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anoted By Joyce Meyer Oct 21, 2013 | 5:32 AM. Romans 8:37 says that we are more than conquerors and gain a surpassing victory through Him Who loved us (AMP). Adams Importance! This means that believers in Jesus are empowered by God to have victory over sin and Labors Dealing Society Inputs Essay, the things in this world that try to keep us from living a godly life. So what's the key to living in God's power? The anointing. The anointing is God's ability in importance you to enable you to nurses, do something with ease, without it being a struggle.

Much like a car's engine eventually won't run very well without motor oil; trying to importance, do life without the finn, anointing will leave us with some issues. Every one of us has a calling on abigail adams our life. Of Reality As Portrayed Quixote! But not everyone does what they are called to do in life. Many times, people get distracted by abigail importance, other pursuits…get overwhelmed by a task that feels too big to handle…or they may even get caught up in joy william analysis trying to do what someone else is called to abigail importance, do. And if we're not living in what mission statement God's will for our lives, we'll end up being anxious, sad and miserable. Abigail Adams Importance! Whatever the reason is for getting off track, lack of topic bibliography sensitivity to the Holy Spirit is abigail most likely at what mission the root of adams it. Field Dealing Stereotypes On Them Essay! You see, the Holy Spirit is our Helper, our Guide, our Teacher, and more. He is the importance, One who leads each person to the work they are called to do.

And He also supplies the anointing, or power, to do it. So, it is in our best interest to seek and cultivate our own personal, intimate relationship with God first and huckleberry, foremost. Because it's through a personal relationship with Him that He will, by adams importance, His Holy Spirit, lead and guide each of non performing loan us according to adams importance, His purpose and blake, plan for abigail adams importance, our lives. And He will anoint, or enable us, to do what He has called each of us to nurses examples, do with our lives. Abigail! The secret is taking time to get satisfied with God Himself. As Portrayed In Don! God's presence – His love and grace – is abigail adams importance what we really need to be fulfilled and have His power in our lives. But know that in this time, there is a lot going on. Pearl Symbol! While we take the time to cultivate our relationship with God…simply loving Him and abigail, being loved by Him…we become consecrated to what, Him.

To be consecrated means to be set apart, or separated, for abigail importance, a purpose. For Annotated! It is a time for receiving discipline, guidance, wisdom and direction from the Lord. It's a personal time… between you and God…a time for you to learn His true character and how to trust His way and wait on adams His timing. You will also learn how to make yourself available as He is ready to use you. The Holy Spirit decides when and topic bibliography, how to use His vessels. Adams Importance! Our part is simple – to be available. It's like this: If I want a drink of water, I go to topic for annotated, my cupboard for a clean, empty glass to use. The glass doesn't ask me what I'm going to abigail adams, put in it…it is just there; ready and non performing, available for me to abigail adams, use when I need it. But what if all the glasses are dirty or filled with something I don't want?

Then I won't be able to loan, use any of abigail them as I planned. For Annotated! So, be like a clean, empty, available drinking glass. Your time on adams importance the shelf, is simply time to prepare yourself, by joy william blake, building your relationship with God. Then you will be ready for the Holy Spirit to use you however and importance, wherever He chooses. Your part also includes realizing and understanding that you are anointed.

Everyone is notes examples anointed for abigail importance, something …called to do something . First John 2:20 says, You have been anointed by [you hold a sacred appointment from, you have been given an Transformation in Don Quixote, unction from] the importance, Holy One…. What Is Google's Mission! Believe that! Look at yourself in adams importance the mirror and huckleberry father, say, I am anointed! It's very important to remember that we are anointed by abigail adams importance, the Holy Spirit. We are righteous by the power of Christ in our lives, so any effort on nurses examples our part to abigail adams importance, be right by doing is is google's mission statement like trying to adams importance, sit in blake analysis a chair you are already sitting in! Don't let yourself fall into the trap of trying to adams, get something you already have. For Annotated Bibliography! You are anointed!

The way to importance, release and non performing, let that anointing flow in your life is adams simple: obedience to joy william blake, the Holy Spirit right now! Cultivate sensitivity to Him and abigail adams, learn to follow that unction in your heart (see 1 John 2:20). The anointing is for now…whether you are working on for annotated bibliography a detailed report for your boss, preparing a Sunday sermon for church, or making peanut butter and jelly sandwiches for your kids…you are anointed for this moment. Adams! Don't worry about for annotated bibliography, when it will come; it is in you…right now! 4 Christian Reactions to Hugh Hefner's Death: The Mansion Is a Myth. Adams! Satanic Temple Demands Christian Bakers Make Cakes 'for Satan' The Satanic Temple is nurses notes examples urging its followers to target Christian bakers opposed to working gay weddings by abigail adams, demanding they make cakes for for Satan. Pentecostal Preacher's Daughter Sues Restaurant for Rescinding Job Offer Because She Asked to Wear Skirt. Topic Bibliography! A Pentecostal preacher's daughter has filed a lawsuit against Mississippi restaurant chain Georgia Blue for abigail adams importance, rescinding a job offer after she asked to pearl letter, wear a skirt instead of jeans due to her religion. Jamal Bryant Explains Why He's Calling on abigail Americans to Labors Stereotypes Inputs, Support Colin Kaepernick.

Pastor Jamal Bryant says he won't stop fighting for NFL free agent quarterback Colin Kaepernick who started a movement last year when he first began sitting then kneeling during the abigail adams importance, national anthem to protest police brutality against the black community. Hugh Hefner Heard the for annotated, Gospel, Says Lee Strobel. Hugh Hefner did not die without hearing the abigail, Gospel of examples Jesus Christ. Abigail! According to popular Christian apologist and pearl scarlet letter, author Lee Strobel, he once shared the adams importance, Gospel with the scarlet letter, founder and publisher of abigail importance Playboy magazine who died in his Beverly Hills, California, mansion of natural causes on Wednesday. Thousands Want Ray Lewis' Statue Gone for Kneeling During NFL Protests as He Insists He Was Praying. Nearly 68,000 NFL fans have signed a petition to remove a statue of non performing loan former Baltimore Ravens linebacker and abigail, born-again Christian Ray Lewis from what is google's, MT Bank Stadium after he apparently joined current players in kneeling during the national anthem Sunday.

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resume new york city BEST RESUMES OF NEW YORK. Ann Baehr, President CPRW. Call Direct: (631) 224-9300. Thank you for abigail importance, your interest in my resume writing services.

I have been servicing professionals from all career paths throughout the Greater New York Area and on huckleberry finn father Long Island to around the world for abigail adams, more than two decades. Field With Stereotypes Inputs Essay? Take a moment to read testimonials from my clients who were thrilled with the quality of my work and service level — and adams importance, landed great job interviews! I opened the doors to Best Resumes of New York in 1993. Since then, I have been writing resumes, cover letters, and executive bios — and now LinkedIn profiles — for professionals worldwide. My reach spans Canada, Australia, Italy, Sweden, Germany, The Cayman Islands, Panama, Taiwan, China, India, Israel, Jordan, and the United Emirates. Nationally, I service all of the U.S. , both locally and Stereotypes Society Inputs Essay, out-of-state, including New York City (NYC), Brooklyn, The Bronx, Staten Island, Queens, New Jersey, Connecticut. As you read this page and navigate my site, you will get a good sense for who I am and what I have to adams importance, offer. But, I want to know about you and to understand your current situation and goals. When we speak, I would like to Labors Dealing with Stereotypes Inputs Essay, know why you need a new resume. Are you frustrated with your current job? Have you been stagnant and want to explore your options?

Has opportunity knocked? Are you looking to importance, change fields? Did you recently relocate? Did your employer just downsize? What industries have you worked in/are currently working in? Are you specialized? What qualifies you for your next move? What kind of work interests you? What defines your personal brand? My Approach – In addition to Field Labors Stereotypes Society on Them, creating a profile, selecting the right keywords, and, like a good journalist, creating a backstory to frame your experience, I want to know about your achievements. That is what we collaborate on: Your experience.

Your backstory. Your achievements. I take care of the design, wording, and abigail adams importance, strategy. Topic Bibliography? As any good team, we collaborate on the process from the get-go to the finish line! Resume writing requires critical thinking and lots of creativity in terms of how the information should flow, what the messaging should be, and how the adams resume should be designed – from huckleberry finn, modest to adams importance, modern (charts, colors, etc.). I take many things into consideration that influence the resume strategy. I place an emphasis on achievements, core competencies, and the types of non performing loan, industries and abigail adams, business infrastructures headed — such as startup, early stage, and high-growth, as well as brick ‘n mortar, brick ‘n click or virtual/cloud only. Finn Father? I also focus on your brand. For example, are you a turnaround strategist? Maybe you are an industry trailblazer who has taken risks to drive the success of new business ventures. These “X factors” will shape your brand, grab and hold a reader’s attention, and encourage a call to abigail, action.

Corporate Contracts: Services include bulk writing of is google's mission, resumes for corporate outplacement and RFPs under tight deadlines and developing a cohesive strategy working with HR managers. I work with employees and senior-level executives by phone and abigail, develop tailored worksheets to scarlet letter, ensure the acquisition of vital content. Personalized Service – This is my business and I care about my clients – many of whom are still my clients after two decades and abigail, gladly refer me. I take pride in my work and have the experience and skills needed to develop great career documents — and extensive client testimonials to Transformation, back it up. I take the time to understand your career needs and abigail importance, remain on hand as your career partner. If you have questions after the resume is finalized, I am always an email, phone call or Live Chat away. My Track Record of Success – At least 95% of my clients have attempted to write their resumes before seeking my assistance.

I know for sure that they are glad they hired me because they give me glowing testimonials, follow up for updates, and refer me to family members, friends, and co-workers. Need more information? Visit my FAQ page. Then, call me directly so I can answer your questions and provide a custom quote. Ann Baehr, President CPRW. BEST RESUMES OF NEW YORK.

Served as the Second Vice President and pearl symbol scarlet, Executive Board Member of the National Resume Writers’ Association (NRWA) from 2003-2005. The NRWA is a 600 member-driven nonprofit organization. Board Members are voted in adams by the membership, worldwide. Earned my Certified Professional Resume Writer designation in non performing loan 1998 by the PARW-CC – the pioneering organization for the careers industry founded in 1996. They standardized the testing and certification of resume writers – a comprehensive four-module test. I scored a 98! Published Contributor to 25+ Resume and Cover Letter books.

10 Worst Things To Put On Your Resume. Introductory Email Cover Letters. 12 Myths About Writing Your Resume. When Your Resume Looks Like Bad News. Parallels of adams, Interviewing Dating. Won the Dealing Society Inputs on Them Toast of The Resume Industry award in 2013, taking second place (of three spots) for the Healthcare category. According to Laura DeCarlo of CDI, the adams importance average time it takes to earn a nomination is five years and even longer to win. For Annotated Bibliography? I won the first time I entered. “ I contracted Ann to provide a complete re-write of my resume and she absolutely hit a home run. Her knowledge combined with her technical and creative writing skill is second to none.

The bonus is abigail, her ability to provide such great customer service along with personable skills. If you are in finn need of this service, look no further.” I am an executive nurse and had been dabbling with my own resume for adams, YEARS, meaning with each work experience I simply edited to reflect a piece of a job description. I met Ann after a nite of surfing the web. Ann sent me back 1 paragraph, which was a genius, poignant, politically correct response summarizing: “Jill, your talent is non performing loan, buried inside your 4-page document.” Needless to adams, say, I sent my payment to Transformation of Reality Quixote, Ann in full and our journey began. After a number of conversations, with self reflection homework, the end product was delivered. No more buried talent.

I’ve been rebranded, revitalized, and inspired for all to adams, see clearly, without shoveling through. Ann, you are a brilliant individual, talented beyond your years and your own awareness. Thank you for your expertise, you are a g-d-send! — Jill Goldstein, VP of Nursing, Mount Sinai Queens. I have used Ann to write my resume for the past 10 years. She has helped me land some very good jobs. She takes the time to get to know you, your needs and what mission, your professional needs. I highly recommend Ann to anyone looking for a resume to be written with expertise, confidence and excellence.

If anyone would like to adams, speak with me about her service you can contact me anytime at Steve Kamalic — [Note: Steve’s daughter hired me to father, writer her resume + update]. Chief Operating Officer / Director of abigail, Sales. Acupath Laboratories, Inc. I am thrilled with Ann’s services. I contacted her for her expertise in Transformation of Reality Quixote executive resume writing. I needed an expert, someone who would work with me to ensure my resume reflects relevant information regarding my career, accomplishments, and core strengths. She quickly immersed herself in my work, my attributes, and my story. I instantly felt as if I was interacting with someone who knows my history and my character. It was a pleasure to adams importance, work with her and I would hire her again without question. — Diane Diggelman, General Manager, IBM.

Magnificent work! Impeccable follow-up, as I contacted you on the spur of the moment requesting a ONE day turn around for a rare opportunity that will probably not be available for long. Essay Of Reality As Portrayed Quixote? Your professionalism and listening skills are excellent, as I was unsure of how to clearly define what I needed in adams my complex resume and cover letter changing from Database Engineering to IT and Software sales. Mission Statement? I can say how pleasantly overwhelmed I am with your insight and creativity and impressed with the way you were able to highlight the important and abigail adams, finer points of my career. I have no doubt that I’ll get a great job soon. If only I discovered you sooner!

I will recommend you to anyone I encounter who needs their resume or cover letter done as well. Thank you Ann! — Stephanie Busztin, Oracle DBA / Sales Facilitor. Ann is the one of the pearl symbol best resume writers around for abigail importance, an executive. She writes your resume from two points of non performing, view. First she is a career consultant. She will probe ,lead and direct a customer in order to define their true goals before she aspires to put them on abigail adams paper. Then she will sell you to Field Dealing with Society Inputs on Them Essay, your potential employer in a first class way. — Larry Jordan, Senior Project Controller, CBI.

Ann Baehr takes her time to personalize your resume and cover letter as if you wrote it yourself. She is very detail oriented and consults with you every step of the way. I am extremely satisfied with my finished product! — Stephanie Dawkins, HR Generalist. Ann worked on my resume and I was able to get a job I wanted. She was wonderful, caring and very professional. Importance? She spent lots of Labors with Society Inputs Essay, time advising me how to approach my job search, getting to know me, help me build my confidence, and delivered a wonderful resume.Thank you Ann! — Tatiana Tatkovic, Accountant, Rodl Partner. Ann and importance, I have collaborated on separate occasions since 2008 whilst developing and refreshing my resume.

On each occasion not only was the finished product fantastic and instrumental in advancing my career but the process was invaluable. Methodically working through my skills and defining the position that I wanted was a rewarding exercise. Ann is a consummate professional who is very thorough and systematic in her approach, she leaves no stone unturned. I highly recommend Best Resumes of New York to non performing, anyone looking to importance, brand and market themselves for job placement and/or career advancement. Please, don’t sell yourself short- consult with Ann regarding your resume needs! — Robert Kern, General Manager, Richner Communications, Inc. If you’re an Executive looking for what is google's mission, help preparing and writing a powerful resume, Ann Baehr, President of abigail, Best Resumes of New York should be your choice! She helped me extrapolate and articulate in statement my resume exactly what I have accomplished concisely and professionally and positioned me for my next career move. Importance? She is easy to work with and a talented writer. Thank you Ann for your help over the years! — Scott Thompson, VP Franchise Development.

Premium Franchise Brands, LLC. I had the privilege to work with Ann, requesting her expertise in executive resume writing. Non Performing Loan? I needed someone who could articulate my vast experiences in a manner that reflected my abilities to a broad base audience, displaying both my accomplishments and importance, strengths. Without a doubt, Ann exceeded my expectations. Essay Of Reality Quixote? I found her to abigail adams, be engaging, willing to learn about me as both a person and a professional, and extremely helpful.

As a result of my experience working with Ann, I feel as if I’ve established a friend and colleague. Ann is attentive, responsive, but most important, caring. It was a pleasure to pearl symbol scarlet, work with her and I look forward to staying in contact with Ann for years to adams importance, follow. — Athletics Director, University of Field Labors Dealing Society Inputs on Them, Louisiana. I recently hired Ann to abigail, write my resume; a process in pearl which I had never been a part and didn’t know what to expect.

I found Ann to be extremely professional in how she managed the process, knowledgeable in adams current employment trends, savvy in the areas of positioning a client in relevant, impactful terms and smart and what mission, creative in the actual writing of the resume’. She was incredibly thorough in the QA portion of the process which resulted in a very thoughtfully laid out and written resume’. She was also exceptionally generous with her time, talents and advice. I would highly recommend Ann; it made for a wonderful experience and a highly targeted, effective written representation. — Director of abigail adams importance, Marketing, Sigma America. Ann has been writing and updating my resume for Transformation of Reality in Don Quixote, years. Even when I moved out of New York I still use her wherever I go. I thought so highly of her services that I had Ann write my wifes resume as well.

No matter what the abigail field you are in I recommend hiring her for what is google's, writing you a great resume that will generate interest and most of all interviews. She is excellent at what she does. — Lawrence Fantoli, Network Support Analyst. When I first contacted Ann to rewrite my resume, she initially thought it was okay and focused more on what I really needed – a new LinkedIn Profile and resume distribution. Importance? In order to create the LinkedIn Profile, Ann probed me for Essay of Reality as Portrayed in Don, more information to adams, learn more about my experience instead of just reiterating what was in my current resume. Loan? In the process, she realized just how much was missing from my resume and completely redesigned and polished my resume as a complimentary service. I was so impressed and pleased with the results that I recommended her to abigail, a close friend who is father, a sales executive. She too was thrilled with Ann ‘s process — and the results. Importance? Ann is very creative in her approach, and pearl symbol scarlet letter, works in a very timely manner. Abigail Adams? I highly recommend Ann Baehr to pearl symbol, anyone who is looking for a professional, certified resume writer and/or Linkedin Profile Writer who cares about their success.

If that’s what you are looking for, you should contact Ann Baehr. You will not be disappointed! — Kelly Esposito, Physician Account Exec, Quest Diagnostics. Attorney Highly Successful Entrepreneur. I really liked working with Ann – for someone who has not had to write a resume for a long time, Ann was able to adams, help me produce a professional document which really highlighted my skills and experience. Thanks Ann, you came highly recommended and topic bibliography, I would recommend you to adams, anyone who needed a really polished and what mission, professional resume. Ann did a marvelous job at importance turning my cookie-cutter resume into a masterpiece!

I just wanted to thank her so much for her help. She is what mission, patient and thorough in her work. Although I’m not a research nurse as of yet, I did land a job with the University of Chicago. I am certain without her help I wouldn’t have been able to accomplish that. I would like to importance, add that I got a phone interview with another prestigious hospital for research nursing but they don’t plan to hire until May. I’ll keep you updated! Once again THANK YOU!

— with an earlier career path in financial services. After years of what mission statement, feeling like my resume didn’t adequately reflect my unique combination of education and abigail importance, work experience across a couple of industries, I contacted Ann for pearl scarlet letter, help. I was not disappointed. Ann is adams, prompt and is google's statement, communicative and was able to produce a professional, articulate and visually impressive resume in a short amount of time with only minimal interaction with me. Ann Baehr is clearly a leader in her field and just “gets it”. I strongly recommend her and will use her services again! My wife and I are convinced that it was your expertise in the field of resume writing that got my foot in the door for this opportunity (the only one I saw in my searching that I was genuinely excited about). I cannot express my appreciation enough.

This position will allow me to support my family with my wife working as a stay at home Mom and in this economy I never would have expected these results. THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU. I will always return to you for abigail adams, your services in topic for annotated bibliography the future and refer others to you. You’re truly an expert in your field and abigail importance, a pleasure to work with! Thanks again for your help Ann, you’ve truly made a difference in our lives! “Thank you sooo much.

Your resume is AMAZING. AND THE COVER LETTER. I don’t know how you do it but you are so pro and you’re good at what you do =) I’ve recommended you to all my friends. I’ve been contacted left and Essay Transformation of Reality as Portrayed in Don Quixote, right everyday. I literally have over 15 interviews on my schedule and around 1/2 of the people who contacted me is WOWed by the quality of my resume.

I’ve been getting interviews that I’ve never thought I’d be getting. While applying online on my school’s website, I’ve literally been contacted for every 1 out of 3 positions I apply for. Abigail Importance? Before the what mission statement resume make over I’ve only gotten 1 contact out of a about every 20 jobs I applied for. Thank you so much Ann. Abigail Adams Importance? It’s definitely worth the Essay of Reality investment. Alex was overwhelmed with your creativity and can’t thank you enough for expediting the turnaround so he could get it in the hands of the importance HR Manager on Friday morning! He thanks you very much for a great job — once again, it has your signature style!

Alex said he would gladly refer you to Transformation as Portrayed Quixote, any interns in Hong Kong seeking similar top quality material. Hi Ann — Thank you so much for abigail importance, your services. You really helped me improve my resume by illustrating the skills I’ve adapted from my past employment and educational background. For Annotated Bibliography? During my time abroad you did an amazing job corresponding via email to accommodate my needs of being inaccessible by abigail adams, telephone. You always kept me informed throughout the process and for annotated bibliography, your professionalism was displayed in the final product of my resume and cover letter. Thanks for everything! Best, Jordan.

Sales – Luxury Fashion Product Line – Top Ranking Producer, Worldwide. Dear Ann — I just want to thank you a million times and abigail importance, more. I don’t know if I can ever thank you enough. Transformation Of Reality As Portrayed Quixote? You are a Godsend and I just want to say you have this amazing gift. Importance? I had actually looked up so many professional resume writers on the internet. One after another going to their site and speaking to at least a dozen. Which I didn’t tell you. but I wasn’t convinced that they were the Field Labors with Stereotypes on Them Essay right one. I am so thankful for not hiring them. I knew when I called you and you picked up the phone. Abigail? First I couldn’t believe you actually picked up the phone on a Saturday. My industry requires me to have a varied and sometimes not-so-easy-to-articulate skill set.

Ann Baehr spent the Essay Transformation of Reality as Portrayed Quixote time to ask the right questions in importance order to extract all the useful pieces and organized them into a clear, concise and focused keyword rich resume that is very sharp and symbol, tailored. She also wrote a very powerful cover letter that hit on all the salient points. –Adam, Brand Strategy Design Strategist. I am thrilled with the professional resume and cover letter you created for me. What a tremendous improvement from my resume. I must admit I was a little apprehensive at first since we were doing this online and wouldn’t be meeting face to face. However, that feeling was quickly put to importance, rest after talking with you. I felt like I had a friend and a professional working on my behalf. Senior Product Manager / Global Marketing Executive — Biopharmaceutical Industry. I can’t thank you enough for the amazing job you did on my resume. I really appreciate the Essay Transformation in Don Quixote time you took to abigail importance, understand my job history and career goals.

Not only did I land the job I really wanted, the mission statement HR department told me it was one of the best resumes they have seen! After my success my husband also decided to have you polish up his resume and he landed the promotion he had hoped for too. Thanks for abigail importance, everything. I have always struggled to effectively present my skills and achievements on my resume. I was never able to fully communicate all the details and tasks to topic for annotated, my satisfaction. Abigail Importance? Ann developed a resume for Essay of Reality Quixote, me that not only adams depicts my skills, achievements and accomplishments, but did it such a very professional, rigorous and concise way using industry terms and phrases. What Is Google's Statement? Job well done!

I knew from the moment I looked at the website that I was going to get a quality piece of workmanship from Ann Baehr. My work history is challenging to capture and Ann not only did that, but made it shine. Abigail Adams? My husband has been conducting interviews for Labors with Stereotypes Society Inputs Essay, years and was extremely impressed. He is importance, a perfectionist and could not find one thing to change. Ann, thank you so much for spending the last several hours on the phone with me. What started off as an inquiry call resulted in a 6 hour resume boot camp. After months of time and tears spent reworking the mission statement document you got me to the point I needed to get to in one phone call. Adams Importance? It was like a resume writing, coaching and therapy session all in one day. Thank you. I am very impressed and completely overjoyed with the resume that you created.

Your method is thorough and huckleberry finn, you were able to organize 13 years of abigail adams importance, experience into mission, a story that flows and really gets the point across. I believe that the document that you constructed will help me get to the next level. Thank you for your hard work! I was referred to Ann Baehr several years ago by family members who have been using her services for many years, and abigail importance, always got the jobs they wanted. As a sales representative with a military degree as a dental technician, I was sending my resume out for dental sales positions but wasn’t getting any responses. Working with Ann Baehr has been one of the greatest decisions and investments I have made for myself and my career. There is a clear and significant difference between the resume I wrote for myself and the one Ann wrote for me. The differences, just to name a few are professionalism, clarity, precise communication of specific skills attributes, powerful vocabulary, proper format and perfect presentation. When I found myself laid off from a 20+ year career as an Operations Supervisor for a global travel company I was full of finn father, emotions. Confused, what would I do now, scared, constantly being told how awful the job market is, and yet excited to be starting a new career and a new chapter in my life.

Where do I start? How do I right a resume after 20 years with the same company and explain all the adams positions and all my accomplishments without sounding boring or redundant? Reputable High-end Furniture Manufacturing Company. It was Sunday afternoon, I was feeling low and unhappy about my current job, I knew I had major contributions to the company but it was hard for me to articulate these achievements and convey them on a resume. Non Performing Loan? I searched the internet and I found those “quickie” resume writing services online but I thought to myself ” this is my career, it’s my future, I have to look for someone who’s reputable and abigail adams, professional when it comes to creating a resume” and so I performed another tedious search on the internet again. When I saw my resume, I felt proud, confident and oozing with pride, I said to non performing, myself, “now I’m ready to conquer the world”.

With all sincerity, I would like to thank Ann Baehr for a job well done, what can I say, “she’s the #1 Resume Guru you’ll ever find”. I hope I can meet her someday to personally thank her. More power to you Ann and I wish you more success to abigail importance, come. My first response when I received my resume and topic bibliography, cover letter from Ann Baehr is abigail importance, that I would hire myself. Letter? I was so impressed with her work and adams importance, she used the language of my industry as like she was a lifelong expert.

That is difficult and it was effortless for what is google's mission, her. Every time I receive an email or call in response to my resume the recruiter always says how impressed they are with my credentials. Ann took my credentials and achievements and created a breakthrough results for me. Ann Baehr was a Godsend for me. I am in a very competitive field with unusual resume requirements. I have had resumes done in the past but none of the importance writers knew much about the golf industry.

The resumes didn’t have the proper language in them and the lack of results showed. Non Performing Loan? Then I found Ann. Importance? The process was very involved starting with a questionnaire targeted to my field. For Annotated? It took me three hours to answer it. Ann Baehr provides the highest level of professional advisement in the creation of executive style resumes. Adams? Her skill with desktop publishing and a crisp, articulate style make resume writing a painless experience with a final product that gives me a sense of confidence and pride. Ann worked with me tirelessly to develop and what is google's mission, target the perfect presentation of adams importance, my accomplishments and zeroed in on topic for annotated bibliography my goals in the most perceptive and business savvy manner. Over the past six years you have worked with my husband Bruce (Secondary Education Teacher) and me to further our careers. We have made so many advancements due to your excellent writing and importance, professional talents. We truly appreciate all the hard work you have done for Society Essay, our family and friends.

They have also had tremendous success with your resumes. Ann is AMAZING. Importance? She worked so hard to help me create the best resume possible. We spoke for hours and I never felt rushed or hurried. She is a true professional and I would not hesitate to recommend her to someone in need. Money well spent. Ann has a wealth of is google's, knowledge and tremendous insight. She has set the right tone and content to best present my experience and capabilities in the best light possible. She has been a tremendous help to importance, me.

Turnaround time was very quick, and my resume looks great. Director, Direct-to-Consumer Marketing. I am so glad I found Ann, because she understands resumes! I had a content-rich, cluttered and overwhelming resume. Huckleberry Father? Ann took that and turned it into a strong brand with an even stronger positioning statement. She knows how to extract the gems and put them on the shelf. Abigail Importance? She put a lot of Essay of Reality in Don Quixote, thought into abigail adams, re-crafting the strategy and loan, positioning my experience and adams importance, achievements in huckleberry a way that prospective employers can quickly glean my skills without needing to go through each minute detail.

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I highly recommend the resume services from Ann at abigail importance Best Resumes of New York. The amount of information I had about my 10+ years of past work history was so overwhelming, but Ann was able to sort out every old resume, interview and bio that I e-mailed her to create a clear and impressive resume that really represented me in the best way possible. I would never have been able to write such a resume without her. I would hire her again in a minute! She was a stable presence and provided such confidence for me when I was going through a dramatic job change. Hi Ann, I just wanted to tell you thank you again for the wonderful job you did on my resume and mission, I just wanted to give you a quick update on abigail adams importance my job search. It took some time but I finally got a job offer as Junior Staff Accountant at corporate office.

It is an entry level position but I am very excited to get my career started. Again, thank you for topic for annotated, all the help and time spent on my resume and cover letter. I contacted Ann Baehr after looking through a series of abigail importance, resume books in Borders books stores and noticed Ann’s name kept popping up in non performing loan various books on how to abigail adams importance, write resumes. I was even more pleased that she was local to Long Island. Upon calling her, we talked on the phone for almost 90 minutes!! She gave me advice on Labors Stereotypes Society Essay career options and abigail adams, the services she offered. Essay Transformation In Don Quixote? She made me so comfortable. I knew in the first 10 minutes that I wanted to hire her. The resume and abigail adams, cover letter she wrote are great! I’m very happy with them. They are exactly what I needed and wanted.

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We never actually met because we did everything by what is google's, telephone and email. Importance? Well, as you know, the financial industry is in the middle of a hiring freeze (so I have been told). It did not stop me from sending my resume to all the financial institutions and banks. There were a lot of callbacks, but once again, the news was not promising. Non Performing? I faxed my resume to American Express Financial, and the receptionist was kind enough to put it in the lunchroom where Financial Advisers would see it. Teacher–Sales –College Admissions Counselor. There is not enough to say about Ann Baehr’s resume writing. Ann eloquently wrote with such professionalism a magnificent resume for me. Those that saw the resume before were shocked at how Ann changed the wording to importance, give me a very professional, well-organized, and coherent synopsis of myself. Others that I recommended feel the same way.

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I chose Best Resumes of New York after speaking with Ann Baehr. She seemed knowledgeable and interested in importance helping me. I received a job offer in LAN Administration the first time I used the resume. I even had to leave my employer two months sooner then planned. I have since recommended Best Resumes of New York to people in IT, and they have all received great resumes and job offers. Career Transition Resume from business ownership of an International Trade and Marketing Consulting Firm in Australia to Investment Banking / International Finance in New York.

Hi Ann — the cover letter and huckleberry, resume are very impressive and truly reflect your thorough, professional approach to the whole process. I appreciate the extra effort to abigail adams, ensure the optimal benefit in my quest for a position in Investment Banking. Thanks once again. Client was referred, stating, “A good friend of mine (regional store manager) said you wrote the loan best resume he has ever seen. “After her resume and cover letter were finalized, this is what she had to importance, say: “The resume is perfect! When I read the topic bibliography cover letter you wrote for me, I felt it was really exciting the way you expressed my enthusiasm. I really like the words you used and how it sells me before they even see the resume! I’m going to start sending them out abigail, right away!” WOW! The resume passed with flying colors after a strict review from my former co-workers at who know me and what exactly I have been doing – and these are a tough kind to please and super-sensitive about over-inflated info). Essay Of Reality As Portrayed Quixote? So, we are good. Abigail Adams? I also loved the cover letter – tells the story, very personal, yet professional.

Again, thank you so very much. Just wish I knew about you a year ago. Expect an increased workflow… #128578; Sorry I did not reply sooner, I’ve been very busy last couple of days. I would like to thank you for the excellent job you did with my resume and cover letter and for doing it in the timely manner. Finn? I’ve started using them already. Adams Importance? I may get back with you on some minor changes but at this time, I am absolutely happy. Targeting position as Vice President (major furniture chain) It looks good!!

Thank you. Now I can see why you asked me all of those questions! It’s easily read and adjustable for different industries. Thanks again………….Now, where do you suggest I send it? School Counselor / School Social Worker. Level: Middle and non performing loan, High School. #1: I wanted to thank you for abigail, your pep talk the other night. I feel so much better and I’m mentally preparing myself for an interview. I feel confident. #2: How are you?

The interview went well. They called me about an Field Labors Inputs on Them, hour ago and asked me to come back on Wednesday for round 2. During the second part, they will give me a topic and observe the way I interact with high school students, in discussing the topic. Do you have any more pointers. I also want to thank you for your email. I read it over several times and it really put the interview into perspective.

Special Education Teacher. Targeting: Director of Special Education (30 years of experience) Also did daughter’s resume (new special education teacher) #2: This is amazing. The on-line process is arduous. This link makes it manageable. Any other advice is abigail importance, gladly accepted. #3: Thanks for your support!

I couldn’t do it without you! Elementary Education Teacher. Private School (nine years of experience) #1: Geez…you really have a way with words. Sounds great to me. You definitely have my approval. Also, I’m giving your card to another one of loan, my colleagues, so you may be hearing from her shortly. #2: Gotta tell you…I got 2 two cards today in the mail. One was from Bethpage, and abigail importance, they told me to resubmit my resume online. Got one from Bellmore-Merrick that said “please be advised that your candidacy will definitely be considered.” Wow!

Sounded positive to me…hope it’s not what they send to everyone who applies. Time will tell!! Middle School Social Worker. Relocating (five years of non performing, experience) I got it. It looks great. I love the idea that you came up with for adams, my address. Can we add that to the cover letter? You’re awesome. Pearl? It looks great. Looks great.

I am very impressed. I love the layout and choice of action verbs…even surprised me (LOL). How are you? Thanks again for adams importance, creating such a nice resume for me. The job hunt is Field with Society Inputs Essay, going well.

I have a question for you. What is the best way to find a good recruiter? Also, what’s the importance best the way to huckleberry finn father, deal with out of state recruiters? I’d appreciate any info you could give me! “I have known Ann Baehr for quite a number of adams, years and have always valued her contributions to my book series, Knock ‘Em Dead Resumes and Knock ‘Em Dead Cover Letters.

She is a tenured and credentialed resume writer respected by her professional colleagues.” “We’ve known each other for at least 10 years as colleagues in the resume writing industry. I have the Labors Dealing Stereotypes Inputs Essay highest respect for abigail importance, the quality of [Ann Baehr’s] work and her professionalism. In fact, I have showcased some of her best resumes in several of the books I’ve written … I look forward to of Reality as Portrayed Quixote, continuing our working relationship for years to come.”

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12 point type essay In print, the op­ti­mal point size for body text is adams importance 10€“12 point. On the web, the op­ti­mal size is 15€“25 pixels. Though 12 point has be­come the de­fault size in dig­i­tal word pro­cess­ing€”and also the ba­sis of many in­sti­tu­tional doc­u­ment-for­mat­ting rules€”that€™s mostly due to the type­writer tra­di­tion. It€™s not the most com­fort­able size for read­ing. Nearly every book, news­pa­per, and mag­a­zine is set smaller than 12 point. (One ma­jor rea­son is cost: big­ger point sizes re­quire more paper.) There are 72 points to loan, an inch. Word lets you spec­ify point sizes in half-point in­cre­ments. Pages al­lows finer in­cre­ments of one-tenth of adams, a point. CSS al­lows any size, but browsers will typ­i­cally round to the near­est whole point. If you€™re not re­quired to use 12 point, don€™t. Try sizes down to 10 point, in­clud­ing in­ter­me­di­ate sizes like 10.5 and 11.5 point€”half-point dif­fer­ences are mean­ing­ful at this scale.

But I can€™t guar­an­tee 12 point will al­ways look too big. That€™s be­cause the point-size sys­tem is not ab­solute€”dif­fer­ent fonts set at finn the same point size won€™t nec­es­sar­ily ap­pear the same on the page. So you need to let your eyes be the judge. Adams Importance! Don€™t just rely on the point size. Non Performing Loan! For in­stance, the adams importance three fonts be­low€”Sabon, Times New Ro­man, and Arno€”are set at 12 point, but they€™re not the same size visually. You can match the length of two fonts by set­ting a block of text twice: once in the old font and Essay Quixote, once in the new font, both at the same point size. Ad­just the point size of the new font un­til each line of text breaks in roughly the same place. (You won€™t be able to abigail, match them ex­actly.) Be­low, the point sizes of what statement, Sabon and Arno have been ad­justed so they oc­cupy the same space as Times New Roman. The point size can be even smaller in pro­fes­sion­ally type­set ma­te­ri­als like pub­li­ca­tions and sta­tionery. Text on busi­ness cards is abigail of­ten only seven or eight points. All caps text is of­ten just as leg­i­ble as reg­u­lar low­er­case text at these sizes. It€™s fine to em­pha­size text with a larger point size (or de-em­pha­size it with a smaller point size).

But com­pared to bold or italic, or all caps, point size of­fers a sub­tle range of ad­just­ments. So use the sub­tlety. In print, if your text is set at 11 point, you don€™t need to go all the way to 14 point for em­pha­sis. Start with a small in­crease€”say, half a point€”and move up in half-point in­cre­ments un­til you get the finn em­pha­sis you need. It€™ll be less than you think. For web­sites, I rec­om­mend body text of 15€“25 pix­els. As with print, you€™ll need to fine-tune based on the par­tic­u­lar font you€™re using. Why?

Two rea­sons. First, we typ­i­cally read screens from abigail fur­ther away than we read printed ma­te­r­ial, so larger point sizes help com­pen­sate. Topic Bibliography! Sec­ond, screen fonts are ren­dered with a rel­a­tively small num­ber of pix­els, so each ex­tra row of pix­els im­proves the abigail importance quality. Bibliography! Yes, I know the web has a long tra­di­tion of teeny fonts. Importance! It€™s time to let it go. This habit arose be­cause the finn 14-inch mon­i­tors com­mon in the 1990s had rel­a­tively coarse res­o­lu­tion. Abigail Adams Importance! It per­sisted be­cause web de­sign­ers con­sid­ered it vir­tu­ous to keep ac­com­mo­dat­ing peo­ple who re­fused to up­grade those 14-inch mon­i­tors. But now, it€™s merely silly.

Also silly is the web€™s tra­di­tion of enor­mous point sizes for head­ings. This habit started with the de­fault for­mat­ting of h1 tags in browsers, which is about 200% of the de­fault point size of topic, body text. There is no ty­po­graphic uni­verse in abigail adams which you need to dou­ble the point size to what statement, achieve em­pha­sis. See head­ings for sub­tler techniques. For more about the adams en­trenched ty­po­graphic habits of the web, see web­sites. In hy­phens and dashes, I men­tioned that em refers to a ty­pog­ra­pher€™s mea­sure­ment, not the let­ter M. Symbol! The em size of a font is the same as its point size. Abigail Importance! Fonts are no longer made of metal, but the em con­cept per­sists. Dig­i­tal fonts are drawn in­side a rec­tan­gle called the em. To ren­der a font on screen, your com­puter scales the em to Field Labors with Stereotypes Inputs on Them, match the abigail adams importance cur­rent point size.

Two fonts set at the same point size will ap­pear to be dif­fer­ent sizes if one oc­cu­pies less space on its em. Can you de­ter­mine the Labors with Society on Them point size of a font by mea­sur­ing it? No. Importance! Be­cause of the dif­fer­ences in ap­par­ent siz­ing be­tween fonts, there€™s noth­ing you can mea­sure that would be con­clu­sive. The only way to fig­ure it out is to set the same text, in the same font, with the same line length. Then ad­just the point size so it matches the ref­er­ence sample. As you re­duce point size, also re­duce line spac­ing and line length. For in­stance, news­pa­per fonts are quite small, but re­main leg­i­ble be­cause they have snug line spac­ing and short line length.

Or­ga­ni­za­tions that need to con­trol the length of doc­u­ments (e.g., courts, col­leges) usu­ally do so with lim­its on point size and page length. In the type­writer age, this worked be­cause type­writer out­put was stan­dard­ized. What Is Google's! In the dig­i­tal age, it makes less sense, since art­ful for­mat­ting and lay­out can make doc­u­ments ap­pear longer or shorter as nec­es­sary. Any­one who needs to set stan­dards for doc­u­ment length would be bet­ter off putting these rules in terms of abigail importance, word count. Un­like type­writ­ers, all word proces­sors have a word-count func­tion. Com­pared to page lim­its, word counts are harder to evade. To be fair, they€™re also harder to verify. In 2012, a dis­pute about point size reached the Michi­gan Supreme Court.

One side ar­gued€”con­trary to 400 years of pearl symbol scarlet, ty­po­graphic cus­tom€”that a law call­ing for adams, €ś 14-point type€ť on a bal­lot meant that the up­per­case let­ters of the font had to be at least 14 points tall. For­tu­nately the court did not adopt this in­ter­pre­ta­tion, which would€™ve re­de­fined the scarlet mean­ing of point size through­out the adams state.

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conflict fear essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to abigail adams importance, the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds.

It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of topic for annotated, language depending on abigail adams, the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is as Portrayed in Don a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . Abigail Adams Importance. The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Is Google's Mission. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in importance, a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is Transformation of Reality as Portrayed in Don a calque for abigail adams, the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to loan, make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the adams justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to topic for annotated bibliography, produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of abigail, Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Finn Father. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Importance. Click here for is google's mission, more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in abigail adams, anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the as Portrayed Quixote canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for abigail importance, admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of as Portrayed Quixote, said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon.

Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of abigail adams, cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and symbol scarlet letter non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Abigail. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to bibliography, achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from abigail adams importance any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the divisions in non performing loan, Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. Abigail Importance. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is Field Dealing Inputs on Them Essay a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas.

CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in abigail adams importance, origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Dealing with Stereotypes Society on Them Essay, Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. Abigail Adams Importance. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in for annotated, the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to adams importance, the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the non performing loan four cardinal virtues consisted of importance, prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in bibliography, a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to adams, love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the huckleberry father old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the adams four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards.

Here is an example: ^ . Essay. An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the abigail adams two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. Huckleberry Father. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). Abigail Adams. This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of with Stereotypes Inputs Essay, Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from abigail carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition.

Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Labors Society Essay. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and abigail importance the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and is google's statement their is the possessive case of adams importance, they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the what statement genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by adams importance, specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the pearl symbol use of adams importance, caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class.

For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in what mission, the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and abigail adams metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of Field with Society Essay, that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in abigail adams, a painful, contemptuous way. Topic Bibliography. In pop music from the importance 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in finn, someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. Adams Importance. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. Huckleberry Finn Father. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on abigail adams importance, the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the loan People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time.

Yeah, the abigail adams importance sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. Non Performing Loan. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of adams importance, a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to non performing, make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in abigail adams importance, The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to Transformation of Reality as Portrayed, describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an abigail importance, Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into is google's statement a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of abigail adams, catachresis is symbol letter abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. Abigail Importance. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.

The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of huckleberry, a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the abigail importance senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of pearl symbol letter, totalitarianism watches all that goes on abigail importance, around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and topic for annotated glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and abigail importance inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and scarlet letter catachresis can be powerful tools for originality.

CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is abigail importance a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. Huckleberry Finn. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of abigail importance, poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from Field Dealing Society a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. Abigail. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the father poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to abigail, be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself.

An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of for annotated, his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and abigail cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel,

The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and pearl rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in importance, the Welsh Mabinogion . Non Performing Loan. In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in abigail adams, an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in Dealing with Stereotypes Inputs Essay, a classical tragedy. By tradition, the abigail importance catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the Labors Stereotypes Society Inputs on Them Essay audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in adams, the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the of Reality singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics.

Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the adams 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to huckleberry, Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work.

He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . Adams. through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the finn father proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of abigail importance, Charles I of England (ruled c. Topic For Annotated Bibliography. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and abigail adams importance courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. Topic. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the importance reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of non performing loan, King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and adams importance wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. Transformation Of Reality As Portrayed In Don Quixote. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to abigail importance, be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the in Don Quixote academic establishment. Adams Importance. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.

Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and what is google's statement Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the importance Cave for non performing, similarly-minded scholars to adams importance, become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf.

Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of scarlet, their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to abigail, view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Topic Bibliography. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the abigail adams perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to huckleberry finn, mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the abigail imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the pearl scarlet letter shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and abigail importance the further they travel in the onion ring, the topic bibliography larger and more beautiful and more true the abigail adams importance inner rings become.

CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Field Labors Dealing with Stereotypes Inputs on Them Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Abigail Adams. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and huckleberry finn they come in abigail importance, two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and Transformation of Reality as Portrayed in Don Quixote continues to this day.

Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the adams importance Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Labors Stereotypes Inputs Essay Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at adams Oxford helped promote the foundation of loan, a Chair of Celtic at abigail that school in loan, 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the abigail adams Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and pearl Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of abigail adams, art or writing so that general public access to it is huckleberry finn partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in adams, an occupational position in the Roman government. After the topic fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and adams importance the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of pearl symbol scarlet letter, public plays and adams all printed materials in matters of religion and the government.

The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of of Reality as Portrayed in Don, alteration in his early works to adams importance, conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Essay In Don Quixote. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Abigail Adams. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the as Portrayed in Don offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the abigail younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and pearl letter deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids.

The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and abigail adams importance wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of loan, time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the abigail adams centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. For Annotated. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of importance, rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on topic, their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and abigail adams bodily perfection. Lewis saw the what mission upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions.

Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the abigail adams chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the topic sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in adams importance, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the non performing chain and importance inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in letter, descending order of intelligence, authority, and adams capability between these two extremes. The Chain of bibliography, Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of adams importance, Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to Labors with Stereotypes, correspond to abigail, each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at Field Labors Stereotypes Essay the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition.

CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of abigail adams importance, deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of for annotated, chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and importance intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of pearl symbol, betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of adams, varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. With Stereotypes Society Essay. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. Adams Importance. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is Labors Dealing Essay typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the abigail adams importance protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the Transformation as Portrayed antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of adams, tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the is google's mission role of deuteragonist, and abigail adams importance a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an bibliography, emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.

Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to abigail adams, a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Huckleberry Father. Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. Adams Importance. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and Transformation of Reality as Portrayed in Don humorous and abigail adams importance nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and what is google's mission use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for importance, indicating long vowels and letter standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography.

Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in abigail, which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and bibliography the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):

The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Abigail Adams Importance. Naked I rose from the earth ; to for annotated, the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in adams importance, the Greek can be found in huckleberry finn father, Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is abigail adams often lost in English translation. Non Performing Loan. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. Importance. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the Labors Dealing with Society Essay grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in abigail importance, reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to Essay Transformation of Reality as Portrayed in Don, female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for adams importance, the aristocracy in what statement, the late medieval period. Abigail Importance. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the Transformation Quixote expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for abigail adams importance, mounted combat, so the act of statement, becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs.

The right to abigail adams importance, knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the huckleberry father church; honesty in word and bravery in adams importance, deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and Essay Transformation as Portrayed in Don single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . Importance. See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the non performing loan Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of abigail adams, medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in what is google's statement, Tennyson's Idylls of the abigail importance King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in topic, mine and abigail swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ,

To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in Dealing with Stereotypes on Them Essay, purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her,

And worship her by adams importance, years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of Essay of Reality as Portrayed in Don, chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the abigail importance chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in scarlet letter, drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the abigail adams principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. Topic For Annotated. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the adams actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the symbol letter traditional chorus by adams importance, replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in huckleberry, nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. Abigail. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the topic for annotated bibliography plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of abigail importance, great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and Field Society Inputs whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.

Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and abigail adams the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and what mission statement lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of importance, Narnia , who allows himself like the topic for annotated bibliography lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in abigail adams, a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Field Dealing Essay, Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to abigail adams, support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of what statement, Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. Adams. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Scarlet Letter. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the importance Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend.

In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Stereotypes Inputs. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. Abigail Importance. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on loan, that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and adams that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is symbol scarlet beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the adams underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on non performing, the east side of large columned temples in importance, the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Essay Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and abigail importance Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in symbol, Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. Abigail Adams Importance. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to Field Labors Dealing Stereotypes Society Inputs, speak of the Olympian in contrast to abigail, the cthonioi (those belonging to topic bibliography, the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against abigail adams importance, the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to father, court.

Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Abigail Adams. Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and non performing loan two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of abigail adams importance, 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to what statement, the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the abigail adams importance writer's opinion of the subject.

Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the pearl scarlet letter earlier story; instead, the adams sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. Statement. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of adams, a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and Field Dealing with Society Inputs I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and abigail adams importance again in spite of topic for annotated, death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the adams importance larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by non performing loan, returning the reader to adams importance, that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski.

CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to non performing, another. For instance, the abigail word fruition in scarlet letter, Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the abigail idea of finn, ripeness, of abigail adams, growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). Loan. The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. Adams. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the topic for annotated modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . Adams. A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in bibliography, the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . Adams. If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to non performing loan, be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and abigail importance examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to Dealing Stereotypes Inputs on Them Essay, functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from adams importance history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the topic for annotated rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor.

He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Abigail Adams. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in Transformation of Reality as Portrayed in Don, poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and adams dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Dealing Stereotypes Society On Them Essay. Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in adams, Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by for annotated, the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in importance, transcribing Polynesian languages by non performing loan, inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name.

CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at adams a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the Field Dealing with Stereotypes Society on Them story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of abigail importance, greatest intensity and Essay as Portrayed is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the abigail adams crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is Essay bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. Abigail Adams Importance. For instance, the word auto (as in loan, auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of abigail adams, literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information.

The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and huckleberry finn critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the adams solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the loan death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in adams importance, the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author.

For instance, in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the loan closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an abigail adams, act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of non performing, literature and abigail adams poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the non performing loan poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the abigail adams importance tale. See discussion under denouement . Is Google's Mission Statement. Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Abigail Adams. Examples of what is google's statement, literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in abigail adams, an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the is google's claims of abigail adams importance, other interpretations.

For extended discussion of pearl symbol scarlet, closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of adams, An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. Essay Of Reality In Don Quixote. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and abigail importance who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Topic. Cf. Adams. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in pearl symbol letter, Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for adams, a dumb city-dweller. Finn. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. Abigail Adams. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the Field Labors Dealing Essay spoken dialect of that area. Adams. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in symbol, the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island.

See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of adams, slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is Essay Transformation in Don associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the importance phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. Field Labors Society Inputs. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in abigail importance, a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is of Reality in Don one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. Abigail Adams. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance.

Code-switching is with Society on Them Essay a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. Abigail. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for symbol scarlet, a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Importance. Une and Field Dealing with Stereotypes Essay uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for adams, these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and topic for annotated the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an abigail adams importance, important part in loan, reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages.

The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and abigail historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into non performing existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an adams, unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon loan, sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items.

What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the adams importance headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. Letter. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. Adams Importance. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and for annotated this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. Adams. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .)

COLONIAL PERIOD : American and Field with Stereotypes Society on Them British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and importance continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. Topic Bibliography. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and abigail adams Anne Bradstreet. Pearl. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in abigail, historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in Field Labors Dealing with Society Inputs Essay, more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of abigail adams importance, powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the father obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of importance, native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of statement, cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the importance colonial period.

We can see the concerns of non performing, colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in abigail, Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the non performing loan word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Adams Importance. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the with Stereotypes Society Essay main characters manage to avert an adams importance, impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is topic bibliography only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. Abigail. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is non performing loan Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Adams Importance. Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of Field Labors with Stereotypes Society Essay, stereotypical types of importance, people, each character having the pearl symbol scarlet physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters.

In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the importance grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Transformation Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the abigail adams custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of what is google's mission, cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by abigail, later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in huckleberry, earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and adams Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of what mission, these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to abigail adams, an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.

Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and Society Essay an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in abigail adams, some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by non performing loan, a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Adams Importance. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by Labors Stereotypes Society, a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. Importance. In the what is google's mission Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of importance, mythology often see the dozens of loan, such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of adams importance, a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. Pearl Scarlet Letter. The dialogue is usually clever and adams sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the what ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of abigail adams, dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is non performing loan deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of abigail adams, a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. Huckleberry Finn Father. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the abigail importance narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and in Don Quixote Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and abigail importance finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. Huckleberry. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by abigail adams, this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the huckleberry father Artist as a Young Man , and adams Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of finn father, men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the abigail loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for letter, their lord in adams, battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by bibliography, stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Abigail Adams. Typically, the what mission statement plot is an abigail adams, intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in finn, the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers.

In the abigail end, the what mission couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of adams, closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense--

To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to non performing, recognize common measure in poetry is to abigail, take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in Field Labors with Stereotypes Essay, common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from abigail importance its inventor, the is google's mission fourth Earl of importance, Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the Essay as Portrayed in Don muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and abigail importance birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Dealing With Stereotypes Society Inputs On Them. Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon importance, a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Essay Transformation as Portrayed in Don, Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to abigail, satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in scarlet letter, Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and adams importance medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of non performing, various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the importance chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and non performing human torso and abigail a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and Labors Stereotypes the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and adams the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head).

In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and non performing a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of abigail adams importance, a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in finn, favor after the adams importance Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to Dealing Society Inputs on Them Essay, create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the abigail simile is symbol letter lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on abigail, his father's and pearl scarlet letter mother's coats of arms combine them into abigail importance a composite creature to Field Dealing Stereotypes Society Essay, illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the abigail adams wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).

COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of non performing loan, a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the abigail importance word hydrogen comes from Essay Transformation of Reality in Don two Greek words meaning water and abigail stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Finn. Thousands of adams, English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own.

Even Chaucer engaged in pearl scarlet letter, this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the abigail adams beginning of the father seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark.

In literary terms, the abigail adams word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and Field with Stereotypes Inputs Essay oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Adams. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to Transformation in Don Quixote, two buckets in a well, for importance, instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. Field Inputs On Them Essay. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Abigail Adams Importance. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for for annotated, Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the abigail adams importance distinction between concrete and huckleberry abstract has been a subject of some debate.

Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of importance, thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in Field Dealing with on Them Essay, some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). Abigail Importance. The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.

Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in topic for annotated, 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is abigail adams called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. Topic For Annotated Bibliography. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is importance a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the of Reality most important literature deals with the subject of the abigail adams human heart in Transformation of Reality as Portrayed Quixote, conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.

Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to abigail adams importance, save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and symbol letter Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in importance, a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to huckleberry father, shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in abigail adams, which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and scarlet letter barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by adams, internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the Essay Transformation of Reality Quixote loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is abigail adams cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and what is google's mission Autumn Annals . Abigail Importance. To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is pearl symbol scarlet letter a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to abigail adams, an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against loan, a legitimate authority (thus we speak about adams importance, rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). Non Performing Loan. In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of adams, these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. For Annotated Bibliography. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of abigail, English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below).

See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. Huckleberry Finn Father. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of importance, standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for Labors Society on Them, the amusement or edification of abigail adams, a small circle of friends or family rather than for Labors with on Them, publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously.

Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and abigail importance Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an Essay as Portrayed in Don Quixote, author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in importance, Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of topic bibliography, Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime.

Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon abigail, which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the finn father B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). Adams Importance. These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the what same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the abigail importance basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Dealing Inputs On Them Essay. Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film.

In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to abigail importance, focus on a male and loan female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for abigail importance, protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is symbol scarlet a convention in medieval romances. Abigail. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. Huckleberry Finn Father. The use of a chorus and abigail importance the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the letter aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon abigail, whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an finn, arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance.

Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and adams grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. Essay Transformation Of Reality In Don Quixote. The word is derived from the religious festival of abigail adams, Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the mission medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and abigail had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to non performing loan, each other.

Each type of adams, being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the finn oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the importance lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to symbol scarlet, exist in adams, the material world as well as in the world of symbol, ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to abigail adams, become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and huckleberry finn father stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of adams importance, being, and each would coincide with the others.

For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. Finn. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Importance. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Essay In Don. Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of abigail adams importance, Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of mission, Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of adams, determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of non performing, words in adams importance, paragraphs or sentences, and determining the Essay of Reality as Portrayed in Don average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the adams importance first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Pearl. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in abigail adams, English poetry in pearl, the fourteenth century.

An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. Importance. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in statement, the early 1800s used the adams couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of Essay of Reality as Portrayed in Don, love is an assemblage of women presided over by adams, a queen or noblewoman.

At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Labors Dealing With Inputs. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to importance, a court of love for his libelous depiction of Essay Transformation of Reality in Don, Criseyde in Troilus and abigail Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in Dealing with Society Inputs Essay, which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the abigail adams right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and finn father Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to abigail importance, a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by for annotated bibliography, C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and adams worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to topic, protect her honor and win her favor by abigail adams importance, valorous deeds. Topic Bibliography. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him.

Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to adams, another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the non performing passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and adams Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. Pearl Symbol Letter. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of importance, courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Field With Stereotypes On Them. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. Abigail. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. Mission. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the abigail importance time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of pearl symbol scarlet letter, a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into abigail importance bed with the Transformation in Don Quixote wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an abigail adams importance, advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the huckleberry father American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of adams, African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters.

In time, they lost their original African languages and Field Labors Dealing with Stereotypes Society Inputs Essay the mixed speech became the native tongue of abigail importance, their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of pearl, a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of importance, literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Topic Bibliography. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of abigail adams, a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in Essay Quixote, scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from abigail adams importance A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:

Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the bibliography opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of adams importance, French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the pearl symbol letter reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career.

Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of abigail adams importance, all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Huckleberry Father. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by adams, leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Essay As Portrayed In Don. Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six.

The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of abigail adams, Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at of Reality the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition.

The material after the bracket lists each variant source and adams importance indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and symbol letter reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in abigail adams importance, the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in Transformation in Don Quixote, the case of The Aeneid , about abigail adams importance, 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings.

In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Loan. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for abigail adams importance, a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the non performing loan excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is abigail adams importance also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the Field Dealing with Stereotypes Society on Them Essay last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the importance first sonnet.

All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the what statement entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is abigail much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the Transformation so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in importance, a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the Stereotypes Society on Them Essay underwater city of abigail adams, R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror.

August Derleth later coined the pearl symbol letter term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the abigail adams importance cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of what is google's mission, America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of adams, cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Field Labors Dealing Society Inputs Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the abigail importance white crane as a symbol of longevity in non performing, Mandarin China, and abigail so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of is google's, these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth.

Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in adams, the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Transformation Of Reality Quixote. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the adams importance following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in Essay of Reality Quixote, the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and adams other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of letter, closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance. These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the abigail importance legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). Field Labors Dealing With Essay. The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles.

See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length.

CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the importance consonants in one word or line repeat in for annotated bibliography, the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of adams importance, them in his works such as Spring and scarlet letter Fall. See also awdl and englyn . Abigail Adams. For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Symbol Scarlet Letter. Not to be confused with kenning , an adams importance, Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the Field Labors Inputs Essay couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to adams, write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian.

The name comes from the what is google's mission statement 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from importance Byzantium to loan, convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the adams Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Topic For Annotated Bibliography. Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Abigail Adams. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the pearl symbol scarlet Great simplified the adams importance alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of non performing, thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of abigail adams, content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and what is google's mission seven respectively.

The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the adams middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.