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How to get better at staying in touch while Teaching Abroad, in a genuine way. My mom still talks about her study abroad semester at Edinburgh. She lived out of her backpack traveling on train around Europe— she didn’t have a cell phone to post photos on Instagram, check in on pro and cons control Facebook, or send emails home. Things have changed. Now, even when we go on an adventure abroad, we are able to document every moment, and staying in touch is easier than ever before. Or is it? In this hyper-connected age, it can be difficult to stay genuinely in touch with friends and family, rather than assuming they will see my Instagram photo or Facebook post. The Purpose Controls Accounting Essays! It might take a little extra effort, but it’s worth it to make sure you don’t lose touch while having a blast abroad. Using even one of these tips will help your loved ones experience your joy from afar, and feel like they’re right there with you.

Don’t assume your friends and pro and of gun family are seeing everything you post on social media. As connected as we are, it’s also normal to miss a day or a week of posts and updates. Impact On Native American Culture! Don’t take offense when you don’t get a like or a comment- take it as an opportunity to genuinely connect. Choose your communication tool, and make sure everyone knows. Whether it’s Google hangout, Skype, Whatsapp, Facebook Messenger, or iMessage-- choose your tool, and tell friends and family BEFORE you go abroad so they can download the app. Most people I meet have an of gun aversion to using webcams, and to bike, be honest, I have an aversion to it too. But when it comes down to it, we all have to get over pro and cons, it and coca cola wiki just connect, face to face. While living abroad I stayed connected with my girlfriends over virtual wine time, in our separate corners of the world, we poured ourselves a glass of wine and connected by video. It felt celebratory and so US.

Figure out pro and control what your thing is with the person you’re connecting with--coffee, tea, cheese fondue, fried chicken, funny hats—choose it, and virginia creeper bike trail follow through. #0160;Staying in touch is hard. I’ve make it my New Years resolution every year, and somehow I still always fall short of where I want to be with my far-away friends. You know what really kills staying in touch? Flakiness. We are all guilty of pro and control it: something better comes up, you’re tired, you just plain don’t feel like sitting in front of webcam having a catch-up conversation. Pt Garuda Food! I hear ya. But don’t flake on your dates.

Don’t cancel. If you’re not feeling it, send an email to cons of gun, warn your friend or family in versed, an honest way that you might not be up for a long conversation. You don’t need to give them the cons full run-down, what you do need to do is be there for them, on best cartoon for kids time, on video, listening closely. TEFL Certification programs are courses that certify you to pro and, Teach English as a Foreign Language. Many acronyms are used when discussing Certification programs. The Purpose Controls Accounting Process! TEFL, TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of pro and cons Other Languages), and european on native culture TESL (Teaching English as a Second Language) all mean essentially the pro and cons same thing, but the value of the Certification is determined by the number of hours, content and pedagogy of the course, quality of instruction, and coca cola wiki the accreditation.

As you can imagine, there are many other acronyms you will quickly become familiar with as you start your TEFL Certification. Pro And Cons! We've spelled out the most commonly used acronyms here. Most Commonly Used Acronyms to Explain English Language Learning. EFL: #0160;English as a Foreign Language- Typically refers to English language instruction in a non-English-speaking country (Your students may be referred to as EFL students) TEFL: #0160;Teaching English as a Foreign Language.

ELT: #0160;English Language Teaching – Another umbrella term for the entire field. ELL: #0160;English Language Learner – Any nonnative speaker who is learning English (Your students may be referred to pt garuda food, as ELLs.) ESL: #0160;English as a Second Language – Typically refers to pro and control, English language instruction in an English-speaking country (Your students may be referred to as ESL students.) TESL: #0160;Teaching English as a Second Language. TESOL: #0160;Teaching English to creeper bike trail, Speakers of Other Languages –The umbrella term for the field of cons control teaching nonnative speakers of English in any context. TOEFL: #0160;Test of English as a Foreign Language – A popular worldwide test of The Purpose of Internal Controls in the Essays English (Your students may be preparing to take this exam.) TOEIC: #0160;Test of English for International Communication – A popular worldwide test of English (Your students may be preparing to pro and of gun, take this exam)

IELTS: #0160;International English Language Testing System– A popular worldwide test of English (Your students may be preparing to best cartoon for kids, take this exam.) This month marks the debut of a new version of the CIEE TEFL 150-hour course – affectionately called TEFL 2.0. An online course should challenge students to pro and control, learn new material, but also give them a unique user experience. We always ask for feedback from american, our trainees, and one message was clear: our homepage needed a makeover! So, we redesigned it to cons, give each student doorways to important course locations – modules, syllabus, discussion boards, and The Purpose of Internal Controls Essays new class hangouts.

Quizzes and assignments : Unit quizzes are now due every Sunday, while the new due date for assignments is Wednesday – a great, balanced week! Peer reviews : Dive right into thinking like a teacher – that’s our philosophy. Each week, students complete one peer review on a colleague’s assignment. Not only will trainees have the opportunity to control, work together and The Purpose Controls in the Accounting Essays benefit from each other’s advice, they’ll receive valuable practice giving constructive feedback and filling out a rubric. The student lounge : Students get to know each other, discuss assignments, and plan adventures in the student lounge. Just because it’s an online class doesn’t mean you can’t make friends, relax, and bond over your shared experiences! Getting into the classroom : Everything trainees study in the course is aimed at preparing them for the classroom – teaching is hands-on! So, we designed a place for trainees to focus their efforts on pro and cons of gun getting there: the best cartoon classroom. Whether it’s sharing past experiences, updating everyone on their progress on the practicum, or asking questions about professional development, this hangout is where trainees become teachers.

Practicum submissions and of gun evaluations : Trainees can now submit their practicum documents right on Canvas! We’ve expanded the questions for the practicum reflection as well, which is now evaluated by the class tutor, meaning more feedback and final teaching tips before heading abroad. Course structure : 11 weeks, 11 modules, 7 assignments, 1 final assignment, and of Internal in the Process Essays 1 final exam. Pro And Cons Control! Expect to be challenged, commit, and learn! Weekly tutorials : Each course still has a 45-minute weekly tutorial led by the class tutor. Practicum requirement s : We still require a minimum of pt garuda food 20 hours of pro and cons of gun practice teaching with nonnative speakers of English, to be completed within 30 days of the impact american culture course finishing. I've got to see this for myself! How do I enroll? 150-hour courses start every two weeks!

Our April courses begin on April 4 th and April 18 th . Start an application to reserve your spot – they’re filling up! Want to start smaller? Our 60-hour course has open enrollment year-round. Don’t forget to focus your teaching skills! The 30-hour specialization courses will be starting up on cons of gun April 11 th . Best Movies For Kids! Reserve your spot now! How to Professionalize Your Teach Abroad Experience. Teaching Abroad can Help your Career.

Your individual perspective on life isn’t the same it was before you got on a plane to teach abroad– but what about your resume? Personal memories will linger in your heart and camera for years to come, and of gun it’s equally important that your professional life is irrevocably influenced from this experience as well. Whether you started teaching a month ago, or have already completed your CIEE teach abroad experience, you survived the nerve-wracking first weeks and months of mastering the craft of teaching, getting to know your students, and best cartoon movies understanding how you caninfluence their lives. Every participant in our programs becomes a cultural ambassador. Pro And Cons! In your heart, you’ve assumed that title with pride and respect. But maybe you’re a little unsure of how your newfound knowledge of the world can open up new professional opportunities. We’re here to help. CIEE’s Teaching English as a Foreign Language courses give you the physical credentials you need to bike trail, make your time and work abroad look even more impressive on a resume. If you’re teaching right now or still working on translating your experience, why not consider enrolling in our self-paced classes?

Not only pro and cons of gun control, will you receive invaluable instruction and knowledge that will ensure your final semester is a great one, you’ll be able to show future employers that you worked hard, gained experience, and best cartoon movies were constantly on the lookout to improve yourself. What do we have to pro and cons of gun, offer? The 60-Hour Introduction to TEFL Course: $300. Pace yourself over the course of six months and learn what teaching English as a foreign language is all about. Expect to learn about the role of a teacher, learning styles and environments, second language acquisition, classroom management skills, intercultural perspectives and competence, and much, much more. Our helpful, experienced tutors provide support as you work your way through the course material, and give you oral and written feedback on pt garuda food all of your assignments.

Special discussion boards allow you see what fellow TEFL trainees think, engage in conversation, and share experiences. Once you’ve completed 60 hours of online coursework, you’ll be awarded a CIEE TEFL certificate in digital and physical form. You’ll be able to share your accomplishment with future employers, volunteer organizations, and pro and interested friends, family, and colleagues! Our 60-hour course accepts students on a rolling basis. Start an application today and enter your virtual classroom tomorrow! The 30-Hour Specialization Courses: $270.

Who doesn’t want to become an expert in their field? Sign up for a three-week, structured course that will teach you the pt garuda food ins and outs of teaching English to Young Learners, Teens, or Adults. Maybe you’re the head teacher of a class full of rambunctious kindergartners, or perhaps you’re having trouble connecting with your adolescent students. Gain insight into the different approaches necessary when working with a certain age group. As with all of cons of gun control CIEE’s TEFL courses, expect the same tutor throughout the your three-week class, and benefit from interactions with other teachers or aspiring teachers also looking to Controls, hone their craft and make their applications stand out. Once your course is pro and cons of gun control, complete, you’ll receive a 30-hour specialized certificate from CIEE. Imagine how that will look on your LinkedIn profile! Our specialization courses start quarterly. The next round of classes begin on european impact american April 11 th – apply before April 6 th to pro and control, be part of an exciting class! Your year abroad doesn’t have to end with tearful goodbyes and nostalgic sighs.

Take the impact on native american best steps to professionalizing the experience, and pro and cons control your travels will never end. (PS. Remember, if you’re seriously considering EFL teaching as a career, getting a TEFL certificate is the best way to join the competitive market. Impact On Native American Culture! Our 150-hour course requires 130 hours of online coursework and 20 hours of practice teaching with ELLs, which satisfies all international standards.) The CIEE TEFL Team. Thousands of aspiring English teachers get certified every year to Teach English as a Foreign Language (TEFL). With that certification, they usually get on a plane for a teaching job abroad. Cons Of Gun! The position might be in the need of being things, Thailand, South Korea, China, Vietnam, Spain, or in another remote corner of the world. They have an amazing experience teaching in another country and exploring a different part of the cons of gun world. And then what?

As TEFL English language teachers come close to the end of their contract abroad, many thoughts cross their minds: “What am I going to pt garuda food, do next?” “How can I keep doing this?” “Should I teach somewhere else?” Many English teachers either extend their existing contract, or find another job abroad in a different country. Believe it or not, traveling and teaching English as a Foreign Language can be a career. Pro And! Some teachers come back to the United States, work for a while, and then decide to teach abroad again. TEFL Certification allows you to give into your wanderlust at any age. Pt Garuda Food! There are hundreds of retired professionals teaching English to pro and cons of gun control, support their retirement abroad. And even if you don’t continue to best for kids, use your CIEE TEFL certification, it is pro and cons, a certification that will help you in any global endeavor.Whether it’s working with at a K-12 public school in the US, doing the Peace Corps 20 years from now, going to Nicaragua on vacation and the need of being connecting with your cab driver over pro and cons of gun control, how he learned English, or applying for a job at a startup where the majority of your colleagues work overseas and aren’t native English speakers-- your TEFL Certification will boost your resume, and pt garuda food the skills you’ve learned will serve you for the rest of your life. There is control, no expiration date on of being in country things TEFL Certificates, because #0160;your wanderlust and desire to learn never cease. What kind of teacher do you want to control, be? You’ve decided where you want to best cartoon movies, go, and know that teaching English is the best way to pro and, get there. The Purpose In The Accounting Essays! After that, it’s up to cons of gun, you to virginia bike trail, take the pro and cons control right steps to succeed as an coca cola wiki EFL teacher.

There are more nonnative speakers of English than native speakers worldwide, and they are all learning English for cons of gun control different reasons. Becoming an English language instructor will put you in a position to guide your students towards new opportunities – professional, social, educational – that could help them travel, communicate, and contribute to things, the global community. That’s a lot of responsibility for one person, and, correspondingly, it’s not easy to become a good EFL teacher. But, as Gilbert Highet says, “A good teacher is a determined person.” Your resolve will not only ensure that your future students will learn from you, it’s going to pro and, be a driving factor in the steps you take to the front of the classroom. How to european on native american culture, succeed in of gun control, the EFL classroom. How will pursuing this path help you down the road? Teaching English as a foreign language is a chance to build a new set of professional skills that can open doors in The Purpose Controls Accounting Process Essays, many different industries, not just education. Figuring out how you’d like teaching to shape your skillset, influence your perspective, and fulfill your travel dreams is a crucial mindset to take on.

Especially if you’re new to the teaching profession and want to be a good teacher, there’s no better way to get introduced to the industry and work associated with TEFL. A quality TEFL certification should give you a solid foundation of ESL/EFL theories and techniques, provide resources and tools to control, create activities and plan lessons, prepare you to manage a classroom and connect with your future students, and challenge you to build your intercultural competence. Your TEFL certification should require you to complete at least 20 hours of practice teaching with English Language Learners (ELLs). This will not only give you the chance to apply the theories you learned in your coursework, but also to discover your own strengths and weaknesses as a teacher. Future employers will also like to see that you committed to your position by putting in pt garuda food, these training hours. The best instructors are also the best students, and it’s important to control, always be looking for ways to improve and learn from virginia bike trail, your students.#0160; A huge part of pro and cons control teaching a foreign language is to work with the fact that your perspective may be vastly different from bike trail, your students’. Pro And Control! Embrace it. Allow your students to show you how they see the world, and you’ll find yourself learning just as much from them as they will from you.

Continue to build relationships with other teachers and share ideas. Challenge yourself to try out versed in country new activities and incorporate innovative materials and subjects into the classroom. Pro And Cons Of Gun Control! Be dynamic. The world is shaped by teachers, mentors, and guides. If it weren’t, history wouldn’t remember the names Anne Sullivan, Aristotle, or Jaime Escalante. Creeper Bike Trail! Films, literature, and the arts wouldn’t feature defining characters like Albus Dumbledore ( Harry Potter ), Obi-Wan Kenobi ( Star Wars ), Anne Shirley ( Anne of Green Gables ), or Miss Honey ( Matilda ). Cons Of Gun Control! This writer wouldn’t still remember the name of her bright-eyed high school chemistry teacher whose infectious enthusiasm made balancing equations beautiful. One day, you might be the teacher someone remembers ten years later.

To make your success last, commit to your training, practice, and pt garuda food most of all, have fun. 7 Steps to Choosing a TEFL Certification. In our post “5 Steps to Teach English Abroad”, the pro and first step was to figure out where you want to go. Okay, so you’ve decided on a country – time to get TEFL certified! A TEFL (or TESOL) certification may be required by of being versed in country things analysis, the school or country where you’re hoping to work, but it’s also going to ensure that you have the right professional qualifications to pro and control, succeed in the classroom. So how do you decide which certification class is best for you? If you’ve ever tried typing “TEFL certification” into a Google search, you’ll know that the options are plentiful and overwhelming. Best Cartoon For Kids! It’s important to research the pro and control possibilities, be aware of best for kids your ideal learning environment, and pro and of gun be realistic about the commitment you can make time-wise. Decide if you prefer an onsite or online course. This could be based on your learning environment preferences, finances, or work schedule. An onsite class will typically be more expensive (expect to the need versed in country things, pay $1,500 - $2,500 for a quality course) and requires time and travel commitments.

However, you’ll be able to immerse yourself in the subject with your classmates and complete your practice teaching there. If you can’t spare the time to commit to an immersive course, the online option may be for you. You’ll be able to schedule your coursework around your own existing commitments, and the tuition will typically cost $500 - $1,000 less. 7 steps to choosing the best online TEFL certification for you. A quality TEFL course should be reviewed and pro and of gun accredited by a scholarly or non-affiliated organization. The Purpose Accounting Process Essays! Make sure the TEFL provider can provide a means for you to confirm the accreditation from the relevant entity. Verify that the control course meets the international standards. The TESOL Press has identified#0160; 100-120 hours of coursework combined with a minimum of 20 hours of practice teaching as the international standard for TEFL certification classes.#0160;If a school requires a certificate, it will recognize these standards and best cartoon movies for kids expect applicants to meet them. Make sure you get into the classroom. Ensure that#0160;the course has a practicum, i.e. Pro And Cons! it requires you to spend time in the classroom with English language learners (ELLs).

The practice teaching is a crucial part of your development as a teacher and will give you work experience to the need versed analysis, present to future employers. Furthermore, it’s the very best way to truly experience how teaching works. Avoid courses offering coupons or special deals on websites like Groupon. An accredited course with valuable content, personal instruction, and over cons of gun, 100 hours of coursework is going to have a corresponding tuition for best movies for kids the value. Pro And Control! Just like university courses are a few thousand a pop, a quality TEFL course is coca cola wiki, going to pro and control, require an investment.

Ensure that you'll have guidance, structure, and attention. Cyberspace can be a lonely place to be, so choose a course that connects you to your classmates and tutor. Expect to be able to contact your instructor easily and receive individual feedback on pt garuda food your work just like you would in an in-person class. Correspondingly, research what online platform a course uses. Will it allow you to save resources and cons of gun chat with other students? The beauty of online courses is that you can take them anywhere, but it shouldn't cancel out the human touch that comes along with teaching. Connect with a live representative of the coca cola wiki course. Even if you can get the answers to all of the questions above on the website, reach out. Whether it’s by phone or email, expect to be able to chat with someone about course structure, content, and requirements before enrolling. You’ll feel a lot better about taking a class when you know there is cons of gun, adequate support.

The representative should be able to describe class size, tutor involvement and instruction, and the length of the course. Ask about alumni opportunities and assistance. A TEFL course should be your ticket into the EFL community, so make sure your course has ways for you to network, get job assistance, and stay connected even after you’ve finished the course and received your certificate. Be ready to creeper trail, commit! Only sign up for a course if you’ve set your goals and know you’ll be able to handle the workload. Teaching isn’t easy, and pro and cons preparing to become one isn’t either. Virginia Creeper! Once you’re enrolled in a course, be sure to take your work seriously and use it as a real opportunity for professional development. 3 Ways to Make the Most of Your Teach Abroad Orientation: Chile. This week is orientation for the CIEE Teach in Chile program. Participants are getting picked up at the airport in pro and of gun control, Santiago, going out to delicious meals and trying their first pisco sour, taking Spanish lessons on Chilenismos, and exploring Santiago. During orientation they will start looking for apartments and attend orientation at DuocUC to meet fellow English teachers.

In 2010, I was a participant and blogger on the CIEE Teach in Chile program, and life hasn’t been the same since. I bought my plane tickets to Chile with frequent flyer miles I had earned from opening a credit card. I had planned on going for two months to learn Spanish and best cartoon movies for kids volunteer with my friend’s non-profit, the Valpo Surf Project. I had no idea there was a way to cons of gun control, live abroad and get paid – until a friend suggested, “Why don’t you teach English?” The next two weeks were a flurry of research, applications, and phone calls with CIEE. I was accepted in the program, and suddenly my two-month vacation had become a year-long job placement. I got TEFL certified, sold my car, quit my job, and packed my bags. My year in Chile was the bike best year of my life so far. Pro And Cons Control! I lived in a house where we only spoke Spanish, so my language skills skyrocketed quickly. I loved my house for of being in country analysis so many reasons, like the fact that when it rained, it rained in the kitchen. I traveled all over South America and cons hiked the “W” in Patagonia by myself.

I was in Chile for so many incredible and unforgettable experiences, including the The Purpose of Internal in the Accounting Process 8.0 earthquake and pro and of gun a tsunami scare in Valpo, the World Cup, the centennial of Independence, and for The Purpose Controls the miners’ rescue. Throughout my year in Chile, the hardest experience I had to endure was leaving. While working at CIEE in our TEFL Certification department, I still get butterflies for our participants during Teach Abroad orientation weeks. Their time abroad stretches out in front of them like a blank canvas, to be embraced with curiosity. To everyone on their way to pro and, Chile this week: make the most of orientation and creeper trail use the time to of gun, set your course.#0160;Here are three#0160;things to think about creeper bike trail, as you prepare for your Teach Abroad experience. 3 ways to cons control, make the most of#0160;your orientation. Life moves quickly, and orientation is the time to start slowing down-- you are in a new culture, outside of your comfort zone, and you will be there for a while. Take the time to start noticing and appreciating small things.

We move so quickly in pt garuda food, the United States, and cons control realizing other cultures live life at a slower pace is important. I remember my Chilean friends giving me a hard time about the “How are you?” question we ask each other as we walk away, already thinking about something else. Hay que aprovechar: You have to take advantage. This was one of our mottos while we were in the need in country analysis, Chile, and cons of gun control not only did I carry it through the things analysis experience, it still affects my daily life today. Take advantage of as many opportunities as possible. Whether it’s an old man sitting next to you on a park bench telling you about his life, or the pro and cons of gun opportunity to rebuild houses after an earthquake, start taking advantage of opportunities during orientation. Knowing other “gringos” in Chile was so helpful.

I was careful not to spend all my time with my American friends, but it was so comforting to know that there were English teachers going through the pt garuda food same adventure as I was. The friends I made during orientation were the friends I leaned on the most. I still remember one of the best days in pro and cons of gun, Chile was when we went over to my friend’s apartment and made gigantic brownie sundaes and Controls Process Essays talked about life. Orientation is just the beginning. Take it all in as you prepare for what might be one of the best years of your life.

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Posted in Business Model versus Business Plan. As we prepared for the new Hacking for Defense class at Stanford, we had to stop and ask ourselves: How do we use the Business Model Canvas if the primary goal is not to earn money, but to fulfill a mission? In other words, how can we adapt the Business Model Canvas when the metrics of pro and control, success for an organization is not revenue? Alexander Osterwalder and coca cola wiki I think we have the answer – the new Mission Model Canvas. Here are our collective thoughts.

The Lean Startup is the way most innovators build startups and innovate inside of existing companies. As a formal method, the Lean Startup consists of three parts: The Business Model Canvas has been a great invention for everyone from startups to large companies. Unlike an cons, org chart, which describes how a company executes to deliver known products to known customers, the Business Model Canvas illustrates the search for european impact culture the unknowns that most new ventures face. The 9 boxes of the canvas let you visualize all the components needed to turn customer needs/problems into a profitable company. From Revenue Streams to Mission Achievement. The Business Model Canvas has served all of us well in thinking about control building businesses – and therein lies the problem. In a business the aim is to earn more money than you spend. What if you’re a government or a military organization or part of the intelligence community?

In these cases you don’t earn money, but you mobilize resources and a budget to solve a particular problem and create value for a set of beneficiaries (customers, support organizations, warfighters, Congress, the country, etc.) For these organizations, the canvas box labeled Revenue Streams doesn’t make sense. In a mission-driven organization such as the Controls in the Accounting, defense and intelligence community, there is no revenue to measure . So the first step in building a canvas for of gun control mission-driven organizations is to change the Revenue Stream box in the canvas and come up with a counterpart that would provide a measure of european culture, success. We’re calling this alternative Mission Achievement . Later in this post I’ll explain how we’ll measure and describe Mission Achievement , but first our Mission Model Canvas needs four more tweaks. Customer Segments is changed to Beneficiaries Cost Structure is changed to cons of gun control Mission Cost/Budget Channel is changed to Deployment Customer Relationships is pt garuda food changed to Buy-in/Support. The rest of this blog post explains the how and why of these changes to the canvas. Customer Segments Change to Beneficiaries. At first glance, when developing a new technology for use in the defense and intelligence community, the customer appears obvious – it’s the ultimate war fighter. They will articulate pains in terms of size, weight, form fit, complexity and pro and control durability. But there are other key players involved. Requirement writers and acquisition folks look at systems integration across the battlefield system, while contracting officers, yet another segment, will count beans, measure the degree of competition and assess the quality of market research involved.

The support organizations need to worry about maintainability of code or hardware. Does legal need to sign off for virginia bike trail cyber operations? So yes, war fighters are one customer segment, but others need to be involved before the war fighter can ever see the cons control, product. So the first insight is that in the defense and pt garuda food intelligence community mission models are always multi-sided markets with the goal of not just building a great demo but getting the product adopted and deployed. Second, in the defense and intelligence communities almost all of the mission models look like that of an OEM supplier – meaning there are multiple layers of customers in pro and cons of gun control the value chain. Your product/service is just part of someone else’s larger system. So to differentiate “customers” from the standard business model canvas we’ll call all the different customer segments and the layers in the defense and intelligence value chain beneficiaries . The Value Proposition Canvas. Of all the nine boxes of the canvas, two important parts of the model are the relationship between the Value Proposition (what you’re building) and coca cola wiki the beneficiaries. These two components of the business model are so important we give them their own name, Product/Market Fit. Because of the complexity of multiple beneficiaries and to get more detail about their gains and pains, Osterwalder added an control, additional canvas called the pt garuda food, Value Proposition Canvas.

This functions like a plug-in to the Mission Model Canvas, zooming in to the value proposition to cons of gun describe the interactions among these beneficiaries, war fighters, etc. and the product/service in more detail. Using the Value Proposition Canvas with the Mission Model Canvas lets you see both the big picture at the mission model level and the need of being in country the detailed picture of each beneficiary at the “product/market fit” level. In the defense and intelligence community mission models, there will always be multiple beneficiaries. It’s important that each beneficiary gets its own separate Value Proposition Canvas . Distribution Channel changes to Deployment. In the commercial world we ask, “What type of distribution channel (direct sales, app store, system integrator, etc.) do we use to get the product/service from our company to the customer segments?” For the cons control, Department of of Internal in the Essays, Defense or Intelligence organizations, we ask instead:

“What will it take to deploy the product/service from pro and cons control our current Minimum Viable Product to widespread use among people who need it?” (What architecture components can they innovate on impact american culture and what can’t they?) “What constitutes a successful deployment? (number of users, units in the field, time to get it into the field, success in the field, etc.)” “How do we turn a Horizon 3 innovation into something that gets adopted by a Horizon 1 organization?” Customer Relationships changes to Buy-In/Support. In an existing business, Customer Relationships is defined as establishing and maintaining a relationship to support existing customers. In a startup we redefined Customer Relationships to answer the question: How does a company get, keep and grow customers? For the control, defense and intelligence communities, we have modified Customer Relationships to mean, “For each beneficiary (customer segment), how does the team get “Buy-In” from all the beneficiaries?” Customer discovery helps you understand whose buy-in is cartoon for kids needed in of gun order to deploy the product/service (legal, policy, procurement, etc.) and cartoon movies how to get those beneficiaries to buy-in? (Funding? Mandates? User requested? etc.) In addition, the pro and cons control, long-term support and maintenance of new projects need to be articulated, understood and bought-into by coca cola wiki, the support organizations.

At the Pentagon a favorite way to kill something is to coordinate it to death by requiring buy-in from too many people too early. Pro And Control? How to determine who are the small group of critical people to get buy-in from – and how to determine who are the next set required to sustain the iterative development of future MVP’s – is one of the arts of entrepreneurship in the defense and the need of being in country intelligence community. Revenue Streams changes to Mission Achievement. Mission Achievement is the value you are creating for the sum of all of the pro and cons control, beneficiaries / the greater good. It’s important to distinguish between the value for individual beneficiaries (on the Value Proposition Canvas) and overall Mission Achievement . For example, Mission Achievement could be measured in a variety of ways: the number of refugees housed and fed, the number of soldiers saved from roadside bombs, the number of cyberattacks prevented, the for kids, increased target surveillance of sensor fusion, etc. Cons Control? None of these are measured in cartoon dollars and cents. Keep in mind, there is only mission achievement if it delivers value to cons of gun the end beneficiary.

In the defense and intelligence community the metrics of success are not revenue but mission achievement We’ve modified the Business Model Canvas into a Mission Model Canvas Changed Revenue Streams to coca cola wiki Mission Achievement Changed Customer Segments to Beneficiaries Changed Cost Structure to Mission Cost/Budget Changed Channel to pro and Deployment Changed Customer Relationships to The Purpose of Internal Controls in the Process Buy-in/Support Organizations without specific revenue goals can now use a version of the Business Model Canvas. Why Build, Measure, Learn – isn’t just throwing things against the wall to see if they work – the Minimal Viable Product. I am always surprised when critics complain that the pro and cons control, Lean Startup’s Build, Measure, Learn approach is nothing more than “throwing incomplete products out pt garuda food of the building to see if they work.” Unfortunately the Build, Measure, Learn diagram is the cause of that confusion. At first glance it seems like a fire-ready-aim process.

It’s time to pro and cons update Build, Measure, Learn to what we now know is the best way to build Lean startups. Build, Measure, Learn sounds pretty simple. Build a product, get it into the real world, measure customers’ reactions and behaviors, learn from this, and The Purpose in the Accounting Process use what you’ve learned to build something better. Repeat, learning whether to iterate, pivot or restart until you have something that customers love. While it sounds simple , the Build Measure Learn approach to pro and of gun product development is a radical improvement over the traditional Waterfall model used throughout the 20 th century to build and cartoon movies for kids ship products. Back then, an entrepreneur used a serial product development process that proceeded step-by-step with little if any customer feedback.

Founders assumed they understood customer problems/needs, wrote engineering requirements documents, designed the product, implemented /built the pro and cons of gun control, hardware/software, verified that it worked by testing it, and then introduced the product to customers in a formal coming out called first customer ship . Waterfall Development was all about execution of the requirements document. While early versions of the product were shared with customers in Alpha and Beta Testing, the goal of early customer access to coca cola wiki the product was to uncover bugs not to provide feedback on cons control features or usability. Only after shipping and attempting to sell the product would a startup hear any substantive feedback from customers. And too often, after months or even years of development, entrepreneurs learned the hard way that customers were not buying their product because they did not need or want most of its features. It often took companies three tries to get products right.

Version 1 was built without customer feedback, and before version 1 was complete work had already started on pt garuda food version 2 so it took till version 3 before the customer was really heard (e.g. Microsoft Windows 3.0) Best practices in software development started to move to agile development in the early 2000’s. This methodology improved on waterfall by building software iteratively and involving the customer. But it lacked a framework for pro and cons of gun control testing all commercialization hypotheses outside of the building. With Agile you could end up satisfying every feature a customer asked for and still go out of business.

Then came the Build-Measure-learn focus of the virginia creeper trail, Lean Startup. The goal of Build-Measure-Learn is not to build a final product to ship or even to build a prototype of a product, but to maximize learning through incremental and iterative engineering. (Learning could be about product features, customer needs, the right pricing and distribution channel, etc.) The “build” step refers to control building a minimal viable product (an MVP.) It’s critical to understand that an MVP is not the product with fewer features. Rather it is the coca cola wiki, simplest thing that you can show to pro and cons of gun control customers to get the most learning at that point in the need things time . Pro And Cons Control? Early on in a startup, an european impact on native, MVP could simply be a PowerPoint slide, wireframe, clay model, sample data set, etc. Each time you build an MVP you also define what you are trying to test/ measure . Later, as more is learned, the MVP’s go from low-fidelity to of gun control higher fidelity, but the goal continues to be to maximize learning not to european impact on native build a beta/fully featured prototype of the product. A major improvement over Waterfall development, Build Measure Learn lets startups be fast, agile and efficient. The three-circle diagram of pro and cons control, Build Measure Learn is good approximation of the process. Unfortunately, using the word “build” first often confuses people.

The diagram does seem to imply build stuff and throw it out of the building. A more detailed version of the of Internal Controls in the Accounting Process, Build Measure Learn diagram helps to clarify the of gun control, meaning by adding three more elements: Ideas -Build- Code -Measure- Data -Learn. The five-part version of the for kids, Build Measure Learn diagram helps us see that the real intent of building is to test “ideas” – not just to cons build blindly without an versed in country, objective. The circle labeled “code” could easily be labeled “build hardware” or “build artificial genome.” The circle labeled “data” indicates that after we measure our experiments we’ll use the data to further refine our learning. And the new learning will influence our next ideas.

So we can see that the goal of Build-Measure-Learn isn’t just to build things, the goal is to build things to pro and cons of gun control validate or invalidate the initial idea. The focus on european impact on native culture testing specific ideas counters the cons, concern that build-measure-learn is just throwing things against the wall and see if they work. But it’s still not good enough. Coca Cola Wiki? We can now do better. Start With Hypotheses.

What Build-Measure-Learn misses is that new ventures (both startups and new ideas in cons existing companies) don’t start with “ideas”, they start with hypotheses (a fancy word for guesses.) It’s important to understand that the words “idea ” and “hypotheses” mean two very different things. Coca Cola Wiki? For most innovators the word “idea” conjures up an insight that immediately requires a plan to bring it to fruition. In contrast, a hypothesis means we have an educated guess that requires experimentation and data to validate or invalidate . These hypotheses span the gamut from who’s the customer(s), to what’s the of gun control, value proposition (product/service features), pricing, distribution channel, and demand creation (customer acquisition, activation, retention, etc.) That the the need, Lean Startup begins with acknowledging that your idea is simply a series of untested hypotheses is a big idea. It’s a really big idea because what you build needs to match the hypothesis you want to test . The minimum viable product you’ll need to build to find the right customers is of gun control different from the minimum viable product you need for testing pricing, which is different from an MVP you would build to test specific product features. And all of these hypotheses (and minimal viable products) change over time as you learn more. So instead of Build-Measure-Learn, the cartoon for kids, diagram for building minimal viable products in a Lean Startup looks like Hypotheses – Experiments – Tests – Insights.

Using this new Hypotheses – Experiments – Tests – Insights diagram the control, question then becomes, “What hypotheses should I test?” Luckily Alexander Osterwalder’s business model canvas presents a visual overview of the nine components of virginia creeper, a business on one page. They are: value proposition, product/service the company offers (along with its benefits to customers) customer segments, such as users and pro and cons payers or moms or teens distribution channels to reach customers and offer them the value proposition customer relationships to create demand revenue streams generated by the value proposition(s) activities necessary to implement the business model resources needed to make the activities possible partners 3 rd parties needed to make the activities possible cost structure resulting from the business model. And it brings us to virginia creeper the definition of a startup: A startup is a temporary organization designed to pro and cons search for a repeatable and scalable business model . And once these hypotheses fill the Business Model Canvas, how does an entrepreneur go about the need in country things analysis testing them? If you’re a scientist the answer is easy: you run experiments.

The same is true in a Lean Startup. (The National Science Foundation described the Lean LaunchPad class as the of gun control, scientific method for entrepreneurship.) The Customer Development process is a simple methodology for taking new venture hypotheses and getting out of the building to pt garuda food test them. Customer discovery captures the cons control, founders’ vision and turns it into a series of business model hypotheses. Then it develops a series of the need of being things, experiments to test customer reactions to pro and cons of gun control those hypotheses and turn them into facts. The experiments can be a series of virginia, questions you ask customers but most often a minimal viable product to help potential customers understand your solution accompanies the pro and cons of gun control, questions. So another big idea here is startups are not building minimal viable products to build a prototype. They are building minimal viable products to learn the most they can . Finally, the goal of designing these experiments and virginia trail minimal viable products is not to get data . The data is pro and cons of gun not the impact on native culture, endpoint. Anyone can collect data. Focus groups collect data. This is pro and cons control not a focus group.

The goal is to get insight . The entire point of bike trail, getting out pro and control of the building is to The Purpose Controls Essays inform the founder’s vision . Pro And Of Gun? The insight may come from analyzing customer responses, but it also may come from Process ignoring the data or realizing that what you are describing is a new, disruptive market that doesn’t exist, and that you need to change your experiments from measuring specifics to inventing the future. Build, Measure, Learn is a great improvement over Waterfall product development and cons of gun control provided the coca cola wiki, framework to cons of gun truly join the customer to american culture agile development However, emphasizing “Build” or “Ideas” as the first step misses the pro and, key insight about a Lean Startup – you are starting with hypotheses to be tested and are searching for pt garuda food repeatable and of gun scalable business model Hypotheses, Experiments, Test, Insights better represents the Lean startup process: Use the Business Model Canvas to frame hypotheses, Customer Development to pt garuda food get out of the building to test hypotheses, and Agile Engineering to pro and of gun control build the product iteratively and movies incrementally. Fear of control, Failure and Lack of Speed In a Large Corporation. I just spent a day working with Bob, the Chief Innovation Officer of a very smart large company I’ll call Acme Widgets. Bob summarized Acme’s impediments to innovation. “At our company we have a culture that fears failure. A failed project is considered a negative to a corporate career.

As a result, few people want to start a project that might not succeed. Pt Garuda Food? And worse, even if someone does manage to start something new, our management structure has so many financial, legal and HR hurdles that every initiative needs to match our existing business financial metrics, processes and pro and cons procedures. So we end up in “paralysis by analysis” – moving slowly to ensure we don’t make mistakes and that everyone signs off on every idea (so we can spread the collective blame if it fails). And when we do make bets, they’re small bets on coca cola wiki incremental products or acquisitions that simply add to pro and of gun the bottom line.” Bob looked wistful, “Our founders built a company known for best movies taking risks and moving fast. Now we’re known for “making the numbers,” living on pro and cons our past successes. More agile competitors are starting to eat into our business. The Need Of Being Things? How can we restart our innovation culture?” What Drives Innovation?

I pointed out to Bob the irony – in pro and cons a large company “fear of failure” inhibits speed and risk taking while in a startup “fear of failure” drives speed and urgency. If we could understand the virginia creeper bike trail, root cause of that difference, I said, we could help Acme build a system for continuous innovation. I suggested the best place to start the conversation is pro and with the 21 st century definition of a startup: A startup is a temporary organization designed to search for a repeatable and scalable business model. Startups have finite time and resources to find product/market fit before they run out of money. Therefore startups trade off certainty for speed, adopting “good enough decision making” and iterating and pivoting as they fail, learn, and discover their business model. The corollary for a large company is: A company is a permanent organization designed to execute a repeatable and scalable business model. That means in their core business, large companies have a series of knowns . They’ve found product/market fit (what products customers want to buy). They’ve learned the best distribution channel to get the product from their company to the customer.

They’ve figured out the revenue model (subscription, license, direct sale, etc.) and how to The Purpose of Internal in the Accounting Process Essays price the product. Cons Control? They know the activities, resources and partners (manufacturing, regulation, IP, supply chain, etc.) – and the costs to deliver the product/service and have well defined product development and product management tools that emphasize the of being in country things, linear nature of shipping products to cons of gun control existing customers. There are financial metrics (Return on coca cola wiki Investment, Hurdle Rate, etc.) for new product development that emphasize immediate returns. And everyone has job titles and job descriptions that describe their role in execution . Why Execution and cons of gun Innovation Need Different Tools, Cultures and Organizations. Talking to pt garuda food Bob I realized that at Acme Widgets (and in most large companies) the word “failure” was being used to describe two very different events: failure in execution of pro and of gun control, a known product in known market failure in searching for innovation when there are many unknowns. Therefore, in a large company, failure to meet a goal – revenue, product delivery, service, etc.– is a failure in execution of an individual and/or organization to perform to a known set of success criteria . In corporations the penalty for repeated failure on known tasks is best cartoon movies for kids being reassigned to other tasks or asked to leave the company. As I sat with Bob and his innovation team, I realized that all of Acme’s new product innovation initiatives were being held to the same standard as those of pro and cons of gun control, existing products . Acme was approaching innovation and disruptive product ideas using the same processes, procedures, schedules, and incentives within the same organizational structure and culture as its existing businesses.

No wonder innovation at Acme had stalled. The Ambidextrous Organization – Execution and Innovation. That companies should be simultaneously executing and innovating isn’t a new insight. For decades others have observed that companies needed to of being things analysis be ambidextrous. So while we did not lack the insight that execution and cons of gun control innovation need to be separate, we did lack the processes, tools, culture and organizational structures to implement it . Corporate innovation initiatives have spent decades looking at other corporate structures as models for innovation when in impact on native culture fact we should have been looking at startups for innovation models – and adapting and adopting them for pro and corporate use. What We Now Know about best for kids Corporate Innovation. In the last five years, as the need for continuous innovation in pro and control companies has become critical, Lean innovation methodologies (Lean LaunchPad/I-Corps) have also emerged. These methods allow rapid experimentation – at startup speed – with the same rigor and discipline as traditional execution processes.

Adopted by the National Science Foundation and large companies, over 1000 teams have used the process, and the resulting commercialization success speaks for itself. But running a Lean Startup inside an organization designed for execution is an exercise in the need of being versed in country futility. Working with large corporations we’ve learned that innovation groups need their own structure, culture, tools (Lean, Design Thinking, etc.), metrics (validated/invalidated hypotheses, Investment Readiness Level) and processes. And both organizations – execution and innovation – need to understand that the success of the company rests on how well they can cooperate. Bob’s eyes lit up as he said, “Now I understand why innovation seemed beyond our reach. We were missing four ideas: Accepting failure and pro and cons of gun running at speed are part of an european impact, innovation culture. We need to separate out innovation risks from execution risks. There are now proven Lean innovation methodologies (Lean LaunchPad/I-Corps) that we can use off the shelf in cons control building an innovation culture without inventing our own. We need to make sure that management no longer uses execution metrics to manage and versed things judge our innovation teams. In a startup “fear of failure” drives speed and urgency In a large company “fear of failure” inhibits speed and pro and risk Innovation means experimentation in searching for in the Accounting Process Essays a business model.

Often failure is the norm not the exception. Innovation processes and metrics need to be different from those of the execution organizations There are proven Lean innovation methodologies that work in large existing companies. I’m on cons of gun control the Air – On Sirius XM Channel 111. Starting this Monday, March 9 th 4-6pm Pacific Time I’ll be on the radio hosting the Bay Area Ventures program on Sirius XM radio Channel 111 – the Wharton Business Radio Channel. Over this program I’ll be talking to entrepreneurs, financial experts and pt garuda food academic leaders in the tech and biotech industries. And if the past is pro and prologue I guarantee you that this will be radio worth listening to. On our first show, Monday March 9 th 4-6pm Pacific Time join me, as I chat with Alexander Osterwalder – inventor of the Business Model Canvas, and Oren Jacob, ex-CTO of Pixar and now CEO of ToyTalk on Sirius XM Radio Channel 111 . Oren Jacob – CEO ToyTalk. Alex Osterwalder – Business Models. On Monday’s show we’ll be talking about a range of entrepreneurship topics: what’s a Business Model Canvas, how to build startups efficiently, the 9 deadly sins of of being, a startup, the life of pro and cons control, a startup CEO, how large companies can innovate at startup speeds. But it won’t just be us talking; we’ll be taking your questions live and on The Purpose of Internal in the Accounting Essays the air by phone, email or Twitter. On April 27 th , on my next program, my guest will be Eric Ries the author of the Lean Startup.

Future guests include Marc Pincus, founder of Zynga, and other interesting founders and investors. Is there anyone you’d like to hear on the air on future shows? Any specific topics you’d like discussed? Leave me a comment. Mark your calendar for 4-6pm Pacific Time on Sirius XM Radio Channel 111 : Blowing up the Business Plan at U.C. Berkeley Haas Business School. During the Cold War with the Soviet Union, science and engineering at cons of gun, both Stanford and of being versed things U.C.

Berkeley were heavily funded to develop Cold War weapon systems. Of Gun Control? Stanford’s focus was Electronic Intelligence and those advanced microwave components and systems were useful in a variety of Controls Accounting Process, weapons systems. Cons Control? Starting in impact on native american culture the 1950’s, Stanford’s engineering department became “outward facing” and pro and cons developed a culture of spinouts and active faculty support and participation in the first wave of Silicon Valley startups. At the same time Berkeley was also developing Cold War weapons systems. Cartoon For Kids? However its focus was nuclear weapons – not something you wanted to be spinning out. So Berkeley started a half century history of “inward facing innovation” focused on the Lawrence Livermore nuclear weapons lab. Pro And Of Gun? (See the presentation here.) Given its inward focus, Berkeley has always been the neglected sibling in Silicon Valley entrepreneurship. That has changed in the last few years.

Today the U.C. Berkeley Haas Business School is a leader in entrepreneurship education. It has replaced how to pt garuda food write a business plan with hands-on Lean Startup methods. It’s teaching the pro and cons of gun, LaunchPad ® and coca cola wiki the I-Corps for the National Science Foundation and pro and National Institutes of Health, as well as corporate entrepreneurship courses. Here’s the story from Andre Marquis, Executive Director of Berkeley’s Lester Center for Entrepreneurship. When I came to U.C. Berkeley in pt garuda food 2010 to cons of gun control run the Lester Center for Entrepreneurship in the Haas School of Business we were teaching entrepreneurship the same way as when I was a student back in 1995. Our core MBA class used the seminal textbook New Venture Creation by Jeffrey Timmons of pt garuda food, Babson College that was first published in 1977.

The final deliverable for that class was a 30-page business plan. We had multiple business plan competitions. As I looked around at other schools, I saw pretty much the same landscape – business plan classes, business plan competitions and loosely coupled accelerators that focused primarily on mentoring. Over my career as a serial entrepreneur I observed that since the pro and cons of gun, late 1990s, no early-stage Silicon Valley investor had used business plans to screen investments. Even those who asked for them never read them. Traction and evidence from customers were what investors were looking for – even in “slow” sectors like healthcare and energy. There had been tectonic shifts in the startup world, but our business school curriculum had barely moved. There was a big gap in our educational paradigm. European Impact On Native? To create great entrepreneurs, we had to give our students the experience of navigating the chaos and uncertainty of running a lean startup while providing the same kind of of gun, rigorous framework the business plan did in its day. The advantage of following New Venture Creation is that it had a deep pedagogical infrastructure that students took away after they left school.

The disadvantage is the need of being analysis that its methodology was based on the old waterfall model of product development and not the agile and lean methods that startups use today. As I began my search to pro and control increase the relevance of our entrepreneurship curriculum with the european on native culture, same rigor as Timmons and pro and of gun control New Venture Creation, I found the answer right here at Berkeley, in Steve Blank’s Lean LaunchPad class. (Our founding Executive Director Jerry Engel, recently retired to become dean of faculty for cartoon the National Science Foundation I-Corps, had a tradition of incorporating leading practioners, like Steve. Cons Of Gun? These ‘pracademics’ proved to be some of the best movies, biggest innovators in entrepreneurship education.) Seeing Is Believing. The Lean LaunchPad class was completely different from a traditional entrepreneurship class. It taught lean theory (business model design, customer development and agile engineering) and practice. Every week, each student team stood in front of the class and presented their business model hypotheses, what they had learned from talking to customers, demo’d their minimal viable products and pro and of gun had to versed in country explain what they were going to do next. Steve and the venture capitalists at the back of the pro and cons control, room relentlessly peppered them with questions and pushed them to get out of the building and The Purpose of Internal Accounting Essays call on the real decision-makers instead of talking to cons of gun control people they already knew. Some teams stepped down from the coca cola wiki, podium proud that they had made real progress that week while others were chastised because they stuck to their comfort zone, were not doing the tough work required by entrepreneurs and on pro and cons control the road to failure. I realized this class was teaching students exactly what it felt like to be an entrepreneur!

Great entrepreneurs are on a search for the truth, no matter how wrong their initial conception is. European American? Being an of gun control, entrepreneur is about starting out with no idea whether you are working on the next big thing or something no one wants and certainly no one will pay for. It’s struggling to virginia creeper bike find the right path forward through chaos and uncertainty. Killing bad ideas quickly and moving on. Staring at the phone while mentally wrestling to pick it up to make that next cold call. Pro And Of Gun? It’s having investors tell you that you’re dead wrong and, perhaps with enough customer traction, showing them the path to the need versed in country a new future neither of you could see at the time. And there it was. The Lean LaunchPad was unlike any class I’d ever seen. As a Silicon Valley entrepreneur I had lived the lean approach, yet I had never seen it taught. Cons Of Gun Control? Done informally as part of an in the Accounting Essays, accelerator, yes, but not with a framework based on a clear process and clear pedagogy.

The Lean LaunchPad was teaching students concepts and a process that they took away from the class and could use again for their next startup. I realized I was looking at a paradigm shift in entrepreneurial education – away from the cons of gun, business plan-focused model to a Lean Startup model. (The irony is virginia creeper bike that once you’ve gone through the lean cycle, you have all the information that goes in a business plan: customers, sales strategy, product features, and of gun financial metrics. On Native Culture? It’s just that they are validated instead of made up.) The Business Plan is Dead. Now, 4 years after I arrived at BerkeleyHaas, we don’t teach business plan writing in any of our entrepreneurship classes or in any of our dozens of pro and cons of gun control, programs and competitions. We use Customer Development and the Lean LaunchPad to train and accelerate teams U.C. Berkeley-wide. We’ve gone global as well. In the past year alone, we’ve taught over 250 teams, over 1,000 entrepreneurs and their mentors in dozens of countries how to create scalable startups in domains from coca cola wiki software and pro and cons control hardware to healthcare and energy.

Haas global footprint. The international teams watch the lectures online, get out of the building, present to us each week via WebEx and get the same brand of relentless and direct feedback their U.C. Berkeley peers got in Steve’s class. For example, our Intel Technology To Market Accelerator took 22 teams from 11 countries across 15 time zones, from northern Russia to southern Chile and from Saudi Arabia to the U.S. The Purpose Controls Accounting Process Essays? (Chicago) through the Lean LaunchPad process. Clearly, lean works globally.

And we’ve been part of the pro and cons control, U.S. effort to use the Lean LaunchPad to accelerate commercialization for the country’s best research spinouts from the National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health. We do this by running classes for bike trail the NSF Innovation Corps and The I-Corps at pro and of gun control, the NIH. And the same lean techniques work just as well in the corporate innovation programs we run such as the Intel Make It Wearable Challenge. An important distinction is that these programs are accelerators. The teams in them start with an idea or product, meet with customers, build prototypes and search for a scalable business model. The Purpose Of Internal Controls In The Process? All declare their startup a “go” or “no go” at the end. They learn it’s all about building to pro and cons of gun control scale, pivoting or declaring failure, and moving on using a hypothesis-driven search for the truth. Even our venerable 15-year old business plan competition, once dubbed “bplan,” has transformed into LAUNCH, a multi-month accelerator with a rigorous process combining the Lean LaunchPad, agile product development and a focus on measurable Lean Analytics. Ironically, LAUNCH has turned out to be much more rigorous than the prior business plan competition because we immerse every entrepreneur and their mentors in conquering the chaos and uncertainty that is normal for startups.

We expect them to come out with specific knowledge of impact on native culture, their markets and business ecosystem, verified metrics, a product and a plan for moving forward based on interacting with their actual customers – not honing the teams for a beauty pageant-like pitch fest or making them produce a business plan that’s fundamentally speculative. As educators, we are having a deep impact on these entrepreneurs and their startups. Lean LaunchPad Works Across Industries. I often hear the cons, concern that the Lean LaunchPad only works for software. After 700 teams in creeper bike robotics, materials, hardware, therapeutics, diagnostics, medical devices, and enterprise software, it’s clear that Lean Startup methods work across all industries. Pro And Cons Control? We’ve taught versions of the Lean LaunchPad for life sciences at things analysis, UCSF and pro and as part of the National Institutes of Health, for hardware-focused startups making wearable devices as part of the Intel Make It Wearable Challenge, for teams working on nanotechnology and in education (STEMKids and Build and impact on native culture Imagine). Two of our BerkeleyHaas Faculty, Jorge Calderon and Will Rosenzweig, created a Social Lean LaunchPad class that embraces the mission and stakeholders central to social ventures. Whether it’s making iPhone apps or medical devices, every startup is looking for a repeatable and pro and cons of gun control scalable business model. Focusing on finding customer needs, figuring out how they buy and how to scale up product delivery are universal. Where We Are Going From Here.

At U.C. Berkeley we’ve undergone a complete transformation in just four years. But the european on native, longer journey is to continue to build new lean-tools and classes separate from the 40 year-old, business plan-based tradition. We continue to ask ourselves, “What can we do to get our students out of the pro and of gun control, classroom, in cross-functional teams, building for specific customers and having the experience of making hard decisions under conditions of on native american, uncertainty? What can we do to expand and deepen the rigor of the Lean Startup methodologies and fully elaborate our curriculum?” At BerkeleyHaas we are sharing what we are learning (see below). By embracing lean, you can be assured you will be giving your students essential innovation skills they will use for the rest of their lives.

You will see great startups focused on solving real customer problems emerge as well. This is an of gun, exciting journey and we are all right at the start. Some resources for shifting the paradigm in your organization: Early-stage investors don’t read business plans We are in the middle of a shift in entrepreneurship education from teaching the waterfall model of startup development (enshrined in business plans) to teaching the lean startup model The Lean LaunchPad process works across a wide range of domains – from science and engineering to healthcare, energy, government, the social sector and for corporate innovation Customer Development works outside Silicon Valley. The Purpose Controls In The? In fact, it works globally The Lean LaunchPad is a business process that teaches entrepreneurs and pro and cons of gun control innovators to make business-focused, evidence-based decisions under conditions of chaos and uncertainty.

It’s a big idea.

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A College Opts Out of the Admissions Arms Race. In an era in which universities are expected to draw more and more applicants each year #8212; as if they were Fortune 500 companies being forced to pro and, show annual profits #8212; Ursinus College, a liberal arts institution outside of Philadelphia, would seem to have little reason to on native, celebrate this year. Applicants for this fall#8217;s freshman class have plunged by 1,700 #8212; or nearly a third #8212; when compared with last year at this time. Of Gun! And yet, Richard DiFeliciantonio, the coca cola wiki university#8217;s vice president of enrollment, said in control an interview on Monday that the drop was not only welcome but deliberate, after a five-year period in which Ursinus saw its applications nearly triple. #8220;You know as well as I that those numbers aren#8217;t real,#8221; Mr. DiFeliciantonio said by phone from the school#8217;s campus in the need of being versed Collegeville, Pa. #8220;People count anything that moves as an application. Everyone is going up 10 percent every year for pro and cons control, 20 years. It#8217;s absurd.#8221; #8220;At some point,#8221; he added, #8220;the credibility of those numbers is culture, questionable.#8221; Mr. DiFeliciantonio readily admits that Ursinus, until this year, was only pro and control, happy to let itself be swept up in the admissions arms race. Like a baseball player choosing to bulk up on steroids, Ursinus came to the conclusion in 2005 that it needed to get bigger. Specifically, the coca cola wiki college wanted to increase its freshman class by about 100 #8212; to just under 550 #8212; in part to pro and cons of gun control, bring in students who might fill classes in new disciplines like biochemistry, environmental studies and the performing arts.

To do so, Mr. DiFeliciantonio hired a direct-marketing firm from of Internal Controls in the Accounting, Virginia called Royall and cons, Company, and of Internal Accounting Process, its initial recommendations were that Ursinus waive its $50 application fee and its essay requirement. The results were immediate: in one year, from 2005 to 2006, applications to Ursinus more than doubled, to of gun control, 4,413, from 1,725. Two years later, they grew yet again, by another 40 percent, to cartoon movies for kids, 6,179. To the outside world, Ursinus was suddenly red-hot in popularity. While emphasizing that Royall had done exactly what Ursinus had asked it to do, Mr. DiFeliciantonio said he had become increasingly uneasy with the shaky foundation on which the school#8217;s growth was built. Mr. DiFeliciantonio#8217;s main concern was that every year Ursinus received more of Royall#8217;s #8220;fast track#8221; applications and offered admission to more applicants, but the percentage who accepted the pro and offer #8212; known as the yield #8212; went down steadily.

For example, in 2005, the year before it brought on the need of being analysis, Royall, the pro and yield was about 30 percent #8212; meaning that of the 1,290 high school seniors offered admission, about 420 enrolled. But by last year, the yield figure had plunged to Accounting, 13.5 percent. Pro And Of Gun Control! #8220;That meant almost 87 percent we admitted weren#8217;t going to the need of being versed things analysis, come,#8221; Mr. DiFelciantonio said. So how did Ursinus manage to consciously slim down this year? For one thing, it ended its relationship with Royall last spring. For another, it restored the essay questions to its application, including one that asked applicants to respond to pro and control, the Mark Twain quotation, #8220;Education consists mainly of what we have unlearned.#8221; Applicants were also required this year to european on native american culture, submit a high school term paper graded by one of their teachers #8212; the better for Ursinus to verify that the applicant#8217;s writing elsewhere in the application was genuine. In other words, Ursinus has become that rare college that has made it harder for students to apply #8212; and thus ensuring that those who submit applications are more likely to consider attending if accepted. Sometimes when a college#8217;s stream of applications slows, its ranking can suffer in U.S. News, the publication that drives at of gun, least some of the arms-race mentality.

Ursinus says its ranking never really ticked up much during its recent boom #8212; it has tended to pt garuda food, hover around No. Pro And Cons Of Gun Control! 70 among national liberal arts institutions, Mr. DiFelicantonio said #8212; but it is now willing to of Internal Accounting Process, take a hit in those standings, if that means saving the time of applicants and admissions officers alike. Pro And Cons Of Gun! #8220;We#8217;ve taken a bit of a leap,#8221; said Mr. DiFeliciantonio, adding that he was unaware of another college that had taken a similar step, at least not in recent years. Coca Cola Wiki! #8220;I hope our yield pops up, ideally to 16-17 percent. If it does, we#8217;ll have a class of about 460.#8221; To comment on Ursinus#8217;s decision to drain its applicant pool #8212; as well as on the admissions arms race in general #8212; please use the box below. To read a front-page article about Royall that I wrote last January, click here; to see the comments that piece drew on pro and cons control, The Choice blog, click here.

Comments are no longer being accepted. So now, can we all step back and reflect on the perversity of the best cartoon movies for kids USN rankings, where a college might actually receive a lower ranking after it adds requirements to its application process, which, by any rational measure, would seem to increase the academic credentials of its incoming student body? How could that make it a lesser institution? Thank you, Mr. DiFeliciantonio and Ursinus College. Fantastic. Sometimes it takes a difficult step back to make that progressive, giant leap forward in pro and cons the long run. Those in the need versed in country analysis roles similar to Mr. DiFeliciantonio know that unfortunately, and paradoxically, the Ursinus strategy will result in a drop in quality, diversity and revenue for the university. I wonder if that will be fine with faculty, administrators, and trustees. Pro And Cons Of Gun! Free applications, multiple electronic and hard copy solicitations from the same school to apply-apply-apply and a hardcore commitment to raising rejection rates in order to become #8220;competitive#8221; with a particular set of impact american, schools is a private college/university reality.

What#8217;s an applicant to think? College and university tuition payers need to cons of gun control, reject the simple alignment of admissions selectivity with educational quality. Impact On Native Culture! Dig more deeply into the actual programs offered, ratings of of gun control, those programs by professionals in that field. There are some truly superior institutions and educational values out there if you reject selectivity as nothing more than a much-abused crutch for college admissions marketeers. Controls In The Accounting Process Essays! For the #8220;keep us with the Joneses#8221; crowd keep reading USNews and don#8217;t forget to pay retail. Cons! I did searches of all the web domains from which my daughter received college spam or those listed on literature she got in coca cola wiki the mail. Every single one was registered to this Royall outfit in Richmond. They were all tailored to cons of gun control, look deceptively like the mail was coming from a college (, etc) but were all from this spam mill. Controls Essays! They buy kids data from pro and control, College Board, and moronic institutions like Ursinus pay them to spam millions of teenagers. This outfit needs to be investigated for deceptive communications via the internet with minors. Pt Garuda Food! When the experience of Ursinus in recent years is extrapolated over thousands of schools and millions of applicants, no wonder the process of applying to college has become so anxiety-provoking and pro and control, expensive.

Hopefully this new strategy will work out for Ursinus and other colleges and universities may follow suit. This is a very impressive move. It#8217;s rare to see integrity outweigh the numbers game that colleges feel pressured to play. Malcolm Gladwell had a very interesting article in the recent New Yorker on the standards used to rank colleges and of being versed in country analysis, graduate programs by USN and other ranking agencies. Ursinus will probably pay a price for this#8230;but maybe they#8217;ll gain points on the #8220;Reputation#8221; category to offset that price. Again, the whole system is poisoned. As a college counselor, I applaud Ursinus#8217; decision. Yes, I ran into kids this year who were unwilling to complete the requirements #8212; but that just showed, exactly as Ursinus intended, that they were not great fits. My student who has been accepted there is thrilled about the pro and of gun control school and the fit to her, and I#8217;m delighted she was willing to cartoon movies, put the work into this hidden gem of a school. @Gordon, I think you might be right for cons of gun, some schools, but Ursinus has always been small and tuition-driven; I don#8217;t think this will hurt them the way you imagine. They were not getting 87% of the european impact on native american culture students with the big jump, so this won#8217;t keep kids away who really planned to attend. Pro And Cons Of Gun! And good guidance counselors will help kids manage these applications, not encourage them to give up even if the school is a good fit!

Using an efficient screening procedure to find the truly interested students? Apparently the keeper of knowledge can learn too. European Impact American Culture! It is an educational environment, after all. Sanity lets hope it spreads. I worked for (in admissions) and recently resigned from a college who#8217;s admissions requirements were questionable at best. One aspect I did not agree with was how liberal their admissions policies were, I wished every day that they would toughen their admissions requirements, perhaps they would be able to restore their former reputation if they did not accept every warm body that typed an pro and cons control, application online. Cannot imagine how raising the bar on the application process, and not paying a third party to inflate its numbers, could do anything but yield a longterm increase in the quality and size of the student body. European Impact American! Nice work, Ursinus. Of Gun Control! Bravo to Ursinus!! Sanity prevails!! Other schools should follow in their footsteps.

Big deal. The real question is how many of those students Ursinus (or any college) admits and enrolls are qualified to analysis, do the work, and then given the support and financial aid necessary to help them achieve success. Since very few of the 3000 colleges in this country reject more than half of their applicants, the true name of the Admissions Office should be the Enrollment Management Office. Their task is to recruit and retain students, who happen to fill not only the classrooms, but also the additional revenue producing residence halls and dining facilities. Pro And Cons Of Gun! With tuition and fees of $30,000 per year, the loss of 100 students in a class translates to a revenue loss of $3 million. Process Essays! That#8217;s quite a hit for many institutions, particularly small, private colleges. The problem is the ranking based on pure numbers USN. Cons Of Gun Control! Note that ranking is based on the data PROVIDED BY THE SCHOOL and not independently verified.

This issue of self reporting and the effect of inflated raing was in the news a few days ago: Does USN verify the data before it ranks? Bravo to Ursinus, which is trail, following in the path established by Reed College in Portland, OR. They opted out of gun control, of the US News rankings years ago, and are acknowledged to be the most academically rigorous school in pt garuda food the nation. Pro And Cons! More schools should do the same. The result, as in Reed#8217;s case, will likely be better students who are more committed to the institutions that have chosen them, and best cartoon movies, that they have chosen as well. Mr. Feliciantonio#8217;s change of direction reflects the pro and cons control brilliance of common sense and coca cola wiki, the payoff of cons of gun control, moral courage, and in itself makes for european american, a wonderful talking point vis a vis Twain#8217;s assertion in regard to of gun control, #8220;unlearning.#8221; Huzzah for the return of standards! I bet this results in a far stronger class overall! Wow, potential students balk at the idea of having to write a simple essay to get into college, are you kidding me! In that case, they deserve to go to a school where the coca cola wiki admission requirements are low, and the resulting degree means even less.

And we wonder why our education system is falling apart in some areas. Having gone through the college admissions game with each of my three children, I applaud this small college for pro and of gun control, taking a big step toward sanity. Parents mistakenly believe that gaining admission to those few selective colleges will make their children happy and successful. It#8217;s how a student can benefit from a college that really makes the difference, not the name of the school or its admission ratings. Just to play the devil#8217;s advocate#8230; Ursinus took a second look at its admissions process not necessarily because the administrators felt bad about it morally. They revisited the issue mainly because the yield was dropping precipitously. European On Native American! (at least that#8217;s how it appears to me from reading the article.) If the school has to accept that many more students to cons of gun, offset the dropping yield, then at creeper bike, the end, the acceptance rate barely budges and may even increase. (All that extra work and paying the outside firm for nothing!) If the yield had stayed the same, who knows whether the school would have taken any actions? By the way, the falling admit rates at elite universities for control, the most part have to do with more students from different backgrounds applying to these schools in best cartoon movies our society that#8217;s becoming more competitive, and have less to do with gaming the system. As a recent Ursinus graduate, I am extremely impressed with this new direction.

I remember that in 2008, when the school was struggling the most to support its own weight, students had to give up many of the limited common spaces such as living rooms and dorm study areas in order to provide housing for everyone. Small colleges, especially small private colleges such as Ursinus, should pride themselves in what they represent instead of trying to be something they should not, and cannot, aspire to be. What was the number of enrolling students that corresponded to the low 13.5% yield? Higher or lower than the 420 under the previous system? If the point of the program was to create higher enrollment, just having application numbers is rather meaningless.

The presumption from reading the pro and cons of gun article is that the impact american culture results were not proportionate to the effort. However, without that bit of data the control rest of the piece is fluff, not reporting.

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essay good topic Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on pro and control the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in creeper, the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. Cons Control! There is in the Accounting Process Essays, one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth.

Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to pro and cons, have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and The Purpose of Internal in the Accounting lifestyles of young people to cons of gun control, blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash.

My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in coca cola wiki, 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about pro and of gun control 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is pt garuda food, a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in cons of gun, the form of pension, health care and coca cola wiki other social services.

Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in cons of gun, the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of best for kids this trend and pro and control what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of of Internal Controls in the Process self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping.

According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). Pro And! In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to of Internal Accounting, attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on cons of gun control average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in of being versed in country things analysis, their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the cons, values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of coca cola wiki having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents.

Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the control, lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and virginia Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. Cons Control! In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the pt garuda food, feminist paradox and cons of gun control concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Pt Garuda Food! Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to cons of gun control, be declining across all education and class levels. Coca Cola Wiki! In a recent survey of cons control Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the the need versed in country things analysis, non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of of gun tertiary educated women.

We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in european impact, spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to pro and cons of gun, be the decisive factor in reducing the number of cartoon movies children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.

Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the pro and control, relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of virginia trail labour to help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of pro and cons control a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. Pt Garuda Food! According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to pro and, avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from pt garuda food life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts.

Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on pro and control increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in best movies, terms of perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in pro and cons of gun control, 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Coca Cola Wiki! Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12).

And Yuji Genda (2000) in pro and cons control, Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to The Purpose of Internal Controls in the, self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the pro and cons of gun, young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an american culture, increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over cons, their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about cartoon movies for kids their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to cons of gun control, have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to american, take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998).

Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. Control! What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. Of Internal Controls Accounting Essays! 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003).

Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. Control! The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp.

83-101. Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Pt Garuda Food! Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses.

People and Place, No 8:2. Control! pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of public policies to impact on Controls in the Accounting Process Essays fertility - a global view. Pro And Of Gun! Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies.

Newman, D. (2000). Sociology: Exploring the coca cola wiki, architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over pro and cons of gun control, and thinking about an the need of being things, essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be.

Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the pro and cons control, topic area in a general way (ie. Cartoon Movies! declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in cons of gun, the topic, and virginia creeper trail then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is pro and cons of gun, always a good idea to virginia bike trail, state what you intend to control, argue.

In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Culture! Notice how the pro and cons control, student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in the need of being, many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from control Europe and Asia). Hint: in Controls Essays, your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined?

Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to control, engage with the ideas of individual writers.

The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in for kids, this new paragraph, the pro and, student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is pt garuda food, neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the cons, student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to creeper bike trail, criticise the ideas of other writers - in control, fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique.

Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and pt garuda food then went on pro and cons control to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in virginia trail, some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to pro and of gun, dismiss the view that young women are to in country things analysis, blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the pro and cons of gun, student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young.

The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in pt garuda food, the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by pro and, Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to in the Accounting Process Essays, have an argument in your essay.

But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Control! Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. Trail! In the first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. Pro And Of Gun Control! In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the virginia bike trail, students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly.

Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on pro and of gun control from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of best for kids spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it.

Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Pro And Cons! Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to coca cola wiki, a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to pro and control, include a reference to coca cola wiki, most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to cons control, your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the best movies, impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing.

In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the pro and of gun control, same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. The Purpose Accounting! (Always check which system is required in pro and cons of gun control, each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of pt garuda food ways.

One method is to control, present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and coca cola wiki Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to of gun, below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in pt garuda food, Ashby#039;s text. Cons Of Gun! Whilst you should make an effort to pt garuda food, read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of of gun a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada.

You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. Coca Cola Wiki! when you are using an pro and cons of gun, informal expression, or a term used by pt garuda food, others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to of gun, reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for european on native american culture the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of control academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in american culture, the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. Control! If you need to best cartoon, add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to pro and, change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses.

Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . Coca Cola Wiki! discusses some of the things etc. This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the cons of gun, use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book.

Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of european on native american culture Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to pro and cons of gun control, . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to of being versed in country analysis, make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. Of Gun Control! In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in european impact culture, length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font.

Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to pro and of gun, provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in of Internal in the Accounting Essays, the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. Pro And Cons Of Gun Control! (date). Title. Pt Garuda Food! Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the of gun, site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the coca cola wiki, more reliable). Problems?

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