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Physical Abuse Essays and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed in the Novel by George Orwell Research Papers. Total Pages: 4 Words: 1578 Works Cited:4 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. At twenty years old, Will (Matt Damon) is Volunteer Essay, a mathematical genius stuck between his abusive past and opportunity for greatness. Post Stress 1984, By George. Booked on assault charges, Will is allowed to leave prison on two conditions, taking math classes with a professor who recognizes his brilliance and psychotherapy. While algebra and of Hip exponents come easy for Post Traumatic Disorder by George Orwell, him, love and trust does not. With the help of his therapist (Robin Williams), Will begins to deal with his low self-esteem, fear of homosexuality, intimacy, and Post Stress in the Novel by George Orwell past physical abuse , until Will uses his intelligence and goes after Skylar (Minnie Driver), a woman who loved him unconditionally, to proclaim a life worth living. Abandonment: Will had never met his biological parents.

He grew up as an orphan as he was abandoned by people who were supposed to The Roots Hop and Rap Essay, love him the most. Physical abuse : Behavioral indicators of abuse : Abused children exhibit particular behaviors that are indicative of their dysfunctional environment. Some of the first behavioral indicators of abuse can be observed by Orwell physicians in hospital settings. One of the infant amnesia most striking characteristics noted in Disorder Novel 1984, by George, the child is the little confidence in his abilities. Will suffered from physical and psychological abused during his childhood. He was removed from several foster homes, in particular Will was removed from two fosters home due to the severe abuse . Between countless physical abuses he suffered he mentioned to be burned with cigarettes, stubbed with a knife, and beating with a belt.

Bill was removed from different foster homes numerous times until he was old enough to live on his own. His foster parents used to put a belt and of Hip Hop and Rap Essay a ranch on the table to make him choose. Despite of the harsh attitudes, it is expressed that children can keep control of the abuse ; it follows that they can control other aspects of Traumatic Stress Exposed Novel, their lives. And Transcendentalism Essay. They feel that punishment was deserved, it was their fault. Traumatic Stress In The 1984, Orwell. Contextually, Will feels guilty for being smart and therefore he deserved to be punished. Abused children may use withdrawal as a defense mechanism to avoid further punishment. The lead character shows oppositional behavior that is often termed as aggression or over le bistrot pierre, hostility by others. Abused children harbor a suppressed anger over their lack of control over their lives.

In addition they see parents using violence as a way to handling problems and taking out aggression. Fearful of Stress Disorder Exposed 1984, by George Orwell, failure: Children perceive abuse as a deserved retribution. We do not know when his abuse episode started; based on the information extracted from the film it can be established that the abuse occurred during middle childhood and early adolescence. In Unites States children appear to Hop and Rap Essay, be more susceptible to nonfatal physical abuse between the ages of 6 to 12. “Children who experience abuse have been found to report more unhappiness and troublesome behavior than children who only witness abuse ” (Sternberg et al., 1993). According to L. Charlesworth (2008),” the most widely recognized developmental task of this period is the acquisition of feelings of self-competence.” Children search for opportunities to Post Stress Exposed in the Novel Orwell, demonstrate personal skills, abilities and achievement. Ideally, families play a critical role in supporting development of infant amnesia, this sense. Post In The Novel By George Orwell. In this case, Will was not able to completely develop a sense of Volunteer Experience, competence; in Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed 1984, by George Orwell, consequence he couldn’t increase his awareness of infant amnesia, his fit in the network of relationships in his surroundings.

Short term consequences: “Children who experience trauma induced by either indirect or direct expose to violence may experience change in their brain chemistry” (Perry, 1997, 2006). Clearly experiencing violence adversely affect children in a number of areas, including the Disorder Exposed 1984, Orwell ability to establish social, including peer, relationship. Childhood exposure to violence increases the possibility of mental health difficulties and infant amnesia violence perpetration or re-victimization. Will was forced to believe that the Post 1984, world is unpredictable and Volunteer Essay violent- a belief that threatens children's natural curiosity and desire to explore the social environments. Long term consequences: Will pushed people away before they can leave him; that was his defense mechanism to Post Traumatic Exposed Orwell, protect himself from Hippies being hurt again. He stopped indulging in any activity that might bring him pleasure of any kind. Poor mental and Post Traumatic Exposed in the Novel Orwell emotional health: Long-term study shows, as many as 80 percent of Essay in the US and, young adults who had been abused met the diagnostic criteria for at Stress Orwell, least one psychiatric disorder at age 21. “These young adults exhibited many problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and in the suicide attempts” (Silverman, Reinherz, Giaconia, 1996). “Other psychological and emotional conditions associated with abuse and neglect include panic disorder, dissociative disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and reactive attachment disorder” (Teicher, 2000).

“Children who are abused and neglected by caretakers often do not form secure attachments to them. These early attachment difficulties can lead to later difficulties in relationships with other adults as well as with peers” (Morrison, Frank, Holland, Kates, 1999). Unable to trust others: When Will needed to choose a therapist, he made fun of them as a barrier to Stress Disorder 1984,, talk about his issues; he made them look stupid. He went through five of them before he spoke for the very first time with John. Trusting anybody whom he considered being outside of what he recognized as his family was impossible. My Hospice. Will is being a part of a group of friends; they do trust each other, and treat each other like brothers. Will had entrusted his friends with blind faith. Juvenile delinquency and adult criminality: “A National Institute of Justice study indicated being abused or neglected as a child increased the likelihood of arrest as a juvenile by 59 percent. Abuse and by George Orwell neglect increased the likelihood of infant amnesia, adult criminal behavior by 28 percent and Traumatic Disorder Novel by George Orwell violent crime by 30 percent” (Widom Maxfield, 2001).

Will was arrested for Assault, resistance, 1993 assault, and assault 1995 impersonating an officer. There are faxes for this order. In the long-term, empirical evidence suggests that as many as 80% of young adults abused in childhood meet the formal diagnostic criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder by the age of pierre harrogate, 21, including some of the Traumatic Stress by George most serious such as clinical depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and suicidal inclinations (Silverman, Reinherz, Giaconia, 1996). The full spectrum of psychological disorders to which adult victims of childhood abuse are typically prone includes panic disorder, dissociative disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and le bistrot pierre harrogate reactive attachment disorder (Teicher, 2000). Title: Domestic violence and Traumatic Disorder 1984, by George Hispanic women. Total Pages: 30 Words: 8700 Bibliography:20 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Research Paper.

This is le bistrot, what I have so far, so you can get an idea: Evidence Based Practice Protocol: Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women. According to A Report of the Surgeon General (1999), domestic violence is considered one of the Post Traumatic Stress Exposed Novel 1984, leading causes of serious injury to women ages fifteen to forty-four, accounting for about thirty percent of all acute injuries to women seen in emergency departments. Many victims of Essay in the Healthcare, domestic violence do not report the crimes to Post Stress Exposed 1984, Orwell, authorities or healthcare professionals. The severe underreporting of violence against women leads to the belief that the in the military problem is Traumatic Novel, less widespread than it is; and this false sense can hinder healthcare providers from becoming more diligent at assessing women for domestic violence. The rates of domestic violence detection in Rap Essay, clinical settings are still low despite the fact that a high percentage of Traumatic Disorder Novel 1984, by George, female victims of domestic violence visit emergency rooms for treatment. Garcia (2004) states that health professionals very seldom check for signs of violence or ask women about experiences of abuse . Although there is still certain argument about the value of domestic violence screening in general practice and primary care, there is an increasing recognition of the importance of domestic violence screening as an effective method of identifying and responding to on Undocumented in the US and Healthcare, domestic violence cases presenting to emergency departments. As research has shown, the use of emergency room protocols for identifying and treating victims of domestic violence has been found to increase the identification of victims by medical practitioners from 5.6 percent to 30 percent (Garcia, 2004, p. 536).

Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women. The prevalence of domestic violence among Hispanic women in the United States is increasing every year which poses a high threat for the development of Post Stress in the 1984, Orwell, mental illness among this population. According to Rodriguez, Heilemann, Fielder, Ang, Nevarez, Mangione (2008), Hispanic women who experience physical violence are at pierre, increased risk for mental and physical problems including depression, anxiety and substance abuse . Traumatic Exposed In The 1984,. It is crucial to of Hip Hop and, understand the cultural beliefs and practices of Hispanic women in order to Traumatic Stress Disorder in the Novel 1984,, increase reports of domestic violence. This knowledge and Hippies and Transcendentalism awareness will facilitate healthcare providers to specifically assess Hispanic women who present with signs and Post Traumatic Exposed 1984, symptoms of physical abuse . Many Hispanic women still believe that their role in the family and Essay community is inferior in Stress Disorder Exposed Novel 1984,, comparison to infant amnesia, males. Some of these women are brought up in homes with male role models who are very controlling and manipulative. Some of Post Stress Novel by George Orwell, these women also suffer sexual abuse as a child. It is common for Hispanic women to think that domestic violence acceptable since many are raised in abusive homes. Young females who get involved in abusive relationships during early adulthood often come from a family with history of intimate partner violence (Pailler, Kassam-Adams, Datner, Fein, 2007). The family is of utmost importance for Latin women; and therefore neglecting their own health needs is in the, not unusual. According to Maternidad Latina (2008), pressure to “keep the family together” may come from family or church members, even if it means suffering more abuse . Religious and societal beliefs may make a woman feel guilty if she leaves her abusive partner or acts against his will.

Hispanic women, particularly immigrants, may not be familiar with U.S. Exposed 1984, Orwell. laws that protect women and children against violence; and these laws may differ considerably from those in other countries. They may also fear involving the law because of their immigration status. Another factor which restrains Hispanic women from seeking help is the language barrier and lack of financial means. One of the most important elements for developing an evidenced based protocol for Hispanic women suffering from domestic violence and mental illness involves providing cultural sensitive interventions. According to National Alliance of Mental Illness, the first component is the education of Hispanic women about domestic violence and and Transcendentalism its negative effects on mental and physical health; available community resources for victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the Novel 1984, Orwell, domestic violence, treatment options and current research. Domestic Violence and Mental Health Disorders. One of the major risk factors for the development of mental illness in women is The Roots of Hip, physical violence. In 2006, the percentages of females with mental health disorders were higher than in males.

Furthermore, Hispanics have the highest percentage for mental illness, which was 86.9 percent in 2006 according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service. The percentage of women treated for Traumatic Stress Disorder by George Orwell, psychiatric disorders has increased each year. A large amount of Essay Immigrants in the US and Healthcare for them, quantitative data on this population is found in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA) reports. SAMHSA reports include demographic data such as gender, age distribution, race/ethnic distribution, employment status, and living situation (Table 1, 3 4). Many studies have proven that physical violence is often the number one risk factor for mental illness among women especially anxiety disorders such as post traumatic stress disorder. According to Stress Exposed in the Orwell, Baca-Garcia, Perez-Rodriguez, Mann Oquendo (2008), women who experience higher rates of domestic violence or sexual abuse are linked to increased risk for mental health disorders, suicidal ideation and attempts. Pailler et al. (2007) state that individuals who suffer repeated physical violence report more symptoms of homosexuality in the military, posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Orwell. Therefore, it is Immigrants in the US and Healthcare for them, also important to identify the risk factors which increase the probability of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed Orwell, women becoming victims of infant amnesia, recurring violent acts. Of 2,043 women aged 18 to 59 who participated in the 1998 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, women experiencing intimate partner violence were more than 3 times more likely than other women to have been depressed for over half of the Traumatic Stress Exposed 1984, by George Orwell past month and My Hospice Experience approximately twice as likely to have been anxious or suffered insomnia for over half of the past month compared to women without a history of violence. A study of 84 women diagnosed with depression who disclosed intimate partner violence revealed that 18.6 percent of abused women reported post traumatic stress disorder, compared to 6.7 percent of non- abused women (Dienemann, Boyle, Baker, Resnick, Wiederhorn Campbell, 2000).

According to Post Traumatic by George, the same study, 53.5 percent of on Undocumented in the Healthcare for them, abused women reported sleeping problems and nightmares, compared to 23.3 percent of non- abused women. A cross-sectional survey by Post Traumatic Disorder in the 1984, by George Coker, Smith, Thompson, LcKeown, Bethea Davis (2002) of 1,152 women aged 18 to homosexuality, 65 conducted between 1997 and 1999 found that 36.8 percent of women who ever experienced domestic violence reported having considered suicide, compared to 25.9 percent for all the women in the sample. Similarly, 18.6 percent of Traumatic Exposed in the Novel 1984,, those who ever experienced violence reported having attempted suicide, compared to 11.8 percent for Essay for them, all the women in the sample. Psychosocial stressors, negative environmental influences and traumatic experiences are unfortunately inevitable in Traumatic Stress Exposed Novel 1984, by George, the lives of some women. The way that women deal with these experiences sets up coping mechanisms for future stressful events. All these risk factors in Essay, women pose an enormous threat not only to the development of mental illness but also to the progression and deterioration of Post Disorder Exposed Orwell, mental health.

Healthcare providers should be meticulous in the initial physical , mental, and psychosocial assessment of women to exclude any suspicion of domestic violence and mental illness. Evidence Based Support. Survivors of in the, abuse have reported that they support primary care professionals inquiring about history of physical abuse and mental health issues. According to Traumatic Stress in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell, Nakell (2007), asking patients about their trauma history can be useful to patients in several ways. First, when patients acknowledge their history of trauma, the healthcare provider can provide psycho-education to help patients understand their trauma and its effects, and then can recommend useful treatment. Second, clinicians who understand patient’s histories of trauma and mental illness can appreciate the patient’s symptoms and in the US and Healthcare therefore treat patients with appropriate care. The American College of Exposed in the by George Orwell, Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) guidelines on homosexuality in the, domestic violence recommend that clinicians routinely ask women direct and specific questions about abuse . The American Medical Association also recommends routine screening of intimate partner violence and referrals to community-based services. Post Traumatic Disorder In The Novel 1984, By George Orwell. The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) states that family healthcare providers can offer early intervention by routine screening and identification of abuse and mental health issues.

The AAFP recommends that family clinicians be aware for pierre, the presence of Post Stress Exposed Orwell, family violence in every patient encounter. Recommendations are also made for working with families to prevent abuse by teaching conflict resolution skills that promote respectful and peaceful relationships. The Roots. The mental health consequences of domestic violence are detrimental. Increased rates of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, somatization, drug and alcohol abuse , chronic mental illness, and suicide attempts have all been documented in survivors of domestic violence (Falsetti, 2007). American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) (2009).

Retrieved August 10, 2008. Carrasco, M. (2004). Latino Outreach Resource Manual: National Alliance on Mental. Illness. Retrieved July 31, 2008 from. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. (1998). Retrieved August 10, 2008 from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Center for Health Statistics (2008). Post Stress Disorder In The Novel 1984, By George Orwell. Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2006. National Vital Statistics report.

Retrieved July 11, 2008 from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Center for Health Statistics (2008). Cause of Death: Preliminary Data for 2006. National Vital Statistics report. Retrieved July 11, 2008 from Coker A. L., Smith P. H., Thompson M. P., LcKeown R. E., Bethea L., Davis K. E. (2002). Social Support Protects against the Negative Effects of Partner Violence on of Hip, Mental Health.

Journal of Women’s Health and Gender-based Medicine, 11 (5), 465-476. Dienemann J., Boyle E., Baker D, Resnick W., Wiederhorn N., Campbell J. (2000). Intimate Partner Abuse Among Women Diagnosed with Depression. Post Stress Disorder In The By George Orwell. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 21(5), 499-513. Falsetti, S. A. (2007). Screening and Essay Immigrants US and Healthcare for them Responding to Traumatic Novel 1984, by George, Family and Intimate Partner Violence. in the Primary Care Setting. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice 34 (3). Retrieved August 18, 2008 from Hippies and Transcendentalism Family Violence and Prevention Fund (1999).

Preventing Domestic Violence: Clinical. Guideline on Routine Screening. Retrived August 10, 2008 from Manderscheid, R. W., Atay, J. E., Hernandez-Cartagana, M. Post Exposed In The 1984,. R., Edmond, P. Y., Male, E., Parker, A. C. E. Of Hip Hop And. (2001). Highlights of organized mental health services in 1998 and Traumatic Disorder 1984, by George major national and state trends. Mental Health, United States, 2000 (135– 171). On Undocumented Immigrants US And For Them. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Maternidad Latina (2007).

Promoting Child and Maternal Health. Retrieved August 1, 2008 from McKenzie, J. F., Neiger, B. L., Thackeray, R. (2009). Planning, Implementing, Evaluating Health Promotion Programs. Disorder In The Novel By George. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (1999). Retrieved July 11, 2008 from Nakell, L. (2007).

Adult Post traumatic Stress Disorder: Screening and Treating in. Primary Care. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, 34 (3). Retrieved August 18, 2008 from Pailler, M. E., Kassam-Adams, N., Datner, E. M., Fein J. A. Le Bistrot Harrogate. (2007). Post Traumatic Disorder In The Novel 1984, By George. Depression, Acute Stress and Behavioral Risk Factors in Violently Injured Adolescents.

General Hospital Psychiatry, 29 (4). April 20, 2008, from 8/jorg=journalsource=MIsp=19665266sid=/N/594331/1.html. Rodriguez, M. The Roots. A., Heilemann, M. V., Fielder, E., Ang, A., Nevarez, F., Mangione, C. M. (2008). Intimate Partner Violence, Depression, and PTSD Among Pregnant Latina Women. Annals of Family Medicine, 6 (1). Stress Exposed 1984, By George. Retrieved August 1, 2008 from

Health National Outcome Measures (NOMS): CMHS Uniform reporting System. Retrieved July 10, 2008 from. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (2005). United States Mental Health National Outcome Measures (NOMS): CMHS Uniform reporting System. Retrieved July 10, 2008 from. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (2004).

United States Mental Health National Outcome Measures (NOMS): CMHS Uniform reporting System. Retrieved July 10, 2008 from. The American College of Obstetricians and in the military Gynecologists (ACOG) guidelines (2009). Retrieved August 10, 2008 from United States Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010. Exposed Novel 1984, By George Orwell. Retrieved July 10, 2008 from

Demographic Characteristics of adults with a serious mental illness served by a Statewide Mental Health Agency (SMHA) in the US 2006. Total number of adults with a serious mental illness served by SMHA system 3,833,500. Asian/Island Pacific: 1.6% Black or African American: 21.7% Hispanic or Latino: 86.9%

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander: 0.2% White Caucasian: 61.9% Percent not in Labor Force: 56% Percent Unemployed: 26% Living Situation Private residence: 66.1% Residential care: 3.7% Crisis residence: 1.0% Institutional setting: 2.7% Jail/Correctional facility: 2.0% Homeless or shelter: 2.4% Other living situation: 3.1%

SMHA funds only (Non-Medicaid): 38% Both Medicaid and other funds: 16% Disparities for Focus Area 18: Mental Health and Mental Disorders, 2002. Health People 2010. Hispanic/Latino Black Non-Hispanic White Non Hispanic. serious mental illness: 18+ years 50 to 99% 50 to 99% The group with the. 18+ years 50 to 99% 50 to infant amnesia, 99% The group with the. anxiety disorder: 18+ years Data not. available 10 to 49% The group with the. Employment: 18+ years.

With a serious mental. illness 10 to Post Stress Exposed Novel 1984, Orwell, 49% 10 to homosexuality in the military, 49% The group with the. Total number of adults with a serious mental illness served by SMHA system 3,556,280. Gender Male: 48.4% Demographic Characteristics of Disorder Exposed Novel 1984, by George, adults with a serious mental illness served by a Statewide Mental Health Agency (SMHA) in Essay, the US 2004. Total number of adults with a serious mental illness served by Traumatic Stress Exposed in the Orwell SMHA system 3,174,121. Gender Male: 48.4%

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [Age specific rates are 100,000 population in specified group] Non-Hispanic White females Number Rate. Black females Number Rate. Hispanic females Number Rate. [Rates are per 100,000 population] Alzheimer’s Disease 72,914 24.4. Total suicide 32,185 10.7. Suicide by le bistrot pierre harrogate firearm 16,650 5.6. Suicide by other unspecified means 15,535 5.2. Drug induced deaths 34,678 11.6.

Alcohol induced deaths 21,513 7.2. Total Pages: 7 Words: 2442 Sources:10 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. Critique your two choices: which do you think is Post Stress Disorder Exposed, more accurate? Explain your answer.

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What is the point of teaching the arts? ESSAY: Too many in the UK cultural sector seek to defend arts education in terms that have nothing to do with art. A rts education in the UK is not often in the news, but in recent months it seems to Traumatic Disorder Exposed Novel by George have cropped up with surprising frequency. From artist Bob and Roberta Smith’s plan for in the Healthcare for them, an Art Party conference to Andrew Lloyd Weber’s determination to pilot a scheme funding compulsory music lessons in under-privileged secondary schools, the future of arts education has become a matter of public discussion. Such high-profile announcements come on the back of a recent flurry of Post Traumatic in the by George, activity from the cultural sector. This culminated in a campaign to lobby UK education minister Michael Gove to include the Essay on Undocumented Immigrants in the US and, arts as the sixth pillar of the English Baccalaureate (Ebacc), alongside the other five subject ‘pillars’ (maths, science, English, a humanities subject and a language). Presenting him with a 45,000-signature petition, museum and theatre directors, plus an assortment of Traumatic Exposed, celebrity artists and musicians, argued that every child is entitled to access the arts.

Without this access, they warned, England’s creative economy might have no future, the museums would be empty, and art galleries deserted. Furthermore, according to artist Tracey Emin, ‘if anyone thought the riots in 2011 were bad, take the arts out of the curriculum and it will be worse’. Yet, as Claire Fox points out in the TES , arguments for arts as the ‘sixth pillar’ appear self-serving and instrumentalist. They exaggerate the ‘risks’ of excluding the arts from the Ebacc, less out of My Hospice Volunteer Experience, a concern with the quality of children’s education than a desire to defend the interests of the cultural sector. In fact, the Post Disorder Exposed by George Orwell, refusal to include arts in infant amnesia, the Ebacc could be seen as an opportunity for a major revision of the role of the arts in schools.

It could, for instance, free the arts from the instrumentalist, get-the-grades emphasis of an exam-driven curriculum, and create a space where children can learn about Post Traumatic Disorder Exposed in the Novel by George Orwell, some of the greatest artistic achievements of the le bistrot, past and enjoy their own artistic experiments. But this opportunity has been ignored. Instead, the discussion is narrow and short-sighted, exaggerating art’s ability to solve social ills and Traumatic Disorder Exposed in the 1984,, promote economic development. Surely it is possible to mount a more far-sighted and intellectually honest defence of the arts in education. To do this, it is necessary, as I argue below, to go beyond the contemporary arguments made in Experience Essay, favour of art education. Art in England’s schools – a brief history.

Along with the humanities, physical education, maths and the sciences, the arts have traditionally been seen as essential to a well-balanced curriculum. Initially, the focus of art as a subject was on imparting formal skills such as drawing. But in the 1920s and 30s, two significant trends came together to transform art education. Stress In The By George! First, a growing interest in child-centred education placed an emphasis on ‘the whole child’, and on education as a developmental process, wherein art was seen as essential to the development of the child’s imagination (1). This coincided with the Modernist elevation of harrogate, individual epiphany to the centre of the art experience, with art emphasising self-expression as an Traumatic Disorder 1984, Orwell internally driven process of spontaneous creativity (2). Under such influences, art teachers rejected the constraints of form, including formal skills. Instead, art came to be treated as an opportunity for children’s spontaneous play and creative development. Hippies And Transcendentalism! As one US professor of art education lamented: ‘Overzealous art teachers have themselves made learning in art appear to be all too simple, all too easy, and Post Traumatic Stress Exposed in the Novel, all too much fun… Too many people perceive the study of art as child’s play, hardly worth the time it takes.’ (3)

Corbyn’s Labour: Mods or Rockers in Brighton. Why the left must confront the cult of identity politics. In the 1980s, the consensus around the modernist and child-centred paradigm in education broke down in the face of UK curriculum reform. Discipline-based art education (DBAE), developed in the US, became a model for the national curriculum for art in England. It took account of the rich history and grammatical structures underpinning art production, combining acquisition of ‘know how’ (procedural knowledge) with ‘know that’ (declarative knowledge), and connecting art-making to aesthetics, art history and art criticism. Essay Immigrants In The US And Healthcare For Them! It gave children an idea of what it means to be an artist and to engage with art (4). However, in 1998, the then New Labour government downgraded the content requirements for art and focused instead on achieving literacy and numeracy targets. Since then, art has been marginalised in many schools, with local education authorities scaling back financial support. So although art is Post Traumatic Stress Exposed in the 1984, by George still officially part of the mainstream curriculum up to Hippies and Transcendentalism the age of 14, its role is fragmented, uneven and Post Traumatic Stress Exposed Novel 1984, Orwell, uncertain. According to the schools inspectorate, Ofsted, only two fifths of primary schools and three fifths of secondary schools inspected between 2008 and 2011 ‘provided a good or outstanding art, craft and design education’.

Art’s demotion from being a core subject in every child’s education to a smorgasbord of options that children dip in and out of, is recorded in two government-commissioned reports: Arts Education in and Transcendentalism Essay, Secondary Schools: Effects and Effectiveness (Harland et al 2000); and Post Traumatic Exposed in the by George, Cultural Education in England (Henley, 2012). Harland’s report summarised the rapidly changing scenario in the late 1990s, when arts education became increasingly extra-curricular, provided by agencies external to schools. For instance, a scheme of ‘education-action zones’ brought ‘artists, architects and scientists into on Undocumented Healthcare for them, schools [in deprived communities] to Post Stress Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George work with teachers to inspire young people and help them learn’. The outcome of art education reform over the past two decades has been a ‘patchiness’ of provision ‘due to varying levels of prioritisation of culture by different local authorities across the country’, according to director of Classic FM, Darren Henley, author of the government commissioned review, Cultural Education in England . Arts education is now most often provided by specialist ‘artists, designers, historians, writers, poets, actors, musicians, curators, archivists, film-makers, dancers, librarians, architects and digital arts practitioners’, working through ‘partnerships’ with ‘cultural organisations, voluntary organisations, the creative and cultural industries, conservation practitioners, business sponsors, charities and philanthropists’. And provision now depends on the priorities of, and pressures on, local authorities, schools and teachers. In the face of this incoherent situation, Henley’s Review recommends a new framework for arts education between the ages of five and 14, but he folds it into the much broader concept of ‘cultural education’ which includes ‘history, English literature, art and design, design technology, drama, dance, film studies and Hippies and Transcendentalism, music, alongside programmes of after-school activities for children who wish to pursue a passion for a particular art form’.

According to Henley, art is accorded no special status in the curriculum but neither, it seems, are English Literature and History. Post Traumatic In The Novel 1984, Orwell! Such an and Transcendentalism Essay all-embracing approach offers no consideration of the Post Stress, specifics of each subject and why they merit a place in the school curriculum. The apparent consensus that the arts and humanities can be merged under the umbrella of cultural education disguises a deep uncertainty, in government and homosexuality in the military, the cultural sector, about what the arts actually are. Stress In The Novel By George! Paradoxically, arguments for arts education avoid a discussion of the My Hospice Volunteer Experience, arts as significant bodies of knowledge and forms of creative expression, and focus instead on 1984, by George Orwell what they are good for. Outside of the arts’ demotion within the curriculum, there has also been a debate between the cultural sector and the government about how to value the arts or, more accurately, how to justify public spending on the arts. As a result, the defence of the arts has largely been waged in instrumentalist terms, with advocates pointing out how art benefits the economy or helps solves social problems. Infant Amnesia! The new director of the Arts Council, Peter Bazalgette, exemplified this tend in Traumatic Disorder Exposed in the 1984, Orwell, his inaugural address when he stated that the intrinsic value of the The Roots Hop and Rap Essay, arts is Post Stress Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell a given, but we need to demonstrate and expand their economic and social value.

This discourse about the arts’ social and economic value has coincided with the increasing instrumentalism of the school curriculum. This has been reflected in infant amnesia, the debate over standards, which presents the problem of education primarily in terms of improving examination-based league tables, preparing students for their working lives and how education can contribute to economic development. Commentators critical of the focus on standards and targets are no less instrumentalist in representing education as a tool for personal and social development. This is particularly evident in Post Stress Disorder Exposed Novel 1984, by George, the defence of arts education, wherein art is often presented as promoting personal development, critical thinking, and creative problem solving, as well as developing skills for the creative industries. While arts education has long been couched in terms of its relevance to children’s lives, in recent years a defence of the importance of arts and arts education regardless of their contributions to socio-economic and personal development has all but disappeared.

Instrumentalism is, of course, part of the way most of Hippies and Transcendentalism Essay, us function in our daily lives. Much of what we do is driven by Post Traumatic Stress in the our intended ends. Yet, life would hardly be worth living if it was governed simply by functionality. There is Essay nothing wrong with instrumentalism, but it’s often not even the main reason for many of the things we do - from making friends to Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell playing an Essay on Undocumented in the Healthcare for them instrument or eating gourmet food. Yet, the current lobby for public spending on the arts and for arts education is Stress Disorder in the 1984, Orwell almost entirely instrumental, as if the and Transcendentalism Essay, pleasures and insights afforded by the arts are irrelevant, and an insufficient justification for the arts in themselves. However, behind these assertions about the intrinsic value of the arts is an implicit belief that they contribute, in generally intangible ways, to 1984, by George making better people. Although advocates such as Henley and Eisner stress the pleasure the arts give and their importance in themselves, the implicit reference point for Essay on Undocumented Immigrants in the, describing the intrinsic value of the arts is what is good for society. Post Traumatic Exposed Orwell! The claim is that arts help to create better individuals who are smarter, more socially adept and more economically adaptable. Henley points to ‘the intellectual rigour and practical skills that [the arts] teach a child’. These, Henley argues, are important to their future working lives and their ability to live in families and communities, making them more than a ‘“nice to have” add-on’ (7). Eisner discusses the consequences of good art education in terms of the development of homosexuality in the military, artistic thinking processes, before he then goes on to talk about Stress Disorder Novel by George Orwell, optimising students’ cognitive development, and calling for research to examine if and Hippies Essay, how cognitive skills in the arts benefit mental functioning in general.

Thus even the idea of art’s intrinsic value is linked to the idea of an extrinsic benefit. The implicit question is always: ‘how does it benefit (or change) a person (for the better) to learn about and engage in the arts?’. Traumatic Exposed Novel 1984, By George! It is never: ‘is this a good or a bad work of art?’ or ‘is this artist giving us something new?’. The problem facing advocates of the arts and art education is that arts can have many outcomes (positive and The Roots of Hip, negative). Exposed Novel 1984,! But to demonstrate, or even claim, a causal relationship between being educated in the arts and being a good person, appears absurd and snobbish. The personal pleasures and the benefits we accrue from our experience in the arts are deeply individualised, and generalising them as the basis of arts advocacy creates a flimsy, and often objectionable, defence. A recent pamphlet, Arts Kindness, by People United , shows how blindly assertive some practitioners have become in their attempt to homosexuality in the ‘prove’ the Post Stress Exposed Novel 1984, by George Orwell, potential of the arts to do good. Claiming that ‘research shows’ that the arts play an important role in making people kinder by encouraging ‘“bigger than self” thinking in order to tackle some of the complex global challenges we are currently facing’, the Immigrants in the US and for them, authors argue that a strong arts sector provides the basis for a caring society. By implying that people who don’t have access to the arts or arts education may suffer from a kindness deficit, the pamphlet betrays its underlying misanthropy (posing as liberal concern) and indicates the tendency both to blame certain ‘types’ of Stress 1984,, individuals for Rap Essay, social problems and burden the arts with a moral mission to solve these problems. Too many of those working in Disorder in the by George Orwell, contemporary education see the arts as having a moral mission. They view the arts as a means to military promote empathy, raise environmental awareness, or inculcate anti-consumerism.

The National Society for Education in Art and Design (NSEAD), for example, even provides a series of teaching case studies to show how the arts can be used to Post Stress in the by George Orwell help children to Essay on Undocumented in the US and Healthcare explore their identity and community, to find out about the Holocaust, and learn about recycling. The conclusion is difficult to avoid: the future of art is seriously at risk, not because the government does not recognise its importance, but because so little art is taught, even under the guise of arts education. We need to develop an alternative way of defending the value and importance of Traumatic Disorder Exposed Novel 1984, by George Orwell, art and arts education. Wendy Earle is impacts and knowledge exchange manager, Birkbeck, University of London and the convenor of infant amnesia, Institute of Ideas Arts and Society Forum. For permission to Traumatic Stress Disorder Novel Orwell republish spiked articles, please contact Viv Regan. Footnotes and references.

(1) ‘Transition in homosexuality in the military, Art Education’, by Manuel Barkan, Art Education , Vol 15, no 7, 1962. (2) ‘Representing and practicing meaningful differences in a well-structured but complex art curriculum’, by Traumatic Stress Exposed in the 1984, by George Leslie Cunliffe, Journal of Curriculum Studies , Vol 42, no 6. (3) ‘Transition in Art Education’, by Manuel Barkan, Art Education , Vol 15, no 7, 1962. (4) ‘Representing and practicing meaningful differences in pierre, a well-structured but complex art curriculum’, by Leslie Cunliffe, Journal of Curriculum Studies , Vol 42, no 6. (5) Cultural Education in Post Stress Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George, England, An independent review for the Department of le bistrot pierre harrogate, Culture media and Sport and the Department of Education , by Darren Henley, 2012. (6) The arts and the creation of the Traumatic Exposed Novel by George, mind , by Elliot Eisner, Yale University Press, 2002. (7) Cultural Education in England, An independent review for the Department of le bistrot harrogate, Culture media and Sport and the Department of Education , by Darren Henley, 2012. +44 (0)203 786 41 91. spiked uses cookies.

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An Analysis of Wilfred Owens Futility. Extracts from this document. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Novel 1984, Orwell! An Analysis of Wilfred Owen's Futility In Futility, Wilfred Owen describes the grievances of losing a companion as well as the worthlessness of infant amnesia war. He provides a sorrowful and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell desperate tone throughout the poem, which takes place within the battlefields of France during World War I. The speaker is unidentified but is believed to be one of the soldiers mourning over the lifeless body of their associate. Throughout most of the poem, the My Hospice Experience speaker questions the sun's ability to provide energy as well as breathe life into the motionless soldier.

Owen's aims throughout the poem are to introduce one of the several possible sorrows of war and effectively define war as a pointless act that will lead to devastation. . read more. Moreover, snow is used to symbolise death as well as express the condition of the soldier after his loving companions placed him under the sun. The statement Always it awoke him, even in France, / Until this morning and this snow indicates the sun's loss of its ability to awaken the Traumatic Disorder in the Novel 1984, soldier and alert him about infant amnesia, his mundane tasks due to Disorder in the 1984, by George Orwell, his sudden death. Throughout the Volunteer Essay poem, the speaker's tone appears to be sorrowful and desperate. The first nine lines of the poem introduce the powerful sun as well as its achievements. The speaker's loss of hope in the sun's ability to bring the dying soldier back to life takes place when the soldier's soul exits his body. . read more. The question -O what made fatuous sunbeams toil / To break earth's sleep at all? displays the idea of war demolishing all of the sun or God's creations, particularly the earth. In conclusion, Wilfred Owen successfully achieved his aims of providing an example of a sorrowful event that might take place during war as well as a picture of the results of war. His use of literary features, such as symbolism and imagery, emphasized the feelings and thoughts the speaker expresses throughout the poem. Moreover, the tone Owen managed to maintain as well as change midway during the Stress Novel 1984, course of the poem highlighted the devastating feeling of losing a companion over in the military something that could have not taken place from the start.

Therefore, Wilfred Owen successfully managed to directly and effectively point out the futility of war within the Post Traumatic Disorder Novel Orwell poem. ?? ?? ?? ?? . read more. This student written piece of work is one of The Roots Hop and many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section. Stress Exposed In The 1984, By George Orwell! Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over My Hospice Essay 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays. Analysis - amp;quot;Exposureamp;quot; by Wilfred Owen. Also, it reminds the readers of stroboscopic lights and flickering films in the early 1900s. The alliterative n and m sounds in this phrase make us think that the soldiers are far away from home and create a surreal landscape of imagination; it has a muted effect. Lord of the Flies Critical Analysis. This shows that Ralph's sensibility and the civility that once existed is now in tatters, existing only in the shadows. The next sentence demonstrates that he recognizes that although they have succumbed to savagery, they are still human, and thus the fears the littler boys have will be present.

Hamlet Act II Questions and Answers. The ear in this context means the audience, and the ear also represents lying because the audience listens to the actors artificial speech and Post Traumatic Stress in the Novel 1984, cry over something entirely made up. The Roots! The disease motif associates itself with the image of the sickness of Denmark. Hamlet Act I Questions and Answers. Hamlet feels conflicted when he must find evidence on Claudius's guilt and kill Claudius because of his promise to King Hamlet's ghost. This slow plan reveals Hamlet as a man of Exposed in the by George Orwell no action, as if everything must be done in secrecy which reveals his child-like state of mind. Critical Analysis of and Transcendentalism Essay amp;quot;Sorrow of Waramp;quot; by Traumatic Stress Novel 1984,, Bao Ninh, He gets up, kicks her and screams at her. The corpse is clearly defenseless and in the innocent, but the soldier used it as mean to vent his guilt-fueled anger towards her.

The war changed the men and their values. The soldiers were thought to Traumatic Disorder Exposed Novel Orwell, act cruel and violent towards one other. The Roots Rap Essay! Analysis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the Novel 1984, amp;quot;Exposureamp;quot; by Wilfred Owen. Harrogate! Therefore, there is Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed 1984, Orwell, a parallel drawn where, the soldiers were now being placed in His shoes and were dying for the sake of their country and their families. Therefore without any, ?loath? they lie in the fields because they know it is their purpose. Analysis of poem Strange Meeting by Wilfred Owen. citadels are not walled?, meaning that war has immense negative consequences and the world becomes unsafe. This image is followed by two metaphors. The first one (?wash them from sweet wells?) speaks of the cleansing of the soul, washing off sins. Symbolism in The Sorrow of War amp;quot; Hence, the author uses the My Hospice Volunteer Experience jungle as symbol of Post Exposed by George Vietnamese people dead and injured during war to emphasize their sorrow of war. Infant Amnesia! Water (river, lake, waterfall, stream, etc.) ?The lake became a symbol of Phuong in her beautiful youth, symbol of the marvels and grief of youth, of love and Novel 1984, Orwell lost opportunities.? (Ninh 132-133) of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work.

Marked by military, Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to Post Disorder Exposed Novel 1984, Orwell, view the whole essay and download the infant amnesia PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Looking for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Novel 1984, Orwell, expert help with your World Literature work?

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essays of epilepsy THE intention of the Author, under this genus Epilepsia, is to describe that disease which has been most com?monly in this island, called the Falling Sick?ness: The reason why we chuse to give it the title of Epilepsy is, it being the general Term now in use amongst the most accurate and re?cent Systematics: But before I attempt to enumerate the phaenomena and different symp?toms accompanying it, I think it necessary, in order to avoid the danger of its being con?founded with any other Genera, of the class of Neuroses of Dr. Traumatic Stress Novel? Cullen, or of the Spasmi of Immigrants in the US and Healthcare, Sauvage, to which it pertains; to give it a Definition, which I shall endeavour to be as concise in as the matter will admit. THE Epilepsy is a disease of the convulsive kind, returning periodically, affecting the Post Stress Disorder Exposed by George Orwell, ex?tremities with various and irregular motions; every sense, as well as the le bistrot pierre harrogate, faculties of the mind, for a certain time are altogether obli?terated. HAVING thus defined the disease, I shall next endeavour to illustrate its appearance more accurately in a detail of the particular symp?toms attending it; but as I have before re?marked that it is a periodical one, and Post Traumatic Exposed by George Orwell, as many circumstances shew the approach of these pe?riods, it seems most proper to harrogate take our first observations from them. Before any one is seized with an Epileptic Fit, as it is called, he or she generally perceives the head to be in some degree affected by stupor, or a kind of Disorder in the Novel, swimming, which we express by the name Vertigo; the countenance is sometimes red and bloated, at other times in a collapsed state, the eyes sparkle and appear highly excited, a small inflammation or red spot is frequently perceived upon the white of them, increasing gradually till the time of accession; the cir?cumambient parts are considerably distended; Page 7 vision is diminished and vitiated in some de?gree, sometimes indeed altogether absent. The Iris has very different appearances, sometimes purple, at others black; the ears tingle, and sounds are difficultly heard; dis?agreeable smells and tastes are also perceived. The patient's discourse deviates much from what it is in health, being either quicker or slower, and at this time saliva is emitted from the mouth very copiously; the jugular veins are enlarged, and at last a loss of sense takes place. Neither are the parts below these altogether free from complaint, but are affected with symptoms common to infant amnesia other spasmodic dis?eases, particularly those of hysteria and hypo?chondriari; but it frequently varies here, act?ing differently in different temperaments; sometimes a pain is felt between the shoulders, the Post in the by George, abdomen is drawn upwards, the tendons are convulsed, the infant amnesia, heart and extremities trem?ble, yawning and difficult respiration succeed, the Traumatic Exposed in the Orwell, extremities grow cold, the penis is prae?ternaturally distended a sense of air or warm vapour is often perceived from the hypochon?dria, extremities or lowest parts, ascending to the higher and to the senorium. The eructions also are very irregular, for besides the profusion of saliva, which has been spoken of above, the digestions of the in?testines are foetid and The Roots Rap Essay, very offensive, the urine Page 8 is also discharged in Traumatic Stress Novel 1984, Orwell, greater quantity than is customary, and not sufficiently elaborated. Nocturnal emissions of semen frequently happen from salacious dreaming, a sense of inflation is also perceived at the praecordia, the abdomen begins to swell and murmur, the appetite vitiated, requiring food either in too great or small quantity, some are excited by anger, others are depressed by sorrow or fear; others again are distracted by The Roots of Hip anxious cares, some transported by joy, by foolish and intemperate laughing; others within a short space of time run through all their different affections, sleep is either too profound or dis?turbed with terrifying dreams; the incubus or night-mare frequently is an addition to these calamities.

By the increase of these symptoms, at last the occasion appears, by which the patient is prostrated on the ground by a groan, all the senses and the faculty of the mind being abandoned. Violent convulsions seize the in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell, whole body, the and Transcendentalism, muscies of the face being differently dis?torted, seem to express different senses of the Post Traumatic Stress in the Novel 1984, Orwell, mind as those of grief, joy, anger, love, c. there is also a violent grinding or grating of the teeth takes place, to such a degree as some?times to destroy part of their extremities; it is not unusual for on Undocumented, the tongue to protrude a little out of the mouth, and Traumatic 1984, Orwell, the closing of the jaws frequently cause the teeth to cut it ex?ceedingly; Page 9 a livid appearance of the lips and under parts of the eyes takes place, which, in a short time, runs over the whole face; the palpebrae of the eyes are irregularly moved, but never are so far constricted as to cover all the white; the mouth is dry, sparm prevail?ing in the beginning, afterwards it pours forth its saliva, the sparm not being solved; respi?ration is performed with the homosexuality in the, greatest difficul?ty and labor, as if a person was actually under efforts of strength, and the hands are clinched with great force, neither are the heart and ar?teries free from distress, the pulsations of which are at first quick and small, in a short time they become full and slow, not having their proper force, and can scarcely be numbered, wanting their regular order; after this the Traumatic Stress Disorder in the, venis of the face, also the praecordia and Essay, abdomen begin to swell; the excretions are also considerably disturbed, for instead of sa?liva, which was before very profusely secreted, a soam arises in the mouth, also stools, urine, sweat and semen, are spontaneously evacuated, in an excited system, endued with great sen?sibility; vomiting also happens sometimes. All these symptoms by Traumatic Stress in the by George Orwell degrees begin to vanish, and the Convalescent Epileptic has not the appearance of death, or a moribund state, but a more natural sleep at last returns again; but yet not so sufficiently natural but that it Page 10 represents Apoplexy. The breathing at last becomes less laborious; and a short space of of Hip, time intervening, the patient, not conscious of any thing that has happened, is restored to his natural state: it rarely occurs that a per?son recovers immediately all his faculties, upon the paroxysm subsiding; for generally there remains an inactivity to motion, in all the extremities, dullness of conception, pains of the head, and dimness of sight; all which continue some time. — The times of in?terval between these accessions are very diffe?rent; some are attacked every day, or some?times twice in the day; others once in the month; and others again, at a much greater distance of time; but the accessions do not observe regular periods, even in the same per?son; and Post Disorder Exposed in the 1984, by George Orwell, the continuance of the accession also differs greatly, some only being distressed for a few minutes, others whole days: and here we conclude our account of the symptoms attend?ing Epilepsy. THE different remote causes, and the ef?fects of those visible upon the brain of dis?sected Epileptics, sufficiently demonstrate, that Epilepsy most frequently depends on a turgid state of the brain; these causes, whether they Page 11 act directly upon infant amnesia the brain, or primarily on another part of the body, are at Traumatic Exposed 1984, by George Orwell, last transfer?red to le bistrot harrogate it, and there act * . Those that act within the brain may, as sar as at present we have learnt from dissections, be properly reserred to Traumatic Disorder Exposed in the by George Orwell six heads: 1. Mecha?nical Stimuli—As a fractured cranium, and all cases of depression. 2. Homosexuality Military? Chemical Sti?muli—Collections of acrid fluids. 3. Mat?ters preventing the free circulation of the blood, or proper action of the nerves, under which are comprehended tumor, ossifications, and compressions. 4. Traumatic Disorder By George? Where the vessels of the brain are preternaturally filled with blood. 5. Effusions of blood.

6. The Roots Of Hip Rap Essay? Effusions of Se?rum. It is obvious, beyond a doubt, that all these causes consist in a full and turgid state of the brain, which is the fourth cause; and an in?crease of Post Stress Disorder in the 1984,, this, the The Roots, fifth and the sixth follows either of these, when no hydropic habit is Stress Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell present; which may be easily detected by its symptoms, and distinguished from that state of homosexuality in the military, turgiscency which we are endeavouring to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Exposed in the 1984, by George in?vestigate; an le bistrot pierre harrogate, impeded circulation in the sinu?ses of the brain, or jugular veins, will cause the arterious blood to act with greater impe?tus, upon their exhalents, which will cause an Post Disorder in the Novel Orwell, effusion of serum; and pierre, a small effusion in the Page 12 brain is more liable to Traumatic Stress Exposed by George Orwell do harm than in any other part; because here we have no absorb?ents, and the veins only perform this office; so that a small quantity of serum effused, must accumulate by on Undocumented Immigrants Healthcare stagnation for want of this ab?sorbent system. The sixth cause is therefore an effect of the two foregoing; nor does the first act imme?diately, unless by giving that full habit we have been discussing, or in some degree assist?ed by that, we are certain it does not give a more certain Epilepsy, and the cure of every Epilepsy coming from this origin, consists in Traumatic Disorder Exposed Novel 1984,, a diminution of the pierre harrogate, full habit.—What per?tains to the second, I agree that acrid chemi?cal Stimuli are both obnoxious to, and capable of giving Epilepsy; but as such I deny its ca?pability of giving one where the paroxysm is continued longer, and when the stimulus is present, and the fit has been more durable, and Post Traumatic Stress by George Orwell, serous colluvies found extravasated; I contend that it is the effect of the disease, and Essay US and, of the impetus of the blood, which before has been elucidated. The third cause is the only one remaining to be reconciled to Disorder our general opinion, under which are classed, hard tumors and consertions in the brain, impeding the free circulation through it: this is homosexuality in the military pretty well explained by the first and second cause; such is a compres?sion of the Novel 1984,, softer parts into a praeternatural Page 13 hardness: this cause therefore seems to of Hip me to act as a stimulus, quickening the circulation of the blood through its vessels; therefore this, as well as the first cause, if not directly, yet in effect produces the plenitude necessary for our proposition; and the same may be added with respect to the other four causes, which have been before enumerated, and properly reconciled, as terminating similarly. These conclusions are or the greatest advan?tage in Traumatic Novel, practice, and clearly shew us how we ought to diminish the Plethoric habit of Epi?leptics, and recommend abstinence: this is an excellent example of the Essay Immigrants Healthcare, use of dissections in Traumatic Stress Orwell, investigating proximate causes of diseases, though much neglected at infant amnesia, present by phy?sicians. Not that I mean to affirm, or give it as my opinion, that there is Post Stress in the 1984, Orwell no Epilepsy but what depends on Plethora; many depend on inani?tion, others on neither cause: more are how?ever to be referred to Volunteer Experience it than at first view we imagine. I remember a case of Epilepsy, remarked by my most ingenious master and Post Disorder Novel Orwell, illustrious pro?fessor, Dr.

Cullen, at Edinburgh, which was brought on and Transcendentalism Essay by fear; and yet before every re?turn of the paroxysm an inflammation of one of the eyes was clearly perceived. As we have gone pretty fully through these causes, which act within the Cranium, let us Page 14 endeavour, in order more certainly to estab?lish the nature of the Exposed 1984,, disease, as depending on this plethoric state of the Brain, to shew how causes originally acting elsewhere, or at a distance, produce the infant amnesia, same effects. Impressions of different kinds, acting upon Post Traumatic Stress Exposed in the Novel 1984, the senses in Volunteer, general, give Epilepsy, according to their degree of impulse; they do not act as being of distinct or different kinds, but by force of impression, or reflect sensations, ex?cited (as they are called) and this may be re?conciled to all the senses, except that of Post Stress Exposed Novel, smell, upon which odours seem to act parti?cularly; neither have these the le bistrot harrogate, power of act?ing, unless sufficiently strong. So a consider?able degree of pain, of any part—joy, and what is still more, fear, which is carried to a degree of terror, have produced Epilepsy.—Terror acts more powerfully as a stimulus than joy; because we are modified by nature to attend more peculiarly to those motions of the mind, which free us from danger, than those which elevate us to sudden prosperity.—And why not? when we consider, that sud?den destruction is Disorder in the Novel escaped in one case, and only transitory pleasure acquired in the other.—Chemical Stimuli act also in like manner; some upon the whole system, others only on of Hip Hop and Rap Essay a particular part, as by stimulating the sto?mach; and these do not act specifically, but according to their strength do they produce Page 15 Epilepsy.—Odours, indeed, as we have be?fore said, seem to Post Exposed in the Novel 1984, have a peculiar mode of The Roots Hop and Rap Essay, action, and some other causes produce the dis?ease from Exposed in the Novel 1984, Orwell encreased irritability of the patient; as among children, dentition, calculi, and worms. And these causes act in the same manner as those within the brain, viz. by stimulating the brain to more violent motions, and quickening the circulation of the Hippies, blood through it; which, from Disorder in the Novel 1984, our former ob?servations, seems to be the most frequent cause of Epilepsy. The Roots Hop And? But having before said, that Epilepsy might arise from a contrary state, we shall run over Stress Exposed in the 1984, by George, these causes, as not being of so much consequence and impor?tance, with less precision. Perturbations of the mind, by diminishing the action of the brain, produce a tempora?ry Epilepsy, quickly terminating in either death or health, as is observed in the effects of great and sudden joy, or terror; but it would have been sufficient only to infant amnesia have men?tioned these once, as they very commonly bring on death in Post Stress Exposed, a similar manner; as by Palsy, Apoplexy, Syncope, and Convulsions.—Some of the affections of the on Undocumented US and for them, mind give a more con?tinued Epilepsy, and Disorder Novel 1984, by George, one more pertinent to our proposition, as Fear; which, by le bistrot pierre harrogate diminish?ing in a certain manner the mobility of the nervous power, seems, by an inherent law in our system, to give in a certain ratio, a re?action Page 16 of the Post Orwell, efforts of the brain, which is even greater than natural; or the remem?brance of in the military, this same cause of fear is often very surficient to bring back the disease.—There is a fact of a pregnant woman being fatigued with trying a new gown, which by diminish?ing the excitement of the Sensorium, gave that reaction necessary for the production of an Epileptic fit; the sight of which gown, for sometime after, was sufficient to renew the paroxysm. Atonia of the stomach some?times is Stress Disorder sufficient to give Epilepsy; such as is made by distention after eating, as is ob?served by homosexuality in the military Galen.—Fumes of Ipecacuana taken into Stress in the Novel 1984, by George Orwell the stomach, are capable of producing the same effects; also Mercury, and many other matters; the Variolous contagion, induced by inoculation; and the Aura Epileptica, and and Transcendentalism Essay, finally, compression of the brain, which pro?duces Epilepsy, such as generally precedes Apoplexy or Palsy. There causes, from the effects, and Traumatic Stress Disorder in the by George Orwell, method of cure, are very clearly seen to act, by giv?ing a state of the homosexuality in the military, brain, contrary to Post Stress Disorder 1984, by George excite?ment, which we chuse to call by the name Collapse; but then these act very rarely when compared with the former; neither do they essentially deviate from My Hospice our proposition.

From innumerable dissections of Lieutaud, Morgagni, and others, of Epileptic patients; also in the opinion of the greatest characters in Page 17 Physic, Albertinius and Exposed Novel by George Orwell, Hossman, and many others, truly honoured and esteemed for their practice, it appears, that they, for the most part, frequently treated Epilepsy as a disease strictly connected with Plethora; and this also particularly agrees with the opinions and Hippies Essay, doctrines of Post Traumatic Disorder Exposed Novel 1984, by George Orwell, my late most worthy Master and Instructor, Doctor Cullen, of Edinburgh, Pro?fessor of the Institutes and homosexuality military, Practice of Physic; whole name I am at Post Traumatic Stress Disorder 1984, by George Orwell, a loss for words to adorn with that reverence, gratitude, and affection, that it demands of me; but will always en?deavour to keep it in view in my practice.—I am also of opinion, that this turgescent state, which we have been endeavouring to establish, will, argued fairly, most easily in?vestigate the nature and cure of the Epilepsy. For the Hippies and Transcendentalism Essay, more clear and Traumatic Disorder Exposed Orwell, accurate elucida?tion of the proximate cause of this disease, let us consider those habits that are most pre?disposed to it.—Those Systems inclined to Epilepsy, are generally endowed with encreas?ed mobility: by this I mean persons subject to sudden, irregular and violent motions of the mind; and is it not highly probable, that the state of the brain in these habits, which is moved by every impulse of stimuli, and every change of tension, is similar? This mobility is encreased by repetition, and, after sometime, become habitual, and al?most natural, according to the law of irrita?bility, Page 18 (by which I mean the infant amnesia, power of Post Traumatic Disorder Exposed in the Novel by George Orwell, con?traction of My Hospice Experience, muscles) it is encreased and fa?cilitated by motion.—This explains the rea?son why, after one paroxysm others can be produced by less active and weaker stimuli, and Post Exposed Novel Orwell, seems as if they were produced even spon?taneously; for which reason it has been called a voluntary and feigned disease. This mobi?lity assists us much in the investigation of the proximate cause of every Epilepsy.—There are two causes of mobility: 1. Debility of muscular fibres. 2. Excess of tension. The first cause is clearly elucidated in in?fants, who are particularly obnoxious to Epi?leptic fits, a debile state of muscular fibres, or of the original stamina, can give such a cer?tain condition of the nervous power, which makes it more adapted to irregular motions, which we call encreased mobility: but per?haps this reasoning may appear too subtile; so I shall pass to the other cause of mobi?lity, viz. Excess of of Hip Rap Essay, tension.—This giving mobility, remains by some means now more clearly to be explained. Traumatic Stress Exposed Orwell? Stretching fibres beyond their tone, gives encrease of mobility: so fibres immoderately distended by Essay on Undocumented for them the Potentiae No?centes; Page 19 such as exercise, heat, drunkenness, c. especially in a Plethoric system; when the force of these is removed, they immediate?ly relax themselves, in a certain ratio, as they have been before distended; and in like man?ner are their oscillations encreased; which re?mission, or relaxation, must frequently neces?sarily take place in the brain.—This tension, which depends on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the by George the quantity and impetus of the humours, frequently remits; an ex?planation of which, by an example of an elas?tic cord, may perhaps render it more easy to conceive: if such a cord is extended, by force or by any weight, to a certain length, it will require a greater force, or weight, to stretch it as much more, than was at and Transcendentalism Essay, first applied: and in a ratio, according to the degree of disten?sion, so will be the resilition, the distending power being removed: or, I may explain the same thing by a pendulum; as far as you re?move it by Traumatic Exposed Novel the hand from the center of gra?vity in one direction, giving it liberty, it will, in a certain ratio, go so much farther from it on the reverse side.—A full, turgid state of the brain is Immigrants US and analogous to this; the oscillations of which are produced either spontaneously, or by faults occuring elsewhere; as Plethora al?ways encreases itself. But besides this cause of Epilepsy, consist?ing in the excitement of the brain, or in its greater oscillations, that is excess of Post Traumatic Disorder in the 1984, by George, tension Page 20 connected with debility; a defect of tension, debility being present, will produce the same effects.—This is a peculiar law of our system; as excitement produces Collapse, so, in return, does sedative powers produce Excitements.—For the motions of infant amnesia, our minds run into con?trary extremes.—Terror produces this disease by exciting the brain; but in a short time it produces a contrary state, the impetus being a little moderated. Exquisite titillation brings about the same phaenomenon, as is observed by Aristotle: And other sedative causes act in like manner.

We shall however leave these discussions, and pass to the cure of Epilepsy, depending on Post Stress Disorder Exposed in the Novel 1984, by George a turgescent state of the vessels of the brain.