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Salomon 1 Rodrigo Salomon Professor Ocegueda English 1301 Online 12 Sept. 2012 Memoir Essay Life-Changing Moments Most, . if not all, people have to make an important decision at some point during their lives. Some of these decisions have the capacity to taoism, change the Essay course of a person’s life either for the better or the worse. One of the most important decisions I have ever made up to this point in uncarved, my life was to decide whether or not I should study abroad for an entire year. Some of the many.
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THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RUSSIA AND CHECHNYA. Working Paper #95-5(1) By Mariya Yevsyukova. Department of Sociology. University of Colorado, Boulder. This paper was written with a small grant from the Conflict Resolution Consortium, University of Colorado. Funding for the Consortium and its Small Grants Program was provided by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. The statements and ideas presented in taoism this paper are those of the author and apple logo bite do not necessarily represent the views of the Conflict Resolution Consortium, the block taoism, University of Colorado, or the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. For more information, contact the War and Britain's Influences, Conflict Resolution Consortium, Campus Box 327, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0327. Phone: (303) 492-1635, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Copyright (C) 1995. Mariya Yevsyokova. Do not reprint without permission. Checheno-Ingushetia at a glance. Geography: 7,350 square miles, about the size of New Jersey. Population: Chechen and Ingush. are ethnically related Turkic. peoples, mainly Sunni Muslim,
who speak Caucasian languages. About 52% of its 1.27 million. people are Chechen, 12% Ingush. Economy: It contains a major. Soviet oil field as well as. chemical factories, food. canneries, timber and. Los Angeles Times, Nov. 10,1991.
[I feel that it is block necessary to know the history of Russian-Chechen relations in order to understand the current situation in this region. The contemporary conflict in this area can be understood as the consequence of the The Opium Great Influences In China Essay, ongoing struggle of Chechen people for uncarved taoism, independence against oppressive czarist and The Opium War and Great Britain's Influences In China Soviet national policy. Such a national policy has not only straight linkages with particular events, but it generally influenced the political process in Russia.] I. Uncarved Block Taoism? CONFLICT HISTORY. The Chechno-Ingushes are natives of the Caucasus. Islam came to the Caucasus in the 7th Century, but was not deeply rooted in mountainous Chechnya until the 18th Century.
I agree that the dominant ideology of Chechnya is becomes electra characters not Islam but nationalism (Los Angeles Times, Jan. 16). It unites 150 clans (teips) which represent a sometimes contentious and largely egalitarian society. Uncarved Taoism? From the 13th Century until the end of the 19th Century, the Chechen people have always had to defend their land against electronic unit foreign invaders. These centuries have molded their character. Their bellicosity, independence, and courage were noted in Russian literature at the time of the Caucasian War in the 19th Century (Lermontov) and in uncarved block taoism The Gulag Archipelago (Solzhenitsyn). In 1722, during the Persian Campaign, Peter the Great visited Chechnya. The process of colonization of Chechnya by Russia dates from that time. In the 1780s the Vaynakhs (Chechens and Ingush) rose up to fight against Russian domination. The movement which began in becomes characters Chechnya under Sheik Mansur engulfed virtually all the Northern Caucasus.
The movement was suppressed by the Russian army in uncarved block taoism 1789. The Caucasian War (1817-1864). In the first half of the century, the war of liberation of the Chechens and Ingush against the colonial troops virtually never ceased. It became especially intense after General Ye. P. Yermolov was appointed Governor General of the Caucasus in 1816. Russia had decided to speed up the process of colonization of the Northern Caucasus because its link with Transcaucasia was extremely tenuous (Georgia and apple logo without bite Azerbaijan has already been annexed to the empire in the early 19th century).
General Yermolov's tactic was a planned incursion deep into Chechnya and block taoism Mountainous Dagestan followed by surrounding the mountain rayons (districts) by a tight circle of fortifications, clearing lines through nearly impenetrable woods, laying roads, and destroying villages which resisted. The result of Yermolov's activity in the Caucasus was the relatively stable subordination of Dagestan, Chechnya, and the Transkuban. After Yermolov, I.F. Paskevich headed the Russian troops in the Caucasus. He decided to abandon the on Writing Self-Evaluation, tactics of planned incursion and seizure of territory and returned to the practice of conducting punitive expeditions.
A new stage of the mountain dwellers' national liberation movement started in 1828. A Muslim movement to strictly observe the block taoism, rules of the Shariat (the Muslim religious rules) in the life of the mountain peoples began in Dagestan. Gradually Vaynakhs, who observed the rules of the Adat (the traditional civil law), joined the problem, movement of Kazi Magomed, who was declared Imam in December 1828; he promoted the idea of uniting the peoples of block taoism, Chechnya and Dagestan. Two years after Magomed's death, Shamil headed the Shariat movement and became Imam. Shamil's struggle under the slogan of a holy war lasted 20 years; however, the strength of his state was severely undermined. During the war, Chechnya's entire territory was the site of constant battles. In April 1859, the movement was suppressed; but, the Caucasian war continued until 1864. It took a Russian expeditionary force of 200,000 men to end this revolt in 1859.
In order to strengthen Russian influence in the Caucasus, the czarist government expelled the Chechens and Ingush from the 'flat' territories and moved Cossacks to their lands. As a form of protest against such a policy, abreks [Caucasian mountain bands who fought the Russians in the 19th century] appeared. The abreks attacked the representatives of the local administration, military officers, and Cossacks; they robbed the farms established on their lands which had been confiscated. Overall, unrest in Chechnya did not cease until 1917. Checheno-Ingushetia From 1917 through 1985. During the years of the Civil War (1918-1920), most Chechens and apple Ingushs supported the uncarved block, Bolsheviks. After the Sociologists of Science, occupation of the block, Northern Caucasus by the Red Army in 1921, the Gorskaya ASSR was formed in the Northern Caucasus. On November 30, 1922, the Chechen and Ingush areas were detached from the apple logo, Gorskaya ASSR to form the Chechen and Ingush Oblasts. Several small oblasts were created to prevent the Caucasians from consolidation. On January 15, 1934, the two oblasts were merged to form the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Oblast; on uncarved block December 5, 1936, this became the Chechen-Ingush ASSR.
In 1929, during the collectivization process, violations of policy occurred, leading to an uprising which continued until 1934. In August 1936, as the result of operations to eliminate 'anti-Soviet elements', 10,000 people were arrested in on Writing Self-Evaluation Chechnya and Ingushetia, and numerous trails were held. Virtually all the leaders -- from the rayon authorities to uncarved taoism, the employees of the republic organs of Checheno- Ingushetia -- were arrested. At the becomes, same time, there were uprisings and the break-up of the kolhozes began in the territory of uncarved, Chechno- Ingushetia; the Provisional People's Revolutionary Government of Checheno-Ingushetia was proclaimed. The war of Sociologists of Science Essay, 1941-1945 revived the rebel movement in the mountains of Checheno-Ingushetia. In June 1942, the rebel government issued an appeal to the Chechen-Ingush people; it stated that the Caucasian peoples were awaiting the Germans as guests and uncarved taoism would be hospitable to them only if they granted complete recognition of the independence of the Caucasus. In the spring of 1942, Soviet planes bombarded Checheno- Ingushetia twice. The Germans were unable to capture the territory of Checheno-Ingushetia; nonetheless, Stalin's government accused the Essay, Chechen and Ingush peoples of treachery and organized their mass expulsion to Kazakhstan and uncarved taoism Uzbekistan in February 1944. In February 1944, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was liquidated.
During the deportation, half of the population died of hunger, cold, and disease. Consequently, the rebel movement erupted in the mountains of control, Checheno-Ingushetia with new force in 1944. Representatives of this movement used the uncarved, prerevolutionary tactics of the abreks: they attacked the administration and the military from the mountains. Several NKVD (internal security) divisions were sent to Checheno- Ingushetia to social problem, eliminate this movement; by block taoism the end of the mid- 1950s, the rebel uprising in Checheno-Ingushetia had been virtually eliminated. But, even into the 1960s, there were partisans hiding in apple without the mountains who had suspended terrorist activity after the restoration (1957) of the uncarved block, republic; they hid from the authorities and continued to seek vengeance on representatives of the KGB (successor organization to the NKVD). At first, the electronic control unit, perestroyka which had begun in March 1985 had no fundamental impact on the political life of Checheno- Ingushetiya. The first sign of changes was the taoism, criticism of the historical writings of professor Vinogradov (the author of the concept of the 'voluntary inclusion of characters, Checheno-Ingushetiya in Russia) theory by historians of Dagestan in 1987. During 1987, tension in taoism the society steadily increased; and, by the end of the year, only a pretext was needed to spur the spontaneously forming opposition into action.
The news of the construction of the War and, Gudermes Biochemical Plant (BCP) to produce lysine became such a pretext. By the summer of 1988, organizers of the movement to stop the construction in Grozny had united into the 'Union To Promote Perestroyka'; they soon reorganized into the Popular Front of the taoism, ChI ASSR. Until the fall of 1990, the Popular Front was the main opposition to without, the party-Soviet leadership of Checheno- Ingushetiya. The slogan of uncarved block taoism, restoring historical truth about the past of the mourning electra characters, Vaynakh (Chechen-Ingush) people and exposure of the semiofficial concept of the 'voluntary inclusion of Chechen-Ingush in Russia' became some of the main policies of the Popular Front. In June 1989, the organization bureau of the block, Chechen-Ingush Obkom of the CPSU (Communist Party) elected Doku Zavgayev as first secretary; he became the first Chechen to hold the post of head of Checheno-Ingushetia in all the years of Soviet power.
When he assumed leadership, liberalization of the party regime in the ChI ASSR began. A new political force -- the Vaynakh Democratic Party (VDP) -- which became the main powerful opposition to Zavgayev's government appeared in the summer of 1990. The Opium War And Great Britain's Influences In China? The VDP leaders considered forming a sovereign Vaynakh (Chechen-Ingush) Republic as an independent state in an equal Union of SSR's as their main goal. On November 1990, the Chechen National Congress was held in Groznyy. The idea of sovereignty became the main slogan of the Congress. On 27 November 1990, the block taoism, session of the The Opium War and Influences, republic Supreme Soviet adopted the 'Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Checheno-Ingush Republic'. According to the Declaration, the Checheno-Ingush Republic (ChIR) was declared a sovereign state which would sign the Union and federative treaties on an equal basis.
In actual fact, the Declaration did not change the state of uncarved, affairs in the republic and made almost no change in the character of Sociologists of Science Essay, Checheno-Ingushetiya's ties with the block taoism, Union and the Russian center. In December 1990, the VDP and The Opium War and Influences organizations close to it created an opposition bloc, the 'National Movement of the Chechen People', whose main goals were the struggle to realize the idea of 'national sovereignty' of the Chechen Republic and the desire to unite the peoples of the Northern Caucasus into a confederative state outside the RSFSR. Major General Dzhokhar Dudayev was elected chairman of the uncarved, executive committee of the Chechen National Congress. He began to support the radical nationalists in the committee who openly announced their goal: to overthrow the ChIR Supreme Soviet and seize power. The attempted coup in the USSR of 19-21 August 1991 became the catalyst for a sudden social explosion in Checheno-Ingushetiya which was named the 'Chechen revolution'. II. HISTORY OF THE CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT. 1. Self-Evaluation? The 'Chechen Revolution'. On 22 August 1991, the leadership of the NCChP executive committee and taoism the leaders of the opposition parties demanded the resignation of the ChIR Supreme Soviet, which had been unable to take a principled position during the days of the coup.
In the evening of social problem, that same day, the demonstrators surrounded the republic television building and seized it after a minor scuffle with the militia. Members of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet Presidium arrived on 26 of August and warned Zavgayev not to use force. On 1-2 September, the third session of the National Congress of the Chechen People met and declared the ChIR Supreme Soviet overthrown and handed power over the territory of Chechnya over to the NCChP executive committee. Another two delegations of Russian officials conducted negotiations with Chechen leaders in order find a solution to the crisis. On 14 September, the block taoism, acting chairman of the unit, RSFSR Supreme Soviet, R. Khasbulatov, flew to the republic and firmly demanded the resignation of the block taoism, ChIR deputy corps; the deputies passed a decision on of Science Essay the resignation. Block? New parliamentary elections were set for 17 November; during the transition period, power was handed over to the Provisional High Council of the ChIR (PHC ChIR). Later, Khazbulatov said that it was Boris Yeltsin who wanted Zavgayev out of on Writing Self-Evaluation, office so that Khadziev, 'a more suitable person', could replace him. The decision to transfer power to the Provisional High Council did not suit the NCChP executive committee, which demanded powers only for itself. During the night of 7-8 October, soldiers from the national guard seized the PHC residence; the members of the council, in fact, found that their status had been changed to illegal. On 9 October, the RSFSR Supreme Soviet Presidium issued a decree: 'On the Political Situation in the ChIR'; the Russian leadership demanded that the unlawful paramilitary formations disarm and declared that the uncarved block, Provisional High Council was the only lawful organ of power on the territory of the ChIR. However, the leaders of the social problem, NCChP executive committee continued to block, make preparations for the election of the mourning electra characters, president and parliament of the Chechen Republic (ChR); the elections were held on 27 October 1991.
As observers and the press emphasized, the elections campaign took place in conditions of an aggravated standoff among various political forces; television and radio were blockaded by taoism General Dudayev's guardsmen. Essay On Writing Self-Evaluation? Taking into account the unfair conditions of the elections, seven contenders for the post of president of the ChP withdrew their candidacies. The chairman of the taoism, NCChP executive committee, (Ret) General D. Dudayev, was elected the becomes electra, president of the ChR. Taoism? Later, the make-up of the ChR parliament was announced. The RSFSR Supreme Soviet, the ChIR Council of Ministers, and a number of influential sociopolitical movements of social problem, Checheno- Ingushetia did not recognize the election results. On November 10, 1991, Russia's President Yeltsin sent 650 troops to enforce a state of emergency in Checheno-Ingushetia. Dudayev . defied Yeltsin's decree and mobilized thousands of uncarved, armed supporters to challenge the troops. The troops withdrew when Russian lawmakers and the Kremlin made it clear that they did not support military action in the region (The Washington Post, Nov. 13, 1991, p. 6). The decree of the RSFSR president declaring a state of emergency in the ChIR fundamentally changed the line-up of political forces in Checheno-Ingushetia.
D. Dudayev held a press conference where the president of Chechnya announced the firm intention of the ChR to create an independent state. The Provisional High Council of the ChIR and its militia dissolved without notice on the very first day of the crisis. Thus, the attempt to introduce a state of emergency in Checheno-Ingushetia led to the legitimization of the president and parliament of the ChR and to Essay, the disappearance of the opposition. Taoism? The 'Chechen revolution' was victorious. The first attempt to solve conflict by control force failed. A year after these events, a state of emergency was declared in the Chechen-Ingush republic as a result of ethnic fighting between Ingushs and Ossetins; after the deportation of the block, Ingush in 1944, some of their lands ended up in the hands of Ossetians. Essay? Dudayev threatened to declare war on Moscow if it didn't withdraw troops from around the borders of Checheno-Ingushetia. By that time, the Ingushs had already declared themselves independent from Chechnya.
Russia agreed to pull troops back from the block, disputed border. 2. A Three Year Interregnum. The romantic period of the struggle for War and Britain's Influences, independence was over. Moscow established economic, financial, and air blockades of the republic; Chechen leaders were unable to establish a democratic regime. After a year of independence, there was an economic and political crisis in the republic. The only economic reform was the hiving off of the state business to mafia clans. The state farms were robbed and crime grew at a frightening rate. The Chechen parliament came out decisively in opposition to the president after Dudayev tried to prevent the referendum (that the Chechen parliament had declared) on the form of the government in the republic and on the need for block taoism, sovereignty and independence. The president accused parliament -- which had tried to negotiate with Russia about the status of the Chechen Republic -- of Sociologists Essay, betraying the uncarved taoism, cause of independence. Parliament was liquidated by an edict of the president in April and direct presidential rule was introduced. Unit? A new 'parliament' was created on the base of uncarved block, a national radical faction which had unconditionally supported Dudayev; very similar events were taking part in Russia at that time.
Two groups of high-ranking Moscow politicians, separately and independently of each other, were conducting confidential negotiations with two feuding Chechen groups. The aim of negotiations was to return Chechnya to the bosom of the Federation. The Ministry of the mourning becomes electra characters, Russian Federation on taoism Nationality Affairs, headed by Sergey Shakhray, was building bridges with the irreconcilable Chechen opposition, which promised Moscow numerous concessions (Leaders of the opposition were asking to be helped materially and to be recognized as the legal authority in Sociologists of Science Chechnya. On their part, they pledged themselves to overthrow the uncarved taoism, present regime, to organize parliamentary elections, and to transform their republic into a valuable component of the Russian Federation.) At the same time, the administration of the president of Self-Evaluation, Russia, headed by Sergey Filatov, was trying to fix relations with Dudayev. Filatov transparently hinted at an alleged planned meeting of the two presidents (a success about which Dudayev could only dream). He intended to sign a treaty with Grozny on the division of powers and subjects of jurisdiction similar to the Russian-Tatar treaty. Uncarved? But, Dudayev issued instructions to conduct negotiations only 'about improving relations with Russia'. Shakhray insisted that it was impossible to come to an agreement with Dudayev and that it was necessary to rely on 'other sociopolitical forces in mourning becomes the republic'. In addition, third persons were also insinuating themselves into the negotiating process. Viktor Chernomyrdin received Deputy Prime Minister Mugodayev of the Dudayev government and settled certain problems about the uncarved, Grozny oil refinery plant and a number of mourning becomes, other local enterprises.
Russian leaders chose to support the opposition. Since August 1994, it had supported the uncarved, opposition Internal Council with Umar Avturkhanov at the head; he obtained over mourning becomes electra characters, 10 billion rubles as well as covert military support from Russia. (The Economist, Sept. 24, 1994; The New York Times, Dec. 13; Literaturnaya Gazeta, Nov. 30, 1994).) I think that the Russians intended for Dudayev to lose control over a significant part of the territory and for the opposition to arm itself so that the Groznyy leader really would become a very tractable partner. Uncarved Block Taoism? President Yeltsin decided to begin official talks with Chechnya's authorities; Shakhray was dismissed from the leadership by the Ministry of Nationality Affairs. Yeltsin's administration insisted that three key items were basic foundations for the talks: 1. Mourning Becomes Electra? Chechnya would sign the Federation treaty as an RF entity; 2. It would hold elections for the Federal Assembly; 3. It would stop the anti-Russian propaganda campaign.
In exchange for these conditions, the RF leadership, as was evident from V. Shumeyko's declaration, was ready to uncarved, recognize Dudayev's presidential powers and, thus, the legitimacy of his regime. It is evident that Shumeyko's intention to recognize Dudayev's regime in exchange for Chechnya's sovereignty prevailed over Shakhray's, who stated that it was impossible to declare the elections in Chechnya invalid from a legal standpoint. The RF side insisted that representatives from the political forces opposed to his regime also participate in the talks. Dudayev declared that he would not negotiate if his opposition would participate in the talks and that he intended to conduct the talks at the highest level. In his letter to Chernomyrdin (Narod, No 3, March 1994) he still talked about a single independent state ready to become a CIS member. At that time, Sergey Filatov declared that Russia had two solutions to the problem: a mild one (talks and political means) and sociology social problem a harsh one (forceful means). Unfortunately, because of uncarved, a new power arrangement in the Russian government, the second alternative was chosen. 3. Russian Intervention.
In November 1994, the Russian Air Forces started bombing Grozny, the Chechen capital; Russia sent thousands of troops backed by tanks and aircraft to end Chechnya's independence bid on electra December 11; but, it has been unable to quell dogged resistance by uncarved block the local fighters. On December 12, talks between Russians and Chechens began in Vladikavkaz. December 15 was the Britain's, deadline that President Yeltsin had given for uncarved block, the secessionists to lay down their weapons. The Chechen leaders say they will never lay down their arms until Russians troops retreat from Sociologists of Science, their land. Russia says its soldiers will eagerly comply [withdraw] but only after thousands of Chechens are disarmed (The New York Times, Dec. 14, 1994). On December 14, the block taoism, Chechen delegation walked out of truce negotiations in Vladikavkaz. On December 15, the Chechen government tried to get the Essay, United States involved by asking Vice President Al Gore to act as a mediator between the Russian and Chechen negotiators.
However, Washington insisted that it viewed the controversy as an internal Russian affair. All further attempts to re-start negotiations came to a standstill because each side made demands similar to those which ended the first negotiations. Groznyy was captured in February after weeks of uncarved taoism, fierce air and artillery bombardment and street fighting which left the city, once home to 400,000 people, in electronic ruins. Russia's Human Right Commissioner, Sergei Kovalyov, has said that 24,000 civilians were killed just in Groznyy. Colonel-General Anatoly Kulikov, commander of the uncarved block taoism, joint army and control interior ministry troops in Chechnya, said 1,426 federal soldiers had died in Chechnya.
The reconstruction work in Chechnya was expected to cost 5.3 trillion rubles (1 billion dollars) in block 1995. At the beginning of April, Russians appeared to have achieved a turning point, having taking Gudermes, Chechnya's second city, and Shali, the last major stronghold of the separatists. Britain's Influences? This left Russian forces in uncarved taoism control of all the east of Chechnya and about two thirds of the whole North Caucasus region. Of Science? They also control a key railway leading from Russia proper to uncarved, Azerbaijan and the Caspian sea. Russia established a 'puppet government' of 'national revival of the Chechen republic', with Salambek Khadziyev as the head. But, the conflict is not over: the apple logo bite, rebels led by Dzokhar Dudayev have made no secret of their intention to launch a guerrilla campaign from the Caucasus mountains. It is clear that the Chechens won't forgive its humiliation and the brutality of the Russians during the war. Possibly as in Afghanistan, where Russia also installed a puppet leader, Russia will have to uncarved, keep military forces in the republic in order to of Science Essay, defend this new regime. After information about the severe violation of uncarved, human rights in Chechnya by Russian military actions appeared, the European Parliament and the whole world community tried to force Russia to stop the brutal war by political and The Opium Influences In China economic means. The European Parliament renewed its calls for an immediate cease-fire, the creation of safety corridors to facilitate rescue operations, and re-opening of negotiations.
It requested that an OSCE permanent mission be established. Uncarved Block Taoism? The tone of the Essay Self-Evaluation, European Parliament resolution was considered by Russia as not appropriate for a dialogue with a 'great power, which Russia undoubtedly is'(Interfax news agency, 17 Mar., 1995). Russia failed to take any notice of the block, European Union calls, it refused to cooperate with the Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation, OSCE, blocked humanitarian aid, and stepped up military operations in defiance of EU calls for a ceasefire. [The conflict and the history of Russia-Chechnya relations have not yet been analyzed by historians. That is why I base my research on Russian, American and English magazine and newspaper articles, Caucasian Review [a magazine issued by emigrants from Caucasus in 1950s], and some Soviet books about the history of the uncarved block, Northern Caucasus. Magazine and newspaper articles are less reliable sources of information since they sometimes use unverified facts.
In spite of The Opium War and Great Britain's Influences In China Essay, government attempts to limit information, the conflict has been truthfully represented in the Russian media.] III. CONFLICT CONTEXT. 1. This conflict took place in the context of the disintegration of the Soviet Union. The Baltic Republics were the first. Compared to republics in the Russian federation, Soviet republics had a constitutional right to secede. There was a conflict between Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Taoism? Mikhail Gorbachev criticized Yeltsin's handling of the social problem, crisis and blocked the uncarved taoism, use of Soviet Interior Ministry troops to enforce Yeltsin's emergency decree. The Russian parliament refused to endorse Yeltsin's state of emergency decree. This was a challenge of Yeltsin's authority which came at a time of apple, deeping ethnic and economic crisis.
Bushkiria and Tatarstan, Muslim areas east of Moscow, declared that they wanted full independence. The Russian government was poised to implement radical and unpopular economic reform which was also criticized by Gorbachev. This situation helped Dudayev to uncarved taoism, consolidate his power. Both the Georgian president and Essay on Writing the Chechen people supported Dudayev's position. 2. Dudayev had three years of independence. The Soviet Union disintegrated during that time.
Unfortunately, as in many other republics, the Chechen government was corrupt and was closely tied with the Mafia. However, if we look at crime, corruption, and Mafia activities in Russia, the situation is block not much different from that in unit Chechnya. The Russian press created an image of block taoism, Chechens as gangsters: Muscovites were told that the strongest Mafia group in Moscow is Chechen. This propaganda influenced public opinion. Relations between Moscow and other republics of the apple logo without, Russian Federation improved; the constitution adopted at the end of taoism, 1993 laid out a rudimentary division of powers between the federal government and the various parts of the Russian federation. Bashkortostan signed the federation treaty in 1992. In February 1994, Russia and Sociologists Essay Tatarstan signed a treaty after three years of negotiations. As can be seen, Russia already had some successful experience in reaching agreements in similar situations. For three years, Russia limited its actions to supporting the Chechen opposition. Analysts suggest several reasons: first, Russia already had significant negative experience conquering Chechnya; second, Dudayev threatened to respond with terrorism in Moscow; third, it was reported that Russian policy was intervening just enough to destabilise Chechnya but too little to uncarved taoism, guarantee the final result (The Economist, Sept. 24, 1994, p.54).
This raises the question as to what caused Russia to change its policy. 3. It is sociology problem possible that the answer is the uncarved block, new power arrangement in Russian government. Because of the Constitution of apple, December 1993, Boris Yeltsin wields more power than almost any democratically elected president in the world. He did not consult about uncarved block, Chechnya either with the presidential council or with the government. Nobody in the presidential staff bothered to go through the motion of lobbying the two houses of parliament. (The Economist, Jan. 7, 1995.) The decision about the 1994 invasion was made by a group known as the party of war. Social Problem? This group includes the heads of the power ministries (defense, interior and the former KGB). The Russian parliament failed to uncarved block taoism, pass a clear resolution about this decision. Sociologists Of Science? Legally, Chechnya doesn't have a right to secede from the Russian Federation; the Russian Constitution does not permit it. The Russian Parliament officially forbade high level negotiations with Chechen government because the uncarved, later was not recognized as legitimate.
The same resolution, adopted nine months ago, forbade the Russian government to becomes electra characters, negotiate until free elections were conducted in taoism Chechnya. (Vechernaya Moskva, Dec. 15, 1994.) After the beginning of the 1994 military action, the Russian government showed an unwillingness to negotiate with Dudayev. In his last proposals, he agreed to negotiate some form of confederation with Russia short of independence. But 'the party of war' talked about only one thing - the terms of Chechnya's capitulation.
The fact that the military refused to obey Yeltsin's orders to stop bombing indicates that his grip on the levers of power was weak. IV. CONFLICT PARTIES. A. Primary. I would name Russia and of Science Chechnya as primary parties. But it is important to take into account that there were different forces in Chechnya and that it was Dudayev's regime which came into uncarved block taoism, strict opposition to Russian government. Essay On Writing? In Russia the decision to invade was made by a few ministers. 20% (from other sources 8%) of the taoism, Russian people didn't support the invasion. B. Secondary . I would name the electra characters, opposition to Dudayev as a secondary party.
Its leaders were Umar Avturkhanov, Ruslan Khasbulatov, and Ruslan Labazanov. Now, there is another representative -- Mr. Block Taoism? Yeltsin named a 53-year-old former oil executive, Salambek Khadziev, who is in Moscow, to lead the Chechen Government of National Rebirth (The New York Times, Dec. 27, 1994, p. A6). The Soviet government played a positive role at the beginning of the conflict. But it did not play the role of mediator encouraging direct or indirect communication between the disputants. [During the second period of the apple, conflict (The Three Year Interregnum) there was a conflict inside Chechnya (between the opposition and the president), in which Russia played a role of higher authority (not mediator, because it did not help 'the principles reach a voluntary agreement'; rather, it had it's own goals). It is possible to taoism, say that Russian authorities employed covert forms of problem solving strategy. At that time, they stepped back from contentious strategy and felt that compromise could be achieved. But, a stalemate did not occur. There were no four reasons for it: failure of contentious tactics, exhaustion of necessary resources, loss of social support, and Essay unacceptable costs (Pruitt Rubin, 1986).]
C. Interested third parties. The first group are the other muslim republics of the Russian Federation. The leaders of the Volga republics spoke in support of block taoism, cessation of hostilities as soon as possible. They met on January 4th to criticize both the fratricidal war and Essay Boris Yeltsin for failing to consult with them before starting it. With the help of Ingush president Ruslan Ayshev, the Chechen delegation met with the Russian prime-minister on January 17, 1995, and taoism agreed to on Writing, a cease fire to start on the 18th of uncarved taoism, January; unfortunately, it didn't occur. The second group are various foreign countries and such organizations as the United Nations and Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe. The position of many foreign countries, e.g., the USA, is based on on Writing two.
principles: understanding Russia's interest in not admitting the existence of internal dissidence and the necessity for uncarved, Russia to apply traditional humanistic values in its actions, such as recognizing human rights. If, at the beginning of the war, the first principle was the pre- eminent concern of the foreign community of nations, then, as Russia violated human rights in Chechnya, criticism of sociology problem, Russia by other countries increased. B. Uncarved Block? Values-based. The issue of Chechnya independence. Not all of the Chechen people supported this idea. A referendum on this issue was prevented by Dudayev; if it had occurred, the results would provide valuable insight. The Chechen people seem to want to use the natural resources of their country for its own benefit and sociology problem have more autonomy and respect. [A hidden interest was the goal of Chechen leaders to engage in personal enrichment by plundering the block, resources of the country.] Russia could not compromise on the issue of independence because the consequences which could follow Chechen independence were unpredictable.
Another issue is sociology problem that Chechnya is rich with oil. Even more important is the prevention of oil-rich Azerbaijan from slipping into Turkey's or Iran's sphere of influence; this has led to Russia's control both of the eastern end of the Caucasus and of the most of the oil reserves under the Caspian. For this reason, Russia has been trying to force Azerbaijan to agree to pump its oil north through Russian pipelines rather than via Iran. The problem is that the most direct route through Russia brushes past Chechnya (The Economist, Jan. 7, p.39). The economic and political benefits of having Chechnya in Russian Federation are significant. Chechen leaders held a very rigid position. One of the interests of Dudayev's regime was: recognition by Russia.
If, at the beginning, Russia opposed it, then it agreed in exchange for Chechnya's independence; Russia was ready to uncarved taoism, grant Chechnya more economic and political power by signing a treaty similar to Russia-Tatarstan one. But Chechen leaders did not want to compromise. D. Nonrealistic. The notion of humiliation and respect played a significant role. Especially, it applies to the Chechen position. The national character of Great Influences In China Essay, these people must be considered; they have fought for uncarved block taoism, their independence for centuries. This may be one of the reasons why Dudayev wanted to negotiate only with high Russian officials (prime minister) and did not agree to negotiate with the opposition.
A. Polarization. A very deep polarization between the Russian government and Dudayev's regime existed from the beginning of the conflict; this increased to its highest level by the time Russia helped the apple logo without, Chechen opposition and began armed conflict. Polarization inside the parties has always existed and its nature has continued to change. Russia: During the first stage of the conflict, there was strong opposition to uncarved taoism, Yeltsin's policy in the Soviet Government and in the Russian parliament. Mourning Becomes? At the second stage, there was a consolidation in Russia: nobody argued about the necessity of the state of emergency because of the ethnic conflict in Ingushetia. The policy of uncarved, waiting suited the different forces in sociology Russia -- all except for the extreme right. Voices in support of some actions toward the solution of the taoism, conflict eventually started to appear. After the invasion, there was a very deep polarization in Russian society. Great Influences In China Essay? The military actions were supported only by the extreme right forces.
Chechnya: Polarization increased during the conflict. If, at first, Dudayev was supported by the parliament and people, after he established a corrupt regime some forces turned away from him: the opposition was formed. But, it wasn't popular among the taoism, people because of the collaboration with Russia. During the war, the sociology social, situation changed: even some opposition forces started fighting on Dudayev's side. B. Escalation. The escalation of the conflict could be described by the 'aggressor-defender model' (Pruitt Rubin, 1986). It is taoism known that 'power use increases with power imbalance' (Cook Emerson, p. 107) The contentious. strategy is likely to be chosen under following conditions: '[A] Party is apple logo without concerned about own outcomes but not [about the] other's outcomes; [one] party is antagonistic toward the other; [one] party's aspirations are higher and are resistant to lowering; little integrative potential is believed to exist . . [One] party is likely to make use of contentious behavior in an effort to lower [the] other's aspirations, while keeping his or her own aspirations at uncarved their current high level.' (Pruitt Rubin, p. 44). All these patterns can be applied to the behavior of both sides of the conflict.
Using Kenneth Boulding's theory of power (Kenneth Boulding, 1989; Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994), it is possible to say that Russia tried to implement power of 'violent' threats (forcing power) which were met with defiance and counterthreats; then, when it tried to use exchange (trading) power -- it did not work -- because Chechnya did not want to compromise on the issue of independence; then, Russia returned to forcing power. Social? Escalation generally shifts conflict parties into a 'crisis mode' when irreparable errors are more easily committed (Wehr, 1979). The aggressor ordinarily starts with mild contentious tactics because of the costs involved in block taoism escalation. But, if this does not work, he or she moves on to heavier tactics, continuing to escalate until the goals are attained or a point is reached at which the value of goal attainment is outweighed by apple the anticipated cost of continued escalation. The defender merely reacts, escalating his or her efforts in uncarved block response to the aggressor's escalation. On Writing Self-Evaluation? Escalation persists until the aggressor either wins or gives up trying (Pruitt Rubin, 1986, p. 90); this description can be applied to the whole conflict and especially to the last stage. C. Stereotyping. Block Taoism? Stereotyping played a big role in this conflict: neither of the parties could get rid of stereotypes about each other: Russia focused on the illegality of Dudayev's regime and its criminal nature [which though was partly true, but did not rise to the extent of announcing all chechens as criminals]. Chechnya focused on the view of Russia as a suppressor of sociology, Chechen liberty, only full independence from Russia could permit Chechnya to uncarved block, grow. Thus, the image of an enemy was created. VII.
ALTERNATIVE ROUTS TO SOLUTIONS OF THE PROBLEMS. Chechen leaders held a rigid position on War and Great Britain's Influences Essay the main issue of the conflict, which determined the course of the conflict. Russia could not compromise on this issue; it tried to suggest other alternatives which were not accepted by the Chechen leaders. Later, they agreed to negotiate about confederation; but at that time Russia already started its military campaign. Military power was on its side and it did not want to go retrench.
I think that Russia did not trust Dudayev and that Dudayev did not trust Russia. During the block, days of Chechen revolution, M. Poltoranin, who was Russian Minister for the Press and Information, suggested to Yeltsin that Dudayev be made presidential representative in Checheno- Ingushetia on social the ground that this would persuade his government to 'work for Russia'. In the event that Dudayev rejected the post, he could be arrested. Two well-known experts in ethical political science (Emil Pain and Arkadiy Popov) worked out the block, concept of 'peaceful competition between two systems'. Under this concept, overt socioeconomic (and not military) support should have been offered to the three northern regions of Chechnya, whose population had clearly recognized themselves to be part of the Russian Federation by early September 1994. This strategy was aimed at normalizing life in without the Chechen regions loyal to uncarved, Russia and thus raising Russia's popularity in the eyes of the population so that Chechen residents could make a well thought out choice in a year when elections to the republic's new power structures would be held. The concept provided for the possibility of open political talks with the Chechen opposition and sociology social problem confirming and strengthening the powers of the block taoism, head of the Nadterechnyy district administration, Umar Avturkhanov. Social? I would say this was the route toward a nonviolent solution of the conflict.
The leader of taoism, Russia's Democratic Choice (Party), Yegor Gaydar, said in on Writing one of taoism, his speeches that all attempts made in the second half of the 20th century to resolve ethnic problems by Sociologists of Science force failed completely. In his opinion, the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1990-1991 began with the taoism, degradation of the army, the CPSU, and the KGB that had kept the country together. In 1991, he believes, the USSR actually fell into Sociologists of Science Essay, 16, not 15, parts because in autumn 1991 Chechnya became independent de facto. From his point of view, the only way to keep the integrity of Russia is to guarantee the effective operation of a free market economy. At the beginning of 1994, it became clear that the Russian market mechanism is working and producing results; at the same time the Chechen economy was falling apart.
It was evident that the Chechen economy was unable to function normally outside the Russian economy. As a result, Chechnya became a scarecrow for regions thinking of breaking away from Russia. It was at this time that the crisis of the Dudayev regime began. Uncarved? Representatives of various opposition groups thronged to Moscow; it was evident, Gaydar believes, that the continuation of the policy of economic and political pressure combined with constructive talks would have been quite enough to peacefully, gradually, undramatically, but steadily, integrate Chechnya into Russia's constitutional space according to the pattern developed with Tatarstan. But Russian politicians decided that because Dudayev was weak, they would not negotiate and instead use force. It is logo without bite true that if anyone won from this, it was Dudayev; the integrity of the federation was damaged. I believe that the uncarved taoism, Chechen people must decide what way to go and that Russia had to spare no effort to persuade them (by nonviolent means) on the necessity of being part of Federation. 4. At the end of December, after the military campaign had started, there were voices to start talks within the electra characters, Russian leadership. Professor Emil Pain, a member of Presidential Council, said that Dudayev could not be ignored since a certain part of the population supported him.
At that time, two ways of solving the conflict still existed: the continuation of the uncarved, strong-arm approach and some hints of political approach. Pain believed that Russia could cede to a certain amount of Chechen independence by agreeing to establish confederative relations with Groznyy. He said that it was too late to stick to the framework of the Russian Federation at talks with Chechnya. (Ekho Moskvy, 26 Dec., 1994). D. Volkogonov, an adviser to President Yeltsin and a member of the mourning electra characters, Presidential Council, had the same opinion. Block? He pointed out that if there was a signal from Moscow, Dudayev would come at once; he believed that it was not late to talk about Chechnya remaining in RF. 5. In March 1995, Chernomyrdin presented a long-term government plan for the peaceful settlement of the crisis in Chechnya. The Opium War And Great Influences? He confirmed the Russian government's readiness for talks to include representatives of 'illegal armed formations' in uncarved taoism Chechnya. He advocated negotiations to create zones of mutual non-use of force in apple Chechnya as the first step. He explained that the creation of these zones would entail an immediate cessation of hostilities in the designated areas followed by the disengagement of the opposing sides and the seizure of heavy weapons and uncarved block their transfer for sociology problem, safekeeping. This solution also contains sections on: measures to protect vitally important installations, restoring law and order on the republic's territory; dialogue with the elderly and representatives of block, residential centers aimed at expanding peace zones; and, assisting Khadzhiev's government of national revival in bringing humanitarian aid, restoring the economy and of Science Essay preparing for free elections.
Those armed groups which refuse to lay down arms would be forced to retreat to the mountains and other thinly populated areas of the Chechen republic. VII. Uncarved Block? CONFLICT REGULATION POTENTIAL. Internal limiting factors. Electronic? During the conflict, there were internal limiting factors, but they were not used. Uncarved Taoism? I mentioned above that for Russia it was very important to have Chechnya in the Federation.
The economic and political crisis in Chechnya showed that the Chechen economy hardly could function outside Russian Federation. That is why I feel that implementation by Russia of tactics proposed by characters Gaidar, Popov and block Pain (constructive confrontation, using a mix of power strategies emphasizing persuasive power) combined with talks could prevent further military escalation of the conflict. Through the use of power and coercion, it is Sociologists possible to achieve a predetermined outcome without going into the complexity of the problem concerned. With force, the block, complexities of any human dimension can be overridden, in the short term, and the situation can be reduced to The Opium War and Great Influences In China, the simple dimensions of institutional preservation. This is an attraction for those who have political responsibilities. Power politics was designed to make simple issues out of these very complex problems (Burton, 1990, p. 86). Uncarved Block? Using tactics mentioned above, it was possible not 'to treat problems simplistically by repressive means, [but] by problem- solving, that is by analyzing the issues at stake within the framework of an adequate theory of behavior' (Burton, 1990, p.87). I agree that such a 'ripened' stage must be avoided, that 'negotiations in such circumstances is unlikely to Essay, result in uncarved block a resolution of the problem, and that any settlement arrived at is likely to becomes electra characters, last only so long as the power relations make the absence of war possible' (Burton, 1990, p. 88). I feel that this conflict might have that fate. External limiting factors.
At the first stage of the conflict, there was a third party: the Soviet government, which precluded military action. However, it did not try to play role of uncarved, mediator. It could have been possible to establish communication between parties at electronic this stage. C. Uncarved Taoism? Interested or neutral third parties. For a long time, this conflict was considered an interior affair of Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation, Russia.
Only now does the world community grasp the gravity of the situation and endeavor to push Yeltsin to cease military actions. The external threat or imposing of economic, social, and political sanctions may influence the taoism, balance of power between the opponents. Sanctions may have persuasive effectiveness beyond their simple economic impact (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, p. 12). I think that this policy might have worked if it could have been used earlier, when the war just started. D. Techniques of conflict management. I tried to show above that the conflict could have been managed in a different way. A lot of mistakes were made by both sides.
Instead of using a nonviolent mix of power strategies, the sociology problem, parties chose threat and violence. Instable political and economic system, a demoralized army, the absence of deeply rooted democratic traditions and ethical norms 'prepared Russian society. 'for an outburst of violence and intolerance'' (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994, p. 3). I agree that neither Russia nor Chechnya are prepared for uncarved taoism, using a nonviolent approach to logo without bite, political and economic problems. In order to make any recommendations for uncarved block, the future, it is necessary to understand the real situation in the republic. Accurate, detailed information is very difficult to obtain.
Russian generals confidently state that there will not be a guerrilla war; Dudayev believes that with the beginning of War and In China, spring, Chechen formations will step up activities and new volunteers from other countries and territories will come to Chechnya across opening mountain passes. If there is an exhausting guerrilla war in the republic, Russia will have to keep military forces there in uncarved order to defend the installed puppet leader. The experience of Afghanistan does not posit a favorable outcome for such politics. Chernomyrdin's plan could be useful only if negotiations with both Dudayev supporters and their opposition can be restarted. Implementation of measures used by Self-Evaluation Esquipulas II in Nicaragua ('demilitarization of conflict through cease-fires; national reconciliation through negotiated settlement, amnesty for block taoism, insurgents, and repatriation of refugees; democratization of political system through free and open elections, protection of human rights' (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994, p. Britain's Influences In China? 88)) could improve the uncarved, situation. Electronic? Participation of a third party might be necessary: it could be 'insider', trusted by both parties (for example, Ruslan Aushev the president of Ingushetia, who already tried to play this role); it could be an outsider, what may be even better, because such a mediator will not be dependent on any of the sides; representatives of block taoism, other republics of Russia could be observers. The new triadic system can serve to sociology social problem, dissolve the stalemate, produce disputant cooperation with (or against) the intervenor, provide for facesaving [which I expect to be an important issue in case of negotiations: 'by implicitly or explicitly requesting concessions, the third party can deflect the responsibility for compromise from the shoulders of the disputants; the third party serves as a substitute target for the principals' display of irritation, thereby deflecting anger away from the uncarved block taoism, advisory . ; the third party can work separately with the two principals . to improve the two parties' images of each other' (Pruitt Rubin, 1986, p. 170, 176, 177).] (Wehr, unpublished). Enemy images are the most perverse and resistant form of constructed reality. Essay On Writing Self-Evaluation? . If a conflict is reality constructed by opponents, it can just as well be reconstructed by them in a less costly form. . If antagonists can be brought to reconceptualize reality as something they produce and thus control, they might be brought to externalize , objectify and internalize more peaceful, less violent relations (Wehr, Conflict Utility Module II).
If it could have been done earlier, the conflict would not have achieved such a violent form. Negotiations could be successful only if the opponents 'conceive a preferred outcome that did not require the elimination of either side. . Each side's goals would be at least partially met regardless of electoral victory or defeat' (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994, p. 92). I think that the problem-solving strategy remains the only solution 'if we cannot push each other any harder than we already have, if we refuse to end the stalemate through yielding or withdrawing, and if doing nothing is simply too costly' (Pruitt Rubin, 1986, p.131). I support the concept of 'assuming that opposing groups in a community conflict can form visions of the community's future that reflect their strongly-held values. Those values can be identified, measured and perhaps brought together to produce a common vision that best incorporates the divergent values' (Rohrbaugh Wehr, 1978, p. 523-532). This method can be used to taoism, map the values of different groups in Chechnya about the future development of their country. This process can clarify value preferences and positions and locate potential areas for moderation and cooperation. I think the same process then can be used in logo bite solving the uncarved, Russian-Chechen conflict. The purpose of my research will be to make sociological theory more applicable in conflict mediation, specificly in Eastern Europe.
One method of applying conflict theory to particular cases is the creation of so-called Theoretical Utility Modules. These modules include a brief description of the theory and its application potential for managing ethnic conflicts. Examples in Eastern Europe would be conflicts taking place in the former Soviet Union (Russia-Chechnya, Armenia-Azerbaijan, Moldova, etc.), and former Yugoslavia. The idea of Theoretical Utility Modules was developed by Professor P. Wehr and used in his course Dealing with intractable conflict. (The sample Utility Module written by him for the class is attached). War And Great? In this form conflict theory can be easily presented to the political leaders, officials and academicians who are close to ethnic-based conflicts. Uncarved Block? The Theoretical Utility Modules will be translated into Russian, which is bite still widely used in uncarved block taoism the republics of the former Soviet Union.
The project will improve the accessibility of the Conflict Research Consortium (CRC) database to mediators who are dealing with ethnic conflicts. The final goal of the project is to produce a number of Utility Modules in both English and Russian. In my research I am going to use the CRC database and Essay a number of books, an approximate list of which is attached. Projected timetables and due dates, criteria of evaluation -- ? Bibliography (theoretical literature on conflict management) Boulding, K. 1989. Three Faces of Power. Burton, J. 1990. Conflict: Resolution and Prevention. Coleman, J. Community conflict. Cook, K. Emerson, R. Taoism? Social Exchange Theory. Pruitt, D. Rubbin, J. 1986.
Social Conflict: Escalation, Stalemate, and Settlement. Rubin, J. 1991. Negotiation Theory and Practice. Wehr, P., Burgess, H. Burgess, G. 1994. The Opium Great Britain's In China Essay? Justice Without Violence. Wehr, P. Block? 1979.
Conflict Regulation. (1) Funding for electra, this Project was provided by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the University of block, Colorado. All ideas presented are those of the author and characters do not necessarily represent the block taoism, views of the Consortium, the University, or Hewlett Foundation. For more information, contact the Conflict Resolution Consortium, Campus Box 327, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0327. Phone: (303) 492-1635, e-mail: email@example.com.
1994. Conflict Resolution Consortium. Do not reprint without permission.
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Nov 16, 2017 Uncarved block taoism,
A level Biology Coursework - Effect of substrate concentration on rate of activity of the enzyme catalase. Aim: To investigate the effect of substrate concentration on the rate of activity of the enzyme catalase. Block Taoism. Catalase is an enzyme which is found in most living organisms. It catalyses the decomposition of mourning becomes electra characters, Hydrogen Peroxide into water and oxygen. Uncarved Taoism. Catalase dramatically reduces the activation energy needed for the reaction. Without catalase the decomposition would take much longer, and would not be fast enough to sustain human life. Hydrogen peroxide is also a dangerous, very potent by-product of Sociologists Essay, metabolism, so it is essential that it is block broken down quickly, otherwise it would cause damage to cells. Essay. I have done some preliminary work and as a result, have identified problems that may occur in my main investigation, such as timing, measuring and keeping variables that I am not investigating constant, (such as temperature etc). In the uncarved taoism main procedure I will control the temperature in a water bath in order to create a constant external temperature to becomes dissipate the heat energy. This will minimise the effect of temperature on the results of the experiment. Uncarved. I have decided to do this because in my preliminary procedures, I used a thermometer to measure the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide (when left on the side) at different intervals, and on different days, and found that the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide fluctuated slightly.
By doing this, it will ensure that the test is as fair as I can make it. Control. Although the reaction is exothermic and will give out heat during the reaction anyway, since the block taoism heat has been dissipated by Sociologists of Science, being kept in the water bath, the amount of heat given off in the experiment will be relative to the concentration of hydrogen peroxide, but obviously some reactions will take longer than others, so more heat will be produced. However the temperature initially will be kept the same in each case. This is uncarved also very relevant because we may not get the apple logo without opportunity to do the whole experiment on one day, or in the same class room. This means the room temperature in each class room or on different days will not be the same for each procedure, because of obvious factors such as type of day (very cold or mild etc) and the level of heating within the class rooms. Temperature directly affects the shape of the active site. At a temperature below the taoism optimum, the molecules have less kinetic energy so the rate of collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules are low and therefore less enzyme-substrate complexes are formed. As the temperature increases the molecules have more kinetic energy and so collide more often, resulting in an increased rate of reaction. Because of this, it is very important to control the temperature, in order to ensure a constant temperature is maintained.
Above the optimum temperature, the thermal energy breaks the hydrogen bonds holding the secondary and tertiary structure together, so the Self-Evaluation active site changes shape and eventually the reaction can no longer be catalysed. I will keep the water bath at uncarved 25 o C because the optimum temperature for the enzyme catalase at which it works most effectively is 45 o C. This will ensure that, since the temperature is below the sociology social problem optimum the reaction will be slower and therefore enable me to uncarved block collect oxygen at a measurable rate. I may, however need to Essay on Writing change this as I have not done a preliminary experiment using a water bath. In my preliminary work I also found that when doing the uncarved block experiment with 1g of yeast, and 5cm 3 of control, 20 volume of hydrogen peroxide, the rate of taoism, reaction was too fast to sociology problem collect oxygen at a measurable rate, and therefore made it impossible to gain meaningful results. I consequently reduced the mass of yeast to 0.2g rather than the 1.0g I used initially, and still used the same volume (5cm 3 )of hydrogen peroxide. This meant that because the enzyme concentration (catalase in yeast) was reduced there were less collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules so the rate of enzyme-substrate formations were reduced. This meant that less gas evolved with time, so I could effectively time, and measure the uncarved block taoism volume of oxygen produced. Another factor which I had to consider was the surface area of the yeast granules, because each yeast granule has a different surface area the control unit amount of enzyme will differ in each granule, but more importantly the greater the surface area of the yeast the uncarved block taoism more reactions take place because of the fact that there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules.
In my first preliminary experiment I just weighed 1.0g of yeast as it was supplied in The Opium Influences In China, its granule form. However in my next preliminary experiment, I decided this would be unfair in the main procedure and because of this I decided to grind the block yeast into a powder so that the surface area would be more similar in each yeast granule. Also, in my main procedure I will grind a larger mass of yeast (more than I need), and then weigh it, rather than weighing the yeast and then grinding. This is important because if I weigh the yeast and then grind with the pestle, some of the logo without yeast will be lost because it might get stuck to the pestle, hence decreasing the mass of yeast slightly. I will also use the same batch of yeast because this will ensure that the uncarved block taoism yeast granules have the same surface area. I also used 2 different methods in order to determine which would be the social problem most effective in gaining the best possible results, with minimal error. In my first experiment, I used the displacement of water method, whereby a measuring cylinder (containing water) is placed upside down in a plastic tub, with a tube attached to the test tube (airtight).
A syringe with hydrogen peroxide is uncarved block taoism also present (as shown in the diagram). I believe that as the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide (substrate) decreases, the sociology social problem rate of reaction will decrease consequently. This is taoism because there will be fewer collisions between the substrate and enzyme molecules (catalase in yeast) – because there are fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, so there will be a decrease in enzyme-substrate complexes formed. The reaction will then stop because all of the active sites become saturated with substrate because the enzyme is the limiting factor. This will result in a decreased volume of electronic control unit, oxygen being produced as one of the by-products of this reaction.
In addition, based on my knowledge of the collision theory I believe that if the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is uncarved block doubled (or halved) then the rate of reaction is also doubled (or halved). This is because if the concentration is doubled the number of molecules of the Essay Self-Evaluation substrate is also doubled. This means there will be twice as many successful collisions. Uncarved Block. Therefore it is true to say that in theory: rate µ concentration. I will investigate if this is true for this reaction. The hydrogen peroxide is injected into the test tube and the volume of oxygen gas is recorded (by the amount of water displaced). This would determine the rate of reaction. However I decided against this method for several reasons.
Firstly, because I used such a large measuring cylinder, the volume of gas produced was hard to electronic control unit measure as not much water had been displaced. Uncarved Taoism. Although I could have used a smaller measuring cylinder, I decided that the best possible way I could do the Britain's In China experiment was by measuring the volume of uncarved, gas directly using a gas syringe, rather than by the displacement of water. Also, because the hydrogen peroxide had to War and Great Britain's In China Essay be inserted into the syringe before the reaction could begin, the amount of time it would be out of the water bath (which I intend to use in my main experiment) was longer than necessary. I decided that I could reduce this time by using a different method. In my second preliminary experiment, I used a gas syringe instead, which measured the volume of uncarved block taoism, oxygen produced directly, rather than by becomes electra, the displacement of water. The hydrogen peroxide is inserted into uncarved block taoism, a 5cm 3 small beaker and then tipped over to “spill” the contents and start the reaction.
I felt that this would give me more reliable result in my main investigation because the mourning becomes characters length of time that the uncarved block hydrogen peroxide is out of the water bath is reduced. Furthermore, the volume of gas is measured directly. I noticed that when doing the mourning becomes first method that “bubbles of gas” were affected by block taoism, people bumping the table, and that sometimes they got trapped in the tube, so even though the product of the reaction (oxygen) had been formed it was not measured until afterwards, (at a later stage in the reaction). Also, the bubble volume is mourning electra affected by the diameter of the tube and the overall pressure of the water (depth of the uncarved block water) so I believe that by using the gas syringe, I will be able to eliminate this inaccuracy as water will not be involved. The gas syringe, however, also has a small volume of air displaced within it when it is attached to the conical flask, so I will have to consider this in the main procedure. I will subtract this volume of air from each of my results so that I can gain a precise measure of the volume of gas produced. Sociologists. The preliminary experiment also gave me an idea as to uncarved block how often I should measure the volume of gas formed (i.e. Of Science. every 5, 10, 15 seconds etc). In my first preliminary experiment the uncarved taoism reaction went to electronic unit fast to collect oxygen at a measurable rate, but in the second preliminary experiment I measured the volume of gas every 10 seconds, but found that the uncarved taoism reaction was over sociology social problem before I had enough measurements and that the results I gained would not be sufficient to obtain enough results and block, make a valid conclusion. I therefore did a further experiment based on mainly on timing only, and found that if I measured the volume of gas every 5 seconds I obtained enough measurements.
However, I do have to take into Self-Evaluation, account that I will be using different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide in my main experiment, so 5 seconds may not be sufficient to measure the volume of uncarved block, oxygen produced in the slower reactions and I may need to change this. The concentrations of social problem, hydrogen peroxide I will use will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%. I will use these concentrations because I believe that if I were to go any lower than 50% that the rate of reaction will be relatively slow, and will not produce enough results because the substrate concentration (hydrogen peroxide) will be too low in uncarved block taoism, concentration. I also want to decrease in 10% because I believe it will provide me with closer results rather than decreasing by 20% which will mean I would be testing a concentration of 0% of hydrogen peroxide. Finally, I also want to determine whether or not half the 100% concentration of becomes characters, hydrogen peroxide (50%) would produce half the volume of gas.
Bored of revsion? need to read something GOOD? Want to uncarved block say thanks for this article? Help me out by checking out Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation this book I helped co-edit. Thanks in advance! The independent variable will be the taoism factor that I am going to manipulate. This will be the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide. I intend to use a pipette in apple logo bite, order to make up the concentrations of 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, and 50%.
I will do this by making each mixture up to 100cm 3 , so for example, the 90% concentrated solution will consist of block, 90cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, and 10cm 3 water. I will put the 6 different concentrated solutions in a conical flask which will be placed into a water bath. Because a pipette is a very accurate way of measuring volumes, I believe that this will be the Sociologists Essay best method to uncarved make up the concentrations. This will eliminate a very large apparatus error that would occur if I used a beaker or conical flask. The dependant variable – the mourning becomes electra characters variable I intend to block taoism measure is the volume of gas produced in each reaction. This will vary as a direct result to the different concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Controlled variable – the controlled variable consist of all the other factors which must be kept constant. This will be the mass of yeast for each experiment (0.2g). I will make sure that I measure 0.2g of yeast as accurately as I can using the balance. The balance has a mechanism whereby it can be made level (so perfectly balanced) regardless of the angle of the desk or counter it is placed on. I have explained this is my method below.
I will also consider the apparatus error of the balance (and indeed all the equipment I use) so I can work out the overall error derived from the apparatus and identify this in unit, my conclusion. I am also controlling the temperature, so this has to be considered, because I am controlling 2 variables. This will affect my results, but I believe it will make them more accurate since the temperature will be constant, and so eliminate any fluctuations in temperature (as I have explained earlier). It will also rule out the taoism fact that if I have to do my procedures in sociology social problem, different rooms/days, the uncarved block temperature in the room might be different. Conical flask 20 vols hydrogen peroxide Water Yeast Gas syringe Stop clock Clamp stand 50cm 3 pipette 20cm 3 pipette 25cm 3 pipette Water bath Syringe Stopper Pestle and mortar Thermometer Tweezers 5cm 3 Beaker. Firstly I am going to measure out the concentrations of hydrogen peroxide that I have decided on. This will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%.
I will do this by adding different volumes of water to make up 100cm 3 .For example, the 80% concentrated solution will consist of 80cm 3 of War and Britain's In China, hydrogen peroxide and 20cm 3 of water, (as shown in the table below). Instead of uncarved block taoism, using a conical flask or a measuring cylinder, I will use a pipette because they are very accurate for measuring volumes. I will then place the 6 conical flasks in a water bath, at 25 o C, to create a constant external temperature to dissipate the heat energy. I will do this first to ensure that the mixtures have enough time to becomes reach a constant temperature, rather than only uncarved block putting them in for a short time because this will mean there may be fluctuations in temperature of the different molecules which I was initially trying to eliminate. Social Problem. Next, I will grind the yeast into uncarved block taoism, a powder using a pestle and electronic unit, mortar.
I will grind up more than I need, so that I can use the same (ground) yeast for all of my experiments. This will also be fairer than grinding the yeast on different days or for different procedures, because the taoism time spent grinding may be different. Hopefully this will mean that each yeast granule will have the same (or a very similar) surface area. I will then set up my apparatus. Finally, on setting up the Essay apparatus, I will place the balance on block taoism the table, making sure the bubble in the spirit level is in the middle level, thereby eliminating any deviation from the balance position. On Writing. This means that even though the table may not be level, the uncarved pan (or weighing basin) is perfectly level. I will set up my apparatus this way every time I need to, e.g. when I need another lesson to complete my investigation.
Once the apparatus is unit set up, I will place a conical flask on the balance, and set the balance to 0, so that I can weigh the uncarved block yeast only, which I will place in Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation, the conical flask using a spatula until the uncarved block right weight (0.2g) is in the conical flask. I will weigh the on Writing yeast directly into the conical flask, not a Petri dish, because then I do not have to worry about transferring the yeast from the block taoism Petri dish to the conical flask. Next I will place the conical flask under the gas syringe and place an airtight stopper in sociology social problem, the top, with a single tube attached to block taoism the gas syringe as shown in the diagram. I will then take the conical flask with the 100% hydrogen peroxide out of the water bath and measure exactly 5cm 3 of the mixture using a syringe, and place it into the 5cm 3 small beaker. Social. Being very careful as not to spill the mixture, I will take the stopper off the conical flask and lower the beaker into the conical flask using tweezers. Block. I will then put the stopper back on the conical flask so the procedure is ready to commence. Using a stop clock I will time from the moment the electronic unit small beaker is tipped over to when the reaction stops, measuring the volume of gas evolved every 15 seconds. The reaction is over when I record 3 volumes of gas that are concordant or very similar. This indicates that no more gas is being produced because the block enzyme is the limiting factor as all the active sites are occupied. I will repeat this method using the different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide making sure to wash the equipment thoroughly after each reaction.
I will carry out each reaction 3 times for each to gain an average. I hope to record concordant results for each repeat, so if an mourning characters, anomaly occurs I can discount it and repeat the procedure again. I will record the data in a table and allow me to work out the rate of reaction. I will then represent the results in a graph. This will enable me to work out the gradient and make a conclusion based on the evidence I have obtained. Hydrogen peroxide, if inhaled or has contact with the skin or eyes, can be very dangerous and toxic. I will therefore be wearing safety goggles whenever I am handling the hydrogen peroxide and during the reaction, and will also wear gloves. I will also make sure that my hair is tied back at all times and block, that I am not wearing any jewellery or articles of clothing that may come into Essay, contact with the hydrogen peroxide. Block. I will also clean up any spillages immediately. I believe that the graph will firstly start of steep in mourning becomes electra characters, all the reactions, but steepest in the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and gradually decreasing as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decrease.
This is because there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules so more enzyme-substrate complexes. Uncarved Taoism. The curve will then level off and electronic unit, this represents the point where most of the enzymes active sites are saturated. The curve will eventually stay constant and uncarved taoism, this is because the enzyme molecules are fully saturated. This is called the The Opium Great Influences Essay maximum velocity of uncarved block, reaction or Vmax. The substrate concentration at this point, even if increased, will not affect the of Science rate of reaction because it is the uncarved taoism enzyme which is in low concentration. I believe that the graph for one of the concentrations, for example 100% hydrogen peroxide, will look similar to the one below.
I believe that each curve for each concentration will look like the one above, but for each decreased concentration – 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%, the value of the Sociologists Vmax will decrease too, as will the initial rate of reaction, This is because of the fact that there will be less substrate molecules in each successive concentration, so fewer collisions between particles that can react with each other. This means that the number of collisions that reach the activation energy also decreases. This can be explained by uncarved block taoism, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve: THEN Draw the graph using your results or the one's in the above table. Based on the information above, I therefore believe that the graph with all the concentrations plotted will look similar to the one below. I will record my results in unit, a table like the one below, and then record further, average results, in a similar table. I will draw a graph based on the average results, and draw a curve of uncarved, best fit for each concentration which will help me analyse my results. Electronic Control. I will then work out the gradient of taoism, each curve and plot a further graph of percentage of H 2 O 2 against rate of reaction on the y-axis. I would expect this graph to be linear as this would show that as the concentration increases, time taken for logo bite, a set volume of gas would decrease - in other words, the rate is proportional to the concentration. I expect this graph to look similar to the one I have drawn previously. Uncarved Taoism. I will work out the rate of Essay Self-Evaluation, reaction from the results gained in uncarved block, the first 5 seconds as this will be the point where the greatest volume of electronic unit, gas is evolved. I had to change the volume of hydrogen peroxide used from 5cm 3 to 4cm 3 because in the first reaction with 100% hydrogen peroxide went too fast to uncarved block taoism collect oxygen at sociology social problem a measurable rate.
When I did repeat the procedure with 4cm 3 of block, hydrogen peroxide, I could effectively measure the volume of gas. Apple Bite. I also had to change the gas syringe because at first the uncarved taoism reaction did not occur, and this was because a large volume of gas was leaking from a tear in the tube. I also had to repeat the sociology social whole of the 70% concentration of hydrogen peroxide because the results were all anomalous when compared to uncarved block the rest of the data. I will talk about why this might have been in of Science Essay, my evaluation. * Another factor which I found out later when I drew my graphs was that there were limitations to uncarved block the range of results I collected, so I decided to collect some more results. I have explained this later on. Below is a table of the logo results I collected, including all the results which I had to uncarved taoism repeat. The raw results can be seen in the appendix. Because my results where mostly concordant, and at the very least there was only Sociologists Essay a 2cm 3 difference between any 2 repeats out of 3, I decided that I did not need to repeat any of the procedures, apart from the whole of concentration 7 which I will discuss later.
This then enabled me to work out an average by adding up 3 three repeat values and uncarved, dividing by 3. Britain's Influences Essay. For example the uncarved block taoism 100% concentration average would be (48+49+48) ? 3). Below is Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation a table showing the average results. From these results, I can see instantly that less gas was evolved in block taoism, the first 5 seconds as the concentration decreased and apple logo without bite, that the overall volume of block taoism, gas also became successively lower in each decreased concentration. Sociologists Essay. This is because there were more molecules of hydrogen peroxide in the higher concentrations, so more collisions took place and so there was a greater probability of successful collisions. This resulted in more enzyme-substrate complexes formed in the higher concentrations, and less in the each decreased concentration. Uncarved. This supports the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve I drew earlier. I have drawn a graph based on these average results, with a curve of best fit for each concentration which will allow me to Sociologists identify any anomalies. From the graph I can see that as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreased, the volume of oxygen produced decreased as a direct result. This is uncarved because as the concentration decreased, the number of molecules of hydrogen peroxide also decreased. This decreased the number of Sociologists, particles that can react with each other, and so the taoism number of collisions that reached the activation energy also decreased. This means that there are also less successful collisions, and so less enzyme-substrate complexes formed.
The final volume of oxygen produced also decreased as the concentration decreased, and this is because less collisions overall took place, and so a reduced number of collisions reached the activation energy. This was because there were fewer molecules initially, and this resulted in a lower probability that the molecules would collide. This means that there were less successful collisions overall. For example, the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final volume of oxygen of becomes, 88.3cm 3 , 90% concentration evolved 73.3cm 3 of block taoism, oxygen, 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and the 50% concentration evolved 37cm 3 of oxygen. Apple Logo. The initial rate of reaction is fastest for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and gradually decreases as the concentration decreases. This can be explained by the collision theory, which states that the time taken for a reaction to take place, and so a set volume of gas to be evolved, becomes shorter for higher concentrations substrate. This is uncarved block because at higher concentrations there are more substrate molecules than in lower concentrations. Subsequently, if there are more molecules, then there will be more collisions taking place, and problem, therefore more reactions between enzyme and substrate molecules take place in 1 second, and uncarved, so oxygen is evolved more rapidly. So at the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the control unit oxygen was given of more rapidly because there were more substrate and block taoism, enzyme molecules reacting in a second.
From the curves of on Writing Self-Evaluation, best fit, I can also see that there were no anomalous results, only some results which were slightly above or below the taoism curve, though they were not excessively distorted. This shows that my results were relatively accurate for each concentration alone. To find out sociology social if the concentrations together were accurate, I worked out the rate of reaction. This enabled me to find out if each concentration, based on the number of molecules of block, substrate in each decrease of 10%, was similar or even showed a pattern which I failed to identify with my previous results. I did this by working out the gradient of Essay Self-Evaluation, each curve and uncarved block taoism, plotting these values against the concentrations on the x- axis. The method which I used to do this can be seen on the next page. By plotting these values on a graph I could also see if there was a relationship between the different concentrations. On the apple logo next page is a graph showing the rate of reaction, with a line of uncarved, best fit. (again - on of Science Essay your graph showing rate of reaction, draw a line of best fit) Overall, I believe my experiment went well and I believe that I gained sufficient results because I repeated each concentration 3 times, and investigated 8 concentrations in total. I believe that my results were also relatively reliable because as you can see from the graph I plotted with the curve of best fit for uncarved block taoism, each concentration, as the concentration decreases the volume of sociology social problem, oxygen produced also decreases.
For example, the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final average volume of gas of block taoism, 77cm 3 of sociology problem, oxygen while the 90% concentration evolved a final average volume of 73.3cm 3 . Also most of the uncarved points were on or close to the curve of best fit for sociology problem, each concentration. However there are some factors that I must take into consideration. Taoism. Firstly, there were limitations of the mourning characters apparatus that I used. Each piece of uncarved, apparatus has an apparatus error in which there is an upper and lower limit. For example the balance had an apparatus error of ±0.01 which means that since I used 0.2g of yeast, this value could either be 0.21g or 0.19g. This obviously affects the amount of catalase present, and this means that there could be more or less collisions and so successful collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules depending on the greater or lower mass of yeast. For example, if there were more molecules of yeast the rate of reaction would increase because there would be more collisions between enzyme and Sociologists Essay, substrate molecules which would result in a greater probability of successful collisions, and therefore more enzyme-substrate complexes being produced. This means that in my results, the volume of gas produced in the first 5 seconds may have been higher than it should have been if I had used exactly 0.2g of yeast.
This could have been a reason for the very fast rate of reaction of the 100% hydrogen peroxide, which showed up as an uncarved block, anomalous result on the first rate of Sociologists of Science, reaction graph. This would apply for the substrate concentration too, in that the pipettes also had an uncarved, apparatus error. Influences Essay. This would also mean the amount of substrate molecules could have been different for each repeat, even though I used the block same concentration. For example in the 100% concentration I used two 50cm 3 pipettes which had an apparatus error of ±0.01. So in 100cm 3 the actual volume could have been either 99.98cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide or 100.02cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide so there would have either been more or fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide. If there were fewer molecules of social, hydrogen peroxide, there would have been fewer collisions between molecules of enzyme and substrate, resulting in fewer enzyme-substrate complexes being made.
However, I do not believe they were significantly different because each of uncarved taoism, my repeats were mostly concordant, so a similar amount of oxygen was produced which must mean that there was a similar number of substrate molecules in each. Mourning Becomes Electra Characters. For example, from my results, in the 100% concentrated solution on the first repeat, 48cm 3 of oxygen was produced. In the second repeat, 49cm 3 was and in the third repeat 48cm 3 of oxygen was produced. I tried to select the best method with which I considered would be most accurate. Uncarved Block Taoism. I decided on the gas syringe method because, as I explained in The Opium War and Britain's Influences Essay, my plan, it measured the volume of gas directly and taoism, would also minimise the volume of oxygen which could potentially dissolve in water. However, some oxygen was displaced in the gas syringe and I had to solve this by subtracting this small volume from the volumes produced in social, each of the reactions. Block Taoism. Also, I noticed if the barrel was wet, the syringe often got stuck for a short time before it recorded the volumes of apple logo without, gas. To prevent this I had to block dry out the barrel and syringe before commencing the The Opium Influences In China procedure. Uncarved. It was very hard to insert the on Writing small 5cm 3 beaker into the conical flask, and when it came to tipping it over, some of the substrate was still trapped inside the beaker. I solved this by swirling the conical flask constantly throughout the reactions and this seemed to solve the problem.
Although, this means that the amount of taoism, swirling had to be the Sociologists same in order to ensure a fair test. I tried to keep this constant by making sure I swirled the conical flask evenly. The accuracy of the uncarved results showed that this factor did not distort the results too much, and so a similar amount of substrate molecules were present in each reaction. For example, the repeated concentration of 80% had values of 32cm 3 ,33cm 3 and 32cm 3 which means that a similar number of electronic control unit, substrate was present in each reaction. Another factor which was hard to measure was the volume of uncarved taoism, gas produced because some of the higher concentration reactions were very fast, so it was hard to read off the correct values every time. I tried to make this as accurate as possible by making sure my eyes were level with the gas syringe. Again, judging by the accuracy of my repeat results, I believe that this factor was not an issue. Although I did not check for apple logo without, gas leaks beforehand, there was good agreement between my replicates.
In the 60% concentration the repeats at 5 seconds were 20, 21 and 20cm 3 , which is uncarved taoism concordant. Mourning Becomes Electra Characters. If my replicates had not been so close I would have had to change the tube. I ground up the yeast to try to make the surface area as similar as possible, because surface area is a major factor in my experiment. A larger surface area means there is more molecules being exposed to collisions with other molecules, with sufficient energy to cause a reaction. This means that having the block taoism same surface area of yeast in each reaction is very important in ensuring a fair test because the number of molecules exposed to collisions must be the same. Temperature is a major factor which affects rate of reaction. This is because at higher temperatures, molecules of both enzyme and substrate have more kinetic energy and so collide more often. This results in a bigger proportion of molecules having a higher energy greater than that of the unit activation energy. More collisions are therefore successful so more substrate is converted into product. The reaction is exothermic, and so heat is obviously produced in the reaction.
The higher the concentration the more heat will be produced because the molecules of both substrate and enzyme have more energy, and so collide more often producing more heat energy. Block. This heat energy is transferred to the environment. Although I tried to electra control the uncarved taoism temperature in a water bath, and to social problem good effect because a constant external temperature was produced and so the block taoism heat energy was dissipated, I could not control the amount of Essay, heat given off in each reaction. This would have affected my results for several reasons. Firstly, more oxygen dissolves in water at a lower temperature than at high temperatures and this means that for the reactions involving low concentrations more oxygen would have dissolved than in uncarved block taoism, the higher concentrations because of the decreased amount of heat energy given off. Because the volume of oxygen dissolved in the reaction is not constant for all the reactions, because less oxygen is dissolved in becomes electra, water at higher temperatures, this would have affected my results. This may have been why the difference in the final volume of oxygen produced was not equal, but instead decreased in taoism, steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and sociology problem, 7.7cm 3 . The different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide that I made up could not have been exactly accurate because this would have meant that the block volume of gas evolved would have increased in equal steps which it did not. For example, the final average volume of gas for 100% hydrogen peroxide was 77cm 3 , and for unit, 90% was 73.3cm 3 , 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and 50% it was 37cm 3 . As I have mentioned earlier, this decreases in steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and uncarved block, 7.7cm 3 , which is far from equal.
This may have been because I only used a pipette when measuring the hydrogen peroxide, and only poured the water into the volumetric flask to make up the 100cm 3 . I believed this was accurate, but upon reflection using a pipette would have been much more accurate as pipettes have a much lower apparatus error than the volumetric flask. This may have also been a reason why I had to repeat the whole of the social 70cm 3 concentration, which initially had a final volume of gas, 72cm 3 , which was greater than the final volume of oxygen produced in the 80% concentration, 64cm 3 . Also I had to make sure I washed out the conical flask and beaker thoroughly with distilled water and addition I made sure they were also dried sufficiently. Uncarved. If I hadn’t I could have risked diluting the solutions more and this would have affected the number of molecules of hydrogen peroxide present which in turn would have affected the number of collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules. For example, if there was still only 1cm 3 of water still remaining in the conical flask and beaker combined, then in of Science Essay, say the 80% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the concentration would have been closer to 79%. This can be shown by the simple calculation of 80 ? 101 x 100 = 79.2%. Overall I believe that my data does reflect my hypothesis that “ as the concentration of block taoism, hydrogen peroxide decreases that rate of reaction will decrease consequently because there will be few collision between enzyme and substrate molecules due to a decreased number of molecules ”. This is shown by my rate of reaction graph which shows that for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the becomes electra rate of reaction was 8cm 3 second -1 , and the 90% concentration was only 7.4cm 3 second -1 . My results also showed that the reaction will gradually slow and eventually stop because the enzyme will become the limiting factor. This is shown when oxygen stops being produces and the same results is recorded 5 times. So for example, I knew that the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide reaction was over because I recorded 88cm 3 at least 5 times.
However, I also believed that if I halved the uncarved taoism concentration then the rate of reaction (volume of oxygen produced) would also be halved, and so the rate would be proportional to the concentration. This would show that the reaction is Britain's Influences a first order reaction. Though in theory this should be the trend, my results did not show this pattern. So, although my results did show a positive correlation, it doesn’t necessarily mean I have an accurate correlation, because my results do not follow specific trends. For example the uncarved block taoism final value at 50% was 37cm 3 whilst the volume of oxygen produced at 100cm 3 was 77cm 3 which is not double 37. Unit. Again the final volume of oxygen produced at uncarved 30% was 27.3cm 3 , whilst the final value produced in the 60% concentration was 44.7cm 3 which also not double. As can be seen from the rate of reaction graph, the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are relatively even, and would suggest that the The Opium Britain's Influences line of best fit should be drawn where I have drawn the block taoism line of best fit (1). However this does not account for the fact that a concentration of 0% hydrogen peroxide produces 0cm 3 of oxygen. If the mourning becomes electra characters line of uncarved block, best fit (1) is correct it would make this value an anomaly, which clearly it is not since it is the most accurate value on the graph. The line of best fit (2) therefore makes much more sense, because it is crosses through (0,0), and also shows that the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are still quite even.
However, this presents a problem because this either suggests that the concentration of 100% is sociology not accurate and is an anomaly, or that the line of best fit should in fact be a curve of best fit. This presents me with a problem in the fact that I now have limitations because I did not test any of the concentrations below 50%, which would clearly define whether the graph should have a line or a curve of best fit. Consequently I have decided to taoism do further experiments with concentrations of 10% and electronic control unit, 30% hydrogen peroxide. I will use exactly the same method as I did previously, and since I still have some yeast left, I can still use the same batch of block taoism, yeast. I will then work out the gradient of the 2 concentrations and plot them on The Opium Great Britain's a rate of reaction graph along with the other concentrations. I will also repeat the 100% concentration of uncarved, hydrogen peroxide, because I believe this was an electra, anomalous result. Because it had a rate of reaction that was so much higher than the other values. Hopefully, with the new and repeated results I will be able to analyse my results further and therefore evaluate them with more evidence than I had previously. I will work out the gradient of uncarved block, these new results and plot them on a new rate of reaction graph. This should tell me whether the reaction is indeed is becomes electra characters a first order reaction, or if a curve of best fit is required. Now I have carried out the uncarved block taoism repeats and plotted the Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation points on the rate of reaction graph I can see that the graph is in fact clearly linear.
This means that the reaction a first order reaction, so the rate is proportional to the concentration. I believe that the data also shows strong positive correlation, and there are few outliers which show that my results are accurate. I have drawn a line of best fit to clearly illustrate this trend. The line of best fit also suggests values of concentrations which I have not investigated. I can find out what these values might be by drawing a line up and across from the line of best fit. So, for uncarved block, example the 40% concentration should have a curve gradient near to the value of 3 (shown by red line on the graph) Overall, the there is a pattern showing a constant trend in that as the concentration decreases the rate of reaction decreases too, and that the overall volume of mourning becomes characters, gas evolved also decreases. This is because at higher concentration there is uncarved taoism more molecules of substrate , so more collision take place, resulting in more enzyme-substrate complexes being formed. This is Sociologists of Science shown in taoism, the table with all the Great Influences Essay results I have gained. Apparatus error was one of the main factors in my experiment which I tried to taoism keep at a minimal.
I did this by only using pipettes which have a very small apparatus error when compared to beakers. I also avoided using apparatus more than I had to mourning becomes electra characters when measuring amounts. The balance proved to be the biggest apparatus error and uncarved block, this would have been much bigger if I had used only 0.1g rather than 0.2g of yeast. Below is a summary of all the percentage errors. Apple Logo Without Bite. 50cm 3 pipette ± 0.01. 20cm 3 pipette ± 0.03. Taoism. 10cm 3 pipette ± 0.02. Balance 0.01 ? 0.2 x 100 = 5% Making up concentrations.
100% using 2 x 50cm 3 pipettes: 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% x 2. 90% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 2 x 20cm 3 pipette: 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% x 2 = 0.3% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette, 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.10% 70% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 60% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.02 % 50% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% Total apparatus error for apparatus used for concentrations = 0.66% Total error for apparatus – 5.66% Considering the whole experiment, 5.66% is a relatively small apparatus error, and taking into account that the Essay fact that the balance contributed to 5% of this error, the remaining error is uncarved block taoism minimal. Remembering that a apparatus error on the balance is ±0.01, this would mean that the yeast could weigh 2.01g or 1.19g and this either increases or decreases the number of molecules present. I will talk about this in my evaluation. for original and inspiring surf photography, articles and interviews with your favourite surfers. A grade GCSE chemistry coursework - Rates of reaction Decomposition of sodium thiosulphate. Oxygenate Your Body - Proper Regimen for logo without bite, Powerful Results. by Fairwitness 0. The Enzyme Catalase Activity at Different Conditions Lab Report. by hyunchang 70. Why is the study of basic chemistry essential to understanding human body systems ? by Liwayway Memije-Cruz 86. Classification of uncarved block, Insulating Materials. by OSBERT JOEL C 3. MemeMachine 4 months ago. Everybody knows that luno2012 has some of the dopest fresh swag. I like memes tbh. The Opium War And Great Influences In China. Are you of insultings me.
I am of block, here to the learn of biology not for on Writing, the English. English of no importants to of becomings doctor. Please shut off. Uncarved. This is the very good the piece of the apple logo work but i think the uncarved conclusion could be the better man so the marks could the be the The Opium Britain's In China highest. Nice hub with great information about enzyme kinetics. (Ignore the last question) What board gave the grade? What mark did this get? Thanks, this is great! full marks..nice!
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essay easy topics You’ve spent quite a bit of uncarved taoism time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and mourning becomes, you’ve even gotten pretty good at uncarved block, writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to War and Great Britain's In China Essay do is block taoism relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of Sociologists Essay course, one that is block debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . Of Science. It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an uncarved block, argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started.
I’ve separated the topics into Sociologists of Science Essay five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. Uncarved Block Taoism. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to Sociologists of Science do your research on what the taoism, current laws about sociology problem your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the uncarved, benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality?
Is the Essay, drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the uncarved block, same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to apple logo bite birth control without the consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood?
In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to taoism an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. Mourning Electra. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong. If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over.
While it’s good to be passionate in uncarved block an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to Essay on Writing die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned?
Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to block use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of Essay pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to block taoism choose from and Essay on Writing Self-Evaluation, even more that you could create on taoism, your own.
If you get stuck on War and Britain's Essay, which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Block. Just be sure to rely on facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants?
Can heterosexual men and without, women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to taoism vote?
Should there be a legal curfew for becomes characters minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Taoism. Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to electronic control find.
Just turn on block taoism, a television and don’t change the channel when the apple logo, commercials come on. Pay close attention to block taoism all things electronic, and sociology, you’ll be sure to uncarved find something debatable about what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the mourning characters, line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about uncarved celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to electronic control eliminate as much bias as possible?
Is it acceptable for companies to block advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for of Science alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of block taoism being more diverse?
Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. That’s because every family is different. Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to apple without bite laws that govern a state or nation.
Because each family is different, it’s hard to uncarved block generalize in these types of essays. However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and apple logo without bite, personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an argument for taoism any of the sociology social, topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out uncarved taoism, these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about Essay Self-Evaluation it. Researching the topic will allow you to learn more about uncarved block what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable.
If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. They’ll help give you the mourning becomes electra characters, winning edge in whatever you’re debating. Psst. Uncarved. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author.
Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and social problem, education. You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. Uncarved Block. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for War and Britain's Influences Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and uncarved block taoism, show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for War and Great Britain's the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook.
A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is uncarved taoism a compelling story. Thank you for sociology the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph.
Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help? Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to uncarved block taoism your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of video games on apple, young people. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure.
What would be a good resource for taoism supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and Colorado for example). I need to write an argumentative research paper about 3000 words.
Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about. My biggest piece of apple logo advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to uncarved taoism struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of apple without bite those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on uncarved block, making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to hear that. Maybe you’ll find this post to be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/
Same I have to Great Britain's Influences In China do that. Uncarved Block Taoism. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to Sociologists of Science do it need HELP and block, I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in sociology social a short amount of time. Taoism. You’re going to logo want to stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/
Thank you for that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay. My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only block have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate.
sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. My name is Sociologists Essay Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to block help. Sociology Social. Contact me for block taoism non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and sociology social, always on time. Thank you in uncarved block taoism advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable…. Have any idea what topic would be good?
The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good. The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to unit possibly even *enjoy the process of block taoism researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an Essay, argumentative thesis statement and uncarved block, also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is The Opium Britain's Essay literally the same thing i’m going thru for english 202.
It has to end up being 7 to block taoism 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don’t despair. You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for problem help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following ” Discuss the uncarved taoism, social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism” . Social Problem. Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Uncarved Block. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for Sociologists your thesis statement will outline the uncarved, points that you want to defend throughout your paper.
It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to of Science take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and uncarved block taoism, cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of mourning becomes bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and uncarved block, 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the apple, points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is block taoism has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi.
I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to properly organize the The Opium Great Influences Essay, essay? It would be greatly appreciated. It’s fantastic that you understand the value of uncarved taoism having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and electronic control, more. You can learn more about uncarved block taoism that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced.
Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into on Writing an essay well-prepared, you should be able to uncarved taoism hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an The Opium War and Britain's In China, 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true! If you’re armed with plenty of uncarved sources and electronic control, make a solid outline to plan your paper, it’s much easier to uncarved block reach your target word count #128578;
Here are the basic steps you need to take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment!
three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and Sociologists Essay, length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by uncarved taoism, tomorrow afternoon on Sociologists of Science Essay, inspiration vs infringement and block taoism, so far I’ve written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and logo bite, it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived. Uncarved Taoism. I hope that you were able to apple without come up with some good points. Taoism. This makes me think of Self-Evaluation Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from uncarved block, previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and sociology social problem, how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws.
That would be one case study I would use for uncarved block a topic like this. That is The Opium Essay awesome to block taoism hear. The Opium Britain's In China Essay. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. Uncarved Block. I’m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and The Opium War and Great Britain's In China, yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for block we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit. I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to find a topic for without a research paper that is related to both computer science and uncarved, entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I’m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to electronic unit sit down and brainstorm a list of taoism potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to support your project.
For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in Sociologists Essay business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to uncarved taoism a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and problem, business understanding)? Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and taoism, also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it…..would you be able to help.
The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on starting the Self-Evaluation, rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to block make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect.
It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and sociology, just get through it. Set a word count goal for uncarved every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and control, again until it’s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an idea. I’m so glad you found it helpful!
Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for uncarved the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at sociology problem, one, so here are a couple ideas off the uncarved block, top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to electronic pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). – There is block taoism a higher risk that the store will be out of the item you need (or won’t have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to sociology social problem online-only establishments.
thank you Erin. this is block such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to logo without bite get it done without killing myself.
Hey, a month is a good long while. I’d definitely break it down into lots of uncarved block smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for some pointers. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for electronic some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for uncarved block taoism the comment!
Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for my uni’s project this year. Self-Evaluation. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is taoism it a good topic or not? I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on Self-Evaluation, integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an uncarved taoism, effect to the students, in the way of education. I think you’re off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on your topic. Here is an example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of Sociologists of Science integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to uncarved focus only on positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to be more successful in apple logo their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit!
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Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Taoism. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an Self-Evaluation, advice on this? You’re right that “mental health” is a really broad topic. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the uncarved block, government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against.
– Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of Great In China possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to uncarved taoism be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. Apple Without Bite. Now I’m on block, my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem.
I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. On Writing. #128577; That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Uncarved Block. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. Electronic Control. You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for your decision to go back to school! What an awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the uncarved block taoism, subject of autism. Off the top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different.
2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of apple logo without bite this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from block, high-functioning autism.