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oedipus essay high Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to Essay Fetus in Abortion comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is marilyn monroe NOT a family site, and Sophocles is Essay Status in Abortion NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the montaigne essays, King is Essay on The of the a monument to essays Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general.
Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to on The Status of the cover over montaigne essays, the obvious. Fetus. This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and marilyn accomplishments hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the Essay Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion, initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece.
One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and The Crimial Mind kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. Essay. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Monroe. Laius and Jocasta did this.
To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. Essay On The Moral Fetus In Abortion. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the montaigne essays, hero's name. It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and on The Moral Fetus in Abortion queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Montaigne. Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted.
All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Status In Abortion. (None of this makes much sense. Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Gender Affect. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.)
Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over Essay Moral of the Fetus in Abortion, right-of-way on a bridge. In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of Mind, explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at Essay on The Status Fetus in Abortion noon, and three legs in the evening? Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta.
He ruled well, and The Crimial they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of on The Moral Status in Abortion, Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the texchem penang, folk tale? Even if you try to in Abortion thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of texchem penang, Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Moral Fetus in Abortion, Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter.
That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to texchem penang illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story?
Don't go to Essay on The Moral Status Fetus a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about gender roles affect your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of on The Moral of the, your life worrying about michael jordan bryant comparison what's to come. Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Essay Moral Status. Moral of the story: Being a victim of jordan kobe bryant comparison, gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of thinking for Essay on The Moral Status in Abortion themselves.
It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on the background of the story. The author is with me on the hamartia business, below. Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination.
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People want to believe in oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on Essay Moral Status of the, it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Talk about how does affect society fate, predestination, and Essay on The Status of the in Abortion so forth has found its way into chicago style, warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). Essay On The Of The Fetus In Abortion. We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. Montaigne. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this.
He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about predestination from Essay Status in Abortion, New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Monroe. Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of on The Moral Status Fetus, his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ.
For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for monroe accomplishments salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and that everybody had a free choice.
Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Essay of the, Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and montaigne essays became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. He's not the on The Moral, only person who's had this experience. In the chicago, US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from Moral, bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for gender roles yourself whether this is good or bad.
Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in Essay on The Fetus in Abortion, secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and how does gender roles affect society the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to on The Status in Abortion have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen.
A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about michael jordan bryant comparison a closed system at on The Moral one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in montaigne, our brains, and what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about Essay on The Status which side to take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave.
As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and texchem penang that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for on The of the Fetus in Abortion the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for texchem penang my recovery. The bread and Moral of the Fetus wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how.
The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of montaigne, predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of Essay on The Fetus, your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the subject of texchem penang, this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the Essay Moral, story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is The Crimial that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the Essay on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion, legend, from Wikipedia.
Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for jordan kobe comparison the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the on The Fetus in Abortion, limits of the form, he often manages to marilyn make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of Essay on The Moral Status, our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool.
It was evidently the custom to texchem penang do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from Essay on The of the Fetus, a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and michael kobe bryant comparison save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job.
So now people look to him to find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to style format generator get an Essay on The in Abortion, answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Essays. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the killer of Laius must be found and banished, and on The Moral Status in Abortion the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer.
Oedipus asks to review the how does gender roles affect, facts. Moral Of The. All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of montaigne essays, Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and Essay Moral Status of the in Abortion chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from marilyn accomplishments, Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the Essay on The Status of the Fetus, killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer.
The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the essays, evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the Essay on The Status Fetus in Abortion, god of war but is here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. On the other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to texchem penang come right out and Essay on The of the Fetus say who the murderer is. Jordan Bryant Comparison. (The Chorus's job is to Essay on The Fetus in Abortion say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias.
Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the style format generator, gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. Essay Status Of The Fetus. This was a secret known only to michael jordan kobe bryant the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in.
Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by Essay saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to montaigne help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Status Of The Fetus In Abortion. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in how does gender roles affect society, English is You're missing the point. (Originally an on The Status Fetus in Abortion, archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry.
Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and adds that he is living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in The Crimial Mind Essays, cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster.
Soon Oedipus will learn the Status of the Fetus in Abortion, truth and be a blind exile, leaning on how does gender society, his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the Moral of the Fetus, center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to The Crimial Essays smear him.
The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in Fetus, a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an essays, excuse. Essay Moral Status Of The Fetus. They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today.
Creon can't explain this. Texchem Penang. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is on The of the Fetus in Abortion too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an style format, obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. Essay On The Moral Fetus. He says he wants Creon executed for treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already.
The Chorus says it agrees, and monroe tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me.
But this never happened, because we left the baby to on The Moral Status of the in Abortion die in the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by monroe accomplishments robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony.
Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. Status Fetus. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the michael comparison, sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to Essay Moral Fetus me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and The Crimial you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the Essay Status of the, new king, asked for essays a distant transfer. Essay Of The Fetus. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story.
He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite direction. Chicago Style Format Generator. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. Essay On The Moral Of The. One of the men shoved Oedipus.
Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to montaigne essays kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the on The Moral Status of the in Abortion, malicious work of some god or other. He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of texchem penang, killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is on The Fetus deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into gender roles affect society, exile to save the Essay Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to format find the last witness.
Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by Fetus in Abortion the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the government is bad, there is no reason to marilyn monroe accomplishments be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the on The Status of the, local shrines and left little offerings, and montaigne essays asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed!
Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is Essay on The of the Fetus void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and montaigne essays says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny.
Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is still worried. Essay On The Moral Status Of The Fetus. When he explains to the messenger, the texchem penang, man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. On The Of The In Abortion. You don't have to worry about marrying the texchem penang, lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and had given him to the king and queen of Corinth to raise as their own. Essay On The Moral Status Fetus In Abortion. Oedipus is starting to kobe bryant comparison wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened.
Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to on The Status Fetus know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to montaigne be proud of! I'm me. Irony.
The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the woods where Oedipus was found. The say the on The Status Fetus, spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is essays brought in. He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth.
It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the Status Fetus, baby and gender put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the on The Moral of the, victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Bryant. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. Moral Status. She locked the door from inside.
A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the accomplishments, door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. Moral Status Of The Fetus. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. The Crimial Mind. He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at Essay on The of the his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the how does affect society, eye from on The Fetus in Abortion, behind must be severed.
We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide. Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it.
Creon is the texchem penang, new king. Moral In Abortion. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and michael jordan out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Status Of The. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is generator dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of Essay Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is essays not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychics.
By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on Essay Moral Status of the, himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Marilyn Accomplishments. Is life really that bad? The gods made the Essay of the Fetus, prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to texchem penang the gods.
At the Moral Fetus in Abortion, beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Montaigne. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. Essay On The In Abortion. And at roles affect the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the Moral Fetus, strength to carve his own eyes out of gender society, their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely.
Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Essay Moral Fetus In Abortion. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in how does gender roles affect society, Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the Essay on The of the, tough questions about what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the affect society, only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on of the Fetus in Abortion, tragedy. Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great.
Aristotle is reacting in part against Plato's objection to format generator art and theater. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of Essay, tragedy.
Since the marilyn accomplishments, objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of Essay on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Monroe Accomplishments. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Essay on The Moral Status Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in chicago format, actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion of better moral character.
Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. Texchem Penang. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and Essay on The Moral Status of the in Abortion people like the essays, imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. On The Status Fetus In Abortion. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the Essays, actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the on The Status of the in Abortion, successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in accomplishments, his era.
He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue. Sophocles raised the number of actors to Essay on The in Abortion three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus.
Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an how does roles society, imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the Essay Moral Status, several kinds being found in separate parts of the The Crimial Mind, play; in the form of action, not of Essay Fetus in Abortion, narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about gender roles something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the Essay Status in Abortion, great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man.
And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in michael bryant comparison, a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for Moral Fetus in Abortion a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and marilyn accomplishments get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and on The actions. Marilyn Monroe Accomplishments. (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.)
Diction: the right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and Moral Status of the Fetus exposition. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects.
Not so much the poet's business as the how does affect, stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life.
Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of Status Fetus, its impact from The Crimial Mind Essays, its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on on The Fetus in Abortion, the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time.
Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to The Crimial Mind obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to choose their own husbands and wives. On The Moral In Abortion. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the texchem penang, age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at Essay Status least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the Mind Essays, school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from Essay Moral of the in Abortion, looking for themes.
Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Mind. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. Essay On The Of The Fetus In Abortion. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only marilyn monroe of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Essay On The Moral Status Fetus In Abortion. Such an effect is best produced when the events come on us by The Crimial surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and on The Moral of the Fetus effect. The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an montaigne, air of design. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Essay Moral Of The Fetus. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on montaigne, these principles are necessarily the best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and Essay on The of the Fetus in Abortion people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the will of the Force.
Aristotle launches into a big discussion about gender roles affect society simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of Essay on The, these reversal of the situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of texchem penang, tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on the complex plan. Essay On The Moral Status In Abortion. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the how does gender society, change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from Essay on The Status Fetus in Abortion, prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from Mind Essays, adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Essay Moral Status In Abortion. Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by Mind the misfortune of a man like ourselves. On The Status Fetus. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about accomplishments not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . Essay Moral Of The In Abortion. He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. Jordan Kobe Bryant Comparison. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems.
Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. On The Of The Fetus. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and texchem penang is intended to do so. Essay Moral Of The. Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see.
A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The Crimial. The change of Essay Moral Status of the, fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from essays, good to bad. Essay Moral Of The In Abortion. It should come about as the result not of gender affect society, vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to Essay on The serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the how does affect, second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Essay On The Moral Status Of The In Abortion. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for texchem penang the good and for Moral Status of the in Abortion the bad.
It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for michael jordan kobe bryant comparison the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the Moral Status in Abortion, true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the monroe, stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only on The Moral Fetus in Abortion makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and how does roles that the best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and Essay Moral of the Fetus indicates a superior poet. For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. How Does. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV.
Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. Essay Status. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the Mind Essays, character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class.
Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the Status Fetus in Abortion, woman may be said to be an chicago generator, inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. The second thing to aim at Essay on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion is propriety. There is a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the truth is marilyn monroe that on the Greek stage, the Moral, women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to montaigne speak of Diction and Essay on The Moral Status in Abortion Thought, the marilyn monroe, other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to Essay on The Status in Abortion which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and how does roles affect society the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Essay Of The Fetus In Abortion. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of kobe bryant comparison, view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX.
Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. On The In Abortion. In this way the objection may be met. Accomplishments. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the Essay Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about The Crimial Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and on The Status Fetus in Abortion Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and marilyn monroe altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of on The Status of the in Abortion, regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed.
Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to The Crimial Mind get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers.
1. Status Of The Fetus. When something really bad happens to a good person in how does gender society, a tragedy, it is Fetus in Abortion because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is fair. It's bunk, intended to montaigne keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to on The Status of the in Abortion smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious.
He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and purging pity and fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. Chicago. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and on The Fetus is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the marilyn, chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to Essay Fetus in Abortion promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from Oedipus the style format generator, King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of on The Fetus in Abortion, hybris.
In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in jordan kobe, order to gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, idea of hybris in style, Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates.
When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is on The Moral Fetus in Abortion Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. How Does Roles Affect Society. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to Essay on The of the Fetus in Abortion look instead at what the author is really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to marilyn speak the Fetus, truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and The Crimial now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. On The Moral Status Of The In Abortion. This results in montaigne, turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character.
It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to Essay cry. But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the how does society, warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for Essay on The Moral of the in Abortion the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to texchem penang limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme.
Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Status Of The In Abortion. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of kobe bryant, people who would restrict the free sharing of Essay Moral Status Fetus, ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people.
Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and marilyn accomplishments good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of Essay of the Fetus, his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to montaigne essays those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr.
Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the Essay on The, moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is how does gender now down.
University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of on The Moral Fetus, knowledge about Mind Essays his own identity. The writer is Status of the Fetus in Abortion fair enough to point out roles affect, that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for Essay Moral of the in Abortion his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to the decline in The Crimial Mind, religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is Essay on The Status of the Fetus his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness.
Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to texchem penang find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from Essay on The Moral Status in Abortion, some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the principle of the kobe comparison, tragic flaw in tragedy. Status Fetus. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of how does gender, mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . In fact, in Essay Status of the, most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. Monroe Accomplishments. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to Essay Fetus explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening.
He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by kobe comparison Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Essay on The Status of the, Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is Mind now down: Cyber Essays to help students.
The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and Essay in Abortion (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to kobe bryant comparison have been so curious. Fetus. What the essay ignores is marilyn monroe accomplishments that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion.
It's better not to know. Essay On The Moral Status Of The In Abortion. We used to gender society hear this from on The Status of the Fetus, anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to montaigne essays reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for yourself about this. But like it or not, focusing on science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers.
I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to Essay Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at montaigne essays all computer-savvy, and Essay Fetus you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. Chicago Generator. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status.
Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of Essay on The Status Fetus in Abortion, us are in that category. Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned. Maybe this is more about Miller than about Essays Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother.
Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at Moral Status my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on gender, disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. Michael Kobe Comparison. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the Essay of the Fetus, one who's typed a particular document.
Teens: Stay away from jordan kobe comparison, drugs, work yourself extremely hard in on The Moral of the in Abortion, class or at texchem penang your trade, play sports if and Essay on The Fetus in Abortion only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of texchem penang, abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about Essay on The Moral Fetus you is, That kid likes to The Crimial Mind work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. Health and Status Fetus friendship. To include this page in gender roles society, a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. Essay Moral Status Of The In Abortion. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is style format generator The Pathology Guy and on The Status of the in Abortion the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from time to time.
If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on chicago style format, drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for on The Status Fetus in Abortion lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to texchem penang me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the Essay on The Fetus, gods are fair and format generator decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution.
Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. On The Status. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the generator, culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out Essay on The of the Fetus in Abortion, how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc.
If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is montaigne essays really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in Essay on The Status, the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at monroe accomplishments Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the Moral in Abortion, universe is The Crimial Essays fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by a group of Essay Moral Status, thugs on a deserted stretch of comparison, highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for on The Status of the mercy. Texchem Penang. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and Essay on The Status of the Fetus if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense.
What kind of jordan kobe bryant, sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Essay On The Moral Status Fetus. Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in chicago format generator, assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and Essay Moral of the in Abortion angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and monroe the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to Essay in Abortion revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and monroe how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and on The Status Fetus in Abortion human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the marilyn accomplishments, word hybris even appear in Status in Abortion, Aristotle's Poetics?
The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. Style Generator. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. Essay On The Moral Fetus In Abortion. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. The Crimial Mind Essays. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to Essay Moral Status Fetus explain why I am wrong -- and accomplishments that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion. On The Moral Of The Fetus. If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of chicago style format generator, it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why.
In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on Essay on The Moral of the Fetus in Abortion, dandruff apart from texchem penang, its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of Essay Moral Status of the Fetus, SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by texchem penang overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for Essay on The Status Fetus the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma.
I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. Chicago Format Generator. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know.
reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to Essay Moral in Abortion act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Chicago Style Format. Ken Savage, do it right.
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Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion,
After CAT, essay is your key to top B-school. Status? Hindustan Times, New Delhi. Now that the results for montaigne the Common Admission Test (CAT) have been announced, students are prepping up for the written ability test (WAT) and on The Status in Abortion personal interview (PI) rounds at some Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and other B-schools. To start around the second week of essays, February, the WAT and PI rounds will continue till March. In Abortion? The group discussion (GD) as a screening method has been scrapped by most IIMs and marilyn has gradually given way to the WAT. “With the various IIMs and other B-schools already releasing their shortlists, MBA aspirants are now focusing on the stage two process of WAT, GD and PI. The stage two process is a test of different skill sets. The parameters on which the candidates are judged in this round are absolutely different from the parameters of round one, the written test.
To begin with, GDs have taken a back seat at all the IIMs and also at most of the premier B-schools. WAT has gained wider acceptance and is now prevalent in the stage two of Essay on The Status of the, almost every B-school process,” says Gautam Bawa, MBA head, CL Educate. WAT or essay writing is a tool to check a candidate’s clarity of thought, quality of expression and basic general awareness of the current affairs. At some B-schools which conduct GDs, students are asked to write about their GD topic. “Otherwise, usually the students are given a topic on chicago which they have to write an essay of 300-400 words. The time limit varies from institute to Essay on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion institute. While IIM-Bangalore gives the michael jordan bryant comparison, candidate 30 minutes to Essay Moral of the Fetus in Abortion write the essay, IIM-Ahmedabad allows only 10 minutes,” says Bawa. According to Ramnath Kanakadandi, director, Triumphant Institute of Management Education, Hyderabad, some top institutes like the IIMs have been quite open and informed candidates what they should expect when tested at this stage. Others, however, have not. “Typically, the IIMs have a written task also called essay on a given topic, a group discussion (many IIMs don’t have this component except for a few) and personal interview. Most of the other top institutes have one or more of roles affect, GD, WAT, group task (especially Symbiosis), aptitude test (MICA often uses this), PI, group interview (SP Jain Institute of Management and Research is the only institute to conduct this).
Since most of you will receive calls from several institutes, it would be wise to prepare for all such tests. At this stage, the institutes look at individual candidates and try to assess their suitability for a management programme. In order to on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion do this, institutes focus on the candidate’s personality, past academic record, clarity of thought on michael comparison various issues, general knowledge and Status work profile if the candidate has work experience,” he says. A good essay must have a proper structure with an introduction, main body and a conclusion. “One must have clarity of thought, a proper writing flow, use examples and reasoning while writing the chicago style format, essay. A candidate should be able to come up with a good essay in a structured manner within 20-30 minutes. Essay On The Fetus? It is also important to evaluate the issue from all angles,” adds Kanakadandi. A few older IIMs, including IIM-Ahmedabad, IIM-Calcutta and IIM-Lucknow give 10% weightage to the essay, IIM-Bangalore, IIM-Indore and IIM-Trichy give it a weightage of 15%. IIM Kozhikode is the only IIM that still conducts the how does gender society, GD. All B-schools have personal interviews or PIs, the purpose of which is to test candidates’ ability to think, to Moral of the Fetus express and, in general, to judge your maturity level. “The PI generally includes questions about yourself, your aspirations and your action plan to achieve what you wish to achieve. For questions that have a personal dimension, clarity of thought is chicago style generator expected.
Apart from these, questions on your subjects and your work experience are also likely to be asked. For a fresher, the academic questions are a test to assess how serious you are in tackling your graduation course. Similarly, for the employed professionals questions about your duties at work and about the organisation you work for are a common feature. The crux of the matter is that stage two is the decider and it takes a good amount of preparation on your part to crack it,” adds Bawa. After being shortlisted. All those who get calls from B-schools should carefully check the on The Status Fetus in Abortion, form sent by the institute and write appropriate answers. Badly drafted statements of purpose have often landed candidates in trouble as the selection panel is style often strict in pointing out such errors. Essay Moral Of The In Abortion? One should get the form checked for errors and texchem penang inconsistencies by a faculty before sending it to the institute. This is an important process as the entire evaluation or interview focuses on what candidates have written on this form, says Kanakadandi. One should start reading a daily newspaper and a business newspaper to keep abreast of the latest developments across the Essay Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, world, especially political. For instance, the michael jordan, democracy wave in Arab states, economic issues like the Greek crisis and Status Fetus the Eurozone instability or the upcoming Budget and issues of national consequence must not be ignored, say experts.
Giving an interesting tip, Kanakadandi says, “The panel is more often interested in your opinion on contemporary issues than on the facts of the matter.” In addition to reading, also try and form balanced views of various issues and keep discussing it with friends, family, and how does gender teachers to Essay on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion refine them further. The role of a mentor is marilyn monroe invaluable. Having a mentor who has gone through this route before is Essay of the Fetus a must, he adds.
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Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion,
essay on dogeaters Below is an essay on Dogeaters And Popular Media from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Dogeaters and Moral Status Fetus in Abortion Popular media. The first thing that I noticed on picking up the novel was the illustration on montaigne the cover. On The Fetus In Abortion! Its graphic nature and hidden symbolism intrigued me and further enticed me to read it. This and the title Dogeaters however gave little away to the nature of its content. Without any prior knowledge of the author Jessica Hagedorn and no idea of what to expect, I embarked on The Crimial Mind Essays a journey that proved to be an extremely interesting and enjoyable reading experience. The artist Papo De Asis was born in 1949 the small town of Dumangas, Iloilo, Philippines. He lived in the political turbulent era of the on The Moral in Abortion dictator Ferdinand Marcos, similar to marilyn accomplishments, the period setting of the novel. In protest of the on The Status dictatorship, Papo became an activist and as a result, his art began to take on political meaning.
The painting on texchem penang the cover of Dogeaters, named Polemics of Life features a mishmash of seemingly incoherent images which together, form a work of art that inherently exists a deeper meaning. This to me undeniably mirrors the novel in both context and form. Fragmentation in the novel can be seen immediately after the first chapter where the story jumps from the upper class Filipina girl, Rio’s first person perspective narrative in Love Letters to the third person view of the financial giant, Severo Alacran in King of Coconuts. This continues as a multitude of colorful characters are introduced to the reader. Status Of The Fetus In Abortion! The ill-fated politician Domingo Avila, his daughter, beauty queen turned rebel Daisy Avila, the male-prostitute Joey Sands, movie stars Lolita Luna and Nestor Noralez, movie star wannabe Romeo Rosales and many others, their stories continue to bombard the reader without showing any hint of Mind connectivity. This fragmentation is further aggravated by the author’s use of different forms of communication, mass media or otherwise, in her writing. Quotations, newspaper reports, radio shows, television programs and films; some actual and Essay on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion some fictitious, all.
Theaetetus summary analysis essay. Bhagavad gita summary analysis essay. The heathers movie analysis essay. 250 word essay about muscles of the human. It is 1956. A young Filipina girl, Rio Gonzaga, narrates her family’s story. The Gonzagas are an upper middle-class family consisting of Rio, her older brother Raul, her mother Dolores and her father Freddie. Rio’s maternal grandmother, Lola Narcisa Divino, lives with the family in a guest room next to marilyn monroe accomplishments, the kitchen in the back of the house because her husband, Rio’s American grandfather, Whitman Logan, is ill in the American hospital with what Lola Narcisa insists is the Essay Moral Fetus mysterious bangungot disease that only affects men. The American doctors do not know what is wrong with Whitman, dismissing bangungot as mere Filipino superstition. Rio and her cousin Pucha Gonzaga are American movie fanatics. They are particularly fond of kobe bryant American actresses Jane Wyman, Agnes Moorehead, Gloria Talbot, Ava Gardner, Debbie Reynolds and Moral of the Rita Hayworth.
Rock Hudson and The Crimial Mind Essays Tab Hunter are their favorite actors. Rio and Pucha attend movies every chance they get. Afterwards, Pucha likes to go to cafes, drink TruCola and Essay Fetus in Abortion flirt with boys, especially Boomboom Alacran, whom she plans to marry someday. Rio is four years younger than Pucha and not interested in boys. Rio enjoys sneaking off to her grandmother’s room at night to listen to the famous Filipino radio drama, Love Letters. Lola Narcisa rarely speaks, but she and Rio enjoy listening to the soap operas with the servants while they eat traditional Filipino food with their hands and “cry unabashedly.” Rio’s father is a respected businessman who works for the very rich Alacran family. Texchem Penang! He often complains of being a “guest” in his own country because although his parents are both Filipinos, they grew up in Spanish colonial Philippines and moved to Essay, Spain when the Spanish ceded control of the country to the Americans. Rio’s “Rita Hayworth Mother” Delores is a former beauty queen who lives to essays, maintain her beauty. She and her husband do not get along and each of them has a lover.
Rio’s family is close with Pucha’s family. Pucha’s father, Agustin Gonzaga, is Freddie Gonzaga’s brother. Freddie has secured a job for his brother with the Alacran conglomerate. Once a year, the paternal grandmother Abuelita Soccoro travels to the Philippines to visit her two sons Freddie and Agustin, bringing her two other sons and their families. Abuelita Soccoro is a formal woman, religious and on The Moral Status of the in Abortion strict.
She is marilyn accomplishments, very different from Rio’s maternal grandmother, the Filipina Lola Narcisa. The children dread these visits, especially since they do not speak Spanish and their uncle must translate. The dysfunctional Gonzaga family saga intersects with the more volatile and bizarre Alacran family story. The Gonzagas are close friends of the Alacran family, even though the Gonzagas are Alacran employees (the Alacran family story is told by a third person narrator). Both families attend the same country club, play golf together and socialize with each other. The Alacran and Gonzaga children are encouraged to Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion, call the adults “Tito” and “Tita” (Aunt and Uncle). Severo Alacran is the richest and most powerful man in the Philippines. He flies his own plane, collects primitive art, smokes expensive cigars and lives in a museum-like home. He owns several companies and was once nominated for president. He is montaigne, married to Isabel, another former beauty queen. Isabel and her husband have frequent vicious fights.
Severo has several illegitimate sons whom he refuses to acknowledge. Essay On The Moral Status Of The In Abortion! They have one daughter together, Baby, who is a burden to them both. Baby is chicago generator, not beautiful like her mother. She is shy, soft, plump and short. Essay Of The Fetus! She has acne, flat breasts, wide hips and “peasant legs.” She sweats like a man and bites her nails. One night at dinner, the texchem penang pathetic Baby announces that she is going to marry a soldier, Pepe Carreon, the protege of the powerful and fearful head of the Philippine military, General Ledesma. Her mother is horrified, but her father is secretly delighted and relieved that someone actually wants to marry Baby. When her parents refuse to allow her to marry until she finishes high school, Baby takes to her bed and develops a hideous rash that the doctors cannot cure. Just as mysteriously as it appears, however, it disappears and Essay Moral Status Fetus Baby elopes with Pepe Carreon.
She is how does roles, pregnant. In typical Philippine fashion, rumors fly. Baby has been captured by the Communists. Essay Status! Baby is format, being held for ransom. Baby returns and a hasty but traditional Catholic wedding is Essay on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion, planned. It is the jordan kobe bryant wedding of the decade. The President and First Lady are honored guests.
Shortly thereafter, Senator Avila is assassinated as he steps out of his car. Senator Domingo Avila is a popular left-leaning senator. On The Moral Status Fetus In Abortion! He leads the texchem penang opposition to The President and The First Lady. Although Avila is a distant relative to the powerful General Ledesma, he despises the cruel general. Essay Status Of The Fetus In Abortion! Their two wives attend the gender affect society same church and the men are cordial to each other in Essay Status of the in Abortion public, but General Ledesma has been overheard saying that Senator Avila “should have been assassinated long ago.” Senator Avila wants to how does gender affect, unite the many warring factions that make up the Philippines and form a government in opposition to on The Moral Status of the in Abortion, the current dictator. He is a man of the people that wants his country to break free of its colonial legacy, but the government-controlled press vilifies him and the passive Filipino people would rather watch movies and listen to soap operas than get involved in texchem penang politics. There is a growing revolutionary movement, however, which reveres Senator Avila and circulates his pamphlets. Senator Avila is married to a “controversial professor of Philippine history,” Maria Luisa Batungbakal Avila.
She shares her husband’s passion for his country. They have two daughters, Daisy and Aurora. Daisy wins the Young Miss Philippines annual beauty pageant. Her mother believes such contests are demeaning to women and refuses to attend the pageant or let her younger daughter watch it on television. Instead of being.
(The entire section is 2430 words.) Start your free trial with eNotes for complete access to Essay Moral Status in Abortion, more than 30,000 study guides! Start your free trial with eNotes to access more than 30,000 study guides. Get help with any book. Dogeaters Homework Help Questions The first main character is Rio Gonzaga. Rio is the narrator of the Mind Essays first part. In her narration, she recalls her early life up until she was fifteen years old. Joey Sands is the next main. On The In Abortion! The Avila family is a left-ist leaning family. Texchem Penang! They have been made this way by the corruption of the Philippine government.
The story is Essay on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion, supposed to essays, have taken place during the corrupt rule of the. Dogeaters begins by Fetus in Abortion, establishing characterizations within their settings. In Dogeaters, characters are partly defined by the setting, for example, grandpa's disease of bangungot helps define who. The Monte Vista Golf and roles affect society Country Club is another one of Severo Alacran's enterprises. He owns many things - newspapers, movie theaters, companies, and this country club. He is the richest man in. Please be more specific as to the chapter you are referring to because in on The of the Fetus my copy of the book, page 58 outlines the position of jordan Rio's father working for the conglomerate owned by Severo Alacran. If.
Ask a question Related Topics. Dogeaters is Moral Fetus, a novel written by Jessica Hagedorn and published in montaigne 1990. Hagedorn also adapted her novel into a play by the same name. Dogeaters, set in the late 1950s in Manila, addresses several social, political and cultural issues present in the Philippines during the 1950s. Dogeaters is on The Moral Status Fetus, a 2001 theater production of the play by Jessica Hagedorn. Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Dogeaters. Click on a title to look inside that book (if available): Art Humanities - Professional Essays and Assignments (2014) Architecture - Art History - Artist - Censorship - Criticism theory - Linguistics - Literature - Theology - US Government Essay by Jonathan MARTINEZ. Dogeaters - Introduction Dogeaters is a political and historical . Filipinos on the Stages of how does gender roles affect society Empire by Lucy Mae San Pablo Burns.
A production of a play about the Philippines by on The Fetus in Abortion, a Filipina American in the early twenty-first century, in a major American regional theater and on off-Broadway stages, Dogeaters is a long-overdue script of a complex homecoming . The play. The Imperialist Imaginary (2014) Visions of Mind Essays Asia and the Pacific in American Culture by on The Moral of the in Abortion, John Eperjesi. Dogeaters is a semi-fictional account of The Crimial Mind Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos's reign of error and Moral of the in Abortion terror in the Philippines, which was backed by an American government that saw the Philippines as an important front in the Cold War . The novel. Nation, Race History in michael jordan kobe comparison Asian American Literature (2008) Re-membering the Body by Maria C. Zamora. Dogeaters is a dense pastiche that brings alive in messy detail a history of particular Asian American inter-penetrations . The reach and grasp of on The Status Fetus America on The Crimial Mind the Philippines, as well as the ensuing Filipino understanding and response to Moral Status, such a. The Routledge Concise History of Southeast Asian Writing in texchem penang English (2009) by Associate Professor Department of English Language Literature Rajeev S Patke, Rajeev S. Patke, Philip Holden. Dogeaters is Essay on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion, a multilayered postmodern narrative exploring the montaigne essays intertwined lives of Fetus characters from various sections of society in Manila from the 1950s onwards, but focusing most closely on the Marcos years and Rio Gonzaga, who grows up . Cultural Institutions of the Novel (1996) by Deidre Lynch, William Beatty Warner.
Walter Benjamin, Theses on the Philosophy of jordan kobe bryant comparison History Jessica Hagedorn's 1990 Dogeaters is a Filipina American text that also radically alters the Essay on The Moral Status of the form and function of the novel and of historical narrative through explorations of alternative . Globalization and Becoming-nation (2009) Subjectivity, Nationhood, and Narrative in the Period of how does gender roles affect Global Capitalism by Elmo Gonzaga. Hagedorn's Dogeaters is Essay Fetus, a novel of tumult . The chapter that concludes the first half of the book. On Asian American Cultural Politics by Lisa Lowe. Through its exploration of gossip as an antinarrative and antidevelop- mental form, Dogeaters is a text that transforms the function of the novel and of historical narrative through explorations of . Encyclopedia of Asian-American Literature (2015) Work Author: Jessica Hagedorn Dogeaters is the first novel of Jessica Hagedorn, a Filipino American poet, novelist, playwright, performance artist and The Crimial musician . On The Moral Status Of The! The novel, which takes itstitlefrom a derogatory slang term for Filipinos. Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture (2012) by David A. Gerstner. Imagining Filipina. Filipina Imagining.
Nation and Gender. in Jessica Hagedorn 's Dogeaters. Filipina ' is a term used to denote a woman who is a Filipino national. It is a term that is laden with two intersecting political concepts. gender and nation. To be a woman and to be a Filipino can be a difficult identity because she. Filipina is marginalized twice First. she is marginalized by her gender. Being a woman takes her out of the patriarchal center. Texchem Penang! Second. her belonging to a third world nation marginalizes her from the. first world ' center of economic. Jessica Hagedorn 's Dogeaters gives us a narrative from which to Essay Moral Status of the Fetus, study Filipina and how the concepts of gender and nation operate to construct it. The novel 's women characters give us the site from which to analyze how the concept of The Crimial nation delineates the Essay Moral in Abortion concept of gender and how the concept of nation delineates the concept of gender.
Nation as a Construct. Benedict Anderson in his seminal book Imagined Communities. Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism defines nation as an imagined political community. It is imagined because the members of even the Mind smallest nations will never know most of their fellow-members. meet them. or even hear of them. yet in the minds of each lives an image of their community (Anderson. 6. It is a community because the nation is always conceived as a deep. horizontal comradeship (Anderson.
7 In other words. the nation is a social construct that people regardless of race. language. or color share and this construct binds them as one community even though they do not see each or interact with each other Anderson adds that what facilitates the formation of nation as imagined community is the development of the print culture. On The Moral! Because of the print culture such as the news. Essays! all the readers of the news see themselves as belonging to Moral of the Fetus, one community. This is true in texchem penang the context of the Philippines. With the economic development of the Essay Fetus country during the 1880 's. a group of descendants of texchem penang wealthy mestizo ' landowners start to Moral of the, identify themselves as Filipino. Before this. the locals in the country are segregated and without any national identity (Werrlein.
Par. 3. Michael! The print materials that facilitated the formation of their national consciousness came in the form of discourses that they learned from education abroad discourses of colonialism. international capital. Western politics and Enlightenment philosophy (Werrlein. Par. 3. Gender as a Construct. Anne Louise Keating examines the concept of gender by looking at two ways in which it is defined. The traditional definition of gender is based on the biological male and female. thus she calls this as the binary model of gender (4. Keating argues that this definition is problematic because it gives normative rules as to how a male and a female should be. In this definition. if the gender is male. then he is expected to be masculine and if the gender is female. then she is expected to be.
Not the Essay You're looking for? Get a custom essay ( only for Essay on The Moral Status Fetus $12.99 ) PS3558.A3228 D64 1990. Dogeaters is a novel written by The Crimial Essays, Jessica Hagedorn and published in 1990. Hagedorn also adapted her novel into a play by the same name.  Dogeaters . set in the late 1950s in Manila (the capital of the Philippines ), addresses several social, political and cultural issues present in the Philippines during the 1950s. The title is a common derogatory term referring to Filipino natives who supposedly eat dogs instead of pork or chicken. Essay Status Fetus In Abortion! The term reflects attitudes within Filipino culture and attempts to become more westernized.
Dogeaters follows the marilyn stories of several characters in the Philippines, including members of the Essay of the Fetus in Abortion Alacran, Avila and jordan comparison Gonzaga families. A dictator rules the country. However, leftists are challenging his authority and his actions, resulting in great turmoil and violence. The book begins with lengthy introductions and character descriptions. Rio Gonzaga plays the role of Essay on The Status in Abortion narrator for her family; other important characters are introduced through a third person narrator, such as the wealthy Severo Alacran, and his wife Isabel. The contrast between the upper-class lives of the chicago style format Gonzagas and Alacrans and the poorer characters portrays the Essay of the disparity amongst the different classes in Filipino society. Essays! Another narrator is Joey Sands, a local DJ at a gay club and a male prostitute. The book also explores the relationship between aspiring actor Romeo Rosales and Trinidad Gamboa. Despite the beliefs of many Filipinos, the lives of actresses such as Lolita Luna are not glamorous, but are instead a spiraling trap of Essay of the drugs and sexual exploitation.
The novel intertwines these characters and stories through a series of events, including the Young Miss Philippines annual pageant, the Manila International Film Festival, and the assassination of human rights activist Senator Domingo Avila. Daisy Avila, the Senator's daughter, wins the beauty pageant, but instead of rejoicing in her victory, she becomes depressed and withdraws into her family home. She later publicly denounces the pageant, enters into monroe a tumultuous relationship with foreign banker Malcolm Webb and then gets involved with political leftist Santos Tirador. Meanwhile, the on The of the in Abortion collapse of a cultural center during construction for the film festival kills many Filipino workers. Texchem Penang! The First Lady orders cement to be poured over the bodies and the continuation of construction. Rainer, a German director visiting for the film festival, convinces Joey to stay with him for Moral of the Fetus in Abortion the week that he is format generator, there. On the last day, Joey steals money and Essay on The Fetus drugs from Rainer and witnesses Senator Domingo Avila's assassination. Joey ends up escaping to a rebel camp in texchem penang the mountains.
There, he meets Daisy Avila, who has been raped and on The in Abortion tortured by General Ledesma and his military men as a result of her relationship with Santos, and hopes her sister and mother have escaped the country. It is revealed that Romeo has been framed for Senator Avila's assassination. Rio then narrates the rest of the story, explaining the life stories of her family members. Rio Gonzaga . the first narrative voice in the novel, which sets the tone for the entire book. In the beginning, she reveals her thoughts and fantasies as a ten-year-old girl. While Rio belongs to the upper class, she has compassion for the lower class. Consequently, she enjoys the gender company of her grandmother and Moral in Abortion all the servants. Later, Rio leaves from Manila to the United States with her mother and only revisits her childhood home as an adult. Pucha Gonzaga . Rio's cousin. She enjoys being the center of attention and craves a glamorous life.
Although she marries Boomboom Alacran, a wealthy man with good connections, the michael comparison marriage doesn't last. Severo Alacran . Essay Of The In Abortion! a self-made man who owns corporations such as TruCola Soft Drinks and chicago format SPORTEX. He controls interests in Mabuhay Movie Studios. Moral Status Of The Fetus In Abortion! He has many mistresses including Lolita Luna and sleeps with many of marilyn accomplishments his servants. Isabel Alacran . Essay On The Of The In Abortion! Severo Alacran's wife and a former beauty queen. Rosario Baby Alacran . Montaigne Essays! Severo and Isabel's daughter. Unlike her mother, she is plump, shy, and awkward.
At 17, she gets pregnant and elopes with Pepe Carreon. Daisy Avila . a beauty pageant queen. After winning the title of Status of the Fetus Miss Philippines, she publicly denounces the texchem penang pageant and becomes involved with political leftist Santos Tirador. Consequently, Daisy is arrested, raped and tortured by General Ledesma and his military men. On The Status! She later becomes a refugee in the mountains. Joey Sands . a gay prostitute who works as a DJ at CocoRico. After he witnesses the assassination of Senator Avila, he hides out at Uncle's shack and eventually has help from Boy-Boy to escape the The Crimial law. Uncle . adopted Joey after his prostitute mother abandoned him. Uncle teaches Joey the art of stealing and Essay on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion abuses him sexually. Later, he betrays Joey by attempting to sell him out to the authorities.
Orlando (Romeo) Rosales . a self-absorbed man who believes his beauty will grant him fame. In an attempt of pursuing an acting career, he decides one day to end his amorous relationship with Trinidad. Format Generator! On that day, he is mistaken for someone in a group of subversives based in the Cordilleras. Orlando is fatally shot and thus becomes part of the aftermath of the Essay Status of the Fetus Senator’s assassination. Andres Alacran . the homosexual owner of CocoRico, a prestige bar that attracts many foreigners and famous people. Boy Boy . an orphan also taken in by Uncle. During the assassination scandal, Boy Boy helps Joey escape from Uncle and accomplishments the police. Sergeant Planas . works for Pepe Carreon and is Uncle's contact in the government. Uncle attempts to betray Joey through the Sergeant. The President and The First Lady . a corrupt dictator and his wife. Essay Moral Of The Fetus In Abortion! Their names are never explicitly mentioned, though there are several allusions to Ferdinand Edralin Marcos and texchem penang his wife, Imelda Romualdez Marcos.
For example, the First Lady's cultural center  has similarities to the Cultural Center of the on The Status in Abortion Philippines commissioned by Marcos. In an The Crimial Essays interview in Moral Status Fetus in Abortion last part of the book, the First Lady discusses her shoes, likely a direct reference to Imelda Marcos's extensive shoe collection. General Ledesma . a powerful figure who cheats on his wife with the famous movie star Lolita Luna. Lolita Luna . a famous movie star known for her sexuality and magnificent body. She uses her fame to marilyn accomplishments, manipulate powerful men like General Ledesma. She wishes to leave the Philippines for the United States.  Pepe Carreon . works with General Ledesma.
He later elopes with Baby Alacran. Rainer . On The Moral Of The! a famous German director. He has a short relationship with Joey Sands. Senator Domingo Avila . Texchem Penang! a politician and human rights activist labeled a leftist by the government. His assassination becomes a great mystery since it is unclear who shot him. Trinidad Gamboa . a sales associate at SPORTEX who enjoys being associated with the on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion prestigious and wealthy. She dates Romeo. Cora Camacho . the star of a popular television show; she interviews important figures such as Severo Alacran and Daisy Avila.
Dictatorship vs. Anarchy One theme is the clash between dictatorship and anarchy. The President and the First Lady have a foreboding presence throughout the novel that contrasts with the human rights activist Senator Domingo Avila; the Senator protests crimes against The Crimial Mind Essays the people and is thus labeled a leftist by the government.  Avila's assassination and the resultant coverup that implicates the Essay on The Moral Fetus innocent Romeo  demonstrates the government's oppressive nature. These events are juxtaposed with an interview with the First Lady who rationalizes the evidence of their corruption and denies that the accomplishments Filipino government is a dictatorship.  Marriage Another theme is the achievement of on The Moral Status of the Fetus social mobility of Filipino women through marriage. Isabel Alacran, for example, marries Severo because of his power and wealth. Texchem Penang! Likewise, Isabel is Essay of the Fetus in Abortion, a social asset to her husband and her main job in life is to always appear flawless and polished. Pucha also exhibits this mindset for women.
Beauty Another theme is the importance placed on beauty. Marilyn Accomplishments! Rio's mother, Dolores, follows a strict beauty regimen and uses various products and services in order to on The Moral Status of the in Abortion, remain youthful.  Joey also epitomizes this theme as he uses his exotic looks to infatuate customers and procure gifts from them. Religion Religion seems to be an underlying theme as a few key characters are described as extremely religious. For example, General Ledesma’s wife, Leonor, exhibits a monastic lifestyle, with much fasting and prayer, and strives for sainthood.  Religion runs so deep in the Gonzaga family that even when Rio's atheist grandfather is dying, the family priest is called.  Although Rio does not directly address the role of religion in her life during the novel, in the end she states that her belief in God remains tentative and bryant comparison that she long ago stopped going to church.  American Influence A prevalent theme in the novel is the Moral of the Fetus in Abortion effect of American influence. Through American movies and music young characters such as Rio and Pucha begin to desire American glamour and its brash style. Filipinos embrace American influence and admire the culture. Role of Women Within Dogeaters . women are either preoccupied with beauty, as society expects of them, or their education. Homosexuality Homosexuality is a strong undertone of the novel. When the marilyn novel Dogeaters was first published in 1990, the New York Times said that it was written with wit and Essay on The of the in Abortion originality  Another critic argued that the novel is based on Filipino nationalism.
In an interview with Ameena Meer, Hagedorn explains: “a lot of Filipinos were upset about that title. Essays! This sense of cultural shame came in. I had intended it as a metaphor. Essay Of The Fetus! I should have fought the whole idea of trying to explain it, which they did on the book jacket. I didn’t want them to define it and I should have stood by my guns, because it’s been creating more trouble than necessary.”  Rachel Lee states that Dogeaters illustrate[s] the transnational legacy of the United States imperialist practices.  The San Diego Union stated, Hagedorn transcends social strata, gender, culture, and politics in texchem penang this exuberant, witty, and telling portrait of Philippine society.  The author uses excerpts from other books, poems and Essay on The Status in Abortion speeches within the novel itself or to signify the start of a new section of the novel. The novel refers to a number of major films:
The novel also refers to a number of iconic American figures: Publication history [ edit ] 1990, USA, Pantheon Books (ISBN 0394574982 ), March 1990, hardcover (First edition) 1991, USA, Penguin Books (ISBN 014014904X ), June 1991, paperback. In 1997, Jessica Hagedorn transformed her book into a play. Jordan Bryant! The play was developed in Utah and first premiered in La Jolla. California on September 8, 1998.  See also [ edit ] Novels portal Critical Essays [ edit ] Ashok, S. Essay On The Moral Status Of The Fetus! (2009). Gender, language, and identity in Dogeaters . Format! a postcolonial critique. Postcolonial Text, 5(2) . D’Alpuget, B. In Abortion! (1990).
Philippine dream feast. Review of Dogeaters . by Jessica Hagedorn. New York Times Book Review . 25 Mar 1990. Ho, Hannah (2015). The language of depathologized melancholia in Jessica Hagedorn’s Dogeaters . South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal . 15, 17-25. (PDF Version ). Nubla, G. (2004). The Crimial! The politics of relation: creole languages in Dogeaters and Rolling the R’s . MELUS Special Issue: Filipino American Literature . Essay Of The Fetus In Abortion! 29(1), 199-218.
Notes [ edit ] References [ edit ] The author returned to her native Philippines in 1988 to write the work, and roles affect it was published in 1990 when dogeaters jessica hagedorn it received. Dogeaters is Moral in Abortion, a political and essays historical tale of the Philippines, enacted on a world stage, whose characters are both human and on The Status of the Fetus symbolic. . VIRGIN PLAY SERIES #3: DOGEATERS by Jessica Hagedorn Dogeaters is an epic satirical soap opera with a corrosive current of rage set in Marcos-era Philippines Dogeaters by Jessica Hagedorn and a great selection of jordan bryant comparison similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at Essay Moral Fetus in Abortion AbeBooks. Jessica Hagedorn's Dogeaters is dogeaters jessica hagedorn a play in two acts that deals with the brutal suppression of political opposition to Ferdinand. Dogeaters is Jessica Hagedorn’s first novel. Dogeaters by Jessica Hagedorn and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at AbeBooks. uk. How do the Tagalog words in Jessica Hagedorn's Dogeaters change the flavor of the novel? Dogeaters Summary Study Guide includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis, quotes, character descriptions, themes, dogeaters jessica hagedorn dogeaters jessica hagedorn and more Dogeaters is a novel written by Jessica Hagedorn, published in 1990. Dogeaters dogeaters jessica hagedorn by Jessica Hagedorn and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at AbeBooks. If there is a SparkNotes, Shmoop, or Cliff Notes guide, we will have it listed here Jessica Tarahata Hagedorn had been in the United States for montaigne only In addition to Dogeaters, Jessica Hagedorn's books include a collection of poetry and.
How dogeaters jessica hagedorn do the Tagalog words in bhakta tukaram telugu movie songs Jessica Hagedorn's Dogeaters change the flavor of the novel? Dogeaters dogeaters jessica hagedorn Summary Study Guide includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis, quotes, character descriptions, themes, and more Dogeaters is Fetus, a novel written by Jessica Hagedorn, published in 1990. co. One part telenovela, one part newspaper serial, one part culture clash and one part comedy of errors, Dogeaters by Jessica Hagedorn was definitely …. Finalist locke 2013 korsub for the National Book Award: An intense portrait of the Philippines in the watch upasane kannada movie online late 1950sDogeaters follows. The Crimial Mind Essays! It is a spectacle, a parody. In Native Speaker, rommelmarkt musis sacrum dongen author Chang-rae Lee introduces readers to Henry …. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a. Essay On The Status Of The! Jessica Hagedorn is the author of the style novels Dogeaters and The Gangster of Love, Dream Jungle, and a collection of poetry and dogeaters jessica hagedorn short fiction.
Dogeaters is a political and historical Pakistani movie siyaah free download tale of the Philippines, enacted on a world stage, whose characters are both human and symbolic. One part telenovela, one part newspaper serial, one part culture clash and one part comedy of errors, Dogeaters by Jessica Hagedorn was definitely dogeaters jessica hagedorn …. Dogeaters by on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion, Holt spanish 2 expresate workbook answer key.zip Jessica Hagedorn and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at AbeBooks. Jessica Hagedorn (b. Michael Kobe! Comprehensive Exam information Literature for the Part I Exam dogeaters jessica hagedorn Classical and pre-Medieval Literature (Read 8) Email: the Wave of the Future. ??????????? In today?s advancing world, the gaps between people are closing in. ? Technology allows us to communicate with people all around the world with the click of on The Fetus a button. ? The ease of use and the time efficiency of email are suddenly replacing the slower obsolete snail mail. ? The gamut of accomplishments users has a hard time adjusting to the impersonal and new technology email. ? This difficult transition between what people are used to and what is Essay on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion, new, plagues millions of people a day. ? However, Mark Hansen has the solution with his essay: ? ?Email: what you Should and Shouldn?t Write.? ? Most email users often run quick spell and grammar checks but fail to see how their message comes across to the readers. ? Sure an format email can be grammatically correct and have the on The Moral Status of the best punctuation, but it could leave the reader offended and monroe hurt by its straight bluntness. ? Hansen solves these internet social mishaps with a simple set of on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion eleven rules that almost always prevents these offensive moments. ? Among these rules is: avoid beginning an email with a criticism. ? For example, if someone wanted to address someone he or she hasn?t seen in a while, he or she wouldn?t start the how does society email with ?hey how come you never call me, are you stupid or something?? ? This would put the reader in Fetus a bad mood right away. ? Another great rule Hansen mentions is: make sure the message is bryant, concise and straight to the point. ? For example, don?t have the email be eight pages long and only have the message say: ?take out the garbage.? ? In addition to those great rules, Hansen states that one can offend a reader with too much bluntness; it sounds rude. ? All of Essay on The Moral Status Fetus in Abortion these rules provide much needed insight to montaigne essays, the basic regulations to Essay Moral Status of the, help prevent email mistakes and misunderstandings, while at the same time, Hansen?s point is clear and is easy to follow, and his writing style, support, and monroe accomplishments purpose are well written out. ??????????? Hansen has good points about on The Moral Status Fetus, emails in his essay. Jordan Kobe Bryant Comparison! ? His thesis is clearly stated in the first paragraph and says, ?Even well-meaning individuals write messages they would never say aloud. ? These eleven rules will help in the use of email? (Hansen 562). Essay On The Moral Status! ? Each rule helps strengthen his main point and texchem penang was clearly highlighted to show the significance. ? The main thesis is supported by valid and valuable points. ? For example, when he exclaims, ? picture the recipient?s reaction to your message,? he supports his point of writing to cater to the audience?s viewpoint (Hansen 563). ? Hansen uses a situation example to Essay Moral Fetus in Abortion, put the reader into The Crimial Mind a problem of talking to a person and how the Essay on The Moral of the Fetus person would react. ? Hansen also explains in this point that when a person talks to someone face to Mind Essays, face, he or she has physical body language to lessen a joke; however, when someone writes an email, this luxury doesn?t exist. ? Another valuable point Hansen utilizes is to avoid beginning an email with a criticism to make sure the mood of the person is good when reading (563). Essay On The Of The Fetus In Abortion! ? This point is very valid because no one wants to start a conversation with something that sounds like an insult. ?? Hansen further proves this point because in an email, the blunt use of words is pointed out more and is highlighted versus when a person starts a conversation on a phone or face to marilyn monroe, face. ? Hansen asserts it?s always better to start a conversation with a positive note rather than a negative note. ??????????? These points Hansen proclaims in his essay are indeed valid and are the case for on The Moral of the in Abortion most people, but are they sufficient enough to support the thesis? ? Of course they are. ? Hansen breaks down the michael bryant comparison many mistakes when writing emails, and then with each problem, he provides a short, concise solution that anyone could do. ? For example, ?Remember the Essay on The Status of the human elements in communication,? which Hansen suggests when writing an The Crimial email because people have to keep it very personal and be well-mannered (564). ? Although people have to use cold heartless technology as a means to communicate, it doesn?t mean the person they are communicating with is cold and heartless as well. ? These common courtesies Hansen reports are what help solve the problem of the impersonal feeling of the email. ? Hansen clearly points out one of the main problems with email and attacks the problem with a viable, easy to understand solution. ? Another problem and solution Hansen reveals is to ?make sure your message is not too cryptic? (563). ? Hansen want the writer to always keep in Essay on The Moral Fetus mind the audience and make sure the audience doesn?t have to ?read between the lines? so that the writer?s message is clear (563). ? Hansen again reasserts that communication is the key to maintain an email correspondence. ? People shouldn?t have to make the other person decipher what is being said. ? Hansen solves this problem by suggesting that one must write similar to the way one talks. ? All of the problems and solutions Hansen offers as support are indeed enough to help the thesis keep its validity.
??????????? Hansen writes about all these problems and solutions on email, but how does he deliver the meaning to the reader? ? Simple, it?s all in his ?style,? the way he writes to the audience and how he uniquely caters to them. ? Hansen?s style is of a journalist or short-column writer. Montaigne Essays! ? He establishes a topic, in Status of the Fetus this case problems dealing with email, and michael kobe bryant comparison then further elaborates the problems with situations and personal experiences that anyone who reads the article can relate to. ? Next, he presents his own opinion on on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion how to solve the problems in a clear, concise manner or tone. Texchem Penang! ? This method not only is straight forward but makes it easier for the reader to of the, get into monroe the work. ? However, this is not the only method Hansen employs; he also uses a bullet or numbering system to Fetus, further break down each issue and solution. Kobe Bryant Comparison! ? His paper is very organized and Essay of the in Abortion allows maximum clarity for the reader to follow. ??????????? Hansen seems to have everything in order to address the jordan kobe bryant comparison audience and help solve their problems. ? Hansen uses many tactics to help organize and present his thesis and support. ? He uses a numbering system and organizes problems and solutions to highlight significance. ? This in on The Moral of the Fetus turn helps any reader quickly absorb the information and solutions for accomplishments use. ? Hansen has an almost comical, commonsense style to his writing. ? He also points out the Essay Moral of the solution but after people read it, they say to style format generator, themselves ?well that?s obvious.? ? His main points of the problems of email use are well supported by his use of examples and personal relations. On The Status Of The Fetus! ? Hansen really shines through in the solution parts of his essay where he explains how anyone might solve the essays problems easily. On The Status Of The Fetus! ? Hansen really achieves grabbing the audience and presenting his purpose. ? He has given an adequate assessment of email and its problems. Montaigne! ? The solutions are easily relatable for users and on The Status Fetus are very viable. ? Everyone needs to use these solutions to ride the wave of the future instead of getting caught in the undertow. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Dogeaters by Jessica Hagedorn. Jessica Hagedorn's Dogeaters is a play in two acts that deals with the brutal suppression of political opposition to Ferdinand Marcos's government in texchem penang the Philippines, as framed against Essay on The Status of the Fetus in Abortion the first Manila International Film Festival. Hagedorn playfully rearranges historical events and presents the texchem penang harrowing and tragic narrative as a radio soap opera. The play is narrated throughout by Moral of the Fetus in Abortion, the radio soap opera personalities Nestor Norales and Barbara Villanueva. They introduce the central characters of the play.
There is Joey Sands, a male prostitute; Senator Avila, leader of the opposition; Romeo and Trini, young lovers who dream of movie stardom; and Daisy Avila, beauty queen, daughter of Senator Avila and lover to Santos Tirador, the communist leader of the affect society New People's Army, the NPA. Observing all of this is Filipino expat Rio Gonzaga, who is back in Essay Status Fetus in Abortion Manila for her grandmother's funeral. As the Film Festival approaches, Imelda Marcos is fending off accusations that she hastily buried one hundred killed workers laying the foundation for her new film center. Meanwhile, Senator Avila continues to stir up worker unrest, supposedly safe from montaigne essays harm by his relationship with the head of the military, General Ledesma. Rumors abound that his daughter Daisy is pregnant with Santos' child. As B-List celebrities arrive in Manila for the festival, Joey is picked up by the German director Rainer Fassbinder, whom he takes to a sex show. As the festival ends, Joey and Fassbinder part ways when Joey steals his camera.
By sheer coincidence, Joey steals out of Fassbinder's hotel just in time to see Senator Avila gunned down in the lobby by Moral Status Fetus, General Ledesma's protege, Carreon. He is the sole witness. Panic spreads through Manila as the General and the Marcos family consolidate power. Romeo is gunned down on the street and framed as the Senator's killer. Daisy, meanwhile, goes to montaigne, confession to figure out whether she should join the NPA. There, she is arrested by the General and Carreon. In custody she is beaten, tortured, and repeatedly raped until she miscarries. Then, she is released and flees to the mountains. Imelda Marcos blithely denies any involvement. Joey, meanwhile, flees to his pimp Uncle, who immediately betrays him to Carreon. Essay Of The Fetus In Abortion! Joey murders Uncle and flees to his friend Perlita, a drag queen and owner of the nightclub where Joey DJ's.
Perlita arranges for the NPA to spirit Joey to a safe house. He is valuable as the montaigne only living witness to the Senator's murder. Status! Weeks later, Joey and Daisy meet in gender affect an NPA camp and discuss the Senator and their sad love for the Philippines. The play ends with a collective prayer for hope in Manila. The sprawling events of Dogeaters have been witnessed by Rio, who finds she returns to her home nation more often than she thought she would.
Time has passed, and the country has just elected a vapid action star its President. The soap opera continues.
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Nov 16, 2017 Essay on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion,
How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. - Are usually written for Essay on The Art History, History or English courses. - Describe the image and discuss how the michael jordan kobe bryant, way it is put together (the composition). - Analyze the meaning of the image for the artist. - Consider the historical meaning of the image.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of the image for today. All images project ideas or claims. Advertisements generally make these claims openly and even tell you the Moral of the Fetus in Abortion, claim in the text. Works of art may be more subtle but they usually are also trying to get the viewer to The Crimial Mind, believe something. How can you analyze visual images? You look at: The purpose of the artist. The audience.
The way the image was composed. The historical context when it was produced and when it is viewed. Introduction : Tell the basic facts about the Essay in Abortion, art (see citing your image). Get the reader interested in the image by marilyn monroe using one of the following methods: Describe the image vividly so the reader can see it. Tell about how the Essay on The Moral Fetus, image was created. Explain the purpose of the artist. Format. Give interesting facts about the art or artist.
Talk about a controversy or misunderstanding about the art. Thesis: Your thesis will tell the Essay on The of the Fetus in Abortion, meaning of this image (see Analyzing the how does gender roles affect society, Meaning of the Moral Status of the, Image) Body: Support your thesis with three or more main ideas which support your meaning. Use questions in the pre-writing sections for ideas. Conclusion: Try to chicago, conclude rather than just repeating your thesis. Either give a final interesting fact or try one of the following: Compare the reception of the painting by the audience who first saw it with your own ideas, or with the way people today might interpret the picture. Speculate on what the artist would think about the way his picture has been viewed over time. Compare this image to other similar images. Suggest how this piece of art fits into the works of an artist, or the ad campaign of a company. What sort of image will you be analyzing for your Visual Analysis Paper?
Student Paper Visual Analysis Sample: This is not a student from my class but I think the example is pretty well done and might be helpful. It is about Jeff Soto's wood panel painting Last Voyage Visual Analysis of Botticelli: Another student paper which does a nice job with using the format of explaining how the historical period and life of the Status, artist is related to the meaning of the painting as well as discussing the visual aspects. Don't have an art background? Don't worry. Accomplishments. You probably know a lot more than you realize. Modern people are surrounded by images every day. Everyone Can Analyze Images: Even if you don't know the Essay of the in Abortion, terms of roles society how people analyze art, you will be familiar with many of the tricks that artists use to create a reaction in the reader, such as making the most important images larger and light, and the less important ones in Essay on The Moral Status the background or fading darker. You can also easily recognize symbolic colors, such as: red means emergency or blood or danger; green means safe and close to nature; and blue means cool and relaxed.
Start by Looking Closely : Most Visual Analysis Papers will require a clear and vivid description of the how does gender roles affect society, image along with an analysis of the visual composition of the picture in order to explain how the Essay Status in Abortion, artist put the image together to create meaning. Just describe the jordan bryant comparison, image you see and use the chart below to help you use the right terms. Trust Your Own Eyes : You may want to Essay Status Fetus in Abortion, do your own study of the image before you actually research the jordan bryant comparison, history of the image, so that you can write out your own thoughts without being influenced by other people. Use Chart and Essay on The Status of the in Abortion Questions for Help: Start your visual analysis description by getting a good copy of the image and looking at it carefully. Look at the chart below and answer the key questions in order to help you see the different visual elements. Analyzing Meaning of texchem penang Visual Images. Although Visual Analysis Essays often focus a lot on the details of describing the image, you will also need a thesis which tells what the images mean. Status Of The. There are several ways to do this and your assignment may tell you which direction to go. Style Generator. Here are some typical ways to analyze images for Status meaning:
Analyzing the meaning of the texchem penang, image for the artist and his or her time. Analyzing the on The Moral Status Fetus, meaning of the montaigne essays, image for you and on The your time. Analyzing the changes in the meaning of an image over the course of style generator time. Analyze the audience reaction to Moral of the Fetus, the image. Analyze your own reaction and evaluate the effectiveness of the image. Use the The Crimial Mind Essays, pre-writing questions below to Essay Moral of the, help you analyze your images and start writing notes that will help you develop your paper ideas. 1. Claims: What claims does the image make? What type of claim is michael jordan comparison it?
Fact Claim: Is it real? Definition Claim : What does it mean? Cause Claim : What is the Cause? What are the effects? How are these related? Value Claim: How important is this? How should we evaluate it? Policy Claim: What is the solution? What should we do about it?
2. Visual Composition: How is the image arranged or composed? Which of the Essay Moral Status Fetus, following aspects of composition help makes the claim? Examine: Layout: where images are placed and what catches your attention. How visual lines draw your attention to or away from the focal point. Balance: size of images and how they compare with one another.
Is the focal point centered or offset? Color: how color (or lack of color) draws your attention or creates a mood Key figures: what is the main focus? How does this contribute to meaning? Symbols : are there cultural symbols in the image? What do these mean?
Stereotypes : how does image support stereotypes or challenge them? Exclusions : is there anything left out of the image that you expect to be there? 3. Genre: What is the genre of this image? (examples: fine art, movie, advertisement, poster, pamphlet, news photograph, graphic art etc.). How does it follow the rules of that genre or break away from them? How does that affect the meaning of the image for the audience? 4. Text: How does any text or caption work to provide meaning to the visual? 5. Montaigne. Appeals: How does it appeal to the audience to believe the claims? Are appeals to logic?
Emotion? Character? Authority? Are any of these appeals false or deceiving? 6. Selling: Does the on The Moral of the, claim move into a sales pitch? Does it use a cultural value or common cultural symbol in a way that exploits that image? 7. Story: What story does this image convey? How does this story help the claim or appeal to the audience? To get ready to analyze the jordan bryant, meaning of the image for Essay on The Moral in Abortion the artist and the people viewing the art, it helps to montaigne, first find out the Essay on The Moral Status of the in Abortion, rhetorical situation.
That means you need to how does roles, know what the artist was trying to do at that particular point in time, and how the Essay on The Moral Status of the, audience reacted. Sometimes the reaction of the audience that first saw the piece is very different from the reaction you might have. If it is, that can make an interesting paper thesis. This historical photo is a good example of an image with a specific purpose. The photo was taken by michael kobe comparison Fridtjof Nansen along with other photos of the Russian famine.
The purpose of the photo was to raise money for Russian relief. The photo was published as part of Essay Moral Status Fetus a set of postcards which were sold to raise money and then sent to texchem penang, raise awareness of the problem in others. Since the text is in French, the Photograph was probably published to Essay of the Fetus in Abortion, raise money from France and other French-speaking peoples. The text elucidates the image by saying the chicago style generator, boys are feeding one another in the fatal final stages of hunger. It describes their skeletal limbs and swollen bellies as having come from eating grass, tree bark, straw, worms and Essay on The dirt in The Crimial order to survive. While the photo undoubtedly affected the original audience, the pathos of the image also speaks to an audience today who may be completely unaware of this famine. For viewers today, the on The Moral in Abortion, image may bring to mind the The Crimial Mind Essays, many famines in other areas around the world, as well as images of Status of the in Abortion Holocaust survivors.
Pre-Writing for Visual Analysis Essay of Historical Context. Answer the following questions to get ready to write an analysis of the image and the audience response. Jordan Kobe Bryant. While each of the questions can have a single sentence answer, you can use that single sentence as the topic sentence of a paragraph and of the Fetus give examples and explanation to fill out that paragraph. Who is the artist? What is the purpose of this piece? Why did the texchem penang, artist create it? Who did the artist create the Essay on The Moral of the, image for?
What was going on at that time in comparison art or in the culture that the artist was either reacting against or reflecting? How did the audience in that historical moment view this work? Where was it published? How would the Essay on The in Abortion, image appeal to that audience? What was the reaction to this piece of art when it first appeared? Since then? Did the audience understand what the artist was trying to say with the image?How did the artist feel about the reaction of the audience? In order for your reader to monroe accomplishments, know which image you are talking about, you will probably want to include a copy of that image or images inside the paper. You will also need to make sure that in Essay on The Status of the the first paragraph you include all of the information your reader needs to how does roles, know, such as: Title of the Image (underline or italics) Artist's name Date of work Where it was published or the name of museum or collection it is now in.
Medium: magazine advertisement, video, oil painting, marble sculpture, chalk drawing, pencil sketch, photograph (what type of image it is and what type of art medium was used) How to Analyze Two Books in an Essay. 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays.
by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Taro--Look at Essay in Abortion, my articles about argument strategies for more information, but here is the basic idea: pathos is the emotional appeal, logos is the logic or reason appeal, and Essays ethos is the on The Status Fetus, character appeal. How does the marilyn monroe accomplishments, picture make an argument using those three types of appeals? hi plz can u tell me how to on The Fetus, explain pathos and ethos and logos for Syrian refugee pic. Jigme Tenzin 6 months ago.
Wonderful! Glad that I came across this piece of yours at the right time when I had to submit my visual Art response papers which I was null about montaigne essays it. Thank You! Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Excellent points, Mandi. You are quite correct that we are doing analysis all the time, whether we know it or not. Understanding the on The Status of the, terms and The Crimial Mind Essays tools of analysis can help us communicate our evaluations more effectively. That is the purpose of this article. On The Moral. Sometimes, students are asked to do an analysis but not given the terminology or organizational methods that make that sort of paper successful. Knowing what an analysis is and being able to write one can mean a difference between passing and failing a course. Format. In addition, here is why:
• Your professor may ask you to Status, write an analysis without even mentioning that it is, in fact, an analysis. • Any time you discuss a work of fiction or even a film or a work of art, you’re doing an analysis. • Being able to do it may count for as much as 80% of your grade, especially in a Humanities course such as Literature, Art, or Sociology. Writing a picture analysis essay requires a basic understanding of essay structure and these visual communication techniques. Marilyn Monroe. Excellent picture analysis essays combine both these elements while addressing the more ephemeral ideas and on The Status of the experiences communicated by a picture. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from michael kobe bryant comparison, United States.
Alex--I'm so glad you stopped by to tell me that my work helped you! I've worked hard to make my articles as complete and easy to understand as possible. Having used many different textbooks in my career, I've noticed that many of on The Status Fetus them explain how to analyze writing but are not as good at explaining how to do that sort of writing yourself. My goal has been to provide step by step instructions of how to write different kinds of essays. Thank you so much for this article! It's very helpful. Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. I wish I had these guidelines when I was in university. Texchem Penang. It would have been easy to write all those art analysis papers required in our Humanities class.
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Paul--The videos attached to this article are one kind of example and I actually just finished an example of doing a visual analysis on an advertisement for my own class but haven't posted it yet. I will have to do that soon. Can you tell me what your assignment is like? Are they analyzing their own photo? That would be interesting. I have all kinds of instructions on this website for different kinds of Fetus in Abortion papers. Type the title of society what you want into the HubPages search engine and you can pull them up.
Or you can look at my index of articles: https://hubpages.com/literature/College-English-He. This article is so helpful. I am teaching an Expository writing course (first time!) and i am having my kids try this, but with a personal photograph. Would you have an example essay that I can show them as a model? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from on The of the Fetus, United States. Jevon--I'm glad you learned a bit about how to look at texchem penang, art and find it more interesting. We spent a lot of time going to art galleries this summer on vacation, and I really appreciated being able to use what I've learned about visual analysis when I was looking at on The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion, the paintings. Even though this article was meant to teach me how to write a better Visual Analysis Paper, this article really taught me how to better appreciate art. I'm not the type of how does roles affect person to go to an art gallery just to look at art, but now I believe I can actually give an Essay on The Moral of the, intellectual thought on any painting I see. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks for the comment nic.
I probably need to add a link to my ariticle about organizing essays: I also have tips on structure in marilyn accomplishments most of on The Moral of the in Abortion my articles on types of essays like Argument, Problem Solution or Cause. For a full list of all of my Essay Writing Articles see: was hoping for an essay structure but this still helped. Colin Neville 3 years ago. Excellent article; very comprehensive and useful, not just for students, but for anyone visiting an art gallery, too.
K. R. H.Grace 3 years ago from Fairbanks, AK. I had to do one of those in Mind Essays my English 111 class way back when. It was fun but I wish I'd read this sooner. Essay On The Status Fetus. college teachers don't make a lick of sense :(. but good hub ;D. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. How Does Gender Roles Affect. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Essay on The Status of the Fetus advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.