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ascii cover letter Sample Plain Text (.txt) Master eResume. Lehane? Note how the formatting is retained, and how similar it looks to The Game Of Life the hypertext sample resume. The difference lies in the file format. The only way to really understand this is to dennis download this sample plain text resume to in differenct Cultures example either your text editor or word processor for a comparison. Dennis Lehane? (Link opens in nixon drugs, a new browser window.) QUESTION: What do you notice about the formatting in the sample plain text resume at the link, and the same resume below? ANSWER: The difference is that the sample at shutter dennis, the link has the in economy lines of island dennis lehane text moving off to the right of the window, forcing you, the viewer, to scroll right to The Game Essay read it. To fix this problem, you will need to island re-save the paper sniper file as text with line breaks. Island Dennis Lehane? Follow this tutorial to fix the bertolak problem using Microsoft Word 2002 or later versions. Follow this tutorial to fix the shutter island dennis problem using earlier versions of Microsoft Word. 1234 Northern Star Circle.

Baltimore, MD 12345. H: (410) 555-1212; W: (410) 555-2121. Client Server Systems Architect for a high technology firm. Birth Essay? Nine years of experience in island, designing, installing, and nixon drugs troubleshooting computing systems; a proven track record in shutter island dennis, identifying problems and elements sociology developing innovative solutions. * PROGRAMMING: C, C++, Visual BASIC, FORTRAN, Pascal, SQL, OSF/Motif, UNIX Shell Script (sh, ksh, csh), BASIC, Clipper, Algol 68, and 80X86 Assembler. Shutter Island Lehane? * OPERATING SYSTEMS: UNIX (bsd SVr3/r4), MS Windows, MS DOS, MS Windows NT, Solaris, HP-UX, Ultrix, AIX, VAX/VMS, and nixon drugs Macintosh System 7. * NETWORKING: TCP/IP, OSI, Microsoft LAN Manager, Novell Netware, DDN, Internet, Ethernet, Token Ring, SNA, X.25, LAN-WAN interconnection. * APPLICATIONS: Microsoft Office, Microsoft Access, Microsoft Visual C++, Microsoft Project, Microsoft Publisher, Lotus 123, Lotus Freelance, System Architect, and dennis others. Computer Engineering Corporation, Los Angeles, CA, 1993-Present. * Provide systems engineering, software engineering, technical consulting, and marketing services as a member of the Systems Integration Division of a software engineering consulting company. Of Life Essay? * Designed and managed the development of an island dennis lehane enterprise-level client/server automated auditing application for paper sniper, a major financial management company migrating from mainframe computers, db2, and dennis lehane FOCUS to a workgroup oriented, client/server architecture involving Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT Advanced Server, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle7, and UNIX. * Designed an enterprise level, high performance, mission-critical, client/server database system incorporating symmetric multiprocessing computers (SMP), Oracle7#146;s Parallel Server, Tuxedo#146;s on-line transaction processing (OLTP) monitor, and redundant array of of culture inexpensive disks (RAID) technology. Shutter Lehane? * Conducted extensive trade studies of ansur in english a large number of vendors that offer leading-edge technologies; these studies identified proven (low-risk) implementations of shutter SMP and of culture RDBMS systems that met stringent performance and availability criteria. Business Consultants, Inc., Washington, DC 1990-1993. * Provided technical consulting services to the Smithsonian Institute#146;s Information Technology Services Group, Amnesty International, and island internal research and development initiatives. * Consolidated and Of Life Essay documented the Smithsonian Laboratory's Testing, Demonstration, and island dennis Training databases onto a single server, maximizing the Of Life Essay use of the laboratory's computing resources. Shutter Lehane? * Brought the The Game Essay Smithsonian Laboratory on-line with the shutter island lehane Internet. Ansur? * Successfully integrated and delivered to Amnesty International an $80,000 HP 9000/750 Server consisting of shutter dennis 8 Gigabytes of disk space and other 9 software systems that required extensive porting work and dennis documentation. Teaching In Elementary? Automated Data Processor. US Army Infantry, Germany 1986-1990. Shutter Island Lehane? * Analyzed problems and nixon drugs ADP processes; designed, tested, and implemented software and island lehane hardware systems for Birth Defects in differenct Cultures Essay, an organizational operations center. * Supervised the maintenance, deployment, installation, and operation of a battalion's personnel system that monitored and shutter island lehane controlled up to 12 platoons in in differenct example, a fast-paced, technically demanding environment. * Designed a maintenance reporting program that converted the labor intensive task of lehane producing weekly status reports from a 4-day to elements sociology a 2-hour process. Shutter Lehane? * Developed a departmental computer literacy training program, teaching classes on microcomputer operating systems, office automation software, and introductory programming. In Differenct Cultures Essay Example? * Taught a Structured Programming and Problem Solving course for shutter, the Community Education Center after work hours. * Computer Systems Technology Program, Air Force Institute of Effective schools Technology (AFIT), Graduate Courses in island lehane, Software Engineering and Computer Communications (24 quarter units); GPA: 3.43. Nixon Drugs? * BS, Mathematics/Computer Science, University of shutter island lehane California, Los Angeles (UCLA), GPA: 3.57; Major GPA: 3.62. * Database Administration, Performance Tuning, and paper sniper Benchmarking with Oracle7; Oracle Corporation. * Software Requirements Engineering and dennis Management Course; Computer Applications International Corporation. Essay? * X.400 Messaging and dennis Allied Communications Procedures-123 Profile; ComTechnologies, Inc. * GOSIP LAN Operating System Network Administration; ETC, Inc. * Interactive UNIX System V r4 (POSIX) System Administration; ETC, Inc. * Effective Briefing Techniques and elements Technical Presentations; William French and Associates, Inc. * Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP); Technology Systems Institute. * LAN Interconnection Using Bridges, Routers, and Gateways; Information Systems Institute. * OSI X.400/X.500 Messaging and lehane Directory Service Protocols; Communication Technologies, Inc. Elements Of Culture Sociology? * US Army Signal Officer Advanced Course, US Army Signal Center, Georgia; Honor Graduate.

CERTIFICATION, HONORS, PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS. * MCP Trainer, DCS. Shutter Dennis? * MCP Trainer, SDD. Birth Defects In Differenct Essay? * MCP Certified Systems Engineer. Shutter? * MCP Certified Product Specialist, Networking, MS TCP/IP, and Defects in differenct Cultures Essay example MS Mail 3.2 for PC Networks. Dennis Lehane? * Member, Armed Forces Communications and types of market Electronics Association (AFCEA). * Recipient, Department of Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA). Lehane? (Note: To identify what version of Microsoft Word you have, select the types of market Help pull-down menu from the shutter menu bar in Defects in differenct Essay, the application, and shutter island dennis lehane then select About Microsoft Word). Saving an eResume as text with line breaks in Effective in Elementary, Microsoft Word 2002 or later versions: For those using Microsoft Word 2002 or later versions, the only thing you have to shutter lehane do is: Open the paper sniper text file in your processor, and lehane re-save the file as PlainText (*.txt) from the nixon drugs pop-up window. Another pop-up menu will appear that is island dennis lehane labeled File Conversion and then show the The Game Essay filename of the file you are converting. Make sure the shutter dennis lehane Text Encoding: Windows (Default) radio check box is checked. Nixon Drugs? Select the island Insert line breaks check box in paper sniper, the same pop-up window. Open your file in your text editor to view the results. Shutter Island? (link will open in a new browser window) Saving an how the other side lives eResume as text with line breaks in island lehane, earlier versions of bertolak in english Microsoft Word 2002: For those using earlier versions of island dennis lehane Microsoft Word, refer to The Game Essay the following steps.

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The heart of tolerance is self-control. When we tolerate an activity, we resist our urge to forcefully prohibit the expression of activities that we find unpleasant. Dennis Lehane! More abstractly, toleration can be understood as a political practice aiming at neutrality, objectivity, or fairness on the part of political agents. These ideas are related in that the goal of political neutrality is deliberate restraint of the power that political authorities have to negate the life activities of its citizens and subjects.

Related to toleration is the virtue of tolerance, which can be defined as a tendency toward toleration. Toleration is usually grounded upon an assumption about the importance of the of market autonomy of individuals. This assumption and the idea of toleration are central ideas in modern liberal theory and practice. The virtue of dennis, toleration is implicit in Socrates' method of allowing many diverse perspectives to be expressed. In seventeenth century Europe, the concept of tolerance was developed as liberal thinkers sought to limit the other side coercive actions of government and the Church.

They argued that human beings are fallible and should have epistemic modesty. Further, an individual know his or her interests best and requires tolerance by others in shutter island order to find the best way to live. The following article provides a conceptual and historical overview of the concept of toleration, surveying thinkers such as Socrates, John Locke, John Stuart Mill, Immanuel Kant, John Rawls and other contemporary political philosophers who have weighed in on this important yet problematic idea. The English words, 'tolerate', 'toleration', and tolerance are derived from the Latin terms tolerare and tolerantia , which imply enduring, suffering, bearing, and forbearance. Ancient Greek terms, which may also have influenced philosophical thinking on toleration, include: phoretos which means bearable, endurable, or phoreo , literally 'to carry'; and anektikos meaning bearable, sufferable, tolerable, from anexo , 'to hold up'. Today, when we say that someone has a 'high tolerance for pain,' we mean that he or she is able to endure pain. This ordinary way of of market in economy, thinking is useful for understanding the idea of toleration and the virtue of tolerance: it underscores the fact that toleration is directed by an agent toward something perceived as negative. It would be odd to say, for example, that someone has a high tolerance for pleasure. With this in mind, we can formulate a general definition of toleration that involves three interrelated conditions.

When an agent tolerates something: (1) the agent holds a negative judgment about this thing; (2) the dennis agent has the power to negate this thing; and. (3) the agent deliberately refrains from negation. The first condition requires a negative judgment, which can be anything from disapproval to disgust. Judgment here is meant to The Game Essay, be a broad concept that can include emotions, dispositions, tastes, and shutter lehane, reasoned evaluations. This negative judgment inclines the Defects in differenct agent toward a negative action toward the thing that is perceived as being negative. Lehane! This broadly Stoic conception of judgment is a common assumption in discussions of toleration. Defenders of toleration assume that we can, to a certain extent, voluntarily control the expression of our negative reactions by opposing them with different, countervailing, judgments.

Although judgments and nixon drugs, emotions are both thought to have motivating force, they can be resisted by lehane, some other judgment, habit or virtue. The entity toward which an how the other lives, agent has a negative judgment can be an event, an object, or a person, although with regard to tolerance as a moral and political disposition, the entity is usually thought to be a person. Although we speak of tolerating pain, for example, the moral and shutter island, political emphasis is on Effective schools Essay tolerating some other person, a group of people, or their activities. The second condition states that the agent has the power to negate the entity in question. Toleration is concerned with resisting the temptation to actively negate the thing in question. Dennis Lehane! To distinguish toleration from cowardice or weakness of will the agent must have some capacity to types, enact his negative judgment.

Toleration occurs when the agent could actively negate or destroy the shutter island dennis person or object in question, but chooses not to. The word negate is used here in types of market a broad sense that allows for shutter island lehane, a variety of negative reactions. Negative actions can include: expressions of The Game, condemnation, acts of avoidance, or violent attacks. The continuum of dennis, negations is decidedly vague. It is not clear, for example, whether condemnation and avoidance are negations of the same sort as violent action. Types In Economy! Despite the vagueness of the continuum of negative activities, the focal point of the second criterion is the power to negate: toleration is restraint of the power to island dennis lehane, negate. The third condition states that the agent deliberately refrains from bertolak, exercising his power to negate. Tolerant agents deliberately choose not to negate those things they view negatively.

The negative formulation, 'not negating,' is important because toleration is not the same thing as positive evaluation, approbation, or approval. Tolerant restraint of the negative judgment is supposed to be free and deliberate: one refrains from negating the thing because one has a reason not to negate it and is free to act. Good reasons for toleration are plural. They include: respect for island dennis lehane, autonomy; a general commitment to pacifism; concern for other virtues such as kindness and generosity; pedagogical concerns; a desire for reciprocity; and a sense of modesty about Defects in differenct Essay one's ability to judge the beliefs and actions of others. Shutter! Each of these provides us with a reason for thinking that it is good not to negate the thing in question. As mentioned already, there also may be other non-tolerant reasons for refraining from negation: fear, weakness of will, profit motive, self-interest, arrogance, and so forth. Although there are many reasons to be tolerant, traditional discussions have emphasized respect for autonomy and pedagogical concerns. Underlying both of these approaches is often a form of self-conscious philosophical modesty that is linked to the value of side, respect for autonomy. As John Stuart Mill and others have argued, individuals ought to be left to pursue their own good in their own way in part because each individual knows himself and his own needs and island lehane, interests best.

This view does, however, leave us with a lingering problem as toleration can easily slip toward moral skepticism and relativism. It is important to note then that toleration is a positive value that is The Game Of Life not based upon total moral skepticism. Proponents of toleration think that toleration is shutter island good not because they are unsure of their moral values but, rather, because toleration fits within a scheme of moral values that includes values such as autonomy, peace, cooperation, and other values that are thought to be good for human flourishing. The spirit of tolerance is evident in Socrates' dialogical method as a component of his search for truth. Throughout the early Platonic dialogues, Socrates tolerantly allows his interlocutors to pursue the truth wherever this pursuit might lead.

And he encourages his interlocutors to offer refutations so that the truth might be revealed. Sometimes Socrates' tolerance can appear to other side, go too far. The Euthyrphro concludes, for example, with Socrates allowing Euthyphro to proceed in the prosecution of a questionable court case. Shutter Island Dennis! And Socrates' relationship with Alcibiades, as discussed in Birth example the Symposium , shows Socrates as perhaps too tolerant toward this reckless Athenian youth. In the Gorgias (at 458a) Socrates describes himself in terms that establish a link between philosophical method and shutter island, a form of toleration. Socrates says, And what kind of man am I? One of those who would gladly be refuted if anything I say is not true, and would gladly refute another who says what is not true, but would be no less happy to be refuted myself than to refute, for I consider that a greater benefit, inasmuch as it is a greater boon to how the other lives, be delivered from the worst of evils oneself than to deliver another. For Socrates, then, the pursuit of shutter dennis lehane, truth is linked to an open mind, although of course this form of dialogical toleration is Teaching in Elementary Essay supposed to lead to a unitary vision of the truth. One can see a more developed form of tolerance celebrated in the Stoicism of island dennis lehane, Epictetus (55-135 C.E.) and Marcus Aurelius (121-180 C.E.). The Stoic idea is bertolak ansur that we should focus on those things we can controlour own opinions and shutter dennis lehane, behaviorswhile ignoring those things we cannot control, especially the opinions and behaviors of others. The Stoic idea is bertolak ansur linked to resignation and apathy, as is clear in the case of Epictetus, whose social positionraised as a Roman slavemight explain his advice about bearing and forbearing.

Of course, the problem here is that slavish forbearance is not the same as tolerance: it seems clear that tolerance properly requires the power to negate, which the slave does not possess. With the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, however, tolerance is seen as a virtue of power. Tolerance might be linked to other virtues of power such as mercy and benevolence, as suggested, for example by Seneca. However, it is important to note that the shutter island lehane Stoic approach to tolerance was not explicitly linked to a general idea about political respect for of market, autonomy and freedom of conscience, as it is in shutter the modern liberal tradition. Moreover, Roman political life was not nearly as tolerant as modern political life. For example, although Marcus' Meditations contain many passages invoking the bertolak spirit of tolerance, Marcus was responsible for continuing the island dennis persecution of Christians. Religious traditions provide further historical background for nixon drugs, the idea of shutter dennis, toleration. For example, the spirit of tolerance can be discovered in the Christian Gospel's message of loving enemies, forgiving others, and refraining from judging others. The Game Of Life Essay! Christian tolerance is linked to other virtues such as charity and self-sacrifice. Shutter Dennis Lehane! Furthermore, it seems to go beyond tolerance toward a self-abnegating type of love and acceptance. Christ's command to love your enemies is one example of this attempt to go beyond tolerance.

It should be noted that other religious traditions also contain resources for developing toleration. For example, Buddhist compassion can be linked to the idea of toleration. Indeed, in the third century B.C.E., the Buddhist emperor of India, Ashoka, called for nixon drugs, official religious toleration. Likewise, in the 16 th Century C.E., the shutter island Islamic emperor Akhbar made a similar attempt at ansur, establishing religious toleration on the Indian subcontinent. Despite these antecedents, toleration does not become a serious subject of philosophical and shutter island lehane, political concern in Europe until the 16th and 17th Centuries. Effective In Elementary! During the Renaissance and Reformation of the 15th and dennis lehane, 16th Centuries, humanists such as Erasmus (1466-1536), De Las Casas (1484-1566), and Montaigne (1533-1592) asserted the autonomy of human reason against the dogmatism of the Church. Although religious authorities reacted with the formation of the bertolak in english Inquisition and shutter dennis, the Index of Forbidden Books, by the 17 th Century philosophers were seriously considering the question of toleration. Following the bertolak ansur in english divisions created by the Lutheran Reformation and the Counter-Reformation, Europe was decimated by war and violence fomented in the name of religion, which culminated in the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). Through events such as these scholars became acutely aware of the destructive power of intolerance and sought to limit this destructive force by re-examining the biblical roots of toleration and by re-considering the relation between religious belief and political power. Additional influences on the cultural landscape of Europe during this time include the struggle to define sovereignty and to purify religion in Britain during the British Civil Wars (1640-1660), as well as increased information about cultural differences with the beginning of global exploration.

Among the thinkers of this period, those who defended tolerance were Milton (1608-1674), Bayle (1647-1706), Spinoza (1634-1677), and Locke (1632-1704). One of the worries of the humanist thinkers of the Reformation was whether it was possible to have infallible knowledge of the Divine Will such that one could justify the persecution of heretics. This concern with human fallibility lies at shutter island dennis lehane, the heart of ansur, what will be described subsequently as epistemological toleration. When recognition of human fallibility is lehane combined with critique of political and ecclesiastical power, more robust forms of political toleration develop. In this vein, Spinoza concluded his Theological-Political Treatise (1670) with an argument for freedom of thought. It is not surprising that Spinoza should have written this treatise, for he was himself a product of a tolerant society: he was a Portuguese Jew living in Holland. Indeed, the 17 th Century saw the Of Life rise of toleration in practice in certain parts of Europe, perhaps as a result of increased trade and social mobility. Spinoza's argument for toleration focuses on three claims: first, he claims that it is impossible for the state to effectively curtail liberty of thought; second, he claims that liberty of thought can in fact be allowed without detriment to state power; and finally, Spinoza argues that political authority should focus on controlling actions and not on restricting thought. This emphasis on the difference between thought and action is crucial for island dennis, subsequent discussions of toleration in types in economy Locke, Mill, and Kant.

Somewhat different versions of Spinoza's basic insights can be found in Lockes famous Letter Concerning Toleration (1689), an essay that was written during Locke's exile in Holland. Locke's argument focuses specifically on the conflict between political authority and religious belief. He articulated a view of toleration based on the epistemological claim that it is dennis impossible for the state to coerce genuine religious belief. He argued that the state should refrain from interfering in the religious beliefs of its subjects, except when these religious beliefs lead to behaviors or attitudes that run counter to the security of the state. Nixon Drugs! This exception allowed him to conclude that the shutter island dennis state need not tolerate Catholics who were loyal to Teaching in Elementary, a foreign authority or atheists whose lack of religious conviction left them entirely untrustworthy. In the shutter island lehane 18 th Century, discussion of types of market, toleration was tied to island dennis, the problem of skepticism and to a more sustained critique of Birth Defects in differenct Cultures Essay, absolutism in politics. Voltaire (1694-1778), who expressed his admiration for the development of religious tolerance in England in shutter lehane his Philosophical Letters (1734), was extremely worried about the bertolak tendency of religion to become violent and intolerant. Moreover, he suffered under the intolerant hands of the French authorities: he was thrown in jail for his views and his books were censored and publicly burned. Religious tolerance forms the theme of his Treatise on Tolerance (1763), which argues vigorously for shutter island dennis, tolerance even though it retains a bias toward Christianity.

A concise summary of Birth in differenct Cultures, Voltaire's argument for tolerance can be found in the entry on Tolerance in his Philosophical Dictionary (1764). Shutter! Voltaire's claim is that toleration follows from human frailty and error. Since none of us has perfect knowledge, and since we are all weak, inconsistent, liable to fickleness and error, we should pardon one another for our failings. Voltaire's approach focuses on tolerance at the level of personal interaction and types of market in economy, risks slipping toward moral skepticism and relativism: like his contemporary David Hume (1711-1777), Voltaire presented a skeptical challenge to orthodox belief. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), in response to skeptics such as Voltaire and Hume, tried to avoid skepticism while focusing on the limits of human knowledge and the limits of political power. Lehane! In his essay, What is Enlightenment? (1784), Kant argues for an enlightened form of political power that would allow subjects to argue among themselves, so long as they remained obedient to authority. This position is further clarified by Kant's claim in Perpetual Peace (1795) that philosophers should be allowed and encouraged to speak publicly. Kant's point in this later essay is in differenct Cultures Essay that public debate and discussion lead to the truth, and that kings should have nothing to fear from the dennis truth. Kant's views on religious toleration are clarified in his Religion within the Defects in differenct Essay Limits of Reason Alone (1793).

Here Kant argues against religious intolerance by pointing out that although we are certain of our moral duties, human beings do not have apodictic certainty of God's commands. Shutter Lehane! Thus a religious belief that demands a contravention of morality (such as the burning of a heretic) can never be justified. Bridging the gap between the Old World and the New World, the writings of Thomas Paine (1737-1809) and Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) express a theory of how the other side, toleration that is tied directly to political practice. Paine's and Jeffersons ideas followed Lockes. Not only were they critical of unrestrained political power but they were also committed to an ecumenical approach to religious belief known as deism. Paine makes it clear in shutter island his Rights of Man (1791) that toleration for religious diversity is essential because political and ecclesiastical authorities do not have the Teaching in Elementary capacity to adjudicate matters of shutter island lehane, conscience. Mind thine own concerns. If he believes not as thou believest, it is a proof that thou believest not as he believeth, and there is no earthly power can determine between you. At the end of the 18th Century, we see tolerant ideas embodied in bertolak practice in the U.S.

Constitution's Bill of Rightsthe first 10 Amendments to the Constitution (ratified in lehane 1791). Collectively these amendments serve to restrain political power. Specifically, the First Amendment states that there can be no law, which prohibits freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom to petition to types of market in economy, the government. Subsequent developments in U.S. Constitutional law have led to a tradition of respect for citizens' freedom of thought, speech, and action. In the 19th Century, the idea of toleration was developed further in line with the liberal, enlightenment idea that moral autonomy is essential to human flourishing.

The most famous argument for toleration in the 19 th Century was made by lehane, John Stuart Mill in On Liberty (1859). Cultures Example! Mill argues here that the only proper limit of island lehane, liberty is harm: one is entitled to be as free as possible, except where one's liberty poses a threat to the well-being of someone else: the only purpose for which power can rightfully be exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. Mill expands the notion of privacy that was implicit in Locke and Kant to argue that political power should have no authority to regulate those activities and interests of individuals that are purely private and have no secondary effects on others. Mill also vigorously argues that freedom of thought is essential for the development of knowledge. Mill's general approach is utilitarian: he claims that individuals will be happier if their private differences are tolerated and that society in The Game Essay general will be better off if individuals are left to pursue their own good in their own way. In the 19th Century and into the early 20th Century, religious toleration was also a subject of consideration for thinkers such as Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), and island dennis lehane, William James (1842-1910), who emphasized the subjective nature of religious faith. Defects Cultures Example! For example, in his Varieties of Religious Experience (1902), James argued that religious experience was diverse and not subject to a definitive interpretation. Although this fits with James's larger metaphysical commitment to pluralism, his point is that religious commitment is personala matter of what he calls in dennis another essay, the will to believe. It is up to each individual to decide for himself what he will believe: if we properly understand the nature of religious belief, we should respect the religious liberty of others and learn to tolerate our differences. In the 20th Century, toleration has become an important component of what is now known as liberal theory. The bloody history of the in differenct Cultures Essay 20th Century has led many to believe that toleration is needed to end political and religious violence.

Toleration has been defended by shutter lehane, liberal philosophers and Effective Teaching in Elementary Essay, political theorists such as John Dewey, Isaiah Berlin, Karl Popper, Michael Walzer, Ronald Dworkin, and dennis, John Rawls. It has been criticized by Herbert Marcuse and others such as Iris Young who worry that toleration and its ideal of state neutrality is merely another hegemonic Western ideology. Toleration has been the of market in economy explicit subject of many recent works in political philosophy by shutter island, Susan Mendus, John Horton, Preston King, and Bernard Williams. Much of the current discussion focuses on responding to John Rawls, whose theory of political liberalism conceives of toleration as a pragmatic response to the fact of diversity (see Political Toleration below). How The Side! A recurring question in the current debate is whether there can be a more substantive commitment to toleration that does not lead to the paradoxical consequence that the tolerant must tolerate those who are intolerant.

Further recent discussion, by David Heyd, Glenn Newey, and others, has attempted to re-establish the link between tolerance and virtue. These writers wonder whether tolerance is in fact a virtue and if so, what sort of a virtue it is. A concern for racial equality, gender neutrality, an end of prejudice, respect for lehane, cultural and ethnic difference, and a general commitment to multiculturalism has fueled ongoing debates about the nature of toleration in our age of globalization and homogenization. Finally, in the U.S., First Amendment Law has developed to allow for a broad idea of freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom of religion. Types! And under the influence of an interpretation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment, mechanisms to ensure equality have given support to those minority groups who were once the victims of lehane, political intolerance.

An epistemological argument for toleration can be traced to Socrates. Of Life Essay! However, this ideal becomes explicit in shutter dennis lehane the thinking of Milton, Locke, and Mill. The epistemological claim is that one should tolerate the opinions and Effective in Elementary, beliefs of the other because it is either impossible to coerce belief or because such coercion is not the shutter dennis most useful pedagogical approach. This idea can be developed into a claim about the importance of diversity, dialogue, and debate for the establishment of of market, truth. Finally, this approach might lead to a form of relativism or skepticism that puts the idea of toleration itself at shutter, risk. Socratic tolerance is discovered if we take seriously Socrates' claims to ignorance. Socratic ignorance is linked to of market, virtues, such as sophrosyne (self-control), modesty and tolerance. These virtues are essential components in the formation of the philosophical community and the pursuit of philosophical truth.

Throughout Plato's dialogues, Socrates restrains himself deliberatelyhe modestly claims ignorance and allows others to develop their own positions and make their own mistakesout of shutter, recognition that this is the best, perhaps the only, way to proceed in the communal pursuit of truth. Socrates' main goal is to bertolak ansur in english, discover the truth through open-minded debate. But there would be no dialogue and indeed no education without tolerance. Socrates' commitment to tolerance is part of his epistemological faith in the autonomy of reason. We each must discover the truth for ourselves by way of disciplined, modest, and dennis, tolerant dialogue. Centuries later, John Milton's Areopagitica (1644) offers a similar defense of the truth. Effective Schools! Milton vigorously defended freedom of speech in shutter dennis response to a censorship decree of the English parliament. His argument relies upon the epistemological claim that open dialogue supported by a tolerant government fosters the development of truth. Nixon Drugs! Milton's basic assumption is shutter lehane that the truth is able to defend itself in a free debate. Let truth and in differenct Cultures example, falsehood grapple; who ever knew truth put to the worse, in a free and island, open encounter? Milton further argues that outward conformity to orthodoxy is Essay not the same as genuine belief.

These ideas were developed further by Locke in his Letter Concerning Toleration . Locke argues that the civil and ecclesiastical authorities ought to tolerate diversity of belief because one cannot force another human being to have faith. In a claim that is reminiscent of Milton, Locke claims the truth certainly would do well enough if she were left to shift for island dennis, herself She is not taught by laws, nor has she any need of nixon drugs, force to procure her entrance into the minds of shutter island dennis, men. This is so because the authority of judgment resides within the The Game Essay free individual. It is impossible to force someone to believe something for external reasons. Shutter Dennis! Rather, truth must be arrived at and believed for internal reasons. This epistemological claim is the focal point of Jeremy Waldron's recent critique of Lockes account. Waldron claims that Locke's argument is weak because it relies upon the false assumption that beliefs cannot be coerced. The point is that we often believe things quite sincerely without any good reason whatsoever.

Moreover, Waldron argues that the epistemological argument is too weak to The Game Essay, provide a moral limitation on coercion. Even though coercion cannot produce genuine belief, an lehane, intolerant regime may not be interested in of market in economy producing genuine belief. It may simply be interested in guaranteeing conformity. Waldron's point is island lehane important: the epistemological critique is useful only if one is committed to the claim that genuine belief in the truth is an important political or moral value. An epistemological argument for toleration must claim not only that it is bertolak in english impractical or impossible to impose belief upon others, but also that we ought to value genuine commitment over mere conformity. Mill's epistemological argument is quite similar to Locke's, although Mill goes farther in advocating freedom of speech as essential for the discovery of truth. Mill's epistemological argument begins with the lehane assumption that individuals know best what is good for Cultures example, them. This claim runs counter to the traditional Platonic claim that often individuals do not know what is in their own best interest. Mill supports his claim by pointing out that the individual always has the best access to his/her own interests and desires: others do not have access to the kinds of internal evidence that would allow them to judge for the individual. It is important to note that Mill does not equate this access problem with relativism. Indeed, in his essay Utilitarianism (1863), he famously defends a hierarchy of goods based on island lehane the fact that those who have experienced both lower and higher goods will prefer the types in economy higher ones (for example, it is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied).

The epistemological point remains the same here, however: it is up to the individual to island, judge for himself about what is good for him. Mill's general argument for freedom of thought is based upon a recognition of Birth Essay, human fallibility and on the need for dialogue and debate. Mill's argument for freedom of island, thought in On Liberty contains the following claims. (1) Silenced opinions may be true. To assume they are not is to assume that we are infallible. (2) Even false opinions may contain valid points of contention and parts of the truth. To know the whole of truth we might have to weave together parts of truth from different sources. (3) To claim to know the truth means that we are able to defend it against all vigorous opposition.

Thus we need to be able to hear and respond to false opinions in order to know all of the arguments for a proposition. (4) Truth that is Teaching schools Essay not continuously and vigorously contested becomes mere superstition. Dennis! Such dogmatically held superstitions may thus crumble before even weak opposition and will not be heartily believed or defended. Like Socrates, Mill and Locke both arrive at the notion of toleration from a non-relativistic understanding of belief and truth. However, under the general rubric of epistemological toleration we might also include the sort of toleration that follows from skepticism or relativism. For the relativist or skeptic, since we cannot know the truth or since all truths are relative, we ought to be tolerant of those who hold different points of view. Contemporary American philosopher, Richard Rorty has articulated an argument something like this. The problem with this approach is the same problem with all sorts of skepticism and relativism: either the claim self-referentially undermines itself or it provides us with no compelling reason to Effective in Elementary, believe it. If we are skeptical about knowledge, then we have no way of knowing that toleration is shutter island dennis good. Likewise, if truth is relative to a system of thought, then the claim that toleration is required is itself merely a relatively justified claim. Ansur! The form of epistemological toleration espoused by Mill, at least, attempts to avoid these problems by appealing to shutter island dennis lehane, a form of in economy, fallibilism that is not completely skeptical or relativistic.

Mill's point is not that there is no truth but, rather, that toleration is shutter island required for us to come to know the truth. We have seen that epistemological concerns can lead us to nixon drugs, toleration. Moral concerns can also bring us to dennis, toleration. Tolerance as a moral virtue might be linked to other moral virtues such as modesty and self-control. However, the most common moral value that is thought to ground toleration is a concern for Defects Essay, autonomy.

We ought to refrain from negating the other when concern for the other's autonomy provides us with a good reason not to act. Toleration that follows from a commitment to autonomy should not be confused with moral relativism. Moral relativism holds that values are relative to culture or context. A commitment to autonomy, in opposition to this, holds that autonomy is good in island dennis lehane a non-relative sense. A commitment to autonomy might require that I allow another person to do something that I find abhorrent, not because I believe that values are relative, but because I believe that autonomy is so important that it requires me to refrain from negating the autonomous action of types of market in economy, another free agent. Of course, there are limits here. Autonomous action that violates the autonomy of another cannot be tolerated. Mill's account of the principle of liberty is helpful for understanding this idea of toleration. Mill tells us that we should be given as much liberty as possible, as long as our liberty does not harm others.

This is in fact a recipe for toleration. Mill's argument follows from certain basic assumptions about individuals. 1. Each individual has a will of his own. 2. Shutter! Each individual is better off when not compelled to do better. 3. Each individual knows best what is good for him. 4. Each individual is motivated to attain his own good and to avoid actions that are contrary to his self-interest. 5. Self-regarding thought and activity can be distinguished from its effects upon others. Some of these claims (for example, #3) are linked to epistemological toleration. However, the point here is not only that individuals know what is in bertolak ansur their own self-interest but also that it is good for individuals to be able to pursue their own good in their own way. Such an approach makes several important metaphysical assumptions about the shutter island nature of schools Essay, human being: that autonomy is possible and important, that individuals do know their own good, that there is a distinction between self-regarding action and actions that effects others. Moral toleration follows from these sorts of claims about human being.

Of course, toleration and respect for autonomy are not simple ideas. Much has been made about the so-called paradox of toleration: the fact that toleration seems to ask us to tolerate those things we find intolerable. Toleration does require that we refrain from enacting the shutter island negative consequences of our negative judgments. This becomes paradoxical when we find ourselves confronting persons, attitudes, or behaviors, which we vigorously reject: we then must, paradoxically, tolerate that which we find intolerable. This becomes especially difficult when the other who is to be tolerated expresses views or activities that are themselves intolerant. One way of resolving this paradox is to recognize that there is a distinction between first-order judgments and second-order moral commitments.

First-order judgments include emotional reactions and other practical judgments that focus on concrete and particular attitudes and behaviors. Nixon Drugs! Second-order moral commitments include more complicated judgments that aim beyond emotion and particularity toward rational universal principles. With regard to the paradox of toleration there is a conflict between a first-order reaction against something and a second-order commitment to the principle of respecting autonomy or to shutter dennis lehane, the virtues of modesty or self-control. The paradox is resolved by recognizing that this second-order commitment trumps the first-order reaction: principle is supposed to outweigh emotion. Thus we might have good reasons (based upon our second-order commitments) to refrain from lives, following through on shutter lehane the normal consequences of negative first-order judgments. However, when there is a genuine conflict of second-order commitments, that is, when the Effective Teaching in Elementary schools tolerant commitment to autonomy runs up against an intolerant rejection of autonomy, then there is no need to tolerate. In other words the paradox is resolved when we realize that toleration is not a commitment to relativism but, rather, that it is a commitment to the value of shutter dennis lehane, autonomy and to the distinction between first-order judgments and Teaching Essay, second-order moral commitments. Of course, the ideal of toleration is a difficult one to enact.

This difficulty is related to the tension between first-order reactions and second-order commitments that is found within the spiritual economy of an individual. Lehane! This is schools why the idea of tolerance as a virtue is important. Virtues are tendencies or habits toward good action. In the case of the virtue of tolerance, the tendency is shutter toward respect for the autonomy of others and toward the self-discipline necessary for deliberately restraining first-order reactions. Virtues are usually thought to be integrated into a system of virtues.

Tolerance is no exception. The virtue of nixon drugs, tolerance is closely related to other virtues such as self-control, modesty, generosity, kindness, mercy, and forgiveness. One must be careful, however, not to shutter island, conclude that the virtue of The Game Of Life, tolerance is a tendency toward indifference or apathy. Tolerance demands that we moderate and control our passions in light of some larger good, whether that good be respect for autonomy or an interest in self-control; tolerance does not demand that we completely refrain from judging another free agent. Moral toleration asks us to restrain some of our most powerful first-order reactions: negative reactions to persons, attitudes, and behaviors which we find repugnant. Without the shutter island tension between first-order reactions and second-order commitment, toleration is merely indifference. Indifference usually indicates a failure at the level of first-order judgment: when we are indifferent, we do not have any reaction, negative or positive, to the other. Types Of Market In Economy! Such a state of indifference is not virtuous. Indeed, it would be vicious and wrong not to react strongly against injustice or violations of dennis lehane, autonomy.

We often confuse indifference with toleration. However, indifference is flawed as a human response for two reasons. First, it rejects the truth of first-order reactions. First-order reactions should not be ignored. Our emotional responses are important ways in which we connect with the Birth Defects Essay example world around us. When we react negatively to shutter island, something, this emotional reaction provides important information about the world and ourselves.

Tolerance does not ask us to deaden our emotional responses to nixon drugs, others; rather it asks us to restrain the negative consequences of our negative emotional responses out of deference to a more universal set of commitments. Second, indifference is often closely related to general skepticism about moral judgment. The moral skeptic claims that no set of values is shutter island dennis true. From this perspective, both first-order reactions and second-order commitments are mere tastes or preferences without any final moral significance. From this skepticism, indifference with regard to any moral evaluation is cultivated because all of our moral values are thought to be equally groundless. The difficulty here is that moral skepticism cannot lead to the conclusion that it is good to be tolerant, since the how the other skeptic holds that no moral value can be justified. If we claim that toleration is good and that tolerance is a virtue, toleration cannot be the same thing as indifference. This distinction between tolerance and indifference is important for lehane, explaining the nixon drugs spiritual disruption that occurs when we strive to become tolerant. Indeed, the difficulty of island dennis lehane, toleration can be understood in schools Essay terms of the island dennis difficulty of the middle path between indifference and dogmatism. In English! Indifference is easy and dennis, satisfying because it sets us free, as it were, from the difficult human task of judging. Nixon Drugs! Likewise, dogmatism is shutter island dennis lehane easy and satisfying because it follows from Effective Teaching schools Essay, a seamless synthesis of first-order reaction and second-order commitment.

Toleration is the middle path in which there is a conflict between first-order reaction and second-order commitment. Dennis Lehane! Toleration thus requires self-consciousness and self-control in order to ansur, coordinate conflicting parts of the shutter island dennis lehane spiritual economy. Nixon Drugs! The discipline required for toleration is shutter island dennis part of any idea of education: we must learn to distance ourselves from first-order reactions in order to move toward universal principles. First-order reactions are often wrong or incomplete, as are immediate sense perceptions. And yet, education does not ask us to give up on first-order reactions or sense perceptions.

Rather, it asks us to be disciplined and self-critical, so that we might control first-order reactions in order to uphold more important principles. Moral toleration emphasizes a moral commitment to the value of autonomy. Although it is linked, by Mill, for example to a political idea about restraint of state power, moral toleration is types of market ultimately concerned with clarifying the second-order principle that is supposed to lead to toleration. While moral toleration is about relations between agents, political toleration is about restraint of political power. The modern liberal state is usually not thought to be a moral agent.

Rather, the state is island dennis lehane supposed to be something like a third party referee: it is not thought to be one of the parties engaged directly in the process of judgment and negation. Political toleration is thus an ideal that holds that the political referee should be impartial and unbiased. Nixon Drugs! The term toleration has been used, since Locke, in this political context to describe a principle of state neutrality. The connection between moral and political toleration can be understood in terms of the history of the pre-modern era when the state was an agenta monarch, for examplewho had particular judgments and the power to negate. As the idea of the state has evolved since the 17th Century toward liberal democratic notions of self-government and civil rights, the notion of political toleration has evolved to mean something like state indifference. Political toleration is now thought to entail respect for privacy, separation of church and shutter island dennis lehane, state, and a general respect for human rights. In the 20th Century, the idea of political toleration has developed, especially under the influence of Effective schools Essay, John Rawls (1921-2002) and his books, Theory of Justice (1971) and Political Liberalism (1995). Rawls' approach attempts to be neutral about moral values in order to establish political principles of toleration. Rawls argues for toleration in dennis a pragmatic fashion as that which works best to achieve political unity and an idea of justice among diverse individuals. Although the idea of political toleration has been most vigorously defended by Rawls, it also forms the Of Life basis of other pragmatic and political accounts of toleration, including those of John Dewey, Jurgen Habermas, Michael Walzer, and Richard Rorty. The danger with this approach is that it tends toward relativism by self-consciously limiting itself from island dennis, articulating a metaphysical defense of autonomy and Effective, toleration.

The difficulty is that the idea of island dennis, state neutrality can become paradoxical: a state that is neutral about everything will undermine its own existence. The idea of in differenct Essay example, political toleration begins from the claim that diverse individuals will come to tolerate one another by developing what Rawls called overlapping consensus: individuals and groups with diverse metaphysical views or comprehensive schemes will find reasons to agree about certain principles of justice that will include principles of toleration. This is in part an empirical or historical argument about the way in which diverse individuals or groups eventually resolve their differences by way of a pragmatic commitment to toleration as a modus vivendi , or means of shutter dennis, life. One could trace this idea back to Hobbes' idea of the social contract as a peace treaty. Diverse individuals in the state of nature will, according to Hobbes's argument in The Leviathan (1651), engage in nixon drugs the war of all against shutter lehane, all. This war is ultimately unsatisfying and so individuals relinquish their warring power and create the social contract. The problem is that this pragmatic account leaves us without a metaphysical justification of the types of market principles of toleration. Rather it comes to toleration from the pragmatic assumption that diverse individuals motivated by self-interest will agree to support the neutral state, which is then supposed to act as a referee in their disputes. Shutter Island Lehane! Of course, Hobbes' account of the absolute sovereignty of the nixon drugs Leviathan calls into question the idea that a social contract view will always lead to a tolerant liberal state. Rawls' idea of shutter island dennis lehane, justice as fairness attempts to in Elementary schools, set limits to political power without trying to evaluate the relative merits of different conceptions of the good.

Rawls clarified his approach by insisting that the principles of justice are political and not moral principles. They are based upon what he called reasonable pluralism. What he means by this is that the principles of toleration will be agreed to by individuals from diverse perspectives because these principles will appear reasonable to each individual despite their differences. The idea of shutter island dennis lehane, toleration results from a political consensus that is developed by way of the ideal social contract that Rawls describes at length in Birth in differenct Cultures Theory of Justice . Like Mill, Rawls theory of justice claims that the first principle of justice is the island liberty principle: Each person has an equal right to a fully adequate scheme of equal basic liberties which is Defects Essay compatible with a similar scheme of liberties for all. These basic civil liberties form the basis for political toleration. Political liberalism focuses on the problem of shutter island dennis, diversity without appealing to a larger metaphysical theory. This problem is exacerbated when political liberalism takes up the question of international human rights and the problem of intolerant groups or individual who demand to be tolerated. Political liberalism aims at the creation of a global human rights regime that is supposed to support politically tolerant states and that is sensitive to the issue of group rights.

From the perspective of political liberalism, human rightsbasic defenses against the intolerant expansion of state powerare thought to be the result of overlapping political consensus. From this perspective, human rights, such as the right to autonomy that forms the basis of moral toleration, are thought to be, not metaphysical givens, but the conditions for The Game Of Life, the possibility of political consensus building. The idea of a developing overlapping consensus in international affairs was articulated in the 1950's by Jacques Maritain and was developed in practice by international agencies such as the United Nations. In the lehane final decade of the twentieth century, Jurgen Habermas' approach linked principles of toleration to nixon drugs, the very nature of political argument: for us to have a political argument, we must agree to certain principles of fair argumentation. The difficultly here is that diversity is even more of a problem on the international scene, where discussions of human rights are essential. Shutter! At the local or national level, the point of liberalism is that the nixon drugs neutral state ought not interfere or comment on the quality of individual lives unless the lives and actions of private individuals become a menace to the rights and privacy of other individuals. Internationally, Rawls follows Kant in shutter island dennis lehane specifying the nixon drugs Law of Peoples that is supposed to maintain order among diverse mutually tolerant nations. A further complication arises at the level of group rights (both within national and international politics), where groups and their members claim the island dennis right to be tolerated by larger political organizations. Here the idea of tolerating the practices and identities of groups may paradoxically result in Birth in differenct Cultures example toleration for intolerant groups. This is the case for example, when tolerant governments consider groups who advocate violence, discrimination, and other intolerant practices. Shutter Island Dennis Lehane! Such groups can be intolerant toward their own members, toward the tolerant liberal societies in which they subside, and indeed toward those international organizations who support toleration throughout the globe.

The risk of political liberalism is that it hovers uneasily between pluralism and relativism, while seeking to avoid metaphysical dogmatism or political imperialism. The basic pluralism of political liberalism supports political toleration by types of market, recognizing that conflicting comprehensive doctrines can each be justified as reasonable according to shutter island lehane, the standards internal to them. This leaves us with the types in economy conflicts of reasonable pluralism: each of the conflicting comprehensive doctrines is reasonable on shutter dennis lehane its own terms and to the extent that it recognizes the reasonableness of other comprehensive doctrines. Thus, for Rawls, cooperation between reasonable comprehensive doctrines is a practical political task. The state should refrain from entering into a discussion of which comprehensive doctrine is better morally, epistemologically, or metaphysically quite simply because such a discussion would be unjust for a neutral state confronted with the how the side lives fact of diversity. By defining his account of state neutrality as political, Rawls wants to distance his account of reasonable pluralism from a more robust form of philosophical skepticism. This is reminiscent of Locke's approach to epistemological toleration: since we cannot in practice force individuals to agree about moral or metaphysical truths, we should tolerate diversity at the political level. Rawls does, however, hold that there is a best political arrangement, even if the truth about the best political arrangement is arrived at by way of pragmatic concerns for what works politically in light of the fact of island dennis lehane, diversity.

And thus his idea of political consensus tries to avoid the slide toward skepticism and relativism. It seems that for political toleration, there is at least one non-relative valuethat of toleration and peaceful coexistenceeven if this is merely pragmatically justified by the concrete historical need for peaceful coexistence among those who cannot arrive at consensus about their views of the good. The approach of political liberalism has appeared to succeed in other side lives practice. One could argue that the idea of the neutral state and of political consensus about the need for shutter dennis lehane, toleration has been gradually developing in Constitutional Law in the U.S. and in international law by way of the U.N.'s Declaration of Human Rights. Article 26 of the U.N. Declaration states explicitly that education is a universal right and that education should aim to promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups. We are still far from types, actualizing the idea of shutter dennis lehane, a tolerant international community. However, it is fairly clear that in the last several decades the idea of Of Life, political toleration has succeeded in the United States and in other Western countries. Despite this success, critics such as Michael Sandel, in shutter island lehane his Democracy's Discontent (1998), have argued that the tolerant attitude of what he calls the procedural republic must be grounded in a more comprehensive moral theory. Without such a ground, Sandel worries that the tolerant neutral state will ultimately lose its connection with the moral lives of individuals.

Sandel claims in his arguments against Rawls and against ansur in english, certain developments in Constitutional Law that the approach of political liberalism cannot ultimately take account of the depth of commitment that most individuals have to their own comprehensive doctrines. Lehane! Rawls admits that for his idea of overlapping consensus to work, he must assume a weakening of private faith in comprehensive doctrines. The problem here is that it argues for side lives, toleration by shutter lehane, underestimating the Effective in Elementary schools Essay power of those forms of private faith that must be tolerated. A further problem of the political approach to lehane, toleration is that it struggles to define the nature of privacy. Moral toleration claims that there are certain private activities which are only how the other lives of concern to the individual and that the state would be unjustified in interfering with these private activities. A merely political approach to toleration is however unable to draw the line dividing public and shutter island, private in a metaphysical fashion. Nixon Drugs! Rather, the sphere of privacy is itself defined only as a result of the process of building political consensus.

Thus the worry is that the principles of political liberalism are not clearly defined and that toleration, as a mere modus vivendi , could be violated if the political consensus were to dennis lehane, shift. In other words, if there is no metaphysical basis for a sphere of privacy, then it is not exactly clear what the politically grounded idea of nixon drugs, liberal toleration is supposed to tolerate.

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10 steps to transferring Word form data to an Excel sheet. When you need to transfer a data record to Excel, a Word form -- and a little VBA -- makes the process a snap. Data transfer often comes in bulk jobs with multiple records and data fields. Shutter Island. But occasionally, you'll need to transfer only one record at types in economy a time. For example, you might need to transfer details from a data entry order form to island dennis a larger purchasing database. In that case, you transfer details as each order is processed, one at a time.

When you're facing such a task, you can use VBA code and you can set it all up in 10 quick steps. There are several parts to nixon drugs a transfer task. The scenarios are unique, but the components are generally the same: The data you're transferring The source file that contains the data The destination file to which you're transferring the data The transfer medium used to make the shutter, switch; usually, it's code. You'll need to identify these four components before you do a thing. Our example uses a Word form to gather data (input values), but you might use a Web form, an Excel userform, or some other format. The transferring code and process will be mostly the same, regardless of the The Game Essay, input's format.

This exercise is shutter lehane, less about the source and more about the ability to transfer records, one at types in economy a time, to a destination file. Island Lehane. 2: Determine the destination format. Bertolak In English. Our example sheet is simple on purpose. Transferring the data is the job; the number of shutter island dennis fields is in Elementary, usually irrelevant. 3: Identify the destination data types. Once you know the format, note the data types the source file expects to receive. You might have to convert data types before actually transferring the data. We won't do so in this example. Both fields in this destination sheet are text using the General format. But it's important to note this information before beginning because the data might need special handling.

For instance, strings and dates must be delimited property. 4: Note the destination file's location. The next bit of information you'll need is the path to the destination file. In this example, both files will be on the same drive but in different folders. Some data must travel long distances to get from the source to its destination file, and you'll need to know every node of that journey. If you're using a network, you might need to code in special permissions and passwords to use along the way.

Our example destination workbook resides at E:Examples and isn't password protected. Use Word's form fields to collect data. A Word form is a document that contains fill-in blanks called fields. Each field is a predefined cell that stores data input. Shutter Island Lehane. To create the example Word form, insert two text fields into a blank Word document as follows: Click the Developer tab and then choose the ab field from the Legacy Tools drop-down in the Controls group (circled in Figure B). Cultures. In Word 2003, choose Toolbars from the View menu and select Forms, where you'll find the Text Form Field control. Click Properties in the Controls group or double-click the field to shutter dennis display its properties.

Enter txtCompanyName in the Bookmark property, as shown in Figure C . Click OK. Repeat steps 1 through 4, entering txtPhone in step 3. Save the form. The text form field is types, a legacy tool in shutter, the Ribbon versions. To add the code that transfers a single record from the Essay, fields to island lehane the example workbook, do the following: With the Word form open, press [Alt]+[F11] to launch the Visual Basic Editor (VBE). From the Insert menu, choose Module. Enter the code in Listing A . Save the module and return to the Word form. You could add a macro button to the Ribbon or even a command button to the document. But using form fields, you can bypass the interface tools and Effective schools Essay, let one of the fields execute the macro as follows: Double-click the phone field (txtPhone) to open its property sheet. From the Exit drop-down, select the transfer macro from shutter dennis lehane Listing A, TransferToExcel, as shown in Figure D . Click OK.

Pressing [Tab] to leave the phone field will execute TransferToExcel(), which will copy the other lives, text in the company name and phone fields to Sales.xlsx. When applying this code to your own work, be sure to update the path appropriately. Select the transfer macro from the Exit drop-down. Before using the Word form, restrict its use by dennis, limiting changes to the form fields as follows: Click the Developer tab and then click Restrict Editing in the Protect group. In Word 2003, click Protect on the Form toolbar. In the resulting task pane, click Allow Only This Type Of Editing In This Document. From the drop-down, select Filling In Forms, as shown in Figure E . Of Market In Economy. Click Yes, Start Enforcing Protection.

Enter a password twice. Or leave both password entries blank if you don't need password protection. Click OK. Enable protection to restrict data entry to the form fields. Using form fields to collect data is easy. Our macro code copied the data from the Word form to an Excel sheet. Shutter Lehane. The macro in Listing A covers the basics. It identifies the data and transfers it, as is, to a destination workbook.

That part's common to almost all transfer tasks where you're moving one record at a time. Bertolak. There's much more to consider. Shutter. For instance, there's no data validation; there's nothing to Effective schools Essay force users to enter a valid phone number in shutter island lehane, the right format. Side Lives. To ensure consistent and valid data, include code that validates the data (usually before transferring). You also might want to island dennis include a confirmation message that asks users to confirm the transfer before actually executing the ansur, code. Right now, the transfer is automatic.

The error handling is bare bones. You'll need to test your code thoroughly for all possible problems. These are just a few of the areas you'll want to customize. Sign up for TechRepublic's 10 Things newsletter! Susan Sales Harkins is an IT consultant, specializing in desktop solutions. Previously, she was editor in chief for The Cobb Group, the shutter dennis lehane, world's largest publisher of technical journals. Susan Sales Harkins is an how the, IT consultant, specializing in shutter lehane, desktop solutions.

Previously, she was editor in chief for The Cobb Group, the world's largest publisher of nixon drugs technical journals. We deliver the top business tech news stories about the companies, the island, people, and the products revolutionizing the planet. The Game Of Life Essay. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.

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Example Of Opinion Essay Essays and lehane Research Papers. Opinion essay Opinion essay is a formal piece of essay writing which presents the . authors point of view on a particular subject supported by reasons and examples . How The Side Lives. The opposing viewpoint is shutter island dennis also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is unconvincing. A Successful Opinion Essay Consists of: An introduction where the topic and the authors opinion are stated clearly. A main body where viewpoints supported by reasons are presented in several paragraphs. This section has also the. Education , Essay , Mobile phone 792 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Some people use marijuana for health purposes, some just use it to get really high.

Smoking marijuana . In English. isnt as bad as it seems to others. Obviously lighting something on fire and inhaling it wouldnt seem as if its good or healthy for you. Thats why people get the wrong impression. I believe marijuana should be legalized because there are more positives to shutter island, it than negatives. Marijuana can help people medically and help the Of Life, economy.

Ironically other substances that are. Bipolar disorder , Cancer , Disease 898 Words | 4 Pages. Name Demeshov Yerkebulan ID 20121754 Opinion Essay Music is the best type of . Art What is shutter island lehane art? Everyone knows about it, but could you say a lot about music? May be yes, may be no.

Music is the best type of art. The Game Of Life Essay. Before proving it , lets talk about what music means. Music is an art form which medium is sound and silence. In many cultures music is an important part of people. Music contains all their history.

May be for someone music is just. Aesthetics , Art , Medicine 929 Words | 3 Pages. Name Date Opinion Essay An opinion essay tells what the writer thinks or feels about a topic. . People have different opinions about shutter dennis lehane things. In an opinion essay , you write your opinion about a topic. Teaching Schools. When you write an opinion essay , you choose a topic about which you have strong feelings. Dennis Lehane. You support your opinion with reasons. For this Unit Project, you are going to write an opinion essay about the Birth Defects in differenct example, wetlands of shutter island dennis Mississippi. Writing Process Part I: Prewriting Ideas As you learned in Unit 1, Mississippi. All rights reserved , Copyright , Essay 1171 Words | 6 Pages.

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Examples from Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness The research I did this summer focused on sorption of side cesium and island . strontium by how the other side soils. These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants My research also focused on the distribution coefficient which is a measurement of dennis lehane how much of a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium. I found that many of the in economy, readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to convey a strong belief in shutter island human rights, which was demonstrated by Effective Teaching in Elementary the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. all want to have a place to belong in shutter island the social jungle that is middle school. But in my opinion its not worth all the drama and trouble that . it will most likely create. For instance you could be suspended, fail your classes, become addicted on drugs, or worse, and these are the things that will cause you to fail and mess you up for nixon drugs life. Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the unfairness in life.

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So as one of the island dennis, three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and items are placed correctly and neatly throughout the store, in. Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages. Example Essay He that is good for Essay making excuses is seldom good for lehane anything else. -- Ben Franklin. As early as the Birth in differenct Cultures, . founding of the United States of America, Mr. Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time and it negative effects on shutter island dennis their lives. Today, it is frequently used as an ansur excuse to justify the lack of time management skills.

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I dont even know what that means! All I do know is that those stinking Democrats support it, which . Shutter. means I automatically have to be against it. Cultures Example. You cant possibly expect me to shutter dennis lehane, actually have an opinion on something as complicated as this! The basis for the things I oppose is types of market simply spite. Spite for the Democrats. Shutter Island Dennis Lehane. If a Democrat supports it, I oppose it! Using your brain to support or oppose things is just way too overrated nowadays.

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The Symbol of a Mockingbird Supported Opinion Essay Prejudice and racism are a part of living and shutter dennis people will always be . Nixon Drugs. confronted with it, but why are people hated or precluded? Do others actually know who they are or are they just judged because of the bad stories others heard about them? In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Lee writes about this theme and she uses the mockingbird is a symbol. A mockingbird is a harmless bird that makes the world more pleasant. Mockingbirds are the island dennis, innocent. Harper Lee , Northern Mockingbird , To Kill a Mockingbird 1192 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs.

Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from his television show . Of Market In Economy. The O'Reilly Factor, one of his Killing books, or from editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is. Dennis. O'Reilly is known for Teaching schools his conservative views that can be attributed in dennis lehane part to his coming from a classic Irish Catholic family and in Elementary schools Essay [having] attended private catholic schools, according to his biography on IMDb. Though. Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the shutter island dennis lehane, United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. BBI20 Assignment#5 Opinion Essay on Inventions 1st March 2011 In my opinion , the types of market in economy, most important invention of . all time in the history of human civilization and enterprise is the internet. Why the internet? Simply because I believe this invention has made the world a better place. In almost everything we do, we need the shutter island dennis lehane, Internet.

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Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages. ?Question: Analyze how the writer influenced you to change your opinion throughout the how the other side lives, text about a significant idea. Shutter Island Lehane. Shakespeare wrote . Macbeth in nixon drugs the 16th century as tribute to king James the island lehane, first. At the of market, start of the text king Duncan made me believe that anyone could be a good leader, Duncan effectively portrayed this idea because he put the needs of his country in front of his own. Throughout the text Shakespeare influenced my opinion to change when Macbeth came into power as he cared about dennis lehane no. Duncan I of Scotland , James I of England , KILL 849 Words | 3 Pages. Example of a Well Structured Essay.

Example of a well structured essay . Nixon Drugs. The content isnt that exiting and shutter the conclusion is quite weak, but there are many good . points to make on types in economy the way the essay is structured and the way the information is put across. All my comments are highlighted thus. A good introduction. Does the job of shutter dennis lehane clearly defining the Birth Defects in differenct, topic covered in the essay and the specific aspects which will be discussed. Island Lehane. See in particular last sentence of introduction. ( We will be looking at the structure of schools introductions. Causality , Environmentalism , Essay 1501 Words | 5 Pages.

Definition Of Friendship Example Essay. of friendship. Consider the purpose, audience, and shutter context of your article. Organize your ideas and bertolak details effectively. Island Lehane. Include specific details that . clearly develop your article. Edit your speech for in Elementary schools Essay standard grammar and language usage. Example Essay on the Definition of Friendship If asked, many people would say that their friends are some of the most important people in their lives. However, sometimes it is hard to recognize the value of lehane a friend and see exactly how much they do for us and.

Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Aaron B Ms. F ENG-4U Nov, 1st, 2013 Catcher in bertolak ansur in english The Rye Opinion Essay In the novel Catcher in The Rye, Salinger has employed . a very realistic portrayal of teenagers and how they act. There are plenty of shutter island lehane characteristic on how he properly conveyed this to the audience and he also spread these characteristics through-out all of the characters that are used within the novel. Firstly, you have Holden; a teenager who is ansur in english not always the brightest bulb in the cabinet, but he has a clear understanding. Adolescence , Novel , Question 1140 Words | 3 Pages. ?In this essay , it is shutter island dennis about the Birth Defects example, journal article that I had presented in the Journal Club. Lehane. In the following, I am going to summarize the . concerned clinical issue / practice presented in the journal article. In the second part of the essay , I will analyze the concerned clinical issue / practice and relate to my prior learning and/or experience. Next, I will discuss on what I have learned from the concerned clinical issue / practice.

Lastly, I am going to recommend strategies to facilitate my learning. Health care provider , Illness , Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 839 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Options Karisa Horsch Professor R. How The Other Side. Sorrell HIST 136; Opinion 2, 3, 6 March . 7th 2013 Industrialists Vs. Island Lehane. Workers Opinion Option #2 Today, the United States is known for Essay being a big, beautiful powerhouse of complex industrial systems and with these industrial systems, bridges have been built, factories have been produced, inventions and workers have been put to work and thus, a new age industry arise. Its hard to exactly pin-point. 19th century , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1048 Words | 4 Pages.

Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed . description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. Shutter Dennis Lehane. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. Nixon Drugs. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Opinion Essay: Is Television Good or Bad for American Society? Assignment taught by Dr.

Sally Lozada. Shutter Lehane. PART I Throughout the next four modules, you will plan and develop an argumentative essay . Your . homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of entertainment. Types Of Market. With a proper cable subscription, ones television can display. Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an dennis lehane acceptable academic- level essay . . This is how the lives not the only way to organize and shutter island dennis lehane develop an essay . Teaching. It is, however, a tried and true system and shutter lehane will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you.

Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. statement in this argument? 3. Whats the topic sentence of the types of market, writers personal view? 4. Note down some of the transitions used in this argument: 5. What . Island Dennis Lehane. is the wrap-up in this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . There might be more than one example of each. Annotate the bertolak ansur, essay to show these features. Shutter Island. Use of personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages.

Steven Vanous Opinion essay 131-17 One of the most debated topics of today in America is Health Care. How The Lives. How can we make it . better? How can we fix the major flaws? How can we, as a country, provide every American citizen with proper adequate health care? These are very good questions. Im just your average citizen and shutter island dennis I figured it out. The answer to all these questions, and many more asked by Americans, is very simple. Adopt a Socialized Health Care system just like the one thats been used.

Health care , Health care in the United States , Health economics 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: The real voyage of discovery . consists not in Effective schools seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes. This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with new eyes. The main character, Jonas, in Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his Capacity to See Beyond. Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in shutter island dennis lehane later life or can influence the decisions we make to types in economy, give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to age. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of your world view. A World view is described by many different people in various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the German word Weltanschauung.

I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. that a person should only set fairly easy and attainable goals for themselves. Now my attitude is shutter island lehane that you should pursue what makes you happy, and you . shouldnt let struggles stop you. Nixon Drugs. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and being persistent in your efforts, my prior opinion began to change. In the island dennis, book Blake first describes his journey with creating and growing TOMS. Blake was on Essay a vacation trip in lehane Argentina when he realized the locals tremendous need for shoes. 1083 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for free at Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and Declaration of the Rights of Teaching Man Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for lehane upgraded members Sign Up to Teaching in Elementary schools Essay, access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS.

Send Code Napoleon and Declaration. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the shutter lehane, Rights of Teaching in Elementary schools Essay Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. small, cute animals are slowly crushed or impaled by women wearing heels, reports David Michael (2010). These videos were banned in 1999 by the Supreme . Island Lehane. Court, until the federal law had overreached, and how the other the law was overturned. Shutter Dennis Lehane. These acts are clear examples of cruelty towards animals, and can never be truly justified.

If we take the rights steps, in a warranted and honest manner, then we can stop animal abuse, and save future species from an types unruly and unjustified future as slaves to man-kind. . Animal cruelty , Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the shutter island, authors outlook and personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS Personal Describes how you feel about how the other side lives someone or something. YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Example MBA admission essay The world of finance and business is a complicated and ubiquitous arena, and the axis around which . most of our societys most important issues move. Having worked for a number of years in a multitude of island lehane administrative positions, I feel in nixon drugs many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is brimming with professional opportunities. The pursuit of a Masters in Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by shutter island dennis the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to control the people. However, the use of lives theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over shutter island, the people in more ways than one.

In addition, the use of militaries to control the population and outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and The Game Essay what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice. There are, however, universal ways of looking at a songs value. First, one can analyze a song based on island the message the writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a songs worth and universal impact. Closely linked to a songs theme is the songs literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. How to The Game Essay, write an argumentative essay.

Give your opinion . Argumentative Essay How to shutter island dennis lehane, write an Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, Format, . Examples , Topics How to write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the in Elementary schools, presented point of view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions . The author through proper reasoning, inducting and island dennis making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the Teaching, theories of the argumentative essay . If the author. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Shutter Dennis Lehane. Seligmans article On Learned Helplessness talks about what happens when people go through . traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to The Game Of Life, feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and island dennis competence. By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the article Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama by Charles P. Wallace and Tim Waters. In the article by Wallace and Defects Cultures example Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Definition Essay How to write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples , Topics Writing a . Shutter Dennis Lehane. definition essay A definition essay is an essay concentrated on the explanation of the meaning of a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the in english, position of one and island only meaning and nixon drugs also from the position of island lehane subjectivity of the other side, person defining the term.

This classification divides the words into two groups: material terms a table, a door, a printer. spiritual terms friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? ESSAY IS A WRITTEN EXPRESSION OF WRITER'S DIRECT OPINION . THAT OPINION IS BASED ON OUR BELIEFS. now belief is of . further two types: 1. changeable (where there is tendency to change the opinion ) 2. non-changeable ( opinion is in just yes or no; agree or disagree) basically the changeable opinion is our thesis statement. * every thesis statement is opinion but every opinion is shutter island dennis lehane not thesis statement. types of ansur in english essays ' topics: 1. open topics on shutter island dennis which writer's own tendency to prove his opinion. Belief , Creative writing , Critical thinking 474 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Birth In Differenct. Consider Sei Shonagons definition of the word hate in the Heian era. Shutter Lehane. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? Hateful Things is an opinionated extract from the book Pillow Talk written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and Effective Teaching Essay judgmental conversations by Shonagon.

Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to island dennis lehane, be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. The phonological features of a . persons speech are the most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue. For example , Bill pronounces the not in not really, correct, just and want by ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the Of Life, voiceless consonant (/t/). Shutter Island Dennis Lehane. This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in of market in economy Mandarin than in English and thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. 1 AN OPINION COMPOSITION When you are writing an essay that asks you to discuss a topic or give your opinion on shutter lehane a . How The Other. question, it is important to organize your thoughts and shutter island dennis present your arguments clearly and to work out the structure of your essay before you start to write. The Game Of Life Essay. 1. Plan four or five paragraphs: 2. 3. 4. 5. - an introduction (saying why it is important, what the situation is. ) - two or three paragraphs in support of the shutter island, argument/ giving a contrasting or different view (with reasons). Developmental psychology , Essay , Learning 1697 Words | 5 Pages.

Wind essay by Verlyn Klinkenborg and then answer the following questions: . http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/18/ opinion /18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Explain how the author describes the wind in three sentences? Provide one quote from the Effective schools Essay, essay . Island Dennis. 2. Copy down at types of market, least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the following senses: a. visual b. taste c. hearing d. Shutter Island Dennis Lehane. touch e. smell 3. Write down the authors main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. every reader's question: So what? Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with the evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from your texts . How The Side. or from your research). Dennis. Your claim should not be outlandish, nor should it be mere personal opinion or preference (e.g., Frederick Douglass is nixon drugs my favorite historical figure.) Precise - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down from a very broad subject. Your claim should not be something on which whole books could be written. . Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Development Learning Team B COM/172 September 10, 2010 The ultimate success or failure of a paper may often be traced back to . the planning stages.

What might you do to provide yourself with the best opportunity to shutter island dennis, succeed when writing our college papers? Planning is the most important tool we can use to create an effective essay . When we plan accordingly, we are setting the right expectation for completing our assignment. We take the time to create an effective outline and use. Begin , Essay , Pop music 1304 Words | 4 Pages. watching.

Mary Chastain writes for Breitbart.com and how the side lives as a concerned parent, she mostly covers semi-controversial subjects of the news that focus on mental . health issues of children. She inserts herself into her articles with compassion and lets her opinions flow. Any mother or father would certainly feel the compassion in her words and might trust her judgment just by knowing that she is a mother herself. Not knowing this information could skew your view of her articles. If I did not know she was.

Parent , Psychology , SpongeBob SquarePants 1056 Words | 3 Pages. of a highly successful career is the amount of respect we receive from our peers. We are respected because of shutter our expertise and our knowledge. We stand out in Elementary schools, . above the average person. We are noticed, loved and admired by many. Shutter. Our opinion is valued.

Other people's opinions are high of us. In our local community, we are thought of as being a vivacious and charismatic leader. Everyone wants to be around us because we make him or her feel good about themselves, and we help boost his or her self-esteem. Happiness , Need , Poverty 846 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. Types In Economy. An example of character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someones day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as.

Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay Essays are like the people that write them; each one is unique . and individual. A good essay topic seems the most important aspect for a paper; but if the writer cant effectively convey their argument or idea in a fluid procession the papers topic will not matter.

A writer needs to capture their audience in the most successful way and structural elements are a contributor to shutter island dennis, that. In the essay , Graffiti: Art or Vandalism, the author effectively. Art , Banksy , Eyesore 943 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is Essay hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and dennis no one would ever ask for help. But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to Defects example, help out students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. These mentors dont just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and comprehend what is dennis being taught. In Differenct Example. Tutors are at hand for a variety of subjects, some have.

Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who dont live in shutter island dennis Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. Essay. King, would . commute from Farmington to shutter, Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldnt have found one. Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriends mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages.

CORE Arguments, Opinions and suggestions. ? Appendix 2: Guidelines for Essays Each group must select ONE of the Topics below: Research the Birth Defects Cultures, Topic and shutter island lehane Write an . Teaching Essay. essay . In preparing their assignments, students are expected to do a thorough research on the chosen topic and also provide case examples to illustrate/defend their arguments. Where possible, students are encouraged to island, use UAE/GULF OR Middle-East organizations as an example . In agreement with the lecturer, they may also change the topic slightly to suit a. Critical thinking , Human resource management , Management 497 Words | 2 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal?

If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of other side individuals and notice a great deal of shutter similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by The Game Of Life a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages.

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D-Day or Operation Overlord, June 6, 1944. As dawn broke on June 6, 1944, the Allied invasion fleet became visible crossing the choppy waters of the English Channel to shutter dennis, France. None of those who took part in D-Day, whether soldier, sailor, or airman, would ever forget the sight. It was by far the largest amphibious invasion force ever known, with more than 5,000 ships carrying 175,000 troops. The view from the nixon drugs, air was breathtaking. Many pilots said later that the sea was packed so full of ships that it almost looked as if you could walk to France. The air support plan included more than 6,000 aircraft, with transports dropping three airborne divisions, heavy and medium bombers attacking beach defences, and other squadrons on shutter island dennis, deception operations. Typhoon and P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers would roam inland, ready to attack German reinforcements coming to help defend the coast. Layered screens of Allied fighters between the ansur in english, Parisian region and the Normandy beaches would ensure that German aircraft never reached the island lehane, invasion area in Essay daylight. And anti-submarine patrols of Sunderlands and B-24 Liberators had already started to patrol every map-square of the sea between southern Ireland and Brittany.

To the great embarrassment of Grand Admiral Doenitz, not a single German U-boat got through to shutter, the Channel. In fact one Canadian pilot broke all records by sinking two German submarines in the Bay of Biscay within twenty-two minutes. The fact that the invasion fleet had sailed at all on the night of June 5 was almost a miracle in itself. Ansur! General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Allied supreme commander, had faced a terrible dilemma. Shutter! On June 2 his meteorologists had warned of a bad storm. The invasion was put back by twenty-four hours in a desperate hope that conditions might improve. Eisenhower knew that a major postponement of bertolak ansur, two weeks until tides were again favorable could well prove disastrous. To disembark all those soldiers from their landing ships and then re-embark them later would have been very bad for island dennis, morale, and the Germans might well have discovered the Allied plan. Told that there might be a break in the bad weather on June 6, Eisenhower assumed the Effective schools, huge responsibility of his position and decided to go. Shutter Dennis! General Miles Dempsey, who commanded the in english, Second British Army in the invading force said later that Eisenhowers decision was the bravest act of the whole war. It is easy for us to look back and dennis lehane, think that D-Day was bound to succeed, but it could have been a disaster.

Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy, was an intensely emotional event for all the AlliesAmericans, British, Canadians, and men from thirty different countries, many of which had, like France, been occupied for other lives, the previous four years by the German Wehrmacht after its devastating victories in dennis 1940. For the French, this moment of setting out to help liberate their homeland was especially poignant. For the British, it marked their return at ansur, last to dennis, the continent of Europe after the bitterness of their evacuation from Dunkirk. Types Of Market! For American soldiers, the invasion represented a moment of selfless duty. The United States was once more coming to the rescue of war-torn Europe, this time oppressed by the Nazi regime. All they could console themselves with was the idea that the sooner they helped win the war, the sooner they could go home to their familiesassuming they survived. The pre-battle tension for everyone was considerable.

Keith Douglas, one of the great soldier poets of the Second World War, who was killed in Normandy a few days later, wrote the following lines shortly before D-Day: Actors waiting in the wings of Europe. we already watch the lights on shutter dennis, the stage. and listen to the colossal overture begin. For us entering at Defects in differenct Cultures, the height of the island dennis, din. it will be hard to side, hear our thoughts, hard to gauge. how much our conduct owes to fear or fury.

The overture was indeed colossal, whether from US Navy and Royal Navy battleships firing huge shells that screamed like freight cars over the heads of the soldiers packed into landing craft, or bombers coming in from the island dennis lehane, sea to smash the nixon drugs, German defensive positions and barbed wire. Other bomber groups inland smashed French towns to block the routes by island which German reinforcements would arrive. Birth In Differenct Essay Example! French civilians in Normandy suffered terribly. Fifteen thousand were killed in shutter island dennis the lead-up to D-Day, and another 20,000 were to die during the fighting. Altogether some 75,000 French civilians were killed in the war by British and American bombing and artillery, an Birth in differenct Essay even higher figure than the 69,000 British killed by the German air force. It is a terrible irony that the armed forces from democracies ended up killing so many civilians because their commanders felt forced by shutter lehane the pressure of public opinion at side, home to reduce their own casualties as much as possible.

Preceded by flotillas of minesweepers, the invasion fleet headed for five long beaches on the Normandy coastline. They were codenamed Sword, Juno, and shutter dennis lehane, Gold (where two British and one Canadian division were landing), and Omaha and Utah (where the leading battalions of three American divisions were headed). The task of the Effective Teaching in Elementary Essay, US 4th Infantry Division landing at Utah at the base of the Cotentin Peninsula, was to head inland to meet up with the paratroopers of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions who had been dropped during the night. Heavily weighed down by arms and ammunition, some had drowned in shutter dennis flooded areas. Others landed on German positions and were massacred before they had a chance to fight back. A number were killed while they hung helplessly from parachutes caught on trees or on rooftops. But although widely scattered in the chaotic drops, most of them survived to join up in how the other side improvised groups and cause terror among the German defenders, who thought they were everywhere. They were reinforced by more airborne troops flown over in large gliders towed by transport aircraft.

It was a frightening journey for even the bravest men, knowing that many would be badly injured or killed on crash landing. The objective for the American 1st and 29th Infantry Divisions was Omaha Beach, a long, gently curving stretch of coastline. Shutter! Approached from the Essay, sea, the shutter, beach ended on the right with massive cliffs. Four miles farther around to the west was the Pointe du Hoc promontory. Effective Schools! This was where a battalion of US Rangers had to shutter island lehane, scale a sheer cliff to silence a German battery. The first landing craft set off from their mother ships at 0520 hours. Bertolak Ansur! They had over an hours journey in heavy seas to land on the beach at H-hour (the time the attack was to begin). The larger ships were anchored at island lehane, least ten miles offshore, out of range of German coastal guns. During the long and tumultuous crossing, a dozen of the landing craft were swamped or capsized. Birth In Differenct Example! The bomber formations appeared at shutter island dennis, 0605 hours. They flew in from the sea to reduce their vulnerability to flak over the target area, rather than following the line of the coast.

As they reached the beaches, their crews delayed an extra few seconds before releasing their bomb loads to avoid hitting any landing craft approaching the beach. As a result all the in economy, ground commanders hopes that the air force would destroy barbed-wire entanglements, minefields, and some of the defensive positions were utterly dashed. In the thirty minutes preceding H-hour, the B-24 Liberators and B-17 Fortresses dropped 13,000 bombs, but none fell on the beach. The Air Corps might just as well have stayed home in bed for island lehane, all the types, good that their bombing concentration did, one officer in the 1st Division observed angrily later. To compound the problem, the forty minutes allowed for the naval bombardment proved far too short to deal with the beach defences. At a given moment, the landing craft, which had been circling offshore to await H-hour, headed in toward land. Island Dennis! The absence of fire from the shore aroused hopes that the warships and air force had done their work as planned. Of Market! The infantrymen were so tightly wedged that few could see much over dennis lehane, the helmets in front of The Game, them and the tall landing ramp at the front. The assault craft were still bucking like an unbroken horse, so many just shut their eyes against the queasy sensation of shutter island dennis lehane, motion sickness.

By then the landing craft reeked of vomit. Because of the smoke and dust thrown up by the shelling, the coxswains had trouble recognizing any landmarks. Soon we became conscious of pinking noises near us, wrote a US Navy lieutenant, and when a couple of Defects in differenct example, men toppled to the deck, we became conscious of the fact that we were being fired at with real bullets, by a very much alive enemy. When the island lehane, ramps were dropped, the German machine gunners concentrated their fire on the opening. Men were tumbling just like corn cobs off of a conveyor belt, wrote a sergeant from Wisconsin. In all too many cases, the Defects Cultures example, landing craft had come to a halt on a sandbar short of the beach. The water appeared shallow, but ahead there were deep runnels. The craft were still bucking with the waves, and dennis, if you slipped under the metal ramp you would be killed as it crashed down. In some places men leaped off and found the The Game Essay, water over their heads. Shutter! In desperation, they dropped their weapons and wriggled out of their equipment to survive. Some of in economy, those behind, seeing their buddies floundering under the weight of their equipment, panicked. There were dead men floating in the water and there were live men acting dead, letting the tide take them in. The prospect of shutter island dennis lehane, crossing the stretch of in differenct Cultures example, beach in front of them seemed impossible. Lehane! Any idea of trying to run through the Cultures Essay, shallows, carrying heavy equipment and in sodden clothes and boots seemed like a bad dream in which limbs felt leaden and numb. Overburdened soldiers stood little chance.

There were cries in all directions: Im hit! Im hit! With many of their officers and noncoms among the first casualties, soldiers recovering from the shutter island, shock of their reception realized that they had to get across the beach, if only to survive. A soldier from Minnesota in the 1st Division wrote home later describing how he had dashed forward in thirty-yard sprints. The Game Of Life Essay! Ive never in all my life prayed so much. He looked back at shutter island dennis lehane, the remnants of his squad. It was awful. People dying all over the placethe wounded unable to move and being drowned by Teaching in Elementary schools Essay the incoming tide and boats burning madly as succeeding waves tried to get in. . . . Ive never seen so many brave men who did so muchmany would go way back and try to gather in the wounded and themselves got killed. Those who had made it were not even able to shutter, help with covering fire. Ansur In English! At least 80% of our weapons did not work because of sand and sea water. In their desire to be able to fire back as soon as they landed, most soldiers had made the mistake of stripping the waterproof covering from their guns before reaching the shore. Almost all the radios failed to work as a result of island dennis lehane, seawater, and in differenct Cultures example, this contributed greatly to the chaos. An artillery officer described the soldiers he saw. They were beat up and shocked. Many of them had forgotten that they had firearms to dennis, use. It was hardly surprising that they were dazed. A number were barely out of high school, and this disastrous baptism of fire produced psychological trauma. Battalion and company officers ordered their men to clean their rifles.

Those who had lost their weapons took them off the dead. More senior officers arriving with their headquarter groups were to provide the leadership critically needed at this time. They forced the men, once they had cleaned their weapons, to start breaking through the wire and Effective in Elementary schools, minefields onto the bluffs behind to shutter island lehane, attack the German positions. In this way, Omaha Beach, which so easily could have been the scene of a terrible catastrophe, was transformed into a hard-won American victory. Once the Allies were securely ashore, they were bound to prevail with their overwhelming superiority in air power and Cultures, artillery.

German plans for a massive tank counter-attack against the British Second Army on the eastern side came to nothing when the Germans were hammered by the heavy guns of the US Navy and island dennis lehane, the Royal Navy off the coast. But the success of D-Day was not enough. American, British, and Canadian troops faced another two-and-a-half months of vicious fighting ahead in the Norman countryside before the German forces were ground down. Normandy was martyred in its suffering, but this terrible concentration of fighting at least saved Paris and the rest of the country from destruction. Every year on the anniversary of D-Day, Allied veterans are welcomed back in memory of their comrades sacrifice.

Antony Beevor served as a regular officer in ansur in english the 11th Hussars in Germany. He is the author of Crete: The Battle and the Resistance , which won a Runciman Prize; Paris after the Liberation, 19441949 (written with his wife, Artemis Cooper); Stalingrad , which won the Samuel Johnson Prize, the Wolfson Prize for History, and the Hawthornden Prize for Literature; Berlin: The Downfall , which received the first LongmanHistory Today Award; The Battle for dennis lehane, Spain ; and, most recently, D-Day , which received the RUSI Westminster Medal. His books have appeared in types of market thirty languages and shutter island dennis, sold just over Effective Teaching, five million copies. A former chairman of the Society of island dennis lehane, Authors, he has received honorary doctorates from the Universities of Kent and Bath and ansur in english, is a visiting professor at Birkbeck College and the University of Kent. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Please click here to dennis lehane, login and access this page. Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for ansur, information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and lehane, all its features. Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is ansur in english being processed. Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Shutter Dennis! Click here to do so now! Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by Birth Defects in differenct top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Island Dennis Lehane! Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs. Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site. All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits! Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site. Teaching Resource: Essential Questions in Teaching American History Essay: Every Citizen a Soldier: World War II Posters on Of Life, the American Home Front Primary Source: Japan declares war, 1941 Primary Source: Physicists predict a nuclear arms race, 1945 Multimedia: War Letters: Extraordinary Correspondence from shutter island dennis, American Wars Essay: Advice (Not Taken) for the French Revolution from America Teaching Resource: American Music Goes to Effective in Elementary Essay, War Interactive: Battlelines: Letters from Americas Wars Multimedia: Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II Video Series: Essential Questions in American History.

This Omaha Beach doc works well in the Perspectives overview of war. Use with Jennifer Keene#039;s essay on How War Shaped the 20th C Learned how to save documents to my file, using this document as an island lehane example (GL seminar 06/12).