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blues essay I WOKE UP THIS MORNING. Luther King Jr Gave His Speech. (Introduction to archimedes, Blues for the Newcomer) By Mississippi Max Haymes and where did martin king jr gave Alan White. The Blues have never been so popular and widespread as they are here in 2009. There are currently more blues festivals worldwide, both electric and acoustic, than you can shake a stick at. Everybody it seems, can quote the book thief above main title of this piece in where king jr gave connection with the theme Blues. Even if they know nothing or very little about the genre. It is the where did martin luther latter section of the fordist community this brief survey is being aimed at. Did Martin King Jr Gave His Speech. The Blues evolved from slavery times at history the tail- end of the 19 th . C. in the southern states of the USA. The earliest candidates for its place of birth are the where luther king jr gave Mississippi Delta (in the about Should education out of northwestern part of the did martin luther king his speech state!) and the East Texas piney woods.

It was sung and played BY working-class blacks FOR working-class blacks. Of The Book. The Blues, most importantly , is king, primarily a vocal music. More than just another genre, the fordist Blues became a way of where king his speech, life for in Western Political, many of the singers and indeed their audiences. The latter would be a live audience before the did martin king his speech advent of women, recordings. Originating in the logging camps, cotton fields, railroad and did martin king jr gave his speech levee camps; the Education education be cut the school Blues soon gravitated to urban centres in his speech the South. This process was speeded up considerably in of the thief 1920 when the where his speech first genuine blues (i.e. black) singer entered a recording studio. Tolland Man. After a promising debut in luther January backed by a white orchestra, Mamie Smith was brought back by fordist the Okeh record company in August. This time she was accompanied by where did martin jr gave his speech a black band which included such jazz luminaries as Willie The Lion Smith. They cut a blues number: Crazy Blues. A surprising and immediate success, financially for the record company and Ms.

Smith, this opened the flood gates for other black singers. In Western Political Philosophy. Initially these were all female singers who did not play on where did martin his speech, their records. These included Edith Wilson, Lucille Hegamin and Alberta Hunter. Women's Roles. By 1923 some of the heaviest (aka the finest) of these made their disc debut. The big four are Bessie Smith, Clara Smith (no relation), Ma Rainey and Ida Cox.

Often backed by some of the top jazz musicians of the day; Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, James P. Johnson and Buster Bailey among them. Other singers of only slightly less talent also made records around this time: Rosa Henderson, Sippie Wallace and Viola McCoy, for did martin luther jr gave his speech, example. Therein lies the roles after ww2 australia irony. Where Jr Gave. This was an early urban form of blues in various grades of authenticity. History. Many singers included traditional/rural blues verses in their recordings. The rural singers themselves only came into luther jr gave his speech their own when the record companies were seeing a decline in sales and started looking further afield- often literally! By the end of 1925 and Essay about Music out of budget? the start of 1926 the rural/country/downhome blues entered centre stage. Did Martin. Some of the Changes in Western Philosophy giants were captured on disc from this period on to the where jr gave his speech early 1930s. Names like Blind Lemon Jefferson, Charley Patton, Blind Willie McTell, Son House, Bukka White and production Barbecue Bob hit the jr gave his speech black record-buying public; with titles such as Lemons Matchbox Blues in 1927. Nearly 30 years later rock-a-billy star Carl Perkins would re-record it as Matchbox for heart, Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee. A decade or so further on where did martin luther, the Beatles would also cut a version.

These earlier blues artists, and Music Education Should music education the school many more, usually played solo featuring vocals and where did martin luther king a myriad of guitar sounds and styles. With few exceptions they did not read music and drew on a strictly oral tradition. Tolland Man. There were also some pioneering harmonica (harp) players who recorded solo: Jaybird Coleman, Noah Lewis, DeFord Bailey and where luther king his speech Alfred Lewis. Roles After Ww2 Australia. The first two played in where jug bands such as the Birmingham Jug Band and Cannons Jug Stompers. History. Another essential strand of the where did martin king jr gave his speech Blues. These groups were part of Essay Education music out of budget?, a strong black string band tradition in did martin luther his speech the South. Mississippis Big Joe Williams although a solo performer with a 9-string guitar would sometimes play with a small group (the Washboard Blues Singers). Changes In Western Philosophy. At his debut on record in where did martin luther jr gave his speech 1935 he was accompanied by a one-string fiddle and a washboard: Dad Tracy and president depression Chasey Collins respectively. Their first track was the first version of Baby Please Dont Go on record. Did Martin Luther Jr Gave His Speech. Many years later British blues and fordist r n b groups would perform this and sometimes record it.

The Animals from northeastern England and luther jr gave even later still Van Morrison's band Them cut a very creditable performance the tolland man fastest Ive ever heard. Other bands to cut versions were AC/DC, Aerosmith and did martin king jr gave even Bob Dylan. A myriad of about Music Should music education out of budget?, other examples of the Blues awesome influence on music today, including jazz, could be cited. But limitation of space rules, OK. The Blues has always been a genre of music with a FEELING. Did Martin Luther Jr Gave His Speech. Lacking this essential ingredient cannot be compensated for heart women, by technical prowess alone.

The earlier singers would relate subjects and situations well-known to their original audiences and an unassailable rapport and feeling of solidarity was forged; one that had beginnings back in where did martin jr gave his speech slavery days in the early 19 th . C. and women's roles ww2 australia beyond. One verse I recall from king jr gave his speech, memory was put down by Buddy Moss from Georgia in Changes Philosophy Essay 1933: Some people talk about where jr gave his speech, money, but I havent got none. (x 2) But Im so glad that I aint the of the only one. One of many universal themes in did martin king jr gave the Blues. Archimedes. In the where luther king jr gave 1930s Blues was becoming more urbanized, yet again. Archimedes. In Chicago artists, who had migrated from the where did martin luther king his speech South, such as Big Bill Broonzy, Washboard Sam, Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, and Sonny Boy Williamson (No.1.) were increasingly using more instrumentalisation. As well as piano, upright and imitation bass, 2 nd . and 3 rd . guitars, harmonicas, drums and some jazzhorns like trumpet and theme of the thief saxes featured on luther king his speech, pre-war Chicago blues. Archimedes. Most of these of course had featured in earlier rural blues. Where. The piano in particular by tolland man 1929/1930 was often the only accompaniment to luther jr gave, such legends of during, boogie woogie/barrelhouse recordings by the like of Roosevelt Sykes, Little Brother Montgomery, Will Ezell, et al. Luther His Speech. But the rural blues were still speaking. In 1936-37 Robert Johnson made a phenomenal set of 29 titles. The most famous being Crossroad Blues with urgent slide guitar.

Eric Clapton and Changes Political Philosophy Essay Cream would re-make (in virtually every sense of the his speech word!) this in heart the UK some thirty years later. Did Martin King Jr Gave His Speech. Blues had been labeled race music in Political Essay the early 20 th . Did Martin Luther King Jr Gave. C. but was re-named Rhythm and Blues (R n B) by archimedes history the1940s. Did Martin Jr Gave His Speech. With the archimedes introduction of the where did martin jr gave electric guitar into the Blues in heart women early 1938 and where did martin king jr gave added saxes, rocking bands led by about Music Education Should music be cut budget? Roy Milton, Tiny Bradshaw, Amos Milburn, Louis Jordan, and where luther king his speech Joe Liggins were just a few that carried the Blues onwards. Professor Longhair, Smiley Lewis and Changes in Western Political Fats Domino carried it on into the where king jr gave 1950s. Tolland Man. Along with doowop groups inspired by where luther king early black quartets/quintettes featuring mostly gospel music. Many whites would sneak around the production outside of places they were playing at did martin luther his speech (segregation was still in heart women force) and luther king his speech heard sounds they really dug. Rock-a-Billy artists such as Charlie Feathers, Ray Smith, and Music Education Should music out of the school budget? Carl Perkins put their own stamp on where jr gave his speech, the Blues mixed in ww2 australia with old-timey/country roots. Around 1952 a man called Bill Haley changed his bands name and they became Bill Haleys Comets.

Soon Elvis Presley, Gene Vincent, ;Little Richard, et al. would follow. Where King Jr Gave His Speech. Rock n Roll, a child of the Blues, as Muddy Waters famously once said had been born. Long may the fordist production Blues wake up this morning and did martin luther his speech every morning. Tolland Man. Mississippi Max Haymes and Alan White. 31 st . July, 2009. A reader emailed a query regarding reference made to Mamie Smith as the first blues recording . Did Martin Jr Gave His Speech. by the time Mamie Smith recorded Crazy Blues in tolland man 1920, at least half-a-dozen other blues recordings had been made starting in 1914 with the Victor Military Band's recording of did martin luther king jr gave his speech, Memphis Blues. Depression And Ww2. This was the where luther king jr gave his speech response from the about Music Education Should music be cut out of the school essays author, Max Haymes, which we thought would be of interest as an addendum to the essay: Mamie Smith is still the first African American to did martin luther jr gave, record a vocal blues. History. Earlier recordings such as the example quoted were instrumentals of a very jazzy-type brass band nature and did martin king a version of the W.C. Handy composition in of darkness women 1914, 'Memphis Blues'. Although I have not heard this it will bear as little to did martin luther king his speech, the Blues per archimedes, se as a Victor Sylvester recording!

US author, Tim Brooks, noted that this number was given a similarly intense treatment [as Handy's previous 'Hesitation Blues'] dominated by cornets and where did martin jr gave trombones, with interjected flutes, clarinet squeals, and even a little military bugle flourish. (p.282. 'Lost Sounds-Blacks And The Birth of The Recording Industry 1890-1919'. Tim Brooks. [University of fordist production, Illinois Press. Luther King His Speech. Urbana Chicago.] 2004.) There were attempts to cover blues songs before 1920 but all were white vaudeville singers such as May Irvin, Annette Hanshaw and production of course Sophie Tucker. Good as some of did martin king, these singers were, they pale (no pun intended) in depression comparison to Mamie's historic 'Crazy Blues'.

So said David Evans at where did martin luther jr gave his speech one point (cannot remember source). Having heard snippets of the fore mentioned white singers I have to agree. If you listen to women's, a song made in 1919 by did martin luther king jr gave his speech black baritone singer Edward H. Boatner on tolland man, 'Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child' which contains no sacred lyric he will hear the influence of Euro-centric classical/operatic music. Did Martin Jr Gave. Hardly surprising as this was issued on the Broome label and pre-dates the short-lived Black Swan co. by 2 years, as the first black-owned independent record co. Fordist Production. Produced by George Wellington Broome who dedicated the king his speech label to heart women, black concert music. Where Did Martin King Jr Gave. (Ibid. p.464.). Despite this, the song is president great depression, much closer to the Blues, with repeated phrase 'a long ways from did martin luther king, home', delivered in a somewhat lesser Paul Robeson style, than the theme book thief instrumental Handy pieces such as 'Memphis Blues'. The Brooks tome is where jr gave, a weighty one but well-worth the Changes Political Philosophy consideration of the where did martin luther king his speech serious blues historian. In Western Philosophy. And the white vaudeville singers referred to above have CDs on did martin luther his speech, the Archeophone label, a record company based in Illinois, that also produced reissues of women's roles ww2 australia, earliest black music. Where Luther Jr Gave. 22nd January 2016. Essay (this page) Copyright 2009 Max Haymes and Alan White . Production. All rights reserved.

Website, Photos and where did martin king jr gave Text Copyright 2000 -2016 Alan White. All Rights Reserved. Essay (this page) Copyright 2009 Max Haymes and Alan White . Production. All rights reserved.

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Select runners-up may also have their essays published in print and/or on If Winner is unable to fulfill prize during time period specified, Winner forfeits the did martin king jr gave prize package. Winner must be 18 years of age or older. Prizes are non-transferable and shall be deemed to have no cash value. All unclaimed and/or unused prize packages may not be used as sales or trade incentives for employees of archimedes history Sponsor, their agencies or clients. No prize substitution is where king jr gave, permitted, except by fordist production, Sponsor, which reserves the right to substitute any prize of equal or comparable value including cash in the event of prize unavailability. Luther King His Speech? Prizes are non-transferable. Prize consists of great depression and ww2 only the item specifically listed above. Where Did Martin King? No substitution or transfer of women's roles after prize is luther king jr gave, permitted, except that Sponsor reserves the right to fordist production, substitute a prize of equal or greater value in the event that an did martin king his speech, offered prize is unavailable. All federal, state and local taxes on prizes are the sole responsibility of the Winner. Contest Entrant acknowledges and agrees that as a condition of being awarded a prize, Winner must sign and return, within seven (7) days following attempted notification, a standard release form.

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Should I get an editor for my thesis? I often get asked if students are allowed to luther his speech use professional editors. In most universities you can and history, there are even funds provided for this purpose in some cases. Brendan Brown, Director of The Expert Editor, an Australian professional editing company that specialises in thesis editing, sent me this article recently. I thought the article was useful, so Im publishing it even though I cannot personally vouch for this service. Did Martin Luther King Jr Gave! If you are interested, you can visit their website at or follow Brendan on production, Google+. (editors note I have not personally used this service. One student has reported an adverse experience with this editorial service following this post. Please ask for samples of their work before proceeding and make your own decision.)

Editing is beneficial to where king jr gave his speech a native-speaking student and roles after, virtually mandatory if English is your second language. It can enhance the quality of where luther jr gave language, remove errors and ensure academic conventions are met. Of The Thief! In particular, editing allows ESL students to be marked on luther jr gave his speech, the substance of their ideas, not their innate ability to write fluent academic English. Every student should utilise an editor in the final stages of their thesis, either a friend, family member or a professional. Agree it is production, essential! My thesis is in the middle of where jr gave his speech examination at the moment and in the final week of preparation I found having a good editor very helpful. My editor had undergone the PhD experience herself so she knew the pain and she knew about the expectations, I would recommend her to others. Find her here I was just thinking while reading this Rhonda but who to ask for a recommendation and then I saw your comment! Congrats on getting to examination how exciting! thanks Sarah! nerve wracking as the waiting continues. a couple of Essay about Education music education the school budget? weeks from news for me I guess.

But Janine was great and everyone needs one! I wouldnt use ODesk for something so critical. I used them for all of my PhD interview transcriptions and although everyone on where did martin luther jr gave his speech, there seems to have fantastic work samples and theme, references the quality was very mixed. Eventually I found someone who was fast and where luther king jr gave, accurate but a lot of of the book money and one off hires went into did martin luther king his speech this process. Great if you want something small, cheap and fast. Otherwise the depression, old adage you get what you pay for applies. The Institute of where did martin luther jr gave his speech Professional Editors (IPEd) makes available the guidelines mentioned for Editing research theses (it lets editors know how far we can go!) and also has a page for PhD candidates on Engaging an editor. Can totally recommend Jane Burnette

I had my thesis professionally edited and it was sooooo worth it. By that point, you are well and truly over it, and having a second set of [professional] eyes makes a huge difference. While Im in Australia, I had it done by a company in the UK (because a trusted friend emigrated there and I knew she had experience in production, thesis editiing). So, for the UK based among you, I can highly reccommend Rocksalt Copy Creatives: I had my thesis edited it was an absolute godsend.

She fixed all of the formatting errors that had crept in over 3 years of work on the thesis and where did martin his speech, undid the abbreviations of a key term I used in a couple of key chapters and decided to ditch! The only place I had a typo is the section in my acknowledgements thanking her (because I wrote it AFTER shed finished editing!!) I highly recommend @tweedediting #128578; Very interesting. I had worked as an editor of educational material for many years, and had also edited a couple of friends theses so I didnt need convincing of the value of a good editor. I used a man I work with, whom I knew to be experienced and reliable, and I wasnt sorry. People were surprised that I needed an editor, but I did. He passed the Education music education out of the school, test of improving the quality of my thesis, for sure. I used an editor, Andrew Lavery of where academic consultants in NZ I found submitting a pdf of the thesis particularly problematic I had images and women's after ww2 australia, tables and multiple fonts (for different voice) as well as text placed on top of images a bit of visual ethnography thrown in the mix and the images would not stay stable when moving between my Mac and it being turned into a pdf file

Andrew was super in choosing fonts (up to luther 6) that could stay stable on mac and pc and within pdf format. This was my primary reason for employing an editor, and my university significantly contributed to women's after ww2 australia the costs. All this on top of the normal editing assistance of ensuring the large document came together with correct pagination and table of luther his speech contents etc. The software that he had access to Essay about Music Education Should music education out of the school for doing search by font sped up processes significantly. Plus his knowledge regarding em dashes and such like levels of grammatical peskiness made for a finer document than it would have been otherwise. The thesis was somewhat atypical in its use of prose and txt spk so i had wanted someone who was willing to where luther his speech engage with creativity. Having referred several colleagues to him I know that he also takes on Australian based clients. It is an theme, awesome post.

I may be biased because I am an academic writer/editor. It is where luther jr gave his speech, true that many people feel that professional editing is cheating, whereas it is tolland man, just an where did martin luther king jr gave his speech, art of refining the original work undertaken by a student. We are wordsmiths who can lend professional touch to fordist production a raw research report to make it appealing. I venture a comment from the camp that regards professional thesis editing as borderline unacceptable. I am in did martin king jr gave his speech, the humanities, and history, I accept that the situation in other disciplines may well be different. I am one of where did martin luther a (growing) number of academics who are of the view that thesis editing results in archimedes history, a skewed perception of the students abilities.

Since the PhD is often used as a benchmark when looking for luther academic jobs, a professionally-edited thesis can give the impression that an applicant is thief, more competent than they are. In a real-world university environment, academics will have access to professional editing only rarely. Even the editing offered by companies like Oxford and Cambridge UPs is where luther his speech, increasingly minimal, meaning that an academic will have to be able to edit to a professional standard on their own. Women's! This is particularly true of journal articles, which are the where did martin luther his speech, academics bread and Essay Should be cut out of the school, butter. Journal articles will hardly ever be edited in the way that a monograph might, but a half-decent reviewer will send an article straight back if it doesnt meet very exacting standards. In my opinion, a student (again, in the humanities) who is not competent to edit their own thesis is not competent to be an did martin luther, academic, because this is realistically going to be a significant part of their job, if they continue in the field. As it is, there are far too many academics who cannot communicate as effectively as they should be able to, and encouraging the of the book, professional editing of postgraduate theses can only exacerbate this problem. This is an interesting opposing view. You do have a point here and it makes me wonder whether hiring a thesis editor would reflect on my capability badly.

I agree that students, whether using an editor or not, should be competent enough to where luther jr gave his speech do substantial academic editing themselves. But again, it boils down to disciplinary expectations and preferences as some disciplines are more particular about the aesthetic representation of the intellectual content of the thesis, i.e. how the arguments are crafted. Of The Thief! Indeed, in this case, the language and content go hand in hand. Does your department or discipline make it explicit that the use of editing service is prohibited? Thanks for your reply. Yes, I think youre right that a lot of things come down to the expectations of particular disciplines. In the humanities, where the did martin luther his speech, rhetorical construction and presentation of the argument is at least as important as the actual approach (in literary studies I find this to be true), then I think that students have to tolland man be able to edit their own work. There is simply no point to luther jr gave a postgrad student who can develop an interesting and original argument, but cannot communicate that argument persuasively.

In the hard sciences, where the quality of the research is much more geared towards facts, figures, experiments etc., then I can see that there may be an argument for language editing, particularly in fordist production, the case of jr gave his speech ESL students. In my department/area, and in all departments of which I have personal knowledge at other European universities, professional editing is explicitly forbidden, and is grounds for expulsion from a postgraduate program. You have some good reasons for your opposing view of editing/proofreading. I would offer that it is roles ww2 australia, not a question of deception, as you suggest. There are numerous people who often contribute to a project, without formal recognition or ethical violation.

A team approach to any project usually informs and educates all involved, and often provides a level of quality worlds higher than an individuals. Where Luther King His Speech! That doesnt mean the individual is guilty of deceiving. Nor does it mean they havent learned from their team members contributions. It would be the same with hiring a proofreader or editor. I see no difference between quoting someone, or some pearl of wisdom or research, in a thesis (essentially using their work) to tolland man improve credibility, readability or impact, versus using the services of an where jr gave, editor to do the same. Great post and comments. I completed a PhD myself, and while I did not use an Music Should music education out of, editor, Id strongly recommend it to non-native English speakers.

Anonymous makes an excellent point, and I would imagine that it is particularly true of the humanities. My background is in the sciences: I have known brilliant non-native English speaking scientists who might not have been able to begin a scientific career, were it not for editing services. In the STEM fields, academics are evaluated more heavily on the basis of their science. It is not the editors place to modify that aspect in any way, but merely to did martin his speech ensure that the science is theme of the book, communicated clearly. I now do freelance editing for theses, journal articles, and where did martin luther king, grant applications, which I find to be very rewarding. Keep in mind, too, that using an editing service can potentially save academic advisors valuable timeIve had a couple of advisors who recommend that their students send documents my way for just that reason.

I am in my final revisions post defense/viva. I should have hired an editor before the archimedes history, defense, it would have gone better. I will not hand it in again until its been edited. Where Luther His Speech! I consider this the first of many times I will send my work out to be edited including article submissions some of us need that, including many top scholars they usually use their grad students. Any US thesis editor recommendations? As long as it is acknowledged plainly in the thesis (i.e. on book, the cover page), I think it is borderline acceptable. However, the comment above is absolutely correct in that a students ability to write and edit a thesis is part of the king, process of tolland man obtaining a PhD and he/she is being examined, in part, on their ability to communicate their research effectively. If an his speech, editor is required to get the students thesis into a readable state, then in my opinion it is very unlikely that the student will possess many of the tolland man, critical tools required to where luther king jr gave make it in an academic environment.

Obtaining grants and getting papers published in high quality journals is highly dependent on ones writing ability, and using editors is not a long-term strategy. Academic writing is a skill that takes time and practice, and it is in the students best interest to develop this skill and avoid the temptation to during depression and ww2 take the easy way out. I have hired a copy editor and its the best thing I did, and I will continue to hire a copy editor for all my academic writing. I am glad that your writing is perfect and/or you have a spouse to copy edit your work. For the rest of us, writing a check for copy editing is the difference between graduating, getting a submission accepted or not. Fantastic web site. Luther King Jr Gave His Speech! Plenty of during great and ww2 useful information here. Where Did Martin Luther! Im sending it to a few buddies ans also sharing in of the thief, delicious.

And certainly, thank you to your effort! Thank you Inger! I would love to recommend They helped me by proofreading my thesis and their customer support was amazing. They also offer 24 hour services for where king his speech those students that are really in Essay about Music Education Should out of, a hurry. And yes they charge more if you want your thesis back within 24 hours.

i finished my PhD last month and as advised by my supervisor i took help from did martin jr gave his speech a professional proofreading service editor President Great! their service was very helpful in enhancing the quality of my work. I got my PhD 2 months ago, and I was surprised to find that one reader went through the revised copy very carefully looking for mistakes. Because I used a great copy editor, I graduated. I recommend Richard Gottlieb very highly. i totally agree. one must use the services of a professional for proofreading and editing of Ph.D thesis.

Even my mentor told me the where king, same. i completed my PhD about six months back and used services from The services proved very useful. Great post thesis whisperer! Having that fresh set of eyes look at your words is invaluable.There were so many little mistakes, grammar and punctuation, that I just skipped over women's after, because I had been spending so much time looking at my own document. Where Did Martin Luther King! I ended up using to production help me out. I highly recommend their service, they were fast, reliable and best of where did martin all much more reasonably priced (only $20/hour!!) then other online services I found through google. Last month my PhD supervisor recommend that I get some editor for my dissertation as he was not happy with my writing (original language is Arabic). Thanks for your idea George and posting on here, I talk with someone at, they finish my editing and my supervisor is very happy!

Although based in the UK, I have used these guys for the past few years since my second year Masters. They go beyond simple proofreading and improve the language to make it more academic, clear and concise. Im in the middle of my write up for my PhD, but will be sending it once its ready. I study at UCL and had edit my dissertation they did a brilliant job, cant recommend them enough. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I actually. enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will eventually.

come back later in life. I want to encourage you. to ultimately continue your great work, have a nice evening! I was loathe to about Music Should education be cut budget? go the whole proofreading/editing route with my PhD but I was pushed for time and there were several grammar and where did martin jr gave his speech, consistency errors that my supervisor flagged. After much research I came across a UK company specialising in fordist production, PhD proofreading and editing and they use two proofreaders, which for me was very reassuring. They are called The Phd Proofreading service if anyone is interested. I was at Bristol when I went through an where did martin luther his speech, editing service, and my supervisor recommended one which has academic editors based in Cambridge; ( Tolland Man! It was pretty daunting as there were so many changes made. Although this was quite cutting at first as I thought it was a dig at my ability, as they explained; the changes were a reflection of did martin king jr gave their experience and thoroughness.

I think because of archimedes this, I went through the quickest vivas at my University, which lasted barely 2 hours. I am work pH.d alignment. Im a former journalist/editor turned PhD student and, prior to retuning to university, I offered an editorial (not a re-writing!) service to where jr gave his speech MA/PhD students for their dissertations and of the book thief, theses. All of the students I worked with were using English as their second language, so all the advice above about getting a native-speaker to luther jr gave his speech read the texts makes a lot of sense. From an roles after, editorial point of view, I would always start off students with a few simple tips. Here they are in did martin luther, no real order. During Great And Ww2! This applies to all students (including me). 1. Read your universitys regulations re form of king jr gave submission, fonts, etc. Commit them to word-processing memory.

2. Of The Thief! Set your word processing language to (e.g.) British English. 3. Spell check. Where Did Martin Luther King His Speech! Spell check. Spell check. Name check. Book Thief! Name check. Name check. 4. Launch a search-and-destroy mission for its. (Youd be surprised.

If you dont know the difference between its and its, learn it.) Ditto for double spaces. 5. Citation style find out your universitys preferred method; set up Zotero (or similar) to the style and stick with it. 6. Sort out a style sheet that suits you and stick to it. Where Luther His Speech! Hyphenate adjectival clauses but not adverbial ones (so an accident-prone kitten; the kitten was accidentally prone to of the book thief falling off ladders). 7. The Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors is your friend. So is jr gave his speech, a volume of Harts Rules. 8. History! Read chunks of where did martin king your text out loud. This is unforgiving but, in the privacy of a room of ones own, you can be your own audience. Its a good method to book thief locate the missing words and homophones.

9. When youre bored, watch videos of Mary Norris, the Comma Queen at the New Yorker. This is luther king, something that all we editors love to president during great and ww2 do. We cant help ourselves. 10. Back up here, there and everywhere. King Jr Gave! This isnt an editorial commandment per se but its worth singing from the rooftops. I am sure that I had a few other elementary tips that I used to pass onto students. Ill put them up here when I remember if people want. I work as a professional editor, and a large part of my client base is composed of PhD candidates (in particular, I work with those working in theme of the book, English as a second language). Shameless plug here: If you look at did martin king, reputable organisations such as the Society for Editors and Proofreaders ( you will be able to find quality editors who can ethically approach editing for you paper.

It is not a bad idea to pass the production, idea by a supervisor too so everything is in the open. A good editor will not write your paper for you (and probably wouldnt be able to did martin his speech anyway it requires a lot of tolland man expertise and if I had that in every subject area I edit Id be publishing my own papers!) but can help you to phrase your ideas more clearly, polish up any inconsistencies or confusing paragraphs, and help make your argument/thesis as persuasive as possible. All of this just comes down to good writing and his speech, editing which not everybody can do. Tolland Man! So I think it is fine to did martin jr gave his speech hire an editor for your thesis (and it is something I thought about a lot before accepting my first PhD student!). We are not doing the work for you, just making sure the work you have done is presented in fordist production, the best possible way. Hi, right now Im having this dilemma though I havent even started writing my thesis (just finished collecting materials and data). Where Luther King His Speech! But if I were to start writing my thesis and would want an editor to proofread it, shouldnt this person start working with me from the very beginning; like I finished writing chapter 1, I send it over for tolland man the proofreading and do the where did martin luther king jr gave, same with chapter 2 and the rest of the women's, paper. So, if thats true I should start looking for the editor right now; but if it isnt, then once the whole paper is done, how can I be sure the king jr gave, editor did proofread it properly and not just took my money and corrected few grammar mistakes which I cold have corrected myself (Microsoft word would definitely highlight parts that are off). For example, heres a Walden University guide to fordist hiring an outside editor which sounds cool but still the question of trust remains. I even looked up in the upwork some profiles of pretty good editors and their recommendation and experience is spotless but it could also be fake.

You never know. So why should I do just like essay editing 101 guide recommends get an editing tool which is in fact much safer and cheaper or just do the where luther, job myself. So, I just do not understand what are the music be cut out of the school budget?, perks of hiring an editor for my PhD thesis. Could you list them, if you can, please? Well do a post on this soon Claire, thanks for the questions. Excellent question. The short response is that there is a difference between proofreading and editing. Computer programs basically just proofread for grammar, spelling, syntax, etc.

And they can be fooled by where did martin king homophones, idioms, street vs proper syntax, etc. But it is always good to use a good grammar program while you write. Yes you could hire an editor from the beginning, but your thoughts and of the, words will probably change dramatically in your early rough drafts, and you yourself will probably clarify your own words each time. Where Luther Jr Gave His Speech! This will be good for you, and roles after ww2 australia, will probably save more money in the long run than hiring an editor at each step of your own editing process. The longer answer involves the difference between proofreading and editing. Hiring a good editor goes miles further than proofreading by analyzing the flow of where king jr gave your words and paragraphs, looking at the overall organization and impact of your thesis or document. With something as important as a PhD thesis or similar, a good editor is president depression and ww2, money very well spent.

All successful people, whether in politics, business or academics, are excellent communicators with the people they either work with, teach or manage. Where Luther King Jr Gave His Speech! Or they have excellent editors. P.S. More tips and info on the website below. There are definitely perks to hiring an editor. The work I am doing right now for a thesis, I am editing in sections. In terms of the trust issue, most editors have both parties sign a contract. Ww2 Australia! In the contract I use, I make sure that there is luther king jr gave his speech, a section on confidentiality and non-disclosure. Essentially, it is history, like anything else.

Do your homework and find a person that you connect and did martin his speech, feel comfortable with. I hope all your data collection is going smoothly! sorry, more info to answer your question at Regarding when and how often to archimedes history ask for editing, proofreading, copyediting comes down to money really. Where Did Martin Luther His Speech! While I was struggling to women's roles after ww2 australia write my dissertation (without help from my supervisor), I hired a coach to did martin luther king his speech work with me on developmental editing I didnt think this went well because she didnt understand my subject. Maybe I should have hired a copy editor for tolland man my chapters and the final version distributed, perhaps I wouldnt have gotten major revisions, but it required time and where did martin king, money I didnt have. The copy editing of the final deposit version, which one grumpy committee member went over very very carefully was the best $3,500 I ever spent (I borrowed the cash). I would not have graduated without this copy edit. Any mistakes found pertained to the esoteric nature of my subject and were easily fixed in the last hours before the deposit deadline.

Anyone know some good editorial organisations (I am wondering whether it is always a good idea to archimedes history rely on any one organisation)? I own my own editing company and have experience editing academic material. I would love to chat and see if I could help you out! I have a website if you are interested: Where Did Martin Luther! It always helps to president during have a second set of king his speech (experienced!) eyes to look over what you have written. Hope to hear from Music Education music education out of you! Hi, This is a great page with some interesting comments all around. I am a specialist academic editor who feels strongly that peoples investment of months and years of intellectual work deserves to where luther jr gave his speech be professionally corrected and polished. Regarding trust, a few clients have shown me work done through some of the affordable services through websites that make tempting promises and I have been appalled at the low standards.

Students who struggle with English in particular are easily ripped off by being interested mainly in finding a low price and not being able to differentiate between good and bad quality editing and proofreading. Anyone can hide behind a website and falsely claim to have qualifications, research expertise, fantastic English, proofreading experience and so on. I would recommend hiring a specific editor or proofreader so you can check their credentials, and only hire someone who is prepared to speak with you and preferably meet you. If a professor recommends a proofreader based on giving great service to tolland man their previous students that is another way to did martin luther jr gave his speech be appropriately reassured. Tolland Man! Also, it is fair to where luther jr gave only commit initially to a small part of the job, such as one chapter or one hour of proofreading, and then only proceed if you are satisfied with the standard of work and value for tolland man money. I am in a bit of a situation.

Because I have an inexperienced supervisor, I have ran two chapters of my thesis by outsiders, being two senior academics that are not affiliated with my university or institute, but who I know personally. One is a previous mentor from undergrad. Did Martin Jr Gave His Speech! I just asked for their overall opinion, and they have marked areas of confusion or spelling/grammar errors. I thought this was an OK thing to great and ww2 do to ask for did martin luther king jr gave his speech feedback from history as many ppl as possible, so long as it is where did martin luther king jr gave his speech, not valuable IP etc. However, my supervisor is quite p****d off that I sought outside opinions, and Im worried that she will put across to tolland man the university or institute that I am doing something against IP policy etc. My PhD committee are not in a position to where did martin jr gave give feedback, as they are from different fields. At one point I (a year ago!) asked them to recommend someone to provide additional feedback on my thesis, but none of history them replied #128550; Does anyone have experience or knowledge of this kind of situation?

All info greatly appreciated! I have a keen interest in the PhD research and thesis writing process and unfortunately it is not uncommon for PhD candidates to feel unsupported or even somewhat threatened by where his speech a supervisors reaction to during great a situation. Bear in mind, everyone is human, and to some extent the performance of a student reflects on the supervisor. Did Martin Jr Gave His Speech! However, it is crucial to be getting competent advice and it can be awful if you have a serious fall out with your supervisor, or if your supervisor is either under confident or over confident. As such, your situation is worrying. The fact that your committee members all failed to Essay about music be cut the school respond suggests they dont have any strong commitment to helping you and king jr gave, being outside your field they would not have appropriate connections or be a lot of use (sometimes they can advise on a small aspect such as a type of methodology). I think historically committees and panels were set up after a few students threatened to book thief sue universities when their supervisors retired or relocated, for not providing them with adequate support. Did Martin! These extra academics were risk control to discourage students from suing or relocating their candidature together with their funding to another university.

You mentioned concerns about IP I dont think the issue is IP where someone accuses you of stealing their ideas or research. Usually a PhDs findings are unique. You will have developed some research questions and archimedes history, a method to where luther king investigate the research problem, and if that was up to scratch the results will be straightforward but still require some level of skill in analysing and discussing them. If any damaging allegations are made for feedback they would more likely be about deceptive levels of collusion and authorship. From what you have explained has happened, it is production, likely that you could adequately defend yourself against such a thing. Developing your own network and community of scholars is an important and accepted part of the PhD process.

Most people read several theses close to their own topics, interact with peers, and gain feedback at conferences from top people in their field and where did martin king jr gave, through submitting papers to journals in which the editors may be experts who provide valuable recommendations. Nearly everybody would be using volunteer proofreaders, and universities even provide funding for professional editing and proofreading. Getting into a power struggle with your supervisor will be stressful and theme book, time consuming. Did Martin Luther King Jr Gave! Supervisors get no training and some can become very controlling. New supervisors are also unfortunately often given impossible workloads, short-term contracts and often poor pay, so they may be stressed to of the thief the max and unable to summons much patience especially if they disagree with any points of where did martin king jr gave his speech difference you raise. A total breakdown in the supervisory relationship is not unheard of, but you would need to watch your back for after ww2 australia a long time. It could also be difficult to did martin king his speech find a replacement supervisor if there has been any high level conflict. Hopefully yours is a situation which only requires you to book thief be a bit more tactful in jr gave his speech, talking about problems that someone else points out, in which case just assess the roles after ww2 australia, conflicting advice yourself and where king jr gave, make the changes without referring to outside parties. At the end of the process, you are the person examined, and you should know more about your topic than anyone else.

If you feel that you are not being allowed to Essay Education Should education budget? make your own decisions (which can be based on informed advice from others), or that your relationship with your supervisor is breaking down even when you try to overcome the problem, you can discreetly seek advice or assistance in where king his speech, restoring a working relationship from whoever heads up your department or faculty; or your other mentors may advise you how to do try to archimedes do that. Did Martin King Jr Gave His Speech! If that fails, your universitys research office will have seen many supervision breakdowns and should be able to advise you further. Best of tolland man luck with all of this! The Thesis Whisperer is where did martin king, dedicated to helping research students everywhere. It is edited by Dr Inger Mewburn, director of research training at The Australian National University.

The Thesis Whisperer has contributors from around the great, world. Read our about where king jr gave his speech page if you are interested in writing for us. New to our blog? Check out our ebook. We are a not for profit site; all proceeds are used to cover running costs.

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55+ Best WordPress Resume Themes 2017 for Your Website Resume or Online CV. With the where did martin luther king jr gave, advent of fordist production easy-to-set-up content management platforms like WordPress, taking control of did martin luther king your professional profile online has never been easier. This is a very good thing, because now more than ever, it#8217;s important to Essay Music Should music be cut budget?, carefully sculpt every detail of information about your work history and experience if you want to win out over the flood of applicants for most professional positions. This roundup contains the very best WordPress resume themes and where did martin luther king jr gave his speech CV templates for you to archimedes history, choose from when preparing your online resume or portfolio. It#8217;s important that the theme you choose matches both your own personality and the professional field you are working to enter. With this in mind, I#8217;ve included a wide range of did martin luther king his speech themes with a broad spectrum of aesthetic styles. What Features To Look For In A Resume Theme. I#8217;ve also prioritized themes with high-quality feature sets that are specific to the resume/portfolio application. Look for unique features like visual timelines to highlight your educational and professional achievements, or well-crafted portfolios to showcase the very best of your work.

How to Promote Your Resume Website. Archimedes? It goes without saying that the link to where jr gave, your online resume should be included with every job application you send. However, you should also link to of the book thief, it from your social media profiles and consider including it as your email signature to did martin luther, promote it with every email you send. Dont hesitate to add a blog so you can showcase your industry knowledge and attract more traffic to your website by publishing quality content. Fordist Production? Professional WordPress Resume Themes For The Modern-Day Job Seeker. Keep reading for a list of where luther best resume themes available on the market to make your resume stand out. And if we#8217;ve missed one of Essay about Education Should music education out of budget? your favorites, please let us know all about where luther king it in the comments. The Resume theme from Tesla Themes is a super-stylish and very modern CV-style WordPress theme that would be suitable for anyone looking for a unique and edgy online resume. It stands out with its bold, high-contrast typography and creative use of modern JavaScript and HTML5 transitions and theme of the thief effects. If you#8217;ve fallen in love with the full-screen and where his speech one-page layout aesthetic, you#8217;re going to really love this theme.

It is fully responsive through the use of the latest Bootstrap 3.x framework and will look great on both small devices and large monitors. It touts blazingly fast load times and carefully tuned load speed optimization. Looking at the demo, I find I#8217;m somewhat less attracted to the dark textured background rows in the one-page layout, but this is an tolland man, entirely subjective opinion. On the other hand, I love the where his speech, stark typography on a white field that you#8217;ll see in the portfolio and blog section, and the use of tolland man dark thumbnail images to did martin jr gave, create lots of contrast worked exceedingly well in tolland man, this instance. I could envision using this theme for a photographer client or any creative professional with visually appealing portfolio works.

If you#8217;re on the market for a truly modern and unique CV theme, this may be just the theme you#8217;re looking for. The Designer Resume theme from Template Monster is a very attractive one-page-style theme with some unique features that set it apart from the competition. The design is modern and clean. It adheres to the modular row-based layout that#8217;s become popular with most one-page websites over where did martin luther jr gave the last year. The demo has some pretty stark colors, but they can easily be customized to make it a pretty elegant template. One particularly unique feature this theme offers is tolland man a vertical timeline that allows you to plot the major events in where did martin luther, your professional history. Fordist Production? You can use this to draw attention to important educational and employment milestones that make your application more competitive. Additionally, you#8217;ll be able to where king, set up an attractive masonry-style portfolio with AJAX-sorted category tags at the top of the row. The Creative CV WordPress theme is another great option from the tireless team over at Template Monster. Like many others on this list, it#8217;s developed as a one-page theme using a modular row-based layout with strongly contrasting colors to create a high impact design. As with some other themes in this genre from Essay about Music Education music education out of the school budget?, Template Monster, you#8217;ll find visual timelines you can populate with important milestones like education history or work experience.

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Use graphs and charts to highlight your skills and display how much experience your have in did martin luther king, different fields. Tolland Man? The resume section has large text for showing your work experience, along with dates, companies, and job descriptions. Overall, if you#8217;re looking for a modern, and fun resume theme, the Web Design CV is one to king, keep your eye on. The Photographer CV WordPress theme is just that, a template for photographers who want to share their resume online. The responsive and multilingual theme is great for reaching out to during great and ww2, employers, regardless of what language they speak or device they use.

The theme comes with over 60 shortcodes for adding buttons, columns, and did martin king jr gave his speech other items and it has a filterable portfolio for highlighting the best work you#8217;ve done in the past. Photographer CV provides a one-click install, which speeds up the setup process, and it has custom widgets that allow you to add social sharing and comments. The header module has a slider for featuring your images, and you can upload your logo to sit right in tolland man, the middle of your website. This is a one-page WordPress theme, meaning that most of where jr gave his speech your content sits on the homepage and visitors can click on the menu buttons to scroll down to relevant content. History? Display your work experience and use the calendar to showcase the dates of your previous employment. Your education is a huge part of did martin king jr gave his speech any resume so the tolland man, Photographer CV theme offers a section for showing your college and classes you took. Include social media buttons towards the luther king jr gave, bottom of your homepage and use the contact form so potential clients or employers can get in touch with you. If you#8217;re stuck on which resume theme to choose for your website, check out the Photographer CV demo, because it#8217;s worth the price tag. The Online CV WordPress theme is a nice theme with parallax scrolling and a responsive design.

The parallax backgrounds are great for grabbing the attention, and you can change the images in them to make them better reflect your brand. The background video is one of our favorite elements, since you can basically create an area to present yourself to potential employers. Showcase your past projects with ease and consider including a video to explain your creative process. Font icons are included with the Online CV WordPress theme and they make it much easier to improve the Essay Education Should music education out of budget?, visual outlook of where did martin king jr gave his speech your website. Google Fonts also come with the theme which are nice for customizing the typography. The theme also includes auto updates from the Essay about Should music education be cut the school budget?, developer and a sleek contact form, which has all the fields and luther king jr gave his speech tools you need to fordist production, stay in touch with your potential employers. Making a CV or resume is not always the luther king jr gave his speech, easiest part of applying for new jobs but this theme allows you manage multiple versions of your resume. Online chat is also available, just in case someone lands on your site and wants to immediately talk with you.

If you#8217;re not an advanced designer, the shortcodes are going to be your best friend, considering you can add items like buttons and columns, all without having to tolland man, touch a single line of code. A portfolio is also provided with the Online CV theme, which is wonderful for where luther his speech, showing off your visual projects. Testimonials are easy to women's ww2 australia, create with the theme and did martin luther king the blog is a beautiful tool for showing off your industry knowledge and boosting your search engine rankings. If you#8217;re looking for exposure with your online resume, the Online CV WordPress theme is a helpful tool. Check out the Cascade WordPress theme to develop a personal vCard for your own resume. In short, the theme has a rather simple homepage with large blocks to link to sections such as your portfolio, resume, and contact form. It#8217;s all powered by jQuery, so the after, site runs fast, and the elements popup quickly when employers are scrolling through your content.

A Dark and light version of the theme are included and an unlimited number of tabs allow you to add as much content as needed. You can even customize the tab colors and fonts if you#8217;d like. The custom tab backgrounds are interesting, because they allow you to brand your site and where jr gave change images or icons that you feel represent the types of skills that you want to tolland man, highlight on your resume. The page backgrounds are easy to manipulate and Google Maps shortcode ensures that employers know where you are located. Where Luther King His Speech? A portfolio is included with the Cascade WordPress theme, meaning that you can highlight some of production your past projects with ease and explain the roles you took at your past companies. The portfolio area has lightbox images which allow site visitors to see full images instead of just thumbnails. Keep in mind that this is a completely responsive theme, meaning that even visitors on where did martin luther his speech mobile devices can see your content perfectly. All of your contact information sits at the top of the homepage and a download button is provided so employers can print out archimedes or save a file of your vCard and resume.

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The theme also offers the possibility of adding new tabs and sections should you need more than what is provided and shortcodes make it easy to add buttons, toggles, accordions, and more to any of your pages. Use the intuitive theme options panel to change colors, fonts, adjust sidebars, and where king more without touching a single line of code. Along with complete localization, ongoing support, and a gallery layout, the theme, MyResume theme is definitely worth checking out. The Squareroot WordPress theme has an incredible layout for people interested in where did martin luther king his speech, building a beautiful resume without much work involved on archimedes the backend. This is a theme with professionalism built right in, using darker colors, bold fonts, and a beautiful header with support for luther, high-resolution images. The theme is a one-page theme which means all of the focus remains on the content. The theme also includes parallax features for president during great depression and ww2, grabbing the attention of potential employers. The pixel-perfect display is mobile-ready so you resume will look great even on mobile devices.

Not to mention the shortcodes which allow you to add various elements such as buttons and columns without having to know how to code. The translation-ready files allow you to translate your website. The SEO support is rather powerful, but our favorite part is the Visual Composer which is a drag-and-drop page builder and it allows you to create any type of layout even without coding experience. Have your name and title in the header and don#8217;t forget to include a photo of yourself. The resume button also resides on the header, which allows potential employers to easily download your resume. Cover information like your birthday, work history, and king jr gave contact information. Overall, the Squareroot theme is a viable option for anyone interested in a more professional resume or CV. Profession packs quite a punch under the hood, with four different layouts for Music Education music education out of budget?, your resume. You can choose between a horizontal and a vertical layout or a full-screen background one.

Each layout starts off with a large headshot followed by your portfolio. As such, the theme would be perfect for any creative professional. You can also feature your skills with beautifully animated counters and show your education and work experience directly below. A menu pops up once a visitor clicks on the large plus sign in the header, allowing your resume to occupy the did martin king jr gave his speech, majority of the space on the homepage. A blog is also included so you can share your knowledge about your particular field and improve your search engine rank. The theme can be customized on the backend where you can easily change colors, fonts, and more. Tolland Man? Responsive design is crucial for a resume website so employers can take a look at it on phones or tablets without any issues.

On top of that, you can translate your resume in where did martin jr gave his speech, case you are interested in working for an international company or looking for roles, employment outside your country. ShiftCV has an elegant dark background with pops of color that highlight different sections of where did martin luther king your resume. Your headshot and contact information is theme thief clearly visible at luther king his speech, the top and then the homepage leads into your work experience, education, skills, and contact information. A standout feature is the roles ww2 australia, testimonials section which serves as the traditional references section found in paper resumes. Luther King Jr Gave His Speech? There is also a print button and of the thief a download button which makes it possible for HR recruiters to download and print your resume for where did martin, easy access during the hiring process. A blog page is also included and the responsive design ensures your resume displays beautifully on just about Essay about Music music education be cut out of budget? any device. A QR code can be displayed in your contact section while 21 layered PSD files allow for king, more powerful customization if youre experienced developer.

The theme includes localization files so you can easily translate your resume and fordist production offer it in any language you want. Along with ongoing support and extensive documentation, the ShiftCV is a rather powerful theme to consider for your resume. Written exclusively for. Evan Scoboria is the co-founder, and where developer at Shea Media LLC, the tolland man, team behind Nimbus Themes, this magazine, and a bunch of very happy clients. He co-founded Shea Media with his wife Kendall in 2009. Evan enjoys hunting, fishing, code, cycling, and most of all WordPress! This really amazing W.P themes and where luther king thanks to you for sharing this kind information with us. About Should Be Cut Out Of The School Budget?? My most favorite theme RESUME, this theme is perfect for my own website. Where? Resume is roles after a very vivid and impressive theme for creating an where luther king his speech, attractive CV for yourself. Tolland Man? Glad you discovered it. King? Thanks for the suggesting Divergent to our readers!

Suggest the Gridus WordPress theme: Hi Alex,n Thanks for suggesting Gridus to our readers. I really like the fordist, simplistic and did martin jr gave his speech clean look of this theme. as a source for WordPress Themes and Resources. Get Nimbus Themes! Themes as low as $39. Whether you're a designer, small business, non-profit or entrepreneur, our themes are made for you. Join the Nimbus community today and archimedes start crafting the his speech, website of your dreams! Find additional contact options on our contact page.

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disaster case study Disaster Diplomacy Case Studies. in association with. Case Studies Index. Based on did martin luther king his speech Geographical Region or Specific Disaster. Based on Disaster Type or Issue. Aral and Caspian Seas (Environmental Disasters) (suggested by Michael Glantz)

Information on the history and nature of the severe human-induced environmental problems affecting these two inland seas can be found at: Ascher W. and M. Mirovitskaya (eds.). Production! 2000. The Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental Security . Proceedings of NATO Advanced Research Workshop held 15-19 March 1999 in Venice, Italy. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Cullen, R. 1999. The Rise and Fall of the where did martin luther jr gave Caspian Sea. Of The Book! National Geographic May 1999.

Glantz, M. (ed.). 1999. Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in where king jr gave his speech, the Aral Sea Basin . President During Great Depression! Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. Glantz M. and I.S. Zonn (eds.). 1997. Scientific, Environmental and Political Issues in the Circum-Caspian Region . Proceedings of NATO Advanced Research Workshop 950549 held 13-16 May 1996 in Moscow, Russia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Stone, R. 1999.

Coming to Grips With the Aral Sea's Grim Legacy. Science , vol. 284, no. Luther! 5411 (2 April 1999), pp. 30-33. Although the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea are two separate case studies, similarities exist and comparing them would be useful to establish patterns (or lack thereof) in disaster diplomacy for long-term disasters.

Major obstacles to immediate and effective change are the unstable political climate and state rivalries throughout central Asia. Some cooperation amongst the countries affected has been identified, likely because of the impending, detrimental economic and political impacts. Resolution is inhibited by president during great, lack of funding, lack of outside interest, and lack of expertise in dealing with such complex, intertwined environmental and international political problems. Successes, either in small parts or over the entire scope of the environmental disasters, have the did martin luther king his speech potential to yield further cooperation or to provide frameworks usable in the future for tolland man, resolving regional challenges, including enmity. Armenia Earthquake (suggested by Nick Cater) (7 December 1988 earthquake) This earthquake influenced the glasnost and perestroika processes, started in 1986, because: (a) the Soviet Union admitted they could not cope, which set a precedent; (b) the where luther king Soviet Union let outsiders in to assist, which set a precedent; and.

(c) Gorbachev saw the inadequacies of the Soviet system and tolland man, the marked contrast with the luther king jr gave much better abilities of outsiders. Furthermore, few rebuilding promises achieved much. For example, heavy cranes were brought in to rebuild houses, but more than a decade afterwards, the cranes were still there without houses having been rebuilt. As well, the archimedes Red Cross set up a specialised spinal injury institute for the Soviet Union, but when the Soviet Union collapsed, it turned out to be too big and costly for Armenia to operate. Despite continuing tensions regarding the Falklands, Argentina and where did martin jr gave, the Falklands/U.K. collaborate regarding search-and-rescue activities.

For example, from roles after 4-6 November 2004, as part of a series of joint exercises, Argentina and the U.K., with aircraft and vessels from the Falklands, collaborated for search and rescue practice held in the South Atlantic Ocean's international waters. Luther King His Speech! Two Regional Rescue Co-ordination Centres exist in the region--Ushuaia, Argentina and Mount Pleasant--so they need to collaborate for emergencies in the area. On 30 January 2004, the Falklands government gave permission for an Argentine Air Ambulance to land in order to archimedes, evacuate a sick crew member from did martin his speech a fishing boat. Of The Thief! Permission was given on humanitarian grounds in that the insurers preferred the cheaper Argentine aircraft over the usual Chilean medevac company. The sick crew member was flown directly to Buenos Aires. Bangladesh Regional Flood Warning System (suggested by his speech, John Twigg)

Ahmad, Q.K. and A.U. Ahmed. 2003. Regional Cooperation in Flood Management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Region: Bangladesh Perspective. Natural Hazards , vol. 28, no. Book! 1, pp. 181198. Workshop on Regional Cooperation on luther king Flood Warning, May 4-6, 1995, Dhaka, text from workshop and outcomes (1,084 kb in PDF).

Bolivia Floods 2007 (suggested by Ben Wisner) (February-March 2007 floods) Download a compilation of media reports (37 kb in PDF) on the flood's political implications from Ben Wisner. Commentary by archimedes history, Gregory Berger (12 March 2007): I wish to point out luther two other interesting dynamics of Evo's disaster diplomacy: 1. There is strong regional division in Bolivia that has become more strained since Evo took office--although it is arguably not his fault, but that of the president during great oligarchy that has launched a vigorous and racist anti-Evo campaign.

Trinidad is part of Beni Department, which, along with Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Pando comprise the Amazon basin Departments of Bolivia. The other Departments are mostly Andean and are comprised of a Quechua and Aymara indigenous majority, and are the where did martin luther his speech base of Education music education out of the school budget?, Evo's support. The flooded lowland areas (including Trinidad) are where most of where luther, Bolivia's untapped gas reserves are located and are also home to much of the idle land that Evo is planning to partially redistribute to landless Quechuas and Aymaras. Thus, the local lowland elite have been convincing the roles local non-indigenous campesino class (as well as the Guarai indigenous population who are non-Andean) that Evo will be stealing their gas and luther, sending hordes of Andean Indians to steal their land. The floods have given Evo a chance to play the hero and undermine his enemy's propaganda.

2. There has been some controversy over the category of emergency that the flood in Trinidad has been classified. Due to a legal technicality in the constitution, if the Federal government calls it a natural disaster it will set back by a couple of years Evo's land reform program by temporarily suspending the president during ability for transfer of land title. So it has been called a natural emergency and did martin jr gave his speech, Evo's enemies have been quick to accuse him of playing politics with disaster response. Evo's critics, even on the left, contend that he is constructing a spoils system for the constituency of his political party at great, the expense of other marginalized segments of the population. This current flood situation may make or break Evo's ability or perceived ability to construct a revolutionary movement that truly beneifts everyone. Some sources on king the cross-border management of the 1997 Red River floods are: Wachtendorf, T. 1999. A River Runs Through It: Cross Border Interaction During the 1997 Red River Flood . Thesis #11 (Master of Arts in Sociology), Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (4,085 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf. Wachtendorf, T. 1999. Cross-border Issues in Disaster Response . Preliminary Paper #278, Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (1,074 kb in tolland man, PDF) posted here with the luther jr gave his speech kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf.

Wachtendorf, T. 2000. Interaction Between Canadian and American Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations During the Red River Flood of 1997 . Historical Comparative Series #12, Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (4,511 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf. Wachtendorf, T. 2000. When disasters defy borders: What we can learn from the Red River flood about transnational disasters. Australian Journal of Emergency Management , vol. 15, issue 3, pp.

36-41. Caribbean Disaster Risk Reduction. The Caribbean Region has complex political geography. The complexity arises from the four main languages, the differences in territorial status amongst the European overseas territories, and the loose correlation between geographical position and political/linguistic affiliation. Olson, R.S. and J.P.S.

Prieto. 1995. Guns, Drugs, and Disaster: Cauca/Huila, Colombia, 1994. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 147-160. UNDP. 2004. Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development . Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), New York, New York, USA.

From page 73: In Colombia, violently opposed local communities in the Department of Meta have worked together to mitigate the impact of floods as a means not only of protecting livelihoods, but also of building trust and reconciliation. Referenced to UNDP, Cooperation Framework with UNDP Colombia, 2003. Goma Volcano in 2002 (suggested by Ben Wisner) (eruptions started 17 January 2002) Ben Wisner has written a piece for Essay about Music Should music education be cut the school budget?, Radix entitled Goma, Congo: City Air Makes Men Free? (57 kb in RTF). This discussion on Goma following the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in January 2002 examines disaster diplomacy beyond the initial, narrow question by querying the wider interactions amongst disaster events and international politics related to forced migrants. The questions raised indicate how vulnerabilities must be viewed as dynamic, interactive processes which influence each other and thus cannot be viewed or managed in isolation.

Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD) is the rebel movement which controlled the Goma area during the eruptions of Mount Nyiragongo. On 29 January 2002. Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported that South Africa was sending aid to did martin luther jr gave his speech, Goma via Kigali. President During! On the same day, UN OCHA Sitrep no. 11, 29 January 2002 reported that Kinshasa had sent aid to the Goma area via the UN even though RCD was refusing to accept aid directly from Kinshasa. RCD has suspended border fees for humanitarian organisations until the end of February. On 1 February 2002, the Organization for African Unity (OAU) (now the African Union (AU)) provided US$100,000 for aid. Did Martin Luther King His Speech! Did any of that money come from states involved in the conflict?

As of 3 February 2002. it appears as if the countries involved in the conflict are assisting with relief operations through international organisations, but dealing with the disaster as effectively as possible appears to be hampered by the unwillingness of parties to work together. Whether or not the humanitarian imperative does forge linkages which later prove useful in solving the situation, i.e. disaster diplomacy, remains to be seen. Further analysis is fordist production, required, particularly to determine whether or not providing aid or access for aid is being used in an attempt to further political aims in addition to, or instead of, assisting the luther jr gave affected population. One clear conclusion, as with the women's ww2 australia other case studies, is luther king his speech, that the disaster itself has not immediately created diplomacy for conflict resolution--but it may yet provide an input for the long-term. On 6 February 2002.

Reliefweb reported that the theme thief anti-rebel Mai-Mai militia approached the UN offering a ceasefire and requesting to join the DRC peace process. The reason for their sudden interest in peace was not given, but may be a result of regional politics. Illustrating whether or not the volcanic eruption made any direct or indirect difference, or was irrelevant to their decision, would be a useful analysis. 8 February 2002. Where Did Martin Luther His Speech! Nick Cater writes for Alertnet Congo volcano casts a shadow over relief discussing aspects of the international interest in this disaster: While one volcano will not inspire the comprehensive political and developmental effort that the region desperately needs, any attention to central Africa and its challenges is welcome. 15 February 2002. Ben Wisner writes for Alertnet Eruption raises practical and archimedes, philosophical issues with similar comments to his piece on this site (see the introduction to this case study above). February to April 2002. The peace process known as the Inter-Congolese Dialogue started in Sun City, South Africa on 26 February 2002. The Mai-Mai, who offered peace on 6 February 2002 (see above), were part of the process.

The talks were soon hit by stalling tactics and walk-outs. They faltered against a backdrop of sporadic fighting in DRC. The negotiations then resumed and were extended beyond their original end date of 11 April 2002. The DRC government signed a peace deal with some rebel groups, but not with RCD-Goma who then formed an alliance with civil opposition groups. By the end of April 2002, Mount Nyiragongo had quietened down and was no longer reported as being of concern regarding the conflict. Subsequent events have not displayed any obvious disaster diplomacy connections. Why did disaster diplomacy apparently not work in the long-term for the Goma volcano? (22 October to 5 November 1998)

Hurricane Mitch led to devastating floods and landslides across several countries in Central America. The situation following Hurricane Mitch created an opportunity for disaster diplomacy to did martin luther king, develop and warrants further investigation. As well, as part of and ww2, Discrimination in International Disaster Aid (suggested by George Kent), Manuel Arguello Rodriguez pointed out that, rather the hurricane solving discrimination problems, statements were made that 'campesinos', 'indigenas' and 'negros' in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and jr gave his speech, Honduras were marginalised during the relief and reconstruction processes. India and theme of the, the 1966 to 1967 Bihar Famine (suggested by Thomas Myhrvold-Hanssen) Thomas Myhrvold-Hanssen has written a piece entitled Democracy, News Media, and luther, Famine Prevention: Amartya Sen and Essay Education music out of, The Bihar Famine of where did martin luther jr gave his speech, 1966-67 (83 kb in RTF).

This discussion explores the relationship between democracy and famine through a critique of Amartya Sen's suggestion that democracy is the best way of preventing famine. The Bihar famine in India from 1966 to 1967 is used as the main case study, but the famine in Sudan from roles 1986 to 1989 is did martin luther jr gave his speech, also examined. This paper provides insights into the relationship between government--particularly democracies--and disaster and indicates possibilities for theme of the book thief, the interaction not necessarily achieving what we would expect or hope. Other potential examples of a famine occurring in a democracy are: The USA dust bowl of the 1930s. Was it a famine? Ireland in the 1840s. Ireland was part of the U.K. which was a democracy, at least comparatively for that era, although perhaps Ireland at that time should be considered a colony rather than part of the democratic state. See also Rubin, O. Where Did Martin Jr Gave! 2009.

The Merits of Democracy in Famine Protection - Fact or Fallacy? European Journal of Development Research , vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 699-717. By George Kent (28 July 2003): Another study on Sen's theory, centered not on the democracy idea but on the entitlements idea is: Lin, J.Y. and D.T. Yang. 2000.

Food Availability, Entitlements and the Chinese Famine of 1959-61. History! Economic Journal , vol. 110, no. 460 (January), pp. 136-158. I'm not sure Sen said democracy is the BEST way of preventing famine, but he did say it helps, especially where there is a vigorous free press. Where Jr Gave! The argument below is drawn from Chapter 8 of my forthcoming book The Human Right to Adequate Food . Sen observed there are far fewer famines in of the book, democracies: &nnbsp; nbsp;. the luther jr gave working of production, democracy and of political rights can even help to prevent famines and where did martin luther his speech, other economic disasters. Authoritarian rulers, who are themselves rarely affected by famines (or other such economic calamities), tend to lack the incentive to take timely preventive measures. Democratic governments, in contrast, have to win elections and face public criticism, and tolland man, have strong incentives to where jr gave, undertake measures to avert famines and other such catastrophes. It is not surprising that no famine has ever taken place in the history of the about Should music be cut world in a functioning democracy--be it economically rich (as in contemporary Western Europe or North America) or relatively poor (as in where did martin luther king, postindependence India, or Botswana, or Zimbabwe). . no substantial famine has ever occurred in tolland man, a democratic country--no matter how poor.

This is because famines are extremely easy to prevent if the where did martin luther king jr gave government tries to prevent them, and a government in a multiparty democracy with elections and free media has strong political incentives to undertake famine prevention. nbsp; In democracies, the people hold the government accountable, not only through the press but also through their voting powers and, more generally, through their sustained and vigorous participation in public life. The observation apparently correlates with the democratic peace hypothesis, that democracies do not make war on one another, and are much less violent internally than undemocratic nations. While Sen may be correct about democracies having few famines, the argument does not work so well in Essay out of the school, relation to did martin luther king his speech, chronic malnutrition, or as Sen's colleague Hussain calls it, endemic malnutrition: . even an active press, as in India, can be less than effective in president, moving governments to act decisively against endemic undernutrition and deprivation--as opposed to did martin luther king jr gave, dramatically visible famines. The quiet persistence of 'regular hunger' kills millions in a slow and non-dramatic way, and this phenomenon has not been much affected, it appears, by media critiques. President During! There is need for an analysis here of what explains the difference. Many factors account for where did martin luther, the tendency of the media to emphasize episodic famines rather than chronic malnutrition, including, for example, their tendency to emphasize sudden-onset events over continuing phenomena. However, the major factor undoubtedly is theme, that democracies are not as democratic as we sometimes assume.

Sen has come to acknowledge that there is chronic malnutrition in democracies, but it seems he does not associate that with any possible defects in the qualities of their democracy. Societies can be democratic but at the same time highly unequal. Democratic governments are responsive to where luther king jr gave his speech, their people, but they are most responsive to the most powerful of them. Music Education Music Budget?! These are the constituencies that keep their leaders in power. This pattern is clearly visible in major democracies such as the United States and India. Thus, while Sen is correct in observing that acute famines are virtually nonexistent in democracies, he overlooks the fact that they continue to did martin luther king jr gave his speech, have extensive chronic malnutrition among their poor. Democratic states may tend to be more equitable in the sense of having less extreme divisions between top and bottom, but all states have substantial inequalities in fact. Dreze and Sen speak of the importance of public accountability in Should education out of budget?, making it hard for a government to where did martin luther king, allow a famine to develop.

The unfortunate fact is that in all societies, including democracies, governments tend to be more accountable--more responsive--to those who are more powerful. Those who are politically weak tend to Essay about Music Should music education out of, be ignored, except when those who are relatively powerful speak out in luther jr gave his speech, their behalf. Democracies such as the United States and India do not have famines, but they do have widespread chronic undernutrition. We can explain this, and still save Sens concept, by acknowledging that these democracies-as-lived are imperfect. They are not fully egalitarian, but are more responsive to those of their people who are richer and more powerful. There is government accountability to the people, but not uniformly. President! Democracies have the same flaw as other political systems: they tend to be more responsive to those who are powerful than to those who are needy. We see this in their economic systems, their social systems, their educational systemsindeed, in every quarter of society.

Even programs designed for the poor tend to favor the where luther jr gave his speech more capable among the poor. Book! This pattern of where did martin king his speech, democracy-as-lived may be described as elite democracy, to distinguish it from truly egalitarian ideal democracy. Thus we come to an explanation for chronic malnutrition. We can understand the persistent and widespread chronic malnutrition in tolland man, the world, within countries and internationally, as a concrete manifestation of the persistent and widespread disparities in power in the world. Weaker people have weaker entitlements, and where did martin jr gave his speech, thus will always have a disproportionately small share of the earths abundant produce. Some individuals will enjoy meals costing hundreds of dollars, and thus command the labor of many others, and at the same time other individuals will squat before nearly empty rice bowls.

National governments are not very responsive to the weaker segments of their populations. President During Great! In much the same way, the king jr gave his speech international community is skewed against of the book thief, the weaker nations of the world. Explicitly stated human rights, affirmed in the law, accompanied by distinct mechanisms of king jr gave, implementation and of accountability, contribute to counterbalancing this bias in social systems. Thus, a well-developed human rights system is during depression, not an add-on luxury; it is an integral part of any social system that aspires to be truly egalitarian. It is essential to good governance. 1997-1999 Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1,084 kb in PDF) summarised Israeli humanitarian relief operations including work in where, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Jordan, and Russia.

On 15 November 1999, The Christian Science Monitor publishes an article by Ilene R. Prusher on tolland man the quiet diplomacy consequences of Israeli search-and-rescue teams conducting emergency response operations around the world. 27 March 2007. A sewage flood inundates parts of Gaza City, killing several people. The Israeli army offers to where king jr gave, help for search and rescue. Suggestions are made that, after Hamas won the roles after January 2006 elections in Palestine and international aid funding was reduced, this sewage project--and other development projects--were neglected, leading to disaster risk reduction concerns which manifested in this disaster. BBC Reports. May 2010 to October 2011 Israel and Turkey have traditionally been on where his speech friendly terms. On 31 May 2010 in international waters, Israel soldiers boarded a Turkey-linked ship aiming to women's, break Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip. In the resulting fight, several soldiers were wounded and the nine people, all with links to Turkey, on board the ship were killed.

The diplomatic fallout caused severe problems for where did martin luther jr gave his speech, Israel-Turkey relations. In November-December 2010, wildfires killed over 40 people in northern Israel. Turkey sent assistance, but relations did not improve. Music Education Education The School Budget?! On 23 October 2011, hundreds died in an earthquake in where jr gave, Eastern Turkey. Turkey initially declined offers of archimedes history, international assistance and then relented, including accepting assistance from Israel on 25 October 2011. No change in Israel-Turkey relations was noticed as a result of either the fires in Israel or the earthquake in Turkey.

Bar-Dayan, Y., P. Beard, D. Did Martin Luther Jr Gave His Speech! Mankuta, A. Finestone, Y. Wolf, C. Of The Thief! Gruzman, Y. Levy, P. Benedek, M. Van Rooyen, and G. Martonovits. 2000. An Earthquake Disaster in Turkey: An Overview of the Experience of the Israeli Defence Forces Field Hospital in Adapazari. Luther King Jr Gave His Speech! Disasters , vol. 24, no. 3, pp. Production! 262-270. Beck, A.A.

2015. Building bridges: The role of disaster diplomacy. Crisis Response Journal , vol. 11, no. Where King His Speech! 2, pp. 42-43. Karp, E., G. Sebbag, J. During And Ww2! Peiser, O. Dukhno, A. Ovnat, I. Levy, E. Hyam, A. Blumenfeld, Y. Kluger, D. Simon, and G. Shaked. 2007. Mass casualty incident after the luther king his speech Taba terrorist attack: an organisational and medical challenge. Disasters , vol.

31, no. 1, pp. 104-112. Schalimtzek, A. and I. Fischhendler. Dividing the cost burden of environmental services: the Israeli-Palestinian wastewater regime. Environmental Politics , vol. 18, no. 4, 612-632. Mekong River (suggested by archimedes, Bastien Affeltranger) Bastien Affeltranger has summarised his work on Floodproof diplomacy?

Data Exchange and Flood Forecasting on the Mekong (112 kb in PDF). This work examines hydrological cooperation on the Mekong River basin, focusing on the production and where did martin his speech, circulation of hydrological and meteorological data for flood forecasting purposes. Data exchange is president depression, considered as a critical component of sound water-related decisions and sustainability of the Mekong River Commission as a basin institution. The research aims to identify the technical and political conditions and constraints to luther king his speech, circulating hydrological data in about Education Should music out of, particular. A key consideration is jr gave, that lack of data weakens the institutional capacity (technically and politically) of environmental regimes such as basin organisations.

Research results are also expected to women's after ww2 australia, devise incentives likely to foster data exchange at luther, both national and international levels. Greater Mekong Subregion Academic and Research Network (GMSARN) The text is from the fordist production GMSARN website (10 December 2011). Mekong River Commission (MRC) The text is from the where luther jr gave MRC website (10 December 2011). By Ben Wisner (7 April 2004): Recent flash flooding in Rio Pedras, Mexico, across the border from Eagle Pass, Texas might be an instance of disaster diplomacy. Within 15 minutes, a tributary of the Rio Grande rose 8 meters. At least 37 people died, many of archimedes, them elderly. U.S. Border Patrol helicopters were used for search and did martin his speech, rescue.

I'm not sure if this was an ad hoc arrangement that was made with impressive speed, cutting through red tape, or whether, as in other, larger border towns, there are some standing arrangements. It's a small example, and also somewhat bittersweet given the number of illegals who die each year trying to cross the border to find work in the U.S. (probably at fordist, least 200-300 each year). On 24 April 2007, tornadoes killed seven people in where did martin, Rosita Valley, Texas on the Mexican border. The clean-up was significantly helped by the neighbouring town of Piedras Negras in Mexico which provided several trucks along with personnel, even though Piedras Negras was also hit by the tornadoes and suffered three fatalities. Aside from the cross-border disaster, the fordist disaster diplomacy dimension is poignant because this border area is watching the American federal government build a wall along the frontier in order to keep out did martin luther king jr gave his speech immigrants, despite the locals' unhappiness with this policy and the strong cultural connections between both sides of the border. The Mexican willingness to help their American neighbours, as after Hurricane Katrina, does not appear to have affected, or have been affected by, the tolland man policy of the wall. Where King Jr Gave His Speech! Similarly, the policy of the wall is proceeding despite these examples of post-disaster cross-border assistance. On 23 July 2008, Category 2 Hurricane Dolly made landfall in president great depression, Texas near the Mexican border. Severe flooding resulted across the region and one person was electrocuted in the border town of Matamoros, Mexico after stepping on did martin luther jr gave a submerged power line while wading through flood waster. Women's After Ww2 Australia! Including some questions from Ben Wisner, this case study would be an excellent opportunity not only to where his speech, examine differences in all disaster-related activities across a border, but also the extent (or lack thereof) of cooperation across a border which one state, the USA, is trying to seal even further. Did authorities on each side of the border communicate regarding the Essay about Education music education be cut out of the school budget? hurricane?

Were any long-term hurricane disaster risk reduction activities going on? With the numerous personal and family links across the USA-Mexico border in this region, what role did informal networks play? Did response authorities on one side of the where did martin border assist on the other side? How has recent USA immigration policy influenced these ties or the locals' willingness and ability to theme of the thief, assist each other? Did border control efforts inhibit disaster risk reduction or disaster response in any way?

Given the overwhelming response to luther king jr gave, supporting research after Hurricane Katrina, it is a shame that similar attention is not accorded to this situation which would provide significant insights into cross-border disaster risk reduction and disaster diplomacy at multiple levels. On 20 April 2010, a BP drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico exploded leading to one of the depression and ww2 worst unintentional oil spills in history, up to where luther jr gave his speech, that time. The U.S.A.'s efforts to contain the spill and to tolland man, repair the damage took several months, with Mexico amongst the countries offering assistance. Then, on 30 June 2010, Hurricane Alex, which had interfered with the clean-up efforts, made its second landfall just south of the where his speech Mexico-U.S.A. border as a category 2 storm. Some border towns experienced major flooding. Clifford, R.A. 1956. The Rio Grande flood; a comparative study of border communities in disaster . Tolland Man! Publication No. 458, National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Norman, L.M., H. Where Did Martin King! Huth, L. Levick, I.S. Burns, D.P. Guertin, F. Lara-Valencia and D. Semmens. Tolland Man! 2010. Flood hazard awareness and hydrologic modelling at Ambos Nogales, United States-Mexico border. Journal of Flood Risk Management , vol.

3, no. 2, pp. 151-165. Olson, R.S. and V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Disasters as Critical Junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and Mexico City 1985. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and where did martin jr gave his speech, Disasters , vol. About Music Music Education The School Budget?! 21, no. 1, pp.

5-35. Middle East Seismicity. Middle East Regional Cooperation (MERC) The text is from MERC (10 January 2002): Earthquake Hazard Assessments for Building Codes.

The overall aim and specific objective is to produce maps and charts that will provide the jr gave his speech necessary seismological data for the implementation of building codes and regulations in Jordan, Israel, and the Palestinian National Authority. In order to achieve this overall aim we shall conduct studies and surveys to during great depression and ww2, obtain: 1. Where Did Martin Luther His Speech! A unified catalogue of earthquakes. 2. Update regionalisation of seismogenic zones and assessment of their seismic capabilities. 3. Of The Book! Scaling laws of dynamic source parameters of where did martin, local and regional earthquakes and attenuation of seismic energy across the region. 4. Implement state of the art procedures for about Music Should out of the school budget?, earthquake hazard assessments and his speech, testing new approaches (e.g. a modification of the fordist production SEEH (SvE) method). 5. Where Luther King His Speech! Seismo-engineering characterisation of buildings common in the region. Middle East Seismological Forum (MESF) The text is from MESF (4 December 2011): MESF is depression, a Non-Profit Scientific Cyber Forum that provides a One-Stop Web Source for authoritative earthquake information on king jr gave his speech the Middle Eastern Regions seismicity, seismologists and ongoing scientific activities for a better interaction and theme of the book, integration with the international seismological communities. Segalla, S.D.

2012. The 1959 Moroccan oil poisoning and US Cold War disaster diplomacy. The Journal of North African Studies , vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 315-336. Segalla, S.D. 2016. Natural Disaster, Globalization, and Decolonization: the Case of the 1960 Agadir Earthquake.

Chapter 4, pp. 101-127 in where did martin, P. Lorcin and T. Shepard (eds.), French Mediterraneans: Transnational and thief, Imperial Histories , University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. Bommer, J. 1985. The politics of disaster - Nicaragua. Disasters , vol. Where Did Martin Luther! 9, no.

4, pp. 270-278. de Boer, J.Z. and archimedes history, D.T. Sanders. Where Did Martin King His Speech! 2005. The 1972 Managua Earthquake: Catalyst for Revolution. Chapter 10, pp. 221-241 in J.Z. de Boer and D.T. Sanders, Earthquakes in Human History: The Far-Reaching Effects of Seismic Disruptions , Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Olson, R.S. and production, V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Did Martin Luther King His Speech! Disasters as Critical Junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and archimedes history, Mexico City 1985. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. Where Did Martin Luther! 5-35. Southeast Asia Regional Haze. Brauer, M. and J. Book! Hisham-Hashim.

1998. Fires in where did martin luther king, Indonesia: Crisis and reaction. Archimedes! Environmental Science and Technology , vol. 32, no. 17, pp. 404A-407A. Islam, Md S., Y.H. Pei, and S. Mangharam. 2016. Trans-Boundary Haze Pollution in where did martin, Southeast Asia: Sustainability through Plural Environmental Governance.

Sustainability , vol. 8, no. 499, pp. 1-13. Zhang, R., G. Li, J. Fan, D.L. Wu, and M.J. Molina. 2007. Intensification of Pacific storm track linked to Asian pollution. About Education Should Music Be Cut The School! Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , vol. 104, no.

13, pp. 5295-5299. 10 June 2002. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) signs a pact to jointly combat regional transborder haze. The ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (272 kb in PDF) was accompanied by the following Press Release: ASEAN Signs Agreement to Tackle Haze. Southern Africa and king jr gave his speech, the 2002 to 2003 famine. 31 May 2002. Zimbabwe rejects American GMO food aid.

BBC Coverage. 17 August 2002. Tolland Man! Zambia rejects American GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 21 August 2002. Head of USAID accuses Mugabe of causing famine. BBC Coverage. 23 August 2002. Where Did Martin King! WFP wants countries to accept GMO food aid. BBC Coverage.

3 September 2002. Zambia calls GMO food aid poison. BBC Coverage. 6 September 2002. Deal reached for Zimbabwe accepting GMO food aid. Of The Book! BBC Coverage. 8 September 2002. Claims that Zambia will permit GMO food aid to be used to feed Angolan and DRC refugees. BBC Coverage.

11 September 2002. Zambia denies claims that GMO food aid will be allowed for did martin luther king jr gave, refugees. BBC Coverage. 29 October 2002. Zambia again rejects GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 31 October 2002. Women's! USA criticises Zambia over GMO food aid stance. BBC Coverage.

6 November 2002. Zambia asks why aid workers distributed GMO food aid in where did martin king jr gave his speech, refugee camps. BBC Coverage. The refusal in August 2002 of tolland man, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique to accept food aid which contains or might contain genetically modified items raises poignant disaster and development questions. Is it a case of exacerbating the short-term/acute disaster of famine in where did martin jr gave his speech, order to president depression, avert the where did martin king jr gave his speech long-term/chronic disaster of GM crops contaminating local crops? Is it a radical solution to counter issues of poor environmental manipulation, misapplied technocratic solutions, and Monsanto globalisation, despite the short-term sacrifice required in starvation? Or is women's roles after, it yet another example of an excuse to play politics with food, food as a political weapon, and disaster undiplomacy? From the where did martin luther king his speech disaster diplomacy perspective, this disaster does not seem to have affected Mugabe's games. Ww2 Australia! Useful insights might be gleaned from an analysis of the where did martin jr gave current situation and comparison with Ailsa Holloway's analysis of drought diplomacy in southern Africa. Are there also comparisons with regional water management, including the Mozambique floods, over the past few years and decades?

Back to book, the current famine, to where did martin luther king his speech, what extent is the tolland man conflict over GM aid dominated by donor countries' views that any aid is acceptable? USAID's Andrew Natsios seems to take the did martin luther stance that Africa should accept all proffered aid, irrespective of other criteria. Women's After! In interviews, he implied that no right to refuse aid exists and it is typical arrogance to assume that what is good for the USA is good for everyone else in the world. I believe that the disaster management community has gone beyond this attitude. Aid and assistance must be socially and culturally acceptable and must be sensitive to the needs of the king jr gave his speech beneficiary. During the production Mt. Pinatubo crisis in where did martin, 1991, the indigenous Aeta refused Western food and medicine because it was unfamiliar. Many died in camps. Would we insist that meat products be accepted by forced migrants whose religion bans followers from eating them? Or do we still think that we can dump anything on these poor, suffering people and that they should all be eternally grateful for our benevolent generosity?

Perhaps the USA is playing politics with food? Would it be feasible that Monsanto has some influence in the White House? Zambia's response seems reasonable and straightforward: please give us money to buy the ordinary food that people in Zambia eat, or buy it for us on our behalf. Why is USAID not doing so?  nbsp; I am also disappointed by great, some of the reporting on this issue, such as claiming that southern Africa is facing severe food shortages caused by erratic rains and floods. Statements that political influences also helped to cause the disaster are far more appropriate. We must never forget the vulnerability contribution to jr gave, disaster.

By George Kent (19 August 2002): Ilan raises some very important issues here about the use of women's roles ww2 australia, genetically modified foods in humanitarian assistance. There is fault to be found on did martin luther king his speech the part of both the donor government (USA) and the receiving governments (Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Theme Thief! Both appear to be engaged in GMO politics while people go hungry. Since the debate over genetically modified foods is still raging, I think the operative principle ought to be informed choice on where luther the part of the final consumer. That is, the people who are the end users should be free to decide, but on Essay the school the basis of the best available information. Of course they also should have meaningful choices: the choice should not be between GMO food or nothing, but between GMO foods and non-GMO foods. It is true that there is an obligation to where luther jr gave his speech, take account of the preferences and cultural norms of the recipients.

This is clearly indicated in: United Nations Economic and Social Council, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Substantive Issues Arising in the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: General Comment 12 (Twentieth Session, 1999) The Right to Adequate Food (art. 11) , (Geneva: ECOSOC E/C.12/1999/5). Paragraph 11 speaks of the tolland man need to consider acceptability: Cultural or consumer acceptability implies the need also to take into account, as far as possible, perceived non nutrient-based values attached to food and food consumption and informed consumer concerns regarding the nature of accessible food supplies. However, we must also acknowledge that no single country is obligated to provide any international humanitarian assistance of any kind. The USA could reasonably say we have genetically modified foods to offer, and if you think the needy should have something else, go ahead and give it. There is currently no right, no entitlement of the needy to international humanitarian assistance. The Geneva Conventions do say that food should not be used for political purposes, but nothing says that any specific country must provide food. In an article on did martin jr gave his speech The human right to disaster mitigation and tolland man, relief (2001, Environmental Hazards , vol. 3, pp.

137-138), I argue that we should come to recognise that under some conditions the needy have a right to humanitarian assistance. There have been many examples of questionable foods being provided in international assistance. For example, when wheat is where king jr gave his speech, supplied to theme of the thief, rice-consuming peoples, there is the suspicion that part of the donor's purpose is to where did martin king jr gave his speech, convert the women's after recipients into bread eaters. Receiving countries generally would prefer to have cash assistance, but they are likely to get more food overall if they accept whatever the donors are interested in pressing on them. I think disaster specialists should focus on the broader question of when and how the needy should be viewed as having a right to assistance, and leave the where his speech specific debate over genetically modified foods to tolland man, be resolved by others. Sri Lanka Floods. In May 2003, Sri Lanka was hit by where did martin jr gave his speech, devastating floods, reported as being the worst in 50 years. Several hundred people died and more than 150,000 people were displaced. Despite recent tensions between the Tamil Tigers and the government of Sri Lanka over peace negotiations, the Tigers donated relief supplies. BBC Coverage.

The news story suggests that the significance of the gesture is history, far more important the impact of the actual donation--a classic case of luther king jr gave, disaster diplomacy. Sri Lanka presumably experienced disasters previously during the conflict. Did the Tigers assist in Essay about Education out of budget?, any way during such events or did they use disasters to king jr gave his speech, their advantage? If the during great depression and ww2 May 2003 floods are the first case of the Tigers actively assisting Sinhalese areas during a disaster, then further support is provided for the view that disaster can assist but not start diplomatic processes. Where Did Martin King! Otherwise, Sri Lanka might be a good disaster diplomacy case study. Irrespective, the provision of Essay Education music education be cut out of, aid is significant and is hopefully appreciated. The challenge is to use the gesture to move forward on the peace process rather than other cases where such acts have been quickly forgotten or overridden by other issues and events. By Rob Taylor (23 March 2008) posted on Alertnet: Heavy rains in Sri Lanka have killed eight people and affected more than 340,000 others while restricting military gains over where luther his speech, rebels in the country's worsening civil war, the military said on Sunday. Unusually heavy torrential rains have caused widespread flooding and landslides in Essay about Education Should education be cut out of the school budget?, eastern agricultural and rice-growing areas, as well as in the north where the military has launched a fresh offensive against Tamil Tiger rebels. Military spokesman Brigadier Udaya Nanyakkara said the did martin luther king his speech offensive against the Tigers was continuing, but flooding had caused supply bottlenecks.

Autesserre, Severine. Fordist Production! 2002. United States 'Humanitarian Diplomacy' in South Sudan. Did Martin His Speech! Journal of Humanitarian Assistance , March 2002, full text posted here with permission. Holcombe, A. 1987.

Reaching beyond famine relief: Planning a strategy for rehabilitation and development in Darfur Region, western Sudan. GeoJournal , vol. 14, no. 1, pp. Roles! 11-18. Myhrvold-Hanssen, T. discusses the king his speech 1986-1989 famine in Sudan and its relationship to democratic government in his paper posted at the case study of India and the 1966 to 1967 Bihar Famine. In December 1999, especially on Education Should music education budget? 16 December, Vargas near Caracas experienced intense rainfall and devastating mudslides, killing approximately 30,000 people. Fassin, D. and P. Vasquez. 2005. Humanitarian exception as the rule: The political theology of the where did martin luther king jr gave 1999 Tragedia in Venezuela.

American Ethnologist , vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 389-405. Along with more than $7 million in archimedes history, donations collected during the first five days of the disaster--which, according to where did martin luther king jr gave his speech, the local press, bore witness to the Venezuelan people's generosity--international contributions were seen as so many 'gestures of president during great, friendship' ( El Nacional 1999). The governments of the United States and France were the first to provide aid, followed by the UN Development Programme, the Inter-American Development Bank, and nongovernmental organizations, led by Caritas.

This demonstration of where luther jr gave, international solidarity with the victims was hardly dented by Chavez's highly symbolic decision to deny U.S. ships berthing rights in Venezuelan waters, in the name of national sovereignty. (p. 397). El Nacional . 1999. Solidaridad total. El Nacional , December 21. Section: Editorial, Primera pagina.

In September 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the USA. Venezuela offered aid which did not garner an official reaction from the USA. Disaster Casualty Identification. Karp, E., G. Sebbag, J. Peiser, O. Tolland Man! Dukhno, A. Ovnat, I. Levy, E. Hyam, A. Blumenfeld, Y. Kluger, D. Where Luther King His Speech! Simon, and G. Shaked. 2007.

Mass casualty incident after the Taba terrorist attack: an organisational and medical challenge. Disasters , vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 104-112. McEntire, D., A.A. Sadiq, and K. Gupta. Tolland Man! 2012. Unidentified Bodies and Mass-Fatality Management in Haiti: A Case Study of the January 2010 Earthquake with a Cross-Cultural Comparison.

International Journal of Mass Emergencies and where did martin luther king, Disasters , vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 301-327. Merli, C. and tolland man, T. Where Did Martin King Jr Gave! Buck. 2015. Forensic identification and identity politics in 2004 post-tsunami Thailand: Negotiating dissolving boundaries. Human Remains and Violence , vol. 1, no. 1, pp.

3-22. Scanlon, J. 2006. Dealing with the Tsunami Dead: Unprecedented International Co-operation. Tolland Man! Australian Journal of luther king jr gave his speech, Emergency Management , vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 57-61. Solheim, T. and A. van den Bos. 1982.

International Disaster Identification Report. Investigative and Dental Aspects. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology , vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63-67. van den Bos A. 1980.

Mass identification: A multidisciplinary operation. The Dutch experience. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology , vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 265-270. van den Bos, A. 1981. International Cooperation in production, Disaster Victim Identification. Journal of the Forensic Science Society , vol. Where Luther Jr Gave His Speech! 21, no.

2, pp. 88 (abstract only). Discrimination in Disaster Aid (suggested by George Kent) Could potential disaster diplomacy outcomes, and women's after ww2 australia, their ultimate success or failure, be influenced by the culture, race, ethnicity, or religion of the parties (e.g. countries or political groups) involved? Would successful disaster diplomacy be more likely when the parties are from similar groups, due to empathy? Or could larger differences suggest a more powerful impetus towards overcoming enmity in order to demonstrate a humanitarian imperative in the face of where did martin king his speech, disparity?

One aspect of this issue which could be explored are case studies where racism, sexism, and other biases were evident in the disaster assistance proffered to survivors. India. Following the fordist 26 January 2001 earthquake as part of the India/Pakistan case study, allegations were made that aid was withheld from lower castes at the local level because of the view that those people did not deserve to receive any help. Indian Ocean Tsunami 26 December 2004. In Sri Lanka and Aceh, the warring groups accused each other of inhibiting aid operations. Were any differences observed in the amount or type of aid received by countries, due to criteria other than need? If not, what went right? Kosovo. His Speech! In 1999, Kosovar refugees were treated far better than refugees in Africa were being treated in issues such as food, medical care, and shelter. U.S.A. Essay Music Music Out Of The School! In 2005, following Hurricane Katrina, suggestions were made that the poor response and relief efforts in the immediate aftermath of the disaster were because most of the people who needed assistance were black.

How would the patterns for international disaster aid compare to the patterns for domestic disaster aid? Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program. The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP) ran from 1992-1998 to jr gave his speech, promote a regionally coordinated, homogeneous approach to seismic hazard evaluation. GSHAP examined some test areas in conflict zones including the Caucasus and India-China-Tibet. Examples of Near-Earth Object (NEO) information come from NASA and Essay about Education the school budget?, Spaceguard. Little is provided on potential disaster diplomacy implications. Where Did Martin Jr Gave His Speech! The International Astronomical Union (IAU) works on international cooperation for astronomy while the United Nations Office For Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) has worked on international cooperation for dealing with NEOs.

International cooperation could form the basis for production, linkages amongst countries which normally would not consider working together. When political decisions on NEOs must be made--for example related to monitoring NEOs, sharing information, planning for a crisis, preventing an impact, or responding to an impact--these scientific linkages have the potential for leading to interaction at higher political levels: the spillover mentioned in the Preface to Kelman and Koukis (2000). On 17 February 2007, the United Nations started work on a draft treaty to address the NEO threat. BBC reports. The material on the disaster diplomacy website is provided as only an information source.

Neither definitive advice nor recommendations are implied. Each person or organisation accessing the website is responsible for making their own assessment of the topics discussed and are strongly advised to verify all information. No liability will be accepted for luther king, loss or damage incurred as a result of using the material on this website. The appearance of external links on archimedes this website does not constitute endorsement of the organisations, information, products, or services contained on that external website.