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bressay hap shawl Hello! and sorry for correctional, the lack of blogs over the past wee while. Canterbury Tales. Things have been very busy at correctional, JS but today I am back with a blog about Haps! baby wrapped in a hap, courtesy of the Essay, Shetland Museum and Archives. I feel like lately Haps have been everywhere with Gudruns Hap Knit-a-Long on ravelry and Louise of correctional administration, KnitBritish#8217;s Hap-A-Long which begins this week, so I thought I#8217;d share some of the The Implications Caesar, Hap patterns available from administration JS and of course the presidential, modern counterparts as well as some ideas of the correctional administration, yarns that can be used to make one! Haps drying in justice field a field, courtesy of Hap Shawls: Then and administration Now by Sharon Miller. Comparing The Peasants’ With The Cade Rebellion Essay. A Hap is essentially a wrap which is administration, used to keep you warm, of prologue canterbury tales, course they come in many shapes and sizes but traditional Shetland Haps are square with a centre panel, a patterned surround (usually feather and fan lace) and an edging. There are many different ways to construct a Hap of which Louise goes into correctional a good amount of detail on case scenarios her blog post, there is also some good information here. a hap drying outside in administration the 1960#8217;s. Courtesy of the Shetland Museum and Archives. The Peasants’ Of 1381. We are very lucky that we have a lot of the samples created for correctional administration, patterns over presidential immunity the years for us, I#8217;m going to start with the fancier Haps, traditionally used as Christening Shawls and knit using 1 or 2ply Lace weight. These 1ply Shawls, all designed by Gladys Amedro follow the construction method of knitting the correctional administration, edging, picking up stitches then knitting into the centre which is immunity, one of the styles of Hap construction. They can all be made using 1ply Yarns, we have the correctional, 1ply Cobweb and The Peasants’ Rebellion of 1450 Essay also the 1ply Shetland Supreme. The original 1ply Cobweb will yield a crisper shawl due to correctional administration, its woollen spun make up but the presidential immunity, Shetland Supreme will give you a softer shawl with more of correctional administration, a Halo, both beautiful of course!

1ply Cobweb 1ply Shetland Supreme The Pam Shawl. The Tragedy Caesar. The Pam Shawl, seen above is correctional administration, another Gladys Amedro pattern but this time it is The Implications of Sickness in Shakespeare’s Caesar, knit using 2ply Lace, we also have the My Weekly Baby Knits Shawl which is correctional administration, another 2ply Shawl. These are a bit less delicate and more for everyday use, although they would still be perfect for a christening. Although typically knit in Original 2ply Lace you could also knit any of these shawls using 2ply Supreme Lace or Shetland Heritage, both which would give you a different feel. Essay. The Supreme 2ply is correctional, a bit lighter weight than the Comparing of 1381 With The Cade Rebellion of 1450, original whereas the correctional administration, heritage is slightly heavier, since they are both worsted spun compared the the 2ply lace you would again get a different feel using them. The Morag Shawl from Sharon Millers #8216;Hap Shawls: Then and Now#8217; is Revolt of 1381 With The Cade Rebellion, a classic example of a traditional Hap which was worn by Shetland Women over the centuries. Large, warm and soft, this would keep everyone from a tiny baby to an old lady warm. Correctional Administration. courtesy of the 8th ammendment, Shetland Museum and Archives. Typically knit in Jumper Weight, the administration, shaded sections were used to justice field, add interest and use up all the correctional administration, scraps of justice field, Yarns.

A subtly shaded Natural Hap in correctional administration Shetland Supreme Jumper Weight would be classic and Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 timeless but it also offers the chance to use some nice colour palettes of Jumper Weight.. 203,1284,366,fc9 and fc56 2, fc39,fc34,141 and 29 54, fc39,fc38,fc12 and correctional administration fc11. In relation to finding patterns for these kinds of Haps, in the Traditional Shawls and Scarfs pattern booklet all written out and presidential not charted there is a pattern for this kind of Shawl. Also available in correctional the Shetland Guild of Spinners, Knitters, Weavers and Dyers book: A Legacy of Lace is the Traditional Shetland Hap by prologue, Zena Thomson. But online you will find a wealth of correctional, patterns inspired by 8th ammendment, this style of administration, Haps.

Hansel Hap (Full Version) Hansel (Half Version) Gudrun Johnson#8217;s lovely Hansel Pattern is available in The Implications a full and half hap version as well as in a Craftsy class! Knit using Jumper Weight the correctional administration, colour possibilities are endless. Nurse Case Study Scenarios. Another Modern Hap inspired pattern is the Northmavine Hap by correctional administration, Kate Davies from Flat Essay her Colours of Shetland book, again knit in Jumper weight, this shawl has aspects of correctional, a traditional shawl in a modern shape. I hope this has inspired you to prologue, get involved with Louise#8217;s Hap-A-Long which begins on correctional the 10th of April. Of course there are many more patterns which fit into justice field this style so have a look and administration get involved! I thought I#8217;d leave you with this great photo from Comparing Revolt of 1381 With Rebellion of 1450 Essay a carnival in correctional administration Lerwick with a Shetland themed float, that#8217;s a big hap on the back! Well, I HAD to back away from Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 Rebellion of 1450 Essay my keyboard so I wouldn#8217;t DROOL on it.

Thank you so much, I AM going to get the correctional administration, Traditional Shawls and Scarfs booklet and prologue am going to correctional, check out the justice field, Scottish shawl I was given when #1 son was born. It was knitted by the mother of my staff nurse when I worked in Bangour Gen. Correctional. Hosp. I had forgotten about 8th ammendment it! Thank you SO much. Now you, as well as Louise at KnitBritish, say that traditional construction of a hap was to start with the correctional administration, square centre. My experience of hap construction is to start with narrow lace edging, then the 8th ammendment, border with mitred corners and administration finally the of Sickness The Tragedy of Julius, square middle. This is the correctional, method used by The Peasants’ of 1381 The Cade Rebellion, members of correctional, Shetland Guild of Spinners, Weavers, Dyers and Knitters but none of Comparing of 1381 The Cade Essay, them had heard of administration, construction starting with the square middle. Prologue Canterbury Tales. Members come from correctional administration all areas of canterbury tales, Shetland. Administration. Now I#8217;m more curious about The Peasants’ of 1381 of 1450 Essay source of your information. Hi Hazel, as i say in the blog there is correctional, many different ways and orders to Revolt of 1381 With The Cade Essay, make a hap, theres no right or wrong way as long as the end product is correctional administration, what you want.

We have a few different patterns all with different constructions so just trying to justice field, give an overview, Ella x. Hi Ella- interesting overview of haps. Nice to administration, see the Gibbie shawl which I knitted twice when I was 16. Sold one when I went to uni and used the Revolt of 1381 With of 1450, other one when my children were born. Correctional. However the photo of the woman with the of Sickness The Tragedy, blue shawl has resulted in a morning of reminiscing for correctional, my family as that is my gran#8217;s sister Maggie Blance and the photo is taken outside the of Sickness The Tragedy of Julius, Pund in Mossbank probably earlier than the correctional administration, 1970#8217;s as she died in September 1967. I have read about the about Pro Immigration, Hap-a-Long and to correctional administration, be honest, I started early. Nurse Scenarios. So I#8217;m well on administration my way already. I#8217;ll keep mine simple in colours, using the The Implications of Sickness in Shakespeare’s of Julius Caesar, Half Hap (Sharon Miller) because I want an correctional administration, elaborate lace edging.

Happy with your suggestions! Some people don#8217;t leave it at justice field, just one Hap. Administration. More to come! Thanks for that, I have changed the photo description to prologue, the 1960#8217;s, glad you enjoyed the post. Ella x. I love this post so much information you are such a genius ella and I am so proud of correctional, your research and work keep it up. Am definitely going to presidential immunity, have a look at Hap-a-long, although I doubt I have the correctional administration, time to 8th ammendment, knit one myself. Administration. I have an Pro, Aberdonian mother, now 85, who was always knitting round haps (although she called them shawls) which could be pulled through a wedding ring, they were so fine. Correctional Administration. Every time a friend or neighbour had a baby due, which seemed quite often(!), my mum would start another shawl. Immunity. My eldest daughter is correctional administration, now 26 and settled with a husband and 8th ammendment plans to administration, have babies, so what do you think my mum is doing? 1 guess #8230;.

I spend my time feltmaking and study scenarios embroidering rather than knitting. I wish I had time for all three. Many thanks for these posts. I have used Gladys Amedros book on Shetland Lace many times over the years and correctional the pattern she designed for the Womans Weekly which I am pleased to Flat, see is correctional, still available. To The Canterbury. Is it possible to correctional, buy a copy of the Pam shawl?

I do not think I have seen it on the J S website. One of the prologue to the tales, things I specially like about the patterns Gladys did is the way they begin with the correctional, border and Flat Essay end with a graftNO SEWING!! The recent posts written by Oliver are wonderful. Correctional Administration. What a great tradition so glad it continues. RT @vrosssmith: The Shallmillens Snood by @DonnaSmith02 has been a lovely travel project whilst in Canada #128017; Cant wait to 8th ammendment, keep cosy in correctional it 19 hours ago Jamieson Smith: A Shetland Story hours ago RT @homeisanisland: Inspiring colourwork samples @knitsonik trunk show this afternoon @Jamieson_Smith #128525; #lovemyjob#Shetlandwool#shetland 3 days ago RT @ACurtisOnline: Another packed wool shed for Immigration, today#039;s @Jamieson_Smith Oliver Henry wool talk #shetlandwoolweek @ShetlandWoolWkhttps://t3 days ago RT @WYSpinners: Wow! A huge thanks to our fantastic stockists, retail customers and administration crafters who voted for presidential, us at correctional, the British Knitting Cro 3 days ago Follow @Jamieson_Smith.

Knitting ideas, inspiration and Comparing Revolt of 1381 With The Cade Rebellion Essay free patterns, plus crochet, weaving, and more.

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media essay topic Youve spent quite a bit of time in correctional, your English classes writing argumentative essays, and youve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. Its not that there arent any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Flat Essay! Chances are, all you need to do is relax and administration, find a topic youre passionate about and, of course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library.

The name of the essay says it all argumentative . It would be a lot easier to The Tragedy Caesar write an essay on correctional, something that people generally agree on, but thats not really the Tax System Essay, point of an argumentative essay. Its important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isnt black and whitethere are a lot of correctional, gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to Comparing Revolt With Essay help get you started. Correctional! Ive separated the topics into five categorieslegal, moral, social, media and familyand included a helpful link for The Peasants’ Revolt, each topic. Feel free to correctional use the topics for Flat Essay, your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice.

These types of topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. Administration! They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You dont have to Essay Pro get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you dont want to suggest a changing a law thats already been changed in correctional administration, the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the The Peasants’ of 1381 of 1450, benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the correctional administration, drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)?

Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on 8th ammendment, gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of correctional administration, their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the The Peasants’ With The Cade of 1450, easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to administration be very debatable because everyone has different opinionsand justifications for Immigration, those opinionson what they think is right or wrong. If youre talking about human or animal rights, and its something youre very passionate about, its tempting to let your emotions take over.

While its good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. Its definitely worth your time to create an outline so you dont stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from correctional administration, countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to about Pro die via physician-assisted suicide? Should childrens beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and administration, businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech?

Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on The Implications in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius, personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and administration, what kinds of case study, pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and administration, even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to The Implications of Sickness Caesar write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to correctional administration you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to Flat rely on facts and not on administration, personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college?

At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in nurse study scenarios, order to curb mens catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to correctional vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors?

Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and nurse study scenarios, the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to correctional administration be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isnt hard to find. Just turn on a television and dont change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to nurse study all things electronic, and youll be sure to correctional administration find something debatable about what you see.

Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on study, prime time television? Where should networks draw the line for correctional, violence on Essay about Pro, television? Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in schools?

In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and correctional administration, movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. Tax System Essay! Thats because every family is different.

Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to administration laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, its hard to Essay Pro Immigration generalize in correctional, these types of Flat, essays. Correctional Administration! However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an argument for Flat Tax System, any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics.

As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from correctional, (way more than are on this list). Pro Immigration! For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once youre ready to correctional come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that its much easier to write about Essay about, something that you already have interest ineven if you dont know a whole lot about it. Researching the correctional administration, topic will allow you to learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable.

If youve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. In Shakespeare’s The Tragedy Of Julius! Theyll help give you the correctional administration, winning edge in about, whatever youre debating. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the correctional, Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+.

Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. Justice Field! I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi AbdulIm not sure *who youre proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for correctional administration, the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example.

Is the Tax System Essay, hook on administration, the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the 8th ammendment, first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to administration do it on can u help? Btw Im 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.?

Hiya so I think the important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if Im stereotyping you due to case your age, perhaps a good argument would be to correctional administration discuss the effects of The Implications of Sickness in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, video games on young people. Administration! Here is a great resource to help you: I looked @ the Pro Immigration, ideas but Im still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? Im having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. Administration! I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldnt help me on this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Comparing The Peasants’ With Rebellion! Can you please help.

It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). Administration! A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and 8th ammendment, Colorado for correctional administration, example). I need to justice field write an argumentative research paper about correctional administration, 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for of Sickness in Shakespeare’s of Julius, a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about.

My biggest piece of correctional, advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day lifemaybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, heres a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): Im sorry to hear that. Maybe youll find this post to be helpful in your quest for justice field, the perfect topic: Same I have to do that.

I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to do it need HELP and administration, Im 15. Hi Dysoneep thats a lot of essays in a short amount of time. Youre going to want to stay organized. About Pro Immigration! Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: Thank you for that it really helps me. Youre welcome. Thanks for correctional, reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay. The Implications The Tragedy Of Julius Caesar! My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only correctional administration have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to Flat Tax System Essay help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help?

Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and correctional administration, i dont have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there.

My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to 8th ammendment right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable. Administration! Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to justice field something good. The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to administration possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an The Implications in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy Caesar arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side).

This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: This is literally the same thing im going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to administration be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Dont despair. You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for The Tragedy of Julius, help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for correctional administration, a 3000 word research paper on 8th ammendment, the following Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and correctional, multilingualism . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. 8th Ammendment! Thank you #128578; A basic framework for correctional, your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this:

The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 With The Cade Rebellion of 1450 Essay, argue that biilingual is socially and correctional administration, cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the nurse case study scenarios, consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and correctional administration, aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi.

I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. Its fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I cant do this for case, you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place.

Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and administration, more. Of Julius Caesar! You can learn more about that service here: I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse Good luck on your writing though!Im sure you need it more than me i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and administration, change the font size from 8th ammendment, 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on administration, to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in 8th ammendment, the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for administration, some topics there will be enough you just have to Tax System Essay be well prepared. So true! If youre armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, its much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to administration take to execute an Essay argumentative essay:

1) pick your topicthis post is a good place to start. 2) do your research 3) formulate a thesis statement 4) write an correctional administration outline 5) draft your paper 6) edit your paper 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on Pro, inspiration vs infringement and so far Ive written only 200.

Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like tomorrow afternoon has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and correctional, how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in study, more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to hear. Thanks for correctional administration, your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and The Implications in Shakespeare’s Caesar, my partner have no idea on administration, what are topic will be, based on our courses. Im studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if youl help us a little bit. Im not quite sure what you are asking for.

Are you trying to find a topic for Comparing Rebellion Essay, a research paper that is related to both computer science and correctional, entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question Im attempting to Flat Essay answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. Administration! You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for With The Cade Rebellion Essay, running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of correctional administration, job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then Id do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to find out Revolt of 1381 With, if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes).

I think that you may be struggling a bit because computer science and entrepreneurship or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of correctional, topics. You might find this post helpful for Tax System, you to narrow down your idea: this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project.but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson Congrats on starting the rewarding project of correctional administration, writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and Comparing Revolt Rebellion, writing it.

You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like its coming out as you want it to, but if youre serious about correctional administration, this, youll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. 8th Ammendment! In fact it wont be perfect. It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! Its a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it again and again until its right.

were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an correctional idea. Im so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for Essay, reading. Naomi help me please? iam looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of correctional, owning one? I assume you mean shopping at Flat Tax System Essay, one, so here are a couple ideas off the correctional, top of justice field, my head: Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to administration travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). There is a higher risk that the store will be out Revolt Rebellion of 1450, of the item you need (or wont have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory.

Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is a good long while.

Id definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; Id definitely read for some pointers. Administration! You might also check out I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of Tax System, essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for correctional, me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, Im need to write a thesis for my unis project this year. But, Im having a problem with my topic, is 8th ammendment, it a good topic or not?

Im not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, Students perception on administration, integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics. *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. I think youre off to nurse case study a good start, but you still need to take a stance on correctional, your topic. Here is an example of The Peasants’ Revolt Rebellion of 1450, what I mean: Students perception of integrity, which is administration, one of NDUMs characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education. In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of With The Cade Rebellion Essay, integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUMs core characteristics, tend to correctional be more successful in their educational endeavors. I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone?

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I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. Now Im on The Implications in Shakespeare’s of Julius, my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; Thats a long one, but you can totally do it. Correctional Administration! Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims youre making and how much evidence you use to justice field back them up.

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What is Critique? An Essay on Foucaults Virtue. What is it to correctional, offer a critique? [1]This is something that, I would wager, most of us understand in some ordinary sense. But matters become more vexing if we attempt to distinguish between a critique of scenarios this or that position and critique as a more generalized practice, one that might be described without reference to its specific objects. Can we even ask such a question about the generalized character of critique without gesturing toward an essence of critique?

And if we achieved the generalized picture, offering something which approaches a philosophy of critique, would we then lose the very distinction between philosophy and critique that operates as part of the definition of critique itself? Critique is always a critique of some instituted practice, discourse, episteme, institution, and it loses its character the moment in which it is abstracted from its operation and made to administration, stand alone as a purely generalizable practice. 8th Ammendment! But if this is true, this does not mean that no generalizations are possible or that, indeed, we are mired in particularisms. On the contrary, we tread here in an area of constrained generality, one which broaches the philosophical, but must, if it is to remain critical, remain at a distance from that very achievement. The essay I offer here is about Foucault, but let me begin by suggesting what I take to administration, be an interesting parallel between what Raymond Williams and Theodor Adorno, in different ways, sought to accomplish under the name of criticism and Tax System Essay, what Foucault sought to understand by critique. I maintain that something of Foucaults own contribution to, and correctional, alliance with, a progressive political philosophy will be made clear in 8th ammendment the course of the correctional administration, comparison. Raymond Williams worried that the notion of criticism has been unduly restricted to the notion of fault-finding[2] and Essay about, proposed that we find a vocabulary for the kinds of correctional administration responses we have, specifically to cultural works, which [do] not assume the habit (or right or duty) of judgment. And what he called for was a more specific kind of response, one that did not generalize too quickly: what always needs to be understood, he wrote, is the specificity of the response, which is not a judgment, but a practice.(76) I believe this last line also marks the trajectory of Foucaults thinking on this topic, since critique is precisely a practice that not only suspends judgment for him, but offers a new practice of values based on that very suspension. So, for Williams, the practice of critique is not reducible to arriving at judgments (and expressing them). Significantly, Adorno makes a similar claim when he writes of the danger. of judging intellectual phenomena in a subsumptive, uninformed and administrative manner and assimilating them into the prevailing constellations of study scenarios power which the intellect ought to expose.[3] So, the task of exposing those constellations of power is impeded by the rush to judgment as the exemplary act of critique. For Adorno, the very operation of judgment serves to separate the correctional, critic from the social world at hand, a move which deratifies the Flat Tax System Essay, results of its own operation, constituting a withdrawal from correctional, praxis. (23) Adorno writes that the critics very sovereignty, the claim to a more profound knowledge of the object, the separation of the idea from Flat Essay, its object through the correctional administration, independence of the critical judgment threatens to succumb to the thinglike form of the object when cultural criticism appeals to a collection of Flat Tax System Essay ideas on display, as it were, and fetishizes isolated categories.(23) For critique to operate as part of a praxis, for Adorno, is for it to apprehend the ways in which categories are themselves instituted, how the field of knowledge is ordered, and how what it suppresses returns, as it were, as its own constitutive occlusion. Judgments operate for correctional, both thinkers as ways to subsume a particular under an already constituted category, whereas critique asks after the occlusive constitution of the field of categories themselves. What becomes especially important for Foucault in justice field this domain, to try to think the problem of freedom and, indeed, ethics in general, beyond judgment: critical thinking constitutes this kind of correctional administration effort.

In 1978, Foucault delivered a lecture entitled, What is Critique?,[4] a piece that prepared the way for his more well-known essay, What is Enlightenment? (1984). He not only asks what critique is, but seeks to understand the kind of question that critique institutes, offering some tentative ways of circumscribing its activity. What remains perhaps most important about that lecture, and the more developed essay that followed, is the question form in which the matter is put. For the very question, what is critique? is an instance of the critical enterprise in question, and so the question not only poses the problemwhat is this critique that we supposedly do or, indeed, aspire to do?but enacts a certain mode of questioning which will prove central to the activity of Tax System Essay critique itself. Indeed, I would suggest that what Foucault seeks to do with this question is something quite different from correctional administration, what we have perhaps come to expect from critique. Habermas made the Flat Tax System, operation of critique quite problematic when he suggested that a move beyond critical theory was required if we are to seek recourse to norms in making evaluative judgments about social conditions and social goals.

The perspective of critique, in his view, is able to call foundations into question, denaturalize social and political hierarchy, and correctional, even establish perspectives by which a certain distance on the naturalized world can be had. Essay Immigration! But none of these activities can tell us in what direction we ought to move, nor can they tell us whether the activities in which we engage are realizing certain kinds of normatively justified goals. Hence, in his view, critical theory had to give way to a stronger normative theory, such as communicative action, in order to supply a foundation for critical theory, enabling strong normative judgments to be made,[5] and for politics not only to have a clear aim and normative aspiration, but for administration, us to be able to evaluate current practices in terms of their abilities to reach those goals. In making this kind of criticism of critique, Habermas became curiously uncritical about the justice field, very sense of normativity he deployed. Correctional Administration! For the question, what are we to do? presupposes that the we has been formed and that it is known, that its action is possible, and The Peasants’ With of 1450 Essay, the field in which it might act is delimited. But if those very formations and delimitations have normative consequences, then it will be necessary to ask after the correctional, values that set the stage for action, and this will be an important dimension of any critical inquiry into Immigration, normative matters. And though the Habermasians may have an answer to this problem, my aim today is not to rehearse these debates nor to answer them, but to mark the administration, distance between a notion of 8th ammendment critique that is characterized as normatively impoverished in some sense, and another, which I hope to offer here, which is not only more complex than the usual criticism assumes but which has, I would argue, strong normative commitments that appear in forms that would be difficult, if not impossible, to read within the current grammars of normativity.

Indeed, in this essay, I hope to show that Foucault not only makes an important contribution to normative theory, but that both his aesthetics and correctional, his account of the justice field, subject are integrally related to both his ethics and politics. Whereas some have dismissed him as an aesthete or, indeed, as a nihilist, I hope to suggest that the foray he makes into the topic of self-making and, by presupposition, into poiesis itself is administration central to nurse study scenarios, the politics of desubjugation that he proposes. Paradoxically, self-making and desubjugation happen simultaneously when a mode of existence is risked which is unsupported by what he calls the administration, regime the truth. Foucault begins his discussion by affirming that there are various grammars for the term, critique, distinguishing between a high Kantian enterprise called critique as well as the little polemical activities that are called critique (24) Thus, he warns us at the outset that critique will not be one thing, and that we will not be able to define it apart from the various objects by which it itself is defined. By its function, he writes [critique] seems to be condemned to dispersion, dependency and Essay, pure heteronomy. It only exists in relation to something other than itself. Thus, Foucault seeks to define critique, but finds that only a series of approximations are possible. Critique will be dependent on correctional its objects, but its objects will in turn define the very meaning of critique. Further, the primary task of critique will not be to Essay, evaluate whether its objects social conditions, practices, forms of knowledge, power, and discourseare good or bad, valued highly or demeaned, but to bring into relief the very framework of evaluation itself.

What is the relation of knowledge to power such that our epistemological certainties turn out to correctional, support a way of structuring the world that forecloses alternative possibilities of ordering? Of course, we may think that we need epistemological certainty in The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 Rebellion of 1450 order to state for sure that the world is and ought to correctional, be ordered a given way. To what extent, however, is that certainty orchestrated by forms of knowledge precisely in order to foreclose the possibility of thinking otherwise? Now, one might wisely ask, what good is thinking otherwise, if we dont know in advance that thinking otherwise will produce a better world? If we do not have a moral framework in which to decide with knowingness that certain new possibilities or ways of thinking otherwise will bring forth that world whose betterness we can judge by sure and already established standards? This has become something of a regular rejoinder to Foucault and the Foucaultian-minded. And shall we assume that the relative silence that has greeted this habit of fault-finding in Foucault is a sign that his theory has no reassuring answers to give? I think we can assume that the answers that are being proffered do not have reassurance as their primary aim. This is, of course, not to say what withdraws reassurance is, by definition, not an answer. Indeed, the nurse, only rejoinder, it seems to me, is to return to a more fundamental meaning of critique in order to see what may well be wrong with the question as it is posed and, indeed, to pose the question anew, so that a more productive approach to the place of ethics within politics might be mapped. One might wonder, indeed, whether what I mean by productive will be gauged by standards and measures that I am willing to reveal, or which I grasp in full at administration, the moment in which I make such a claim.

But here I would ask for your patience since it turns out that critique is a practice that requires a certain amount of patience in the same way that reading, according to Nietzsche, required that we act a bit more like cows than humans and learn the art of slow rumination. Foucaults contribution to what appears as an justice field, impasse within critical and post-critical theory of our time is precisely to ask us to rethink critique as a practice in which we pose the correctional administration, question of the in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, limits of our most sure ways of knowing, what Williams referred to as our uncritical habits of mind and what Adorno described as ideology (where the unideological thought is that which does not permit itself to be reduced to operational terms and instead strives solely to correctional administration, help the things themselves to that articulation from which they are otherwise cut off by the prevailing language.[29]) One does not drive to the limits for a thrill experience, or because limits are dangerous and justice field, sexy, or because it brings us into a titillating proximity with evil. One asks about the administration, limits of ways of knowing because one has already run up against a crisis within the epistemological field in which one lives. The categories by which social life are ordered produce a certain incoherence or entire realms of unspeakability. And it is from this condition, the tear in the fabric of our epistemological web, that the practice of critique emerges, with the awareness that no discourse is Flat Essay adequate here or that our reigning discourses have produced an impasse.

Indeed, the very debate in correctional administration which the nurse study scenarios, strong normative view wars with critical theory may produce precisely that form of discursive impasse from correctional administration, which the necessity and justice field, urgency of critique emerges. For Foucault, critique is a means for a future or a truth that it will not know nor happen to be, it oversees a domain it would not want to police and is unable to regulate. So critique will be that perspective on established and ordering ways of knowing which is not immediately assimilated into that ordering function. Significantly, for Foucault, this exposure of the limit of the epistemological field is correctional administration linked with the Essay, practice of virtue, as if virtue is counter to regulation and order, as if virtue itself is to administration, be found in the risking of established order. He is Comparing of 1381 Rebellion of 1450 not shy about the relation here. He writes, there is something in critique that is akin to virtue. And then he says something which might be considered even more surprising: this critical attitude [is] virtue in general. (25) There are some preliminary ways we can understand Foucaults effort to cast critique as virtue. Virtue is most often understood either as an attribute or a practice of a subject, or indeed a quality that conditions and characterizes a certain kind of action or practice. It belongs to an ethics which is not fulfilled merely by following objectively formulated rules or laws. And virtue is not only a way of complying with or conforming with preestablished norms.

It is, more radically, a critical relation to those norms, one which, for Foucault, takes shape as a specific stylization of morality. Foucault gives us an indication of what he means by virtue in the introduction to The Use of Pleasure: The History of Sexuality, Volume Two. Correctional! [6] At this juncture he makes clear that he seeks to move beyond a notion of ethical philosophy that issues a set of prescriptions. Just as critique intersects with philosophy without quite coinciding with it, so Foucault in that introduction seeks to make of his own thought an example of a non-prescriptive form of moral inquiry. In the same way, he will later ask about forms of moral experience that are not rigidly defined by in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, a juridical law, a rule or command to which the self is said mechanically or uniformly to submit. The essay that he writes, he tells us, is itself the example of such a practice, to explore what might be changed, in its own thought, through the practice of a knowledge that is correctional administration foreign to it. (9) Moral experience has to 8th ammendment, do with a self-transformation prompted by correctional administration, a form of knowledge that is foreign to ones own. And this form of moral experience will be different from the submission to a command. Indeed, to The Peasants’ Revolt With The Cade Rebellion of 1450, the extent that Foucault interrogates moral experience here or elsewhere, he understands himself to be making an inquiry into correctional, moral experiences that are not primarily or fundamentally structured by 8th ammendment, prohibition or interdiction. In the first volume of The History of Sexuality ,[7] he sought to show that the primary interdictions assumed by psychoanalysis and the structuralist account of administration cultural prohibitions cannot be assumed as historical constants. Moreover, historiographically considered, moral experience cannot be understood through recourse to a prevailing set of interdictions within a given historical time. Although there are codes to be studied, these codes must always be studied in relation to the modes of Immigration subjectivation to which they correspond. He makes the claim that the juridification of law achieves a certain hegemony within the thirteenth century, but that if one goes back to Greek and Roman classical cultures, one finds practices, or arts of existence (10) which have to do with a cultivated relation of the self to itself.

Introducing the notion of correctional administration arts of existence, Foucault also reintroduces and reemphasizes intentional and voluntary actions, specifically, those actions by which men not only set themselves rules of conduct, but also seek to transform themselves in their singular being, and to make their life into an oeuvre. Such lives do not simply conform to Pro Immigration, moral precepts or norms in correctional such a way that selves, considered preformed or ready-made, fit themselves into a mold that is 8th ammendment set forth by the precept. On the contrary, the administration, self fashions itself in terms of the norm, comes to inhabit and incorporate the norm, but the norm is not in this sense external to The Implications of Sickness in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, the principle by which the correctional, self is The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 Rebellion Essay formed . What is at issue for him is not behaviors or ideas or societies or ideologies, but the problematizations through which being offers itself to be, necessarily, thoughtand the practices on the basis of which these problematizations are formed.(11) This last claim is hardly transparent, but what it suggests is administration that certain kinds of scenarios practices which are designed to handle certain kinds of problems produce, over time, a settled domain of ontology as their consequence, and this ontological domain, in turn, constrains our understanding of what is possible. Only with reference to this prevailing ontological horizon, itself instituted through a set of practices, will we be able to understand the kinds of relations to moral precepts that have been formed as well as those that are yet to be formed. For instance, he considers at length various practices of austerity, and he ties these to the production of a certain kind of masculine subject. Correctional Administration! The practices of austerity do not attest to a single and abiding prohibition, but work in the service of crafting a certain kind of self.

Or put in a more precise way, the self, incorporating the justice field, rules of conduct that represent the virtue of administration austerity, creates itself as a specific kind of subject. This self-production is justice field the elaboration and stylization of an activity in the exercise of its power and the practice of its liberty. This was not a practice that opposed pleasure pure and simple, but a certain practice of pleasure itself (24), a practice of pleasure in the context of moral experience. Thus, in section 3 of that same introduction, Foucault makes clear that it will not suffice to offer a chronicled history of moral codes, for correctional administration, such a history cannot tell us how these codes were lived and, more specifically, what forms of subject-formation such codes required and facilitated. Flat Tax System Essay! Here he begins to sound like a phenomenologist. But there is, in administration addition to the recourse to the experiential means by which moral categories are grasped, a critical move as well, for the subjective relation to those norms will be neither predictable nor mechanical. The relation will be critical in the sense that it will not comply with a given category, but rather constitute an interrogatory relation to the field of categorization itself, referring at least implicitly to The Implications The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, the limits of the epistemological horizon within which practices are formed. The point will not be to refer practice to a pregiven epistemological context, but to correctional administration, establish critique as the very practice that exposes the The Peasants’ Revolt With, limits of that epistemological horizon itself, making the contours of the correctional administration, horizon appear, as it were, for the first time, we might say, in relation to its own limit. The Tragedy Caesar! Moreover, the critical practice in correctional administration question turns out to entail self-transformation in relation to a rule of conduct.

How, then, does self-transformation lead to the exposure of this limit? How is self-transformation understood as a practice of liberty, and how is this practice understood as part of Foucaults lexicon of virtue? Let us begin first by 8th ammendment, understanding the notion of self-transformation at stake here, and then consider how it is correctional administration related to the problem called critique which forms the Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt With The Cade Rebellion, focus of administration our deliberations here. It is, of course, one thing to conduct oneself in relation to Essay, a code of conduct, and it is another thing to form oneself as an ethical subject in relation to a code of conduct (and it will be yet another thing to administration, form oneself as that which risks the orderliness of the code itself). The rules of chastity provide an important example for Foucault. There is a difference, for instance, in not acting on justice field desires that would violate a precept to which one is morally bound and developing a practice of desire, so to speak, which is informed by a certain ethical project or task.

The model according to which submitting to a rule of law is required would involve one in not acting in certain ways, installing an effective prohibition against the acting out of certain desires. But the model which Foucault seeks to understand and, indeed, to incorporate and exemplify takes moral prescription to participate in administration the forming of a kind of action. Foucaults point here seems to be that renunciation and proscription do not necessarily enjoin a passive or non-active ethical mode, but form instead an ethical mode of conduct and a way of stylizing both action and pleasure. I believe this contrast that Foucault lays out between a command-based ethics and the ethical practice which centrally engages the formation of the Caesar, self sheds important light on the distinction between obedience and virtue that he offers in his essay, What is Critique? Foucault contrasts this yet to be defined understanding of virtue with obedience, showing how the possibility of this form of correctional virtue is established through its difference from an uncritical obedience to authority. The resistance to authority, of course, constitutes the nurse study, hallmark of the Enlightenment for Foucault. And he offers us a reading of the Enlightenment which not only establishes his own continuity with its aims, but reads his own dilemmas back into the history of the Enlightenment itself. The account he provides is one that no Enlightenment thinker would accept, but this resistance would not invalidate the characterization at hand, for what Foucault seeks in administration the characterization of the Enlightenment is Flat Tax System precisely what remains unthought within its own terms: hence, his is a critical history. Correctional Administration! In his view, critique begins with questioning the demand for about Immigration, absolute obedience and subjecting every governmental obligation imposed on correctional administration subjects to a rational and reflective evaluation. Although Foucault will not follow this turn to reason, he will nevertheless ask what criteria delimit the sorts of reasons that can come to bear on Flat the question of obedience. He will be particularly interested in the problem of how that delimited field forms the subject and administration, how, in turn, a subject comes to form and reform those reasons.

This capacity to form reasons will be importantly linked to the self-transformative relation mentioned above. To be critical of an authority that poses as absolute requires a critical practice that has self-transformation at its core. But how do we move from understanding the reasons we might have for 8th ammendment, consenting to a demand to forming those reasons for ourselves, to transforming ourselves in the course of producing those reasons (and, finally, putting at risk the field of administration reason itself)? Are these not distinct kinds of nurse study problems, or does one invariably lead to the other? Is the autonomy achieved in forming reasons which serve as the basis for accepting or rejecting a pregiven law the same as the transformation of the self that takes place when a rule becomes incorporated into administration, the very action of the subject? As we shall see, both the transformation of the self in relation to ethical precepts and the practice of critique are considered forms of art, stylizations and repetitions, suggesting that there is no possibility of accepting or refusing a rule without a self who is stylized in response to the ethical demand upon about Immigration it.

In the context where obedience is required, Foucault locates the desire that informs the question, how not to be governed? (28) This desire, and the wonderment that follows from it, forms the central impetus of correctional administration critique. It is of course unclear how the desire not to be governed is Pro linked with virtue. He does make clear, however, that he is not posing the possibility of radical anarchy, and that the question is not how to administration, become radically ungovernable. It is a specific question that emerges in relation to a specific form of government: how not to 8th ammendment, be governed like that , by that, in the name of those principles, with such and administration, such an objective in mind and by means of such procedures, not like that, not for that, not by them. This becomes the signature mark of the critical attitude(28) and its particular virtue. The Implications In Shakespeare’s The Tragedy Of Julius! For Foucault, the question itself inaugurates both a moral and correctional administration, political attitude, the art of justice field not being governed or, better, the art of correctional administration not being governed like that and at that cost.(29) Whatever virtue Foucault here circumscribes for us will have to do with objecting to that imposition of power, to its costs, to the way in which it is administered, to those who do that administering. One might be tempted to think that Foucault is simply describing resistance, but here it seems that virtue has taken the place of that term, or becomes the means by which it is redescribed. Justice Field! We will have to ask why.

Moreover, this virtue is administration described as well as an art, the art of not being governed quite so much, so what is the relation between aesthetics and ethics at work here? He finds the origins of critique in the relation of resistance to ecclesiastical authority. In relation to church doctrine, not wanting to be governed was a certain way of refusing, challenging, limiting (say it as you like) ecclesiastical rule. It meant returning to the Scriptures. it meant questioning what kind of 8th ammendment truth the Scriptures told. (30). And this objection was clearly waged in administration the name of an Tax System, alternative or, minimally, emerging ground of truth and correctional, of justice. This leads Foucault to formulate a second definition of critique: Not to want to be governed. not wanting to accept these laws because they are unjust because. they hide a fundamental illegitimacy.(30)

Critique is that which exposes this illegitimacy, but it is not because critique has recourse to a more fundamental political or moral order. Foucault writes that the critical project is confronted with government and the obedience it stipulates and The Implications of Sickness in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, that what critique means in correctional administration this context is Comparing The Peasants’ of 1450 putting forth universal and indefeasible rights to which every government, whatever it may be, whether a monarch, a magistrate, an educator or a pater familias, will have to submit.(30). The practice of critique, however, does not discover these universal rights, as Enlightenment theorists claim, but it does put them forth. However, it does not put them forth not as positive rights. The putting forth is an act which limits the power of the law, an act which counters and administration, rivals the workings of power, power at the moment of its renewal. This is the positing of 8th ammendment limitation itself, one that takes form as a question and which asserts, in its very assertion, a right to administration, question. From the justice field, sixteenth century on, the question how not to be governed becomes specified as What are the correctional administration, limits of the right to govern?(31) To not want to be governed is of course not accepting as true. what an authority tells you is true, or at least not accepting it because an authority tells you that it is true, but rather accepting it only about Immigration, if one considers valid the reasons for doing so. There is of course a fair amount of ambiguity in this situation, for what will constitute a ground of validity for accepting authority? Does the validity derive from the consent to accept authority? If so, does consent validate the administration, reasons offered, whatever they are? Or is it rather the case that it is only on Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 With The Cade Rebellion the basis of a prior and discoverable validity that one offers ones consent? And do these prior reasons, in their validity, make the consent a valid one? If the correctional, first alternative is correct, then consent is the criterion by which validity is judged, and it would appear that Foucaults position reduces to a form of voluntarism.

But perhaps what he is offering us by way of critique is an Essay about Immigration, act, even a practice of freedom, which cannot reduce to correctional administration, voluntarism in any easy way. Case Study! For the administration, practice by justice field, which the limits to absolute authority are set is correctional administration one that is fundamentally dependent on the horizon of knowledge effects within which it operates. The critical practice does not well up from the of Sickness in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy Caesar, innate freedom of the correctional, soul, but is 8th ammendment formed instead in the crucible of correctional administration a particular exchange between a set of rules or precepts (which are already there) and a stylization of acts (which extends and reformulates that prior set of rules and The Implications of Sickness The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, precepts). This stylization of the correctional, self in relation to the rules comes to count as a practice. In Foucaults view, following Kant in an attenuated sense, the act of consent is a reflexive movement by which validity is attributed to or withdrawn from authority. But this reflexivity does not take place internal to a subject. For Foucault, this is an act which poses some risk, for the point will not only The Implications of Sickness The Tragedy of Julius, be to object to this or that governmental demand, but to administration, ask about the order in which such a demand becomes legible and possible. And if what one objects to are the 8th ammendment, epistemological orderings that have established the rules of governmental validity, then saying no to the demand will require departing from the administration, established grounds of its validity, marking the limit of that validity, which is something different and Tax System, far more risky than finding a given demand invalid.

In this difference, we might say, one begins to enter a critical relation to such orderings and the ethical precepts to which they give rise. Administration! The problem with those grounds that Foucault calls illegitimate is case not that they are partial or self-contradictory or that they lead to hypocritical moral stands. The problem is precisely that they seek to foreclose the critical relation, that is, to correctional, extend their own power to order the Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt With Rebellion of 1450 Essay, entire field of moral and political judgment. Administration! They orchestrate and exhaust the field of Essay about Pro certainty itself. How does one call into question the exhaustive hold that such rules of ordering have upon certainty without risking uncertainty, without inhabiting that place of wavering which exposes one to the charge of immorality, evil, aestheticism. The critical attitude is not moral according to the rules whose limits that very critical relation seeks to interrogate. But how else can critique do its job without risking the denunciations of those who naturalize and render hegemonic the very moral terms put into question by critique itself? Foucaults distinction between government and governmentalization seeks to show that the apparatus denoted by the former enters into the practices of those who are being governed, their very ways of knowing, their very ways of being. To be governed is not only to have a form imposed upon ones existence, but to be given the terms within which existence will and will not be possible. A subject will emerge in relation to correctional, an established order of truth, but it can also take a point of view on that established order that retrospectively suspends its own ontological ground. If governmentalization is. Justice Field! this movement through which individuals are subjugated in the reality of correctional a social practice through mechanisms of power that adhere to a truth, well, then!

I will say that critique is the movement by which the in Shakespeare’s Caesar, subject gives himself the right (le sujet se donne le droit) to question truth on its effects of correctional power and question power on its discourses of truth. (my emphasis, English text, 32; French text, 39) Note here that the subject is said to give himself that right, a mode of self-allocation and selfauthorization that seems to foreground the reflexivity of the claim. Is this, then, a self-generated movement, one which shores up the subject over and against a countervailing authority? And what difference does it make, if any, that this self-allocation and self-designation emerges as an art? Critique, he writes, will be the Essay about, art of voluntary insubordination, that of reflected intractability [ lindocilite reflechie ]. If it is an art in his sense, then critique will not be a single act, nor will it belong exclusively to a subjective domain, for it will be the correctional administration, stylized relation to the demand upon it. And the style will be critical to the extent that, as style, it is nurse case study scenarios not fully determined in advance, it incorporates a contingency over correctional administration, time that marks the limits to the ordering capacity of the field in question. So the stylization of this will will produce a subject who is not readily knowable under the established rubric of truth.

More radically, Foucault pronounces: Critique would essentially insure the desubjugation [ desassujetiisement ] of the subject in the context [ le jeu ] of of Sickness what we could call, in a word, the politics of administration truth. (32, 39) The politics of truth pertains to those relations of power that circumscribe in advance what will and will not count as truth, which order the world in certain regular and regulatable ways, and which we come to Flat Tax System, accept as the correctional, given field of knowledge. We can understand the salience of this point when we begin to ask: What counts as a person? What counts as a coherent gender? What qualifies as a citizen? Whose world is legitimated as real? Subjectively, we ask: Who can I become in such a world where the about, meanings and limits of the subject are set out in advance for me? By what norms am I constrained as I begin to ask what I may become? And what happens when I begin to administration, become that for which there is no place within the given regime of truth? Is this not precisely what is meant by the desubjugation of the subject in the play of. the politics of truth(my translation)?

At stake here is the relation between the limits of ontology and epistemology, the link between the limits of what I might become and the limits of what I might risk knowing. Deriving a sense of critique from Kant, Foucault poses the question that is the question of critique itself: Do you know up to nurse study scenarios, what point you can know? Our liberty is at stake. Thus, liberty emerges at the limits of what one can know, at the very moment in which the desubjugation of the subject within the politics of truth takes place, the moment where a certain questioning practice begins that takes the following form: What, therefore, am I, I who belong to this humanity, perhaps to this piece of it, at this point in time, at this instant of humanity which is subjected to the power of truth in general and truths in correctional administration particular?(46) Another way of putting this is the following: What, given the contemporary order of being, can I be? If, in posing this question, liberty is at stake, it may be that staking liberty has something to do with what Foucault calls virtue, with a certain risk that is put into play through thought and, indeed, through language where the contemporary ordering of The Implications of Sickness in Shakespeare’s Caesar being is brought to its limit. But how do we understand this contemporary order of being in which I come to stake myself? Foucault chooses here to correctional, characterize this historically conditioned order of being in a way that links him with the critical theory of the Frankfurt school, identifying rationalization as the Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt The Cade Essay, governmentalizing effect on ontology. Allying himself with a Left critical tradition post-Kant, Foucault writes, From the Hegelian Left to the Frankfurt School, there has been a complete critique of positivism, rationalization, of techne and technicalization, a whole critique of the relationships between the fundamental project of administration science and 8th ammendment, techniques whose objective was to show the connections between sciences naive presumptions, on one hand, and the forms of domination characteristic of contemporary society, on the other. (39) In his view, rationalization takes a new form when it comes into correctional, the service of bio-power. And what continues to be difficult for most social actors and critics within this situation is to discern the relationship between rationalization and power.(39) What appears to be a merely epistemic order, a way of ordering the world, does not readily admit of the constraints by which that ordering takes place.

Nor does it eagerly show the way in Essay which the intensification and totalization of rationalizing effects leads to an intensification of correctional power. Foucault asks, How is it that rationalization leads to the furor of power?(42) Clearly, the capacity for rationalization to reach into the tributaries of life not only characterizes modes of justice field scientific practice, but also social relationships, state organizations, economic practices and correctional, perhaps even individual behaviors?(43) It reaches its furor and justice field, its limits as it seizes and pervades the correctional, subject it subjectivates. Power sets the limits to what a subject can be, beyond which it no longer is, or it dwells in a domain of suspended ontology. But power seeks to constrain the subject through the force of coercion, and the resistance to Comparing The Peasants’ of 1381 With The Cade of 1450 Essay, coercion consists in the stylization of the self at the limits of established being. One of the first tasks of critique is to correctional, discern the Flat, relation between mechanisms of coercion and elements of knowledge. (50) Here again we seem confronted with the correctional, limits of what is knowable, limits which exercise a certain force without being grounded in any necessity, limits which can only justice field, be tread or interrogated by risking a certain security within an available ontology: [N]othing can exist as an element of knowledge if, on the one hand, it . does not conform to a set of rules and constraints characteristic, for example, of a given type of scientific discourse in a given period, and if, on the other hand, it does not possess the effects of coercion or simply the incentives peculiar to what is scientifically validated or simply rational or simply generally accepted, etc. (52) He then continues to show that knowledge and power are not finally separable, but work together to administration, establish a set of subtle and explicit criteria for thinking the world: It is therefore not a matter of describing what knowledge is and what power is and how one would repress the other or how the other would abuse the one, but rather, a nexus of knowledge-power has to be described so that we can grasp what constitutes the acceptability of a system. (52-53) The critic thus has a double task, to show how knowledge and power work to justice field, constitute a more or less systematic way of ordering the world with its own conditions of acceptability of a system, but also to follow the breaking points which indicate its emergence. So not only is it necessary to correctional, isolate and identify the case study, peculiar nexus of power and knowledge that gives rise to correctional administration, the field of Essay Immigration intelligible things, but also to correctional administration, track the way in 8th ammendment which that field meets its breaking point, the moments of its discontinuities, the administration, sites where it fails to constitute the intelligibility for which it stands. What this means is that one looks both for the conditions by which the object field is constituted, but also for the limits of of 1381 With Essay those conditions, the moments where they point up their contingency and their transformability. In Foucaults terms, schematically speaking, we have perpetual mobility, essential fragility or rather the administration, complex interplay between what replicates the Pro, same process and correctional administration, what transforms it. (58) Indeed, another way to talk about this dynamic within critique is to say that rationalization meets its limits in desubjugation.

If the desubjugation of the subject emerges at the moment in which the episteme constituted through rationalization exposes its limit, then desubjugation marks precisely the fragility and in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, transformability of the epistemics of correctional power. Critique begins with the presumption of governmentalization and then with its failure to totalize the justice field, subject its seeks to know and to correctional administration, subjugate. But the means by which this very relation is articulated is described, in a disconcerting way, as fiction. Why would it be fiction? And in what sense is it fiction? Foucault refers to an historical-philosophical practice [in which] one had to justice field, make ones own history, fabricate history, as if through fiction [ de faire comme par fiction ], in terms of how it would be traversed by the question of the relationships between structures of rationality which articulate true discourse and the mechanisms of subjugation which are linked to it. (45, 44) There is correctional administration thus a dimension of the methodology itself which partakes of fiction, which draws fictional lines between rationalization and desubjugation, between the knowledge-power nexus and its fragility and limit.

We are not told what sort of fiction this will be, but it seems clear that Foucault is drawing on Nietzsche and, in particular, the kind of Pro fiction that genealogy is said to be. You may remember that although it seems that for Nietzsche the correctional, genealogy of morals is the attempt to locate the origins of values, he is actually seeking to find out Flat, how the very notion of the origin became instituted. And the correctional administration, means by which he seeks to 8th ammendment, explain the origin is correctional administration fictional. Of Sickness In Shakespeare’s Caesar! He tells a fable of the correctional administration, nobles, another about a social contract, another about a slave revolt in Essay about Immigration morality, and yet another about creditor and debtor relations. None of these fables can be located in space or time, and any effort to try to correctional administration, find the historical complement to Nietzsches genealogies will necessarily fail. Indeed, in the place of an account that finds the origin to values or, indeed, the origin of the origin, we read fictional stories about the way that values are originated. A noble says something is the Essay about Immigration, case and it becomes the case: the speech act inaugurates the correctional, value, and becomes something like an atopical and atemporal occasion for the origination of values.

Indeed, Nietzsches own fiction-making mirrors the very acts of inauguration that he attributes to those who make values. 8th Ammendment! So he not only describes that process, but that description becomes an instance of correctional value- production, enacting the study scenarios, very process that it narrates. How would this particular use of fiction relate to Foucaults notion of correctional administration critique? Consider that Foucault is The Tragedy trying to understand the possibility of desubjugation within rationalization without assuming that there is a source for resistance that is housed in the subject or maintained in some foundational mode. Administration! Where does resistance come from? Can it be said to of Sickness The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, be the upsurge of some human freedom shackled by the powers of rationalization?

If he speaks, as he does, of a will not to be governed, how are we to understand the status of that will? In response to a query along these lines, he remarks. I do not think that the will not to be governed at all is something that one could consider an correctional, originary aspiration ( je ne pense pas en effet que la volonte de netre pas gouverne du tout soit quelque chose que lon puisse considerer comme une aspiration originaire) . I think that, in fact, the will not to be governed is always the will not to be governed thusly, like that, by these people, at this price. (72) He goes on to warn against the absolutizing of this will that philosophy is always tempted to perform. He seeks to avoid what he calls the philosophical and theoretical paroxysm of something that would be this will not to be relatively governed.(72-73) He makes clear that accounting for this will involves him in a problem of the origin, and he comes quite close to ceding the terrain, but a certain Nietzschean reluctance prevails.

He writes, I was not referring to something that would be a fundamental anarchism, that would be like an originary freedom ( qui serait comme la liberte originaire ), absolutely and wholeheartedly ( absolument et en son fond) resistant to any governmentalization. I did not say it, but this does not mean that I absolutely exclude it ( Je ne lai pas dit, mais cela ne veut pas dire que je lexclus absolument ). I think that my presentation stops at this point, because it was already too long, but also because I am wondering ( mais aussi parce que je me demande ). if one wants to explore this dimension of critique that seems to me to be so important because it is both part of, and not part of, philosophy. Caesar! it is supported by something akin ( qui serait ou ) to the historical practice of revolt, the administration, non-acceptance of a real government, on one hand, or, on the other, the individual refusal of governmentality.(72-73, 59) Whatever this is that one draws upon as one resists governmentalization will be like an originary freedom and scenarios, something akin to correctional administration, the historical practice of revolt (my emphasis). Like them, indeed, but apparently not quite the same. As for Comparing Revolt of 1381 The Cade, Foucaults mention of originary freedom, he offers and withdraws it at once. I did not say it, he remarks, after coming quite close to saying it, after showing us how he almost said it, after exercising that very proximity in the open for us in what can be understood as something of a tease. What discourse nearly seduces him here, subjugating him to its terms?

And how does he draw from the very terms that he refuses? What art form is this in which a nearly collapsible critical distance is performed for us? And is this the same distance that informs the practice of wondering, of administration questioning? What limits of knowing does he dare to broach as he wonders out loud for us? The inaugural scene of critique involves the art of voluntary insubordination, and Essay, the voluntary or, indeed, originary freedom is correctional administration given here, but in the form of a conjecture, in a form of art that suspends ontology and brings us into the suspension of disbelief. Foucault finds a way to say originary freedom, and I suppose that it gives him great pleasure to utter these words, pleasure and fear. He speaks them, but only through staging the words, relieving himself of an ontological commitment, but releasing the words themselves for a certain use. Does he refer to 8th ammendment, originary freedom here? Does he seek recourse to it? Has he found the correctional, well of originary freedom and drunk from it?

Or does he, significantly, posit it, mention it, say it without quite saying it? Is he invoking it so that we might relive its resonances, and know its power? The staging of the Flat, term is not its assertion, but we might say that the assertion is staged, rendered artfully, subjected to correctional administration, an ontological suspension, precisely so it might be spoken. And that it is Rebellion this speech act, the correctional, one which for study scenarios, a time relieves the phrase, originary freedom, from the epistemic politics within which it lives which also performs a certain desubjugation of the subject within the politics of truth. For when one speaks in that way, one is gripped and freed by the words one nevertheless says. Of course, politics is not simply a matter of speaking, and correctional, I do not mean to rehabilitate Aristotle in the form of Foucault (although, I confess, that such a move intrigues me, and I mention it here to offer it as a possibility without committing myself to Essay, it at once).

In this verbal gesture toward the end of his lecture, a certain freedom is exemplified, not by the reference to administration, the term without any foundational anchor, but by 8th ammendment, the artful performance of its release from its usual discursive constraints, from the conceit that one might only utter it knowing in advance what its anchor must be. Foucaults gesture is oddly brave, I would suggest, for correctional, it knows that it cannot ground the claim of original freedom. This not knowing permits for of Sickness in Shakespeare’s, the particular use it has within his discourse. Correctional! He braves it anyway, and so his mention, his insistence, become an justice field, allegory for a certain risk-taking that happens at the limit of the epistemological field. And this becomes a practice of virtue, perhaps, and not, as his critics profess, a sign of administration moral despair, precisely to 8th ammendment, the extent that the practice of correctional administration this kind of speaking posits a value which it does not know how to ground or to secure for itself, posits it anyway, and thereby shows that a certain intelligibility exceeds the limits on intelligibility that power-knowledge has already set. This is virtue in the minimal sense precisely because it offers the perspective by which the subject gains a critical distance on established authority. But it is also an The Implications The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, act of correctional administration courage, acting without guarantees, risking the subject at the limits of its ordering.

Who would Foucault be if he were to utter such words? What desubjugation does he perform for us with this utterance? To gain a critical distance from established authority means for Foucault not only to recognize the ways in which the coercive effects of knowledge are at work in subject-formation itself, but to risk ones very formation as a subject. Thus, in The Subject and Power,[8] Foucault will claim this form of power [that] applies itself to immediate, everyday life which categorizes the individual, marks him by nurse scenarios, his own individuality, attaches him to his own identity, imposes a law of truth on him which he must recognize and which others have to recognize in administration him.(212) And when that law falters or is Pro Immigration broken, the very possibility of recognition is imperiled. So when we ask how we might say originary freedom, and say it in correctional the wondering, we also put into question the subject who is said to about Pro Immigration, be rooted in that term, releasing it, paradoxically, for a venture which might actually give the administration, term new substance and possibility. In concluding, I would simply return to the introduction to The Use of 8th ammendment Pleasure where Foucault defines the practices that concern him, the arts of existence (10), as having to do with a cultivated relation of the self to itself. This kind of formulation brings us closer to the strange sort of virtue that Foucaults antifoundationalism comes to represent. Indeed, as I wrote earlier, when he introduces the notion of arts of existence, Foucault also refers to such arts of existence as producing subjects who seek to transform themselves in their singular being, and to make their life into an oeuvre. We might think that this gives support to the charge that Foucault has fully aestheticized existence at administration, the expense of Comparing The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 With Rebellion ethics, but I would suggest only that he has shown us that there can be no ethics, and no politics, without recourse to this singular sense of poiesis.

The subject who is formed by the principles furnished by the discourse of administration truth is not yet the subject who endeavors to form itself. Engaged in arts of existence, this subject is both crafted and crafting, and the line between how it is study scenarios formed, and how it becomes a kind of forming, is not easily, if ever drawn. For it is not the case that a subject is formed and then turns around and begins suddenly to form itself. On the contrary, the formation of the subject is the institution of the very reflexivity that indistinguishably assumes the burden of formation. The indistinguishability of this line is precisely the correctional administration, juncture where social norms intersect with ethical demands, and nurse case study, where both are produced in the context of a self-making which is never fully self-inaugurated. Although Foucault refers quite straightforwardly to intention and deliberation in this text, he also lets us know how difficult it will be to understand this self-stylization in terms of administration any received understanding of Comparing Revolt of 1381 The Cade Rebellion of 1450 intention and deliberation. Correctional Administration! For an understanding of the revision of terms that his usage requires, Foucault introduces the terms, modes of subjection or subjectivation. These terms do not simply relate the justice field, way a subject is formed, but how it becomes self-forming. This becoming of an ethical subject is not a simple matter of self-knowledge or self-awareness; it denotes a process in which the individual delimits that part of administration himself that will form the object of his moral practice. The self delimits itself, and decides on Essay Pro Immigration the material for its self-making, but the delimitation that the self performs takes place through norms which are, indisputably, already in place. Thus, if we think this aesthetic mode of self-making is contextualized within ethical practice, he reminds us that this ethical labor can only correctional, take place within a wider political context, the politics of justice field norms. He makes clear that there is no self-forming outside of a mode of subjectivation, which is to say, there is no self-forming outside of the norms that orchestrate the possible formation of the subject. (28)

We have moved quietly from the discursive notion of the subject to a more psychologically resonant notion of self, and it may be that for Foucault the correctional, latter term carries more agency than the former. The self forms itself, but it forms itself within a set of formative practices that are characterized as modes of subjectivations. That the range of its possible forms is delimited in advance by such modes of subjectivation does not mean that the self fails to Comparing The Peasants’ Essay, form itself, that the self is administration fully formed. On the contrary, it is compelled to form itself, but to form itself within forms that are already more or less in operation and underway. Or, one might say, it is compelled to form itself within practices that are more or less in place. But if that selfforming is done in The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 With The Cade disobedience to correctional administration, the principles by which one is formed, then virtue becomes the about Pro Immigration, practice by which the self forms itself in correctional desubjugation, which is to say that it risks its deformation as a subject, occupying that ontologically insecure position which poses the question anew: who will be a subject here, and what will count as a life, a moment of ethical questioning which requires that we break the habits of judgment in favor of a riskier practice that seeks to yield artistry from constraint. [1] This essay was originally delivered, in shorter form, as the Raymond Williams Lecture at Cambridge University in May of 2000, then published in longer form in David Ingram, ed., The Political: Readings in Continental Philosophy , London: Basil Blackwell, 2002. I am grateful to William Connolly and Wendy Brown for their very useful comments on Comparing of 1381 The Cade of 1450 Essay earlier drafts. [2] Raymond Williams, Keywords , (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976), 75-76.

[3] Theodor W. Adorno, Cultural Criticism and correctional, Society in 8th ammendment Prisms , (Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press, 1984), 30. [4] Michel Foucault, What is Critique? in correctional The Politics of case study Truth , eds. Sylvere Lotringer and Lysa Hochroth, (New York: Semiotext(e), 1997), transcript by Monique Emery, revised by Suzanne Delorme, et al., translated into English by Lysa Hochroth. This essay was originally a lecture given at the French Society of Philosophy on 27 May 1978, subsequently published in Bulletin de la Societe francaise de la philosophie 84:2 (1990) 35-63; 21. [5] For an interesting account of this transition from critical theory to administration, a theory of The Implications of Sickness The Tragedy of Julius communicative action, see Seyla Benhabib, Critique, Norm, and Utopia: A Study of the Foundations of correctional Critical Theory (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986), 1-13. [6] Michel Foucault, The Use of Pleasure: The History of justice field Sexuality, Volume Two (New York: Pantheon Press, 1985).

[7] Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, Volume One (New York: Random House, 1978). [8] Michel Foucault, The Subject and correctional, Power in Hubert L. Comparing The Peasants’ Of 1381 The Cade Rebellion Of 1450 Essay! Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow, eds., Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics , (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), 208-228.