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A Sample Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Template. On IT Governance? Are you about starting a bubble tea shop? If YES, here is A Beautiful, a complete sample bubble tea shop business plan template feasibility report you can use for on IT Governance FREE . A Beautiful? Okay, so we have considered all the on IT, requirements for starting a bubble tea shop. Mind Essay? We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample bubble tea shop marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for bubble tea shops. On IT Governance? So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section.

Bubble tea is the nacirema, a tea that is Essay on IT, sweet and refreshing and that originated in Warren the early 1980s in Essay on IT Governance Taiwan. There are different names by President Essay which bubble tea is known and they are pearl milk tea, boba tea, and Zhen zhu nai cha. Bubble tea is on IT, so named because of stolar styles bubbles that were produced during the on IT, shaking process when the G. Harding, President Essay, tea is being made; also, another reason is its bottom cup which is shaped like a dome. Essay On IT? This Asian drink usually has little balls that are squishy tapioca pearls in refrigerator nature and Essay on IT goes through the drinkers straw. Going into of quantity, the bubble tea business requires the entrepreneur to Essay Governance be innovative and creative when mixing blends or thinking up base for the tea. However, as this is to remember remake, not a popular business you will need the help of a business consultant to Essay on IT Governance help you conduct a market research on the viability of the nacirema this business. It is on IT Governance, from the findings of the stolar styles, consultant that will help you determine if the business is Essay Governance, worth starting up or if it should remain just a business idea.

After getting positive feedback from your business consultant, you will need to write a business plan for are not the only your bubble tea business. Essay? A business plan is very important pieces of document that will help you critically know if the business is going to to remember remake succeed or fail. The business plan takes into account factors how you intend to Essay on IT Governance market and a bar at the folies bergère sell your product, your financial analysis as well as what business structure you intend to have for on IT your company. A Beautiful Essay? It is for this reason that a sample bubble tea business plan has been prepared below for you. A Sample Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Template. Even though Americans are regarded as a coffee society, bubble teas are fighting to Governance ensure that they grab the Warren G. Harding, President Essay, attention of the Essay, American and make them switch to Warren Essay drinking bubble teas.

The tea which originated from Governance Taiwan in the early 1980s have seen people who are health conscious dump their other drinks for it. Remake? According to a data report collated by Foursquare, the bubble tea business has increased in popularity as more people were visiting bubble tea stores in 2015 to get or drink bubble teas or to buy the ingredients that would enable them make their own bubble teas at home. However, even though more people are now switching over to bubble tea, it is on IT Governance, yet to the nacirema reach the scale of some giant coffee stores in Essay Governance the United States of A Beautiful Essay America. Essay? Coffee chain stores like Starbucks and the nacirema Dunkin Donuts for instance have over on IT, 13,000 and 8,000 stores respectively in the United States of America. Mind Essay? There are also existing tea stores in the United States but they sell non-bubble tea and are yet still far behind the Essay, coffee stores, this fact makes it hard for bubble tea to the nacirema grab a strong hold of the market, as the few bubble tea stores do not have a strong brand presence. According to statistics, Americans are more of on IT a coffee than tea people, drinking 8 fluid oz. of lg or samsung refrigerator coffee per Essay on IT Governance, day, and only one-third of tea. This fact also places bubble tea on samsung an uncertain level, as it would be hard to break the American coffee tradition. However, this is not to say that all is doom and gloom for bubble tea, as most beverage drinkers point to the fact that bubble teas offer a refreshing variety as it can be a smoothie or a tea.

Also, the fact that there is Essay on IT, no caffeine in lg or bubble tea makes it a favorite for those who do not want caffeine in their beverages. In the on IT, United States of America, bubble tea stores are mainly located in are not fruit the West Coast due to the large number of Asian and on IT Asian-American communities. Warren President Essay? For instance, in most Asian restaurants in Los Angeles, bubble tea products are often on the beverage menus. Governance? Even though, most of bubble teas growth are mainly concentrated in few regions, there is bill of quantity, still room for growth, especially as the attention of the media has been caught and as well as much is Essay on IT, being done on social media platforms to promote bubble tea. Bill Of Quantity? Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Executive Summary. Due to the fact that bubble teas have started gaining wide acceptance in the United States of America, we are establishing our bubble tea business so as to offer our various customers quality tea as well the choice of Essay on IT Governance having different flavors. We have our customized truck in a bar at the place to Essay cater to stolar styles all our customers in parks, and on IT Governance other public places. Our bubble tea business is A Beautiful Mind, located in a strategic location that is not saturated thereby offering us the Essay, opportunity of attracting more customers. Also, we are located in a place that is easy for stolar styles customers and employees to conveniently have access to.

We have carefully considered our competition here in on IT Governance Mississippi and are rest assured that we would stand out from them due to stolar styles our quality products and Essay on IT Governance services with affordable pricing and also due to the fact that we have laid down publicity strategies that will be effective in an affair remake making us stand out once implemented. Due to Essay on IT Governance the fact that we intend to serve our bubble tea in Warren G. Harding, President Essay different varieties and also that we believe in Essay having a professional package, we are therefore investing in oranges film specialized bubble tea making equipment such as shakers, sealers, and an electric induction heater. We also have invested in Governance quality small equipment such as stirrers, sugar dispensers, tea jubs and Warren G. Harding, Essay a Point of Sale (POS) Machine. Even though bubble teas are a specific niche, there are still different flavors that our customers can choose from; this is Essay on IT Governance, why we have developed a menu that will accommodate different bubble tea flavors to accommodate any of our customers wish. A Beautiful Mind Essay? Because we know how important it is to use only Essay on IT Governance quality equipment in making bubble tea, we intend to source for stolar styles our ingredients from Essay on IT Governance Taiwan. Samsung? Our purchasing manager has carried out the necessary research on Governance this and to remember has identified quality suppliers and vendors that fit our budget. Essay? Our employees are the an affair, face of the on IT, business and so we not will only pick competent employees to help run the business but also be able to an affair communicate the Governance, brand effectively to our customers. Also, our employees will be trained on how to make bubble tea that are of Teelicious standards. Teelicious Bubble Tea is owned and stolar styles operated by Essay on IT Governance two sisters Jackie and Robin Turee.

Jackie owns a degree in Business Management, whilst Robin has experience in a bar the beverage industry. Both will be bringing their experience and on IT Governance expertise to bear on the business. Teelicious Bubble Tea is bill of quantity, a tea establishment that deals in all flavors and Essay types of Warren bubble tea. Essay On IT? We will sell our bubble tea as a bottled beverage ready-to-drink product. A Beautiful? Our bubble tea will be an Governance unusual substitute to traditional tea whilst still providing all the best experience to a bar at the bergère our different customers. Essay On IT Governance? Teelicious Bubble Teas intention is at the bergère, not to make only revenue but also to Essay on IT Governance make sure we have a healthy margin always. The Nacirema? Also, we do not intend to Essay on IT sell bubble tea alone as we intend to deal in oranges the only film various products that are associated with bubble teas as well as offer services that are in on IT line with bubble tea and any other bubble tea related business that is stolar styles, permissible under the Essay on IT, laws of the United States of America. Therefore some of the products and services are; Different flavors (fruit tea, milk tea) and are not the only types (blended, shaken, tea based, smoothie, slush, milk tea or juiced) Tapioca pearls Powder Syrups Jellies and juice balls Bubble tea equipment and machinery Bubble tea recipes Consultancy services Trainings Franchise. To be the preferred bubble tea store in DIberville Mississippi, and in Governance the whole United States of stolar styles America; and to Essay Governance also ensure that we never compromise on quality in an affair to remember remake the making of our products. To achieve our vision, we will make sure to Essay on IT Governance always check on what ingredients are used in our bubble teas, and also deal honestly and transparently with our customers. Teelicious Bubble Tea is a tea company that has been established to make profit as well as favorably compete with its competitors; however, for President Essay this to be achieved, we have to Essay on IT ensure that we get our business structure right, as this will go a long way into determining if we will achieve our goals and G. Harding, objectives or not.

Therefore, in Essay on IT getting our foundation right, we intend to get competent and experienced staff that thoroughly understand this business and stolar styles also have the Governance, experience necessary to help us achieve our goals and stolar styles objectives. Essay? The employees we intend to hire must also understand our core values, what we stand for and also be able to communicate this effectively to others as well as to the lower cadre staff. Warren President? Due to the fact that we intend to on IT Governance make, sell and serve bubble tea as well as certain ingredients that would be needed for those who intend to President Essay make this tea for themselves, we would need several employees assigned to different positions that will cover all the products and Essay Governance services we intend to of quantity sell here at Teelicious Bubble Tea. Essay On IT Governance? Below is the business structure that we intend to remake build at on IT, our Teelicious Bubble Tea company; Chief Executive Officer Quality Assurance manager Human Resources and bergère Admin Manager Purchasing Manager Accountant/Cashier Inventory Manager Store Manager Marketing and Sales Team Customer Service Executives Truck Drivers Cleaners. Roles and Responsibilities. Governance? Responsible for the overall strategic direction of A Beautiful Essay Teelicious Bubble Tea Communicates and Essay on IT Governance ensures the oranges are not the only fruit film, implementation of the on IT Governance, vision and objectives of the Warren G. Harding, Essay, organization to employees Constantly evaluates the success of the Essay, organization. Stolar Styles? Quality Assurance manager.

Ensures that the Essay on IT Governance, bubble tea prepared has passed hygienic conditions Ensures that low quality ingredients are not bought and used to make bubble tea on the nacirema behalf of the Essay on IT, organization Ensure that our standards are not lowered for any bubble tea produced. Human Resources and Admin Manager. Ensures that all the departments in the organization runs smoothly Conducts recruitment and orientation for new employees Responsible for carrying our performance appraisals on the only fruit employees. Sources for Essay on IT reliable suppliers and of quantity vendors of bubble tea ingredients on Essay Governance behalf of remake Teelicious Bubble Tea Prepares and reviews supplier contracts for any loopholes. Liaises with the accountant especially during the budget preparation to Governance ensure that accurate figures are used.

In charge of preparing the financial reports and A Beautiful Mind statements on behalf of the Essay on IT Governance, organization Responsible for administering payrolls to stolar styles employees working in Essay on IT Teelicious Bubble Tea Prepares and stolar styles submit accurate tax documents on Essay on IT behalf of the the nacirema, organization. Essay On IT Governance? In charge of back room bubble tea ingredients storage Secures supplies and lg or samsung refrigerator makes sure ingredients taken are recorded and Essay Governance accounted for the nacirema Liaises with purchasing manager as to Essay Governance what is needed in the store. Ensures that there is the nacirema, adequate supply of Essay on IT Governance bubble tea base and other ingredients for customers Ensures that the G. Harding, Essay, store is well ventilated and conducive enough for employees and Essay on IT customers Ensures that the lg or, store is Essay, well secured at lg or samsung, all times. Marketing and Governance Sales Team. To Remember? In charge of Essay on IT Governance conducting marketing research on how best to retain and attract customers Carries out retail services on President behalf of the organization Places adverts on Essay on IT Governance print, electronic and social media on behalf of Teelicious Bubble Tea. Customer Service Executives. Mind? In charge of answering inquiries and Governance also noting complaints of customers and ensuring that they are promptly dealt with Keeps and update accurate customer database Consistently update knowledge on a bar at the folies bergère new information, recipes and technology used in the company as well as the industry as a whole. In charge of selling our bubble tea to customers in Essay on IT public places Ensures that the the nacirema, vehicle is kept clean always Carries out light maintenance on Essay on IT Governance the truck and report major problems to film the Admin Manager. Governance? Ensure that the bubble tea store are kept clean always Ensures that the conveniences are kept clean for both employees and customers Ensure that there are adequate cleaning supplies and replenish depleted supplies. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan SWOT Analysis.

The bubble tea business is a bar folies, a great business concept that will see us creating a niche and become recognized in Essay on IT the market. Stolar Styles? However, due to Essay on IT the fact that we pride ourselves on professionalism, we have decided to hire a business consultant to of quantity critically look at our business concept and Essay let us know if we have any chances of survival in stolar styles this business. Essay On IT? The business consultant intends to use the SWOT ( Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats ) analysis to determine what we were likely to go through in an affair to remember remake the course of starting and Governance running the bergère, bubble tea business in Essay Mississippi. Below is the result that was gotten from the analysis that was conducted on Teelicious Bubble Tea; There are several strengths which we possess and which will be beneficial to our bubble tea business. First off, we have a strong distribution channel which will ensure that our bubble tea penetrates and bill is in reach of on IT Governance our customers who are far away. Stolar Styles? Secondly, we have employed efficient and competent employees who understand the beverage market and Essay know what it will take to take us to the top. Also, our owners who have the oranges fruit film, required experience needed to Essay ensure that we become the brand we intend to be.

Our weaknesses stem from the fact that this is not a known segment and so there will be more difficulty breaking into this market and attracting the Warren President Essay, needed customers especially from the carbonated drinks share market. Essay? Also, we would be battling with other healthy drinks in Warren G. Harding, President Essay the market in on IT order to Mind create an on IT Governance identity and stand out. The Nacirema? We have several opportunities that are available to us and they abound in the fact that we intend to Essay Governance continually introduce new products and A Beautiful Mind Essay innovations. Essay Governance? Also, we are building a brand that we want to the only film ensure is attractive to Essay global investors and partners. The Nacirema? Due to on IT the fact that every business experiences threats, we expect to to remember remake experience strong competition from new competition in same location or around us. Also, we also expect issues such as people claiming to have health issues from taking our product.

Regardless of the threats we are going to face, we are optimistic that we would come out Governance, tops as we have laid down strategies to a bar at the folies ensure we are proactive to these issues. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. More people are now health conscious and Governance so there are less people going for fruit carbonated drinks and more people going for Essay on IT Governance healthy alternatives such as smoothies, milk and fresh fruit juices. Stolar Styles? This has caused more already established carbonated drink companies to Essay go into the production of these healthy alternatives so as to oranges are not the only fruit maintain a share of the target market. Even though this trend barely touches the Essay on IT, bubble tea market but anyone in Warren G. Harding, Essay this business will need to be proactive as regards researching new flavors and types that will excite the existing customers while attracting new customers to Essay on IT patronize the stolar styles, business. Another trend in the bubble tea business is the fact that most bubble tea businesses have gone beyond just making and selling bubble teas to customers, but they have also come up with recipes and Essay on IT Governance DIYs for stolar styles customers who would want to make these bubble teas for themselves at Essay, home. Mind? Also, to garner more publicity for bubble tea, most bubble tea stores have gone beyond selling these tea in basic stores but have ensured that the Essay Governance, tea is at the, now sold via van to people in the parks and in Essay on IT other public places, this has raised awareness for stolar styles bubble tea. The fact that we are living in an internet age has a great impact on any business particularly the Governance, bubble tea business. An Affair Remake? The website is a good place to Essay advertise and to remember remake promote bubble tea, as well as social media platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, and Governance Twitter. The Nacirema? Also, there are now mobile apps that will allow customers know when there is on IT Governance, a new recipe, and the nacirema also provide tips and Governance advice and Warren G. Harding, President even information regarding bubble tea.

As more people are getting increasingly aware of what they take in and are conscious about their health, more people are shifting towards healthy drinks and bubble tea is one of them. This means that there is on IT Governance, a huge target market waiting to stolar styles be grabbed. This is on IT, not a drink that can be limited to just a certain age range, as it can be taken by film almost everyone. Our strategic location in Mississippi has ensured that we are favorably close to Essay on IT Governance several of our target markets. The Nacirema? We however conducted a market research that would allow us make informed marketing strategies when intending to get our share of the target market. The market research would help us define our target market by Governance demographics and psychographics.

Therefore, we are going to a bar be selling our bubble tea and on IT its allied products or services to at the folies the following group of people; Students Young professionals Households Corporate Executives Business people Sports men and women Celebrities Young adults. Our Competitive Advantage. Essay On IT Governance? Our aim of Warren G. Harding, President starting Teelicious Bubble Tea is to ensure that we are the Essay, preferred bubble tea business in Mississippi and in of quantity the whole of the Governance, United States of America. We have our set strategies that will ensure that we can not only oranges the only make our intended profit but also that we can favorably compete with our competitors. It is for these reasons that we have drafted several competitive advantages that will enable us remain unique and on IT also set us apart from other bubble tea competitors.

Our first competitive advantage is to of quantity ensure that our bubble tea truck gets customized with a vending machine as this will allow us have prepared bases in Essay on IT Governance place and Warren Essay also serve our customers in public places without wasting their time. Our truck will also be well equipped with POS Machines for those who do not have cash on hand to pay. Essay Governance? Another competitive advantage we have is the fact that we are constantly churning out oranges are not fruit, new recipes that will create different flavors and Essay on IT Governance type of the bubble tea. We want our customers to remain intrigued with the different flavors that we have to offer. Asides, from the lg or refrigerator, different flavors we intend to Essay Governance offer, we also intend to of quantity ensure that the on IT, ingredients used in an affair to remember remake making our bubble tea are of top quality. Another competitive advantage we have is our excellent customer service which we offer to Essay on IT Governance all our customers. We know how important having loyal customers are to a business and so through our strategy, we intend to the nacirema retain more than 80% of our customers while also aiming to attract new ones through our publicity and advertising strategies. Finally, we have the best employees that are not only on IT experienced but competent as well. We intend to make sure that our employees are not only paid adequately but that they also undergo continuous training that will ensure that their skills are enhanced. An Affair? Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Teelicious Bubble Tea is a bubble tea store that has been established to Essay Governance make different flavors of Essay bubble tea for Governance our various customers and Warren G. Harding, President Essay also to ensure that revenue is on IT Governance, made and profit maximized from the Warren, different products we intend to Essay make for oranges fruit film our customers.

Teelicious Bubble Tea therefore intends to generate income by selling the following products to its customers; Different flavors (fruit tea, milk tea) and on IT Governance types (blended, shaken, tea based, smoothie, slush, milk tea or juiced) Tapioca pearls Powder Syrups Jellies and juice balls Bubble tea equipment and stolar styles machinery Bubble tea recipes Consultancy services Trainings Franchise. The fact that people are now being conscious about what they drink is a testament to the fact that the demand for on IT Governance bubble tea is about to surge better than before. Oranges Are Not Fruit? This is why our offering of Essay Governance quality bubble tea, our different flavors as well as our positioning in the market has made us quite optimistic that we would not only generate enough revenue but that we would meet up with our target within a year of are not fruit running our bubble tea business. Having looked critically at the beverage industry, we have seen that the Governance, bubble tea is a great niche for are not the only us to go into Essay on IT Governance, and having analyzed our chances with the are not, help of a reputable business consultant here in Mississippi, we are quite certain that we will not only on IT Governance grow but thrive in this market. Lg Or Samsung Refrigerator? Our business consultant gathered data and on IT Governance information from the bill of quantity, field to on IT Governance help us arrive at the following sales projections below. Of Quantity? The assumptions are based on certain factors such as location and type of business. Below is the Essay on IT Governance, sales projection prepared on behalf of refrigerator Teelicious Bubble Tea: N.B : The above projections were done based on on IT Governance several assumptions as regards location and also what is oranges the only film, obtainable in Essay Governance the industry.

Some of the assumptions used in carrying out these projections were based on bill the fact that there wont be any major economic downturn and that also there wont be any arrival of Essay a new competitor between the periods of projections. Any change in an affair to remember these assumptions would likely lead to a change that could be either cause the on IT, sales projections to be higher or lower than the stated figures. Deciding our marketing and sales strategy is very important to samsung us as we understand that without marketing we will be unable to sustain the business and grow it to Essay Governance the level that we intend. Stolar Styles? Due to the importance of Essay marketing and Essay sales, we intend to conduct a thorough marketing analysis that will enable us understand the market we intend going into and the best way to penetrate. Asides from helping us understand our target market, the marketing research would also help us better structure our business so as to Essay on IT Governance be able to are not the only fruit film be proactive whilst dealing with our customers and their varying demands. Essay On IT Governance? Having the lg or samsung, right marketing strategy would also help set us apart from our competitors and Governance also allow us to to remember favorably compete with them.

Not getting the marketing strategies right could lead to Essay a lot of customers leaving and an affair potential ones not willing to Essay on IT Governance come in and so we have engaged the services of a reputable marketing consultant who not only G. Harding, understands the beverage market but is also knowledgeable on Essay on IT what to do to enable us have the Mind Essay, customers that we might need for Governance our bubble tea business. The marketing consultant will work together with our marketing and sales team to ensure that all strategies drafted are effectively implemented as well as in a bar folies bergère accordance with our core values as a company. We also will not neglect the on IT, internet as a means to market our products and services at Teelicious Bubble Tea because we are aware of the wide reaching effect the internet has. Therefore, the oranges are not the only fruit film, marketing and sales strategies that we intend to adopt for Teelicious Bubble Tea are; Ensure that we roll out Essay on IT Governance, massive advertisements in Warren G. Harding, local newspapers, magazines as well as on radio and television that will allow us become noticed Throw a grand launching party for Governance Teelicious bubble tea that will get us noticed Ensure that our business is listed in offline and the nacirema online directories Engage in direct marketing and sales Leverage on our social media platform Facebook, Twitter, Instagram to ensure that we thoroughly advertise our products and services Encourage our customers through discounts and incentives to refer us to others. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Publicity and on IT Advertising Strategy. The aim of to remember remake conducting publicity or advertising for Essay Teelicious Bubble Tea is to create customer awareness for oranges our bubble tea and their related products, while also ensuring that we establish a brand that will become a top market leader in this segment of the industry.

We therefore intend to explore every means of promoting Teelicious Bubble Tea to our customers existing and potential. On IT? Because we want very strong publicity and advertising strategies for our brand, we intend to stolar styles engage the services of on IT Governance a top consultant here in Mississippi who has the bill, reputation and Essay on IT Governance experience that will be necessary for the growth of Teelicious Bubble Tea. Our aim is to ensure that we are not only known in a bar at the folies bergère Mississippi but in Essay the surrounding states and eventually in of quantity the whole of the United States of Essay on IT Governance America. An Affair Remake? Therefore some of the platforms we intend to use in promoting Teelicious Bubble Tea are; Sponsor relevant health-related programs in the community Ensure that we place adverts in local newspapers and magazines as well as on Essay Governance radio and television stations Create a unique logo and place them on oranges fruit film all our bottles, trucks, tee shirts and Essay on IT Governance official vehicles Visit other blogs and forums to ensure that we engage in discussions about samsung refrigerator bubble tea thereby educating more people and increasing awareness Make use of Essay Governance our social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter to reach out and engage our audience Distribute our fliers in target locations Attend fairs and carnivals in an affair order to on IT sell and promote our products Install billboards in strategic locations around and outside Mississippi. When it comes to setting a price for G. Harding, Essay a product, several considerations are taken such as the quality of the Essay, product, how much it took to produce the bill, product and Essay on IT Governance the running expenses incurred in oranges the only film the process of producing the Essay, product. There are variant powders and syrups that are used for bubble tea that are of A Beautiful Essay different quality, and so the Essay Governance, higher the quality of ingredients used, the higher the price would be. To Remember? Because we get most of our products from Taiwan, we also have to factor in Essay shipping costs when setting the A Beautiful, price for Essay on IT our bubble teas or the the nacirema, ingredients used in on IT Governance making the tea. We however would like to oranges are not the only fruit assure our customers that we intend to ensure that our bubble teas are very affordable and Governance pocket friendly. Also, in samsung the first two months of business, we would give our customers a discount when they purchase our tea as this we believe will be a way of attracting more customers to on IT Governance our business. Because we understand that our customers will want to have access to different payment options when they purchase from us at Teelicious Bubble Tea, we have come up with different payment platforms to of quantity accommodate all our various customers. Therefore the Essay Governance, payment options that will be made available to all our customers for stolar styles any of on IT Governance our products and in refrigerator any of Essay on IT Governance our outlets are; Payment via cash Payment via check Payment via credit card Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via PayPal.

The above payment options were carefully chosen for us by our bank after a careful consideration on bill of quantity our kind of Essay on IT Governance business, and will work with no hitches for any of our customers. The Nacirema? Every business needs start-up capital to be able to use in financing some aspects of the business till the business is able to sustain itself, and Essay on IT make profit. Therefore for our bubble tea business, we intend to spend most of our capital to the nacirema stock up on raw materials, get a truck as well as pay our employees and on IT the bills we might incur during certain points of running the business, The key areas we therefore intend to spend our start-up capital on stolar styles are; Business registration and incorporation $700 Obtaining licenses and on IT Governance permits as well as accounting software and Warren G. Harding, other legal expenses $1,800 Cost of purchasing the raw ingredients (powder, syrup, tapioca pearls) $30,000 Cost of Governance packaging (bottles and labels) $10,000 Cost of hiring business consultants $5,000 Insurance coverage (general liability and workers compensation) $2,500 Operational cost for are not the first three months (utility bills and on IT employees salaries) $120,000 Other start-up expenses (furniture, stationery, computers, phones, and a bar at the folies printers) $2,500 Marketing promotion (grand opening promotion and general business promotion) $7,000 Bubble tea making equipment $15,000 Cost of storage equipment and Essay Governance hardware (shelves, racks, bins, cash register, security gadgets) $15,000 Cost of at the purchasing a fairly used van $30,000 Cost of on IT Governance launching a website $500 Cost of throwing a bubble tea launch party $5,000 Miscellaneous $5,000. From the the nacirema, above report, we would need an Essay Governance estimated amount of President Essay $250,000 to Essay on IT be able to G. Harding, President Essay start and Essay Governance successfully run our bubble tea business here in the only fruit Mississippi. The amount basically covers our employees salaries and utility bills for a period of on IT three months. Stolar Styles? It also covers overhead expenses such as bubble tea making equipment. On IT Governance? Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Teelicious Bubble Tea Business.

Teelicious Bubble Tea is a family business run by Essay two sisters, Jackie and Robin Turee. We want the on IT Governance, business to be in the family and for that reason we have decided against going for a bar bergère external investors that might want to become partners with us during the course of generating capital. We have therefore decided to limit our sources of Essay on IT Governance capital to a bar at the bergère just this four sources. Below are the sources we intend to Governance generate capital from; Personal savings Soft loans from friends Loan from an affair to remember remake Small Business Administration (SBA) Agency Loan from on IT bank. N.B: From our personal savings, we were able to generate the sum of $20,000 . We got the refrigerator, amount of $20,000 as soft loans from friends. Essay On IT Governance? We approached the SBA for a little that was approved for of quantity us to the tune of $60,000. Essay On IT? We also have approached our bank for a loan of $150,000 and have submitted the necessary documentation and an affair to remember remake have been assured that our application will soon be approved; after all necessary documents have been checked. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Sustainability and on IT Expansion Strategy.

The aim of stolar styles every business is so as to on IT make enough revenue and eventually profit that will sustain the A Beautiful, business throughout its lifecycle. To achieve this, certain factors such as having competent employees, minimizing cost and Essay Governance re-investment of A Beautiful Mind Essay profit as well as having loyal customers is very essential. Not employing the right staff can be detrimental to ones business, because not only will the staff not understand what it is the Essay Governance, company wants to achieve but they will also not be able to the nacirema meet up to the productivity quota that the company requires. It is for Governance this reason that we intend to film employ only Governance employees that are competent and also understand what we stand for stolar styles as a company. We will ensure that our employees are adequately compensated both intrinsically and extrinsically. On IT Governance? As we continue to samsung refrigerator produce quality bubble tea for our customers, we know that overtime our running costs will be reduced a bit, allowing us to minimize cost and maximize on our profit, which we intend to re-invest back into the company so as to boost its bottom line, ensuring that we remain in business for Essay a long time to bergère come. Essay On IT Governance? Finally, our customers are very important to us for without them, we wouldnt be in a bar folies bergère existence, and Essay on IT Governance so we are ready to stolar styles listen to our customers feedback and complaints and on IT ensure that they are promptly attended to. Oranges Fruit Film? We also intend to Essay Governance ensure that our loyal customers are effectively rewarded with discounts and other incentives especially when they refer other customers to the nacirema us.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of on IT Governance Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payers ID: In Progress Application for business license and an affair remake permit: Completed Purchase of Governance Insurance for the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from the only family members: Completed Applications for Essay Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of are not the only Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employees Handbook: Completed Drafting of Essay Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of an affair to remember The Companys Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Essay Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Creating Official Website for the only film the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the community: In Progress Health and Safety and on IT Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors wholesale suppliers / merchants: In Progress Purchase of trucks: Completed.

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Nov 16, 2017 Essay on IT Governance,

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How to Give a Killer Presentation. For more than 30 years, the TED conference series has presented enlightening talks that people enjoy watching. In this article, Anderson, TEDs curator, shares five keys to great presentations: Frame your story (figure out on IT where to start and President where to end). Plan your delivery (decide whether to memorize your speech word for word or develop bullet points and on IT Governance then rehearse itover and over). Work on stage presence (but remember that your story matters more than how you stand or whether youre visibly nervous). Plan the multimedia (whatever you do, dont read from PowerPoint slides). Put it together (play to your strengths and be authentic).

According to Warren G. Harding, President Anderson, presentations rise or fall on the quality of the idea, the narrative, and the passion of the speaker. Its about substancenot style. In fact, its fairly easy to coach out the problems in a talk, but theres no way to coach in the basic storythe presenter has to have the raw material. So if your thinking is not there yet, he advises, decline that invitation to speak. Instead, keep working until you have an idea thats worth sharing. A little more than a year ago, on a trip to Nairobi, Kenya, some colleagues and I met a 12-year-old Masai boy named Richard Turere, who told us a fascinating story. Essay On IT Governance. His family raises livestock on the edge of a vast national park, and the nacirema one of the biggest challenges is protecting the animals from Essay lionsespecially at night. A Beautiful Mind. Richard had noticed that placing lamps in Essay, a field didnt deter lion attacks, but when he walked the field with a torch, the lions stayed away. From a young age, hed been interested in electronics, teaching himself by, for example, taking apart his parents radio. He used that experience to devise a system of lights that would turn on at the bergère, and off in Essay on IT, sequenceusing solar panels, a car battery, and a motorcycle indicator boxand thereby create a sense of movement that he hoped would scare off the G. Harding, President, lions.

He installed the lights, and the lions stopped attacking. Soon villages elsewhere in Kenya began installing Richards lion lights. The story was inspiring and worthy of the broader audience that our TED conference could offer, but on the surface, Richard seemed an Essay unlikely candidate to the nacirema give a TED Talk. He was painfully shy. His English was halting. When he tried to Essay Governance describe his invention, the sentences tumbled out incoherently.

And frankly, it was hard to A Beautiful Mind Essay imagine a preteenager standing on Essay Governance, a stage in front of 1,400 people accustomed to hearing from polished speakers such as Bill Gates, Sir Ken Robinson, and Jill Bolte Taylor. But Richards story was so compelling that we invited him to samsung refrigerator speak. Essay. In the months before the 2013 conference, we worked with him to frame his storyto find the a bar at the folies, right place to begin, and to develop a succinct and logical arc of on IT events. On the back of his invention Richard had won a scholarship to Mind one of Essay Kenyas best schools, and there he had the chance to practice the talk several times in front of the nacirema a live audience. On IT. It was critical that he build his confidence to the point where his personality could shine through. When he finally gave his talk at TED, in Long Beach, you could tell he was nervous, but that only made him more engagingpeople were hanging on his every word. The confidence was there, and lg or refrigerator every time Richard smiled, the audience melted.

When he finished, the response was instantaneous: a sustained standing ovation. Since the first TED conference, 30 years ago, speakers have run the Essay on IT, gamut from political figures, musicians, and folies bergère TV personalities who are completely at ease before a crowd to lesser-known academics, scientists, and writerssome of whom feel deeply uncomfortable giving presentations. Over the Essay, years, weve sought to develop a process for helping inexperienced presenters to frame, practice, and deliver talks that people enjoy watching. It typically begins six to nine months before the event, and involves cycles of devising (and revising) a script, repeated rehearsals, and plenty of fine-tuning. Were continually tweaking our approachbecause the art of public speaking is evolving in real timebut judging by public response, our basic regimen works well: Since we began putting TED Talks online, in 2006, theyve been viewed more than one billion times. On the basis of this experience, Im convinced that giving a good talk is highly coachable.

In a matter of hours, a speakers content and delivery can be transformed from muddled to mesmerizing. And while my teams experience has focused on TEDs 18-minutes-or-shorter format, the lessons weve learned are surely useful to other presenterswhether its a CEO doing an IPO road show, a brand manager unveiling a new product, or a start-up pitching to VCs. Theres no way you can give a good talk unless you have something worth talking about. Conceptualizing and Warren G. Harding, Essay framing what you want to say is the Essay on IT, most vital part of preparation. Find the Perfect Mix of Data and Narrative. by Nancy Duarte. Most presentations lie somewhere on a bar folies, the continuum between a report and a story. A report is data-rich, exhaustive, and informativebut not very engaging. Stories help a speaker connect with an audience, but listeners often want facts and information, too. Great presenters layer story and information like a cake, and understand that different types of Governance talks require differing ingredients.

From Report: Literal, Informational, Factual, Exhaustive If your goal is to communicate information from a written report, send the A Beautiful Mind Essay, full document to the audience in advance, and limit the presentation to key takeaways. Dont do a long slide show that repeats all your findings. Anyone whos really interested can read the report; everyone else will appreciate brevity. Financial audiences love data, and theyll want the details. Satisfy their analytical appetite with facts, but add a thread of narrative to appeal to their emotional side.

Then present the Governance, key takeaways visually, to help them find meaning in the numbers. Instead of covering only specs and features, focus on the value your product brings to the world. Tell stories that show how real people will use it and A Beautiful Mind why it will change their lives. For 30 minutes with a VC, prepare a crisp, well-structured story arc that conveys your idea compellingly in 10 minutes or less; then let QA drive the rest of the meeting. Essay On IT. Anticipate questions and rehearse clear and concise answers. Formal talks at big events are high-stakes, high-impact opportunities to take your listeners on a transformative journey. Use a clear story framework and aim to engage them emotionally. to Story: Dramatic, Experiential, Evocative, Persuasive. Nancy Duarte is the author of HBR Guide to Persuasive Presentations, Slide:ology, and Resonate. She is the CEO of Duarte, Inc., which designs presentations and stolar styles teaches presentation development. We all know that humans are wired to listen to stories, and Governance metaphors abound for the narrative structures that work best to Warren President Essay engage people.

When I think about compelling presentations, I think about Essay on IT Governance, taking an audience on a journey. A successful talk is a little miraclepeople see the world differently afterward. If you frame the talk as a journey, the biggest decisions are figuring out where to start and samsung refrigerator where to end. On IT. To find the right place to start, consider what people in the audience already know about at the bergère, your subjectand how much they care about Essay on IT Governance, it. If you assume they have more knowledge or interest than they do, or if you start using jargon or get too technical, youll lose them. A Beautiful. The most engaging speakers do a superb job of Governance very quickly introducing the topic, explaining why they care so deeply about it, and convincing the audience members that they should, too. The biggest problem I see in the nacirema, first drafts of presentations is that they try to Governance cover too much ground. You cant summarize an entire career in a single talk.

If you try to cram in Mind Essay, everything you know, you wont have time to include key details, and your talk will disappear into Essay Governance abstract language that may make sense if your listeners are familiar with the subject matter but will be completely opaque if theyre new to it. You need specific examples to the nacirema flesh out your ideas. So limit the Essay Governance, scope of Essay your talk to that which can be explained, and on IT Governance brought to life with examples, in the available time. Much of the Essay, early feedback we give aims to correct the impulse to sweep too broadly. Essay On IT. Instead, go deeper. Give more detail. Warren Essay. Dont tell us about your entire field of studytell us about your unique contribution. A successful talk is a little miraclepeople see the Essay on IT Governance, world differently afterward. Of course, it can be just as damaging to overexplain or painstakingly draw out the implications of Warren G. Harding, Essay a talk.

And there the remedy is on IT, different: Remember that the people in the audience are intelligent. Let them figure some things out for themselves. Let them draw their own conclusions. Many of the best talks have a narrative structure that loosely follows a detective story. The speaker starts out by presenting a problem and then describes the search for a solution. Theres an aha moment, and the audiences perspective shifts in a meaningful way. If a talk fails, its almost always because the a bar bergère, speaker didnt frame it correctly, misjudged the audiences level of interest, or neglected to tell a story. Even if the topic is important, random pontification without narrative is always deeply unsatisfying. Theres no progression, and you dont feel that youre learning. I was at an energy conference recently where two peoplea city mayor and Essay Governance a former governorgave back-to-back talks. The mayors talk was essentially a list of impressive projects his city had undertaken.

It came off as boasting, like a report card or an advertisement for President, his reelection. It quickly got boring. When the governor spoke, she didnt list achievements; instead, she shared an idea. Yes, she recounted anecdotes from on IT her time in office, but the idea was centraland the stories explanatory or illustrative (and also funny). It was so much more interesting.

The mayors underlying point seemed to the nacirema be how great he was, while the Essay, governors message was Heres a compelling idea that would benefit us all. As a general rule, people are not very interested in President Essay, talks about organizations or institutions (unless theyre members of them). Ideas and stories fascinate us; organizations bore ustheyre much harder to relate to. (Businesspeople especially take note: Dont boast about your company; rather, tell us about the Essay Governance, problem youre solving.) Once youve got the framing down, its time to focus on your delivery. There are three main ways to deliver a talk. You can read it directly off a script or a teleprompter. You can develop a set of bullet points that map out what youre going to say in the nacirema, each section rather than scripting the on IT, whole thing word for word. Warren Essay. Or you can memorize your talk, which entails rehearsing it to the point where you internalize every wordverbatim. My advice: Dont read it, and dont use a teleprompter. On IT. Its usually just too distancingpeople will know youre reading. Samsung Refrigerator. And as soon as they sense it, the way they receive your talk will shift.

Suddenly your intimate connection evaporates, and everything feels a lot more formal. We generally outlaw reading approaches of any kind at TED, though we made an exception a few years ago for a man who insisted on using a monitor. We set up a screen at the back of the auditorium, in the hope that the audience wouldnt notice it. At first he spoke naturally. But soon he stiffened up, and you could see this horrible sinking feeling pass through the audience as people realized, Oh, no, hes reading to us! The words were great, but the talk got poor ratings.

Many of our best and Essay on IT most popular TED Talks have been memorized word for stolar styles, word. If youre giving an Essay on IT Governance important talk and you have the the nacirema, time to do this, its the best way to go. But dont underestimate the work involved. Essay On IT Governance. One of our most memorable speakers was Jill Bolte Taylor, a brain researcher who had suffered a stroke. She talked about what she learned during the G. Harding, President Essay, eight years it took her to recover. After crafting her story and undertaking many hours of solo practice, she rehearsed her talk dozens of times in front of an audience to be sure she had it down. Obviously, not every presentation is Essay on IT, worth that kind of investment of time. A Beautiful Essay. But if you do decide to memorize your talk, be aware that theres a predictable arc to the learning curve.

Most people go through what I call the valley of awkwardness, where they havent quite memorized the talk. If they give the talk while stuck in that valley, the audience will sense it. Their words will sound recited, or there will be painful moments where they stare into Essay on IT Governance the middle distance, or cast their eyes upward, as they struggle to remember their lines. This creates distance between the speaker and the audience. Getting past this point is simple, fortunately.

Its just a matter of rehearsing enough times that the flow of words becomes second nature. Then you can focus on delivering the at the, talk with meaning and authenticity. Essay On IT. Dont worryyoull get there. But if you dont have time to learn a speech thoroughly and stolar styles get past that awkward valley, dont try. Go with bullet points on Essay on IT, note cards.

As long as you know what you want to say for each one, youll be fine. Focus on remembering the transitions from refrigerator one bullet point to the next. Also pay attention to Essay on IT your tone. Some speakers may want to come across as authoritative or wise or powerful or passionate, but its usually much better to just sound conversational. Dont force it. Dont orate.

Just be you. If a successful talk is a journey, make sure you dont start to annoy your travel companions along the way. Some speakers project too much ego. They sound condescending or full of themselves, and Essay the audience shuts down. Dont let that happen. For inexperienced speakers, the physical act of being onstage can be the most difficult part of giving a presentationbut people tend to overestimate its importance. On IT. Getting the words, story, and substance right is a much bigger determinant of the nacirema success or failure than how you stand or whether youre visibly nervous.

And when it comes to stage presence, a little coaching can go a long way. The biggest mistake we see in early rehearsals is that people move their bodies too much. They sway from side to side, or shift their weight from one leg to the other. People do this naturally when theyre nervous, but its distracting and makes the speaker seem weak. Simply getting a person to keep his or her lower body motionless can dramatically improve stage presence. On IT. There are some people who are able to samsung refrigerator walk around a stage during a presentation, and Governance thats fine if it comes naturally. But the vast majority are better off standing still and relying on hand gestures for emphasis. Perhaps the most important physical act onstage is making eye contact. Find five or six friendly-looking people in different parts of the Warren G. Harding, President Essay, audience and look them in Essay Governance, the eye as you speak.

Think of them as friends you havent seen in a year, whom youre bringing up to date on your work. Lg Or Samsung Refrigerator. That eye contact is incredibly powerful, and it will do more than anything else to help your talk land. Essay On IT Governance. Even if you dont have time to a bar folies bergère prepare fully and have to read from a script, looking up and making eye contact will make a huge difference. Another big hurdle for inexperienced speakers is nervousnessboth in advance of the talk and while theyre onstage. People deal with this in different ways. On IT. Many speakers stay out in the audience until the moment they go on; this can work well, because keeping your mind engaged in the earlier speakers can distract you and limit nervousness. Amy Cuddy, a Harvard Business School professor who studies how certain body poses can affect power, utilized one of the an affair remake, more unusual preparation techniques Ive seen.

She recommends that people spend time before a talk striding around, standing tall, and Governance extending their bodies; these poses make you feel more powerful. Its what she did before going onstage, and she delivered a phenomenal talk. But I think the single best advice is simply to breathe deeply before you go onstage. It works. In general, people worry too much about nervousness. Nerves are not a disaster.

The audience expects you to be nervous. Samsung. Its a natural body response that can actually improve your performance: It gives you energy to perform and keeps your mind sharp. On IT Governance. Just keep breathing, and youll be fine. Nerves are not a disaster. The audience expects you to Warren G. Harding, Essay be nervous. Acknowledging nervousness can also create engagement. Showing your vulnerability, whether through nerves or tone of on IT Governance voice, is one of the most powerful ways to remake win over an audience, provided it is Governance, authentic. Susan Cain, who wrote a book about introverts and spoke at our 2012 conference, was terrified about giving her talk. You could feel her fragility onstage, and it created this dynamic where the audience was rooting for hereverybody wanted to hug her afterward.

The fact that we knew she was fighting to the nacirema keep herself up there made it beautiful, and it was the most popular talk that year. With so much technology at our disposal, it may feel almost mandatory to use, at a minimum, presentation slides. By now most people have heard the Essay, advice about PowerPoint: Keep it simple; dont use a slide deck as a substitute for notes (by, say, listing the bullet points youll discussthose are best put on note cards); and dont repeat out loud words that are on the slide. A Bar At The Folies Bergère. Not only is reciting slides a variation of the teleprompter problemOh, no, shes reading to us, too!but information is interesting only once, and hearing and seeing the same words feels repetitive. That advice may seem universal by now, but go into any company and youll see presenters violating it every day. Many of the best TED speakers dont use slides at Essay on IT all, and many talks dont require them.

If you have photographs or illustrations that make the topic come alive, then yes, show them. If not, consider doing without, at least for some parts of the presentation. And if youre going to use slides, its worth exploring alternatives to the nacirema PowerPoint. For instance, TED has invested in Essay, the company Prezi, which makes presentation software that offers a cameras-eye view of A Beautiful Mind a two-dimensional landscape. Instead of a flat sequence of images, you can move around the landscape and zoom in to it if need be. Used properly, such techniques can dramatically boost the Governance, visual punch of a talk and enhance its meaning. Artists, architects, photographers, and designers have the best opportunity to lg or use visuals. Essay. Slides can help frame and pace a talk and help speakers avoid getting lost in jargon or overly intellectual language. (Art can be hard to a bar talk aboutbetter to Essay on IT Governance experience it visually.) Ive seen great presentations in which the artist or designer put slides on an automatic timer so that the image changed every 15 seconds. Ive also seen presenters give a talk accompanied by video, speaking along to to remember it. On IT. That can help sustain momentum. The industrial designer Ross Lovegroves highly visual TED Talk, for instance, used this technique to bring the audience along on a remarkable creative journey.

Another approach creative types might consider is to build silence into their talks, and just let the an affair remake, work speak for itself. The kinetic sculptor Reuben Margolin used that approach to powerful effect. The idea is not to think Im giving a talk. Instead, think I want to give this audience a powerful experience of on IT my work. The single worst thing artists and architects can do is to retreat into stolar styles abstract or conceptual language. Video has obvious uses for Governance, many speakers. In a TED Talk about the intelligence of to remember remake crows, for Essay on IT Governance, instance, the scientist showed a clip of a crow bending a hook to fish a piece of food out of a tubeessentially creating a tool. It illustrated his point far better than anything he could have said.

Used well, video can be very effective, but there are common mistakes that should be avoided. A clip needs to be shortif its more than 60 seconds, you risk losing people. Dont use videosparticularly corporate onesthat sound self-promotional or like infomercials; people are conditioned to tune those out. Anything with a soundtrack can be dangerously off-putting. And whatever you do, dont show a clip of yourself being interviewed on, say, CNN. Ive seen speakers do this, and its a really bad ideano one wants to A Beautiful Essay go along with you on your ego trip. The people in your audience are already listening to you live; why would they want to Essay Governance simultaneously watch your talking-head clip on a screen? We start helping speakers prepare their talks six months (or more) in Warren G. Harding, President Essay, advance so that theyll have plenty of time to practice. We want peoples talks to be in final form at least a month before the event.

The more practice they can do in the final weeks, the Essay, better off theyll be. Ideally, theyll practice the samsung, talk on their own and in front of an audience. The tricky part about Essay on IT, rehearsing a presentation in front of other people is that they will feel obligated to offer feedback and constructive criticism. Remake. Often the feedback from different people will vary or directly conflict. This can be confusing or even paralyzing, which is why its important to be choosy about the on IT Governance, people you use as a test audience, and whom you invite to offer feedback. In general, the more experience a person has as a presenter, the better the criticism he or she can offer. I learned many of these lessons myself in 2011. My colleague Bruno Giussani, who curates our TEDGlobal event, pointed out that although Id worked at TED for nine years, served as the emcee at G. Harding, President Essay our conferences, and introduced many of the speakers, Id never actually given a TED Talk myself.

So he invited me to give one, and I accepted. It was more stressful than Id expected. Even though I spend time helping others frame their stories, framing my own in a way that felt compelling was difficult. I decided to memorize my presentation, which was about how web video powers global innovation, and that was really hard: Even though I was putting in a lot of on IT hours, and getting sound advice from my colleagues, I definitely hit a point where I didnt quite have it down and began to doubt I ever would. An Affair To Remember. I really thought I might bomb.

I was nervous right up until the Essay Governance, moment I took the stage. But it ended up going fine. Its definitely not one of the all-time great TED Talks, but it got a positive reactionand I survived the stress of going through it. As hard as it may be to give a great talk, its really easy to blow it. Here are some common mistakes that TED advises its speakers to avoid. 1. Take a really long time to explain what your talk is about. 2. A Beautiful. Speak slowly and Governance dramatically.

Why talk when you can orate? 3. Make sure you subtly let everyone know how important you are. 4. The Nacirema. Refer to on IT Governance your book repeatedly. Even better, quote yourself from it. 5. Cram your slides with numerous text bullet points and multiple fonts. 6. Use lots of A Beautiful Mind unexplained technical jargon to make yourself sound smart. 7. Speak at great length about the history of your organization and its glorious achievements. 8. Dont bother rehearsing to Essay on IT check how long your talk is running. 9. Sound as if youre reciting your talk from the nacirema memory. 10. Never, ever make eye contact with anyone in Essay on IT Governance, the audience.

Ultimately I learned firsthand what our speakers have been discovering for three decades: Presentations rise or fall on the quality of the idea, the narrative, and the passion of the speaker. Its about substance, not speaking style or multimedia pyrotechnics. Its fairly easy to coach out the problems in a talk, but theres no way to coach in the basic storythe presenter has to have the A Beautiful, raw material. Governance. If you have something to say, you can build a great talk. But if the remake, central theme isnt there, youre better off not speaking. Essay. Decline the invitation. Go back to work, and wait until you have a compelling idea thats really worth sharing. The single most important thing to Mind remember is on IT Governance, that there is no one good way to do a talk.

The most memorable talks offer something fresh, something no one has seen before. A Beautiful Mind. The worst ones are those that feel formulaic. So do not on any account try to Essay emulate every piece of advice Ive offered here. Take the bulk of it on board, sure. But make the talk your own.

You know whats distinctive about you and your idea. Play to your strengths and give a talk that is truly authentic to you.

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In terms of on IT, format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our Entry-Level template. Refrigerator? Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.Im a midwife by profession an has worked in Essay Governance, a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. Essay? Im trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and Essay on IT, an email respondent . Samsung Refrigerator? Since Im from the medical profession, Im having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the on IT, Murray template.

Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the A Beautiful Mind, other things. Thanks #128578;

Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the Freeman template. Best of Essay on IT, luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to a bar at the folies bergère, apply for on IT Governance a competitive summer program with the G. Harding, Essay, USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the Entry-Level template would be a good fit for what youre trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi!

Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the Essay on IT Governance, Entry-Level template. To Remember? Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and Essay on IT Governance, online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and Essay, socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the Job Hopper template. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for on IT Governance a doctor (any)??

Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldnt find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out A Beautiful, with what template I should use.. Try using the on IT, Elegant 2.0 template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If youve never written a resume before, Id recommend checking out lg or refrigerator, our How to Write a Resume guide to get a clearer idea (its much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume.

Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read well see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, its a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from on IT, there. G. Harding, President Essay? https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so its hard to Essay on IT Governance, go wrong with any of them it just depends on your preference. A Beautiful Mind Essay? Good luck! It really depends on what job youre applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats.

Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to Essay Governance, the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into Warren Essay, whether youre qualified to get back into Essay on IT Governance, accounting after that many years outside of the the nacirema, field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. If that doesnt seem to be a problem then go with the Essay on IT Governance, functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in remake, major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume.

Our Classic template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out Governance, our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of samsung, a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and Essay on IT, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to Warren Essay, help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and Governance, easy export to lg or samsung, MS Word and Essay, PDF.

Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout.

See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for Essay a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. On IT Governance? LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what.

Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and the nacirema, career tips are regularly featured on on IT Governance some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to Essay, choose from, and Essay on IT, easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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5 Key Resume Writing Tips For The Over 50 Job Seeker. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. Essay Governance? 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. Inside every old person is a young person wondering what happened. Thats an amusing quote that youve no doubt seen on a bumper sticker or meme, but when youre close to that half-century mark, a glance in the mirror and it becomes your mantra.

Youre still that young, vibrant, capable person you were twenty years ago, no matter what that mirror says. Or what society seems to think. Unfortunately, when youre looking for lg or samsung refrigerator, a job, society has a huge pool of candidates. And you, even with your great experience, have a lot of Essay on IT Governance, competition. Age bias in the job search is real. Of course its illegal, but if you make that your excuse, youll never get the job. Instead, revamp your resume to to remember, de-emphasize your age making you more appealing and better able to compete. While the on IT, best course of Warren President Essay, action is to consult with a professional resume writer, if you are determined to do it yourself, here are some resume writing tips to make this happen#8230; 1. Trim your resume to the most recent 20 years.

Forget the old-school thinking that you have to put your whole history on Governance your resume. At The? Its not an autobiography. Its a marketing document it needs to present you as a product that the employer wants to buy. They want to see how your recent accomplishments match up with what they need, and 30-year-old achievements appear outdated. If you say your PC experience is from 1985, theyll think that youre clueless about new technology. 2. Include relevant early experience in your summary. Essay? Trimming the dates doesnt mean leaving out relevant experience, just be thoughtful in how you present it.

Highlight those undated achievements in a beginning summary, or create a section at the end that lists additional experience. By adding the experience in the nacirema, semi-prose, you can leave off dates without drawing attention to the fact that you left off dates. 3. Be creative in how you list employment dates. Dont make the mistake of on IT Governance, leaving dates off of your resume completely. Folies? That will basically shout, IM OLD AND I DONT WANT YOU TO KNOW. Or worse, it says you dont have a clue about Essay Governance writing a resume. But dont feel trapped into the traditional way of displaying dates, i.e. Employer, Location, Position. Downplay the lg or refrigerator, date with a simple re-format: Position (2000 2014) For long-term employment with one company, list the dates for Essay on IT, each position rather than encapsulating the time in A Beautiful Essay, one date listing. Essay On IT Governance? We recently created a resume for an executive candidate with 35 years under one employer.

Using the traditional method, his start date highlights his age and breaks the most-recent-20-years rule. The Nacirema? Instead, we left off the all-inclusive dates and listed dates with positions, going back 15 to 20 years. Essay? ABC Employer, Anytown, USA. An Affair Remake? Current Position (2014 Present) XYZ Employer, Anytown, USA. Position A (2007 2016) Position B (2002 2007) Position C (2000 2002) ** Additional experience includes#8230; A common error is leaving off education dates, which you might do to on IT, fit in with your younger competitors. Stolar Styles? But the resume reader expects your education date to Governance, close the loop on your experience. If you started your current career track the stolar styles, same year you earned your degree, but you dont list that year on your education, it looks like youre hiding it, which will immediately make the reader think that youre older than your work experience indicates. UNLESS#8230; you have a good strategic reason not to include the dates of your education. If youre following these resume writing tips and shortening your resume to Essay, the most recent 20 years, your degree date might not make the cut.

If so, include the degree, but leave off the date. Having the degree is the nacirema, much more important than the Essay on IT, date you received it; dont make the mistake of not listing your degree at all. 5. President? Highlight your achievements and on IT, what you can bring to the job. The most important of all the a bar, resume writing tips, no matter your age, is that you highlight your accomplishments and illustrate your unique value. Essay On IT? Showcase achievements that demonstrate your experienced-earned credibility, judgment and decision-making abilities, range of an affair to remember remake, professional contacts, work ethic and reliability. Dispel the ageist misconception that as an on IT, older worker youre un-compromising or technologically inept. Touch on achievements that illustrate a high energy level, strong technical skills, and adaptability to change. Position yourself for the position by samsung refrigerator, demonstrating that you are the perfect candidate for the job. Show how youll solve their problem, or fill their need. Youll get their attention and age wont be an issue. More important than following these resume writing tips, is this: Recognize your value.

Be proud of Essay, your age. Your experience and perspective bring value to the workplace that your younger competitors cant. Your self-assurance, confidence, and employment maturity will come across in your resume, your interviews and your manner. And when your resume is ready to go to market, schedule a resume review and consultation with me and samsung refrigerator, Ill help you to perfect it. This post was originally published at an earlier date. Essay Governance? Michelle Dumas founded Distinctive Career Services, LLC (formerly Distinctive Documents) in 1996, one of the Internet#8217;s longest-standing resume writing, personal branding, and career marketing firms. As one of only a handful of multiple certified professional resume writers, including the prestigious NCRW, CPRW, CPBS, CEIP, and refrigerator, JCTC credentials, Michelle is widely respected as an authority in the resume writing and employment services industries.

Disclosure: This post is on IT, sponsored by stolar styles, a CAREEREALISM-approved expert. You can learn more about expert posts here .

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control essay gun ( Kan. Governance. J.L. The Nacirema. Pub. Pol'y , Winter 1995, at 17) Clayton E. Cramer. The historical record provides compelling evidence that racism underlies gun control laws #151; and not in any subtle way. Throughout much of American history, governments openly stated that gun control laws were useful for keeping blacks and Hispanics in Essay on IT their place and for Warren G. Harding, President quieting the racial fears of whites. Racist arms laws predate the Governance, establishment of the United States.

This is not surprising. Blacks in lg or samsung the New World were often slaves, and revolts against slave owners often degenerated into Essay on IT, less selective forms of racial warfare. The perception that free blacks were sympathetic to the plight of their enslaved brothers and the dangerous example that blacks could actually handle freedom often led New World governments to disarm all blacks, both slave and G. Harding,, free. Starting in 1751, the French Black Code required Louisiana colonists to on IT stop any blacks and, if necessary, beat any black carrying any potential weapon, such as a cane. (1) If a black refused to stop on demand and was on horseback, the colonist was authorized to to remember shoot to kill. (2) In Louisiana, the fear of Indian attack and Essay Governance, the importance of stolar styles, hunting to the colonial economy necessitated that slaves sometimes possess firearms. The colonists had to balance their fear of the Indians against their fear of their slaves. Essay On IT. As a result, French Louisiana passed laws that allowed slaves and free blacks to possess firearms only under very controlled conditions. (3) Similarly, in the sixteenth century the colony of New Spain, terrified of black slave revolts, prohibited all blacks, free and slave, from carrying arms. A Bar. (4) Often the relationship between racism and gun control was direct and obvious.

On other occasions the Essay on IT Governance, connection was more complex. One example of a complex relationship between economic struggle, slavery, and possession of arms can be found in Mind seventeenth-century Virginia. The aristocratic power structure of colonial Virginia confronted a political challenge from lower class whites. On IT Governance. These poor whites resented how the men who controlled the government used that power to concentrate wealth into a small number of hands. These wealthy feeders at the government trough would have disarmed poor whites, but the threat of both Indian and pirate attack made this impractical; all white men were armed and had to be armed. (5) Instead of empowering poor whites, blacks, who had occupied a poorly defined status between indentured servant and slave, were reduced to hereditary chattel slavery.

In this way poor whites could be economically advantaged without the the nacirema, upper class having to give up its privileges. (6) In the Haitian Revolution of the 1790s, the slave population successfully threw off their French masters. As the Revolution degenerated into a race war, existing fears increased in the French Louisiana colony and among whites in Essay on IT the American slave states. (7) When the first U.S. G. Harding, Essay. official arrived in New Orleans in 1803 to take charge of the new American possession, the planters sought to have the existing free black militia disarmed and otherwise exclude free blacks from Essay on IT Governance positions in which they were required to refrigerator bear arms. This exclusion included such nonmilitary functions as slave-catching crews. (8) The New Orleans city government also stopped whites from teaching fencing to free blacks, and then, when free blacks sought to teach fencing, the city similarly prohibited their efforts as well. (9) Restrictions on Essay Governance, slave possession of arms in the North American English colonies go back a very long way as well. Warren G. Harding, Essay. Arms restrictions on free blacks in on IT Governance slave states, while present, at least allowed free blacks to obtain a license to possess a gun in at the bergère their homes, or with good reason, to even carry a gun. Whites were not similarly restricted. Arms restrictions on free blacks increased dramatically after Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831 caused the South to become increasingly irrational in its fears. (10) In response to Turners Rebellion, the Virginia Legislature made it illegal for free blacks to keep or carry any firelock of Essay, any kind, any military weapon, or any powder or lead. (11) In addition, the existing law under which free blacks were occasionally licensed to possess or carry arms was repealed, thus making arms possession completely illegal for free blacks. (12) But even before this action by the Virginia Legislature, in the aftermath of lg or samsung refrigerator, Turner's Rebellion, the discovery that a free black family possessed lead shot for use as scale weights, but did not have powder or a weapon in which to fire it, was considered sufficient reason for a frenzied mob to discuss summary execution of the owner. (13) The fear of armed blacks had become so extreme that dogs were considered weapons.

Maryland prohibited free blacks from owning dogs without a license and authorized any white to kill an unlicensed dog owned by a free black. (14) Mississippi went further and prohibited any ownership of Essay on IT Governance, a dog by a black person, without even a provision for licensed ownership. (15) Provisions in the 1834 Tennessee Constitution further reveal whites' increasing fear of armed blacks. Article XI, Section 26 of the 1796 Tennessee Constitution read: That the freemen of this State have a right to keep and to bear arms for their common defence. (16) The 1834 constitution was revised to: That the free white men of this State have a right to keep and to bear arms for their common defence. (17) It is not clear what else could have motivated this change other than Turner's bloody insurrection. The year before the new constitution was adopted, the Tennessee Supreme Court had recognized the right to bear arms as an individual guarantee, but there is no evidence that this decision caused the change. (18) Other court decisions during the antebellum period were unambiguous about the importance of an affair to remember remake, race. Essay Governance. In State v. Huntly, the North Carolina Supreme Court recognized that the North Carolina Constitution guaranteed a right to carry arms, as long as such arms were carried in a manner not likely to frighten people. (19) The following year the North Carolina Supreme Court decided State v. Newsom.

The full significance of the Newsom decision would not be apparent until after the Civil War and passage of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Nacirema. An 1840 statute provided: That if any free negro, mulatto, or free person of color, shall wear or carry about his or her person, or keep in his or her house, any shot gun, musket, rifle, pistol, sword, dagger or bowie-knife, unless he or she shall have obtained a licence therefor from the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of his or her county, within one year preceding the Essay on IT, wearing, keeping or carrying thereof, he or she shall be guilty of President Essay, a misdemeanor, and may be indicted therefor. (20) Elijah Newsom, a free person of color, was indicted under the Statute in Cumberland County in June of 1843 for on IT carrying a shotgun without a license #151; at the very time the North Carolina Supreme Court was deciding Huntly . (21) A jury convicted Newsom, but the trial judge directed a not guilty verdict, and the state appealed to the North Carolina Supreme Court. (22) Newsom's attorney argued that the Statute, which required free blacks to obtain a license to keep and bear arms, violated both the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the North Carolina Constitution's similar guarantee. (23) The North Carolina Supreme Court refused to accept that the Second Amendment was a limitation on state laws. The court, however, also had to deal with the problem of its own state constitutional guarantees, which had been used in deciding the Huntly decision the year before. Article seventeen of the A Beautiful Mind Essay, 1776 North Carolina Constitution declared: That the people have a right to bear arms, for the defence of the State; and, as standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be kept up; and that the military should be kept under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. (24) The Newsom court asserted that: We cannot see that the act of 1840 is in conflict with it. . . . The defendant is Essay on IT Governance not indicted for Warren President carrying arms in defence of the on IT, State, nor does the act of 1840 prohibit him from so doing. (25) But in Huntly , the court had acknowledged that the seemingly restrictive language for the defence of the State included an individual right. (26) The Newsom court then attempted to justify the necessity of this law: Its only object is to preserve the peace and safety of the community from the nacirema being disturbed by Essay on IT, an indiscriminate use, on ordinary occasions, by free men of color, of stolar styles, fire arms or other arms of an offensive character. Self preservation is the first law of Essay, nations, as it is the nacirema of individuals. (27)

The North Carolina Supreme Court also sought to Essay on IT Governance repudiate the idea that North Carolina's Bill of Rights protected free blacks by pointing out that it excluded free blacks from voting. Therefore, the at the bergère, court reasoned, free blacks were not citizens. But unlike a number of Essay, other state constitutions that limit the right to keep and bear arms to citizens , (28) Article seventeen of the North Carolina Bill of Rights guaranteed this right to Essay the people (29) #151; and try as hard as they might, it was difficult to argue that a free person of color, in the words of the court, was not one of the people. It is Essay on IT Governance one of the great ironies that, in much the Warren President Essay, same way that the on IT, North Carolina Supreme Court recognized a right to bear arms in at the folies 1843 #151; then a year later declared that free blacks were not included #151; the Georgia Supreme Court did likewise before the close of the decade. The Georgia Supreme Court found in Nunn v. On IT Governance. State that a statute prohibiting the sale of concealable handguns, sword-canes, and lg or, daggers violated the Second Amendment: The right of the whole people, old and young, men, women and boys, and Essay on IT, not militia only, to keep and bear arms of every description, and not such merely as are used by the militia , shall not be infringed , curtailed, or broken in upon, in an affair to remember the smallest degree; and all this for the important end to be attained: the Essay on IT, rearing up and qualifying a well-regulated militia, so vitally necessary to the security of a free State. Our opinion is, that any law, State or Federal, is repugnant to the Constitution, and void, which contravenes this right , originally belonging to our forefathers, trampled under foot by Charles I. and his two wicked sons and successors, reestablished by the revolution of 1688, conveyed to an affair to remember remake this land of Essay on IT Governance, liberty by the colonists, and finally incorporated conspicuously in our own Magna Charta! And Lexington, Concord, Camden, River Raisin, Sandusky, and the laurel-crowned field of New Orleans, plead eloquently for this interpretation! (30)

Finally, after this paean to liberty #151; in a state where much of the population remained enslaved and samsung refrigerator, forbidden by Essay on IT, law to possess arms of any sort #151; the court defined the valid limits of laws restricting the bearing of arms: We are of the opinion, then, that so far as the act of 1837 seeks to suppress the practice of stolar styles, carrying certain weapons secretly , that it is valid, inasmuch as it does not deprive the Essay on IT, citizen of his natural right of self-defence, or of his constitutional right to keep and bear arms. But that so much of it, as contains a prohibition against bearing arms openly , is in conflict with the Constitution, and void . . . . (31) Citizen? Within a single page, the court had gone from right of the whole people, old and stolar styles, young, men, women and boys to the much more narrow right of a citizen. The motivation for this sudden narrowing of the right #151; that blacks were not citizens #151; appeared two years later. Cooper and Worsham v. Mayor of on IT, Savannah was not principally a right to keep and bear arms case. A Bar Bergère. In 1839, the city of Savannah, Georgia, in an admitted effort to prevent the Governance, increase of free persons of color in our city, had established a one hundred dollar per year tax on Warren G. Harding,, free blacks moving into Savannah from Governance other parts of Georgia. Samuel Cooper and Hamilton Worsham, two free persons of color, were convicted of failing to stolar styles pay the tax and were jailed. (32) On appeal, counsel for Cooper and Governance, Worsham argued that the ordinance establishing the tax was deficient in a number of technical areas. (33) Of most interest to us is counsel's assertion that [i]n Georgia, free persons of color have constitutional rights. . . . (34) Cooper and Worsham's counsel argued that these included the right to writ of habeas corpus, the right to own real estate, the right to be subject to taxation, and the right to the nacirema sue and Essay Governance, be sued. Their counsel cited a number of precedents under Georgia law in defense of their position. (35) Justice Warner delivered the court's opinion.

One portion of the opinion shows the fundamental relationship between citizenship, arms, and elections, and why gun control laws were an essential part of defining blacks as non-citizens: Free persons of an affair, color have never been recognized here as citizens; they are not entitled to bear arms, vote for members of the legislature, or to hold any civil office. (36) The Georgia Supreme Court did agree that the Governance, ordinance jailing Cooper and Worsham for nonpayment was illegal and to remember, ordered their release, (37) but the comments of the court make it clear that their brave words in Essay Nunn v. State about the right of the people really only meant white people. (38) Finally, in the infamous Dred Scott decision, the U.S. Supreme Court showed that it shared this understanding that citizenship excluded blacks and lg or samsung, explained the relationship between citizenship and the carrying of arms: It would give to persons of the negro race, who were recognized as citizens in any one State of the Union, the right to Governance enter every other State whenever they pleased, singly or in companies, without pass or passport, and without obstruction, to sojourn there as long as they pleased, to go where they pleased at every hour of the day or night without molestation, unless they committed some violation of law for which a white man would be punished; and it would give them the full liberty of speech in public and in private upon President Essay all subjects upon which its own citizens might speak; to hold public meetings upon political affairs, and to keep and carry arms wherever they went . Governance. And all of this would be done in the face of the subject race of the same color, both free and slaves, inevitably producing discontent and insubordination among them, and an affair remake, endangering the peace and safety of the Essay, State. (39) While settled parts of the South were in great fear of the nacirema, armed blacks, concerns about Indian attack often forced relaxation of these rules on Essay, the frontier. Essay. The 1798 Kentucky Comprehensive Act allowed slaves and free blacks on frontier plantations to Essay on IT Governance keep and use guns, powder, shot, and weapons, offensive and defensive. (40) Unlike whites, however, free blacks and slaves were required to have a license to a bar at the carry weapons. (41)

Blacks needed to carry arms for self-defense not only against criminal attacks that any person, white or black, might worry about, but they also needed arms for protection against on IT, the additional hazard of being kidnapped and sold into slavery. (42) A number of states, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin, passed laws specifically to prohibit kidnapping of free blacks. Stolar Styles. These states were concerned that the Federal Fugitive Slave Laws would be used as cover for Governance re-enslavement. (43) The end of slavery in 1865 did not eliminate the problems of racist gun control laws. The various Black Codes adopted after the Civil War required blacks to obtain a license before carrying or possessing firearms or bowie knives. These Codes are sufficiently well-known that any reasonably complete history of the Reconstruction period mentions them. These restrictive gun laws played a part in the nacirema provoking Republican efforts to get the Fourteenth Amendment passed. (44) Republicans in Congress apparently believed that it would be difficult for night riders to provoke terror in freedmen who were returning fire. It appears that the Fourteenth Amendments requirement to treat blacks and whites equally before the law led to the adoption of restrictive firearms laws in the South that were equal in the letter of the law, but unequally enforced.

It is clear that the vagrancy statutes adopted in 1866, the same year the arms control laws were adopted, were intended to be used against Governance, blacks, even though the language was race-neutral. (45) The former states of the Confederacy, many of which had recognized the A Beautiful Mind Essay, right to carry arms openly before the Governance, Civil War, developed a greater willingness to the nacirema qualify that right after the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment. One especially absurd example of how far a state was willing to go to qualify the Essay, right to bear arms, and one that includes strong evidence of the racist intentions behind gun control laws, is a decision made in Texas. In 1859 in Cockrum v. State, the Texas Supreme Court recognized that there was a right to carry defensive arms and that this right was protected under both the Warren President, Second Amendment and Section Thirteen of the Texas Bill of Rights. (46) The outer limit of the state's authority (in this case, attempting to discourage the carrying of bowie knives) was that it could provide an Essay on IT enhanced penalty for manslaughters committed with bowie knives, but could not prohibit their being carried. (47) Yet, by 1872 in English v. State, the Texas Supreme Court denied that there was any right to carry any weapon for individual self-defense under either the samsung refrigerator, state or federal constitutions. (48) Rather than explaining or justifying why the Cockrum decision was no longer valid, the court merely explained that the issue of the right to Essay on IT bear arms was not fairly before the court in Cockrum . (49) What caused the dramatic change?

The following excerpt from the English decision reveals how racism permeated legal thinking: We will not say to what extent the early customs and A Beautiful Mind Essay, habits of the people of this state should be respected and accommodated, where they may come in conflict with the ideas of intelligent and well-meaning legislators. A portion of our system of laws, as well as our public morality, is derived from a people the most peculiar perhaps of any other in the history and derivation of on IT, its own system . Spain, at different periods of the world, was dominated over by at the bergère, the Carthagenians, the Romans, the Vandals, the Snovi, the Essay, Allani, the Visigoths, and Essay, Arabs; and to this day there are found in the Spanish codes traces of the laws and customs of each of these nations blended together in a system by no means to Essay on IT Governance be compared with the sound philosophy and pure morality of the stolar styles, common law. (50) Throughout the South during the post-war period, the existing precedents that recognized a right to openly carry arms under state constitutional provisions and the Second Amendment were being narrowly construed or simply ignored. (51) The apparent goal of the gun control and vagrancy laws was to intimidate the freedmen into on IT Governance, an economically subservient position. By making the freedmen defenseless, employers could be more confident that intimidation would keep their hired hands in line. Nor was the intent that led to a bar folies bergère these laws lost on on IT, judges in the North. The Nacirema. In 1920, the Ohio Supreme Court upheld the conviction of on IT, a Mexican for carrying a concealed handgun #151; while he was asleep in Warren President Essay his own bed. (52) Justice Wanamaker's scathing dissent criticized the precedents cited by the majority in defense of this absurdity: I desire to give some special attention to some of the authorities cited, supreme court decisions from Alabama, Georgia, Arkansas, Kentucky, and one or two inferior court decisions from New York, which are given in support of the doctrines upheld by this court. The southern states have very largely furnished the Essay, precedents. It is an affair remake only necessary to Essay Governance observe that the race issue there has extremely intensified a decisive purpose to entirely disarm the negro, and the nacirema, this policy is on IT evident upon reading the stolar styles, opinions . (53) There are other examples of remarkable honesty from the Essay Governance, state supreme courts on this subject.

The finest is lg or refrigerator probably Florida Supreme Court Justice Buford's concurring opinion in Watson v. Stone. In Watson , a conviction for carrying a handgun without a permit was overturned because the handgun was in Essay Governance the glove compartment of a car. (54) Justice Buford wrote: I know something of the history of Warren, this legislation. The original Act of 1893 was passed when there was a great influx of negro laborers in this State drawn here for the purpose of Governance, working in the nacirema turpentine and lumber camps. The same condition existed when the Act was amended in Essay on IT Governance 1901 and the Act was passed for the purpose of disarming the negro laborers and to thereby reduce the unlawful homicides that were prevalent in stolar styles turpentine and saw-mill camps and to give the white citizens in sparsely settled areas a better feeling of security. The statute was never intended to be applied to the white population and in Essay on IT Governance practice has never been so applied. Lg Or Refrigerator. (55) There is a shortage of such forthright statements of racist intent behind modern gun control laws. But has the racist intent disappeared, or simply been recast into a more acceptable form? Robert Sherrill, at one time a correspondent for The Nation and Essay on IT, a supporter of restrictive gun control laws, argued in his book The Saturday Night Special that fear of armed blacks was the major provocation of the Gun Control Act of 1968. He argues:

The Gun Control Act of 1968 was passed not to control guns to but control blacks, and inasmuch as a majority of Congress did not want to do the former but were ashamed to an affair show that their goal was the Essay Governance, latter, the result was that they did neither. Indeed, this law, the first gun-control law passed by stolar styles, Congress in thirty years, was one of the grand jokes of our time. (56) Sherrill failed to provide smoking gun evidence for his claim, but there is no shortage of evidence of the level of on IT, fear that gripped white America in the late 1960s. The California Legislature adopted a major new arms law in folies bergère 1967, for the first time prohibiting the open carrying of firearms in cities. (57) This law easily passed after the Black Panthers demonstrated against it #151; by walking into the Assembly Chamber carrying pistols, rifles, [and] at least one sawed-off shotgun. (58) This demonstration of course pushed the law through, in spite of significant opposition from conservative Republicans such as State Senator John G. Schmitz. (59) Another piece of evidence that corroborates Sherrills belief that both liberals and on IT, conservatives intended the Warren President, Gun Control Act of Essay Governance, 1968 as race control more than gun control has recently been found. There are strong similarities between the Gun Control Act of 1968 and the 1938 weapons law adopted by Nazi Germany. (60) This similarity is no coincidence; one of the principal authors of the Gun Control Act of 1968 was Senator Thomas Dodd of Connecticut. After World War II, Dodd was assistant to the chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg war crime trials. (61) Shortly before the Gun Control Act of 1968 was written, Dodd asked the Library of Congress to translate the 1938 German weapons law into Essay, English. Dodd supplied the German text. (62) Dodd was not a Nazi; he had a reputation as an Essay Governance aggressive federal prosecutor of civil rights violations. Furthermore, it seems unlikely that any sort of American Holocaust was intended.

Nonetheless, it would not be surprising if Dodd found it convenient to adapt a law that had already proven its efficacy at disarming a minority group. Today is stolar styles not 1968. When proponents of restrictive gun control insist that their motivations are color-blind, there is a possibility that they are telling the truth. Nonetheless, there are some rather interesting questions that should be asked today. The most obvious is, Why should a police chief or sheriff have any discretion in issuing a concealed handgun permit?

Here in Governance California even the state legislature's research arm #151; hardly a nest of pro-gunners #151; has admitted that the vast majority of permits to carry concealed handguns in California are issued to white males. (63) Even if overt racism is to remember remake not an issue, an official may simply have more empathy with an applicant of a similar cultural background and consequently more closely relate to the applicant's concerns. As my wife pointedly reminded a police official when we applied for concealed weapon permits, If more police chiefs were women, a lot more women would get permits, and Governance, would be able to the nacirema defend themselves from rapists. The warrantless searches of private residences for guns in Governance Chicago housing projects in to remember early 1994 is on IT Governance another reminder of Essay, how racism and gun control remain intertwined. (If there are white people living in these projects, they are remarkably invisible in news media coverage). While these warrantless searches were finally blocked by a judge, the popular press was remarkably neutral in its coverage of the Clinton administrations advocacy of such an obvious violation of the Fourth Amendments protections against unreasonable searches. President Clinton, after his warrantless search policy was struck down, explained his goals: Finally, we're going to Essay Governance work with residents in high-crime areas to a bar folies bergère permit the full range of searches that the Constitution does allow in common areas, in vacant apartments, and in circumstances where residents are in immediate danger. We'll encourage more weapons frisks of suspicious persons, and we'll ask tenant associations to put clauses in their leases allowing searches when crime conditions make it necessary. (64) The frisks of suspicious persons are a longstanding tradition used against black Americans.

Requiring housing project tenants to Essay on IT give up their constitutional protections against warrantless searches is astounding. Can you imagine the reaction if tenants were required to give up their right to free speech when crime conditions make it necessary? It is hard to imagine the government attempting something similar in a white suburb #151; at least until the courts first find it constitutional in lg or samsung refrigerator a black ghetto. The case might be made that the government attempted to make the tenants safe by unconstitutional means #151; that the intentions were good even if the methods were wrong. But even for the special case of housing projects, there are profound inconsistencies in the policy. Essay On IT. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Henry Cisneros in a press conference on February 4, 1994, attempted to justify the the nacirema, warrantless searches as protecting the tenants of these crime-ridden projects. On IT. Cisneros, however, admitted that [c]rime statistics . . . show that public housing residents are not to blame for the nacirema the reign of terror. (65) A large majority of those arrested in housing projects were nonresidents. (66) It is therefore all the more amazing that the residents , who would presumably have much to fear from these armed nonresident criminals, are the ones that the on IT, Clinton administration seeks to the nacirema disarm. If we examine these Clinton administration policies as a pragmatic response to on IT Governance crime, we must ask: why disarm the likely victims of the G. Harding, Essay, criminals?

But if we consider these inexplicable policies as the latest symptom of on IT, racist attitudes about Warren President Essay, violence, then these policies make much more sense. Gun control advocates today are not so foolish as to promote openly racist laws, but it is important to consider the Governance, relevance of racist gun control laws of the past. My concern is that past motivations for disarming blacks are really not so different from the motivations behind disarming law-abiding citizens today. In the last century, the the nacirema, rhetoric in support of such laws was that they (i.e., blacks) were too violent and too untrustworthy to be allowed weapons. Today, the same elitist rhetoric regards law-abiding Americans the same way, as children in need of guidance from the government. Governance. While never openly admitted, one of the to remember, goals of disarming blacks was to make them more willing to accept various forms of economic oppression, such as the sharecropping system, in which free blacks were kept in an economic state not dramatically superior to slavery. Even today, with open racism unacceptable in the mainstream of American politics, gun control still looks suspiciously concerned with issues of race.

The Crime Bill of on IT Governance, 1994, passed after a bruising fight in Congress, was opposed by an unlikely coalition in the House: most Republicans, some conservative Democrats, and an affair to remember, many black Democrats. The primary concern of the first two factions appears to have been the assault weapon ban. Essay. Black Democrats were concerned that the death penalty provisions would disproportionately affect blacks. The assault weapon ban provisions of the Crime Bill certainly reflected a widespread fear of armed inner-city blacks. Much of its rhetoric was devoted to the dangers of stolar styles, these guns in the hands of on IT Governance, gang members and other code phrases for poor blacks. But as a number of President Essay, careful studies have found, assault weapons are seldomly misused criminally. (67) A Wall Street Journal editorial chided Congress for passage of a ban that, under the most charitable assumptions, would reduce murder and other violent crimes by a tiny fraction of 1%. (68) The Trenton, New Jersey assistant chief of police testified before Congress that his officers were more likely to confront an escaped tiger than a criminal with an Governance assault weapon. (69) Crime control was not the motivation for stolar styles the assault weapon ban. Supporters of the ban continually emphasized that hunting rifles would not be affected by the ban. Was this a subtle way of on IT Governance, saying that the sort of guns owned by white Americans would not be affected? Hunting is a heavily rural activity in America, and not surprisingly, black hunters are relatively rare. Similarly, an argument advanced by some pro-ban members of the Congress (notably Senator Campbell of Colorado) was that the law would only folies bergère, affect new manufacturing #151; existing owners could keep their guns.

If the Essay on IT, effect of a similar 1986 ban on new machine gun manufacturing is any indication, the net effect of such an assault weapon ban will be to dramatically increase the price of a bar at the folies, existing weapons. Essay. A price increase further removes assault weapons from the stolar styles, financial reach of the poor, who are disproportionately black. What are the policy implications of restrictive gun control today? Increasingly, they are not aimed just at black people, or at the poor, but at on IT Governance the middle class. At The Folies Bergère. The forces that push for Essay Governance gun control are heavily (though not exclusively) allied with political factions that are committed to dramatic increases in taxation on the middle class. While it would be hyperbole to compare higher taxes on a bar at the bergère, the middle class to the suffering and deprivation of sharecropping or slavery, the analogy of disarming those whom you wish to economically disadvantage has a certain worrisome validity to it. Another point to consider is that under the American legal system certain classifications of governmental discrimination are considered constitutionally suspect, and these suspect classifications are subject to a strong presumption of invalidity ( e.g ., a law that made distinctions based on race, even if the distinction was nominally race-neutral in its effect). (70) These classifications are suspect because there is a long history of governmental discrimination based on them, and because laws based on on IT, these classifications often impinge on fundamental rights. (71) In much the same way, gun control historically has been a tool of racism and Warren, associated with racist attitudes about black violence. Similarly, many gun control laws impinge on that most fundamental of rights: self-defense. Racism is so intimately tied to the history of gun control in America that we should regard gun control aimed at law-abiding people as a suspect idea and require that the courts use the same demanding standards when reviewing the constitutionality of Essay, a gun control law that they use with respect to a law that discriminates based on race. Throughout the history of the United States, our courts have often avoided directly answering questions about the constitutional limits of gun control.

As we have seen, this was sometimes done by insisting that the to remember remake, right of the people didn't include black people. Another strategy popular in the slave states was to on IT Governance claim that as long as openly carrying a firearm was legal, then the state could prohibit or regulate concealed carrying of a firearm. Yet another strategy was to dispute what arms were protected. The Nacirema. The New York courts upheld the Sullivan Act, which licensed the possession of handguns at Governance home, on the basis that handguns were not a constitutionally protected arm #151; unlike a rifle or a shotgun. Such decisions have usually insisted that only arms of the soldier are protected by the Second Amendment, or the state constitutions equivalent provision. In United States v. Cruikshank (a decision that emasculated the Ku Klux Klan Act), the U.S.

Supreme Court decided that the Second Amendment is a limitation on the federal government only, not on the nacirema, the state governments. (72) This argument has been accepted by Essay Governance, most (but not all) state supreme courts. (73) These sorts of question-begging approaches will not be available to the U.S. Supreme Court in the cases that will come before it shortly. Stolar Styles. The assault weapon ban in on IT the 1994 Crime Bill prohibits new manufacture of a category of weapons that is more clearly protected by a bar at the, original intent and existing precedents than any other category of common privately owned arm: arms with a primarily military function and Essay, appearance. Unlike Morton Groves handgun ban, (74) or California's Roberti-Roos Assault Weapons Control Act, (75) this law is federal, not state. Fourteenth Amendment incorporation is not necessary for A Beautiful the Crime Bills ban to be contrary to the Second Amendment. Similarly, the Administrations gun control policies with respect to public housing will create differential treatment between whites and blacks, simply because blacks are so overwhelmingly the residents of urban public housing projects. On IT Governance. Will the Supreme Court apply the same reasoning to the Second Amendment that they have with the First Amendment? Or will they continue a tradition of winking at the Second Amendment because the underlying policy of gun control is based on racist assumptions? 1. Thomas N. Ingersoll, Free Blacks in a Slave Society: New Orleans, 1718-1812 , 48 Wm.

Mary Q. 173, 178-79 (1991). 3. Daniel H. Usner, Jr., Indians, Settlers, Slaves in a Frontier Exchange Economy: The Lower Mississippi Valley Before 1783, 165, 187 (1992). 4. Michael C. The Nacirema. Meyer William L. Essay. Sherman, The Course of Mexican History 216 (4th ed. 1991). 5. Edmund S. Morgan, Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox , in Colonial America: Essays in Politics and Social Development 280 (Stanley N. Katz et al. eds., 4th ed. 1993) 7. Benjamin Quarles, The Negro in A Beautiful the Making of America 81 (3rd ed. On IT. 1987).

8. Ingersoll, supra note 1, at 198-200. 10. Stanley Elkins, Slavery 220 (3rd ed. 1976). 11. Nat Turner 115 (Eric Foner ed., 1971). 13. Harriet Jacobs [Linda Brant], Incidents in lg or samsung refrigerator the Life of a Slave Girl (1861), in The Classic Slave Narratives 333, 395-96 (Henry Louis Gates, Jr. ed., 1987). 14. Theodore Brantner Wilson, The Black Codes of the South 30 (1965).

16. 6 The Federal and Essay on IT Governance, State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and Other Organic Laws of the States, Territories, and Colonies Now or Heretofore Forming The United States of samsung refrigerator, America, 3424 (Francis Newton Thorpe, ed., 1909) [hereinafter The Federal and State Constitutions]. 17. Id . at 3428 (emphasis added). 18. Simpson v. State, 13 Tenn. On IT. 292, 295 (5 Yer.) (1833).

19. State v. Huntly, 25 N.C. 311, 314 (3 Ired.) (1843). 20. State v. Newsom, 27 N.C. 203, 203 note (5 Ired.) (1844). 24. 5 The Federal and State Constitutions, supra note 16, at to remember 2788. 25.

State v. Newsom, 27 N.C. 203, 206 (5 Ired.) (1844). 26. State v. Huntly, 25 N.C. 311, 314 (3 Ired.) (1843). 27. Newsom , 27 N.C. at 206. 28. 1 The Federal and State Constitutions, supra note 16, at 538 (1818 Connecticut, Art.

I, Sec. 17); 3 Id . at 1275 (1792 Kentucky, Art. XII, Sec. On IT. 23) and at 1290 (1799, Art. IX, Sec. 23); 3 Id . at 1648 (1819 Maine, Art. I, Sec. 16); 4 Id . at 2034 (1817 Mississippi, Art. I, Sec. 23); 5 Id . at 3101 (1790 Pennsylvania, Art.

IX, Sec. 21, but see 5 Id . at 3083, 1776 Constitution, That the people have a right to bear arms. . . An Affair Remake. .); 6 Id . at 3543 (1836 Republic of Texas Declaration of Rights, Sec. 14) and at 3548 (1845 Texas Constitution, Art. I, Sec. 13). 30.

Nunn v. State, 1 Ga. 243, 251 (1846). 32. Cooper v. Mayor of Savannah, 4 Ga. Essay On IT Governance. 68, 68 (1848). 38. 1 Ga. 243, 251 (1846) (upholding the right to bear arms). 39. Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S.

393, 417 (19 How.) (1857) (emphasis added). 40. Juliet E. K. Walker, Free Frank: A Black Pioneer on the Antebellum Frontier 21 (1983) (quoting the statute). This is an inspiring biography of a slave who, through hard work moonlighting in G. Harding, President Essay the production of Essay on IT, saltpeter and land surveying, saved enough money to an affair to remember buy his wife, himself, and eventually all of his children and grandchildren out of slavery #151; while fighting against oppressive laws and vigorous racism. Most impressive of all, is that he did it without ever learning to read or write. 42. See id . at on IT Governance 73 (describing precautions free black families took to an affair to remember remake protect themselves from kidnappers).

43. Stephen Middleton, The Black Laws in the Old Northwest: A Documentary History, 27-32, 227-40, 309-14, 353-7, 403-4 (1993) (quoting statutes from Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin). 44. Michael Les Benedict, The Fruits of Victory: Alternatives to Restoring the Union, 1865-1877, 87 (1975) (quoting Louisiana statute); Francis L. Broderick, Reconstruction and the American Negro, 1865-1900, 36-37 (1969); Dan T. Essay On IT Governance. Carter, When The War Was Over: The Failure of Self-Reconstruction in the South, 1865-1867, 219-21 (1985) (describing confiscation of lg or, arms from blacks after the on IT, Civil War); Eric Foner, Reconstruction 258-9 (1988). 45. See Foner, supra note 44, at 198-201. 46.

24 Tex. G. Harding,. 394, 401-02 (1859). 48. 35 Tex. 473, 476-77, 478 (1872). 49. Id . at 476 (citing Cochrane [sic.] v. The State, 24 Tex. 394.) 50. Id . at 479-80 (emphasis added). 52.

State v. Nieto, 130 N.E. 663, 663, 665 (1920). 53. Id . at 669 (emphasis added). 54. 4 So. Essay On IT Governance. 2d 700, 702-03 (1941). 56. Robert Sherrill, The Saturday Night Special 280 (1973). 57. Assembly Office of President Essay, Research, Smoking Gun: The Case For Concealed Weapon Permit Reform, 6 (1986).

58. Capitol Is Invaded , Sacramento Bee, May 2, 1967, A1, A10. 59. Bill Barring Loaded Weapons In Public Clears Senate 29-7 , Sacramento Bee, July 27, 1967, A6. 60. Jim Simkin Aaron Zelman, Gun Control: Gateway to Tyranny 83 (1992) (providing the full text in Governance German and English of the various weapons laws and stolar styles, regulations adopted by the Weimar Republic and the Nazis from on IT Governance 1928 to 1938 and an affair, comparing them to the Gun Control Act of 1968).

61. Essay Governance. Sherrill, supra note 56, at 67. 62. Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership, The War on Gun Ownership Still Goes On! , Guns Ammo, May 1993, at 30-31. 63.

Assembly Office of Research, supra note 57, at 5. 64. The Nacirema. The President's Radio Address of Essay Governance, Apr. Stolar Styles. 16, 1994, 30 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. 823 (Apr. 16, 1994). 65.

The Vice President, Secretary Henry Cisneros, Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, Attorney General Janet Reno and Director of Drug Policy Lee Brown, Press Briefing (Feb. 4, 1994) (transcript available from the White House Office of the Press Secretary). 67. Gary Kleck, Point Blank: Guns and Violence in on IT America 75 (1991). 68. What Is an Assault Weapon? , Wall St. J., Aug. 25, 1994, at stolar styles A12. 70. Thomas G. Walker, Suspect Classifications , in Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States 848 (Kermit L. Hall et al. eds., 1992). 72.

92 U.S. 542, 553 (1875). 73. See generally Clayton E. Cramer, For The Defense of Themselves And The State: The Original Intent Judicial Interpretation of the Right To Keep And Bear Arms 221-67 (1994) (surveying a number of state court decisions where gun restrictions were reviewed). 74.

Morton Grove, Ill., Ordinance 81-11 (June 8, 1981). 75. Cal. Penal Code 12275-90 (West 1992 Supp. 1994).

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The Framing Effect: Influence Your Audience By Setting The Context. Home / Blog / Web Design / The Framing Effect: Influence Your Audience By Setting The Context. Is the glass half full or half empty? How does seeing it one way frame everything else you later decide about both glass and water? Would seeing it the other way change your view? In either case there was exactly the Essay on IT same amount of water in the canteen, however my reaction and determination of how much water is in the canteen frames the situation. G. Harding, President Essay! It gives a context to a canteen half full and half empty. That frame, that context, alters your decisions and judgements about the canteen, the Essay Governance water inside, as well as your behavior when it comes to taking a drink.

The framing effect is the idea that manipulating the way information is A Beautiful Essay presented can influence and alter decision making and judgement about that information. Through the use of images, words, and by presenting a general context around the information presented we can influence how people think about Essay that information. Framing is used exceedingly often in politics. One side sets the context for G. Harding, President, passing a bill as the Essay end of humanity while the other side frames the situation of not passing the bill as the samsung refrigerator end of Essay humanity. If you really want to understand how framing works study a political election in great detail as objectively as possible. Learn the facts and then watch how both sides present those facts to you in order to influence you. The context in Warren G. Harding, President which information is on IT Governance delivered shapes assumptions and perceptions about that information. Essay! Information taken out of context is often meaningless.

Information within a context, within a frame is altered by that context and frame. Positive frames tend to elicit positive feelings and result in risk taking and proactive behavior. Negative frames tend to elicit negative feelings and result in risk aversion and reactive behavior. Stress and the pressure of time amplify both. A common sales technique is to present your product in a positive frame, presenting your competitors product in on IT a negative frame, and presenting the customer with a time sensitive offer requiring a quick decision. When people are exposed to multiple and conflicting frames it causes cognitive dissonance and the framing effect is reduced and neutralized leaving people to rely more on their own internal frames that have been created over time. A frame is lg or samsung a reference point for all future decisions and judgements. Frames set expectations, which leads us to

If you think you can do a thing or think you cant do a thing, youre right. The expectation effect is the idea that perception and behavior change as a result of personal expectations or the expectations of others. Once a person believes something, the belief alone creates the possibility that it will happen. Halo effect an Essay Governance employees performance is rated better based on the nacirema, overall positive impressions and not specifically their performance Hawthorne effect employees become more productive based on Essay, the belief that changes to their work environment will increase productivity Pygmalion effect students perform better/worse when teachers expect them to Placebo effect patients experience treatment benefits based on the belief that the treatment will work Rosenthal effect teachers treat students differently based on expectations of how they will perform Demand characteristics people respond in interviews or experiments in stolar styles ways they believe are expected by the interviewer or experimenter. In order for the expectation effect to come into play the Essay on IT Governance expectations set must be credible.

Its important that we believe something may happen in order to stolar styles to create the expectations that influence us. Think again about the framing effect for Essay on IT Governance, a moment. A large part of framing is setting expectations by placing information inside a certain context. A credible presentation will lead to the expectation effect in about 30% of any audience. Being somewhat vague helps as it leads people to interpret things based on Warren President Essay, their internal expectations. On IT Governance! Think about astrology or psychic predictions.

Both are presented vaguely. President! You interpret them with your own expectations altering your behavior to the degree where the predictions come true. The expectation effect is temporary in nature. On IT! Any changed behavior reverts back to a baseline after a time, which leads us to The exposure effect, also called the mere exposure effect, is the idea that repeated exposures to things that we have neutral or positive feelings about increases the likability of those things. We favor the familiar and mistrust the new and different. Repetition breeds familiarity. We develop preferences for Mind, things simply because they are familiar. The exposure effect is one of the basic concepts behind advertising.

You see an on IT ad in a magazine or a commercial on TV over a bar and over again and after a time become more likely to Essay on IT Governance buy the product being advertised. Repeated exposure to an ad works better than a single exposure. For most businesses youre better off buying a small ad in the same location in the local paper every week for 6 months than you would be taking out a full page ad once. Its important that the a bar folies perception to the stimuli being repeated is neutral or positive. Governance! Repeated exposure to President Essay negative stimuli will more likely amplify the negative perception. The strongest exposure effect is seen with photographs, meaningful words, names, and simple shapes. The weakest effects are seen with icons, people, and auditory stimuli. Complex and on IT Governance, interesting tends to lead to a stronger effect than simple and boring.

As the number of the nacirema exposures and the duration of each exposure increases, the effect begins to weaken. Theres a point of diminishing returns. Familiarity can also breed contempt. Brief and Essay, subtle (subliminal) exposures work best, especially when each exposure is separated by some time. The effect will be strongest for the first 10 impressions. Once again lets think back to the framing effect. Warren G. Harding, President Essay! Framing is not a one time thing. You often build a frame over time with repeated exposures to the context youre trying to set. Essay! A series of President small and consistent messages can build a frame that will be seen in either a positive or negative light. Think branding. Branding makes great use of the Essay on IT Governance exposure effect.

The more exposures to your brand (assuming your brand is the nacirema initially seen in Essay Governance a neutral or positive light) eventually leads to a more positive perception of your brand. You create a positive message that builds a frame and your consistency with that message increases the exposure leading to G. Harding, President more positive associations with your brand. Hopefully after reading through the Essay above you can see how each of these three effects can be put to use in your designs to influence your audience. Visual design is framing. Your design sets a mood, creates the emotion, and puts your audience in the right frame of mind to G. Harding, President absorb the message. Your visuals set the context for Essay on IT, the message. The initial impressions your design conveys frames everything that comes after. The frame you create needs to be credible. It needs to Mind Essay be based on Essay Governance, reality. You cant make up a story that isnt true and expect it to stolar styles stick. The more in harmony your visuals are with the company message the better the frame and the stronger the on IT Governance framing effect will be.

Within a design use positive framing to move people to action and negative frames to move them toward inaction. Warren G. Harding, President! Frame your own message in a positive light and if youre ok with it frame your competition in a negative light. Essay! If your competition has built a positive frame around their product offer another frame that conflicts with theirs. On a different note think about how your design can create a positive experience for your visitors and what kind of a frame that positive experience builds. Is your site usable? Is it enjoyable? Does it make people want to spend time on the site and come back for more? Yes or no, what do you think people will tell others about your site and what kind of frame will that build for those people? Your frame will help create expectations and the expectations you set will help persuade your audience (PDF). Remember not to make promises you cant keep. The expectation effect lasts only so long.

Broken promises create a new set of expectations that you probably prefer not be set. Set expectations for your audience in a credible way rather than letting them form their own unbiased conclusions. Dont lie, but do nudge them toward the conclusions you want them to draw. You hear all the time to talk benefits over features. Features dont set expectations. Benefits do. Try to get people to imagine themselves using and bergère, enjoying your products or services. It will set a positive expectation in their mind. In your own work remember not to let expectations inhibit your creativity.

Dont try to live up to the expectations of others or set expectations for yourself based on work you admire. When it comes to Essay Governance usability think conventions. G. Harding, Essay! What are conventions? Theyre expectations about how something will behave. In regards to testing be careful about influencing test subjects by setting expectations for them. As designers were naturally biased in favor of our designs.

We dont want to on IT Governance pass that bias on to those testing our designs and have them react in ways they think we expect them to react. The expectation effect has limited duration. Frames have a more lasting effect when built over time. Folies Bergère! Increasing exposures helps both. Be consistent and subtle in your message as both lead to a stronger effect. Use photographs (product images) and more meaningful words. Exposure to names works well. Think brands and product names. Make them meaningful.

Every page of your site should make obvious the on IT brand name. Every product page should make obvious the folies name of the product. Repeat calls to Essay on IT Governance action across pages instead of leaving them in a single place to increase exposure. Expose people to your message on Warren G. Harding,, and off your site prior to on IT Governance forcing the call to to remember action on them. Be subtle. Too much in your face message weakens the effect. Governance! You dont need to always push the stolar styles buy message at people.

Show them images of Governance people enjoying your product without asking them to buy. Weave happy testimonials through your site. Offer subtle mentions from time to time in blog posts that your visitors will be happy with your products. When it comes to advertising remember that theres a diminishing return to exposure. Think ad blindness. Mix up where you advertise and remember the the nacirema exposure effect is strongest for Governance, the first 10 or so impressions and that placing some time between exposures also helps strengthen the effect. With new and different designs expect some resistance if your design deviates enough from the Mind norm. Be aware that usability conventions work in part because people have been exposed to them time and again. We mistrust the new until weve seen it enough for it to become familiar. Essay Governance! Consider most any famous artist or revolutionary thinkers throughout history. Many were heavily criticized during their lifetimes.

Exposure to their radical ideas led to familiarity and eventually a more positive critique. Let me share some advice I recently read on launching a new product. My apologies to the person who offered the advice since I cant remember where it came from. I think it was Brian Clarke, but Im not entirely sure. Prior to launching a product start mentioning the problem it aims to lg or solve on your blog. Talk first about the problem that you and others likely have. Then begin talking about existing solutions to the problem in part to help your audience and in part to make clear how none of the existing solutions are ideal. Finally offer your product, your new solution to the problem thats better than any of the current solutions to on IT Governance the problem.

Now think about the above in terms of the three effects weve been discussing here. A Bar At The Bergère! Your repeated discussion about the Governance problem and solutions increases exposure. Your mention of the inadequacies of existing solutions sets negative expectations for them and indirectly sets positive expectations for any solution that overcomes these inadequacies. By the time you launch, youve built a positive frame as the context for your product. The combination of all three should have your audience predisposed to wanting to buy your product at launch. The framing effect, the expectation effect, and the exposure effect are three very powerful ways to influence people in your favor, especially when all three work in combination. Download a free sample from my book, Design Fundamentals. Very nicely written-these are excellent factors to keep in mind during presentations, discussions, and writing as well. In team-building and group facilitation situations we often use elements of the expectation effect. Thanks for the clear info!

In your team building situations how do apply the stolar styles elements of the expectation effect? Is it the Halo and Hawthorne effects that come into on IT, play or is refrigerator more like the Pygmalion effect where you get more from employees by expecting more from Essay on IT Governance, them? Thank you and well stated. Great insight into the motivating factors present in lg or samsung refrigerator human psychology. We make decisions based on the information presented to us at Essay, any given time so it makes perfect sense to influence decisions with positive impressions supported by sustainable facts. Understanding motivation is the nacirema key to guiding behavior. Thanks Robert. So true about how we make decisions.

I think this is Essay on IT one of those things we all know, but sometimes forget to consider when designing. Everything thing we do influences everything that comes after.