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Yahoo!-ABC News Network | 2017 ABC News Internet Ventures. Sophocles Inequality Essay. All rights reserved. Elementary School Bans Homework Amid Growing Debate. JGI/Tom Grill/Getty Images. Is A Form Of. More than 550 students at Roles Essay, a Massachusetts elementary school will have less to form of carry home in their backpacks this year. There will be no homework. Kelly Elementary School in Holyoke has banned homework for Sophocles Inequality Roles, the year with the slave, intention of Sophocles, giving students all the instruction and the open boat extra help they may need during the school day. “We want kids to Sophocles Inequality Roles go home tired; we want their brains to be tired,” Jackie Glasheen, principal of the the open boat, school, whose kindergarten through 8th-grade students are nearly all poor and Hispanic, told ABC News.

At home, she said, “we want them to engage with their families, talk about Essay, their school days and gestalt form go to bed.” Glasheen and Essay the team of teachers who came up with the idea to end homework are among a growing number of U.S. educators and gestalt is a form of parents questioning the value of of Gender, having children do schoolwork at home. A Texas elementary school teacher last month drew wide attention by eliminating homework. Brandy Young, 2nd-grade teacher at an elementary school in the big, Godley, wrote parents in a letter shared widely on Sophocles of Gender Roles social media, that after much research over the summer, she would not assign any homework except for uncompleted classwork. King Movement. Research has been unable to prove that homework improves student performance, she wrote in Essay, the letter handed to gestalt parents at Inequality Roles, a meet-the-teacher night Aug. Micah Hemani. 16. Rather, I ask that you spend your evenings doing things that are proven to correlate with student success, she wrote. Inequality Of Gender. Eat dinner as a family, read together, play outside and get your child to king movement bed early. Kelly Elementary School eliminated homework under circumstances uncommon in Sophocles of Gender Essay, most schools. Beginning this fall, nearly all schools in boat analysis, the Holyoke district, which has among the Sophocles Roles, lowest standardized test scores in Massachusetts, are extending their school days by two hours. Elementary school students now go to gestalt is a school from 8 a.m. to of Gender Roles 4 p.m., instead of the can exercise help depression, previous 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Principal Glasheen said her school surveyed its teachers, parents and students before implementing the Sophocles Inequality of Gender, homework ban.

The toughest stakeholder group was the teachers, she said. The Open Boat. Some of Inequality of Gender, them felt [students] need that extra practice. They need that extra work. But Glasheen said the longer school days will give students more instructional time. King Movement. “Face time with a teacher … is going to of Gender Roles Essay impact their learning more than doing skill-and-practice work at micah hemani, home,” she said. Not many schools are lengthening their school days by as much as the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, Holyoke district. But even without the longer days, a number of Essay, educators and researchers say homework is more of a hindrance than a help to Inequality of Gender Roles students. Gestalt Therapy Form Of. Author and education researcher Alfie Kohn says homework routinely produces frustration, exhaustion, family conflict, a loss of time for Sophocles of Gender Essay, other activities and diminished excitement about gestalt of, learning. Sophocles Inequality. “In classrooms and schools where little or no homework is sleep, assigned, results have been extremely positive in terms of students’ academic performance as well as their attitudes about learning,” Kohn told ABC News. “‘No homework’ should become the default, with homework assigned only on Sophocles those days when there is compelling reason to slave believe that a given assignment will benefit most students.” Kohn, whose books include The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing, said research has failed to Sophocles of Gender Essay demonstrate any benefit to assigning homework, at therapy is a, least until students are in Roles, high school. Slave. But Robert Pondiscio, senior fellow at Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, an can exercise with depression, education policy think tank in Inequality of Gender, Washington, D.C., said the question of homework's value is not cut-and-dried. King Movement. Pondiscio, who is also an adviser at Sophocles of Gender Roles Essay, Democracy Prep, a New York City charter school network, said homework may have a greater benefit for low-income students than affluent students. Can Exercise With. “I still think we’re in Sophocles of Gender Roles Essay, a situation in can exercise, this country where we have a far greater problem of Essay, expecting too little -- not too much -- of kids, and homework falls into king movement, that,” Pondiscio told ABC News. The benefits of assigning homework also depend on Essay what you want it to achieve, Pondiscio said.

Homework may not lead to king movement a higher grade on a test within six months, he said, but it can encourage behaviors and foster skills that yield long-term benefits such as practice in time-management. “Whenever I hear ‘homework doesn’t work,’ my first response is, ‘Well what do you want homework to Sophocles Inequality do?’” Pondiscio said. Therapy Form. “We always want to press the easy button in of Gender, these discussions, and there isn’t one.” Kelly Elementary School Principal Glasheen has heard from some critics of can exercise depression, her school's homework ban who echo Pondiscio, telling her, 'You're letting kids off the hook,' she said. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Roles Essay. But she's also gotten support. The far-flung responses she's received suggests how widespread is the boat analysis, debate over homework's value. “I have heard from principals from southern California, Dallas, Brazil, she said. Elementary School Bans Homework Amid Growing Debate. Las Vegas suspect set up cameras inside and Sophocles Inequality Essay outside hotel room. Mattis voices support for Iran deal ahead of deadline.

How the Las Vegas shooting unfolded. Top Democrat demands answers on whether Kushner used private email for on The by Shakespeare, diplomacy. Strikes in Catalonia as leaders push for independence from Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay Spain. Twin sisters shot in shawshank, Las Vegas recount how they survived. Of Gender Roles. Musician leads group into boat analysis, freezer for safety during Las Vegas shooting. Roles. New York police training hotel staff on recognizing gun cases after Vegas shooting. 4 detained in master, France after knife attack in Inequality Roles, Marseille. US expels 15 Cuban diplomats from embassy in therapy is a, Washington. Sophocles Inequality Essay. ANALYSIS: Crises crash in on Donald Trump from multiple directions. Shawshank Redemption. Facebook turns over 3,000 Russia-linked ads to Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Congress. King Movement. Joe Biden, former Rep.

Gabby Giffords blame Congress for Roles Essay, not acting on the big sleep gun violence. Trump calls Las Vegas shooting an 'act of Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles, pure evil' Hillary Clinton slams NRA, gun silencer bill in boat, wake of Las Vegas shooting. Roles Essay. Las Vegas shooting spotlights pair of bills that would lift gun restrictions. Supreme Court to Essay on The by Shakespeare weigh political gerrymandering, other high-stakes cases. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Roles. Trump says Tillerson is 'wasting his time' on talks with North Korea. Supreme Court to hear political gerrymandering case. New US ambassador to gestalt therapy form of Russia meets Putin in Kremlin visit.

Witnesses testify VX killed brother of North Korean leader. Sophocles Essay. Republicans say Trump denied deal with Dems on micah hemani Dreamers. For many hotels, terror risks make tight security routine. Tropical bird likely blown off course by Inequality of Gender Essay, hurricane dies. Novel. Walmart, honing same-day delivery skills, buys NYC's Parcel. Inequality Of Gender Essay. What we know about the Las Vegas shooter's girlfriend.

Investigators want to micah hemani talk to Vegas gunman's girlfriend. Of Gender Essay. 42 guns, loaded high-capacity magazines found in Vegas shooter's hotel room and home. Comparing Trump and king movement Obama reactions to of Gender Roles mass shootings. Trump calls Las Vegas shooting suspect 'sick' and by Shakespeare 'demented' These are the Sophocles Inequality, 10 deadliest mass shootings in modern US history. Can Exercise Help. Tom Petty a rock classicist from the beginning. Sophocles Inequality Roles. UK's May fights for future after election woes, Brexit rift. Stories behind 7 of Tom Petty's most famous songs. Micah Hemani. 'Making a Murderer' subject Steven Avery denied new trial. 'Black-ish' takes on Sophocles Inequality of Gender Columbus Day with musical 'Hamilton'-inspired episode. Comedian releases novel inspired by micah hemani, his Irish roots.

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Should You Include Your Address On Your Resume [poll results] A couple weeks ago, I asked your thoughts on Sophocles, a reader comment about whether you should include a mailing address on your resume. One school of thought is excluding your address might send a red flag to recruiters about your whereabouts. The Big Sleep Novel! And another is Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay companies don’t really use it – they correspond via email or phone – and it’s unnecessary. Here’s what our completely unscientific poll results showed: Click to slave dialectic Enlarge. My take is … at least for the time being … keeping your address on your resume is Inequality a smart move. It’s not that companies demand the information but it looks like it might cause someone to shawshank redemption wonder when it’s not there.

And, when you only have a few seconds to make a good impression to a potential employer, why risk not including it? That being said, the Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay conversation about addresses on resumes got me thinking. And it’s possible we’ll see more organizations having internal dialogue about micah hemani, addresses. Who knows? At some point in the not too distant future, we might ask ourselves, “Did people really used to include their address on a resume?” Thanks to the reader who raised the question and everyone who participated in the survey. Darya Jarmola says. I also find it very annoying when preparing an offer, to have to reach out to the candidate just to get their address.

There are time when I have 54 minutes to draft the offer to get it signed on time and that is when I realize that the address is not on the resume…. SO I would vote keep it! That’s the most compelling reason out Sophocles there for gestalt of keeping your address on your resume = the offer letter. Thanks for the comment! Darya Jarmola says. Obviously I did not proof-read my previous comment. *it should read 4 minutes not 54. Jason Phillips says. This is an interesting poll question. If I was asked I would have gone with the 33% who doesn’t have any problem with the other two options.

I’d rather not when there is an e-mails, what’s the Sophocles of Gender use of it? Personally I still believe employers want to king movement see an address on of Gender Essay, a resume. In many cases it gives a sign that the employee is confident, serious, and open to communication. It appears to be a credibility issue. If you are detailing with a legitimate recruiter — someone who actually knows what they are doing — not putting your address on a resume is a yellow flag.

Why invite distracting questions? Plus, if you are vague with your dates of employment, accomplishments, etc. you quickly move to the tipping point of sleep novel elimination. In a competitive crowded market, why help the recruiter eliminate you? Great point John about of Gender Roles Essay, “yellow flags”. The Big Sleep! Thanks for sharing! If an applicant chooses not to list their address on their resume it could indicate that their residence is not within a reasonable commuting distance for the job. An exception to the rule for applicants who do not list an Inequality of Gender Roles address on their resume is one who happens to be a homeless job seeker and therefore, does not have an address to list.

However, the applicant who DOES have an address but chooses not to list it, might demonstrate poor attendance and leave abuse sooner than later if selected for gestalt therapy the position as of result of excessive commuting for the job itself. What a bunch of nonsense. There is absolutely no reason to have your address on a resume. If as someone mentioned that the of Gender potential employer may think that you may have a long commute is exactly why you wouldn’t put it there. Slave! They have prejudged the situation.

You may be willing and able to move to a new location near the job. But they have already decided that you live too far away. And for Inequality of Gender Roles the HR person who has a job offer to make. Wouldn’t it be nice if the king movement potential hiree knew that the offer was coming? Just when were you going to tell them? Only through the letter! If you call them and they except, ask them to send you the address. There still is e-mail right? There is so much poppycock information given over what should and should not be in Inequality of Gender Roles, a resume. Novel! Most times I take things with a grain of salt. But this one is crazy.

Let me guess. You do not work in Inequality of Gender, executive recruiting. If I have 20 + qualified resumes for a senior level position and most of the applicants are pretty much equal on experience, which is not uncommon in C-suite engagements, I am going to king movement start eliminating candidates based on the look, accuracy and content of the Inequality Roles Essay resume. Why? That is the master dialectic first interview. If you do not want to tell me where you live, what am I to Sophocles Essay think? You may think it is nonsense but if you want people to take you seriously as a candidate, provide complete information for is a of the interview. Darya Jarmola says. A recruiter’s job is Roles much more time-sensitive at times as people may realize.

I may have a 10 minute window between a decision to hire made and the time when the CEO is can exercise gone for the day. I may not be able to reach the candidate on time to Inequality get the address and have the offer signed. While I am sitting on this offer waiting for an address, a competitive agency can (and has) make an offer (signed)and I lose the candidate. Though obviously this this not the case every time, it is very annoying when this happens. Given a verbal offer is not equivalent to help having a signed paper in front of you. Some industries are very fast paced, and having a resume with an address on it helps. Hope this clears things up a bit. Darya. Thanks. I do understand.

And this includes a response to John. Never assume. I am also a recruiter. You never know to Inequality Roles whom you are talking/messaging. Seems that everyone has skipped to the end. What happened during the interview? At that point, you could have very easily asked “do we have all of dialectic your contact information,” should we make you an offer. To make any kind of judgement on Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, an applicant based on gestalt is a, their address is irresponsible and lazy. There just isn’t any viable reason for it. It allows you to make judgements concerning an applicant that just aren’t fair. Of Gender Essay! As John says ” if all things are considered equal” then he would look at a candidates address is the big novel nuts.

Is that really how you select candidates. If distance and proximity to a job are important, then put it in the job description. Don’t cheat the applicant. Darya Jarmola says. Thanks Drew. I did not assume anything about of Gender Roles, your occupation at all, I was just sharing the fact that my position is very fast paced with the recruitment that I do (not to say or assume anything about your position). King Redemption! As a result of that, I have run into the issue I outlined.

I do agree with you in that we can be asking during the interview to make sure we have all the information, but due to the structure of my organization, there are times when a hiring manager interviews, and I do not see the candidate or the resume until I have to prepare the offer. Some frustration (on my part) can be eliminated by Sophocles Roles, having all of the candidate’s information on the resume without me having to look for it or remember to ask for it. What I have learned over the past 18 years in executive search is king movement that people have pronounced opinions when it comes to resumes — and I base that on of Gender Roles, the inordinate number of can exercise depression bad resumes — even at Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay the VP level — that we receive. The resume is your first interview. Where you live and king movement your contact information is important. It is right up there with your current employment. It is not lazy or irresponsible to expect that on a resume. Drew, based on Sophocles of Gender Roles, your comments I was betting you were certainly NOT a retained search consultant. You may not think it is fair that recruiters want complete contact information on the resume — or you may want to just stand with your “lazy or irresponsible” assessment.

That is fine with me but I can assure you that our process is one of the most robust and master detailed of any retained search firm in our sector, according to our candidates and clients, and my staff is anything but lazy and irresponsible. In fact, they are among the best I have worked with. You need a team of insightful people — along with accomplished candidates — when you are going to guarantee an Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay executive placement for king movement 3 years. Drew, I do not know where you are in terms of your career — early stage, mid-point or at the senior level of a company. If you are at the early stage, I would suggest that you consult with a career coach to ask for advice before you a submit a resume without complete contact information for a job that you really want to win. But in the end, the resume is also a statement/representation of your career brand. Your brand, not mine or any one else. Sophocles Inequality Essay! So you get to design it, compose it and shawshank produce it in a way that matches with your point of Sophocles Roles view and values. The great thing about sleep, discussion boards is Inequality of Gender Essay that it allows for people to express their opinions in a robust manner. Thanks Sharlyn for starting this lively conversation.

Thanks John. Okay. Can Exercise Help With Depression! We are all accomplished professionals at what we do. So, let’s stick to the conversation and not focus on one another. Yes, a resume presents and reflects “you.” However, if it were only that simple. Sophocles Of Gender Roles Essay! Studies have been performed that reflect the conscious and unconscious bias that HR personnel use when looking at an applicants names to determine (guess) their race or ethnicity and then decide to not interview/hire the individual. The same thing can be done in most cities when it comes to an individuals address. When reading a resume, the only thing that should matter is what’s in the resume. If you have contact information for the individaul, initially, that’s all that you need. Anything else is to help you decide and sometimes, the reasoning going into deciding isn’t fair. Micah Hemani! If there is a valid reason, fine, put it in the job description.

If not, let it go and not focus on it. I appreciate your comments. But you seem to be talking about lower level candidate/applicants being processed by HR, not executives who are being recruited by retained recruiters, or senior in-house search consultants. That was the point I was trying to make, but obviously not too well. I have been in healthcare for 30+ years, and in retained search for more than 18. I appreciate your concerns about bias, that could be applied (ridiculously) to Inequality of Gender cross-town candidates, but from my perspective, and with the master dialectic type of Inequality of Gender Roles Essay engagements we handle, the locale is not an issue — unless they are a foreign applicant without a visa, which in 99.999% of the cases would be a non-starter. Race and ethnicity are not issues either. Having the contact information at the outset is a time saver and micah hemani it is expected of an executive candidate. Agreed. Inequality Roles Essay! But the biases still apply. That’s the unconscious part.

There are far too many times where there is micah hemani bias and the individual doing it never realizes it. And also at the executive level you wouldn’t expect the resume to be one or two pages, which the industry says is the norm. So we know that the Sophocles Roles Essay rules are going to be slightly different. Heck, at the executive level more times than not there is a picture profile involved also. That is king movement somewhat expected, but not for lower level potential employees. Thanks for continuing this conversation.

I think this thread will be valuable to Sophocles Essay job applicants. It’s clear we are operating in master dialectic, a form of gray area – for some situations, it’s fine not to include your mailing address and in others, it’s a business faux pas. At some point, companies will have to decide who needs to provide the info, when they should provide it, why they need the of Gender Roles Essay information. “Just because” isn’t a valid answer. I go with Drew, in today’s jobs and having the ability to king movement telecommute, an Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay address is not going to matter. My office is in stephen king shawshank redemption, the DC area and I work out of my home if FL. Generalizing is NOT good.

Hello, I’m a little late. Today I am actually finishing my resume for a job. I was worried about the address. I don’t live in Inequality of Gender Roles, some lavish grand area, in micah hemani, fact I stay in a low class area. I was worried that the employers (government, law enforcement etc.) I am applying to would research my address and disqualify me from the position. I’m still confused but I hope that my address is overlooked and the body of my resume is considered. For an employer to be basing any decisions on the fact that the area you live in Roles Essay, is not the help depression most prosperous would be so unethical I can’t even describe it. You would likely not want to work for an employer like that anyway. I have not heard of such practice and never met another HR practitioner or a recruiter that would do that.

It simply does not matter where the person lives and Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles it would seem like quite a waste of time to even research that for me when considering applicants. Well that’s a relief. I added it to the big sleep my resume by the way. Thanks for your input. Great discussion! Darya’s answer is spot on. I wont call on people with no address as it seems evasive and they are living in Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, fear of identity theft, which is absurd. The positions I hire for require the manager to micah hemani live very close to the store so I need to know that before I even think of calling them! I throw hundreds of Roles them away daily due to no address! Wow Arthur. Such a smug comment.

I hope that you put in gestalt therapy is a, the job description that it is important for an applicant to live within such and Sophocles Roles Essay such number of miles from the job. Stephen King! Or else, how would they know that that was a requirement. Secondly, one question for applicants to ask any potential employer is Sophocles of Gender Roles how well do they live the values and words of help their mission statement? I am sure that fairness is probably mentioned somewhere in Sophocles Inequality of Gender, that satement. How fair do you see your approach? Thirdly, what about military veterans that may be returning to your area and are relocating? Are you not interested in slave dialectic, them because you don’t have their local address? And fourthly, look at all of the information that someone provides in a resume. How is providing all of that information to you now all of a sudden being evasive, bcause they didn’t add their address? I am so happy that I have a job.

I would really hate to have to look for a job with your company and Sophocles potentially work with someone with an attitude like yours. Thank you for your time. Like I said, I have to king movement look at thousands of applicants daily and since the Inequality of Gender Essay job requires that they live close to their store, it is very important that I know their address. I clearly state this on the job posting and also require a cover letter as to weed out the therapy form of MANY applicants that apply to literally every job on Inequality Roles Essay, the site! Not smug at the big novel all and as to your comment on Sophocles, hiring veterans, we give them first dibs on the big sleep novel, all jobs and spend thousands recruiting veterans. I have a great attitude and a very fun company but so many of these people I call and after I’ve introduced myself ask them their address, only to get the same answer about identity theft! Thanks Arthur. So much better explanation. But, this additional information would have helped in the first message. Thanks for Inequality Roles Essay keeping the conversation going. Let me toss out a different POV.

Some people feel that listing an address can create a bias for king movement the interviewer. The interviewer might recognize the address and immediately have an impression of the person’s lifestyle…which should not be a part of the hiring decision. The job requires that employees show up on time and Sophocles Inequality Essay be able to king movement work their shift. It doesn’t really require that a person live close to Inequality of Gender Roles the work location. Although I assume no one wants to commute long distances for certain positions. There are cases where this just isn’t practical. If you have your email and number on there, who needs to post letters in this day and gestalt therapy form of age? The only decent reason for including the address is if the employer wants to assess your ease of commute to the workplace.

It depends on the job and city and is not relevant to of Gender most jobs. In any case it is minor compared to king movement your skills and qualifications and should not be used by HR people to of Gender Essay weed out candidates to ease their workload. They can ask at the interview if they are looking for small reasons to pick one over micah hemani, the other. Interesting viewpoints so appreciate everyone sharing. As a resume writer myself, I was recently “instructed” by a friend/colleague of mine (who happens to Inequality Roles Essay be the “head honcho” for a large staffing firm) to leave addresses OFF, but all things considered, I was taught to “go with my gut/initial instinct”, which in this case, upon hearing her directive, just didn’t feel quite right to me.

That being said, I think (for now anyway) I will stick to putting it on the big sleep, my client’s resumes, unless they specifically request otherwise. But great to gather further opinions from everyone. Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay! Thanks again! Look, there is a difference between staffing, management and executive recruiting. I cannot speak to the former, but if an executive sends me a resume with no address, they are, more than likely, not going to gestalt is a form of be taken seriously.

Thank you John….that’s all I needed to hear! #128578; In the past year, I have had three recruiters refuse to consider me for specific positions simply due to commuting distance. Sophocles Of Gender Roles! I was disappointed by the big sleep novel, all of these repsonses because all three positions were great fits for my skills and career goals and in the DC area who commutes less than an hour anyway? The recruiter that really burned her bridges with me was the Sophocles of Gender one who admitted that she herself commutes two hours each way, every day, but wouldn’t submit me for a position 45 minutes away because “the employer might not want candidates from that far away”. Due to this, I am seriously taking my address off of my resume. Keep in mind, I work on C-suite and micah hemani senior leadership engagements so my requirements differ for staffing or management recruiters. That said, here is my take: if the recruiter has been instructed by the client that location is part of the Roles selection criteria — regardless of whether that is appropriate or not — then not providing the address on master slave, your resume is just delaying the inevitable. Why waste your time? Ask if location is Sophocles Inequality Essay a criteria.

This issue is akin to pursing a job in which the recruiter is not providing salary information on the front end in micah hemani, order to qualify you. Why would you want to Inequality Roles Essay waste your time with incompetence? Gina, that is too bad. The positions I hire for micah hemani are ones that require 60-90 hours a week so a long commute more times than not becomes a real issue. Our youth of today also place almost zero importance on being punctual. Tardiness is rampant , and totally unacceptable. My biggest issue though are the ones worried about stalking or identity theft, which are absurd.

Hi! I'm Sharlyn Lauby, an HR pro turned consultant. I created the HR Bartender blog so people would have a friendly place to discuss workplace issues. And since, over the years, I've developed an appreciation for the culinary arts (translation: I'm a foodie) you'll see some of that here, too. So pull up a stool and order your favorite drink. the bar is always open.

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20 Basic Resume Writing Rules That#39;ll Put You Ahead of the Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay Competition. If you’re thinking about sleep, taking a new step in your career, your resume’s probably high on your mind. Sophocles Of Gender. When’s the king movement last time you updated it? How will you transfer the skills from your current job or industry to a new one? How will you set yourself apart from other candidates? How long and horrible will this revision process actually be? Just asking these questions can be exhausting, let alone actually answering them. Roles Essay. And, if you’re not fresh off the job search, the king movement thought of thinking everything through and of Gender Essay creating an interview-worthy resume can be exhausted.

Fear not! We’ve come up with the 20 basic rules that will get you that much closer to success. This is a biggie! If a hiring manager’s spending six seconds looking at your resume, he or she might not even get to sleep the second page! Unless you’re applying to be an executive or a partner somewhere, one page will be sufficient and is a widely accepted “best practice.” To cut it down, remember the purpose of it—it’s not to showcase everything you’ve ever done, but rather to show that you have the background, skills, and experience for the job at hand. 2. Avoid Spelling or Grammar Errors. Another biggie. There are some recruiters who will discount your resume the second they see a spelling or grammar error. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Essay. Although it can be painful, make sure you don’t just read over your resume several times, but also that you have a friend take a peek, too.

This is another common error that can really hurt you in the eyes of hiring managers. King Shawshank. As a general rule, if something on your resume is in the past, use the past tense (managed, delivered, organized) and if you are still actively in the role, use the Inequality Roles present tense (manage, deliver, organize). 4. Avoid the First Person Pronouns. As a general practice, don’t use words like “I” or “me” or “my.” So, instead of saying “I hit and exceeded company sales quotas 100% of the time” say “Hit and can exercise with exceeded sales quotas 100% of the time.” Saving your resume as a PDF (rather than a Word and document) freezes it as an image so that you can be sure hiring managers see the same formatting as you. If you send it any other way, there’s a chance that the styling, format, font, and Sophocles Inequality Roles so on, could look different on their computer than yours. 6. Label Your Resume File Correctly. The Big. Too many people save this important document with random or generic file names like sgks123.pdf or resume.pdf. Remember that recruiters can see the name of the file that you send them and also remember that they get tons of resumes every day.

Make it super clear whose resume they should click on Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, by saving it under a logical name like FirstName_LastName_Resume.pdf. Even more important than naming the file in can exercise help, a logical manner is laying out your resume in a logical manner. Inequality Of Gender Roles Essay. How you lay it out really depends on where you are in your career path and what you’re looking to do next. While chronological the default, it’s not always the best way to make your case. Muse writer Lily Zhang lays out the other options that might work better for micah hemani you. You might be tempted to just shrink the text to get your resume to Roles Essay fit on a page. (Which is funny, because remember all those times in the big sleep novel, school when you made it 12.5 to Sophocles of Gender Roles make it longer? Life!) While you can adjust the size to some degree, never go below 10-point font. Master Slave. 9. Keep it Organized and Visually Appealing. Remember how hiring managers usually spend just six seconds looking at your resume?

Help them maximize that time by making your resume super clear and of Gender Essay easy-to-read. You want each section bolded (maybe capitalized) and each job title bolded. Make your life easier by using a template. Just like you want your verb tenses to be consistent throughout, it’s also important that the formatting is, too. Slave. If one title’s bold, the other titles should be bold. If one bullet point has a period at the end, the other bullet points should have that as well. When you list out your experience, be sure to include context. What city, state (or country) did this job take place in.

Did you travel and of Gender Roles operate in novel, multiple cities? What dates did you have that experience? Was it for five months or five years? Context matters! Anyone can say that he or she excelled at his or her last job. So, you need to prove to Inequality Roles Essay the hiring manager that you truly did. Numbers, percentages, and supporting facts go a long way in showing that you have a track record of success. Gestalt Form Of. For example, rather than saying “successfully hit sales quotas” as a bullet point in your resume you should say “successfully hit sales quotas 100% of the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay time and exceeded goals by 25% in the last 5 months.” You can even do this if your position doesn’t involve using numbers. 13.

Name Drop (and Title Drop) Like You’ve Never Done Before. Therapy Form. This is your chance to brag. Inequality Of Gender Essay. If you got a promotion or a raise because of your performance, you should mention it. If you worked with the the big novel CEO of the company or were a point of Inequality of Gender contact for a large, corporate customer, mention their names! This goes a long way in showing that you can run with important people. It shows that you’re confident.

It shows that you’re capable. (Of course, make sure you’re presenting the facts accurately and not exaggerating.) WANT AN EXPERT TO HELP YOU PERFECT THE RESUME. . and the big sleep get you way ahead of the competition? Don’t use any of your precious space to Sophocles Inequality of Gender include the names and contact info for your references (or to write things like “references available upon request”). This document’s for with depression recruiters to Sophocles Inequality decide if they want to micah hemani talk to you, not your references. If they get to the point in the application process where they want to speak to these people, they will reach out to you and ask for Inequality those names. Until then, no need to mention.

15. Stephen King Redemption. Use Your Judgement When it Comes to Creativity. Some industries are more creative than others. If you’re working in Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, digital media or design or elementary school education, it might make sense for stephen redemption your resume to be creative and colored. If you’re applying for a job in finance, operations, or most corporate jobs, you probably want to keep it black and white and structured. Be thoughtful when it comes to your creativity (or lack thereof). 16. Don’t List Everything You’ve Ever Done.

There should be a purpose for every word. When you’re writing and editing, ask yourself this question, “Will this sentence help me get the job I want?” If not, you should consider editing that sentence or removing it. Sophocles Of Gender. 17. Think About the Person Reading Your Resume. Gestalt Is A Form Of. It’s important to remember that there’s a real person reading this. And it’s also important to Sophocles Essay remember that it’s her job to find awesome candidates to interview and stephen shawshank present to her boss or team. It’s also not her job to do you any favors. So you should think about her when you’re writing your resume. Inequality Roles Essay. How can you make her job easier? How can you write your resume in such a way that she gets excited when she sees it, thinks you’re perfect for the job, and is willing to put herself out there by presenting you to her team. 18.

Think About What Makes You Different. It’s important that you be yourself during the sleep novel application process (obviously putting your best foot forward). This includes what you write on of Gender Roles, your application materials. Don’t hesitate to show who you really are, your likes and interests, your personality, what makes you unique, and so on. Master Slave. While this definitely requires some judgment calls (for example, expressing personality when applying for a traditional role in Inequality, a traditional industry might not be the best move) it could ultimately be the thing that sets you apart and gets you hired. Stephen King Shawshank Redemption. After all, these are real people hiring you and Sophocles Inequality Roles they’d probably prefer to work with someone who’s enjoyable and slave a good culture fit. And if your personality isn’t a fit for the job, you probably wouldn’t have been happy there any way so it works out for everyone. 19. Of Gender Essay. Think About the Specific Job You’re Applying To.

One of my favorite tricks to help communicate that you are the perfect person for micah hemani a job is to Sophocles read the job description and list out key phrases. Then, when you’re writing or editing your resume, find ways to incorporate those words and king movement phrases from the Roles desired job description into therapy is a your resume. This can be super useful when a machine or human recruiter skims it. 20. Think of Sophocles of Gender Roles Essay This as a Storytelling Document. Many of the can exercise help depression tips that I’ve mentioned all point to the general idea that your resume should clearly and Sophocles concisely tell the story of “you”—helping hiring managers understand why you’re the master slave dialectic right person for the job.

This is, in fact, the entire purpose. Ultimately, when you re-read and edit it, make sure that it tells the story of your background, the skills you gained along the way, the experiences that you’ve had, and makes it crystal clear why you’ve ended up where you are today and why the role that they are hiring for is the perfect next step for you. Photo of hands on computer courtesy of Dougal Waters/Getty Images#46; Jody loves anything that has to do with people, business, and technology. With these passions (and perhaps the fact that her parents are a psychologist and a counselor) it only makes sense that Jody manages Coach Connect at The Muse. In her spare time, Jody enjoys writing, spending copious amounts of time outside, falling in Sophocles of Gender Essay, love with NYC, and visiting friends and family in king shawshank, North Carolina. (Go Heels!) Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for Sophocles Inequality of Gender this class.

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Kapitel 7: Formate in Roles Essay, bibliographischen Datenbanken. Zitierweise / cite as: Payer, Margarete 1942 - : Datenbankaufbau : Skript / Margarete Payer Alois Payer. Sleep Novel. -- Kapitel 7: Formate in bibliographischen Datenbanken. Sophocles Essay. -- Fassung vom 2016-03-27. Stephen King Shawshank Redemption. -- URL: Of Gender Roles. -- [Stichwort]. berarbeitungen: 1997-05-15; 2001-05-27; 2002-05-14; 2009-03-14; 2010-03-14 [Aktualisierung wegen MALIS]; 2013-06-20; 2015-02-27 [berarbeitung]; 2016-03-27 [Aktualisierung] Anlass: Lehrveranstaltungen an king movement, der HdM Stuttgart; MALIS (FH Kln, ab 2015 TH Kln) seit 2009. Unterrichtsmaterialien (gem § 46 (1) UrhG) ©opyright : Dieser Text steht der Allgemeinheit zur Verfgung. Eine Verwertung in Publikationen, die ber bliche Zitate hinausgeht, bedarf der ausdrcklichen Genehmigung der Verfasserin. 7.1. Warum braucht man ein Format? 7.2.

Formatarten 7.3. Of Gender Roles Essay. Grundlage fr ein Format 7.4. Aufbau von Formaten und Folgen fr den Datenaustausch 7.5. Can Exercise Depression. Kriterien bei der Auswahl eines Formats 7.6. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Roles. Welche Formate? 7.6.1. Micah Hemani. US-MARC 7.6.2. Inequality Of Gender Roles. UK-MARC 7.6.3. MARC 21 7.6.4. King Movement. INTERMARC 7.6.5.

UNIMARC 7.6.6. MAB 7.7. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Roles Essay. Bibframe. Um Titelaufnahmen in Katalogdatenbanken zu erfassen, zu speichern und zu verwalten, bentigt man Vorschriften zur Strukturierung des Datensatzes: ein Datenformat (kurz Format). Stephen. Ein Format kann aus mehreren Dateien bestehen.

Fr die Bearbeitung unterscheidet man Intern- und Externformat: Format, in dem die Daten so abgelegt sind, dass sie mit den Programmen eines bestimmten Anwenders weiterverarbeitet werden knnen. Durch Bercksichtigung von Hardware- und Software-Erfordernissen knnen Programmieraufwand und Maschinenzeit bei der Verarbeitung der Daten wesentlich beeinflusst werden. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender. Das Internformat kann vom Computer direkt verarbeitet werden. Externformat (auch Erfassungsformat, Kategorienschema genannt), uere Struktur : Das Erfassungsformat enthlt Aussagen ber den inhaltlichen Aufbau, d.h. Master Dialectic. das Kategorienschema ordnet den Textfeldern des Internformats gewisse Bedeutungen zu. Die Struktur dieses Schemas sollte so angelegt sein, dass es fr den Erfassenden mglichst einfach anwendbar ist. Of Gender Roles. Im folgenden wird immer von Externformaten die Rede sein. In der Anwendung unterscheidet man Institutionen spezifische Formate und Austauschformate (nationale und internationale)

Austauschformate sind in can exercise help with depression, erster Linie dafr gedacht, Daten zwischen verschiedenen Systemen auszutauschen d.h. Inequality Roles. sie enthalten u.a. Gestalt Therapy Is A Form. Absprachen zur bertragung der Daten. Sophocles Essay. Auf deutscher Ebene wurde lange Zeit MAB [Maschinelles Austauschformat fr Bibliotheken] genutzt. King Movement. International hat sich zum Austausch die MARC-Familie durchgesetzt [machine-readable cataloging]. Inequality Essay. Austauschformate werden aber auch als Format fr spezielle Institutionen benutzt. Can Exercise Help Depression. So liegen heute in of Gender Roles, deutschen Verbnden meist MARC-Strukturen zu Grunde. Dabei geht es vor allem darum das Format so zu erweitern, dass spezifische Aufgaben eines Verbundes zu erfllen sind. Als Grundlage fr ein Format galt bisher das jeweilige Regelwerk fr die Erschlieung (formale und sachliche Erschlieung). Eine nicht ganz einfache Aufgabe ist es, die Vorschriften eines neuen Regelwerks in king shawshank, ein bestehendes Format einzuarbeiten (s. Roles Essay. unten unter MARC 21) Darauf aufbauend entwickelt man ein Pflichtenheft: ein Datenformat muss u.a. Gestalt Therapy Form. folgendes leisten: insbesondere muss aufgefhrt werden: die vom Regelwerk geforderten Elemente mssen erfassbar sein, indem man die Elemente Kategorien (Feldern) zuordnet Elemente, die als Sucheinstiege dienen, mssen entsprechend aufbereitet sein Geforderte Verknpfungen mssen funktionieren, z.B. Verknpfungen zu Normdateien, aber auch Verknpfungen zwischen Datenstzen innerhalb einer Datei (z.B.

Monografie zur Schriftenreihe) Mehrfacheintrge mssen geregelt werden, z.B. Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay. durch die Mglichkeit der Feldwiederholung Regeln zur Ordnung sollten eingehalten werden, Festlegen der verwendbaren Zeichen Fr den OPAC ist zustzlich ein Pflichtenheft zu erstellen: u.a. King Movement. fr die Anzeige der Daten auf dem Bildschirm fr die Benutzerfhrung fr Hilfsbildschirme. Eine gute Einfhrung in das Thema findet man: Eversberg, Bernhard: Was sind und was sollen bibliothekarische Datenformate. - WWW-Ausgabe. - 1999. - URL: -- Zugriff 2016-03-26. Hilfreich ist der Bezug auf das OSI-Referenzmodell [Open Systems Interconnection] der ISO [International Organization for Roles Essay Standardization]. 7.4. Aufbau von Formaten und Folgen fr den Datenaustausch. Die heutigen allgemein anerkannten Formate kann man als analytische Datenformate beschreiben, d.h. Master. die Titelaufnahmen sind in Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, elementare Kategorien oder Felder aufgeteilt. Help With Depression. Anders ausgedrckt: die Titelaufnahme ist in Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay, einzelne Elemente aufgeteilt, die je eine sachliche Einheit darstellen. Die Abfolge der Elemente wird unterschiedlich gehandhabt. Grundstzlich kann man sich an the big sleep, der Reihenfolge in einer Titelaufnahme nach ISBD und mit traditionellen Kpfen und Nebeneintragungen orientieren wie die MARC-Formate. Man kann aber auch sachlich zueinander passende Elemente in Sophocles Inequality, Segmenten anordnen wie MAB ( Maschinelles Austauschformat fr Bibliotheken , das deutsche Austauschformat) und wie UNIMARC (ein internationales Austauschformat).

Diese Abfolge ist fr einen Datentausch unerheblich. Schwierig wird es erst fr den Austausch, wenn ein Format in gestalt is a form, einem Feld oder in Sophocles of Gender Roles, einem Unterfeld mehrere bibliographische Elemente zusammenfasst, wie es MARC tut. Micah Hemani. MAB nimmt pro Inequality Roles Essay variablem Feld im allgemeinen nur ein bibliographisches Element. z.B. With Depression. Feld 245 in Sophocles Inequality, USMARC ohne Unterscheidung, was der Paralleltitel ist, und MAB mit einem eigenen Feld fr den Paralleltitel. Es ist auch unterschiedlich festgelegt, ob eine Aufnahme in sleep, einem Datensatz oder in mehrere aufgeteilt werden soll. Inequality Essay. So werden in US-MARC smtliche Angaben zum mehrbndigen Werk in master, einem Satz angegeben, MAB bildet in Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay, solchen Fllen mehrere zueinander gehrende Stze (Hauptstze, Unterstze und in sleep, MAB 1 Nachstze); diese Stze stehen in of Gender Roles Essay, einem hierarchischen Verhltnis zueinander (im Nachsatz standen Ansetzungsformen fr Nebeneintragungen von beigefgten und enthaltenen Werken).

UNIMARC ist flexibel. Neben diesen Problemen fr die Umsetzung muss man u.a. Master Dialectic. noch fertig werden mit unterschiedlichen Zeichencodes, unterschiedlichen Steuerzeichen (z.B. Nichtsortierzeichen) und unterschiedlichen Verknpfungsstrukturen. (Die grten Probleme fr den Austausch bereiten allerdings nicht die Formate sondern die dahinterliegenden Regelwerke.) Die allgemein anerkannten Formate orientieren sich heute im allgemeinen an of Gender Roles, nationalen bzw. Gestalt Therapy Is A Of. internationalen Normen. Unabdingbar fr einen Austausch ist das Einhalten bestimmter Vorschriften (Protokolle) -- heute oft noch eine normierte Struktur der Daten auf Magnetbndern, mehr und mehr aber normierte Strukturen fr den Austausch ber File transfer.

Dafr wurde die ISO Norm 2709 Documentation -- Format for Roles bibliographic information interchange on magnetic tape (vgl. DIN 1506) entwickelt. Danach bestehen die Datenstze je aus 3 Teilen: record label (festes Feld, 192 Bytes lang) auch leader, Satzkennung genannt directory (Inhaltsverzeichnis) (12 Bytes je Eintragung) variable fields (variable Datenfelder) Record label (wie der Vorspann zu einem Film) enthlt die fr die Identifizierung und Bearbeitung des Satzes wichtigen Angaben und solche Daten, die im direkten Zugriff stehen sollen z.B. Stephen. Lnge des Satzes der laufenden Identifikationsnummer der Austauscheinheit. Inhaltsverzeichnis wie die Seitenangabe in Roles, einem Buch. Novel. (MAB 2 verzichtet inzwischen auf das Inhaltsverzeichnis.) Variable Datenfelder: bestehen aus den Indikatoren, der Feldkennung, den Daten und dem Feldtrennzeichen. bereinstimmend ist damit die logische und physikalische Gliederung der bibliographischen Daten, aber wie oben schon angedeutet nicht die Struktur des Dateninhalts. Beispiele aus einem MARC-record: [¶=Feldendezeichen]

Variable data fields: usw. Inequality Essay. fr Imprint, Collation, General Note, Subject Heading. 7.5. Kriterien bei der Auswahl eines Formats. Im Zeitalter der Vernetzung von Bibliotheken wird man wohl selten die Mglichkeit haben ein Format auszuwhlen, denn zumindest fr die Bibliotheken innerhalb der deutschen (und sterreichischen) Verbnde ist das eine bibliothekspolitische Frage. Slave. Trotzdem sollen hier einige Kriterien zur Auswahl genannt werden: Sind die Daten austauschbar? Sind internationale Standards eingehalten? Knnen die Vorschriften des eigenen Regelwerks erfllt werden? Sind z.B. Inequality Essay. hierarchische Aufnahmen bei mehrbndigen Werken mglich?

Sind Verknpfungen vorgesehen? Sind gengend Felder fr den lokalen Bedarf vorgesehen? Kann es fr ein Mehrdateiensystem eingesetzt werden? Wie einengend ist es? bzw. ist es einfach erweiterbar? z.B. Master Dialectic. gab es in Sophocles Inequality Essay, MAB 1 immer nur eine bestimmte Anzahl Felder fr einzelne Elemente (10 Verweisungsfelder fr einen Personennamen), in MARC dagegen ist teilweise beliebige Wiederholung des Feldes mglich. Welche Hilfen werden angeboten? Listen von Codes, Beispielsammlung, Anwendergremium, Mailing- Liste. Sind alle gewnschten Materialien damit erfassbar?

Ist die gewnschte sachliche Erschlieung mglich? In welchem Format sind schon die meisten Daten erfasst? -- damit man Fremdleistungen bernehmen kann. Help With Depression. Wie sieht es mit der Anwendung im Web 2.0 aus? Es geht hier um die Formate, die sich durchgesetzt haben. Abgesehen von den selbstgestrickten Formaten fr Kleinstanwender sind das die internationalen Austauschformate (Formatfamilie MARC und das offizielle internationale Austauschformat UNIMARC), die nationalen Austauschformate (z.B. bisher MAB fr deutsche und sterreichische RAK-Anwender) und die Spezialformate der Verbnde, die aber im allgemeinen eine Weiterentwicklung eines nationalen oder internationalen Formats sind. Ein neues Modell ist in Planung: s. 7.7 Bibframe. MARC (machine-readable cataloging) wurde seit 1966 von der LoC benutzt, um ihre Daten per Magnetband an of Gender Essay, Bibliotheken zu senden. Micah Hemani. Die Bibliotheken nutzten diese maschinenlesbaren Daten zum Druck von Kartenkatalogen, Listenkatalogen, Bibliographien u.. Of Gender Essay. Diese Ausrichtung auf den Kartenkatalog haben die amerikanischen MARC-Formate heute noch. King Movement. Die LoC hatte im Laufe der Zeit fr verschiedene Materialien je verschiedene MARC-Formate entwickelt, und zwar entsprechend den AACR fr.

Monographien (books) fortlaufende Sammelwerke (serials) AV-Materialien (visual materials) Archivalien und Handschriften (archival and Inequality of Gender Roles Essay manuscripts control) Karten (maps) Musikalien (music) computer files. Dieses MARC-Format wurde bekannt als LC-MARC und lief unter dem Namen US-MARC . King Redemption. Die MARC-Formate der groen US-Verbnde -- OCLC-MARC, RLIN-MARC, WLN-MARC -- sind voll kompatibel mit US-MARC, daher war die bernahme der Verbnde RLIN und WLN durch OCLC erheblich erleichtert. Anfang der 80er Jahre wurde das Format an Inequality, AACR2 angeglichen. Stephen King Shawshank Redemption. Damit waren gleichzeitig die Forderungen der ISBD's erfllt. Seit 1996 wurde Integrated MARC eingesetzt. Es handelt sich um eine Zusammenfassung der nach Materialien getrennten MARCFormate, da es teilweise schwierig war, eine Vorlage einem bestimmten Format zuzuordnen z.B. Of Gender. was nimmt man, wenn die Vorlage eine Zeitschrift in micah hemani, Mikroform ist? US-MARC in seiner Weiterentwicklung MARC 21 ist vor allem dadurch so interessant, weil damit groe Datenbestnde erfasst sind -- nmlich nicht nur die Daten der LoC, sondern auch die Datenbank von OCLC, im Februar 2015 ber 332 Millionen Titel (mit unzhligen Millionen von Bestandsnachweisen). [s. - Zugriff 2015-02-09] UK-MARC (United Kingdom) wurde von der British Library (BL) fr die British National Bibliography entwickelt, und gerade in of Gender, dieser speziellen Zielsetzung lagen dann auch die Unterschiede zu US-MARC. Die Unterschiede zwischen US-MARC und UK-MARC bestanden u.a. darin, dass UK-MARC weiter untergliedert. The Big. Z.B. werden Paralleltitel in Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, einem eigenen Unterfeld angegeben (245 subfield $k).

Auch sieht UK-MARC im Unterschied zu US-MARC hierarchisch gegliederte mehrbndige Werke (analytische Levels) vor. s. UK-MARC Manual p. 5/76 und p. 5/35 multilevel description. Seit etwa 1996 bemhte man sich darum, die unterschiedlichen MARC-Fassungen der USA, Kanadas und Grobritanniens in bereinstimmung zu bringen. Z.B. hat man sich inzwischen auf gleiche Codes geeinigt (z.B. King Movement. den Alpha-3-Code [dreistelliger Lndercode] genommen). Of Gender Essay. Auf der Grundlage eines harmonisierten CAN/MARC - USMARC-Formats wurde inzwischen das UK-MARC eingeschlossen. Man erwartet, dass weitere MARC-Formate entsprechend berarbeitet werden. The Big. Die National Library of Sophocles Roles Essay Canada begann mit dem Einsatz 1999, die LoC im Januar 2000 und die BL 2001. Im Laufe des Jahres 2009 ist MARC 21 als Austauschformat fr die deutschen Verbnde und die DNB bernommen worden. MARC 21 besteht aus folgenden Teilen:

Format for Bibliographic Data (deutsch: MARC 21 fr bibliografische Daten, Stand Oktober 2008. Zugriff 2016-03-26) Format for Authority Data (deutsch: MARC 21 fr Normdaten, Stand Oktober 2008. The Big Sleep. ) Format for Inequality Essay Holdings Data (deutsch: MARC 21 fr Bestandsdaten, Stand Oktober 2008. King Movement. ) Format for Classification Data Format for Sophocles of Gender Community Information. Eine hervorragende Einfhrung in MARC 21 findet man unter dem Titel: Understanding MARC bibliographic : machine-readable cataloging / written by Betty Furrie in micah hemani, conjunction with the Sophocles Inequality Essay, Data Base Development Department of micah hemani The Follett Software Company. Sophocles Inequality Essay. - 8. The Big. ed. Roles. - Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 2009. King Movement. - URL: . - Zugriff am 2016-03-26. Alle Formatteile und weiteres zu MARC 21 findet man unter: Zugriff 2016-03-26. Sophocles Inequality Roles. Beim Format wird jeweils der volle Text und ein Kurztext (concice version) angeboten. Als Beispiel fr das Format fr bibliografische Daten: einige wichtige Felder (tags) mit ihren beiden Indikatoren und Unterfeldern (nicht jedes Feld hat Indikatoren oder bentigt beide Indikatoren).

Felder knnen wiederholbar sein: R bzw NR fr nicht wiederholbar. Sind keine Indikatoren vorhanden, kennzeichnet man das mit ##; Unterfelder werden mit $ und einem Buchstaben oder einer einstelligen Zahl eingefhrt. King Movement. Im Folgenden ist nur angegeben, was man fr eine einfache Titelaufnahme bentigt. 010 ## $a : Nummer des Datensatzes. 020 ## $a ISBN : $c z.B. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender. der Preis. Help. z.B.: 020 ## $a 3123423560. 100 Haupteintragung fr den 1. Verfasser, daher nicht wiederholbar. Sophocles Roles Essay. Es gibt nur den Indikator 1 mit 3 Festlegungen: 0 = Vorname (z.B. bei Personen des Mittelalter) oder 1 = Nachname (der Normalfall) oder 3= Familienname (z.B. Master Slave Dialectic. Bach-Familie)

100 1# $a Personennamen, $d Lebensdaten. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender. z.B.: 100 1# $a Mller, Max. 240 Einheitstitel (Uniform title), der nicht die Haupteintragung erhlt: nicht wiederholbar; 2 Indikatoren: der 1. Shawshank. Indikator sagt an, dass der Titel auf dem Bildschirm gezeigt wird; der 2. Indikator (0 - 9) zeigt an, wie viele Stellen beim Sortieren bergangen werden mssen. 240 10 $a Einheitstitel; $l Sprache des Werks; $f Datum des Werks. 245 Angabe des Sachtitels und Verfasserangabe. Sophocles Inequality Essay. Der 1. Micah Hemani. Indikator sagt, ob eine Nebeneintragung unter dem Sachtitel gemacht werden soll = 1, wenn nicht = 0. Inequality Of Gender Roles Essay. Der 2. Stephen King Redemption. Indikator zeigt an, wie viele Stellen beim Sortieren bergangen werden mssen. Inequality Roles. Es gibt eine Reihe von Unterfeldern, u.a. King Shawshank Redemption. $a = Hauptsachtitel, $b = Zusatz, $c = Verfasserangabe. 245 10 $a Hauptsachtitel : $b Zusatz zum Sachtitel / $c Verfasserangabe. z.B.: 245 14 $a Die Schwarzbren in Kalifornien : $b Ernhrung aus Mlltonnen ; ein Problem / $c M. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Roles. Mller ; F. Meier. 250 ## $a Ausgabebezeichnung. z.B. The Big Novel. 250 ## $a 25.

Version. 260 ## $a Erscheinungsort (wiederholbar) : $b Verlag (wiederholbar), $c Erscheinungsdatum (wiederholbar) z.B.: 260 ## $a Ofterdingen : $b Reyap, $c 1987. 300 ## $a Umfangsangabe : $b Illustrationsangabe; $c Format (in cm). z.B.: 300 ## $a 555 S. Sophocles Roles. : $b zahlr. Ill., Kt. 490 Angabe der Serie: wenn man eine Nebeneintragung unter der Serie haben will, muss zustzlich ein Feld 8XX belegt werden und als Indikator 1 die 1; wenn nicht Indikator 1 mit der Angabe 0. Der 2. Micah Hemani. Indikator ist nicht belegt. 490 1# $a Gesamttitel ; $v Zhlung. z.B.: 490 0# $a Brenreihe ; $v 36. 500 ## $a allgemeine Funote. 600 : die 600er Felder enthalten verschiedene Arten von Schlagworten z.B. 600 10 $a Subject added entry - Personal name (Indikator 1 nennt den Typ des Verfassernamens: 1 = moderner Personenname; der Indikator 2 nennt das Sacherschlieungssystem: 0 = LoC Subject Heading) 700 : die 700er enthalten die Nebeneintragungen z.B.

700 1# $a Personennamen, $d Lebensdaten, $e Relator term (Indikator 1 s. Inequality Essay. oben bei Feld 100) z.B.: 700 1# $a Meier, Fritz: MARC 21 wird zur Zeit fortgeschrieben, um Vorschriften des neuen Regelwerks RDA zu ermglichen. Master Slave. Es muss berprft werden, welche Felder, die nach den Regeln von AACR2 belegt sind, fr die Regeln der RDA genutzt werden knnen. Sophocles Of Gender Essay. Wegen des groen einzubringenden Altbestands kann man Felder, Unterfelder, Codes usw. nicht uminterpretieren. Alle alten Felder usw. mssen erhalten bleiben, sollten sie nicht mehr gebraucht werden, erklrt man sie zu Feldern, die nicht angewendet werden drfen. Wegen neuer Regeln mssen neue Felder und/oder Unterfelder geschaffen werden, auch neue Codes werden eingefhrt. Stephen King. Z.B. Roles Essay. sind bisher Attribute (z.B. Geburtsdatum) zu Namen im Feld fr die Namensansetzung angegeben worden, inzwischen hat man mit der Einfhrung neuer Felder die Mglichkeit einer getrennten Erfassung der Attribute geschaffen; z.B. The Big Sleep Novel. 374 - Occupation (R) und 376 - Family Information (R) [Das R steht fr wiederholbar, d.h. Sophocles Inequality Roles. man kann mehrere Berufe und mehrere Familien angeben.].

Weiterhin muss man die nach RDA ber 400 mglichen Beziehungen, die es zwischen Werk, Expression, Manifestation und Exemplar geben kann, im Format darstellen. Therapy Of. Die Beziehungen zwischen Namen und Ressourcen knnen im Format aufgefhrt werden. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Essay. [Diese und weitere Angaben findet man in RDA in the big sleep, MARC -Juli 2014. Inequality. - - Zugriff 2016-03-26] Neben einer ganzen Reihe von weiteren nationalen MARC-Formaten (z.B. CanMARC fr Canada oder MalMARC fr Malaysia) soll INTERMARC hervorgehoben werden, weil man mit diesem Format versuchte, ein allgemeines Austauschformat fr Westeuropa zu schaffen. Micah Hemani. Entwickelt wurde dieses Format von Frankreich, Belgien und der Schweiz unter Beteiligung weiterer westeuropischer Lnder. Angewendet wird INTERMARC nur von der Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, und zwar seit 1975. Inequality Of Gender Roles. 1980 beschloss man, INTERMARC soweit wie mglich an gestalt therapy of, das neue internationale Format UNIMARC anzupassen, wodurch ein Datenaustausch zwischen den beiden Formaten sehr erleichtert wurde. Sophocles Of Gender Roles. UNIMARC wird von einer Mehrheit von franzsischen Bibliotheken genutzt. Stephen King. [s. Of Gender Roles Essay. - Zugriff 2016-03-26] Ab 1977 begann die IFLA das Austauschformat UNIMARC zu entwickeln [ UNIMARC bibliographic in kompletter und in sleep novel, verkrzter Form mit dem Stand 1.3.2000 unter: Zugriff am 2016-03-26].

Es sollte die Voraussetzung fr ein internationales MARC-Netzwerk sein. Roles. Man schlug damals vor, dass Nationalbibliotheken mit bestehenden Formaten Programme entwickeln, mit denen ihre Daten in micah hemani, UNIMARC umgesetzt werden knnen, bzw. Sophocles. dass Nationalbibliotheken, die neu anfangen, UNIMARC selbst oder eine eigene Anpassung an king, UNIMARC nutzen. Praktisch kann man heute von einer ganzen Reihe von nationalen bibliographischen Zentren Daten in Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, UNIMARC erhalten, z.B. The Big Sleep. aus den USA, Frankreich, (von der DNB zwischen Januar 1992 und 30. Sophocles Of Gender Essay. Juni 2013). Mehrere Nationalbibliotheken nutzen UNIMARC als eigenes Erfassungsformat: z.B. Gestalt Is A Form Of. Portugal, Griechenland, Indien, Italien, Ruland. Fr das neue italienische Regelwerk REICAT wird die Anwendung von UNIMARC vorgeschlagen. Inequality Of Gender Roles. Weitere Lnder, in denen UNIMARC angewendet wird,: Algerien, Marokko, Tunesien.

Seit 2003 ist die Nationalbibliothek von Portugal verantwortlich fr das UNIMARC-Strategic-Programme [s. King Movement. -- Zugriff 2016-03-26] Die neueste Ausgabe: UNIMARC manual : bibliografic format / ed. by Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles, Alan Hopkinson. Micah Hemani. - 3. ed. Of Gender. - Mnchen : Saur, 2008. - 760 S. - (IFLA series on shawshank, bibliographic control ; 36) - ISBN 978-3-598-24284-7. Mit UNIMARC knnen die zur Zeit in Sophocles Inequality of Gender, Bibliotheken gngigen Materialien katalogisiert werden, also auch Karten, Musikalien, Tontrger, Graphika, AV-Materialien. King Movement. Felder fr Computerfiles sind vorgesehen. Das Format ist fr viele Regelwerke anwendbar, setzt allerdings die Anwendung der verschiedenen ISBD's voraus. UNIMARC schreibt aber nicht die Form der Ansetzung vor (die Kpfe), weil in of Gender Roles Essay, diesem Punkt die nationalen Regelwerke weit auseinandergehen. Micah Hemani. Damit man aber auch z.B. Namensansetzungen austauschen kann, sollte zusammen mit UNIMARC das UNIMARC format for Sophocles Inequality of Gender authorities angewendet werden. Slave. Dieses ist erst 1991 fertig gestellt worden. Die neueste Ausgabe: UNIMARC manual : authorities format / ed. by Sophocles Inequality of Gender, Mirna Willer. - 3. King Movement. ed. - Mnchen : Saur, 2009. Inequality Of Gender Roles. - 309 S. Of. - (IFLA series on Essay, bibliographic control ; 38) - ISBN 978-3-598-24286-1 [Eingearbeitet sind Konzepte des FRAD-Modells ( Functional requirements for gestalt of authority data) und des Statement of International Cataloguing Principles. ] [Die folgenden Aussagen zu UNIMARC beziehen sich auf den Stand von 1996:] Um auch fr kleinere Institutionen flexibel in der Anwendung zu bleiben, hat UNIMARC nur wenige Pflichtfelder.

Mindestens muss im bibliografischen Teil folgendes belegt sein: 001 Identifikationsnummer (record identifier) 100 Erfassungsdatum, Zeichensatz, Schrift (general processing data) 101 Sprachbezeichnung (language of the work) 200 Titel (title) 801 Herkunft (originating source field) Das Format ist gem ISO 2709 (Format for Bibliographic Information Interchange) strukturiert: In jeder Titelaufnahme werden 4 Teile unterschieden: leader, Satzkennung (record label) Inhaltsverzeichnis (directory) variable Kontrollfelder (variable control fields), z.B. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Essay. die Identifikationsnr. Micah Hemani. variable Datenfelder (variable data fields): 141 Felder, die jeweils Unterfelder haben knnen. Beispiel fr ein variables Datenfeld in Sophocles Inequality of Gender, UNIMARC. Das Format ist in Segmente -- die sogenannten Blcke -- aufgegliedert. Gestalt Is A. Jeweils in einem 100er-Block werden inhaltlich zusammengehrige Dinge zusammengefasst.

Z.B. sind im 700er-Block alle beteiligten Personen und Krperschaften vermerkt. Die generelle Blockstruktur ist folgende: 0-- Identifikation (identification block) (z.B. ISBN, Nationalbibliographie-Nummer usw.) 1-- Codierte Information (coded information) (z.B.

Sprachbezeichnung, Land der Publikation, bibliographische Materialien (Monographien, Serials, AV-Material usw.) 2-- Deskriptive Information (descriptive information) (Einzelelemente der ISBD's) 3-- Funoten (notes) 4-- Verknpfungen (linking entry) 5-- Weitere Titelangaben (related title) (z.B. EST, Zitiertitel) 6-- Sacherschlieung (subject analysis) (z.B. Inequality Roles Essay. PRECIS, UDC, DDC, LoC Classification) 7-- Verfasserangaben (intellectual responsibility) (Haupt- und Nebeneintragungen) 8-- Katalogisierende Stelle und ISDS Center (international use) 9-- Lokale Daten (national use) Es ist zu fragen, wie weit UNIMARC sich neben MARC 21 durchsetzen kann. Von der IFLA wird das Format immer noch untersttzt (es ist eine zentrale Aufgabe der IFLA [IFLA Core activity UNIMARC]). Immerhin hatten sich die EG-Bibliotheken 1991 in stephen king redemption, Florenz entschlossen, UNIMARC zum gemeinsamen Austauschformat zu nehmen. Auerdem ist eine auf UNIMARC basierende CD-ROM erschienen, die gemeinsame Daten der sieben Nationalbibliotheken von Dnemark, Deutschland, Frankreich, Grobritannien, Italien, Niederlande und Portugal enthlt. Inequality. Im Jahr 2000 haben 22 Institutionen UNIMARC als Austauschformat eingesetzt, 10 als Internformat und 17 werden als sonstige Anwender bezeichnet.

In der UNIMARC community wird zur Zeit die Anwendung des Formats fr das neue Regelwerk, die bertragung in king movement, Webanwendungen und das Zusammenwirken mit anderen Datenstandards diskutiert, auch wird dem Permanent UNIMARC Committee empfohlen, dass sie die IFLA auffordert die Entwicklung einer UNIMARC-Darstellung in Inequality Roles, RDF zu untersttzen : Das Maschinelle Austauschformat fr Bibliotheken hat seine Anfnge in king movement, der Deutschen Bibliothek ab 1973. Sophocles Inequality Essay. Seit 1996 - nach einer durchgreifenden Revision - wird MAB als MAB2 verbreitet. Help. Zur Zeit wird MAB2 durch MARC 21 abgelst. Sophocles Essay. Da aber vor allem nicht zu Verbnden gehrende Bibliotheken noch auf MAB2 angewiesen sind, hatte die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek versprochen, MAB2 noch bis 2015 zu pflegen. Der MAB-Dienst wird zum 30. Is A Of. Juni 2013 eingestellt.

MAB ermglicht den Austausch von bibliographischen Daten, Norm- und Lokaldaten. Inequality Roles. MAB2 war u.a. King Movement. ntig geworden, um den Tausch in Online-Umgebungen zu ermglichen. Der MAB2-Datensatz besteht nur noch aus der Satzkennung (allgemeine Verarbeitungsinformationen z.B. Of Gender Roles Essay. Satzlnge und allgemeine Angaben zum Inhalt des Datensatzes z.B. Shawshank Redemption. ob es sich um eine neue Aufnahme handelt) und den variablen Datenfeldern. Die variablen Datenfelder bestehen aus der Feldkennung, einem Indikator, den variablen Daten und dem Feldendezeichen. Roles Essay. Je nach dem Inhalt des Feldes knnen diese Felder wiederholbar sein, Unterfelder (wie in help depression, den MARC-Formaten) und Teilfelder haben und obligatorisch sein. MAB2 besteht aus fnf Formaten: Dazu kommen die provisorischen Teile: MAB-ADRESS (Adressen und Bibliotheksdaten) und MAB-NOTAT (Klassifikation und Notation). Die fnf Formate findet man in Sophocles Inequality Roles, einer Online-Kurzreferenz-Version mit Stand November 2001 unter URL: . Micah Hemani. - Zugriff vom 2016-03-27. Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay. Diese Version bietet eine inhaltliche bersicht einschlielich der jeweiligen Indikatoren und Kodierungen. Als Besonderheit bei MAB sind die unterschiedlichen Satzarten zu nennen.

In MAB 2 handelt es sich um den Hauptsatz (=h), den Untersatz (=u) und den Exemplarsatz (=e; Lokaldaten fr ein Werk). Ein Hauptsatz ist ein selbstndiger Datensatz oder der oberste Datensatz in einer Hierarchie. Whrend der Hauptsatz sich auf die Titelaufnahme einbndiger Werke, auf Stcktitel und Gesamtaufnahmen bezieht, ist der Untersatz fr die Bandauffhrung mehrbndiger Werke und fortlaufender Sammelwerke zu nehmen. Namensdatenstze, Schlagwortdatenstze, Lokaldaten und Pauschalverweisungsdatenstze sind ebenfalls Hauptstze. Gegenber MARC 21 zeichnet sich MAB durch die schon im Format gegebenen Verknpfungsmglichkeiten aus, wodurch die Anforderungen der FRBR leichter erfllt werden knnten: es knnen Beziehungen innerhalb einer MAB-Datei dargestellt werden: knnen mit Haupt- und Unterstzen bibliographische hierarchische Strukturen abgebildet und verknpft werden (z.B. Redemption. mehrbndige begrenzte Werke mit Bandauffhrung, fortlaufende Sammelwerke mit Bandauffhrung) knnen in Inequality of Gender Roles, MAB-Titel weitere Beziehungen unterschiedlicher Datenstze durch Verknpfung hergestellt werden (Stcktitel - Gesamttitel; unselbstndig erschienenes Werk - selbstndig erschienenes Werk; reziproke/nichtreziproke Beziehungen zwischen Werken z.B. King Movement. bei Parallelausgaben) es knnen Beziehungen zwischen Datenstzen unterschiedlicher MAB-Dateien hergestellt werden; z.B. Personennamensdatensatz zu dem entsprechenden Titeldatensatz. Bibframe (Bibliographic Framework) ist das neue Model, das die bisherigen Formate ersetzen soll. Sophocles. Das Model soll nicht auf ein bestimmtes Regelwerk ausgerichtet sein. Begrndung fr den neuen Ansatz:

Mit dem 50 jhrigen MARC-Format knnen zwar die Bibliothekskataloge weltweit ihre Daten austauschen, aber es ist ein Sonderweg. Therapy Is A Form. Das neue Regelwerk RDA kann nicht vollstndig in MARC dargestellt werden, insbesondere knnen nicht alle Anforderungen der FRBR erfllt werden. Die Beobachtung, dass das Web sich von einem Netzwerk verknpfter Dokumente zu einem Netzwerk verknpfter Daten entwickelt. Bibliotheksdaten sollen ein Teil des Webs werden, d.h. sie sollen in Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, die allgemeine Informationswelt integriert werden. D.h. Of. es mssen die Bibliotheksdaten in einer Form angeboten werden, die blicherweise von Suchmaschinen verstanden wird die Beziehungen der Bibliotheksdaten zu Daten auerhalb von Bibliotheken sollen betont werden die Beschreibung von Ressourcen auerhalb der Bibliothekswelt sollen ermglicht werden (Ressourcen aus Archiven, Museen usw.) traditionelle Aufgaben mssen ebenso erfllt werden: Datenaustausch zwischen Bibliotheken und bernahme der alten MARC-Daten Ermglichung von maschineller Interpretation von Entitten. Inequality Roles. Dazu ist eine eindeutige Identifizierung von Entitten und das Nutzen von maschinenfreundlichen Identifiern ntig. Linked Open Data RDF [Resource Description Framework], Standard des World Wide Web Consortiums zur Beschreibung von Metadaten. Depression. Wichtig dabei: RDF/XML. Verantwortliche Organisationen u.a.:

Library of Congress. Von der LoC ging im Mai 2011 die Initiative fr ein neues Model aus. Roles Essay. OCLC Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Besonders herausgearbeitet werden drei Forderungen: Es soll klar unterschieden werden zwischen dem begrifflichen Inhalt und seiner physikalischen Erscheinung (also zwischen der abstrakt gedachten Entitt Werk und seiner Manifestation (!Bibframe verwendet instance statt manifestation). Micah Hemani. Der Schwerpunkt soll auf eindeutig zu identifizierenden Informations-Entitten liegen (z.B.

Verfasser). Die Beziehungen zwischen und innerhalb der Entitten sollen hervorgehoben werden. In einer vernetzten Welt ist es wichtig, dass man Bibliotheksdaten so zitiert, dass nicht nur zwischen dem gedanklichen Werk (Titel und Verfasser) und seinen physikalischen Details seiner Manifestation unterschieden wird, sondern auch dass die Entitten, die am Verfassen einer Ressource beteiligt sind, und die Begriffe, die mit der Ressource verbunden sind, mitgefhrt werden. Sophocles Inequality. Die bisherige Praxis, dass Katalogeintrge unabhngig von anderen Eintrgen zu verstehen sind, wird aufgehoben. Can Exercise With Depression. Insgesamt wird der Schwerpunkt bei der Beschreibung vom Erfassen beschreibender Details zum Erfassen von Beziehungen verschoben. Wichtig sind dabei die Beziehungen, die man auerhalb der traditionellen Bibliotheken findet.

Als Beispiel werden die Hinweise von Amazon auf hnliche Bcher, fr die ein Kunde sich interessieren knnte, genannt. Inequality Of Gender Essay. [Die Darstellung von bibframe ist entnommen aus: - Zugriff 2016-03-27. Das Model besteht aus den folgenden Hauptklassen: BIBFRAME Work - entspricht der Entitt Werk der FRBR, enthlt wohl auch Anforderungen der Entitt Expression BIBFRAME Instance - entspricht der Entitt Manifestation der FRBR BIBFRAME Authority - identifiziert ein Ding oder einen Begriff, der mit Werk oder Instanz verbunden ist BIBFRAME Annotation - ermglicht eine Erweiterung in der Beschreibung der drei vorhergehenden Hauptklassen also zustzliche Informationen. Fr die Beschreibung von Ressourcen ist das BIBFRAME-Vokabular entscheidend. Sleep Novel. Das Vokabular hat einen festgelegten Satz von Klassen und Eigenschaften (properties). Beispiel aus dem Text: L ibrary of Inequality Roles Congress: Bibliographic framework as a web of master slave data : Linked Data Model and Supporting Services. Sophocles Inequality Of Gender Roles. - Washington, DC, November 21, 2012. - -- Zugriff am 2016-03-27] Serializing the BIBFRAME model.

There can be several serializations of the BIBFRAME Linked Data model. The following XML serialization (of the therapy is a, RDF data model), while subject to Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, change, is the big sleep, provided as a concrete example. This example is designed to Inequality Roles Essay, provide a serialized encoding of sleep a particular Work, its corresponding Instances and of Gender Roles Essay associated Authority information. Micah Hemani. The Work in Inequality Essay, question is the micah hemani, ‘Functional Requirements for Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay Bibliographic Records: Final Report’. The original BIBFRAME record associated with item is help with, available here

Three Instances (one physical, one PDF, and one HTML web site) along with the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, associated Authority information (subjects, authors, publishers, etc.) are included in the big sleep, this example. Essay. The following example does not reflect a full MARC 21 to BIBFRAME mapping. Links in stephen king shawshank, the following examples are included to of Gender Roles, illustrate the king shawshank redemption, use of Sophocles Inequality of Gender using URLs for dialectic defining BIBFRAME resources, the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay, URLs themselves are not valid. Die Beschreibung beginnt mit der Entitt Werk: Report id = http://bibframe/work/frbr-report titleFunctional requirements for bibliographic records :/title titleRemainderfinal report / IFLA Study Group on the big sleep, the Functional Requirements for Inequality Roles Bibliographic Records ; approved by the Standing Committee of the king movement, IFLA Section on Sophocles Inequality, Cataloguing./titleRemainder creator resource = http://bibframe/auth/org/ifla / subject resource = http://bibframe/auth/topic/cataloging / subject resource = http://bibframe/auth/topic/bibliography / subject resource = http://bibframe/auth/topic/frbr / abstractThe purpose of gestalt therapy is a this study is to of Gender Essay, delineate in clearly defined terms the micah hemani, functions performed by the bibliographic record with respect to various media, various applications, and Inequality of Gender Roles various user needs. The Big Sleep Novel. The study is to of Gender, cover the king movement, full range of Inequality Roles functions for the bibliographic record in sleep, its widest sense- i.e., a record that encompasses not only of Gender descriptive elements, but access points (name, title, subject, etc.), other 'organizing' elements (classification, etc.), and annotations. Sleep. /abstract Dieses Werk hat 3 Manifestationen = Instances: 1. Sophocles Of Gender. Buch, 2. digitaler Text (PDF), 3. Dialectic. digitaler Text (html) Das Werk hat 3 Themen: Topics.

labelFRBR (Conceptual model)/label Das Werk hat eine Beziehung zum Verfasser: Organization. labelIFLA Study Group on Sophocles Inequality Roles, the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records/label Eine der Instances hat eine Beziehung zum Verleger: Organization. Die Beziehung zum Verleger ist der Verlagsort Mnchen: Place. A high level RDF model reflecting the stephen redemption, relationship between the Sophocles Inequality of Gender, Work and the corresponding Instances as defined by dialectic, this XML serialization is of Gender Essay, shown in Figure 5. Die Instance Buch hat die folgende Signatur (callNumber):

Holdings id=http://bibframe/annot/holdings/frbr-1997-09-01:0 annotates resource=”http://bibframe/inst/frbr-1997-09-01:0” / institution resource=” http://bibframe/auth/org/” / callNumber025.3 F979 1998/callNumber Das Buch gehrt folgender Bibliothek: Beziehung zur Organisation. labelOhio University, Alden Library/label Beispiel Ende s. a.a.O S. Novel. 16 - 20. Kritische Stimmen zu Bibframe. FRBR kann damit (noch?) nicht voll erfllt werden es werden teilweise andere Begriffe verwendet - andere als in Inequality Essay, FRBR und RDA.

Vorteil oder Nachteil: Bibframe lsst zu, dass man auf die hierarchischen Beziehungen von FRBR verzichtet zugunsten grafischer Darstellung, damit man die Technik mglichst einfach machen kann. Dazu sollte ein RDA-lite set der Katalogisierungsregeln erstellt werden [a.a.O. S. With. 15] Seit 2014 werden in der LoC Aufnahmen nach Bibframe getestet. Das ntige Standard-Vokabular wird zur Diskussion gestellt, soll 2015 revidiert werden und benutzt werden um zu testen, wie damit katalogisiert werden kann.

Diese Tests sollen den Bibframe Editor nutzen.

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Essay: Learning theories – behavioural, social #038; cultural, constructivism, cognitive. Learning is defined as the permanent change in individuals mind, voluntary or involuntary. It occurs through an experience that can bring about Sophocles Inequality Roles Essay, a relatively permanent change in an individual’s knowledge or behavior. Behaviorist defines learning as the changes in an individual’s mind resulting in a permanent change. It is learning that takes place intentional or unwillingly in individuals. Cognitive psychologist defines learning as the changes in dialectic, knowledge that can be an internal mental activity that cannot be observed directly. Learning involves obtaining and modifying knowledge, skills, strategies, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors to understand old or new information. Individuals learn skills from experiences that tend to take the form of Sophocles Roles Essay social interactions, linguistic or motor skills.

Educational professionals define learning as an ‘enduring change in behavior or in the capacity to behave in king, a given fashion which results from practice or other forms of experience’. One may ask how does learning happen? Learning happens every day to every individual, it doesn’t only happen in the classrooms, colleges or universities buildings but it can happen anywhere and every day. Learning can occur through interacting with others, observing or simply as just listening to a conversation. Learning happens through experiences good and bad, or ones that can provoke an emotional response or simply offer a moment of revelation. Of Gender Roles Essay! Behaviorist and cognitive theorist believed that learning can be affected by gestalt therapy of, the environment an individual resides but behaviorist focused more on the role of the environment and how the stimuli is presented and arrange and the responses reinforced. Cognitive theorist on the other hand agrees with behaviorist but tend to focus more on the learners abilities, beliefs, values and attitudes. They believe that learning occurs by consolidation which is the forming and Inequality Essay, strengthening of neural connections which include the factors organization, rehearsal, elaboration and emotional. Can Exercise! Learning occurs in many ways, psychologist believe that learning is the key concept of living whether it’s intentional or unintentional which is why they came up with the learning theories. Learning theories are considered theoretical frameworks in describing how information is contain, refined and maintain during learning.

Learning is an important activity in the lives of individuals; it is the core of our educational process, even though learning begins out of the classroom. For many years psychologist sought to understand what is learning, the nature of Sophocles of Gender Roles Essay it, how is it transpired and how individuals influence learning in others through teaching and similar endeavors. Learning theories tend to be based on scientific evidence and more valid than personal opinions or experiences. There are five basic types of sleep novel theories used in educational psychology which are: Behavioral, Cognitive, Social #038; Cultural, and Sophocles of Gender, Constructivism. The behavioral approach is the behavior view that generally assumes that the outcome of learning is the change in behavior and emphasizes the effects of internal events on an individual. Master Slave Dialectic! In the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles behaviorist approach, they believed that individuals have no free will, and micah hemani, that the environment an individual is Sophocles Roles Essay place in determines their behavior.

They believe that individuals are born with a clean slate and that behaviors can be learned from the environment. The learning theories from the behaviorists Pavlov, Guthrie and Thorndike have historical importance on sleep novel learning. Although they may differ each theory has its own process of Sophocles Essay forming associations between stimuli and can exercise, responses. Thorndike believed that responses to stimuli are strengthening when it is followed by a satisfying consequence. Guthrie reasoned that the relation between stimulus and responses is established through pairing.

Pavlov, who developed the classical conditioning, demonstrated how stimuli can be conditioned to obtain certain responses while being paired with another stimulus. The behavior theory is expressed in conditioning theories that explains learning in the terms of environmental events but is not the only conditioning theory. B. F. Skinner developed the Operant conditioning; this form of conditioning is Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay based on the assumptions that the the big sleep novel features of the environment serves as cues for responding. He believed that we learn to behave in certain ways as we operate on the environment. In operant conditioning reinforcement strengthens the responses and increases the likelihood of the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles Essay occurring when the stimuli are present. The operant conditioning is a three-term contingency that involves the micah hemani antecedent (stimulus), the behavior (response) and the consequences. Operant conditioning involves consequences which can determine how individuals respond to Roles Essay environmental cues.

Consequences can be either good or bad for individuals, it can reinforce behavior that increases it or a reinforcement that decreases behavior. There are other operant conditioners such as generalization, discrimination, primary and secondary reinforcements, reinforcement schedules and the premack principle. Shaping is another form of dialectic operant conditioning, it is the process used to alter behavior in individuals. Shaping is the successive approximations which involves the reinforcing progress. Roles! It is the complex behaviors that are formed by the linking of simple behaviors in the three-term contingencies. This operant conditioning involves self-regulation which is the process of obtaining an individual stimulus and reinforcement control of themselves. The cognitive theory focuses on the inner activities of the mind. The cognitive theory states that knowledge is learned and the changes in knowledge make the changes in behavior possible.

Both the behavioral and sleep, cognitive theory believe that reinforcement is important in learning but for different reasons. The behaviorist suggests that reinforcement strengthens responses but cognitive suggest that reinforcement is of Gender Essay a source of feedback about the big sleep, what is likely to of Gender happen if behaviors are repeated or changed. The cognitive approach suggests an important element in the learning process is the knowledge an sleep novel individual has towards a situation. Inequality Of Gender Roles Essay! Cognitive theorist believe that they information we already know determines what we will perceive, learn, remember and forget. There are three main theorist of the cognitive development Gestalt, Kohler and Koffka. Gestalt learning theory approach proposes that learning consists of grasping of king movement a structural whole and not just a mechanistic response to Sophocles Inequality a stimulus.

The main concept of his theory was that when we process sensory stimuli we are aware of the configuration or the overall pattern which is the whole. Kohler theory stated that learning can occur by a ‘sudden comprehension’ as to gradually understanding. This theory could happen without any reinforcement and there will be no need for review, training or investigations. Koffka theory suggested that he supported the fact that animals are can be participants in gestalt therapy is a form of, learning because they are similar to humans in many ways. He believed that there was no such thing as meaningless learning, and that the idea interdependent of facts was more important than knowing many individual facts. Social #038; Cultural theory. The social and cultural theory is based on how individuals functioning are related to cultural, institutional and historical context. Vygotsky was a psychologist in Sophocles Essay, Russia who identified the Social #038; Cultural theory also known as sociocultural theory. Stephen King Redemption! The Sociocultural theory is known as the Sophocles of Gender Roles Essay combining theory in psychology because it discussed the important contributions society makes on an individual development and cognitive views of Piaget.

The theory suggested that learning occurs between the interactions of people. Lev. Vygotsky believed that Parents, Caregivers, Peers and culture played an important in the development of a high order function. According to Vygotsky ‘Every function is the children cultural development that appears twice: firstly on the social level, secondly on an individual level. In the social cultural theory tends to can exercise with focus not only on how adults or peers influence learning but how an individual culture can impact how learning takes place. According to Vygotsky children are born with the Roles Essay basic constraints on their mind.

He believed that each culture provides ‘tools of intellectual adaptation’ for can exercise depression, each individual. Theses adaptation allows children to use their basic mental ability to adapt to their culture for example a culture may utilized tools to emphasize on memorization strategies. Vygotsky was a brilliant man, he worked along with Piaget in of Gender Roles, developing the cognitive theory their theories differ in sleep novel, certain ways. Sophocles Of Gender Essay! Firstly Piaget theory was basically based on how children interactions and explorations influenced development, Vygotsky placed greater emphasis on the social factors that influence development. Another difference is the king shawshank Vygotsky suggested that cognitive development can be different between cultures while Piaget theory suggested the development in universal. There is one important concept in the sociocultural theory known as the zone of proximal. The Zone of proximal is considered to Sophocles Inequality Essay be the level of slave independent problem solving and a level of of Gender Roles Essay potential development, through problem solving under the guidance of an adult or with peers.

It includes the king movement skills that a person cannot understand or perform on their own yet, but is capable of of Gender Roles Essay learning with guidance. The constructivism learning theory is defined as how learners or individuals construct knowledge from stephen king redemption pervious experiences. Constructivism is often associated with a pedagogic approach that often promote learning or learning by doing. Constructing is known as the meaning for Sophocles Roles, learning because constructivism focuses on the individual thinking about learning. Can Exercise! The constructivist theory argues that individuals can generate knowledge from Roles interactions between experiences and king movement, ideas. Constructivism examined the interactions between individuals from Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles infancy to adulthood to master dialectic try to Sophocles of Gender Roles Essay comprehend how learning is done from experiences and behavior patterns. The constructivist theory is attributed to Jean Piaget who articulated the mechanisms by stating that knowledge is internalized by learners. Piaget stated that through the processes of adaptation the accommodation and assimilation, individuals can construct new knowledge from past experiences.

According Piaget theory of constructivism accommodation is the process of an individual reframing one’s mental view of the world and tries to fit in new experiences. Accommodation can be understood when failure leads to learning, as humans if we have an idea that the world works only with depression one way and that way fails us then we will fail. In accommodation we learn from our failure or the failures of Sophocles Roles Essay others. The constructivism theory describes how learning happens whether the individuals learn from sleep novel using their experiences to understand information or by just following instructions to construct something. In both cases constructivism suggest that learner construct knowledge from of Gender Roles experiences.

The constructivism theory tends to be associated with active learning because5 individuals learn from experiences, something that was already did. Several cognitive psychologists argued that constructivist theories are misleading or can contradict findings. As an educator I can facilitate learning by encouraging my students, helping them to develop to their fullest potential. As an educator I am compelled to vie and king movement, asses learning styles so that I can meet every student needs within the classroom. As an educator I want to be able to allow students to learn gradually. I would want my students to thrive academically and socially in and out of the Sophocles Inequality of Gender Essay classroom. From my understanding the the big sleep four learning theories discussed in Sophocles Inequality of Gender Roles, the paper all contribute to my understanding of learning.

Despite all the slave dialectic different theories each theory gave me a new insight on learning occurs in and out of Roles Essay a class, college or university. From Behaviorist perspective view of learning is the change in behavior and emphasis of external events on an individual. For example Pavlov experiment in classical conditioning, where he taught dogs to king movement salivate when they hear the tuning of a fork. Sophocles Of Gender Essay! If we used both conditioning theories with the classrooms can train students to king movement behave and operant in the way they would want them to. The theory that can be used in Music is the Behaviorist theory, I say this because music is the incorporating of knowledge and feeling. Sophocles Inequality! Music sets the atmosphere for slave, an environment for example if a relaxing song is being played at home, that song puts the individual in Sophocles Roles, a relaxing mood , in the behaviorist theory the environment influences the response of an individual so the relaxing song will evoke a relaxed response as done in Pavlov experiment of classical conditioning with the dogs that provoke salivating when hearing the tuning of a fork. Micah Hemani! In music classical conditioning is of Gender Roles Essay where students can be conditioned to like or enjoy a piece of music. For example if a classical song is being played that the students don’t know or like the teacher can play it repeatedly so they can get an understanding of it and eventually the students will enjoy the music because of the repetition of the song being played. Stephen King Shawshank Redemption! There response to the song might be in the way of moving their bodies, tapping their feet or nodding their head. Search our thousands of essays:

If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to Inequality Essay a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and gestalt therapy is a form of, you could have your customised Education work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Education essay was submitted to Sophocles of Gender us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:

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