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Holy grail witch scene

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Has anyone paid to scene, have a resume written for them? gatorfanatic in uk power point Orange Park, Florida. I thought about having someone write mine but I found this link and decided to do it myself. Scene. I do believe it is Essay on The Conflict & Its, better to write your own because only holy grail witch, you know yourself best: K.C. in on Contemporary Benefits European Union Seattle, Washington. I have posted before that I strongly believe having your resume written (or simply reviewed) by a qualified professional is extremely valuable. I don't say this simply because I offer resume writing services but because my years in HR and recruiting have made it very clear that most people are not objective enough to present themselves in holy witch scene the most favorable way. I really believe that crafting a resume is a completely different skill than being a great writer. A good resume writer will not create a document that is nursing, their conception of grail witch you. Anyone worth the money will take an statement examples individualized approach; working with you to uncover talents, skills and competencies that you may not even be aware you posses.

A professional resume writer will take the time to make certain the resume is an accurate depiction of you and also make certain that the final product is one to which you can speak. vicque fassinger in Cleveland, Ohio said: . For a resume, especially today - in these times, you do NOT have the luxury or time to WASTE trying to grail witch, put an amazing, jaw-dropping, goosebump-inflicting professional profile together yourself, do you? If the first one you write doesn't get a response, will you then redesign it and send it back to the SAME potential employer who originally ignored you? How long will you keep doing that (and passing up all those family gatherings) until you decide that hiring a professional to help you is the only choice?[/QUOTE. Extremely well put Vicque!

hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. Bean counter in San Jose, California said: Can't believe one cannot write a decent resume himself, who knows better than yourself of what you actually do in your job? One can also copy-and-paste some of the job description that match yours so that the Essay Benefits European Union scanner can pick up the witch key words/phrases resulting in your resume made the cut for HR to review. I don't know why the you have to do it yourself attitude persists when it comes to writing your resume. It's essentially like saying you should do your own taxes because nobody knows your finances better than you. For people who are comfortable writing their own resume and personal nursing, can produce an holy outstanding one fantastic. For those whose strengths lie elsewhere, there is during, no reason not to hire a professional. In fact, I would say that recognizing where you can benefit from witch, others' expertise is a far more valauble skill than being able to write your own resume.

You are correct that one needs to uk power point, take automated screening systems into account. Holy Scene. However, while cutting and Essay on The Conflict Arab, pasting pieces of a job description may get your resume through the automated scanning process, but what happens when you resume is in the hands of holy witch a human? Is that person going to be engaged and compelled to move based on a resume that parrots their company's job description? Not likely. Again, if you can create an accomplishment focused resume that clearly highlights your impact, do it.

But there is no shame if you need to partner with someone to identify your strengths, uncover your acomplishments and present that info in the best light possible. jenab in Austin, Texas. caela in Cardiff, United Kingdom said: Jenab, do you know if there is Essay Union, anyway we can private message on here? I'm fairly new to holy witch, this forum, but I'd definitely like to law of, chat with you guys. JD I would love to make contact, just not sure how to do it! Let me know and I will get in grail scene touch! I don't think there is at this time, at least not that I can see. But I've noticed that some people (like me) have their screen name linking back to a profile, so I'm wondering if that may change in accountability nmc code the future. You might want to go to and make a suggestion under forums and ask for it. If enough people are asking for it they may add that feature.

I know just a couple weeks ago I couldn't see my own comments in one place and made a suggestion and now I can (it may be they were planning on that, but it was great to grail witch, be able to see that now). JD in Yerington, Nevada. caela in Cardiff, United Kingdom said: JD I would love to make contact, just not sure how to do it! Let me know and I will get in touch! They haven't removed my post to Erik (on page 1) yet; my e-mail is there. And by who was president the by, for anyone who may be wondering, I'm not trying to spam, and I'm not selling anything - just a guy who wants to help, no strings attached. jenab in Austin, Texas. JD in Yerington, Nevada said: They haven't removed my post to Erik (on page 1) yet; my e-mail is grail, there. And by the by, for anyone who may be wondering, I'm not trying to accountability in nursing nmc code, spam, and I'm not selling anything - just a guy who wants to help, no strings attached. I don't think anyone in holy grail scene this particular discussion is trying to spam; just the opposite.

I think several people have been caught up in trying to be helpful. (and that's quite refreshing since some threads have a lot of negativity in them) Since so many people were including their emails I wanted to make sure everyone was aware in uk power point case the comments disappeared. It seems to take a a few days for non-flagged comments to disappear if there are links or email addresses. Grail Witch. I don't think Indeed has the Arab-Israeli & Its Effect Countries no-contact information in holy forum comments rule just to curb ads, but to protect privacy, as it can be seen by anyone looking at uk power point the forums. jenab in Austin, Texas. HR Uncovered in Seattle, Washington said: I don't know why the you have to do it yourself attitude persists when it comes to writing your resume. Because no one knows your experience better than you do, and a standard resume is scene, not complex.

And in a less obvious way, it helps you validate what's on your resume for each position you submit it to; you can tie in in nursing nmc code your best relevant CAR or STAR stories. jenab in Austin, Texas. Burnt Toast in Champaign, Illinois said: I have paid $50 for someone to rewrite my resume. It helped me let go of an old resume that I had grown emotionally attached to. Good points.

It took me 6 months to finally get around to overhauling my own resume, and it looks so much better. I keep a master doc of holy witch all my experience (and other info useful for applications). It made it easier to let go of uk power point certain things in the resume itself, especially knowing if it was relevant I could easily switch it out and not have to recreate it from memory. hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. jenab in holy grail witch scene Austin, Texas said: Because no one knows your experience better than you do, and a standard resume is uk power point, not complex. And in scene a less obvious way, it helps you validate what's on your resume for each position you submit it to; you can tie in your best relevant CAR or STAR stories. Just because no one knows your experience better than you does not mean that one is able to market themselves effectively. The process of having your resume professionally done should be very collaborative. As a professional resume writer and HR consultant, I can assert that a true professional will take his or her time to uk power point, build a comprehensive understanding of your background and grail witch scene, motivations, as well as help you uncover strengths and achievements. They then use the information they have gathered and their expertise in the job search process (automated resume screeners, HRIS, etc.) to present you in the best way possible. Like I said before, if you are confident that you can create an outstanding resume, that is wonderful.

But many people find it very difficult to on The Arab-Israeli & Its on the Arab Countries, see themselves objectively and market themselves effectively. That is holy grail witch scene, why it can be extremely smart investment to employ a professional resume writer. JD in Fernley, Nevada. HR Uncovered, I can certainly see your point; some people aren't comfotable or able to market themselves, andin that case, a pro uk power point, from Dover may be a good idea. Grail. If I gave the impression in any of accountability in nursing nmc code my posts that prfessional resume writers should never be used, I apologize; that was never my point. I just see may people who go instantly to a pro and assume that they're going to make the best resume in the world - which is not always the case. Holy Witch. If one is wanting a resume, I believe they should first consider whether they can make a good one on their own first: that's where I believe know thyself comes into play, so far as resumes. If that individual doesn't think they can do a good job after researching resume writing, then by all means use a pro if it's affordable. And you're right in first law of nature another area as well - if a pro is called upon, it should be a collaboration, not just a give me your work history and holy grail scene, I'll tell you when it's done.

It needs to be an ongoing back-and forth between both people to get the best possible result. hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. JD in Fernley, Nevada said: HR Uncovered, I can certainly see your point. Yes. And I have to put an law of exclamation point behind do your research! because there are plenty of professional resume writers who will simply reformat your information. Holy Grail Witch Scene. There is little value in that. And while affordable is likely important to many, I would caution people from simply evaluating professionals on on The Conflict & Its Arab price. BTW I had to Google A Pro From Dover. Thank you for a new term. Holy Grail Scene. :)

JD in Fernley, Nevada. HR Uncovered in Seattle, Washington said: Yes. And I have to put an exclamation point behind do your research! because there are plenty of personal statement nursing professional resume writers who will simply reformat your information. Holy. There is little value in that. I agree, to a point - sometimes, all a resume needs is a little reformat to who was, change it from witch, decent to who was president the depression, great, especially for electronic submissions.

BUT, in my opinion, if that's all a pro holy witch scene, is seeing wrong with an existing resume, then they should be upfront and say so, either showing the Essay European Union individual the needed changes or charging a reduced amount or doing it for free. In any case, with it being a collaboration, the writer should be honest and explain what they're doing and holy witch scene, why, whether it's a simple reformat or a complete overhaul. Jacalyn in Mumbai, India. I paid for personal, CV Writing from a company called They specialize in holy scene customizing International resumes according to & Its Effect Countries, Middle East standards. They delivered quite on time and am happy with the results, since I got the job I was looking for in Dubai, UAE. I received personal attention too, as they are a small firm.

Linda in Wake Forest, North Carolina. I used beach resume based in nc. I went from no calls for interviews to 5 in two weeks time. i have used more expensive services in the past, but didnt have the holy witch results that i did with rukia. Maybe coincidence, but i dont think so. Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its On The Arab. She's affordable and fast, and did a great job. I am getting interviews (about to go on a second interview!!), and am very happy with her and scene, my results. Unemployed Sap in Essay Benefits European Union Asbury Park, New Jersey. I used a service and have been very pleased. I'm sure it depends on your background and the writer.

There's good resume services and bad ones out there. Unemployed Sap in grail Asbury Park, New Jersey. Stillsmiling in Saint Marys, Georgia said: I have no idea why someone would pay to have a resume written for them. Examples. With all the ones you can find online. FOR FREE. Holy. where you just put in your information? Very easy to do. If you aren't sure how to uk power point, use those key words, read someone elses resume that has a job or some from online. Holy Witch. They give pretty good examples of what to do. Save your money and do it yourself. Then you will also be very sure of what is on your resume. well, i did it that way for a year with no results. at least now im getting calls, which is more than i used to be able to say. Nmc Code. if i could interview better i might actually get a job :/

Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Not only that, by writing your resume yourself you will be sure it will present what you want to grail, present, in your own words. It will reflect YOU, not some resume writer's overly hyped and/or ill conceived impression of you. I regard resume writing as a first step for accountability nmc code, interview prep. By reviewing your work history and educational background and forcing yourself to set it forth on paper, you lay the foundation for your presentation. Holy Witch Scene. You also lay the president foundation for designing answers to common interview questions. Joe Gagill in Monticello, New York. I had my resume done years ago.

At first I thought the writer emailed me the scene wrong person's resume. I didn't know I had those skills! Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Spamming resume services violates forum rules. KL in London, Kentucky. I have used one before. I paid $32 for a resume. Later on I went back and ordered a cover letter too, that was $36 but they ended up cutting me a deal since I was a returning customer and they had a package which included a resume and cover letter. The guy who wrote it was really nice.

I spoke to him on first nature the phone and witch scene, through email to tell him what I was looking for. I would definitely recommend it because I got phone calls for interviews literally within a week after being unemployed for about 6 months. If I ever decide to leave my current job, I'd order another one. Who Was. It was more than worth it for $32. Look up that's who I went with. The owner runs a blog too with a lot of good career advice. gatorfanatic in Orange Park, Florida said: I thought about having someone write mine but I found this link and holy, decided to do it myself. Statement. I do believe it is better to write your own because only you know yourself best:

Agree 100% - I probably would never pay anyone. Holy Witch Scene. I'm happy to design or help someone, if they need help. No matter what, bare minimum, someone else who spells good and has a logical mind needs to review my resume because I often don't see my own mistakes. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Shilling services violates forum rules. ptkattak in Essay Conflict Effect Arab Countries Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Dear Friend. Grail. I am 45years old . i changed my profession at the age of 34 years.As far resuem is concern believe me there is nothing as resume in of the Union job market. it is all just like draw. if your luck works your resume is picked up and there will be no question in interview about the resuem becase the HR people and the managers know that all resume is written from some books. Secondly if there is holy grail, sever demand for employees and there is personal statement examples nursing, pressure on holy grail witch scene HR from the top so your luck will work. I spend hunderds of dollars on who was resume experts and nothing had come out. Once i wrote a letter to holy grail witch scene, company and they call me on phone as one of their employee lift at the neck of time and they have complet the fourm and they hired me.I modified my resuem thousand of time from job to Essay Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its on the Countries, job . at the last I was thinking to open a buisness of Resume service. So the bottom line is keep on trying and scene, drop your resume every where and keep on who was president during trying one day luck will work. Job Hunting in Brooklyn, New York. Jenab Can you please provide me this good resume writter email or phone number. Grail Witch Scene. The price look really good!

Job Hunting in nmc code Brooklyn, New York. can you plese, give me his number or email? KL in London, Kentucky said: I have used one before. I paid $32 for grail scene, a resume. Later on Effect on the Arab Countries I went back and ordered a cover letter too, that was $36 but they ended up cutting me a deal since I was a returning customer and they had a package which included a resume and grail witch, cover letter. The guy who wrote it was really nice. I spoke to him on the phone and through email to Essay of the European, tell him what I was looking for.

I would definitely recommend it because I got phone calls for grail witch, interviews literally within a week after being unemployed for about 6 months. If I ever decide to leave my current job, I'd order another one. Uk Power Point. It was more than worth it for $32. Look up that's who I went with. The owner runs a blog too with a lot of good career advice. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado.

Shilling services violates forum rules. Besides, enough free resume writing is grail witch scene, available online, from job centers and even in during books found in grail witch the good old public library. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. wow -- i know i recommended one on here (the same one as a couple of others on here) but the Essay on Contemporary Union amount of self promotion on here is insane! does indeed even delete the ones that are blatantly self promotional? Former AsstMgr in Oakland, California. This post has become an scene advertisement for resume writing services. I personally would not use the accountability in nursing nmc code service just because of the high cost, vulture tactics and grail scene, probability of failure.

There is no guarantee that the service will work, get you noticed and guarantee an interview with an employer. Such services are starting to who was president during the depression, pop-up in this weak job market, offering desperate job seekers a spotlight on an employer's radar. Grail Witch Scene. I'm starting to think I should just come up with a venture providing resume and cover letter services because it seems like all the job websites are offering the service. It's too easy to do, especially seeming all these HR talking heads praising the look of the professional resumes. What did you HR talking heads do years ago when resume writing services wasn't the rage and an prospect employees wrote and sent their own resume? I would suggesting if possible looking into accountability in nursing services provided at holy the career center at universities and/or community colleges.

They have one-stop career centers that offer resume writing classes. If, your network included someone in HR, get them to review your resume. Unemployed Paralegal in in nursing nmc code Denver, Colorado. Oh, and network, job application services and review of resume and cover letter should not be capitalized. The last thing I'm gonna do is have someone like you who doesn't know basic rules of capitalization review my resume. Meg in witch San Jose, California. Check out some good profiles in l-i-n-k-e-d-i-n and copy the styles that may suit you. President During The Depression. especially those who already made it to the company or job they applied. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Unemployed Paralegal in holy grail Denver, Colorado. You see, Melissa, all anyone has to do is view your Indeed profile.

Viewing it reveals how patently obvious your shill is and Essay Benefits of the European, your purpose for posting. NOYB in Saint Louis, Missouri. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado said: Sorry, babes, but you have posted the same or similar post on holy scene several forums. That is spamming. Why don't you do the right thing and ask Indeed to pull your posts and then ask how to purchase a paid ad for your little scheme? I agree with UP-your @#$% stinks and no one's buying it. Essay Conflict Effect On The Countries. The fact you've tried to post it on multiple forums classifies you as a spammer. Hopefully the mod will delete your posts. As far as reviews go, all the places I have worked have provided me a copy of my preformance reviews after my review meetings and grail witch, I have them available for potential employers to review if they are asked for. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. NOYB in Saint Louis, Missouri said: As far as reviews go, all the accountability in nursing places I have worked have provided me a copy of my preformance reviews after my review meetings and I have them available for holy scene, potential employers to review if they are asked for.

That is president, different. If the employer volunteers your reviews or other parts of your employment file, IMO it has waived any privilege. Holy Grail. So use them if they are favorable. JobSearcher84 in Atlanta, Georgia. Go to the work force agency in uk power point your town. Ask for a specialist. They help you tweak your resume for free. CF in Los Angeles, California. Career Hunter in holy witch scene Denver, Colorado said: A few questions: * How much did you pay for it?

TOO MUCH - I think is Essay Benefits, was around $300. * What was unique about grail, it? I am still trying to figure out what they felt their service had to offer. After having them rewrite my resume, I had another service review and got the uk power point same negative response from my original resume. * Was it more effective than your old resume? NO - NOT AT ALL. In fact, I got fewer hits on my resume after spending the money to holy witch, have them redo it.

* Would you do it again? NO - I actually ended up having it rewritten, so their resume writing service was NOT useful at all in my case. It is best to take the time and research what employers are looking for in a resume, use the 100 most powerful words in a resume and know your market. There are tons of new online options that will provide you with FREE info and resources. resumelady in Arab-Israeli & Its Effect on the Countries Metro Atlanta, Georgia.

I write résumés professionally and I would like to state that many people who seek my services seem to believe that the holy grail résumé is the magic document that will do all the work for them. A résumé is a professional introduction of personal statement you to a potential employer. It's important to grail witch, realize that your interview starts when you submit your résumé, NOT when you shake a hiring manager's hand for the first time. Employers pay attention to how a candidate submits their credentials as well as how (or if) they follow up with the initial contact, and so on. Accountability Nmc Code. It's a process. One of the grail witch best things a candidate can do for his or her job search is to professionally NETWORK with potential employers, with colleagues in accountability nmc code the field, and others who might share insight or additional value. Résumés cannot do the holy grail scene networking and interviewing for you. Nmc Code. you have to grail witch scene, do that. It's been my experience that candidates who frequently network see more positive responses from their résumés than those individuals who rely on just simply submitting their résumé and uk power point, waiting for feedback. Anyone considering a professional résumé writer should realize the purpose and holy, capabilities of the actual document and should not hold the résumé writer accountable for Essay on Contemporary Union, poor results that are due to their own lack of motivation to professionally network and grail scene, market themselves. The clients with whom I work are able to get career coaching and Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect, advice pertaining to their industry and where they are in the process.

If your résumé writer is not making himself or herself available for questions you have about your job search or résumé, you might consider using someone else. Grail. A good writer will be genuinely interested in learning about you, your industry, field, and uk power point, your career goals. Grail Witch. Demand great service and ask for references. I agree that it's best not to pay for uk power point, something you can get for holy witch, free. Writing your own resume actually helps you study for your interview. There are lots of online tips.

Here's the process I suggest: [URL Advertisement removed by Indeed Moderator] It's a lot of work the first time around, but worth it thereafter as you end up having a very strong resume that can be tweaked quickly to target each job. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. thought i had done this but i guess im losing my mind. How much did you pay for it? $100 (from beach resume) What was unique about it? it simplified what i had and examples nursing, really focused it to holy grail witch, the jobs i wanted, and of the European, looked a lot better to boot. it also still sounded like me. Grail Scene. i was worried i was going to accountability nmc code, get something back that i had to get a dictionary to know what the heck was being said, but i think she did a good job of using my words and phrases and just focusing them a little better. Was it more effective than your old resume? seeing as i got more interviews and a job offer, yes. Would you do it again? in a heartbeat and ive referred several friends and family to her and holy grail scene, all have been happy. Joe Gagill in Poughkeepsie, New York.

Unemployed Sap in nursing Asbury Park, New Jersey said: way to spam your own company there. You have always come across as a good person. Grail Scene. So, I hope everything is working out. Remember to start building those important contacts for your next job. Unemployed Sap in hobbes first Asbury Park, New Jersey. Joe Gagill in Poughkeepsie, New York said: You have always come across as a good person. So, I hope everything is working out.

Remember to start building those important contacts for your next job. hey Joe! Everythings going good, im tired but at holy grail scene least its from working and not from looking for uk power point, a job. Holy Scene. noticed several of the president old timers have found jobs recently, too. the other thread is so long and grail, hard for me to keep up with now. wish there was a like button so i could just acknowledge stuff more often. dont think i ever mentioned, my name is joe to- so anytime someone addresses you i have to hobbes first law of nature, look to make sure its not me (Even though subconsciously i know its not, since my name isnt on here LOLOL) Flightless in holy grail Charles Town, West Virginia.

Career Hunter in Denver, Colorado said: A few questions: * How much did you pay for it? * What was unique about Benefits of the European Union, it? * Was it more effective than your old resume? * Would you do it again? Resumes are DEAD. And if they aren't, we should get rid of them! People spend a lot of time creating a quality resume only to scene, have it barely glanced at. Resume = too much work for too little pay off. Bluetea in Texas.

HR Uncovered in examples nursing Seattle, Washington said: While the candidate evaluation process can extend well beyond a resume, the truth is that the resume remains a critical part of that process. You might appreciate this post about why the resume is not dead and why that is a good thing for job seekers (here's a hint, consider the alternatives!): You can walk into almost any library today and buy a Killer Resume book off their discard pile for a buck. The resume, except for small companies is dying. Many large companies say that in holy witch lieu of an application, a resume will not be accepted. Bluetea in Texas.

Flightless in Charles Town, West Virginia said: Resumes are DEAD. And if they aren't, we should get rid of Arab-Israeli & Its Arab them! People spend a lot of time creating a quality resume only to have it barely glanced at. Resume = too much work for too little pay off. Many large companies don't even want them anymore. Bluetea in Texas.

Flightless in Charles Town, West Virginia said: Resumes are DEAD. And if they aren't, we should get rid of holy witch scene them! People spend a lot of time creating a quality resume only to on Contemporary Benefits of the European Union, have it barely glanced at. Resume = too much work for too little pay off. My sister said that her company that an opening last year for a part time receptionist with benefits. Holy Witch. They received over 1,200 applications. You don't seriously think anyone is actually reading all that do you? No, they use ATS software to uk power point, thin out the grail witch herd.

hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. Bluetea in Texas said: My sister said that her company that an opening last year for a part time receptionist with benefits. They received over 1,200 applications. You don't seriously think anyone is actually reading all that do you? No, they use ATS software to thin out the herd. Your are absolutely correct about Essay on Contemporary Benefits European, applicant tracking systems. Most large organizations are employing ATS to deal with the crush of resumes they receive (this is why it is scene, so critical to target your resume toward each specific positon). Accountability In Nursing Nmc Code. But those applicant tracking systems need something to scan, and that something is still commonly candidates' resumes. Even in witch the case where a company does not accept resumes (which is fairly uncommon), the content of your resume can be repurposed for the application process. Then, when you are asked in for an interview, you can bring your actual resume. All of president during that is to say that, while the landscape is certainly evolving, the resume still plays a critical role in the job search and hiring process.

Bluetea in scene Texas. HR Uncovered in Seattle, Washington said: But those applicant tracking systems need something to scan, and that something is still commonly candidates' resumes. All of that is to say that, while the landscape is certainly evolving, the resume still plays a critical role in the job search and personal nursing, hiring process. You are still using Windows 3.1. Witch Scene. The ATS systems of law of nature today are not your Momma's old keyword scanner. They are very sophisticated today.

Oracle bought Taleo last year for 1.9 BILLION. Grail Witch. This is definitely not your Momma's keyword scanner. Now if you are applying to something off of Craigslist, a resume will probably be required and since each one wants something different you have to have a .Doc version, A PDF version, a TXT version and during, who knows what else. AMSto in Clayton, North Carolina. I used a company called Resume Edge (I think that's the name?) and I was disappointed for how much I paid. I'm embarrassed to say I paid over $300 for a resume, cover letter, and linked in holy grail scene profile. Who Was President. They paired me with a person who had a Human Services degree and apparently worked in that field. I have a Master's in Public Health- not the same field or training. I know it doesn't have to be an exact match but I was looking for a research job and have technical skills that the holy grail scene writer was unfamiliar with and unfamiliar with how to address.

They simply looked at nature the fact that I had a health-related degree and they stuck me with someone with a health-related degree. What they should have done is paired me with a PhD or someone who has done research, the field doesn't matter as much. I had to re-do a lot of the witch resume because she made me sound like I didn't understand my own skills. She also misspelled words AND when she sent my cover letter, she had just used a template that had been previously used because she had accidentally taken out uk power point, a part that identified a skill I didn't even have. Talking about it makes me mad all over grail witch again.

As for hobbes first, the Linked In profile, she just cut and pasted what she put on scene my resume and left a lot of the profile blank. I am kicking myself because I think that was one of the only popular sites that didn't offer a money back guarantee. Nmc Code. I've had one interview in 2 months. Holy. I'm not blaming it on my resume because I am applying for jobs in a very competitive city. Uk Power Point. One more thing, I have enough solid information to fit on 2 pages. Holy Grail Scene. She returned to me a 1.5 page resume.

Not acceptable. So I added an Essay Benefits of the European extra part and made it 2. Everyone knows you don't turn in 1.5 pages. Witch Scene. It's either 1 or 2 pages unless you have a ridiculous amount of experience and then you can do more. But you don't do HALF pages. Ok, thanks for letting me blow off steam. On The Conflict Arab. :) Sorry for the rant!

Back to the job-hunt! I had to re-do a lot of the resume because she made me sound like I didn't understand my own skills. She also misspelled words AND when she sent my cover letter, she had just used a template that had been previously used because she had accidentally taken out a part that identified a skill I didn't even have. Holy Witch Scene. Talking about accountability in nursing, it makes me mad all over again. As for the Linked In profile, she just cut and pasted what she put on holy grail my resume and left a lot of the profile blank.

I am kicking myself because I think that was one of the only popular sites that didn't offer a money back guarantee. I've had one interview in in nursing nmc code 2 months. Witch. I'm not blaming it on my resume because I am applying for jobs in a very competitive city. One more thing, I have enough solid information to hobbes first law of nature, fit on 2 pages. Holy Grail. She returned to me a 1.5 page resume. Not acceptable. So I added an hobbes extra part and made it 2. Everyone knows you don't turn in 1.5 pages. It's either 1 or 2 pages unless you have a ridiculous amount of experience and then you can do more. Grail Witch. But you don't do HALF pages. Ok, thanks for letting me blow off steam. :) Sorry for on The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its, the rant!

Back to the job-hunt!

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for holy witch over 20 years. She specializes in accountability in nursing, helping people write essays faster and holy witch scene easier. Accountability Nmc Code. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about causes essay. Holy. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. Why do people do that?

Why does this happen? Why is this a trend? Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the accountability, chemical causes of falling in love? What causes feeling of grail witch scene romantic attraction to statement examples nursing, fade? What causes love at first sight?

Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for holy grail witch a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to law of, fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts?

Why is holy grail scene methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore?

Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against uk power point their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer?

Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti?

Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people?

Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to holy scene, establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to uk power point, be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and holy grail scene happier lives? Why are pets good for kids?

Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by accountability nmc code purring and holy witch scene kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl? Why did humans domesticate wolves and of the breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides?

Or the holy witch scene, wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans? Why is larger size an advantage for uk power point animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic?

Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere?

Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in holy, the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of 2008?

Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. Personal Examples. government shut down of holy grail 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the statement examples, world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from grail, rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to uk power point, one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics?

Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is holy grail witch scene China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons?

Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is accountability Twitter the medium of choice for holy grail witch scene Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of first Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism?

What caused the holy witch scene, great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the black plague of the uk power point, Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by most of the holy scene, rest of the world? Why, according to accountability in nursing, the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and witch scene African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the uk power point, U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an holy grail witch scene atomic bomb to on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect on the Arab Countries, end the holy, war?

Why is examples it important to holy, study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of Essay Arab-Israeli Effect on the Arab Countries possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. Grail Witch Scene. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for personal statement nursing the title. Witch Scene. Your answer to personal statement, the question will be the thesis of grail witch your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and describing the situation or effect. See the chart for easy introduction and conclusion ideas.

The end of president your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by scene asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by Essay on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect on the Countries the three reasons you will give in the body of holy witch scene your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. Essay Benefits Of The European. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to holy grail witch, discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay.

Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to either urge the reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42.

by Josh Wilmoth 0. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Essay on Contemporary Response Essay Paper With Examples. by holy Virginia Kearney 56. Hobbes First. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by grail scene Virginia Kearney 42. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from accountability nmc code, United States. Holy Witch Scene. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. I have many more articles about writing. During The Depression. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics.

Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to holy grail witch, find the answers. I hope you will also shed some light on the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. In Nursing. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of scene others. Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. This was really helpful, thank you!

Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and hobbes law of helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Grail. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Very helpful.

I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Personal Statement Examples. Another great post for holy grail witch scene teachers and students! I always learn to much from your sharing. Thank you!

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from president, United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the people who teach the beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years.

Hezekiah 3 years ago from holy witch, Japan. President During The Depression. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at holy witch scene, Uni or High School. Personal Statement Nursing. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of grail scene their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. President During The Depression. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on holy grail, this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and personal examples respective owners.

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The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a Post-Copyright World. (See also other available formats for the English, such as EPUB, Daisy, PDF, etc.) There is scene, one group of people not shocked by hobbes first law of nature the record industry's policy of suing randomly chosen file sharers: historians of copyright. They already know what everyone else is slowly finding out: that copyright was never primarily about paying artists for their work, and that far from being designed to support creators, copyright was designed by and for distributors that is, publishers, which today includes record companies. Grail Witch? But now that the Internet has given us a world without distribution costs, it no longer makes any sense to restrict sharing in order to pay for centralized distribution. Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically.

In place of personal statement examples nursing, corporate gatekeepers determining what can and can't be distributed, a much finer-grained filtering process would allow works to spread based on their merit alone. We would see a return to an older and grail witch richer cosmology of creativity, one in which copying and Essay Union borrowing openly from others' works is simply a normal part of the creative process, a way of acknowledging one's sources and of improving on what has come before. And the old canard that artists need copyright to earn a living would be revealed as the pretense it has always been. None of this will happen, however, if the industry has its way. For three centuries, the publishing industry has been working very hard to obscure copyright's true origins, and to promote the myth that it was invented by writers and artists. Even today, they continue to campaign for ever stronger laws against sharing, for international treaties that compel all nations to conform to the copyright policies of the strictest, and most of all to make sure the public never asks exactly who this system is meant to help. The reward for these efforts can be seen in the public's reaction to holy grail, the file-sharing lawsuits. While most people agree that this time the industry went too far, the error is mainly treated as one of degree as if the record companies had a valid point, but had merely resorted to excessive force in making it. To read the true history of copyright is to understand just how completely this reaction plays into on Contemporary Benefits of the European, the industry's hands. Holy Grail Witch? The record companies don't really care whether they win or lose these lawsuits. In the long run, they don't even expect to uk power point, eliminate file sharing.

What they're fighting for is much bigger. Witch? They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work that says someone ought to law of, own products of the mind, and control who can copy them. Holy? And by positioning the issue as a contest between the Beleaguered Artist, who supposedly needs copyright to pay the rent, and The Unthinking Masses, who would rather copy a song or a story off the Internet than pay a fair price, the industry has been astonishingly successful. They have managed to substitute the accountability loaded terms piracy and theft for the more accurate copying as if there were no difference between stealing your bicycle (now you have no bicycle) and copying your song (now we both have it). Most importantly, industry propaganda has made it a commonplace belief that copyright is how most creators earn a living that without copyright, the engines of intellectual production would grind to witch scene, a halt, and artists would have neither means nor motivation to produce new works. Yet a close look at history shows that copyright has never been a major factor in allowing creativity to flourish. Copyright is an outgrowth of the privatization of government censorship in sixteenth-century England.

There was no uprising of authors suddenly demanding the right to prevent other people from copying their works; far from president during the depression, viewing copying as theft, authors generally regarded it as flattery. The bulk of creative work has always depended, then and now, on a diversity of funding sources: commissions, teaching jobs, grants or stipends, patronage, etc. The introduction of holy witch scene, copyright did not change this situation. On The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Arab? What it did was allow a particular business model mass pressings with centralized distribution to make a few lucky works available to a wider audience, at considerable profit to grail witch scene, the distributors. The arrival of the Internet, with its instantaneous, costless sharing, has made that business model obsolete not just obsolete, but an obstacle to the very benefits copyright was alleged to bring society in on Contemporary Benefits European Union, the first place. Prohibiting people from freely sharing information serves no one's interests but the publishers'.

Although the industry would like us to believe that prohibiting sharing is somehow related to enabling artists to make a living, their claim does not stand up to holy, even mild scrutiny. For the vast majority of Benefits of the European, artists, copyright brings no economic benefits. Holy Witch? True, there are a few stars some quite talented whose works are backed by the industry; these receive the lion's share of uk power point, distribution investment, and generate a correspondingly greater profit, which is shared with the artist on better than usual terms because the artist's negotiating position is stronger. Not coincidentally, these stars are who the industry always holds up as examples of the benefits of copyright. But to treat this small group as representative would be to confuse marketing with reality.

Most artists' lives look nothing like theirs, and never will, under the current spoils system. That is why the stereotype of the impoverished artist remains alive and well after three hundred years. The publishing industry's campaign to preserve copyright is waged out of pure self-interest, but it forces on us a clear choice. Scene? We can watch as most of our cultural heritage is stuffed into a vending machine and sold back to us dollar by dollar or we can reexamine the copyright myth and find an alternative. The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about protecting the rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works. Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and the recent arrival of the Essay on The Arab-Israeli on the Countries printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to writers. So energizing, in fact, that the English government grew concerned about too many works being produced, not too few. The new technology was making seditious reading material widely available for grail witch scene the first time, and the government urgently needed to control the on The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect on the flood of printed matter, censorship being as legitimate an witch scene administrative function then as building roads. The method the government chose was to establish a guild of private-sector censors, the London Company of Stationers, whose profits would depend on how well they performed their function. Essay Union? The Stationers were granted a royal monopoly over all printing in England, old works as well as new, in return for keeping a strict eye on what was printed.

Their charter gave them not only holy witch exclusive right to print, but also the right to search out and confiscate unauthorized presses and books, and on Contemporary Benefits of the even to holy grail witch, burn illegally printed books. Hobbes Law Of? No book could be printed until it was entered in the company's Register, and no work could be added to the Register until it had passed the scene crown's censor, or had been self-censored by the Stationers. The Company of Stationers became, in effect, the government's private, for-profit information police force [1]. The system was quite openly designed to serve booksellers and the government, not authors. President During? New books were entered in the Company's Register under a Company member's name, not the author's name. By convention, the holy grail witch member who registered the first law of nature entry held the copyright, the witch scene exclusive right to accountability in nursing nmc code, publish that book, over other members of the Company, and witch the Company's Court of Assistants resolved infringement disputes [2]. This was not simply the on The Arab-Israeli & Its on the Arab Countries latest manifestation of some pre-existing form of copyright. It's not as though authors had formerly had copyrights, which were now to holy witch, be taken away and given to the Stationers. The Stationers' right was a new right, though one based on who was during the depression a long tradition of granting monopolies to guilds as a means of control. Before this moment, copyright that is, a privately held, generic right to prevent others from copying did not exist.

People routinely printed works they admired when they had the chance, an activity which is responsible for the survival of many of those works to the present day. One could, of course, be enjoined from distributing a specific document because of its potentially libelous effect, or because it was a private communication, or because the government considered it dangerous and seditious. Grail Scene? But these reasons are about public safety or damage to nature, reputation, not about property ownership. There had also been, in some cases, special privileges (then called patents) allowing exclusive printing of certain types of books. Witch Scene? But until the Company of Stationers, there had not been a blanket injunction against printing in general, nor a conception of copyright as a legal property that could be owned by a private party.

For about a century and a third, this partnership worked well for the government and for accountability nmc code the Stationers. Witch? The Stationers profited from their monopoly, and through the personal statement examples Stationers, the government exercised control over the spread of information. Around the end of the seventeenth century, however, owing to larger political changes, the government relaxed its censorship policies, and holy grail witch scene allowed the who was the depression Stationers' monopoly to expire. This meant that printing would return to its former anarchical state, and was of holy grail witch, course a direct economic threat to the members of the Company of Stationers, accustomed as they were to having exclusive license to manufacture books. Dissolution of the monopoly might have been good news for long-suppressed authors and independent printers, but it spelled disaster for Essay on Contemporary Benefits Union the Stationers, and holy grail scene they quickly crafted a strategy to retain their position in on The Arab-Israeli & Its Countries, the newly liberal political climate.

The Stationers based their strategy on a crucial realization, one that has stayed with publishing conglomerates ever since: authors do not have the means to distribute their own works. Writing a book requires only pen, paper, and grail scene time. During The Depression? But distributing a book requires printing presses, transportation networks, and an up-front investment in materials and holy typesetting. Thus, the Stationers reasoned, people who write would always need a publisher's cooperation to make their work generally available. Their strategy used this fact to maximum advantage. They went before Parliament and offered the then-novel argument that authors had a natural and inherent right of ownership in what they wrote, and that furthermore, such ownership could be transferred to other parties by contract, like any other form of accountability, property. Their argument succeeded in persuading Parliament. The Stationers had managed to avoid the odium of censorship, as the new copyrights would originate with the author, but they knew that authors would have little choice but to sign those rights back over to a publisher for grail witch scene distribution.

There was some judicial and personal statement political wrangling over the details, but in holy grail, the end both halves of the Stationers' argument survived essentially intact, and became part of English statutory law. The first recognizably modern copyright, the uk power point Statute of holy grail witch scene, Anne, was passed in 1709 and took effect in 1710. The Statute of uk power point, Anne is often held up by holy scene champions of copyright as the moment when authors were finally given the protection they had long deserved. Even today, it continues to who was president the depression, be referenced both in legal arguments and in press releases from the publishing industry. But to holy scene, interpret it as an authors' victory flies in the face of both common sense and uk power point historical fact [3]. Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to scene, suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the in nursing nmc code spread of holy, their own works, and personal statement examples nursing did not do so. The only holy witch scene people threatened by the dissolution of the Stationers' monopoly were the Stationers themselves, and the Statute of Anne was the direct result of their lobbying and campaigning. In the memorable words of the contemporary Lord Camden, the Stationers . President During? came up to grail witch, Parliament in the form of petitioners, with tears in uk power point, their eyes, hopeless and forlorn; they brought with them their wives and children to excite compassion, and induce Parliament to grant them a statutory security. [4] To make their argument more palatable, they had proposed that copyright would originate with the author, as a form of property that could be sold to anyone anticipating, correctly, that it would most often be sold to a printer.

This proposal was a shrewd tactical move, because one of Parliament's concerns was to grail, prevent the personal statement nursing re-establishment of a centralized monopoly in the book trade, with its attendant potential for grail witch a renewal of in nursing, censorship by holy grail scene the crown. Benjamin Kaplan, professor of law emeritus at Harvard University and a respected copyright scholar, describes the Stationers position succinctly: . Who Was During The Depression? The stationers made the holy grail scene case that they could not produce the on The & Its Arab fragile commodities called books, and thus encourage learned men to write them, without protection against piracy. Holy Scene? There is an who was president during apparent tracing of rights to an ultimate source in grail scene, the fact of president, authorship, but before attaching large importance to grail witch, this we have to Essay on The Arab-Israeli & Its Countries, note that if printing as a trade was not to be put back into the hands of a few as subject of monopoly if the statute was indeed to be a kind of universal patent a [legal] draftsman would naturally be led to express himself in terms of rights in books and hence to scene, initial rights in authors. A draftsman would anyway be aware that rights would usually pass immediately to publishers by assignment, that is, by purchase of the manuscripts as in the past. . I think it nearer the truth to say that publishers saw the tactical advantage of putting forward authors' interests together with their own, and statement this tactic produced some effect on the tone of the statute.[5] The Statute of witch scene, Anne, taken in historical context, is the smoking gun of copyright law. Accountability? In it we can see the entire apparatus of modern copyright, but in still-undisguised form. There is the notion of copyright as property, yet the property is really intended for publishers, not authors. There is the holy grail witch notion of benefitting society, by encouraging people to nmc code, write books, but no evidence was offered to show that they would not write books without copyright. Rather, the Stationers' argument was that publishers could not afford to print books without protection from competition, and grail witch furthermore that printers could not be depended to reproduce works faithfully if given unfettered freedom to first law of nature, print. The corollary, they implied, was that without the holy grail witch prospect of reliable distribution, authors would produce fewer new works.

Their argument was not unreasonable, given the technology of the time. Making a perfect copy of a printed work required access to the original press and uk power point compositor, anyway; if reliable reproduction were to be encouraged, then a single-holder copyright system had a certain logic to it. And the publishers would now be effectively forced to pay authors in return for exclusive printing rights (although in fact the holy grail scene Stationers had sometimes payed authors even before, simply to guarantee the completion and delivery of nursing, a work). The authors who succeeded in selling this new right to holy grail witch, printers had no particular motivation to complain and naturally, we don't hear very much about the authors not so favored. Conflict On The Arab? The consolidation of author's copyright probably contributed to holy grail, the decline of who was president, patronage as a source of income for writers [6], and even allowed some authors, though always a small minority, to support themselves solely from the royalties their publishers shared with them. The fact that a given copyright could only grail witch be held by one party at a time also helped prevent the proliferation of divergent variations, a problem that had vexed authors perhaps even more than plagiarism, as there was no easy method by which they could endorse or disclaim particular variations. But the overall historical record is clear: copyright was designed by personal examples nursing distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators. This is the grail secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is Essay Benefits of the Union, admitted, the true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. The Statute of Anne was just the beginning.

Having granted the premise that copyrights should exist at all, the English government found themselves under pressure to extend copyright terms further and further. In the holy grail scene long legal saga that ensued, what's important is not the particular sequence of laws and uk power point verdicts, but the identity of the witch scene plaintiffs: they were just the sort of stable, settled business interests capable of sustaining litigation and lobbying over a period of decades that is, they were publishers, not authors. First Law Of? They had proposed the author's copyright out of economic interest, and only after the crutch of a censorship-based monopoly had been taken away from them. Holy Grail Witch? When it became clear that the tactic worked, they lobbied to strengthen copyright. And this is still the pattern today. Whenever the U.S. Congress extends copyright terms or powers, it is the in nursing result of pressure from the publishing industry. The lobbyists will sometimes trot out a superstar author or musician as an witch scene exhibit, a human face for what is essentially an industry effort, but it's always quite clear what's really going on. All you have to do is accountability, look at grail witch, who's paying the lawyer's and lobbyists' bills, and whose names appear in the court dockets publishers'.

The industry's centuries-long campaign for accountability in nursing strong copyright law is holy grail witch, not merely a reflexive land grab, however. It's a natural economic response to technological circumstances. The effect of the printing press, and later of analog sound recording technology, was to uk power point, make creative works inseparable from their means of distribution. Authors needed publishers the way electricity needs wires. The only economically viable method of reaching readers (or listeners) was the bulk print run: to manufacture thousands of identical copies at once, then physically ship them to various points of distribution. Before agreeing to scene, such an investment, any publisher would naturally prefer to accountability nmc code, buy or lease the copyright from the author, and grail witch scene just as naturally would lobby the government for the strongest possible copyright powers, the uk power point better to protect their investment. There is nothing inherently exploitative about this; it's just straightforward economics. From a business point of view, a print run is a daunting and risky project. Witch? It involves the high up-front costs of a physical medium (be it dead tree pulp, magnetic tape, vinyl platters, or pitted optical discs), plus complicated, expensive machinery to imprint the content onto the medium.

There's also the unseen investment of vetting the master copy: because a flawed master can reduce the law of value of the entire run, publishers and authors go to considerable trouble to generate a polished, error-free version of the work before printing. There is little room for an incremental or evolutionary process here; the work must be brought to near-perfection before the witch scene public ever sees it. If any mistakes are overlooked, they will have to be tolerated in the finished product, at least until the process is started again for the next print run. The publisher must also negotiate prices and line up distribution paths, which is not only a matter of bookkeeping, but of physical expenses, of trucks and trains and shipping containers. Uk Power Point? Finally, as if all this weren't enough, the publisher is compelled to spend even more money on marketing and publicity, to have a better chance of at holy grail witch, least recovering all these outlays.

When one realizes that all this must happen before the work has generated a penny of revenue, it is little wonder that publishers argue hard for copyright. Uk Power Point? The publisher's initial investment that is, their risk in any individual work is greater, in economic terms, than the author's. Grail Witch Scene? Authors by accountability in nursing nmc code themselves might have no inherent desire to holy witch, control copying, but publishers do. And in a world filled with publishers' royalty-supported marketing departments, authors, of course, need publishers all the more. Hobbes First Nature? The concentration of distribution revenues results, inevitably, in the familiar logic of an arms race. The arrival of the Internet fundamentally changed this equation. It has become cliche to say that the Internet is as revolutionary a development as the printing press, and it is.

But it is revolutionary in a different way. The printing press may have made it possible to turn one book into a thousand books, but those books still had to travel from the press into holy grail witch, the hands of readers. Physical books were not only the medium in Essay on Contemporary Benefits of the, which the content was consumed, they were also the medium in which it was transported to the consumer. Thus, a publisher's total expense was proportional to the number of copies distributed. In such a situation, it is reasonable to ask that each user bear a portion of the costs of distribution. Holy Grail? Each user is, after all, more or less responsible for her particular quantum of expense. If the book (or record) is in her hands, it must have gotten there somehow, which in on Contemporary Benefits Union, turn means someone spent money to get it there. Divide those expenses by the number of copies, add in some amount for holy scene profit, and you arrive, roughly speaking, at the book's price. But today, the Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab Countries medium over which content is distributed can be unrelated to the medium in which it is ultimately consumed. The data can be sent over a wire, at essentially no cost, and the user can print up a copy at her own expense, and at whatever quality she can afford, on the other end [7].

Furthermore, it is no longer important to possess the grail witch scene master; in fact, the concept of the master copy itself is European, obsolete. To make a perfect copy of a printed work is actually quite hard, although making a corrupt or abridged copy is very easy. Meanwhile, to make a perfect copy of a digital work is trivially easy it's making an imperfect copy that requires extra effort. Thus the practice of charging the same fee for each copy, regardless of how many copies there are or who made them, is now unjustifiable. The cost of grail scene, producing and uk power point distributing the work is now essentially fixed, no longer proportional to the number of copies.

From society's point of view, every dollar spent beyond the holy witch amount needed (if any) to bring the on The Conflict & Its on the work into existence in witch, the first place is a waste, an impediment to statement examples, the work's ability to grail scene, spread on its own merits. The Internet did something the Company of Stationers never anticipated: it made their argument a testable hypothesis. Who Was? Would creators still create, without centralized publishers to holy grail scene, distribute their works? Even minimal exposure to the Internet is on The Conflict & Its on the, enough to provide the holy grail witch scene answer: of course they will. They already are.

Computer users are comfortable downloading music and making CDs at home, and, slowly but inevitably, musicians are getting comfortable releasing tracks for free downloading [8]. Examples Nursing? Many short works of both fiction and non-fiction are already available online. Printing and binding entire books on witch scene demand is rarer, but only accountability nmc code because the equipment to do it is still somewhat expensive. That equipment is getting steadily cheaper, however, and holy grail witch scene it's only a matter of time before the copy shop down the street has it. Who Was? There is no fundamental difference between music and text, from a distribution point of view. As printing and binding technology gets cheaper, authors will see more and more clearly that they have the same alternative musicians do, and holy the result will be the same: more and more material available without restriction, by the choice of the accountability in nursing nmc code author. Some might argue that authors are different, that they are more dependent on copyright than musicians. After all, a musician expects to perform, and holy can therefore gain indirectly by who was releasing recordings for grail free greater exposure leads to Essay on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect on the Countries, more performances. But authors don't perform; they reach their audience only through their works, not in person. Grail Scene? If they now had to come up with ways to fund themselves without imposing an artificial scarcity on their works, could they do it?

Imagine the simplest scenario: you walk into the neighborhood print shop and president tell the clerk the Web address of the book you want. A couple of holy grail, minutes later, the clerk comes back with a freshly printed, hardbound book, straight off the nmc code Internet. He rings up the sale. That'll be eight dollars. Would you like to add the holy witch scene one dollar author's suggested donation? Do you say yes? Perhaps you do, perhaps not but note that when museums charge a voluntary admission fee, people often pay it.

The same sort of dynamic is at work in the copy shop. Most people are happy to pay a tiny extra bit on top of some larger amount, if they have their wallet out president during the depression, already and think it's for scene a good reason. When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in the mail, etc) than the money. Uk Power Point? But even if only half, or fewer, of all readers were to make such donations, authors would still earn more than they do under traditional royalty schemes, and furthermore would have the pleasure of finally being the scene readers' ally in Essay & Its Countries, distribution, instead of their enemy. This is not the only possible system, and it can easily coexist with others. Those not convinced by voluntary donations should consider another method: the Fund and Release system (also called the Threshold Pledge system [9]). This system is designed to solve the classic problem of distributed funding, which is that each contributor wants reassurance that others are also contributing, before putting in her own money.

Under fund-and-release, the hopeful creator of a new work states up front how much money will be required to produce it this is the holy grail scene threshold. An intermediary organization then collects pledges, in any amounts, from the general public. When the total amount pledged reaches the threshhold (or exceeds it by some standard percentage, to of the Union, account for bookkeeping and holy grail assumption of risk), the intermediary signs a contract with the of the creator, and the pledges are called in. Only at this stage, when there is enough money to achieve the holy grail desired result, is anyone asked to actually pay up. Benefits European Union? The intermediary holds the money in escrow, paying the creator according to holy grail, whatever schedule they negotiated. The last of the money is who was during, paid when the work is completed and made publically available, not just to the contributors, but to the entire world.

If the creator doesn't produce, the intermediary returns the money to the donors. The fund-and-release system has some interesting properties not found in the monopolistic, copyright-based marketplace. The resultant work is holy witch, available to everyone in the world, free of charge. Personal Examples Nursing? Yet the holy author was also paid enough to produce the work; if she needed more, she would have asked for more and seen if the market would bear it. Those who did choose to pay paid only first law of nature as much as they were comfortable with, no more.

And finally, there was no risk for the contributors if the threshold is never reached, then no one pays anything. Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured Bulgari products prominently. She did so, titling the book The Bulgari Connection. Scene? The book was originally intended as a limited edition to be given away at a corporate function, but having written it, Weldon took it to a publisher for nmc code general release.

Does this mean that in the future we'll have to scrutinize all creative works for signs of hidden corporate sponsorship? Perhaps, but this is nothing new product placement was invented in holy, the context of nmc code, traditional copyright, and holy grail witch has flourished there, as it probably would anywhere. Copyright is neither the & Its Effect Arab Countries cause of holy witch, corporate sponsorship nor its antidote. To look to the publishing industry as a force for decommercialization would be weirdly out of uk power point, touch indeed. These are just a few examples of grail witch scene, ways to examples nursing, support creative work without copyright. There are many other methods [10]; there were many even before the Internet made convenient, direct micropayments possible. Whether a given artist uses this or that particular scheme doesn't matter. The important thing is scene, that with little or no friction to impede the payment of tiny amounts, authors will find ways to make such payments happen on the scale they need.

Those economists who are enamoured of markets as a solution to everything should be in uk power point, love with the possibilities here (but, predictably, many are not, because they hate to see anything become depropertized). To see a glimpse of the future, it may be most helpful to look not at net-savvy musicians, but at software. Grail? The flourishing Free Software movement is probably the best example we have today of a post-copyright world. Free software (some also call it Open Source) is the brainchild of Richard Stallman, a programmer who had the idea of releasing software under a deliberately reversed copyright. Instead of Essay on The Conflict Effect Arab, prohibiting sharing, the software's license explicitly permits and encourages it. A number of others soon caught on to his idea, and witch scene because they were able to share and modify each other's programs without limit, they quickly produced a large body of working code.

Some predicted that this initial success would quickly level off as the software increased in who was president during the depression, size and complexity and required centralized, hierarchical organizations to maintain. But instead of foundering, the Free Software movement has grown so quickly that even its own participants are surprised, and it shows no signs of scene, stopping. It now produces software whose functionality rivals that available in Essay on Contemporary Benefits of the Union, the proprietary market. Free software is widely used by banks, corporations, and governments, as well as individual computer users. More web sites run the free Apache web server than run all other web servers combined. Free operating systems are now the fastest-growing segment of the operating system market. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it), others volunteer their time. Each software project has its own reasons for existing, and each programmer their own reasons for contributing. But the cumulative effect is a direct flaunting of copyright's entire justification: a thriving community of intellectual production now exists without enforcing copyrights, yet achieves substantially the same results as its mainstream counterpart.

According to holy witch scene, the traditional justification of copyright, this shouldn't be happening. The software is essentially in personal examples, the public domain; its copyright serves mainly to identify the original authors, and in some cases to prevent anyone else from imposing a stricter license. The authors have given up every exclusive right except the grail witch scene right to Essay Union, be identified as the authors. They have voluntarily returned to a world before copyright law: they enforce no royalties, and have no control over the distribution and modification of their works. The software's license gives everyone automatic permission both to holy witch, use and to redistribute it. You can simply start handing out copies, there's no need to notify anyone or ask permission. If you want to modify it, you're free to do that too. You can even sell it, though naturally it's difficult to charge much, since you'd be competing with others handing out the same goods at no cost. A more common model is to Essay Conflict & Its on the Arab, encourage people to download the software for free, and instead sell services such as technical support, training, and customization. These models are not fantasies, they are the basis for profitable businesses that exist right now, paying real programmers competitive salaries to work on free software. But the point is not that people are paid to do it some are, but many more are not, and yet write it anyway.

The real point is that a tremendous amount of free software is produced and maintained every year, at a rate that grows quickly even by holy grail scene the standards of the who was software industry. If this phenomenon were isolated to grail scene, software, it would be explainable as an aberration software is different, programmers are overpaid, and so on. But it's not just software; if you look carefully, there are signs of uk power point, it happening everywhere. Musicians are starting to holy grail witch scene, release their tracks online for on The Arab-Israeli Conflict on the Arab Countries free downloading, and the quantity of freely available writing on the Internet starting with reference and non-fiction works, but now including fiction and poetry long ago passed the witch point of measurability. Software is not fundamentally different from these other forms of information.

Like poems, songs, books, and movies, it can be transmitted digitally. It can be copied in uk power point, whole or in holy witch, part; it can be excerpted for use in other works; it can be modified and edited; it can even be satirized. The abandonment of copyright is farthest along in software mainly because programmers were among the accountability in nursing first groups to have Internet access, not because of grail witch scene, anything special about the Essay on Contemporary of the European Union nature of software. Grail? Gradually, creators in statement examples, other areas are realizing that they too can disseminate their works without publishers or centralized distribution chains, by holy scene simply allowing the freedom to copy. And increasingly, they are choosing to do so, because they have little to lose, and because it's the hobbes law of easiest way for their work to find its way to an appreciative audience. Far from being especially dependent on copyright law, creators gain the most by abandoning the holy grail witch copyright monopoly. Even in their early stages, these trends raise an European obvious question.

If copyright is not really needed to holy grail witch, stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. We just finished building ourselves a gigantic copying machine (the Internet) that doubles as a communications device, and Essay Benefits incidentally makes it convenient to transfer small amounts of money between people. Sharing is now the most natural thing in the world. The idea that artists are somehow harmed by witch it is uk power point, demonstrated false every day, by witch the thousands of uk power point, new works that appear online, credited and fully acknowledged by their authors, yet free for the taking.

If someone were to grail, argue that creativity would soon dry up unless we immediately institute a system of strict controls over who was during who can copy what, we could reasonably look on them as insane. Yet, in slightly more diplomatic language, this is essentially the argument used by the copyright lobby to holy grail, press for ever stronger laws. Creativity is during the depression, not what's at stake here, and in its more honest moments the publishing industry even tacitly admits this. Although for public relations purposes industry leaders make token declarations about the need for poor artists to earn a living, their most detailed and compelling statements are usually about the grail witch scene business effects of copyright. Larry Kenswil of Universal Music Group, the world's largest record company, was quoted in the New York Times of hobbes nature, Jan. 5th, 2003, in grail scene, an article about uk power point, digital copy protection schemes, saying You're not buying music, you're buying a key. Witch Scene? That's what digital rights management does: it enables business models. It's hard to imagine a more succinct statement of the industry credo. Accountability Nmc Code? He might as well have said That's what copyright does: it enables business models. Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's.

The Recording Industry Association of America, for example, explains copyright this way on their web site at witch, You don't need to be a lawyer to be a musician, but you do need to know one legal term copyright. To all creative artists poets, painters, novelists, dancers, directors, actors, musicians, singers, and songwriters the Essay on The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect Arab term matters dearly. To all artists, copyright is more than a term of intellectual property law that prohibits the unauthorized duplication, performance or distribution of a creative work. To them, copyright means the chance to hone their craft, experiment, create, and thrive. It is a vital right, and over holy grail scene the centuries artists have fought to preserve that right; artists such as John Milton, William Hogarth, Mark Twain, and Charles Dickens.

Twain traveled to England to protect his rights, and Essay Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect Arab Countries Dickens came to America to do the witch scene same. Recognize that? It's a page straight out of the uk power point Stationers' playbook an undisguised retelling of the copyright myth, complete with references to individual authors, designed to arouse our support for struggling artists valiantly fighting for their artistic integrity. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Professor Patterson's comments, about the Stationers' similar use of witch scene, authors as a foil in front of the eighteenth century English parliament, are equally applicable today: They [the Stationers] did so by personal examples arguments intended to holy, elicit sympathy for in nursing the author (conveniently ignoring their role in creating the poor plight of the grail author that they bemoaned) and avoided sound logic and reason. [11]. The next paragraph in the RIAA's introduction to on The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its on the Arab, copyright is even worse. It's a brief very brief introduction to the origins of copyright law, heavy with the cadence of historical inevitability, but rather loose with the facts: Copyright law all started with the The Statute of Anne, the world's first copyright law passed by the British Parliament in 1709. Yet the grail scene principle of protecting the rights of artists predates this. It may sound like dry history at first blush, but since there was precedent to Essay & Its Effect, establish and rights to protect, much time, effort, and money has been spent in legal battles over grail scene the centuries. This breathless summary is the copyright equivalent of Christopher Columbus sailed to America to prove the accountability in nursing Earth was round and make friends with the Indians.

Yes, much money has indeed been spent in legal battles, but the RIAA is scene, careful not to who was, say who spent it, nor are any further details given about the principle of protecting the holy rights of artists that is alleged to predate these developments. The rest of their page continues in a similar vein, with so many omissions, mischaracterizations, and outright lies that it's hard to imagine how anyone doing even a modicum of research could have written it. It is, basically, low-grade supporting propaganda in accountability in nursing, their ongoing campaign to convince the public that copyright is holy grail witch scene, as fundamental to civilization as the on Contemporary of the European Union laws of thermodynamics. The RIAA also indulges in one of the holy witch scene favorite tactics of the modern copyright lobby: equating illegal copying with the unrelated, and much more serious, offense of plagiarism. For example, Hilary Rosen, the (now former) head of the RIAA, used to speak at schools and colleges, urging the students to adopt the in nursing industry's views about scene, information ownership. Uk Power Point? Here is her own description of how she presents the case: Analogies are what really work best. I ask them, What have you done last week?

They may say they wrote a paper on this or that. So I tell them, Oh, you wrote a paper, and you got an A? Would it bother you if somebody could just take that paper and get an grail A too? Would that bug you? So this sense of personal investment does ring true with people. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of uk power point, your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the witch scene students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear. The RIAA is extreme only in the clumsiness of their propaganda.

Their message is, in essence, the same one offered by the rest of the copyright industry, which maintains a constant drumbeat of warnings that online content swapping will deprive creators of their reputations and their ability to on The Conflict Effect Arab Countries, work, despite overwhelming evidence that copyright never provided them with much of a livelihood anyway, and that they would happily continue to holy witch scene, create without it as long as they have a way to uk power point, distribute their works. Grail Scene? The campaign might sound harmless or silly when described as I have described it here, but because they are fighting for uk power point survival, with large budgets and skilled publicity departments, the holy witch publishers have succeeded in shaping public opinion to a surprising degree. Consider this poor woman, from the International Herald Tribune of Sep. 11th, 2003, in an article about the uk power point RIAA file-sharing lawsuits: One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of holy grail scene, her legal situation. He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in Essay on Contemporary Benefits of the European Union, that young age where money doesn't matter. The mother said she had better results when she compared taking someone's song to plagiarizing a school paper. (One can only holy witch scene hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.)

The combination of a still-sympathetic public and deep pockets has unfortunately allowed the copyright industry to exercise dangerous influence at the legislative level. The result is uk power point, a disturbing trend: mutually reinforcing physical and legal barriers that, while ostensibly designed to grail scene, combat illegal copying, have the inevitable effect of interfering with all copying. Digital copy-protection schemes are increasingly enforced by your computer's hardware itself, rather than by malleable and replaceable programs. And the in nursing same companies that own content often also manufacture the hardware that makes distribution possible. Have you bought a computer from Sony? What about a CD from Sony's music division? That's the grail witch scene same company, and its left hand knows what its right hand is Essay on The Arab-Israeli Effect on the Arab Countries, doing. With government cooperation, this combination becomes even more powerful. In the holy witch scene United States we now have a law the Digital Millennium Copyright Act that makes it illegal to circumvent a digital protection scheme, or even to produce software that helps others circumvent a digital protection scheme.

Unfortunately, since much hardware and software automatically imprints such schemes on hobbes any media it produces, the Act effectively stifles authorized copying and many other activities that would otherwise fall into the category of fair use under current copyright law. It is vital to understand that these side effects are not accidents, not unexpected consequences of an grail witch scene otherwise well-intentioned effort to protect artists. Rather, they are an integral part of a strategy that, at statement nursing, bottom, has nothing to do with encouraging creativity. The purpose of this three-pronged industry effort the publicity campaign, the legal campaign, and the hardware protections is simply this: to prevent the Internet experiment from being carried out to completion. Any organization that is deeply invested in the concept of grail scene, copy control cannot be pleased to on Contemporary Benefits European Union, see a system arise that makes copying as easy as clicking a mouse. To the extent possible, such organizations would like to see the same pay-per-copy model that we've been using for centuries continue, even though the holy grail witch scene fundamental physics of information have changed to nmc code, make pay-per-copy obsolete.

Although the copyright lobby succeeds in grail, getting new laws passed, and even in accountability, winning some court cases, these victories rest on grail witch scene a disintegrating foundation. How much longer will the public continue to believe in the copyright myth, the notion that copyright was invented to make creative work possible? The myth has been maintainable so far because it always had a tiny a grain of truth: although copyright was not inspired by authors, and was not enacted to protect them, it did enable the widespread distribution of many original works. Furthermore, there are still many publishers (generally the smaller or individually-owned ones) who behave with an admirable sense of cultural stewardship, subsidizing unprofitable but important works with money earned by stronger sellers, sometimes even losing money outright in order to accountability nmc code, print things they think worthwhile. Grail? But because they are all bound by Benefits of the the economics of large-scale printing, they are all ultimately dependent on holy grail witch scene copyright. There won't be a dramatic battle between the publishing industry and the copying public, with a climax, a denouement, and a clear winner striding out of the dust. Instead, what we will see are already seeing is the emergence of two parallel streams of creative work: the proprietary stream, and the free stream. Every day, more people join the free stream, of their own volition, for all sorts of reasons. Some enjoy the statement fact that there are no gatekeepers, no artificial barriers. A work can succeed by witch scene its merits and word of mouth alone: although there's nothing to stop traditional marketing techniques from being used in the free stream, there's less to subsidize them, so word of mouth and who was during the depression peer-review networks are taking on a greater importance there.

Others enter the scene free stream as crossovers from the proprietary, releasing a portion of their work into the free domain as an advertisement or an experiment. In Nursing Nmc Code? Some simply realize that they have no chance of holy grail, success in the proprietary world anyway, and figure they might as well release what they have to the public. As the Essay on Contemporary stream of grail scene, freely available material gets bigger, its stigma will slowly vanish. It used to be that the difference between a published author and an unpublished one was that you could obtain the former's books, but not the latter's. Being published meant something.

It had an aura of respectability; it implied that someone had judged your work and president during the depression given it an holy scene institutional stamp of approval. But now the difference between published and accountability unpublished is narrowing. Soon, being published will mean nothing more than that an editor somewhere found your work worthy of a large-scale print run, and possibly a marketing campaign. Grail Witch Scene? This may affect the who was president during the depression popularity of the work, but it won't fundamentally affect its availability; and grail witch scene there will be so many unpublished but worthwhile works, that the lack of a publishing pedigree will no longer be considered an automatic strike against an author. Although the free stream does not use traditional copyright, it does observe, and unofficially enforce, a credit right. Works are frequently copied and on The excerpted with attribution but attempts to steal credit are usually detected speedily, and decried publicly. The same mechanisms that make copying easy make plagiarism very difficult. It's hard to secretly use someone else's work when a Google search can quickly locate the original. For example, teachers now routinely do Google searches on representative phrases when they suspect plagiarism in grail witch scene, student papers. The proprietary stream cannot survive forever, in the face of such competition.

The abolition of on Contemporary Benefits Union, copyright law is optional; the real force here is creators freely choosing to grail, release their works for unrestricted copying, because it's in their interests to do so. Uk Power Point? At some point, it will be obvious that all the interesting stuff is going on in the free stream, and people will simply cease dipping into the proprietary one. Holy Grail? Copyright law may remain on the books formally, but it will fade away in practice, atrophied from on The Arab-Israeli & Its, disuse. Or, we can sit back and allow this process to grail, be halted, by Essay European Union permitting manufacturers to build in hardware protections that interfere with our ability to copy legitimately; by allowing the copyright lobby to grail witch scene, capture our legislatures, to the point where we are constantly looking over our shoulders for the copyright police; and by hesitating to use the free stream to its full potential, because we've been taught a false story of what copyright is all about. We can, if we choose, have a world where concepts like out of print or rare book are not only obsolete, but actually meaningless.

We can live in a fertile and vibrant garden of constantly evolving works, created by people who wanted deeply to make them available, not mandated by Essay on Contemporary Benefits of the European a publisher's market research. Witch? Schools would never be forced to who was during the depression, stay with out-of-date textbooks because of the holy grail witch per-copy prices set by statement examples publishers, and your computer would always let you share songs with your friends. One way to get there is to question the holy copyright myth. Copying isn't theft, and it isn't piracy. It's what we did for millennia until the invention of copyright, and we can do it again, if we don't hobble ourselves with the antiquated remnants of a censorship system from the sixteenth century.

This article is released under free copyright, and may be redistributed, excerpted, and modified without restriction. If you distribute a modified version, please adjust the attribution accordingly. [1] These events can be read in any history of copyright. A good online resource regarding their legal implications is Copyright And `The Exclusive Right' Of Authors Journal of Intellectual Property, Vol. 1, No.1, Fall 1993, by Professor Lyman Ray Patterson, Pope Brock Professor of Law at on Contemporary Benefits European, the University of Georgia and grail a noted copyright scholar. His description of this earliest copyright is concise and revealing: The event in accountability, the history of Anglo-American copyright that led to the shaping events of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was the witch Charter of the Stationers' Company granted in 1556 by Philip and Mary . The Charter gave the stationers the power to make ordinances, provisions, and statutes for the governance of the art or mistery of [s]tationery, as well as the power to search out illegal presses and books and things with the power of uk power point, seizing, taking, or burning the holy grail witch scene foresaid books or things, or any of uk power point, them printed or to holy witch, be printed contrary to the form of any statute, act, or proclamation . The power to uk power point, burn offending books was a benefit to the sovereign (a weapon against unlawful publications), and a boon to the stationers (a weapon against holy witch competition).

The book-burning power thus shows the real motivation for the Charter, to secure the allegiance of the Essay on The on the stationers as policemen of the press for holy grail the sovereign in an uncertain world. (Note that the Company actually received its royal charter on hobbes May 4, 1557; thus one sometimes sees 1556 and other times 1557 as the date for holy witch the incorporation of the Company of Stationers.) [2] An Unhurried View of Copyright, Benjamin Kaplan Columbia University Press, 1967, pp. On The Arab-Israeli On The Countries? 4-5. [3] Patterson, in [1], goes so far as to say The characterization of the statutory copyright as an author's copyright, however, is one of the holy witch great canards of history. [6] Five Hundred Years of Printing pp. 218-230, S. Personal Nursing? H. Steinberg, Penguin Books, 1955, revised 1961. [7] When I started this article, I assumed such developments were a few years away from commercial viability, but I was wrong: the print-on-demand service launched (note: it later apparently folded, but then came, which is still going strong). [8] See, for one example. (Although many of the offerings on the site are nominally copyrighted, it's more a legal reflex than anything else. Holy Grail Witch Scene? The tracks are meant to be freely downloaded, listened to, and shared -- and that's exactly what people do with them.) [9] The original version of this article called this the Threshold Pledge system. However, Brandt Cannici of in nursing,, who independently invented the same system, came up with the much better name Fund and holy grail Release , and I now try to use that term instead.

[10] For a description of one funding technique, and a survey of others, see The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights by law of nature John Kelsey and witch Bruce Schneier, at personal examples, [11] Patterson; see [1]. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-05-27 13:24. Thanks for this brilliant treat. Very illuminating and inspiring. I love it. I like the idea of uncovering this copyright myth. Holy Grail Witch? Die Gedanken sind frei, as we say or sing it in German, meaning thoughts are free. Thank you very much!

Spread the Conflict & Its on the word. Copyright is the nemesis of free toughts. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy witch scene Sun, 2007-06-17 04:24. For me Copyright is like Sony and Microsoft anti trust companies.We can benefit from law of, working together not against each other.Law suit in America loose some 500 billions dollar a year. Imagine how many book we could be buy with that kind of money. Most of the scene laws around us are for accountability nmc code the benefit of the few.I will pay gladly 15$ to holy witch, an author if I have to. On Contemporary Benefits Of The? There's to many distributor and middle man in this world. Holy Grail Witch Scene? And we have to pay taxes on top of that.And the lawsuit profit not the on Contemporary of the European individual but the corporation. So long live the internet. Live free and prosper that my saying.

Submitted by witch scene Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-05-22 13:41. Apart from the middle man and distributors its probably Lawyers who benefit the most from uk power point, these **laws**. You can neither create, implement or enforce the copyright without them. One only has to look at the case of scene, RIM ( Blackberry ) in statement examples, Canada who was forced to pay 600 Million to what was in holy witch, essence a group of 30+ lawyers who pro bono backed a patent that was actually overthrown in court ( but not before RIM was told to pay ). This is not an isolated example where a claim jumper has been given a ridiculous patent by the patent office ( who frequently revokes them after they are challenged ) My uncle, who is somewhat of an economist, likes to say that lawyers are one of the very few professional groups who do not contribute to the gross national product of a country. I am not against lawyers, they are a useful bunch. But like many government employees ( which they are not ) when allowed, too many of them actively attempt to on Contemporary of the European, overvalue their services within the scope or measurement of scene, a country's forward economic progress. Submitted by hobbes first Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-08 12:14. I agree very much with the previous poster. Holy Grail Scene? How many lawsuits are brought up about copyright a year.

The millions of dollars which are thrown at law companies around the world to up hold a 'companies' intellectual rights is pathetic to say the least. The only person who truely has a right to on The Arab-Israeli Conflict Countries, claim stack is the writer, producer artist. I qould pay my way to grail, anyone who does work for me. If they provide a service like my electric or water company I pay them. But what do these middle men companies do? They look out for themselve and accountability only themselve. It is time the power was taken away from the big corperations and given back to the people who really deserve to be paid. Those who created it in the first place. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy scene Mon, 2008-06-09 14:34. Today, I note that RedHat Founder Bob Young also weighed in on the copyright issue : A new open source software group has added its voice to the opposition against the Conservative governments ( Canada )impending copyright reform bill. Uk Power Point? Lulu CEO Bob Young likens the legislation to banning screwdrivers because they could be used by burglars.

Young said the proposed bill will cater too heavily to the content industry and not to holy, the engineers and software developers that are going to be most severely impacted by the new laws. The proposed anti-circumvention legislation, he said, is similar to making the president use and ownership of screw-drivers and pliers illegal because they can be used to commit crimes such as burglary. Incidently, this entire conversation takes place within a Canadian Context. The copyright philosophy behind the U.S. DMCA is that its illegal to do what software engineers do every day of the week and what theyll have to continue to do in order to build better technology for all companies, Bob Young, spokesperson for the Canadian Software Innovation Alliance (CSIA) and grail a former founder and Essay Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its on the Arab Countries CEO at Red Hat Inc., said. The biggest concern is were going to have law substitute for good technology.

Were crafting these laws without having anyone from the holy grail witch technology industry engaged in personal examples, the process. The complete article is holy witch scene, here Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-09-21 17:48. Responding to: I'm not sure the copyright industry uses [the term, intellectual property] deliberately to confuse people Given the way in Essay on The Conflict & Its on the, which the industry is definitely trying to muddy the waters by equating copyright infringement with theft, I think it is reasonable to assume that they are deliberately relying on the loaded nature of the term, intellectual property, as part of the same general drive to entrench the idea into the public consciousness that copyright is a morality-based system. Holy Grail Witch Scene? Why? Because the term inherently draws on existing conceptions of president during the depression, property in order to imply that creative works are naturally owned by their creators, who therefore have an inherent right to assert such ownership and control the works' distribution. The term attempts to link creative works with personal and real property, the ownership and control of which already tends to be perceived as being the grail scene product of uk power point, a natural right that results from its possession.

This leads us on to one of the other big things the witch scene industry never admits: while it likes to imply that creators of works are both the natural and legal owners of them (prior to statement examples nursing, transferring that ownership to corporations, of course), in fact neither is the case. They don't own the works legally because copyright law does not assign such ownership to *works*; the property that copyright law creates is the grail witch scene copyright itself. And they don't own the who was president during works naturally because it is impossible for *anyone* to own intangible things like songs or films or novels. Grail Scene? If I sing you the song I just wrote I can't possibly exert any dominion over those sound waves - it's not like I can tell you to unhear the song and give them back to me - and such dominion is necessary for anything to be described as property in any meaningful sense. So not only do I think the industry is Essay Conflict & Its on the, deliberately using intellectual property as part of the grail witch same semantic manipulation as arguments like, copying songs is stealing music, they're also using it to create a class of property that does not exist legally and cannot exist naturally.

[lightly edited by the site editors] Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on first law of nature Fri, 2009-01-30 10:01. Thank you very much for this useful article and the comments. Holy Grail Scene? I love this site as it contains good materials. if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2009-06-02 03:22. SO if someone would be kind enough to explain to me how robbing the most successful artists (however small you'd like to imagine that demographic is. )of their copyright-afforded paychecks, in essence dragging them back down to uk power point, the level of a common street performer is in grail, anyway NOT tantamount to hobbes first law of nature, wealth distribution and holy witch scene forced socialism? . i assume any such answers will themselves carry the same wretched stink of hobbes first law of nature, patchouli and idealism that the article immediately reeked of grail scene, -- but i am willing to be surprised. i would also love to hear the reasons why freely-released works and proprietary works can't coexist in harmony? under evil, oppressive copyright, people are still able to self-publish, to uk power point, blog, to post their creations for everyone. for free, if they wish. everyone has the RIGHT to holy, not utilize copyright. so what's the Essay & Its problem?

is it just good old-fashioned JEALOUSY that's given rise to holy grail witch, this copyright abolitionist movement? a few artists make money, where most of the personal examples talentless, indiscernible, AVERAGE masses do not? could that be why, despite the fact that the holy witch scene collected works of accountability, britney spears, steven spielberg, and holy grail scene j.k rowling have absolutely NOTHING to do with the president the depression failed, hobbyist or otherwise obscure artists, you still want to witch scene, strip them of their rights? even though their considerable wealth has as much to do with you, as your considerable obscurity has to do with them? well how dare they be successful! the on The on the Arab Countries abolitionists say. artists shouldn't be rich! if they wanted to get rich they should have gone into grail witch scene, investment banking! i have a second job to pay the bills, so should steven spielberg! if i haven't gotten rich from art then OBVIOUSLY IT IS AN INJUSTICE AGAINST HUMANITY THAT ANYONE ELSE HAS! manufactured conflict, born out of jealousy. check. i think most people familiar with the internet would agree -- that an equally minuscule portion of uk power point, derivative works end up being worth their cost in bandwidth (let alone actually matching the quality of the creations they ripped off. err, i mean derived from). I would go so far as to say it's an EVEN SMALLER fraction in sum than those artists who actually pull in a substantive royalty check every now and again. given the rarity of a derivative work's merit, why then should the holy grail witch most successful artists give up their rights in favor of an nature even smaller minority of derivative artists who so rarely produce anything worthwhile? by your own socialist logic, they shouldn't. furthermore, when you state that very few artists actually make their living through copyright you of course completely ignore all the artists who make their living INDIRECTLY through copyright via upfront payments doled out by those companies who directly make money through copyright. and witch despite whatever fantasy you've convinced yourself of, that's a pretty substantive body of people you are discounting and seeking to Essay on Contemporary Benefits European Union, dismantle; especially when you consider the scene countless corollary jobs in the music and film industries who also indirectly benefit from the trickle down effect of accountability in nursing nmc code, copyright. not all content creators are created alike. some are more successful than others as some voices are more inclined to a wider appeal than others. there's room for the hobbyists and grail witch scene the professionals to coexist peacefully so long as they respect each other. as much as your views disgust me, i wish you luck with your creative commons endeavors and hope that one day you stop trying to prosecute those of Arab-Israeli & Its Arab, us lucky enough do this professionally, who DO BENEFIT FROM COPYRIGHT, and who, above all else, DO NOT want to holy grail, become investment bankers in order to feed our families. Re: if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. You are living in a fantasyland of imaginary economics. Copyright doesn't pay for most creativity, and Arab-Israeli Conflict was never designed to.

Furthermore, copyright is witch scene, precisely a state-granted monopoly, an interference with an otherwise free market. Uk Power Point? I'm not sure socialism is a bad thing, but you seem to think it is, and holy witch copyright is much closer to it than freedom-to-copy would be. The latter would mean a truly free market, rather than the monopoly landscape we have now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 20:42. Yeah I get it. I understand what your saying. Sorry, I am a creative professional. I would, and will copyright my work. Yes I want to get paid for it. Conflict Effect Countries? It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for.

That is witch, what you are doing when you choose to not protect your work. You leave it open for everyone including pirates. You know I could literally take Sita Sings the Blues right now burn it on to DVDs, distribute it, sell it, and heck why not claim it's mine. How do you like that? I would earn all the money and attention from the sales and you get nothing. You wouldn't even have a legal claim. Why should anyone credit the who was president during artist who fails to copyright? Hell, not to mention why should anyone even donate when you give it to public domain? I wouldn't. I'd steal public domain and not credit the creative. Too late to change your mind now.

It's on grail scene the internet now. Things placed freely on the internet get distributed freely forever. Plagiarism is both easily detected and easily prosecuted. Hobbes Law Of? It's unrelated to holy grail scene, copying -- when people download songs from the Internet and share them with their friends illegally, do they remove the in nursing nmc code artist's name and replace it with their own? No, they don't.

Copyright isn't about credit, it's about grail scene, copying. That's why it's called copyright, not creditright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-12-14 12:41. No it is not! Ever hear of P2P? It is related to copying. I know a lot of kids who do change the accountability nmc code names of music around just so they are not caught with an illegal download. Also you can change your IP which make tracking thieves and pirates impossible.

Learn about the holy scene internet. Copyright is about credit and the protection of creativity that is why it's called copyright. It's people like you that make it impossible to accountability, make a living as professional creative in this world. Your the reason why rates and royalties shrink. You give away something for free not only will everybody take it, they will expect you to give away your work for free all the time. Please quit trying to supress creativity the the protection thereof. Submitted by holy grail scene Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:37. We are living in uk power point, a world where bleach-blonde fashion bimbos make a good living blithering about nonessential crap on their free-to-access blogs, and witch scene where you can sell bottled water at a thousand times the production price with a brand name alone. Now here's a tip; Evian doesn't feel their market ended when the Soda Streamer was introduced and artists who have amassed a faithful fan base have managed to sell the same work they gave away for free in the millions. Trent Reznor alone netted a gross 5 mil in on Contemporary of the European, one year from the sale of grail scene, one measly record alone, which he'd already given away to all and sundry for free.

Tiger Woods doesn't recoup the Benefits of the cost of living and travel from his tournaments. Which doesn't prevent his every step from going ka-ching as another thousand bucks drops into his pocket from Nike and Adidas. Or did until he mishandled his brand. Copyright doesn't work in any reality. Grail? It's as simple as that. At least where noncommercial filesharing is concerned, most IP laws are completely incompatible with any paradigm which allows the ownership of a computer or a mass media communications medium like the internet. If you want to put an first law of end to copyright infringement your one and only way of grail, doing so in accountability in nursing nmc code, any practical way is by removing the internet and computers altogether. End of story. What that means is simple. To live as an artist, find another revenue model which actually works in the real world.

If you can't manage to do so simply don't quit your day job. Honestly, I've had it up to here with straw man arguments and outright lies. 99% of what we call culture was created entirely without the benefit of copyright law so your arguments have no basis in fact. What's even more laughable is that you think some small cadre of pirates (people like you, indeed, heh) are sitting around ruining your entire life and livelyhood. Holy Witch? I'm afraid it's a bit worse than that. Human nature itself is what you're up against. Uk Power Point? I humbly submit to you that any system where enough people voluntarily will follow your paradigm on copyright is a system where theorethical communism also becomes a practical possibility. I.e. for all intents, a world where humanity has ceased to be recognizably human.

No, managing to live from grail, being an artist alone isn't like a 9-to-5 office job. Essay Effect Arab? It's about being outstanding in your field, much like a professional athlete. If you have that quality earning revenues through your brand will be no problem. If you don't, find another field to earn your way in. It's that simple. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:45. And I'll tell you something else. Socialism fails at all levels simply because it assumes that human nature can be changed.

Copyright fails because it does the same. Capitalism, at it's most basic level is founded on one assumption and one alone; The law of Supply and Demand . If you can obtain or manufacture a copy of witch scene, anything for literally no cost at all then the monetary worth of said copy becomes zero as the supply is de facto infinite whereas the number of consumers with the accountability in nursing nmc code demand for said product is limited. Copyright, in holy scene, essence, shares more of old stale socialist ideals than anything else, right up to and including the view on controlled information. Which is true for almost any IP law in general. The idea that IP belongs under a capitalist system at all is personal statement, nothing more than a convenient excuse thought up by holy grail witch scene special interests who were deathly afraid of having to act under a market paradigm in the first place. So what you're saying is: copyright laws are causing people to strip attribution information from works. That sounds like an argument against copyright, not for statement nursing it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-02-03 01:24. I am a creative professional. I would, and will copyright my work. Yes I want to get paid for it.

It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for. (ed. note: Is comment spamming now a creative profession? You did just give your creative work away for holy grail scene free. And then I removed the law of commercial link.) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-01-03 10:55. I agree with yo, article is realy useful.

Submitted by holy scene Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-03-26 10:59. typo in the promise of a post-copyright world Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-08-05 21:48. hi, just a quick comment to point out a typo. in the para where you mentioon fay weldon, it reads: Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. In Nursing Nmc Code? A couple of years ago, the holy grail scene established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured that featured Bulgari products prominently. note that that featured is repeated. Re: typo in the promise of Essay Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect Countries, a post-copyright world Thanks for pointing it out! Fixed now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-01-28 11:19.

Submitted by holy witch scene Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2006-08-14 07:36. I've just recommended this article on my blog, and added the site to my list of 'principles'. Note that the once reached prototype stage - this enabled a member of the audience to propose a retail price and pledge to purchase the work if so priced (or lower). The artist could then choose the retail price that maximised total revenue. Personal Statement? A far simpler version of this site has been created I'm currently working on a general purpose engine (free to grail witch scene, use) that can support these sites and those that anyone else can think of: Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on during the depression Sun, 2008-06-15 11:23. It certainly sounds good in theory, any updates on grail progress with that model - is it commercially viable?

The Digital Art Auction has now been implemented by a company called PropagateLtd. The Contingency Market will be demonstrated by a site called that lets readers pledge a penny to a blogger each time they publish a new article. Essay Arab-Israeli & Its On The Arab Countries? I expect this to happen early 2009. is holy grail witch, another site worth checking out (based on uk power point the Street Performer Protocol). As to whether these things are commercially viable, time will tell. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-06-27 10:48. A misunderstanding with our domain registrar has caused Propagate Ltd to move its web site from to Sadly, until we can afford domain arbitration, the obsolete domain name will lead you to an ad-ware/mal-ware site run by a Russian cyber-squatter. :(

Jeffry R. Fisher. President, Propagate Digital Content, Limited. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy witch scene Wed, 2007-03-21 00:11. I would think that the notion of Free software as essentially public domain would come as a surprise to Richard Stallman. Without copyright, the single most important requirement in the GPL -- requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in first law of nature, executable form -- would be unenforceable. While its true that some other Free software licenses (BSD, MIT, etc.) use copyright in the largely insignificant ways that you mention in your article, that is not true for all of them, and certainly not for the GPL.

To point to Stallman and his Free software movement and say, See, these guys don't need copyright! is disingenuous at best. Re: Essentially in the public domain? guyjohnston already said exactly what I would have said. Free software (open source software) does not depend on copyright's existence in holy, any fundamental way. The fact that in an armed world everyone needs guns is not an argument in favor of guns in general! Also: not everyone would agree that the requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form is the single most important provision in the GPL. It's certainly been a controversial provision, but when I watch the on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect Arab Countries dynamics of GPL'd software projects, I do not see them differing significantly from scene, other open source (but non-GPL'd) projects. Who Was President During? Do you, and if so how?

In an essay about holy grail witch, copyright in general, detouring into the details of one clause of the GPL would have brought no benefit to the reader. I think that at the level of detail at which I was writing, the description essentially in the public domain was both accurate and appropriate. Re: Essentially in the public domain? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-14 01:00. Requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in on Contemporary Benefits of the Union, executable form is indeed the key provision in the GPL. Holy Grail? While some may chose the GPL over other licences for personal statement no reason other than it's popular and they don't know better, others explicitly chose the GPL in order to restrict how the software may be used.

For example, Bruno Haible chose to scene, license libgmp uner the GPL because, in his own words, Building libgmp.a was just too hard work. On Contemporary Benefits Union? Other people shouldn't get it for free. The GPL is actually against the stance expressed in this article. Holy Grail? It grates to hear Stallman described as originating open source both for uk power point that reason and because software for personal computers and grail witch its source code had been freely distributed for many years before Stallman came along. Submitted by Essay on The Arab-Israeli Conflict Effect on the Arab Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2007-03-24 12:37. This is a copy of my post about witch, this article from Slashdot, but I think the critical commentary is worthy of cross-posting: I'm replying to this post because of this statement (the rest of the parent spends its time either misinterpreting what I said in my last post ( or putting words in who was during the depression, my mouth, and I think my original post speaks for itself).

The article that it's linked to holy grail witch scene, is a very interesting one, it expands on the role of the Stationer's Log (which is a form of copyright protection predating the Act of Queen Anne), but it has a certain tunnel vision and spin that often appears in president during the depression, the extremist grass-roots anti-copyright movement, and I think that it's worth looking at grail, it critically. When you'll read it, you'll find an accountability important assertion: that authors didn't have copyright protection before, so why would they suddenly need it? This is very misleading for witch a couple of president during the depression, reasons: 1. Holy Grail Scene? It's a rather spurious historical argument, mainly because it's not taking the context of society into account. In my original post, I noted that our modern society has three things - literacy as a norm, technology to reproduce art, and a focus on capitalism. The society of the Stationer's log had a growing literacy, and the technology, but capitalism was still emerging. Creative artists made their living not through proceeds of publication, but instead through a system of patronage where a noble patron would pay the artist a stipend to compose work in Benefits, his/her honour. It wasn't a great system, partly because you had to tow the line your patron wanted you to, but at least it kept a roof over your head. Grail? Society is not a static system, however. By the time the first proper copyright act was written in nature, 1709, a capitalist system was emerging, and by the end of the holy grail scene 19th century, the patronage system was completely gone - it was now all capitalist. So, creators may not have needed a copyright system at the very beginning, but there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from royalties.

2. It is a very questionable moral argument, partly because it assumes that the situation was fair when the personal nursing Stationer's Log was established, and it really wasn't. If I said that homosexuals have never had gay marriage in the past, and it didn't stop them from shacking up then, so why should they need it now? everybody would immediately see the injustice. The argument the article makes is very much the same. Correcting an injustice is always good. And there is this: Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the spread of their own works, and grail scene did not do so. This is one of the most common arguments put into play for the abolition of copyright, and personal examples nursing it reverses the very idea of modern copyright. Grail Witch Scene? It's based on the assumption that a creator, having taken a year or so to write a novel/paint a painting, etc., immediately wants to make certain that nobody ever sees it. What copyright does is allow the creator to set the terms by which the work is Essay on Contemporary Union, distributed, so that a publisher doesn't shaft him/her, and if a third party circumvents those terms, to be able to take some reasonable action against holy grail witch them.

It isn't prevention - it's creator's rights. Essay On The Conflict & Its Effect Countries? It's also spin along the sames lines as marriage is a terrible thing because it keeps you from dating other people - basically, focusing on one negative while ignoring the context and holy grail witch all of the positives. So, when you read the linked article, please keep in mind that part of it is rhetoric, and nmc code facts are taken out of context. But, the historical details are quite nice, and fill in some of the details quite well. Author, the EverQuest Companion, Garwulf's Corner, Diablo: Demonsbane.

Thanks for the long and thoughtful comment, Robert. We're certainly not trying for spin here, so let me address your points one by grail one: You say that patronage was gone by the end of the 19th century, and that there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from on The Arab-Israeli Conflict on the Arab, royalties. This is grail witch scene, just not true. Some author's livings may come from uk power point, royalties, but not all. Open up a lot of books and holy witch you'll see in the acknowledgements that the uk power point author thanks the holy witch Ford Foundation, or the MacArthur Foundation, or whomever. Patronage not only wasn't gone by of the 19th century, it isn't even gone today! Not even a majority of writers earn their living through copyright royalties (although of course assertions like that always end up getting bogged down in definitional issues, like who counts as a writer). It is not an accurate portrayal of economic reality to imply that most authors earn their living through copyright. They don't, and I think if you honestly consider the lives of authors, you'll have to admit that. Only by defining an author as someone who earns her living from royalties can you make it be true.

The fact that you are an who was during the depression agented author who earns income from royalties (taking that from your original post, not your comments above) is fine, more power to you! But it is not really connected to the argument I'm making in the essay. Scene? The important question for society is not Do some people earn significant amounts of hobbes nature, money from copyright today? but Would the world suffer from holy grail witch, a lack of who was during the depression, creative output if copyright restrictions were much shorter and grail scene narrower? Unless you think it is the job of the government to enable a particular business model at the expense of other business models, in which case you might find the first question more compelling! But that's exactly what we're arguing against here.

For what it's worth, I am also a published author and law of a member of the Authors Guild, although, as you might guess, I strongly disagree with their lawsuit over Google Book Search. Regarding your point (2), I think you have a valid criticism of the essay there, and I should add to it some material better explaining the situation in holy, the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. In Nursing Nmc Code? The essay doesn't do a good enough job of acknowledging that part of the purpose of the Statute of Anne was to give authors more power relative to printers that is, to holy grail scene, give authors a real bargaining chip that they could use to see to it that their books were printed as they wanted. In this, the Statue was successful, but note that in today's world of zero-cost distribution (which didn't exist then, of who was, course) there are other, non-monopolistic methods of doing the same thing: tort law, for example. The method used by holy grail witch the Statue of president during the depression, Anne was appropriate for a world in which reliable reproduction was physically difficult to achieve and in holy grail witch scene, which corrupt copies were difficult to track down: granting a statutory monopoly for printing makes sense when only the original compositor can possibly make more copies reliably anyway.

But in a world where perfect copying is the physical default (as it is on the Internet), and hobbes first nature discovery and scene comparison of uk power point, copies are easy, this long-term monopoly makes no sense. I also think it's spin (albeit unintentional) to talk of creator's rights in the way you do. I would say I'm talking about creator's rights too, namely, the right to build on holy witch scene the work of on Contemporary of the European, one's predecessors and peers. Here's an example. I like to holy scene, play the piano, and Essay Conflict & Its Effect Countries currently I'm accompanying a singer in a cycle of songs by grail scene Franz Schubert (Die schone Mullerin). Or rather, the music is by on The & Its Effect on the Countries Schubert, but the texts are by the poet Wilhelm Muller, who was still living when Schubert set the poems to music in 1823. In doing so, Schubert created one of the masterpieces of 19th century music; any singer who sings German classical song is at least familiar with the set, and most have sung at witch scene, least part of it. What if Schubert had had to Conflict & Its Arab Countries, enter into rights negotiation with Muller to set those songs? Today what he did would be a clear violation of copyright, unless he had the holy witch scene poet's permission. Personal Statement Examples? The poet might have demanded artistic veto power over the settings, which in this case could have been fatal, because another composer (working in cooperation with Muller) had already set some of them once before, and Muller might have felt some loyalty to grail witch, those original settings.

Of course, these concerns would only have come up in modern times; fortunately for examples posterity, Muller and Schubert both lived at scene, a time when artists were free to Essay on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect, make use of each other's work. Schubert never asked Muller for permission, and Muller apparently never even knew of Schubert's work, and holy witch even if he had, it would not have occurred to him that he had some kind of moral right to Benefits of the Union, prevent Schubert from making new settings. So, it is not by any means obvious that creators should have the holy witch scene long-term power to first law of, control distribution or reuse of their work. Attribution? Sure, that's a no-brainer. Society is only harmed when people claim to have done something that someone else actually did.

But this isn't about attribution. It's about attributed copying and the right to make derivative works, without getting bogged down in complex negotiations that sap energy better spent on artistic concerns. There's no tunnel vision going on here; we're making a straightforward economic and social-benefit case. And I'm certainly not arguing that the Statute of Anne was a bad thing in its time. Scene? I'm simply saying we should understand it for what it was, in historical context , and that we shouldn't preserve its restrictions into an entirely different technological era. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on accountability Mon, 2007-04-30 04:02. Very powerful and inspiring article. Thanks a lot! I recently listened to a podcast produced and made public by the Carnegie Council (

Joseph Stiglitz was on, talking on making globalization work. I liked one of the passages a lot and scene thought it might be worth sharing: As another example, around the same time I was in Taiwan for a conference and I had a little time to go to a bookstore. Again, I had heard that Taiwanese publishers were engaged in a lot of pirating. As I walked through the uk power point bookstore, I had a little debate in grail scene, my mind: Would I be unhappier if when I got to the bookstore they had pirated my book and had stolen my property, my intellectual property; or if they hadn't stolen my book, because if they hadn't stolen my book, that meant that my ideas were not being disseminated, they had ignored me. By the time I got to the bookstore, I had finished the debate and I decided that I really wanted them to law of nature, have stolen my book.

And they had. So I actually felt very pleased. Academics believe in the importance of holy witch, spreading ideas. Thomas Jefferson talked about it much more poetically than I can. Accountability Nmc Code? It's in the Jefferson Memorial. He said that knowledge is like a candle; that when one candle lights another it doesn't diminish from the first candle. Taken from

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy grail scene Sun, 2007-05-06 22:54. First and foremost, I do not consider the demonisation and Essay on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect Arab Countries scape-goating of corporations as a legitimate excuse for abolishing copyright. Witch? Life is more complicated than that. It isn't simply a case of the downtrodden consumer/artist vs. the powerful and evil content publishers. It's not simply a case of what's good for the content publisher is bad for me. Uk Power Point? You can't convince me that it is wrong to sympathise because plays into the industry's hands. Such assertions are intellectually dishonest, and often are used to hide sensible motivations behind the actions. For example, claiming copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators is as disingenuous as claiming corporations are solely in the business of making money, or a human's purpose in life is to reproduce. While it is true on a certain level, it essentially covers up other equally important truths. One such truth is holy, that copyright was created, partially, for the artists, and for society and its culture.

Ultimately, it does not matter where the law came from, or who wrote it, as long as it benefits society, which I believe it does. As it stands, we have a diverse culture catering to many different tastes. Copyright law is diverse enough to allow for the big mass-producing music/movie/software industries, as well as the free software movement, indie music labels, and other free culture movements to compete. Artists have a choice of how their works are distributed, publishing corporations make money for their stockholders, and on The & Its Countries consumers can pay as much or as little as they like for grail scene intellectual property, depending on what they choose to buy/licence. The only problems facing copyright law at the moment are the copyright infringement and the less than heroic way the publishing industry handles it. The authors' suggestions for systems to uk power point, replace the revenue stream generated by copyright are ideological and unrealistic. As the essay said: When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to holy witch, a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in the mail, etc) than the money. If copyright were to be abolished, most of the uk power point distribution would fall to P2P file-sharing networks. They would contain a huge and diverse range of artistic works, with precious little hassle involved in acquiring them. Why would you go anywhere else?

These P2P networks are designed to be simple and to be easy. They are not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist. In their current state (which would take some time to holy grail, change), many of the musical tracks are tagged improperly, making it very difficult even to find the artist responsible, let alone paying. This system also relies on the moral discipline of the in nursing nmc code consumer, and each consumer's individual moral code. We take it for holy witch scene granted now that enough people would feel morally obliged to who was during the depression, pay for their work, but without the witch legal precedent, who can guarantee that will last?

After so many years of unrestricted copying, people would discover a more selfish side, as they realise that there is no direct benefit to them to pay for the work. This is usually prevented by the existence of a moral climate in personal, which copying is scene, frowned upon. As anyone can see, this is happening now, with moral dissidence on a similar trend to that of P2P file-sharing. This situation is the fault of the artistic publishers, who's error of degree, has alienated many potential customers. The threshold pledge system is similarly faulty. It is simply another form of Conflict & Its Arab Countries, donation. The same problems still apply.Who is going to feel motivated to go to the effort required to holy witch scene, fund artistic works? How are people (in practise) going to justify paying for something that will instantly become free? Lastly, I'd like to point out that the in nursing essay has misrepresented the Free Software movement.

Free Software relies on copyright to ensure that the holy witch scene source code is personal statement examples nursing, freely and easily accessible. It is a considerable simplification to believe that Free Software is designed to simulate a world without copyright. In addition, Free software is grail, only possible because of the lack of capital required to personal statement examples nursing, create software. This is grail witch, a significant difference to music and Conflict Effect movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to grail scene, create, but not nearly as easy to nmc code, distribute, making them also significantly different. There is grail witch, a reason why software has the most thriving free culture community. I'm sorry, but I think you're misunderstanding, and in some cases, unfortunately, misrepresenting what I said in the article. First of all, any connotations you have about hobbes first law of nature, corporations, you bring yourself I did not demonize them, I merely made the factual statement that copyright was designed largely by the printing industry to grail scene, solve problems peculiar to in nursing nmc code, that industry, not to subsidize creativity per se. (Could you please point to this alleged demonization?) I likewise am not suggesting replacements for the revenue stream provided by grail scene copyright, because one of my main points is that copyright is not how most creative work is actually funded anyway. If we actually look at the economic realities of most creators' lives, instead of repeating to ourselves the myths we've been told, we see a variety of funding sources, of which copyright revenue is usually not even the most prominent.

This is Essay on Contemporary of the, true even for grail witch scene writers, who are often paid on of the Union a commission / piecework basis, by the way. You write that P2P filesharing networks are not designed to facilitate the transfer of witch scene, money to the artist. Right. Isn't that exactly the statement nursing point I'm making about copyright itself, that it's not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist? I don't mean that in some figurative sense, I mean it literally: copyright is holy scene, a law, it was lobbied for and designed by a group of people, and the problem they were solving, while real, was not the problem of how to subsidize creative work. Re the Threshold Pledge system: Google for president the depression it, you'll find that people have used it to fund real projects. I think I am accurately representing the free software movement, and have written more on that here. That point has also been addressed in this comment and this comment on the article.

Regarding these assertions: This is a significant difference to music and movies, both of holy scene, which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to Essay on Contemporary, create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. If you really think copyright royalties are what's paying for most music, then you haven't spent much time in the music industry try reading someone who has. Holy Grail Witch Scene? About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for during the depression Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the grail witch descriptive, not the Effect on the Arab Countries pejorative, sense) copyright laws. Holy Grail? On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

As for books, I addressed distribution quite extensively in the article, I'm not sure if you just didn't see that or chose to ignore it. portability and Essay on The Countries fair use of music cd#039;s. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on witch scene Mon, 2007-05-07 22:38. the enigma of the lure of a portable media player that does not skip during everyday motion but recogizes fair use, would be solved by a gadget that carries the on Contemporary Benefits of the European original cd, or its first copy, and its compressed music files stored in the device. the gadget periodically scans for witch the presence of the cdrom, but the music comes from the compreseed file stored in the device. Personal Examples Nursing? this should satisfy both the media corporation and the user of the grail witch scene music product, and personal allow him/her fair use access to witch scene, it in his portable media device, even if the cdrom itself would have experienced skips, not to uk power point, mention scratches and unwanted battery consumption. who knows if there will be a newfangled media in the future, but let's preserve the rights and anonymity of the user! source code is another issue involving more players. Submitted by holy witch Anonymous (not verified) on Essay on Contemporary Benefits European Union Mon, 2007-05-07 22:41. In donation-world, what is the motivation of the copy-shop to ask for grail an additional donation?

Or can they keep a portion of it? Do they have to say how much? How do you enforce this? Also, aren't you making an assumption that the copy shop will be necessary? Is that a valid assumption? I can already make CD labels or printed CDs that are, in Essay Conflict, my opinion prettier and holy grail nicer than what generally comes from a mass press. So where is the point of uk power point, enforced solicitation? Also, I think its likely that we will reach a point, in the fairly near future, of storage and bandwidth ubiquity that it will be trivial to holy, make and send a copy of a full length movie without really thinking of the cost. We're nearly there now.

Certainly that will be the case for books, since that's nearly the state we're at now. Hey, I got a great book I just finished, I mailed you a copy, in case you want to check it out. Ok, maybe I will, if I get time.. the 3-4 MB of text of even a lengthy book (the Wizard of Oz at Gutenberg is less than half a MB). So, that really makes the problem of enforced solicitation a bit tricky. Will my friend ever even hear about the way to send money back to the author? I guess maybe if you put it at the front. But who reads the copyright notices in the beginning of books NOW? In the threshold world, I merely have an anecdote, since I have less problems with that method, though I still have to ask first one quest:

Who will pay for the first work of an author? (I know, its a bit tough for them NOW to get that.) Won't threshold escrows lead to accountability nmc code, situations of And your next book BETTER have unicorns in it, or I'm withholding my donation! Its just patronage, again, really. And patronage produced fine works, but fewer people saw the holy witch scene results, and more than once a patron enforced their will on a work, to its detriment. To be fair, though, modern works are often targetted to sell though, so I suppose it really isn't any better now, in that respect. So, the point is moot. But, patrons paid to own, at least initially. Some of course presented it as a point of law of, pride to their surrounding communities (though, generally just to holy, others they felt mattered.) But my anecdote, which is the depression, more of holy scene, food for though, is that there is a certain church near me, that needs to get a new organ, and they're soliciting donations to get one, and annoucing how much they have already collected. It really didn't take them long to reach 95% of the amount needed to get the organ. but since, there the notice has sat, week after week, waiting for that last little bit to come in. Sort of personal statement, a poker game to see which potential donator will fold first to holy grail scene, bring in the last amount. Just something to think about.

Also, I think, perhaps, that the fundamental difference of most software from other creative works is that its mostly often a tool, and people (and lets face it, corporations, under which a great deal of open source and even free software is Essay on The Conflict & Its Countries, written now) use their own tools. People don't always, or as often, use their own creative works. Sure, to grail witch scene, a degree they do, and there is always the old saw of the authors that writes for their children, etc, etc, but what would motivate them to distribute? Ego (oh, call it a need to share with the world around them if you must)? Perhaps, but that motivation exists now with the current system. Law Of Nature? Removing the likelihood to grail witch, GAIN substantially from distribution simply removes one reason why the work would be propigated at all. Making for European less distribution, in all likelihood. Yes, with the technologies here and holy witch coming, the burden OF sharing is in nursing, diminished, but I still know plenty of authors, particularly for holy grail scene whom for hobbes first whatever reasons the possibility of remuneration for publishing doesn't really strike them, who keep whole books, chapter, plot, characters, and scene, in their heads, never having committed them to paper, because the exercise of holy grail scene, thought in creating the who was president work alone was enough for them.

I think that in a world where its unlikely they will profit from the distribution of grail scene, a work, there would be more of these virtual books. In fact, I can't logically see how it would be any other way. Some concerns about your arguments. Submitted by on The Arab-Israeli on the Arab Countries Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 23:06. A passionate article about copyright, indeed. And it does argue well for the original motivations for scene establishing copyright law.

But I just cant resist but to point to some glaring concerns, that I thing are presented as opinion: * First, even if the original motivation for establishing copyright was based on in nursing nmc code publishers greed, it does not mean copyright itself is evil. This seems to be referred to again and again in the article. * This article somehow seems to portray business as a dirty word, opposed to creativity: For e.g. That's what copyright does: it enables business models. is seen as something of an evil insider secret: Unfortunately, not all of the holy scene propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and uk power point honest as Kenswil's * The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to holy, get rich from creative works. I hope the statement author is not against getting rich from ones works of the mind. This article keeps on pounding on creativity as if its the ONLY motivation for intellectual/artistic works like books or music. The author presents two possible methods (as a sample): donation-ware and holy grail pledge based. But the article fails to present any concrete evidence of their success. This is probably the biggest practical concern. I admire the goodwill the author anticipates from the people out there but is it really the truth?

Is there any significant evidence for it? If this is indeed true, why doesnt Wal-Mart simply sell its items at the cost price (including distribution, marketing etc) + a voluntary donation to provide profits. There is first law of nature, plenty of donation-ware software out there, and I havent heard of any millionaires from these yet. Firefox makes tons of money, but its from their Google ad revenue sharing agreement. The pledge based system in my opinion is pretty problematic: making a pledge before even the work is grail witch, created? (and therefore having little idea of what one is actually paying the creator for) No thanks ! Now, I am not saying they are useless ideas: All I am saying is that they are unproven. In Nursing Nmc Code? I have seen many get rich from proprietary software, but yet to see creators/authors/artists getting rich to any significant degree from relinquishing copyright. And arguing for getting rid of copyright (not credit right) based on unproven principles is obviously not tenable.

* There are many other arguments that are simply opinions; I wont elaborate on all of them. But in the end all I can say is that if what the author believes is true, then the system will simply auto-regulate as the article argues in the end. Holy Scene? Now should we force it on creators by changing the copyright law? That I am not too sure about. I am myself in the process of writing a book and to be honest would feel uncomfortable if I am forced to relinquish my rights (open to debate of accountability nmc code, course), simply because the grail author feels I can make enough money from peoples benevolence. Re: Some concerns about your arguments. You write: The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to get rich from creative works. Why is that the issue?

Why should we prohibit everyone else from copying and making derivative works, in order that a few people (a tiny minority out of all artists, by the way) can get rich? If you want to get rich, go into investment banking that's what it's for. Nature? If you want to earn a living by being an artist, then by all means have a try, but don't think that you're likely to get rich from copyright revenues. Grail Witch? You might as well play the lottery. I'm not against people getting rich. I am against first us crippling important aspects of our society and justifying it on the grounds that it will enable some people to get rich. We don't justify other social policies that way; why should copyright be any different? Is this about getting rich or making a living? Submitted by scene Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-09-20 22:57.

I agree that there are not too many people getting rich - as in any area of life. But don't forget that the great majority of us want to make a living, and uk power point the sword of copyright cuts both ways. I am not an grail witch artist, my written work is purposeful and workmanlike at best, and first law of nature designed to holy witch, help me earn a living in another field. But I abide by current law and I wield this law to protect myself and on the Arab Countries my work. I have carefully crafted a website about evidence-based hypnosis. Witch Scene? I have researched and acknowledged my sources and provided information as accurately and interestingly as I can. My website brings me clients and builds my reputation. However, as well as practicing my craft, I do protect my work. On Contemporary? It aggravates me beyond words when other sites go up with whole pages lifted from mine. And no, I am not flattered by being copied.

I see no reason why someone else should brazenly benefit from my effort and I do something about it. It is interesting to me that another writer here was flattered to see his book had been ripped off, and scene I am guessing that this difference in attitude comes at least in part from the difference in purpose between us. Re: Is this about getting rich or making a living? You're talking about plagiarism, not copyright violation. Plagiarism is when people copy your work without crediting you. No one here is arguing in favor of that, and in fact this site advocates strong legal protections against plagiarism where necessary.

If you use the words ripped off to refer to both copying with attribution and copying without attribution, then you're using the same term for completely different things. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-07-27 07:25. Overall, I think you've written an on Contemporary Benefits Union excellent, thought-provoking article. However, while I was reading, a couple of things came to mind: 1) In describing the genesis of copyright law, leading up to the Statute of Anne, I think you unreasonably give the impression that the grail witch scene whole thing was lobbied for by publishers solely as a means of advancing their own self-interest by falsely advocating author's rights, and that Parliament simply fell for the ruse and passed the law. This overlooks the significance of publishing syndicates like the Essay Arab Countries Conger, which was quite upfront in demanding that Parliament grant exclusive rights to *publishers* so that they could prevent competitors from distributing works that the Conger considered it owned, having paid the author for them. (I think I'm also right in holy grail witch, saying that prior to the Statute of Anne, the courts generally backed up this state of uk power point, affairs, but I'm not 100% sure about that part.) 2) Similarly, I think you do a disservice to grail scene, Parliament by portraying it as simply going along with publishers' tale of their (and authors') woes, when I think it's fairer to say that in passing the Statute of Anne they were genuinely attempting to balance the interlocking interests of authors, publishers and society in general. It might be better to uk power point, note that intent, but point out holy scene, that the framework being used to president, make that decision was not very representative of the real writing-publishing environment, given that it was laid out for them by publishers, who of course had both the vested interest and the political capital to grail witch scene, get Parliament to see things their way from the outset.

3) Your depiction of the cost of digital distribution as, if not completely free, then as near to free as makes no odds is far too facile. In reality, digital distribution still costs money, it's just that the distribution costs are minuscule in comparison to the traditional costs of uk power point, doing a print run, or pressing thousands of records. The essay would be much improved if this side of the argument were made more accurate and fleshed out better, because once that is established it lends greater weight to suggestions about what creators of works could do to make money, i.e. it makes clearer the extent to which they would need to cover costs before being able to make a profit in a no-copyright world. Also, as a side note to this, you might want to check out economist Rufus Pollock's paper, Forever Minus a Day? Some Theory and Empirics of Optimal Copyright, which argues that as the cost of production/distribution of creative works goes down, the holy grail witch scene copyright term length should, logically, also go down. I think it gels nicely with a lot of what you're saying. Anyway, as I said, I really liked the article and will be paying attention to the site from now on!

PS I also wrote the Essay on The Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab above reply that starts, Given the way in grail scene, which the president during the depression industry, but I forgot to add my name! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-08-15 17:48. I've been wondering how the these and related issues affect things like Digital video instead of grail, standard video. Statement Nursing? For example, Rob Springer, the award winning TV producer, predicted that web video would take over holy grail and become the uk power point norm, especially in the face of 'forced' conversion to the Digital TV box. In fact, he has a video addition product that he's also developed - Add Video To Website - given his views on the issue. Now, the response of such forced conversions is grail witch, always to the contrary of what is indented, and it is hobbes first law of nature, almost exactly the same in the copyright market. Holy Grail? By forcing people to use pre-determined channels of buying and selling (through distributors and copyright processes), one has to wonder if this helps promote the general good - which is distribution of knowledge - or if it simply helps a certain few gather more funds to oppose the next bill proposing reform to copyright laws.

Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for statement nursing creative communism. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-08-13 02:08. I don't even know where to start. Maybe I'll pull some quotes from your (very interesting) article: But the overall historical record is clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators.This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the true purpose of grail witch, subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Who cares today what the historical record of copyright looks like? Distributors liked to be able to feed their families too, so a financial arrangement was made with the author.

Win/Win. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to during the depression, those who use the software, and some of grail, those users are willing to pay for it. Totally hypocritical. You're implying that books provide NO benefit to uk power point, those who read them. I can't tell you how much I benefited from Windows For Dummies.

And absolutely I was willing to pay for it. Holy Grail? Why would I expect someone whom I've never met to spend hundreds of statement nursing, his own hours to write a book just so I can learn how to use my computer? If copyright is not really needed to stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. I don't believe that your premise is grail, correct, or at least I wasn't convinced of it by anything in the article. And nothing is quite clear here. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in hobbes first, all creative artists as far as the RIAA is witch, concerned. Could you name some of them?

Shakespeare? No. First Law Of Nature? Stravinsky? No. Holy Grail Witch? The Beatles? Thomas Jefferson? Ernest Hemingway? Tolstoy? Bill Gates? No, no, no, no, no. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear.

Why analogize with CDs when you are discussing a paper. The vocal performance and song-writing style would of course prevent, say me, from European Union, putting my name on a Stevie Nicks song. Holy Scene? If there were no copyright laws, I can guarantee you that human nature would prevail and you would see one article 1,000 times, each with a different author listed. One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation.

He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in Essay on The Arab-Israeli Conflict Effect Arab Countries, that young age where money doesn't matter. (One can only holy scene hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.) The arguments are becoming more and more naive. Of course a 13 year old would think it was awesome if U2 took a song he wrote and sang it in concert or put it on an album.

He's got no bills to pay, no mortgage, no problems! Not a financial care in the world. Ask a struggling, homeless, 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans the same question. What do you think he would say? Sure!

Go ahead and let U2 get rich off of hobbes first nature, my music while I snuggle up in my cardboard box? You're asking for a Wikipedia of holy grail witch scene, great works. Don't like something someone else has written? Change a few words here and hobbes law of nature there and put your name on it. Then sell it because it's the only one of it's kind. But it was an interesting read anyway! Re: Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism. Most of what I would say in response to your comment is already in the articles on holy this site.

But a few points deserve specific rebuttal: You seem to be claiming that Shakespeare somehow benefited from copyright, but he died almost a century before copyright was invented. I don't know what you were talking about regarding Thomas Jefferson, who made no money from hobbes first nature, copyright that I'm aware of (corrections welcome, of course). Leo Tolstoy deliberately released his works into the public domain later in life, precisely because of moral concerns over the unnecessary propertizing effects of holy grail witch, copyright. In all, you may not have picked the best set of examples there :-). (Leaving aside the question of personal nursing, why Bill Gates is included in the list at grail witch scene, all. Examples Nursing? Or is the accumulation of great wealth in itself supposed to be a justification for copyright restrictions?) Those of us who work in the open source software world have already fulfilled this so-called naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism, and grail scene we seem to be doing just fine. And, as I mentioned, we don't have plagiarism problems. Also, I release non-software works onto the Internet, such that anyone could take them, change a few words, and release a new version (see, for example). Yet I do not suffer from plagiarism; I don't even worry about it.

It's been a non-issue. If someone were going to claim to have written something they didn't write, copyright wouldn't stop them, because they'd be claiming the copyright too anyway (as explained in more detail here and here). Of course books provide wonderful benefit to their readers; who would disagree? I love to read books; I write books too, and I like to hobbes first law of, get paid for doing so, and in fact am paid. I have no idea what made you think I was saying otherwise. Part of this argument is that there are plenty of ways of paying authors that do not involve criminalizing other people who share with each other; you seem to have missed that part. The 60 year old jazz musician in grail, New Orleans, living in nursing, a cardboard box while U2 gets rich off his songs, is largely a creature of your imagination. The majority of musicians do not make noticeable money from holy grail witch, copyright. And, if he existed, he would be in that cardboard box anyway if U2 didn't play his song.

But he would be somewhat better off if they did play it, because then at least he'd get the publicity (remember, attribution is a separate issue). By the first law of nature way, I have had the experience of a publisher publishing one of my freely-licensed books commercially and not paying any royalties. Grail Witch Scene? And you know what? I was happy: they were keeping it in print, and my reputation was enhanced. This is exactly analogous to the situation with your hypothetical jazz musician, but it happened to me in first nature, real life. Holy Grail Scene? (Except for accountability nmc code the part about living in holy, a cardboard box, but that was just a rhetorical device on your part: I don't think I actually have to live in a cardboard box to get the president points, do I?) The rest of your comments are already answered elsewhere on this site.

Submitted by holy grail witch Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-10-08 01:27. In one of the replies above, you said: About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. Who Was President The Depression? On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for grail witch scene preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

I've thought about this at hobbes first law of, some length. In fact, I've seen first hand how the non-compliance to copyright on sites like Youtube can greatly enhance the public awareness of filmmakers who would be little-known otherwise - of filmmakers whose works aren't even SOLD on DVD (because there is holy grail witch, a large financial risk involved in publishing unusual films, many such films are never released to the public after they have been made - or are never made in the first place). But here's the thing. Free Software can be (is) a viable business model because it's the technical support, etc. that the buyer pays for. Book authors can easily make money from Benefits of the, self-publishing their books; they can make it impossible to copy their works if they wish (all they have to holy witch scene, do is not release the complete text online, and make the book hard to scan by printing close to the centre). Perhaps they can also make money through some kind of donation system, but they will continue to have a choice in who was during the depression, the foreseeable future. Witch Scene? Musicians have, and always will have, the live performances which will be their bread butter.

Even if it becomes impossible to stop the spreading of their albums online, this might actually be a boost to them because it'll mean higher concert attendance. But film. I don't know. What do YOU see as the future for film as an art form in a world where copyright not a factor? It is very different from the other things you mentioned in certain ways. There are so many variables that it's hard for me to sort them all out. here are some thoughts, anyway: -We are rapidly approaching the point at which there will be absolutely no information loss between a 35mm film and a digitized version of the film.

It is already not all that difficult to download a perfect copy of a film over the internet. (in fact, we're there already, but I mean that soon this technology will be cheaper and uk power point more accessible) -Filmmaking, even on a small scale, more often than not requires the organization of holy scene, many different people and is generally not an easy thing to do well. In this, it is during, similar to software development. -Unlike software development, you can't make money by servicing the product (at least, I see no way to do it). -Like music, there might be a way to make money through performance. You would have to holy grail scene, commit to keeping every single copy of it on 35mm film for theatrical showings and not digitize it (or only digitize a reduced quality version of it, or only who was president part of it, or digitize it but guard it very carefully to prevent it from spreading). This would be a return to the pre-VHS business model, and would actually seem to put more power in the hands of distributors than is currently the case. -On websites like, thousands of hobbyists submit 100,000 often bizarre, mostly awful films. It doesn't really give me great hope for the idea of hobbyism as the future of filmmaking. Newgrounds did pay a few of its more prominent artists for their films - their number can be counted on single digits. -Websites like Atomfilms exist which serve to promote artists who would be seen as too risky by grail scene the mainstream industry. However, these websites depend on the ads before the film.

It's just another model that depends on controlling the distribution venue. -Many of filmmakings' greatest artistic triumphs occurred in places where the filmmakers had a consistent wage AND were not afraid to experiment and do what seemed right. I talk about the examples nursing subject a bit over here: This raises a somewhat different question - is holy witch, it actually more efficient for a society to provide some base level of statement examples nursing, stable funding for filmmaking, and allow the filmmakers to decide with their colleagues what they should be making, and who should be given what budget? If filmmakers were given a small but steady wage, and the films they made released into the public domain or CC license, this would allow them to experiment more AND make their connection with the public stronger (because they would judge the success of one of their own films based on the public reaction rather than how much money it made, which is often dependent more on marketing, distribution and plain chance than the film's quality). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-11-05 07:32. I think the grail witch scene solution for movies (and specifically: making enough money from Effect Arab, movies to sustain the costs of making them professionally) in a post-copyright world may lie in the approach to business models applied. How about a business that sustains itself by providing a richer experience for holy witch the audience? Would people pay more money (or indeed pay ANY money) to enjoy a movie, if they can view the movie at law of, home, downloaded for free? Yes I think so, if the experience they get for that money is viewed as greater. An example or two: Would you pay money to see the film in a well crafted environment (such as a modern movie theatre), with superb sound and picture quality?

Would you pay if the event was a premiere, with the holy grail scene producer/writer/director/whoever doing a short introduction and taking questions after the show? Would you pay if it wasn't a premiere, but instead you got a personal copy of the film to take home, with a printed leaflet (akin to a theatre programme), all in nice wrapping? In short, would you pay to get an enriched experience, rather than just the movie, downloaded to your home network. Well, not everybody would, but I think a lot of people would pay for the richer experience. If these examples alone are enough to sustain an industry resembling today's Hollywood or Bollywood, I don't know - most likely not. But I think the examples point to the solution; industries which have hitherto relied on personal statement the concept of copyrights (and their enforcement) to protect their business models in the face of a technology shift which threatens to render that model obsolete, are just prolonging the death struggle on the road to the inevitable solution: Change your business model when the old one doesn't work, or perish. I think it's that simple. Mankind is not known for a lack of creativity when it comes to finding new ways of making money.

A movie industry (with all the grail scene creativity floating around that scene) surely will find not a way to do it, but probably a full plethora of ways of bringing you (the audience) great entertainment while making a buck. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-12 22:27. With the growing Bollywood film industry, I am starting to wonder how much of an statement nursing issue copyright is in India? Indian cinema is blowing up big, and with the witch scene internet around, it would be so easy to download these. Perhaps this leads to greater exposure and familiarity with Bollywood etc.

This could help the uk power point industry grow even more on an international scale. the way of the scene future? Actresses like Aishwarya Rai and Katrina Kaif are already growing to be household names and they are primarily from Bollywood films. I know Indian cinema already 'borrows' Hollywood films and injects their own song and dance to appeal to Indian audiences. On The Conflict Effect Countries? This seems like a breach of copyright to me. The future of copyright infringement will be an interesting one (especially with YouTube and the like) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:11.

This message is licensed under the terms of creative communism. And don't try to stop me from licensing everything under the terms of creative communism. Steal this message if you want, claim as your own, I don't care, but don't try to impose copyright restrictions (or any other restrictions) on it. The copyright notice at the bottom of this page seems similar to creative communism already, so it is grail, a good start. I will make new computer system and other products, and it will be open-source and stuff, so that the general public is Essay on The Effect on the Arab, benefit instead of bad people (an example of bad people is the MAFIAA, the Music And Film Association of America).

When everybody start using creative communist software then companies with too much money (because they are greedy) will be no longer. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:12. Oops, I forgot to grail witch scene, write one thing, it includes not only president the depression computer systems and software, but also music, movies, books, and other stuff. The physical property are own by whoever purchases it (or makes it themself), but intelectual properties will be free for everyone. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 06:05. And now with things like the DMCA are coming to Canada and that sort of thing really scares me. Holy Grail Witch? It's the whole overreach thing that is a big issue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-12-23 11:12. Thank you for the link to this page. Ive been studying IP for a while and, much to my embarrassment, didnt know about much of what you spoke of in on The Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect, your talk. Holy Witch? Ive never felt comfortable with copyright law primarily, I think, because law school taught us to first nature, look at it in terms of how it allegedly protects authors despite the fact that it quite obviously does next to holy grail scene, nothing in that respect. (Personally, the only use Ive ever had for copyright has been to use it to try to decrease the hobbes law of nature control which publishers have over witch scene an MS once it has been sent to them.)

Stopping to think of copyright law solely in hobbes first law of, terms of how it supposedly protects authors has enabled me to feel as though I'm finally beginning to scene, understand it. That's the kind of reaction every writer hopes for thank you so much, Nandita. Indeed, you'd better watch out: that kind of comment might cause us to ask you later if you want to help with any of who was president, our projects :-). It's interesting how students of copyright law are rarely taught copyright's history (for what it's worth, many other students have made comments similar to yours). Holy Witch? The students are never exposed to the notion that copyright was designed to subsidize replication, not creation, or that it was designed around a particular set of technological constraints, constraints that do not hold today. This may have something to do with the fact that today's professors came of age in a time when their own publications, including books, were distributed via traditional mass print runs. Thus they have real-life experience with copyright, but mediated by their dealings with publishers. Since this was all mostly off the Arab-Israeli Conflict Effect on the Internet (online distribution of academic papers being still in witch, its infancy), those professors tend to see copyright as a law that enables the president distribution of their ideas; that's how the publishers present it, after all, and in a printing-press-based world, it's a reasonable assertion. But this all probably informs how the professors teach copyright.

Even then, as you pointed out, many of them have complaints about the holy witch amount of control the uk power point publisher gets over the manuscript. I even know a professor who can no longer obtain copies of his own book: it's out of print, but the publisher won't let anyone else print it either. (This may be a familiar story in academia, I don't know.) I wonder how long the categorization of copyrights, patents, and trademarks together as intellectual property law can hold up. Holy? They're all quite different from each other; there is probably some similarity between copyrights and patents, but there's hardly any meaningful similarity between them and trademarks. Yet somehow these things all got lumped together as IP. Law Of Nature? Because copyright-based industries are always careful to mention them in the same breath (see Bill Hilf's marvelous conflation while answering a question at the end of this presentation, for example), the public gets fooled. If I had a dollar for every time I talked to a complete stranger about copyright and heard them ask Well, but don't you think trademarks are important? , I'd surely be able to fund from the holy witch scene proceeds. It would be better if law schools and Arab-Israeli & Its Effect on the Arab Countries other academic institutions treated them as unrelated fields of study. That would do a lot to holy grail scene, alleviate the confusion (for the pro-copyright industry, a welcome confusion) that surrounds them now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-01-22 19:32.

First of all, thank you for the great article. You have made your point very well. I just wanted to Essay on The Arab-Israeli Conflict Effect Arab Countries, make a quick comment about your statement Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and holy grail witch aesthetically. Recently, the broadway musical The Wedding Singer came to our Performing Arts Center here in town. Being a fan of the Essay Benefits Union movie, my wife and I bought tickets right away. We attended the show and highly anticipated the 80's songs that were played in the movie.

To our surprise, they did not play one song from the movie. In fact, they did not play any songs from the holy grail scene 80's at all. What a disappointment. I did some research after the show only to find out that because of copyright issues the show could not include any of the 80's songs. I think this is a perfect example of where Copyright completely ruined what could have been a terrific show and if the copyright could have been abandoned, both artists and audiences would have benefitted, financially and aesthetically! Thanks for hobbes law of your kind words about the article, and for telling us about this incident (which may be a good candidate for inclusion in the Ghost Works Project, actually). Publication of grail, scientific research. Submitted by hobbes first law of nature Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-02-02 18:22. I enjoyed your article, and holy grail scene the obvious depth of accountability in nursing nmc code, thinking you have put into grail scene, your subject. I wondered if you have looked at the situation regarding scientific / medical research work?

In this world, a researcher does all the work, then submits it to an academic journal, e.g. Nature, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine etc. The author makes no money from the publication of the work, but the publisher does charge significant fees to nursing, anyone who wants to holy grail witch scene, buy the work. Similarly if the researcher wants to read the works of his / her peers, he has to uk power point, pay the publishing house to access those works. So basically, the publishing houses exist simply to restrict access to scientific works and make profits for grail witch themselves by restricting access to work made by the researchers.

It seems to me that these situations are very similar to those of artists and other creative people described in your article. Re: Publication of scientific research. I'm glad you liked the article, thanks. Take a look at Public Library of uk power point, Science -- they're doing wonderful work to address exactly the situation you described. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on witch Tue, 2008-02-26 15:18. Recently I was discussing a relevant topic on a different forum, that of the anime industry and fansubs, and I think, or at least hope, that one of the posts I came up with there is personal statement nursing, actually of great use to this debate as a whole. I'll give a link after my post, but I think that it's best if I give an adaptation of my post first, and holy witch scene then provide a link to where I originally posted it. This article has been a strong influence for me in my thinking about accountability nmc code, copyright, and this post is no exclusion. First of all, I'll quote the words of Zac, the executive editor of holy grail scene, Anime News Network, because what he said was crucial to my post:- You know, the more I read up on copyright law, the more I agree it needs to be changed dramatically.

But not in president, the way you're suggesting. Copyright law appears to have been written to help foster the creation of new art and the promotion of the sciences. Holy Witch Scene? What it doesn't do is protect a company's product, and that's what entertainment media is - a product. Episode #756 of Naruto is no different from a can of accountability in nursing, Coke, realistically speaking. Grail Witch? It is a consumable product, created and marketed much in the same way a can of soda is. Because in the digital age it has no physical form other than bytes stored on a hard drive doesn't mean it's somehow less of a product - because people can classify entertainment product as art doesn't mean it somehow becomes less of a product, not part of the economy and not a business but instead some vague protected art. This argument isn't quite fully formed - I guess what I'm trying to say is that while copyright law protects ideas, concepts and accountability images, an episode of Naruto is not just a collection of holy witch scene, ideas, concepts and images - it's a product, created to be sold to Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Effect, a certain demographic.

It is no more art than a candy bar. Copyright law seems to assume that there's this grand artistic community that needs protection in order to foster the creation of new works for the betterment of all but doesn't take into account the fact that entertainment is a business and these TV shows and movies are products. If we were to holy witch, actually acknowledge this fact - that anime is not some grandiose art that deserves to be seen by as many people as possible but rather a commercial endeavor like any other business - the whole 'it's not theft if I copy it a zillion times and personal statement examples nursing give it away for free to anyone who wants it!' argument loses steam. Grail Witch Scene? Distributing Naruto episodes online illegally should be regarded as being no different from having a magic machine that xeroxes cans of Coke and standing in front of the store handing both the Coke and the machine out to anyone who shows interest. Now, without further ado, the accountability nmc code content of my post, adapted slightly, primarily to remove the core of referencing to holy grail witch scene, anime specifically, since the issues were generally applicable. Great stuff Zac! It seemed that the thread was dying, but you've just offered us this great post. When you discuss the Essay & Its Effect Arab writing of copyright law, I guess you mean current coypright law was written with that in holy, mind, because, as you can read in The Promise of a Post-Copyright World, copyright in its initial form was written as a censorship mechanism, which was also used as a monopoly for the Stationers. Now, if you mean copyright as it was laid out in the United States First Amendment, then yes, that is how it was written.

However, is that the Essay Benefits European Union purpose it currently serves? I would say that this is evidently not the case; it is a tool of the holy scene RIAA, MPAA, etc., just as it was a tool of the Stationers. Who Was President The Depression? It's a tool they're using to protect their profits, but sadly for grail witch them, it's not working too well. Now, I'll go onto the Coke xeroxing machine analogy, because I think it's an absolutely brilliant analogy to talk about, and I think I can use it to make something very convincing. If technology that could xerox a can of Coke were to exist, then what is the cost of producing a can of Coke?

Zero. Would this also mean that Coke is worthless? It seems so, doesn't it, but shortly I'll explain why that might not be the case. At this stage this seems like a horrible analogy to books and president video of today, since video especially can be very costly to produce. But no, if you look deeper still, there is actually something you can draw from the analogy. Either something that can be copied indefinetely is holy grail witch, valueless (infinite supply = zero price), as one could argue easily from an economic perspective, or there is something else to the product that has some kind of inherent value. However, any value in such a product clearly cannot lie in the physical form of the product, and that is why it is essential that any digital product must, by nmc code necessity, be seen as having value of a different kind. And here, I propose two distinct types of value, value to scene, society (social value, I'll call it), and the value associated with the act of creation (For want of a better term I'll call it creative cost). Consequently, whether it is art or not is irrelevant - in its mere nature it cannot have value in the same way as a tangible product, but only in an intangible sense.

The very idea of trying to law of nature, attach a standard, non-zero economic value to the product itself in grail scene, the case of Essay on Contemporary European, something that can be infinitely reproduced is clearly unsound. However, the other two types of value I suggested can be applied just fine. Now I'll apply the value system I've just fleshed out to your Coke analogy, arguing that even if Coke costs nothing to reproduce (and hence produce, because the two things are equivalent in this case (though this is not the witch scene case for other products), it is not worthless. Firstly, Coke has social value - it is capable of providing enjoyment to society, or at least that's what Coke advertises =D. Secondly, there is the value associated with the hobbes first law of act of having invented Coke. Without the first Coke having been created in the first place, infinite reproduction would be impossible. In the case of witch scene, Coke, the law attempts (or attempted) to recognise this value by giving Coca-Cola a patent for their product. As for any creative work, it has those same two types of inherent value. There is the social value, and the creative cost. Personal Examples? One can agree to this without accepting any creative work as art at all; social value is witch, benefit to society of any kind, it need not be artistic; many commercial works can still be said to Essay on The Arab-Israeli Effect on the, be of value to society, even if that value is not artistic.

As for creative cost, well, the holy grail witch scene fact that a television show costs money to of the, create is undeniable, so it certainly possesses creative cost. In the case of a written work, it can be done by grail witch scene a single person merely by spending time, but, as is all too often said, time is money. So, with this in mind, I'll return this to the issue of creative cost. It is examples nursing, clear that not everyone who produces something that is a digital (or digitizable) product can offer it for free, though that would be best for society. However, once something is produced, economics says that it would be completely and utterly stupid to prevent near-infinite reproduction when it's so damned cheap. Hence comes the issue, and it is the very issue copyright failed to solve - how do you foster the creation of things that have no tangible value, but have significant social value as well as creation cost? Copyright is a possible answer to this, but the holy witch fact is that it doesn't work. As far as I can see, there is no simple way to hobbes law of nature, sort out such a question from a legislative perspective without significant violation of holy grail, civil liberties. Hobbes Law Of? Consequently, the true onus is on society as a whole to find ways of repaying the creative cost. In the case of businesses, their role in this affair is witch scene, that they will need to make profit from the social value of uk power point, such a thing, rather than relying on the value of holy witch scene, a physical product.

In the thread I said that a number of solutions to in nursing nmc code, these problems already exist, and mentioned some of them, but that is unneccessary on this site. I'll return to grail witch, the Coke-xeroxing machine to hobbes nature, summarize - the grail witch presence of uk power point, such a Coke-xeroxing machine could be seen as nothing other than a bonus to society. Let me now change that Coke-xeroxing machine to grail witch scene, a food-xeroxing machine (I admit I'm twisting Zac's argument slightly to get something yet more convincing out of it, and I apologize). That would be nothing other than an ENORMOUS benefit to society - it would alleviate world hunger in one fell swoop. The Internet should be seen in the exact same way. I believe a lot of what I'm saying is rather similar to what I read in this article, but I hope I'm adding something of value. Now a link to the original posts, though I think it's unneccessary:-

Submitted by accountability in nursing nmc code Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-02-26 16:31. Having thought about this further, I think there's a slight correction I need to make. When I use the holy grail witch scene analogy, I assert value in the form of creative cost, and then I use two different examples of such, the invention of Coke, and the creation of hobbes, some kind of work. It makes for a good analogy, but I may have fallen prey to the whole grouping IP together fallacy. Now, Coke have chosen not to grail scene, patent their formula, but the fact that the patent was available to them remains.

However, if it were something infinitely reproducible, then, in the same way it has for software, patent law would be subject to in nursing, real, mainstream debate, which is a way in which we can only wish copyright would behave. A Coke xeroxing machine would, in fact, (or at least I would hope so) be seen as a whole new invention having merits of witch scene, its own. Consequently, while parallels can be drawn between patent and copyright, that is not to say that the same course of in nursing nmc code, action should be taken for grail scene both. While both are about accountability in nursing, providing incentive to creators, patent is indeed wholly different; and, more crucially, the grail scene current patent system is personal statement, viable, while the copyright system certainly is not. The current patent system is viable?? . the current patent system is viable ? Those who have the most experience with it are the scene ones most likely to disagree with this statement :-). I tend to think that abstract economic analyses (I've made many myself, so I'm guilty too) of who was president, creativity vs products vs distribution, etc, miss the main point: We've just built a world-wide copying machine.

It makes perfect copies every time, and costs almost nothing per-copy. So, are we going to let ourselves use it or not? Submitted by grail scene Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-02-27 07:32. I'm sorry, I was just afraid I'd made a mistake in European Union, drawing a parallel in the way that I did, so I basically tried to cover my tracks as far as that parallel was concerned, and it didn't really help. Sure, one might say that the core principle is that we have this world-wide copying machine and it would make no sense whatsoever to limit its use, but I think analysis such as mine helps to understand how society can adapt to its presence. I think that what analysing the value behind products like digital media offers us at the least a viable outlook on how people can be reimbursed for their work, even an overall idea as to how a business can produce digital media and give it away for holy witch free. The basic principle for statement a business would be a simple one - harnessing the social value of the holy product to repay the creative cost, and make a profit as well. Sure, I understand what you're saying, but I also think we tend to fetishize familiar economic models -- indeed, we fetishize economic value itself, forgetting that economics is as capable of adjusting to new policy as policy is to uk power point, economics. Here's another way to think about it: If it were the mid-1400s right now, but instead of inventing the printing press, Gutenberg had somehow invented the grail witch scene Internet, would anyone ever seriously have proposed anything resembling copyright law?

No, surely not. Free circulation of texts, etc, had been the norm up till then. The only president during restrictions were physical: how quickly and how accurately you or your scribes could copy. Grail Witch Scene? There is no reason to think that the appearance of a perfect, global copying machine into that environment would have led to an urge to restrict sharing (except for purposes of Essay Conflict & Its Effect Arab, political censorship, of course, but that's not an acceptable motivation today). When the printing press (not the Internet) did appear, it had certain physical limitations, and economics and policy both adjusted to that. Now those limitations are gone -- not merely alleviated, but entirely obliterated. Economics can adjust again to the real world, as it should. To argue that we should preserve economics adjustments that were designed specifically around earlier physical limitations implies that either the adjustments or the limitations still serve some purpose, but if so, what? The mere preservation of grail witch scene, a business model seems to me to be a weak goal. If the value we attribute to copyrighted works today partly depends on the monopoly restrictions of copyright, then where in this accounting do we figure in the negative number -- that is, the inverse value of those who wished to copy and make derivative works but couldn't? (Like Eldred, the publisher in Eldred vs Ashcroft, for example; see the Ghost Works article for who was president during the depression another example. ) What bothers me is so-called economic analyses that leave out whole sides of the holy grail equations, and calculate value using the narrowly-defined formulas with which the publishing industry determines its profits.

Those don't represent value from society's point of view, they only hobbes law of represent the value to one party in a multi-party transaction. If we're going to do economic analysis, let's do it for holy grail real, instead of letting the on Contemporary of the European terms be defined in such a way that the outcome is grail scene, a foregone conclusion! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-03-03 03:37. Well, I guess that's basically what I was trying to do - include a broader definition of value in my analysis, and see where that lead. It still gave me the same conclusions that you came up with - everyone with a stake in the issue needs to realise that the current copyright model is unneccessary, and ineffective. Yup. Sorry, I get too caught up in tactics sometimes (and have been debating economists perhaps a bit too much lately -- it makes for Essay on Contemporary European Union bad reflexes :-) ). I didn't mean to imply that you had come to a conclusion other than the one you came to.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-07-11 16:13. I dont think that the current patent system is holy witch scene, viable at all. The way it is set up it only hobbes first law of nature serves the purpose of holy witch scene, making sure copyright lawyers drive mercedes instead of first nature, honda. Do you have any idea how much it costs to holy, get pattent protection? Submitted by Essay Benefits of the European Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-09-24 08:21. This is an interesting article, when it comes to japanese animation industry, the fansub community (represented by some web sites like AnimeSuki and holy witch Fansub-BT) are having some troubles with copyright owners when they translate unlicensed animes into different languages but it really helps the industry in choosing what anime they need to buy a license on a specific country. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-04-13 07:07. A friend and I were actually talking about the subject of who was president, Copyrights and holy she sent me a link to your article. Very interesting points you've made and I have to say that my stance on the topic has changed considerably as a result of your arguments.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-05-03 21:25. Bingo this is exactly what I was after, answered a lot of questions I was pondering about. very neat paper definitely adding this to bookmarks as I'll be covering this subject more in depth next semester. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-05-23 09:52. The copyright of a work is initially assigned to the person(s) that created it. Statement Examples? Selling the copyright (the work) to holy grail, a publisher is one major way a creative person makes money from their work. Prices publishers pay for copyrighted works have to do with their marketability just like any business. A song by the Rolling Stones will bring more money than a song by the local high school rock band. A new book by J.K.

Rowling commands a bigger rate than, say, a book by you. No one I know is on Contemporary European, making money off of what you call the grail free stream. It gets a lot of ink from Internet types but no creative person is making money on it. Suggested donation? the Essay on The Arab-Israeli Effect on the Countries day I can buy my groceries with a suggested donation is the day I'll allow a suggested donation for holy grail witch scene my labor. Uk Power Point? Anyone else out there want to grail scene, turn their paycheck into a suggested donation? how much have you made with your paypal donate button on this site??

I am not the RIAA, I am not a corporation. What you are describing here would take away my ability to accountability nmc code, feed my family. And if you ever succeeded in doing that you would soon see how fast your battle for witch scene copyright would become a personal one. I've made my living for uk power point about 15 years from the free stream. Submitted by grail witch scene Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-10-26 02:52. Obviously you are talking from a very personal point of view and no-one would deny your right to feed your family but there must be better ways of implementing copyright laws than the way they are today. With the Essay & Its Countries reach of the internet, they simply are not enforceable anyway. Anything you can get your hands on in data form (words, code, music etc) you can get for free on grail scene the net and some countries do not respect the copyright of others so what are we to do?

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2010-01-18 06:16. copyright is not needed to protect from fraud. the best protection is knowing the statement reputation of those you work with just like all other businesses not protected by copyright. copyright will become obsolete as more authors and artists make their works of authorship(information) freely available on the internet as an advertisement for the sale of a packaging(physical object) or service(presentation or website or concert) which embodies the holy information. with millions of uk power point, creative works being published every single day, modern musicians or authors should fear obscurity. far more than piracy. authors who insist on being monopolists of information will eventually fail and those who are able to holy grail scene, get their information copied and in widespread usage will thrive. Nmc Code? this is how things were before copyright existed. if copyright was abolished then the holy grail witch scene internet would become a vast source of information for everyone to during the depression, access and to use and to grail witch, benefit from as it should be in a free society. society has decided that it will not be deprived of the. free flow of who was, information. this is called progress and you cannot stop it. Holy Grail Witch? what society needs to do now is abolish copyright to stop the cruel and arbitrary punishment from copyright infringement. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 08:58. It's apparent that you have no understanding of the real music industry. You've obviously never sat in a room alone with a musical instrument and personal examples a blank page and emerge hours later with art so powerful it changes lives, encourages the hopeless or time stamps a special memory.

This act of creativity takes years or even decades to perfect. Your theory suggests that if I master quantum physics and just because I have the technology to move objects that were designed, created and manufactured by others who spent countless hours perfecting their skills, then it would be justified to share with everyone for the good of the people. Witch Scene? I find it amusing that advocates of free music and those who frown upon copyright law like, Chris Anderson, are still charging me for my Wired Magazine subscriptions. Your post sounds like a socialist agenda but please humor me and personal statement enlighten me step by step, (which I will outline the holy scene process for you below) as to how this aforementioned artist would be able to, not only Essay on Contemporary Benefits support themselves, but underwrite the associated costs. Let's assume the grail witch scene artist is already established so we won't have the Essay Arab-Israeli Conflict Effect on the Countries argument that, Well maybe this artist doesn't have what it takes. Artist writes a song that by today's standards feels like a hit.

The artist will need to record the song and will either have to purchase a computer with recording software and learn how to engineer or go to the local recording studio, which is like the chicken or the egg scenario. Grail? Recording studios exists because the income artists receive from uk power point, selling music flows back to other professionals like engineers, photographers, graphic design etc This is why so many recording studios no longer exist. Artist pays modestly 20k to record one song, which includes the studio, an engineer, a mix engineer, 4 musicians, a producer, background vocalists etc. Holy? Depending on the song, this would be the bottom-line budget by today's standards. Uk Power Point? If strings, horns or specialty instruments are needed, that would be additional costs. Basic strings will cost 7500.00 to 15k per session. Witch? Lastly, travel costs for uk power point the artist would likely be added above this budget, so let's say the artist is all-in for holy witch scene 25k. Artist now goes on the road to promote the song. The travel cost associated with touring is complex and involves hundreds of people who depend on getting paid as well.

However, now that the song is finished and the artist is ready to promote the song, we give the song away for free online. Please tell me how said artist gets paid or even recoups production costs. If you're telling me that word of mouth will make people go buy the uk power point music at iTunes, that's not realistic. I have an artist with 60 million youtube views. We sold 50k singles last year because everyone knows they can get it for free on youtube.

Guess who's making the money there? Tell me how not only the artist, but the holy witch scene producer, writer, musicians, photographer, graphic designer, marketing department, booking agent and all others associated with making the one piece of music gets paid if we're to give it away? Submitted by statement examples nursing Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 16:53. Maybe that artist should make music for hire instead of making it without pay and then expecting people to holy witch scene, pay him? You don't agree to who was president during the depression, do any other service before some form of payment is established do you? Fund and scene release. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-16 04:21. Just wanted to let you know that we posted a large part of your article at

Submitted by Benefits European Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-06-18 13:53. Great articles and comments, how can I translate it in holy grail scene, another language? I mean, am I allowed to translate it and post it on my web site if I send you the address and all? Re: Translation into more languages. Free copyright means free copyright: you don't have to ask my permission to make translations. I'd appreciate it if you'd send back a link if you do, though, so we can point people to it. Submitted by Essay Arab-Israeli & Its on the Anonymous (not verified) on grail Thu, 2008-06-19 16:17. A distinction needs to be made between different kinds of Conflict & Its Effect on the, media and creativity. Written material is extremely easy to duplicate and tag your name to as compared to more 'live' material such as music and video.

For example, a site such as Sean Nalewanyj - the guy's entire income is dependent upon the fact that he INDEED is the author of the program in question. If there was no copyright, tons of people could simply stick their name up on the program and start selling it. On the holy grail scene other hand, it is rather obvious that there is a HUGE difference between sharing content and in nursing nmc code copying content. As time goes on, I'm sure the distinction will become clearer and many of holy grail witch scene, these issues will start dying down. Good article nonetheless! Re: A distinction needs to be made. You're confusing copyright with protection from plagiarism. They're unrelated: one is about making copies, the other is about attribution.

Anyway, if someone is going to falsely claim authorship of a work, then they'll falsely claim the copyright at the same time. On Contemporary Union? All the copyright laws in the world won't help the original author then -- the case needs to be prosecuted as fraud. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy witch Wed, 2008-07-09 11:58. They're fighting to who was president, maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work . You've got it in a nutshell, right there. Scene? That's the crux of the issue. Until the creative community can foster a different state of mind, the insanity of current copyright enforcement will continue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on uk power point Thu, 2008-07-10 11:33. Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of holy, authorship exclusive rights to it, usually for personal statement examples a limited time, after which the work enters the public domain. Generally, it is the grail scene right to copy, but also gives the copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the nmc code work to other forms, who may perform the grail witch scene work, who may financially benefit from it, and other, related rights. It is an hobbes intellectual property form (like the witch patent, the trademark, and Essay Conflict the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete. i hope we get this prtected as we protect our kids and save this for our future. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-06-03 07:24.

A century of censorship is hardly a limited amount of time. That means artists can live their whole lives without ever being able to participate in the culture they exist in. Your kids won't be able to create art that has anything to do with the art owned by corporations during their lifetimes. Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-02-11 10:51. I offer all my songs under the grail witch scene Creative Commons because as an independent music producer I am well aware of the changing of the accountability in nursing tides you have mentioned. The fact is grail, that the Internet, Peer 2 peer networks are comparable to one big radio station that is great for promoting artists (my site increases in traffic daily), but bad, bad, bad for record companies. So whats my business model? Same as any blog, and my music gets the word out.

Re: Creative Commons and personal statement nursing New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-22 17:43. What sort of donations do you receive on average per download? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2009-06-21 01:17. You have made good article to share. I will destribute it to my friends via email. I think in the today's modern industry of technology and internet it is almost impossible to stop unauthorised destribution. That is because everyone can place any content over holy scene the internet and people will not pay any money if they are getting the personal same thing for free. However, i never knew the history of copyright and holy grail i surprised that the copyright is not for authors, but for destributor companies. End of uk power point, something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-11-02 10:24.

I think you'll find that a large portion of creators who seek another way are abandoning, not copyright, but publishers. They retain their copyright, and one of the big reasons is to protect themselves from someone taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Look carefully, for example, at the GNU General Public License (the copyleft) and you will see that it cannot operate without the existence of holy, copyright *and its retention by accountability in nursing the creator*. Other models are possible. There's nothing to grail scene, prevent an author offering a limited-term exclusive license to publish his work while retaining copyright, including the right to offer other licenses to others when the term of exclusivity has expired. Can that sort of agreement be used to optimize the benefit to the author? Beats me, but I'm sure that someone will try it, if it hasn't been tried already. Accountability In Nursing? But again it depends on the author's copyright -- he just uses it differently. Without copyright, there would be only grail *one* viable business model: the if you liked this, you might send me some money model.

Works for uk power point some, maybe not for others. Let's keep copyright and encourage creators to use it *ahem* creatively, and see what develops. Scene? There's a different axis for free culture. End of something, but maybe not copyright. There are many business models that work without monopolizing content. We've documented real-life examples of some of uk power point, them here (see the Sita Distribution Project results, for example). You're writing from the holy grail witch scene perspective that this is just a matter of the author's choice, that whatever the author chooses to do is okay, isn't it great how the uk power point Internet gives authors so many more possibilities today, etc. It is great, but the Internet also gives everyone more possibilities: authors, sometime authors, readers, filmmakers, composers, everyone.

The argument we're making is in essence a civil rights argument, not an economics argument: why should anyone (publisher, author, author's estate, etc) have a monopoly over what you can do with your copies? Or what I can do? Given that there are so many more ways to use copies now than there used to holy grail witch scene, be, it doesn't make sense to monopolize them. I wasn't sure what you meant about who was president, taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against grail witch the sharers. Without copyright, how would one wage war against sharers? The GNU GPL and other copyleft licenses do not fundamentally depend on copyright; they could be implemented without copyright too very easily. See this article excerpt for more on that. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 10:48. I think the question here--and I'm curious about this, too--is how to make sure others follow the CC license, or whatever license the author uses.

For example, what would happen if Paramount Pictures decided to issue Sita Sings the Blues on a DVD and copyright it. Then Paramount's lawyers started issuing Cease and Desist orders to the file sharers and other DVD distributors. (This is a pretty extreme example, I know.) How is the CC license enforced? Who keeps somebody else from personal statement examples, Copyrighting your work? I know Nina Paley is the author of Sita, but technically what could she do to stop this? I almost think she (or any other author) would then, oddly enough, rely on the existing copyright laws to grail witch scene, stop them. Is this correct? Just curious. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Falsely claiming copyright or authorship is like any other kind of fraud. What keeps me from uk power point, claiming to holy grail witch, be you?

It's difficult to do it successfully, and on Contemporary Benefits of the Union there's a good chance that if you catch me, you'll have me punished (and after all, proving your case is easy -- once a fraud is detected, there's rarely any difficulty to prove it, since the closer people look, the holy witch scene more fraudulent the fraud appears). Hobbes Law Of? This dynamic is as true with copyright as with anything else. Another way to holy witch, say it is, this has nothing to do with free licenses. If copyright were so easy to steal, then it would happen all the time for the traditional restrictive licenses too. The reason it doesn't is statement nursing, that fraud is hard to holy grail scene, do right. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-16 10:00. Okay. I guess that makes sense.

BTW, I'm very much in favor of the Creative Commons license model, but, I just want to understand, legally, how it works.I know my example above about Paramount seemed abusrd, but there are smaller examples of things like this happening. Uk Power Point? I know of a company that colorized a 1936 public domain film, then tried to claim that it had restored the copyright on it--even the original Black and White version. I don't know if it would hold up in court or not, but cease and grail witch desist letters can scare distributors and websites away from hosting material. In this case, they weren't claiming authorship, but they were claiming ownership. Who Was? Now, I know we're not talking about Public Domain material here. But, what exactly are we talking about? I am going to make a film soon which I want to release for free with a CC-pro license. Do I need to Copyright it first? Is there any other legal means to holy witch scene, claim authorship?I don't mind doing so, but it does make me wonder about the wisdom of abolishing all copyright laws, if, in the end, we still rely on them to legally claim authorship of our work. Would everything otherwise become Public Domain, with a hope that people abide by the CC license?Does my question make sense?

Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Your question doesn't make sense -- but it's not your fault, it's the fault of the rather confusing copyright system. First of all, you automatically get copyright for what you produce. You don't need to register copyright, or pay a fee; technically you don't even have to put a copyright notice on the work, though for various reasons your life will be easier if you do. It's automatically copyrighted by you no matter what. What license terms you choose, though, is up to you.

(Remember, this is not about claiming authorship. You claim authorship by accountability nmc code putting your name on the work. That's independent of copyright. Even if you released the work to holy witch, the public domain (i.e., explicitly gave up your copyright), you would still be the on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect Arab Countries work's author. Witch Scene? Tolstoy's works are in the public domain, not under copyright at Essay on Contemporary Benefits of the, all, but Tolstoy is still known as their author. So you have to separate the idea of claiming authorship from claiming the right to restrict people from copying the work. Those are two totally different things.) Now, copyright is currently the only mechanism the law offers by which you can enforce a sharing-friendly license (i.e., a license that says derivative works must be freely shareable too). So, use a copyright license, no problem. Holy Grail Scene? Someday, as described in that excerpt I referenced earlier, the first nature law may provide you another way to encourage sharing, in which case you could switch to using that way.

Choosing a free license is not an endorsement of the holy witch scene copyright system. It is a use of the who was the depression copyright system to achieve something that copyright was not designed for. If there were no copyright in the first place, there would be no need for your license to specify that sharing is okay, because sharing would automatically be okay in holy grail witch scene, the first place. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on on Contemporary of the European Union Sun, 2010-01-31 18:18. Proving fraud is not easy. Ask a lawyer. Currently, the article The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights can be found at Fixed now, thank you. I'm an undergraduate student who became interested in this issue after watching Nina Paley's Sita Sings the scene Blues which, I might add, was a brilliant film. Recently I have begun work on on Contemporary Benefits of the my term paper for a Social Sciences class on this subject, and I have been using this article as well as the video talk you gave as some of my references.

I am also planning my presentation on this topic, and want to holy witch, cover all my bases. President The Depression? To that end, there is one question I have so far, specifically with incentives for creation and other methods of profit. You said that singers hold concerts which provide them with additional income, and there is Ms. Paley who has grants and funds. I'm not sure if you have already mentioned it, but what are alternatives for writers? Thanks in advance for your time, I hope it's an easy question to answer! link is holy grail scene, dead and seemed to be something else. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-04-21 04:56. A great and well-reasoned article. many thanks for laying these points down so clearly. However, is dead and now redirects to some domain name holding company, while search engines claim that it used to be a site for Publication racks and newspaper kiosks for sale in durable hardwood (!) A current example of nature, paper print-on-demand is Re: link is dead and seemed to be . Thanks, Martin. I'll make a note in the reference. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and holy grail The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-21 01:11. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Thank you so much! We link to it from the translations list at the top now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 04:25.

Well done admin! Removing the comments that showed the one fatal flaw in your plight for of the Union the use of copyrighted material?, let's all welcome hypocritical censorship as in sixteenth-century England. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-). Note that our comment policy (which is holy scene, displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to hobbes, publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. Electrons are cheap; you're free to get your own web site. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment.

So if you still have yours, please repost. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 13:23. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). I do remember what my comments said, but I will gladly look up the posts from my original backups to confirm. The volume of holy grail scene, spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-).

The volume of hobbes first law of, spam comments shows just how easy your site can be exploited, perhaps you should put your finger on the real pulse of the Internet and avoid such spam?. I will gladly volunteer to help with anything, but if you persist in deleting 'spam' comments from a comment poster along with responses by a resident artist (Nina Paley), just what exactly is accidental about that? Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. The comment (actually plural) was (= comments were) published. You were clearly cornered, Nina Paley attempted two feeble counters, but she failed miserably. Electrons are cheap; you're free to holy grail, get your own web site. I have my own website, in fact I have much more, please DO NOT use the loser response (so let's brush off the hecklers) when you are surely beyond that. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment. So if you still have yours, please repost.

I do not think a repost is personal statement examples, justifiable just yet, a stunning post which counters your basic principles is obviously just too much for you to grasp at holy grail witch, present. As an during the depression alternative, I'll give you time to rethink your basic strategy towards your goal. Trying to 'cloud over' the Bible quote with copyright is holy witch, a very poor response, with your resources you should know that copyright on the Bible is in most cases restricted to 'derivative', my original (deleted) comments were in fact copyrighted to me as the author of a 'derivative'. If you are going to who was, fight for something, make sure you cover ALL bases against attack!, counter ALL attacks successfully and you might just win. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. Scene? Tragically, those comments are gone forever, leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Personal Statement Examples Nursing? Oh cruel fate! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy grail witch scene Fri, 2010-06-18 09:31. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in in nursing, which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. It appears that your idea of eloquence is weak replies along with immature insults including what some would consider prejudice against people with weight disorders.

Your 'accidentally deleted' replies proved nothing about me of course, but certainly proved something much more substantial about Tragically, those comments are gone forever Fortunately those comments are not gone forever, because as someone who owns and grail scene maintains several websites - I backup EVERYTHING (especially any web pages with which I participate). leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Unless you consider mind reading a part of your talents you have absolutely no idea what true or false impressions I have of statement examples nursing, you, but your entire post does leave an outstanding impression of professionalism for public consumption. Submitted by scene Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 06:39. Thank you very much for the free work shared in this website. I?ll pack some of your content and hobbes will sell this nice free work and make some profit. Yep, some people dont have time (or patience) to dig your site, so I will offer a compilation and scene make mone with your free work, selling this compilation. Thank you again! Thank YOU!

Packaging and distributing books is a lot of work, and demands upfront monetary investment. Glad you're willing to take the uk power point financial risk on behalf of our message. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy grail Thu, 2010-07-22 08:47. No, no. No financial risk, no work either! I?ll just copy and on Contemporary Benefits European past the work in a DVD or CD and holy grail witch scene sell it.

Or even setup a paid download. Essay? And I will ask you to holy witch scene, not get pissed, because I?ll use your work to make money, but will never share it with you. Sue me! OOps, without a copyright law this will be quite impossible. Countries? :^) If burning DVDs and setting up paid downloads is no work for you, great. It's work for me. I say, go for it! Then come back and holy grail tell us how much $$$ you made.

I promise I won't sue - selling copies of my work doesn't violate the CC-BY-SA license. Seriously. Hobbes Law Of Nature? Go crazy. I kid you not. Why are you still reading this? Get burnin' and sellin'! You've got big bucks to grail witch, make!

Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2011-02-25 10:03. I'll just download the entire article for free at this website instead of giving this. Jackass any of my money. Thank you for a monumental and interesting body of work that we will be linking to. Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-03-06 23:35. You appear to be missing the point of the article completely. The idea is that having the information spread freely is a good thing.

So if you want to in nursing nmc code, make a copy and try to make money off it, thats great! It means it will be seen and holy grail witch enjoyed by on Contemporary of the European more people. If you end up making lots of money from it, we would be HAPPY ( aside from your attitude about witch, it being rather hostile). The point is Essay on Contemporary European, that sharing is good. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:39. Because this cause is holy grail witch, clearly socialist, and as an artist that cant manage to pay the bills with utopic ideas, I would like to ask what is the amount of accountability in nursing nmc code, artists that jumped in to this cause? I mean REAL artists, that spends lots of money and time studing his art? Any with children to grow up?

Any that pay taxes? If I would like to share my production freely, I dont need any change in the law, I just give it. Abolition of the holy scene copyright laws only benefit copiers (i.e. Statement Examples Nursing? parasites). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2010-08-17 05:37. Actually, many libertarians and classical liberals question copyright on witch philosophical or economic grounds. For example, See N. Stephen Kinsella's essay Against Intellectual Property. In short, he believes the in nursing concept of intellectual property weakens both physical property, and basic freedoms like freedom of grail scene, speech. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-15 10:57. I enjoyed most of the article, but you have the Statute of Anne completely inside-out, and it really weakens your case.

Consider the real story: First off, it's extremely disingenuous to refer to the Stationers' law as a copyright measure. It doesn't resemble what we think of as copyright in any way. True copyright began with the Statute of Anne, not the uk power point Stationers. The Stationers' publishing monopoly may have been based on censorship, but it also proved to be a highly efficient way to grail scene, encourage the creation and nursing distribution of books. Scene? Because it worked well, much better than patronage, by the time the Stationers' monopoly ended, the patronage system was on the way out. The monopoly had done a great deal of damage to the system, but with it gone, and Essay Benefits Union no strong, viable alternative, all that remained was anarchy. When anyone with a press could publish a written work, that frequently turned out to be exactly what happened.

And without regulatory laws and grail contracts to in nursing, keep them in line, they would publish their works under their own terms, frequently without any compensation to the authors. The simple truth is that authors asked for a copyright law in holy grail witch, order to keep the publishing houses from on The Arab-Israeli & Its Effect Arab, abusing expensive modern technology that wasn't generally available (the printing press) to their detriment and, quite frequently, their financial ruin. Once authors were able to harness the publishing companies, they could use the law to suppress abusive publishers and be able to holy grail scene, maintain an income based on their work. Parliament passed it with a very important provision: the expiration date. (Would a group of publishers seeking the restoration of a perpetual monopoly really lobby for one?) The idea is not to on Contemporary Union, use copyright as an scene incentive to get authors to create works, but as an incentive to accountability, get authors to enrich the public domain ; the grail witch scene same idea that's been used so successfully (originally, at least,) in during the depression, patents. When you see the origins of copyright as a means to suppress the abuses of holy grail witch scene, publishing companies rather than enable them, then the true scope of the abominations they've perpetrated over the last 40 years or so becomes clear. The Statute of Anne was developed for the explicit purpose of preventing wealthy publishing companies from abusing expensive modern technology to the detriment of authors. (It even says so in the preamble.) And ever since then, they've been patiently working to nmc code, restore status quo ante.

The Digital Millenium Copyright Act finally brings things full circle: It was developed for the explicit purpose of permitting wealthy publishing companies to abuse expensive modern technology, to the detriment of not only authors but the general public. That's the grail story that you need to be telling. The publishers have turned a legal tool meant to keep them under control into nmc code, a tool by which they can control the scene rest of us. The DMCA turns both law and common sense inside-out. DRM takes the control of hobbes nature, a computer's functionality out holy grail, of the hands of the computer's owner, overriding it and bending it to the will of uk power point, some other programmer, against holy witch scene the owner's will. In any other context, this is known as computer hacking, and it's a serious crime. Instead, the nmc code DMCA arbitrarily declares that this is legal, and that it is in fact a crime for holy a computer owner to reassert their own natural right to control of Essay Arab-Israeli Conflict & Its Arab Countries, their property by disabling or bypassing the hacker's DRM software. Copyright, as originally conceived, is a good idea, both for authors and for society as a whole.

The only people it harms are the publishers, and this is by design. Grail Witch? That's why they've spent so much effort to nmc code, work on changing it ever since it was invented. We need to work to restore it, to roll back the abusive mutations that have been introduced to the law, not abolishing it and leaving another power vacuum like the one that led to the creation of copyright law in holy witch scene, the first place. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of law of, a . Submitted by witch Anonymous (not verified) on uk power point Sun, 2010-11-14 19:45. Hi, Anonymous; thanks for your critique. (I'd love some sources for those points, if you have time to give them.) I don't completely agree, because there are important respects in which the original Stationers' monopolies really were like copyrights: they were treated as property by the Stationers themselves, within the Company. The resemblance is too strong to pass over unremarked. Also, the driving force behind the Statute of Anne was primarily the publishers, not authors. It is true that some authors understandably felt abused by printers, and this shaped the statute, but there seem to have been very few authors -- who were not also Stationers, that is -- directly lobbying for the model in the Statute of Anne.

Indeed, it would have made much more sense for authors to argue for a mandatory royalty rate and some statutory protections as to integrity of content, rather than for a transferable monopoly. Yet we ended up with a transferable monopoly. Grail? Why? Because the model was designed for uk power point the sustainability of the publishing industry, not for authorship per holy witch se. Thus it seems to me more accurate to say that the Statute of Anne was essentially a publisher-driven law that contained important concessions to who was during, authors and to holy scene, the public domain in order to get passed.

Undoing both types of uk power point, concessions has been the great project of the content industry in modern times. I think I actually agree with you that it was a good idea for scene its time. But today, when we have a zero-marginal-cost, worldwide copying and & Its on the Arab Countries editing machine, the opportunity cost of copyright is much higher -- even of holy witch scene, copyright as originally formulated by the Statute of Anne. If instead of the printing press, the Internet had been invented in the 1400s, I do not think we would see a development like copyright, because it wouldn't make much economic sense. The right thing to first law of nature, do today is not simply to restore copyright to its former balance, because it was only balanced in world that is now vanished. We need much more fundamental reform than that, to make copyright in the Internet age compatible with freedom of speech and with people's clear desire to share information and art without artificial restrictions.

-Karl Fogel (too lazy to log in, so just signing here) Re: The Surprising History of holy grail scene, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by first law of Anonymous (not verified) on witch Sat, 2010-10-30 01:55. There's an amazing book by Eckhard Hoffner Geschichte und Wesen des Urheberrechts (ISBN-10 : 3930893169). I'm afraid it's not yet available in english, but hopefully it will be some day. Hoffner claims that the rise of germany from a rather insignificant agrarian nation to hobbes first nature, an economic super power during the 19th century is mainly due to the absence of copyright in germany during that time, causing an holy grail witch explosion of wisdom.

Hoffner gives numerous intersting examples and comparisons to first nature, other countries of that time. The book is grail witch, just as eye-opening as this great article by kfogel. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:47. Thanks! Yes, we've been hearing a lot about statement examples, that book. I'd like to read it. Re: The Surprising History of holy grail witch, Copyright and The Promise of a . By the who was president during way, in holy scene, a world without copyright restrictions, you wouldn't have to hope that someday Eckhard Hoffner's book will be available in English. Instead, anyone who wanted to translate it could do so -- and probably would: see this article for more about what happens when spontaneous translation is permitted.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by hobbes law of nature Anonymous (not verified) on holy witch scene Wed, 2010-11-03 01:41. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:48. Minor correction to above comment: though many articles on this site are by Nina Paley, this one isn't (it's by Karl Fogel). Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Yes! Karl Fogel wrote this article, not me. It certainly influenced me.

Re: The Surprising History of accountability nmc code, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2012-05-01 06:33. yes you are right. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on holy Wed, 2011-01-19 18:23. Well, there's so much here to comment on, but I would point out who was president, that despite all the grail scene talk about protecting the artist, I haven't heard of any artist actually receiving any payment from sync or mechanical rights. Hobbes Law Of? The recording companies keep these. Grail Witch Scene? In fact, Roger McGuinn of the Byrds testified before Congress that he hadn't received one cent of promised royalties from the Byrds' albums despite the accountability nmc code albums being in print continuously for over 40 years! The record company keeps telling him that the records haven't made a profit yet, as if it would be logical to grail, keep something in print for 40 years that hasn't made money! So now, McGuinn releases his songs over the Internet and hobbes first controls all of his rights and collects all of his money.

Copyrights use to be only 20 years like patents. Thanks to the movie and grail witch recording industries, they've pushed corporate copyrights terms to 95 (!) years and individual copyrights to 150 years (or more). Benefits Of The? And nothing new has entered the public domain since 1998, nor will it until 2018 (if there isn't another copyright revision). The whole idea of copyright wasn't to tie up the rights so creative works would be squirreled away for grail witch scene a century. If a book publisher drops a book, the author can find another publisher. But if a record company drops an artist, it keeps their recordings forever. It's not right. These films and recordings are our national culture.

Re: The Surprising History of hobbes nature, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 20:53. So could I treat it like this: Authors have the right to keep secret. THose who want to share the secret should comply with the authors' terms and conditions. The terms and witch conditions was to be made in synergy with the law as a whole. Secrets that were made public by the authors were not secrets anymore. So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. Lie or dangerous modification of the free publication should be considered as fraud and so copyright infringement is not necessary. How about Marketability? What made us buy the hobbes law of things that we've bought? Don't people who gave us access to utility deserve payments?

So doesn't the holy creators of the Benefits of the internet deserve our money if we had access to good music because of the internet? I haven't paid anything to them have you? Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 21:09. 5. So the grail witch law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. I should've said So the Essay of the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free.

So if the authors demands payment for witch scene access, then it's not broadcasted, its exclusively available. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and uk power point The Promise of grail witch, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2012-07-09 07:45. I would like to know your thoughts on lessening the time limit on copyright, as how it used to be; for a limited time of exclusivity where the creator made a profit then it went to the public domain.

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