility when going into the global market, whether through merging, joint ventures, franchising, acquisitions or exportation. Businesses will also be able to easily adopt to expatriate professionals and technicians. Ely and Thomas (2003) add that a company will be less likely to calpurnia's church, fail in their global ventures and piaget development theory assignments.

According to Sacco and New Graduate Schmitt (2003), sustainable competitive edge is piaget development, gained from the knowledge and skills among the New Graduate Nurses, employees, which other competitors cannot be able to duplicate or obtain from the labor market. In this sense, knowledge is considered diverse and businesses should s t rive to create a knowledge based culture within its operation (Sinclair 2000) notes that the management of knowledge within an enterprise involves recognizing, formulating, ongoing expansion and piaget theory improvement and how did cromwell die sharing of the knowledge, insights and experiences of the organizations members. An organization that is knowledge based will find new and more effectives means of knowledge sharing among the employees to piaget, ensure that the on Interactive Artwork, its knowledge has strategic value (HR Focus, 2007). In this sense, global businesses have come to understand that diversity in cognition and information gives them competitive advantage within the global market. According to Kravitz and piaget development Klineberg (2002) training, professional development and learning enhance to the above processes.

A culturally diverse environment presents numerous learning and growth opportunities to all employees. The employees have the opportunities to the berlin blockade the cold, share their knowledge as well as their diverse experiences. By facilitating ongoing learning opportunities for personal or professional development makes the workforce more loyal and more willing to share their knowledge and experiences with their colleagues. HR Focus (2007) adds that when the diverse backgrounds of the employees are acknowledged, then their unique abilities and knowledge will be brought in performing some specific tasks or solving specific problems. Cultural diversity and competence training is also key in the management of a culturally diverse workforce and enhances the knowledge base of the business (Grimes, 2002). Training in cross cultural issues enhances how employees relate with each other and therefore boosts effectiveness of teams. Cross-cultural training also enhances customer service, as well as improving customer relationships. Cross cultural training of utmost importance as recent studies indicate that culturally different individuals perceive circumstances and situations differently as well as having very different ways of learning (Thalheimer, 2009). Grimes (2002) has identified a number factors that should be considered when creating a diversity programs strategy or program. These factors include pertinent questions that should be asked before deciding on the most suitable approach a particular companys diversity program.

These questions are: i.What are the key aspects of piaget development theory cultural diversity among employees that need to be incorporated when making business plans and delivering services? ii.What are the factors related to the cultural diversity of the workforce influence planning, assigning duties and delivery of products and services. iii.What are the conflicts and misunderstandings that occur among the employees that are related to calpurnia's church, language or cultural differences? iv.How does cultural diversity impact performance of development teams and Jay Leno: Hard and Success Industry management within the business. v.Does the prevailing working atmosphere proved an atmosphere that encourages individuals to speak up about issues of development theory cultural diversity.

vi.What are the key skills that team leaders and managers should posses to manage and work with cultural diversity. vii.What is the current diversity management scenario within the company? Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) points out prompt that, for an enterprise to develop a business case geared toward management of diversity, some crucial factors that impact business operations should be identified. Piaget Theory? The strategy should also determine the specific benefits, which will be accrued from investing time and other resources into a sound cultural diversity program. Communicating across cultures. Cultural differences affect how individuals communicate across cultures (Hostager De Meuse, 2003). In most cases of cross-cultural communication, information is often misconceived and essay prompt misinterpreted due to the fundamental differences perceiving things. Childers (2005) adds that elements of piaget theory cross cultural communication are fundamental when formulating a diversity program. The strategy should factor in New Graduate Essay, key issues such as how cross-cultural communication affects team dynamics, resolution of conflicts, cooperation, innovativeness and other factors in the business.

In order to piaget, be fully cultural competent, it is important for prompt the workforce to have effective skills that will enable them to communicate across cultures effectively. This calls for a comprehensive understanding of culture, and the role it plays in peoples perceptions, attitudes, values and beliefs (Hostager De Meuse, 2003) O Sullivan (1994) defines culture as a system of shared beliefs and values shared among members of a particular group. Hosfede (1984) adds that culture is a collective mind programming that differentiates members of one group from another. Hall (1989) added that communication is piaget, a form of culture and that culture is communication. He went on to say that meaningful interaction would not be possible other than through culture, as the medium of communication. According to Schein (1985), culture is a pattern of unconsciously held automatic assumptions that are often taken for granted. Hostager and De Meuse (2003) observes that there are various levels at which culture operates.

This include National, regional, occupational, organizational and calpurnia's team levels of piaget development theory culture. He goes on to point out how did the berlin war? several areas at which culture functions on the personal level. These include upbringing, ideology and personality. Piaget? West and Frances (2007) points out that, to understand and compare cultures, there is need to generalize, but at calpurnia's church, the same time clarify the difference between stereotyping and generalizing. Grouping of factors in logical categories that are coherent is what generalizing pertains.

Brickson (2003) notes that it is piaget, not possible to isolate all factors that are at oliver die, play within interactions of culturally diverse individuals or groups. When observing various cultures, it is piaget development, possible to generalize based on experience or knowledge. Some generalizations include: i.Western cultures are individualistic. ii.Asian cultures value politeness and discretions. Stereotyping, on blockade the cold war? the hand, is taking such generalizations and applying them to groups of people, without considering the inherent individual differences. This means that everyone within such a group has been stereotyped.

Cornes, (1998) notes that when thinking about workforce diversity, generalizations may occur at the initial stages, but there should be openness and piaget theory modification of Essay these perceptions and generalizations as we gain more knowledge and information regarding the cultures we are dealing with. In addition, stereotypical views and opinions must be constantly challenged for the effective management of a culturally diverse workforce. It is of great importance for diversity management strategies to understand the demographic factors of the team or workforce to be attuned to trends and changes in population and its cultural composition Wintenberg (2003) According to piaget development, HR Focus (2008), there are four basic factors that underlie cross cultural communication. Verbal behavior is the the berlin blockade the cold war?, first factor and entails how individuals say and theory the way in Nurses Essay, which it is said. Here, tone, volume, rate and accents are involved. Theory? The second factor is non-verbal behavior, which entails what is said without speech or talking. Non-verbal communicative behavior consists of body language, e.g. body movements and eye contact. . adds that there is also object language that involves ornamentation, dress codes, and essay the environment within which the development theory, communication is being carried out such as the design of an calpurnia's, office and the decor. The third element in piaget, cross cultural communication involve communication style. This is the preferred way of self expression and includes assumptions held regarding how to interact and Nurses communicate with others, and how we choose to convey what we wish to communicate.

The fourth factor is what we believe to be right. This is largely influenced by prejudices, values and attitudes. Of all the three elements of cross-cultural communication, this is regarded as composite and involves ingrained feelings and beliefs regarding personal identity. Development Theory? This element also influences how we view the word, perceive and make judgment of others. In this chapter, the purpose of the study and the methods used to conduct the research will be addressed. It will also discuss the population and specific sample that was studied and blockade impact how the data was acquired. The chapter will finally discuss the procedures used to analyzed archival data used for the study. A fundamental question that has guided past researches in cultural diversity at the workplace is piaget development, whether it enables corporations to perform better and realize more growth and profitability. The studies had have established that indeed, the role of culturally diversity at the workplace is important and does enable companies to become more competitive, both domestically and at Reflection, the international platform. This is primarily so, especially for multinationals, because it gives them an international and inclusive appearance, making its activities and products more desirable and acceptable to an international market. It has also been established that cultural diversity in a company is of great value because it demonstrates that the companys employment policies is in line with international standards and development offers equal opportunities to all regardless of cultural, racial or religious background.

Such policies give the clientele confidence in the company, and with prevailing awareness by consumers regarding ethical standards of companies where they procure their goods or services, the company stands to benefit from cultural diversity in its workforce. Initially, cultural diversity only began as an attempt to meet legal and government requirements but has eventually come to be recognized as a strategic precedence that can position a company more competitively on the global market. Companies are increasingly dedicating a lot of time and resources in training on diversity, creating benefits program for a culturally diverse workforce, and other such plans, all geared towards increasing and fortify cultural diversity within the workforce (Konrad, 2003). Corporations have come to appreciate the importance of diversity and consider it as a business imperative. Demographic shifts within the Essay Artwork, labor market, both domestically and internationally, particularly the rapid increase of minority labor over the last decade has affected companies and businesses in various ways. Diversity at the workplace is driven by three distinct factors, which are. i.Competition for the best employees: This drives companies to development, reach out to the diverse labor pool in search for the best talents suited for calpurnia's the organizations goals. ii.Globalization: Having a diversified workforce on the global platform is good business strategy as it enables the company handle effectively a diverse customer base.

This implies that the diversified workforce will ultimately increase the market share of the company. iii.Increased innovation and creativity: This implies that the diversified workforce have more innovative and creative resources that are availed by piaget, the diversified demographics. The culturally diverse workforce has better group problem resolution ultimately leading to a competitive environment within the organization. With this in calpurnia's church, mind, the current research aims at piaget development theory, exploring, evaluating and ultimately coming up with a suitably comprehensive strategy that will enable companies maintain optimum levels of employee harmony, cohesion and motivation. The study will do so by using qualitative research to gather, evaluate and draw conclusions. The research design used for this study will be in the form of: i.Extensive literature review. This study aimed at identifying key strategies that will enhance harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. Oliver? In so doing, it is imperative that the study establishes key gaps and problems that inhibit harmonious working relationships among employees who are culturally diverse.

The primary source for this information was gathered from the human resource departments of theory seven multinational companies. The information was obtained by accessing the company websites and other relevant reports. Looking at the recent new-employee training manuals enabled the research to identify the latest training trends and the elements that received more emphasis in the training. The elements that were most emphasized in training by all seven companies reflected the areas that were deemed critical in enhancing the relationship between a culturally diverse workforce. They were also useful in recognizing possible problems that the companies had identified in employee relationships and had undertaken corrective measures to be covered in the training. Such strategies that were identified in six out of the seven companies that were evaluated included, ESL training for Essay on Interactive Artwork Reflection the immigrant workforce, and in four out piaget development theory of the seven companies, there was ESL training for new-employees in oversees companies, who were hired from the local labor force. In addition, three of the calpurnia's, seven companies, which operated in development, Asian countries, enrolled their employees in intensive language training programs to the berlin blockade impact, learn the local language. This was particular for companies in Japan, India and China.

Extensive literature review. Numerous studies have been conducted that address the question of diversity at the workplace and piaget theory specifically cultural diversity at oliver cromwell die, the workplace in the context of globalization. The qualitative research also involved carrying out extensive review of past studies conducted in the field of diversity management at the workplace. Literature in this area was established through conducting online data base searches using key words such as cultural diversity management, diversity at the workplace and workplace policies and regulations on cultural diversity. Development? This search yielded over 2000 hits from the essay prompt examples, various databases, which were further refined based on their relevance to the research topic and their date of publication. More recent articles were preferred as they reflected the most recent research and piaget development strategies in cultural diversity and how did diversity management at the workplace. The aims of the extensive and systematic literature survey were to: identify all relevant published evidence on diversity management.

Select the most relevant studies and reports to piaget, be included in the study. Assess the quality and authenticity of each research or report. Synthesis the results and findings from the individual researches and reports in a way the would answer the research questions of the Nurses Essay, current study. Interpret the results of the articles used and come up with a balanced and cohesive analysis while putting into consideration possible flaws in the past studies and reports. Draw out a comprehensive approach that would be effective in theory, promoting harmony among culturally diverse employees. Journals were primarily considered as sources of past research on diversity management because they not only contain the original research and findings of various studies, but also high quality peer reviewed and systematic reviews of the works. A systematic review also allows the examples, researcher to theory, examine both qualitative and quantitative evidence that were used in conducting the prompt, studies whose findings were included in this current systematic literature review. In a addition, integrating the development, systematic literature review process for a study enables the Work Industry Essay, researcher to establish the feasibility, meaningfulness and piaget development appropriateness of past studies on the topic.

This is of great importance since not all systematic reviews or studies are conducted with meticulousness and some of the findings may be misleading or inconclusive. Systematically reviewing the articles and calpurnia's church data through using leading questions would be useful in uncovering any deficiency in the articles and data. In conducting the literature survey a specific methodology is used, which is development theory, aimed at minimizing bias while appraising the data and reports of the articles and other publications. The approach also ensures that the the berlin blockade impact the cold war?, selected data is relevant to the current research, and that it is suitably appropriate and meaningful. The following steps were followed thorough out the development theory, systematic literature review. i.A well defined research question. This entails a comprehensive statement of the objectives of the study, issue of interest, relevant population of interest and essay the settings where the piaget, population exists. The statement of objectives for the study also includes the kind of studies or evidence that will be instrumental in answering the research questions in addition to the appropriate results and outcomes. These factors are extensively used to choose the most appropriate studies to be included in the literature review. ii.Literature search: Searching of calpurnia's both published and piaget unpublished researches and literature is meticulously carried out for essay examples the needed studies, which are related to piaget development, the research topic and research questions. To ensure that the literature assessment is as unbiased as possible, the how did die, search is careful to include all studies therefore using multiple databases that include studies carried out in other countries.

Databases, websites and specialized search engines are useful in development theory, obtaining grey literature, which means works that have not been formally published. These include conference proceedings, working papers, institutional reports and other such documents, which are not subject to peer review or editorial control. In addition, searching the references of full text articles produces more results for on Jay Leno: Hard Work and Success Comedy Industry relevant studies. Possible biases in this case include language bias, publication bias and development theory selection bias (Dubben, 2005). iii.Assessment of literature: After identification of potential literature that may be used in the current study, it is important to church, make an assessment if the piaget development, following manner. Eligibility against the criteria for inclusion. Full text articles are then retrieved for those, which meet the criteria for inclusion. Subsequent to the selection stage for full text papers, the rest of the works are assessed to establish their framework for on Interactive Artwork Reflection critical appraisal and theory methodological quality. Some poor quality paper will be excluded, but can be mentioned and discussed in the review.

Reported findings of the remaining studies are extracted on a form for data extraction. It is possible for some studies to be excluded event at this advanced stage. A listing of the included studies is essay prompt, generated at piaget development theory, this point. iv.Synthesis of results: After analyzing the individual studies, they are synthesized to come up with cohesive information that addresses the research question. The method of synthesizing the findings is dependent on Hard Comedy Industry the type of theory data that the evidence has yielded. Artwork? In the case where the work being reviewed yields data that is of qualitative nature, a meta-synthesis is carried out. Alternatively, a meta-analysis is conducted to analyze quantitative data. In the case that the quantitative data is not homogenous in nature, the summaries in narrative form may be appropriate. v.Contextualizing the piaget development, findings: In order to put the results of examples collective studies selected for the study in context, then a discussion of the findings is necessary. Discussion of results will address factors such as heterogeneity of selected studies, the quality of data, and potential for bias, in addition to how the results are applicable in real practice. Broad research question.

The broad research question that guided the study is: What is the most effective approach to cultural diversity at the workplace whilst maintaining employee harmony and cohesion? Other research questions. What specific actions can a business or organization undertake in order to manage cultural diversity at the workplace more effectively? What are the issues that are central to diversity management in piaget, organizations? What are the experiences of culturally diverse employees at the workplace? What are basic factors that are integral in cross-cultural communication? What are the key competencies in managing culturally diverse employees? How can an organization manage its cultural diversity training guide? Questionnaires and New Graduate Surveys.

Structured questionnaires and surveys were used to obtain primary data for this study. The target group consisted of about 80 respondents who were drawn from the seven companies used for the survey and development other local and international companies not included in the initial survey. In the selected companies, a number of 6-10 employees were chosen including one from top management, one from middle management, one from the human resource department and the rest of the respondents being drawn from various working levels within the organization. Selecting respondents from all levels of the organization was in line with studys aim of essay prompt establishing suitable strategies that promote cohesion within a culturally diverse workforce. Piaget Development Theory? Employees at all levels are relevant to the study because they are bound to interact with a colleague from a different culture, and the way they interact with such a colleague is critical in understanding the gaps that exist within the culturally diverse workforce. The human resource department personnel were instrumental as respondents because they were central to the whole dynamics of employee relationships and the department was responsible for identifying missing links with culturally diverse colleagues, and had in the past or presently been involved in oliver die, trying to identify strategies that would creating a strong working force. Top-level management respondents were selected because they were involved, at piaget, the very top, with ensuring that the company is competitively positioned in the market, and one way of doing so was to ensure that the right strategies in employee management were in prompt examples, place. Piaget Theory? In this case, they were better positioned to make observations on how such decisions had influenced the companys performance or affected its reputation and image. They are therefore more knowledgeable on the effectiveness of past policies and strategies and possible new ones that would seal loopholes that emerge in relationships between culturally diverse employees..

Mostly open-ended questions were used in the questionnaire and were structured in Jay Leno: Hard and Success in the Comedy Industry, such a way that would ensure the major research question was answered. The questions were directed to finding out how employees perceive individuals from development, different cultures, whether they had had difficulties in establishing communication or understanding what was intended in on Interactive, the communication. They also aimed at theory, establishing the level of satisfaction of employees, given the prevailing employee benefits and New Graduate Nurses policies that address cultural diversity. The questions would also establish if workers felt appreciated and development theory treated fairly within the working environment, whether they had considered looking for new employment in the recent past. The questionnaire would also establish the level of motivation of employees, based on their relationship with colleagues, with management and on their general work output. The questionnaires have been specifically designed in a way that will help unearth key weaknesses and strengths in the strategies used in dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce. Subsequently, the data acquired through this method will be analyzed in order to answer the fundamental question on which this study is based.

Below are sample questions that the selected respondents will be required to answer: Case study research is an effective approach as it facilitates the understanding of composite issues 3. Case studies enlarge experience and strengthen what has already been established in previous studies. Jay Leno: Work Industry Essay? In this context, they highlight in-depth and contextual analysis of a number of occurrences or situations and their inter-relation 7. Case study method in development theory, this research will be used to examine the existing situation in organization and how current approaches to managing cultural diversity at the workplace. This will in turn provide the foundation for the application of the strategies and ideas that will be generated from assessing the real-life situation of the berlin blockade war? a culturally diverse working environment and the experiences of the individuals who do their work is such an environment. Case study methodology is defined as an empirical inquiry that explores a current phenomenon within the real-life context 3. This is particularly effective in the case the phenomenon being investigated and piaget development the context cannot be clearly separated. Those who are opposed to case study research methodology observe that the examination of a limited number of war? cases is development theory, not sufficient to provide generality and reliability of the results while others feel that findings may become biases because of overexposure to a particular case.

Other critics feel that case study methodology is only practical when used as an exploratory tool. However, the approach is capable of yielding authentic and minimally unbiased findings especially if it is augmented by other research methodologies such as qualitative inquiry and systematic literature review. Conducting a case study. The first step when conducting a case having definite research questions that will aid in addressing the broader research question for the study 5. The research questions enable the study to remain focused by establishing the purpose of conducting the study. In a case study, the object of research is an individual, an entity or a group of people. Each study object may have historical, social, political and personal connections, which presents a broad range of possible questions and further compounds the case study. Case study methodology investigates the object of study comprehensively, by engaging various data collection methods to come up with evidence that will lead to calpurnia's church, the comprehension of the case and answer the guiding research questions 6. Mostly, case study methodology answers multiple questions, which are targeted towards a limited number of conditions or events and how they may be inter-related. It is piaget theory, more effective to generate research questions for cromwell die the case study after conducting an intensive literature review 6. In this case, the development theory, researcher is New Graduate Essay, able to assess the studies, which have been previously conducted, therefore ensuring that the questions are refined and answer to the broader research question. Establishing the questions before embarking on the case study will direct the researcher to the appropriate places where evidence may be found.

Using this method enables the researcher to establish the method that will be used to analyze the data. The design for the case study will be guided by the broad research question established in the intensive literature review. The guidelines that will be used in development theory, conducting this study are. What is the current practice in cultural diversity management in Hard and Success in the Essay, the companies selected for the case study? What is the approach is used when training in cultural diversity. To what extent is the workforce culturally diverse. What are the experiences of employees working in a culturally diverse environment? The second step involves selecting the cases to be used and the methods of piaget data collection and data analysis that will be used 5. At the research design stage, the researcher decides how the cases will be selected and whether a single or multiple cases are going to be used. In the New Graduate Nurses Essay, present study, multiple case study of seven international companies will be used. Each case study will be treated as individual and single cases. The findings from each case study will be integrated as information adding to the whole research.

In order to piaget, ensure the validity of study, the case studies were carefully selected by examining many available choices. Examples? The decision to development theory, primarily use multinational companies was arrived because the sufficiently reflect the role and importance of cultural diversity at essay prompt, the workplace. In addition, they offer the best-case scenario in which to development theory, investigate the experiences of individuals working in a culturally diverse environment, as they are more likely to have a higher number of multi-cultural individuals than domestic companies. In selecting the case studies, the researcher considered cases that have some unique aspect in their practice of diversity at the workplace, cases that may be considered as typical and those, which are representative of various geographical regions and integrated various sizes for how did die the research. This was facilitated by referring to the purpose of the study in piaget development theory, order to prompt, stay focus on cases, which would satisfy the main purpose of the study and provide answers the research questions. Selected companies for the case study. A significant strength that the theory, case study approach bears is the ability to use multiple sources and various techniques in the process of data collection 5. The researcher predetermined the type of evidence that would be gathered and the type of calpurnia's church techniques that would be used to analyze the collected data in a way that comprehensively answers the main, as well as other research questions. In this case, the data will be analyzed using qualitative method. The tools of data collection included surveys, observation and piaget theory interviews. Questionnaires were also given to employees in the companies where case studies were being conducted. The designated tools for data collection were used systematically in the collection of evidence 5. The design was carefully formulated to ensure that it adhered to internal, external and construct validity and reliability.

Internal validity of the case study design is important as it proves that certain situations and conditions lead to other conditions. This requires using several pieces of Hard and Success Essay evidence from various sources to unearth convergent points of investigation. Theory? External validity demonstrates whether the results can be generalized to a wider population. In this case, the Jay Leno: Work and Success Comedy Industry Essay, ability of the study to piaget, yield similar results in Jay Leno: Hard Work in the Comedy Industry, variations of geographical area and population indicates that it has high external validity. External validity in this case was established through cross-case and within-case checks together with the systematic review of literature. Reliability of development theory study design refers to the precision of the measurement used, accuracy and stability.

The design of reliable designs for conducting case studies ensures that the blockade the cold war?, methods and procedures are properly documented and the steps can be repeated by other studies many times and come up with similar results 10. Step 3. Piaget Theory? Preparation for Collecting the Data. Next is the preparation for data collection, the actual data collection and subsequent evaluation and analysis of the on Interactive, data. It is piaget, of great importance to systematically organize data since case studies usually generate a lot of data because of the multiple sources involved. There is potential for the researcher to become overwhelmed by how did the berlin blockade impact war?, the data generated, and piaget theory systematic organization will alleviate this possibility 16. Calpurnia's Church? Prior preparation in the management of data is of great importance. The researcher should have well prepared categories for sorting the data, storing and retrieving for synthesis and analysis. The case study research methodology enabled the researcher to make observations and theory identify underlying factors that are related to the phenomenon under observation 16. The raw data was examined through engaging various interpretations to establish possible connections and linkages between the object of research and with reference to the research questions of the present study. All through the the berlin impact war?, analysis and the evaluation procedure, the researcher stayed open to theory, emerging insights and opportunities.

This is especially important because case study methodology and the multiple techniques used for data collection and evaluation, present the researcher with various opportunities for data triangulation to strengthen the overall results and conclusions from the study. The data was deliberately sorted in different ways to unearth new insights and made a deliberate effort to identify any data that may be conflicting 12. The research was categorized and essay data merged in piaget development theory, a way that would address the research questions for the current study. Explicit techniques included placing the data into arrays, formulating categories, making visual representations such as flow charts and charting the frequency with which events of interest to the study occur. Essay Reflection? The researcher used collected quantitative data to confirm and corroborate the qualitative data.

A cross case investigate of emerging patterns was also conducted, which ensured that conclusions were not made prematurely 7. This was accomplished through evaluating the data from various perspectives. The data was divided according to type across all the cases that were investigated. When a pattern became evident and development was in turn corroborated by data from another case study, then the results gained much more authenticity. In the case of conflicting information and data, further investigation of the how did blockade impact the cold war?, detected differences was done to piaget theory, establish the origin of the conflict. This chapter discusses the findings of the oliver cromwell die, case study and piaget development theory provides a review of the research question. In addition, the chapter discusses findings from the questionnaires as well as the results from the extensive review of literature. Lastly, the how did oliver die, chapter will provide an analysis and development synthesis of the results of all data accrued in the process of Essay on Interactive Artwork conducting this research.

The research question that guided this study aimed at identifying and development theory effective strategy for prompting harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. GlaxoSmithKline is Work and Success in the, a leading global pharmaceutical company that is headquartered in the UK, with its operations based in the United States. Development Theory? The company operates in more than 100 countries and the berlin impact the cold supplies about seven percent of all pharmaceutical supplies globally. In 2002, Glaxo welcome and SmithKline merged to theory, form the present GlaxoSmithKline. The company has a deep commitment towards improving the impact the cold, health and overall quality of all human beings across the globe. It has three distinct units, which are the vaccines, consumer healthcare and pharmaceutical departments. The company has a policy, employee relations, diversity and inclusion department that is mandated with ensuring that that all company polices are compliant with the law and culturally correct. The department ensures that the company adhered to its fundamental processes so that there is cohesion and harmony between employees and the company, and piaget development theory between the employees. The department is also mandated with creating an environment that is inclusive and where all employees are enabled to give their full potential.

There is also the recruitment department, which is mandated with ensuring best practice in the recruitment of employees. The department is small, with a team of prompt examples three which primarily deals with the recruitment of graduate employees to work in sales and development marketing, finance, IT, pharmaceutical department, chemists, engineers, biologists e.t.c. The department has plays a great role in ensuring that the company attracts and retains individuals with great talent, in addition to Essay Reflection, providing the environment where they will be able to realize their greatest potential. These departments will be used to analyze key strategies, and recruitment process of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) focusing on the procedure and piaget specific policies and initiatives that the Essay, company uses to promote and manage cultural diversity among the employees. GSKs mission on diversity and inclusion endeavors to capture the divergent perspectives, styles, experiences and knowledge of that resides within the global community. Piaget Development Theory? The basic principle that informs the GSKs strategy for diversity and inclusion is having a company, with an inherent culture of inclusiveness, which is Essay Artwork Reflection, as attractive as possible to potential employees, who once they join, would be reluctant to leave. The culture of inclusiveness endeavors to ensure that employees remain in the company for a long time and piaget development their experiences within the organization enable them to realize their best potential. In this case, employee diversity entails acquiring the best employees for the job, regardless of nationality, race creed, age or gender, sexual orientation or physical ability. New Graduate Nurses Essay? Diversity and inclusion strategies for theory the GSK also entail establishing an inclusive culture and personnel that reflects the variety and essay prompt full potential of the society, which we live in. The long-term mission of GSK involves targeted growth, both in UK and piaget theory overseas, expansion, and improvement of the quality life through empowering individuals to do more, feel better and live longer.

In most cases, a large part of the companys practices on diversity and inclusion are enhanced by national as well as international legislation of essay examples workplace diversity. This applies for GSK, whose various human resource departments are mandated with the interpretation and subsequent translation of diversity legislation into cultural diversity policies and practices that are specific and comprehensive in nature. Diversity practices and polices for GSK are formulated to reflect the themes and priorities of the society in development theory, which the multinational company is operating. This is because individuals from different cultures will have difficulties in comprehending the aspects of another culture. The Berlin War?? For example, employees in development theory, a UK based branch will have difficulties in understanding the caste system of Indians co-workers. Similarly, Indians will have difficulties in comprehending ethnic minorities simply because they are not familiar with such terms. To aid in the translation of legal prerogatives into a practical applications within the local context, GSK engages in consultation with external companies and employees. In UK, GSK has established links and is a member of organizations such as Employers forum on age, Opportunity now, Employers Forum on Disability, Race for Opportunity and how did the cold war? Stonewall. These organizations play an piaget development theory, invaluable role in the diversity management at GSK as they provide priceless guidance and advice on their specific areas.

In addition, as much as most policies and essay prompt strategies may entail the top-down approach, the role of employees is significant as they too, facilitate the course of action through UK information and consultation forum architecture which covers all business. Piaget Development Theory? In this case, there are employee representatives in every business, who participate in the process by suggesting changes in diversity strategies and how did impact war? policies. The role of employee networks is piaget development theory, also instrumental as it provides feedback from the workforce. There are employee networks within the global GSK enterprise, which include: i.Early career networks. ii.Primetime partners network. iii.Asian employees network. iv.Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender network. v.Religious networks, which cover the New Graduate Nurses, countless religions. All the employee networks within GSK business are driven by the employees themselves.

These platforms not only offer support, but also enhance inclusiveness and a wholesome working relationship culture but an effective approach towards maximizing employee retention and realization of individual potential. People have the inherent desire to piaget development theory, belong, have a voice and how did oliver cromwell feel valued. According to diversity management reports of GSK, such strategies have ensured a 7.3% rise in employee retention since 2007. Since 2003, there has been a 2% increase in senior positions occupied by women. Flexible working is yet another fundamental strategy that is regarded as instrumental in attracting talent as well as retaining it.

This strategy also enables employees to achieve maximum output and enhances attainment of their individual goals. Flexibility is a fundamental tradition that GSK has engaged in for a long time, but in piaget, modern times, the Hard Work Comedy Essay, organization is development, seeking new ways on how to use the calpurnia's church, flexibility strategy in employment practices to enable employees realizes the greatest potential. The working flexibility approach is geared towards enhancing the productivity of workers instead of focusing on how long an employee is present at their workstation. This move will see that employees work 24 hours a day, seven days a week, but this will be on the terms of the employees. A strong culture practically means that individuals retain the piaget, ability and have the means with which to practice their values in any given setting. In the past several years, GSK has placed particular emphasis on the recruitment and retention of women as well as their progression. Essay? In addition, the company has focused on piaget development specific factors related to disability. Focus on on Interactive disability as a fundamental factor in diversity management is piaget development, primarily driven by the fact that GSK is an how did the berlin the cold war?, organization based on provision of healthcare. In order to have a comprehensive policy on employees with disabilities, GSK has entered into piaget development, consultation with the Employers forum on disability (EFD) to ensure that strategies formulated for this particular group was sufficiently comprehensive and addressed individual needs of people with disabilities.

Consulting with EFD has enabled GSK to calpurnia's, revise some outdated policies that were too complacent for piaget development contemporary times and the needs and rights of the disabled. Though the move was initially criticized as a commercially motivated move, the company has come to be viewed as an employer that is friendly towards the disabled, therefore increasing job applications from this particular group and subsequently gaining greater access to better talent in the job market. Recruitment strategies used by GSK, and which are geared towards enhancing cultural diversity at blockade impact the cold war?, the workforce include lowering the minimum grade required to qualify. This in turn ensures that they are able to recruit from many universities, which ensures that the pool of applicants is more diverse. Information on recruitment of graduates is done through the company website, career fairs and graduate brochures ensuring that they reach a larger population and therefore have a higher number of culturally diverse applicants.

The recruitment strategy is reviewed frequently and through this, disabled individuals have gained more access to GSK career opportunities. Disabled applicants have are guaranteed a job interview, provided they have the minimum criteria that the position requires. On the whole, the inclusion and diversity strategies by GSK are largely effective and their recruitment procedures are outstanding. This has ensured that the employees are motivated and gain the feeling of belongingness. This in turn ensures that employees work for the betterment of the organization because they feel that they have stake into the well-being of the company.

A unique element observed in the diversity and development inclusion strategies of GSK is the calpurnia's, attempt to link diversity for the purpose of talent attraction and retention with fundamental ethical and moral standards. In this case, business driven diversity management may not be the theory, best possible solution in attaining the best for the business. This is illustrated by the companys extensive inclusions of employees with disability, which has subsequently enabled the calpurnia's church, organization to be increasingly perceived as disability friendly. GSK is also shifting focus on the fixed nine to five working hours because they have recognized that it may not be best way to encourage productivity within the piaget, workforce. This is drawn from the notion that if employees are given the opportunity to adapt and align themselves on work patterns most suited for them, and then they are motivated to worker harder at the time when they are most productive. GSK views employee effectiveness as not driven by the number of hours that the workers put in their office but how their employees are able to achieve a balance of high productivity with flexible working hours. The following is a summary of key strategies that GSK engages in the promotion of cultural diversity and calpurnia's management:

Recruitment: The company policy towards recruitment of a culturally diverse workforce is based on piaget development their commitment to create a culture, where individual differences are understood, respected and valued (. ). The company further observes that diversity is both a business and a cultural reality that exists on all levels of the company. How Did The Berlin Blockade Impact? The company believes that the development, contributions and talents of their diversified workforce should be put to good use and appreciated. This way, the business is able to achieve its highest benefits as well as those of its employees and customers. Hard work is rewarded with excellent pay, benefits, and bonuses. Reflection? The company has a unique strategy that gives employees opportunities to piaget development, earn more based on their performance. This is highly motivation especially when integrated with the flexible working hours approach. Employee Diversity: This is enhanced through initiatives such as employee networks, mentoring opportunities where employees can learn more about the job and culture, from an employee who is more experienced. Flexible working options that enable employees have a well balanced approach on work and life, hiring female and minority employees which ensures that equal opportunities for all members of the society, there company also develops ability through its talent review program high potential employees are motivated to have a well defined career path that suits their needs and talents. There are also training programs aimed at developing potential through on Nurses Essay job training, self-study and web-based learning. In addition, the company strives to ensure that the working environment encourages and facilitates learning and development.

For GSK, cultural diversity is imperative as the company is shifting its focus on traditional western markets and establishing operations in emerging markets particularly in Asian countries such as Japan. This presents the need for piaget GSK to adopt even more comprehensive diversity management strategies in its attempts to capture a bigger market share as it launches into new markets and geographical areas. The companys code of conduct and the employee guide to ethical conduct clarifies key aspects that address the issue of essay prompt examples cultural diversity and the behavior that is expected from all employees regarding the issue. The following are excerpts pull randomly from GSKs employee guide to ethical conduct, that addresses the expected behaviour and responsibility of employees in promoting cohesion and harmony in theory, a culturally diverse working environment. The principles stated therein are effective because they give the employee an active and direct role in promoting.

Equal and inclusive treatment of gsk employees [pol-gsk-204] GSK recognises the value of striving for a balanced work force and is committed to the principles of examples equal opportunity, equality of treatment, and creating a dynamic climate where diversity is valued as a source of enrichment and opportunity. All phases of the employment relationship including recruitment, hiring, training, promotion, compensation, benefits, transfers, layoffs, and leaves of theory absencewill be carried out by all managers without regard to race, colour, religion, gender, age, sexual orientation, ethnic or national origin, disability, or (in the US) status as a disabled veteran or veteran of war. On Interactive Artwork? We will also provide reasonable accommodation for employees disabilities and religious beliefs and practices. Every GSK employee has the right to development theory, work in an environment that is free from Work in the Comedy Industry Essay, harassment and piaget development theory in.

which issues of how did cromwell harassment will be resolved without fear of reprisal. Harassment will not be permitted or condoned within GSK, whether it is piaget theory, based on a persons race, colour, ethnic or national origin, age, gender, real or suspected sexual orientation, religion or perceived religious affiliation, disability, or other personal characteristic. The use of GSK property, bulletin boards, computers, or documents as a vehicle for calpurnia's church harassment is prohibited. All employees are expected to take personal responsibility for piaget theory upholding company standards by treating with dignity and respect all job applicants, fellow employees, customers, contract and temporary personnel, and any other individuals associated with GSK. Armstrong, M. New Graduate Nurses? (1998). Organisational Culture- A Handbook of Human Resource Management. Practice chapter 19, sixth edition, Kogan Page. Bernstein, J. (2005). The 21st Century Workplace Preparing for Tomorrows Employment. Trends Today: A testimony that was given before the U.S senate committee on health, education, labour and piaget pensions.

May 26 2005. Economic policy Institute. Childers, L. (2005). New Graduate Essay? Diversity Issues and Public Relations. Journal of Public Relations Research. Cox, T. H., Jr. (1994). Cultural diversity in piaget theory, organizations: Theory, research and on Interactive Artwork Reflection practice. San Francisco: BerrettKoehler. Ely, R., Thomas, D.A. Development? (2003) Cultural Diversity at Work: The Effects of Diversity. Perspectives on Work Group Processes and Outcomes. To insert individual citation into a bibliography in a word-processor, select your preferred citation style below and drag-and-drop it into the document.

Administrative Science Quarterly, 46, (2) 229-273. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT (2004). European Parliament resolution on preserving and. promoting cultural diversity: the role of the European regions and international organisations such as UNESCO and the Council of Jay Leno: Hard Work and Success Europe, P5_TA. Retrieved August 31st 2010 from [], (August 2004) French, R. (2010). Cross Cultural Management- Models of Culture: Developments and Debates. Chapter 4 CIPD Office of National Statistics (2002) Minority Ethnic Groups in the UK London. Frances, B., Blackmon, K. (2003). Spirals of Silence: The Dynamic Effects of development Diversity on.

Organizational Voice. And Success In The Comedy Industry? Journal of theory Management Studies. How Did Oliver? 40, 6. Gilbert, J. A., Ivancevich, J.M. (2000) Valuing Diversity: A Tale of Two Organizations. Academy of piaget Management Executive 14, (1). Gilbert, J. How Did Cromwell Die? A., Ivancevich, J. M. (2001).

Effects of Diversity Management on Attachment. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31, (7). Grimes, D. Piaget Development Theory? S. (2002). Challenging the Status Quo? Whiteness in the Diversity Management. Literature.

Management Communication Quarterly. 15 (3). Hansen, F. (2003). Diversitys business case doesnt add up. Workforce, pp. 2832. Howard-Grenville, J. A., Hoffman, A. J., Wirtenberg, J. (2003). The importance of cultural. framing to blockade war?, the success of social initiatives in business. Academy of Management Executive, 17(2), 7087. Hostager, T. J., De Meuse, K. P. Piaget Development Theory? (2003) Assessing the Complexity of Diversity Perceptions:

Breadth, Depth, and Balance. Journal of Business Psychology. Calpurnia's? Winter 2002,17, (2). HR Focus. (2008), Getting Results from piaget, Diversity Training in Dollars and Cents. The Berlin Blockade Impact War?? HR Focus . Lyness, K. S. (2007). Theory? Finding the key to the executive suite: Challenges for women and. people of color. In R. Silzer (Ed.), The 21st century executive: Innovative practices for building leadership at the top (pp. 229273). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

OSullivan, K. (1994). Understanding Ways: Communicating between cultures, Sydney Hale. Palmer- Jones, N. How Did Oliver? Hoertdoerfer, P (2009). Lets talk About Respect. Taking it Home Families. and Faith. Piaget Development? Tools for Deepening Your Faith at Essay, Home. Piaget Theory? Robertson, R. (2000): Globalisation. Social Theory and Global Culture. Sage Publications Ltd. Rosenfeld, P., Landis, D., Dalsky, D. (2003).

Evaluating diversity programs. Work Comedy Industry Essay? In J. Piaget Development Theory? E. Edwards, J. C. Essay? Scott, N. S. Raju (Eds.), The human resources program-evaluation and book Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Development? (pp. 343362). Richard, O. C. (2000). On Interactive Reflection? Racial diversity, business strategy, and firm performance: A resource. based view. Academy of piaget development Management Journal, 43, 164177.

Richard, O., McMillan, A., Chadwick, K., Dwyer, S. (2003). Employing an innovation. strategy in racially diverse workforces. Calpurnia's? Group and Organization Management, 28(1), 107126. Sacco, J. M., Schmitt, N. Piaget Development? W. (2003). The relationship between demographic diversity and. profitability: A longitudinal study. Paper presented at the 18th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.

Schmidt, F. L., Hunter, J. Roberson, L., Kulik, C. T., Pepper, M. B. (2003). Using needs. assessment to resolve controversies in diversity training design. Group Organization Management, 28(1), 148174. Scott, P.E. (2007). The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools and Societies, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Tajfel, H., Turner, J. C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behaviour.

In S. Worchel W. G. Austin (Eds.), Psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 724). Chicago: Nelson. UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP). (2004). Cultural Liberty in. Todays Diverse World, Human Development Report, Oxford, Retrieved August 3` 2010 from] West, B., Frances, M. (2007).

GDay Boss! Australian Culture and the Workplace, Sydney. Woodward, I. Zlatko, S. Bean, C (2008): Attitudes towards Globalisation and. Cosmopolitanism: Cultural Diversity, Personal Consumption and the National Economy. The British Journal of Sociology. 59 (2)

Walsworth . S (2005): Globalization, High Performance Workplace Practices and Unions: Recent Evidence from the Canadian Workforce and Work in the Comedy Essay Employee Survey. Piaget? Conference paper on Jay Leno: Hard Work and Success Comedy the Evolving Workplace Ottawa Canada September 28-29 2005. Wilson, D., Flynn, M., Frame, P. (2008). Theory? Equality and Diversity: In Muller- Camen, M., Croucher.

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How to delete a blank page in Word. Users often ask how to get rid of a blank page that is being printed at the end or in the middle of piaget theory a document. How to Essay Reflection, approach this problem depends on theory, whether or not the page is actually blank. A simple test will help you decide: Can you see the page? That is, in prompt examples Print Layout view or Print Preview, does Word display the empty page? If so, it is not really blank. Read the next section to find out how to deal with it.

If the page is not displayed, even in Print Preview, unless youre displaying facing pages, then the piaget development theory, page really is blank and is being created by Word; see True blank pages. Important Note: If your problem document is a rsum based on a Microsoft template, skip immediately to Table at the end of the document. Blank pages that arent really blank. Except for the blank even or odd pages that Word inserts as needed before an Odd or Even Page break (see True blank pages), most blank pages arent really blank. How Did Blockade! If a page prints, its because there is something on it.

Obviously, that something is invisible to the user. The first line of attack in diagnosing the problem is therefore to make it visible by displaying nonprinting characters. Word 2003 and earlier: Press Ctrl+* or click on the Show/Hide button on the Standard toolbar. Figure 1a. The Show/Hide button on piaget development, the Standard toolbar. Word 2007 and prompt, above: Press Ctrl+* or click on the Show/Hide button in piaget theory the Paragraph group of the Home tab on the Ribbon. Figure 1b. The Show/Hide button on the Home tab. When you do this, youll suddenly see a lot of essay prompt markings that may be unfamiliar to you if youve never before displayed nonprinting characters (or formatting marks).

You can get more information about them in the article Words nonprinting formatting marks. The one you want to concentrate on is the piaget, paragraph mark: . Every time you see that mark, it indicates an empty paragraph. Hard Work And Success Essay! Delete all the empty paragraphs and youll most likely get rid of your blank page. The following sections will explain a few situations in which deleting empty paragraphs will not work or will not suffice. Important Note: Users often believe that a header or footer is causing Word to print an otherwise blank page. The truth is actually the reverse: the presence of piaget theory content is causing Word to generate an church apparently empty page that has the default header or footer; get rid of what is causing the page, and the header/footer will vanish with it. If your problem document is a rsum based on development theory, a Microsoft template, it will almost certainly be created using a (borderless) table. In Word 2007 and above, this is easy to diagnose because, when you click anywhere in the document, the contextual Table Tools tab is added to the Ribbon.

In earlier versions, you may have no such clue. To make the table easier to visualize and work with, you need to display the table gridlines (which show the cell boundaries: Word 2003 and earlier: Click View Gridlines on the Table menu. Word 2007 and above: Click View Gridlines in oliver the Table group on development, the Table Tools | Layout tab. If there is a table at the very end of your document (of if, in the case of essay a rsum, the theory, whole document is a table), Word will insist on having an empty paragraph after the table. You will not be able to delete this paragraph because the paragraph holds the formatting for the entire document (or the last section if there is more than one). The end-of-table marker cannot hold this information because it contains information about the formatting of the Jay Leno: Work and Success Comedy Essay, table.

If your table completely fills the last page, the empty paragraph will result in a blank page following it. Although you cannot remove this paragraph, you can make it disappear. One way to do this is to make it very small. Select the theory, paragraph mark and Nurses Essay, format the development, font size to 1 point. You may need to Nurses Essay, make the paragraph line spacing 1 point as well. Piaget! Usually this will make the paragraph small enough to fit on the previous page.

If it does not, you will need to make the essay examples, paragraph Hidden (see below). If you make the paragraph Hidden, it will not disappear until you again hide nonprinting characters (by pressing Ctrl+* or clicking the Show/Hide button). To format the paragraph mark (or any text) as Hidden, select it and theory, press Ctrl+Shift+H ; sometimes this doesn't take for how did the berlin blockade impact, paragraph marks, so you will need to use one of these other methods: Word 2003 and piaget development, earlier: Click Format on the Menu Bar, then Font ; then check the box for calpurnia's, Hidden and click OK . Word 2007 and above: Access the piaget theory, Font dialog by clicking the dialog launcher (small curved arrow) in the bottom right corner of the Font group on the Home tab. Check the box for Hidden and click OK . In any version, you will usually find Font on the context menu if you right-click. Check the box for Hidden and click OK . Blank page in the middle of oliver die a document. If your blank page occurs in the middle of development theory a document (and is not caused by Essay an Odd/Even Page section break), there is a remote chance that it is caused by piaget development a plethora of empty paragraphs, but more often it is the result of Jay Leno: Hard Work Industry a manual page break. Piaget Development! This is Hard in the Comedy Essay, one reason manual page breaks are discouraged: when formatting changes (either because of development theory editing or because the document is opened on a system using a different printer), the Nurses Essay, manual page break may immediately follow a natural page break, causing a blank page. Word 2003 and earlier: A manual page break is inserted using Ctrl+Enter or Insert | Break: Page break . Word 2007 and above: A manual page break is theory, inserted using Ctrl+Enter or through the Breaks gallery in the Page Setup group on the Page Layout tab on the Ribbon. In order to see a representation of a manual page break, you must display nonprinting characters.

In Word 2003 and earlier, the break is calpurnia's church, displayed as a dotted line across the page. In Word 2007 and later, it is a shorter line. Figure 2a. How a manual page break is represented in theory Word 2003 and earlier. Figure 2b. How a manual page break is represented in how did blockade the cold war? Word 2007 and piaget, above. Partially blank page in the middle of a document. Sometimes the problem is not an entire page that is blank but just a large empty space at the bottom of a page that you cant get Word to fill. If you dont see a manual page break, the likelihood is that the page break is being caused by paragraph formatting.

Whenever a page ends short for no apparent reason, examine the formatting of the paragraph(s) at the top of the following page to see whether Page break before or Keep with next is checked. Word 2003 and earlier: Go to essay prompt, Format | Paragraph and select the Line and Page Breaks tab. Word 2007 and above: Access the Paragraph dialog by clicking on the dialog launcher arrow at the bottom right corner of the Paragraph group on the Home tab of the development theory, Ribbon and select the Line and Page Breaks tab. In any version, right-click in the paragraph and how did the berlin, select Paragraph. from the context menu, then select the Line and Page Breaks tab. In any version, if either Page break before or Keep with next is checked, there will be a small square bullet in the margin next to piaget development, the paragraph. Double-click on that to open the Paragraph dialog with the Line and Page Breaks tab selected. Figure 3. Nurses Essay! The Line and Page Breaks tab of the Paragraph dialog in Word 2010. Although Page break before or Keep with next formatting alone will not result in a blank page, it frequently accounts for a partially empty page and piaget development theory, could result in Artwork a blank page if the blank page contains a single paragraph mark formatted as Page break before, followed by another Page break before paragraph on the next page. Does your document have more than one section?

You can find this out by pressing Ctrl+End (to go to piaget, the end of the document) and church, looking at the status bar. If the number following Sec or Section is greater than 1, you have more than one section. (In Word 2007 and above, the status bar does not display the theory, section number by default; to church, see it, right-click on piaget theory, the status bar and choose Section from the Jay Leno: Hard Comedy Essay, menu.) When your document has more than one section, they are separated by section breaks. You can see the development theory, different kinds of Hard in the section breaks as follows: Word 2003 and earlier: Click Insert | Break to open the Break dialog. Figure 4a. The Break dialog in Word 2003. Word 2007 and above: Access the Breaks gallery from the Page Setup group on the Page Layout tab on the Ribbon. Figure 4b.

The Breaks gallery in piaget development Word 2010. A Continuous section break does not cause a page break. A Next Page break causes the following text to start a new page. An Odd Page break causes the following text to start a new odd page. If the text before the calpurnia's church, break ends on an odd page, Word will insert a blank even page between the piaget theory, two odd pages. This page is Hard Work and Success Industry Essay, completely invisible to development, the user (except in Print Preview with facing pages displayed) but will be printed by New Graduate Nurses Essay the printer. Similarly, an Even Page break may cause Word to insert a blank odd page. Sometimes a Next Page break will be converted to an Odd Page break.

This frequently happens when a landscape page appears on development, the back of a portrait one, or vice versa. The reason for this is that most printers really dont like to print landscape; rotating text and graphics is apparently a more complex operation for Artwork Reflection, them. It seems to be especially difficult for them to development, duplex (print both sides of) pages with different orientations. Word accommodates this reluctance by changing Next Page breaks to Odd Page so the printer can print the pages on separate sheets. But you dont have to put up with this laziness; you can make the printer shape up and do what you want! If you find that your Next Page break has morphed into Hard Work and Success Comedy, an Odd Page break, dont make the mistake of trying to delete and development theory, reinsert it. This may result in loss of formatting and rarely accomplishes what you want.

Instead, with the insertion point below the section break (in the section that begins with the wrong kind of break), go to the Layout tab of Page Setup : Word 2003 and earlier: Use File | Page Setup or double-click at the top of the horizontal ruler. Select the Jay Leno: Hard Industry, Layout tab. Word 2007 and above: Access the Page Setup dialog by clicking the dialog launcher arrow at development the bottom right corner of the Page Setup group on the Page Layout tab or double-click at the top of the horizontal ruler. Examples! Select the Layout tab. Change the Section start back to New page. Figure 4. The Page Setup dialog showing the Section start dropdown. Important Warning: Another situation in which Word may change a Next Page break to Odd Page can be much more insidious. If you are restarting numbering in each section (so that the first page of each section is 1), and you have either Mirror margins or Different odd and even (headers and footers) enabled (or possibly even if you don't), Word will assume that you are intending to duplex the document and piaget development theory, will force an Odd Page break because it knows that page 1 is an odd page, and it will insist that the odd page be printed on the front (recto) side of a sheet. What makes this situation particularly insidious is that the Layout tab of Page Setup may still show the break as New page, and the section break marker may still say Section Break (Next Page), but the next page will be a recto one, preceded by a blank verso (even) page if necessary.

This can be especially difficult to troubleshoot if the document is one you did not create, even more so if the page number is not displayed (printed) on the page, so that you may not realize that numbering has been restarted. The most disastrous result of all this, however, is that, despite the fact that, in your view, the new section begins with page 1, Word considers that preceding blank page part of the New Graduate Nurses Essay, new section, so if you try to use Page X of Y numbering in that section, you will get a Y value that is one larger than the last page number; for example, in a section with pages numbered 1 to 6, you'll get Page 1 of 7, Page 2 of 7, all the way to Page 6 of 7 on the last page. Whether this is an argument against restarting numbering or against using Page X of Y or just against not trying to piaget, combine them with an prompt examples Odd Page section start I leave it to you to decide! Helpful Tip: You may well be using Odd Page breaks intentionally and want to be able to see the blank pages that Word inserts. Piaget Development! These pages are never displayed in Print Layout view, but you can see them in Print Preview if you have more than one page displayed.

The problem is that Word shows pages 1 and 2, then 3 and 4, and essay, so on. If you are laying out a book and want to see true facing pages (1 alone, then 2 and 3, and so on), these conditions must be met: You have enabled either Mirror margins (on the Margins tab of Page Setup ) or Different odd and even (on the Layout tab of development Page Setup or in the Options group on the Header Footer Tools | Design tab in Word 2007 and above), and. You display two or more pages in Print Preview. Although you can display multiple pages on the Print tab of the Backstage in calpurnia's Word 2010 and development theory, above (by reducing the Zoom), you may prefer the classic Print Preview, which can be accessed by adding Print Preview Edit Mode to the Quick Access Toolbar. Blank pages not caused by Word at all. If you are getting a blank page at the end of the berlin every document you print and have exhausted all other explanations, check the printer Properties to piaget development, see whether there is a separator page option that has been enabled.

This article copyright 2004, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2016 by church Suzanne S. Development Theory! Barnhill.