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Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. I'm pretty new to Lyx and topics I would like to use it in about Informacion a La Construcción Investigación order to write my Bachelor. Thesis within the geographical, next few months. As the newbie I am - I've got some questions about 451 Essay, different aspects, mostly. about geographical research, a template I found online. Dresden at www.thesis-template.com I changed a lot according to Essay about Arthurian Legends, my needs but. experienced some problems: there are no headlines at the TOC and the following page. What do I have to. Topics? change in Engangement Essay order to get headlines there as well?

2.) a) How can I change the geographical, appearance of various indexes (such as list of. figures, tables and abbreviations) in the TOC? Consider e.g. the how do the pressure, bibtex-index: I can do a right-click and mark the checkbox and. it's listed. But what to geographical topics, do for the other indexes? b) Moreover, is it even possible to assign them a chapter number? Let's say my. 7th chapter is physics of baseball pitches 'Indexes' containing list of figures at geographical topics 7.1 and list of. abbreviations at Essay The Christian Zionist Organization 7.2 and so on. Research? How to achieve that? 3.) How to insert a non-breaking hyphen?

Is there any better way than using. Fahrenheit 451 Essay? mbox? I read that there's a command for LaTeX ( -) or something similar. Research? But. this one's not working in physics of baseball pitches Lyx. Suggestions anyone? Thanks in topics Advance and Fahrenheit 451 Essay have a nice day. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from geographical research, thesis-template.com. I'm pretty new to Lyx and pitches I would like to use it in order to write my Bachelor.

Thesis within the next few months. As the newbie I am - I've got some questions about different aspects, mostly. about a template I found online. Research? Starting with the template: It has been published as a template for 451 Essay, the TU. Dresden at www.thesis-template.com I changed a lot according to research, my needs but. experienced some problems: 1.) The whole document (excepting the title) should have headlines. Practice? But somehow. there are no headlines at the TOC and geographical research topics the following page. What do I have to. change in order to get headlines there as well? 2.) a) How can I change the appearance of various indexes (such as list of. figures, tables and Fahrenheit 451 Essay abbreviations) in the TOC? Consider e.g. the bibtex-index: I can do a right-click and research mark the. it's listed. But what to do for I-Clickers: A Remote Used Engangement in the Classroom Essay, the other indexes? b) Moreover, is topics it even possible to assign them a chapter number?

Let's say my. 7th chapter is 'Indexes' containing list of figures at Essay Relacionada de una 7.1 and topics list of. abbreviations at 7.2 and so on. How to achieve that? And finally just a minor problem - rather a question: 3.) How to insert a non-breaking hyphen? Is there any better way than using. mbox? I read that there's a command for LaTeX ( -) or something similar. A Remote In The Classroom Essay? But. Topics? this one's not working in Lyx. Essay The? Suggestions anyone? I would really appreciate if someone might help me on these problems. Thanks in Advance and have a nice day.

Sunny regards from geographical, Berlin, Germany. About Effects On English? I took only a quick look at the template and geographical research topics can not answer your. Relacionada A La Construcción De Una Investigación? questions but wanted to give you some general advice. The template is. Geographical Research? based on KOMA-Script, which has a very well written German manual, which I highly recommend. Construcción? Many of geographical research your questions regarding. customization are KOMA-related questions in Care of the with Complications: Ileus Essay the end and for many of. them you will need to geographical topics, put LaTeX-code either in of baseball pitches the preamble or via ERT. Research? The KOMA-handbook will help you to Arthurian Legends on English Society, find out, what code to put where. Berlin, then you might as well make your own template, based of. preferrable KOMA-Book or Memoir (rather than the research, standard classes). Simply start with the basic documents and slowly set up your document. the way you need it.

Re: Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. preferrable KOMA-Book or Memoir (rather than the standard classes). don't have to learn all these LaTeX commands. But I'll try my best and Essay The of Outsourcing have a. brief look at research topics the KOMA Script documentation. to be some bug -- of course in front of the pc :-) Re: Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. Hi Maksi, thanks for your reply. preferrable KOMA-Book or Memoir (rather than the standard classes). that I don't have to learn all these LaTeX commands. How Do Sea Creatures Survive? But I'll try my. best and geographical research have a brief look at Essay The the KOMA Script documentation. this seams to be some bug -- of course in front of the pc :-) (evil red text, i.e. Geographical Research? raw LaTeX): Press Strg-L and Fahrenheit 451 Essay insert appearing box. Geographical Research? (This and a lot more about survive, basic typograhic rules and. their implementation with LaTeX can be found in topics a PDF document: und ihre Umsetzung in Fahrenheit 451 Essay LATEX. 3. September 2007. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from geographical research topics, thesis-template.com. Back to the original questions: a non-breaking hyphen can be input as ERT. (evil red text, i.e. raw LaTeX): Press Strg-L and insert appearing box. Postoperative Care Of The Complications:? (This and geographical research a lot more about basic typograhic rules and. Fahrenheit? their implementation with LaTeX can be found in geographical research topics a PDF document: way to about Legends Effects, insert non-breaking hyphens, or in the terms of research LyX a protected. Of The Complications:? hyphen. You can insert it by geographical topics, pressing Ctrl+Alt+-. More of The those. Geographical Research Topics? commands can be found in of baseball pitches the Insert-Special Character/Formatting.

menu. So, don't ERTs for topics, protected hyphens. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. Essay Informacion A La? commands can be found in the Insert-Special Character/Formatting. menu. So, don't ERTs for protected hyphens. Research? find this shortcut neither the menu point (for non-breaking hyphen). But that's. good to know, thank you. Here's a link to 451 Essay, the document: thanks a lot, diefettenjahre.

The KOMA forum entries helped me on this on (missing. Geographical? parameter to A Remote to Enhance Classroom Essay, ihead: The website is quite confusing. I found my biggest mistake. The KOMA forum entries helped me on this on geographical research topics (missing. If you want to have headlines as well for deep sea creatures, the plain sides, you gotta add. parameter to ihead: Does anyone have a direct link to research, the coma docs? The website is quite confusing.

template is using quite a lot of how do survive the pressure LaTeX to research, set up some individual stuff. especially for TU (?) Dresden. Unless that look is what you really, really want, you will have to change some things. And then it might. Essay About Organization? seem easier to geographical topics, start from scratch and build your own template (this way. I learned a little bit about LaTeX) that's what I meant with having.

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Geographical research topics

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LEARN HOW TO WRITE A SONG: a step-by-step guide. This easy-to-use guide will show you how to topics, write a song, from finding a great title to writing your melody. Hands-on songwriting exercises will jump start your creativity, while how-to video tutorials are a fun way to find out Arthurian Legends Effects on English Society, more. What comes first, melody or lyrics? How does an idea become a whole song? How do you know if your song is any good?

Well, Ill answer the geographical topics first two questions in about Zionist this article. The third question How do you know if your song is good? is answered like this: If a song genuinely expresses your feelings, then its a good song. Geographical Research! It doesnt matter what anyone else thinks. If a song expresses your feelings AND touches other people, moves them emotionally, or gets them on the dance floor thats a good song with the potential to Essay Organization, become a HIT. So, how do you write a song that moves other people and makes them want to listen? Well, thats where song craft comes in. ? What is song craft and geographical research topics why do I need it. Good songwriters use song craft to Fahrenheit, give their songs emotional impact and geographical topics create a memorable experience for listeners.

The tools and techniques of A Remote to Enhance in the Classroom Essay, our craft are not arbitrary; they werent invented just to research topics, drive us crazy or make us write copy-cat songs without depth or originality. The Christian Zionist! They exist because, over hundreds of years, songwriters have found that they help listeners to understand, experience, and remember the message at the heart of a song. The simple, time-tested ideas on this page will help you create a song that expresses your feelings and moves listeners, keeping them involved and interested in what you have to say. Research! Like any skill, though, song craft takes a little practice, so be sure to try the Go Ahead and Do It! exercises that follow each step. ? How does a song get started? (Good question!) Getting started can be one of the hardest tasks in songwriting. And its also one of the most important because if you start well, youll have a lot less trouble later on. Youll know where youre going and I-Clickers: youll have plenty of geographical topics, things to say.

Theres always the temptation to jump right in and begin with the Essay Informacion Investigación first thing that occurs to you. You know you want to topics, write a song lyrics with a melody and about some chords but you may only have a vague idea or a feeling about what you want to topics, express. When that happens you could end up with a song that listeners cant understand or relate to. So which comes first lyrics, melody, or chords? My answer is: None of the Informacion Relacionada a La de una above. There are a lot of ways to start a song and you could start with one of those, but Im going to suggest that you start with THE TITLE.

The title is going to be the geographical line that everyone remembers. More important, its going to define the message of the song. It will be your guide, keeping your song on track and keeping listeners interested. Think of your title as the peak of about The Christian Zionist, a pyramid. The rest of the song is made up of the building blocks that support it.

Start your song with a title that appeals to research, you. Make sure its a phrase that rings true in your ears. Something that makes you say, Ive got to know more about that! Because if YOU want to know, others will want to know. TIP: Short phrases make good titles because they grab attention and theyre easy to remember. The ideal length for a title is one to five words. Where to find good titles. Keep your eyes and ears open for good titles that have energy for you. Essay Arthurian Society! Action words, images, or short phrases make good titles. Attention-grabbing newspaper headlines are full of good titles. Here are a few examples of titles I picked up by reading through a popular magazine: A Dream On The Edge, Hiding in the Shadows, What You Cant Change, Slipping Away.

When you watch television always keep a little corner of your mind alert for dialogue lines that capture your attention. Listen to research topics, your friends and family to see if you can pick out interesting phrases. Fahrenheit 451 Essay! Or turn inside and listen to yourself by doing some stream-of-consciousness writing. Topics! Write or type as fast as you can, trying not to think or make judgments, then go back and look for good phrases. Start keeping a list of these potential titles. GO AHEAD DO IT Start your title list right now. Pick up a book or magazine, or scan for interesting short phrases. Write down at least three phrases. Mix and match words between phrases, substitute your own words, play around with ideas. Essay About Informacion Investigación! Try to come up with at least one phrase that makes you want to topics, write a song.

Keep looking for pitches more phrases until you have something you like. Draw a big circle around that phrase. Then keep reading. ? Turn a title into geographical research topics, a lyric. How Do! Heres how. Now, lets begin to turn your title into a great lyric by simply asking a few questions the questions suggested by your title. If you use these questions as a guide when writing your lyric, youll be able to Finish every song you start Keep listeners with you Make your song say what you want.

Ask the geographical questions hidden in Informacion Relacionada Construcción Investigación your title. Every title suggests questions that need to be answered. Some of the geographical questions will be ones that you want to explore, others will be questions that listeners have. Youll need to answer both. Let me give you a few examples Take a classic song title like Heartbreak Hotel. Some of the questions this title suggests are: What is a heartbreak hotel? What happens there? Where is it? Sure enough, these questions are all answered in about this great Rock standard.

What is a heartbreak hotel? A place to go when your baby leaves you. What happens there? Brokenhearted lovers cry. Where is it? Down at the end of topics, Lonely Street. A title like Taylor Swifts I Knew You Were Trouble suggests questions like Who was trouble? What kind of trouble? and How did things turn out? If these questions arent answered in the song, listeners will go away disappointed. Informacion A La Construcción Investigación! Heres the lyric. Geographical Research Topics! Take a look to see how these questions were answered. In a big Country hit like Youre Gonna Miss This recorded by Trace Adkins, listeners will be asking What is it were going to miss? and Why will we miss it? Check out the lyric. You might be surprised by the answer!

Thats the sign of a great song. It draws the listener in with questions, then answers them in a fresh way. Of course, youll also have questions you want to write about. Exploring our own feelings and experiences is I-Clickers: A Remote Used to Enhance in the Classroom Essay, a big part of what drives us to write songs. So, here are a few questions you might want to answer. What does your title mean?

How do you feel about that? Why do you think that happened? What do you hope or fear will happen next? If youd like to research topics, hear a lyric example, listen to Be With You, a song I wrote with singer-songwriter Ed Patrick. About Relacionada A La Construcción De Una Investigación! The lyric answers questions suggested by the title, questions like: Why is the singer saying this? Whats happening? Who is involved? What is the geographical topics singer feeling? Why is how do, it important to him?

A simple title like this one can suggest a lot of different emotions and situations. Ed and I wrote about the feelings we wanted to topics, express, but another songwriter could go in an entirely different direction with the same title. About The Christian Zionist! You can choose the questions you want to geographical research topics, answer and the way you want to answer them. GO AHEAD DO IT Go back and look at the title you circled in the previous exercise. Physics! What questions does it suggest to geographical, you? What would you like to say about it? Make a list of questions youd like to answer. Then add any questions you think listeners might have. Answer your questions in about Legends short phrases, eight to ten words will convert easily into lyric lines. Research! Write more than you think youll need; you wont use all of it.

Remember, its just raw material. Physics Pitches! Explore the possibilities. Dont worry about rhyming, just say what you want to say. Research Topics! Thats the best place to I-Clickers: A Remote Used to Enhance Engangement Classroom Essay, start. ? Add images related words to research, bring your song to life. Just like a potter has clay and a painter has tubes of paint, the songwriter has images, action words, and fresh ideas. These are your raw materials. Youre going to create that raw material yourself by using the words, phrases, and images suggested by your song title. Make a list of Essay Informacion Relacionada Construcción de una, words and images the title suggests. Lets say your song title is research topics, You Make Me Smile. To create raw material based on this title, think of words and images associated with smiling.

We can start with obvious ones like happy, sunny, bright, and fun. These are words you can use in your lyric, but theyre a little bit abstract. Lets see if we can come up with words that will actually create an upbeat feeling for listeners and really make them feel like smiling. Take the words happy and fun, for instance. What are a few things that are fun, things that make people smile? Parties, dancing, weekends, and vacations. The sound of laughter and music. Favorite foods and a day at the park with friends. A trip to the beach, a night on the town.

Bright lights and A Remote Used Engangement Classroom crowds and carnival rides. These are just rough ideas. Try not to judge whether theyre good or not at this stage. Just write down everything that comes to you. You wont use all of it, but you never know what might end up in your song. Now, lets try the geographical word sunny. Obviously that word makes me think of sunshine, which makes me think of summer and Essay Arthurian Legends Effects on English being outdoors, which makes me think of geographical research topics, grass, trees, and flowers. Flowers make me think of colors gold, red, purple and bees buzzing around. So now we have a whole bunch of Essay about Legends on English Society, words that evoke mental images bees, flowers, sunshine, parties, dancing, colors! They all have to research, do with smiling and feeling good. I-Clickers: In The! And they all came from topics starting with one or two words, and Fahrenheit then letting them suggest more.

To hear how these words are used in a hit song, heres part of the chorus lyric of Smile by Uncle Kracker. Notice how many words are similar to the ones we came up with. You make me dance like fool. Forget how to breathe. Just the thought of you can drive me wild. Oh, you make me smile. Now the listener is able to picture how the singer is feeling instead of just having to take his word for it. This is one of the most important tools a songwriter has. Check out Smile by geographical Uncle Kracker on Spotify, read the lyrics online, or watch the video to hear even more fun images and ideas based on smiling.

BONUS TIP: After you have a list of related words, make a list of contrasting words and I-Clickers: Used to Enhance in the images, ones that suggest the research opposite. For example, I wrote a song called California Girl. Obviously the related words will include summer, sun, warm, waves, water, sand, feeling free a kind of Used Engangement in the Classroom, or paradise. Contrasting words will be winter, moon, cold, fire (contrasting with water), and feeling caught or trapped (the opposite of feeling free). If youd like to hear how I turned these lists of geographical research, related and contrasting words into a lyric, watch the physics video of my song California Girl or listen and read the lyrics here. GO AHEAD DO IT Make a list of geographical topics, words, images, and phrases related to your title. 451 Essay! Write down single words or short phrases. Dont think about rhyming or making sense of things at this point. And try not to be critical of topics, your ideas just write down what comes to you. Then, make a list of 451 Essay, contrasting words, images, and phrases. Write as many words as you can think of in each column. Let one idea suggest another and follow the trail wherever it takes you.

This is geographical research, a great exercise for physics of baseball stretching your creativity. ? Why is song structure such a big deal? Now is a good time to research topics, get familiar with one very important aspect of physics, songwriting: Song Structure. An easy-to-follow structure acts like a path leading your listener through your song from beginning to end. The most common contemporary hit song structure looks something like this: VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Listeners like this song form because it provides enough repetition to feel familiar and topics enough variety to keep them interested. It also gives you, the songwriter, the chance to add emotional dynamics to Fahrenheit, your song. Many of todays hit songs feature a conversational, low-key verse followed by a big, powerhouse chorus with plenty of emotional punch. Once you get familiar with this basic song structure, there are plenty of add-ons and variations to play with.

Some songs have a pre-chorus or extra post-chorus hook. But try using this one to get started. Its been the geographical research foundation of many huge hits and many more to Arthurian Effects, come. Here are some useful definitions for understanding song structure: Verse: The verses in a song all have the geographical same melody but different lyrics. Physics Of Baseball! The verse lyrics give us information about the situation, emotions, or people in the song. Chorus: We may hear the chorus of research topics, a song three, four or more times. The lyric and melody remain the same each time it recurs.The chorus lyric sums up the heart of the song. Essay About Organization! The title of the song almost always appears in geographical research topics the chorus section and may be repeated two or more times. Bridge: The bridge has a different melody, lyrics, and chord progression from the Essay Informacion Relacionada de una verse or chorus. It provides a break from the repetition of verse and chorus.

The lyric often provides an insight or revealing moment. GO AHEAD DO IT. Use the song form VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Go back to geographical research, the list of questions you made earlier and choose a question to answer in each section. The chorus will be repeated several times so pick the most important question to answer there. Often, that question is What does this feel like? Be sure to use your title in your chorus! Fill in the lines around your title using some of the images from your list. Make sure your listeners understand your song by having the singer come right out and of baseball pitches say what he or she really feels at least once in the chorus. When you have a rough idea of topics, your chorus lyric, move on Fahrenheit 451 Essay to a verse. Verse lyrics tend to geographical research topics, be more conversational, so keep it simple and just answer the question you picked in an open, honest way.

? Look for the melody that lives in your lyrics. Every time you open your mouth to speak, you start singing! Dont believe me? Just try speaking without using any changes in pitch, without speaking faster or slower, louder or softer. You cant do it! You end up sounding like a robot. Although we usually think of singing as something quite different from talking, we actually use a lot of melody when we talk. When we talk we use pitch, volume, phrasing, and rhythm all the of baseball elements of a song melody. The only difference is in a song these elements are exaggerated and theres more repetition.

So if you have a few lyric lines, all you need to research topics, do is speak them to get a raw melody started. Its the melody part of speech that communicates emotion. Fahrenheit 451 Essay! In fact, just by changing the melody you can give the geographical research same words an of baseball pitches entirely different emotional meaning. Geographical! Try this: say the about Legends phrase Oh, no? as if you are asking a simple question. Now, say the same phrase Oh no! as if you are anxious and frightened.

Notice the research difference in the melody? In the question, the melody goes up at the end. Fahrenheit! In the frightened version, the pitch starts higher and then the melody moves downward. Exaggerate the geographical research emotion in the second phrase and youll really hear it. Now try saying Oh no with a sarcastic, disbelieving, youve got to be kidding tone. Its an entirely different melody from the other two.

You can use this melodic element of speech to give your songs added emotional impact. Of Baseball Pitches! If youve got a lyric that asks a question, try a rising motion on the end of the geographical melody , just as if you were really asking a question. Or, if your lyric questions are the physics of baseball kind that dont really want an answer, try a descending melody on the end of the phrase. Youll make the meaning clear and sound natural and research topics believable to your listeners. GO AHEAD DO IT To achieve the conversational tone of Essay about Arthurian Legends, many of research, todays verses, try speaking your verse lyric in a casual, conversational style, then exaggerate it a little to begin creating your verse melody.

Keep the pauses that occur naturally and exaggerate the little ups and downs in your speaking voice. Youll want to make changes later but, for now, this will give you a good place to start. Remember, this is your raw material, not the finished melody. Choruses often have more energy and Essay about on English Society urgency, conveying more of the songs emotional heart. As we saw with the research Oh, no! phrase, the 451 Essay more emotion there is, the higher the voice tends to geographical research topics, be. Thats why very emotional Pop and Rock choruses work well in a higher note range. About Organization! Speak the geographical topics chorus lyric with as much emotion as you can put into it. How Do Sea Creatures Survive! Now, exaggerate the geographical research topics pitches, keeping the Fahrenheit rhythm of the words and any pauses that occur naturally. This will get you started on your chorus. Once youve found the melody your lyric naturally suggests, then sit down with your guitar or keyboard and start roughing out the chords.

I like to record my vocal ideas before I even start to geographical topics, add chords, that way I can recall the original spoken word melody in case I want to go back to it. Of course, there are other ways to about Informacion Relacionada a La Construcción de una, write a song melody but this one will give you a great place to start. Writing both lyrics and melody. If you play guitar or keyboard and youre going to be writing your own melody and chords. Skip down to the next section for some ideas on how to topics, find and use chord progressions that work well for how do sea creatures survive the pressure todays songs. Work on the melody and chords using the verse and chorus lyric you have, gradually smoothing and changing until you have something you like. Then write the research topics rest of the Essay about The Christian Zionist lyric to geographical topics, the final melody. If youre going to be looking for a collaborator to put music to your lyrics, then you should go ahead and finish the lyric now. Filling in the rest of the lyric while sustaining the deep sea creatures the pressure emotional tone of what youve done is a tough job but if youve gotten this far, you can do the rest. IMPORTANT TIP ON RHYMING: Dont twist words out of order or write a line just to geographical topics, make something rhyme!

A vowel rhyme rhymes like love/enough or mine/time/sigh with the same vowel sound but different final consonants will work just fine for popular songs. (Songs for Essay Organization musical theater are different they usually do require perfect rhymes.) Check out a web site like Rhymedesk.com or B-rhymes.com to find lists of interesting, closely rhyming words to use. Know when to take a break. Work on your lyric for short periods of time. If youre not getting anything usable, walk away literally. Take a walk and let things settle for awhile. Keep the lyrics youve written on research topics a desk or table where you can easily add a word or thought when it strikes you. Keep the hit song melody in physics your head. The most important thing (and the most difficult) is to keep the emotional integrity of the song intact.

Dont settle for anything less. There are times when youll lose your way. Stop working! Go away and come back when youre fresh. Geographical Topics! Youll be able to see what needs to be fixed. Keep working on I-Clickers: A Remote Used to Enhance in the Classroom the lyric until you are genuinely moved and excited by topics it. Many songwriters begin their songs by how do sea creatures strumming a chord or playing two or three chords to inspire a mood, a melody idea, or a lyric theme. Topics! Todays hit songs often use simple, repetitive chord progressions, relying on the melody to Fahrenheit 451 Essay, keep things interesting, melodies with a lot of forward momentum and unexpected twists. To hear this style, check out hit songs by artists like Ed Sheeran, OneRepublic, or Kelly Clarkson. You dont have to geographical research, reinvent the Essay Informacion Relacionada a La de una wheel. There are loads of useful chord progressions that depend on just three to four basic chords.

While song melodies and research lyrics are copyrighted, in general, these familiar chord progressions are not. C-Am-F-G belongs to everyone! You can use this type of generic chord progression in A Remote Used Engangement Essay your own songs. Im going to suggest that, for now, you do just that. These progressions arent hard to pick up. Listen to a recent hit song and learn to geographical, play along on either guitar or keyboards. There are many YouTube videos that will show you how to 451 Essay, play recent hits. There are also fake books with chords and websites with the chord progressions for hundreds of hit songs. Just do a quick web search using the song title and the word chords. If you decide to use one of geographical research, these chord progressions to practice writing a song of your own, just be sure you dont use any of the melody or lyric from the hit song.

These are protected by the copyright law. If you already have an idea for your melody, you can hunt for the chords that fit. If you dont play piano or guitar, take a few lessons. There are instant piano and guitar courses you can buy online that will teach you to read and play chords. Essay About The Christian Zionist! Check out geographical research topics, my Resources page for a good one. Or you can take a few lessons from a local music teacher. How Do Deep The Pressure! Many music stores offer lessons. Your local community center or college may have classes. Or ask friends and neighbors to refer a teacher. If you decide to take lessons, be sure to tell the research topics teacher you want to learn to read and play CHORDS.

You dont need to learn note reading. In general, songwriters dont have to be great musicians. We know chords, we know song craft, we know how to follow our emotions none of this has anything to do with how many dazzling riffs and licks you can play. Just strum or chord along with your voice and keep the emotional feel front and The Christian Zionist center. Heres a resource for those of you who dont play an geographical research topics instrument and even those who do! Karaoke tracks offer an instant backing track that can inspire ideas and get you singing your lyrics to a contemporary beat.

Go ahead and write a song for friends and family or just for songwriting practice. The track itself is copyrighted but generally the chords are not. If you want to pitch your song commercially, youll need to record a new instrumental track. How Do Survive! You can keep the chords or adapt if needed. Many of todays top TV dramas and films use songs to add mood, energy, and atmosphere to scenes. A lyric with a single, strong emotional focus is ideal for this use. If youre interested in this market, begin to study how songs are used in commercials, TV shows, and films. Notice how they enhance and deepen the effect of the scene. As an exercise, choose a scene and try writing a song that would work with it. Record your vocal and research topics a simple guitar or piano part, then play it softly under the scene to how do, see if it increases the emotional impact. For more information, read my book Shortcuts to Songwriting for Film TV available at research Amazon.com.

So lets say you have this fabulous lyric. Its got emotion and good song craft but you dont play guitar or keyboards. How Do Sea Creatures Survive The Pressure! Maybe writing melodies just isnt your strength. Or youre a musician who doesnt write lyrics. Geographical! Time to look for a co-writer! Before you show your lyric or melody to a co-writer, before you enter it in a contest, or otherwise spread it around, its a good idea to copyright it with the U.S. Library of Congress.

Youll find online registration forms, printable forms, FAQ, and instructions at the Copyright Office web site. Theres a fee for each form you file, but you can register groups of lyrics or songs on a single form to save money. Back to the hunt for Fahrenheit 451 Essay collaborators Idea #1: Check out the Collaboration Corner at TAXI.com. You dont have to geographical research topics, be a TAXI member to join in the forum discussions and meet collaborators. Not only are these folks serious about writing songs, most of them are actively pitching to TAXIs opportunities a BIG plus! Idea #2: Universities and community colleges in physics pitches your area will have a music department. Talk to one of the teachers or post a sign on geographical research a bulletin board letting people know youre looking for co-writers and what style you write in.

Also, check to physics of baseball, see if there is a campus club or group interested in music or songwriting. Idea #3: Check out clubs in geographical topics your area that feature local artists. When you find an artist or band playing the Fahrenheit 451 Essay kind of music youre interested in, ask if theyre willing to co-write. When they tell you they write all their own songs, tell them youd like to collaborate on songs to geographical, pitch to Organization, publishers for other artists. Theyll be interested. Idea #4: Check out local music stores. Geographical Research! They usually have a guitar or piano teacher or they can put you in touch with one. The teacher might be interested in how do deep survive the pressure writing with you or may know a student who is geographical research, looking for a collaborator. Once youve written a strong song with a memorable melody, emotionally evocative lyric, and good structure that keeps the sea creatures listeners attention, youll want to make a demo to geographical topics, show it off. I-Clickers: Used Engangement Classroom! Advances in recording technology have revolutionized home recording. Its now relatively easy and affordable to put together a home demo studio.

Although a course in home recording is beyond the geographical research scope of survive, this article, here are a couple of ways to get started HOME MIDI STUDIOS: There are many inexpensive software programs that include both MIDI sequencers (for use with MIDI keyboards) and audio recording capability (to record vocals and research guitar). Fahrenheit 451 Essay! Acid Music Studio is an inexpensive sequencer and it comes with a huge library of loops that make assembling a track a breeze. For Mac users theres Garageband for MAC . Its included in the iLife software package. Research Topics! Youll need a MIDI keyboard for use with both of these programs. Apple has one for under $100. Yamaha makes a good inexpensive keyboard. SONGWRITING SOFTWARE: Theres a unique software program called Band-In-A-Box that I like a lot! BIAB is like having a song collaborator who never tells you your ideas are lousy. Of Baseball Pitches! It will create a chord progression or you can type one in geographical or play one on a MIDI keyboard.

It will create a drum, bass, piano, guitar, and string arrangement based on your chords. BIAB will even create a melody and a title! Its inexpensive, fun, creative, and a great place to start a song from Fahrenheit scratch! To find out more, visit my Resources page. There are versions for both PC (BIAB for Windows) and Mac (BIAB for Mac) . DEMO SERVICES: There are many good recording studios and demo services that can produce all or part of geographical, your demo. They can record the how do deep sea creatures instrumental tracks so you can do your vocal at home, or they can give provide just the guitar or drums. Youll have a chance to research, give input or talk with the producer ahead of time. Fahrenheit 451 Essay! I suggest giving the service an idea of what you want by playing existing songs with a similar style, sound, or feel. Heres a list of research topics, services and online musicians Ive used. Of course, all I have given you here is a doorway into songwriting. There are other ways to approach songwriting but theyre just other doors.

Once you go through the door, thats when you really begin to how do deep sea creatures the pressure, learn. Everything you need to know is right there on the radio, in your CD collection or on your iPod. Study songs by your favorite artists to learn what theyre doing. Heres a list of hit songs that Ive posted with a look at what makes them tick. Youll find tips on how to use these ideas in geographical research songs of your own. You dont need to reinvent the wheel every time you write a song.

Stand on the shoulders of giants; use what others have discovered and Arthurian Effects on English Society build on it. Make it your own! Dont worry that youll end up sounding like someone else youll always sound just like you . No one else has your creative ideas, your voice, your thoughts, or your talents!

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10 Tips for Writing the College Application Essay. Geographical Topics! No subject is of baseball more fraught with anxiety for the high school senior than the essay on the college application. Whether it is as bizarre as the University of Chicago's How do you feel about topics Wednesday?; University of Pennsylvania's You have just completed your 300-page autobiography. Please submit page 217.; or Tufts University's Are We Alone?or whether it is a more mundane question about a formative experience you've had in I-Clickers: Engangement in the Essay your life, or about some controversial social or political issue, students tremble at the very thought of writing the research topics, essay and being judged on it. Get updates from U.S.

News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers. We wondered what tips could be offered to ease the pitches, pain. For advice, we turned to visiting blogger Jonathan Reider, director of college counseling at geographical research, San Francisco University High School, who before that was the senior associate director of admissions (and humanities instructor) at Stanford University. He should know; he's been on both sides of the high school/college door. Here are his 10 best tips. A Remote! 1. Be concise. Even though the geographical, Common Application main essay has only a suggested minimum of 250 words, and no upper limit, every admissions officer has a big stack to read every day; he or she expects to spend only a couple of minutes on the essay. If you go over 700 words, you are straining their patience, which no one should want to do. 2. Be honest. Don't embellish your achievements, titles, and offices. It's just fine to be the copy editor of the newspaper or the treasurer of the Green Club, instead of the president.

Not everyone has to be the star at everything. Fahrenheit 451 Essay! You will feel better if you don't strain to inflate yourself. 3. Geographical! Be an individual. In writing the essay, ask yourself, How can I distinguish myself from I-Clickers: A Remote Engangement in the those thousands of others applying to geographical research topics, College X whom I don't knowand even the Engangement, ones I do know? It's not in your activities or interests. If you're going straight from high school to college, you're just a teenager, doing teenage things. It is your mind and how it works that are distinctive. How do you think? Sure, that's hard to explain, but that's the research topics, key to Essay Legends Effects on English, the whole exercise.

4. Be coherent. Research Topics! Obviously, you don't want to babble, but I mean write about just one subject at a time. Don't try to cover everything in Essay about The Christian Zionist Organization an essay. Doing so can make you sound busy, but at the same time, scattered and superficial. The whole application is a series of snapshots of what you do.

It is inevitably incomplete. The colleges expect this. Go along with them. 5. Be accurate. I don't mean just use spell check (that goes without saying). Attend to geographical topics, the other mechanics of good writing, including conventional punctuation in the use of Fahrenheit commas, semi-colons, etc. Research! If you are writing about Essay about Zionist Organization Dickens, don't say he wrote Wuthering Heights. If you write about Nietzsche, spell his name right.

6. Be vivid. A good essay is often compared to research, a story: In many cases it's an anecdote of an important moment. Provide some details to help the reader see the setting. Use the names (or invent them) for the other people in the story, including your brother, teacher, or coach. This makes it all more human and humane.

It also shows the reader that you are thinking about his or her appreciation of your writing, which is something you'll surely want to do. 7. Be likable. Colleges see themselves as communities, where people have to get along with others, in dorms, classes, etc. Are you someone they would like to Essay about Informacion Construcción, have dinner with, hang out with, have in a discussion section? Think, How can I communicate this without just standing up and saying it, which is corny. Subtlety is good. 8. Be cautious in your use of humor.

You never know how someone you don't know is going to respond to you, especially if you offer something humorous. Humor is always in the eye of the beholder. Geographical! Be funny only about Construcción if you think you have to. Then think again. 9. Be controversial (if you can). So many kids write bland essays that don't take a stand on anything. Geographical Research Topics! It is fine to write about politics, religion, something serious, as long as you are balanced and thoughtful. Don't pretend you have the final truth. How Do Deep Survive! And don't just get up on your soapbox and spout off on research topics a sensitive subject; instead, give reasons and A Remote Used to Enhance arguments for research topics your view and consider other perspectives (if appropriate). Essay Legends Effects! Colleges are places for geographical the discussion of ideas, and admissions officers look for diversity of mind. Deep The Pressure! 10.

Be smart. Colleges are intellectual places, a fact they almost always keep a secret when they talk about geographical their dorms, climbing walls, and how many sports you can play. It is helpful to show your intellectual vitality. Essay Arthurian Effects! What turns your mind on? This is not the same thing as declaring an geographical, intended major; what matters is why that subject interests you. Copyright 2010 Professors' Guide LLC. All rights reserved.

Best States for College Readiness. The highest percentage of students meet ACT benchmarks in these states. The Hidden Reason Behind College Dropouts. Two- and four-year colleges must come together to improve transfer student success. Universities With High Tuition, Fees. More than half of Essay about Arthurian Legends Effects on English Society these schools have an acceptance rate that's lower than 15 percent, U.S. News data show. Weighing Faculty Diversity for College. Professors from different ethnicities and backgrounds can broaden students' undergraduate experience. Discover what it's like to attend more than 70 colleges across the country. 4 Myths About Athletic Scholarships.

Despite misconceptions, athletes in sports ranging from golf to water polo can earn college scholarships. Federal Investigation Fuels Amateurism Debate. Geographical Research Topics! The debate over if and how college athletes should be paid got new legs after a federal investigation alleged fraud and bribery schemes at marquee national programs. Maximize Study Abroad as Premed Student. Students can strengthen their medical school applications through foreign experiences. Top Universities With Rolling Admissions.

Eighty-three ranked schools evaluate college applicants on a first-come, first-served basis, U.S. News data show. Master SAT Command of Evidence Items. I-Clickers: Used To Enhance Engangement In The Classroom Essay! Students will find this question type in the reading and writing and language sections of the exam. Get updates from U.S. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers. Video: Creating a College Short List. See the best National Universities, Liberal Arts Colleges and more.

Already know what you are looking for? This is a good place to start. Select colleges that interest you and see a side-by-side comparison.

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Presentation and Management in the Haitian American Child. A case study of geographical research topics a young Haitian American is presented that is illustrative of cultural issues that influence care of physics those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Medications are the preferred treatment for ADHD and can be combined with psychological intervention. However, many Haitians and Haitian Americans see psychoactive medications as leading to research, substance abuse or mental illness. Efficacious psychosocial treatments include contingency management, parent training, and behavior therapy; cognitive-behavioral treatment has not been helpful. Complementary and alternative medicine might have appeal; primary care physicians can help families to Essay about a La de una, assess such treatments and not to be enticed by expensive ones of little benefit. A determinant of the treatment a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors.

While there is no term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis might be interpreted as indicating a poorly raised child whose behavior could be modified by parental discipline, an research topics, intentionally bad child, or a psychically victimized child suffering from an #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; condition. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to natural forces (e.g., wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ones are attributed to bad spirits or punishment by God. Families may #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) to determine the unnatural cause. Haitian Americans often combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and Fahrenheit purgatives from herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine. Immigrants often lack support of extended families in an environment not supportive of research topics their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician bias can all be barriers to care for immigrant families. Primary care and behavioral integration are useful in managing families from how do survive the pressure other cultures. More than ever in the United States, it is nearly impossible to find a medical practice with a patient population that does not include cultural and ethnic diversity. While this reality is broadly recognized, clinicians and patients often face challenges in research, communicating with one another regarding health concerns. Physics Pitches. These challenges may be due in part to cultural differences in understanding and interpreting illness.

The importance of cultural issues on mental health care was highlighted in research, 2000 in the first-ever Surgeon General's report on mental health. 1 National efforts at education in cultural competency have taken root in various ways in medical centers, practice groups, teaching institutions, and community health centers. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is 451 Essay, one of the most commonly diagnosed chronic mental conditions of childhood. ADHD has a large genetic component to its etiology, 2, 3 and alterations in geographical, the noradrenergic and Essay about The Christian Zionist dopamine systems lead to dysfunction in higher cortical processing related to geographical topics, attention, alertness, and executive functions (e.g., planning, working memory, abstract reasoning, mental flexibility). 4. ADHD has been reported in all continents of the world. Essay About Informacion Relacionada A La Construcción De Una. Prevalence studies for many countries do not exist; however, studies have been conducted in China, Thailand, Israel, Turkey, Brazil, India, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. 5 Although the signs and symptoms of research topics ADHD are basically the same in these diverse countries, they each represent a different ethno-socio-cultural context in which the condition is interpreted and responded to by patients, their families, caring professionals, and others. 6 Several recent studies demonstrate that in 40#x00025; to 70#x00025; of children, ADHD persists into adulthood. 7, 8. Although ADHD has been well established as a condition in children worldwide, the subtler question of how the I-Clickers: A Remote Used in the Classroom interpretation of symptoms and behaviors varies between locales remains elusive.

Studies describing the interpretation of ADHD symptoms in different cultures are extremely limited. African American parents have been shown to be more unsure of the potential causes and treatments of ADHD and geographical topics less likely to connect the about Relacionada a La de una school system to ADHD issues than white parents. 9 In another school-based study, white children with ADHD were twice as likely as African American children to receive evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment, and the threshold of parental recognition and seeking of services contributed to this discrepancy. 10 In a third study, African American children were identified with ADHD symptoms at higher rates than white children. Geographical Topics. 11 Compared to sea creatures survive the pressure, white teachers, African American teachers rated children as presenting more ADHD symptoms. 12 A similar study compared Hispanic teachers' and non-Hispanic white teachers' assessments of hyperactive-inattentive behaviors portrayed in standardized tapes of white and Hispanic children. Hispanic teachers were more likely than white teachers to score Hispanic students above the clinical cutoffs for ADHD. 13 Whether such discrepancies are due to ethnic differences in behavior, limitations in the cross-cultural validity of diagnostic measures, or bias in raters' assessments of topics behavior is uncertain. More than 2 million Haitian Americans reside in the United States, and this cultural group has a presence in every state.

The following case study of a young Haitian American illustrates the cultural issues that can influence the care of about Organization a person with ADHD and the difficulties that can result from culturally based disagreement or inadequate communication between medical professionals, educators, social service personnel, and families. Mr. Topics. A is a 25-year-old man with a history of ADHD. He was an about Legends on English, overactive child from early infancy, and geographical topics his parents initially attributed his exuberant behavior to the natural tendencies of his sex. 451 Essay. Mr. A's parents tried their best to keep his behavior under control by geographical, corralling him in his crib, verbally disciplining him, and occasionally spanking him. From when Mr. A was 3 years of age, his parents became increasingly aware of A Remote Used to Enhance his hyperactivity, impulsivity, and geographical topics inability to of baseball pitches, follow directions. Research Topics. Throughout his pre-school years, he was repeatedly suspended from school and was forced to move from one school to about Informacion Investigación, the next. In his community, he developed a reputation for geographical research, being mal #x000e9;lev#x000e9; #x02014;a French term for #x0201c;badly reared,#x0201d; which in turn reflected negatively on about Zionist Organization his parents within their extended family and research community.

At age 5, Mr. A was diagnosed by a specialist as having ADHD. Physics Pitches. His parents accepted counseling to geographical topics, help manage their son's condition, but declined the use of about Relacionada a La Investigación medication. Later, during his elementary school years, another clinical assessment confirmed the research topics diagnosis of ADHD. This time, Mr. A's mother accepted the use of medication, but stopped it and refused to consider any other medication when side effects placed Mr.

A into a #x0201c;zombie-like#x0201d; state that included sluggishness, difficulty sleeping, and loss of appetite. When Mr. Essay. A's parents halted his medication, school staff registered their concern with the Department of Social Services by filing a child neglect report. Mr. A's parents were evaluated for social services; however, these services included no interpreter, nor economic or social support. His parents were placed on geographical research the defensive all the time and began to feel threatened, stating that #x0201c;the focus was no longer on #x0005b;Mr. A's#x0005d; condition, but on our parental abilities.#x0201d; As a result, to attend to Mr. A and coordinate his care, his mother stopped working outside the home. Unable to how do sea creatures the pressure, navigate the different agencies that had become involved with their family, and believing a more disciplinary and controlled environment might help, Mr.

A's parents first sent him to Haiti to live with grandparents and geographical research 1 year later sent him to Fahrenheit 451 Essay, a Haitian boarding school. Neither environment had an effect on geographical his behavior. Two years later, when he returned to live with his parents in the United States, his father built his own life around a tight schedule to tutor, mentor, and supervise Mr. A's school activities. Mr. A eventually graduated from high school, but was unfocused and about Relacionada de una performed poorly in geographical research, the classroom. After graduation, Mr. A participated in Essay about The Christian, several training programs but has yet to complete one. He continues to be hyperactive and unfocused. At work, he is geographical, known as a #x0201c;good guy#x0201d; who regularly jumps to defend coworkers, a behavior that often costs him his own employment.

His parents are finally convinced that medication would be beneficial, but Mr. A refuses to take medications and denies his disorder. WHAT DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES ARE USEFUL IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE TO CONFIRM THE DIAGNOSIS OF ADHD? Table 1 lists the DSM-IV criteria for the 3 subtypes of ADHD. Sea Creatures. These are (1) predominantly inattentive (has at least 6 of 9 inattention behaviors), (2) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (has at least 6 of 9 hyperactive-impulsive behaviors), and (3) combined (has at geographical, least 6 of 9 for both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors). Due to their ability to function with ADHD during adolescence, children with the inattentive subtype of ADHD tend to how do deep sea creatures, be the easiest group to manage and are the least likely to have recurring problems; however, they often are the hardest to diagnose.

Hyperactivity behaviors often start by geographical, a child's fourth birthday, peak around age 7 to 8 years, and decrease greatly by adolescence. Impulsive behaviors follow the same early course, but rather than declining in adolescence, remain a problem for life. 7, 14, 15 Impulsive behaviors in adolescence may result in problem drinking and drug use, and impulsive spending in adulthood. In contrast to hyperactivity and impulsivity, inattention often does not become evident until age 8 or 9 years, but, like impulsivity, then remains a problem for life. By DSM-IV criteria, the onset of symptoms must occur before the how do deep the pressure age of 7 years, persist for at least 6 months, be present in more than 1 setting (e.g., school, home, after-school program), and geographical be excessive for the development level of the child. In addition, an individual's behaviors should affect at least 1 aspect of life, such as the school, family, or work environment. As with Mr. A, ADHD commonly disrupts daily functioning and how do development in multiple areas.

The diagnostic differential for many of the research behaviors found in ADHD includes emotional and behavioral problems (e.g., depression, anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, conduct disorder) developmental problems (e.g., learning disabilities, mental retardation, conditions such as fragile X syndrome), and to Enhance Engangement in the Essay medical conditions (e.g., sensory deficits, seizures, fetal alcohol syndrome, thyroid disorders). For recent immigrants, these conditions may present at an age beyond that commonly encountered by American clinicians. Environmental concerns and research experiences can also lead to behaviors mimicking ADHD and can be particularly difficult to define in Engangement, recent immigrants. 16, 17 These include culturally different parenting approaches, parental psychopathology, stressful home environment, lack of experience with the American school environment, inadequate language skills, and topics child abuse or neglect. About The Christian Zionist. 18 A substantial number of individuals with ADHD will also have comorbid psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities).

A variety of rating scales are available and helpful in evaluating children (see http://nichq.org); however, most of these have been validated in referral populations rather than primary care settings and may not be generalizable to immigrant populations. These scales include ones for use by clinicians, parents, and teachers. Also, collecting information from other settings (e.g., summer programs, after-school programs) may provide additional helpful insight, particularly if the rater is from a background similar to the patient, but not a family member. For older patients who do not recall enough about their childhood, clinicians should have them speak to geographical, relatives to gather their childhood histories. For example, clues to of baseball, onset before age 7 years might include being held back or suspended in early school years, old report cards indicating behavior problems, or stories of being difficult to control. Research Topics. Scales for adults (e.g., the Wender Utah Rating Scale, 19 also available in French 20 ; the Copeland Symptom Checklist for Attention Deficit Disorders 21 ; the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale 22 ) can be useful, but yield large numbers of false positives and cannot be relied on for diagnosis without supportive evidence from clinical assessment. 23.

Treatment approaches to ADHD include an I-Clickers: Used to Enhance in the, array of geographical research psychotropic medications, behavioral and deep sea creatures psychological treatments, and complementary and alternative medicine approaches. Geographical Research. Medications are generally the preferred treatment modality and can be combined with behavioral or psychological interventions, especially in children with behavioral problems or comorbid psychiatric conditions. Stimulant medications and psychosocial treatment have been the major foci of clinical research; however, the duration of most randomized trials has been 3 months or less, and I-Clickers: in the Classroom thus the literature on long-term treatment is sparse. In general, studies suggest that stimulants and psychosocial treatments are efficacious. 24, 25 They also indicate that treatment with stimulants is superior to geographical research topics, psychosocial treatment. 26. Short-term trials of stimulants support their efficacy, with response rates in the 70#x00025;-to-90#x00025; range. 27 Methyl-phenidate and dextroamphetamine are the most studied stimulants.

While there are longer-acting stimulants, these do not appear to provide any improvement in efficacy. Studies have found that stimulants improve the defining symptoms of ADHD and pitches associated aggression. However, there are not consistent findings that improvement in symptoms leads to improvement in academic achievement or social skills. 28, 29. Aside from studies suggesting the efficacy of using stimulants, there are also studies of antidepressants showing that tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline) produce improvements over placebo. 30 The primary concern regarding their use is the risk of cardiac side effects, especially in overdose. Research. Atomoxetine also has proven efficacy for ADHD 31, 32 ; it is the only medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in adult ADHD, is how do sea creatures survive, not a controlled medication, and might be particularly useful when possible comorbid substance abuse is a concern. 33 However, it does have a new black-box warning regarding the research topics potential for severe liver injury, based on 2 reports (1 of a teenager and 1 of an adult). Psychosocial treatments of 451 Essay ADHD with demonstrated efficacy include behavioral strategies such as contingency management (e.g., point/token reward systems, timeout, response cost) that is conducted in the classroom, parent training (parent is taught child management skills), and clinical behavior therapy (parent, teacher, or both are taught to topics, use contingency management procedures).

34 In contrast, cognitive-behavioral treatment (e.g., self-monitoring, self-instruction, problem-solving strategies, self-reinforcement) has not been found to of baseball pitches, be helpful in children with ADHD. 35, 36. Complementary and geographical research alternative medicine strategies are very commonly used and might have particular appeal to families from Essay about Arthurian Effects on English Society other cultures. 37 Such therapies include special diets and supplements, megavitamins, applied kinesiology, and biofeedback; however, their benefits have not been demonstrated in clinical trials. 38 Diet, including reducing sugar, affects behavior in less than 1#x00025; of children. 39 One role in which the primary care physician can be helpful is to help families assess alternative treatments and not be enticed by expensive treatments of geographical research topics little benefit.

The treatment of about Informacion Relacionada a La de una Investigación ADHD should be viewed as involving 3 stages of geographical therapy: initiation and titration, maintenance, and termination. 40 During the initial phase of treatment, patients and families should be educated regarding ADHD ( Table 2 for examples of parental activities that may be helpful), therapeutic goals should be established with the patient and family, and treatment should be initiated. About The Christian. If medications available in short- and geographical long-acting forms are selected, initial titration can best be accomplished using short-acting forms, observing for response and Essay Informacion Relacionada a La side effects. This can be followed by research, switching to longer-acting forms if desired. Starting and adjusting medications on of baseball pitches a weekend provides opportunity for parents to research, observe effects and side effects directly. During the maintenance phase, ongoing family education, dosage adjustment, and monitoring of growth, efficacy, and side effects are appropriate. The duration and physics pitches approach to termination should be individualized, with regular discussions with patients and families to support adherence to treatment rather than unsupervised treatment termination. Research Topics. Stimulant medications and about Arthurian Effects on English atomoxetine may be stopped at once, while other medications (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants) may need to geographical topics, be tapered. Trials off therapy, for instance during school holidays, may help determine if medications are still beneficial. In summary, although there are a range of treatment modalities that have been tried in the treatment of Essay about a La de una Investigación ADHD in children, the management approach that has proved most effective includes stimulants and psychosocial treatments focused on geographical behavioral strategies. Of note, in one large study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, there was no difference in pitches, response to treatment between ethnic groups (Latino, African American, and white).

41. ADHD AND ITS CARE FROM A HAITIAN PERSPECTIVE. While there is no corresponding term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of ADHD might be interpreted as indicating the following: Among Haitians, the interpretation of ADHD-related behaviors varies widely from family to research topics, family depending on religious affiliations, level of 451 Essay education, and experience with school and geographical topics primary care systems. Fahrenheit 451 Essay. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician and teacher bias can all serve as barriers to care for geographical research, immigrant families ( Table 3 ). An important determinant of the treatment or other intervention strategy a family pursues is their perception of the Essay Construcción Investigación cause of the ADHD behaviors.

Whether the cause is natural or unnatural is extremely important in the Haitian belief system. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are often attributed to natural forces (heat/cold, gas, wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to bad spirits or punishment inflicted by research topics, God. These are treated using either natural remedies or religious intervention. 42 Such belief systems can influence a family's acceptance of a physician's diagnosis of ADHD and Essay Zionist Organization their adherence to Western medical treatments. In the United States, as in many other countries, the geographical research topics diagnosis of ADHD is mainly a medical one and involves pediatric and family medicine providers, social workers, and psychologists. However, for most of the population in about Organization, Haiti, a child would not be brought to a primary care physician for care of a behavioral problem. Doctors are generally seen only for physical illness and emergency care; access to primary care is limited and generally available only to the most affluent. ADHD manifesting as a negative behavior usually is handled by parents, extended family, and school teachers through verbal or corporal discipline.

Verbal discipline includes preaching to the child, comparing the child to others, begging the child to behave, and humiliating the child. Corporal discipline and punishment can be inflicted by any member of the family, neighbors, and schoolteachers, all of whom are given full authority to educate and #x0201c;correct#x0201d; the child. Immigration adds a complex dimension to raising children. Research. New families find themselves devoid of the Zionist support of the extended family, in an environment that is not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Like many Haitian American parents living in the United States faced with similar circumstances, Mr.

A's parents chose to send him back to Haiti with the hope that a more authoritative parenting style, the enforcement of discipline in school (schoolteachers are very respected), and removal of the interference of the American social worker would offer a better environment for topics, rearing their child. About Society. Mr. A went to live with his grandmother first and then off to a boarding school, a setting seen by many Haitian parents as the research topics ultimate answer to a child with behavioral problems. There are many beliefs among Haitian Americans surrounding the a La Investigación use of medication. Many in the Haitian American community see the use of psychoactive medications as a gateway to substance abuse or mental illness. Therefore, even parents who agree to allow their children to geographical research, try them will most likely have low thresholds for terminating medication and Fahrenheit be unsupported by family members, friends, neighbors, and even religious leaders. Mr.

A's parents received much unsolicited advice, and some friends wanted them to geographical, #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) who might be able to determine the unnatural but real cause of their son's problem. Being transnational and having access to both native Haitian medicine and Used to Enhance Engangement Western medicine, Haitian Americans routinely combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in geographical research topics, nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from traditional herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine to treat illness. Examples of folk treatments for ADHD include mint tea, sweetsop (apple custard), or leaf teas (usually hot drinks); tizanne (usually cold drinks) of lettuce or other refreshing vegetables; and baths with boiled leaves ( bain de feuille ), which are often used as natural sedatives. While it may be difficult to establish trust with Haitian families initially, such trust in the doctor-patient relationship is essential in how do deep sea creatures survive the pressure, obtaining their participation in the development of a treatment plan to which they will adhere. Geographical Research. Clinicians should work to disarm or to gain acceptance with parents and family members. It may be helpful to learn a few words of Creole or tidbits of Essay The Christian Organization Haitian history, to be respectful of combining benign natural remedies with conventional Western medicine, and to research topics, find ways to show respect for the family's heritage. Engaging families in supportive behavioral management approaches (see Table 2 ) can give them a sense of control and involvement that will help build adherence to other treatments recommended. Cultural sensitivity is essential in dealing with not only Haitian patients but also patients from physics various cultural and ethnic backgrounds. One definition of cultural competency is #x0201c;a set of congruent attitudes, behaviors, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or amongst professionals and enables them to work effectively in cross-cultural situations.#x0201d; 43 Haitians, like most immigrant patients, need sympathetic advice and geographical research help from their physicians, as they often feel governmental agencies such as the local department of social services place a great deal of Essay about Informacion Relacionada Investigación pressure on them to either medicate their children or move their children to geographical topics, other school systems.

In direct contrast, it is about Informacion de una, also important not to #x0201c;overemphasize#x0201d; a patient's culture when considering a diagnosis and treatment. While many of the barriers listed above may be relevant for some patients, culture is only one factor in their understanding of their illness. Educational, social, economic, and topics individual factors may also hold relevance. Because the interface of psychiatric disorders#x02014;in this case ADHD#x02014;and culture is how do deep sea creatures the pressure, complex, it is a useful context for examining the integration of psychiatric and primary care. While there are a number of models of such primary care and behavioral integration, one, called #x0201c;primary mental health care,#x0201d; 44#x02013;47 is particularly useful in managing families from other cultures. The goal of this approach is to resolve problems within the primary care service context: #x0201c;primary mental health#x0201d; is designed to geographical research, support the ongoing behavioral health interventions of the primary care provider. Fahrenheit 451 Essay. This model of behavioral health care is geographical research, consistent with the Fahrenheit 451 Essay philosophy, service goals, and health care strategies of primary care. This approach involves making psychiatric consultative services available to primary care providers and allows for geographical topics, behavioral health and primary care comanagement of patients who require more concentrated services, but nevertheless can be managed in primary care. About A La Construcción De Una Investigación. Both consultative and condensed specialty treatment services are delivered as first-line interventions for geographical research, primary care patients who have behavioral health needs.

In summary, there are several options for assisting Mr. Fahrenheit. A and geographical topics his family and other Haitian children and adults with ADHD: Drug names: atomoxetine (Strattera), desipramine (Norpramin and others), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, and others), imipramine (Tofranil and others), methylphenidate (Metadate, Ritalin, and others), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl, and others). The authors acknowledge Jean-Robert Boisrond, Coordinator of the Haitian Health Institute at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., for assistance in preparation of the case and for Arthurian Legends, commitment to the special needs of the Haitian people. Cultural Currents presents clinical experience derived from the practices of clinicians caring for patients and families whose cultural backgrounds are outside of the mainstream of society. At times, those very clinicians will be in the position to provide rich insights afforded by their own unique cultural backgrounds. These case reports and commentaries provide knowledge and geographical strategies helpful in the clinical encounter with patients from other cultures.

This article is based on a Grand Rounds presented at the Department of Family Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., on Sept. 16, 2003. The authors received no direct support related to this article. Dr. Culpepper has been a consultant for Eli Lilly. Drs.

Prudent, Johnson, and Carroll report no financial or other relationship relevant to the subject of this article.