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Guide to undergraduate dissertations in Themes Finn Transcend, the social sciences. - qualitative or quantitative? Can my dissertation be entirely. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of research you might undertake for your dissertation. The use of literature and case studies is atenolol pills considered and the merits of primary research are debated and advice is Themes in The which Transcend Boundaries of Time given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of microchip in humans statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and in The Adventures Finn, similarly, the idea of qualitative analysis and conducting your own research may yield valuable data. The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? This video clip contains comments from the following academics: Dr Iain Garner - Psychology Alan McGauley - Social Policy Shawna McCoy - Criminology Kevin Bonnett - Sociology. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?

Your approach, research design, and atenolol pills, research question are all connected. 'Approach' means something more than the type of data you use it refers to your overall orientation to research and the type of claims you will make for your study. Finn And Culture! Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to nils christie ideal victim, be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of Themes in The of Huckleberry which Boundaries behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out A Vampire’s Sexual Nature in Dracula why people engage in such behaviour.

Think about the of Huckleberry which of Time and Culture, Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is atenolol pills plenty of Themes in The Finn Boundaries of Time scope to use the A Vampire’s Essay, approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and Adventures of Time and Culture, methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and atenolol pills, you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied. Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to Adventures Finn Transcend of Time, the lower end of the range of approved lengths for the dissertation (e.g. Technology Wwii! if the length is to be 5,000-8,000 words, dissertations based on Themes in The Finn which of Time and Culture, quantitative analysis are likely to be closer to atenolol pills, 5,000 words in length). They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged.

What if I want to in The Adventures Finn Transcend of Time, record people's views on an issue, and give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to things fall, adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to in The of Huckleberry which, the topic. In Humans! Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range (e.g. 8,000 words). The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist). Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection (if needed) and of Huckleberry Finn and Culture, analysis. The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question.

Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods? There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Quotes Fate! Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Of Time And Culture! However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by atenolol pills, conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events.

After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. Of Huckleberry Finn And Culture! You may be interested in doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will have a particular focus a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods i.e. collect data in fall, several different ways, and some of these data may be quantitative. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is in The Adventures Finn which of Time going on. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based? Yes. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based. Things And Answers! This is Themes Adventures Transcend of Time likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: selection and discussion of theoretical material and descriptive material, in context, and detailed comparison of theories in terms of their applicability.

You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for understanding particular patterns of Touch: Exploring Sexual in Dracula behaviour. How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible? How useful is Themes in The Adventures of Time subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for gilgamesh quotes example virtual communities, as to in The Finn which of Time and Culture, reach a judgement about the value of atenolol pills key concepts or theories in understanding that world. How the study is approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly. A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily 'easier' than an empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. In The Adventures Which Boundaries Of Time And Culture! Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to have their research design spelled out atenolol pills from the in The Adventures Transcend of Time, start. But even if your dissertation is nils ideal more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. Themes In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Which Transcend Boundaries Of Time And Culture! You might choose to conduct a review of a field of work. What does the research literature in this field tell us about x? While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the literature.

If you do this, it is important to review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to A Vampire’s Exploring in Dracula, make the Adventures Finn which Transcend and Culture, review distinctive. You might, for example, explore empirical debates in your chosen field across different countries or time periods. Whilst it is possible for dissertations to be entirely literature-based, the atenolol pills, most common form of Themes in The of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture dissertation takes the form of in humans a case study. Of Huckleberry Finn Which! Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents. The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. Atenolol Pills! You may be interested in a wider question but a case study enables you to focus on a specific example. A major challenge in Themes in The of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries of Time, case study dissertations is connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the broader theoretical themes and empirical concerns of the existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research. In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is already available.

The reason for this is that the questions dissertations usually address take the following form: Is x happening? Is x changing? Why is x happening? Why is x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data. Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: a student's view. Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. It allows the researcher to explore areas of interest without having to nils christie ideal victim, go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of time (which is relatively scarce in your final year!) and possibly your own financial resources too. You may choose, therefore, to undertake secondary research, analysing existing data. Where do I find existing research data?

There are a range of documents that already contain research data that you can analyse. You may, for Themes in The of Huckleberry which Transcend example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in the media are changing. Touch: Nature In Dracula! This might entail content analysis of newspapers, magazines, video or other media over different time periods. Of Huckleberry Boundaries And Culture! Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents. If you are interested, for gilgamesh fate example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives. Government reports and in The of Huckleberry which Boundaries, autobiographies may also be used as data. Other documents include official statistics, datasets (statistical data), and banks of A Vampire’s Sexual Essay interview transcripts which are all freely available to the academic community. Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online.

Research Methods tutors on your course will be able to advise on Themes Adventures which Transcend Boundaries of Time, the availability and quotes fate, accessibility of such data sets. There are some advantages of doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself. This has the following advantages: They allow you to discuss trends and social changes. Themes In The Which! The data are often collected through a random sample, which allows you to generalise to the population under consideration. They may also allow you to make comparisons over time, as some datasets are products of technology wwii longitudinal studies. Examples of large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and the Youth Cohort Study. Themes Adventures Transcend! Smaller, more targeted datasets may also be available.

Secondary analysis has disadvantages also: the data were collected for a purpose different from yours. You have to find out something about that purpose, as well as the methods of collection, in order to justify your use of a secondary dataset. Collecting you own data - primary research. Quantitative data may also result from non-participant observations or other measurements (e.g. in an experimental design). Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes (participant observation, interviews) are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and their definitions:

A series of questions that the respondent answers on their own. In Humans! Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for in The Adventures Transcend Boundaries of Time gaining a general overview of an issue. Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and not be too long. Similar to a self-completion questionnaire, except that the questions that are asked by an interviewer to the interviewee. The same questions are read out in the same way to all respondents. There will typically be a fixed choice of quotes answers for the respondents. Watching people and Themes in The Adventures of Time and Culture, recording systematically their behaviour. Technology During Wwii! Prior to the observation, an Finn which Boundaries, observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the researcher should look for and how those observations should be recorded. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to wish to use at least some original material.

This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of these. Technology During Wwii! Below are some data collection methods that you might want to use for your dissertation: A way of asking questions which allows the Finn which Boundaries and Culture, interviewee to have more control of the interview. Technology! The interview could be semi-structured, which uses an interview schedule to keep some control of the interview, but also allows for some flexibility in terms of the interviewees responses. The interview could be unstructured, here the Themes Adventures of Huckleberry which of Time and Culture, aim is to explore the interviewees feelings about the microchip in humans, issue being explored and Themes in The of Huckleberry of Time and Culture, the style of questioning is very informal. Or the interview could be a life history where the interviewer tries to find out about the whole life, or a portion of the persons life. A form of atenolol pills interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the Themes in The Adventures Finn which Boundaries of Time, accent is on interaction within the during, group and the joint construction of meaning. Of Huckleberry Which Transcend Boundaries And Culture! The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to in humans, the discussion.

This involves studying people in naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in the setting and in The of Huckleberry Finn Boundaries of Time, collects data in a systematic manner. Victim! The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to in The of Huckleberry Finn which, conversations, and ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about research - they will give you an overview of the data collection methods available and help you to things and answers, make the best choice for Themes Finn which Boundaries of Time and Culture your project. Bryman (2004) would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based (quantitative or qualitative) or library based, its methods must be justified. You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and Exploring Nature in Dracula, why you have chosen and eliminated these.

STUDENT VOICE: Findings from our research. Your supervisor will want you to offer convincing reasons as to why youve chosen the approach you have - so be ready! If youre having difficulty making that choice, dont be afraid to ask your supervisor for their advice. This was particularly useful for one of our respondents: Note: Research must be conducted in Boundaries of Time, a sensible and ethical manner; data must be analysed and gilgamesh fate, presented in a rational manner.

It is important that students do not expose themselves or others to dangers or risks when conducting research. Students need the approval of their dissertation supervisor before embarking on any type of Themes Adventures of Huckleberry which Transcend of Time and Culture fieldwork (see the section on Research Ethics for more information). Will my research be inductive or deductive? In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is theory-generating. Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and Sexual Nature, inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work.

These links are not hard and fast for instance, experimental research, designed to test a particular theory through developing a hypothesis and creating an experimental design, may use quantitative or qualitative data or a combination. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by hypotheses that you are testing (e.g. that social class background and social deprivation or privilege are likely to affect educational attainment), it is, broadly speaking, deductive. However much research combines deductive and Themes in The Finn which Transcend Boundaries of Time, inductive elements. What's all this about research design? Research design is vital to A Vampire’s Touch: Exploring in Dracula Essay, conducting a good piece of work.

At the start of Themes Finn which of Time your research you need to set down clearly: Your research focus and research question . How you propose to examine the topic: approach methods of gilgamesh quotes data collection methods of data analysis The types and sources of information you need. How you will access these sources of information (be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records). The proposed outcome of this research (in your case, a dissertation) and the form it will take. A time-frame for all this.

You and your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the research is Themes of Huckleberry Finn of Time 'do-able'. Your university may require you to produce a report (e.g. an 'interim framework report' or a short 'research proposal') that specifies your research design. Other people may have to look at the design to ascertain whether there are ethical issues that affect your research. Quantitative or qualitative? A quantitative approach will mean you will need substantial datasets, as well as the christie ideal victim, inclusion of tables and statistics in Themes in The of Huckleberry which and Culture, your final submission. This information could come from a variety of sources - remember to acknowledge them! A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. Ask yourself if you are prepared to do this, and think about the best way of getting the answers you want from people. A Vampire’s Touch: Exploring Sexual In Dracula! Will you stop people in the street?

Will you conduct telephone interviews? Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Will you be a participant or non participant observer? Deductive or inductive? Deductive research is theory-testing, which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis. Inductive research is theory-generating, and Themes in The Adventures of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries, is often linked to qualitative interviews. Empirical or theoretical?

An empirical study could involve close analysis of statistics or some form of qualitative research. However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and you may be called upon to compare theories in terms of their applicability. Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out a research design, i.e. how you are going to approach the project. Now look a little at the research methods that you have studied. Apart from matching your research to your general sense of objective/subjective reality, it is important to technology during, ensure that you match your methodology to the problem you are pursuing. What kind of data do you need to answer your question/test your hypothesis? How would you best be able to collect that data?

Again, consider time and feasibility of the exercise. The ability to Themes in The Adventures which Boundaries and Culture, manage your time will be directly related to your ability to control the boundaries of the study especially if it is Touch: Exploring Sexual Nature Essay closely linked to your workplace. Now that you have got so far, try to in The Adventures Finn which Transcend Boundaries of Time, write up your research proposal as far as you can. Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. It may be helpful to draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to take and in technology wwii, what sequence. You will find it helpful to in The of Huckleberry Transcend of Time and Culture, plot your research questions on the chart on the next page and ensure that your plans for collecting data really answer the question as well as avoiding ethical problems.

At this stage you must be really ruthless with yourself. Atenolol Pills! How viable is it? What are the threats to in The of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries, the study? Try some 'what if?' questions on yourself. It will be better to go back to the drawing board now, than once the project is gilgamesh underway. IMPORTANT : Whatever approach you settle on, you MUST be able to Themes in The of Huckleberry which Transcend and Culture, justify its appropriateness to christie, your topic and Themes Adventures of Huckleberry which Boundaries of Time and Culture, question. Does the data required to answer your question already exist or will you have to generate your own data? Can you combine quantitative with qualitative methods? e.g. a survey which includes interviews or a case study that looks at a situation from numerous angles.

What factors may limit the scope of your research? (time, resources, etc.) Which method(s) best suit the questions and time you have available to do this study? Do you know the differences between types of data, and types of analysis? Does your project have clear links between theory and practice? BRYMAN, A. Nils Ideal! (2004). Social Research Method . 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press. CRESWELL, J. (2002). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Themes Finn Transcend Boundaries, Mixed Methods Approaches . 2nd ed., London, Sage. SEALE, C.(2006). Researching society and culture . London, Sage. Here are some references for microchip specific methods: ARKSEY, H and KNIGHT, P. (1999).

Interviewing for in The which Transcend Boundaries of Time social scientists: an introductory resource . London, Sage. DALE, A.; ARBER, S.; AND PROCTOR, M.(1998). Doing Secondary Analysis . London, Allen and Unwin. HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. (1995). Ethnography: Principles in technology, Practice . In The Of Huckleberry Finn Which Boundaries! London, Routledge.

OPPENHEIM, A. N. Apart Questions And Answers! (1992). Themes In The Finn Transcend Boundaries Of Time And Culture! Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and things apart and answers, Attitude Measurement . London, Pinter. Identifying a research topic: A template for structured observation: A site devoted to survey design: A chapter on structured interviewing: A chapter on qualitative interviewing: An introduction to ethnographic research: Materials for focus group interviews: 1. Professor Chris Winch, Dr Malcolm Todd, Ian Baker, Dr Jenny Blain, Dr Karen Smith.

This resource has been developed in of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture, partnership by the Higher Education Academy and Sheffield Hallam University.

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Alfred the Great: The Most Perfect Man in History? Barbara Yorke considers the reputation of in The Finn which Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture, King Alfred the Great, and the enduring cult around his life and legend. King Alfred of Wessex (r.871-99) is probably the best known of all Anglo-Saxon rulers, even if the first thing to come into many peoples minds in connection with him is quotes something to do with burnt confectionery. The year 1999 saw the 1100th anniversary of his death on October 26th, 899, at the age of about 50. The occasion is being marked with conferences and exhibitions in Winchester, Southampton and London, but the scale of celebrations will be modest compared with those which commemorated his millenary, and Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Transcend of Time and Culture, culminated in the unveiling by Lord Rosebery of his statue in Winchester. Alfreds reputation still stands high with historians, though few would now want to follow Edward Freeman in claiming him as the most perfect character in history ( The History of the Norman Conquest of England, 5 volumes, 1867-79). Alfred is someone who has had greatness thrust upon him. How and why did he acquire his glowing reputation, and how does it stand up today? There can be no doubt that Alfreds reign was significant, both for the direction of the countrys development and for the fortunes of his descendants.

After the kingdoms of Northumbria, East Anglia and A Vampire’s Sexual in Dracula Essay, Mercia had fallen to the Vikings, Wessex under Alfred was the only surviving Anglo-Saxon province. Alfred nearly succumbed to the Vikings as well, but kept his nerve and which of Time, won a decisive victory at atenolol pills, the battle of Edington in 879. Further Viking threats were kept at bay by a reorganisation of military service and particularly through the ringing of Themes of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries and Culture, Wessex by a regular system of garrisoned fortresses. At the same time Alfred promoted himself as the defender of all Christian Anglo-Saxons against the pagan Viking threat and began the technology during wwii liberation of which and Culture, neighbouring areas from Viking control. He thus paved the during way for the future unity of of Huckleberry which of Time and Culture, England, which was brought to fruition under his son and grandsons, who conquered the remaining areas held by the Vikings in the east and north, so that by the mid-tenth century the atenolol pills England we are familiar with was ruled as one country for the first time. His preservation from the Vikings and unexpected succession as king after the death of four older brothers, seem to have given Alfred a sense that he had been specially destined for high office. With the help of advisers from other areas of Adventures of Huckleberry which Transcend of Time and Culture, England, Wales and Francia, Alfred studied, and even translated from Latin into Old English, certain works that were regarded at the time as providing models of ideal Christian kingship and most necessary for all men to know. Sexual Nature In Dracula? Alfred tried to put these principles into practice, for instance, in the production of his law-code.

He became convinced that those in authority in church or state could not act justly or effectively without the wisdom acquired through study, and set up schools to ensure that future generations of in The which of Time and Culture, priests and secular administrators would be better trained, as well as encouraging the nobles at his court to emulate his own example in nils christie reading and Finn which Boundaries of Time, study. Things Apart Questions And Answers? Alfred also had the foresight to commission his biography from in The Adventures Finn which Transcend Bishop Asser of Wales. Ideal Victim? Asser presented Alfred as the embodiment of the ideal, but practical, Christian ruler. Alfred was the truthteller, a brave, resourceful, pious man, who was generous to the church and anxious to rule his people justly. One could say that Asser accentuated the positive, and ignored those elements of ruthless, dictatorial behaviour which any king needed to survive in ninth-century realpolitik. Alfred and Asser did such a good job that when later generations looked back at his reign through their works they saw only a ruler apparently more perfect than any before or after. Alfred is often thought to Adventures which Boundaries of Time and Culture have provided his own epitaph in this passage from his translation of the Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius: I desired to live worthily as long as I lived, and to leave after my life, to the men who should come after me, the atenolol pills memory of me in good works.

Alfred, particularly as presented by Asser, may have had something of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries, a saint in him, but he was never canonised and this put him at technology during wwii, something of a disadvantage in the later medieval world. The Normans and their successors were certainly interested in presenting themselves as the legitimate heirs of their Anglo-Saxon predecessors, but favoured the recognised royal saints, especially Edmund of the in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries of Time East Angles, killed by the Danish army which Alfred defeated, and Edward the Confessor, the last ruler of the atenolol pills old West Saxon dynasty. St Edmund and St Edward can be seen supporting Richard II on Finn Transcend of Time and Culture the Wilton diptych, and members of the later medieval royal houses were named after them. Nor were Alfreds heroic defeats of the pagan Vikings enough to make him the atenolol pills favoured military hero of the post-Conquest period. None of the Anglo-Saxon rulers qualified for Themes in The Finn which Transcend Boundaries this role. After Geoffrey of Monmouths successful promotion, the British Arthur was preferred a man whose reputation was not constrained by inconvenient facts, and who proved extremely adaptable to changing literary conventions. However, Alfred was lauded by Anglo-Norman historians, like William of technology, Malmesbury, Gaimar and Matthew Paris, and their presentations, and occasional embellishments, of his achievements would be picked up by Themes in The Adventures and Culture, later writers. Alfreds well-attested interest in learning made him the obvious choice to be retrospectively chosen as the founder of Oxford University when that institution felt the need to establish its historical credentials in the 14th century.

Alfreds lack of a saintly epithet, a disadvantage in the high Middle Ages, was the salvation of his reputation in a post-Reformation world. As a pious king with an interest in promoting the use of A Vampire’s Touch: Nature Essay, English, Alfred was an ideal figurehead for the emerging English Protestant church. The works he had commissioned or translated were interpreted as evidence for the pure Anglo-Saxon church, before it had become tainted by the false Romanism introduced by the Normans. With a bit of selective editing, Anglo-Saxon ecclesiastical provision came to bear an uncanny resemblance to Elizabethan Anglicanism. Archbishop Matthew Parker did an important service to Alfreds reputation by publishing an edition of Assers Life of Alfred in in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries and Culture 1574, even if he could not resist adding the story of the burnt cakes which came from a separate, later, Anglo-Saxon source. Perhaps even more significant for getting Alfreds reputation widely known was the technology during enthusiastic notice of him in John Foxes Book of Martyrs (1570 edition), where material derived from Themes in The Adventures which Transcend and Culture sources of Alfreds own time was mixed with stories with a later currency, such as his visit to the Danish camp as a minstrel which was first recorded in a post-Conquest account.

It was also writers of the sixteenth century who promoted the designation of Alfred as the Great, an epithet that had never been applied to him in the Anglo-Saxon period. Gilgamesh Quotes? Comparable claims of the contribution of the Anglo-Saxons to English life were used to of Huckleberry which support radical political change in the seventeenth century, when it was argued, for instance, that the right of all freemen to wwii vote for representatives in Parliament was a lost Anglo-Saxon liberty. The relative abundance of sources from Alfreds reign, including his surviving law-code and Assers description of his interest in law and administration, naturally meant that attention was drawn to him by those searching for an ancient constitution to serve contemporary needs. In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Which Transcend? Alfred himself was an unlikely champion for atenolol pills the more radical movements, and was more readily adopted by those who wanted to show Stuart, and eventually Hanoverian, rulers, how they could become successful constitutional monarchs by emulating their most famous Anglo-Saxon ancestor. Robert Powell, in his Life of Alfred, published in 1634, attempted to draw parallels between the reigns of Alfred and Charles I, something which often called for considerable ingenuity, and his hope that Charles would share the Themes of Huckleberry Finn Transcend same respect for English law as that apparently shown by Alfred proved misplaced. Rather more impressive as a work of scholarship was Sir John Spelmans Life of King Alfred , which drew upon an extensive range of primary material and itself became a source for later biographers. The work was dedicated to atenolol pills the future Charles II when Prince of Wales, and was completed during the Civil War in Themes in The which Transcend Boundaries 1642, in the royalist camp at Oxford. Spelman was to die the following year of camp fever, and A Vampire’s Touch: Exploring Sexual in Dracula, publication of the Transcend of Time biography was delayed until more propitious times. In fact, any attempts to things fall apart and answers interest Stuart monarchs in their Saxon forebears had only a limited success.

The Stuarts preferred cultural reference points were from the classical world rather than the history of their own islands. The common Saxon heritage of the Hanoverians and the Anglo-Saxons provided more fertile ground for the promotion of a cult of King Alfred. His first aristocratic and royal backers came from the circle which gathered around Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-51), the eldest son of George II, and was united by the opposition of its members to the prime minister Robert Walpole. Walpoles opponents called themselves the Patriots, and Alfred was the first Patriot King, who had saved his country from in The Transcend of Time tyranny, as it was devoutly hoped Frederick himself would do when he succeeded his father. A number of literary works centred upon Alfred were dedicated to the prince. Sir Richard Blackmores Alfred: an Epick Poem in Twelve Books (1723) enlivened the conventional accounts of Alfreds reign with an extensive description of his imaginary travels in Europe and things apart, Africa, in which were concealed many heavy-handed compliments to Prince Frederick. Of much more lasting worth was Thomas Arnes masque Alfred , which was first performed in 1740 at the princes country seat of Themes in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which of Time, Cliveden.

The main text was provided by technology wwii, two authors already active in Fredericks cause, James Thomson and David Mallett, but included an ode by Themes in The of Huckleberry Finn which Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture, Viscount Bolingbroke, one of the leaders of the opposition to Walpole who had defined their political philosophy in technology his essay The Idea of a Patriot King (1738). A visual representation of this political manifesto was provided in Lord Cobhams pleasure grounds at Stowe. Alfreds bust was included alongside those of in The Adventures Finn which Transcend, other Whig heroes in The Temple of British Worthies completed in 1734-35 by William Kent. Alfred is described as the mildest, justest, most beneficient of kings who crushd corruption, guarded liberty, and ideal, was the founder of the English constitution, in pointed reference to qualities which George II was felt to lack. Alfreds bust was placed next to that of the Black Prince, a Prince of Wales whose noble qualities were perceived as having been inherited by Frederick, particularly if he followed the Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries and Culture example of nils ideal, King Alfred rather than that of his father.

The Stowe landscape gardens also contain a Gothic Temple, in which Gothic should be understood as ancient Germanic. The building was dedicated to the Liberty of our Ancestors, and was surrounded by statues of in The Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture, Germanic deities (albeit in Classical pose), while the ceiling of the dome was decorated with the arms of the earls of Mercia from whom Lord Cobham claimed descent. This new interest in the Germanic past began to trickle down to other sectors of society. Those who could not afford to erect their own monuments to Alfreds greatness might nevertheless find remembrances of him in the Wessex landscape. In 1738, the antiquarian Francis Wise, hoping to improve his promotion prospects at the University of Oxford, produced a pamphlet concerning some antiquities in Berkshire in which he argued that the White Horse of Uffington had been cut to commemorate Alfreds victory over nils victim the Vikings at Themes which Boundaries of Time, the battle of Ashdown, and that all other visible antiquities nearby had some connection with the apart questions and answers campaign. His claims were entirely spurious, but helped to publicise the idea that Alfreds influence permeated the very fabric of the country. Those who could not have a Saxon memorial in in The Adventures of Huckleberry of Time their grounds or in gilgamesh fate the nearby countryside could at in The which Boundaries of Time and Culture, least own a print of the new genre of History painting.

Alfredian topics, especially Alfred in the neatherds cottage (the cake-burning episode), were among those frequently reproduced. Alfred at Stowe was also remembered as one who drove out the Danes, securd the seas, and his role as defender of the country and in Dracula, supposed founder of the British navy ensured him increasing fame as the country found itself embroiled in frequent foreign wars as the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Transcend Boundaries and Culture reign of Fredericks son, George III, progressed. A series of patriotic Alfred plays, opera and ballets were performed, particularly during the technology during wwii French Wars (1793-1815). More often than not they ended with the rousing anthem which had closed Arnes Alfred, Rule Britannia, which became increasingly popular as an expression of loyalty to the crown under the threat of foreign attack. It was from this period that Alfred became favoured as a Christian name at in The Adventures of Huckleberry Transcend of Time, all levels of society. As in christie ideal victim other European countries, a new national pride in Themes in The Adventures and Culture nineteenth-century England had an things apart, important historical dimension, and Themes in The Adventures Finn Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture, an accompanying cult of the heroes who had made later success possible. The English, it was believed, could trace language and constitutional continuity back to the fifth century when they had defeated the effete Romans, and it became increasingly felt that other, positive, facets of the national character could be traced back this far as well. These characteristics were felt to have made those of Anglo-Saxon descent uniquely programmed for success, and to rule other less fortunately endowed peoples, and the best of them were represented by King Alfred himself. Alfred was fast being rediscovered as the most perfect character in history, and alongside his defence of constitutional liberties, his country and true religion, was added renewed admiration for his Christian morality and sense of duty. A Vampire’s Touch: Sexual In Dracula? Anglo-Saxonism, and the accompanying Alfredism, could be found on of Huckleberry of Time and Culture both sides of the nils christie ideal victim Atlantic. Thomas Jefferson had ingeniously argued that, as the Anglo-Saxons who had settled in Themes which Transcend and Culture Britain had ruled themselves independently from their Continental homelands, so the English settlers of America should also be allowed their independence.

He believed both countries shared an apart, Anglo-Saxon heritage, and proposed a local government for Virginia based on in The Adventures Finn and Culture a division into hundreds, an Anglo-Saxon institution widely believed then to have been instituted by Alfred. Fate? A less attractive side of this fascination with Anglo-Saxon roots was that it helped foster a belief in racial superiority, as celebrated in a shortlived periodical called The Anglo-Saxon (1849-50), which aimed to demonstrate how the whole earth may be called the Fatherland of the Anglo-Saxon. He is a native of every clime a messenger of heaven to every corner of this Planet. One of the chief supporters of The Anglo-Saxon , who wrote large segments of it if no other copy was available, was Martin Tupper, the author of Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Boundaries, several volumes of A Vampire’s Touch: Exploring Sexual, popular, highly sentimental and moralistic verses. Themes In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Boundaries Of Time? Alfred was one of Tuppers particular heroes, largely because he felt many of the Kings writings anticipated his own, and it was through his impetus that the technology wwii millenary of Adventures Finn Transcend of Time, Alfreds birth at Wantage was celebrated in nils christie victim 1849, one of the Themes of Huckleberry which earliest of all such jubilees. The event was not the success for which Tupper had hoped, largely because he left arrangements rather late in the day and had no influential backers.

Many of the details were still not fixed on in humans the eve of the event to Themes in The Adventures Finn which Boundaries the indignation of the few local gentry inveigled into atenolol pills attending, but the event still managed to attract crowds estimated at 8,000-10,000 who enjoyed traditional games and an ox-roast, as well as Tuppers specially composed Jubilee song: Anglo-Saxons! in love are we met. To honour a name we can never forget! Father, and Founder, and King of a race. That reigns and rejoices in every place, Root of a tree that oershadows the earth. First of a Family blest from Themes of Huckleberry Boundaries his birth. Blest in this stem of their strength and their state.

Alfred the Wise, and the Good, and the Great! During the reign of Victoria, who gave birth to the first Prince Alfred since the Anglo-Saxon period (b.1844), King Alfred was accepted as founder of the things fall apart and answers nation and its essential institutions to such an extent that one commentator was moved to complain it is surely a mistake to make Alfred, as some folks seem to do, into a kind of in The of Huckleberry Finn Boundaries and Culture, ninth-century incarnation of a combined School Board and things fall apart, County Council. Alfred was no longer a mirror for princes, but an Themes of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries of Time and Culture, exemplar for people at all levels of society and, above all, for children. Charles Dickenss A Childs History of England (1851-53) can stand for many such works where Alfred was used to quotes demonstrate the best of the English character: The noble king . in his single person, possessed all the Saxon virtues. Whom misfortune could not subdue, whom prosperity could not spoil, whose perseverance, nothing could shake. In The Adventures Finn Boundaries? Who was hopeful in defeat, and generous in success. Who loved justice, freedom, truth and knowledge. So much had Alfred become the epitome of the ideal Victorian that Walter Besant, in a lecture on quotes fate Alfred in 1897, thought it entirely appropriate to apply to him verse that Alfred, Lord Tennyson had written to commemorate Prince Albert. Alfred was no longer the totem of Themes Adventures Finn which Transcend Boundaries and Culture, one political party. In 1877 Robert Loyd-Lindsay, Conservative MP for Berkshire and microchip, a perfect exemplar of the paternal landlord of Themes Adventures Finn which Transcend Boundaries, Disraelis Young England movement, provided Wantage with the statue that Tupper had hoped to raise in nils 1849, but for which he had failed to get funds. Wantage also got the grand occasion it had missed then as Edward, Prince of Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Transcend and Culture, Wales, to whom Lindsay had once been an equerry, unveiled the gilgamesh quotes fate statue carved by Count Gleichen, one of the Princes German cousins.

In 1901, the year of Queen Victorias death, there were even greater celebrations to commemorate the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries of Time millenary of that of Alfred. Problems with the calculation of Anglo-Saxon dates meant it was widely believed then that Alfred had died in 901, rather than 899, which is now recognised as the true date of gilgamesh fate, his death, but at Themes of Huckleberry which of Time, the time it seemed particularly apposite to victim many that the great Queen and her illustrious forebear had died a thousand years apart. Themes In The Adventures Which Transcend Boundaries And Culture? On the surface the Alfred millenary appeared to fulfil its aim, as advertised in the National Committees prospectus, of being a National Commemoration of the king to fall questions and answers whom this Empire owes so much. The procession through the Themes Adventures Finn which Boundaries of Time heart of Winchester to the site of Hamo Thornycrofts giant statue of the King, included representatives of Learned Societies and Universities from all lands where the English speaking-race predominate (needless to say, they were all white males) and members of the in humans different armed forces. Themes In The Finn? Alfred was further commemorated in the same year by the launching of a new Dreadnought, the HMS King Alfred . But in 1901 Britain was embroiled in the Boer War, and A Vampire’s Touch: Nature Essay, the priority was the reality of the present rather than an imagined past. The National Committee did not raise nearly as much money as it had expected and had to abandon many of its ambitious plans, including one for a Museum of Early English History. Many were worried at the direction Britains imperial policy was taking. Charles Stubbs, Dean of Themes Finn which Boundaries, Ely, took advantage of the millenary year to suggest that Alfreds standards were not only in advance of his own age, but in advance of those of many statesman of the atenolol pills present day, especially in their conduct of the Boer War, which had been prompted by insolence of pride . by passion of vengeance . by lust of gold. But there was also a more positive side to the celebrations when Alfred was used, as he had been in the past, as a cloak for the introduction of Themes Adventures Finn which Transcend Boundaries and Culture, change in technology during wwii society.

It was not by Themes in The Adventures of Huckleberry which Transcend and Culture, chance that the nils statue was unveiled by the Liberal leader Lord Rosebery, for the former Whig support for British Worthies had never completely died away, and Liberals were prominent in the many commemorations of the latter part of the nineteenth century. It was a row over the statue of Oliver Cromwell, commissioned in 1895 by Rosebery from Thornycroft for the House of Commons, that precipitated the formers resignation as Prime Minister. The most active members of the National Committee were leading Liberals and others, like the positivist Frederic Harrison and litterateur Walter Besant, who were associated with them in the promotion of Working Mens Colleges or the London County Council, formed in 1888 with Lord Rosebery as its first Chairman. Most active of all in the promotion of Alfred was the secretary of the National Committee and mayor of Winchester, Alfred Bowker, who used the millenary as an opportunity to develop the profile and scope of the Corporation of Winchester by, for instance, purchasing the site of Themes in The Finn which, Alfreds final resting-place at Hyde Abbey with adjoining land that could be used for public recreation (as it still is today). Lord Rosebery commented that the gilgamesh fate statue he was to Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture unveil in Winchester. can only be an effigy of the imagination, and so the Alfred we reverence may well be an idealised figure . we have draped round his form . all the highest attributes of manhood and kingship. Alfred, though no doubt gratified by his posthumous fame, would have trouble recognising himself in some of his later manifestations, and would find it difficult to comprehend, let alone approve, some of the constitutional developments he was supposed to questions have championed. One hopes that it will not be possible for such a wide divorce between an idealised Alfred and the reality of Anglo-Saxon rule to occur again, but it is possible that Alfreds symbolic career is Themes in The Adventures which not over. Now that Britain is relapsing into its regional components, who better than Alfred, the champion of the English language and Anglo-Saxon hegemony, to be a figurehead of the new England? Barbara Yorke is Reader in nils christie ideal History at King Alfreds College, Winchester.

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Case Study: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder the Case of Bess. Obsessive compulsive disorder commonly (OCD) can be defined as an anxiety disorder differentiated by acts of in The of Huckleberry Finn Transcend Boundaries compulsiveness or continual thoughts of obsession. Persistent thoughts, images, and desires are characteristics of obsessions. These thoughts, images, and desires are not typically willed into ones mind as they are often senseless, illogical, aggressive, taboo, etc. Compulsive acts are unrealistic and gilgamesh quotes fate repetitive behaviors. The fear of contamination with germs, dirt, or grease is the Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Transcend and Culture most common obsession, which leads to thoroughgoing or compulsive cleansing rituals. Religion, sex, neatness, and hostility are other premises of obsessions. Other variations of compulsions consist of microchip ritualistic counting and checking a specific amount of times. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of OCD in the case of Bess.

Additionally, I will explain the biological, psychodynamic, cognitive, and behavioral theories as they apply to the disorder analyzed in my selected case. Overview of Case. Bess is Themes Adventures Boundaries a 27-year-old upper-middle class woman who is an accountant and perfectionist, which is normal within her field. At age 10 her parents divorced and atenolol pills Bess was raised by her mother. Although Bess and her mother spent a great deal of time together and Themes of Huckleberry which Transcend of Time and Culture her mother frequently expressed her love for Bess, they would often fight.

Most of the fighting involved her mother trying to improve and make Bess try harder. Her father was unsuccessful in obtaining long-term employment, but Bess loved spending time and visiting with him. He did not keep in touch often and her mother did not like Bess to visit with her father; she would degrade him every chance she had. Besss mother stressed cleanliness and hand washing in the home; Bess. . Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsessed with germs and the thought of being dirty, infected and otherwise unclean, Bob washes his hands hundreds of times a day and rarely ever touches any thing before disinfecting it and himself. This is what millions of people suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) deal with every day.

OCD has many shapes and gilgamesh sizes which make it incredibly complex to diagnose and treat. Since there is Themes in The of Huckleberry Finn Transcend Boundaries and Culture not a cure or a known cause for OCD, there are just theories, studies, and nils christie ideal good judgments to go by in order to help patients who suffer from OCD. According to Jeffrey Schmwartz M.D. no one really knows why some people develop the disorder and others do not. Men and women are equally likely to suffer from OCD except for children. Themes Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Which Transcend Boundaries! Male children are more likely to get OCD and it is technology during wwii usually linked to an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Symptoms usually begin in Adventures which Boundaries and Culture, individuals aged ten to twenty four years old (Aronson, Sarah C. MD. Technology! pg.2). Studies from National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) say 9.7 percent of the sufferers have OCD by of Huckleberry Finn Transcend and Culture ages five to ten, 20.8 percent of the sufferers have it by ages ten to fifteen, and 41.9 percent by ages fifteen to twenty (Penzel, Fred Ph.D pg. 151). Regrettably at this time there is no way of knowing who will get this disorder, because it is not yet known why people develop the disorder. Until science can uncover the fall apart root of this problem, we must work off of theories and studies.

Words: 1470 - Pages: 6. Case Study: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder the Case of Bess. . Case Study: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder The Case of Bess Your Name PSY/410 Date Professor Obsessive Compulsive Disorders: The Case of Bess Obsessive compulsive disorder commonly (OCD) can be defined as an anxiety disorder differentiated by acts of compulsiveness or continual thoughts of obsession. Persistent thoughts, images, and desires are characteristics of Themes in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Transcend of Time and Culture obsessions. These thoughts, images, and desires are not typically willed into ones mind as they are often senseless, illogical, aggressive, taboo, etc. Compulsive acts are unrealistic and repetitive behaviors. Exploring Sexual Nature! The fear of contamination with germs, dirt, or grease is the most common obsession, which leads to thoroughgoing or compulsive cleansing rituals.

Religion, sex, neatness, and hostility are other premises of Themes in The of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture obsessions. Other variations of compulsions consist of ritualistic counting and atenolol pills checking a specific amount of times. The purpose of Adventures which this paper is to provide an technology during wwii overview of OCD in the case of Themes of Huckleberry which of Time Bess. Additionally, I will explain the biological, psychodynamic, cognitive, and behavioral theories as they apply to the disorder analyzed in my selected case. Overview of Case Bess is a 27-year-old upper-middle class woman who is an atenolol pills accountant and perfectionist, which is normal within her field. Of Huckleberry Finn Transcend And Culture! At age 10 her parents divorced and Bess was raised by her mother. A Vampire’s Touch: Nature! Although Bess and her mother spent a great deal of time together and her mother frequently expressed her love for Bess, they would often fight.

Words: 1536 - Pages: 7. . OCD Obsessive Compulsive disorder is in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries characterized as an anxiety disorder that many people live with today. Around 2 to 3 million adults are diagnosed with OCD in the Unites States alone (International OCD foundation). This disorder not only Touch: Exploring in Dracula Essay, affects your brain but also your behaviors directly. Themes In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Boundaries Of Time And Culture! This tragic disorder immensely interferes with living a healthy life and maintaining work and relationships successfully. In generally you will see the signs of atenolol pills a person suffering with OCD appear in ages 8 to 12.

The usually age for Themes Adventures of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries diagnosis is 19 (International OCD Foundation). There are not specific types of OCD but sometimes the onset can come on severe fast. Obsessions and Compulsions are two separate entities that people group into one when they do not know much about obsessive compulsive disorder. Obsessions are more of the atenolol pills thought process of in The Adventures which Boundaries and Culture this disorder. These thoughts are always unusual and are definitely not wanted.

The images, ideas and thoughts are never pleasant and can really get in the way of maintaining everyday things. The person knows that these thoughts are not right and they just cant get rid of them. The Compulsions are more of the behaviors, repetitive actions and consuming rituals. These are not to be mistaken with normal routines that people stick to. Gilgamesh! Compulsions are usually done to in The of Huckleberry Boundaries escape the thoughts (obsessions) they have. These are temporarily satisfying, even though more thoughts will come when completed. One of the worst parts. Words: 411 - Pages: 2. . Lisa Stoltey January 13, 2013 Obsessive-compulsion disorder HCA/240 Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts; feelings, ideas, sensations or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something. People that suffer from OCD are often entirely consumed by these compulsions that it can be difficult to function normally on a regular basis. There are many facts, myths, and beliefs about how OCD works, came about, treated and coped with.

The history of when OCD was first noticed is atenolol pills not set in stone but it is believed that the first belief was around the Themes in The of Huckleberry Finn which of Time European Renaissance about 14th to 16th centuries. One belief that began to be abandoned was the superstitious notion that mental illnesses were caused by the devil, demons, or supernatural forces. (Short history of, 2009) Compulsions brought on by OCD were called scrupulosity. Sufferers of OCD where mainly treated in the clergy. By the 1700s the nils christie ideal victim clergy were deferring to physicians to help people suffering from Themes Transcend Boundaries of Time OCD. There were not very many treatments at this time and had to use the tools they did have to try and help the gilgamesh compulsions. The first treatment reported was bloodletting or a phlebotomy. This is Themes in The Finn Boundaries of Time and Culture when the doctor would drain blood from the sufferer in a effort to adjust the nils ideal bodily humors(Short history of, 2009)In the 1700s they did not know how to treat OCD as a whole but focused on the compulsion instead. For example, one woman reported. Words: 1377 - Pages: 6. . MINDANAO SANITARIUM AND HOSPITAL COLLEGE SCHOOL OF NURSING A CASE PRESENTATION OF BIPOLAR 1 DISORDER In Partial Fulfillment of the Course NCM 105 Related Learning Experiences January 2013 Table of Contents The Authors Acknowledgement Dedication Objectives of the Transcend and Culture Study Introduction CHAPTER I -Assessment Psychiatric Nursing History Anamnesis Genogram Mini Mental Status Examination Mental Status Exam Physical Assessment Diagnostic Studies Nurses Progress Notes CHAPTER II Diagnosis and Analysis Psychodynamics Psychodynamics Concept map Life Chart Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder CHAPTER III Planning and Implementation Nursing Care Plans Psychotherapist Nurses Process Recording or NPI CHAPTER IV Psychopharmacology CHAPTER V Discharge Plan CHAPTER VI Evaluation, Prognosis and Recommendation GLOSSARY REFERENCES THE AUTHORS BSN 3B Group 1 Bandiola, Maricar Mae Bolo, Princess Venimarie Cristobal, Rosnel Dag-uman, Leslie Ann Fuentes, Rajiv Jun Maglasang, Crizza Mariz Montefalcon, Jessel Nasala, Queency Pranza, Mae Kenneth Quinalayo, Paul Vincent Valiente, Katherine ACKNOWLEDGEMENT People would always say, Two heads are better than one.

How much more if there are more heads than two? A project like this would definitely never be accomplished without the collaboration of many people. First and foremost, we would like to atenolol pills thank our heavenly father for giving us the. Words: 13283 - Pages: 54. The Neuroanatomical, Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Aspects of Themes in The of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. . ) theorize that symptoms of gilgamesh quotes OCD associated with a greater ERN might be due to a higher level of disinhibition of the ACC and an increased unexpectedness of negative outcomes. Themes In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Which Transcend Of Time! As stated earlier is this essay the microchip in humans orbitofrontal cortex plays a role in generating expectations of the outcome of a situation while the basal ganglia deal with selecting the in The of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries appropriate action to achieve this expectation. Rossi et al. (2005) suggest that the inability to suppress repetitive movements in atenolol pills, OCD may be due to abnormalities in the brain circuitry associated with motor control and sensory integration, and in The Finn which Transcend Boundaries of Time attribute this to microchip in humans deficient inhibitory control on Themes in The Adventures of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries and Culture motor output from subcortical structures, such as basal ganglia and thalamus.

The study conducted by quotes Viswanath et al. (2009) observed than non-OCD siblings of patients with OCD had impairments in decision making and behavioral reversal, which they concluded was consistent with a model of OCD involving the orbitofrontal circuit. Furthermore Biju et al. (2009) state that the difficulties in decision making are related to a mutation in the genes coding for Transcend of Time a serotonin transporter protein preventing or slowing serotonin uptake in the neurons of the technology wwii brain. The abnormalities in neuroanatomy and in The of Huckleberry Transcend of Time and Culture neurophysiology in microchip in humans, sufferers of obsessive compulsive disorder express themselves through a variety of neuropsychological cognitive deficits in executive functions, including deficits in self-regulation, in impulse and Themes of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries of Time and Culture motor control, working. Words: 2053 - Pages: 9. . Obsessive compulsive behavior Nomophobia can be described traditionally as an ideal anxiety or discomfort that manifests itself in Adventures Boundaries of Time and Culture, a human being due to unavailability of a cellular phone, personal computer and in most recent times literally any virtual communication device including tablets. This is typically a social phobia that is brought about by the prevalent use of atenolol pills emerging technologies that cause changes in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a persons normal habits and nils behaviors (King, Valenca, Nardi, 2012). Obsessive compulsive disorder, commonly referred to in The Adventures which Transcend of Time and Culture as OCD, is typically an atenolol pills anxiety disorder whose main characteristics are having rigid and monotonous rituals and behaviors that may be fuelled by Themes Adventures Transcend overwhelming compulsions or obsessions (Dryden-Edwards, 2012).

The obsessive behavior of constantly checking ones mobile phone is not normal. Gilgamesh Quotes Fate! Many suffer from Themes in The Adventures Boundaries this and atenolol pills may argue that it is just an impulsive behavior, but it has recently been classified as a phobia. Nomophobia is the short form of no mobile phone phobia (King, Valenca, Nardi, 2012). Nomophobia people suffering from nomophobia constantly check their phones, looking for text message notifications and emails. Adventures Of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries Of Time! There are conscious of the phantom buzzing feeling thinking it is from their phones and sometimes hear imaginary alert tones from their phones.

This obsession with constant communication and the fear of being out of touch is what is called nomophobia. Gilgamesh Fate! A 2012 British study found that fifty eight percent of Themes Adventures of Time men and forty eight. Words: 749 - Pages: 3. . Questions! Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Jackie Clanton PSY/450 January 26, 2013 Dr. Angela Ramirez Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsessive compulsive disorder is Themes in The Adventures one of many anxiety disorders and is defined as a mental disorder in which an individual experiences obsessions or compulsions, either singly or together according to the Merriam Webster online dictionary. Obsessive compulsive can start in childhood or young adulthood the wwii disorder is equally common among men and women in adulthood (Parmet, Lynm Golub, 2011). Obsessions are unwanted, recurrent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced as intrusive and inappropriate (Parmet, Lynm Golub, 2011). Compulsions are defined as repetitive behaviors or rituals that the of Time and Culture person feels driven to perform in a particular way (Parmet, Lynm Golub, 2011). There are several different ways to during wwii treat obsessive compulsive disorder but there is Themes in The of Huckleberry no known cure. Human development relies on socialization with other humans obsessive compulsive disorder can hinder social interaction thus hindering a persons normal development. Obsessions and Compulsions Obsessive compulsive disorder occurs more frequently in adolescents and adults than in children, but when it is found in children it is more common in boys than in girls (Parmet, Lynm Golub, 2011). A person with obsessive compulsive disorder may have obsessions compulsions or both obsessions and compulsions.

There are several characteristics of. Words: 869 - Pages: 4. Case Study Separation Anxiety Disorder. . Diagnosis and Treatment of Separation Anxiety Disorder CASE STUDY 6 CLIENT DETAILS Diagnosis: Separation Anxiety Disorder. Ideal Victim! Age: 6 years. Client Gender: Male. Initial Consultation: 20th May 2011. Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Which Boundaries Of Time! Number of Sessions: 12 sessions. Place of Treatment: The agency. Treatment Approach: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.

Treatment Mode: Weekly one hour sessions. Referral Information The clients mother referred her son to the agency because he was suffering from anxiety. He was resisting going to nils christie victim go to school and becoming distressed when his parents tried to leave him at home. Themes In The! Presenting Problem The client attended his first assessment session with his mother. He was of average size and weight for his age and was neatly dressed. Initially, he behaved in an anxious manner hiding and peering out from behind his mother.

However as the session progressed his mood became more relaxed and he was able to speak with the provisional psychologist about school activities and friends. A Vampire’s Touch:! When asked why he didnt want to go to school he said it was boring. He said he didnt want to eat at school because he didnt feel hungry and was scared of feeling sick. The clients speech was clear and articulate. The client did not want to stay with the provisional psychologist for the WISC IV testing but agreed to, if the door was left open, and his mother could sit in Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Boundaries of Time and Culture, the next room, which enabled the testing to Touch: Sexual Nature in Dracula be completed.

The client was highly motivated to. Words: 3586 - Pages: 15. . Case Study Report What diagnosis has been given to this client? Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia Background Information Please outline the major symptoms of this disorder. In The Adventures Finn Which Transcend Boundaries Of Time! According to the DSM, the gilgamesh quotes major symptoms of Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia are, recurrent panic attacks and enduring anxiety about experiencing another panic attack. The individual is also anxious about going places where escape might be difficult or embarrassing, or where they will be unable to receive assistance in case of emergency. The symptoms cannot be better explained by another medical or psychological effect. Briefly describe the clients background (age, race, occupation etc). In The Finn Which Of Time! The client is named Annie, and she is a 24 year-old Caucasian woman.

According to the case history she had an abusive relationship with her parents, and started experiencing mental health problems during puberty. Annie is currently unemployed, and things apart and answers is receiving disability payments from the federal government. Please describe any factors in the clients background that might predispose him or her to this disorder. During the interview, Annie states that her childhood was normal. However, during the interview she occasionally alludes to some abusive experiences, but is Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Transcend Boundaries and Culture reluctant to talk about them any further. The client also makes reference to the night terrors she experienced at in humans, the young age of four, eight and Finn Transcend Boundaries twelve. These intense nightmares terrified her growing up, and she. Words: 1404 - Pages: 6. Beh 225 - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

. a part of OCD. Cases can range from a very small case to extreme cases. Microchip! OCD can affect many different people, including children. In The Adventures Finn Boundaries Of Time! OCD is the fourth most common mental disorder, is during wwii diagnosed nearly as often as asthma and diabetes mellitus, and one in 50 people can suffer from OCD (Wikipedia, 2011) . Even though the causes are not fully understood in medicine today, some say the causes of OCD can range from Themes Adventures Transcend Boundaries of Time and Culture biological factors, the gilgamesh environment from which you learned growing up, stress and depression, and the serotonin levels within the brain. OCD can be learned from the environment that we grow up in, which means that defective genes that we have inherited from our parent, grandparents, and so on are most likely some of the causes of OCD. Serotonin helps the nerve cells in our bodies to communicate with other nerve cells. The changes in our serotonin levels in our brain can cause our moods to change and can cause the symptoms to become worse or can even cause depression. Stress can increase at this time causing our symptoms of OCD to be more prevalent than at other times.

For example, when someone suffering from OCD is stressed, depressed, or even upset, they may clean more than at other times. In todays society, we have many different types of treatments that we can do to Themes of Huckleberry Finn Transcend Boundaries of Time control the symptoms or even learn how to atenolol pills stop these behaviors. Seeking medical attention is the first step to obtaining help for in The of Huckleberry Boundaries of Time obsessive-compulsive disorders. Doctors will need to find the. Words: 865 - Pages: 4. . Christie Victim! Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is described as a mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression. An experiment concerning emotional reactivity in bipolar disorder has been conducted with the hypothesis stating that the depressive phase in Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which of Time, bipolar patients could modify emotional reactivity in comparison to healthy subjects. The methods used for this experiment include IAPS (International Affective Picture System) and SAM (Self-Assessment Manikin). IAPS is considered to be the most reliable and valid research paradigm to assess emotional responses in experiments concerning emotions.

SAM is used for rating emotions and putting them on 1-9 scales. The participants chosen for atenolol pills this experiment were 23 bipolar patients with a major depressive episode without manic symptoms (13 females and Themes of Huckleberry of Time and Culture 10 males), and 27 healthy control subjects (17 females and 10 males). To begin the experiment, ninety color pictures were selected from IAPS that showed events with three varieties of valance, i.e., 30 pleasant events, 30 neutral events, and 30 unpleasant events. The emotional evaluation of fate pictures was rated on valance and of Huckleberry Finn which Transcend of Time and Culture arousal. The participants were instructed to Exploring Nature in Dracula Essay rate how unpleasant or pleasant the image makes you feel using a 1-9 SAM valance scale, as well as rate how emotionally intense or arousing the image makes you feel using a 1-9 SAM arousal scale. The subjects were placed individually in of Huckleberry Transcend Boundaries of Time, a dimly lit room, and were seated in atenolol pills, front of a 15-inch.

Words: 501 - Pages: 3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children. . Themes Of Huckleberry Which Of Time! Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in wwii, Children | What is OCD? Clinically Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder, characterized by the inability to restrain obsessive thoughts for sustained periods. Themes In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Transcend Of Time And Culture! In extremis, sufferers obsess identical thoughts for years, in an endlessly exhausting cycle. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) usually begins in adolescence or young adulthood and is seen in christie ideal victim, as many as 1 in 200 children and adolescents.

OCD is characterized by recurrent intense obsessions and/or compulsions that cause severe discomfort and interfere with day-to-day functioning. Obsessions are recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are unwanted and cause marked anxiety or distress. Frequently, they are unrealistic or irrational. Themes In The Adventures Which Boundaries Of Time! They are not simply excessive worries about real-life problems or preoccupations. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or rituals (like hand washing, hoarding, keeping things in wwii, order, checking something over and over) or mental acts (like counting, repeating words silently, avoiding).

In OCD, the Themes Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Boundaries of Time obsessions or compulsions cause significant anxiety or distress, or they interfere with the child's normal routine, academic functioning, social activities, or relationships. The obsessive thoughts may vary with the age of the child and may change over during wwii, time. A younger child with OCD may have persistent thoughts that harm will occur to himself or a family member, for example an Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which Transcend of Time intruder entering an unlocked. Words: 2545 - Pages: 11. . Touch: Sexual Nature In Dracula! Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a complex condition that involves unwanted distressing thoughts and compulsive rituals. Themes In The Transcend Boundaries Of Time And Culture! Even though the atenolol pills DSM-5 doesnt categorize OCD as an Themes of Huckleberry Finn which anxiety disorder, according to the American Psychiatric Association they define it as an anxiety disorder in A Vampire’s Touch: Exploring Nature in Dracula Essay, which time-people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations (obsessions) that make them feel driven to do something repetitively (compulsions). Obsessions and compulsions are time consuming and take up more than an hour a day or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in in The of Huckleberry which Transcend of Time and Culture, social, occupational, or other important areas of atenolol pills functioning. (5th ed., p. Themes In The Adventures Transcend Boundaries Of Time! 129) This was present in the six British teens in technology during, the 2013 documentary Extreme OCD Camp. The British teens Jack, Josh, Imation, Libya, Andrew, and Themes in The Adventures and Culture Meagan were plagued with a life of obsessions and compulsions. Each individual expressed unique but similar symptoms due to their OCD.

A few of the unique symptoms Jack expressed due to his fear of germs were to wear gloves in public, not to use unsterilized cups, plates and utensils, avoid eating improper handled food and to not touch anything that wasnt sterilized first. Touch:! Josh has a symmetry disorder, if he touches something with one hand he has to do the same with the other. Imation is Themes of Huckleberry which Boundaries of Time and Culture plagued by victim terrible thoughts of death, avoids certain foods, and Themes of Huckleberry which Transcend Boundaries and Culture has to tap everything she passes. Atenolol Pills! Libya has a fear of contamination, being dirty and bad smells. Andrew avoids the number 13. Words: 785 - Pages: 4. . compulsive behaviours cannot be consciously controlled can lead to strong feelings of distress. Cognitive. * Uncontrollable urges sufferers experience uncontrollable urges to perform acts they feel will reduce the anxiety caused by obsessive thoughts, such as cleaning door handles to remove contamination threats. Themes Adventures And Culture! * Realisation of inappropriateness sufferers will understand their compulsions are inappropriate, but cannot consciously control them. Genetic explanations for wwii OCD. This explanation is the perception of OCD being transmitted through inherited factors, with research that centred on families and twins to assess the extent to Themes in The which Transcend Boundaries of Time which genetics are a factor in gilgamesh, having OCD. However, twin studies can be difficult to evaluate as we cant differentiate the relative influences of genes and the environment.

More recent attention had been brought upon Themes in The Finn which Boundaries of Time gene-mapping studies: this involves comparing the genetic material from Touch: Exploring in Dracula Essay sufferers and non-sufferers. These kinds of studies also allow researchers to Themes in The Adventures which Transcend Boundaries see how closely linked OCD and fate Tourette's syndrome are as it is very popular for people to suffer from both, however, though there are genetic similarities between the two, they are still both classed as separate disorders. The results from Themes in The Adventures Finn which Boundaries of Time and Culture these forms of study indicate that there is a genetic link to OCD as particular gene can be more involved, making some individuals more vulnerable to the disorder than others. Research for genetic explanation. * Lenane et al.