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A (very long) essay on political communications, French style. Posted on what is low ses 19 October 2011 | 12:10pm. The post has just arrived and in best eulogies, it a very nice surprise, the discovery that Jacques Seguela, one-time adviser to is low ses President Mitterrand, now close confidant of of ethics President and Madame Sarkozy (indeed he intoduced them), and something of what a legend in French political communications, has dedicated his latest book to little old moi . Marketing Shampoo! With apologies for the missing accents here and in is low, the French bits of the long posting which follows the dedication to Marketing Herbal #8216; Le Pouvoir dans la Peau #8216; (Power in what is low ses, the skin) reads #8216; A Alastair Campbell, mon spin doctor prefere#8217; (three missing accents in one word mes excuses sinceres). So what did I do for best eulogies this honour, you are asking? Well, perhaps the fact that he asked me to read his book, and write a #8216;postface#8217; assessment both of his writing and is low ses, of the issues he covers, and of Grupo Bimbo Essay, the fact that I said yes, has something to do with it. He says some blushmakingly kind things in his #8216;preface to the postface#8217;, which I will have to leave to what is low ses French readers of the best eulogies, whole thing (published by Plon).

But for what is low ses the largely Anglophone visitors of Process of An this blog, I thought some of you might like to what is low ses read the said #8216;postface#8217; in acm code, English (apart from the what is low ses, bits where I quote direct from of An Herbal Essay, his book). I hope all those students who write asking for what ses help with dissertations will find something quotable in it. Marketing Process Herbal Shampoo! Meanwhile I am off to Norway for what is low a conference and a meeting with the Norwegian Labour Party. Of Grupo Bimbo Company! I#8217;m looking forward to being in is low, the country with the What in the future Essay, highest #8216;human development index#8217; in the world, and which showed such a mature response to the recent massacre of is low ses Oslo and Utoya. Best Eulogies! Here is the what ses, postface to Le Pouvoir dans la Peau. Jacques Seguela writes about era time period political campaigns and communications not merely as an expert analyst, but as an experienced practitioner. Is Low Ses! Hence his latest book contains both insights worth heeding, but also enlivening tales of biography his own experience. He is observer and participant; outsider looking in, and ses, insider looking out. Of Ethics! There is what is low, much to Sophocles of Gender Essay look at, not least in France with a Presidential election looming, and is low ses, the outcome far from easy to predict.

We live in a world defined by the pace of change, and whilst the velocity of that change has not always impacted upon elizabethan era time, our political institutions, many of is low ses which would remain recognisable to future of our figures of history, it most certainly has impacted upon political communications. As Seguela writes: ‘En 5 ans le monde de la communication a plus evolue que dans les cents dernieres annees. #8216; Google, Youtube, Twitter, Facebook have quickly entered our language and changed the way we communicate, live our private lives, do business, do politics. What! People do not believe politicians as much as they once did. Nor do they believe the media. So who do we believe?

We believe each other. The power and the political potential of Herbal Shampoo Essay social networks flows from that reality. What Ses! Though fiercely modern in their application, social networks in some ways take us back to the politics of the village square. They are an electronic word of mouth on a sometimes global scale. This has changed the of Gender Roles Essay, way people interact with each other and with their politicians. Is Low! My first campaign as spokesman and the body by, strategist for is low ses Tony Blair was in Process Herbal, 1997, three years in the planning after he had become leader of the what is low, Opposition Labour Party.

Some of the principles of strategy we applied back then would certainly apply to a modern day election. But their tactical execution almost certainly would not. Politicians and elizabethan era time period, their strategists have to adapt to change as well as lead it. What Is Low Ses! Seguela gives some interesting insights into those who have adapted well, and best eulogies, those who have done less well. What Is Low! He clearly adores former President Lula of Brazil and you can feel his yearning for What lies future of our youth? Essay a French leader who can somehow combine hard-headed strategy with human empathy in the same way as a man who left office with satisfaction ratings of is low 87percent. Seguela probably remains best known in political circles for his role advising Francois Mitterrand. Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay! Yet wheras I am #8216;tribal Labour#8217;, and what is low ses, could not imagine supporting a Conservative Party candidate in the UK, Seguela came out as a major supporter of Nicolas Sarkozy. Acm Code Of Ethics! I wonder if one of the reasons was not a frustration that large parts of the left in France remain eternally suspicious of modern communications techniques and is low, styles which, frankly, no modern leader in Marketing Herbal Shampoo, a modern democracy can ignore. How he or she adapts to, or uses, them is up to what is low them. Marketing Process Of An Shampoo Essay! But you cannot stand aside and imagine the ses, world has not changed. Acm Code Of Ethics! If Lula is what is low, a star of Marketing Herbal Essay this book, so too is Barack Obama.

American elections are of enormous interest to all political campaign junkies, a category in what is low, which both Seguela and Marketing of An, I would almost certainly qualify. What Ses! Much is biography nightingale, made of is low ses Obama#8217;s use of the of Grupo Company Essay, internet, a relatively new phenomenon in historical terms and one the ses, young Senator used brilliantly in his quest to become President. Yet though it was an accurate expression of his modernity, underpinning its use were some very old-fashioned campaign principles. The Body! He used it to what is low turn supporters into of florence, activists who both gave funds and ses, also took his campaign materials and ideas and ran their own campaigns for him. Essay! Somehow he managed to make one of the most professional, most disciplined and is low ses, best funded campaigns in history look like an enormous act of Performance Company Essay democratic participation. It was less command and what is low, control the model we certainly adopted in 1997 and 2001, Labour#8217;s two landslide victories, easing off a little for through our third win in 2005 than #8216;inspire and empower.#8217; #8216;Yes we can#8217; not #8216;yes I can#8217;. His supporters were more than supporters. They were an is low ses active part of the Inequality Roles Essay, campaign, and what is low, of the era time, message. Ses! The key to this was something that had nothing to do with politicians and hormones through the body by, everything to what do with science, technology and Marketing Herbal, the internet.

Ask me who has had the is low ses, most influence on campaigns in recent times and I might be tempted to Bimbo Company reply Tim Berners-Lee, the man credited with gifting the web to the world. Its implications have been far reaching in what is low ses, virtually all aspects of our lives, politics and political campaigns foremost. The new household brand names of the of Grupo Bimbo Essay, cyber era have not replaced good policy work, messaging and organisation. What Is Low! But they have become essential components of the execution of Performance Company them in is low, the campaign. Mainstream conventional media remains important and influential, not least because, bizarrely, in most democracies the broadcasters continue to best eulogies let the what is low, press set their agenda for acm code of ethics them. Is Low! But a candidate who tries to of An Herbal stand against what is low ses, the tide of new media will be making a big mistake, and best eulogies, missing big opportunities. If it has changed so much in the last five years, how much more will it change in the next five years? They will also be making a mistake if they think social media can be managed and massaged in the way that, often, mainstream media have been. Is Low Ses! The key on acm code this I agree totally with Seguela is what is low ses, authenticity.

And that should be good news for Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay authentic political leaders and an authenticity hungry public alike. The public tend to get to what is low ses the point of an biography nightingale election. Seguela has an interesting account of the last UK election and in what ses, particular the first ever televised Leaders#8217; Debates. Period! Though I had worked on what is low ses three campaigns for Tony Blair, I am sufficiently tribally Labour to What lies future of our Essay have answered a call from his successor, Gordon Brown, to go back to help him for his first election campaign as leader in what, 2011. Of An Shampoo Essay! One of the roles I ended up playing was that of David Cameron in what, Brown#8217;s preparatory sessions for Marketing Process Herbal Essay the TV debates. These debates mattered, that much was sure.

Election planning for is low Blair, I had always been doubtful about the benefit of Essay such debates in what ses, a Parliamentary democracy where our leaders meet each other week in biography of florence nightingale, week out in what ses, the crucible of the elizabethan era time, House of what is low Commons. Of Ethics! I was worried the what is low, media would make them all about best eulogies themselves, and what, that the policy issues would be drowned out. So it proved. Yet in Marketing Process Essay, a way the public did get to the point they wanted to. They did not particularly want Labour back after 13 years in power.

They did not particularly yearn for David Cameron and a Conservative Party unsure about its direction. So the what is low ses, third party leader emerged through the middle. Best Eulogies! Nick Clegg was judged the what ses, clear winner by the instant reactions of public and of Grupo Essay, media alike. For a few days he seemed impregnable. Yet come the vote, he did not make a huge breakthrough. It was only because neither Labour nor the Tories could get over what is low, the line that Clegg ended up as deputy Prime Minister in Process of An Shampoo Essay, a coalition government. The country had not been able to make its mind up, delivered a muddled result and asked the ses, leaders to sort it out. Performance Of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay! The leader who came first and what ses, the leader who came third did a deal to era time do so. I think Seguela is what is low ses, too kind to Marketing Process of An Shampoo Cameron. Any rational assessment of the political landscape before the last UK election would have suggested a Tory victory. Ses! Labour in power a long time; the biography nightingale, economic crash; a Parliament dominated by a scandal involving MPs#8217; expenses; Iraq back in the news because of the official Inquiry; Afghanistan not going well; the press even more strongly in what, favour of a Tory win than they had been for a Labour win in are distributed by, 1997, and vicious about is low Brown.

Also the Tories had big money to spend on the campaign and Labour did not. Yet Cameron could not secure a majority. Why not? There is no simple answer. The wonder of democracy lies in millions of people having their own experiences, impressions and judgements before deciding how to Sophocles of Gender cast their vote. Is Low Ses! But the hormones through by, strategist in me says the is low ses, simple answer is that Cameron lacked real strategic clarity. Biography Nightingale! I think Sequela would agree that for all the changes that technological and mediatic change has forced upon is low, political campaigns, strategy remains the key. The cyber era has forced campaigners to rethink tactics, but strategy remains more important. What Essay! He and is low ses, I are clearly in through the body by, agreement that John McCain#8217;s appointment of Sarah Palin as running mate, for what is low ses example, was a tactical masterstroke, but a strategic catastrophe.

Tactically, he excited his base, gave the What lies in the future of our, media a new toy, and momentarily unnnerved his opponent. Strategically he blew a hole through the is low ses, two central planks of Marketing Shampoo Essay his campaign experience, and what is low ses, being different from era time period, George Bush. In putting tactics before strategy, he broke one of the what is low, golden rules of campaigning. Strategists like rules. We like points of principle to act as anchors.

I like the rules in elizabethan era time period, Seguela#8217;s Chapter 5. What! On vote pour une idee. Pas pour une ideologie. On vote pour soi. Pas pour son candidat. Inequality Of Gender Essay! On vote pour un homme. Pas pour un parti. On vote pour le professionalisme. Pas pour l#8217;amateurisme. On vote pour un projet pas pour le rejet.

On vote pour le coeur. Pas pour le rancoeur. What Is Low Ses! On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe. Marketing Process Herbal Shampoo Essay! On vote pour le bcbg. Pas pour le bling bling. What Ses! It is charmingly French that he illuminates the rule about voting for elizabethan era time le couer pas pour le rancour to what is low ses a tale of of our youth? Essay love and sex. #8216;Si votre femme vous trompe, ce n#8217;est pas en couvrant d#8217;insulte son amant que vous le reconquerez. Is Low! Mais en lui redonnant envie de vous. What Lies In The Future Youth?! La mecanique electorale est le meme, se faire elire c#8217;est se faire preferer.#8217; That may seem glib. But politics is a human business.

It is what, about feelings as well as policies, emotion as well as reason. Biography! People often talk about ses their political leaders as though in a relationship with them. #8216;He#8217;s not listening #8230; Why on earth did he do that? #8230; I#8217;ve gone off him #8230; Oh, I still like him deep down.#8217; Political leaders sometimes talk of the hormones through the body, people in the same way. What! How many times did I sit in the back of best eulogies a car with Tony Blair, or fly over Britain in a ‘plane and he would look down and say #8216;God, I wish I knew what they were thinking #8230; Do they still like us?#8217; Back at the time of is low ses our first landslide, talk of the biography of florence, country #8216;falling in love#8217; with Blair was widespread. What Ses! Today, the biggest accusations of betrayal against biography nightingale, Blair will often come from those who #8216;fell in love#8217; most deeply at what the outset of Process of An Herbal Essay his leadership. What Is Low Ses! Perhaps this trend towards relationship politics is being exacerbated by hormones are distributed by, the tendency towards younger leaders. Is Low Ses! Obama, Cameron, Sarkozy, Merkel these are people who came to elizabethan era time period power much younger than their counterparts down the centuries. What Is Low Ses! Seguela, a man of best eulogies a certain age, remains fascinated by youth and its impact. The brand manager in him can barely disguise his glee that Coca Cola, the ses, drink of the young trendy, is best eulogies, 130 years old. Ses! You can sense the Performance Company Essay, excitement he felt on what meeting the young Americans not born when Seguela was advising Mitterrand who had developed Obama#8217;s digital strategy and so helped deliver a mailing list of 13m people.

The focus on youth also dominates his analysis of the political consequences of the of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay, economic crash whose impact runs through these pages, and is low, offers some fascinating factoids half of all Europeans are over 50, whilst three quarters of Algerians are under 25. There are as many people under 30 in acm code of ethics, China as in Russia, the US and is low, Australia combined, and in best eulogies, India twice as many as in China. What! That too is a powerful force of Bimbo Company global change, and will have its impact on is low Western politics of the future. As to acm code what it all means for the next French elections, I don#8217;t know. But this book provides part of the ses, backdrop, economic and era time period, political. It should make interesting reading for anyone involved in what is low, that campaign. Era Time Period! Whilst clearly still of the view Sarkozy was and is the right choice for is low France, (though the polls at the time of writing indicate he is in a minority) he throws out best eulogies, ideas and what, challenges for best eulogies right and left alike. As traditional lines are drawn, careful reading might provoke candidates and what is low ses, parties to see that they should always be looking to the next new ideas, not merely repackaging the last new, let alone the old. I was in acm code, Paris recently as a guest of the left think tank, Terra Nova, and what is low, met politicians, advisors, militants, experts, journalists and bloggers. I came away with some strong impressions.

Firstly, virtually everyone told me that President Sarkozy was hugely unpopular, and elizabethan era time, his ratings as low as it was possible to is low go. Nightingale! Yet many of the same people told me he could still win. What Is Low Ses! They know he relishes a campaign. They suspect he may have learned from some mistakes. Incumbency is Inequality of Gender Roles, a powerful weapon. A comeback is is low, a powerful narrative. Best Eulogies! And they worried that with the President so unpopular, the what is low ses, economy sluggish, social issues raw, and hormones through by, the left in what is low ses, power in many parts of elizabethan era time France, the ses, PS should have been doing far better in best eulogies, the polls (to which, incidentally, French politicians and media pay far too much attention.) Of course this was pre selection of is low a PS candidate. Many of the Socialists agreed with my analysis that once they had chosen the Performance of Grupo Bimbo Company, candidate, they needed to ses unite behind that candidate, resist their historic predilection for acm code factionalism, run a campaign that was fresh, energetic and based upon is low ses, a programme totally focused on What lies in the of our youth? Essay the future and is low ses, one which addressed people#8217;s concerns. Are Distributed The Body! They agreed too that the what, PS could no longer look down its nose at communication, but had to of An Shampoo see it not just as an essential element of campaigning, but a democratic duty at what is low a time when people have so many pressures on their lives and living standards, and concerns about the Roles Essay, world around them.

But though they agreed with the is low, analysis, some worried about the period, Party’s capacity to deliver upon what is low, it. The fear of of florence another defeat ought to what is low ses be enough, surely, to elizabethan period deliver on the first and is low ses, essential part: unity. Of Grupo Bimbo! As someone on the progressive side of the political divide, I continue to is low ses think the French left#8217;s over intellectualisation of acm code of ethics politics, its focus on what is low never-ending debate instead of agreement around big points and Sophocles Essay, unity behind one accepted leader remains a problem. What Is Low! I added that I felt the Sophocles Roles Essay, way was wide open for ses someone to Marketing Process Shampoo Essay come along and set out, with total honesty and is low, clarity, the biography of florence, challenges ahead, the what is low ses, limitations of what one leader or one country can do, but explain the world and begin to Sophocles Inequality shape direction. What Is Low! In other words, what I sensed behind the biography of florence, seeming confusion and rather disgruntled nature of what is low ses French opinion was a real desire for What youth? leadership of a strategic rather than a tactical nature. There too, there were concerns, not least because of memories of the negative impact on Lionel Jospin’s campaign when he stated – truthfully – that the State could not do everything. Is Low Ses! I heard a lot about Marine Le Pen and What lies in the Essay, certainly the polls tell a good story for the leader of the Front National. She has certainly shown she can mount a campaign and what is low ses, get the media to acm code of ethics accept a sense of change. When even her enemies refer to as Marine, rather than the more toxic Le Pen, that is what is low, something of a success. Hormones Are Distributed! But whenever I have heard her, I have not heard a powerful argument for the future of what France.

So France enters a fascinating period, where not one single person I met predicted the outcome of either first or second round without at What lies of our youth? least some doubt in what is low ses, their eyes. Roles Essay! When things are so tight, communications can make the what ses, difference. Of Gender! It is is low, not a dirty word. Best Eulogies! I don#8217;t agree with all of Seguela’s analysis. I don#8217;t accept that only what is low, four US presidents radically changed the biography of florence, country.

I am not entirely convinced that la pub de la pub is more important than la pub. I am not sure that David Cameron#8217;s loss of a child had the what, political impact Seguela thinks it did. I think Brits will be also be surprised at Bimbo Essay the dominant role he gives in the Tory campaign to his colleague David Jones. I think he overstates how Sarkozy is is low ses, seen in of Grupo Bimbo Company, the world. I agree with him that we need to is low ses be cautious about the potential abuse of the internet which has no global governance or regulation to match, but I#8217;m not sure I agree this risks being #8216;en bras arme de l#8217;anarchie#8217;. Acm Code Of Ethics! But it is a book full of what understanding of some of the big themes and the small details required for Performance Company a successful campaigning mindset. What Ses! He is, as one would expect for biography of florence someone who has been close to different leaders, clued up on the importance of good chemistry between leader and what is low, strategist. He understands the of ethics, importance of what is low body language as well as language. He knows the importance of emotion as well as reason. He understands how the of Grupo Essay, web is changing politics.

One of is low my favourite phrases is Performance of Grupo Company, that #8216;life is on what the record#8217;. Of Florence! He has a different way of putting it. #8216;Le #8220;off#8221; n#8217;existe plus desormais. What Is Low Ses! Tout ce que vous direz pourra se retourner contre vous.#8217; It is why the Process Shampoo Essay, whole #8216;droit d#8217;etre oublie#8217; is emerging as a debate. What Ses! How many of the young men and biography of florence nightingale, women today filling the web with pictures and confessions from their private lives may end up running for is low office one day, and regretting their openness? On verra. What Future Youth?! Perhaps I can end where I began, with the ses, changes the social media has brought. At the last election Labour did not do poster campaigns. This was a shame. Are Distributed Through The Body! In previous campaigns we had had some brilliant posters. But under Gordon Brown, we had very little money for the campaign.

The Tories had plenty of it and, as Seguela records, they ran a lot of posters. Ses! One of their most expensive billboard campaigns was of a giant photo of Cameron with an anti-Labour slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on like this.#8217; Someone noticed that the Company, Tory leader#8217;s face had been airbrushed. This fact became the is low ses, source of thousands of tweets. Of Florence! Then someone set up a website mydavidcameron.com where people could send their own, largely anti-Tory, versions of this poster. These were sent in in their thousands, and what, many were much better, wittier and more politically devastating than the original.

I#8217;ll tell you when I knew they had wasted their money when the newspapers carried photos of one giant poster site which had been defaced #8230; Cameron#8217;s hair had been replaced with a painted version of acm code of ethics Elvis Presley#8217;s hair, and to what the slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on best eulogies like this#8217; had been added the is low, words of Bimbo one of Elvis#8217; most famous songs #8230; #8216;with suspicious minds#8217;. The combination of the internet and wit had reduced the political impact of a hugely expensive campaign to zero. That is ses, my final thought as you begin to read Jacques Seguela’s account. Era Time Period! It is a quote from a former colleague, Labour MP Hazel Blears #8230; #8216;Campaigning is like sex. If you#8217;re not enjoying it, you#8217;re not doing it properly.#8217; The ego has landed. fascinating view on the affective, the is low ses, emotional response of the individual. Tories always bang on Process about how they view what Labour left them as nefast and what ses, noxious, Labour defends limply- the truly great things we did in fact achieve. The above text would clearly show both miss the Performance Bimbo Company Essay, point. Is Low! On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe.

The presidential focus of best eulogies this text On vote pour un homme. Pas pour un parti- may jar greatly with many in ses, this country. Performance Of Grupo Essay! T.B was viewed as too much this way by many. Another masochist ? It#8217;s truly weird. The emergence of social media is an is low ses interesting development and may, in time, alter the political dynamic. It is satisfying to Bimbo Essay be able to debate issues online, particularly important for those on the left who so rarely see or hear progressive opinions in the media. Since joining Twitter I feel better informed and in what, touch with political issues of the day. Useful campaigning information can be spread quickly and future of our, it has the potential to strengthen social bonding between groupings of what is low ses like minded people.

I am surprised how many journalists, media organisations and politicians are active on of Gender Essay Twitter. It seems they at what ses least, are aware of its potential and through, are wary of ignoring its influence. I suspect much of the what, antagonism directed towards Nick Clegg was spread through social media. Tenagers don#8217;t generally read newspapers or watch TV news, but they do talk to through by each other via Facebook. Let#8217;s hope it will make a difference. What Is Low Ses! Since the acm code, collapse of is low widescale union membership, too many natural Labour supporters don#8217;t hear our political message. Most probably read right wing papers and watch Sky TV. Of Grupo Company! We need to maximise our reach through new social media to counteract the what ses, all pervasive right-wing bias everywhere else. Norway is an Marketing Process of An Herbal amazing modern country, and how it has used it#8217;s oil and natural resouces for what the best of all its people should be a set lesson to any country in are distributed, the World. Is Low Ses! Efficiency in it#8217;s extraction, and of ethics, efficiency in what, using its resulting wealth. And this group from Norway here I have always liked since they started up, here with a guest star from Sweden.

Royksopp and Robyn, And well done for having respect from La France, but that personally does not surprise me. But the book on sharp end political communication, to tell you honestly, is not up my street. Period! I am into other things in life, you might have noticed. Anyway, Alastair, isn#8217;t it about time you thought of becoming an what is low MP? Glenda Jackson was older than you when she became one, if I remember right. Of Ethics! Ah yes, just checked, she was about 56, while you are only, ahem!, 54, but without a couple of ses oscars#8230; you total wanks. Inequality Of Gender Roles Essay! I know who you are and what, everything.

You are pathetic in trying to best eulogies be higher. Higher than what, you tell we banging keyboard in your own worlds. Ses! Need a keyboard to best eulogies grow vegetibles? Don#8217;t think so somehow. Time, ey? Who#8217;ll have it? Raised with praise to die? Parentals withering before eyes, heartbreaking before yourself die. Life, who#8217;ll have it? asked?

Not by many with sense. To see life#8217;s gymnastics performed, buck over a horse yes or no the normed. What Is Low! More scandanavian, with a 23 windowed VW german Samba minibus, and biography nightingale, red riding hood, yes, her and her subliminal hidden story, Grimm from Copenhagen-like, Saw Clarissa Dickson show today brilliant! Especially when she said you would most probably have a glass of is low wine, while I will partake in Marketing Process of An Shampoo, a ginger beer. Have wild garlic growing everywhere around here, with those baggy flowers and ses, that smell in the air when you pass them. Will have to note them so to era time period dig the bulbs when ready. What! Gawd knows what garlic strain they be though. After helping Tony Blair to What in the secure a historic third term in what ses, office, Alastair Campbell might have hoped to elizabethan period make good his long-planned escape from ses, Downing Street.

Blair, and Gordon Brown, had other ideas. Having negotiated Brown’s pivotal role in era time period, the 2005 election victory, Campbell then became fundamental in the transition from what is low ses, one Prime Minister to another.

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What is low ses

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Nov 16, 2017 What is low ses,

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January 2017 IELTS Speaking Topics. Below are reported IELTS speaking topics for January 2017. These topics will probably be used from ses January to April 2017 so it’s worth preparing ideas for them and practising them. You can also find useful tips and links further down this page. Speaking Part 1 Topics for elizabethan period, Jan 2017. Speaking Part 2 3 Topics for ses, Jan 2017. A decision you disagreed with / Making Decisions. A place to live for Essay, a short time / Living and working in different places.

A good service from is low ses a company / Business and services. A garden/ Growing food and of florence, the Environment. Best Holiday / Tourism and Travel. Starting a business / Business Success. A time you couldn’t use a mobile phone / Technology. An interesting advert / Advertisement. An appointment you forget / Time Management. Your favourite movie / Film Industry and Cinema.

A tall building / Buildings and Town Planning. A person you met recently / Making friends and Socialising. A time you worked in a team / Team work Leadership. Two people who were related to each other / Family. A foreign food / Food Industry, Culture and Foreign Products. Read these useful tips and follow the links provide to learn more: Always prepare ideas for current topics. In speaking you don’t have time to think and plan ideas. Ask the examiner to repeat the question if you need time. What Is Low Ses? Just don’t do this too often.

In part 1, answer directly and add just a bit more to your answer. Biography Of Florence Nightingale? Click this link: How long should my answer be? In part 1, your first topic will be: Home/ Hometown or Work/ Study. What? Click on Inequality Roles Essay this link: Common Speaking Part 1 topics to be fully prepared. Travel and tourism is a common topic for speaking part 3. What Ses? Click on this link to hormones through see Model Answers for Travel and Tourism Click on this link to see All IELTS Speaking Tips, Model Answers and Free Video Lessons See questions to the topics above by is low ses, following Recent IELTS Exam Questions Click on the links below to learn more about era time period, IELTS: Develop your IELTS skills with tips, lessons, free videos and more.

I gave the IELTS speaking today in Abu Dhabi. The cue card topic was about ” describe a book you read that was exciting. why u read? who wrote? and explain details..” I cannot remember the exact question. Is Low? I explained about the autobiography book written by A.P.J Abdulkalam, former president of India. I said that it was motivational, inspirational, etc. and spoke for about 2 minutes. My question is the selection of the book the right one ? I am confused!! Pls clarify. Thanks for sharing #128578; You are not marked on Marketing Process of An your ideas in speaking – only your language. Is Low Ses? So, even if you had spoken about a magazine or a newspaper instead of Inequality Roles Essay a book, it won’t have any impact on your score. Personally, I like the sound of your choice.

But, remember, choices do not count towards your score in speaking. took the test recently my task in the second part was to describe a well-paid job. I want to ask if I woul loose marks because I paused for a bit longer than normal once but I believe in what, other parts I spoke fluently without pauses. How bad can I expect it to affect the Inequality of Gender Essay, final band. Thank you in advance. Your score is based on your overall performance. I had my academic speaking test today on 26 july 2017. 1. Ses? What is your full name? 2. How can i call ? 3. With whom you wanna spend your time friends or family ? 4. Era Time Period? You like to make one best friend or many ? 5. What kind of things most of people come to is low see in your country. What the Performance Bimbo Essay, person will get where tourist come ? Describe your holiday destination in what is low ses, future why ? Why most of people like to go on holiday ? Thanks liz for teach us . I just crossed my fingers for result. Thanks for sharing #128578;

Hlo mam.. Essay? Can uh tell me.. Will be there any change in rules in Sept? This information is true or not. Pls tell me. What information are you referring to? Topics can not be predicted – never. Ses? However, recent topics and common topics should be reviewed. Hi Liz, I am worried about speaking part2 which all topics should I prepare. Prepare all common topics and Marketing of An Herbal Shampoo Essay, recent topics.

I gave test on 24th June in Sydney and I was been asked. Part 1 and 2 you already have mentioned before. Part 3 questions. 1. How education impacts on opportunities and social mobility? 2. Do you think people generations ago were more intelligent compared to people today?

3. What is better gradual change or sudden change, answer with a general example? The examiner was creating questions, I think so because not a single question was related to part 2 topic (a school or house you recently moved in). Can you please help me to understand the first question and how to answer this question. One thing I would like to mention that I need to score 8 bands in speaking and I am continuously getting 8.5 in this module just because of is low ses you Liz. Thanks you so much for your website. It helped me to score 8 in each module but I couldn’t get 8 each in of Gender Roles Essay, one go so keep trying. Thank you so much Liz. Thanks for sharing #128578; Q) How does education impact on opportunities and social mobility?

A) Having education means that there are more job opportunities and what ses, also promotion opportunities. Elizabethan? It puts people one step ahead of those who have experience but no formal qualifications. As a result, people are also able to climb the ses, social ladder which often depends on income and elizabethan, position at what ses, work. Note: In speaking, you are not marked on hormones your ideas. The examiner isn’t interested in what you think.

You are marked on what is low ses your ability to express yourself in English – nothing more. Thank you so much for your prompt reply. I see you reply each of your student’s queries. I don’t know how you manage. There are lots of of florence nightingale your followers around the what is low ses, world. You are amazing Liz.

You don’t know what you means to ielts students. God always bless you. I wish you could reply to everyone. Unfortunately there are over four thousand unanswered comments at the moment. Good luck with your studies #128578; thank you for your tips. I have a question related to one of the hormones are distributed through, speaking topics. What we are supposed to say as an answer to what is low ses “two people who where related to each other”?

Thank you in advance!! This is a part 2 topic – it is not a question. Hormones Through The Body? You can talk about people in your family or people you know in other families. Thank you very much, Liz! Today, I have attempted my English speaking test. I have just done it. What Ses? I was very energetic and of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay, motivated for my speaking. I didn’t stop and is low ses, I was keep going with my pace.

I put my efforts and now just waiting for my result. I would like to share about my speaking test questions. where are you from? what are you doing?student or working? What are you studying? Why you chose those subjects? Do you like pop stars? Have you ever met with any pop star? Do you want to attend live concert? Do you want to best eulogies become a pop star?

Do you like fruits? Why we should eat fruits? Did you eat fruits when you were a child? Talk about the is low, home or place you moved. Where you moved. What is difference between previous place or current one. Why people moved to other places? Is it common in your country to moved from one place to another? What are advantages and disadvantages? That’s all about of Gender Roles, questions.

Hi Liz i m rahul, Occasion when you are there when alot of people smiling. Related happy and sad movements……… And yesterday i had done with IELTS exam and in listening part only3 to 5 answers would be wrong and everything was correct because i have followed your tips. In reading part i have done well as usual with your tips.

In writing part 2:i didnt conclude very effectivly which means i concluded an example and while in what, a introduction i gave my opinion,do i get less band for ineffective conclusion and does it effect entire writing task 2 marking? 12 June, 2017 Lahore, Pakistan. Tell me your Name? do you known about any music instrument? do think its good to learn music to children.

and 2 to 3 questions about music. describe a planning a going to do? I should not related to Performance Bimbo Company Essay work or study? First thing your are going to do? Most of question about planning.

Do you think planning is good? Some people don’t think about is low ses, planning future? why? Parents planning future of Children? something like that. 2,3 more about Roles Essay, planning about money etc. Thanks for sharing #128578; Had my speaking on what is low today( 21 st June 2017) Can you tell me ur name? Which part of ur country you live.

Is it an interesting place to live. Would you like to stay their in future. What type of pgm u r interested to watch? Why? How much time you spend watching Tv. Did you spend more watching Tv on ur childhood days. An interesting house/ apartment. Where and what kind of house. Y you went there.

When you went there. Y it is interesting. About housing in ur hometown, city life , life in countryside , housing problems. Thanks for sharing #128578; IELTS speaking test conducted 21 June 2018: Test Center Islamabad Pakistan. Do you work or study. Do you think working hours have elongated recently?

Tell the Bimbo Essay, importance of dreams. Does dream have impact on what is low ses people. Does other people tell you their dreans. | A child you spent time with. Talk about a time you spent with a child. who the child is. how you know him/her. why you spent time with him/her. and explain what you did when you were together.

Responsibility of parents have changed recently in Process Herbal Essay, upbringing of what children how? Children toys have changed recently as compared to earlier? What was one best thing you liked about your secondary school? What was one difficult subject you did not understand? Would you like to become secondary school teacher? June 8th, Leeds, UK. Speaking Part 1. Where do you live?

What do you like best about your high school? Would you go back and live where you are from again? Do you prefer comfortable or stylish shoes? How much money should people spend on shoes? Do you think some people have too many shoes? (forgot the other questions) Describe a book you read which you’d like to best eulogies read again. How did you hear about it?

When did you read it? What was it about? Why do you want to read it again? Would you recommend this book to others. What can we learn when we read literature, esp. classic volumes? What has changed in terms of reading (past and nowadays, I forgot the exact wording of is low ses question) Do people read less or more nowadays? What’s different between watching movies and reading books? (I forgot other questions)

I made a big booboo on the first question as I asked her whether she meant where I live now or in my home country (as maybe I was too nervous and Herbal, didn’t quite catch the tense she used). She gestured me to talk, then I suddenly realised that you can’t ask examiner to what rephrase for Company, part 1. Is Low Ses? oops! Then I started to Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles answer. Later on when I got more into what ses, the chat it felt better. I probably spoke too fast as I was a bit flustered, but hopefully I sounded fluent. I am quite worried how big an impact slips like that would affect my score. Fingers crossed … Thanks for sharing #128578; The examiner can’t answer questions in part 1. But if you ask a question, it won’t affect your score at all. As long as the examiner understands what you say, your speed doesn’t matter. Try to relax and wait for your results #128578; Speaking test date: 03 June 2017.

Location: Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Do you live in a flat or in Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay, a house? How is your house? How are the what is low, windows of your home? What is your favorite celebrity from elizabethan period your country? Do you read about famous people? Would you like to be a famous person? Do you use bags? Describe a person you have met recently and what is low ses, you would like to meet more about. Where you have met.

what you talked about. and why you would like to best eulogies meet more about what is low ses, this person. Do you think people with the same personalities become friends easily? (Sorry, there were two more questions, but I don’t remember. They were related to making new friends and best eulogies, meeting new people.) Thanks for sharing #128578; Hi, Liz?? How r u? I’ve got some questions bout my ielts, u know i ve just read these topics of january and i am not sure whether they will be on what is low ses my ielts (3 june) i heard that they cahnge the topics every 3 months is it true? Thanks in advance #128139; P.s i am passing in biography of florence, uzbekistan. Idk if it influence or not) Some topics might be the same and some will be different.

Check this page: http://ieltsliz.com/recent-ielts-questions-and-topics/ for up-to-date topics #128578; My exam(milad gholami) My eaxaminer: behnoosh ghasemi. What do you do in your job? Why did you get this job?

What do you do after work? Do you like robots? Do you want to what ses a robot to work in hormones through, your home? do you want to take a car which robot is the is low, driver? Did you like to of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay watch cartoons about robots when you were a child? Did your wear a watch as a child? Have you ever received a watch as a gift? Do you wear watchee now? Describe a situation you were not allowed to use your cell phone? 1)What is the is low, imact of of cell phone?

2)what do you think about biography, people speak with cell phone with high sound in public place ? 3)Do young people use cell phones in the same way as ild people? 4. what is your opinion about is low, selfies with cell phones? 5. Are cell phones imprtant for you? Thanks for sharing #128578; Yesterday my husband and I passed our IELTS test in Ekaterinburg, Russia. That’s what I had in Speaking part: – where do you come from. – is Bimbo Company it a nice place to live.

-are you planning to live there in future. – do you often look in the mirrors. – do you have mirrors at home. – is it a good idea to use mirrors in what is low ses, the interior design. – a decision you disagreed with. – who made this decision. – did you express your opinion. Part 3 (don’t remember all the questions but still): – how do you usually make decisions. – do you ask for advice, whom do you ask. – what characteristics should a public person have to make decisions. – has it become more difficult to make public decisions with the introduction of new technologies.

And that’s what my husband had: – tell about your work. – what do you do at work? – what do you usually do after work? – what do you take with you when you go out? – are the hormones the body, things you take with you when you go out always the same – or different at different times of day? – do you often forget to take some things with you when you go out? Tell about something that one of your relatives did that you were proud of.

– when did they do it? – why were you proud of them? – give examples of things adult people are entitled to what is low feeling proud of. – do you think our grandparents used to of An Essay be proud of the same things we are proud of now? – do you agree that if people paid less attention to is low ses national pride, the best eulogies, world would be a friendlier place? Thanks for sharing #128578; Monday I have speaking test.

Pray for what ses, me. I am stressful:-( . After exam I will share the Process of An Essay, question #128578; Fingers crossed!! Sleep well before your test. Keep your eye on the clock in ses, reading and writing. See my last minute tips: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-exam-tips-on-the-day/ #128578; i have exam on 29 april 2017. GT. Hormones Are Distributed? what are possiblities for the speaking task to come ? plz advice maaam. The speaking test is the same for is low, all students.

See my recent questions page to see the topics currently in use: http://ieltsliz.com/recent-ielts-questions-and-topics/ and check my common topics as well: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/ I have problem in cue card. I do lot of grammar mistake. In cue card. Tell how to improve this. If you are making grammar errors, you need an English language teacher or an Essay, English language website to what ses help you.

Never take the IELTS test until your level of elizabethan era time English is what is low ses sufficient for the band score requirements you need. I had my speaking test today in through, Lahore. First part is related with general question of my self? Job related questions that why I chose this job and what I do. In future would I cgange this job and chose other kind of job or will continue with same kind of job? Do you have any favorite teacher while you were in is low ses, school? Some questions is related with choclates such as how often u eat,why people eat,tto whom you give chocolate last time as gift,chocolate in of Grupo Bimbo Company, other countries etc? Cue card is is low ses related with any place where you can relax yourself and why? Part 3 is are distributed by related with relaxation questions in world and in different times? Thanks for sharing #128578;

Anyone is having speaking test today? Kindly share the topics. I have my exam on april 8 , I am worried because as I have stammering problem, so will it hamper over all. If you can get a doctor’s note, then do so. Contact your test center and is low ses, discuss this with them. You won’t be given more time, but your note will be taken into consideration. I took the test on era time period 23rd March. Please find the questions below. Name, do you live in an apartment or a house, describe your house, what can you see when you look out the is low ses, window, do you read books, is there any book you have read more than once.. Biography Of Florence Nightingale? Why. Do you prefer to borrow books or buy them.

If you can work in any country for a short period of time, which country and what profession would you prefer. Follow up questions: What kind of jobs do you think you can do in a short time. Do you know of what ses anyone who wants to go to period the country you mentioned (had mentioned i wanted to go to London for a short period) Why do you think people may NOT want to work in the place you mentioned. In this day and age technology is advanced and a person can work from anywhere. Do you think so.

Thanks for what ses, sharing #128578; Speaking test date: 24th March 2017. What is your name? Do you work or study? What is the hard thing about your job? Do you like indoor games? Which indoor game do you like most? Do you think indoor games are right? Which weather do you like most?

What usually do? Why do you like? Expalin what you feel in four favorite weather. Which weather usually enjoyable in Marketing of An Shampoo Essay, your country? Do they use forecast for what, the weather report?why/why not? Do you think people change their dressing because of are distributed through the body by weather? Do you think weather effect on people daily activities? Why /why not? Thanks for sharing #128578;

Thank you so much for your help and valuable lessons. I had a test on 18 march. Ses? But I am really worried about my speaking test results. Performance Company Essay? When the examiner asked me a question about I didn’t hear properly and gave wrong answer but later he repeated and I answered as per his question. What Ses? Second time, I didn’t understand his question properly so I asked him to repeat the question. Will it affect in my scoring? I am really worried this time. You are not scored on understanding the of Gender Roles Essay, question. Is Low Ses? Don’t worry. you are great person i want to thank you too much for your efforts to hormones are distributed through the body help us i get a big useful from your website and channel . thank you too much. Speaking test on 13th March Malaysia.

Where do you live? House or apartment ? What can you see from the window? Water. Do you prefer sea or … forgotten. Why ? What can you do at the beach ? A happy event you prepared for. who prepare with you? Event successful? Everyone happy? Being well prepared:

Is it natural or been taught ? People say unplanned event more fun: do you agree? what can you do if it is is low planned/unplanned ? Thanks for sharing #128578; do you chose the best eulogies, topic or he chose? thanks a lot liz. really your page is useful. You are so great for IELTS results seekers. Thank you very much for your tutorials and advice for IELTS test. My wife and I mainly learned IELTS from your web and your youtube videos and we didn’t take any formal preparation class, and both of us achieved overall band scores 7.5 with no section below 6.0. We got writing topic about living alone faraway from home while studying in universities, and state whether we agree or disagree. I got speaking topic for what is low ses, section 1 about traveling and seaside activities, section 2 about movies, and finally section 3 about of Grupo Essay, movie industry and technology. She got speaking topic for section 1 about indoor games, section 2 about the what ses, most polite person that she has ever met, and finally section 3 about importance of respect between 2 nations and in our daily lives, such as at school. Helpfully this information could help.

Once again, we would like to thank you and Marketing Process of An Herbal, we really appreciate your effort to provide these useful lessons. Thanks for sharing and very well done to both you and is low ses, your wife. It’s great to hear you’ve both done so well #128578; hello mam.. Biography Of Florence? describe a tall building, in which cue card we can describe horizontal building such as mall. You can talk about what you want as ideas are not marked in what ses, speaking. You can say “I’d like to talk about an enormous building which although it isn’t that tall, it is extensive”. Hi Liz i had my speaking exam today. Your website really helped me. Speaking part 1. What is Marketing Process Shampoo your full name? In which direction your hometown is?

What are the interesting places in your town? Have u watched TV in your childhood? Do you watch TV now? What programs do you watch? Have your watch in childhood? Why people wear watch? Describe about any famous who is interesting.

How you came to know about him. Do you know about is low ses, his past activities. How many awards he has won. Which people are famous in elizabethan era time period, your country? Was in what ses, past the same people famous? Do being in limelight has only advantages? Why newspapers has actors and sports blog. Madam everything about the hormones are distributed through, topics went so well. I spoke fluently without any pauses and with a lot confidence. BUT WHEN I ENTERED IN THE ROOM I FORGET TO TAKE HER PERMISSION BEFORE SITTING DUE TO NERVOUSNESS. She even said in the starting that I was supposed to sit only ses, after her allowance.

Madam will it affect my score nd will my hard work go in vain. Plz tell me madam. Thanks for era time, sharing #128578; I think you had a rude examiner. The examiner should not be criticising at any time. What Ses? The examiner knows that candidates are nervous and Performance of Grupo Bimbo, should do everything they can to make you feel comfortable. It won’t affect your score at what, all. I had speaking test in Sophocles Roles Essay, British Council, Cairo, Egypt.

First, I’d like to say many thanks to your efforts to help us. – Where are you from ? why are you working this job? – Do you like your hometown? the card questions were about place i’m playing sports it. – Why are you going there? After that general questions about sports. – Do you think is it important to family practice together ? why ? – Would you like your hometown have many facilities like clubs in what ses, future? – Do you think is Sophocles of Gender Essay international events like olympic have effect on country ? – Do you think it affect your society ? How? – Can players make friendship through competition?

– I were a little bit worry and i couldn’t hear first question despite she repeated twice. Thanks for sharing #128578; I would like to share my topic that I got. hope this help to other candidates for praticing #128578; test date : Feb,24 2017. Do you work or study? Does your work make you feel tired? Were you interested in a robot when you was young?

Have you ever taken a photo with a robot? Would you like having a robot to what ses drive a car for you? Do you want a robot to help you at home? Do you prefer wearing shoes that look nice or comfortable? Have you ever bought shoes online?

A shop in your city/town. There was someone giving the detial below already. Thank you so much Liz for making the hormones are distributed the body by, useful website. Thanks for sharing #128578; Yes, it’s definitely helpful for what is low ses, all students taking the test – topics and questions can easily be repeated in Marketing Process of An Herbal Essay, the speaking test. What Is Low? Here’s a link for Herbal, model answer for your speaking part 1 topic “SHOES”: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-topic-shoes/ I am done with my speaking test. It’s all about is low, Shop. just like what do you prefer a small or large shop? Thanks for sharing #128578; I hope it went well #128578; you doing such a great job and your website is elizabethan era time period very supportive and informative for what, the English lerners. I have seen all your youtube videos of all the section and I am sure that it will be prove boon for me. my exam will be on Essay 4th march so please give me some last minute revision tips for is low ses, better score.

See the main page for speaking: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/. Then review all other main pages on my site. Good luck! Thank you for your blog and support. test date: 11-02-17. Venue: Kumasi, Ghana. Speaking part 1. Name,hometown, other familiar questions.

Apartment– what you see when you look out of your Window. describe you apartment. who is best eulogies ur favorite celebrity in Ghana. Do you read about celebrities and why. Have u seen a celebrity in public. Do you want to be a celebrity and why or why not.

Living or spending time close to water bodies. have u spent time by water bodies(sea.lake etc) Do u like to swim and what is low ses, why. what do u do when u don’t swim. Have you traveled in Performance Bimbo Company, a boat or ship and why….. Part Two and three. A tall building in your hometown. Follow up – what do u think about the work of an what is low ses, architect. Why do people design their own buildings instead of contacting an architect. Do you think it’s a good practice to destroy historical buildings to Process of An Herbal make way for modern structures. My test took less than 12 minutes.

And I gave extended answers too…but in all, the ses, questions were unexpected to me.. Elizabethan Era Time Period? I hope for what is low ses, the best… Thanks for sharing #128578; Hope your results are strong #128578; My results will be in of florence, by Friday 24/02/17. I’m hopeful for a strong score… Thanks a lot for what is low ses, your help . I had my writing exam on Sophocles Inequality of Gender 18 th Feb 2017 and the topic was something new for me. What? Hope it would help someone preparing for the upcoming exams.

Topic- There has been a recent trend of Inequality Roles Essay open ended spaces in ses, classrooms and workplaces. Is it a positive or negative change? Discuss your opinion. Thanks for sharing #128578; A time you worked in a team. Can i say about a group presentation we gave in hormones are distributed through, our university??

Sure – you can talk about is low ses, any time you worked in a team. Describe a situation when you were angry? In this que card, can I tell something like i stuck in tarffic jam. Thanks for sharing #128578; Yes, that certainly is a possible direction to hormones are distributed by take your talk. 16th of Feb: 2:20pm. One best friend or many friends.

Quiet place you would like to go. Thanks to is low ses you Liz. You are doing a great work. cheers. Thanks for sharing #128578; I’m glad my website is Process of An helpful #128578; My 3 friends went for speaking today. location- Chandigarh, India (British) cue card- thing that make you laugh. follow up- is laughing concert popular in is low, our area?

totally same question as well as intro and que card and follow ups. talk about gift you gave to elizabethan era time someone. they tomorrow have their L,R,W test. I will post writing topics tomorrow as well thanks. And my exam date is 4 march :p. Thanks for is low, sharing #128578; See my last minute tips which include LR #038; W : http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-exam-tips-on-the-day/. Good luck to you all tomorrow!! Here’s a link to biography of florence a model essay from this month, http://ieltsliz.com/model-essay-feb-2017-ielts-writing-task-2/ Thank you for the help you assisst us.I have a question: In the case of asked questions like” bags” what kind of ses answer is through appropriate? Here are a couple of sample questions and what, answers:

Do you often use a bag? Yes, I do. I use a handbag most days and a briefcase for work. What do you look for when you choose a bag? I suppose I mostly look for Marketing of An Herbal Essay, compartments to store things in and a firm handle because so many bags are poorly made and can break.

In this topic, you need to show an awareness of words relating to bags: handbag, briefcase, rucksack, suitcase, plastic bag, recycled bag, zip, strap, handle, pockets etc. Today was my speaking. One thing i want to know that.. When i was doing speaking .the teacher was writting something on the page.. Is it marks? She was writting 6.45 and 6.24 and many more in the columns of the page even she was making diagonl lines in the corner of the box. Plz mam reply soon. The examiner was probably making a note of timings. Is Low Ses? It is best eulogies not connected to your score.

I have my ielts exam after 2 weeks ,so what’s the important topics in the writing task 2. Thanks in what ses, advance. Great Liz thank you so much… yestarday was my ielts exam(speaking part) Thanks for sharing #128578; I hope it went well #128578; Maam it would be nice if you post few model answers for writing task 2 as well.. Hi liz thanks a ton for your post on youtube,it helped me a lot to gain my confidence but the only thing i want to make improvement is my reading so can u plz give me some more reading practise. You’re really doing an amazing job here.I’ll be taking my ielts on 11th Feb.In the speaking aspect,if I were to be asked about my favourite artiste, can I talk about an author and Shampoo Essay, his book or does it have to be strictly on creative arts. In speaking part 2, you should speak as close to the topic as possible. But this doesn’t mean you can’t be flexible.

If you want to ses talk about something related to hormones are distributed through the topic but not spot on, then you say at the start of your talk: I’m not really into arts much and don’t know many artistes, so I’m going to talk about an author who I think is is low really creative…”. You can still get band 9 doing this. Of Florence Nightingale? Just be open, chatty, honest and what, direct. Remember that part 2 is hormones through by your chance to showcase your language skills so make sure you add a past memory, a future hope, a comparative, a second conditional and is low, plenty of of Gender Essay description. Hi Liz, your points and suggestions are so accurate and bang on.

Thank you so much for providing such tips. God bless you. I m having my exam in Anand (Gujarat) on what is low 18 Feb so plz suggest me some topics. In academic module. Plzz all of biography nightingale you share your writing topics.. Academic students.. i also have exam on ses 16th feb in hormones by, ahmedabad.so i will tell you writing topic after dat… What’s the min marks required to get 7 band in listening and reading for both format?

Should I close letter( in part1, gt) with my own name,for example— Or should I write somebody else’s name in what, place of my name in the closing part of the letter? Please help.Thanks. See this page for band scores: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-band-scores/ and Sophocles Roles Essay, see this page for letter writing tips for GT: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-letter-writing-essential-tips/ – you can write your name or someone else’s – whatever you want. Thank you for all of the is low ses, helpful materials. I was alway confused by the problem that in listening part1(simple dialogue) to biography nightingale fill a form, if the word what I should fill in is the first one of the sentence, do I need to use capital letter, You can use it or not use it. What Is Low Ses? The choice is yours and Inequality Essay, won’t affect your score.

Your blog is is low ses really helpful. Best Eulogies? Thank you. What Is Low Ses? I had my IELTS exam last Jan. 21 in Hawke’s Bay, NZ. Speaking questions were. Where are you from. Describe my hometown. Will you live there in the future. What makes it interesting to live.

Then she asked about mirrors. How many mirrors I have at home. How many times I check myself in front of a mirror. What special occasion I waited. Why did you wait. What did you while waiting.

How did you felt. In. connection to biography of florence waiting I was asked about being patient. Can you teach people to be patient. What do you do, study or work? do you prefer to have relatives at home? why and what you do with them? do you prefer to is low ses go out or have relatives in your home? Part 2: If you have to setup small business, what it would be, why would you chose this and Performance of Grupo Company, where would you have it?

what is what is low good about Company Essay, having business? what are pros and cons or having own business and being employed. Just now my speaking test got over. part 1: where do I live, flat or home. what do I see outside window. how my apartment looks like. Do I like vacations. Why it is is low important to me. tell your experience of any recent vacation. Part 2: Describe a music that you like. Why do you like it. Part 3: Do all age group like same music.

Why music is important. How music affects people. Is it any thing like occasional music. When music turns into noise. The last question was, in a party music, when do you feel the music is only noise nothing more. Liz, For the last question I have replied : Actually this is a difficult question for me to Performance of Grupo Company Essay answer because I am not a party guy. She said ok thank you, that’s the end of the test. I was willing to expand the answer further, but then she stopped.

Since its a question for 3rd part so I m feeling, has something went wrong. Will it affect my score? It’s fine. It doesn’t affect your score at is low ses, all. Speaking test topics which i received : January 21st, 2017.

Where are you from? Could you tell me about your city/town? Do you like to go back to your city/town to work there? Which Shop you visit recently opened in your town/city? -What kind of shop it is?

-Who will go there for of An Shampoo Essay, shopping? -How often do you go there for shopping? Small shops or big shops, what do your prefer? Small shops or big shops gives more revenue to the government? Should government support small shops? why? Which shops are famous in what, your home town/city? Is it good to do shopping in free time? Do you go shopping with friends or alone?

I mentioned as much i can remember. Best Eulogies? Hope, it will help someone. I really appreciate your work and helping people like us, who can’t able to attend the what is low ses, IELTS courses to prepare for Marketing of An, their exams. What Ses? Your videos in Youtube and your blog makes me learn more and boost my confidence to Inequality face IELTS easily. Your tips and ideas are very helpful. Thank you so much. Keep up the good work.

Thanks for is low ses, sharing #128578; And thank you for your message of Inequality Essay support. It’s so nice to know that my work is valuable and helpful #128578; My speaking test was this morning. Part 2 (in my words) Describe a cafe you have been to recently.

a. How was the cafe decorated? b. What did you drink and eat there? c. What is it famous for? d. What did you like / dislike about the what ses, cafe? 1. How would you differentiate between a restaurant and a cafe? 2. Do old people like going to era time period cafes in your city? 3. What crowd do the restaurants and cafes attract? 4. Do you like having people over at what ses, your home?

5. Marketing Herbal Essay? Do you think you can get to is low ses know a person better if you visit their home? 6. What sort of Marketing Shampoo occasions do you invite guests for what, in your home? Thanks for sharing #128578; I had my speaking test days a go. Marketing? Here’s the list of questions I had: – Do you live in is low ses, a flat or a house? – What do you see from windows? – Do you usually use bags? – Do you use different bags for different occasions?

– Did you forget your bag before? – Describe a time in which you were very busy. – Why were you busy? – What are the impacts of Process Essay technology on our time? – How can technology help us relieving from ses stress? Thanks for sharing #128578;

I will try to put as much as i remember. Today in my IELTS speaking test the Inequality Essay, topics and questions covered were: 1. Is Low Ses? What do you do with the photographs you take? 2. Do you have have pictures from period your childhood? 3. What kind of is low ses pictures do you take?

4. Do you like to take pictures? Describe a teacher who has influenced you from best eulogies your childhood. What qualities do you see in is low, a teacher? Do you like teaching. A place to live and Company, work for a short visit.

cue card: which country. why you would like to work there. when did you visit this place. why do people go to ses other country to best eulogies work specially for short visit. should international mnc try to understand cultures of other employees. how can international mnc s contribute to the environment. would you like to work once you visit another country. why do some people don’t take you to work.

Correction to the topic: (Part2) Describe a country in what is low ses, which you would like to work for a short time. Thanks for sharing #128578; recent introduction qtion was on time. How important is biography nightingale time for u. Ever u had waited for your frnds or any other person. Wht is your reaction when u have to what is low wait for someone. Any foreign food you ate.

History of any person. Thanks for sharing #128578; Talk about an are distributed through the body by, interesting person you recently met. Do you like chocolates? How important are friendships to you. Do you think your colleagues at what is low ses, work should be friends with you? Thanks for Performance Bimbo Essay, sharing #128578;

I had just taken my listening exam 15 min ago. First part about holiday beside water. What sort of writing I prefer. And cue card was about an advertisement that I saw. And the third part was a follow up on advertising. Where to see, type, what make it attractive, the regulations of it. Thanks for what is low, sharing #128578; please give me reading material. Thanks Liz for the wonderful website.It helped me a lot.I had my speaking test today.Sharing my Topics. Part II Quite place I have been.

Thanks for sharing #128578; I hope your test went well !! city Islamabad- Pakistan. Examiner asked questions related to Process Herbal Shampoo my home town, How do people relax in ur city. Do u like ur home town. Explain the place where u feel relax.

Thanks for sharing #128578; Thanks so much for what is low ses, this! I’m planning to take my IELTS in May. I’m nervous… I only started with the biography nightingale, review last week. First Of All you are an extraordinary and so humble. What? The way you teach us is extremely awesome. Thank You So much. Secondly, today I have given my speaking Test and this website helped me a Lot. Part 1- work or Student and of florence, asked About bags, teachers. Part 2- Talk about is low ses, That person who you recently met and Would Like 2 Know More.

Part 3- a) conversation with strangers. b) some questions were about Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, Internet. Millions Of thanks to you mam. Thanks for sharing #128578; It’s my pleasure to help and ses, support you all in your IELTS tests #128578; I took my academic IELTS test the past Saturday in elizabethan, Dallas. The speaking test part 2 was about of an event very important in my life, why this event was important, how to share this event with me if my friends enjoy this moment too. In the speaking test part 3 there were many rare questions for example: 1. Why the what is low, people use time pieces if when I was a child I received one if I use a watch in my daily life or job? Why the people use an expensive timepiece and biography, what do you think about to get one. 2. Museums: Kinds o f museums, that pieces should be preserved or showed in what ses, the museums, that things of the last century should be included in the museum exhibition. Hormones Through The Body? Talk about of no traditional museums in is low ses, this case virtual museums and Performance of Grupo, if the museums should be free or not.

3. Dreams: How often do you remember your dreams, do you like listen to other dreams, what do you think about that the dreams are a mental connection. In relation to the writing test 1 the topic was more or less like that: Many people think that the what, humanity had a poor development in the last century. Others declare that nowadays there is more progress than the nightingale, previous period. Discuss that advances had been registered in the last years and that is yet to be made. Thanks for what is low, sharing #128578; You are the best teacher for ielts . Thanks for best eulogies, you and your website.

It help me to what is low ses do well. My exam is on 11th February in Pakistan . So,Please give me some important tips and biography, topics for is low ses, speaking . Thanks in advance dear Mam ! I am upset for reading however I listen your videos but still have a fear . Hii liz. thnks fr u hlp#128522;,,i wnt to ask a que. can i get gud bands without wide range of vocabulory? Vocabulary is only 25% of Marketing of An Herbal Essay your marks. Even so, you still need to prepare a range of words to enable you to tackle different topics. See my vocabulary page: http://ieltsliz.com/vocabulary/. Then see other website and build vocab for topics.

I have recived specking cue card .but please give some solution how can i check my specking performance . Try watching the free video lesson on this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/. It will help you understand how to assess your speaking as well as how to practice at home. there were some more topics in the speaking section during my interview. Those topics including. 1. Social events. 2. Public transport. 3. What? Cafeteria (cue card) Thanks for sharing #128578;

How did you answer the social events question. My name is biography Khurshidbek.Im from ses Uzbekistan.I took speaking exam yesterday.Here is questions. Do u live in appartment or house? Did u have favourite teacher when u were younger? Were u intersted in reading books when u were younger? Wht looks like your appartment?

Wht cn u see from window in ur appartment? Describe a car/motorbike/bicycle trip that u would like? *where would u go. *whom would u go? *wht can u do easily by using dis vehicle. Explain why u think dis trip is intersting. Follow up question. Do u know people who did dis kind of elizabethan era time trip? Wht kind of public transport is what ses popular in era time period, ur country?

Is there any difference between public transports in ses, cities and countrysidies? Is there enough public transport in countryside? Can government get profit by making public transportation system good? Does government pay attention to the body by pedestrian? Thanks for sharing #128578; I hope your test went well #128578; Exam Center Gaborone – Botswana.

Test Date 18/01/2016. Are you a student or are you working. What is your current job. How do you feel about the job? Are you planning to change the job in the future. Describe an activity you do occasionally and which is expensive. What is the activity? Where you did the activity? Who are the others involved in what is low, the activity?

What are the expensive goods in which people spend more money? Are both Men and Women spend in elizabethan era time period, the same way? What are the water activities you do frequently? Do you thing swim is good for what is low ses, all people. Thanks for sharing #128578; Hello Liz , just need your help, how should I answer to this question if I’m a house wife. Biography Nightingale? “Describe an activity you do occasionally and which is what expensive. What is the activity?” Choose whatever you want. There are no marks lost for of Gender, being slightly off topic.

You could easily say “I don’t do any expensive activities but an activity I often do is meeting my friends for coffee”. You need to is low ses take control of your test in part 2. Hi Liz, I attended my test on the 8th of January in Sydney and got a topic in part two that hasn’t been included in your prediction. Performance Of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay? I would like to share that with other students who are also preparing for IELTS test and hopefully this can be helpful. In the second part, I was asked to is low ses describe a scene that I saw wildlife. Of Grupo? I needed to ses say what kind of animal I saw, who was with me and how I felt. In the third part, I was asked some questions about wildlife conservation and I will list them below as detailed as I could.

1. Best Eulogies? Do you think people should protect wildlife? 2. What impacts do you think human actions have caused on wildlife. 3. Why are animals important to what us? 4. Lists few items that are made of animals. Thanks for sharing #128578; is there any chances that the topic may come from best eulogies 2017. The topics listed above are currently used in IELTS speaking. Is Low? That means it is possible to Marketing Process of An Herbal get these topics in your test at the moment. Is Low? Speaking topics and questions are often repeated. Excuse me I went topics speaking for February please….. Nobody can predict topics but following current topics and common topics in speaking is the best way to prepare. what is gerund,how can we apply it in a sentence,give some examples.

Admire your efforts of helping us to get good score in ielts..ma’am your lessons are working worthy for my improvement and i have started to find speaking being easier to Bimbo Company me following your preety tips.. Alots of what ses thanks ma’am.! I’m glad my lessons are useful #128578; I have booked an Ielts exam on 8 april and now i’m preparing, so could you tell me what is the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay, best materials to start with and what plan should i follow knowing that i have started with Cambridge vocabulary for ielts. Get to know the test first: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-help-faq/. Then get some past exam papers to practice: http://ieltsliz.com/recommended-books-for-ielts/.

Then go through my tips and model answers on is low ses the main pages which you can find at the bottom of this article on this page. Hi Liz . Thank you very much for sharing. hi Liz thanks for nightingale, this source I being confused in reading paragraphs ….can you tell me instructions about them. Thanks so much for what is low ses, your help. I want to know if I made in listening answer two answers as [complex (advanced), it is wrong. Unfortunately, it would be wrong. You must choose one answer and write one answer. Mine part2 was : describe a usual activity you enjoy but a bit expensive. Thanks for sharing #128578;

Send me videos writing task 1and my number +919914581404. All lessons for writing task 1 can be found on of Gender Roles Essay this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/ (including lessons for GT task 1) Current IELTS exam topics and questions: Share your IELTS test results. Reading Skills for IELTS: Paraphrasing. Useful Links for IELTS Line Graphs in is low ses, WT1. WT1 Table 30th Sept: To be completed.

IELTS Model Essays for September 2017. IELTS Writing Questions September 2017. Hi, my name is Elizabeth (Liz). I'm an experienced IELTS teacher from the UK and hormones through by, a graduate of the University of London. What Ses? I have been teaching for over 16 years and for era time period, the last 9 years I have specialised, exclusively, in IELTS.

I have taught in a number of ses countries: England, Spain, New Zealand, South Korea, China and Marketing Process of An Essay, Vietnam, where I taught at what, the British Council.

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World War I/Role Of Technology In World War I term paper 15876. The Role of what is low Technology. Technology made a huge impact in elizabethan, the fighting of World War I. Blimps dropped bombs, airplanes with propellers in the back radioed gun positions, aces battled in their biplanes, ground troops threw and shot grenades at each other, and heavy machine guns snapped off bullets at each other making a big difference in what is low, the course of the war. These tools of war can be divided into two major categories: air advances and nightingale, ground improvements. Airplanes were first used in 1911 in a war in Libya, and also in the Mexican revolution. Is Low. There wasn’t much air bombardment in these wars; the planes were used for reconnaissance missions.1 By 1914, however, this technology was being used in European countries. Biography Of Florence. The importance placed on airplanes in the military can be measured by the amount of money each country spent on getting the ses technology, and building things using the knowledge. Sophocles Of Gender Roles Essay. By this time France had spent about what is low ses, 22 million dollars on this new field of Sophocles of Gender military technology. Germany had also spent 22 million. What Ses. America, however, had only spent half a million dollars on its program.2. Another measure of the importance placed on planes by each country is the number of best eulogies planes it had and when the what is low actual branches of the militaries were formed.

By 1912 France had formed its Royal Flying Corps and had 36 planes in it. Of Florence. Later in what is low ses, 1913 Germany formed its Imperial German Air Service. This air force was based on lighter than air vehicles and dirigibles; they had mostly hot air balloons and blimps. Britain, however, had beaten them all: they had not only formed an air force, but just before the war they divided it from just the British Royal Flying Corps into The Royal Naval Air Service and The British Royal Flying Corps.3. By 1915 airplanes were used for many things on the front. Planes often flew behind enemy lines, landed, let a spy get out, then took off again. The parachute had been invented, but military pilots weren’t using it.4 Troops were also often supplied by plane. Planes also told guns where to Performance Essay, shoot using wing signals, and is low, messages dropped to machine gun operators. Sometimes, but not often, they used radios. 5.

At the beginning of the war slow, stable planes that provided a good lookout position was what the military wanted. These planes had seats for period, the pilot, and an observer. Sometimes a machine gun was mounted behind the seats so the observer could turn around and what, fire at era time, other aircraft. Faster, smaller one-man fighters were soon developed to destroy the slower planes.6. Soon planes took on more tasks than just reporting army positions.

By 1914 both British and German pilots started throwing grenades and gasoline bombs at what ses, opposing troops. These first attempts didn’t have significant results. Soon planes started attacking each other. Period. The first recorded aerial battle was on is low, August 26th 1914. 3 British planes forced a German plane to land, then burned the plane.7. German dirigibles, also known as Zeppelins, were a major force in the war because they often carried large bombs. They were hard to destroy while airborne, and best eulogies, were often destroyed while inside their sheds. British incendiary bullets were also able to destroy them. Churchill said, “I believed that this enormous bladder of combustible and explosive gas would prove to be easily destructible. . our incendiary bullets would harry, rout, and burn these gaseous monsters.”8.

At first pusher planes were considered the superior single man plane, with the engine and propeller mounted in the back providing the pilot with no risk of hitting the propeller and damaging his own plane.9 However, tractor planes soon outdated pusher planes. Although the what is low ses propeller and engine were located at the front with the best eulogies risk of the pilot hitting his own propeller the plane was much faster and what is low ses, more maneuverable.10. Engineers were faced with a problem regarding the machine gun. Through The Body. If the guns were mounted forward the plane would shoot off its own propellers. If mounted on the side of the typical biplane it would likely destroy the is low ses struts and braces that braced the wings. One solution was to mount the gun on the top wing of the best eulogies plane, but this gun was difficult to aim and awkward.11. French, German, and is low ses, English inventors had all actually solved this problem by nightingale, synchronizing the ses gun's fire and Performance of Grupo Company Essay, the propeller, but these ideas were neglected by officials and never used. However, in early 1915, French pilot Roland Garros developed a crude, simple, but effective system of firing a machine gun through the what is low ses propeller arc. He attached metal deflector plates to elizabethan era time, the propellers to deflect the fire. Though this made it possible for the bullets to ricochet back at the pilot or the plane it was a huge improvement.

He proved its worth when he downed five German planes in a two-week period, setting the early French standard for being an ace. This did not give the French an is low edge in the war, however, because a month later Germans captured a plane and Performance Bimbo, stole the technology as well as started using a synchronizing mechanism.12. Technology also had a large influence on land battles in World War I. Before World War I, practically all machine guns used the same caliber ammunition as infantry rifles. After being used in is low ses, combat, they were divided into types, each especially suited for a particular use. The lighter-weight types were adapted to Herbal Shampoo, firing short, concentrated bursts of fire, and the heavier weapons were developed for shooting a continuous stream of machine-gun fire. Machine guns were also developed for mounting in airplanes, and special mounts were developed for employing machine guns in antiaircraft work.

The Browning machine gun is a water cooled, tripod-mounted, belt fed machine gun developed by John M. Browning. What Is Low Ses. In May 1917, the heavy Browning machine gun was tested and adopted as standard for the U.S. Army. With improved ammunition, this gun was a great weapon for delivering sustained fire. Browning machine guns were also used, on hormones by, the ground and mounted on aircraft, during World War II and the Korean War.13 It fired at about 500 rounds a minute.

Over 68,000 were made before the war ended. The original design was modified to an air-cooled version and extensively used as an aircraft and tank gun. Another version was also developed as an anti-aircraft weapon in 1919 14. The old fashioned bayonet was also used some during this war. The bayonet was a short sword attached to the muzzle of a rifle. The bayonet had been used since the muzzle-loading muskets of the late 17th century. During World War I, the what is low ses French used a long needle bayonet, while the Germans adopted a pioneer bayonet with the biography of florence rear edge formed into a saw. Is Low Ses. The British used the standard sword bayonet. Although instructors encouraged the use of the bayonet, it was of little use in real life. Of the 142,378 Australians to reach a Field Ambulance with wounds, only 396 had suffered from bayonet wounds. Bayonets accounted for less than 0.3% of elizabethan era time all wounds.

15. The flame-thrower was also a new advance of this war. The flame-thrower is a weapon that releases a stream of burning liquid, which can be aimed at enemy troops or strongpoints. The Germans at the Battle of Hooge first used the flame-thrower on July 30, 1915. Is Low Ses. The weapon consists of a backpack with a reservoir of compressed nitrogen and a tank containing about 10 pints of liquid flame, usually a mixture of coal tar and benzene. A hose ran from the fuel tank to Sophocles Essay, a nozzle, on which was an ignition device. The gas pressure gave the flaming liquid a range of about 45 meters. What. The flame-thrower was adopted by the British, French and American forces. A terrifying weapon, its operator was always aimed at, because of this devastating weapon, and best eulogies, when assaulting a strongpoint with a flame-thrower, it was necessary to have an extra squad for what is low ses, protection.16.

Ground troops also used hand grenades. The hand grenade was a small missile containing an explosive charge that was thrown. Era Time. Grenades invented in the 15th century, but were not used much. Is Low Ses. They were rediscovered during the Russo-Japanese war of 1905 and again when the trench warfare of World War I began. Nightingale. The first hand grenades of World War I where empty cans filled with gunpowder and stones, with a fuse. The Australians at Gallipoli used these tin grenades quite often and they were often called Jam Bombs. Eventually these bombs became an officially designed and manufactured weapon for is low ses, use by the ground forces. Hand grenades were generally fitted with some sort of time fuse that burnt for about 4 seconds: sufficient time for the grenade to reach enemy lines when thrown, but not enough time for biography nightingale, the enemy to pick it up and throw it back. The main types of what ses hand grenades were the era time British Mills bomb, the French pineapple grenade and what is low, the German stick grenade. A trained soldier could throw a grenade about 35-40 meters.

In addition to explosive grenades, smoke and gas grenades were used, mainly for trench clearing and trench raids. 17. The Mills bomb was an infantry-issue hand grenade developed by William Mills of Birmingham in 1915. It consisted of of florence nightingale a cast-iron body filled with explosives and a central tube with a detonator, fuse, and what is low ses, percussion cap. The user held the grenade so that he squeezed the lever and biography of florence nightingale, pulled the pin. When the lever came back out the fuse lit, and after four seconds the is low grenade detonated. The mills grenade remained in elizabethan era time, British and Australian service until the what is low ses 1960's. 18. New kinds of machine guns were constantly being developed. The Lewis gun was a new British light machine gun.

The Lewis gun was initially designed by Samuel MacLean, and was then developed and perfected by I.N. Lewis of the U.S. Army. The U.S. Army wasn’t interested in the weapon, and Lewis took the gun to Belgium. He set up a manufacturing company there in 1913. Marketing Process Of An Shampoo Essay. In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, most of the staff fled to England where they were able to continue manufacturing the gun in what ses, the Birmingham Small Arms Company factory. The gun was subsequently used by best eulogies, the British, Belgian and Italian armies in great numbers, both as a ground weapon and as an aircraft gun. The Lewis gun became standard issue to the Australian forces in France, and each platoon had its own Lewis gunner. It was with this weapon that an Australian, Cedric Popkin, of the 24th machine-gun Company, 4th Division might have shot down the Red Baron. 19.

The mortar was also first used in this war. Ses. In 1915 Sir Wilfris Stokes invented the Stokes mortar. It fired a simple cylindrical bomb. The front of the bomb carried a simple fuse based on the Mills grenade. The bomb was simply dropped down the barrel, to strike a firing pin fixed at the base; this ignited a shotgun cartridge and hormones are distributed, the explosion of the what is low powder ejected the bomb. The first bombs had a range of about 900 meters. Later bombs were lighter and had a much greater range.

The Stokes mortar was the prototype for every mortar since designed. Stokes Mortars supported rifle battalions and Light trench mortar units. They fired up and over trenches, landing down into enemy trenches. Of Florence Nightingale. They could fire high explosive rounds exploding in the air or ground, and what is low ses, also smoke rounds. Best Eulogies. Smoke was used to both hide the American Army’s position from enemy observation and fire and to what is low, cover their movements and attacks. They could also lay 'false screens', so that the enemy would believe an attack was coming.

These could draw away German troops from the real attacks. 20. Airplanes were used to bomb, scout, and attack other airplanes. Ground weapons were used in attacking the enemy trench. These technological advances played a huge part in World War I and, though many were primitive and Performance of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay, inefficient they were still much more effective than previous measures.

Without these advances armies would have been lost. Notes. 1 Trevor Nevitt Depuy. Is Low Ses. The War in the Air, (New York, New York: Franklin Watts inc., 1976), 7. 5 R. D Layman, Naval aviation in the First World War (Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1996), 53-55. 13 Machine Gun. Marketing Process Essay. Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. 14 Johnston, Arthur. The Weapons of World War I. What. http://www.iol.com.au/

18 Alan Lloyd, The War in the Trenches (New York, New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1976), 46. 48. Depuy, Trevor Nevitt. The War in the Air. New York, New York: Franklin Watts inc., 1976. Johnston, Arthur. The Weapons of World War I. http://www.iol.com.au/ Lloyd, Alan. The War in the Trenches.

New York, New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1976. Layman, R. D. Naval aviation in the First World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1996. Machine Gun. Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. Word Count: 2172. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind. Are Distributed The Body. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download.

The projects are never resold and what ses, will remain your unique property for Marketing Herbal Shampoo, a lifetime. The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private. We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of is low ses service apply).

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in what ses, a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for Marketing of An Shampoo Essay the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two?

Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on is low ses it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of best eulogies your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for is low the job. Best Eulogies? For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).

Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in of Grupo Bimbo Essay, and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on ses a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to of An Shampoo include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of what is low ses cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the Inequality Essay fold” refers to what you see on what is low the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. Inequality? In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to what is low ses keep on reading. So focus on period putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to is low ses Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the elizabethan position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and ses focus on making the rest of Performance of Grupo Essay your resume stellar.

There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is what is low, this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of Process Herbal Shampoo your resume, then go for ses it. But if you can tell the same story in era time, less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to what is low ses have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and Marketing Process of An Herbal Shampoo Essay then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.

We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of is low ses good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on best eulogies hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and is low 12 and leaving a healthy amount of Process Essay white space on what is low ses the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. Sophocles Of Gender? That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the is low ses sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an best eulogies, ATS, keep to ses the standard formatting without any bells and through the body whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop.

No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in is low ses, the time, creativity, and design work to elizabethan era time period make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to what include your address on era time period your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and is low professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. Performance Company Essay? (Implicit in this is what is low, that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of Sophocles Inequality Roles time on ses each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. Nightingale? This is arguably the what is low ses most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Biography Of Florence Nightingale? Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant.

As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of is low your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. Marketing Process Of An Essay? If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the ses latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and best eulogies transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to is low get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to elizabethan era time throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person.

Remember that the is low ses first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by are distributed your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to is low achieve them. Sophocles Roles? Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to ses your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you.

If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out Essay these tips for what turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the Essay same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only is low ses, put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology.

If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in Process of An Shampoo Essay, your resume: Scan the what job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and Herbal hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are.

24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. Is Low Ses? 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological.

Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the Inequality of Gender Essay most recent or advanced degree first, working in what is low ses, reverse chronological order. Performance Of Grupo Company Essay? But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about is low ses whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in Herbal Shampoo Essay, the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light.

Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the what ses skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to period skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of is low skills related to Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Is Low? Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job.

Are you a guitar player with your eye on Bimbo Company a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for what ses a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and elizabethan period accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards.

Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for what is low having the company’s top sales record four quarters in Performance Bimbo, a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of is low ses months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to biography of florence The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in is low, an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and best eulogies end dates for what is low ses each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at Marketing Process of An Essay, your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to what is low ses each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to biography of florence downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the ses perfect opportunity for the body a summary statement at what is low ses, the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Biography Nightingale? Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work.

See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on is low your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of by laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to what take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is best eulogies, interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of what is low typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an of florence, editor on how to perfect your own work ).

If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. What? That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. By? To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of ses HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to hormones through the body an email and what is low open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and Performance Bimbo Company Essay make some updates. Have you taken on is low new responsibilities?

Learned new skills? Add them in. Hormones The Body By? When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in what, tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is through, a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of ses writing on the web. Performance Bimbo Essay? Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team.

If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to ses go out to Inequality of Gender Essay tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Citing Music Sources in Your Essay and is low ses, Bibliography - the hormones through, 2007 version. [This is an expanded version of a document originating from Western's Don Wright Faculty of Music-- the former Music History Department - now part of the Department of Music Research and what, Composition.] Please BEWARE - the formatting is Performance Company, NOT OPTIMAL in this html document. I advise consulting the PDF version, for greater accuracy of is low, spacing, etc. LRP. Many students have probably not had much experience writing essays on music, a kind of writing that has its own stylistic conventions. Humanistic writing on music usually follows the Turabian guide (which is nightingale, based on The Chicago Manual of Style ), and Turabian will be followed in most of the history courses offered at Western. No matter what style guide is followed, it is important to what is low ses, be consistent and clear, so that the reader can easily track down your references. When writing a music history essay, avoid using abbreviations and symbols: middle C, E, G-natural, A-flat, F-sharp. the keys of F-sharp minor and E-flat major.

the triad D-F-sharp-A. Use of hyphen in adjectival forms: In the days of typewriters, underlining was an instruction to the typesetter to set a particular passage in italics. With modern software, we now use italics. Italicize all foreign words unless they are particularly familar in English usage: tempo, cello, symphony. tempi, celli, opera comique.

tempo, tempos, but tempi. libretto, librettos, but libretti. crescendo, crescendos, but crescendi. allegro, andante, cantus firmus, recitative, Kappellmeister. [Beware of inventing your own terms; there is NO such verb as to crescendo!] a) Titles of operas, oratorios, motets, tone poems, and other long musical compositions are italicized: Death and Transfiguration. b) Titles of songs and other short compositions are given in quotation marks:

Jesu Joy of Man's Desiring c) Titles consisting of generic terms are capitalized but not italicized or put in Sophocles Roles quotation marks: Brahms's Ballade op. 118 no. What Is Low Ses? 3. Schubert's Piano Sonata in B-flat Major. Chopin's Waltz in C-sharp Minor. d) Movement titles are generally capitalized; individual movements from larger works are placed within quotation marks:

Andante from elizabethan era time, Mozart's Symphony in G Minor. Kyrie from Beethoven's Missa Solemnis. On a rainy night from Beckwith's Lyrics of the T'ang Dynasty. e) Names of pieces with specific titles should be italicized, IF it is a TRUE title (i.e., one that the composer has given to the work): Schumann's Scenes from Childhood. Beethoven Symphony No. 3 ( Eroica ) the Eroica Symphony by is low Beethoven. f) Names of individual movements from Marketing Process of An Herbal Shampoo, larger compositions (including choral works), when such movements are referred to what, by title, are placed in quotation marks: Contentedness from nightingale, Schumann's Scenes from ses, Childhood. And He Shall Purify. from best eulogies, Handel's Messiah.

Wohin from what ses, Die Schone Mullerin. Air with Variations ( The Harmonious Blacksmith ) from Handel's Suite no. 5 in E Major. It is important to identify clearly the musical examples you choose to illustrate your essay. You should provide all the necessary details: composer, title, movement (if appropriate) and measure numbers: Ex. 1. Mozart, Symphony no.

41 (Jupiter) K. 551, I, mm. 17-23. In the text of the essay, refer to this example as Ex.1. FOOTNOTE [F] vs. BIBLIOGRAPHY [B] The format of footnotes and bibliographic citations differs. A footnote is like a sentence, with each major item (author, title, facts of publication) separated by best eulogies a comma. A bibliographic citation, which begins at the left margin, with all subsequent lines indented (known as a “hanging indent”), separates major elements with a period. [You will notice that all FOOTNOTE examples are numbered consecutively, as they would be in an essay.] NOTE that all items in a Bibliography are normally listed alphabetically–by the author's surname. If there is no author's name for an item, list that one item by what its title (alphabetically) within the list - please see the Sample Bibliography on page 14 of this document. The following examples conform to the 7th edition (2007) of Turabian.

ARTICLES -- Journals, Magazines, Newspapers, Periodicals, Serials. The seventh edition of the of Gender Roles Essay, Turabian guide offers different formats for magazine and what, journal citations, which can be problematic. Upon examining her citations ( 17.2-17.4 ), it appears that magazines and newspapers tend to offer one-page articles, while journal articles cover several pages. If you are writing a scholarly paper, choose the citation example for journals 17.2 – which requires you to specify the of florence, pagination of the what, entire article for your bibliography. [The footnote examples below refer to a single page, as is often the case for footnotes.] 1. Richard Semmens, “La Furstemberg and St. Martin’s Lane: Purcell’s French Odyssey.” Music Letters 78 (1997): 347. [F] Semmens, Richard. “La Furstemberg and St. Martin’s Lane: Purcell’s French Odyssey.” Music Letters 78 (1997): 337-48. [B] 2. Stephen McClatchie, The Gustav Mahler-Alfred Rose Collection at the University of Performance of Grupo Bimbo, Western Ontario, Notes : Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 52 (December 1995): 387. [F] McClatchie, Stephen. Is Low Ses? The Gustav Mahler-Alfred Rose Collection at the University of Western Ontario.

Notes : Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 52 (December 1995): 385-406. [B] . 3. Susan McClary, Feminine Endings: Music, Gender and hormones are distributed the body, Sexuality (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991), 197. [F] McClary, Susan. Feminine Endings: Music, Gender and Sexuality. Ses? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota. 4. Janet R. Hormones Through? Barrett, Claire W. McCoy and Kari K. Veblen, Sound ways of knowing : music in the interdisciplinary curriculum (New York : Schirmer Books ; London : Prentice Hall International, 1997), 114-16. [F] Barrett, Janet R. , Claire W. McCoy and Kari K. Veblen. Sound ways of knowing : music in the interdisciplinary curriculum. New York : Schirmer Books ; London : Prentice Hall International, 1997. [B] Essentially, you are citing a journal article, with the what, added complication of including the title of the of Grupo Company, reviewed book. Remember that underlining a title = italics , so BOTH the title of the journal and the title of the book must be italicized.

5. Robert Carl, review of Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality , by what ses Susan McClary, in Notes: Quarterly Journal of the elizabethan period, Music Library Association 48 (June 1992): 1289. [F] Carl, Robert. Review of Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality , by Susan McClary Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 48 (June 1992): 1288-1291. [B] CITING FROM A SECONDARY SOURCE -- or -- I could not consult the what is low, 'original' Occasionally, one is forced to of Grupo, cite an what ses, entry which refers to another important work. It may be impossible to consult the original work, if the original is rare, signed-out, or otherwise difficult to locate. The secondary work may provide a portion of the original work, or may provide a necessary translation; you will cite the original as contained in by the secondary source in the following manner:

6. Robert Schumann, Kennst du das Land, Sammtlicher Lieder , v.2, edited by Max Friedlaender. (Frankfurt: Peters, 19-?), 212; in Norton Anthology of is low, Western Music , 2nd ed., ed. Claude V. Palisca. (New York: Norton, 1988), 338. Biography Nightingale? [F] Schumann, Robert. Kennst du das Land. What Is Low Ses? Sammtlicher Lieder , v.2. Edited by Max Friedlaender.

Frankfurt: Peters, 19-?: 212-215. In Norton Anthology of Marketing Process of An Shampoo, Western Music , 2nd ed., ed. Is Low? Claude V. Palisca, 338-342. New York: Norton, 1988. [B] 7. Paul Dukas, Claude Debussy et Paul Dukas, La Revue Musical , Special Numbe r: La Jeunesse de Debussy (May, 1926); cited by Jean Roy, trans. Denis Ogan, in accompanying. booklet to Debussy Melodies, performed by various singers with Dalton Baldwin, piano, EMI Classics, CDM 7640962, 1980, 8. Of Grupo Bimbo Company? Compact disc. [UWO MCD 7048] [F] Dukas, Paul.

Claude Debussy et Paul Dukas. What Is Low Ses? La Revue Musical , Special Number: La Jeuness de Debussy (May, 1926). Cited by Company Jean Roy, trans. Denis Ogan, in accompanying booklet to Debussy Melodies, performed by various singers with Dalton Baldwin, piano, EMI Classics. CDM 7640962, 1980, 8-10 . Compact disc. Ses? [UWO MCD7048] [B] DICTIONARIES / ENCYCLOPAEDIAS (four different citation styles-- choose ONE ) 8. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 3rd rev. ed., 1964, s.v. ornamentation. [F] The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 3rd rev. ed., 1964. S.v. Ornamentation. [B] 9. The New Harvard Dictionary of Music , 1986, s.v. electro-acoustic music, by Jon H. Appleton. [F]

Subsequent short-form entries (of Ex. 9 above) can be abbreviated to: 10. Appleton, electro-acoustic music in New Harvard Dictionary. [F] The New Harvard Dictionary of Music. 1986. S.v. electro-acoustic music by Jon H. . Appleton. Best Eulogies? [B] Despite its name, The New Grove Dictionary is an encyclopaedia.

The articles are written by experts, and signed; some articles have been extracted and published as individual books. While the preceding examples are all correct, some prefer the following citation format, which resembles the format for citing journal articles: of Music and Musicians (London: Macmillan, 1980), I: 698. [F] Robinson, Michael F. Auletta, Pietro. Stanley Sadie, ed., New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. London: Macmillan, 1980. I: 697-698. [B] The New Grove Dictionary of what ses, Music and Musicians is elizabethan period, also available online. Please be aware that the citation examples given in Grove Music Online reflect British practice , and what, as such are incorrect for those North Americans using either the Chicago Manual of Style or Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations . 12.

Grove Music Online , s.v. Schafer, R. Murray (by Stephen Adams), http://www.grovemusic.com/ (accessed November 19, 2007). [F] Adams, Stephen. Are Distributed The Body? S.v. Schafer, R. Murray. Grove Music Online . http://www.grovemusic.com (accessed. 13. Gary C. Is Low Ses? Thomas, Was George Frideric Handel gay? : on closet questions and cultural politics, in Queering the Pitch: The New Gay and Lesbian Musicology , eds. Philip Brett, Elizabeth Wood, Gary C. Thomas (New York: Routledge, 1994), 167. [F] Thomas, Gary C. Was George Frideric Handel gay? : on closet questions and cultural politics. In Queering the Pitch: The New Gay and best eulogies, Lesbian Musicology , eds.

Philip Brett, Elizabeth Wood, Gary C. Thomas,155-203. What Is Low Ses? New York: Routledge, 1994. [B] Festschrift, citing entire volume, with editor as 'author': 14. David Hunter, ed., Music Publishing Collecting: Essays in Honor of Donald W. Krummel. Hunter, David, ed. Music Publishing Collecting: Essays in Honor of Donald W. Krummel. Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1994. Biography Of Florence? [B] Festschrift, citing a single essay by one author:

15. Calvin Elliker, The Collector and Reception History: The Case of Josiah Kirby Lilly, in Music. Publishing Collecting: Essays in is low ses Honor of Donald W. Process Of An Shampoo? Krummel , ed. David Hunter. (Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Elliker, Calvin.

The Collector and Reception History: The Case of Josiah Kirby Lilly. In Music Publishing Collecting: Essays in Honor of Donald W. Krummel , edited by David Hunter. Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1994: 189-203. [B] [Return to Index] 16. Gustav Mahler to Justine Mahler, July 31, 1897, in The Mahler Family Letters , ed. Stephen. McClatchie (New York: Oxford, 2006), 320. [F] Mahler, Gustav. Gustav to Justine Mahler, July 31, 1897. What Is Low? In The Mahler Family Letters , edited by by Stephen McClatchie. New York: Oxford, 2006. [B]

17. Cesar Cui to “Mon cher editeur” [Monsieur Heugel], November 16, [18]91, Gift of the Wilhelmina. McIntosh Book Fund of the Faculty of ses, Music, The Opera Collection, MZ590, Music Library, University. of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Cui, Cesar. Hormones Are Distributed The Body By? Cui to “Mon cher editeur” [Monsieur Heugel], November 16, [18]91.

Gift of the Wilhelmina McIntosh Book Fund of the Faculty of Music. The Opera Collection, MZ590. Music Library, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Talma, Louise. What Is Low? Pastoral Prelude . Boston: Carl Fischer, 1952. [B]

19. Claude Debussy, Le vent dans la plaine, Preludes , ed. Hormones Through The Body By? Pierre Marchand (Paris: Durand, ca. Debussy, Claude. Le vent dans la plaine, Preludes . Edited by Pierre Marchand. Paris: Durand, ca.1910. [B] 20. What Ses? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, The Magic Flute , original text by Emanuel Schikaneder and Carl.

Giesecke, English version by Marketing Shampoo Ruth and Thomas Martin (New York: G. Schirmer, 1951), 157. Ses? [F] Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. The Magic Flute . Original text by Emanuel Schikaneder and Carl Giesecke. English version by Ruth and Thomas Martin. Marketing Process Shampoo Essay? New York: G. What? Schirmer, 1951. [B] MUSIC, PRINTED -- issued as part of an Anthology, or Collected Work. 21. Robert Schumann, Kennst du das Land, Sammtlicher Lieder , v.2, edited by Max Friedlaender. (Frankfurt: Peters, 19-?), 213. [F] Schumann, Robert. Kennst du das Land, Sammtlicher Lieder , v.2.

Edited by Max Friedlaender. Frankfurt: Peters, 19-?: 212-215. [B] 22. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Die Zauberflote , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart neue. Ausgabe samtlicher Werke , series 2, workgroup 5, vol. 19 (Kassel: Barenreiter, 1970), 205. [F] Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Die Zauberflote . Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart neue Ausgabe samtlicher Werke , series 2, workgroup 5, vol.

19. Kassel: Barenreiter, 1970. Performance Of Grupo? [B] 23. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ah, lo previdi! K. 272, in Twenty-one Concert Arias for what ses, Soprano , v.1 (New York: G. Schirmer, 1952), 15. [F] Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Ah, lo previdi! K. 272. In Twenty-one Concert Arias for Soprano , v.1, 14-34 . Of Florence? New York: G. Schirmer, 1952. [B] 24. Robert Schumann, Kennst du das Land, in what Norton Anthology of of florence nightingale, Western Music , 2nd ed., ed.

Claude V. Palisca (New York: Norton, 1988), 338. [F] Schumann, Robert. Kennst du das Land. What Is Low Ses? In Norton Anthology of Western Music , 2nd ed., ed. Claude V. Palisca, 338-342. New York: Norton, 1988. [B] 25. Undine Smith Moore, “Mother to Son,” in Contemporary Anthology of Music by era time period Women , ed. James R. Briscoe (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997), 224-28. [F] Moore, Undine Smith. What Is Low? “Mother to elizabethan era time, Son.” In Contemporary Anthology of Music by Women , 224-28.

Edited by James R. Briscoe. Ses? Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997. [B] 26. Gustav Mahler, Symphony No. 1, copyist's score with annotations in Mahler's hand, ?1888-1889, CDN-Lu OS-MD-694, v.1-2. The Gustav Mahler-Alfred Rose Collection, The Music Library, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada. [F] Mahler, Gustav. Symphony No.1. Essay? Copyist's score with annotations in Mahler's hand, ?1888-89, CDN-Lu. OS-MD-694, v.1-2. The Gustav Mahler-Alfred Rose Collection, The Music Library, University of what is low ses, Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada. [B]

MUSIC, MANUSCRIPTS- FACSIMILE REPRODUCTIONS. 27. Il Codice Squarcialupi: MS. Era Time? Mediceo Palatino 87, Biblioteca laurenziana di Firenze. 15th century. music manuscript, facsimile reproduction in colour with accompanying volume of studies edited by F. Alberto Gallo. (Firenze: Giunti Barbera; [Lucca]: Libreria musicale italiana, 1992), f. 14. [F] Il Codice Squarcialupi: MS. What Is Low? Mediceo Palatino 87, Biblioteca laurenziana DI Firenze. 15th century music. manuscript, facsimile reproduction in colour with accompanying volume of of Gender Roles, studies edited by F. What Is Low Ses? Alberto.

Gallo. Firenze: Giunti Barbera; [Lucca]: Libreria musicale italiana, 1992. [B] [Return to Index] MUSIC, COMMERCIALLY-RECORDED -- vinyl, cassettes, DATs, CDs, etc. You will notice that several of the following examples do not include a date. While CDs frequently have a date of manufacture on the label, vinyl recordings often do not include this information. Best Eulogies? Rather than provide incorrect information, it is preferable to what ses, omit the date. The manufacturer's name and label number are sufficient to identify a recording. You may choose to include the best eulogies, Library's call number for an item, where applicable.

28. Gustav Mahler, Symphony no. What Is Low? 1 in of florence nightingale D Major (Titan) , Columbia Symphony Orchestra conducted. by Bruno Walter (Columbia ML 5794), vinyl recording. [F] Mahler, Gustav. Is Low Ses? Symphony no. 1 in D Major (Titan) , Columbia Symphony Orchestra conducted by Bruno Walter. Columbia ML 5794. Vinyl recording. [B] 29. Gustav Mahler, Symphony no.1 in D Major , Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by Inequality of Gender Roles Essay Leonard.

Bernstein, Deutsche Grammophon 431 036-2, 1989, compact disc. [UWO MCD 6866] [F] Mahler, Gustav. What Is Low? Symphony no.1 in D Major , Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein. Deutsche Grammophon 431 036-2, 1989. Compact disc. [UWO: MCD 6866] [B]

30. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ah, lo previdi! K. 272. In Konzert-Arien sung by Gundula Janowitz. with the Wiener Symphoniker conducted by period Wilfried Boettcher, Deutsche Grammophon 449 723-2., recorded 1966, reissued 1966.

Compact disc. [UWO MCD 11121] [F] Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Ah, lo previdi! K. 272. Is Low Ses? In Konzert-Arien sung by Gundula Janowitz with the of Gender Roles Essay, Wiener Symphoniker conducted by Wilfried Boettcher. Deutsche Grammophon 449 723-2. Recorded1966, reissued 1996. Compact disc. [UWO: MCD 11121] [B]

MUSIC, COMMERCIALLY-RECORDED: 'Accompanying Notes' or Booklet Information. The booklets which accompany CDs, the what, jackets/sleeves of vinyl LPs, and other inserts are legitimate sources of through the body, information, especially when the author's name is provided. Generally speaking, signed works are considered to be more reliable and what ses, scholarly than unsigned works. Marketing Process Shampoo Essay? Again, the call number is optional. See also example no. 5 (above), which deals with a translated text. 31. Humphrey Searle, Anton Webern in what accompanying booklet, Webern: Complete Works Opp. Of Gender Roles? 1-31 performed by the Juilliard String Quartet and the London Sinfonietta conducted by Pierre Boulez, SONY Classical S3K 45845, 1991, compact disc. [UWO MCD 6153] [F]

Searle, Humphrey. Anton Webern essay in accompanying booklet, Webern: Complete Works Opp. 1-31 performed by the Juilliard String Quartet and the London Sinfonietta conducted by Pierre Boulez. SONY Classical S3K 45845, 1991. Compact disc. [UWO MCD 6153] [B] Citing an is low, obituary in your essay? Follow the format for best eulogies, ARTICLES (above). It makes no difference whether the obituary comes from a newspaper or a journal, so long as you provide the full pagination. What? [Return to Index] Works of special significance are often reprinted. One must give details of both the original and Bimbo, the reprint editions as shown by the following examples. 32.

Allen Forte, The Compositional Matrix (Baldwin, N.Y.: Music Teachers National Association, 1961; reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1971), 35-39 (page citations are to the reprint edition). [F] Forte, Allen. Is Low? The Compositonal Matrix . Baldwin, NY: Music Teachers National Association, 1961. Reprint: New York: Da Capo, 1971. [B] Many important music manuscripts have been made available in reproduction editions (see MUSIC, MANUSCRIPTS - FACSIMILE REPRODUCTIONS above); important (or otherwise interesting) editions of early published music have also been reprinted, and are of Bimbo Essay, interest to performers and scholars alike. 33. William Boyce, Lyra Britannica: being a collection of songs, duets and cantatas on various subjects. (London: I. Walsh, [1745]; reprint, Cambridgeshire: King's Music, n.d.), 8-9 (page citations are to the reprint edition). What Ses? [F] Boyce, William. Lyra Britannica: being a collection of Performance Bimbo, songs, duets and cantatas on various subjects . London: I. Walsh, [1745]. What? Reprint: Cambridgeshire: King's Music, n.d.. [B] [Return to Index]

These are technically unpublished works, written to fulfill degree requirements at a particular institution. A thesis is written in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Masters degree: 34. Anthony Strangis, Kurt Weill and Performance Bimbo, opera for the people in Germany and America. (MM thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1987), 179. [F] Strangis, Anthony.

Kurt Weill and opera for the people in Germany and what is low ses, America. MM thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1987. [B] A dissertation is are distributed through by, written for a PhD (Doctor of Philosophy ) degree: 35. Alison Stonehouse, Metastasio's Poetry and Drama in what France, 1750-1800. Process Of An Herbal Shampoo? (PhD diss., University of Western Ontario, 1997), 133. [F] Stonehouse, Alison. Metastasio's Poetry and Drama in France, 1750-1800. PhD diss., University of Western Ontario, 1997. [B]

See also example no. 7 above, which cites a translated text as given in a CD booklet. 36. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Essay on the true art of playing keyboard instruments, trans. and edited by is low William J. Mitchell (New York : W. W. Marketing? Norton, [1949]), 97. Is Low Ses? [F] Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel. Essay on the true art of playing keyboard instruments . Hormones The Body By? Translated and edited by William J. Mitchell. Is Low? New York: Norton, [1949]. [B] 37. Biography Of Florence? Richard Strauss, Salome , Royal Opera Covent Garden, conducted by Bernard Haitink, directed by Derek Bailey and Peter Hall, 105 min., Covent Garden Pioneer : Public Media Home Vision, SAL 090, ISBN 0-7800-1433-2, 1992, videocassette. What Is Low Ses? [UWO MVD 26] [F]

Strauss, Richard. Salome , Royal Opera Covent Garden, conducted by Bernard Haitink, directed by Derek Bailey and Marketing Process of An Herbal Shampoo, Peter Hall. What? 105 min. Covent Garden Pioneer : Public Media Home Vision, SAL 090, ISBN 0-7800-1433-2,1992, videocassette. [UWO MVD 26] [B] CITING ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS [WWW, CD-ROMS, email] Citing electronic documents and information differs somewhat from citation formats for print materials. You still require the same basic information: author -- this can be a person, a company, a library responsibility -- (Photographer) or (Painter) or ?? date -- of an art work, or date of copyright, or update title -- title of the web-page, CD-ROM index or database nature -- [Photograph] [Image of oil painting] format -- [CD-ROM] or [Online] or [Electronic] or [Internet] publisher -- data provider/company identifier -- database identifier/accession number of article date -- date you viewed/consulted the information.

The date may be found on are distributed by a CD-ROM disc, but when the CD-ROM is networked, you do not have the what is low, opportunity to see the through, actual disc. You may see a version number or copyright date as you log-in to a database or networked CD-ROM. Alternately, you may cite the what ses, date you accessed the product or service. The latest edition of Turabian does not require an access date, however all other style guides do require this information. Certain databases give accession numbers ( e.g. ERIC), and those accession numbers should be included in your bibliographic citation.

Essentially, you should provide sufficient information so that someone reading your essay can find the same information/site--which means that you should include the hormones are distributed by, complete URL (beginning with: http://. ) if you are citing a WWW-site. Is Low? Given the fugitive nature: of information on the WWW, if you are engaged in best eulogies writing a thesis or dissertation, it would be wise to PRINT a copy of any needed web-document, and physically include it in your work (as an Appendix or other type of example). Cite ONLY those electronic sources which are full-text or which provide other useful information. What Is Low Ses? Indexing tools which provide citations only, such as the Music Index (print version), are not cited; do not cite electronic indexes, either -- unless they provide full-text articles! FULL-TEXT ARTICLE, originally published in print form. If you are able to consult the print version of the article, then you can use the less-complicated citation format for ARTICLES (above). Sophocles Of Gender Roles Essay? Electronic full-text articles may provide the pagination of the original, but rarely format the document with the original page breaks, which has implications for citation format (meaning that you should count the what is low, number of paragraphs, and of Grupo Bimbo Company Essay, then specify them, by is low number). 38. Best Eulogies? Linda Hutcheon and is low ses, Michael Hutcheon, Opera and national identity: new Canadian opera, Canadian Theatre Review (Fall 1998): 5-8, Canadian Business and Current Affairs : par. 12, online, available: Silver Platter WebSPIRS, [database online, UWO], AN: 4413119, accessed 1999, December 12. [F]

Hutcheon, Linda and Michael Hutcheon. Opera and national identity: new Canadian opera. Hormones? Canadian Theatre Review (Fall, 1998): 5-8. Canadian Business and Current Affairs [database online, UWO], AN: 4413119. Accessed 1999, December 12. [B] 39. Joanne Close, A case for ses, arts education, Teach Magazine (Nov/Dec 1997), 26-29, para.

4, online, Canadian Business and Current Affairs Fulltext Education [1976-current] [database online, UWO], AN 3701127, accessed 2000, January 5. Best Eulogies? [F] Close, Joanne. A case for what is low, arts education. Teach Magazine (Nov/DEC 1997): 26-29, Canadian Business and Current Affairs Fulltext Education [1976-current] [database online, UWO], AN 3701127. Accessed January 5, 2000. [B] 40. Stephen McClatchie, “The 1889 Version of Mahler's First Symphony: A New Manuscript Source,” 19th-Century Music 20 (Autumn, 1996): 102-3, http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0148-2076%28199623%2920%3A2%3C99%3AT1VOMF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-C. (accessed November 21, 2007). [F]

McClatchie, Stephen. The 1889 Version of Roles Essay, Mahler's First Symphony: A New Manuscript Source. 19th-Century Music 20 (Autumn, 1996): 99-124. Is Low? http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0148-2076%28199623%2920%3A2%3C99%3AT1VOMF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-C. (accessed November 21, 2007). Sophocles Of Gender Essay? [B] FULL-TEXT ARTICLE, originally published in French, translation available on WWW. 41. Louise Lamothe, Who remembers Disc-O-Logue? interview by Richard Baillargeon, Rendez-vous 92 (2nd annual joint bulletin of is low, Ye-Ye Publications and SARMA), 1992?, para. 5 online, translation courtesy The National Library of Canada, ©1997-08-12; available from: http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/discologue/intervie.htm, Internet, accessed 2000, December 17. [F]

Lamothe, Louise. Who remembers Disc-O-Logue? Interview by Richard Baillargeon. Rendezvous 92 (2nd annual joint bulletin of Performance Bimbo Essay, Ye-Ye Publications and SARMA), 1992? Translation courtesy The National Library of ses, Canada, ©1997-08-12. Available from: http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/discologue/intervie.htm. Internet. Accessed 2000, December 17. [B] Not all sites provide the required information for a complete bibliographic citation.

Check the hormones by, list given on what is low ses the previous page [under CITING ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS] and include as much information as is possible. 42. Lawrie Raskin, (Photographer), Living room in Glenn Gould's apartment on are distributed the body St. Clair Avenue. West in ses Toronto, January 20, 1983 [Photograph on Internet], Glenn Gould Archive, National Library. of Canada, available: http://www.gould.nlc-bnc.ca/exhi/images/ iv41.jpg, Internet, accessed 2000, January 7. [F] Raskin, Lawrie. (Photographer).

Living room in Glenn Gould's apartment on St. Clair Avenue West in Toronto . [Photograph], [Internet] January 20, 1983. Biography Nightingale? Glenn Gould Archive, National Library of Canada. Available: http://www.gould.nlc-bnc.ca/exhi/images/iv41.jpg. What Is Low? Internet. Best Eulogies? Accessed 2000, January 7. [B] PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER – the is low ses, sample bibliography.

Bibliographies are arranged in ALPHABETICAL ORDER - by the author’s surname . If, on through the body occasion, you have NO author’s name - the what ses, convention is to use the TITLE (and IGNORE leading articles such as “the”, “a”) when placing the item alphabetically within your list. Boyce, William. Lyra Britannica: being a collection of songs, duets and cantatas on various subjects. London: I. Walsh, [1745]. Reprint: Cambridgeshire: King's Music, n.d..

Carl, Robert. Review of Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality , by Susan McClary. Notes: Quarterly Journal of the best eulogies, Music Library Association 48 (June 1992): 1288-1291. Close, Joanne. A case for arts education. Teach Magazine (Nov/Dec1997): 26-29, Canadian Business and Current Affairs Fulltext Education [1976-current] [database online, UWO AN 3701127. Accessed January 5, 2000. Il Codice Squarcialupi: MS. What Ses? Mediceo Palatino 87, Biblioteca laurenziana DI Firenze. 15th century music. manuscript, facsimile reproduction in colour with accompanying volume of studies edited by F. Alberto.

Gallo. Firenze: Giunti Barbera; [Lucca]: Libreria musicale italiana, 1992. Elliker, Calvin. The Collector and Reception History: The Case of Josiah Kirby Lilly. In Music Publishing Collecting: Essays in Honor of Donald W. Krummel , edited by David Hunter.

Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1994: 189-203. Forte, Allen. The Compositonal Matrix . Baldwin, NY: Music Teachers National Association, 1961. Reprint: New York: Da Capo, 1971. Mahler, Gustav. Symphony No.1. Copyist's score with annotations in Mahler's hand, ?1888-89, CDN-Lu OS-MD-694, v.1-2. The Gustav Mahler-Alfred Rose Collection, The Music Library, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada. ______.

Symphony no.1 in D Major , Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein. Deutsche Grammophon 431 036-2, 1989. Compact disc. [UWO: MCD 6866] McClary, Susan. Feminine Endings: Music, Gender and Sexuality. Minneapolis: University of Marketing of An Herbal, Minnesota Press, 1991. McClatchie, Stephen. The Gustav Mahler-Alfred Rose Collection at what is low ses the University of Western Ontario. Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 52 (December 1995): 385-406.

______. Inequality Roles? 'Liebste Justi': The Family Letters of Gustav Mahler. In Mahler Studies , ed. Stephen E. Is Low Ses? Hefling, 53-77. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians . 1980. S.v. Shampoo Essay? Auletta, Pietro, by Michael F. Robinson. Raskin, Lawrie. Is Low? (Photographer). Elizabethan? Living room in Glenn Gould's apartment on St. Clair Avenue West in Toronto . [Photograph], [Internet] January 20, 1983. Glenn Gould Archive, National Library of Canada.

Available: http://www.gould.nlc-bnc.ca/exhi/images/iv41.jpg. Internet. What Is Low? Accessed 2000, January 7. Schumann, Robert. Hormones Through? Kennst du das Land. Sammtlicher Lieder , v.2. Edited by Max Friedlaender. Frankfurt: Peters, 19-?: 212-215. In Norton Anthology of Western Music , 2nd ed., ed. Claude V. Palisca, 338-342.

New York: Norton, 1988. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 3rd rev. ed., 1964. What Is Low Ses? S.v. Ornamentation. Stonehouse, Alison. Metastasio's Poetry and Drama in France, 1750-1800. PhD diss., University of Western Ontario, 1997. Strangis, Anthony. Biography Nightingale? Kurt Weill and opera for the people in Germany and America.

MM thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1987. Strauss, Richard. Salome , Royal Opera Covent Garden, conducted by is low Bernard Haitink, directed by Derek Bailey and Sophocles of Gender Roles, Peter Hall. 105 min. Covent Garden Pioneer : Public Media Home Vision, SAL 090, ISBN 0-7800-1433-2, 1992, videocassette. [UWO MVD 26]

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essay of what, odyssey ODYSSEY ESSAY SAMPLES. TWO MORE ESSAYS below:. €śThe Development of Penelope in Homer€™s Odyssey €ť. €śThe Significance of Religion in The Odyssey €ť. THE DEVELOPMENT OF PENELOPE IN HOMER€™S ODYSSEY. The time of ancient Greece seems like its own story in another world, one nothing like our own. Of Florence. Powerful gods and goddesses, brave warriors, mystical beings, and the mistreatment of women rule the what is low ses, plot. Except that women have been overlooked in our world for centuries.

The insignificance of women was a part of Greek life that is of florence nightingale, not majestic or ethereal. In the epic poem The Odyssey by ses Homer, Penelope develops into her own character during a time where women are prized as possessions more than people. Homer makes Penelope into her own person and Performance Bimbo Company Essay, not just an addition to her husband by his long absence and the troubles she must face on her own through difficult times. Homer gives her qualities of loyalty, strength, and cunning to what is low ses be able to survive without a husband when all others think she should just take another. Penelope becomes like a character unlike many women in Greek times such as Agamemnon€™s wife, but similar to Circe and Athena. She is turned into a woman of best eulogies, power by Homer. Odysseus reluctantly departs to ses go fight in the Trojan War, leaving behind his wife and new son, and ends up staying away for twenty years. Throughout every minute of it, Penelope remains more faithful to her husband than he is to biography her. She never submits to ses the whims of the suitors begging for her hand in of Gender, marriage and only finds ways to is low ses make them leave her, while he enjoys the through the body by, company of Circe and ses, Calypso.

In a time where women are not praised for their minds but for their beauty, faithfulness for twenty years wins her a place as the highest form of Performance Essay, women. Agamemnon compares her to his wife and praises her as being the €śmistress of her own heart,/ Penelope!€ť (XXIV.222-223) while his own wife €śthe adulteress,/ waited to stab her lord and king€ť (XXIV.225-226). From these statements, Agamemnon concludes that €śthe very gods themselves will sing her story€ť (XXIV.221), claiming that faithfulness is the best quality a woman could have. Penelope stays steadfast and alone through twenty years of her life, without a man by what is low ses her side to see her through. Agamemnon€™s wife finds herself another man to rely on while her own husband is best eulogies, gone, succumbing to the urges of what is low, society and the social status of women at the time. Penelope is able to stay loyal to her husband even after twenty years. The two wives of warriors are completely different, one fickle, and one faithful. Penelope is forced by the long absence of her husband to guide her to become strong and guarded so that she can live without Odysseus.

Penelope is faced with challenges at home while Odysseus is Process of An Shampoo Essay, away, challenges that without strength would be impossible to face every day. She is left with a son, not even two, to raise on her own, without the guidance of a father figure in his life. Telemachus is father-less until he is twenty-one, an issue for Penelope because she cannot raise him as a man and king would, and what is low ses, the fate of her kingdom rests with him. In addition, once Odysseus€™ mother dies and Laertes goes to live alone, Penelope is left alone to rule Ithaca, no small task for a queen by herself. There are also the suitors who claim Odysseus to of An Herbal Shampoo Essay be dead and ask for her hand in marriage every day. They will not leave Penelope in peace and what is low, €śevery suitor swore to lie beside her€ť (I.115) but €śSpurn them she dare not€ť (I.295) in fear of evoking their wrath and therefore the destruction of Company Essay, her home and family.

She must remain strong, never submitting to the demands of the is low ses, suitors and never allowing her hatred of them to gain the upper hand. She must guard herself and her home from their anger and of their insistence of Odysseus€™ death. If they begin to believe that he will never return, then there remains no reason to stay strong through such trying times. Penelope is similar to Circe in that they both can live and flourish without men in their lives. Circe disposes of any men who come to biography her island, and has made herself a woman to fear. Penelope remains strong like Circe, but does not evoke fear in other€™s hearts.

She has no wish to kill even the ses, men that plague her, only wishes that they would be gone. She never allows them to gain the upper hand over her life, but remains strong throughout. When Odysseus returns, Penelope cannot simply accept the fact the he is who he says he after twenty years when so much is uncertain. Penelope feels that it would be best to test him to make sure that he tells the truth. Hormones Are Distributed Through The Body. Her cunning saves her from a possibility of being deeply wounded, which would have happened if she believed that the man before her was Odysseus, then finds out that he is what is low, not. As close as Penelope and Odysseus were before he left, the more painful it would have been to Performance of Grupo Bimbo Essay have him torn from what is low ses her again. Are Distributed. She tests him by is low ses having him €śtried to the breaking point€ť (XXIII.206) by suggesting that the bed he made with his own hands was no longer where he had left it. She also uses her wily wits to Marketing Process of An Herbal Shampoo Essay stall the suitors from forcing her into an unwanted marriage. Penelope claims that she must finish weaving a shroud for Odysseus€™ father before she can marry again, which the what is low ses, suitors readily agree to because of the Performance of Grupo Company, piety of the work. What the suitors are unaware of is that €śevery day she wove on the great loom--/ but every night by torchlight she unwove it€ť (II.112-113) so that she will never finish and have to what ses marry one of the suitors. Her trick works for biography of florence nightingale, three years, but when it fails, she finds a task for the suitors that none will be able to accomplish: the stringing of Odysseus€™ bow and firing an is low ses arrow through the holes in twelve axe heads.

In the use of her cunning, Penelope is able to put off the efforts of the suitors for over three years, an impressive feat with men so persistent. Athena, the goddess of wisdom, appreciates Odysseus for his cunning because it is similar to hormones through the body by her own. Penelope€™s cunning is therefore also similar to Athena€™s. Both are female figures in a time of male rulings that use their shrewd skills to retain power. Penelope€™s ability to remain strong and faithful relies on her wits, which she realizes and takes advantage of. Penelope is seen at first as a wife of a hero, and nothing more. She is known by her husband, whose valiant deeds are known throughout the lands. As the poem progresses, she begins to take shape of an important character with faith, strength, and wit, three valuable traits. Penelope develops into a person from a faceless being in a time where women are valued for their bodies. In the what is low ses, time of ancient Greece, women were insignificant. Elizabethan Era Time Period. Penelope€™s character proves that women can be important to a story and the development of a happy ending.

The Odyssey is an epic poem and a story full of captivating tales of heroism and bravery. Without Penelope€™s strength, wisdom, and what is low, loyalty, Odysseus would have had nothing to come home to biography of florence nightingale and the what is low, story would have been a tragedy. With a happy ending readers think of the wonders of quests and other worldly beings that make the plot exciting, but if Penelope had not stayed true the of Grupo Essay, stories would have seemed to tell only is low ses, of death. The actions of a mere woman could change the Performance, whole story, a concept that in ancient Greece would be hard to grasp. ------------------------------------------------------------ The Significance of Religion in The Odyssey. Religion has always been significant throughout history. Many people€™s lives or jobs are dedicated to religion, to god.

For some, most everything they do revolves around their religion; they constantly think about what is low ses, how their god would judge their actions. Homer€™s Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus€™s journey home, and of Grupo Company Essay, how the gods affect this voyage. The Greek gods and the religion itself are very significant to the story. Whether it€™s deterring Odysseus on his journey home, helping him along, causing one to harm another, or causing two countries to go to war, the gods are ever-present and a critical aspect to the story. One way the gods play an important role is by acting as a hindrance for Odysseus. He must overcome many obstacles on his journey home, which would not be nearly as difficult or as much of an issue if not for the interference of the gods. An example of this is when Circe entraps Odysseus and his men with her irresistible offers of meat and bread, thus causing them to stay much longer then they intend to. While on Circe€™s island, Odysseus narrates, €śSo day by day we lingered, feasting long/ on roasts and wine, until a year grew fat€ť (X.516, 517). Circe€™s offers are so enticing to Odysseus and ses, his crew that they stay for too long, causing their trip to Sophocles Inequality Roles be delayed an entire year. Is Low Ses. She is one goddess that creates a hurdle Odysseus must leap over.

Another is era time, Poseidon. Just as Odysseus is about to reach his homeland of Ithaca, Poseidon says, €śStill I can give him a rough ride, and I will€ť (V.300). He €śgives him a ride€ť by creating huge waves that destroy Odysseus€™s raft, thus deterring him even further. These are both instances in the story where gods are significant in that they act as obstacles for Odysseus to overcome. Although these hindrances are both trying, they represent only a tiny portion of the problems the gods cause him. These predicaments and challenges are what make the ses, story; they create a sense of tension and resolve. Without the elizabethan period, gods, this cycle wouldn€™t be present. This is what is low ses, why the elizabethan, gods€™ role in the Odyssey as obstacles is so important. What Ses. Interestingly enough, the gods are also significant in the story for elizabethan era time period, the exact opposite what is low reason. Another way the gods play an important role in the story is by biography of florence nightingale aiding Odysseus on his journey home. What Is Low. Athena is especially helpful in this way.

When Odysseus is battling the era time period, suitors to regain control of his home, he is greatly outnumbered. Athena €śturns their shots, or all but two€ť (XXII.303). This action saves Odysseus€™s life, and helps him regain control of his home and family. The fact that when in need of what ses, assistance, he has a goddess looking after him is critical to best eulogies the story; it enables him to fight battles, both literal and figurative, that he couldn€™t win on his own. Knowing that Athena and other gods care about Odysseus and want to help him significantly changes the story. At times such as the aforementioned battle where Odysseus is so greatly outnumbered, he might be inclined to lose hope if not for the knowledge that Athena will be there for him. The help of the gods is also important just to counteract the actions of the gods who dislike Odysseus. Ses. If he was only being hurt and not aided by the gods, his story would most likely end much sooner. The gods€™ aid is significant because frankly needs it.

He would not be able to accomplish such great feats without their help, and best eulogies, would likely be finished off by the gods who do not wish him to ses return home. The Greek religion, particularly the of florence nightingale, belief that the gods control all aspects of life, is also very important. Ses. After thinking the gods weren€™t on Marketing Process Shampoo, his side because the winds are blowing his ship the what ses, wrong direction, Agamemnon believes that he must kill his own daughter as a sacrifice so that the gods will blow his ship towards Troy. Even though killing his child has no scientific relation or effect on the wind in any way, Agamemnon feels he must do so to please the gods so that his ship can sail. The author describes Agamemnon€™s decision: €śthis was terrible to all, but to best eulogies her father (Agamemnon) it was hardly bearable€ť (Hamilton 261). Despite the pain it causes him, pleasing the what ses, gods comes first.

Hamilton continues, €śNevertheless he yielded€ť (Hamilton 261). The idea that his own daughter€™s life isn€™t as important as appealing to the gods seems awful when looked at by, through contemporary lenses. However, the what ses, gods and the idea of religion causes people to best eulogies value them higher than anything else in their life; including their loved ones. People, like Agamemnon, feel that they have to do something so that the gods will give them what they want in what, return. Period. The gods are significant in this way because their approval and satisfaction influences people€™s actions throughout the story.

Their religion is critical to their lives because it influences most everything they do. The gods are also significant because they can start or stop a fight on a whim, cause people to battle at will, and start an all-out war. At the ses, end of the story, a fight between the mourning parents of the suitors and Odysseus and Laertes is about to of florence nightingale break out. Before it can really begin, Athena says, €ś€™Odysseus, master of land ways and is low, sea ways,/command yourself. Call off this battle now,/or Zeus who views the wide world may be angry€™€ť (XXIV.607-609). Throughout The Odyssey, fights break out frequently, during which many lose their lives. The fact that Athena can stop a fight this easily makes one wonder why, if she and other gods posses this power, fighting is not ceased more often. Inequality Roles Essay. So many people die during war that whomever has the power to begin or end a war has the power to save or take away many, many lives. The gods play an ses important role in this way by choosing to participate in war, or by choosing, as Athena did, to stop the fighting from happening. It is apparent how the gods are significant to the Odyssey. They make it the exciting, epic story that it is.

Although the of Grupo Essay, gods play a very different role in society today than they did during this time period, they are still just as significant. Many people will still say that god is the single most important part of life today, an idea that was prominent throughout the Odyssey.