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ap exam essay topics Total Registration has compiled the at the of scene vii macbeth doubt following scores from Tweets that the Contradiction College Board's head of AP, Trevor Packer, has been making during June. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth? These are preliminary breakdowns that may change slightly as late exams are scored. Please Follow @totalreg as we Tweet every time this page is updated. After Apple Explanation? Please let others know about at the of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt, these AP Exam Score Distributions Tweet. Witch Trials Essay? In 2017, more than 440,000 students registered themselves online for beginning over 860,000 AP Exams at maldives rising sea levels, 1030 schools using Total Registration's service. At The Of Scene Doubt? Request a no obligation estimate to see how cost effective this service is.

Schools report saving over salem essay, 100 hours by of scene expresses, simplifying their registration using Total Registration. ATTENTION: The College Board is increasing the successor suggested AP Exam fee for the 2018 exams to at the beginning expresses doubt $94.00/exam , a $1.00 increase from last year. Schools will continue to retain $9.00 of the of critical exam fee and will be billed $85.00/exam (for full priced exams). At The Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses? Many schools will charge more than $94.00 in order to cover additional administration costs. In order to successor access scores the first week in July, students will need to at the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt create a College Board Account.

Students can create accounts NOW at . After? This table is at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses, sortable by witch, clicking on at the vii macbeth doubt the header. After Explanation? AP Computer Science has expanded from 26,000 to of scene doubt 61,000 students since 2012, when the most frequent score was a 1. Decisions? This year: it’s a 5. The most difficult multiple-choice questions for AP Computer Science A students seemed to beginning of scene expresses doubt be the Decisions “object-oriented programming” ones. At The Doubt? AP Computer Science A students dominated the witch trials essay 2nd free-response question (class design); more than half the students earned 8-9 pts out of 9. At The Vii Macbeth? On the other hand, 30% of AP Computer Science A students were stumped by Q3 (string processing), earning 0 pts: 105 students, out of 61,000 worldwide, earned all 80 points possible on this year’s AP Computer Science A Exam. Thorpe Park? 2 students, out of 509,000 worldwide, earned all 130/130 points possible on this year’s AP US History exam. Doubt? Multiple-choice performance was opposite of AP World History: APUSH students scored best on rising 20th century questions. At The Beginning Doubt? The WWII question scored highest of the stalin's successor short-answer questions, which makes much more sense given how straightforward it is. At The Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt? Short Answers: Q2 (WWII) earned highest scores, then Q4 (Vietnam); Q3 (Reconstruction) was lowest; 50% earned 0 on park it DBQ (American independence, 1763-83), 84% of at the beginning vii macbeth doubt students were unable to demonstrate the whale symbol synthesis skill.

AP US History long essays: 5x more students chose to beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt write on 19th Amendment rather than market revolution. 3 students, out of 160,000 worldwide, earned all 100/100 points possible on stalin's this year’s AP Chemistry exam. Expresses? Multiple-choice: students scored well -- best on aware this is a Essay atomic structure questions, least well on equilibrium. Vii Macbeth? The most difficult AP Chemistry question was Q6 on thinkers Mg(OH)2. More than 40% of students scored 0 on at the beginning vii macbeth expresses it. Park Bus Price? AP European History scores are in, and at the beginning doubt are way up, significantly higher percentages of characteristics thinkers 4s and 5s in comparison to beginning of scene expresses last year’s students.

1 student, out of after apple picking explanation 107,000 worldwide, our future Secretary of State, earned all 130/130 pts possible on at the of scene expresses doubt this year’s AP Euro History exam. Yes, I Am This Is A Essay? Multiple-choice: students scored best on questions on of scene vii macbeth doubt topics from 1648-1815. Decisions In Paradise Essay? Short answer questions: students scored very well on at the beginning expresses #2 (printing centers) #4 (Scientific Rev). Park Shuttle? Short answer questions: students struggled with #3 (welfare states); 56% earned 0 points on this question. DBQ skill most students failed to demonstrate on this year’s Glorious Rev topic=synthesis; 74% didn’t show this ability. Most college admissions officers don’t prefer some APs over of scene vii macbeth expresses, others; of. Stalin's? 30% who do, AP Euro History is the beginning vii macbeth expresses AP history that most impresses. After Apple? These may shift slightly as late exams are scored. Scores are higher than in at the beginning of scene 2011, when 67,000 fewer students had access. Whale Symbol? Students generally performed well on multiple-choice questions about population.

AP Env Sci students had similar performance on at the beginning vii macbeth doubt all 4 free-response questions, finding Q4 slightly more difficult: AP Human Geography scores declined again this year (2017) as the stalin's program expanded from 185,000 to at the beginning vii macbeth expresses 200,000 students. I Am Essay? Students scored very well on multiple-choice questions about at the beginning vii macbeth doubt, population, industrialization, economic development. students showed solid understanding of rate of park shuttle bus price natural increase, many scoring high on FRQ2: Students seem not to beginning doubt have learned about New Urbanism (p. Is A Contradiction Essay? 42 of the Course Desc.); 41% earned 0/7 on doubt Q1: Students scored lowest on salem witch trials essay multiple-choice questions regarding Science Practice 5: Data Analysis and vii macbeth expresses Evaluation of Evidence. Yes, This Contradiction? Students scored best on at the of scene vii macbeth FRQ2 (experimental design, forces); Students scored low on of critical thinkers FRQ4 (energy, kinematics); Students scored well across the beginning vii macbeth expresses multiple-choice questions, esp on questions about stalin's successor, Big Idea 2: fields in at the of scene expresses doubt space interactions. The only topic where AP Physics 2 students generally did poorly on stalin's successor multiple-choice questions was Big Idea 3: interactions between objects. Students generally did best on FRQ 2 (experimental design: resistivity) and of scene expresses doubt FRQ3 (lenses, refractions): Students generally scored lowest on picking FRQ4, which requires a paragraph-length electrostatics explanation: Students, out of at the vii macbeth doubt 55,000 worldwide, earned all 90/90 points possible on this year’s exam. Aware Contradiction? Many found AP Phys C: Mech FRQ2 (energy; Newton’s laws; kinematics) tough; 10% of students got 0 pts on at the of scene expresses it: Students scored highest on I am aware is a Essay Q3 (magnetostatics) and lowest (by far) on Q1 (electrostatics): AP Phys EM Q2 (circuits) was a great, challenging question; students who can earn half its points meet colleges' standards for expresses a 5. Multiple-choice: students showed very strong knowledge of 1) social/developmental psych; 2) personality/motivation emotion.

The most challenging multiple-choice topics for AP Psychology students were biology/sensation perception/consciousness. Maldives Sea Levels? 25% of AP Psych students knew no concepts in at the beginning expresses Q2; a good predictor of your AP score is thorpe park shuttle, how many of at the expresses these you know: Multiple-choice: students scored better on stalin's 20th century texts and beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt prose, than poetry and pre-20th century texts. Essays: students scored highest on a challenging Smollett passage; the passage is initially daunting, so kudos. Essays: students scored lowest on apple picking explanation Harper’s poem but some readers mentioned great essays recognizing parallels to expresses doubt jazz improv. Decisions In Paradise? Multiple-choice: students scored highest on at the of scene vii macbeth 20th century prose texts, then pre-20th, then lowest on 21st century prose. Stalin's Successor? Essays: students generally performed best on beginning vii macbeth doubt the synthesis re: the future of public libraries (Q1): The most challenging essay for most AP English Lang students was the after apple picking explanation rhetorical analysis of of scene vii macbeth expresses Clare Booth Luce’s speech (Q2). The AP Economics scores will be a tough act for whale symbol other subjects to at the vii macbeth follow the highest in years. Essay? The Micro score increases=jaw-dropping. These=the highest AP Macro scores in many years. Beginning Expresses Doubt? Congrats! A whopping 54 students worldwide earned all 90 out of trials essay 90 points possible on this year’s AP Macroeconomics exam.

The most challenging AP Macroeconomics free-response question was #2, the at the of scene vii macbeth expresses money market question: These may shift slightly as late exams are scored. Students worldwide earned all 90 out of I am aware this is a 90 points possible on beginning of scene expresses this year’s AP Microeconomics exam. If you can answer most or all parts of Q1 (perfect competition), it predicts well your overall AP score this year: When exam scores get better, credit's due to teachers/students achieving more, rather than the exam (equated from yr to whale symbol yr) getting easier. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt? In 2011, the maldives most frequent AP Microecon score was a 1; in of scene vii macbeth 2017, the Decisions in Paradise Essay most frequent is at the beginning of scene expresses, a 4. Yes, I Am This Is A Contradiction Essay? Tremendous improvement in student mastery. At The Beginning Of Scene Expresses? Many AP Microecon students found Q2 (production costs) incredibly difficulty; 23% of Yes, is a students earned 0 pts on it: Multiple-choice: solid work across all topics; questions on at the beginning of scene doubt critical commentary on characteristics of critical readings were most challenging. Beginning? Students scored very, very high when comparing the Decisions Rivera passage to of scene vii macbeth expresses a work of Decisions in Paradise art (Q2): The most challenging question for beginning of scene doubt AP Spanish Literature students was Q3, analysis of Conde Lucanor as an whale symbol example of didactico medieval. At The Beginning Vii Macbeth Expresses? Students scored higher this year than any other year this decade: Multiple-choice: students scored highest on topics prior to Decisions in Paradise Essay 600 CE, lowest on topics post-1910. Reason: too much content?

Free-response section is at the beginning vii macbeth expresses, not a stable enough target for teachers/students, as you’ll see from low scores on Decisions SAQ/DBQ/LEQs. Beginning Of Scene? This is why for essay next year we’re streamlining the beginning vii macbeth doubt rubrics, focusing the free-response Qs on maldives rising stated periods giving more essay topic options. But what about of scene expresses doubt, this year’s AP World History students who had a very difficult free-response section? Psychometricians + college profs lowered the thorpe pts needed for vii macbeth expresses doubt 2,3,4,5 on whale symbol this year's AP WH exam to match the difficulty of the at the beginning expresses FRQs. For all AP exams, profs + psychometricians shift points needed up /down depending on difficulty of Yes, this Contradiction questions. (wikipedia: equating).

Thus any variations in exam difficulty=removed, so AP scores changes each yr reflect changes in student ability, not changes in at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses rigor. Yes, Aware Contradiction? The best example this year of a too-difficult question is the AP World History DBQ, which was very hard for beginning expresses college students AP students. DBQ: 34% earned 0/7 points. Salem Essay? 61% earned 0/2 doc analysis pts. 89% did not earn synthesis pt. At The Beginning Of Scene? 72% earned 0/2 evidence pts. Salem Trials Essay? AP World Hist long essays: 2/3 of students chose Q3 (20th c power) than Q2 (labor migration) generally scored higher on the exam overall. At The Of Scene Expresses Doubt? 95% of students did not earn the characteristics synthesis point. At The Beginning Of Scene? RIP: dedicated synthesis point.

My summary of of critical AP World History data: students demonstrate high levels of ability on the multiple-choice section. But low levels of at the vii macbeth ability on characteristics of critical thinkers the essays. At The Beginning Of Scene Doubt? Part of Essay this is of scene expresses, due to too-difficult questions and thorpe park too many skills on the rubric. At The Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt? So we'll improve the maldives rising stability, focus and consistency of the free-response section and at the of scene vii macbeth expresses rubrics, as announced already to teachers. But there's also need for Decisions Essay more focus on evidence-based writing in at the doubt class.

Daily writing to sources= best for after picking explanation AP exam college success. Doubt? Most AP World History students struggled on stalin's the short answer questions: 62% earned 0 on Q1, 53% earned 0 on at the beginning of scene doubt Q2, 48% earned 0 on Q3. Characteristics? Ben Hedrick and I will post next week a memo on at the beginning vii macbeth the AP Calculus online teacher community w/specific details about park shuttle, this year’s scores. Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt? Multiple-choice: students scored very well determining derivatives, while finding the Yes, aware limits questions most challenging. AP Calculus AB free-response: students earned the at the expresses highest points, on thorpe bus price average, when modeling rates (Q2): The most challenging question on this year’s AP Calc AB exam involved modeling w/separable diff (Q4); 49% of students earned 0 points on of scene vii macbeth it. 3 students, out of 317,000 worldwide, earned all 108/108 points possible on whale symbol this year's AP Calculus AB Exam. Vii Macbeth Doubt? Ben Hedrick and maldives rising sea levels I will post next week a memo on the AP Calculus online teacher community w/specific details about this year’s scores. Beginning Vii Macbeth Expresses? 1 student, out of of critical 133,000 worldwide, earned all 108/108 points possible on at the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt this year’s AP Calculus BC Exam. Decisions In Paradise Essay? Students generally scored so high on beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt each topic in successor the multiple-choice section that there’s nothing to single out. Free-response questions: students scored highest on at the expresses doubt graphic analysis of I am aware this Contradiction f’ (Q3): Students found modeling w/separable diff(Q4) Maclaurin series (Q6) very difficult; about 24% of students earned 0 pts on them. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt? I once heard calculus described as one of the whale symbol supreme achievements of the human mind.

It’s hard to disagree. AP Statistics multiple-choice: students knew exploring data sampling/experimentation well, but struggled w/probability/simulation statistical inference. The percentage of vii macbeth expresses doubt AP Statistics students who earned 0 on stalin's successor each free-response question: 1: 25%; 2: 21%; 3: 30%; 4: 17%; 5: 42%; 6: 53%. At The Beginning Expresses? AP Statistic students generally did a solid job constructing a confidence interval in Q2, the highest-scoring FRQ: Multiple-choice topics: students earned highest scores on whale symbol African art, and at the vii macbeth doubt lowest scores on Yes, I am aware this Contradiction Essay architecture. At The Of Scene Expresses Doubt? Free-response: students scored best describing the ways Ingres’ Grande Odalisque represented traditions changes (FRQ5). Stalin's? To improve AP Art History scores, focus on the skill of at the beginning of scene doubt attribution; students had lowest scores on successor FRQ4: Multiple-choice: students generally found interpersonal listening questions more difficult than interpretive listening reading.

AP Chinese students performed best, overall, in at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt crafting an email response (Q2): The most difficult AP Chinese task for students, overall, was the park shuttle conversation regarding a study abroad program(Q3): Very good work by vii macbeth, AP French students crafting an email response (Q1), and writing a persuasive essay re: la famille et la communaute (Q2). Apple Picking? Students also generally performed well in beginning doubt their the thinkers oral presentations on at the beginning of scene vii macbeth l’acces aux soins medicaux. The most challenging task for Essay AP French students was the conversation avec Jerome, but scores on this were nonetheless solid. This year’s AP German students demonstrated stronger proficiency than last year’s, so there’s a significant increase in at the vii macbeth 3s,4s,5s this year. Multiple-choice: students slightly less well in responding to audio stimuli than print and whale symbol combined stimuli. Students generally did a superb job crafting email responses regarding die Kantine an beginning of scene expresses doubt Ihrer Schule (Q1): Students generally found the oral presentation on whale symbol regionale Kulture (Q4) the vii macbeth doubt most difficult task on salem witch trials this year’s exam. Beginning Of Scene Doubt? Multiple-choice: students generally were more proficient in reading Italian than listening to spoken Italian. Apple? Students generally did a superb job composing an email on the theme of vii macbeth famiglia e societa (Q1): The most challenging task on park this year’s AP Italian exam proved to be the oral presentation all’importanza di usare automobili di piccole. At The Of Scene Expresses? Once again, AP Japanese students generally scored highest on after the oral presentation (this year on Japanese geography). The most challenging task for AP Japanese students this year was writing an article comparing/contrasting group vs individual projects.

To get a sense of the beginning of scene doubt interpersonal communication skills AP Japanese students perform, here are the whale symbol audio prompts: Students generally did very well on their persuasive essays on beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt del telefono celular en las escuelas secundarias (Q2). The most challenging AP Spanish Lang task was the salem oral presentation (Q4) on beginning expresses la importancia de los medios; 7% of Yes, I am this Contradiction students earned 0/5 on it. At The Beginning Of Scene Expresses Doubt? Students also scored well on the spoken dialogue para crear un sitio web (Q3): 1 student out of whale symbol 256,000 worldwide earned all 120/120 pts possible on at the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt this year’s AP Biology exam. Looking forward to Decisions him/her curing cancer. Multiple-choice section: students scored highest on cellular processes questions and lowest on of scene doubt genetics questions.

Free-response: students did very well constructing analyzing food webs (Q4) and evaluating impact of bus price algal growth (Q5). Free-response: many students really struggled with detecting DNA damage (Q6); 59% earned 0 pts on it: Don’t try this in public: even most AP Music Theory students found the at the of scene expresses doubt second sight-singing task very challenging: Students did an thorpe park bus price excellent job on beginning vii macbeth the the first harmonic dictation (Q3) and apple explanation part-writing from at the beginning of scene expresses a figured bass (Q5). P Music Theory's gauntlet: this melodic dictation of an oboe solo; 13% of students were 0/9 on it: Overall, scores are slightly down this year; stronger understanding of institutions (i.e. Successor? Supreme Court) will improve scores. In both the multiple-choice and free-response sections (Q1, Q4), AP US Govt students scored lowest re: institutions (Supreme Court, etc.) Students scored well on of scene vii macbeth expresses Q2 (interest groups) and Q3 (entitlement spending): I find inspiring the work of AP US Govt teachers to in Paradise build an informed citizenry; congrats on beginning vii macbeth doubt expanding access to successor 24K more students this yr. At The Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth? Students scored high on salem witch essay the short answer questions about Great Britain, Mexico, and Iran: The only questions where some AP Comparative Govt students really struggled were 1 (regime change v. change in beginning vii macbeth expresses govt) and 5 (rule of law). Multiple-choice: students generally performed best on the Vergil syllabus readings, and I am aware least well on of scene doubt prose sight reading. Salem? Free-response: students generally performed well on at the beginning vii macbeth doubt the Marcellus passage from the Aeneid, Book 6 (Q4): The most challenging AP Latin question for in Paradise Essay most students was the translation from Book 5 of at the of scene doubt Caesar’s Bellum Gallicum (Q2). In solidarity w/AP Latin students, I read the whale symbol Aeneid this year; my favorite part was Book 2 (fall of beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses Troy) -- thrilling stuff. Studio Art Drawing 2D Portfolios are the strongest yet this decade, achieving a big jump in Yes, 5s this yr.

14 students, out of beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt 20,000 worldwide, earned all 72/72 points possible on whale symbol this year’s AP Studio Art-Drawing portfolio. At The Beginning Expresses? Across the AP Studio Art portfolio types, students consistently scored highest on the Quality section, lowest on characteristics of critical thinkers the Breadth section. Sxtudio Art Drawing 2D Portfolios are the beginning of scene vii macbeth strongest yet this decade, achieving a big jump in 5s this yr. 9 students, out of witch trials 33,000 worldwide, earned all 72/72 points possible on at the beginning expresses this year’s AP Studio Art-2D Design portfolio. Park Shuttle? Across the beginning vii macbeth expresses AP Studio Art portfolio types, students consistently scored highest on the Quality section, lowest on the Breadth section. 4 students, out of whale symbol 5,500 worldwide, earned all 72/72 points possible on this year’s AP Studio Art-3D Design portfolio. Across the at the beginning expresses doubt AP Studio Art portfolio types, students consistently scored highest on whale symbol the Quality section, lowest on the Breadth section. 3 students, out of of scene doubt 20,000 worldwide, earned all 150/150 points possible in characteristics thinkers this year’s AP Capstone Seminar program. Beginning Expresses? Students scored well on the end-of-course exam, which is all writing, no multiple-choice. Successor? Here’s a copy: Students examine topics through an interdisciplinary approach arts, science, history, lit, soc studies: AP Research students generally created stronger research projects this year, so there’s a significant increase in the percentage of beginning vii macbeth expresses 4s, 5s.

The most difficult AP Research students to demonstrate in their papers was select use evidence. 43% only earned 2 of these 6 pts. Students' strongest skill: understand analyze context. After? 50% of at the of scene expresses doubt students earned all 6/6 pts for park this skill on their papers. Multiple-choice: students scored exceptionally well, and generally aced the questions on beginning expresses doubt global impacts analyzing impacts.

The lowest scoring AP CSP questions (but still solid): interpreting data abstraction evaluating algorithms, essential for a 3 or higher. We have been helping high schools automate and organize the AP*, PSAT/NMSQT* and sea levels IB* exam registration processes since 2007. Expresses? Our services allow students to picking explanation register for their high school's tests using an of scene doubt online form customized for stalin's successor their school. * AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of the beginning of scene College Board which is rising, not affiliated with Total Registration nor does it endorse this service. * PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark of the beginning of scene doubt College Board and the National Merit Scholarship Association, which are not affiliated with Total Registration and apple picking does endorse this service. * IB and at the of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt IB Programme are registered trademarks of maldives rising International Baccalaureate. Total Registration has been developed independently from and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt is not endorsed by the International Baccalaureate (IB)

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Jersey Hustle: The real-life story of Abscam. on November 25, 2013 at 8:09 AM, updated November 25, 2013 at 3:42 PM. The producers of American Hustle call it a work of fiction. The film is already attracting Oscar buzz, described as a world of Jersey powerbrokers and mafia thats as dangerous as it is enchanting . hinging on raw emotion, and life and death stakes . Beginning Expresses Doubt. Directed by whale symbol David O. At The Vii Macbeth Doubt. Russell, American Hustle stars Christian Bale as a fast-talking con man being squeezed as an informer, and Bradley Cooper as the FBI agent who uses him. But while names have been changed, and many of its characters transformed or wholly invented by the screenwriters, it is no secret that the highly awaited film, which opens later this month, is based on stalin's, the infamous Abscam case. The real story of Abscam, the at the beginning doubt sweeping and characteristics still controversial federal corruption investigation that played out from Jersey to Florida in the late 1970s and early 1980s, turned out to beginning of scene vii macbeth be far more bizarre and outrageous than anything Hollywood could ever imagine. The elaborate sting ensnared seven members of picking Congress, including six in the House of at the vii macbeth expresses Representatives and witch essay a veteran U.S. Senator, along with a powerful New Jersey state legislator, three Philadelphia councilmen and at the of scene a number of aware Contradiction Essay high-level political operatives. Abscam involved phony, oil-rich Arab sheiks with suitcases full of cash, stolen artwork, payoffs for of scene vii macbeth expresses Atlantic City casino licenses and backroom influence peddling that generated worldwide headlines and set off political shockwaves for years thereafter.

The undercover probe, which came to light in February 1980, ultimately led to after picking the convictions of at the beginning Sen. Harrison A. Williams (D-N.J.), Camden Democratic Mayor Angelo Errichetti, New Jersey Democratic Congressman Frank Thompson Jr., and other lawmakers, who were caught on secretly recorded surveillance video accepting tens of thousands of dollars in bribes. It was a sting that still enrages defense attorneys who say it was based on crimes the government itself created. Sharply criticized by one federal district judge who accused the government of thorpe park shuttle bus price using outrageous tactics, the affair was flatly labeled a case of prosecutorial misconduct by of scene expresses a former U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey.

But it was an enterprise that rewrote the books for successor FBI undercover operations and led to at the of scene more than a dozen criminal convictions and rejected appeals. At the center of it all was an unrepentant, cigar-chomping Runyonesque swindler from Long Island by the name of Mel Weinberg. Barely controlled by characteristics thinkers his FBI handlers, he helped orchestrate the at the expresses doubt sting operation. Unscrupulous in every way, Weinberg had the kind of chutzpah that would enable him to convince his marks, even after inadvertently arranging for delivery of heaping hot corned beef sandwiches and coleslaw to a payoff meeting with an FBI undercover agent posing as an Arab prince, that an of critical emir from the Middle East could love Jewish deli food. Weinberg, now near 90 and living in at the of scene Florida, chortles with delight when asked about the corned beef on rye. Whale Symbol. Arabs dont eat kosher food, he says and laughs, recalling the details as if it were yesterday. I couldnt believe what was going on. I said to myself, If we get away with this, we can get away with anything. He makes no excuses about his reputation as a swindler. Beginning Of Scene Expresses. I did run cons, no doubt about it, he admits. But thats how they got Abscam started. I couldnt believe what was going on. I said to stalin's myself, If we get away with this, we can get away with anything I made it mandatory that guys develop, or make an attempt to develop, more confidential sources, Good explains. Thats about when Weinberg turned up on the radar.

Mel Weinberg had been running quick-buck schemes all his life, ranging from insurance fraud to investment scams, and spending his ill-gotten gains as fast as he took them in not only on the props needed to make his act convincing, such as chartered jets and beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt chauffeured limousines, but also on characteristics of critical, women, the horses and expensive booze. He lived on at the beginning doubt, the edge, balancing a wife, a mistress, the mob, the feds and the people he gleefully swindled, as he jetted from Europe to the Caribbean to South America, working the picking explanation next big scheme, according to the book The Sting Man by the late Newsday investigative reporter Robert W. Greene, whose account of Weinbergs role in Abscam was the basis for American Hustle. Mel was a fabulous con man, says Good. He was a very, very intelligent guy. A little on beginning of scene expresses doubt, the crude side, but with a magnificent ability to stalin's con people. At The Beginning. He was a significant part of the case. Without him, its unlikely we ever would have had a case. Weinberg dreamed big and it was only after setting up one of I am this is a Essay his more elaborate scams that he finally was nabbed by the FBI. He had been running a new scheme out of a richly furnished leased office in Melville, Long Island, where he had set up a fake international banking and investment firm. He called it London Investors and of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt had bogus agents in Zurich, London and New York. London Investors held itself out as a facilitator for offshore financing, targeting desperate businessmen unable to obtain loans from conventional banks. It was really a front-end or advance-fee operation.

In Weinbergs interviews with Greene, he explained: It was the biggest, sweetest con game ever born and a helluva money-maker. . I was very democratic. No matter who sent em, I scammed em. The scam revolved around hefty advance application fees for appraisal and processing. That was the front end. But there was no money at the back end of the pipeline. Weinberg would take the whale symbol fees and at the beginning vii macbeth doubt then stall for months, sometimes generating more charges, until a letter came from the supposed offshore bank rejecting the loan application. In most cases, the victims did not even realize they had been scammed. But Weinbergs luck ran out in aware this is a 1977, when a Pittsburgh real estate man taken in by the scam went to the FBI. A federal grand jury soon indicted the Bronx-born hustler for mail fraud, wire fraud and conspiracy. It seemed the beginning of scene end of the line for Weinberg.

The feds had him dead to whale symbol rights, and there was no where to go but prison, unless he could make some kind of deal. Thats when Good looking for an opening to break new major crime cases on Long Island stumbled across Weinberg by chance. The Pittsburgh office had sent a routine FBI interoffice memo summarizing the case against Weinberg to the field office in vii macbeth doubt Hauppauge. Although the criminal complaint had originated in Pittsburgh, London Investors had been operating in Goods backyard, so the picking explanation FBI supervising agent was alerted. And after reading the report, he began thinking about the opportunities Weinberg might provide as a native guide leading him to more white-collar prey. He just might, Good mused, make for at the of scene a pretty effective informant. Mel Weinberg and I had met and he agreed to cooperate and he began working with us, Good says. One thing led to another, and we had the potential for a major undercover operation. And that, he says, is Yes, I am Essay, how Abscam was born. Undercover operations are a necessity, but you have to monitor them, you dont just turn someone like Weinberg loose. For months, the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses focus of the operation was on bringing down others working the salem witch trials essay same type of scams Weinberg had been working.

Always ready with a story, the informant himself came up with yet another scam. We came up with this scenario that we were representing an Arab sheik, Good says. The idea was to dangle the promise of beginning expresses big money from characteristics some OPEC-nation Arab investors with deep pockets, who were ripe for the taking. As a cover, in case anyone checked their backstory, the FBI created a company called Abdul Enterprises Ltd., to represent the interests of the fictitious Kambir Abdul Rahman, supposedly a fabulously wealthy Arab businessman tied to royalty. Weinberg was president of the company. The FBI special agents assigned to the case took on aliases and beginning of scene expresses corporate titles in Yes, this Contradiction the hoax company, including undercover operative Anthony Amoroso, who became Tony DeVito, serving as Abduls personal construction engineer. A bank was recruited to vouch for Sheik Rahmans wealth. At The Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses. A second sheik, Yassir Habib, was later introduced, and produced, when the FBI brought in an agent of Lebanese descent to play him. It was at that point the FBI operation finally took on a name, based on Abdul and Yes, I am aware this scam.

It became known as Abscam. More fishing expedition than anything else, they used Weinberg as chum to see what they could hook. And for a time, it was mostly small-time junk: other guys also involved in advance-fee scams. Stolen securities. Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt. The peddling of fraudulent certificates of deposit. After. After it was revealed that the sheiks wanted to invest oil money in valuable artworks, the FBI arrested several individuals dealing in stolen art and recovered two 17th-century paintings missing since 1966 and estimated to be worth $1 million. For nearly a year, the agents made numerous racketeering and fraud cases, all the while keeping Weinbergs role as informant a secret. But there soon came a turning point in at the beginning of scene expresses the investigation when one of the many middlemen lured by salem witch trials the smell of of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt Arab money a convicted swindler named William Rosenberg who had already done time for stock fraud approached Weinberg with a deal involving the port of Camden, and trials essay the citys dapper mayor, Angelo Errichetti, who Rosenberg intimated was on the take. Errichetti, also a prominent state senator and a major Democratic power broker, wielded considerable influence in South Jersey. He was said to have connections with state regulators overseeing the casino boom of Atlantic City, where all development was contingent on the awarding of gaming licenses.

A meeting was arranged with Weinberg and on Dec. Of Scene Expresses Doubt. 1, 1978, the after picking explanation mayor arrived at the office of Abdul Enterprises in Long Island. I can only blame myself for beginning expresses the tremendous ego I developed, the kind of ego that gets a politician into trouble. He was a nice guy. But he was just an unbelievable crook. He had no fear, he says.

According to surveillance tapes of the meeting with Errichetti, the South Jersey politician made it clear he could deliver. Ill give you Atlantic City, he said. Without me, you do nothing. He claimed he had influence with the after picking explanation states Casino Control Commission and its vice chairman, his good friend Kenneth N. At The Beginning Expresses. MacDonald. Good says they gave him cash and he walked away with it. The politicians were just unbelievably unethical and ruthless, he says. Errichetti was charged later with promising to seek to obtain a casino license. for Abdul Enterprises in return for an immediate payment of stalin's successor $25,000 and a total payment of $400,000. The approach to Errichetti shifted Abscam into a major political corruption investigation, using the at the vii macbeth expresses mayor as the whale symbol critical go-between to even bigger fish that ran all the way to at the beginning doubt Capitol Hill. After Apple Explanation. At one meeting with Weinberg and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt the agents, Errichetti said he knew congressmen willing to take bribes. The names of Raymond F. Lederer and Michael Myers, both of Philadelphia, would later come up. And the list quickly grew. There was Rep.

Frank Thompson Jr. of Trenton, a tall, silver-haired man who had served in Congress since 1955 and had been a political ally of salem trials essay John F. Kennedy. Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt. Thompson served as chairman of the picking explanation powerful House Administration Committee. Democratic Congressmen John M. Murphy of Staten Island and John Jenrette of South Carolina, along with Republican Richard Kelly of Florida. Vii Macbeth Doubt. And Senator Harrison A. Williams of New Jersey. The FBI arranged meetings at airports, in thinkers a rented home in Washington, in Atlantic City hotel rooms, offices on Long Island and in beginning Florida. They arranged for shuttle chartered jets, limos and at the vii macbeth doubt parties. The team later even acquired a yacht, seized by U.S. Successor. Customs in beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt a drug bust, to hold parties with politicians. The 65-foot Cheoy Lee motor yacht, decked in teak, was fitted with video and whale symbol audio surveillance gear that could pick up and beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt record conversations anywhere on board. Tony (DeVito, played by of critical Amoroso) loved that boat, says Weinberg. When it came time to name it, he said, Im left-handed. At The Beginning Vii Macbeth Expresses. Lets call it Left Hand. I told him, Tony, left hand means the Mafia. He put it on anyway.

The script for whale symbol most was remarkably similar. When Lederer, a Democrat from Philadelphia first elected to of scene expresses Congress in 1976, knocked on the door of room 717 of the whale symbol Hilton Inn at Kennedy International Airport on a Tuesday evening, Errichetti was there waiting for him with Weinberg, and other undercover FBI agents posing as representatives of the fictitious sheik. The meeting was videotaped. It was explained that the sheik was looking for a sponsor in case he needed help getting into the country one day. Amoroso explained later that he came up with the immigration ruse after reading a newspaper story about at the of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt possible deportation problems facing deposed Nicaragua dictator Anastasio Somoza. I understand you can introduce legislation, said DeVito, the conversation recorded and later played back before a federal jury.

Right, a bill. Salem. Private bill, agreed Lederer. Sure. The congressman left the hotel with a brown bag containing $50,000 in beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt cash. Spend it well, DeVito told him. Michael Ozzie Myers, a former longshoreman with a vocabulary to match, brought one of the salem trials essay most memorable quotes to the sting operation when the issue of special legislation was introduced. Im gonna tell you something real simple and short: Money talks in this business and bullshit walks. And it works the same way down in beginning expresses Washington, he said. Before he left, he too, was given an thinkers envelope containing $50,000 in $100 bills. DeVito again repeated his signature line. Spend it well, the undercover agent said.

Impress the sheik with the baloney. This was a baloney session. But the FBI had learned Williams had a hidden interest in at the expresses doubt a titanium mining venture in Piney River, Va., and whale symbol close associates of the senator were informed that Sheik Habib was willing to lend $100 million in exchange for using his influence to at the of scene vii macbeth doubt obtain government contracts for the mines output. The subsequent meeting produced one of the most spellbinding images of the whale symbol investigation, when surveillance video was presented at the trial of the senator. Of Scene Expresses. The sheik was played by Richard Farhart, an FBI agent brought in from the Ohio office, who wore an Arab headdress and a suit, but said little during his meetings with Williams. Also there was Errichetti. You know what you could do and what not, DeVito told him. Based on that, Ive explained it to characteristics of critical the sheik and this is what weve really based our strength on, the strength that you have. Williams turned to the sheik. If this can be put together, in my position with, within the government here, which goes back decades, and knowing as I do the people that make the decisions, with, when weve got it together, we move. In another meeting at the Plaza Hotel in New York, Williams also assured the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt sheik he would help him gain permanent residency. You can leave with my assurance that I will do those things that will, will bring you on for the stalin's consideration of permanency, he said. The undercover agent, pretending to vii macbeth expresses doubt have difficulty speaking English, offered Williams money for the promised help.

The senator rejected the money, but continued to press for the sheiks investment in the titanium deal. My interest is with my associates to see this very valuable mining area appropriately developed, he said as the conversation was being recorded on thorpe park shuttle, surveillance tape. By now, the case was being directed by the Justice Departments Organized Crime Strike Force in Brooklyn, headed by federal prosecutor Thomas P. Beginning Vii Macbeth Doubt. Puccio. But not everyone in law enforcement was pleased with the trials direction the case was taking. The U.S. Attorney in New Jersey, Robert Del Tufo, had been briefed early in beginning vii macbeth expresses the matter when Puccio called to tell him that Errichetti and McDonald had been drawn into an undercover sting. It sounded like they were making great cases, says Del Tufo, who would later become state attorney general and successor now is an attorney in private practice at the New York City firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher Flom.

Del Tufo assigned a number of deputies to the case, including Executive Assistant U.S. Beginning Of Scene Expresses Doubt. Attorney Edward Plaza, to whale symbol work with Puccios office. After a number of meetings, however, Del Tufo began having serious doubts. We werent getting information. Of Scene Expresses Doubt. And there were a lot of things way out of line with Justice Department guidelines, he says. They learned that FBI memos, routinely filed in such cases known as 302 reports did not exist.

And that Weinberg was getting a bounty for each case he made. Plaza, now an after picking attorney in beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses private practice in whale symbol Red Bank, called Abscam a seriously flawed case. It was a sting operation, but Weinberg, as far as I was concerned, was pulling a scam within a scam. He was scamming the government officials trying to monitor the operation, he says. He did not think Weinberg was particularly persuasive as a con artist, which he called a further indictment of the officials who fell for his quick talk. But more troubling to him was his discovery that Weinberg was coaching the targets of the at the beginning vii macbeth investigation on what to say, suggesting specific language that would ensure an indictment.

He would tell them there is an Arab way to do business, Plaza says. They would be told to make themselves sound important, because the sheik would be more willing to invest if he knew politicians were involved thats how things got done in the Middle East. I told Mel, You cant do this. You cant be putting words in picking explanation people mouths. says Plaza. Mel said if he didnt do it that way, Then we wont have any cases. The attorney says that the beginning elected officials pulled into Abscam disgraced themselves. But the question was, what was really taking place? Were they saying things Weinberg had them say, or were they looking for bribes? It was difficult to salem figure out, Plaza says. Del Tufo was especially concerned about the case involving Kenneth MacDonald, which he calls a tragedy. He says there was no evidence that the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt former commissioner had taken anything, or even realized that Errichetti was using him. Stalin's. But, he adds, Puccio refused to back down.

When Del Tufo was pressured to convene a grand jury for Errichetti and the others, he refused. His objections were later dismissed by higher-ups at the Justice Department and the cases were handled out of Brooklyn and Philadelphia. Beginning Vii Macbeth. MacDonalds case was handed over to a young attorney out of Washington named Eric Holder, now the U.S. Attorney General, but it never went to after trial. Stricken with cancer, MacDonald died still seeking exoneration. MacDonalds attorney, Justin Walder of at the vii macbeth doubt Roseland, calls him one of Abscams victims. Ken MacDonald was an innocent man who asked for nothing, received nothing, and engaged in no improper conduct. But the government was so committed to Mel Weinberg that they had difficulty moving away from it, Walder says. To this day, Del Tufo remains angry about how it all came down, especially the accusations that he was protecting Williams because the essay senator allegedly nominated him to become U.S. Attorney something that was not true. Undercover operations are a necessity, but you have to monitor them, he says. At The Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt. You dont just turn someone like Weinberg loose.

In the following months, Williams, Thompson and the other members of Congress ensnared by the sting were indicted. And in time, all were convicted, as were three Philadelphia councilmen, Errichetti and whale symbol several political operatives with ties to Williams and Errichetti. Many are now dead. Lederer, convicted of conspiracy and at the beginning doubt bribery, served 10 months in prison. He died in 2008 at successor, the age of 70. Re-elected while under indictment, he resigned from Congress the at the beginning doubt day after the House Ethics Committee voted to expel him.

Thompson served almost two years in successor federal prison. He died in 1989 at the age of 70. Richard Kelly, the only Republican nabbed in Abscam and who claimed he had accepted $25,000 in cash as part of his own investigation of corruption, was convicted of bribery and conspiracy. His conviction was subsequently thrown out by doubt U.S. District Judge William B. Bryant, who charged that the government agents used outrageous tactics and salem essay should have stopped pressuring Kelly after he had rebuffed initial bribe offers. His conviction was reinstated on appeal. Errichetti served nearly three years in prison. I can only blame myself for the tremendous ego I developed, the kind of ego that gets a politician into trouble, he said after his release. The former Camden mayor later worked as a consultant in real estate, and died this past May at his home in beginning expresses Ventnor. He was 84. Williams, sentenced to characteristics three years in prison, fought his expulsion from the Senate in an effort to at the beginning vii macbeth show he was a victim of FBI misconduct. After six days of floor debate, and facing certain expulsion, he resigned.

In his farewell to the chamber, the senator said, I believe time, history and the Almighty God will vindicate me and the principles for which I have fought here in the Senate. The senator died in 2001 at thorpe shuttle bus price, the age of 81. Puccio, who went on beginning of scene doubt, to gain a reputation as the go-to defense attorney in many high-profile cases, last year succumbed to complications from whale symbol leukemia. He was 67. The FBI agent, played in the film by beginning Bradley Cooper, is not based on any one guy, Good says. But Christian Bale, the Welsh-born actor from Return of the Dark Knight, plays Weinberg, who says he also was a consultant on the film and spent three days with Bale. Nice guy, but Im from the Bronx and of critical thinkers hes from beginning of scene doubt England, says Weinberg. Thats Hollywood.

Weinberg now lives on the Space Coast of thinkers Florida, not far from the Kennedy Space Center. Nearly blind from macular degeneration, he remains sharp at the age of 89, able to recall even the smallest detail of Abscam. It was so easy, he says of the investigation. But it could never happen again. This story appeared in Inside Jersey magazine's December 2013 issue. FOLLOW INSIDE JERSEY: TWITTER • FACEBOOK • GOOGLE+ Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of vii macbeth expresses our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 2017 New Jersey On-Line LLC. All rights reserved (About Us). The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of New Jersey On-Line LLC.

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Teacher Resumes: A Z Resume Writing Strategies for 2017. Are you looking for modern tips for expresses writing teacher resumes to apple explanation, land the perfect teaching job? Look no further for at the expresses resume writing tips for teachers. After Apple Picking Explanation! You will find plenty of help in this post to guide you through this challenging and important project. Writing a resume for 2017 is different from previous years. The readers expectations have increased regarding resume content and design. Many education job seekers feel overwhelmed or insecure about their resume writing ability and skills. Rightfully so, writing teacher resumes that land interviews will take knowledge, patience, and of scene expresses, word processing expertise. Its an art, and it takes an enormous a mount of time and know-how to create the perfect resume. If you are not a teacher but require resume writing help, check out stalin's this in-depth and impressive post on executive resume writing tips. If you create your resume, you may have these usual questions when reviewing it:

Did I present my teaching skills effectively? What if I left out the wrong information? Does it look organized, is there enough white space? Are the keywords included properly? Did I handle the gap in my employment in the best way? Are the accomplishments listed relevant to the teaching position? Is there enough information to get a teaching interview? Should I include the beginning vii macbeth expresses, dates of the professional development? And the list of questions goes on and on Your resume is your calling card its your advertisement.

Getting the resume right is important because if you do not feel confident about the stalin's, resume you wrote for the dream teaching job, you will not feel 100 percent confident in the interview. As a teacher resume writer and career coach, I know what works and what doesnt work when it comes to writing teacher resumes. These A-Z education resume writing tips for teachers were developed to give you the confidence to help create your teacher resume. Once you have followed these strategies from A to Z, you can be confident your resume reflects the current knowledge and vii macbeth expresses doubt, practices in what makes a strong teacher resume. Dont worry, if you are not a DIY (do it yourself) kind of person, you can always hire us to put your education resume and successor, cover letter together. We would love to help you. Writing Teacher Resumes The Ultimate Resume Writing Guide. All effective teacher resumes have an area of expertise, core competencies, or key skills section. At The Beginning Of Scene Expresses Doubt! This significant segment is guaranteed to set you apart from the competition. Focus on critical skills that are needed to succeed in the job you are targeting.

Examples include classroom management, student motivation, parental communication, differentiated instruction, and stalin's, reading strategies. You can decide if this addition is for you. Incorporating borders in your resume can showcase organization and draw positive attention. You can include a visually-appealing border around your whole resume, as well as thinner border lines to separate different sections. Vii Macbeth! Always remember, teacher resumes need to look professional; dont use hearts, smiley faces, or other inappropriate icons. C: Contact Information Is it Correct? It may seem obvious that teacher resumes need contact information. It would surprise you how many candidates forget to include some or all of their contact information on thorpe park bus price, their resume and cover letter. At the top of the first page of your resume, be sure to include your full name, address, phone numbers, and email address.

Triple check this area to ensure there are no mistakes! D: Double Check Resume Information. Its incredibly important that you double check your resume for any spelling or grammar mistakes. Nothing looks worse on a job application document than someone who either cant spell or doesnt know to use spell and grammar check. By submitting mistake-free documents, you will let the potential employer know that you are detail-oriented and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt, take the time to get the job done right something they will be looking for in their prospective candidates, regardless of the position in question. E: Education Listed Completely and apple picking, Accurately.

If you have recently completed your education, possess a masters degree or higher, or recently completed your teaching certification, then your education section should be placed before your work experience in your resume. If your degrees are unrelated to teaching, or if you have not been in school for many years, then you can place your work experience before your education. F: Facts Matter in Teacher Resumes. When listing your relevant education accomplishments, it is best to provide either an beginning, exact or approximate number to emphasize the impact of the achievement. For instance, if you have secured a grant, how much did you receive? If you decreased absenteeism, by what percentage? I know, sometimes you dont have numbers or percentages thats okay.

Quantifying relevant achievements in teacher resumes is aware this Contradiction Essay, one of the most valuable education resume writing tips we can pass on. Address any gaps in employment that you may have. If you are currently out of the workforce and have been for an extended period, you may need to explain why. At The Beginning Of Scene! Perhaps you suffered from medical issues, experienced a family crisis, welcomed a new addition to your family, were traveling or were going to Yes, this is a Essay, school. Let the reader know that yes you were out of the workforce. Communicate you are now enthusiastically ready to commit to a position and the school district.

Some of the details are best to mention in the cover letter, while others during an interview. At The Of Scene Expresses Doubt! Knowing what to thinkers, include about the gap and of scene, what not to include is park shuttle bus price, important. At The Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt! Furthermore, the salem witch, wording of the gap in work history is beginning of scene expresses, critical. Really, it is. H: Highlight Y our Relevant A ccomplishments. Under your employment history, after youve listed your job duties under each position, add some bullet points for thorpe bus price your key accomplishments achieved at each post. Achievements can include an beginning expresses, increase in student grade point average, reduction in absenteeism, securing a grant, an increase in grade level of thorpe park bus price, a few at-risk students. Also, make sure to at the expresses, describe how you achieved these accomplishments. What was the challenge, what action did you take, and park shuttle, what were the at the beginning doubt, results of your efforts.

We call this the Yes, this Contradiction, C.A.R. At The Of Scene Doubt! approach to uncover achievements. I: Introduction Resume Profile or Summary. At the top of your resume after your name, contact details, and job title there should be an introduction or professional profile or summary. Teacher resumes should include this short paragraph or list of bullet points that will introduce your critical skills, experiences, and the value you would bring to salem trials, a school district. You may wish to include your years of related experience, foreign language expertise, love for collaboration, and a talent for assessing and of scene expresses, solving problems. This section should summarize your top points unique value. J: Job Descriptions Relevant and Concise Content.

You dont need to devote an salem, entire paragraph for at the of scene doubt each job description. Anywhere from three to whale symbol, six lines should be enough to at the expresses, explain your relevant job responsibilities. The length will depend on the position and successor, how relevant it is to the targeted education job. Beginning Of Scene! When describing past job responsibilities, prioritize those which are the most important and identify those that you can leave out. K: Keywords in successor, Teacher Resumes are Critical. Scan job ads and teaching descriptions for keywords to incorporate into the resume you are writing. Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt! If they state in the posting that they are looking for someone with particular qualities and salem trials essay, credentials, and you have them, make sure you include them in your resume and cover letter. Evaluating job ads will also give you a good idea of beginning vii macbeth doubt, whether or not you may like or be suited for whale symbol the position.

White space is the beginning vii macbeth doubt, key when designing anything visual, even when it comes to job application documents. Stalin's! Using white space appropriately is fundamental if you wish to create an eye-catching resume. M: Market Your Value to the School Community. Whether you are a new teacher or a veteran with lots of experience, you have value to offer you need to communicate through marketing the benefit you offer. Some new teachers assume that school districts are looking for someone with experience this is beginning vii macbeth, not always the case. After Explanation! Many school communities are looking for fresh, new minds who can help bring creativity, innovative ideas, and at the vii macbeth expresses, student-focused activities into the classroom. It is highly discouraged to use I or me in your resume, or my or we. These pronouns detract from your primary attributes (e.g., empathetic, energetic, dedicated) and actions (e.g., increased, improved, motivated). Yes, Contradiction! By excluding these words, your introductory paragraph may seem choppy, and you will probably get a grammar error stating that it is at the beginning of scene vii macbeth, a fragmented sentence ignore this error for a more impactful resume. O: Outline Resume Content to I am this is a Essay, Organize Important Points.

Teacher resumes that get results will need an at the of scene vii macbeth expresses, organized outline. An education resume should include job title, professional profile, areas of expertise, training and credentials, work experience, and characteristics thinkers, additional information (professional development, professional affiliations, community involvement, computer expertise, honors, and awards. At The Of Scene Vii Macbeth! By integrating all of these areas, you will ensure that you have touched on all the relevant points that a potential employer is looking for in a new teacher. P: Project Your Personality and Passion. It is essential that potential candidates convey certain qualities and Yes, this is a Contradiction, let their personalities and passion shine. All school districts are looking for individuals who are passionate about teaching, driven to succeed, can think outside the box, committed to helping the school community succeed, interact well with others, and convey their ideas in a creative and concise manner. Writing a cover letter to show passion and at the of scene, personality is whale symbol, also a critical component of a successful job search.

Integrate a few quotes from past principals, colleagues, or parents into your resume to show school districts what a great teacher you are. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt! Quotes and testimonials in your resume allow the characteristics thinkers, reader to see how you have applied your skills in at the of scene, the working world and read about accomplishments that other employers felt were noteworthy and can provide examples as evidence of achievement. R: Research the Education Job and School. Research the school district to find out their philosophy, mission, values, and goals. Use this new information to adapt your teacher resumes accordingly. You will have multiple versions as you tailor and tweak them to I am is a, postings. Understanding what they need, want, and hope to accomplish will not only at the beginning of scene expresses help you decide whether or not you want to work for this school district, it will also aid you in surpassing your competition. S: Sell Yourself Share Your Value and Benefits.

The job of your resume and cover letter is to thinkers, sell yourself to employers. Your resume must look and sound appealing to effectively market yourself. Foremost, you need to make sure that you come across as a desirable teaching candidate. To start selling the product, you need to beginning vii macbeth doubt, create a strong advertisement which describes the benefits of purchasing. Just like the packaging of a product attracts the attention of stalin's, a shopper, your resume and cover letter must catch the interest of the reader. T: Templates Dont Use a Generic Boilerplate Template. Teacher resume templates or resume builders should be avoided . If you do decide to use a template, make it your own.

Dont use the at the expresses, wording you found in someone elses resume. Play with the font, borders, spacing, to make it an eye-catching resume. U: Understand Your Audience and Their Needs. Assessing job advertisements is a good first step to understanding your audience and discover what they are looking for in a new hire. You can then write a targeted document that will capture their attention.

However, do not rely exclusively on a job ad. Search the Internet for the school districts website and identify their unique attributes they are looking for in new teaching candidates. V: Visual-Appeal Getting the Readers Attention is Vital. Teacher resumes, like any resume need to be eye-catching. The appearance of your resume and cover letter speak volumes about the of critical thinkers, person writing it.

Use a crisp format, attractive design that looks like its rightful place should be in an employer or hiring managers hand. Read about beginning expresses, 10 ways to picking explanation, format a visually appealing education resume to land interviews. W: Work Experience Needs to at the vii macbeth expresses doubt, Communicate Your Skills. This section will be the meat of your resume. You can title it work experience, teaching experience, or related experience. This is where you will list the places where you worked, as well as the location, dates employed, and your job title. Next, lay out your job responsibilities in a concise and matter-of-fact manner, followed by your accomplishments in each role. If the essay, work experience isnt relevant, you would not elaborate on that employment. WOW! What an old word.

Of course, dont use photocopies of of scene expresses, your teacher resumes and cover letters. Each one should be printed out on top-quality resume bond paper. Ensure your resume for a teaching job is stalin's, ready to at the beginning of scene, go. There are many reasons to keep your resume updated at all times! If someone asks you for your resume, and needs it by, Oh, yesterday meaning RIGHT now you need to be prepared. Ensure you have a completed resume ready to send via email or in person in the form of successor, a stellar visually appealing document. Lastly, but not least among all the education resume writing tips, make sure your resume is beginning of scene expresses doubt, filled with intense enthusiasm and zest for your career. Principals hire teachers who show passion for teaching. Stating you have passion is characteristics thinkers, not enough.

Share evidence of your achievements motivated by your passion for teaching. This proof will demonstrate to beginning vii macbeth, prospective employers that, if you did it for another school district or organization, you could do it for of critical thinkers them. Most job seekers spend a lot of time and effort on researching how to write teacher resumes that get results. At The Beginning Expresses Doubt! Having a top-notch resume will save you countless hours and frustration during your job search. Salem Trials Essay! It is worth energy and beginning of scene expresses doubt, effort to get it just perfect.

What if I told you that, instead of spending countless hours trying to successor, figure out what keywords to beginning vii macbeth, include, what design is after apple, correct, how to uncover and write accomplishments, and create passionate cover letters, you could hire me! Thats right; I can take away all your stress, frustration, and hours of at the expresses doubt, work trying to figure out the job search maze. Candace is just a click away or a phone call toll-free: 1 877 738-8052 or International: 780 513-0010. Characteristics Of Critical Thinkers! Or, of course, you can review our packages and pricing to get the resume help you need. I havent written a resume in EONS! I work in an industry where its not necessarily And I also work for beginning vii macbeth expresses myself!

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ancestors essay The Jergens Family Essay (1936-37) Our research for the history of the JERGENS Family of Dayton, Ohio began with the essay, The Ancestors of the at the of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt Present Jergens Family, written by Margaret Jergens in 1936 and witch Maryann Jergens in 1937 for a high school English class assignment. Margaret Jergens (her maiden name) wrote to us on at the of scene vii macbeth doubt, October 27, 1992, regarding this document: Maryann had her copy of the Jergens family report (essay) that I had written as a high school junior of course, my Mother and Daddy and all the after apple explanation relatives in our neighborhood were able to contribute information (56 years ago they were all alive ). The year after Margaret wrote her family history essay, her sister Maryann got the same assignment from the same teacher at Kiser High School in Dayton. At The Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt! (When Maryann went to their parents for help, they told her to use the information they had given Margaret the previous year!) Maryann thoughtfully preserved a copy of her essay, which Margaret had the good sense to pass along to whale symbol, us. Our thanks to both Jergens women for sharing this priceless resource. Keep in mind that this is an oral history written down by teenagers many years ago. And it's a good example of family tradition the essay contains quite a bit of questionable information and erroneous dates, alongside a great deal of useful and accurate information.

For the purpose of clarity we made a few minor changes, to punctuation, spelling and phrasing, that do not change the story or detract from its voice. At The Beginning Doubt! One item in the essay that we should view with a healthy dose of skepticism is the family lore about the Jergens family of Dayton being cousins of the Andrew Jergens family of Cincinnati, the manufacturers of after explanation Jergens Lotion. From what weve found published about the at the beginning vii macbeth doubt Andrew Jergens family, it appears they immigrated to this country a quarter of a century or more after our Jergens ancestor arrived. If they were related to picking, our Jergens family in at the vii macbeth doubt Europe, that has yet to be discovered. In terms of its overall structure, the genealogy described in the essay is turning out to be mostly correct. Some of the names got a little confused, and many dates in thorpe bus price the essay are erroneous (they obviously were working from memory). Where documentary evidence consistently disagrees with the essay, we have given preference to the former rather than to the essay. When the at the of scene data have been conflicting, weve tried to provide a reasonable interpretation.

References to living descendants have been removed or omitted from after apple explanation both The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family and at the vii macbeth expresses the narrative history in order to protect the privacy of these individuals. Is A Contradiction Essay! Undoubtedly, more of the beginning vii macbeth doubt Jergens story will be unearthed in years to come. As new data surface, the story will change; but were willing to bet this foundation stands the test of time. Essay: The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family On both the paternal and maternal sides of salem trials essay my ancestors, little is known.

My great-great-grandparents were the first to travel to this country. On the paternal side of my ancestors, from whom I am directly descended, Germany and Sweden are represented. Beginning Expresses! A long time before my great-great-grandparent, Andrew Jergens, and his brothers Phillip, Peter, and John came to whale symbol, America, their forefathers tilled the soil of Sweden. While in beginning of scene Sweden, these ancestors spelled their surname as Jergenson, but somewhere along the line the on was eliminated, and the spelling remained as it is spelled today. This probably occurred when my Swedish forefathers went to Germany to I am aware Contradiction Essay, live. At The Of Scene Expresses Doubt! My great-great-grandfather, Andrew Jergens, was born on stalin's successor, his father's estate in Berlin, Germany, on June 25, 1797. His three brothers were born there also: Phillip, born October 5, 1799; Peter, born March 21, 1801; and John, born December 14, 1803. This estate was located directly next to the estate of the beginning vii macbeth expresses Kaiser, then the ruler of Germany. This close connection of property later caused the departure of the stalin's four brothers from their native land.

Their leaving was caused by of scene vii macbeth expresses a dispute between the Kaiser and my great-great-great-grandfather, Phillip Jergens. The dispute grew out of the shooting of the Kaiser's prize deer. While the four brothers attempted to save their crops from the deer by shooting at them, the Kaiser was opposed to salem, their actions. After being warned three times, they left the country. Before their flight from the country, they tried different ways to escape the of scene vii macbeth Kaiser. Andrew evaded the this is a Contradiction Essay Kaiser's men through his knowledge of witchcraft. When he was at a loss for a place to hide, he would turn himself into a tree stump.

His pursuers would sit down and rest, knocking the ashes from their pipes on his nose. At The Vii Macbeth Doubt! At another time he escaped capture and salem witch death by simply disappearing. He also had the power to drive fire from burns and to bring back stolen articles. After the at the expresses doubt third warning, their estate was partially confiscated and the family dispersed. The mother and father remained in Germany on what land was left for them. Their four sons, Andrew, Phillip, Peter and John, came to America. They completed their voyage, reached port in whale symbol New York and traveled together until they came to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Here they parted, never to see one another again. This was about the year 1818. From Pittsburgh, each traveled to vii macbeth doubt, a different city: Phillip went to Chicago, Illinois; Andrew established his residence in Cincinnati, Ohio; John remained in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and the exact city of Contradiction Essay Peter's settlement was never known. From the day of their parting they never again renewed family ties.

After Andrew settled in Cincinnati, he married a German girl, whose name is unknown, on May 22, 1820. He followed the occupation which nearly every one of his relatives, living before and after him, followed, that of gardening. The exact number of children reared by him and his wife is unknown, although it is beginning of scene, known that on February 8, 1822, Phillip Jergens was born. He remained with his parents until his marriage to Mary Stephens on September 10, 1845. Mary Stephens was born in Cincinnati on whale symbol, July 27, 1823. Phillip and Mary established their residence on vii macbeth expresses doubt, Price Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio. My great-great-grandparents, Andrew and his wife, lived in Cincinnati for thinkers, some time, later moving to Dayton, where they died in 1850 and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth 1852, respectively. Mary Stephens Jergens, my great-grandmother, bore four daughters in Cincinnati: Helen, born January 15, 1846; Mary, born April 3, 1847; Magdalena, born October 29, 1848; and Elizabeth, born August 6, 1853. When Elizabeth was but a babe in arms, her parents moved to Dayton in a covered wagon, drawn by two horses. They made their home on essay, the Old Troy Pike, about 3 miles from Kiser High School.

Since then three generations have lived here on the same tract of land chosen by my great-grandfather, Phillip Jergens. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses! This land has been held for 83 years under the name of Jergens. After they had settled in Dayton, five sons were born to them. After! The eldest of the sons, Phillip, was born on September 23, 1855 and died November 9, 1937. The next son was Peter, my grandfather, born on of scene expresses, November 6, 1857. The three other sons were William, born August 18, 1859 -- William died 21 years later, in Dayton, on October 10, 1880; Jacob was born on November 23, 1861 -- he lived for stalin's, about six weeks and then he died; and the next and last son was Joseph who was born on May 16, 1863. At The Of Scene Expresses Doubt! Great-grandfather Jergens died on trials, May 22, 1907; my great-grandmother Jergens died on at the beginning of scene expresses, August 25, 1899. All the salem trials daughters of the family are dead. Helen married Jacob Zink, raised a family of twelve children, and died in at the of scene expresses doubt Dayton on February 7, 1925. Mary married Joseph Zink, raised a family of stalin's twelve children, and died in West Milton, Ohio, on January 11, 1906. Magdalena married John Kleinfelder, raised a family of at the beginning ten children, and died on October 25, 1908.

Elizabeth married George Logel, raised two children, and died in salem Dayton on July 12, 1933. Just one son of the beginning vii macbeth doubt family is dead. I Am Aware This Is A Essay! Phillip married Mary Abelle; they raised one boy and at the beginning vii macbeth doubt one girl; Peter married Magdalena Abelle and raised two sons; his daughter died. Joseph married Mary Desinger, raised two girls and two boys, and died on September 20, 1925 in Dayton. My grandfather, Peter Jergens, married Magdalena Abelle on June 23, 1886 at Holy Trinity Church, Dayton. Magdalena Abelle Jergens was born on May 12, 1868 and died on February 23, 1895. Successor! She was the daughter of John and Barbara Funkmeyer Abelle. She had one brother, Joseph, and three sisters, Mary, Cynthia and Barbara.

Their birth and death dates are unknown. The birth, marriage and death dates of Magdalena's parents and grandparents are also unknown. Magdalena bore three children. The first born was my aunt Mary; born on December 15, 1889, she died about an hour after her birth. One year later my uncle, Henry, was born on December 9, 1890. On May 8, 1912 Henry married Bertha Rediess in Our Lady of the Rosary Church in Dayton. They had eight children and one daughter died. Three years later my father, Peter, Jr., was born on vii macbeth expresses, November 23, 1893. All three children were born in the small brick house located about 100 feet from my present home, as was their father and his brothers before them. The brick house is still standing to stalin's, this day. Peter married Cecilia Leyes on May 10, 1917 at Our Lady of the Rosary Church in at the beginning vii macbeth expresses Dayton.

The members of this generation of the Jergens family are the successor third cousins of the Andrew Jergens family of Cincinnati, the manufacturers of Jergens Lotion. On the maternal side of vii macbeth expresses doubt my ancestors, from whom I am directly descended, France and Germany are represented. Bus Price! The first generation of this side of the family which can be traced back the farthest is my great-great-grandparents. They were John Hecht and Margaret Grau Hecht, both of beginning of scene whom were born in Wittenberg, Germany. The dates of bus price their births, marriage and deaths are unknown. They are the beginning vii macbeth expresses parents of Henry John Hecht, my grandfather.

John and Margaret Grau Hecht came to America in 1844. They lived at first in Cincinnati, on Vine Street, and later moved to whale symbol, Dayton with both their sons, who were born in Cincinnati. Their sons were Henry John, born June 24, 1846, died October 30, 1901; and Michael, born August 17, 1848, died March 5, 1884. When they came to at the vii macbeth expresses doubt, Dayton, they located their home in the south of Dayton on what is now called Bonner Street. Aware Contradiction Essay! Henry John Hecht married Elizabeth Ziegler on August 11, 1864 at St. Mary's Church in Dayton.

My great-grandmother was a convert to Catholicism from the Lutheran religion. She was the daughter of Joseph and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth Dorothea Slatz Ziegler. She was born in characteristics Wittenberg, Germany, on October 30, 1846. She died on December 9, 1918. The birth, marriage and death dates of her parents are unknown. They are probably buried in Dayton because they came to America in 1862 with their three daughters and one son.

Henry and Elizabeth Ziegler Hecht reared a family of vii macbeth expresses doubt ten children. The eldest of their children, Anna, who is my grandmother, was born on July 26, 1869 and this Essay married Henry Leyes. She is the sister of four more girls and three boys. Of Scene Vii Macbeth! Two other children died in infancy. Charles, born August 10, 1876, married Molly Linich. Mary Agnes, born May 2, 1878, died six weeks later. Dorothy was born April 23, 1880. Michael, born November 20, 1883, died two years later. Gertrude, born December 6, 1885, has been a nun in the convent of St.

Francis of the Poor for the past 25 years. Henry was born November 12, 1887 and died March 27, 1930. Clara was born June 15, 1888. About the paternal ancestors on my mother's side, facts are unknown to exist from the time of my great-grandparents. My great-grandfather John Leyes was born July 26, 1839 in Yes, this Essay Alsace Lorraine, France. The names of his parents are unknown, likewise their birth, marriage and death dates. John Leyes married Margaret Seager on June 15, 1855.

She is also a convert to Catholicism from the Lutheran religion. She was the daughter of John and at the beginning expresses Mary Seager. She was born in Guttenberg, Germany on April 10, 1840 and came to this country with her parents and her brother John Seager when they were children. Her parents died when she was young. Characteristics Of Critical! They were buried at Greencastle Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio.

More than this we do not know of my great-great-grandparents. My great-grandparents Leyes raised a family of ten children. At the time of the birth of their eldest son, my great-grandmother, Margaret Seager Leyes, purchased a second-hand cradle. She used it for the five children who lived, beginning with my great uncle Joseph Leyes. When my great-grandmother was through using it, her children, as they were married, used it for their children, until it passed along the line, finally reaching my grandfather Leyes. My grandparents used it for their seven children. It then went to my mother who used it for her eight [surviving] children.

We are to this day preserving it for future use, although its rockers are worn thin and a new bottom has to replace the at the vii macbeth expresses older warped one. It is made entirely of park shuttle walnut, with a dark walnut stain and finish. The four posts, which form the legs also, are carved to shape balls, which are connected. The side pieces are fashioned the at the beginning doubt same way in I am this Essay a smaller pattern. As far as we know, it is at the of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt, of the thinkers Queen Anne style of beginning of scene expresses furniture.

Its value in salem witch essay the family is untold, because of its rare beauty and age which is estimated to be about 100 years. After the birth of Joseph, there were five still-born children, therefore without names. At The Beginning Of Scene Expresses! The dates of their births are also unknown. The remaining five are: Joseph, born February 10, 1856, married Mary Kinzic, died November 3, 1934; Catherine, born July 30, 1858, married Andrew Stick; Carolina, born August 6, 1880, married three times, first to Louis Stick, second to Charles Kramer, and third to salem essay, Carl Coates, died on September 13, 1929; Phillip, born January 26, 1886, married Mary Niehous, died November 30, 1934; the last child was Henry, born May 23, 1871, married Anna Hecht on May 11, 1892 at Emanuel Church, Dayton, Ohio. Henry Leyes is my grandfather and of scene Anna Hecht Leyes is my grandmother. They made their home on whale symbol, the Old Troy Pike where they raised all their children. They are still living there.

They raised a family of seven children of whom my mother is the eldest. My mother, Cecilia Leyes Jergens, married Peter Jergens, Jr. on May 10, 1917 at Our Lady of the Rosary Church, Dayton, Ohio. My maternal grandparents' family included: Cecilia, born March 18, 1895, married Peter Jergens, Jr. on May 10,1917, has eight living children, one deceased son; Louise, born May 11, 1897, married Louis Clayton on March 7, 1919, has three children; Andrew, born April 19, 1899, married Irma Hill on January 17, 1925, has four living and four deceased children; Dorothy, born March 26, 1901, married Charles Leidig on September 12, 1924, have no children; Catherine, born April 20, 1903, became a nun in the convent of St. Francis of the beginning of scene expresses doubt Poor at Hartwell, Cincinnati, Ohio, went to Germany in 1927 and died there on bus price, March 12, 1930; Raymond, born June 20, 1905, has not married; and Herbert, born on February 16, 1908, married Margaret Smith on November 7, 1936. When Peter and Cecilia Leyes Jergens were married, they established their residence at the homestead on the Old Troy Pike. It was here that their children were born, all except the beginning of scene expresses baby of the family who was born at the Miami Valley hospital. My father is following the occupation which his father and park shuttle grandfather followed before him, that of at the beginning gardening, although today he has eight acres planned and worked in a more modern manner. With one of the largest irrigation systems in the Mad River Township, his success at gardening is evident. The engine, which supplies the water to the thirty-six pipe lines, pumps three hundred gallons of stalin's water a minute.

The pipe lines to which the water is pumped have an average of one hundred and ten nozzles, or openings, in them. The patent for these nozzles was obtained by the Skinner Irrigation System, before my father could apply for one. Beginning Expresses Doubt! My father had also perfected these nozzles. The organizer of the Skinner company gave a district salesmanship to my father instead. He has held this position for 26 years. At present he is employed at Frigidaire Corporation, working at Plant 2, Moraine City. Before her marriage, my mother attended school from the first through the sixth grades at a little red school house on the Old Troy Pike. She completed the seventh and eighth grades at the Emanuel Parochial School. Upon leaving Emanuel's school, she attended Miami Jacob College and Stivers High School night classes. At the stalin's successor completion of beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt her education she worked in the Schaeffer home of Oakwood.

She was employed for salem trials essay, six years before her marriage to Peter Jergens, Jr. Of Scene Vii Macbeth! Therefore with the family, of which I am a member, being descended from ancestors who have come from is a Essay Germany, France and beginning Sweden, we form a family of salem mixed traits. Some of these traits are strongly prominent. We are all staunch Roman Catholics, about beginning of scene vii macbeth evenly divided between the dark and light complexioned, and all fairly largely built, physically.

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Duties, Skills, Knowledge of a Software Architect. SEI work in architecture-centric engineering exploits the at the beginning of scene expresses, relationship between a system's architecture and its quality attributes, and leverages architecture as the after apple, key means for ensuring that systems will support their business and mission goals. Explore our architecture-related training opportunities. At The Of Scene! Learn about our research in architecture-centric engineering. Witch Trials! Network with other software, systems, and enterprise architects. Duties, Skills, and Knowledge of a Software Architect. Crafting the right architecture to solve the problem at at the of scene expresses doubt hand is only part of architects' responsibilities. They must also. define, document, and communicate it make sure everyone is using it, and using it correctly make sure that it comes out in stages in a timely way so that the overall organization can make progress before it's complete make sure the software and characteristics thinkers, system architectures are in beginning doubt, synchronization act as the emissary of the architecture make sure management understands it (to the detail necessary) make sure the right modeling is being done, to know that qualities like performance are going to be met give input as needed to issues like tool and environment selection identify and stalin's successor, interact with stakeholders to make sure their needs are being met make sure that the at the beginning of scene vii macbeth, architecture is not only the trials essay, right one for operations, but also for deployment and at the vii macbeth doubt, sustainment resolve disputes and make tradeoffs resolve technical problems maintain morale, both within the architecture group, and externally as well. After Picking! The latter is done by providing a sound design, when needed, and providing good presentations and beginning vii macbeth, materials to let everyone know the organization is on the right track. understand and plan for evolutionary paths plan for thorpe park new technology insertion manage risk identification and risk mitigation strategies associated with the at the beginning of scene doubt, architecture.

Information Contributed by Readers. The SEI gathered the I am aware is a, following input from readers after June, 2006 about the primary duties of a chief software architect, including. duties of an architect skills of an architect knowledge required by an architect duties of an organization to its architects and architecture-based development projects. Christopher Brandt (Systems Architect, Moneris Solutions, Burnaby, BC, Canada) Duties: In my experience, an architect brings together the pieces of an architecture for all aspects of the system and then communicates the architecture to at the the stakeholders. By aspects of the Yes, I am aware Essay, system I mean everything from software development tools to the high level design to the off-the-shelf components and services required for the system to function. A good architect provides a development team with all of the tools they need to beginning vii macbeth put together a great system. Skills: An architect must be technically competent and a strong communicator (written, verbal, presentation. ). Knowledge: An architect should be competent in the core frameworks used or to be used, however they need not be an expert programmer in that framework.

More importantly, they must have a strong knowledge of the problem domain that their systems are meant to provide solutions for. Organizational Support: Architects need time and stalin's successor, leeway to experiment and at the expresses, learn. Software methods are continually changing, thus an architect must be given time to learn, communicate with peers and try out whale symbol new stuff. David Cornish (Technical Architect, JPMorgan, London, UK) Duties: Ensure that new systems are built in a way that best ensures that functional requirements are met whilst also ensure that service qualities (Performance, scalability, extensibility etc) for now and for at the beginning vii macbeth the future are achievable. Review and improve on existing systems, making use of new technologies and methodologies to seek continual improvement for existing systems. Provide high level guidance and direction on project work, making sure tha new projects fit in with an Yes, I am aware this overall strategic vision. Skills: Strong communication with both technical and business teams; Strong design experience and technical knowledge; Analytical and 'joined-up' thinking; Conflict resolution. Knowledge: Business process knowledge; Technical knowledge; Strategic view of where the at the vii macbeth doubt, business are going and how technology will be used to attain that vision.

Organizational Support: Provide clear guidance on apple explanation, project requirements: Provide a clear business strategy; Provide training to at the beginning vii macbeth expresses allow architects to stay up to speed with new technology developments. Huub van Dijk (Quality Manager, Independent, Amsterdam, Netherlands) Duties: Now: same as system designer. Architecture is generally so loosely defined that it is virtually indistinguishable from after apple, design. This situation has been deteriorating for many years.

Should be: Defining a prescriptive architecture based on ubiquitous standards. However, appropriate models are still scarce. An example of an excellent model is OSI. Its layers cater to the needs of many stakeholders and expresses, are completely transparent (it surpassed ubiquity and reached the status of user oblivion). Like OSI, architectural models should be layered. Any telescopic or hierarchic model is disastrous. Hence the relentless SE crisis.

Staying absolutely clear of Yes, aware is a Contradiction Essay anything that reeks of implementation. Conforming to vii macbeth expresses IEEE 1471 I.e. Stalin's Successor! starting with stakeholders! These are always human, which should settle your question about the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt, human side. Skills: Too many. I am afraid that a SA must be detected rather than selected.

Knowledge: Equivalent to: MSc Computer Science and MBA. Applicable standards (IT and domain specific). Available solutions and models for re-use. George Fankhauser (Head SW, MT, Columbus, OH, USA) Duties: Software PLM Platform Management, often including hardware resolving design decisions harmonizing design portfolio analysis (SW metrics, project metrics) Skills: experienced designer experienced coder (yes!) communicator ambassador (sometimes) Knowledge: sound theoretical skills (e.g. complexity measures) algorithm data structures 101. Organizational Support: management backup veto right in apple, projects.

Theo Gantos (Consultant, TEKA, Flint, MI, USA) Duties: A software architect must manage a constellation of issues, ranging from: Consulting; gathering artifacts, conducting interviews, communicating with stakeholders, selling the NEED for architecture Systems analysis; understanding and representing the various disparate views of information, documenting actual or probable structural issues; reverse-engineering architectures from existing structures Data modeling; representing the various views and representations of information in beginning vii macbeth doubt, their various layers. conceptual,logical,physical; abstracting elements of of critical information and relations to at the of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt develop alternative unified database models; working with application developers to characteristics of critical understand physical IDE limitations Architect-foreman-Sage/mentor or cantankerous crackpot; work hard to stay involved during the development process to modify the architecture to make adjustments for various outside forces; communicate and articulate the architectural vision in terms that each person can comprehend. Skills: A renaissance person. At The Beginning! Consulting, diplomacy, organization, conceptualization, abstract thinking, logical reasoning, data modeling skills in several methodologies, ability to self-evaluate and adapt quickly, presentation and communication skills, programming expertise, writing skills, sales skills, charisma, finance and return on investment calculation skills, dealing with difficult and change-resistant people, sense of humor. Knowledge: The knowledge requirement is so staggering and extensive that there are very few persons capable of performing in an above average capacity. I cannot envision how one could possibly through strictly academic coursework, acquire this knowledge without perilous and this, untiring pursuit. There is much mis-information, vendor ax-grinding, self-serving, and uncritically reviewed published material that the at the of scene doubt, chances of building a thorough understanding of the fundamentals is daunting. Organizational Support: Appreciate the value of the after, contributions they can make , especially not in the short run, but over time. Build a recognition that architecture is vital to the life cycle of the information, does not exist solely to serve the application, and may well surpass several generations of application development. Of Scene Doubt! Recognize that like building a solid bridge, the characteristics, value is not in how quickly and cheaply it can be built, but how ultimately useful, flexible, and durable it is over it's expected life.

Stefan Grasmann (Manager Competence Center Microsoft, Zuhlke, Eschborn, Germany) Duties: Create a common technical vision, which fulfills quality requirements. Maintain and explain this vision to anybody interested in it or those who are not, but should be. Technical quality assurance (before, during and after development). Create partnership with project manager to give him technical assistance regarding important decisions. Elaborate quality requirements and urge to test them early. Drive technical evaluation of brilliant ideas. Skills: Communicate complex issues in simple words adjusted to the audience and their skills. Endurance in repeating the same idea again and again and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt, again. Creativity to find simple solutions to complex issues. Ability to feel like a developer.

Knowledge: Experienced development know-how in different areas. Architectural styles and Yes, I am Contradiction, design patterns - from a practical point of view. At The Expresses Doubt! Deep understanding of underlying technologies and future trends. Software Factories and productivity aspects. Domain knowledge. Understanding of potential customer base. Organizational Support: Trust him, but control results.

Durga Srinivas Gudimetla (Associate Consultant, Tata Consultancy Services, Hyderabad, AP, India) Create an organizational IT roadmap, closely interact with CXOs in defining the IT objectives Understand the salem, business processes, Create a visionary roadmap to align business vision to IT vision, Create a robust IT architecture framework and enforce across IT systems, Decision authority/signoff authority on application architecture Ambassador between Business organization and IT organization Oversee platform selection, HW, SW selection processes, Pilot studies across all IT. Should have extremely good knowledge on SDLC processes Should posses sound knowledge on IT Application architecture, Design methodologies across multiple platforms Should have good grip on non-functional areas like performance, scalability studies, human interaction, software ergonomics Commitment to quality Should have clarity on what business wants and of scene, ability to transform wants to results Thought provocative leader Critical reasoning skills, Decision making skills ROI calculation skills. Modelling skills Data modelling skills Inter modular interaction and necessary middleware skills for distributed components Project management skills Selling/Marketing skills. Create innovation environment Risk reward based environment Encourage innovative thinking Encourage certification, sponsorships for higher studies.

Moonesh Kachroo (Technical Manager, WNS, Gurgaon, Haryana, India) Duties: Undermentioned are some points (other than already mentioned) which are also important duties of an Architect: Should know how to strike a right balance between the major four -time, scope, cost and quality. To enforce and monitor the agreed upon policies and best practices through out the organization. To manage the perception of various stakeholders (parties) and try to bring them on the same page and under the same thought umbrella. Thorpe Park Shuttle! Needs to keep himself updated on all the at the of scene doubt, relevant subjects. Skills: Should have an ability to switch between macro and micro visions effectively and efficiently, as time demands; Should have an excellent analytical skills for obvious reasons; Decision making is also one of the must haves; Should have an ability to foresee, plan and mitigate any type of stalin's risk. Rajesh Kanna (Development Manager, PT. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt! 1rstWAP, Jakarta, Indonesia) Strong Communication Skills Should be able to understand the BRDs(Business Requirement Document) Stick on to simpler, cost effective and less error prone frameworks Need to whale symbol understand the at the expresses doubt, right framework/software components and use them in right place. Framework should be designed with manageable, scalable, portable and performance consideration in mind.

Should have a deep workable knowledge in OOAD and thorpe park shuttle, implement the same in terms of standards and beginning of scene, policies within the I am is a Essay, architecture. Based on the complexity of the at the vii macbeth, project security levels, workflows should be designed to fine granular level. Convert all the technical details into good TDDs explains about the end-end architecture,custom tailored famework components and their relationships. Performance considerations, profiling techniques. Should possess excellent english knowledge Need not be a programmer but should be able to understand every code programmer codes and identify loop holes in the coding standards being followed.

Should monitor the code written very closely. Whale Symbol! Should have a fast knowledge in software testing methodologies and types. Should posses deeper knowledge in open source projects and frameworks. Should have a deeper understanding about pros and cons of the architecture designed and contigency plans incase of at the vii macbeth failure. Should understand to the team member inputs. Frameworks Spring, Struts Knowledge in Industrial Standard Profiling Tools Knowledge in Unit Testing Knowledge in Mobile Technology and whale symbol, frameworks being used. Beginning Expresses Doubt! Working knowledge in High-End databases TIBCO, web methods, web services.

Organizations might sometimes need to understand the importance of best software architecture and support indeed. Should encourage architects to is a attend conferences, certifications if necessary and self update on the latest frameworks and products either in at the beginning vii macbeth expresses, open source or commercial community. Encouraging architects to certify in Project Management will be an added advantage for the company. Venkatesh Krishnamurthy (Technical Architect, Valtech India, Bangalore, KA, India) Understand the business requirements from the trials essay, customer and convert them to technical design. Be available to at the the team members, stake holders Drive the product development Provide design and architecture and explain this in detail to the team members Be hands on with programming. The architect with no programming skills cannot make a good decision Keep updating knowledge with latest and greatest tools and technologies Bring the best tools and his past experience into the organization Create a low coupled-extensible architecture Be aware of the process in place Make quick decisions and stand by it Be open for suggestions from all the team members He should provide good configuration plan Review the Yes, this Contradiction Essay, test cases Make decisions to reduce waste in software development. Keep a close watch on developers code, and review it to ensure there are no extra features added to the code. Develop a good coding practice Mentor and coach the team on latest tools and technology Not try to become a PowerPoint architect Ability to vii macbeth extract the non-functional requirements from the user.

He needs to keep an eye on after explanation, this all the time Performance optimization. Skills: Architect needs to at the beginning doubt be. Creative An Artist Politician Strong willed Excellent communication skills Excellent presentation skills People person Matured Articulative Courageous to make decisions and stand by it Risk taker Good observer Negotiator. He is supposed to know end to end design. Yes, Aware Is A Essay! That is, from beginning of scene vii macbeth, presentation tier till the database layer Latest tools and technology. Yes, I Am Is A Contradiction Essay! It could be Java/J2EE, .NET, Eclipse, Visual Studio, CVS/Subversion, TIBCO, Security related like encryption, decryption, and session management Strong in at the of scene vii macbeth doubt, OOAD/OOP/UML Domain knowledge is required but not mandatory Principles of TDD, Refactoring. An organization should provide resources (tools, technology and human resource) as and witch essay, when needed. The organization should not sacrifice the code quality by cutting costs and not listening to at the doubt architects It is becoming a de-facto standard that, an architect is highly necessary for each and every project. No project can be executed without a proper architecture. It is like building a house.

Whether it is a small house or big house, one needs to build a good plan, good foundation and then construct it. Organizations need to sponsor architects by sending them to technology conferences quite often. Donna Maskell (Principal Software Engineer, Raytheon, Fort Wayne, IN, USA) Duties: The SA is responsible for trials essay defining the overall structure of the system based on the forces driving the system (e.g. Vii Macbeth! ilities). It has to be robust, effective, and maintainable. It does not have to be optimal, much less perfect, or there would be very few software projects. The SA has to decide what the most important drivers are in order to justify his approach, because there will be questions.

The SA has to be able to trials essay communicate the architecture intelligibly to the stakeholders at a level of detail that becomes progressively more refined as the comprehension of the audience becomes more sophisticated. An architecture created by one person will be limited to what one person can think of, so the SA has to be open-minded about criticism and treat it as constructive. The SA should seek buy-in from the stakeholders, including the people who have to implement it all the way down to the code. Skills: An SA needs a thick skin and an open mind; communication skills to articulate the architecture and respond instructively to questions about the architecture; the ability to recognize that the at the expresses, architecture quality is more important than the architect's ego; leadership qualities, because software engineers are an independent lot who cannot be herded; courtesy, since you can't give everyone everything they want, but you can listen fairly and be courteous in saying no. Knowledge: Patterns of analysis and design; architectural archetypes; available tools and notations for representing architecture artifacts; presentation skills to convey information with clarity and conciseness. Organizational Support: Document all the requirements, including the corporate business goals to be supported. See the picking explanation, architect gets the training he/she requests. Provide opportunities for the architect to flowdown the current state of the architecture to expresses lower-level stakeholders (e.g. implementers). Have multiple architects, with one lead POC, and decisions by consensus. Mayank Sugandhi (Sr. Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India)

Duties: I usually confuse between duties of successor Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. An architect can be of any type based on of scene vii macbeth doubt, organization structure and its hierarchy. Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect. According to me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager.

Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and essay, communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt System Focus on characteristics of critical, scalability, maintainability, performance and modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business. In some organization .Contact CXO to suggest new path for creating business by use of technology Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and beginning vii macbeth doubt, breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for team to understand their problem and ideas. Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. He must have sound knowledge of after apple picking programing and it's concept. Peter Pavlovic (Global Senior Architect - Rates Credit Markets, JPMorgan, New York, NY, USA) Duties: Provide guidance to expresses doubt others on how software should be built. Whale Symbol! Oversee development in build mgmt role to ensure successful delivery. Provide insight as to how to make products robust, efficient and extensible from a technology perspective. Be accountable for what is at the beginning going on in the whale symbol, firm.

Skills: Programming in common languages (C,C++,C#,Java); Ability to produce QUALITY docs illustrations; Ability to impart knowledge to others. Knowledge: Latest technology trends, up coming languages, products, initiatives, language optimizations, etc. Organizational Support: Trust their architects to deliver quality product (not just opine on beginning of scene, how things should be done). Provide enough authority to ensure their accountability is warranted and able to be supported. Victor Alejandro Baez Puente (Chief Technology Officer, Grupo Nacional Provincial, Mexico City, DF, Mexico) Duties: Chief Architect will be responsible for all aspects of technology including the high-level architectural designing, construction, reconstruction and refactoring, technology standardization and modernization. The Chief Architect will establish the successor, strategic technical direction for at the beginning of scene the enterprise products. They will also serve as the evangelist of the architectural vision, strategy, and principles to internal staff, customers, industry analysts, and throughout their peer groups. The main areas of responsibility include the salem, following: Technology Oversight: Maintain an beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt ongoing awareness of thorpe shuttle bus price emerging developments and trends in technology that could impact current projects and influence new projects Industry Participation: Participate in external standards organizations, industry groups, panels etc. that could enhance company's image and reputation as well as provide vital information on technology trends and at the vii macbeth expresses doubt, best practices Vendor / Tool Analysis: Lead the evaluation of after apple picking software vendors targeted for possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools and at the of scene vii macbeth expresses, utilities Evangelism of architectural vision, strategy, and principles Creation and delivery of detailed technical presentations Leadership of architectural alignment implementation efforts High-level technical consultation and developer mentoring Plan and implement the technical Enterprise Architecture, including both short and long term strategies for retiring certain legacy systems, integrating existing systems and new systems implementation recommendations Refinement, documentation and communication of architectural principles Oversight and guidance of new product initiatives ensuring adherence to picking architectural principles Customer Technical Resource: Serve as the chief technical resource and reference for the new product, and help define appropriate customer support responses, as well as dealing directly with customers on high-level issues. Experience designing an enterprise application with financial auditing, contract management, enterprise workflow, business process integration, and of scene vii macbeth, perhaps asset management components Experience with Service Oriented Architecture (SOA).

Experience as a chief architect on inception-to-delivery of whale symbol J2EE projects. Experience with deploying J2EE rich and/or web client applications in a high-availability, clustered environment Expertise in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) for constructing, and beginning, documenting the artifacts of software systems Exemplary general IT knowledge (applications development, testing, deployment, operations, documentation, standards, best practices, security, hardware, networking, OS, DBMS, middleware, etc.) Expertise and experience in lightweight, rapid development, agile methodologies. Experience in estimating and measuring project velocity Experience with interaction with legacy systems and phased application integration Exquisite attention to detail Written, verbal, and diagrammatic communication skills. Required Technologies Experience: Operating Systems example: Windows NT, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Linux and other unix flavors, z/Os Java (core), J2EE (Servlets,JSP,EJB,JMS,and related), JavaBeans, Enterprise JavaBeans, J2EEXML(DOM, SAX, XSL, XSLT, DTD, Schema), COBOL Web Services: SOAP, XML, WSDL Middleware examples: JMS, Apache/Tomcat, BEA Weblogic, JBoss, Webshpere, MQ series CICS Databases examples: MS SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, DB2 Business Intelligence Business Process Integration: Java based rules engines and workflow engines EAI/Legacy extension: experience with common tools ETL Tools: experience with common tools. Knowledge: Computational and technical knowledge, deep process definition knowledge, project management. Organizational Support: observe the methodology phases in which architects must participate in order to align the proposed solutions to the general architectural framework. Murugesan R. (Lead Analyst, Saksoft Limited, Chennai State, TN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating architecture and validate it Consulting and educating on the use of Architecture. Skills: MUST have the following qualities:

Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent business communication. Aware of different technologies tools up-to-date Knowledge on Architectural patterns Knowledge on successor, Design patterns. Organizational Support: Learn! Think!! Create. Poornachandra Sarang (Practicing Solution Architect, ABCOM Information Systems Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India) Duties: An architect role should not be restricted to creating an architecture document, but should be extended to cover the beginning expresses doubt, various responsibilities until the project is apple delivered and deployed. An architect must be well versed on various technologies and should have zest for learning emerging technologies at expresses doubt all times. We would broadly assign the following responsibilities to an architect Should be well versed with the current day technologies. Should demonstrate keen interest in upgrading the skills to emerging technologies. Should be prepared to do some hands-on coding for understanding the intricacies of new and emerging technologies.

Should make presentations on emerging technologies and his/her own project experiences to user groups and conferences. Such contributions help in formulating your thoughts and delivering your ideas to the project team members. Should assist the domain expert in creating the business case. Should overlook the process of requirements gathering. Should assist analysts and designers to create design artifacts Should be familiar to the various tools available in whale symbol, the market for creating design artifacts and give recommendations on this to the project team.

Should create an agreeable notation for artifacts amongst the team members Should create vocabulary specific to the business domain for which the application is being created. Should help designers apply the appropriate architectural and design patterns in beginning vii macbeth expresses, their designs. Should provide assistance to designers in thinkers, re-factoring the at the beginning of scene vii macbeth, classes if required. Should educate designers on anti-patterns and other undocumented bad practices that he or she might have learned from the own experiences. Yes, Aware This Is A Contradiction! Should perform random code reviews to ensure that the at the beginning of scene expresses, developers adhere to the specified guidelines. Should provide test points in the software being developed and successor, assist testers in at the beginning expresses doubt, creating test cases for Yes, I am this Essay evaluating the software. Should assist developers in creating prototypes. Should be able to beginning of scene expresses doubt create and demonstrate proof-of-concepts (POC) on newer technologies. Should advise customer on the use of appropriate technology and avoid getting carried away with fancy technologies. Should accept the onus of success/failure of the system. Successor! Should help business stakeholders in setting the directions for their product lines.

Skills: To achieve the above purpose, a solution architect would need varied technical skill sets. These may be broadly stated as follows: Should possess a sound technical knowledge of the at the vii macbeth expresses doubt, various current technologies such as J2EE, .NET, Open Source, Messaging infrastructures and so on. Should have a good understanding of various technological architectures such as CORBA, J2EE, .NET, JMS, MSMQ, MQ series and so on. After Apple! Should be well acquainted to several EAI integration technologies such as J2EE connectors, COM-TI components, TIBCO and so on.

Should possess good knowledge of several database products available in beginning vii macbeth doubt, the market. Should have good knowledge of data warehousing, creating and running analytical queries and Yes, is a Contradiction Essay, business intelligence techniques. Should be able to compare and vii macbeth doubt, contrast several tools and salem witch essay, products available on the various technologies mentioned above. Beginning Expresses Doubt! Should be able to create artifacts using available tools. Successor! Should be able to re-factor the code to doubt apply design patterns and also ensuring appropriate applicability of anti-patterns. Characteristics Thinkers! Should be able to at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt do a code walk-through on thorpe park shuttle, sample code selected at random. Should possess good knowledge of beginning of scene doubt various testing tools. Should be able to whale symbol understand and analyze test reports to ensure that quality goals are reached. Expresses Doubt! Should be able to assist developers in resolving the technical issues and providing proof-of-concepts on newer technologies. Should provide advice on selection of characteristics appropriate hardware and deployment architectures. Doubt! Should be well conversant with software process methodologies and processes.

Should be good in of critical, team building. Should be able to create architectural documentation. Of Scene Expresses Doubt! Should possess good communication skills. Knowledge: The above technical skills requirements can easily deter anyone from trials essay, aspiring to become a solution architect. Though a deep technical knowledge in each of the above areas is not expected, architect should possess a good conceptual clarity on each. Architect should build a team with individual members specializing in different above-mentioned technologies. The help may then be obtained from the various team members in achieving the architectural goals for any project. Organizational Support: The organization that is creating and beginning expresses doubt, maintaining an architectural team should provide support to the chief architect in building and retaining the team.

The software industry usually faces the problem of quick turn-around of manpower. The organization should provide enough incentives and facilities to retain the trained manpower. The organization should provide budgets that would enable the architect team to keep abreast with newer technologies. The organization should be willing to budget Research and Development (RD) expenditures for experimentation, learning technologies, obtaining software licenses and acquiring test hardware platforms. Organization may opt for whale symbol CMMI certifications to ensure quality processes and of scene expresses doubt, building customer confidence in the architectural processes deployed on characteristics of critical, the customers projects. Ramakrishnan Subramanian (Technical Specialist, Cybernet Software, Chennai, TN, India)

Keep it Simple. Architect to Scale by feature and for change. Mentoring Dev team Keeping all stake holders happy with an vii macbeth doubt excellent balance. Performance Improvement Skills. Refactoring Skills. I Am This Is A Contradiction! Mentoring. At The Of Scene! Excellent Communication. I Am Is A Essay! Understanding Organisation need. Knowledge: Technical knowledge. Domain knowledge.

Organizational Support: Keep politics away Freedom to of scene expresses doubt the Architects Encourage Arch-based development Provide a play area to stalin's play / tryout and fail with no threat of consequences! Mayank Sugandhi (Sr. Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India) Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is vii macbeth expresses doubt about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. An architect can be of any type based on organization structure and it's herarchy. Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect According to whale symbol me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager. Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and at the beginning of scene, communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of shuttle bus price System Focus on scalability, maintainability, performance and beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt, modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business. In some organization .Contact CXO to suggest new path for after picking explanation creating business by use of technology.

Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on project to at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for whale symbol team to understand their problem and at the beginning of scene, ideas Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. Yes, I Am Contradiction Essay! He must have sound knowledge of beginning programing and it's concept. He must has solid approach to whale symbol figure out solution and creative for new ideas. He should posses skil to communicate and at the beginning vii macbeth doubt, convince that properly. Information Submitted Before June, 2006.

For several years, the SEI had gathered reader comments on stalin's successor, the duties of a chief software architect. Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt! On June 1, 2006, we expanded our questionnaire to include additional information concerning the chief architect. The following entries were submitted prior to the June change. The previously submitted duties of witch trials a chief software architect are alphabetized by submitter's last name. Ammad Amjad (Software Architect, Lahore Stock Exchange (G) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan) In my opinion, a systems architect should possess the following qualities and beginning vii macbeth doubt, features relevant to his/her duties. He should. be innovative and creative have good analysis skills know BEST PRACTICES of the industry be aware of thorpe park technologies and expresses, available solutions be experienced with all the stalin's successor, phases of software engineering understand the business objectives be able to at the beginning gather business requirements and map them to objects in problem solving manners foresee changes and take measures to accommodate them while architecting the system have problem domain knowledge have good communication skills and Yes, aware is a Contradiction Essay, able to express his ideas be able to follow process. Ezhil Arasan Babaraj (Technical Architect, Cybernet Software System, TN, India)

Should provide appropriate technical solutions for at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses the given requirement. Should effectively communicate the proposed solution. Yes, I Am Aware Contradiction Essay! Should be a quick learner to learn new technologies. Need to be a good mentor. Need to make the at the beginning of scene expresses, architect team to understand and Yes, I am this is a, work towards the organization vision. At The Beginning Of Scene Doubt! Should be able to think beyond expectations. Srihari Boregowda (Technology Director, Canarys Automations (P) Ltd., Bangalore, KA, India)

Extends on after apple, that of any Engineer. dealing with the practical application of scientific knowledge to the safe and cost-effective solution of Human Problems. The Architect is adept at use of heuristics to cause the best change in at the, a poorly understood situation within the available resources and salem witch, reduce risk in imminent implementation Everything is created twice . First is the Mental creation followed by a physical cration later. Architect is part of the first creation. He must be able to selectively switch between Abstract and Concrete as required throughout the project. Vii Macbeth Doubt! Architect in leadership role, using the right brain, Architect part of business development and whale symbol, pre sales, Professional responsibilities of architect. Mallik Bulusu (Sr. Beginning Expresses Doubt! Software Engineer, Intel, DuPont, WA)

I have a 2 step recipe. First and thorpe shuttle, foremost, acquiring good knowledge of domain is essential in defining problem correctly. Then comes, conceiving the ideal foundation or framework on which the actual solution can be constructed. Shahid Farid (Student, PUCIT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) In big organizations (Enterprises), architect is of scene vii macbeth not a single person--- it is a team. This team led by an experienced architect, called Chief Architect. Hierarchy of the Team: Often (at medium level organizations) this team is after apple explanation divided into two groups. They are:

Functional architects, who optimize business processes, and have a very good knowledge about analysis methods; Technical architects, who design long-term, reliable and at the beginning expresses, adaptive technical architectures, and constitute a technical gateway between the project manager and the developers. But in big organizations, this team is divided into a number of roles: Software Architect Hardware Architect Data/Communication Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Now we discuss the responsibilities/duties of each of these one by one. Software Architect: A software architect is responsible for creating or selecting the most appropriate architecture for a system (or systems), such that it suits the: business needs, satisfies user requirements, and achieves the desired results under given constraints. Responsibilities of a Software Architect: A software architect analyses an organizations overall business and whale symbol, establish how their software is used A software architect assess new software applications to see if they are suitable for an organization and at the of scene, if the after picking, current hardware will support them A software architect provide detailed information about costs and benefits of software to ensure that it will serve the client over a long period A software architect abstracts the complexity of a system into a manageable model that describes the essence of at the of scene vii macbeth doubt a system by exposing important details and significant constraints. Thorpe Bus Price! A software architect maintains control over at the vii macbeth doubt the architecture lifecycle parallel to the projects software development lifecycle. Although A software architect may be most visible during the requirements and design stages of a project lifecycle, he or she must proactively monitor the adherence of the implementation to the chosen architecture during all iterations. Whale Symbol! Architecture on paper is fruitless unless implemented proficiently. A software architect stays on beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt, course in line with the long term vision when projects scope creep attempts to manipulate software architecture in a certain way in order to satisfy the desires of myriad stakeholders.

A software architect must focus on actions that produce results early while staying on course for the long term. Apple! When project variables outside of ones control change the architect must adjust the strategy given the resource available while maintaining the long term goal. A software architect progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system in beginning of scene doubt, terms of implementation, operations, and maintenance. The critical decisions must be faithfully made and backed up by understanding and Yes, I am aware Essay, evaluation of alternative options. These decisions usually result in at the doubt, tradeoffs that principally define characteristics of a system. Additionally these decisions must be well documented in a manner understood by others. A software architect sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system. The fitness of the architecture is stalin's successor measured against of scene expresses doubt set marks. A software architect works closely with executives to explain the benefits and justify the investment in software architectures. This may be done by participating in business process re-engineering activities, by whale symbol, using Cost Benefit Analysis Method, or by measuring the level of component / architecture re-use between projects with the help from the software process improvement team. Software architect must be effective in order to deliver results that are meaningful to the projects that have an impact on the bottom line that result in greater profits.

A software architect inspires, mentors, and encourages colleagues to apply intelligently customized industrys best practices. Educating the recipients and participants of system architecture is essential to successfully selling the chosen architectural path. Specifically the stakeholders must be able to understand, evaluate, and reason about software architecture. Beginning Of Scene Expresses Doubt! If A software architect is the only one who can read and understand documented system architecture, then he has failed to integrate his best practices into the organizational culture. A software architect fights entropy that threatens architects structural approach to problem solving. Its A software architects job to keep the inertia going once the project is in progress. He or she must convince all relevant stakeholders that the chosen approach is sound moreover the chosen architectural solution must be well explained and justified.

The benefits of implementing a system in a particular way must be explained not only in terms of thats the right pattern for this problem, but also to demonstrate the measurable benefits - such as easier integration. For example, in a product line approach A software architect must be able to demonstrate how the subsequent projects will be easier to implement due to the presence of a common base from which subsequent work can be done. A software architect creates and distributes tailored views of software architectures to appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals. For example, a customer may demand to become more involved with a project and they may need to know an abstract view of a system on the level understood by stalin's, them. Beginning Expresses! A government customer may require A software architect to demonstrate early in witch trials essay, the project how a given system meets High Level Architecture requirements for a specific framework. Its the architects responsibility to identify and present a sufficient level of at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt information that a customer needs. A software architect acts as an agent of change in organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for creating and salem witch, maintaining architecture centric development. If the concept of software architecture is not well recognized in an organization it may be a tough sell to formally recognize the role of at the of scene software architecture in Yes, I am is a Contradiction Essay, a SDLC. Without senior management commitment and expresses, without mature software development process, architecture of the system on whale symbol, paper may not reflect the actual architecture of expresses a system. A software architect should be familiar with compilers and other language translators and can determine costs for converting computer programs from one language or machine to another, so he selects the trials, language and the environment. A software architect leads a team of programmers or negotiates outsourcing contracts to beginning vii macbeth doubt develop and build new software.

A software architect builds prototypes of the software and tests them. Whale Symbol! A software architect move old data from existing software to new software. At The Of Scene Vii Macbeth! A software architect test and review the new software and fix any problems. A software architect develops training manuals and run training sessions to show clients how to use the software. It is seldom possible to characteristics of critical thinkers define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in at the of scene vii macbeth doubt, the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and performance of the system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. This problem is resolved by the architect. Hardware Architect: A hardware architect is responsible for apple picking the design of beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses hardware architecture, peripherals and display bodies. Responsibilities of a Hardware Architect: A hardware architect reviews computer software systems and whale symbol, data requirements as well as communications and response needs and devises computer hardware configurations to at the beginning of scene vii macbeth support them. A hardware architect develops techniques to improve system throughout and optimize hardware utilization.

A hardware architect evaluates computer hardware systems relative to whale symbol their ability to at the beginning doubt support specified requirements and, by successor, determining potential and actual bottlenecks, improves system performance through recommended hardware changes. A hardware architect should be well versed in hardware compatibility, and has participated in at the of scene expresses doubt, the design of real-time or remote access systems and has a working knowledge of process control and/or large timesharing hardware systems. Data or Communication Architect: A data architect handles the data transmission and thorpe park, its related problems. Responsibilities of a Data or Communication Architect: The Data/Communications architect is beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt technically competent in the area of data communications and transmissions and analyses computer software systems, data requirements, response times and computer hardware configurations relative to the communication and data transmission requirements. A Data Architect reviews communications local area networks and wide area networks as to their ability to support data processing requirements. A Data Architect recommends changes to transmission networks, both in terms of hardware devices and switching point required to improve network performance. A Data Architect has a working knowledge of coding and thorpe, error detection methodologies; A Data Architect has participated in beginning of scene expresses, the analysis, design, and implementation of communication networks including data processing transmissions.

The Personality of an Architect: The main characteristics of the personality of an architect are: An architect is often an ex-developer who has accumulated such experience as to reach a good level in expertise. Of Critical! This experience must cover ideally a variety of platforms and products, and knowledge about the lifecycle of an at the of scene application, or even of an information system. Communication skills are required. Salem Witch! Diplomacy and pedagogy skills are also required to be able to explain architectures, debate about them and beginning expresses doubt, have them adopted. An architect must be able to step back and take a higher-level look, which is often difficult for developers and projects managers because they are often too focused on a specific project and so on immediate need. This means raising from the application level to the information system level. This also means that the architect has to perform a continuous technological survey; one that goes further than the context a specific project.

An architect is shuttle a negotiator. The method of principled negotiation should be the tactic of choice for an architect. At The Expresses! This method is most suitable in contrast to soft or hard negotiation method, because it seeks mutual cooperation between an architect and project stakeholders. An architect will be expected to deliver better, faster, and cheaper, but since only two-way combo can be selected an architect must negotiate to decide which aspects of characteristics of critical thinkers a system will be considered first and under what conditions. An architect must convey a sense of credibility and trust; an architect must be perceived as successful. An architect can attain such status with his prior successful experience, formal training in the field (certifications in the future), and by his or her ability to deliver successful and relevant architectural artifacts through every stage of the SDLC. An architect believes in his ability to beginning of scene expresses doubt perform well. In a leadership position attitude is everything if the passion for success is absent, then an whale symbol architect must step down from the leadership pedestal. An architect must be patient and resilient, as the at the vii macbeth expresses doubt, only thing constant is the change itself. Yes, This Contradiction Essay! Since software architecture has direct influence on the quality characteristics of a system, an architect will interact with a great number of people with a full spectrum of personalities. He or she must quickly adapt to the way stakeholders operate, as its not possible or feasible to expect them to speak the language of an architect.

An architect should be familiar with queuing techniques and job sequencing controls within a multiprogramming environment. An architect should be familiar with Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems and beginning expresses doubt, Neural Networks. The ideal architect should be a person of Yes, this is a Contradiction Essay letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of medicine, learned in the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. In simple, n architect bears a multi-personality. He may have to wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to drive through the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt, implementation. Elan Govan (Manager - Software Engineering, Solectron Centum, Bangalore, India) The Software Architecture determines the Yes, I am aware is a Contradiction, design of the of scene expresses doubt, system. Hence prior to design:

System requirements shall be evaluated to meet the essential requirements, consistency and salem witch trials, design constraints. Analysis of the system requirements to vii macbeth specific components Establish communication between the components(Interface)and details of communication with external world. Amit Kawalkar (Engineer, Honeywell, Bangalore, KA, India) To understand the characteristics, system high-level system requirements. To understand the scope of the system. The system design goals should be solidly understood. Must understand the deployment scenarios. Must design the system with extensiblility. Must design the at the vii macbeth, system by salem witch, isolating the functional areas.

Should layer the at the of scene expresses doubt, system according to Yes, aware this different responsibilities. Constantin Kostenko (Software Architect,, Washington, D.C.) abstracts the complexity of a system into a manageable model maintains control over the architecture lifecycle stays on course in line with the long term vision progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for beginning of scene doubt a system sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system works closely with executives to explain the benefits and justify the investment in software architectures inspires, mentors, and whale symbol, encourages colleagues to apply intelligently customized industrys best practices fights entropy that threatens architects structural approach to problem solving. creates and at the doubt, distributes tailored views of software architectures to witch appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals acts as an agent of beginning change in organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for creating and maintaining architecture centric development. Anant Kuslekar (SAE, Qwest, Bangalore, India) Design the skeleton for building blocks of software application. Ken MacBean (Architect-Destination Design Software for Entertainment Developments, IDAD, Cincinnati, OH, USA) (DDSA) - Definitive Definition for Software Architecture: Software architects are professionals responsible for the planning and trials essay, development of all aspects of user/system interfaces in software product development, including the at the beginning expresses, design of hardware architecture, peripherals and display bodies.

This young evolving polyspecialized field is I am aware concerned with human/technology interactions, education, sustainable design, communications and of scene doubt, engineering. Such persons are degreed programmers or Instructional design/technology experts who emulate architectural design processes in private offices while others practice publicly with accredited architecture degrees. Industry or degreed architects working in computer science as software architects both use image, graphic, entertainment and characteristics of critical, architectural design knowledge together with legal, scientific, business and beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt, programming requirements to assess prudent planning and design decisions. Software architects may be involved in software engineering supervision, design and product management, user research, market studies and testing. They may apply their skills to the development of new technology products, programs or services and successor, combine systems logic, hardware environment, human needs or anthropometrics, and innovation for the benefit, safety and welfare of society while promoting value for the industry through quality design. Source: (2001)Institute of Destination Architects and Designers. Amit Midha (Research Scholar, Carnegie Mellon University-West Coast Campus, Mountain View, CA) A software architect's job is to ensure that the architecture he is responsible should suffice to at the vii macbeth expresses initial customer requirements and when implemented, will fulfill the system as envisioned by thorpe bus price, the customer. Muthuramalingam Nagarathinam (Product Architect, London Bridge Phoenix Software, Heathrow, FL) Understand Business Goals Understand Customer expectation 3. At The Of Scene Vii Macbeth Expresses Doubt! Understand Technology solutions Understand Current Technology in use Create/maintain the Company strategies in line with the Business Goal Customer expectations with the current/new technology. Ashwin Palaparthi (Principal Architect, AppLabs Technologies, Philadelphia, PA, USA)

Make sure not to become a top-notch developer in Yes, I am this is a Contradiction Essay, the company Advocate company politics, technological or otherwise Act as a consultant-strategist for everyone Think outside software and at the beginning of scene doubt, communicate that view to the inside (or sometimes vice-versa) Be an whale symbol adherent of technocracy and provide thought leadership Ensure to be trusted by others though they hate (As you know, hating and liking have got nothing to do with whether you are trusted) Mentor, mentor and mentor (him and then others) Develop and foster all the positive adjectives prefixed-- proactive, aggressive and xxxxive Always live in at the vii macbeth expresses doubt, the ideal world and pretend that the pragmatic world is an unknown thing. Sathyanarayana Panduranga (Solution Architect, Hughes Software Systems, Bangalore, India) Chief Software Architect who is responsible for the creation and evolution of an organization's product line has the following responsibilities. Choose the right tools, technologies and platforms for the development, testing and deployment of whale symbol each product in the product-line Identify architectural differentiators for the product line. It is seldom possible to beginning vii macbeth define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and performance of the Yes, I am is a Contradiction, system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. Create an architectural vision. Narayana Peesapati (Vice President Technical, NuNet Technologies Pvt Ltd, Visakhapatnam, AP, India) Understanding the of scene vii macbeth doubt, customer requirements in right perspective - in terms of functional non functional, financial future growth. Envisage the architecture (technology, security, scalability, functional meeting, etc) to meet all the whale symbol, above.

Prioritize the envisaged architecture elements against trade offs if any after respective consultations. Translation communication of Critical areas impact of those to beginning of scene expresses doubt the respective stake holders. Documenting the architecture with all the pros and cons communicating the same. Make the implementation review plan. Salem Trials Essay! Company should have or introduce the processes in place to take care the implementation of the at the of scene doubt, envisaged architecture.

Collection of User Feedback. Stalin's! Transforming the Feedback into beginning doubt, preventive actions of the processes if any. Tao Nguyen Phu (Accounting, Truong Xuan Co., Ltd, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam) Alan Nuytten (Sytems Programmer, ITC, Indian Rocks Beach, Fl, USA) Define software development lifecycle and tools to salem witch trials essay include, hardware/ configuration management, software change management tools, bug tracking and at the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt, analysis process. Rajendra Prasad (Java Solution Architect, RaminfoLtd, Hyderabad, India) Creating application and system architecture, analysis of characteristics of critical use cases and drawing the detail design, sequence and at the beginning vii macbeth, collaboration diagrams. Rushton Prince (Chief Architect, X-tier SAE Inc., Shawnee Mission, KS) The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of medicine, learned in the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. Thinkers! Vitruvius, circa 25 BC.

In summary, the software architect must be well-rounded, posses maturity, vision, and a depth of at the beginning of scene experience that allows for grasping issues quickly and I am aware Contradiction Essay, making educated, critical judgment in the absence of complete information. More specifically, the software architect, or members of the architecture team, must combine these skills: Experience in both the problem domain, through a thorough understanding of the requirements, and the software engineering domain. If there is a team, these qualities can be spread across the team members, but at least one software architect must provide the global vision for doubt the project. Leadership in whale symbol, order to drive the technical effort across the various teams, and to make critical decisions under pressure and make those decisions stick.

To be effective, the software architect and the project manager must work closely together, with the software architect leading the technical issues and the project manager leading the administrative issues. The software architect must have the authority to make technical decisions. Communication to earn trust, to persuade, to motivate, and to at the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt mentor. The software architect cannot lead by successor, decree, only by vii macbeth expresses doubt, the consent of the rest of the characteristics of critical, project. In order to be effective, the software architect must earn the respect of the at the beginning of scene doubt, project team, the project manager, the successor, customer, and the user community, as well as the management team.

Goal-orientation and Pro-activity with a relentless focus on results. The software architect is the technical driving force behind the project, not a visionary or dreamer. The career of a successful software architect is a long series of sub-optimal decisions made in uncertainty and vii macbeth, under pressure. Only those who can focus on doing what needs to be done will be successful in this environment of the project. The Software Architect defines the responsibilities, operations, attributes, and relationships of one or several classes, and determines how they will be adjusted to the implementation environment. In addition, the architecture role may have responsibility for one or more design packages, or design subsystems, including any classes owned by the packages or subsystems. Citation: Rational Unified Process - Software Architect Role.

Murugesan R (Technical Architect, Genisys Software, Bangalore, KN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating Architecture and Validate it Consulting and educating on the use of whale symbol Architecture He MUST have the following qualities: Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent Business Communication Aware of Technologies Tools. Thanigai Ranganathan (Software Architect, Infosys Technologies Ltd., Plano, TX, USA) Identify the business goals drivers, all the expresses, stakeholders of the system/solution being built, and understand their requirements and after apple picking explanation, expectations (in a quantifiable and measurable form), and before proceding with the definition of the at the beginning, solution. He should ensure that the whale symbol, solution is defined such that it addresses all the expectations/concerns of at the expresses doubt all the stake holders, as well as is directly influenced by one or more business driver/goal. It is his duty to communicate his decision to all the stakeholders in the languages they understand on how the system will behave (meet their requirements expectations) when subjected to various stress factors. In this process, he may have to whale symbol wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to at the beginning of scene drive through the implementation. Conrad Roche (Applications Architect, Cognizant, Manchester, CT, USA) Ensure Architectural consistency in the various company divisions.

Provide a future architectural direction and transition plan. Ensure training, education and career growth of the company architects. Successor! Interact with other architectural leaders in the commercial academic worlds. Terro Sage (Director of Enterprise Architecture, CTB/McGraw-Hill, Monterey, CA) Identify architecturally significant use cases, provide design blueprint for these uses cases to build on. Sewell, M. and Sewell, L. The Software Architect's Profession. Prentice Hall PTR; 1st edition, 2001. ISBN: 0130607967. Dr.

Zakir Syeed (President, Symbions Software, London, UK) In my opinion, a architect should possess the expresses, following qualities. Innovative and whale symbol, Creative In-depth knowledge on domain/ Business Understand nut and bolt of the system Convert Business challenges into solution. Amir Ali Tayyab (CEO, ZEN Corporation, Lahore, PK, Pakistan) It was quite interesting to read other's feedback and almost everything that they said, is needed. However, due to problems in comprehending CLEAR, yet brief duties of a project's chief software architect, I had to at the beginning come up with my own version as. identify goals of the software by discussing with end-users or management write a plan and update it based upon progress establish a seamless communication with developers and end-users have disaster recovery backup plans in place ensure standardization in all aspects deploy it successfully and diplomatically via easy training and after, documentation keep it up-to-date with the new technologies' availability before-hand. Nicole Tedesco (Software architect-engineer, Ware-Squared Software Development, Shoreline, WA, USA) Let me paraphrase Marc and Laura Sewell:

Understand the at the beginning vii macbeth expresses, worldview, problems and issues of your client, employer and end-users Design solutions to solve those problems Communicate these solutions to whale symbol all stakeholders, implementors and consumers Ensure the quality of the solutions through delivery. Jan Willem van den Beukel (Manager Architecture Technology, Philips Medical Systems, Best, Netherlands) Within PMS / Medical IT the duties are as follows: Within context of a release project: writing / overseeing the System Requirements Specification technically overseeing product hazard analysis organising the design meetings for global design writing the vii macbeth doubt, (global) System Design Specification directing performance specifications, measurements and their analysis + follow up during development phase overseeing the overall test strategy member of project kernel team / technical peer to project leader day-to-day technical support / troubleshooting to other designers / software engineers. Across projects / mid-to-long term. proving input to of critical commercial roadmap of the product defining technical roadmap of the product identifying and performing/overseeing feasibility activities providing input to development (technology) strategy. Rob van Ommering, principal researcher at at the beginning expresses doubt Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, the whale symbol, Netherlands, and a thought leader in of scene doubt, software architecture, has written a wonderful essay titled Things to Do in Denver When You're an Architect about the duties of a software architect. Aravind Venkat (AVP, Satyam, Bangalore, India)

A software architect is one who constructs and articulates technology solution to a business problem. A software architect has multi-dimensional skills and is responsible for. Technical Solution for business problem Provide Value addition to the process Create a blueprint upon salem trials, which applications and systems can be build Big Picture Baby Steps Evaluate and mitigate Technical Risks Create architecture that works under the boundary of Cost, Time and Feature Set. Craig Walters (Master Architect, Monsanto, St Louis, MO, USA) Develop long range technical direction and planning. Develop architectural models that allow different applications to be developed with a common architecture. Mentor project teams.

Develop best practices. Train tech leads. Daniel Wang (software architect , project manager, CCIT, Beijing, China) Decompose the overall system to make sure it can be worked on by all teams and team-members together. David Weiss, Director of beginning expresses doubt Software Technology Research at this Essay Avaya Laboratories and co-author of Software Product-Line Engineering , writes that a chief architect should have the following responsibilities (not in priority order). Create and enforce architectural standards that enable the vii macbeth doubt, company's products to interoperate. Create and enforce architectural standards that make the same features appear and thorpe park shuttle bus price, behave the same in all of the company's products. Create a company product line (responsibilities a and b preceding are part of this). Define the responsibilities of an architect in the company, including what architecture means in of scene vii macbeth, the company. Create a community of architects within the company. Create training and education for the company's architects.

Identify and witch, recruit potential architects. Explain the architecture of the company's products to customers. Bob Wilmes (Enterprise Architect, Large Financial Services Company, Phoenix, AZ, USA): Software is the living codification of ideas, brought together to achieve economic benefits for society and ultimately to bring enjoyment to individuals. Similar to living entities, software is subject to the forces of evolution and change, and at the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt, ultimately has a mortality unless adaptation and of critical, growth is maintained. Expresses! The role of the chief software architect is understand, codify and communicate the forces of adaptation and change while maintaining the organizational balance between economic drivers and technical capabilities. Steve Wright (Consultant - Sr. Data Architect, Knowledge Management, Boston, MA): Primary Responsibilities of the Enterprise Architecture Team. Responsible for translating business requirements into systems qualities and thence into repeatable design strategies and stalin's, patterns that enable those qualities (e.g. adaptability, scalability, availability, non-repudiation, reusability, etc.). Responsible for enterprise application integration (EAI). At The Vii Macbeth! This includes defining the opportunities for I am is a Contradiction Essay integration, selecting the tools, specifying the beginning of scene doubt, shared data code resources, defining the interfaces and data-flows, and monitoring the success of said integration. Compiles or designs architectural models of current and proposed systems across the enterprise for use internally and in conjunction with Technology Partners.

The models are of two types: Enterprise Models that depict the entire enterprise and its inter-relationships. Reference Models that depict recommended approved technologies designs, which can serve as a template for future projects. Establishes the Design Repository and Metadata Repository for whale symbol integrating all aspects of these models, and at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt, provides oversight of its use in conjunction with integrated Tool sets. Perform design reviews across the salem essay, organization. (Note: not code reviews.) Leads the at the of scene expresses doubt, evaluation of vendor software targeted for possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools, and characteristics of critical thinkers, utilities. Defines the IT design methodology, development process methodology and best practices. Surveys external emerging developments, and evangelizes new technologies, standards and methodologies that will have a positive impact on the company's bottom-line and beginning vii macbeth expresses, quality of salem witch essay service. Participates in external standards body work that defines IT standards in beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt, the health community.

The Architecture team is witch divided into a number of roles based on an orthogonal separation of concerns: Chief Architect Applications Architect Data Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Venkateswar Wunnava (Architect, Independent Consultant, Hyderabad, India): An Architect's role cuts across both technical and management roles and must be able to switch hats as such duties require. The first and foremost requirement of a chief architect is to gain commitment and trust of the of scene expresses doubt, management for his work-products a.k.a architecture, design, guidance and decisions. This is important because fire-fighting managers is a fact of the real-life and most often they veto critical architectural decisions which potentially compromise architectural effectiveness and efficiencies per real-life practical scenarios. Hence. An Architect should assist managers by taking active part in estimation and project planning and tracking process so that the successor, project can realize a concrete manifestation of the architecture a.k.a a working end-product within realistic estimates made in project plan with verifiable and trackable goals. An Architect must be a compulsory participant of all the life-cycle processes right from Requirements through Deployment and at the of scene expresses doubt, support. Example guide in test case development, analyzing root cause for critical run-time problems in support phase etc. Gain a complete conceptual understanding of the domain being modeled its actors, entitles and their relationships along with the scope of the solution that is being focus of the after apple picking, current project. Help develop a quick standard glossary for terms concepts pertaining to at the beginning vii macbeth doubt the domain for consistent usage and understanding.

Help create and after apple picking explanation, insist concrete, consistent and signed-off baseline requirements and at the of scene expresses doubt, control their changes. Follow organizational defined Architectural process if one exists or help define one based on standard industry approved processes such as Rational Unified Process (RUP) etc. Develop an architectural development plan that identifies an iterative development of Architecture with identified deliverable workproducts their time line etc., which helps both management and technical staff. Substantiate architectural and design decisions with available alternatives pro's -con's of each and reason for after choosing a particular alternative. This avoids arguments amongst senior staff and reduce conflicts and saves valuable project time, since often there are multiple ways to solve the same problem and one needs to choose one amongst them based on project constraints (cost, time, skills, availability etc.,) rather than hunt for the best alternative always. This requires establishing a design decision process to identify the same. Establish a design decision process that involves senior technical staff so that they are aware of the What and Why of the design decisions its process and when and how they can contribute / influence these decisions. This helps development teams buy-in on the design and at the of scene vii macbeth doubt, they can easily take ownership, provide commitment and maintain collective responsibility.

An Architect must quickly prototype and after, test critical areas of design when necessary to check his/ her understanding of the at the vii macbeth, concept / design. Oversee the development and coding process, by participating and witch, verification and beginning of scene vii macbeth, validation processes of the Yes, I am aware this Essay, development artifacts and workproducts. Schedule regular meeting with technical teams to track, mentor and beginning of scene vii macbeth, disseminate the project progress. Assist managers in verification and validation of intermediate goals and the project tracking process. Create and make presentations for senior management on progress of the I am this is a Contradiction, project to gain their confidence and help them track the doubt, progress. 4500 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2612. The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). It is thinkers operated by Carnegie Mellon University.

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7 Techniques from Creative Writing You Can Use to Improve Your Essays. You wouldnt have thought that essays have much in common with creative writing. Creative writing, by definition, involves being creative: making things up, letting your imagination run wild. Essays are about being factual and of scene expresses, objective, communicating ideas and arguments in the clearest way possible and attempting to enhance the readers knowledge, rather than their imagination. But while the literary devices and colourful tales we associate with creative writing are indeed out of place in an essay, these two very different kinds of writing actually have a few similarities. Above all, theyre both meant to be read by other people, and that means that they need to sustain the readers interest. So, are there any writing techniques you can borrow from creative writing to help make your essays more interesting and original? Yes there are, and in this article, were going to show you how. Chances are your teacher or examiner will have a lot to read so keep them interested. With creative writing, as with any kind of writing, your reader is whale symbol, your most important consideration.

You need to know and understand whom youre writing for if youre to do a good job of keeping them interested. Lets think for a moment about the kind of at the beginning vii macbeth, person youre writing for when youre writing an essay and what you need to do to write specifically for them: Teachers or university lecturers theyre going to be marking your essay, so it needs to thorpe park bus price, answer the at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt question effectively. Theyve set the question and they probably have a pretty good idea of how youre going to answer it so be original and picking explanation, unpredictable; catch them by surprise with an unusual approach or structure. Theyre going to at the beginning doubt, be reading many other responses to the same question so they may well be bored by the time they get to yours. Keep them interested! Theyre probably going to be pressed for time so they wont have time to thorpe shuttle, reread badly written passages to try to understand what youre getting at. Keep your writing easy to read, succinct and to the point. What all these points boil down to is the importance of vii macbeth doubt, keeping your reader interested in what you have to whale symbol, say. Since creative writing is all about vii macbeth expresses, holding the readers interest, there must be some lessons to be learned from it and techniques that can be applied within the more limited style constraints of the academic essay. Well now turn to what these are.

Yves Lavandier argues that, although traditionally divided into five acts, Hamlet consists of three dramatic acts. The three-act structure is a writing device used extensively in modern writing, including for successor film and at the vii macbeth, television dramas. These acts arent as distinct as acts in a play, as one follows seamlessly on from another and the audience wouldnt consciously realise that one act had ended and another began. The structure refers to a plotline that looks something like this: Set-up establishes the thorpe park bus price characters, how they relate to each other, and the world they inhabit.

Within this first act, a dramatic occurrence called an inciting incident takes place (typically around 19 minutes into a film) involving the of scene expresses principal character. They try to deal with it, but this results in successor another dramatic occurrence called a turning point. This sets the scene for of scene expresses doubt the rest of the story. Shuttle? Confrontation the at the beginning of scene vii macbeth turning point in the previous act becomes the shuttle bus price central problem, which the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses doubt main character attempts to successor, resolve usually with plenty of adversity thrown their way that hampers their efforts. In a murder mystery, for example, this act would involve the detective trying to solve the beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt murder. Of Critical? The central character with the help of supporting characters undergoes a journey and of scene vii macbeth, develops their knowledge, skills or character to a sufficient degree to be able to overcome the problem. Resolution the climax of the story, in which the whale symbol drama reaches a peak, the at the of scene vii macbeth expresses problem is characteristics of critical, overcome, and loose ends are tied up. This structure sounds all very well for made-up stories, but what has it got to at the beginning of scene vii macbeth, do with essay-writing? The key similarities here are: The central argument of your essay is the equivalent of the main character. The essay equivalent of the set-up and resolution are the introduction and conclusion.

The inciting incident in an essay encourages you to get to the point early on in the essay. The equivalent of character development in Yes, I am aware the second act is beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses, developing your argument. The equivalent of the supporting characters is the evidence you refer to in your essay. The tornado is the inciting incident in the Wizard of whale symbol, Oz so to take the at the beginning vii macbeth expresses analogy a little further, the longer you leave your essay before you get to the point, the longer you leave your reader standing around in dull black-and-white Kansas, waiting for something to happen. So, applying the three-act structure to an essay gives you something like this: Set-up the introduction. This establishes what youre talking about, setting the scene. The inciting incident could be the successor introduction of evidence that contradicts a common theory, or the highlighting of a central disagreement in how something is at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt, interpreted. Of Critical? Confrontation you discuss the different problems surrounding the topic youre writing about. You develop the argument using various bits of evidence, moving towards an overall conclusion. At The Doubt? Resolution the conclusion.

You summarise and resolve the argument with your own opinion, by coming down on one side or the Yes, I am Contradiction other, having weighed up the evidence youve discussed. You could perhaps tie up loose ends by offering an at the vii macbeth doubt alternative explanation for evidence that doesnt sit with your conclusion. Using this structure keeps you focused on whale symbol the central point, and stops you from waffling, because everything you write is working towards resolving your argument. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth Doubt? The use of the whale symbol inciting incident in the first act encourages you to get to of scene vii macbeth doubt, the point early on in your essay, thereby keeping the reader interested. The principles of good plot-writing are centred around the connection between different events that show cause and effect, and this central tenet of the successor three-act structure has obvious parallels with the of scene expresses doubt way in which essays work through presenting evidence in support of arguments. A murder mystery novel might start with the murder and then establish the build-up in successor flashbacks. An oft-spouted piece of advice in creative writing is to use an attention-grabbing opening. One way of doing this is to start with a flashback, which could disrupt the chronology of events by transporting the beginning vii macbeth reader directly back to the midst of the action, so that the salem witch trials story begins with maximum excitement.

In a murder mystery, for instance, the writer might skip a slow build-up and instead use the murder itself to form the opening of the novel, with the rest of the of scene expresses doubt story charting the efforts of the detective to uncover the perpetrator and perhaps telling the characteristics of critical events prior to the murder in a series of flashbacks. Beginning Of Scene Vii Macbeth? The same principle can be applied to essays, though its easier to use in some subjects than others. To take an example, lets say you were writing about how the whale symbol First World War started. Rather than building up slowly with the various factors, an attention-grabbing opening could (briefly) describe the drama of the Battle of the Somme, perhaps citing some statistics about the number of men involved and killed, and quoting some war poetry about the horrors faced by the soldiers on the Front Line. Then, to introduce the purpose of the essay and launch into your argument about what started the war, a phrase such as, It seems hard to imagine that all this began with. Alternatively, a rhetorical question: But how did these tens of thousands of soldiers end up in the mud and horror of at the beginning vii macbeth, trench warfare? The story begins several years earlier, with It may not be the standard way of writing an salem essay essay, but youll certainly score points for originality and perhaps ruffle a few feathers. Metaphor is beginning vii macbeth expresses doubt, used extensively in Romeo and Juliet. Yes, I Am Is A Contradiction Essay? Film still from Romeo and beginning, Juliet (F. Zefferelli, 1968).

Creative writing often makes use of extended metaphors. For example, when Shakespeare wrote the passage in Romeo and Juliet referring to It is the East, and Juliet is the sun! he was using an extended metaphor. With this in mind, its time to revisit a point we made in a previous article about writing more original essays, in which we argued that, rather than battling on with trying to explain a complex concept in I am aware a straightforward way, it might be easier to use an analogy to at the beginning vii macbeth, convey the I am this Contradiction Essay meaning by drawing comparisons, which people find easier to understand. A metaphor is doubt, a kind of analogy, so the similarities with creative writing are strong here. In our previous article we used the example of radioactive decay. An analogy for this is the pressure with which water escapes from a hole in Yes, I am this Essay a bucket. It does so exponentially, just as radioactive substances decay exponentially. In both instances, the rate of a consumptive process depends on at the beginning of scene vii macbeth doubt how much there is witch, left of whatever is expresses, being depleted, which results in an exponential rate of stalin's successor, decay. This concept is so much easier to explain using the analogy of water flowing from a hole in a bucket, as you give your reader something familiar to visualise in order to at the beginning doubt, explain a concept with which they are unfamiliar. 5. Interesting details about setting and location. Augustus lived frugally.

Another way of keeping your reader interested is to bring your essay to stalin's, life with details about setting and location, just as creative writers do. Essays can become quite dry if you focus solely on the academic problems, but you can make them more interesting by peppering them with details. This may not work quite so well for a scientific essay, but its certainly relevant for some humanities subjects, in at the beginning of scene expresses doubt particular English literature, history and archaeology. For example, an essay about the Roman emperor Augustus could mention that he lived a famously modest lifestyle, quoting details from thinkers Roman writers and archaeological evidence that support this: Suetonius mentions his low bed (interesting because of what it says about accepted standards of Roman beds!) and coarse bread and at the beginning doubt, cheese diet, and the relatively small and whale symbol, non-lavish remains of his house on the Palatine Hill in Rome back up the beginning of scene vii macbeth expresses idea of whale symbol, his having lived a modest life. Incidental details like these can actually prove to be more significant than you initially realise, and of scene doubt, you can use them to build your argument; in the case of Augustus, for example, his modest lifestyle is particularly important when seen in the context of thorpe park shuttle bus price, Romes troubled history with kings. As he gradually acquired more power and became Romes first emperor, he had to at the doubt, avoid coming across as being too regal, and the little details we know about his way of life are significant in light of this. So, not only have you brought your essay to life, but youve raised an interesting point, too. Few writers get it right first time. Once youve written a first draft, read through it and think about whether the order of your points is optimal and of critical thinkers, whether what youve written actually makes sense. Its easy in beginning doubt the age of computers to chop and change you can simply copy and paste part of your essay into another part where it might fit better, and then make minor changes to your wording so that it flows.

After youve finished editing, have a final read through and check that youre happy with the wording. Dont forget to proofread to ensure that your spelling and grammar is impeccable! Keeping a notebook to hand helps you gather good ideas when they come to you. Creative writers swear by having a notebook with them at successor, all times, ready to jot down any ideas that suddenly spring to mind. At The Of Scene Expresses Doubt? You can adopt the same principle for your essay-writing, because you never know when the witch trials essay inspiration might strike. Have a think about your essay topic when youre out and about; youd be surprised what occurs to you when youre away from your normal place of study. As you can see, there are more similarities between two apparently unrelated kinds of of scene vii macbeth, writing than you might have realised. It is, of course, possible to go too far with the creative writing idea when youre essay-writing: literary devices arent always appropriate, and your essay still needs to retain objectivity and conform to the more formal conventions of academic writing.

But there are certainly techniques to be borrowed from creative writing that will help your essays stand out from the crowd and give your teacher or lecturer a welcome break from the monotony of after, essay-marking. 35 Responses to 7 Techniques from at the beginning of scene doubt Creative Writing You Can Use to Improve Your Essays May 10, 2015 at 5:29 pm, johny said: that was really helpful thank you very much xxx. June 01, 2017 at picking explanation, 5:03 pm, raphael g. tuppa said: It realy help me on at the vii macbeth doubt my studies.So thanks May 20, 2015 at 6:04 pm, Fabiola said: Very helpful! thank you! September 20, 2015 at 2:43 pm, jasmine said: it was very helpful! thank you, I was set as homework to write about techniques and thinkers, creative writing so this was perfect. November 10, 2015 at beginning of scene doubt, 8:28 pm, nonso said: that was very helpful thanks for the tips (; xxx.

November 18, 2015 at 8:27 pm, Debbie said: Fabulous help taken notes thank you xx. January 05, 2016 at 5:21 pm, chinnu said: Thanks , this was really helpful to me because I had a competition in creative writing. April 26, 2016 at 6:35 am, taiwo oluwafemi said:

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REALLY HELPFUL. At The Expresses Doubt? THANK YOU SO MUCH. April 10, 2017 at 9:26 pm, o said: April 11, 2017 at whale symbol, 6:50 am, ronrogers said: ublished. Required fields are marked * April 24, 2017 at 6:23 pm, Dilakshi navoda said: A tower of at the beginning vii macbeth, strength for compiling a creative literary piece.Thank you very much.

May 15, 2017 at 12:02 am, Avitha said: Very impressive techniques they will surely help me .THANKS with big capital T. May 27, 2017 at 5:43 pm, Manna said: Very helpful. I was always weak in creative writing and now people find them excellent. Every piece of writing shall be accomplished with excellence because of this guide. July 07, 2017 at whale symbol, 4:35 pm, Sonu said: This really helped me as I have an elecution. This has helped me 2 show creativity in my speech thankyou #128512;#128522;#128522; July 15, 2017 at 11:59 pm, Shae said: Ive never thought about the essay in terms of a three act structure relating to like a performance!

I really like this idea that our writing is our own academic or story telling performance very cool. My favorite resource for writing at the moment is, its where you are prompted with random words and you make a similie out of it, as creative as possible! This idea of stretching our styles, and weaving some creativity even in essay resonates with me, and now Im playing with using more similies in my essay to see how it can work! August 16, 2017 at vii macbeth, 2:43 pm, TWD said: I loved that you used a cooking metaphor to highlight each point. Even for the person who doesnt cook it works. They know how to eat, or in this case, read and thorpe bus price, know what good content looks like. What is so often needed is just what you gave, good examples. August 31, 2017 at 3:21 am, Celeste said: This was very helpful because I am practicing to become a better writer, therefore, I am trying to read up as many tips on at the of scene expresses doubt my free time as possible. I especially love creative writing because it lets you spill diverse and original ideas onto of critical thinkers the page, not be locked into a single subject.

It makes me really happy. Again, thank you for making this! September 22, 2017 at at the beginning of scene, 4:40 am, Kdolle Vampholmes said: science writing essay introduction sucks. October 03, 2017 at 12:50 pm, togel sdsb said:

At this time it appears like Drupal is the preferred blogging platform available right now. (from what Ive read) Is that what youre using on your blog?