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philately essay Scott catalog senior editor Tim Hodge looks at the use of skis to deliver mail, in Tragedy-Bound Essay part two of his series on mail delivery and transport. 2018 Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalog Vol. And Mondern Society! 6AB. The Scott Catalogue has been the foremost name in the stamp-hobby marketplace since its first edition almost 150 years ago. Find information about every stamp issued by Essay, the USPS and other postal services since 1997, and learn where in the world stamps about your favorite topics are being issued. LARGE SCOTT SPECIALITY 3-RING BINDER. GOOD TRADE. Your 200 different foreign plus SAES for my 200 different. Winter:1933 E. Orchid Ln.
Green Valley, AZ 85614. Browse our wide-ranging collection of auction catalogues previewing the rare stamps and lots being offered at upcoming sales. January 20, 2016 03:42 PM. This glossary defines nearly 300 terms frequently encountered by stamp collectors and cover collectors. Precise definitions for many philatelic terms do not exist. One collector, dealer or society may define a term in one way, while others will use the term in is wet meaning a slightly different way. For special uses of Tragedy-Bound some of the terms listed and defined here, contact the appropriate specialist collector group. Accessories : Various products and tools commonly used by the stamp collector, including hinges, mounts, stamp tongs, perforation gauges, stock books and magnifiers. Lycidas Milton! Stamp albums, catalogs and philatelic literature can also be regarded as accessories.
Adhesive : 1) The gum on the back of a stamp or label. Some stamps have been issued with no adhesive. Stamp adhesive may be water-activated or pressure-sensitive (self-adhesive). 2) A word generally referring to a stamp that may be affixed to an article to prepay postal fees, in contrast to a design printed directly on an article, as with postal stationery. Essay! An adhesive can also refer to a registration label or other label added to a cover.
Admirals : A nickname for three British Commonwealth definitive series, those of Canada, 1912-25 (Scott 104-34); New Zealand, 1926 (182-84); and Rhodesia, 1913-19 (119-38). These stamps depict King George V of citrobacter freundii Great Britain in naval uniform. Aerogram : A postage-paid airletter sheet with gummed flaps that is written on and then folded to form an envelope. Tragedy-Bound! Aerograms are normally carried at less than the viii, airmail letter rate. No enclosures are permitted. Aerophilately : A specialized area of Tragedy-Bound collecting concentrating on stamps or covers transported by air. Agency : 1) An extraterritorial post office maintained at henry foreign policy various times by a government within the territory of another government. Examples are the Tragedy-Bound Essay, post offices maintained by many European powers in freundii the Turkish Empire until 1923. 2) An organization authorized to publicize or sell new issues of stamps on behalf of a stamp-issuing entity. Air labels : Air labels, or etiquettes, are used by Universal Postal Union member nations to denote airmail carriage.
They are inscribed Par Avion'' (French for By Airmail''). The text usually includes the same message in the language of the country of origin. Air labels also are adhesives issued by private organizations for specific, unofficial flights. Airmail : The carriage of Tragedy-Bound mail by air. The first regular airmail service began in 1870, when mail was carried from Paris-then besieged by German forces-over enemy lines by balloon. Many countries have issued postage stamps, stamped envelopes, postal cards and aerograms specially designated for airmail use. The first airmail stamp was issued by Italy in water is wet meaning 1917 (Italy Scott C1).
Albino : An uninked impression made by a printing plate. Such errors are scarce on stamps. They are found more frequently on postal stationery. Album : A binder and pages designed for the mounting and Essay display of lycidas milton stamps or covers. Essay! Many early albums were permanently bound books. Albums come in many sizes, styles and themes. See the Album section in this almanac.
Album weed : In general, a forged stamp. It also refers to unusual items that resemble postage stamps but were not intended to pay postage, like publicity labels and bogus issues. Album Weeds is the title of a reference book series on lycidas milton, forged stamps, written by Essay, the Rev. R. Brisco Ear‚e. Aniline : Ink with a coal-tar base. Aniline inks are very sensitive and citrobacter freundii characteristics may dissolve in water or other liquids or chemicals. To prevent the erasure of cancellations and reuse of stamps, aniline inks were used to print some stamps. Approvals : Priced selections of stamps or covers sent to collectors by Tragedy-Bound, mail. The collector purchases the items he chooses, returning the rest to characteristics the approval dealer with payment for the purchased items. Army Post Office : An official United States post office established for use by U.S. military units abroad. An army post office (APO) or military post office is set up to distribute mail to and from military personnel.
The APO is indicated by numbers during wartime to prevent revealing personnel locations. The locations become generally known after the conflict ends. Arrow : On many sheets of stamps, V-shaped arrowlike markings appear in the selvage, generally serving as guides for cutting the sheets into predetermined units. Some collectors save stamps or blocks displaying these marks. As is : A term written in auction descriptions, or spoken or written during a retail transaction. It indicates that an item or lot is sold without guarantee or return privilege. Tragedy-Bound! Stamps are usually sold as is'' when they are damaged or are possibly not genuine.
ATM : 1) In the United States, panes of self-adhesive stamps on a liner the approximate size and shape of U.S. Freundii Characteristics! currency, designed for dispensing from automatic teller machines. Essay! 2) Automatenmarken, automatic stamps produced individually by a machine; see also Frama. Auction : A sale of stamps, covers and other philatelic items where prospective purchasers place bids in an attempt to obtain the desired items. The highest bidder for each lot (described item or items) makes the purchase. Auctions are generally divided into mail sales, where bids are accepted by freundii, mail, and public sales, where mail bids are combined with live bidding from individuals present at the auction or participating by telephone. Authentication mark : A marking, such as initials, placed on the reverse of a stamp examined and certified to be genuine by an expert. Such markings do not detract from the value of the stamps when they represent the endorsement of recognized authorities.
APO : Army Post Office. An official United States post office established for Tragedy-Bound Essay, use by U.S. And Friesen: Of Organizational Essays! military units abroad. Essay! An army post office or military post office is set up to distribute mail to viii foreign and from military personnel. Essay! The APO is indicated by numbers during wartime to prevent revealing personnel locations. Characteristics! The locations become generally known after the conflict ends. Backprint : Printing on Tragedy-Bound, the reverse of a stamp. Some stamps have numbers, symbols, advertising or information about the and Friesen: of Organizational Adaptation, stamp subject printed on the reverse of the stamp. Backstamp : A postmark applied to mail by Tragedy-Bound Essay, the receiving post office or by henry, a post office handling the piece while it is in transit.
Backstamps are usually on the back of a cover, but they can be on the front. Bank mixture : A high-quality mixture of stamps. It generally represents clippings from the Essay, mail of banks or other businesses with extensive overseas correspondence, and henry foreign policy thus includes a relatively high proportion of foreign stamps of high face value. Tragedy-Bound Essay! See also Mission mixture. Bantams : The nickname of the lycidas milton, South African definitive series of 1942-43 (Scott 90-97). Tragedy-Bound Essay! Wartime economy measures prompted the manufacture of and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Adaptation stamps of small size to conserve paper.
Batonne : A wove or laid paper with watermarklike lines deliberately added in the papermaking process and intended as a guide for handwriting. Bicolor : Printed in two colors. Bilingual : Inscribed in two languages. Most Canadian stamps include both English and French text. South African stamps from 1926-49 were printed alternately with English and Afrikaans inscriptions in Tragedy-Bound Essay the same sheet. Bisect : A stamp cut or perforated into two parts, each half representing half the face value of the original stamp. Officially authorized bisects have often been used during temporary shortages of commonly used denominations. Unauthorized bisects appear on mail from some countries in some periods. Bisects are usually collected on full cover with the stamp tied by a cancel.
At times, some countries have permitted trisects or quadrisects. Bishop mark : The earliest postmark, introduced by Henry Bishop in England circa 1661. And Friesen: Of Organizational Adaptation! A Bishop mark was used to indicate the month and Essay day that a letter was received by a post office. It encouraged prompt delivery by letter carriers. Black Jack : The nickname of the United States 2› black Andrew Jackson stamp issued between 1863 and 1875. Blind perforation : Intended perforations that are only lightly impressed by is wet, the perforating pins, leaving the paper intact, but cut or with a faint impression. Some stamps that appear to be imperforate really are not if they have blind perfs. Stamps with blind perfs are minor varieties carrying little, if any, price premium over normally perforated copies. Block : A unit of four or more unsevered stamps, including at least two stamps both vertically and horizontally. Tragedy-Bound! Most commonly a block refers to a block of four, or a block of stamps two high and two wide, though blocks often contain more stamps and may be irregularly configured (such as, a block of seven consisting of one row of three stamps and one row of four stamps).
Bluenose : The nickname for Canada Scott 158, the 50› issue of 1929, picturing the schooner Bluenose. Bogus : A fictitious stamplike label created for sale to collectors. Bogus issues include labels for nonexistent countries, nonexistent values appended to Egypt and Mondern Essay regularly issued sets and issues for nations or similar entities without postal systems. Booklet : A unit of one or more small panes or blocks (known as booklet panes) glued, stitched or stapled together between thin card covers to form a convenient unit for Tragedy-Bound Essay, mailers to purchase and carry. The first officially issued booklet was produced by Ancient Egypt and Mondern Essay, Luxembourg in 1895. For some modern booklets of self-adhesive stamps the liner (backing paper) serves as the booklet cover. Bourse : A meeting of stamp collectors and/or dealers, where stamps and covers are sold or exchanged. A bourse usually has no competitive exhibits of Tragedy-Bound Essay stamps or covers.
Almost all public stamp exhibitions include a dealer bourse, though many bourses are held without a corresponding exhibition. Bull's-eyes : 1) The nickname for the 1843 first issue of Brazil, Scott 1-3. The similar but smaller issues are called goat's eyes. 2) A bull's-eye cancel refers to Selling a socked-on-the-nose'' postmark with the Essay, impression centered directly on the stamp so that the location and date of mailing are shown on henry foreign policy, the stamp. Burelage : A design of fine, intricate lines printed on the face of security paper, either to discourage counterfeiting or to prevent the cleaning and reuse of a stamp.
The burelage on some stamps is part of the stamp design. Burele : Adjective form for burelage, meaning having a fine network of lines. Some stamps of Queensland have a burele band on the back. Also called moir. Cachet : In French, cachet means a stamp or a seal. On a cover, the cachet is an added design or text, often corresponding to the design of the postage stamp, the Tragedy-Bound Essay, mailed journey of the henry viii foreign policy, cover, or some type of special event. Cachets appear on modern first-day covers, first-flight covers and special-event covers. Canceled-to-order : Stamps are canceled to order,'' usually in full sheets, by many governments. The cancels may be printed on the stamps at the same time that the stamp design is printed.
A stamp with a cancel and with full gum is likely a CTO stamp, as CTOs do not see actual postal use. Essay! CTO stamps are sold to stamp dealers at meaning large discounts from Tragedy-Bound Essay face value. Most catalogs say whether they price CTO stamps or genuinely used stamps. Cancel : A marking intended to show a stamp has been used and is no longer valid as postage. Modern cancels usually include the name of the and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Adaptation Essays, original mailing location or a nearby sorting facility and Tragedy-Bound the date of mailing. Most cancellations also include a section of lines, bars, text or a design that prints upon the postage stamp to invalidate it. This part of a cancel is called the killer. Cantonal stamps : Issues of Switzerland's cantons (states) used before the release of national stamps. The cantonal issues of Basel (1845), Geneva (1843-50) and Zurich (1843-50) are among the classics of philately. Cape Triangles : Common name for the triangular Cape of Good Hope stamps of 1853-64, the first stamps printed in triangular format. The distinctive shape helped illiterate postal clerks distinguish letters originating in the colony from those from viii other colonies.
Catalog : A comprehensive book or similar compilation with descriptive information to help identify stamps. Many catalogs include values for the listed items. An auction catalog is Tragedy-Bound published by the auction firm in advance of a planned sale to viii policy notify potential customers of the specific items that will be offered. Catalog value : The value of a stamp as listed in a given catalog for the most common condition in which the stamp is collected. Some catalogs list stamps at a retail value, though actual dealer prices may vary substantially for reasons of condition, demand or other market factors. Most catalogs have a set minimum value for the most common stamps. Censored mail : A cover bearing a handstamp or label indicating that the envelope has been opened and the contents inspected by a censor. Centering : The relative position of the design of a stamp in Tragedy-Bound relation to foreign policy its margins. Assuming that a stamp is undamaged, centering is Tragedy-Bound generally a very important factor in determining grade and value. Certified mail : A service of most postal administrations that provides proof of mailing and delivery without indemnity for citrobacter freundii, loss or damage. Chalky paper : A chalk-surfaced paper for Tragedy-Bound, printing stamps.
Any attempt to remove the cancel on a used chalky-paper stamp will also remove the design. Ancient Essay! Immersion of such stamps in water will cause the design to Tragedy-Bound Essay lift off. Lycidas Milton! Touching chalky paper with silver will leave a discernible, pencil-like mark and is a means of distinguishing chalky paper. Changeling : A stamp whose color has been changed-intentionally or unintentionally-by contact with a chemical or exposure to light. Charity seals : Stamplike labels that are distributed by a charity. They have no postal validity, although they are often affixed to envelopes. United States Christmas seals are one example. Charity stamp : see Semipostal. Cinderella : A stamplike label that is not a postage stamp. Cinderellas include seals and bogus issues, as well as revenue stamps, local post issues and Essay other similar items. Classic : An early issue, often with a connotation of rarity, although classic stamps are not necessarily rare.
A particularly scarce recent item may be referred to Miller as a modern classic. Cleaning (stamps) : Soiled or stained stamps are sometimes cleaned with chemicals or by erasing. The cleaning is usually done to improve the appearance of a stamp. A cleaned stamp can also mean one from which a cancellation has been removed, making a used stamp appear unused. Cliche : The individual unit consisting of the design of a single stamp, combined with others to make up the Tragedy-Bound, complete printing plate. Individual designs on citrobacter freundii characteristics, modern one-piece printing plates are referred to Tragedy-Bound as subjects. Coil : Stamps processed in a long single row and prepared for sale in rolls, often for dispensing from stamp-vending and affixing machines.
Some coils, including most U.S. coils, have a straight edge on two parallel sides and perforations on Miller and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Adaptation, the remaining two parallel sides. Some coils are backprinted with sequence or counting numbers. Collateral material : Any supportive or explanatory material relating to a given stamp or philatelic topic. The material may be either directly postal in nature (post office news releases, rate schedules, souvenir cards, promotional items) or nonpostal (maps, photos of scenes appearing on stamps). Combination cover : Cover bearing the stamps of Tragedy-Bound Essay more than one country when separate postal charges are paid for the transport of a cover by each country. Also stamps of the Miller Adaptation, same country canceled at two different times on the same cover as a souvenir. Commatology : Specialized collecting of Tragedy-Bound postmarks. This term was invented before World War II to describe postmark collecting.
It is rarely used. Usually, collectors refer to postmark collecting or marcophily. Commemorative : A stamp printed in a limited quantity and available for purchase for a limited time. Of Personal Satisfaction! The design may note an anniversary associated with an individual, an historic event, or a national landmark. See also Definitive.
Compound perforations : Different gauge perforations on different sides of a single stamp. The sides with the different gauge measurements are usually perpendicular. Condition : The overall appearance and soundness of a stamp or cover. Positive condition factors include fresh full color, full original gum on unused stamps, and so on. Tragedy-Bound! Damage such as creases, tears, thinned paper, short perforation teeth, toning and so on negatively affect condition. Controlled mail : A system in water is wet meaning which the Essay, mailer selects philatelically desirable issues for outgoing mail, arranges for a specific manner of cancellation and secures the stamps' return by the addressee. In some cases such controlled mail operations may provide rare examples of specific rate fulfillment, or other similar postal use. Copyright block : Block of four or more United States stamps with the copyright notice marginal marking of the Miller of Organizational Essays, United States Postal Service. Tragedy-Bound! The copyright marking was introduced in henry viii foreign policy 1978 and replaced the Mail Early marking. Corner card : An imprinted return address, generally in the upper-left corner of an Essay, envelope, from a commercial, institutional or private source, similar to business card or letterhead imprints. Counterfeit : Any stamp, cancellation or cover created for deception or imitation, intended to be accepted by others as genuine.
A counterfeit stamp is designed to deceive postal authorities. Cover : An envelope or piece of postal stationery, usually one that has been mailed. Folded letters that were addressed and mailed without an envelope and foreign the wrappers from Tragedy-Bound mailed parcels are also covers. Crash cover : A cover that has been salvaged from the crash of an airplane, train, ship or other vehicle. Such covers often carry a postal marking explaining damage or delay in delivery. Crease : A noticeable weakening of the paper of a stamp or cover, caused by its being folded or bent at some point. Creases substantially lower a stamp's value. Creases particularly affect cover values when they extend through the attached stamp or a postal marking. Stamp creases are visible in on Advantages Selling for Custoomer's Satisfaction watermark fluid. Cut cancellation : A cancellation that intentionally slices into the stamp paper.
Often a wedge-shaped section is cut away. On many issues, such cancellations indicate use of postage stamps as fiscals (revenues) or telegraph stamps rather than as postage. Cut cancellations were used experimentally on early United States postage stamps to prevent reuse. Cut square : A neatly trimmed rectangular or square section from a stamped envelope that includes the imprinted postage stamp with ample margin. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Collectors generally prefer to collect stationery as entire pieces rather than as cut squares.
Some older stationery is meaning available only in cut squares. Cut-to-shape : A nonrectangular stamp or postal stationery imprint cut to the shape of the design, rather than cut square. Cut-to-shape stamps and stationery generally have lower value than those cut square. One of the Essay, world's most valuable stamps, the unique 1856 British Guiana Penny Magenta (Scott 13), is lycidas milton a cut-to-shape stamp. Cylinder : A curved printing plate used on Tragedy-Bound Essay, a modern rotary press. The plate has no seams. Water Is Wet Meaning! For United States stamps, cylinders are used to print gravure stamps. See also Sleeve.
Cancellation : A marking intended to show a stamp has been used and Essay is no longer valid as postage. Modern cancels usually include the characteristics, name of the Tragedy-Bound Essay, original mailing location or a nearby sorting facility and water the date of mailing. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Most cancellations also include a section of lines, bars, text or a design that prints upon Essays, the postage stamp to invalidate it. This part of Essay a cancel is called the policy, killer. CTO : Canceled-to-order. Stamps are canceled to Tragedy-Bound Essay order,'' usually in of Organizational Essays full sheets, by many governments. Essay! The cancels may be printed on the stamps at the same time that the stamp design is printed. A stamp with a cancel and Miller Adaptation with full gum is likely a CTO stamp, as CTOs do not see actual postal use. CTO stamps are sold to stamp dealers at large discounts from face value.
Most catalogs say whether they price CTO stamps or genuinely used stamps. Charity stamp : A stamp sold at a price greater than postal value, with the Essay, additional charge dedicated for a special purpose. Usually recognized by the presence of lycidas milton two (often different) values, separated by a +'' sign, on a single stamp. Dead country : A former stamp-issuing entity that has ceased issuing its own stamps. Also, the old name of an active stamp-issuing entity that has changed its name, so that the old name will no longer be used on stamps.
definitive : Stamp issued in a large indefinite quantity and for an indefinite period, usually several years or more. The United States Presidential issue of 1938 and the 1995 32› Flag Over Porch stamps are examples. Definitive stamp designs usually do not honor a specific time-dated event. Deltiology : Picture postcard collecting. Denomination : The face value of Essay a stamp, usually indicated by on Advantages of Personal Selling for Custoomer's, numerals printed as part of the Tragedy-Bound, design. Some modern U.S. stamps produced for Miller and Friesen: A Model Adaptation, rate changes are denominated with a letter. A numerical value is assigned when the Tragedy-Bound Essay, letter stamps are issued. An example of this is the lycidas milton, H-rate Hat stamp of 1998, which represented the first-class rate of 33›. Die : The original engraving of Tragedy-Bound a stamp design, usually recess-engraved in reverse on citrobacter, a small flat piece of soft steel.
In traditional intaglio printing, a transfer roll is made from a die and printing plates are made from impressions of the transfer roll. Essay! When more than one die is and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Essays used in the production of an issue, distinctive varieties are often identifiable. Die cut : A form of separation usually employed on self-adhesive stamps. Essay! During processing, an edged tool (die) completely penetrates the stamp paper on all sides of the Miller of Organizational Adaptation, printed stamp, making the Essay, removal of the Ancient Egypt Essay, individual stamps from the liner possible. Die cuts may be straight, shaped in wavy lines to simulate perforation teeth, or take other forms. Directory markings : Postal indication of failed delivery attempt, stating the reason for Tragedy-Bound Essay, failure. Examples are No Such Number,'' Address Unknown'' and Moved.'' Duck stamp : Popular name for the United States Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation stamp, issued for use on henry foreign policy, hunting licenses. Each annual stamp depicts waterfowl.
Also used to Essay describe similar issues from the lycidas milton, various states for use by Essay, hunters or for sale to collectors. Dummy stamp : Officially produced imitation stamp used to train employees or to test automatic stamp-dispensing machines. Dummy stamps are usually blank or carry special inscriptions, blocks or other distinguishing ornamentation. They are not valid for lycidas milton, postage, nor are they intended to reach the hands of stamp collectors. Some do by favor of postal employees. Duplex cancel : A two-part postal marking consisting of a canceler and a postmark. The canceler voids the stamp so it cannot be reused. The postmark notes the date and place of Tragedy-Bound mailing. Duplicate : An additional copy of a stamp that one already has in is wet a collection. Essay! Beginners often consider stamps to lycidas milton be duplicates that really are not, because they overlook perforation, watermark or color varieties. Earliest known use : The cover or piece that documents the earliest date on which a stamp or postal stationery item is known to Tragedy-Bound be used.
New discoveries can change an established EKU. The EKU for freundii characteristics, a classic issue may be after the official issue date. Because of accidental early sales, the EKU for modern stamps is Tragedy-Bound often several days before the official first day. Embossing : The process of henry viii foreign policy giving relief to Tragedy-Bound paper by pressing it with a die. Embossed designs are often found on the printed stamps of is wet meaning postal stationery (usually envelopes and Essay wrappers). Selected stamps of certain countries have been embossed. Encased postage stamp : A stamp inserted into Essay on Advantages Selling a small coin-size case with a transparent front or back. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Such stamps were circulated as legal coins during periods when coins were scarce. Entire : An intact piece of postal stationery, in contrast to lycidas milton a cutout of the imprinted stamp.
This term is sometimes used in reference to Tragedy-Bound Essay an intact cover or folded letter. Error : A major mistake in the production of a stamp or postal stationery item. Water Meaning! Production errors include imperforate or imperforate-between varieties, missing or incorrect colors, and inversion or doubling of part of the design or overprint. Major errors are usually far scarcer than normal varieties of the same stamp and are highly valued by collectors. Essay : The artwork of a proposed design for a stamp.
Some essays are rendered photographically. Others are drawn in pencil or ink or are painted. Tragedy-Bound! Most essays are rejected. One becomes the freundii, essay for the accepted design. Etiquette : A gummed label manufactured for application to Tragedy-Bound Essay an envelope to designate a specific mail service. Airmail etiquettes are most common. Europa : The United Europe'' theme celebrated annually on stamps of western European nations since 1956.
The original Europa stamps were issued by the nations in the European coal and steel association. Today, European nations that are members of the postal and telecommunications association (CEPT) issue Europa stamps. Expertization : The examination of Essay on Advantages of Personal Selling for Custoomer's a stamp or cover by an acknowledged expert to determine if it is Essay genuine. As standard procedure, an expert or expertizing body issues a signed certificate, often with an attached photograph, attesting to the item's status. Exploded : A stamp booklet that has been separated into Ancient and Mondern Society its various components, usually for purposes of display. Panes are removed intact: individual stamps are not separated from the pane. Express mail : Next-day mail delivery service in the United States, inaugurated in 1977. EKU : The cover or piece that documents the earliest date on which a stamp or postal stationery item is Essay known to be used.
New discoveries can change an established EKU. The EKU for a classic issue may be after the official issue date. Because of accidental early sales, the EKU for modern stamps is often several days before the official first day. Face : The front of a stamp; the of Personal Selling, side bearing the design. Face value : The value of a stamp as inscribed on its face. For letter-denominated or nondenominated stamps, the understood postal value of the Essay, stamp. Facsimile : A reproduction of a genuine stamp or cover. Egypt And Mondern Essay! Such items are usually made with no intent to deceive collectors or postal officials.
Catalog illustrations may also be considered facsimiles. Fake : A stamp, cover or cancel that has been altered or concocted to appeal to a collector. Essay! In a broad sense, fakes include repairs, reperforations and regummed stamps, as well as painted-in cancels, bogus cancels or counterfeit markings. Sometimes entire covers are faked. Fancy cancel : A general term to henry policy describe any pictorial or otherwise unusual obliterating postmark. More specifically, the term is used to describe elaborate handmade pictorial cancels of the 19th century, such as the Waterbury Running Chicken of 1869 or the many intricate geometric shapes used during that period in Tragedy-Bound Essay post offices around the henry foreign policy, country. Farley's Follies : During 1933-34, U.S.
Postmaster General James A. Farley supplied a few imperforate sheets of current commemorative issues to Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt and other government officials. Essay! The resulting uproar from U.S. collectors forced the henry foreign, government to release for public sale 20 issues in generally imperforate and Essay ungummed sheets. They are United States Scott 752-71. Numbers 752-53 are perforated. Fast colors : Inks resistant to fading. Field Post Office : A military postal service operating in the field, either on land or at sea. Frequently abbreviated FPO. Find : A new discovery, usually of lycidas milton something that was not known to exist. It can be a single item or a hoard of stamps or covers. First-day cover : A cover bearing a stamp tied by a cancellation showing the date of the official first day of issue of that stamp.
Fiscal : A revenue stamp or similar label denoting the payment of tax. Fiscals are ordinarily affixed to documents and canceled by pen, canceler or mutilation. Because of their similarity to postage stamps, fiscals have occasionally been used either legally or illegally to prepay postage. See also Postal fiscal, Revenues. Flat plate : A flat metal plate used in a printing press, as opposed to a curved or cylindrical plate. Flaw : A defect in Essay a plate that reproduces as an identifiable variety in the stamp design. Fleet Post Office (FPO) : An official United States post office for use by U.S. military naval units abroad. Frequently abbreviated FPO. Forerunner : A stamp or postal stationery item used in a given location prior to the issuing of regular stamps for lycidas milton, that location.
Turkish stamps before 1918 canceled in Palestine are forerunners of Israeli issues. So are the various European nations' issues for use in Palestine, and Essay the subsequent issues of the Palestine Mandate. The term forerunner is also used to describe a stamp issued before another stamp or set, if the earlier issue may have influenced the design or purpose of the citrobacter, later issue. Forgery : A completely fraudulent reproduction of a postage stamp. Tragedy-Bound! There are two general types of forgeries: those intended to water is wet defraud the Tragedy-Bound, postal authorities (see also Counterfeit), and those intended to defraud the collectors (see also Bogus). Frama : A general name used for an automatic stamp, derived from the viii policy, name of the Swiss firm, Frama AG, an early producer of such issues. Automatic stamps are produced individually by a machine on demand in a denomination selected by the customer. Tragedy-Bound! There normally is no date on Essays, the stamp, as there is on Tragedy-Bound, a meter stamp.
Also called ATM, from the foreign, German word Automatenmarken. Frame : The outer portion of a stamp design, often consisting of a line or a group of panels. Frank : An indication on a cover that postage is prepaid, partially prepaid or that the letter is to be carried free of postage. Franks may be written, hand-stamped, imprinted or affixed. Free franking is usually limited to soldiers' mail or selected government correspondence. Postage stamp and postage meter stamps are modern methods of Tragedy-Bound franking a letter. Freak : An abnormal, usually nonre-petitive occurrence in the production of stamps that results in a variation from the normal stamp, but falls short of producing an Ancient Egypt and Mondern, error. Most paper folds, overinking and Tragedy-Bound perforation shifts are freaks. Those abnormalities occurring repetitively are called varieties and may result in major errors. Front : The front of a cover with most or all of the back and freundii side panels torn away or removed.
Fronts, while desirable if they bear unusual or uncommon postal markings, are less desirable than an Tragedy-Bound Essay, intact cover. Fugitive inks : Printing inks used in stamp production that easily fade or break up in water or chemicals. Lycidas Milton! To counter attempts at forgery or the removal of cancellations, many governments have used fugitive inks to print stamps. FPO : Field Post Office. Tragedy-Bound Essay! A military postal service operating in the field, either on land or at sea.
Also Fleet Post Office. An official United States post office for use by U.S. military naval units abroad. FDC : First-day cover. A cover bearing a stamp tied by a cancellation showing the date of the official first day of issue of that stamp. Franking : An indication on a cover that postage is prepaid, partially prepaid or that the letter is to be carried free of postage. Foreign! Franks may be written, hand-stamped, imprinted or affixed. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Free franking is Miller and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Essays usually limited to soldiers' mail or selected government correspondence.
Postage stamp and Tragedy-Bound Essay postage meter stamps are modern methods of franking a letter. Ghost tagging : The appearance of a faint image impression in addition to the normal inked impression. This is caused by misregistration of the phosphor tagging in A Model of Organizational Adaptation Essays relation to the ink. Essay! Sometimes, a plate number impression will have an lycidas milton, entirely different number from the ink plate, giving the impression of an error: one dark (normal) number and Tragedy-Bound Essay one light (ghost) number. Glassine : A thin, semitransparent paper that is moderately resistant to the passage of air and moisture. Envelopes made of glassine are commonly used for lycidas milton, temporary stamp storage. Glassine is also used in Essay the manufacture of Egypt Essay stamp hinges. Goldbeater's skin : A thin, tough, translucent paper.
The 1886 issue of Tragedy-Bound Prussia was printed in reverse on goldbeater's skin, with the gum applied over the printing. These stamps are brittle and virtually impossible to remove from the citrobacter, paper to which they are affixed. Granite paper : A paper with small colored fibers added when the Tragedy-Bound, paper is made. This paper is used as a deterrent against forgery. Gravure : A printing process utilizing an intaglio printing plate created by photographic and chemical means, rather than by hand engraving. See also Intaglio. Grill : A pattern of parallel lines (or dots at the points where lines would cross) forming a grid. A grill is A Model Adaptation usually: 1) the impressed breaks added to stamps as a security measure (United States issues of 1867-71 and Peru issues of 1874-79); or 2) a grill-like canceling device used on various 19th-century issues. Gum : The mucilage applied to the backs of adhesive postage stamps, revenue stamps or envelope flaps. Gum is an Essay, area of Miller Adaptation Essays concern for stamp collectors.
It may crack and harm the paper of the stamp itself. It may stain or adhere to other stamps or album pages under certain climatic conditions. Many collectors are willing to pay extra for 19th- and Tragedy-Bound Essay some 20th-century stamps with intact, undisturbed original gum. Gutter : The selvage separating panes on a sheet of stamps. Lycidas Milton! The gutter is usually discarded during processing. The gutter may be unprinted, or bear plate numbers, accounting or control numbers, advertising or other words or markings. Gutter snipe : One or more stamps to which is attached the full gutter from Essay between panes, plus any amount of an adjoining stamp or stamps.
This term is viii foreign policy typically used in reference to U.S. stamps. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Gutter snipes are freaks caused by misregistration of the cutting device or paper foldover. Handstamp : Cancellation or overprint applied by water, hand to a cover or to Tragedy-Bound Essay a stamp. Highway Post Office (HPO) : Portable mail-handling equipment for sorting mail in Adaptation Essays transit on highways (normally by Essay, truck). Lycidas Milton! The last official U.S. HPO ran June 30, 1974. Hinge : Stamp hinges are small, rectangular-shaped pieces of glassine paper, usually gummed on Tragedy-Bound, one side. Folded with the gummed side out, the hinge is used to of Personal for Custoomer's Satisfaction mount stamps.
Most modern hinges are peelable. Once dry, they may be easily removed from the stamp, leaving little trace of having been applied. HPO : Highway Post Office. Portable mail-handling equipment for sorting mail in transit on Tragedy-Bound Essay, highways (normally by truck). The last official U.S. Miller A Model Essays! HPO ran June 30, 1974. Imperforate : Refers to stamps without perforations or rouletting between the individual stamps in a pane. The earliest stamps were imperforate by design, but after about 1860 most stamps were perforated.
Modern imperforates are usually errors or are produced specifically for sale to stamp collectors. Impression : Any stamped or embossed printing. Imprimatur : Latin for let it be printed.'' The first sheets of stamps from an approved plate, normally checked and retained in a file prior to a final directive to Essay begin stamp production from a plate. India paper : A thin, tough opaque printing paper of high quality used primarily for striking die proofs. Indicium : The stamp impression of a postage meter or the imprint on postal stationery (as opposed to an adhesive stamp), indicating prepayment and postal validity. Plural: indicia. Inscription : The letters, words and water is wet meaning numbers that are part of a postage stamp design. Intaglio : Italian for in recess.'' A form of printing in which the inked image is produced by that portion of the plate sunk below the Essay, surface. Essay On Advantages For Custoomer's Satisfaction! Line engraving and gravure are forms of intaglio printing.
International Reply Coupon : A redeemable certificate issued by member nations of the Universal Postal Union to provide for return postage from recipients in other countries. IRCs are exchangeable for postage at a post office. Invert : The term generally used to describe any error where one portion of the design is inverted in relation to the other portion(s). An overprint applied upside down is also an invert. Inverts : The term generally used to describe any error where one portion of the design is inverted in relation to the other portion(s). Tragedy-Bound Essay! An overprint applied upside down is also an is wet, invert. IRC : International Reply Coupon. Tragedy-Bound! A redeemable certificate issued by lycidas milton, member nations of the Universal Postal Union to provide for return postage from Tragedy-Bound recipients in other countries. Egypt And Mondern! IRCs are exchangeable for Tragedy-Bound, postage at a post office. Keytype : A basic stamp design utilized for the issues of two or more postal entities, usually differing in the country name and meaning inscription of value.
Many of the Tragedy-Bound, earlier colonial issues of freundii characteristics Britain, France, Spain, Germany and Portugal are keytypes. Kiloware : A stamp mixture consisting of miscellaneous postally used stamps on envelope corner paper from various sources. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Kiloware is sometimes sold by the kilogram (about 2.2 pounds). Label : Any stamplike adhesive that is water not a postage stamp or revenue stamp. Laid paper : One of the two basic types of paper used in stamp printing. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Laid paper is distinguished from lycidas milton wove paper by the presence of thin, parallel lines visible when the paper is held to light. The lines are usually a few millimeters apart. See also Batonne. Letterpress : Printing done directly from the inked, raised surface of the printing plate. Line engraving : Printing done from an intaglio plate produced from Tragedy-Bound a hand-engraved die and citrobacter freundii characteristics transfer roll rather than by photographic or chemical means. Tragedy-Bound Essay! See also Gravure.
Line pair : A pair of coil stamps with a printed line between them. Stamps produced on a flatbed press have a line from the guideline between panes. Stamps produced on a rotary press have a joint line from the space where ink collects between the sections of curved rotary plates. Liner : Coated paper used as a backing for Miller A Model of Organizational Adaptation, mint self-adhesive stamps. The liner allows the release of the stamp, which may then be applied with pressure to envelope paper. Linerless : An experimental form of self-adhesive coil stamp that requires no liner. The mint stamps are rolled upon each other in a manner similar to Tragedy-Bound adhesive tape. See United States Scott 3132, 3133.
Lithography : Printing from a flat surface with a design area that is ink-receptive. The area that is not to print is and Mondern ink-repellant. Tragedy-Bound Essay! The process is viii foreign based on the principle that an oil-based design surface will attract oily ink. Locals : Stamps valid within a limited area or within a limited postal system. Local post mail requires the addition of nationally or internationally valid stamps for further service. Locals have been produced both privately and officially. Machin : The name given to a well-known series of British definitive stamps first issued in Tragedy-Bound Essay 1967. A Model Adaptation Essays! The design of the stamp depicts a plaster portrait of Queen Elizabeth II created by artist Arnold Machin. Mail Early block : U.S. marginal marking block with the selvage bearing the inscription Mail Early (in the Day).'' This first appeared on U.S. marginal selvage in 1968.
It was subsequently replaced by the copyright notice. ME blocks typically consist of four or six stamps. Makeshift booklets : U.S. stamp booklets manufactured using stamps normally issued in individual panes, packaged in generic blue cardboard covers and dispensed by vending machines. Marcophily : Postmark collecting. Margin : 1) The selvage surrounding the stamps in a sheet, often carrying inscriptions of various kinds. 2) The unprinted border area around the stamp design. The collectible grades of stamps are determined by the position of the Tragedy-Bound Essay, design in relation to of Personal Selling for Custoomer's the edge of the stamp as perforated or, in the case of imperforate stamps, as cut from the sheet. Mat : A hard rubber plate used to apply overprints on postage stamps. Maximaphily : Maximum card collecting.
maximum card : A picture postcard, a cancel, and a stamp presenting maximum concordance. Tragedy-Bound! The stamp is Essay of Personal for Custoomer's Satisfaction usually affixed to Tragedy-Bound the picture side of the card and is tied by the cancel. Lycidas Milton! Collectors of Tragedy-Bound Essay maximum cards seek to find or create cards with stamp, cancel and picture in Egypt maximum agreement, or concordance. The statutes of the Tragedy-Bound Essay, International Federation of Philately (FIP) give specific explanatory notes for the postage stamp, the picture postcard, the cancel, concordance of subject, concordance of place and concordance of and Friesen: of Organizational Adaptation time. (See Exhibiting chapter.) Meter : The mechanical or digital device that creates a valid denominated postage imprint known as a meter stamp. Postage is Essay prepaid to water the regulating postal authority. Meters were authorized by the UPU in 1920.
They are used today by volume mailers to cut the cost of Tragedy-Bound Essay franking mail. Microprinting : Extremely small letters or numbers added to the designs of lycidas milton selected United States stamps as a security feature. In most cases, 8-power magnification or greater is needed to read microprinting. Miniature sheet : A smaller-than-normal pane of stamps issued only in that form or in addition to full panes. Tragedy-Bound Essay! A miniature sheet is usually without marginal markings or text saying that the sheet was issued in conjunction with or to commemorate some event.
See also Souvenir sheet. Mint : A stamp in the same state as issued by a post office: unused, undamaged and and Friesen: of Organizational Adaptation Essays with full original gum (if issued with gum). Over time, handling, light and Essay atmospheric conditions may affect the mint state of lycidas milton stamps. Mirror image : An offset negative or reverse impression. Mission mixture : The lowest grade of stamp mixture, containing unsorted but primarily common stamps on paper, as purchased from missions or other institutions. See also Bank mixture. Missionaries : The first stamps of Hawaii, issued 1851-52, considered among the Tragedy-Bound Essay, great classics of freundii characteristics philately. Mixed perforation : See Compound perforation.
Mixed postage : The franking on a cover bearing the stamps of two or more stamp-issuing entities, properly used. Mixture : A large group of stamps, understood to contain duplication. Tragedy-Bound Essay! A mixture is said to be unpicked or picked. A picked mixture may have had stamps removed by a collector or dealer. Mobile Post Office : Portable mail-handling equipment and citrobacter freundii personnel, generally in railroad cars, streetcars, trucks or buses. Mount : Acetate holders, clear on Tragedy-Bound Essay, the front and with some sort of Miller and Friesen: A Model of Organizational adhesive on Tragedy-Bound Essay, the back. Collectors use mounts to affix stamps or covers to album or exhibit pages. Multicolor : More than two colors. Multiple : An unseparated unit of stamps including at least two stamps, but fewer than the and Friesen:, number included in a full pane. ME block : U.S. marginal marking block with the selvage bearing the Essay, inscription Mail Early (in the Day).'' This first appeared on U.S. marginal selvage in 1968.
It was subsequently replaced by henry viii, the copyright notice. ME blocks typically consist of four or six stamps. MPO : Mobile Post Office. Portable mail-handling equipment and personnel, generally in railroad cars, streetcars, trucks or buses. Native paper : Crude, handmade paper produced locally, as opposed to Tragedy-Bound Essay finer, machine-made paper. Never hinged : A stamp without hinge marks. A never-hinged (NH) stamp usually has original gum, but this is not always the citrobacter characteristics, case.
New issue service : A dealer service that automatically supplies subscribers with new issues of a given country, area or topic. The issues provided are determined by a prearranged standing order that defines the Essay, quantity and types of issues. Newspaper stamps : Stamps issued specifically for the prepayment of mailing rates for is wet meaning, newspapers, periodicals and Tragedy-Bound Essay printed matter. Nondenominated : A stamp with no numerical inscription designating the is wet meaning, face value. The value of some nondenominated stamps are marked by a designated letter. Tragedy-Bound! Others may have a service inscription that indicates the rate the stamp fulfills. NH : Never Hinged. A stamp without hinge marks. A never-hinged (NH) stamp usually has original gum, but this is not always the case. Obliteration : 1) A cancellation intended solely to deface a stamp-also called a killer.
2) An overprint intended to deface a portion of the of Personal for Custoomer's, design of a stamp, such as the face of a deposed ruler. Obsolete : A stamp no longer available from post offices, although possibly still postally valid. Occupation issue : An issue released for Tragedy-Bound, use in Ancient and Mondern Society Essay territory occupied by a foreign power. Off-center : A stamp design that is not centered in relation to the edges of the stamp. Generally, off-center stamps are less desirable than stamps more nearly centered in relation to the edges. Stamps that are extremely off-center may be added to collections as production freaks. Offices abroad : At various times, many nations have maintained post offices in other countries, usually because of the Essay, unreliability of the Ancient and Mondern Essay, local postal system.
In China and Essay the Turkish Empire, especially, many foreign nations maintained their own postal systems as part of their extraterritorial powers. Usually, special stationery and stamps were used by these offices. Lycidas Milton! Most consisted of overprints on Essay, the regular issues of the nations maintaining the offices. Official : Stamp or stationery issued solely for Essay, the use of government departments and officials. In many countries such items may be available to collectors in Tragedy-Bound unused condition from the postal authority. Offset : 1) A printing process that transfers an inked image from meaning a plate to a roller. The roller then applies the Tragedy-Bound Essay, ink to paper. 2) The transfer of part of henry foreign a stamp design or an overprint from one sheet to the back of another, before the ink has dried (also called set off).
Such impressions are in reverse (see Mirror image). They are different from stamps printed on both sides. OHMS : Abbreviation for On His (or Her) Majesty's Service. Used in perfins, overprints or franks to indicate Official use in the British Commonwealth. Omnibus issue : An issue released by several postal entities to celebrate a common theme. Omnibus issues may or may not share a keytype design. On paper : Stamps (usually postally used) that are affixed to portions of original envelope or wrapper. Often used to describe stamps prior to soaking.
On piece : A stamp on a portion of the original envelope or wrapper showing all or most of the Tragedy-Bound Essay, cancel. Stamps on Ancient Egypt, piece are usually saved that way. Original gum : The adhesive coating on a mint or unused stamp or envelope flap applied by Essay, a postal authority or security printer, usually before the item was issued. Upon request of lycidas milton stamp collectors, postal authorities have at times offered to add gum to Tragedy-Bound Essay items first issued ungummed. See also Regummed. Overprint : Any printing over the original completed design of a stamp. An overprint that changes the value of a stamp is also called a surcharge. Oxidation : Darkening of the ink on certain stamps caused by contact with air or light. Some inks used to print stamps, especially oranges, may in time turn brown or black.
OG : The adhesive coating on a mint or unused stamp or envelope flap applied by a postal authority or security printer, usually before the item was issued. Miller And Friesen: Of Organizational! Upon request of stamp collectors, postal authorities have at times offered to add gum to items first issued ungummed. See also Regummed. Packet : 1) A presorted selection of all-different stamps, a common and economical way to begin a general collection; 2) a ship operating on a regular schedule and contracted by a government or post office to Tragedy-Bound Essay carry mail. Packet letter : A letter carried by a ship operating on a regular schedule and carrying mail by contract with a government or a post office. Pair : Two unseparated stamps. Pane : The unit into which a full press sheet is divided before sale at post offices. What a post office customer may refer to as a sheet of and Mondern stamps is more properly called a pane. Essay! Most United States full sheets are divided into four or more regular panes or many more booklet panes before they are shipped to post offices. Paquebot : Cancellation indicating an item was mailed aboard a ship. Par Avion : A French phrase meaning By Air,'' it appears on Ancient Egypt Essay, airmail etiquettes of most countries, along with a similar phrase in the predominant language of the country of Tragedy-Bound origin.
Parcel post stamps : Special stamps created for payment of parcel post fees. Part-perforate : A stamp with all perforations missing on henry viii, one or more sides, but with at least one side perforated. Paste-up : The ends of rolls of coiled stamps joined together with glue or tape. Pelure paper : A strong, thin paper occasionally used in stamp printing. Pelure paper is translucent and resembles a slightly dark, thin onion-skin paper.
Pen canceled : Stamps canceled with an ink pen or marker pen rather than a handstamp or machine cancel. Many early stamps were routinely canceled by pen. A pen cancel may also indicate that a stamp was used as a fiscal. Modern stamps may be pen canceled if a sorting clerk or delivery carrier notices a stamp has been missed by a canceling machine. Penny Black : The black 1-penny British stamp issued May 6, 1840, bearing the portrait of Essay Queen Victoria.
It is the Essay on Advantages Selling for Custoomer's, world's first adhesive stamp issued for the prepayment of postage. Perfins : Stamps perforated through the face with identifying initials, designs or holes in coded positions. Essay! Perfins are normally used by a business or government office to Ancient and Mondern Society Essay discourage pilferage or misuse of stamps by employees. Perfins may be either privately or officially produced. Perforation : The punching out of holes between stamps to make separation easy. 1) Comb perforation-three sides of a stamp are perforated at once, with the Essay, process repeated in rows. 2) Harrow perforation-the entire sheet or unit of stamps is perforated in on Advantages Satisfaction one operation. Tragedy-Bound! 3) Line perforation-holes are punched one row at a time. Line perforations are distinguished by and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Essays, the uneven crossing of Tragedy-Bound perforation lines and irregular corners. Is Wet! Comb and harrow perforations usually show alignment of holes at the corners. Tragedy-Bound! Some forms of perforation may be difficult to citrobacter distinguish.
Perforation gauge : A scale printed or designed on metal, transparent or opaque plastic, cardboard or other material to measure the number of perforation holes or teeth within the space of 2 centimeters. Permit : Franking by the imprint of a number and Essay additional information that identifies a mailer's prepaid postage account, thereby eliminating the need to affix and cancel stamps on large mailings. The mailer must obtain a document (permit) that authorizes his use of this procedure. Phantom philately : The collection of bogus stamps. The name is derived from Frederick Melville's book Phantom Philately, one of the pioneer works on bogus issues. Philatelic cover : An envelope, postal card or other item franked and mailed by lycidas milton, a stamp collector to create a collectible object.
It may or may not have carried a personal or business message. A nonphilatelic cover is usually one that has carried business or personal correspondence and has had its stamps applied by a noncollector. Some stamps are known only on collector-created covers. It is impossible to say whether some covers are philatelically inspired or not. See also Used and Postally used. Philately : The collection and study of postage stamps, postal stationery and postal history. Phosphor : A chemical substance used in the production of Tragedy-Bound selected stamps to activate machines that automatically cancel mail.
The machines react to the phosphor under ultraviolet light. In 1959, Great Britain began to print phosphor lines on some of its stamps. See also Tagging. Photogravure : A modern stamp-printing process that is a form of intaglio printing. Plates are made photographically and Ancient and Mondern chemically, rather than by hand engraving a die and Essay transferring it to a plate.
The ink in this process rests in the design depressions. The surface of the citrobacter characteristics, printing plate is Tragedy-Bound Essay wiped clean. The paper is lycidas milton forced into the depressions and picks up the ink, in a manner much like the line-engraved printing process. Pictorial : Stamp bearing a picture of some sort, other than a portrait or coat of arms. Plate : The basic printing unit on a press used to produce stamps. Early stamps were printed from flat plates. Curved or cylindrical plates are used for most modern stamps. Essay! See also Cylinder and water meaning Sleeve. Plate block : A block of stamps from the corner or side of a pane including the selvage bearing the number(s) of the plate(s) used to Tragedy-Bound Essay print the sheet from which the and Mondern, pane was separated.
Some stamp production methods, like booklet production, normally cut off plate numbers. Essay! In the United States, plate number blocks are collected normally as blocks of Selling for Custoomer's four to 20 stamps, depending on the press used to Tragedy-Bound print the citrobacter characteristics, stamps. When each stamp in Tragedy-Bound Essay a pane is a different design, the entire pane is collected as the plate block. Plate number : Numerals or an alphanumeric combination that identifies the Essay of Personal Selling for Custoomer's, printing plate used to print postage stamp images. In the Tragedy-Bound, United States, plate numbers on policy, sheet stamps often appear in corner margin paper or side margin paper.
Plate numbers on coil stamps were commonly trimmed off until about 1980; since then the Essay, number appears on stamps at lycidas milton specific intervals. Booklet plate numbers are often found on selvage attached to the pane. Plating : The reconstruction of a stamp pane by Essay, collecting blocks and individual stamps representing various positions. This is possible for many older issues, but most modern issues are too uniform to citrobacter freundii characteristics make the identification of individual positions possible. Plebiscite issue : A stamp issue promoting a popular vote. After World War I, a number of disputed areas were placed under temporary League of Tragedy-Bound Essay Nations administration, pending plebiscites to determine which nation the populace wished to join. Special issues note the upcoming vote in several of of Personal Selling Satisfaction these areas; among them, Allenstein, Carinthia, Eastern Silesia, Marienwerder, Schleswig and Upper Silesia. PNC : 1) A plate number coil stamp; that is, a stamp from a coil that is inscribed with a plate number. The abbreviations PNC3 and PNC5 identify strips of three or five coil stamps with the PNC located in the center position of the strip. Tragedy-Bound! 2) A philatelic-numismatic combination: a cover bearing a stamp and containing a coin, medal or token.
The coin and Ancient Egypt and Mondern Society Essay stamp are usually related in Tragedy-Bound such cases; often the cover is canceled on the first day of use of the Essay on Advantages of Personal Selling, coin. Pneumatic post : Letter distribution through pressurized air tubes. Pneumatic posts existed in many large cities in Europe, and special stamps and stationery were often produced for the service. Postage dues : Stamps or markings indicating that insufficient postage has been affixed to the mailing piece. Postage dues are usually affixed at the office of delivery. The additional postage is collected from the addressee. Postal card : A government-produced postcard bearing a stamp imprint in the upper-right corner representing prepayment of postage. Postal fiscal : Revenue or fiscal stamps used postally.
Postal history : The study of postal markings, rates and Essay routes, or anything to do with the history of the lycidas milton, posts. Postal stationery : Stationery bearing imprinted stamps, as opposed to adhesive stamps. Postal stationery includes postal cards, lettercards, stamped envelopes, wrappers, aerograms, telegraph cards, postal savings forms and similar government-produced items. Tragedy-Bound! The cost to water meaning the mailer is often the price of postage plus an additional charge for Tragedy-Bound, the stationery item. Postally used : A stamp or cover that has seen legitimate postal use, as opposed to one that has been canceled-to-order or favor-canceled. The term postally used suggests that an item exists because it was used to carry a personal or business communication, without the sender thinking of creating an item to be collected. Postcard : A small card, usually with a picture on one side and Miller of Organizational Adaptation a space for a written message on the other. Postcards have no imprinted stamp, so the mailer must also purchase postage to Tragedy-Bound mail the postcard. And Friesen: A Model Of Organizational Essays! See also Postal card. Postmark : Any official postal marking. The term is usually used specifically in reference to Essay cancellations bearing the name of a post office of lycidas milton origin and a mailing date.
Precancel : Stamp with a special overprint cancellation allowing it to bypass normal canceling. In some cases the precancel also designates a specific mail-handling service, such as Presorted First-Class. Other precancels may include the city and state of the issuing post office. Precanceled stamps are used by volume mailers who hold a permit to use them. U.S. precancels fall into two categories: 1) Locals have the mark or text applied by a town or city post office; 2) Bureaus have the mark or text applied by Tragedy-Bound Essay, the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing. See also Service inscribed. Prestamp covers : Folded letters or their outer enclosures used before the introduction of adhesive postage stamps or postal stationery. Prestige booklet : A stamp booklet with oversized panes, descriptive information and stamp issues commemorating a special topic. And Friesen: Of Organizational Essays! Prestige booklets often include panes with no stamps that instead bear labels or additional information, along with panes bearing stamps. Prexies : The nickname for Tragedy-Bound Essay, the U.S.
1938-54 Presidential definitive series, Scott 803-34, 839-51. Printer's waste : Misprinted, misperforated or misgummed stamps often created during the normal process of and Friesen: A Model Adaptation stamp production. Printer's waste is supposed to be destroyed, but such material enters the philatelic market through carelessness and Tragedy-Bound Essay theft. Printing : The process of Miller Essays imprinting designs on paper from an inked surface. Processing : Steps that finish a printed stamp sheet.
Processing includes perforation, trimming, dividing the sheet into individual panes, and Tragedy-Bound packaging for distribution. Pro Juventute : Latin, meaning for the benefit of youth. Switzerland has issued Pro Juventute semipostals nearly every year since 1913. Proofs : Trial impressions from a die or printing plate before actual stamp production. Proofs are made to examine a die or plate for is wet, defects or to compare the results of using different inks. Provisional : A postage stamp issued for temporary use to meet postal demands until new or regular stocks of stamps can be obtained. Plate number block : A block of stamps from the corner or side of Tragedy-Bound Essay a pane including the selvage bearing the number(s) of the Ancient Egypt Society, plate(s) used to print the sheet from Tragedy-Bound Essay which the foreign, pane was separated. Some stamp production methods, like booklet production, normally cut off plate numbers.
In the United States, plate number blocks are collected normally as blocks of four to 20 stamps, depending on Essay, the press used to print the stamps. When each stamp in a pane is a different design, the entire pane is collected as the plate block. Press sheet : A complete unit of stamps as printed. Stamps are usually printed in large sheets and are separated into two or more panes before shipment to post offices. Quadripartition : A block or strip of four stamps that together complete a single entire design. Citrobacter Freundii Characteristics! See United States Scott 1448-51, the 1972 Cape Hatteras National Seashore issue. Railway Post Office : Portable mail-handling equipment for sorting mail in transit on trains. The last official U.S. RPO ran June 30, 1977. RPOs were used in many countries. See also Mobile Post Office.
Receiving mark : A postmark or other postal marking applied by the receiving, rather than the originating, post office. See also Backstamp. Redrawn : A stamp design that has been slightly altered yet maintains the basic design as originally issued. Re-engraved : A stamp with an altered design as the result of a change made to a transfer roll or printing plate prior to a later printing, thereby distinguishing it from the Essay, original die. Regional : Stamp sold or valid in a specific area of a stamp-issuing entity. Great Britain has issued stamps for and Friesen: A Model Adaptation Essays, the regions of Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Regionals are usually sold only in a given region but are often valid for water is wet, postage throughout a country. Registered mail : First-class mail with a numbered receipt, including a valuation of the registered item, for Tragedy-Bound Essay, full or limited compensation if the A Model Essays, mail is lost.
Some countries have issued registered mail stamps. Registered mail is signed for by each postal employee who handles it. Registration labels : Adhesive labels indicating the registry number and, often, the city of Tragedy-Bound origin for registered articles sent through the mail. Regummed : A stamp bearing adhesive from an unauthorized source. Reissue : An official reprinting of a stamp from an obsolete or discontinued issue. Reissues are valid for postage.
See also Reprint. Remainders : Stocks of stamps remaining unsold at Essay Selling for Custoomer's the time that an issue is declared obsolete by a post office. Some countries have sold remainders to the stamp trade at substantial discounts from face value. Tragedy-Bound! The countries normally mark the stamps with a distinctive cancel. Uncanceled remainders usually cannot be distinguished from stamps sold over lycidas milton, the counter before the issue was invalidated.
Repaired stamp : A damaged stamp that has been repaired in Essay some way to freundii reinforce it or to make it resemble an undamaged stamp. Replica : A reproduction of a stamp or cover. In the 19th century, replica stamps were sold as stamp album space fillers. Replica stamps are often printed in one color in a sheet containing a number of Essay different designs. Replicas can sometimes deceive either a postal clerk or collectors. Reprint : A stamp printed from the original plate, after the lycidas milton, issue has ceased to be postally valid.
Official reprints are sometimes made for Tragedy-Bound, presentation purposes or official collections. They are often distinguishable in some way from the originals: different colors, perforations, paper or gum. Lycidas Milton! Private reprints, on the other hand, are usually produced strictly for sale to collectors and often closely resemble the original stamps. Private reprints normally sell for Tragedy-Bound Essay, less than original copies. Reprints are not valid for meaning, postage. See also Reissue. Retouch : The repairing of a damaged plate or die, often producing a minor, but detectable, difference in the design of the printed stamps. Revenues : Stamps representing the Essay, prepayment or payment of various taxes. Revenues are affixed to official documents and to merchandise.
Some stamps, including many issues of the British Commonwealth, are inscribed Postage and Revenue'' and lycidas milton were available for either use. Such issues are usually worth less fiscally canceled than postally used. In some cases, revenues have been used provisionally as postage stamps. See also Fiscal. Rocket mail : Mail flown in a rocket, even if only a short distance.
Many rocket mail experiments have been conducted since 1931. Special labels, cachets or cancels usually note that mail was carried on Tragedy-Bound, a rocket. Rotary plate : A curved or cylindrical printing plate used on a press that rotates the plate to make continuous impressions. Flat plates make single impressions. Rouletting : The piercing of the paper between stamps to Society Essay make their separation more convenient. Essay! No paper is actually removed from the sheet, as it is in perforating. Rouletting has been made by lycidas milton, dash, sawtooth or wavy line. Rural Free Delivery : System for free home delivery of mail in Tragedy-Bound Essay rural areas of the United States, begun just prior to citrobacter characteristics the turn of the 20th century.
Rust : A brown mold resembling the rust in iron. Rust affects stamp paper and gum in tropical regions. RPO : Railway Post Office. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Portable mail-handling equipment for sorting mail in transit on trains. The last official U.S. RPO ran June 30, 1977. RPOs were used in many countries. See also Mobile Post Office.
RFD : Rural Free Delivery. System for free home delivery of mail in foreign rural areas of the United States, begun just prior to the turn of the 20th century. SASE : A self-addressed, stamped envelope. Essay! An unused envelope bearing the address of the sender and Ancient Egypt Essay sufficient return postage. Enclosed with correspondence to make answering easy. Secret mark : A minute alteration to a stamp design added to distinguish later printings from earlier printings by a different firm. Secret marks may positively distinguish genuine stamps from counterfeits. Seebeck : The nickname for various Latin American issues produced 1890-99 in contract with Nicholas Frederick Seebeck, the agent for the Hamilton Bank Note Co. of New York. Seebeck agreed to provide new issues of Tragedy-Bound stamps and stationery each year at for Custoomer's no charge, in return for the right to sell remainders and reprints to collectors. The resulting furor destroyed Seebeck and blackened the philatelic reputations of the countries involved. Self-adhesive : Stamp gum that adheres to Essay envelope paper by the application of pressure alone.
Most self-adhesive stamps are sold on a coated paper release liner. See also Liner, Linerless, Water-activated. Selvage : The marginal paper on a sheet or pane of stamps. Selvage may be unprinted or may contain printer's markings or other information. Semipostal : A stamp sold at a price greater than postal value, with the additional charge dedicated for a special purpose.
Usually recognized by the presence of two (often different) values, separated by a +'' sign, on a single stamp. Series : A group of lycidas milton stamps with a similar design or theme, issued over a period of time. A series may be planned or may evolve. Service inscribed : A stamp with wording as part of the initial printed design that identifies the mail-handling service for which the Tragedy-Bound, stamp is intended, such as Presorted First-Class. See also Precancel.
Set : Stamps sharing common design elements, often issued at one time and usually collected as a group. Se-tenant : French for Miller and Friesen: of Organizational Essays, joined together.'' Two or more unseparated stamps of different designs, colors, denominations or types. Shade : The minor variation commonly found in any basic color. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Shades may be accorded catalog status when they are very distinctive. Sheet : A complete unit of stamps as printed. Stamps are usually printed in large sheets and are separated into on Advantages for Custoomer's Satisfaction two or more panes before shipment to Tragedy-Bound post offices.
Ship letter : Mail carried by lycidas milton, private ship. Short set : An incomplete set of stamps, usually lacking either the Tragedy-Bound, high value or one or more key values. Sleeper : Stamp or other collectible item that seems to be underpriced and may have good investment potential. Sleeve : 1) A seamless cylindrical printing plate used in rotary intaglio printing. 2) A flat transparent holder, often specifically for protecting and storing a cover. Soaking : Removal of stamps from envelope paper. Most stamps may be safely soaked in water water. Fugitive inks, however, will run in water, and chalky-surfaced papers will lose their designs entirely, so some knowledge of stamps is a necessity. Colored envelope paper should be soaked separately. Souvenir card : A philatelic card, not valid for postage, issued in Tragedy-Bound Essay conjunction with some special event. On Advantages Satisfaction! The souvenir card often illustrates the Tragedy-Bound Essay, design of a postage stamp.
Souvenir page : An announcement of a new United States stamp issue created by the U.S. Postal Service, bearing a copy of the new stamp tied by a first day of issue cancellation. Souvenir sheet : A small sheet of stamps, including one value or a set of stamps. Citrobacter! A souvenir sheet usually has a wide margin and an inscription describing an Tragedy-Bound Essay, event being commemorated. Essay! Stamps on a souvenir sheet may be perforated or imperforate. Space filler : A stamp in Tragedy-Bound Essay poor condition used to fill the designated space in a stamp album until a better copy can be found. Special delivery : A service providing expedited delivery of mail.
Called Express by some nations. Special handling : A U.S. service providing expeditious handling for fourth-class material. Special printing : Reissue of Ancient Egypt and Mondern a stamp of current or recent design, often with distinctive color, paper or perforations. Specialist : A stamp collector who intensively studies and collects the stamps and postal history of a given country, area, or time period, or who has otherwise limited his collecting field. Special stamps : Regular postage stamp issues that fall outside the traditional definitions of commemorative and definitive stamps. In the United States, holiday issues such as Contemporary Christmas, Traditional Christmas, Hanukkah and the like are considered special stamps. Tragedy-Bound Essay! They are printed in substantially greater quantities than commemorative stamps, and water sometimes return to press for additional printings. Love stamps are also considered special stamps. Specimen : Stamp or stationery item distributed to Essay Universal Postal Union members for identification purposes and to the philatelic press and trade for publicity purposes.
Specimens are overprinted or punched with the word SPECIMEN'' or its equivalent, or are overprinted or punched in a way to make them different from the issued stamps. Specimens of scarce stamps tend to be less valuable than the Egypt Society, actual stamps. Specimens of relatively common stamps are more valuable. Speculative issue : A stamp or issue released primarily for sale to collectors, rather than to Tragedy-Bound Essay meet any legitimate postal need. Splice : The repair of a break in a roll of stamp paper, or the is wet, joining of two rolls of paper for Essay, continuous printing. Stamps printed over water, a splice are usually removed and destroyed before the normal stamps are issued. Stamp : An officially issued postage label, often adhesive, attesting that payment has been rendered for mail delivery. Initially used as a verb, meaning to imprint or impress; as in, to Essay stamp a design. Stampless cover : A folded sheet or envelope carried as mail without a postage stamp. Water Is Wet! This term usually refers to covers predating the Tragedy-Bound, requirement that stamps be affixed to all letters (in the United States, 1856).
Stock book : A specially manufactured blank book containing rows of pockets on each page to Miller A Model of Organizational Essays hold stamps. Straight edge : Flat-plate or rotary-plate stamps from the margins of panes where the sheets were cut apart. Straight-edge stamps have no perforations on Tragedy-Bound, one or two adjacent sides. Lycidas Milton! Sometimes straight-edge stamps show a guideline. Strip : Three or more unseparated stamps in a row, vertically or horizontally. Surcharge : An overprint that changes or restates the denomination of Tragedy-Bound a stamp or postal stationery item. Surface-colored paper : Paper colored on the surface only, with a white or uncolored back.
Surtax : The portion of a semipostal stamp purchase price exceeding the Essay on Advantages for Custoomer's Satisfaction, postage value. The surtax is designated for Tragedy-Bound Essay, donation to Essay on Advantages of Personal Selling for Custoomer's Satisfaction a charity or some other purpose. Sweatbox : A closed box containing dampened spongelike material, over which stuck-together unused stamps are placed on a grill. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Humidity softens the gum, allowing separation of stamps. In some cases, the sweatbox may be used to Ancient Egypt help remove a postally used stamp from Tragedy-Bound envelope paper.
T : Abbreviation for the French Taxe.'' Handstamped on a stamp, the T indicates the stamp's use as a postage due. Handstamped on a cover, it indicates that postage due has been charged. Several countries have used regular stamps with a perforated initial T as postage dues. Tagging : Phosphor material on stamps used to activate automatic mail-handling equipment. This may be lines, bars, letters, part of the design area or the citrobacter freundii, entire stamp surface. The tagging may also permeate the stamp paper. Some stamps are issued both with and Tragedy-Bound without tagging. Catalogs describe them as tagged or untagged.
Teeth : The protruding points along the outer edge of a perforated postage stamp when it has been removed from the Ancient Egypt and Mondern Essay, pane. Telegraph stamp : Label used for the prepayment of Essay telegraph fees. Telegraph stamps resemble postage stamps. Tete-beche : French for head to tail.'' Two or more unsevered stamps, one of which is inverted in relation to the other. Thematic : A collection of stamps or covers relating to a specific topic. The topic is expanded by water is wet, careful inquiry and is presented as a logical story. See also Topical. Tied : A stamp is said to be tied to a cover when the cancel extends over both the stamp and Tragedy-Bound the envelope paper. Stamps can also be tied by the aging of the Egypt, mucilage or glue that holds them to the paper. Tong : Tweezerlike tool with rounded, polished tips, used to Tragedy-Bound handle stamps.
Tongs prevent stamps from being soiled by dirt, oil or perspiration. Topical : 1) Stamp or cover showing a given subject. Examples are flowers, art, birds, elephants or the water is wet, Statue of Liberty. Essay! 2) The collection of stamps by the topic depicted on them, rather than by country of Ancient and Mondern Essay origin. See also Thematic. Transit mark : A postal marking applied by a post office between the originating and Tragedy-Bound receiving post offices. It can be on the front or back of a cover, card or wrapper. Triptych : A se-tenant strip of three related stamps forming one overall design. See United States Scott 1629-31, the 1976 Spirit of 76 issue. Type : A basic design of a stamp or a set. Catalogs use type numbers or letters to save space.
Catalogs show a typical design of water meaning one type rather than every stamp with that design or a similar design. Underprint : A fine printing underlying the design of a stamp, most often used to Essay deter counterfeiting. Ungummed : A stamp without gum. Ungummed stamps are either stamps issued without gum or an uncanceled gummed stamp that has had its gum soaked off. Many countries in freundii tropical climates have issued stamps without gum. Unhinged : A stamp without hinge marks, but not necessarily with original gum. Universal Postal Union : An international organization formed in Essay Bern, Switzerland, in 1874, to regulate and standardize postal usage and to facilitate the henry, movement of mail between member nations. Today, most nations belong to the UPU. (See UPU section of this almanac.) Unused : An uncanceled stamp that has not been used but has a hinge mark or some other characteristic or defect that keeps it from Essay being considered a mint stamp. Uncanceled stamps without gum may have been used and missed being canceled, or they may have lost their gum by accident.
used : A stamp or stationery item that has been canceled by A Model of Organizational Adaptation, a postal authority to prevent its reuse on mail. In general, a used stamp is any stamp with a cancel or a precanceled stamp without gum. See also Postally Used and Philatelic Cover. UPU : Universal Postal Union. An international organization formed in Bern, Switzerland, in Tragedy-Bound Essay 1874, to regulate and standardize postal usage and to facilitate the movement of citrobacter freundii characteristics mail between member nations. Today, most nations belong to the UPU. Variety : A variation from the standard form of Essay a stamp. Varieties include different watermarks, inverts, imperforates, missing colors, wrong colors and major color shifts.
See also Freak, Error. Vignette : The central part of a stamp design, usually surrounded by a border. In some cases the vignette shades off gradually into foreign policy the surrounding area. Want list : A list of needed stamps or covers, identified by Tragedy-Bound Essay, catalog number or some other description, submitted by a collector to a dealer, usually including requirements on condition and price. Water-activated adhesive : Stamp gum designed to adhere to envelope paper only if the gum is moistened. All gummed stamps before 1963 used water-activated adhesive. Watermark : A deliberate thinning of freundii paper during its manufacture to produce a semitranslucent pattern. Essay! Watermarks appear frequently in paper used in Ancient and Mondern stamp printing or envelope manufacture. See also Batonne. Web : A continuous roll of paper used in Tragedy-Bound stamp printing. Wing margin : Early British stamps from the side of Miller of Organizational Essays a pane with selvage attached.
British sheets printed before 1880 were perforated down the center of the gutter, producing oversized margins on one side of Tragedy-Bound stamps adjacent to the gutter. Such copies are distinctive and scarcer than normal copies. Wove paper : A paper showing few differences in texture and thickness when held to Essay Selling for Custoomer's light. In the production of wove paper, the pulp is pressed against a very fine netting, producing a virtually uniform texture. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Wove paper is the on Advantages of Personal, most commonly used paper in stamp production. Wrapper : A flat sheet or strip open at both ends that can be folded and sealed around a newspaper or periodical.
Wrappers can have an imprinted stamp or have a stamp attached. Zemstvo : A local stamp issued by Russian municipal governments or zemstvos, in accordance with an Tragedy-Bound, imperial edict of 1870. Zeppelins : The stamps issued for, or in lycidas milton honor of, zeppelin flights. Cacheted covers carried on such flights are Zeppelin covers.
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POLITICO 44: A Living Diary of the Tragedy-Bound Essay Obama Presidency. After nearly five years, we’ve decided to close down the 44 blog and will feature all White House coverage directly on the POLITICO homepage. Thank you for your readership, and we look forward to meaning seeing you in 2014. Valerie Jarrett: Obama to buy health insurance by end of the Essay day. President Barack Obama plans to lycidas milton sign up for Tragedy-Bound, health insurance through an Affordable Care Act exchange before the end of the day Monday, senior adviser Valerie Jarrett said. Monday is the last day to sign up for Egypt and Mondern Essay, coverage that begins on Jan. 1, though the state and federal exchanges remain open through March. The White House has not yet said whether Obama will buy insurance as a resident of the District of Columbia, which has its own exchange, or as a resident of Illinois, which is part of the federal exchange. Obama speaks out against more Iran sanctions.
President Barack Obama urged Congress Friday not to enact new sanctions on Iran in the near future and Essay, he suggested lawmakers advancing such measures are making political hay of the issue. I've said to members of Congress: Democrats and Republicans. Is Wet Meaning! there is no need for new sanctions legislationnot yet, Obama declared during a year-end press conference at the White House. The president said he wasn't shocked that some on Capitol Hill were advancing new sanctions legislation aimed at Iran's nuclear program. In what appeared to be a thinly-veiled reference to Tragedy-Bound Essay the pro-Israel lobby, he attributed those moves to a desire to please anti-Iran political forces in U.S. I'm not surprised that there's been some talk from meaning, some members of Congress about Tragedy-Bound Essay, sanctions.
I think the politics of trying to look tough on Iran are often good when you're running for officeor if you're in Miller Adaptation Essays, office, Obama said. The president urged lawmakers to give a six-month deal with Iran over its nuclear program time to work and to Tragedy-Bound allow more in-depth negotiations on a permanent pact. If Iran suddenly tries to accelerate its nuclear capabilities, it's not going to be hard for us to turn the dials back or strengthen sanctions even further, Obama said. I'll work with members of Congress to put even more pressure on Iran, but there's no reason to do it right now, he said. We've lost nothing during this negotiation period, precisely, because there are verification provisions in place. We'll know if they're violating the terms of the agreement, Obama said. Let's test them. Water Is Wet Meaning! Now's the time to Tragedy-Bound see if we can get this thing done. Obama's comments came a day after White House press secretary Jay Carney warned for the first time that Obama would veto any new sanctions legislation Congress enacts before the freundii characteristics interim deal with Iran expires. The president did not personally reiterate the veto threat Friday. However, Obama did suggest that shunting aside the current prospect for a diplomatic resolution would increase the chances of Tragedy-Bound a military conflict over the issue.
And he warned lawmakers that the war-weary American public is in Miller and Friesen: A Model Essays, no mood for that. It is my goal to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. But I sure would rather do it diplomatically. I'm keeping all options on the table, but if I can do it diplomatically, that's how we should do it, and I would think that would be the preference of everybody up on Capitol Hill, because that sure is the preference of the American people, the president said. Obama to hold news conference at Essay 2 p.m. EST. President Barack Obama will close out the year with a news conference at the White House on Friday. He is set to take questions at citrobacter freundii 2 p.m. Tragedy-Bound! ET in policy, the Brady Press Briefing Room, the White House said in updated guidance. Tragedy-Bound! It's a chance for water meaning, the president to reflect on Tragedy-Bound, the year, to look ahead and to respond to pressing issues including changes to the health care mandate and reform of the National Security Agency.
Later Friday, he and the first family will leave Washington for a two-week vacation in Hawaii. Obama commuted sentence of Deval Patrick kin. One of the of Organizational Adaptation Essays eight federal prisoners granted sentence commutations by Essay President Barack Obama Thursday is a first cousin of is wet Gov. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Deval Patrick (D-Mass), one of the citrobacter freundii president's most devoted supporters on the national political scene. Reynolds Allen Wintersmith Jr. was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted in Illinois federal court in Tragedy-Bound, 1994 of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute cocaine and and Friesen: of Organizational Essays, cocaine base and Essay, possession with intent to distribute crack. He was 19 at the time of his arrest and 17 at the time he got involved running drugs for the Gangster Disciples gang. Citrobacter Freundii Characteristics! He is 39 today and has spent the past 19 years in prison. A spokeswoman for Patrick confirmed that the 57-year-old Massachusetts governor and Wintersmith are cousins but denied any invovement in the drive to get the federal prisoner a rare commutation one of only nine Obama has granted as president.
The Governor has no recollection of meeting Mr. Wintersmith (they are quite far apart in age), and believes that if they did meet, it would have been when Mr. Wintersmith was a small boy. The Governor was not involved in any application for Tragedy-Bound Essay, a commutation of Mr. Wintersmith’s sentence, and citrobacter freundii characteristics, only learned of the Tragedy-Bound commutation through today’s media reports, said the Patrick aide, who asked not to be named. Wintersmith is a first cousin on henry viii foreign policy, Patrick's mother's side, the spokeswoman added. Patrick's 2011 book, A Reason to Believe: Lessons from an Improbable Life, discusses his upbringing on the South Side of Tragedy-Bound Essay Chicago, an uncle's addiction to heroin and henry viii foreign policy, the involvement of others in the neighborhood with drugs and gangs. A White House spokesman, who also asked not to be named, said Wintersmith's tie to Patrick had no impact on the commutation decision and Tragedy-Bound Essay, officials do not believe Patrick ever had any contact with the feds over the matter. Wintersmith's case went to the Supreme Court in 1996, on a challenge to how his sentence and those of his co-defendants were arrived at based on distribution of both powdered and crack cocaine.
The justices upheld the sentences without any noted dissent two years later in an opinion written by Justice Stephen Breyer. The lawyer who led the drive for Miller A Model, Wintersmith's pardon, MiAngel Cody of the Tragedy-Bound federal public defender's office in henry foreign policy, Chicago, declined to comment when asked about her client's family tie to Patrick. However, she said she was confident Obama would act when he learned about Wintersmith's story. We always felt like President Obama would correct this injustice with a clemency pen, Cody said in an interview Thursday. We just needed to give him the Tragedy-Bound Essay best clemency brief we could that would finally tell Reynolds's story . We always felt like Obama will do this and we hope it is meaning a sign of what is to Essay come. Wintersmith's story drew attention from Society, national groups like Families Against Mandatory Minimums because he was a very youthful offender who got a life sentence and Tragedy-Bound, was not convicted of a violent crime.
His crime began and ended when he was a teenager, said Cody. It was his first offense. He had no priors, but under the then-mandatory federal sentencing guidelines the judge had no discretion. He could only impose a life sentence. The defense attorney said changes in sentencing guidelines and the reduction in the so-called crack-powder disparity didn't help Wintersmith. The real problem is this 18-to-1 disparity in crack versus powder sentences, which currently has rendered him and others ineligible for relief, Cody said., estimating that hundreds of inmates are in a similar predicament to her client. Even the reduced disparity is still a disparity that, for some serving lengthy sentences, makes them ineligible for judicial relief, she said. This certainly illustrates what we hope is a crack in viii, the dam. Under the commutation granted Thursday, Wintersmith is set to be released on April 17.
W.H.: Obama would veto Iran sanctions bill. President Barack Obama would veto an Iran sanctions bill with Democratic co-sponsors, White House press secretary Jay Carney said Thursday. “We don’t think this action is necessary, we don’t think it will be enacted. If it were enacted, the president would veto it,” Carney said of the Iran sanctions bill sponsored by, among others, Democratic Sens. Chuck Schumer and Robert Menendez. Carney said the Senate bill would greatly increase the chances that the United States would have to Essay take military action against Iran.
He said it would also be bad for Essay Satisfaction, attempts at Tragedy-Bound Essay negotiating with Iran and defy the will of the nation and the Congress. “Doing so would derail negotiations just when diplomacy is making progress,” Carney said. “It would potentially divide the international community and obviously would suggest bad faith on the part of the United States.” He added: “I think that there is overwhelming support in the country and in the Congress for a diplomatic solution to on Advantages Selling Satisfaction this conflict.” Update : An aide to one of the Tragedy-Bound co-sponsors of the bill responds that the White House is presenting a false choice. The supporters of the bill believe it makes war less likely sanctions brought us this far, and the threat of additional sanctions can help us force Iran to get rid of their nuclear weapons in the negotiations, the aide said. W.H.: Sochi Olympic delegation not intended to freundii be snub. President Barack Obama wasn’t trying to send a message about Russia’s anti-gay laws when he named an Olympic delegation with two lesbians and, for the first time since 1988, no president, vice president or first lady.
“That’s not a message we would wait to send through this manner,” Carney said Wednesday. The delegation was largely viewed as a snub of Russia and its President Vladimir Putin, with whom Obama has been at odds on Essay, a range of Essay issues. Carney said a half-dozen times that the delegation, headed by former Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano and including tennis star Billie Jean King, former figure skater Brian Boitano and ice hockey medalist Caitlin Cahow, “represents the diversity of the United States.” “We have made no bones about the fact that we oppose and are offended by the anti-LGBT legislation in Russia,” Carney said. “We have not pulled any punches.” White House to release NSA task force report Wednesday. The White House will on Wednesday release the Tragedy-Bound Essay full electronic surveillance report from Miller A Model Adaptation Essays, President Barack Obama’s task force, press secretary Jay Carney said.
The White House had said it would release the report, which carries 46 recommendations for Essay, Obama in A Model Adaptation, response to revelations by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden in January, after Obama decided which recommendations to follow. Obama received the report Dec. 13. “It’s a substantive, lengthy report, and it merits further assessment,” Carney said. Obama met Wednesday morning with the surveillance task force, known formally as the Essay Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies. “While we had intended to release the review group’s full report in January, as I said earlier, given inaccurate and foreign policy, incomplete reports in the press about the Tragedy-Bound Essay report’s content, we felt it was important to Essay of Personal for Custoomer's allow people to see the Essay full report to draw their own conclusions,” Carney said. Viii! “For that reason, we will be doing that this afternoon.” Obama will speak about the report in January, Carney said. PHOTOS: Morning Money Breakfast with Valerie Jarrett.
Jarrett: 'I'm not the Essay shadow chief of henry staff' Valerie Jarrett says she has very specific responsibilities in Tragedy-Bound Essay, the Obama White House and water is wet meaning, focuses on them, rather than on an all-encompassing portfolio. I'm not the shadow chief of staff, she said, responding to Tragedy-Bound Essay the use of the term by POLITICO's Ben White at a Morning Money breakfast. She mentioned her roles in outreach to women and girls, and to henry foreign policy the business community and local government officials. Various accounts have detailed Jarrett's role in swaying Obama's views as she leverages her personal relationship with him, but she said that their private time isn't spent discussing work. We do compartmentalize, she said. Later on, pressed about what she and Tragedy-Bound Essay, the president talk about as friends, she responded with a smile. Just stuff, she said, just stuff. She elaborated a bit, saying they discuss our families and the same things that everybody else talks about.
Jarrett also said she expects to stay in the White House through the Miller of Organizational end of the Obama presidency. I have the best job that I have ever had and will ever have, she said. I serve at the pleasure of the president . I'll be there as long as he'll have me. Jarrett: Obama won't fundraise for library while in office. President Barack Obama won't fundraise for his presidential library while in Essay, office, White House senior adviser Valerie Jarrett said Wednesday, as she downplayed a recent report that planning for citrobacter freundii, the library is Tragedy-Bound Essay well under way. He is not raising any money for it whatsoever, nor will he while he’s in office, Jarrett said at POLITICO's Morning Money breakfast. A Tuesday report in The New York Times detailed early-stage meetings about the henry viii foreign policy library, but Jarrett said the process is not very far along. It's absolutely in the embryonic stages, she said. Jarrett was also dismissive of the suggestion that she's trying to push her way into the planning process.
I have a big plate of responsibilities to handle at Essay the White House, she said. You can't believe everything you read, even if it's in the New York Times. A Chicagoan like the president, Jarrett said that it's up to the president to Egypt and Mondern decide whether his library will be there, in Hawaii, or elsewhere. Who knows where it's going to be, she said. As she closed out Tragedy-Bound, her response, she again hit the Times story, saying: The New York Times piece was not very accurate. Valerie Jarrett: No W.H. and tech 'disconnect' There's no disconnect between the Society White House and the tech community, Obama adviser Valerie Jarrett said Wednesday, responding to complaints from some companies that the Tragedy-Bound president was too focused on HealthCare.gov in a recent meeting, Ninety-nine percent of President Obama's time in foreign, the room for Tuesday's meeting with tech executives including Apple CEO Tim Cook and Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer was spent discussing the Essay companies' concerns about the National Security Agency's surveillance programs, Jarrett said at on Advantages of Personal Selling Satisfaction POLITICO's Morning Money breakfast.
There was a presentation on the health care site for Tragedy-Bound Essay, the executives by Jeff Zients, but that was before Obama joined the meeting, Jarrett said. Sources at companies that attended the meeting have told various news outlets that they felt like there was too much discussion of health care and water is wet, that it seemed as though the Essay White House didn't realize their primary concern was the NSA. But, Jarrett said, there was no confusion. I don't think there was a disconnect at all, she said.
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A Chef#8217;s Approach to Time Management. One thing leads to another. As kitchen staff are in the kind of position where by nature you are asked or are expected to do more than most can fit into their normal routine. If you professionals manage your time well, then you can accomplish the important aspects of your job and look good, but if you are not wise in Essay, choosing priorities for your limited time, you may work very hard and still look very bad in the eyes of your superiors. This can be most frustrating and lycidas milton detrimental to you as frustration exerts pressure in one#8217;s mind and eventually on one#8217;s body.
It follows then that if you manage your time well, your work can be done more efficiently. It is not by Essay, #8220;toughing it out#8221;, but by sorting out one#8217;s priorities so that one#8217;s work load remains manageable. There are three time categories: Routine work time : This time is citrobacter freundii characteristics spent fulfilling all obligations to other people in your organisation. These #8220;obligations#8221; may include reports to higher management, meetings and discussions with associates and superiors, telephones calls and progress reports. For example, a morning#8217;s meeting is usually held with the other chefs. The main purpose of this meeting is to chalk out the day#8217;s plan and what menu to plan if there is any banquet booking. Tragedy-Bound Essay! The meeting is also held so that the executive chef knows what is happening in the various sections of his kitchen.
Investment time : This is the Miller A Model Adaptation Essays, time spent daily on affairs that fall within the Tragedy-Bound Essay, chef#8217;s immediate responsibility, such as supervising subordinates, assigning work, training new recruits, checking performance and counseling peers. This part of the chef#8217;s job is most important and should get the major part of Essay of Personal for Custoomer's Satisfaction his attention. If a chef thinks that his subordinate is not performing well and up to the organisation#8217;s expectations, he should spend the time to analyse the Essay, weakness and train the subordinate to perform better. Immediate reward time : This is the time spent on activities that yield immediate results. Is Wet! Delegation of activities fits into this category. Tragedy-Bound! When work is assigned to a subordinate, one can expect an immediate reward: one less thing to do. This category also includes helping kitchen staff to solve their job problems. For a banquet function the henry viii foreign policy, chef prepares the food according to the function prospectus or the Essay, menu on Essay on Advantages Selling for Custoomer's Satisfaction which the hotel will earn its revenue. Tragedy-Bound Essay! The entire process is lycidas milton usually delegated by the sous chef or the chef-in-charge of the kitchen. A chef#8217;s approach to time management can be guided by two general rules: Systemise and priortise the management of a controllable time.
Minimise the Tragedy-Bound Essay, amount of the controllable time. A good chef should try to find out Ancient Society Essay, where his time goes by keeping a running record of what he does. Tragedy-Bound! This record should be maintained for a minimum of one week. Essay On Advantages For Custoomer's Satisfaction! Using a time record sheet for this purpose can be a helpful indicator. Analyse the activities and make a note of whether the specified activity is: A duty only you can do . The menu planning is usually done by Essay, the executive chef and Essay of Personal Satisfaction he is also responsible for hiring the new recruits into the kitchen. A responsibility that you can delegate at least in part . Briefing a subordinate as to how to prepare a dish for a VIP guest and then letting him prepare the dish. Tragedy-Bound Essay! A responsibility that you can delegate entirely . The daily receiving of goods that can be checked by a subordinate.
An unnecessary activity it can be eliminated . A chef can do away with preparing fresh pasta, instead of getting them from the market. An activity that might best be handled by another section of the kitchen . The various cuts of meat are usually handled by the butchery and not by the individual kitchen. The following analysis and on Advantages of Personal for Custoomer's questions are helpful when one needs to assess how one#8217;s time is being spent: Analyse everything you do in terms of Tragedy-Bound Essay objectives . What needs to be done? When should it be done? Why should it be done? How should it be done? What are the Ancient Society Essay, consequences of not doing it?
Analyse objectives and Essay goals . Are goals being clearly defined and measurable? Are goals realistic? Are goals essential for meeting objectives? Analyse activities in terms of productivity. And Friesen: Of Organizational Adaptation Essays! Objectives and goals must be considered by a chef in planning the use of Essay time. Plan objectives and goals, both personal and organisational. Be realistic in planning what can be accomplished in a given amount of time. Consider the relevance of your goals to the objectives. Plan ahead. And Friesen: A Model Essays! Plan time on Tragedy-Bound Essay a daily basis to Essay Selling accomplish the most important tasks first.
Plan for upcoming reservations, conferences and banquet parties. Plan to eliminate all non-essential, extraneous activities that are not supportive of your objectives and goals. Make up your mind fast . This is not to advocate snap judgements, but it is a fact that 85% of the problems that you face are not worth more than a few minutes of your time. The kitchen staff likes working with decisive people even when they are not right all the Tragedy-Bound, time. Few things save more time than a decisive answer time saved for the people in lycidas milton, the kitchen. Be specific about dates . The promise by a chef to complete a task by a given date or time should be kept.
If a chef does not keep his promise by that specific date, there will be more and more tasks coming his way and he will not be able to cope up with the excess workload, resulting in Tragedy-Bound Essay, working extra hours. Write down reminders . Never trust yourself to remember things to do. Use a sure fire reminder system, such as jotting down important jobs to be done in a desk calendar or a pocket notebook. The final step in organising time evaluation: Reflect on time usage. Use the last 15 minutes of the day to determine if the objectives and goals have being met. Characteristics! Continually update priority. Review at intervals, readjust and make changes as seen necessary. The ABC analysis is a concept that predicts that some 80% of the chef#8217;s time will be spent on 20% of Tragedy-Bound Essay his problems.
Your problems should be rated as follows: Class A: 20% of the problems. Class B: The vital tasks. Class C: The very small issues, even though there are a lot of them. The ABC analysis shows that if the chef goes after problems in class A first and then class B, when he gets to class C, he is citrobacter characteristics able to wipe out a lot of these so-called problems in one sweep. These are the tasks that can be disposed of Tragedy-Bound Essay quickly with a telephone call, a jotted note and a brief instruction to water is wet meaning the employees as the chef walks through his department.
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essay night me, for all eternity, of the desire to Tragedy-Bound Essay live. Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to dust. Never shall I forget these things, even if I am condemned to live as long as God himself. Never (Wiesel 32). Is Wet Meaning! Wiesel repeated the Essay, idea “Never shall I forget,” to alert the reader of his inescapable and life-changing memories, and to remind himself that remembering is the freundii characteristics, first step to the Holocaust never happening again. Most particularly, he had begun questioning. Essay on Elie Wiesel: A Survivor of the Tragedy-Bound Essay, Holocaust. highly looked upon in the Jewish community of Sighet and by his son. Together, Elie and Ancient and Mondern Society Essay his father try to survive the horrors of the concentration camps. Night takes place during World War 2 (1941-1945) in a little town in Transylvania called Sighet. Elie and his father travel through several different concentration camps during the Tragedy-Bound, story: Auschwitz, Berkenau, Buna, Gleiwitz, and Buchenwald.
The main conflict in Night is Elie’s struggle for survival in the concentration camps and his struggle for. the camp, Elie had his innocence and faith robbed from him. At the camp Elie felt his faith incinerate with the flesh of so many Jews when they “were gradually drawing closer to a ditch, from which an eternal heat was rising. [he] bit [his] lips so that [his] father would not hear [his] teeth chattering”(31). As Elie walked towards the ditch, he realized how his faith could not save him from the Nazi's, which began to end his once great love for God. Biting his lips showed how Elie began to grow. Having just viewed Billy Elliot, you will use this text to support your reflection of the prompt 400-600 words. On Advantages! PROCEDURE: 1. Tragedy-Bound! Brainstorm the prompt 2. Now add to the brainstorm from the core text (Billy Elliot) 3. At this stage you would normally determine which writing style would best suit your response to the prompt 4. Complete the cover sheet: purpose, audience, form and language 5. Plan your written response, in terms of paragraph structure. 6. Draft your Essay Use - http://www.imdb. on, growing distant from his father.
The son feels as if his father can no longer go on anymore. Elie’s feelings are mutual, for his father is taking him for granted. He is like a metal weight attached to Elie’s foot by a rope. Sooner or later, Elie must cut himself free, or else he won’t survive either. Nowadays, we see this abandonment in pregnant teenagers who are not ready for a child just yet. A girl throws her baby in a dumpster because she knows she can’t support a child. Resisting the Horrors Apparent in Elie Wiesel’s Night Essay. For example, witnessing Idek’s affairs, Wiesel gets punished by Idek severely while the other Jews helplessly watched (Wiesel 58). This incident with Elie Wiesel let the other Jews know that if they got into of Organizational Adaptation, other matters that does not concern them, they would face punishment.
Survivors resisted the truth due to the insane activities in the concentration camps. Realizing the misfortune of the Jews, people wondered if this could happen to them, which ultimately led to denial. When Moshe told the. Endurance in Night by Eli Wiesel Essay example. keeps his son satisfied with a story of a tank game. With the story in Essay, mind, his son eagerly does what Guido asks of him. Ultimately, Guido dies but his spirit lives on in his wife and son. He had achieved his goal. Akiba Drumer, from the book Night, does not endure because he loses his purpose. Freundii! In the Tragedy-Bound, beginning, he is motivated by on Advantages of Personal his faith. aˆ?Akiba Drumer said: aˆ?God is testing us He wants to find out whether we can dominate out base instincts and kill the Satan within us.
We have no right. Elie Wiesel: Let Us Never Forget Essay. not easy for Wiesel to doubt in Tragedy-Bound, God, or he would not have held on lycidas milton to his faith with such tenacity. Essay! However, eventually his faith dwindled; he felt that God played a cruel game, and it destroyed the citrobacter, importance Wiesel had felt about the Jewish role in God's world. Elie had to re-evaluate his relationship with God and his role in the Jewish religion, not only during his time in the concentration camps, but as well as after his liberation. After the war, the teenaged Wiesel found asylum.
Feelings Evoked: Voices in Elie Wiesel#x27;s #x27;Night#x27; Essay. his own father would become a burden for him in the future. He had seen him. And he had continued to run out in front, letting the distance between them grow greater. A terrible thought loomed up in my mind: he had wanted to get rid of his father (Wiesel, 1960, p.87)!
Since when would a loving father become a burden for someone? Where does the Essay, protectiveness and respect towards a family member disappear? Where did all this cruelty and selfishness come from? All these questions arise while reading. The language Elie uses in his memoir. “Our terror was about to burst the side of the train.” There was so much fear and so much emotion that if anymore built up then there wouldn’t be any more room for anything else. Ancient Egypt! This shows the horror the Jews has to suffer through in order to survive another day. Essay! With this use of language he is able to effectively display the emotions of citrobacter, his hardship. Wiesel also employed foreshadowing; he employs it often. That suspense leads to the horror and fascination.
The silence could be explained by this quote, “Those who kept silent yesterday will remain silent tomorrow.” You cannot turn away from Tragedy-Bound, what happened and lycidas milton once one silent one day, it is hard not stay silent forever. Elie Wiesel did well in using silence in Tragedy-Bound Essay, many different aspects. Elie Wiesel wanted the readers to. Essay on The Capabilities Of Man: Night Analysis. In addition, Wiesel, intentionally or unintentionally, paints a perfect allusion to his former German captors. In the beginning, The Nazis had their aims, their extreme ideology; they believed that they were going to help people. However, towards the end of World War II, killing the Jewish populace became all about survival for them. They needed to cover up the horrendous acts that they had committed. Water Is Wet Meaning! They were aggressive for their self-survival, something that caused them to become even more irrational. fast. Another of my reactions that I think I might have is sadness.
I would be very sad to leave my home to go somewhere I did not know. I know a few people who have suffered a personal tragedy, me included. Tragedy-Bound! In some ways there are similarities to lycidas milton Night whereas some of it is not. Some people say that the Holocaust should be seen as different in kind from the Tragedy-Bound, tragedies common to human life. A tragedy that I went through a few years ago is that my father passed away. I had a few different reactions. decided to Selling for Custoomer's stop running, they would be killed or trampled by the other oncoming Jews. This took a huge chunk of hope out of Tragedy-Bound, Elie. At one point Elie debated stopping and just allowing himself to die. The only thing keeping him going was his father, until he died.
Death proved to be the most prominent thing in Elie’s new life in the Holocaust. The first big death that Elie experienced was arguably the most poignant moment in the memoir. The little angel eyed boy was brutally killed by being hanged. Essay about Discuss the Significance of the Book Title, “Night” Elle mentioned in the book, “The old man mumbled something, groaned and died. Nobody cared. His son searched him, took the crust of bread and began to citrobacter characteristics devour it.” (Wiesel, P.101) while the Jews were transporting to another concentration camp. The boy killed his father during the train ride for a morsel of bread. Essay! It was as though darkness had eaten some of the Jews’ mind.
They turned into crazy people and some of freundii characteristics, them could even murder their friends and relatives to get things they really desired. Essay on On the Night of Tragedy-Bound Essay, Your Birth. It’s because they’ve been dancing all night just for you. Or drift off to sleep to the sound of the wind Listen closely; it’s whispering your name once again. For never in story in citrobacter characteristics, verse or in rhyme Never ever not even once upon time Has the world ever known one like you my dear friend. Tragedy-Bound! . . And it never, not ever will know one again. Yes, heaven blew trumpets and Ancient and Mondern Essay played every horn On the wonderful marvelous night you were born.
On the night I was born, on the night you were born, no matter what else. soul being in Tragedy-Bound Essay, heaven. Essay For Custoomer's Satisfaction! Take away the Tragedy-Bound, fool Feste is water is wet, clever well balanced and has a keen understanding of himself and others. This combination of intellect, humor and subtlety effectively conveys the themes of Twelfth Night, rather than a cruel, crude, unreservedly humorous character that would be not nearly as potent. Malvolio is a prime example of the need for a balanced, self-aware person. Malvolio's name suggests his character, Mal meaning. succeeds Maria’s strong character as well as her wit. Later on Toby appreciates Maria’s existence more and he purposes to marry Maria, she accepts.
She goes from being a simple lady in waiting to a leading lady of the master plan. By the end of Tragedy-Bound Essay, Twelfth Night the henry, reader knows that it was due to Maria’s strong character and her strategic planning that made the play come to life. Meanwhile, in The Imaginary Invalid Toinette is Tragedy-Bound Essay, depicted as the water meaning, witty maidservant who is completely selfless. She is also the. Journey of Tragedy-Bound, Al-Isra Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny began his historical night journey, along with the trusted protector of the revelation, the Angel Jibreel (pbuh) from the house of Umm-e-Hani, with the aide of his steed al-Buraq.
After some time, Angel Jibreel (pbuh) stopped Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) and said to Miller and Friesen: of Organizational Adaptation Essays perform the Salat. Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) dismounted from al-Buraq and performed Salat. Jibreel (pbuh) said, 'Do you know where you just. and turns out to Tragedy-Bound be fragile and viii fleeting.Even though it is a comedy , it harbors serious ideas. Draper, R.P. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Draper explains Shakespeare's obsession with love and romance. Citrobacter Freundii! Draper takes a view of the conflicts that happened in A Midsummer Nights Dream and explains that the dreams and magic are only ways that Shakespeare incorporated comedy into the play. He shows how Shakespeare takes serious situations and turns them around by Tragedy-Bound using comedy, as well as using Illusions and clever fools. It looks chaotic, but it's really very orderly. The landscape is bright, but used to capture the night time.
We can tell by the yellow lights in the windows--little splashes of light that bring a vast balance to water is wet the bright stars in the sky. This painting is all about Essay balance and harmony. The fact that Van Gogh had painted this from his mental image may have contributed to this piece having such a strong sense of mental dislocation and henry foreign emotional intensity. One almost feels as if he was hardly able. drunken customers or attack by external factors such as thieves. Security also deal with over drunken patrons as well as ensuring the customers in the night club safety hence making them to Tragedy-Bound Essay enjoy the entertainment, drinks and lycidas milton food, and sports peacefully. This builds the trust of the customer on the nightclub and consequently their loyalty to Tragedy-Bound Essay a particular night. out in the woods up in Wisconsin.
One day this dining room table will be passed on to myself to use when I have my own family. In the summertime, when the windows are open, the sounds of summer linger in henry viii, the air. It never seems to cease, every night around five o'clock the melodic drifting music of the ice cream truck can be heard, as it is almost done intentionally, tempting the children with dessert. Essay! You can hear the henry viii foreign, children playing, balls bouncing, and the lawnmowers running. The air smells. Acquainted with the Night by Robert Frost Essays. cry, which the speaker belief the cry is for him/her as somebody calling him/her back or telling him goodbye. It seems as the Essay, speaker was specting the night to bring him/her something or somebody the Miller A Model, speaker lost in Tragedy-Bound Essay, the night. Satisfaction! What the Essay, speaker is constantly searching in the night it maybe a reason why the speaker is well acquainted with the night.
In the next three lines, lines 11 to13, the speaker's talks about an encounter with a clock high in the sky which the time was neither wrong nor right. Essay on Phoenix Nights by Peter Kay. palace, while in contrast “Phoenix Nights” is a dilapidated, tacky working men’s club. The club is then shown using a long shot, comedy is produced from the contrast between what the audiences hears of the Phoenix and what they see. Ancient Egypt Essay! This scene is furthermore ironic as they are worshipping the Phoenix, unknowledgeable to the fact the phoenix is about to be burnt down, although we’re aware its about to be burnt down. Irony in “Phoenix Nights” is quite successful, its used to.
Essay on Romeo and Juliet: Night - Rejoice or Rebel? Night can bring on great fear, whether on a lesser scale during Halloween or on a greater scale the horror of the Holocaust. Tragedy-Bound Essay! The fear starts early in the book, when the Fascists are slowly taking control of Elie's town. Elie's family and their fellow townsfolk did not dare go out on the streets after six o'clock for fear of death. Later in the book there is a lot of viii policy, fear leading up to the selection, determining who would keep on strenuously working and who would be sent to Essay the crematories. It. He might not have had a real love story for himself. Selling! He may have wrote these love stories pretending that he was the character who was in love because he loved everything about love. In A Midsummers Night Dream there are fairies that cast spells over Essay, the humans. There is one fairy that messes with the humans, his name is Puck. He casts the love potion over all the lovers and lycidas milton they all fall in love with the wrong person.
He could be considered a mischievous Cupid who controls who is in love with. Essay on The Importance of Carnivalesque in Twelfth Night. describes it as ‘sudden glory arising from some sudden conception of some eminency in ourselves’ suggesting that we laugh at those above us when they are in an unfortunate situation because it makes us feel superior to Tragedy-Bound them. This is Egypt, presented in ‘Twelfth Night’ when Maria plants the letter for Malvolio to read, when discussing the idea to the others she presents an arrogant characteristic, when she says ‘I know my physic will work with him’ she is adamant that this joke will go to plan, in this scene she. Essay about A Night to Remember in Mexico.
be staying for the next few days. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Bags were unpacked, water and electricity were turned on, and bedrooms had been chosen. It was time to citrobacter freundii characteristics make our way to the clubs. The next morning everyone rose from the Essay, place where their bodies had fallen the night before and we headed to the beach. Meaning! Although I was having a wonderful time that day, every word exchanged with Mike and Matt gave me, more and more, a feeling of unease. Tragedy-Bound Essay! I could not put my finger on water why these two would hold a grudge towards me, as. Analysis of the Poem Acquainted with The Night Essay examples. This is another thing that may disturb the narrator and not only express depression, but also loneliness. “Acquainted with the Night” by Robert Frost shows the lonely path the narrator takes. “I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet” (“Acquainted”) proves that he is by himself during his walk. The narrator is saying that when he stops moving, he cannot hear anyone else because he is alone. This is another thing that shows us his seclusion. “While others stay home, snug in their beds, the. The Arabian Nights; Its Influence on Tragedy-Bound Essay Western Society Essay.
occurrences where Jane mentioned about the Nights. Viii Foreign Policy! She uses the Nights as her escape place which means stories from the Nights gave her incredible amount of imagination on magical, unrealistic but tremendously overwhelming thoughts. It was her only way to imagine the world outside of the wall she lives in. Tragedy-Bound! her only way to connect through people’s adventure and making it as her own. One of the similarities that can be found from Jane Eyre and and Friesen: of Organizational Adaptation The Arabian Nights is both Jane and Essay Sheherazade used narrative. Essay on Miller of Organizational Adaptation Essays The Humor in William Shakespeare#x27;s Twelfth Night. much more than a bumbling foolish drunk. It is Toby's malice and conniving disposition that causes much of the darker humour in Twelfth Night, such as his extended persecution of Tragedy-Bound, Malvolio in locking him in a dark, damp cell. Source one, courtesy of freundii characteristics, The Shakespeare Revolutionary Front, disagrees, and insists firmly that Twelfth Night is Tragedy-Bound, no longer funny, if at all.
The source, written for a national newspaper, is written with typical tabloid techniques, using bizarre hyperbole. Essay about Sexuality in Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare. LGBT youth love this play, quote it, remake it(In the research for this paper I found an advertisement for a play entitled “Gender Comedy: A Less Stupid Twelfth Night Gay Fantasia” which the description promised is lycidas milton, full of robots, drunkards, and men in Tragedy-Bound, tights making out), and viii use it to help them come out and realise who they are. Twelfth Night is Shakespeare’s best play in terms of LGBT support. Meanwhile, in the 21st century, great things have happened for equality. Laverne Cox has become the first. Essay on Film Review: Good Night, and Tragedy-Bound Essay Good Luck.
extreme misrepresentation with the realization that a slight bias in favor of Murrow is inevitable. Citrobacter Freundii! The context in which something is set, its setting, especially in cinematography is very important and can change a film all together. “Good Night and Good Luck”, because it takes place in the 1950s yet is made in Essay, 2005, creates an extra importance on the setting. When it comes to Ancient and Mondern clothing and Tragedy-Bound hair, especially evident with the citrobacter freundii, women, there is no delusion of which era. mistaken identities and misunderstanding within twelfth night. resembled me’, foreshadowing the trouble this similarity will cause within the next scene. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Plautus’ play ‘Menaechmi’, the date of its first showing unknown, is of the viii foreign policy, comic misadventures of Manaechmus and Sosicles, and links in parallel to ‘Twelfth Night’ due to the mistaken identity of these twins.
In particular, the concept of love and confusing situations have been influences for Shakespeare and the mistaken identity plots of each, offer the main element of the theme. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Olivia adds to the dramatic. Compare and Contrast of Miller and Friesen: of Organizational Adaptation Essays, Mosquito Coast and Twelfth Night Essay. Malvolio at the end of Essay, Twelfth Night finds the truth rather unpleasant and is not happy when he becomes aware of Feste's actions. Lycidas Milton! This is specifically when Feste admits to actually disguising himself as Sir Topas and Tragedy-Bound embarrassing him through that mischievous deception. In Mosquito Coast the Fox family is also led to an unfortunate understanding of citrobacter characteristics, reality. They find out that Allie's lies led them on a crazy trip up the Patuca to Essay the wilderness of Brewer's Lagoon for no reason at Ancient Egypt Society Essay, all. There they struggled. Comparing Dharker#x27;s Blessing versus Ezelkiel#x27;s Night of the Scorpion. The writer uses repetition to increase the tempo of the poem and to increase the tension.
The words, “they said” are used numerous times to give the effect of the Tragedy-Bound, people chanting. You can imagine the noise swelling as the night goes on. There is a lot in is wet, the poem about reincarnation and rebirth. The peasants are all firm believers in a higher power of some sort as they talk of this universe as an “unreal world”, meaning that they believe in the next life. They believe that the Essay, more that you suffer. Friday Night Lights Rhetorical Analysis Essays. of those other fantastic college casinos, Boobie as the winner of the Heisman” (Bissinger 1).
As a result, Boobie was never well rounded, at best his education can be characterized as weak and he had no other plans other than football. In Friday Night Lights Bissinger also reviews the extreme racism. This display of segregation shocked him. “Nigger. The word poured out in on Advantages for Custoomer's, Odessa as easily as the torrents of rain that ran sown the streets after an occasional storm, as common part of the vernacular. Comparing Different Versions Of Twelfth Night by Tragedy-Bound William Shakespeare. does things make him funny on his own. For example, when he comes down to stop a little party Sir Toby Belch, Olivia's Uncle, Sir Andrew Aguecheek, a suitor to Olivia, and Maria, Olivia's gentlewomen are having, he comes down dressed in a night-gown with a sleeping cap on Ancient Egypt Essay and looking rather foolish and Tragedy-Bound Essay fragile. Characteristics! But when he comes to stop the party in the. The Perplexity of Love Demonstrated in Twelfth Night Essay.
gender bending that occurs is important because it proves the absurdity of love and Tragedy-Bound Essay shows how love is most genuine when people are most vulnerable, which is and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Adaptation, a state that Olivia and Orsino were incapable of achieving. The great love story of Twelfth Night begins with Orsino and Olivia. Orsino is Tragedy-Bound Essay, what he believes to be deeply in characteristics, love with Olivia; however, she persistently refuses his offerings of love due to the recent death of her brother. The love story is complicated when a shipwreck leaves a brother. Analysis of the Song Some Nights by Fun Essay. security for both himself and his friends and family.
But some nights he wishes he did not have to deal with the stress that comes with wealth and fame. In the next stanza he states, “What do I stand for? / What do I stand for? / Most nights I don’t know anymore…” (7-9). The singer is Tragedy-Bound, conflicted with himself over being famous and selling out, versus staying true to his music. He continues to ask himself what he truly believes in and most nights he does not even know who he is. The next stanza talks about. Hidden Themes of Tender Is the Essay of Personal, Night Essay examples. decreased and positions between them ironically switched. Nicole ended up being the one problem-free and Dick ended up living a terrible and lonesome life. All of Fitzgerald' novels represent struggles throughout his complex life.
In Tender is the Essay, Night, Nicole Warren's character is based on the author's wife, Zelda Fitzgerald. Zelda, similar to Nicole, was schizophrenic. In addition, Nicole symbolizes the American dream. Miller And Friesen: A Model Of Organizational Adaptation Essays! Nicole is young, attractive, wealthy, and powerful. Although she isn't famous. An Explication of Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night Essay. reflected glory: they had the Tragedy-Bound, ability to emulate the viii foreign policy, sun and to bask in its reflected glory but that is Essay, not enough. Satisfaction! They have to achieve something by Tragedy-Bound Essay themselves if they want to be remembered. Once again there is a contrast between the sun and citrobacter freundii characteristics night. Stanza 5 In this stanza the emphasis is on Tragedy-Bound Essay grave men: serious people.
Note the Egypt Society Essay, pun; grave meaning serious in context but also referring to the grave that men must go when dead. Tragedy-Bound Essay! Their blind eyes could refer to the fact that despite. Analysis of Malvolio in the Twelfth Night by Shakespeare Essay. A recurring theme within Shakespeare’s plays is revelry and revenge and Twelfth Night is Miller A Model Adaptation, definitely no exception. Shakespeare’s depicts the character of Essay, Mavolio’s as pretentious, conveying his disregarding of social order and to of Personal the annoyance of his peers, his self-righteous temperament.
He is also Puritan, this makes him an increasingly despised figure in Elizabethan times and to an Elizabethan audience. His arrival in the play marks the initial ridiculing of Feste. He is degradingly harsh and. How Language Treats Gender in Nights at the Circus Essay. emphasised by her business minded attitude towards how Fevvers is perceived, rather than allowing herself to Tragedy-Bound be solely objectified and exploited Fevver’s turns her status and public perception into financial gains ‘You’d never think she dreamed at nights, of bank accounts, or that, to her, the music of the spheres was the jingling of freundii, cash registers’. Begging the question of whether it is Tragedy-Bound Essay, manipulation if the characteristics, individual in question gains some form of success? However the idea of Fevvers surpassing. One Night @ the Call Center, by Chetan Bhagat Essay. Shyam tells the story to the readers by stitching together some flashbacks he has of his past dates with Priyanka and the present night at the call center together. Essay! Chetan also injects his own points of view that success in life will only be achieved when people follow their dreams. Chetan’s second point of view is that god will always be with people.
In the book, God tells the six agents that each person will have an inner call, a voice that is God himself. God says to always listen to the inner. Essay on More Night Than Day: an Analysis of Virginia Woolf. continually revisited is the night sky. As we begin to see more of Katherine Hillberry’s development as a frustrated woman, she looks to the stars for solace from her life.
As they reoccur, they represent different parts of her life and the unreachable and limitless occupation for an unfulfilled woman. At one point Henry tells her that he understands “[she] lives her life by the stars”(123), which is Egypt Essay, true because, she surfaces in and out of terrestrial circumvention, much like the night sky. She is supposed. Romantic Love in William Shakespeare#x27;s As You Like it and Essay Twelfth Night. Even so quickly may one catch the plague? Methinks I feel this youth’s perfections With an invisible and subtle stealth To creep in at lycidas milton, mine eyes. Tragedy-Bound! Well, let it be. (Twelfth Night, I.v.285-288) An analogous incident occurs in As You Like It, when the character of Phoebe becomes infatuated with the female Rosalind, who is also disguised as a man.
After Phoebe’s first meeting with Rosalind (whom she believes to be the. Comparison of freundii, Fellini#x27;s Nights of Tragedy-Bound Essay, Cabiria and La Dolce Vita Essay example. The first shot of La Dolce Vita tells us so much about the state of Roman society, about Marcello's life and pursuits. It tells us of the viii foreign policy, loose religious and moral values that the film follows. Tragedy-Bound Essay! The first shot of Nights Of Cabiria shows us a woman that is citrobacter, taken advantage of and Tragedy-Bound Essay pushed in the river, symbols of of Personal for Custoomer's, baptism and redemption, which constantly reappear in Fellini's films. She is then rescued and instantly becomes aware of what had happened. Tragedy-Bound! Both sequences reflect almost the entire story. Cabiria. Husain Haddawy’s The Arabian Nights and Zora Neale Hurston’s Mules and Men. and Men was essentially a rite of water is wet, passage, instrumental in both Hurston’s personal growth as well as her career as an Essay ambassador between traditional southern African-American culture and the rest of the world. Haddawy translates The Arabian Nights for many reasons, but similar to Hurston, by translating them he also attempts to reconcile the Arabic culture of his childhood with the English culture in which he comes to henry viii live.
In Haddawy’s introduction, he recounts to the audience how as a child.
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Formula of Accident Severity Rate. Similar calculations is ok for industries… Things will get complected when you want to calculate the exact working hours including over time of employees.Timing deductions of employees who were on leave etc. So better to Essay, take the exact working hours with the help of an electronic punching card or let the people dealing with the manpower (Basically HR/ER/IR) calculate the man hour worked and give to henry foreign, safety people for further SR calculations. Please find the Tragedy-Bound, attached file. Essay On Advantages Of Personal For Custoomer's Satisfaction? Hope this helps… Deduct any other holidasy in your organization if its there.
I have Attached PF ESI Challan form formats. Human Resource Department. A) Activities Handled at a glance. i) Service File (Employee’s file) B) Detailed procedure of the activities handled alongwith documentation involved: Proof of Tragedy-Bound Essay Educational Qualification (Marksheets and Certificates) Senior secondary certificate/ marksheet. Higher secondary certificate/ marksheet.
Post Graduation marksheet. Professional qualification / marksheet. Copy of appointment letter. Detail sheet in original (annexure to interview call letter) Two recent passport size photographs. Relieving letter if possible.
Obtaining approval from competent authority – COO. Releasing an advertisement for recruitments. Scanning / Scrutinizing the lycidas milton, applications on the basis of criteria mentioned. Shortlisting the candidates. Sending the interview call letters. Sending invitation letter to panel members. To obtain confirmation calls and mails from respective candidates. Conduction of interview and Tragedy-Bound selection of candidate/s, verification of concerned certificates.
Sending the appointment letter/s (in duplicate) Receiving the acceptance copy duly signed. To get the Selling Satisfaction, details of a training program. To assess the need for providing the training of that particular program. Getting it discussed with competent authority and obtaining the approval of Tragedy-Bound CEO (via note) Sending suitable candidate / s concerned in that particular stream or area for the program.
One month prior notice is to be given. Obtaining the approval from competent authority – COO (via note) and getting the is wet, acceptance. Handling over the all relevant document to Tragedy-Bound Essay, the person concerned duly acknowledged. Clearance or recovery of dues if any related to Essay of Personal Selling Satisfaction, company. Issue of experience certificate and relieving letter . Balance of Tragedy-Bound leave is to be checked before applying. Applying for the leave in the prescribed format and getting it signed by henry viii policy the recommending official. Forwarding the same to the to COO for sanction.
Submitting the same to HRD. Accordingly updations to be made. The resignation letter dated _______ of Mr/Miss.___________________, has been accepted by the Competent Authority with effect from close of office hours on Essay ____ DATE. Accordingly Mr/Miss. Policy? _____________will, henceforth , not eligible for any benefits of employment at Tragedy-Bound Essay, Boutique De Emerald India Limited. However, on of Personal Selling Satisfaction clearance of Tragedy-Bound Essay all dues payable by him to the Company, he/she stands relieved from the services of Boutique De Emerald India Limited with effect from close of office hours on ____ DATE. (NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE EMPLOYEE) Contractual arrangement / Regular as ______(DESIGNATION) We invite a reference to our earlier letter No._________ dated _________. Consequent to the decision taken by the Board of Directors in its meeting held on ________(DATE) and subsequent to your discussions / interview held with Advisory Committee on ________(DATE) , it has been decided that your consolidated compensation would be ______(AMOUNT ) per month (all inclusive), after deducting the applicable taxes, if any, at source, with effect from _____(DATE).
All the henry viii foreign, other terms and Tragedy-Bound Essay conditions of the letter dated _______ referred to above would remain the same. (NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE EMPLOYEE) Contractual arrangement as ____(DESIGNATION) We invite a reference to our earlier letter No. ________ dated ________. Your contract is Miller and Friesen: A Model extended for Essay a period of ____ from lycidas milton _______(PERIOD) to ______ , with effect from ________( DATE). All the other terms and Tragedy-Bound Essay conditions of the henry viii policy, letter dated _______( DATE) referred to above would remain the same.
Sub: Appointment of Essay __________(DESIGNATION) The Board of Directors, BDEmerald India Limited in their meeting held on _____(DATE) held that the shortlisted candidates may be called for an interview conducted by a Committee comprising of _______, _______ AND _____ (NAMES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS). There is an Miller and Friesen: of Organizational Essays urgent necessity for Essay the appointment of _______(DESIGNATION ). The list of the lycidas milton, shortlisted candidates along with their resume is enclosed herein. We may, if approved appoint the Essay, eligible candidate for the respective posts. Boutique De Emerald India limited. Date of receipt of application. Qualification of the candidate. Years of experience of the candidate in this field. Marks (Basic=50,Additional Qualification=10, additional year of Essay of Personal Satisfaction experience=10) Dear Sir / Madam,
Your application for the post of _______(DESIGNATION) – Call for interview. Please refer to your letter dated «Letter_Dated» forwarding your Curriculum Vitae for the post of «JobTitle». This is to inform you that the interview for the post of Tragedy-Bound «JobTitle» is Ancient Egypt and Mondern Society scheduled to Essay, be held on «Dt_of_Int» at «Time_of_Int» at Essay, _________________________________________. Please make it convenient to appear for Tragedy-Bound an interview before the Selection Committee on «Dt_of_Int» at «Time_of_Int». You are requested to fill the Bio-Data in the format attached herewith and carry all the original relevant documents at citrobacter characteristics, the time of interview for verification. No expenses for attending the Tragedy-Bound Essay, interview will be paid , merely by attending the interview does not entitle you to any benefits or assurance from the Company whatsoever. You are requested to confirm your presence at firstname.lastname@example.org/ phone: 022-26256685/86 / Fax :022-26256687. Area of Specialisation: Rating 1-10. Notice Period required: (Please tick the appropriate column)
Encl: 1) Copies of all the relevant certificates. 2) 2 pass port size photographs. (NAME AND ADDRESS OF PANEL MEMBERS) Ref: Interviews for lycidas milton the Post of________. We invite you to kindly consent to be a Panel member for Tragedy-Bound the interviews to be carried out for the positions of ________ at address. The details of the henry viii, following are as under: Please find a cheque no. ______ dated ______ for Rs._____/-drawn on _______ towards fees payable to you as a panel member for conducting the interviews.
(NAME AND ADDRESS OF EMPLOYEE) Sub: Appointment as ________(DESIGNATION. It has been decided to appoint you in Essay the post of lycidas milton Manager(at the basic of Rs.______/- p.m. on the following terms and conditions: 1) Pay : Your starting basic pay will be fixed at Rs. Tragedy-Bound? _____/- P.M. in the pay scale of lycidas milton – Rs.____ – 1000 – _____. a) House Allowance: Payable at Tragedy-Bound Essay, the rate of % of the basic pay. b) Children Educational Allowance – Rs. /- per month. c) Meal/Lunch Subsidy – Rs. per day (For the number of days present) d) One gift/ gift voucher (not convertible into cash) per year for value not exceeding Rs./-. e) Professional Upgradation Allowance – Rs/- per year.
f) LTC/LFC – Rs. /- per year. g) Mobile Telephone – Payment of rent and usage for the official calls with a facility for one additional local number of choice which will be paid by lycidas milton the company on submission of bills in the manner as may be required by the company or Rs./- towards prepaid card facility. 3) Provident Fund : You will be required to Tragedy-Bound, contribute to the Provident Fund in on Advantages Selling accordance with the Provident Fund Regulations, in force in accordance with the Employees’ Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 . The rate of your contribution is 12% of the basic pay presently. 4) Probation and Confirmation : You will be on probation for a period of six months (extendable upto one year at Tragedy-Bound, the discretion of the Company) from the date of your appointment. You will be considered for confirmation in meaning the Company’s service if the Company is satisfied with reference to your overall work/performance and conduct during the period of Essay probation. During the first month of your probationary period, you shall be liable to be discharged without assigning any reasons at Miller of Organizational Adaptation, one day’s notice or pay in lieu thereof and thereafter at one month’s notice or pay in lieu thereof from Tragedy-Bound Essay either side. 5) Posting and Liability for Transfer : Initially you shall report for appointment at Mumbai and thereafter your place of posting would be decided based on the need of the freundii characteristics, Company.
Your services in the Company are transferable anywhere in India/ abroad and you shall serve the Company and all the conditions of your employment with your employment in the company in its business in such capacity and at such place as you may from Essay time to time be directed. 6) You will be governed by the Company’s Rules relating to conduct, discipline and all the conditions of is wet employment etc. that are applicable or may become applicable from time to Essay, time to the employees of the Company. 7) You should produce sufficient proof of date of birth and educational qualifications (i.e. original mark lists certificates alongwith photo copies thereof). 8) This appointment is subject to you being medically found fit for the aforesaid appointment by the Company for which you will have to undergo a medical check up as decided by the Company and the decision of the Company on the Name of the lycidas milton, Doctor/ Venue and the medical report will be final. A separate communication is being sent to you by the undersigned. 9) Your continuation of appointment will be subject to your furnishing such other information as the Company may require from time to time and subject to your services being acceptable in Tragedy-Bound the light of the information furnished and documents provided from time to time. 10) If any declaration, statement or information given by you is at any time found to Miller A Model Adaptation, be false or untrue, or if any material information is suppressed, your services are liable to be terminated forthwith without any notice or compensation in lieu thereof. 11) If after you join the Company’s service, it comes to the notice of the Tragedy-Bound, Company that you had prior to joining the Company’s services committed any act of misconduct, your services are liable to be terminated forthwith without any notice or compensation in lieu thereof, or if your services are not so terminated, you shall be liable to disciplinary measures and any penalty that may be imposed by the Management.
12) No traveling allowance will be paid to you on account of your journey undertaken for joining the services of the company for this appointment. 13) Be it clearly understood that no benefit of past service or any other similar benefit of any previous employment, in whatever form manner it may be, shall be available to you in this employment being offered pursuant to this letter. If the above terms and conditions are acceptable to you, please return the duplicate of this letter duly signed in token of viii your acknowledgement and having accepted all the terms and conditions mentioned herein. You are also advised to Essay, report for appointment at the Company’s Office address not later than _______(DATE). If we do not receive your acceptance on this letter of policy appointment before ______(DATE OF JOINING), it will be construed that you are not interested in accepting this offer and the same shall stand automatically withdrawn, without any further reference to you. Tragedy-Bound? Similarly, if you do not report for duty by the aforesaid date _____(DATE OF JOINING) , it will be construed that you are not interested in accepting this offer and the same shall stand automatically withdrawn, without any further reference to you. I wish you all the very best and Selling for Custoomer's wish all success in your tenure with the company. We are in receipt of an invitation from ____________ wherein they have invited us to Essay, attend ________programmes. The details are as under:
We may if approved, send the following to Egypt and Mondern Society Essay, attend the same: Sub: Resignation of _________(personnel) from BDEL. ___________ (NAME OF THE EMPLOYEE) was appointed on ______( DATE OF APPOINTMENT) in the capacity of _________ ( DESIGNATION) and promoted as ___________ ( DESIGNATION) on _______ ( DATE OF PROMOTION ) in BD emerald India Limited.We are in receipt of his resignation letter dated _______ whereby he has requested to be relieved from Company duties and Tragedy-Bound Essay other formalities by ________ ( RELEIVING DATE) by issuing him relieving letter and experience certificates. As per Ancient Egypt Society clause 5, paragraph 2 of the Tragedy-Bound, appointment letter one month’s prior notice is required. However, in view of his contribution, sincerity and dedication to the organisation, we may if approved, accede to his request for waiving 10 days notice period. We may, if approved, handover the characteristics, current responsibility and Tragedy-Bound Essay profile of _________ ( NAME OF THE RESIGNING EMPLOYEE) to ____________( NAME OF THE EMPLOYEE WHO IS TAKING OVER). The resignation letter dated _______ of Mr/Miss.___________________, has been accepted by the Competent Authority with effect from close of office hours on ____ DATE.
Accordingly Mr/Miss. _____________will, henceforth , not eligible for any benefits of Ancient and Mondern Essay employment at UTI Infrastructure and Services Limited . However, on clearance of all dues payable by him to the Company, he/she stands relieved from the services of BD Emerald India Limited with effect from close of office hours on ____ DATE. 1. Name _______________________________________ E Code __________________. 2. Tragedy-Bound? Designation _____________________________(Officer for Contractual arrangement / Consultant/ Regular Employee) 3. Period Of Leave: From _________to ________ No. of Days__________________________. 4. Contact Address with Phone No_________________________________________________.
5. Reason For Leave: ___________________________________________________________. ( Recommending Officials Signature -Manager HR ) (For Office Use Only) (Resumed Duties on _________________________________) Leave Availed So far_____________days Leave balance_____________days. It is put up for orders whether leave for ____________ days from Egypt Society Essay ___________to __________________ may be granted, as applied for. 1. Total Period of Tragedy-Bound absence include prefixed /suffixed /intervening Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays must not exceed 30 days. 2. Change in leave address must be intimated promptly. 3. Absence without permission must be avoided. We are in receipt of an invitation from ____________ wherein they have invited us to attend ________programmes. The details are as under: We may if approved, send the following to attend the same:
Sub: Resignation of _________(personnel) from BDEL. ___________ (NAME OF THE EMPLOYEE) was appointed on ______( DATE OF APPOINTMENT) in the capacity of _________ ( DESIGNATION) and promoted as ___________ ( DESIGNATION) on _______ ( DATE OF PROMOTION ) in BD emerald India Limited.We are in receipt of his resignation letter dated _______ whereby he has requested to be relieved from Company duties and other formalities by ________ ( RELEIVING DATE) by issuing him relieving letter and experience certificates. As per clause 5, paragraph 2 of the appointment letter one month’s prior notice is required. However, in view of his contribution, sincerity and dedication to the organisation, we may if approved, accede to his request. We may, if approved, handover the Miller and Friesen: A Model of Organizational Adaptation Essays, current responsibility and profile of _________ ( NAME OF THE RESIGNING EMPLOYEE) to ____________( NAME OF THE EMPLOYEE WHO IS TAKING OVER). The resignation letter dated _______ of Mr/Miss.___________________, has been accepted by the Competent Authority with effect from close of office hours on ____ DATE. Accordingly Mr/Miss. _____________will, henceforth , not eligible for any benefits of employment at BD Emerald India Limited. However, on clearance of all dues payable by him to Tragedy-Bound, the Company, he/she stands relieved from the services of of Personal Selling for Custoomer's BD Emerald India Limited with effect from close of Essay office hours on ____ DATE. 1. Name _______________________________________ E Code __________________. 2. Ancient And Mondern? Designation _____________________________(Officer for Contractual arrangement / Consultant/ Regular Employee)
3. Period Of Leave: From _________to ________ No. of Days__________________________. 4. Contact Address with Phone No_________________________________________________. 5. Reason For Leave: ___________________________________________________________. ( Recommending Officials Signature ) (For Office Use Only) (Resumed Duties on _________________________________) Leave Availed So far_____________days Leave balance_____________days. It is put up for orders whether leave for Tragedy-Bound Essay ____________ days from ___________to __________________ may be granted, as applied for.
1. Total Period of absence include prefixed /suffixed /intervening Saturdays, Sundays and characteristics public holidays must not exceed 21 days. 2. Change in leave address must be intimated promptly. 3. Absence without permission must be avoided. (NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE EMPLOYEE) We invite a reference to our earlier letter dated 27th October, 2006.
Your services in the ISHTAA are discharged with effect from 30 th April 2007. We appreciate your contribution . Requested by Division / Department: Activity: Function: Technical / Non-Technical. Justification (if any) Duration of engagement (Years / Months): Employee Count of the department: ____________. I have Attached PF ESI Challan form formats.