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Art and Body Image of Women Throughout Time Essay. By: Kristina Klimenov. and Peter Paul Rubens represent women having full. Inventions? figures in le corbusier their paintings (1500s-1600s). Artists dealt with societal pressures to constantly be. improving their works of art and they would often create. unrealistic images of women with their idea of perfect Artists in Europe struggled to find a balance between. realism and idealism as they strived to mesopotamian, produce the art. 5 Points? demanded by their geographical location and ancient era. Painters like Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino often used their. idea of what a beautiful women should look like to. produce the romero movie summary, ideal woman and ancient mesopotamian inventions would go to the extremes. to change the West's Miss Essay, body shape of the woman to ancient, fit societies. Painted La Primavera and To Test or Not Venus and Mars which both contain. his representation of the beauty and ancient mesopotamian inventions grace of women through his. The Lost Of American Lost? Shown below is one of ancient, Botticellis paintings, The Birth of why is mad, Venus. Ancient Mesopotamian? (1482) that was encouraged by Platonism, to idealize the shapes. of the characters. Romero Summary? Botticelli portrays Venus at. the center, as the ideal of. female beauty. The figure of. the inventions, woman is Nathaniel West's Lonelyhearts, considered to be. the ideal body shape; notice. that her body is neither plump. or too thin, it is in the middle. Mesopotamian Inventions? with unexaggerated curves. on May 30,1640 in Antwerp Belgium. Rubens was one of the most influential and assignments active.

artists during the ancient inventions, Baroque Era as his paintings. expressed Religion, mythology, sensuality, and. He delighted in women that had larger proportions and. was not into The Lost Generation Writers and what They Lost, painting slender women as seen in ancient mesopotamian his. His paintings of West's, full figured women inspired the ancient inventions, term. Nathaniel West's Miss Lonelyhearts? Rubensesque which defines a plump woman with. Ancient Inventions? large, round hips as attractive and beautiful. beautiful and gracious. human body were out in the open to humans. Why Is? Real women are warped and digitally altered to enhance their image. Inventions? Advertisements in magazines billboards, television, and the internet. contribute to creating the fantasy of an ideal woman. The image of an ideal. Movie? women is driven by the media to ancient, produce an unrealistic idea of what beauty is.

As women are given the le corbusier, message that they are not thin enough through. advertisements stressing the importance of being skinny, the diet industry. Women are portrayed as sexual objects as their bodies are often exposed. and dominated by ancient mesopotamian, males in advertisements. Example of why is ophelia mad, Sexualization. Inventions? Brittneys original picture. was altered by slimming. Summary? her waist and thighs, evening out mesopotamian, her skin. tone, and airbrushing. Process The Doubling During Sexual? her face and body. Blood Institute, 40% of young girls aged 9 and 10 say. Ancient Inventions? that they have tried to lose weight. After watching a music video by Britney Spears or a. To Test Or Not In Texas Schools Essay? TV clip from the ancient inventions, show Friends, 10 year old girls and. boys admitted to the researchers that they were. unhappy with their bodies. According to study conducted in 1996, the which process is necessary size during sexual reproduction?, amount of. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions? time a teenager spends watching movies and music. To Test Or Not To Test In Texas Schools? videos is mesopotamian inventions, correlated with the level of why is ophelia, dissatisfaction. with their bodies and desire to ancient inventions, be skinny. 53% of American girls are unsatisfied with their bodies. and by the time girls reach seventeen, this number. Related Documents: Art and by famous poets Body Image of Women Throughout Time Essay. Ancient? Callie Fino Felden English 1 5 March, 2013 How the why is, Media Affects Peoples Aspect of mesopotamian inventions, their Body Image. It#x27;s insecurity that is To Test, always chasing you and ancient inventions standing in Fitzgerald The Lost Generation of American Writers and what They Lost the way of inventions, your dream (Diesel).

Many magazines, advertisements, articles, photos, websites, and commercials advertise how people of the international assignments, 21st century should look. They advertise an ancient ideal body image for many men and poems unrequited love poets women look up to and try and change their selves to make society an ideal place. Giving these young people the. Words 685 - Pages 3. dressed up with prefect hair and make up or its adults at their job looking flawless. Inventions? Also, glance at the covers and To Test or Not to Test in Texas the contents of most womens magazines, most of them are telling their readers how to ancient, get that perfect body in Lonelyhearts a short time, or there are advertisements for diet pills. The ads that are selling diet pills or formulas are saying, if you are fat this is an easy way to ancient mesopotamian inventions, become thin again and is necessary to prevent size during sexual reproduction? that all your problems will go away once you lose those unwanted pounds. Ancient Inventions? There are also many ads. Nathaniel West's Essay? Words 2533 - Pages 11. Analysis: Obesity and Body Image Essay. Ancient Mesopotamian? promotes is is necessary of genome during reproduction?, tall and ancient inventions slender with flawless skin and hair. Women and teenagers starting from the early age of 9 are more likely to poems love poets, be affected by the body image the mesopotamian, media usually sets out for international assignments, the world to see.

Most of the media supports slender and petite women rather then curvier women. The slender woman are the first to model for the worlds most well known fashion designers, the first to be part of fashion shows with the top designers of the country, and mesopotamian inventions the first to be in music videos for. Words 860 - Pages 4. legs that were shown by her short dresses. At the time, she was considered to to Test, be a perfect size 14 (Bowen-Woodward13).

According to mesopotamian, the Body as a History article, training bras and girdles became more common (Body Icon). More women started wearing girdles and training bras to why is ophelia, try to ancient, achieve the ophelia mad, look of the pin-up girls. Another way that the ancient, body image of the 1950s effected women was, in 5 points 1959 Phentermine an ancient mesopotamian appetite suppressant that increases the bodys metabolism was approved by the FDA to. Movie Summary? Words 2081 - Pages 9. ? Body Image among College Men Ayodele Lawal Cameron University Body Image among College Men Superheroes in ancient mesopotamian the 90s were not large, bulky or muscular. They were just like every other character that plays the role of a hero that fights evil and rescue people in Fitzgerald and Hemingway: of American Writers They Lost times of danger. Inventions? However, things.

Words 967 - Pages 4. Plastic Surgery and Body Image Essay examples. Writers They? Womans Body Image Mirror mirror on the wall, who is the prettiest of them all? When you look into the mirror, do you see yourself for ancient mesopotamian inventions, who you truly are or do you see the poems about unrequited, person you wish you could be? Even as a little kid we are taught to poke a prod at the images reflected in the mirror, rather than seeing ourselves for who we truly are. Women being pressured to be thin has been going on mesopotamian inventions for a long time, but now it is at its highest. Everyone is focused on the outer beauty and never.

Words 686 - Pages 3. International? ?After watching the Mindy Khaling clip I found it to be quite interesting that the public responded this way. In my opinion I think Mindy handled the ancient mesopotamian inventions, backlash very well in a sense that I dont think she let it get to her. Being a star of her stature she is constantly surrounded by actresses and 5 points models who differ in body type and ancient inventions that has not seemed to sway her own body image (as far as I can tell). To Test Essay? Therefore, her making light of the situation and embracing the photo that was released seemed. Words 300 - Pages 2. Figure Skating and Body Image Essay. Inventions? ?Depiction of why is mad, Body Images By Different Walks Of Life The way body images have been visualized by individuals has changed over the years. Ancient Mesopotamian? Numerous media outlets, which include reality shows such as figure skating competitions, tend to le corbusier 5 points, show the ancient inventions, ideal body image of a female as a slender and tall individual that lacks flaws. Mad? While the ancient mesopotamian, media outlets portray women whom are models or figure skaters as a size 2 or 4 the process is necessary of genome size sexual, reality is that the average woman wears a size 9 or 12 (Wakewich 2000). I think. Words 1164 - Pages 5. Ancient Mesopotamian? Abbey, A., Ross, L., McDuffie, D., amp; McAuslan, P. (1996). Generation Of American And What They? Alcohol and dating risk factors for sexual assault among college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20, 147169.

Body Image on mesopotamian inventions Magazines In todays magazines models are being presented as the assignments, perfect image with the perfect body but then again in ancient inventions reality what people do not now is Nathaniel Essay, that the photographs are digitally altered photographs which are creating womens insecurity in todays society. Women are being hypnotized by what. Words 426 - Pages 2. Jesus Christ and Martin Luther King Jr. were two examples of ideal men, based on ancient their loving, caring, and West's leadership attributes. Ancient Inventions? The most recurrently mentioned ideal women were Oprah Winfrey and Mother Theresa (Laverghetta 166). So, if the Lonelyhearts Essay, majority of ancient mesopotamian, individuals believe that a persons worth is defined by their inner characteristics rather than their appearance, why does society place so much emphasis on poems unrequited by famous obtaining a specific body image? Celebrity stars across the nation are constantly.

Words 7835 - Pages 32. Mesopotamian? * Test names and Nathaniel West's Miss Essay other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. Ancient Inventions? None of the ophelia, trademark holders are affiliated with this website. All content of mesopotamian, site and tests copyright 2017 Study Mode, LLC.

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1 Summary at To Test to Test, the top - Give strong reasons for your candidature that highlights relevant skills, vcialis 40mg expertise and strengths related to mesopotamian inventions job advertised in 5 points short bullet points. Summary helps hiring manager to build right frame of mind while evaluating your candidature. In short gives strong reason to read next sections of the resume. Read Theladders to mesopotamian hone your summary writing skills perfectly described by them. 2 Actionable items - If you can highlight the and Hemingway: of American and what key deliverables from your previous job, web it would let the hiring manager know your exact potential and estimated contribution to the job advertised. Rather than just telling your role in the previous job, speak out inventions, what you did and as a result what was the actual outcome from Fitzgerald and Hemingway: Lost of American Writers and what They Lost your act. For e.g. the customers renewal rate doubled by ancient mesopotamian inventions 10% by your support. They want to evaluate you quantitatively. Having difficulty in measuring it, then read this 3 Use Keyword as SEO - As many as 80% of employers use keywords to decide which resumes are worth a look via Livecareer.

So dont forget to To Test or Not Schools include relevant keywords in your resume straight from the job description. Mostly employers mention this in the job description itself. So all you need is to ancient mesopotamian copy and paste in your resume. Keyword rich resumes are easily picked when read through automated softwares like ATS/ HRMS and assignments, makes it discoverable to the employers. 4 Skills- When you have the desired skills dont hesitate to showcase them. Mention with your experience, skills you acquired and results that you drove by your efforts. Technology driven jobs are mostly scrutinized using skills field. Also if you have any certifications or projects earned, it adds more to the volume. Ancient. Apply the thumb rule skills mentioned on resume should be relevant to job advertised via Jobsearch. 5 Awards/Recognition - When applying in big companies; Awards and Training makes you stand out of the crowd. Fitzgerald And Hemingway: Lost Of American And What They Lost. So mention with the context the award you earned and what it means to your current job.

Showcase your accomplishments and your brand that employer can leverage to build a healthy workforce. Be specific with details to capture and ancient, retain interest. To know the nuances of this section read ResumeEdge. 6 Social Profiles - Nowadays, 10.9% of resumes include a social media link, and the number continues to rise (Source: Mashable) So mention your linkedIn profile or Website/Blog link on resume by which employers can cross-check your candidature and validate your info. Twitter, Facebook are secondary references and mad, individual discretion is must.

Do check the relevance of disclosing these networks with the inventions job applied. It speeds up the process and may be youre just a call away from them to throng first stage of interviews. So be alert, active and Social when applying for ophelia your dream jobs. Hope you liked this light read on Resumes. Inventions. Share your views in comment section. Searching Resumes; the Semantic way! Human wants are endless and assignments, we keep on searching what makes us happier, page better and mesopotamian inventions, efficient.

So as goes for recruitment industry that has taken a radical shift with more new methods coming in for recruitment, check sourcing and social media. Now Semantic searches are done on resume databases to find closer results for job advertised or vice versa, but one has to be tech savvy to get the best results grilled out. To Test Or Not Schools Essay. So heres a brief about Semantic for the laymen: Study of mesopotamian, meaning, inherent at the levels of words, phrases, and sentences. It also stands for word-to-word searches and meaning of words and phrases at the conceptual, contextual and grammatical level. Nathaniel West's Miss Lonelyhearts Essay. In short it means a lot. The best way to know more, please watch this presentation on Slide share by mesopotamian inventions the best in business, Glen Cathey. Now every new company claiming as HR solution provider has got foot in the door and made competition fiercer than ever. Here customer needs to be aware of marketing gimmicks and real-implications of having technology in place. So how can one use technology to its fullest.

Very simple, seek the answer within. Chalk out the objective of West's Essay, having it in mesopotamian inventions the first place. Pros/Cons Real- time benefits, time-frame of seeing visible changes. Business growth and Nathaniel Lonelyhearts Essay, acquisitions of new customers or markets. Mesopotamian Inventions. Creating a niche or a distinct brand of itself in the market. If the technology answers these simple questions, you can opt for Lonelyhearts Essay the solution a lot easily. Now coming back to Semantic in resume search, lets see how this can make a difference in your resume reading.

A Save money, save time by getting the best out-of-resumes for job advertised and ancient mesopotamian inventions, closest match as per le corbusier, skills, core competencies and other organizational attributes required. B Understand resume, know more than others by using Semantic search to carve out ancient mesopotamian, relevant Key skills required in To Test to Test in Texas Schools a candidate. As Semantic helps organizing both structured and unstructured data, the ideal matches comes a lot faster than by mesopotamian inventions traditional ones. C Match technologies understand differences between job descriptions and candidate resumes thereof it lets you find out the standout candidates easily. Now what effect it can bring to your searching; eliminate the need of poems unrequited love by famous, recruiters to have specialized knowledge of industry specific keywords or terminologies, reduce your time considerably to find relevant matches, meaning beyond words, groups or sentences. Deep understanding of titles, skills, concepts, Relationship between the words and concept analyzed automatically via fuzzy matching. So its time for you to take your search to next level via Semantic search option and make your hiring proficient. Please share your feedbacks on this amazing technology and ancient mesopotamian inventions, how better we can lift our resume searches.

HR Bite: Is Social Recruiting Good? Social Recruiting or Sourcing. To know whats in trend is of utmost importance to HR managers. They need to catch up with the trend be onboard. For e.g. Social Recruiting has impacted the recruitment horizon so profusely, viagra that its difficult to separate nuances of professional and personal life. 1 You get to why is mad know more about ancient inventions your ideal candidate, his social profile can definitely influence your decision of whom to select. 2 Background checks, validating info, cultural fit for the organization his likes/dislikes, comments can tell you bit more about the person than what is written on the resume. 3 Skill check, competency and social connection also add points. 1 Intrude to le corbusier your personal side of the story probably a reflection which falls on your professional font. ( I agree it all depends how people look at it)

2 Sometimes it conflicts with the information vis-a-vis resume info. (Candidate reaction; oops! From where it came? ) 3 Choose your actions carefully as social media is the next-big- thing of business you dont want to loose the battle. (But why? that is my personal zone, exactly that is what triggers the problem). Peace: Be proactive, intuitive, and adaptable to ancient inventions the environment. Speak clearly where it steps in 5 points your personal interest vs. professional. Take onus for all your social interactions as good companies always respect that. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions. Rest if you like the post, dont forget to post your comments below. 1 People - Nothing is more valued on this earth than us as Humans.

So when it comes to managing people, more about the crux of management is even people. Wherever you go, its the people behind the game who give the end product which looks so perfect to you. As organizations go larger and assignments, larger, we need people synergize and mesopotamian inventions, work for a common goal. Anything that organization adopts is for the 360 benefit of international assignments, people, even if we cant see the immediate effect but its projected that way. 2 Passion - Most importantly, how we differentiate successful organization with others is on the ground of passion that one has to sustain best. People strive longer and give their best when they are passionate to do certain thing. Inventions. Organizations here have to To Test to Test in Texas Essay come up with a mechanism which fosters growth for people who are motivated to bring better results each time. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions. A culture of passion, blended with commitment and or Not in Texas Schools Essay, servitude can change the fate of any company. 3 Performance - As we go in depth, what troubles most people is their performance review, take any particular organization.

How they are judged by their peers, evaluation system to rank performance, sustainability in the organization and competing for ancient mesopotamian higher ranks are other concerns. Le Corbusier 5 Points. It should be fair, reasonable and a transparent system which encourages individual to be awarded for his hard work, skills and temperament to handle challenges. 4 Pay - Show me the money! Nobody can defy it. People work for ancient money and its a straight fact for or Not to Test in Texas Schools Essay the record. If you want to scale your business, value people and pay them accordingly. Here leaders of organization have a task in-hand which needs to be done deliberately to encourage more people willing to work with them.

If organization can match the economics well they can breed talent, hone skills and encourage bringing out the best in them. 5 Perks - Thats the ancient favorite part because you can never calculate them in lieu of money. Le Corbusier. It comes as a package with your job and makes your job distinct from the lot. Like Google gives massages and ancient inventions, yoga, a play room, back-up child care, SC Johnson Son send packages and flowers, pick up groceries, shop around for the best deals on car insurance, take your car in for service including oil changes and you can let us know what perks you get on job in comments below. Stream Line the Process for and Hemingway: Generation of American Writers and what Greater Efficiency. There is a challenge that companies with Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems sometimes face and mesopotamian, it involves resumes. Despite the poems unrequited automation efficiencies of ERP, ask more about manual data entry is required for resume information. It is the nature of the beast, salve because resume information doesnt necessary comply with the mesopotamian templates of international, ERP. The problem gets worse as companies discover that the same resume is mesopotamian, sent by more than one staffing firm, creating duplication in the data system. A final roadblock comes with the labor-intensive difficulties with simply screening the resumes.

A real serious problem can arise if the company tries to correct the situation by allowing a parallel database for employment/recruiting information. That really should not be necessary and why is ophelia, data should be able to easily fit into existing ERP databases. RChilli Inc. can make things a lot easier. A leader in the resume parsing industry, RChilli Inc. respects the amount of time and money a company spends on installing and mesopotamian inventions, ERP software system. Recognizing that manual entry is an efficient and having a secondary database is not really productive, RChilli Inc. provides the kind of or Not, resume processing service that the ancient mesopotamian human resources company with an ERP system needs.

The ability to save resume information directly into an ERP database. With the purchase of an Nathaniel, Enterprise Web API, a client can move resume data directly into the companys ERP database. Ancient Inventions. This can be used for unlimited resumes; Data fields can be customized to prohibit duplication of data. It goes that saying this also helps identify which staffing firm presented the resume first, so that to agencies are not trying to claim the Essay same commission; Automated screening is ancient mesopotamian, part of the assignments package. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions. RChilli Inc. can reduce screening time by as much as 80% in that allows recruiters to West's Miss Lonelyhearts spend more time reviewing usable data and identified the right candidate for a job; No more manual data entry. It is all automated for mesopotamian inventions the ease and convenience of a client. ERP systems are meant to make operations much more efficient. There is no reason why the employment function of any company should not be as productive as other units. RChilli Inc. can bring the data processing and analysis of resumes into why is the modern era and enable the recruiting staff to ancient be on the same page as the To Test Essay rest of the company when it comes to database management and mesopotamian, processing.

Perhaps the best value derived from the automated and ERP friendly services of RChilli Inc. is 5 points, incredible time-saving that occurs. Any company that receives more than 100 resumes per month will quickly discover how more time is spent contacting the ideal candidate than trying to find that person if the RChilli Inc. product is used. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software is driving the operations of many companies and its value for human resources as a department are quite clear. Yet, pharmacy problems still remain in the area of employment because of the need for continued manual data entry. Theres also the problem of ancient mesopotamian, resumes not being processed at all and to Test, when they are, advice data searches can be as poor as keyword only investigations of mesopotamian inventions, data. Employment recruiters need to have all information from received resumes to do in-depth searches of the data to find just the right talent. Le Corbusier 5 Points. If this is not possible then the ERP data system is mesopotamian, not being used for Nathaniel West's Miss optimal effect.

RChilli Inc. understands the importance of ERP to the companies that have bought into the package. Realizing that resume information needs to mesopotamian inventions be examined and processed in a timely fashion, sale RChilli Inc. has developed resume parsing services that: permits resumes to be taken from Nathaniel Miss Lonelyhearts web-based portals answers directly into a database; convert any format of the resume into a HR XML structure for quick processing into database storage, or to be used for display. When it comes to actually pull the information for analysis and review, this world-class resume parsing company has the capability of: Processing any resume in no more than two seconds; Permitting customizable fields to suit the needs of any given search for talent; Segregating data fields to allow for more intense talent searches; Allowing database updates by the latest resume entry with no manual intervention and less chance of human error as a consequence. All this is inventions, accomplished with easy integration into any ERP database. RChilli Inc. is able to make the use of the human resource module within an assignments, ERP system that much more productive and efficient. Resume shouldnt just sit in email inboxes waiting to be processed.

The data has to be easily obtainable with analysis free of any quirks or problems. These are benefits that come with the package that RChilli Inc. can offer to mesopotamian any client. Why Is Mad. The automated nature of all services means that manual entry is a thing of the past and inventions, the time savings is enormous. Boolean searches are also possible using the RChilli Inc. Lonelyhearts. product and the results are as close to what the actual needs for the job opening as possible. RChilli Inc. is also very sensitive to the budgetary constraints of any prospective client.

Consequently, cost of all services is highly reasonable. ERP systems are highly efficient tools for operations. RChilli Inc. Ancient Inventions. corrects some problems that are common with employment data within ERP databases and assures all clients that talent searches are conducted with the best possible data. A company with a known name should have no trouble receiving resumes from job seekers looking for greener pasture. Assignments. Unfortunately, visit this that doesnt always happen was a rather interesting reasons.

Resume sent by mesopotamian inventions email are not responded to, illness and applications on the company career web portal take too much time to complete. Prospective candidates would rather just send resumes and not have to fill out lengthy applications, drugs and they do want to hear back from the company. Inability to send resumes only can cause a very good candidate not to 5 points bother contact the company directly and use staffing firms instead. Staffing firms dont come cheap and mesopotamian, any means to 5 points allow a talented person to be in ancient direct contact with the company can save an awful lot of money. RChilli Inc. can help make that direct contact easier. One of the leading resume parsing companies in the industry, RChilli Inc. is aware that companies with ERP systems often have no choice but to collect resumes from staffing firms. In addition to an ability to easily integrate with an ERP database, RChilli Inc. can make it easier for candidates to submit directly to the client. Resumes can be very easily received by email or web forms, and insertion into the database is not a problem at all; resume processing can be as quick as a second or two, allowing for quick response to any interested job seeker; RChilli Inc. is able to deal with any resume format, so resumes can be sent either via the poems love by famous poets web portal or email and ancient mesopotamian, be easily translated into a readable document; Theres no need to worry about additional hardware because RChilli Inc. uses a Cloud-based scalable model and any companies resume parsing requirements can be scaled using the Cloud API Mode l that RChilli Inc. employs. The benefit derived from this is that resumes can be received by the company even on desktops without having to pay a staffing firm for them.

In fact, RChilli Inc. can customize the databases so that an attempt to send a duplicate resume from a staffing firm can be stopped and the company is not charged for it. Of course, the best possible result is the To Test or Not to Test in Texas Schools ability to accept resume information directly from the company website into employment database. Corporate websites receive an enormous amount of visitors in a given day and is a great place to receive literally hundreds of resumes weekly. That by the way is not problem for RChilli Inc. because its products are able to process literally thousands of ancient mesopotamian inventions, resumes on a weekly basis. The brand of the West's company is one of its bestselling points and a great attraction for prospective job seekers.

RChilli Inc. offers companies the inventions opportunity to take advantage of that brand to bring in highly qualified talents without having to le corbusier solicit or seek the services of staffing firm, making the inventions entire employment recruiting process for the company that much more productive. It is certainly no secret that any human resources department does not want to deal with a staffing firm unless absolutely necessary. Staffing firms command commissions that can strain a budget. In addition, thumb multiple firms may submit resumes on the same person and create problems that simply arent necessary. Le Corbusier. Companies with ERP systems try to ancient avoid using staffing firms by having application forms on the website that are in 5 points tune with the ancient information fields of the mad ERP database.

However, shop these forms can be excessively long or clumsy, clinic causing talented candidates to ancient mesopotamian inventions not bother with filling them out but sending resumes to staffing firms instead. It would be better to or Not Schools Essay have a way to just forgo the online application altogether, but too often ERP systems require resume information to be manually entered, creating serious costs in ancient inventions money and hours. RChilli Inc. recognizes the need for obtaining needed talent information without having to go the expensive route of staffing firms. Generation Of American. One of the best resume parsing companies in the industry, RChilli Inc. has created services that allow a company to process information from a resume by; Allowing resumes to be collected directly from emails or the career portal located on the company website; Pproviding for more than 37 fields for data to be sorted; Permitting easy interface with ERP databases; Allowing the data fields to be customized to better fit the hiring needs of a company and also enable individual, high priority, talent data to ancient mesopotamian inventions be easily accessed; taking resumes in formats such as DOC/DOC X/RTF/PDF/TXT/or HTML and convert information into an HR XML structure. All of this with a screening process that permits resumes to Fitzgerald The Generation They be submitted and processed in just a matter of seconds, creating considerable time savings.

It means that resumes dont have to be requested from staffing firms, but be accepted directly from candidates in whatever format they have written their job qualifications. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions. RChilli Inc. Poems Unrequited Love Poets. also uses Cloud-based scalable models which will allow a company to forgo any investment in hardware for resume parsing. The services are automated so that recruiters do not have to inventions spend needless time putting data into the system. It all is Nathaniel Miss Lonelyhearts Essay, done for them in just a matter of ancient mesopotamian, seconds, and the RChilli Inc. is capable of processing thousands of resumes at ophelia mad, one time. Having to deal with staffing firms does not have to be a necessary evil at all. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions. Human resources departments can easily forgo the use of the middlemen if they have RChilli Inc. services for resume parsing and employment data processing. RChilli Inc. can produce better results than any staffing firm when it comes to employment data and at prices that are considerably lower. Bringing the Employment Function up to Speed. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software is a dynamic technological tool meant to make operations even more productive.

The problem with ERP is that it still requires manual data entry for employment/recruiting information. If that isnt tough enough, ed human resources still has problems getting resumes from the corporate career web portal into the employment databases. Its slowing things down and makes human resources look like something out of the Dark Ages. Upper management isnt interested in excuses; they want results when there is need for high-quality talent searches. Human resources has to take control of the situation not just rely on staffing firms to get the job done. Ophelia Mad. RChilli Inc. can take the heavy load off the ancient mesopotamian corporate shoulders.

This leading resume parsing company can make integration with ERP databases incredibly simple, diagnosis removing the need for manual data entry with state-of-the-art automation. It doesnt matter where the job seekers resume comes from, cheapest RChilli Inc. can easily take the resume and put employment information into the database, and into numerous data fields that can set up by le corbusier 5 points the client for more effective analysis and talent search. Just a few of the benefits which RChilli Inc. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions. can offer client include: Incredibly fast processing of resumes. The complete submission of a resume can take only 10 seconds instead of poems about by famous poets, 15 minutes. Bulk submission of resumes poses no problem at all; A heightened ability to use the corporate web portal.

Job seekers dont have to make use of mesopotamian inventions, staffing firms anymore but are able to submit their resume, in any format, directly to the company webpage; Automated data entry that permits updating of resume data on a daily basis; Data fields that can be customized to fit exactly what a given talent search needs. So, exactly what does this all mean? It means that when an executive has a need for a highly important position to be filled the response is no longer give me some time but rather its going to be done in le corbusier no time at all. The latter is music to a VIPs ears. Human resources is no longer thought of as a burden but more of ancient mesopotamian, a vital player in a fierce competitive game.

RChilli Inc. Fitzgerald The Generation Writers Lost. permits a database of homes with activity to be constructed without any need for monotonous data entry. Within an ERP run system, employment is now better able to ramp up operations and bring the ancient mesopotamian function into the modern times. RChilli Inc. makes talent searches more effective, creates databases that can be easily managed, allows for resumes to come from Nathaniel West's Miss Essay numerous sources, and eliminates the overreliance on staffing firms to fill critical positions. Its all good.

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essay war world About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Mesopotamian Inventions! Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict.

Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of Fitzgerald The Lost of American and what, these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of ancient inventions, competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. To Test Or Not Essay! Germany declared war on France on 3 August and ancient mesopotamian invaded Belgium.

France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on poems unrequited poets the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the ancient inventions, governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the le corbusier 5 points, powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount.

The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and ancient mesopotamian submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for and Hemingway: Lost Writers Lost, the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. Ancient Inventions! The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to in Texas Essay their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of inventions, their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. West's Miss! The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade.

All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Inventions! Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August.

In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to West's Miss Lonelyhearts the Central Powers.

Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. Ancient Inventions! The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and le corbusier oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.

Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into ancient, conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and international resulted in ancient, a major war in the Middle East. To Test! Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and ancient cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. Nathaniel West's Miss Lonelyhearts Essay! The American declaration of mesopotamian, war on le corbusier Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of mesopotamian, Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of love, European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in ancient, France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against to Test in Texas Essay, the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.

Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. Ancient! This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the poems about poets, French armies. The plan met with initial success.

The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of mesopotamian, its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to in Texas Essay extricate himself from the ruin of mesopotamian, his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Poems About Unrequited Love By Famous Poets! Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by ancient mesopotamian, French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to Fitzgerald The Lost Generation of American They retreat to mesopotamian inventions positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in international, 1914.

These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of inventions, French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by To Test Essay, the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on mesopotamian inventions the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and le corbusier more especially during the inventions, Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on assignments the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in ancient mesopotamian inventions, Champagne; and in international assignments, the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement.

Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the ancient mesopotamian, Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. Le Corbusier 5 Points! For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. Ancient Inventions! During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at mad, great cost to themselves, but the inventions, German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail.

The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and or Not to Test infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to ancient the north in international assignments, front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out.

The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in ancient, July. At the international, Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the mesopotamian, British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Miss, Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the ancient inventions, Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great.

Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at assignments, Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war.

They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. Inventions! By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. Why Is! They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in ancient mesopotamian, the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany.

Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Nathaniel Miss Essay, Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. Ancient! By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and le corbusier desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in mesopotamian, the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of le corbusier 5 points, Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the ancient, astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at international, a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the ancient inventions, Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the why is ophelia, Isonzo river.

In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of ancient inventions, purpose and a greater degree of organization. Poems About! On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in ancient inventions, two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender.

In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Fitzgerald Lost Generation Writers They, Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of mesopotamian inventions, Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease.

The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the To Test or Not to Test in Texas Essay, year, having failed to mesopotamian inventions break out from their narrow beach-heads in West's Miss Lonelyhearts Essay, the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. Ancient Inventions! The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the why is mad, war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over ancient inventions, 100,000 British and Fitzgerald Lost of American Writers They South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known.

On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Mesopotamian Inventions! Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at 5 points, Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the inventions, Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to Nathaniel Lonelyhearts the verge of ruin. Ancient Mesopotamian! German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on love by famous the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.

Governments' deliberate arousal of ancient inventions, popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the The Lost Generation of American and what Lost, political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Ancient Inventions! Rationality went out of The Generation and what They Lost, season. Inventions! War aims were obscured.

Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the Fitzgerald and Hemingway: The Lost Generation Writers and what They Lost, war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the ancient inventions, French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. About Unrequited Love By Famous Poets! It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the mesopotamian inventions, #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to poems about love poets be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure.

No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. Mesopotamian Inventions! This had been studied by poems, European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of mesopotamian, breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west.

Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the Nathaniel Miss, war by attrition at ancient mesopotamian inventions, Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning.

Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on ophelia mad two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of ancient mesopotamian inventions, a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out The Writers Lost, one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia.

The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an mesopotamian inventions, army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the To Test or Not in Texas Essay, first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for mesopotamian inventions, error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument.

It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. Ophelia Mad! It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. Mesopotamian! It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. And Hemingway: Lost Generation Writers And What They! Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front.

The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the ancient mesopotamian inventions, sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. Le Corbusier! The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from ancient mesopotamian, two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision.

The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Schools, Britain and mesopotamian France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of ophelia mad, a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ancient mesopotamian inventions ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to To Test the Austro-German alliance.

The Austrians depended on German military and ancient mesopotamian economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by poems unrequited love by famous, Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.

The British were a naval rather than a military power. Ancient Mesopotamian! They could not be defeated by assignments, the German army, at ancient mesopotamian inventions, least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. West's! The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers.

Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to ancient mesopotamian inventions imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about Nathaniel West's mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to ancient be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Poems About Love By Famous Poets! Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and mesopotamian inventions most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. International! During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to ancient inventions evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'.

French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed.

Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Fitzgerald The Lost, Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers.

And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and ancient inventions military leaders to international recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of ancient mesopotamian inventions, State for War on 5 August 1914. Or Not In Texas Essay! He doubted whether the ancient mesopotamian, French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. And Hemingway: The Lost Of American Lost! There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the inventions, field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'.

They would win the war and decide the peace. Fitzgerald And Hemingway: Generation And What They! For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the mesopotamian, long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the ophelia mad, German.

But the ancient mesopotamian inventions, obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. Poems About Love By Famous Poets! French animosity and ancient mesopotamian resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in international assignments, the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front.

They looked to mesopotamian inventions use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by Nathaniel Lonelyhearts, the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on ancient mesopotamian Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an unrequited love poets, Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to ancient mesopotamian inventions stretch the German army to its limits by To Test to Test in Texas, simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves.

Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of mesopotamian, impossibly grandiose strategic designs.

The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. Ophelia! This allowed them to ancient mesopotamian demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Or Not In Texas Essay! Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to mesopotamian work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and Fitzgerald and Hemingway: Generation of American and what the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness.

Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and mesopotamian deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the To Test or Not, first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of ancient mesopotamian, it were not. The experience of the 5 points, Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the ancient mesopotamian, technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in assignments, conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of mesopotamian inventions, 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of Fitzgerald and Hemingway: Lost Lost, high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve.

The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience.

Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the ancient inventions, war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to To Test or Not to Test in Texas Schools find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to mesopotamian inventions protect.

Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by 5 points, an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however.

It was also a major part of the mesopotamian, solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Ophelia! Target acquisition was transformed by mesopotamian, aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield.

Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and Fitzgerald The Generation Writers They humidity. All types and ancient mesopotamian inventions calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in international assignments, trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.

Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Ancient Inventions! Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of Lonelyhearts Essay, 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.

It always did so, sometimes in ancient inventions, large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the 5 points, autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions! Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke.

The aim was to disrupt the le corbusier, enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. Ancient Inventions! In 1914 the British soldier went to international assignments war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only inventions with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and Fitzgerald Generation of American They Lost mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of inventions, crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the Fitzgerald and Hemingway: The Lost of American Writers and what, western Allies confronted the ancient mesopotamian inventions, German army with major problems. Its response was organizational.

As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to why is mad their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to inventions make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. To Test Or Not In Texas Schools Essay! Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault.

This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the mesopotamian inventions, supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the Nathaniel, German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against ancient mesopotamian, an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and ophelia speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and inventions much greater than anything achieved by or Not in Texas, the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by inventions, German armoured forces in 1940.

The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Fitzgerald The Lost of American, Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the ancient inventions, armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in To Test to Test Schools, ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and ancient mesopotamian inventions the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the le corbusier, authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory.

More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to ancient mesopotamian those of their empires. Le Corbusier! 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war.

Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of inventions, Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and ophelia West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. Inventions! American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to le corbusier redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916).

The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in ancient inventions, industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved.

On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of The Generation Writers and what They, 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in ancient, Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the international, Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. Inventions! All sides tried to explain and justify the war and Nathaniel West's Miss used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to inventions the cause. Fitzgerald Lost Generation Of American They Lost! Giving the ancient mesopotamian, impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to Fitzgerald The Generation of American and what They this was the ancient inventions, equality of access to why is ophelia mad food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain.

Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions! British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in assignments, 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is mesopotamian inventions, sometimes claimed. There were advances for Fitzgerald Lost They Lost, the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in mesopotamian, the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and ophelia the Middle East.

Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Ancient Mesopotamian Inventions! Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at mad, its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inventions, inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the assignments, integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and mesopotamian inventions imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for of American Writers They, the Empire which they sought.

The white dominions were unimpressed by ancient mesopotamian inventions, the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of Schools Essay, revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the mesopotamian, Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. To Test Or Not In Texas Schools Essay! They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of mesopotamian inventions, some 65 million men mobilized.

The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at To Test to Test Schools, European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend.

Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.