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book report 4 Roth, Veronica. Divergent. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts! New York: Harper Collins. When Involved In Vietnam! 2011. Caesar Facts! Reason, Type, and Setting: Divergent is a young adult novel that takes place in post-apocalyptic Chicago. In the future, the world has changed. Mythology Essay! Society is caesar childhood facts divided into five different factions: Abnegation, Amity, Candor, Erudite, and D. Each person forced to make the Department Essay decision of which faction they will be part of for the rest of their lives at age sixteen.

At the caesar childhood start of the book, the main character Beatrice Prior, and her brother Caleb Prior are just about to when us get involved enter into the next phase of julius caesar their lives, beginning with an evaluation and a decision. Gods Essay! The Prior family are all members of the Abnegation faction. The Abnegation are devoted to julius caesar childhood facts selflessness, maintaining strict values to Culture: American Department Stores always act on behalf of others, this also means they do not partake in caesar any form of when did the us get involved in vietnam celebration. Beatrice, or Tris as she is later referred to, is unsure of her place in her faction; she has never felt like she fully fits the Abnegation ideal of selflessness. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts! She is contemplating whether she wants to risk betraying her family by choosing another faction. As a member of Essay Caesarean several pop-culture young-adult series fandoms (i.e. The Hunger Games, Harry Potter) I chose to read Divergent in julius facts order to for Ridiculous experience the excitement of the plot and characters. Plot: Beatrice Prior and her brother Caleb are about to enter the next phase of julius caesar childhood facts their lives.

In the coming days they will be tested and who was persian war, their ideal faction will be determined. Caesar! The day after that, they will make the when did the involved biggest decision of their lives; they will decided whether they will stay in Abnegation with their family, or choose a new faction and never see their family again. Seemingly unlike her brother Caleb, Beatrice, later known as just Tris, is not sure of her place in caesar the world. She doesnt feel like she fits in with the selfless life style of the Abnegation; however she is afraid to when involved lose her family. Julius Childhood! The next day is the Olympian Mythology test. While she expects to caesar be evaluated to be a member of Abnegation, the Caesarean Change results she receives are anything but expected. After the test, the test monitor, Tori, tells her the results of her test: Divergent. Julius Facts! Divergent, where the ideal faction of Essay Caesarean a person cannot be determined, is a rare occurrence. Tori warns Tris to conceal her Divergent status. With the facts new knowledge that she receives from the Gods of Greek Essay test (the results were Divergent overall, however the test found her to be Abnegation, Erudite, and Dauntless), Tris has a decision to make.

After some contemplation, at julius caesar childhood facts the meeting of the factions where the sixteen year old makes their faction decision announcements, Tris shocks everyone by choosing Dauntless, the risk taking, hard core faction. However, Tris is not the Change only one with a shocking decision, her brother Caleb, a seemingly perfect member of caesar childhood facts Abnegation, decides to join Erudite, the intellectual, and quite arrogant faction that their father disapproves of. After the meeting, without a chance to say goodbye to her family, Tris is shipped off with the rest of the new Dauntless initiates and by shipped off, I mean they jump on and off of Change a moving train to the Dauntless compound. Julius Childhood Facts! As she arrives to Cancer: the secret compound held by the quite secretive faction, Tris is worried about julius caesar childhood, her choice. Does she really belong in Mythology this faction? With her short stature and julius, frail frame, does she even stand a chance next to the tall, broad shouldered boys and How Do Hard React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay, girls alongside her? For the rest of the book, Tris wonders this. Before they are officially initiated into the Dauntless faction, each initiate has to childhood facts prove their capabilities. The initiation process is hard and American Department Stores Essay, not many make it out. Tris is childhood taunted throughout, and did the us get involved in vietnam, brought to the breaking point with several of the julius caesar childhood facts challenges, except for one, the simulation challenge. R Is For Ridiculous Essay! Similar to julius caesar childhood facts the test she took to determine her faction, the us get simulation challenge of the julius childhood initiation process, requires the participant to R is for Ridiculous Essay be put under with a serum and julius caesar childhood facts, forced into a dream-like (more like a nightmare) situation.

Due to Lung Cancer: A Leading Essay her Divergent status, Tris is not as affected by this challenge as everyone else. Facts! This correlates to the end of the book when she uses this to her advantage when the untrustworthy Erudite faction attack the Dauntless and American Stores Essay, Abnegation factions by putting all the julius childhood facts members of Dauntless under a simulation making them want to kill everyone in who was involved persian sight. Character: Tris is the julius caesar childhood facts main character, and probably my favorite character for who was gulf most of the book. she has a strong will and sense of confidence about herself, even in her weakest moments. This is best displayed by her bravery during many parts of the book. In the caesar facts beginning when the new initiates are brought to the Dauntless compound for the first time, Tris is the first to who was in the gulf partake in jumping off the caesar roof of a building in order to prove she belongs. She also shows her bravery towards the did the end when she uses her advantage of being Divergent to julius help save the rest of her Dauntless faction. About Caesarean Change! Although I admire her bravery in julius childhood the challenging situations, I was not a fan of the romance in who was involved gulf war the book. I found the relationship between Tris and julius facts, her mentor Four, later known to Cause of Death Today Tris and the reader as Tobias, to be unnecessary. For me the caesar childhood facts romantic situations were not as much romantic as they were corny. Their relationship seemed forced and Culture: American Essay, quite strange. Childhood! After they began dating, she seemed dependent on Essay Change him, which took away from the julius independence and bravery she showed during the beginning of the did the involved in vietnam book.

Evaluation: I really enjoyed reading Divergent. The idea was somewhat similar to some of the other books I have enjoyed in julius childhood the past, The Hunger Games, and A Leading Today, The Maze Runner. The plot and characters kept me entertained throughout the julius facts whole book. I also really liked the message that it had, the American book is an caesar childhood facts, excellent example of who was gulf young adults trying to find their path in life even if requires leaving the ones you love. The only problems I had with the book were the unnecessary romance between Tris and Tobias, and the movie that is caesar childhood facts being made about it. Who Was War! The casting is all wrong and I am worried it will not meet the standards that have been set in my mind after reading the book.

This book does not relate to real life very much. While the overall message can relate to caesar facts real situations, I am doubtful that the events that took place throughout would actually happen. Perhaps if there was some kind of of Death Today Essay zombie apocalypse, then the world might end up like this. I do not think that I could have ever survived in julius facts this world. I admire Tris for her strength, and relate to who was involved in the persian gulf her based on my size; however that is julius caesar childhood about where the R is Essay comparison stops. The events that take place in julius childhood this book seem risky, dangerous, and when, scary. I would never be able to stay as calm and collected as Tris somewhat was.

Although if I were in this world, I think I might want to julius be a part of the Dauntless Faction because they seem to American Department Stores Essay be the cool mysterious ones. Julius Caesar Childhood! Author, Context, and Trivia: Divergent, was written by author Veronica Roth. For Ridiculous! Divergent is the first book in julius childhood a trilogy. Other works by Veronica Roth include, four short stories told from the R is for Ridiculous Essay point of view of Tobias, a character in Divergent. I have already begun reading the next book in julius childhood facts the trilogy Insurgent. I am really enjoying reading the books, and am excited to see the when involved in vietnam upcoming motion picture adaptation of Divergent.

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MIS Laboratory Resources for Tech Faculty and Students MIS Laboratory Resources for Tech Faculty and Students. Software, curriculum, career, contest, and news resources. Hosted by Randy Guthrie, PhD Microsoft Technical Evangelist. How to Get a Job At Microsoft Part II: Writing an Awesome Resume. by Randy Guthrie Microsoft Academic Developer Evangelist. Over the julius caesar childhood, past few months I visited nine college campuses, attended three conferences and R is Essay conducted a hand-full of job interviews, and in the process I’ve seen scores of resumes. Caesar! One thing I’ve been impressed with is how awful most of of Greek Mythology Essay, them are. I realize that I am probably jaded by my experience as a career coach and service at childhood, a community career center, but still I find it amazing that something that is when did the in vietnam so critical for getting a job is so poorly understood; particularly by those who need jobs the most ie: students seeking internships and new college graduates.

The good news is that if you do even a moderately good job of writing your resume you have a pretty good chance of facts, standing out from your competitors. Essay! I’ve put off writing this post because it is a daunting task trying to write general guidance that will be useful to most readers, and I’ve struggled how to do this briefly, but I’ve given up and apologize in advance for the length of this post and caesar hope most will find something useful in R is the next few thousand or so words. Let me state that I recognize that there are many ways to write a great resume, and julius caesar childhood this is just one of those ways, but since this way has always worked so far for the folks I’ve helped, that’s what I’m sticking with. Did The! I also recognize that a resume is very personal, and you need to be comfortable with how it looks, so deviation from this guidance is fine (and necessary) since everyone is different and some situations will need to julius be handled differently than shown below. If you have questions about Essay, a specific type of situation ASK IN A COMMENT TO THIS POST and I promise I will answer in caesar childhood facts an additional comment or even a follow-up post. On A In Archaeology! Your questions will make this post even more valuable to everyone that reads it. First, some useful links:

Resume Workshop Video : This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with my audio commentary that covers the content of julius caesar facts, this post and when did the us get more Interviewing Workshop Video: This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with audio commentary on how to prepare for a behavioral interview MIS Laboratory Student Page: lots of useful career links. Now let’s dig in. GENERAL FORMATTING PAGE LENGTH. One Page Please! Most managers will only facts look at your resume for 15-20 seconds before deciding whether to keep reading or put your resume in what I call “The Big Pile”. If you haven’t hooked the reader by then, you’ve lost the first round to someone who can tell their story succinctly. Two or three-page resumes do not increase your chances that the involved persian gulf, reader will find something interesting, it actually makes it less likely they will find (by scanning) something that they care about. So try to julius caesar keep it to a page. I’ve never seen someone other than a college professor who needed more than one page to who was involved war land an interview.

White Paper Standard Fonts Unless you are a graphic artist, using colored paper, odd shapes fancy type fonts are not going to make the kind of impression that gets an interview. Julius! Superficial attempts to differentiate yourself can backfire, because the reader may assume you are childish, unprofessional, or don’t have any meaningful content. Use the same type face throughout, but you can use different sizes and R is for Ridiculous italics to make it easier to scan. Don’t go smaller than 11 pt font or larger than13 pt font for julius caesar the main text. The examples that follow will show when larger and persian gulf smaller fonts are appropriate. There are two approaches that I like to use. The first is useful if you don’t have a lot of relevant experience and childhood facts you are trying to fill space. While one of the examples show the when in vietnam, hyperlink in blue, do not use colored ink when printing a paper copy of your resume. Of course if you provide an electronic copy of your resume, live hyperlinks can be useful and save the reader time if not used excessively.

Your name and contact information should be grouped together. Julius! I personally don’t like having a person’s name on the left and who was involved in the war the contact information on the right. Facts! In the example my name is 28pt and R is for Ridiculous Essay contact info is 11pt. You can go as low as nine point, but if space is an julius caesar childhood facts option use the two line format on the right. Two additional pieces of advice: (1) use only How Do one phone number, and julius caesar make sure it is one where you can get a message (change the Olympian of Greek, recorded greeting if necessary so as to project a professional image) and (2) avoid cryptic or childish e-mail addresses, and julius caesar childhood facts use only one of those as well. Some career advisors will tell you not to put a career or employment objective statement. R Is! My advice is to use one.

My reason is julius caesar childhood facts simple: I debriefed a recruiter from Cause Today Essay a major aerospace company after a job fair and he told me that he put any resume he received without a [clear] objective statement in the trash, because his HR department would not know where to route it. So my advice is to julius childhood facts use one and make it count. Here’s how: Your objective statement should say in under ten words the kind of job you are looking for. For example: “Seeking a senior-level account executive position in the Pharmaceutical industry”. Do not use airy, empty, and vague statements that don’t say anything such as “seeking a challenging position with a leading company where my skills and strengths can be utilized”. Oral Hard Tissues React To Intraosseous Essay! You would be amazed at how many people think that is what you are supposed to write.

I saw a resume written just this week that had an objective statement that said “To play a significant role in an organization that aspires to be extraordinary”. These kinds of statements don’t help and caesar childhood can actually delay the How Do Oral Tissues React Implants?, reader from learning anything of value about julius caesar, you. But What If I’m Qualified for More Than One Kind of Job? If you are going to who was war a career fair, then you should probably take several (three or four or even five) versions of your resume. Most job fairs will list the companies and the jobs they are recruiting for julius caesar childhood facts in advance so if you are prepared, then you can know how many versions you should take. For example, you can have different resumes that focus on web development, database, or application development, information security, or telecommunications.

If you are applying to a specific company, then you tailor the objective statement (actually the entire resume) for when did the involved that specific job. If you are applying for an internship or job right out of college, your education is your biggest selling point, so it needs to go before any previous work experience. Since most recruiters will know what school they are recruiting from, and name of the school is less important and julius facts the college major / minor and date of completion. Once you’ve graduated and Essay on A in Archaeology are on the street, then where you went to school is more important than the julius facts, major. Here is how I would handle both situations: In these examples, I put the degree major first, because that is the first thing a recruiter will care about. I also put my my recent (and most impressive!) degree first.

Notice I don’t put GPA. There are two reasons: 1) it clutters up the page with less-important information, and 2) unless you graduated with a 4.0, most people won’t think there is much difference between a 3.5 and a 3.8. A Leading Cause Today Essay! If your GPA is less than a 3.6, it probably doesn’t differentiate you from julius childhood others, so leave it off unless an employer requires it. If your GPA is involved persian war under 3.0, then I don’t have to explain why you would leave it off. If you graduated with honors, and it says so on caesar childhood your transcript, then by Olympian of Greek Mythology Essay all means mention it as in the first example.

If you college doesn’t award honors, do not make it up, even if your 3.9 GPA would have gotten you honors at a college that awards them. If you need to put a GPA in, then I would put it just to the right of the university name. What should I put if I have not graduated yet? This is one of caesar, my favorite resume techniques. The minute you start attending school you can put that you are working on a degree, and Olympian Gods Mythology Essay post your anticipated graduation date. The cool part is that you format it just like these examples, but word the graduation date a little differently like the “PhD degree” in the example, and put the graduation date in the future! No one is going to be fooled by this, so don’t worry about looking like you are trying to get away with something, but what it does do is make your resume subtly look complete.

Plus it does answer the question about what you might be good at. What about other school accomplishments? Where should they go? Great question! If you were the valedictorian, ASB president, or president of julius caesar, a club, then I would list up to three (but probably not more) bullet points underneath the Lung Cancer: of Death Essay, senior project or thesis (if you mentioned one) or university name (if you didn’t). These should be quantified accomplishments in the form I describe in the next section. If you have more than two or three years of work experience in the field you are applying for, then your experience is more important to a potential employer than your education, so once you' are no longer a new college grad, your education goes at the bottom of julius caesar childhood, your resume and this section goes right under the objective. Why? Because it will be of most interest to the reader and you want it read during those first precious 20 seconds. Now there are lots of different ideas floating around about how you should format this section; the most common is to who was involved in the gulf put the childhood, date on the left.

The fact is that the date is the least important piece of information relating you your employment history. Far more important is what you did, and then for whom you did it. When you did it is did the in vietnam last. The order that I recommend you present the facts about each job is: Job Title Company Name Employment duration One sentence job description Two - Four Quantified Accomplishments. Most of the caesar, resumes I have seen (and written early in my career) were based on an old formula of on A Career, describing the job in terms of the formal job description. Julius Caesar Facts! The problem with this approach that it doesn’t differentiate the writer from when did the in vietnam everyone else applying for julius facts the job. Can you imagine how hard it would be to pick someone to interview for a bookkeeping job if every experienced bookkeeper that applied only listed their job duties? Every resume would say almost the exact same thing ! To avoid this problem, and to really make you shine, we write the work experience section so that we focus on quantified accomplishments . This example shows my recommended format, and includes three quantified accomplishment statements. An accomplishment is Essay “quantified” when you describe it in terms of some quantity.

I like to julius childhood try to get two numbers in each accomplishment if possible. Numbers make your claims more credible, and if you have some kind of big numbers, it can really make a good impression. Don’t over sell; let the numbers speak for when us get involved in vietnam you. If you can describe an accomplishment in caesar a single line, that is fantastic. In fact, leaving some information out simply begs the reader to Essay Career in Archaeology want to julius caesar facts know more. If you get invited for an interview, you can bet you’ll be asked about these accomplishments, and how can you go wrong talking about something you did that was great?

Don’t forget to R is mention awards and recognitions like Employee of the month three times” or “Top Producer in 2008”. Notice also that I have my job title in bold and in a larger font. I do that so that it is easier for facts the reader to on A in Archaeology visually scan. Notice also that the company name is in italics. Julius Childhood! That helps set the of Greek, different facts apart. I have each fact separated by julius caesar childhood facts more than a couple of spaces so that each stands out. Now a bit more about job titles.

Sometime you might have an “official” job title that is so vague, or even wrong based on what you do. For example, I had three lateral job changes at when in vietnam, an aerospace company that did not change my payroll classification, so my managers never bothered to caesar updated my “requisition” to Lung Today Essay reflect the changes in julius caesar childhood my job title. So if you were to call the HR department and ask what my job title was, they would use the title I was hired at, not the one from the last job I held! So on my resume, you can bet I use the title from the last job I was assigned to, not my “official” job title. The moral of the story is that if your “real” job title is too vague, or even deceptive, do not be afraid to Oral Essay put a more accurate, clear job title on the resume . Example: if you had an julius childhood internship in a finance department, and your “official” title was “Intern”, do not be afraid to in the gulf use “Intern-Finance Department”. I try to caesar facts avoid this section if possible. It’s much better to talk about the tools and skills you know in your accomplishments statements. But if you learned how to of Greek do something in class, but haven’t used it on the job, and the job you are applying for wants candidates who have this skill, you need to julius caesar use this section.

But be careful. Here are some recommendations: Do not list skills and knowledge that almost everyone has. For Ridiculous Essay! The most common offender here is that you know Microsoft Office. As a recent college graduate, we assume you learned the caesar childhood, basic programs. Stating it here does not differentiate you.

Avoid huge long lists using every acronym you can think of ie: ASP.net, C#, C++, PHP, etc. Remember you are targeting each resume for a particular job, so only list the things a potential employer cares about. Huge list casts doubt on which of those you really know. When I see a big list I seriously doubt that the author really has working knowledge of all those technologies and Essay Career his/her credibility really starts to slip. Be accurate in describing your knowledge. At Microsoft, if someone says he/she knows something, 9 times out of caesar facts, 10 we’ll make them prove it in an interview. Lung A Leading Of Death! If you say you know C++, you can bet you’ll be ask to julius childhood write a bubble sort or something like that in C++ on a white board during an interview. If its been 5 years since that Java class and you’ve not written a single line of code since then, don’t say you know Java.

Remember, your resume is R is Essay just supposed to get you invited for caesar childhood an interview, not get you a job offer. That is what the interview is who was involved in the gulf war for. Keep your resume simple and focused on a single job. Keep it to caesar facts a single page. Catch-all, general-purpose resumes DO NOT WORK.

You can send out hundreds of these and you will never get a single response (I know – I tried it when I was young and on A inexperienced). Julius Facts! On the on A in Archaeology, other hand, you can send out ten, customized, targeted resumes using the approach outlined here and julius childhood may get three, five, or even eight responses. This technique works if you have actually have sometime to offer an employer. Your resume is for Ridiculous Essay a personal statement of childhood, who you are from a particular point of view. You’ll get all kinds of advice about how to do your resume, but you don’t have to Olympian Gods Mythology do exactly as everyone tells you.

If you feel like you know better, then go with your gut feeling. Lastly, check out the additional (and more detailed) examples and guidance at the links at the top. There really is julius some good information there that I’ve gleaned from years of coaching students and others to get high-tech jobs in a competitive job market. Olympian Mythology Essay! And finally, PROOF READ everything many, many times, and julius caesar childhood have others look at Oral Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants?, your resume as well. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts! (career center people are invaluable for this). Good luck and Lung Cause of Death Essay good job hunting! [Note: an earlier version of julius caesar childhood facts, this post mysterious lost most of its content, hence this repost] I dont think the one page resume works in the IT industry if you are experience.

I tried that once after reading an article like this and Essay on A in Archaeology was summarily eviscerated by a recruiter for ruining my resume. The few times Ive been on the market, my three page resume (4 with references) easily landed me interviews. Caesar! Of course, I put the vital information on the front page in a summary section. Working with a recruiter is a different situation. The recruiter wanted every fact he could get his hands on. He was then going to Gods of Greek Mythology Essay be the hiring companys filter.

He would look at a job, and then market those parts of your resume that was a good fit. Had you attempted to get an facts interview with those companies yourself with your long resume, there is a chance they would have quit reading it before they got to the parts they cared about. It is certain that the parts they cared about could have fit on a single page, and that is the goal. The trick of course is trying to guess from the job listing what a company will consider to be your relevant experience. My son-in-law recently completed a job search, and I helped with his resume. His recruiter commented that my son-in-laws [one page] resume was the first he had ever seen that he didnt feel like it needed fixing. So while I think there are situation where the use of on A in Archaeology, a longer resume is justified (like college professor jobs), I still believe that an julius childhood facts individual applying for when did the us get jobs is well served by a customized, targeted single-page resume. I am a graduate in the Manufacture Engineering field from caesar facts two colleges and the same degree. R Is For Ridiculous! One is a 2yr and the other is a 4yr. The problem I am having is that there is never an opening for Entry Level Positions. Caesar Childhood! All the jobs that are available and have gotten in the past are ones that are looking for involved in the persian a candidate with 5-10 years of experience.

Since I really only have 2 years, my resume is about 3-4 pages long in hopes that I can sell myself for the 8 years I do not have. Plus about julius caesar childhood facts, 95% of the time I get calls for How Do Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? possible jobs through recruiters. (Since this is caesar childhood how Industrial jobs are filled) Other jobs that I have on my resume are car mechanic places that show I am mechanical incline and Career can be more than an office employee. Facts! Every person that has read my resume does not believe that I should eliminate any mechanical experiences that I have. What should I do in this case, and should both colleges remain on the resume?? Do you have any full resume examples?

I was also wondering if you had any resume templates available for entry-level jobs. R Is Essay! I am trying to julius childhood get either an internship of How Do Tissues to Intraosseous Essay, entry-level part-time job in the marketing field. One of the things you havent addressed with experienced workers is how to julius facts handle contract work (which Microsoft apparently believes in for project work.) I know you dont handle experienced workers so I am probably barking up the wrong tree. In any event, the way I see it, as a contractor I work for myself and Mythology subcontract my services. Initially I would list every project I worked on (that sometimes last a week), but realized that this isnt the way you do it if you work as a full-time consultant. So, now I just list the childhood facts, highlights of these projects under my consulting job. Of course recruiters get mad since they want to see every one listed out. I now looked at Cancer: Cause, your video and its all clear.

I still plan to keep to 1 page. Hi Randy. this blog is pretty impressive, liked it! I have a question to julius childhood facts you. I'm willing to apply for a microsoft full time position in their software development and i'm confused whether to submit a one page resume or a multi page one after reading your blog. Can you give me your suggestions? If applying for a Microsoft marketing internship would it be better to use their CV or would it be more appealing to upload a multimedia resume such as a power point presentation or create a website marketing myself? To be honest, our recruiters only who was in the have so much time to give to caesar facts any one resume (like 20 seconds), and one of the tests of fitness is if a candidate can highlight their strengths concisely on a single page. I have seen some great resumes that struggled to fill half a page because every word was gold. In my opinion, a PowerPoint presentation or web page misses the Hard Tissues Implants? Essay, point. One of my favorite examples is that you don't catch a fish by throwing your entire tackle box in the river, you catch a fish by childhood facts knowing what one fly or lure to use out of all the stuff in your tackle box.

Highlight the stuff you have done demonstrates your passion for software development by what you did outside of class or work assignments. Highlight your leadership (active or passive). Olympian Of Greek Mythology Essay! Highlight the differentiators that relate to the job you area applying for. Put the things that Microsoft will care the most about early in your resume rather than later. Use as few a words as possible.

Don't make long lists of computer programs you have used a few times hoping that the key word search will select you. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts! We're smarter than that. Highlight awards and recognition you have received. One of the hottest differentiators right now are apps. We'll talk to Hard anyone that has published apps in the Windows Store or Windows Phone Marketplace, or iOS or Android stores, particularly if you've had a bunch of downloads or made some real money from childhood them. That kind of third-party evidence is very compelling to Microsoft recruiters. I would like to R is know what you feel the best way to put open source contributions on your resume is.

I can't decide whether I should write it in detail similar to a job, or as a bullet point in a personal projects section. @Karan, Great question. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts! You are definitely thinking about this in the right way. R Is For Ridiculous! My feeling is julius caesar facts that you can go either way, depending on the scope of the Lung Cause Essay, contribution. Job History for childhood a big contribution, personal project for a smaller contribution.

Using the job history approach, I would use the who was involved in the persian war, title Contributer or something similar, and the company as the open source application and the date from the caesar childhood, first contribution to the most recent. Then the bullets would be either feature names and number of when in vietnam, lines of julius, code, or if it is Essay Career a major feature, then the bullets would detail your contribution ie: lines of julius, code, rating or other quality measure, number of users of the feature, etc. Hello mam. In Vietnam! I went through your article. I am presently pursuing my B.Tech in Computer Science And Engineering . What do I need to do to julius facts get a Job at Microsoft?It will be a pleasure to Hard have a live chat with you mam/ @Subham Soni: Start at http://www.microsoft.com/careers and then select the Student or Recent Grad link. Then read about the childhood facts, various jobs and React Implants? Essay how to apply for them. Good luck! I like the one page idea and want to convert to it. The problem is, I want to julius childhood change industries (out of mortgages into tech, data, SAS sales) but I have had 9 different positions in How Do Hard Tissues to Intraosseous the last 13 years, due to company closures, career advancement into management, and banking legislative changes. I know it is critical that I list how my skill-set and accomplishments will translate to the new industry/position, but how do I handle not having the room to list all of my positions without leaving gaps and raising suspicion that I am leaving something out? I'm not sure how to check back on this post, so if you could be so kind to forward your response to me at joseph.saylor@comcast.net, I would greatly appreciate it.

This article was very well written and you are clearly an expert so I look forward to any suggestions or advice you can offer. @Joe Saylor This is a case where a cover letter may be necessary to assure the caesar, hiring organization that you are not a job-hopper by explaining the reasons. The goal for you is to Career show thoughtful career trajectory where each step reflects personal growth. Childhood Facts! What I would experiment is to React to Intraosseous think of yourself (for purposes of caesar childhood facts, approaching your resume design) as a consultant with multiple clients over who was involved persian gulf war certain period of time. So you cluster by role since I would expect you did more or less the same thing for a couple of different companies.

I might even omit the company name in julius the first line, and mention multiple companies in the description section. Again, I've never done a resume in exactly this way, but hopefully my sort of thinking out loud will show you how to Hard React to Intraosseous Implants? approach this. Caesar Childhood! It might be simpler to just go with two pages and to limit your earlier jobs to Oral Hard Essay one or two lines. A two-page resume isn't all that bad. It is definitely better than doing something overly weird or awkward. When we are applying for interships of julius, companies like microsoft or google,being a second year student of IT what should our resume should contain? Hello, Thank you for taking the time to Essay on A Career write this article, it has been a great help to me as I'm restructuring my resume. When where should I add references? Randy, I have a bunch of personal projects which I work on and off, all close to my heart, and I work on them because I really really love programming. That of julius facts, course means some of them are not finished, but they are there. Should I then include the github links to them?

Randy, should I include personal projects not academic on Olympian of Greek Mythology resume too? Impressive and useful post! Should resume include a scanned picture of the writer? and julius caesar childhood Should the writer include the projects for which he's not having a certificate and are self made (made only in a hobby practice)? Thank you for How Do Hard React to Intraosseous Implants? your reply. @Umar: My advice about personal projects is to caesar start a business, even if not formally or officially, but list your personal projects as an employee of A Leading Cause of Death Essay, your own company. Avoid a pretentious title like CEO or President and use something like Founder and Lead Developer. @ChristNolan: I wouldn't include a picture unless you are applying for a position as a model or acting talent; in that case your agency can advise. Caesar Childhood! As I advised @Umar above, assume you work for Essay your own company, and list a non-pretentious title and showcase projects (not all of them) as appropriate for the position you are applying for.

Make sure though that you quantify your accomplishments ie: lines of code, special features, downloads and ratings (if an app), etc. @Sean: don't add references unless you are specifically asked, and most companies are moving away from julius caesar them due to Olympian of Greek privacy laws and the fact that you aren't going to provide references unless they are good anyway. I just re-read this post now six year later, and I agree with almost all of it except that now I think a longer resume is julius more acceptable ie: if you need two pages go ahead and spill over onto another page but do try to Olympian keep it as short as possible and don't use the extra page as an excuse to put every fact about yourself that you can possibly think of. Only go onto a second page if you have gold to put on it. And get an outside opinion to caesar childhood confirm what you think is gold really is. How do I get a Microsoft Word 2013 Resume Builder or Template.

Hi Randy, Thank you for your advices, A friend recommended a video you had, but it is no available. Who Was Involved Persian! Do you know where can I find the video? I really appreciate your thought process and having it explained properly, thank you! The best and most eye catching resumes let you stand out from the crowd. Likewise, I'd love to see those videos that aren't presently working! I'm presently in the process of applying for a job for caesar Microsoft and I'm quite fresh from Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death Essay school. This article more than any other so far has been useful, and I'm quite eager to see those links. Thanks for your time! I really found the detail with which you have explained resume making very useful. I am currently a junior without any work experience and looking to facts apply for a good summer internship where I get a good learning scope in the fields of Mythology, Programming and algorithms.

As a person with no prior industry experience what do you think my resume should mostly focus on? @Joe Saylor: I think when you have a complicated situation, you either group your experience and list companies and time frames, or list the julius, companies and just go with a longer resume. The secret here is to handle the explanation in a cover letter. If you are submitting online, and they don't have a place for a cover letter, then just make the involved persian, first page of your resume your cover letter and then follow with your resume below. BTW, the resume workshop video links are fixed. The video hoster I used went out of business so I had to migrate. Cheers, and julius childhood good luck! Randy. @Ismael, @Ryno, @Sneha: Thanks for the heads up! I moved the videos to another hosting site and updated the links.

You should be good to go! Randy. I also have a new blog post on Essay Career how to add student projects to your resume: blogs.msdn.com//how-to-add-a-student-project-to-your-resume.aspx. Cheers! Randy. Randy, should we include any academic publications (conference papers for julius childhood facts example) in the resume? Yes, if the publications directly relate to the job you are applying to. Did The Involved In Vietnam! Publications should absolutely be included in caesar a curriculum vitae (a special kind of A Leading, resume for professors and researchers), or for any job where publication will be part of the job.

If you are applying for a job in industry where your skills are what they are looking for, I would leave out the publications. Randy.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you havent updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for facts, the jobs youve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two?

Well, search no more: Weve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks thatll make sure you craft a winning resumeand help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience youve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, youll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you dont include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about A Leading of Death Essay, what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of caesar facts All Jobs.

Since youll want to be swapping different information in involved gulf war and out julius childhood, depending on the job youre applying to, keep a resume master list on Gods Mythology, your computer where you keep any information youve ever included on julius childhood, a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Essay On A Career. Then, when youre crafting each resume, its just a matter of cutting and julius childhood facts pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff Above the Fold In marketing speak, above the fold refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically its your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and on A in Archaeology accomplishments are visible on the top third of caesar your resume. When Did The Us Get. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see firstand what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences firstand then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when youre making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesnt match up with the position youre applying to.

In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you or just nix it altogether to facts save space and focus on making the Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death rest of caesar childhood facts your resume stellar. There are lots of Olympian of Greek Mythology Essay different ways to organize the information on childhood facts, your resume, but the when did the involved good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is julius caesar facts still your best bet. Unless its absolutely necessary in Olympian Gods of Greek your situation, skip the skills-based resumehiring managers might wonder what youre hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is thisyou want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to caesar facts force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and on A in Archaeology important experience, training, and credentials to facts showcase on Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death Today, more than one page of your resume, then go for julius, it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If youre struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Cant figure out how to Olympian Gods of Greek tell your whole story on childhood, one page, or want to Gods of Greek Mythology Essay be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the julius childhood most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.

Well talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and Essay Career leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for caesar childhood, your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which youve worked, but keep it simple and for Ridiculous Essay keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on julius caesar, readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumeslike infographics, videos, or presentationsor resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully.

If youre applying through an Hard Essay, ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If youre applying to a more traditional company, dont get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, dont do it unless youre willing to put in the time, creativity, and julius facts design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You dont need to include your address on How Do Tissues Implants?, your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to caesar childhood facts make sure to include a phone number and How Do Hard Tissues to Intraosseous Essay professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the caesar hiring manager can find you on for Ridiculous Essay, the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for facts, prospective employers.) Youve heard before that hiring managers dont spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills arent your strong suit but want your resume to Olympian look stunning? Theres no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so its worth getting it exactly right!

13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only caesar show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If theres a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about Essay on A, your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one youre applying to).

14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Dont panic if you dont have any experience that fits the julius childhood facts bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why youre ideal for the job. No matter how long youve been in in Archaeology a job, or how much youve accomplished there, you shouldnt have more than five or six bullets in a given section. Facts. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isnt going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what youre talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to when us get involved be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executiveand you want to julius childhood be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them.

Use as many facts, figures, and Lung A Leading of Death Today numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by caesar your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Hard Tissues. Even if you dont actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to caesar childhood adding more to your resume . Oral Hard Tissues Essay. People hire performers, so you want to show that you didnt just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about caesar, how you can take each statement one step further and add in Gods of Greek Mythology Essay what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what youre capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If youre not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of julius caesar childhood facts meaningless buzzwords, fast. On A In Archaeology. But being a strong leader or an effective communicator are important characteristics you want to get across.

Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the childhood facts same bullet pointtry it yourself until you get the result youre going for! 20. Hard Tissues React. Dont Neglect Non-Traditional Work. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts. Theres no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if youve participated in did the in vietnam a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own jobs within your career chronology. If every bullet in julius facts your resume starts with Responsible for, readers will get bored very quickly.

Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure youve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that youre targeting your resume to in Archaeology the job, itll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldnt you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and caesar hard workeramong other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . Essay. We bet theres a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24.

Experience First, Education Second. Julius Caesar Facts. Unless youre a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to involved in the persian war college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order.

But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the julius caesar childhood facts reviewers attention. Dont list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from Olympian Mythology, college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you dont need to list your GPA, dont be afraid to caesar showcase that summa cum laude status or the in the war fact that you were in the honors college at childhood, your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Dont be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in How Do Hard Tissues to Intraosseous Implants? your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in childhood facts them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the How Do Oral Hard Tissues Implants? Essay skills you need for your career. Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and caesar childhood any industry-related certifications.

Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to on A Career in Archaeology have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a positionsay, foreign language, software, and leadership skillstry breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your Skills section, add another section titled Language Skills or Software Skills, and detail your experience there. Julius Caesar. Againwere going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an Interests section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to Mythology Essay the job. Julius Childhood. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for How Do Oral to Intraosseous Implants? Essay, a tech job at a healthcare company? Dont even think about it. 32.

Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethicbut they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the caesar facts decision of How Do Oral Hard React Implants? Essay whether to include them or not.

Do include awards and accolades youve received, even if theyre company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., Earned Gold Award for having the companys top sales record four quarters in a row. What about personal achievementslike running a marathonthat arent totally relevant but show youre a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for caesar facts, only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume.

According to Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death Essay The New York Times career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldnt hurt, as long as youre honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, dont list the usual start and end dates for julius childhood, each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If youve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like company closed, layoff due to downsizing, or relocated to Essay on A Career in Archaeology new city. By addressing the gaps, youll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for childhood facts, a summary statement at us get, the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work.

See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Dont try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to facts raise kids, dont list your parenting experience on your resume, a la adeptly managed the growing pile of who was involved in the gulf war laundry (weve seen it). While parenting is caesar childhood facts as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers arent going to Gods of Greek take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Julius Childhood. Ditch References Available Upon Request If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for referencesand will assume that you have them. Theres no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!).

It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And dont rely on spell check and Cancer: Cause Essay grammar check aloneask family or friends to take a look at it for facts, you (or get some tips from an How Do Oral Tissues React, editor on julius facts, how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to How Do Tissues React Implants? Essay always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting wont accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. Julius Caesar Facts. To make sure it wont look wonky when you send it off, Googles head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, Look at Cancer: Cause Today Essay, it in caesar both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview. Ready to for Ridiculous save your resume and send it off? Save it as Jane Smith Resume instead of Resume. Its one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and julius caesar facts make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, youre ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if youre not job searching, there are plenty of on A Career good reasons to keep this document in julius facts tip-top shape.

Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Hard To Intraosseous. Erin Greenawald is caesar facts a freelance writer, editor, and Olympian Essay content strategist who is passionate about julius facts, elevating the of Greek Essay standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muses beloved daily publication and led the childhood companys branded content team. If youre an individual or company looking for help making your content betteror you just want to go out to teaget in Essay on A in Archaeology touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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The Effects of Civil Procedure Rules on Dilapidations and the Role of the caesar childhood facts Expert Witness. The aim of this dissertation is to consider how the introduction of the R is Essay Civil Procedure Rules (“CPR”) has affected dilapidation claims with particular emphasis on the role played by the expert witnesses . In considering this question it is also important to look at the broader picture and julius childhood facts, consider the Gods general changes brought about by the CPR to childhood facts English litigation, as well as the reasons behind the need for such changes. Finally it is also important to consider whether these changes are working, and whether other methods of dispute resolution are adequate in dealing with dilapidation claims. This dissertation has accordingly been divided into four chapters. How Do Oral Hard Implants? Essay? Chapter one provides a background to the reforms brought about by Lord Woolf, chapter two considers how the CPR generally affects dilapidation claims, chapter three considers the role of the expert witness and chapter four considers other methods of dispute resolution that may be suitable in dilapidation claims. This is childhood followed by a conclusion considering how and whether the CPR has been successful in changing the litigation process as so desired by Essay in Archaeology, Lord Woolf. Background to the introduction of the CPR. When enacted, the CPR was proclaimed to be a new procedural code.

The CPR is in julius childhood facts, fact the Essay on A in Archaeology first and major part of a rolling programme of rule changes that have unfolded since it was first introduced in caesar childhood facts, 1999. Notably since 1851, there have been over 60 reports dealing with small or large aspects of reform in Lung Cancer:, the fields of English procedure, both civil and criminal. The Civil Justice Review of 1988 identified expense, complexity and delay as the three main defects of the then civil system. The Heilbron/Hodge report 1993 aimed further blows at the system and it was perhaps as a result of julius childhood facts, this report that Lord Woolf was appointed in 1994 by the then Lord Chancellor (Lord Mackay) to review the system of civil procedure with a view to reform. Lord Woolf's two reports, interim and final, provide the blue-print for profound changes introduced in Gods Mythology Essay, April 1999. Julius Caesar Childhood Facts? One commentator said that the Woolf enterprise of radical reform is a noble enterprise which ought to be applauded and supported.

It is true to say that the CPR represents the greatest shake-up in civil procedure since the 1870s, when the common law and equity jurisdictions were fused in a combined High Court, or since the withering of civil juries during the last 100 or so years. The three major problems of the old system of civil procedure identified by Lord Woolf, correspond with those already described in the Civil Justice Review in 1988 already referred to Career above, namely the childhood facts high cost of litigation, delay and complexity. It was also seen as unequal and unjust, the defects I identified in our present system were that it is too expensive in that the costs often exceed the value of the Olympian of Greek Mythology claim; too slow in bringing cases to a conclusion and too unequal: there is a lack of equality between the powerful, wealthy litigant and the under resourced litigant. It is too uncertain: the caesar childhood difficulty of forecasting what litigation will cost and how long it will last induces the fear of the unknown; and it is incomprehensible to when did the many litigants. Above all it is too fragmented in the way it is organised since there is no one with clear overall responsibility for the administration of civil justice; and too adversarial as cases are run by the parties, not by the courts and the rules of julius, court, all too often, are ignored by the parties and not enforced by the court.

Lord Woolf was particularly concerned with the problematical adversarial culture found within English litigation, the adversarial process [namely the absence of judicial control] is likely to. degenerate into an environment in which the for Ridiculous litigation process is julius caesar facts too often seen as a battle field where no rules apply. As reported by the Chancery Judge Mr Justice Lightman, in cases before me I have had blue chip firms carrying on at their clients' expense feuds with each other in the form of vitriolic correspondence and total non-co-operation during the trial, where I have had to Essay Career in Archaeology act as a mediator between them. If the price of impressing clients is indulging in julius caesar facts, these tactics, it is a price which no [practitioner] can afford to pay consistently with his duty to the Court, and the sanctions for breach of this duty must be real enough to Oral Tissues React to Intraosseous Essay deter recurrence. Lord Woolf also referred to a wasteful system which leads to every aspect of the case [being] fully investigated [by the childhood facts parties]. This encourages excessive work and cost on persian gulf, issues which are often recognised from an early stage to facts be peripheral. He further added, I am also concerned about the level of public expenditure on Oral Hard to Intraosseous, litigation, particularly in medical negligence and caesar childhood, housing. In both of these areas substantial amounts of public money are absorbed in legal costs which could be better spent, in the one case on improving medical care and in the other on improving standards of social housing. An efficient and cost effective justice system is also of vital importance to the commercial, financial and industrial life of this country and I was anxious to Oral to Intraosseous Implants? improve this, especially because of the julius caesar evidence I received that there was a substantial risk of the existing system changing our competitive position in relation to other jurisdictions. Finally I was anxious to ensure that the judiciary and the resources of the Court Service were deployed to the best effect. In order to carry out this task, Lord Woolf set out his proposals to in Archaeology change the landscape of litigation in paragraph 9 of his final report on Access to Justice. His proposed changes included the fact he wanted litigation to be avoided whenever possible.

He wanted potential litigants to facts be encouraged to start court proceedings to resolve disputes only as a last resort, and on A in Archaeology, only after using other more appropriate means of resolving their dispute when these are available. He accordingly suggested that information on sources of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) be provided in caesar, all civil courts. Furthermore, he suggested that Legal aid funding should also be made available for pre litigation resolution and ADR. Protocols in relation to medical negligence, housing and personal injury, and additional powers for the court in relation to pre litigation disclosure, were also an important addition, as these would enable parties to obtain information earlier and How Do Oral Hard Tissues to Intraosseous Implants? Essay, promote the settlement of cases. Another important feature of the new regime, would be the julius caesar provision that in commencing litigation both parties would be able to make offers to settle the whole or part of a dispute.

This would be supported by a special regime as to involved gulf costs and higher rates of julius caesar childhood, interest if not accepted. In seeking to make litigation less adversarial and more co operative, Lord Woolf proposed that there should be an expectation of openness and co operation between parties from the outset, supported by pre litigation protocols on disclosure and on A Career in Archaeology, experts. Childhood Facts? The courts would further be able to give effect to Essay their disapproval of a lack of co operation prior to litigation. Furthermore, the court would play a greater role in encouraging the use of caesar facts, ADR at Essay in Archaeology, case management conferences and julius facts, pre trial reviews, and Essay on A Career, would take into account whether the parties have unreasonably refused to try ADR or behaved unreasonably in the course of ADR. The duty of julius childhood, experts to the court would be emphasised. Single experts, instructed by the parties, would be used whenever practicable. Opposing experts would be encouraged to meet or communicate as early as possible to narrow the issues between them. The court would also have a power to appoint an expert when required. In seeking to make litigation less complex, Lord Woolf proposed there should be a single set of Cancer: A Leading of Death Essay, rules applying to the High Court and the county courts. The rules would be simpler than the old system, and special rules for specific types of litigation would be reduced to a minimum. All proceedings would also be commenced in the same way, by way of julius, a claim.

Importantly, the for Ridiculous Essay claim and defence would not be technical documents. The claim will work to set out the facts alleged by the claimant, the remedy sought by the claimant, the grounds on which the remedy is sought and any relevant points of law. Julius Facts? The defence will set out the defendant's detailed response to the claim and How Do React Essay, make clear the caesar facts real issues between the parties. Both 'statements of How Do Hard Essay, case' are to include certificates by the parties verifying their contents so tactical allegations would no longer be possible. During proceedings the court on its own initiative, or on julius caesar, the application of either party, would be able to dispose of Oral React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay, individual issues or of the litigation as a whole where there is no real prospect of success, whilst claimants would be able to start proceedings in any court.

The court would be responsible for directing the parties or for transfering the case (if this is deemed necessary), to a more appropriate part of the system. Discovery would also be controlled. Is some cases, when deemed necessary, the old pre CPR scale of discovery would be possible but in the majority of cases there would be a new standard test for julius facts more restricted disclosure. Special procedures, involving active judicial case management, to deal with multi party actions expeditiously and fairly would also be set up. Rather than the irrational kaleidoscope of different ways of appealing or applying to the High Court against the decisions of other bodies, there would be a unified code of appeal. The timescale of litigation would be shorter and more certain. All cases would progress to trial in accordance with a timetable set and Olympian Gods Mythology, monitored by the court (rather than be controlled in the best part by litigants themselves).

For fast track cases there would be fixed timetables of julius childhood facts, no more than 30 weeks whilst the court would apply strict sanctions to parties who do not comply with the procedures or timetables. Appeals from Lung A Leading Cause Today case management decisions would be kept to the minimum, and be dealt with expeditiously. Furthermore the court would determine the julius caesar childhood facts length of the trial and what is to happen at the trial. Lord Woolf also proposed that the cost of litigation be more affordable, more predictable, and more proportionate to the value and complexity of individual cases. In order to achieve this, he proposed there be fixed costs for cases on Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause Today, the fast track.

Estimates of costs for multi track cases would also be published by facts, the court or agreed by the parties and approved by in the war, the court. Julius Childhood? There would be a special 'streamlined' track for lower value or less complex multi track cases, where the Olympian Mythology procedure can be made much simpler with appropriate budgets for julius caesar costs. In cases where the procedure is uncomplicated and predictable the on A Career in Archaeology court would issue guideline costs with the assistance of users. There would also be a new test for julius caesar childhood facts the taxation of costs to further the overriding objective. It would be that there should be allowed such sum as is reasonable taking account of the interests of both parties to the taxation. On A In Archaeology? Lord Woolf also proposed that those parties of limited financial means would also be able to conduct litigation on a more equal footing. Litigants who are not legally represented would be able to get more help from advice services and julius childhood facts, from the courts whilst procedural judges would take account of the parties' financial circumstances in allocating cases to the fast track or to the small claims jurisdiction. Limited procedures and tight timetables on the fast track, and judicial case management on the multi track, would make it more difficult for Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause Essay wealthier parties to gain a tactical advantage over their opponents by additional expenditure. Furthermore, when deciding upon the procedure which is to be adopted the julius childhood facts court would, if the on A in Archaeology parties' means are unequal, be entitled to julius caesar childhood make an order for a more elaborate procedure, conditional upon when involved in vietnam the other side agreeing to meet, in any event, the difference in the cost of the two possible procedures. This new approach would be supported by more effective sanctions, including orders for julius caesar childhood costs in a fixed sum which would be paid promptly.

Lord Woolf also suggested there should be clear lines of judicial and administrative responsibility for the civil justice system. Accordingly, the Head of Civil Justice would have overall responsibility for of Greek Mythology the civil justice system in England and Wales. The Presiding Judges on each Circuit would exercise their responsibility for civil work in julius caesar, conjunction with the two Chancery judges who would also oversee the business and mercantile lists. A nominated Circuit judge would be responsible for the effective organisation of each civil trial centre and its satellite courts and the new administrative structure would establish a partnership between the judiciary and the Court Service. A Leading Of Death Today? Lord Woolf felt strongly that the structure of the courts and the deployment of judges should be designed to meet the needs of julius childhood facts, litigants. In doing so, he proposed heavier and involved gulf, more complex civil cases would be concentrated at trial centres which have the resources needed, including specialist judges, to ensure that the work is dealt with effectively.

At the same time, smaller local courts would continue to play a vital role in providing easy access to the civil justice system. Housing claims, small claims, debt cases and childhood, cases allocated to the fast track would be dealt with there, as well as case management of the less complex multi track cases. Lord Woolf also proposed that better ways of How Do Oral Hard React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay, providing access to justice in rural areas would be maintained and developed. Furthermore, the courts should have access to the technology needed to monitor the progress of litigation and litigants should be able to communicate with the courts electronically and through video and telephone conferencing facilities. It was also Lord Woolf's view that judges should be deployed effectively so that they can manage litigation in accordance with the new rules and protocols. Judges should accordingly be given the training they need to manage cases and be encouraged to specialise in such areas as housing and medical negligence. Cases should therefore be dealt with by julius childhood facts, the part of the system which is most appropriate in each instance. The distinctions between the county courts and High Court and between the divisions of the Mythology Essay High Court should accordingly be of reduced significance.

In maintaining a civil justice system that is responsive to the needs of julius childhood facts, litigants, Lord Woolf proposed the courts provide advice and assistance to litigants through court based or duty advice and who was in the persian gulf war, assistance schemes, especially in courts with substantial levels of debt and housing work. Leaflets, videos, telephone helplines and information technology should also be made available to litigants. Furthermore, court staff should be able to provide information and childhood, help to How Do Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay litigants on how to progress their case and finally there should be ongoing monitoring and research on litigants' needs. It is these reforms as proposed by Lord Woolf that have so radically changed the facts face of English litigation, including to some extent dilapidation claims as considered in detail in the next chapter. Chapter 2 - The influence of the Civil Procedure Rules on Essay in Archaeology, Dilapidation Claims. Dilapidation cases which do in fact get to childhood facts court every year are few and far between, with even fewer still being reported. This is so, despite the fact that the who was in the persian gulf number of potential claims must annually be tens of thousands, due to the fact almost every lease or tenancy of any description of property is likely to impose an obligation to repair upon the tenant or the landlord or both. Furthermore, in many cases, it is likely that those obligations would not have been fully complied with.

This is because, despite the fact landlords and tenants are normally aware of the potential for such claims, both generally recognise that the facts problems are essentially practical ones that ought if possible, to Essay be settled by negotiation rather than by caesar childhood, litigation. This is also normally the advice as provided by surveyors who essentially provide common sense advice concentrating on the commercial realities rather than the legal niceties of the situation. The Woolf reforms, the approval of the pre-action protocol for Housing Disrepair cases, the increasing use of the Property Litigation Associate's (as yet unadopted) Pre-Action Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations particularly emphasise settling cases out of court whenever possible and are likely to continue reducing the number of dilapidations claims even further. When considering whether to make a claim for dilapidations against his tenant, a landlord will be influenced by the nature of the event prompting him to who was in the do so. This includes instances where disrepair becomes apparent on inspection (obvious examples include disrepairs to the roof of a building which, if not repaired soon, could lead to an outbreak of dry rot or to serious damage to the fabric). Further examples also include instances of assignment of reversion. When a lease has a substantial number of years to run, the landlord may not be particularly concerned about the theoretical effect on the value of his reversion even of quite significant disrepairs. This is because the theoretical diminution in the value of julius caesar childhood facts, his reversion is only a loss on paper. On the other hand, should the landlord wish to sell his reversion or raise substantial finance on it, the paper loss could become a reality, in which case he may wish to take effective action to Essay force the tenant to comply with his covenants. Childhood? Other instances where landlords consider whether or not to seek compliance with the repairing obligations of the when did the us get lease include instances where a tenant proposes an assignment of a term, in julius childhood facts, cases of emergencies (where there is an unforeseen failure of the part of the structure of the building which the landlord, either of his own volition or under compulsion from a statutory authority, wishes to have remedied as a matter of urgency), in R is for Ridiculous Essay, instances where there have been complaints, at the time of rent review or most commonly at the expiry of the term.

Whether or not a landlord decides to take action, will depend on three things, namely the event prompting his consideration of the claim, the nature of the julius facts remedies available and the overall assessment of the benefits of making a claim weighed against the costs and risks of doing so. Pre Action Protocols. The CPR reflects the policy that litigation is to be seen as a means of last resort, to be invoked only when all other attempts at a compromise have failed. The Pre-Action Protocol for Housing Disrepair Cases requires extensive steps to be taken with a view to Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology formulating, clarifying and settling residential disrepair claims in order to avoid resorting to court procedures. Childhood? The Protocol is who was framed in terms reflecting the practical reality that such claims are almost inevitably brought by tenants against landlords, rather than vice versa.

Accordingly if a formally adopted pre-action protocol is introduce for julius caesar childhood terminal dilapidations claims generally, its procedures will have to be observed as an essential precursor to the start of proceedings. Despite the fact that at the time of writing no such protocol has been formally adopted, the existence of the Property Litigation Association's recommended Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations Claims for Damages will influence practice and is likely to be treated by the courts as representing best practice (this issue is discussed in more detail below). Even prior to who was persian gulf the CPR, it was considered courteous and sometimes essential for an intending claimant to send a letter before action notifying the proposed defendant of the prospective claimant's intention to commence proceedings against him. Notably, if the proposed defendant was willing to satisfy the claim, by either making a payment or carrying out julius caesar works in accordance with the letter before action, court proceedings would not be issued. Letters before action therefore provide the Essay on A proposed defendant with a last chance to avoid litigation, and generally marks the point from which the expenses of childhood, pursuing the claim could be recovered as costs in the proceedings. In light of the fact one of the aims of the CPR was to reduce the for Ridiculous Essay number of claims that went to court, it places a great emphasis on julius, the steps which the parties should take so as to settle their differences prior to the commencement of How Do Oral Hard Essay, proceedings. Julius Caesar Childhood? The procedures as introduced by the CPR, are novel in in the persian war, that they require the proposed defendant (as well as the claimant) to julius childhood facts make a genuine effort in when involved in vietnam, explaining their position and provide sanctions in cases of default. The pre-action protocols as introduced by the CPR outline the steps parties should take to seek information from and to provide information to each other about a prospective legal claim. The objectives of protocols may be described as being: (1) to encourage the exchange of early and full information about the caesar prospective legal claim, (2) to enable parties to Lung of Death Today avoid litigation by agreeing a settlement of the julius caesar childhood claim before the commencement of proceedings, (3) to did the involved in vietnam support the efficient management of julius caesar facts, proceedings where litigation cannot be avoided.

The Practice Direction refers to CPR, r.3.1 (4) and for Ridiculous, (5), entitling the julius childhood facts court to take into Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death Today, account compliance or non-compliance with any relevant protocol when giving directions, and further entitles the court to order a party who has failed to comply to pay a sum into court, and to CPR r.44.3 (5) (a), which includes within the conduct relevant to the exercise of the discretion as to costs conduct before, as well as during proceedings and in particular the extent to which the parties followed any relevant pre-action protocols. The Practice Direction further states the consequences which may follow if, in the court's opinion, such non-compliance leads to julius childhood facts the start of proceedings that otherwise might not have needed to be commenced, or has led to costs being incurred in proceedings that might otherwise not have been incurred (including penalties as to How Do Oral React Implants? Essay costs and interest). In such instance, the court will seek to place the innocent party in no worse a position than he would have been in caesar childhood, if the relevant protocol had been complied with. Examples include claimants who may be found to when involved in vietnam have failed to childhood comply by not having provided enough information or by not having followed the procedure as required by the protocol. In the same way, a defendant may be found not to have complied if for example, he or she fails to make a preliminary response to the letter of claim within the time fixed by the relevant protocol, or by not making a full response within the time fixed or for not disclosing documents that are required to be disclosed.

All parties are expected to comply in substance with the terms of an approved protocol. The court is not however, likely to be concerned with minor infringements of the Practice Direction or protocols, but rather on the effect of non-compliance on the other party when deciding whether sanctions should be applied. At present, and as referred to above, no protocol for general use in dilapidation cases has been approved by the Lord Chancellor's Department for the purposes of the CPR. However, a Pre-Action Protocol for Housing Disrepair Cases came into force on December 8, 2003. This protocol is confined to claims relating to residential premises and includes (but is not limited to) social housing. Furthermore, it is specifically provided that it may include a related personal injury claim.

Residential disrepair claims that originate as counterclaims or set offs in other proceedings (for example possession proceedings) are excluded. No other approved protocol for use in dilapidations cases exist. However, after a process of consultation with the Lung Cancer: of Death Essay judiciary and the relevant affected professions, the Property Litigation Association has published a Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations Claims for julius childhood Damages. The document was the result of work by the Sub-Committee on Law Reform and members were invited to consider it, provide feedback on it and, if appropriate, use it. On 14 November 2000 a seminar was further held in London, where a panel of surveyors as well as solicitors and judges were invited to express their views on the proposed protocol. The Protocol has since been sent to the Lord Chancellor's Department for Career adoption as an julius caesar approved Protocol under the CPR although at this stage it has no official status other than it represents the Property Litigation Association's recommended process for conducting terminal dilapidations claim. Despite this fact RICS has annexed the Protocol to their updated Guidance Note on dilapidations claim meaning that it is likely to be frequently used by surveyors, with the result that even if it is not approved by the Lord Chancellor's Department, it is likely to become industry standard. Accordingly, for the time being, the present position (except in residential cases) is governed by paragraph 4 of the Practice Direction - Protocols which provides that: In cases not covered by any approved protocol, the Essay Career in Archaeology court will expect the parties, in accordance with the overriding objective and the matters referred to in CPR 1.1(2)(a) (b) and (c) to act reasonably in exchanging documents relevant to caesar the claim and in trying to avoid the necessity for starting proceedings.

It is Cancer: A Leading of Death Today however, reasonable to expect that the court will accept the suggestion made in the introduction to julius caesar childhood the Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations Claims for Damages that it should treat the standards set out in the protocol as the normal reasonable approach to pre-action conduct when the court considers the issue of costs and other sanctions under the CPR. The CPR abolished, for us get the most purposes the distinctions between claims that were within the jurisdiction of the caesar facts High Court and the County Court. This means that questions raised as to which court is most suitable to hear a particular matter continue to exist, but such questions will largely be dealt with by when in vietnam, the process of transfer from one court to caesar facts another and not by formal limits on jurisdiction. Notably, an exception to this may be claims for leave under the on A Leasehold Property (Repairs) Act 1938. Apart from this particular instance, the case management of childhood facts, dilapidations claims will be treated in the same way as any other civil proceedings under the CPR. A particular feature of dilapidation claims that should be noted is that, due to their inherent technical complexity, they are particularly suited to be tried in the Technology and Construction Court (discussed below). The Technology and Construction Court. Official Referees as the judges of the Technology Court were previously known, specialise in certain types of cases including cases involving defective buildings or building work. This makes them well suited to trying many types of dilapidation cases.

Even before the CPR the Oral Tissues to Intraosseous Implants? Essay Technology and Construction Court had already developed special procedures and directions that were suitable for facts complex cases. When the Cause of Death CPR was first introduced, proceedings in childhood, the Technology and Essay, Construction Court were considered as specialist proceedings under r.49.1(b) and were subject to any provisions of any relevant Practice Direction. Since 25 March 2002, the procedure in the Technology and Construction Court has been governed by Part 60 of the CPR and the Practice Direction Technology and Construction Court Claims supplementing Part 60. It is important to note that claims may only normally be brought in the Technology and Construction Court, if it involves issues or questions that are technically complex or a trial by caesar facts, a Technology and Construction Court judge is in the gulf desirable. Childhood Facts? Examples provided by the Practice Direction include claims between landlord and who was involved persian gulf war, tenant for breach a repairing covenant. The Leasehold Property (Repairs) Act 1938. Section 6 of the 1938 Act expressly provides that the appropriate court for an application for leave to be made is the county court, unless the proceedings by action for which leave may be given has to be taken in a Court other than the County Court, in which case the application should be made to that other court. In light of the changes made by the CPR (as well as earlier changes made by the Courts and julius caesar childhood, Legal Services Act 1990 and the High Court and County Courts Jurisdiction Order 1991), there is now no instance in which proceedings for either forfeiture or damages or both to Olympian Essay have to be taken in the High Court and such proceedings may now be taken in either court. I would seem to follow that an application for leave under the Act, must therefore be brought in the county court, and that the High Court no longer has jurisdiction to julius caesar grant leave. This point is less important than it used to who was involved in the gulf be, since there is no longer any difference in procedure between the High Court and the County Court, although if proceedings are commenced in the incorrect court and subsequently need to be transferred, this may result in delay and additional cost.

An application for leave will normally be brought by means of proceedings under CPR Part 8 Alternative Procedure for caesar childhood Claims. However, in cases where there is likely to be a significant dispute as to fact it would be preferable for the proceedings to involved in vietnam be commenced by issuing a claim form under Part 7, although it is doubtful whether this is permissible under the CPR. Accordingly, it is advisable to start such proceedings under Part 8 and to julius childhood facts seek appropriate directions under the case management powers of the court where, because disputed issues of fact arise or for Lung A Leading other reasons, it is unsatisfactory to proceed as an ordinary Part 8 claim. Evidence in 1938 Act Applications. Since the decision in the case of Associate British Ports v C.H Bailey Plc, it has been necessary for a landlord to prove his case for leave on the standard balance of probabilities. This includes the service and validity of the julius caesar facts s.146 notice, the R is for Ridiculous Essay existence of breaches of covenant, the caesar existence of on A, grounds under s.1(5) of the Act as well as any matters on which the landlord relies to show that the discretion should be exercised in his favour. Accordingly, it is necessary to gather the evidence in relation to an application for leave carefully, particularly in cases where the application is opposed.

If proceedings are commenced under Part 8, the landlord as Claimant must file any written evidence he seeks to rely on, at caesar childhood facts, the same time as he files his claim form, and must serve it on the defendant when serving the Hard React Essay claim form. The evidence will usually be in the form of witness statements, although in addition, the claimant can rely upon childhood facts any statement in the claim form as evidence, so long as this is verified by a statement of truth. The normal rules of evidence apply, meaning any reliance on hearsay evidence will be subject to did the the restrictions and safeguards imposed by julius facts, the Civil Evidence Act 1995 and expert evidence may only be relied upon Cancer: A Leading Cause if permitted by the court. The defendant thereafter has to julius caesar acknowledge service within 14 days after service of the claim form, and at the same time serve any written evidence upon which he intends to rely. This may be difficult if expert evidence is to be relied upon of if there is a dispute about the detail of the when us get schedule of dilapidations, meaning the defendant is likely to seek the caesar facts court's permission to serve evidence outside the time limit. The court may allow or require a party to give oral evidence at who was in the persian gulf, the hearing and may give directions for the attendance for cross-examination of a witness who has given evidence. The contents of a witness statement should always be carefully thought out.

Under the procedures prior to the CPR, affidavits were often relied upon which failed to adequately explain the true nature of the grounds and supporting facts upon caesar which the application was based. Olympian Of Greek Essay? This was criticised by julius caesar facts, Megarry V.C in the case of Land Securities Plc v Receiver for the Metropolitan Police District where the landlord's evidence was criticised as follows, the evidence is not impressive. Expressions of Lung Cancer: A Leading Today, opinion by a chartered surveyor which do little more than apply to the building something of the language of paragraphs (a) (b) and julius caesar facts, (e) [of section 1 (5) of the 1938 Act] and wind up with a watered down version of (e), obviously leave a good deal to be desired. Accordingly, following the decision in Associated British Ports v B.H Bailey plc it is even more important that the Oral Hard Tissues evidence filed on behalf of the landlord sets out the landlord's case fully. Part 24 of the CPR provides the julius childhood facts court with powers to give summary judgment against a claimant or defendant on the whole of a claim or on a particular issue if it considers that the claimant has no real prospect of succeeding in the claim or issue or that the defendant has no real prospect of successfully defending the claim or issue, and that there is no other reason why the case or issue should be disposed of at a trial. Part 24 departs from the former RSC Ord. Essay? 14 in the ability with which it gives to the defendant to apply for summary judgment. However, it is thought that summary judgment will rarely be given in favour of a defendant in a dilapidations claim (except in cases where the defendant relies upon the second limb of s.18(1) of the Landlord and julius caesar childhood facts, Tenant Act 1927).

An application for summary judgment is made by when us get, an application notice before the julius caesar childhood master or district judge. Evidence in support can either be contained in the claim form or in the application supported by the appropriate statement of truth, or in a witness statement served with the application. Paragraph 2 of the for Ridiculous Practice Direction supplementing Part 24 requires the caesar facts application notice or evidence to identify concisely any point of law or provision in a document on which the applicant relies and/or state that the application is made because the Cancer: Today applicant believes that on the evidence the caesar childhood respondent has no real prospect of succeeding on the claim or issue, or of successfully defending the claim or issue to which the applicant relates and that the applicant knows of no other reason why the disposal of the claim or issue should await trial. It is likely in dilapidation claims that applications for summary judgment for damages to be determined at a further hearing are likely to be made where it is obvious that there exist at least some items of disrepair for which the defendant is liable. Olympian Of Greek Mythology? If so, the claimant will seek to argue that even if one breach can be shown to exist, he or she must be entitled to caesar childhood judgment in his favour. Two arguments exist against this. Essay? Firstly it may be argued that technically the mere proof of breaches is not enough so as to entitle the claimant to damages to be determined.

Arguably, the claimant will also have to prove that the existence of the proved breach or breaches has caused a diminution in the value of his reversion, as otherwise he or she will not be entitled to any damages, including nominal damages, by virtue of the julius caesar facts provisions of s.18(1) of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927. Therefore it may be said that mere proof of breach does not entitle the claimant to anything, on the contrary, if it should turn out that the breaches did not cause a diminution in reversion, the Claimant's claim should be dismissed with costs. This argument may be successful in cases where only a small number of breaches can definitely be proved and it is less likely to prevail in cases where it is obvious that there are a large number of items for which the defendant is responsible. A Leading Cause Of Death Essay? Accordingly in that instance the court may conclude that it is sufficiently likely that some diminution has been caused for judgment for caesar childhood damages to be determined to who was persian war be appropriate. Secondly, if the court orders damages to be determined at julius facts, a later hearing, it will not normally make any specific findings as to what breaches exist.

Accordingly it follows that whoever subsequently determines the amount of us get in vietnam, damages will in effect be trying the question of julius, breaches for a second time. Even if the court finds that a particular breach exists at the hearing of the application for summary judgment, the nature of that breach will have to Essay Career be gone into again on the determination of damages, because it will be relevant at that stage to consider what is the appropriate remedial work. This is illustrated in instances where the julius caesar court may find on the application for summary judgment that for example the roof covering is defective. That fact is us get involved sufficient to establish a breach, but so as to determine damages, it will be necessary to enquire whether the covenant requires the roof covering to be replaced in its entirety, or whether localised patch repairs will do. It is thought that for these two reasons, summary judgment will normally be an unnecessary extra step that does not really achieve anything in dilapidation cases, and will tend to delay the final judgment as well as increase costs. A further complication arises where the claimant's claim is caesar not for damages at the expiry of the term but for forfeiture of the Essay lease and damages. In such cases it is very likely that the tenant will consider counterclaiming for relief from julius caesar forfeiture. Accordingly, provided that the tenant's claim is bona fide and when us get in vietnam, has at least some prospect of success, the court cannot make an order for possession under Part 24 pending the trial of the counterclaim.

The court that hears the application will have to decide what the caesar facts items of R is for Ridiculous Essay, disrepair for which the caesar childhood defendant is liable actually are, how serious those breaches are, the circumstances under which the breaches arose and whether the defendant ought to be granted relief upon terms that he carry out a specific schedule of works. This type of Gods Mythology Essay, investigation is of essentially the same matters that would have to caesar childhood facts be investigated on the determination of damages. Accordingly it would be necessary to did the in vietnam ensure that the application for relief and the determination were heard by the same court as part of the same hearing. It is accordingly thought that in many instances where the claimant seeks summary judgment for damages to be determined, the court ought properly to julius facts conclude that there is another reason why the case or issue should be disposed of at a trial within the meaning of Tissues React to Intraosseous, Part 24.2(b). In such cases it seems that the court should dismiss the julius childhood facts application as the court will no longer follow its former practice of giving leave to defend.

For the Gods of Greek Essay reasons discussed above, in most cases there will be little to be gained by an application for summary judgment for damages to be determined, save possibly a dent in the tenant's morale by caesar facts, having lost the first round. More importantly, judgment for Olympian of Greek Mythology Essay damages to be determined carries with it the risk that further items of disrepair, for caesar facts which the tenant it liable, may be discovered after judgment. For Ridiculous Essay? Once judgment has been given, it will not be able to amend existing proceedings so as to caesar facts provide details of new breaches. At the worst case scenario, new proceedings may be struck out R is Essay under CPR, r.3.4 as being an abuse of process, because the landlord should have included all the breaches in the previous proceedings. Notably a tenant against whom judgement for damages to julius childhood facts be determined is given, should ensure that the order makes clear that he is, on the determination, entitled to dispute the individual items in the schedule. If he or she does not do this, it may be argued on the determination that the Gods Mythology Essay effect of the judgement was that the tenant cannot dispute anything in the schedule. Dilapidation claims will involve not only the julius childhood usual pleadings normally encountered in civil litigation, but also a pleading known as a Scott Schedule. This particular schedule is named after George Alexander Scott, who was an Official Referee between 1920 and 1933. The nature of the disputes that were referred to the Official Referees (now the Technology and Construction Court) involved them in deciding numerous facts on an item by us get in vietnam, item basis, and this meant the traditional forms of pleadings were cumbersome in dealing with such disputes.

The Scott Schedule was a type of pleading that brought both parties ' cases in relation to childhood facts each of the disputed items together in a tabular format and more importantly, in a single document. This could be easily referred to by council, witnesses and the judge during the trial and facilitated the understanding of evidence. It is now settled practice for the judge of the Technology and Construction Court, in Olympian of Greek Mythology Essay, succeeding the Official Referees, to order that a Scott Schedule be prepared. Notably, such a direction may also be made in appropriate cases, by any court. The initial burden of preparing the schedule lies with the claimant. The document must set out under appropriate headings the claimants case in relation to liability and quantum on an item by item basis. If appropriate, this may be based on the schedule of dilapidations prepared by the surveyor. The purpose of the schedule is to enable both sides to know what the issues are and it is important that the defendant pleads his case properly in the Scot Schedule. A bare denial of julius childhood facts, liability for Olympian of Greek Essay a particular item is childhood facts not helpful in Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death, advancing the childhood facts case.

For example, where the claimant pleads in column (x) that the roof covering is torn or holed over approximately 60 per did the us get involved in vietnam, cent of its total area, the defendant's case may the julius caesar facts that the roof is not torn or holed at all as alleged or that the roof is torn or holed, but not to the extent as alleged by the claimant. How Do Oral Hard To Intraosseous Implants? Essay? Accordingly, it is important for the defendant to set out whichever of these is in fact his case. It should be stressed that the Scott Schedule is designed to encapsulate the parties' respective cases in relation to the detailed items of claim, and is taken to be without prejudice to any defence of a general nature that has been raised in caesar facts, relation to liability or quantum. In admitting that items of disrepair existed and that remedial works were necessary to Gods of Greek Mythology make things right at a certain cost, the defendant is not admitting that these repairs are in fact his liabilities under his covenants, or that the cost of remedying the defects is relevant to julius caesar facts the quantification of the claimant's loss if any. These general defences should be raised in the defence in the ordinary way and need to be repeated in the Scott Schedule.

This type of schedule not only works to Lung A Leading Cause Today save time during the proceedings, but also helps to childhood concentrate the minds of the parties at R is for Ridiculous, a relatively early stage upon the exact nature of their detailed cases, and the nature and importance of the issues which divide them. Preparing the schedule at an early stage will give both parties an opportunity to narrow the differences between them and may help them to reach a realistic compromise. Disclosure enables one party to litigation to obtain the julius caesar childhood facts right to inspect and if desired to request copies of documents in the control of the other party. In dilapidation cases disclosure is most significant in relation to issues arising under s.18 (1) of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927, and in particular whether the landlord intended to redevelop the premises following the termination of the lease. In such cases disclosure enables the tenant to see not only those documents that are available to the public at the relevant time, including planning applications, but also internal memoranda and other documents evidencing the landlord's private thinking on the matter.

CPR Part 31 allows a party to make a reasonable search for documents that adversely affects their own case or adversely affects or supports another party's case and to make and serve on Hard Tissues React, the other parties a list of those documents. Julius Facts? The party must also include in the list any other documents on which he relies. The disclosing party is then under an Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay obligation to disclose the caesar facts documents to the other parties and allow them to Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology inspect the documents in the list, except where there is a right to withhold inspection, or where it is julius considered that it would be disproportionate to the issues in the case to allow disclosure of those documents. The right to withhold a document arises where a successful claim for privilege can be made. Documents that contain advice from legal advisers on legal matters are absolutely privileged, but this does not apply to of Greek Mythology other advice from non-legal advisers. Caesar Childhood Facts? Accordingly, if a landlord were to take the advice of counsel some months before the expiry of the lease as to his prospects of of Greek Essay, obtaining planning permission for a redevelopment, his instructions to his solicitor, the solicitor's instructions to childhood counsel and counsel's opinion would all be privileged. However, other advice the same landlord may have obtained in relation to the proposed development, for example from Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death Today Essay a valuation surveyor as to caesar the viability of the Implants? scheme, would not be privileged.

Another head of privilege that may be of relevance in such instances is the head of privilege protecting from disclosure documents which came into existence with the predominant purpose of being used in the preparation of actual or contemplated litigation. The exact boundaries of this privilege are however ill-defined. It is thought that it would not normally apply to notes by a building surveyor in caesar childhood, the course of his initial inspection of premises with a view to compiling a schedule of dilapidations, but that it would cover his notes made on a subsequent visit for the purposes of when did the us get in vietnam, pricing a Scott Schedule. It would not cover a valuation of the demised premises carried out for the purposes of a general valuation of the landlord's portfolio, even if the valuer took into account the state of repair of the demised premises, but it would cover a report prepared by the same valuer for julius facts the purposes of countering the tenant's contention that there had been no diminution to the landlord's reversion. The CPR has not significantly altered the powers or practice of the courts as to the award of interest. The court has power to award simple interest at Olympian Gods, such rate as the court thinks fit or as may be prescribed on all or ay part of a debt or damages in respect of which judgment is given, or payment is made before judgment, for caesar childhood all or any part of the period between the date when the persian cause of action arose and the date of payment or judgment, whichever is the caesar childhood earlier. Interests may be calculated at different rates in relation to different periods. To award interest is on A Career in Archaeology not to punish the defendant but to childhood compensate the plaintiff for being kept out of his money. Accordingly, whilst the Lung A Leading Cause of Death court maintains an overriding discretion not to caesar childhood award interest, in practice interest is readily awarded, particularly when dealing in who was in the, commercial matters. In disrepair cases where damages are awarded, interest will normally be awarded from the facts date on which the for Ridiculous cause of action arose until the date of judgment. This means that interest on damages for failure to yield up in repair will run from the term date of the lease until the date of judgment.

Notably this fact must be taken into consideration by tenants who are considering making a Part 36 payment. The rate of interest will be within the court's discretion, but will normally be the rate payable under the Judgment Act on judgment debts, that is julius prescribed from time to Mythology Essay time. It is also important to note that the court cannot award interest on julius, arrears of contractual interest. In the case of Johnsey Estates (1990) Limited v Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions the diminution in the value of the for Ridiculous reversion was held to be £200,000. Julius Childhood? Interest was awarded on in the persian gulf, that sum from the term date of the lease. In Craven (Builders) Limited v Secretary of State for Health the diminution in the value of the reversion was assessed at £40,000. The tenant accepted that prima facie interest should be payable from the term date but argued that the landlord should be deprived of two and a half year' interest because it had delayed, and was in breach of a court order to set down, in bringing the action on for trial. In this instance, Neuberger J. Julius Caesar Childhood? rejected that contention on the principal ground that he was not satisfied that the Cause of Death Essay landlord was substantially to blame or that there had been any unreasonable delay.

He further referred to julius caesar the fact that if the on A delay had been after the Civil Procedure Rules had come into force and if he had been satisfied that the delay was not merely failure to obey court orders but was due to the landlord delaying in caesar, some way of another, then he would have deprived the landlord of some interest, and he might even have done so even if it had not been established that it was the Cancer: of Death Essay landlord's fault. Interest can only be awarded on money being claimed in proceedings. Caesar Facts? The court does not have any power to award interest in cases where the defendant discharges his liability for debt or damages before the claimant commences proceedings. This is an important fact to bear in mind by tenants who are liable to pay the Lung Cancer: Today cost of work carried out by the landlord under a covenant allowing him to enter and carry out remedial work at the tenant's expense. If the childhood debt is paid prior to the landlord commencing proceedings, then there will be no liability or interest. How Do Hard React? If on the other hand, the debt is paid shortly after proceedings have been issued, then the julius landlord will be entitled to ask for interest to be awarded in relation to the period beginning on the date when the liability to pay arose. Where the defendant is an original tenant, the interest may be awarded from the date of the assignee's default, even though the in vietnam original tenant was not aware of the default at the time.

However, the court may be persuaded to adopt a more realistic approach and award interest only form the date on which the caesar childhood defendant first became aware of the assignee's default. Chapter 3 - The role of the Expert Witness. The subject of expert witnesses has figured prominently throughout the consultative process. Apart from discovery it was the subject which caused most concern. The need to when did the involved engage experts was a source of julius caesar childhood facts, excessive expense, delay and, in some cases, increased complexity through excessive or inappropriate use of experts. Expert evidence was one of the most challenging areas considered during the reassessment of civil procedure which led to wide ranging reforms being introduced in this area. The key, as will be discussed in more detail below, was a re-emphasis on the true duty of the expert to inform the court rather than to justify the position of the party paying his fees. Furthermore, when the new CPR came into force, there was concern at the concept of the Career in Archaeology single joint expert, the strong desire to childhood keep expert evidence to a minimum and R is, the requirement to inform the court of julius caesar facts, expert availability on Olympian of Greek Mythology Essay, allocation of the julius caesar childhood case. The CPR have now been operating for a few years, and Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause Today, unsurprisingly expert evidence in general has generated a high level of case law at appellate level. Caesar Childhood? Case law tends to show that the role and duties of experts is evolving, mainly as a result of the court's emphasis on proportionality.

The courts are now taking a firmer hand regarding all aspects of expert evidence, including in dilapidation cases, whether it should be allowed at all, its usefulness, its timing and of course its cost. Expert evidence will only be allowed if it is really necessary and if it is, it should not be used more than is who was persian war necessary. The reduced use of expert evidence is, however, not to be perceived as diminishing the value of expert evidence. It is recognised that there are cases where expert evidence will still clearly be necessary. Judges cannot be experts in everything. In those cases, the courts have been careful to warn judges to pay sufficient attention to the expert evidence before them and to give reasons for preferring one expert's evidence to julius facts another's.

The impact of the Essay CPR on expert evidence can be assessed by reviewing the extent to which some individual rules have been effectively applied since the introduction of the CPR. These will be discussed in more detail later in this chapter, although a summary of the main points include: The expert's duty to the Court and not it's fee paying client. The Access to Justice Final Report recommended a new approach which emphasised the expert's impartiality which was embodied in CPR r.35.3. As May L.J highlighted in his keynote address to the EWI annual conference in October 2001, you [experts] have an overriding duty to the court. a duty which overrides any obligation to the person from whom you have received instructions or by whom you are paid. You are not there to julius facts engage in a sparring match with your opposite number. The courts have actively upheld this duty by criticising expert witnesses where they have shown signs of partiality. Initially, there were concerns that this duty would entail the appointment of who was involved persian gulf, shadow experts with whom a party could discuss the full merits of his case without concern that those discussions could be stripped of privilege. This does not seem to have materialised before the courts although anecdotal evidence suggests it is happening to a certain extent behind the scenes. CPR r.35.7 introduced the concept of the single joint expert.

The idea being that parties are strongly encouraged to try to agree on an expert to instruct. Where this is not possible, the court could select a single joint expert to act in the case. This was not however, initially welcomed. One of the strong concerns in childhood facts, this area was that costs would spiral as a result of the need in complex cases to appoint experts for each party as well as the single joint experts, the costs of which would be irrecoverable. In fact, the concept of the single joint expert has been creatively adapted to suit different matters and courts. The courts have in Cause, this context recognised that, whilst taking into account the possibility of appointing a single joint expert, there are many multi-track cases which, by virtue of their complexity and the sums at childhood facts, state, will still warrant each party having its own experts.

The courts have furthermore enthusiastically taken up the for Ridiculous Essay spirit of written questions to experts provided for by CPR r.35.6, whereby a party may put to the other side's expert or a single joint expert, written questions about his report. The advantage of this procedure is that it reduces the need for cross-examination at trial and can be done without the court's involvement prior to trial. Notably this is an area of the childhood facts new procedure which is as yet still underused. The expert witness in dilapidation cases. The opinion of a properly qualified expert on an issue within his or her field of expertise can often give a judge invaluable help in finding a sound answer to problems arising in the course of litigation. Involved? But like all procedural tools expert opinion evidence, invaluable if properly used can be improperly used and then it can disfigure the litigious process by causing delay, unnecessary expense and contamination of what should be independent and objective expert opinion by considerations of partisan advantage. An important aim of the CPR is to curb the abuses to which misuse of expert evidence has given rise in caesar childhood, the past while ensuring that the courts continue to on A enjoy the help which such evidence alone can give.

There has been an extra ordinary number of decisions, clearly highlighting the importance which litigating parties attach to issues concerning expert evidence. Firstly, money would not be spent disputing these issues if parties did not think they really mattered. But secondly, the childhood facts decisions of the courts show that the new rules are making a demonstrable impact on practices and did the involved, habits of thought which were once tolerated but no longer are. New and much more rigorous demands are made of litigating parties and judges too. Expert Witness are the only type of witnesses who are allowed to give opinion evidence when it comes to caesar matters for a court to decide (all other witnesses are only entitled to give evidence of fact). Permission from the court would be required prior to the calling of or submission of any expert evidence and any application for did the involved permission must identify the field of the expertise of the expert to be relied upon and (if practicable) identify the expert. Notably, if permission is granted, it will relate only to the identified field and/or expert. It is normal procedure for the expert to provide his or her evidence by caesar childhood facts, way of written report and except in for Ridiculous, a fast-track case, the expert will under normal circumstances be directed to attend the hearing.

The court will use its case management powers to julius provide the appropriate directions under the CPR in relation to expert witness, but may also give directions in response to an application made by either party to the proceedings. In Vietnam? Part 35 of the CPR provides detailed provisions in julius caesar childhood facts, relation to experts and assessors that are expanded upon in the Practice Direction supplementing Part 35. The purpose of Part 35 is made clear by the following note which appears at the start of the Practice Direction, Part 35 is intended to limit the use of oral expert evidence to that which is reasonably required. In addition, where possible, matters requiring expert evidence should be dealt with by a single expert. Permission of the court is always required either to call an for Ridiculous expert or to put an expert's report in evidence. The case of Field v Leeds City Council provides an interesting insight to the requirements the courts generally make prior to the appointment of an expert witness. In this case the julius childhood facts county court judge refused permission to the defendant council who wished to call, as an expert witness one of its employees, who had, as a member for ten years of the claims investigation section, been involved in looking into disrepair matters for the council. The Court of Appeal held that in principle, there was no objection to a person who is Essay employed by one of the parties being called as an caesar childhood facts expert witness by that party, so long as he was properly qualified.

The court noted however, that it was important that such a person should have full knowledge of the requirements for an expert to give evidence in court and that he should be fully familiar with the need for objectivity. The primary function and duty of an expert witness is to assist the court on matters within his expertise. How Do Oral Hard Tissues To Intraosseous Essay? In the case of National Justice Compania Naviera SA v Prudential Assurance Co. Limited Cresswell J set out seven propositions that are relevant to caesar facts the performance by How Do Oral, expert witnesses of this duty. These have been quoted in childhood, textbooks and reported judgements over the years and have now largely been subsumed in the relevant provisions of the CPR. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors further published a Practice Statement and Guidance Notes for Surveyors Acting as Expert Witnesses . This statement had three particularly prominent features. Firstly members of RICS who accepted an appointment to act as expert witness were required to draw to the attention of their lay clients, at the time the who was involved in the persian gulf war instructions were accepted, that the Practice Statement applied. Secondly, compliance with the Practice Statement was made a requirement of julius childhood, professional conduct for members of the RICS in performing the function of an expert witness, so that a failure to Essay in Archaeology comply would amount to a disciplinary offence.

Thirdly, it required a member, in the body of any expert report which he compiled in the capacity of a witness, to set out his duties under the julius caesar childhood Practice Statement and to confirm that he had complied with them. This worked to bring the Practice Statement to the attention of the courts and other tribunals in when, which such evidence was given, as well as reminding the witness, every time he prepared such a report, of his duties. Similarly, the julius caesar provisions incorporated in CPR r.35.10(1) now emphasise that the primary duty of the expert witness is to the court an not to his or her client, and require an expert's report to comply with the requirements set out in any relevant Practice Direction. The Practice Direction Experts and R is for Ridiculous, Assessors sets out detailed provisions to regulate the form and caesar childhood, content of expert's reports. In particular, it requires any such report to be verified by a statement of truth confirming the who was persian gulf expert believes the facts stated in his report to be true and that his or her opinions are correct. Furthermore, CPR r.35.10(2) also requires the expert to state at the end of his report that he understands his duty to the court and has complied with that said duty, echoing the similar declaration required by the RICS Practice Statement. All reports are to state the substance of caesar childhood, all material instructions, whether written or oral, on the basis of which the report was written.

Furthermore, the instructions provided are not to of Greek Mythology be privileged against disclosure. Notably it is also provided that the court will not order disclosure of any specific document or allow any questioning in court by the other party in relation to those instructions, unless the court has reasonable grounds to childhood facts consider that the statement of the substance of the instructions is inaccurate or incomplete. It was originally intended that a Code of Guidance for Expert Witnesses would be prepared and annexed to the Practice Direction. However, aster a long delay at the time when the CPR were being prepared, the Master of the Rolls authorised in 2001, the publication of the Code of of Greek, Guidance on Expert Evidence: A Guide for experts and those instructing them for the purpose of court proceedings. This guide has not been annexed as part of the CPR as it was originally thought, but may be found re-printed in the White Book at the end of Part 35. An important innovation found within the CPR is the court's power under r.35.7 to direct, in cases where two or more parties wish to submit expert evidence on a particular matter that the evidence is to be provided by only one expert. Parties who wish to julius caesar childhood facts submit expert evidence are referred to involved as the instructing parties. The significance of the reference to the instructing parties is that, in a case where there are more than two parties, not all parties may wish to rely upon expert evidence. Those parties which do not wish to do so, are not required to instruct the joint expert and may challenge his evidence in the same way as they could challenge any other expert evidence put before the court, but they will not, of caesar, course, have any expert evidence f their own upon which they can rely. The instructing parties may agree the identity of the Oral Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? single joint expert although in instances where they cannot agree, the court may select an expert from a pre-prepared list prepared by the instructing parties or direct that the expert be selected in some other manner.

This is illustrated in the case of Peet v Mid Kent Area HHS Trust where Lord Woolf C.J stated, as we will see when we come to the framework which is provided by the Civil Procedure Rules, the Rules permit the childhood Court to require the parties to use a single expert. This is not a matter of choice for the parties. In the absence of special circumstances I consider that the appropriate way that the power should be exercised is to require a single expert rather than an expert for each party. It is only by so doing that control can be exercised over the costs involved. In relation to Part 35.7 I would emphasise that the power of the court to direct that the evidence be given by a single joint expert is unrestricted. The court has a wide discretion and that discretion has to be used in order to further the overriding principles set out in Part 1 of CPR. Making reference to the framework as provided by the Rules, Lord Woolf stressed that the in Archaeology said rules were designed to provide a flexible framework, and that there would always be cases wherein special treatment is required due to the particular issues that arise thereunder. Nonetheless, he argued that in general, the Rules should cater satisfactorily for the great majority of situations where expert evidence is required.

Where a direction for julius a single joint expert has been made, r.35.8 allows each instructing party to for Ridiculous give instructions to the expert, a copy of which must be sent to julius caesar childhood facts the other instructing parties. The court may give directions in relation to the payment of the expert's fees and expenses and any inspection, examination or experiments the expert may wish to carry out. Furthermore, the court may also limit the amount that can be paid by way of fees and expenses to the expert, prior to the instruction of the latter, and order the instructing parties to pay that amount into court. Gulf War? Importantly, unless the court directs otherwise, the instructing parties will be jointly and severally liable for the payment of the expert's fees and expenses. Paragraph 5 of julius facts, Practice Statement Experts and Assessors, provides that in instances where the court has made a direction for a single joint expert but there are a number of involved in the persian gulf, disciplines relevant to the particular issue, a leading expert in the dominant discipline should be identified as the single expert and should prepare the general part of the report and be responsible for annexing or incorporating the contents of any reports from experts in other disciplines. In a dilapidations case, for example, the court may order that the issue of whether or not there has been damage to the landlord's reversion within the meaning of s.18 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927 and of the amount of caesar childhood facts, any such diminution should be the subject of a report by a single expert and a valuation surveyor might be designated as the leading expert, who would then in turn rely upon the opinion of, for example, an expert as to market conditions prevailing at the relevant time. Similarly, if the court had directed that a single building surveyor should present evidence as to what remedial works were required so as to comply with the repairing obligations of the lease, he might be designated as the leading expert who would incorporate in Hard Tissues Implants?, his report the findings of various specialists dealing with mechanical and electrical services, lifts and the electrical installations in the building. The CPR and Practice Directions do not provide explicit guidance as to what is to happen one the julius caesar childhood single joint expert has reported. How Do Tissues React Implants?? It has been left to a number of decided cases to clarify the procedures. In Peet v Mid Kent Area Healthcare NHS Trust Lord Woolf quoted a passage from the julius White Book which stated, If a single joint expert is of Greek Essay called to give oral evidence at trial it is submitted, although the rule and the Practice Direction do not make this clear, that both parties will have the opportunity to cross-examine him or her, but with a degree of restraint given that the expert has been instructed by the parties.

He later observed, That paragraph may be applicable in some cases, but it certainly should not be regarded as being of general application. I summarise my reasons for so saying. Childhood Facts? The starting point is: unless there is reason for not having a single expert, there should only be a single expert. If there is no reason which justifies more evidence that that from a single expert on any particular topic, then again in the normal way the report prepared by the single expert should be the evidence in Olympian Gods Essay, the case on the issues covered by the expert's report. In the normal way, therefore, there should be no need for that report to be amplified or tested by cross-examination. If it needs amplification, or if it should be subject to cross-examination, the court has a discretion to julius allow that to happen. The court may permit that to happen either prior to the hearing or at the hearing. Essay On A? But the assumption should be that the caesar single joint expert's report is the evidence. Any amplification or cross-examination should be restricted as far as possible. Gods Mythology Essay? Equally, where the parties agree that there should be a single joint expert, and a single joint expert produces a report, it is possible for the court to permit a party to instruct his or her own expert and for the expert to be called at the hearing.

However, there must be good reason for that course to be adopted. if there is an issue which requires cross-examination, or requires additional evidence, that is one thing. Caesar? But the court should seek to avoid that situation arising, otherwise the objectives of having a single expert will in many situations be defeated. The Court of Appeal in the case of Popek v National Westminster Bank Plc applied the above decision, where the court upheld a decision by the judge to strike out a claim, where the single joint expert's report showed that there had been no breach of duty on the part of the defendant. It was held that the gulf judge had not been in error in depriving the claimant of the julius caesar childhood opportunity of putting his version of facts to us get involved in vietnam the expert by way of cross examination. In that case however, it is to be noted that the claimant had not taken the opportunity at an earlier stage to put his disputed version in questions to the single joint expert. This approach contrasts with that held in julius, the case of R is, Layland v Fairview New Homes Plc. In this case, a valuer had been appointed as a single joint expert, so as to assess the amount of julius childhood facts, diminution in the value of a flat the claimants claimed had suffered as a result of the grant of Olympian of Greek, planning permission to build an incinerator and power plant close by. The expert concluded that there was no diminution in value and the defendants thereby applied for summary judgment. Neuberger J held that in order to resist summary judgment dismissing the claim under Part 24, the caesar childhood facts claimants had to establish that they had a real prospect of successfully challenging the single joint expert's conclusion. Provided there was a prospect of the expert through cross-examination, or the court, through submissions, being persuaded to a different conclusion than that supported by the single joint expert's report, the claim could not be dismissed on the basis of the expert's view. In light of the fact there were some points which could be put to Essay on A Career in Archaeology the expert and accepted by him or by the court and since the court could not properly reject those points without hearing how the single joint expert dealt with them, it would not be right to grant summary judgment dismissing the claim.

Despite the fact the claimants' case on diminution seemed weak and speculative and even if successful was not likely to facts result in a large award, it could not fairly be said to stand no realistic chance of for Ridiculous Essay, success. In the case of Pattison v Cosgrove a single joint expert was appointed in a boundary dispute to report on julius caesar, various issues including the position of the boundary and whether some excavation works had undermined certain structures. Once the single joint expert's report had been received, both parties provided further questions to the single joint expert. Subsequently one of the parties applied to the court for when involved in vietnam permission to call another expert and this was refused. The application was however, allowed on appeal where Neuberger J stated, although it would be wrong to pretend that this is an exhaustive list, the factors to julius childhood facts be taken into R is, account when considering an application to permit a further expert to childhood facts be called are these. First, the in vietnam nature of the julius childhood facts issue or issues; secondly, the number of issues between the parties; thirdly the reason the new expert is wanted; fourthly, the amount at stake and, if it is not purely money, the nature of the issues at stake and their importance; fifthly, the effect of permitting one party to call further expert evidence on the conduct of the trial; sixthly, the delay, if any, in making the application; seventhly, any delay that the instructing and calling of the who was involved persian gulf new expert will cause; eighthly, any other special features of the case; and, finally and in a sense all embracing, the overall justice to the parties in the context of the litigation. Single joint experts are not appointed by the court so as to julius facts advise it or to present evidence to it. Accordingly, the report produced by the expert witness is evidence available to each of the R is instructing parties, which that party may or may not decide to put in as evidence. The party who puts in the evidence would then be bound by it and could not dispute it by, for example, cross-examining the childhood facts single joint expert. In instances where questions have been put to involved persian war the single joint expert by a party under r.35.6, the julius childhood facts expert's answers will be treated as part of his report by virtue of r.35.6(3).

It is therefore likely that, in a typical case, where there has been a direction for a single joint expert, the report will consist of the expert's original report together with answers to such questions as the parties have chosen to put to him. If one of the instructing parties is entirely content with the result of this process, he will put the when in vietnam report in julius childhood, evidence and make it part of his case. If all parties take this course the expert's report will become agreed evidence. However, if one of the instructing parties in not happy with the Olympian of Greek Mythology Essay report of the facts single joint expert (including relies to any questions which that party has submitted) that party may decide not to put the report in evidence. In this case however, the instructing party may be faced with a problem in that he has no evidence of his own on this particular issue, unless he is able to persuade the court that, notwithstanding the fact that a direction for a single joint expert has been made, it would be appropriate for him to Lung Cause of Death Today Essay have permission to julius childhood instruct his own expert dealing with that particular issue. A party that has not put the Olympian Mythology Essay report of the single joint expert in evidence as part of julius caesar childhood, his case (irrelevant of How Do Oral Hard React Implants? Essay, whether it is one of the instructing parties) appears to caesar be entitled to require the single joint expert to give evidence, and to cross-examine him.

Despite the fact that party may have the benefit of in the persian gulf, advice from his own expert in the relevant discipline on that particular issue, which could form the basis for cross-examination, that expert could not be called (unless the court has given permission). It remains unclear how often the julius caesar court will make a direction for a single joint expert in dilapidations cases, whether such experts will be directed on involved persian war, issues of what breaches exist, what remedial work is required, what the proper pricing of the work is, what damage (if any) has been caused by the landlord's reversion, or in relation to julius childhood all those issues. It seems unlikely that joint experts will be frequently appointed in dilapidations claims, at least in major claims in Career, the Technology and Construction Court. The CPR and Practice Direction do not require the court to give any special status to the evidence of a single joint expert. In practice, the opinion of a single joint expert, who has been chosen by more than one party (or by some process directed by the court), instructed by those parties and having been subjected to questioning by those parties, is likely to be considered by the court as being especially authoritative, quite apart from the fact, in most cases where a joint expert has been appointed, there will be no other expert evidence on that particular issue. Posing written questions to experts is regulated by CPR, r.35.6, which allows for each party to put to an expert instructed by another party or to childhood a single joint expert written questions in relation to his report.

These questions must be made only once. They must be made within 28 days of service of the expert's report and must only be for the purpose of clarifying the report (unless the in the persian gulf war court grants permission or the other party agrees). Importantly, the answers to any of the questions posed, become part of the evidence of the expert who has provided the caesar answers, meaning they become part of the evidence that is being relied upon by the party who has instructed the expert. Olympian Gods Of Greek Essay? Significantly, the julius childhood facts party who has asked the question can (if the answer provided by the expert supports their case) accept that part of the evidence, but also retains the right (in instances where the answers do not support their case) to on A in Archaeology cross-examine the caesar childhood expert upon it and to call evidence to contradict or undermine the answer given (notably this may only be done to the extent that the directions given allow). It therefore seems as though the right to ask questions can usefully be used both (a) to obtain the expert's confirmation that he accepts certain points upon which the questioning party wishes to rely but also (b) to expose for cross-examination a view of the expert which is thought to be vulnerable to attack. The power to put such questions may also draw out useful background material, including whether there are any particular matters upon which the expert has relied in order to support particular conclusions already stated in Hard Tissues to Intraosseous Implants? Essay, his report. It is important to note, that for tactical reasons, the party who puts the questions to julius childhood the expert, will have to consider to Gods Mythology Essay what extent the points which might be raised can be more effectively dealt with in cross-examination and to what extent they wish the caesar other party's expert to set out in who was involved in the persian war, advance of cross-examination his answer to their question. In situations where an expert does not answer the questions put by a party, the court is entitled under CPR, r.35.6(4) to order that the party who instructed the expert may not rely upon his evidence and/or that the party may not recover the fees and expenses of that expert from any other party. By virtue of CPR, r.35.12, the court may at any stage of the proceedings, direct the experts to enter into a discussion for the purpose of requiring them to firstly identify the issues and secondly, where possible, to reach an agreement on an issue. This is a similar power to julius that previously conferred on the court by RSC O.38, r.38 and Essay, accords with the practice that has evolved in the Official Referees' courts.

The Court may specify the issues the experts must discuss and may direct that, following a discussion, the experts prepare a statement for the court to show those issues on which they agree and those issues on which they disagree, together with a summary of their reasons for disagreeing. Despite the fact the childhood facts previous RSC O.38 similarly provided that an agreed statement might come out of he experts' discussion, the procedure under CPR r.35 is more prescriptive, and conforms to the principle that the experts' overriding duty is to the court. The case of Robin Ellis Limited v Malwright Limited decided under the Tissues former Rules of the Supreme Court illustrates this point. In this instance, the Official Referee, Judge Bowser Q.C highlighted the julius fact that it was not for the parties to tell the experts what opinions they were allowed to hold, and that the duty owed to the court by the experts was to express in of Death, their agreement the julius childhood views which they themselves honestly held. Previously, the procedures allowing experts to meet have shown themselves to Oral Tissues to Intraosseous Implants? Essay be useful and the new rule should continue to do so. Experts will sometimes be in a position where they are able to reach an agreement to such an extent that their attendance at trial can be dispensed with. This is illustrated in instances where the respective building surveyors may be able to agree on what work should have been done and what it would have cost, leaving the question of julius childhood, damage to the reversion as the only live issue at trial. Even in cases where complete agreement on a substantive issue is not possible, the Oral Tissues to Intraosseous Essay experts will often be in a position to reach agreement in julius, relation to matters which would otherwise take up time at trial. R Is For Ridiculous Essay? For example, valuers should in most cases be able to agree on julius caesar childhood, matters such as floor areas and the details of their respective comparables, and building surveyors who differ on when did the us get involved, what work is required should nonetheless be able to julius caesar childhood agree on the cost of the R is work for which each contends.

Furthermore, in echoing the julius caesar previous provision to who was involved in the persian the effect that the meeting between experts should be on a without prejudice basis, CPR, r.35.12(4) provides that the content of the discussions between experts shall not be referred to at the trial unless the parties agree to julius caesar facts this. Whist discussing, experts are to make a proper attempt to identify and narrow the issues on Career in Archaeology, which they differ. Importantly, if an expert is persuaded by his opposite number that his view on a particular issue is wrong, he will not be able to write a report expressing his original view and ought to instead agree that matter in the statement for the court. Childhood Facts? Where experts agree on an issue during their discussions, pursuant to CPR, r.35.12(5), the agreement shall not be binding on the parties unless the parties expressly agree to be bound by the agreement. This does not however, release the expert from How Do Implants? Essay his duty to the court as to the truthfulness of julius, his evidence which means that in practice, where an expert has reached agreement with his opposite How Do Oral Tissues to Intraosseous Implants? Essay number the party instructing him will normally have no option but to facts agree its inclusion in the statement. The rule clearly envisages an attempt in good faith by of Greek Mythology Essay, both experts to discuss the issues, to narrow the differences between them, and to record what common ground exists. For example, an expert would not be complying with the rule if he or she attended discussions and facts, informed the opposite number that he or she has no instructions to discuss anything but is prepared to listen to involved gulf war what is said.

In the same manner, a discussion meeting should not be utilised to discuss settlement of the action since there will then be a danger that the expert will confuse his duty to the court with his duty to his client to childhood facts obtain the on A Career best possible settlement. The court has the power to direct discussions at any stage of the proceedings, although the childhood most advantageous time for Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause Essay such discussions will normally be before reports are exchanged so as to allow for the reports to be written on the basis of the areas of agreement and julius facts, disagreement identified at the meeting. Sometimes, a further meeting after exchange of reports may be useful if the result of exchange is further to clarify the nature of the matters in when involved in vietnam, difference. Content of experts' reports. The Practice Direction to rule 35 requires that the report should be addressed to the court and not to the party from whom the expert has received his instructions. Furthermore, the report should give details of the expert's qualifications, as well as details of any literature or other material the expert has relied on in making the report. In accordance with CPR, r.35.12 and as referred to previously in julius caesar, this essay, there should also be the inclusion of an appropriate statement of truth in the body of the expert's report. Paragraph 1.2(5) provides that, where there is a range of opinion on the matters dealt with in Lung Cancer: Cause of Death Today, the report, the report should summarise the range of opinion, and give reason for the expert's own opinion. This appears to be addressed to issues of practice or principle on julius facts, which there is a known and A Leading Essay, acknowledged range of opinion between experts in the field. It does not mean that on every occasion on julius childhood, which an expert things that another expert might disagree with him on a particular point, he is required to say so and go on to say what view that other expert might hold.

Subject to these particular provisions, the who was in the persian gulf war contents of an expert's report varies from case to case. Facts? There are however, some general points that apply in all instances and that merit a brief mention herein. Firstly the report should be prepared by a named individual rather than from a firm or company. This is because expert evidence is personal, in that the opinions expressed in in the persian, the report must be the personal opinion of an individual. After all it may be that that particular individual is later called upon to julius caesar childhood facts give oral evidence and be cross-examined on his evidence.

Accordingly, it follows that the report should for the most part be written in the first person singular rather than the first person plural. Secondly, the report must demonstrate the Oral React witnesses' credentials to be considered an expert and, in julius caesar childhood facts, order to explain the of Greek Mythology nature of his particular field of expertise, the julius childhood report should contain a statement not merely of his formal qualifications but also something about his career and the nature of his practical experience. Thirdly, in dilapidations cases, the expert's evidence will almost always be based on How Do Tissues, what he has observed on childhood, inspecting the premises, as well as other matters. Accordingly, the expert should give the R is dates of julius caesar, those inspections and, where appropriate, also explain the reason for Career in Archaeology his visit. Fourthly, in julius childhood facts, some instances, the expert may wish to make particular points about the How Do React to Intraosseous Implants? physical nature of the subject-mater of his inspection.

He will have to julius childhood decide whether the best means of conveying this to involved in the gulf the court is by a verbal description or by reference to location plans, or photographs or a combination of some or all of these. Fifthly, it is likely that the expert's opinion will be based on detailed data that has been assembled from a variety of sources. So that the court may understand this, the rule upon the admissibility of some parts of the evidence if necessary, it should be made clear in the body of the caesar report what is the when did the source and nature of the information that is julius being relied upon. Sometimes the expert will simply be setting out or referring to something of which he has first-had knowledge, such as a schedule of dilapidations referred to by the building surveyor who drew it up. Sometimes the expert will be referring to information of a factual nature supplied by third parties. An example of this is the in the persian fact the expert valuer may refer to details of comparable transactions supplied to him by other agents. Sometimes the data will e of a more generalised nature, such as statistical surveys, analyses of market trends or indices of building costs. Finally, after having demonstrated the material, factual and otherwise, upon which his evidence is based, the expert should clearly set out the facts conclusions that have been reached. The expert must set out in Oral Hard Tissues React Implants? Essay, as much detail as he considers appropriate the method and line of reasoning which has led him to his conclusions. Whilst writing his report, the expert must bear in mind that he is required to be objective and he must express his honest opinion.

Arguments he does not believe in must not be put forward and opinions which he does not in fact hold, should not be expressed. In instances where there is a point that can fairly be made against julius, him, he should acknowledge it and explain why it does not cause him to Mythology Essay change his views. In all, he should aim for julius caesar childhood a balanced and fair assessment of the subject matter in his report. Human Rights and the Expert Witness. The Human Rights Act 1998 also has a potentially significant impact on the rules governing expert evidence. When Us Get Involved? Firstly, under CPR r.35.4, the court has total control over caesar childhood facts, the use of expert evidence and should limit such evidence to that which is who was in the war necessary to resolve the proceedings justly. This power lends itself to allegations that Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights has been breached, in that evidential restrictions have denied a party a fair trial. Secondly, it may be argued that the appointment of caesar facts, a single joint expert is an Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology Essay infringement of parties' rights to a fair trial, although this has yet to be tested. Thirdly, there has been discussion about whether without prejudice expert meetings under CPR r.35.12 could also be challenged under Article 6, although this again has yet to be tested.

It is perhaps surprising that more challenges have not been made to Part 35 on the basis of Article 6. This is perhaps due to julius childhood the one attempt to do so that was firmly rejected by Lord Woof in Daniels v Walker. In this case, the issue before the Court of Appeal was of some significance as to the approach which judges should adopt when a single joint expert has been instructed and where one side is unhappy with that report. The facts arose from an accident in which the claimant was involved as a child. The single issue before the Court of Appeal was the nature of the care which the claimant would require in the future. On receipt of the report from the joint expert, the defendant was concerned at the extent of the care regime recommended by the expert and sought to obtain a further care report from another expert. The appellants advanced two separate arguments before the Cause of Death Essay Court of Appeal, firstly they raised an argument based on the CPR and secondly they raised an argument based on the Human Rights Act 1998 and the European Convention on Human Rights (albeit that the 1998 Act was not in force at julius caesar facts, the relevant time).

As to Essay Career in Archaeology the CPR argument, the court referred to the overriding objective of the CPR r.35.1 (which places a duty on the court to restrict expert evidence) and CPR r.35.6 (dealing with the ability of the parties to caesar childhood put questions to Essay in Archaeology the experts). The court also referred to CPR r.35.7 which gives the court power to direct that evidence is to be given by a single joint expert. Having considered the relevant rules, the julius facts Court of Appeal said that the fact that a party has agreed to instruct a joint expert does not prevent that party being allowed facilities to obtain a report from another expert, or, if appropriate, to rely on the evidence of another expert. The Court of Appeal added that in substantial cases, such as this, the correct approach is to How Do Oral React to Intraosseous regard the childhood instruction of an expert jointly by the parties as the first step in obtaining expert evidence on a particular issue. The court added that it is to be hoped that in the majority of cases it will not only be the first step but the last step.

However, if having obtained a joint expert's report, a party, for reasons which are not fanciful, wishes to obtain further information before making a decision as to whether or not there is a particular part (or possibly the whole) of the expert's report which he or she should, subject to the discretion of the Gods of Greek court, be permitted to obtain that evidence. The appeal was allowed in this case and a further care report from another expert was admitted. However, the Court of Appeal noted that this would not be the case where it is suggested that the claimant would be unduly distressed, or anything of that nature, by the additional examination. As to the Human Rights arguments, the defendant argued that having regard to julius childhood facts the provisions of Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, a refusal of the defendant's wish to instruct a second expert would conflict with Article 6 because it amounted either to baring the when did the in vietnam whole claim of the defendant or barring an essential part of that claim. The Court of Appeal held that Article 6 had no possible relevance to the appeal. The court said that, even if the Act had been in force, it would be highly undesirable if the consideration of case management issues was made more complex by julius childhood, the injection into R is Essay, them of Article 6 style arguments. The Court of Appeal said that it hoped that judges would be robust in resisting any attempt to introduce such arguments. It seems that the julius biggest impact the 1998 Act has had on expert witnesses is in relation to the bias issues. These occur where there is reason to believe that an expert may be biased towards one party and Cancer: Essay, the result of successful allegations could be that evidence is excluded, or given less weight. This may in some instances apply to facts dilapidation matters generally, and is likely to damage a party's case.

Accordingly, steps should be taken in all cases to Lung A Leading avoid any hint of bias. Chapter 4 - Alternative Dispute Resolution and Dilapidation claims. The introduction of the CPR has meant that it is more likely that dilapidation claims will end up being resolved by agreement rather than by litigation. It is caesar childhood therefore important at this stage, to consider the options available to those who wish to resolve dilapidation disputes without entering into R is, litigation. The first alternative to be considered is that of arbitration. Arbitration is based on the agreement of the parties and unlike litigation, has limited intervention by the state. This means that in julius caesar facts, one sense, unlike the public process that is litigation, arbitration can be considered as a private process.

Any resort to arbitration to resolve disputes will start with an arbitration agreement. In dilapidation cases, such an agreement may be found in a clause in the lease that gives either party the involved persian gulf right to julius caesar facts refer to arbitration if any disputes arise under the lease. However, such clauses are, in practice rarely to be found in leases in a form wide enough to embrace the typical dilapidations dispute (as opposed to a more limited arbitration clause aimed at Lung Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death Essay, a particular subject-matter such as service charges, where arbitration clauses are somewhat more common, or rent review, where provision for arbitration by a surveyor is widespread). Facts? Accordingly, in Essay on A in Archaeology, the absence of childhood, such a clause, arbitration will only be possible if the Essay on A in Archaeology parties agree that for the purposes of their immediate dispute, it is to be referred to arbitration. If the agreement is in writing, as required by s.5 of the 1996 Act, it will be enforceable by either party, and if the other party seeks to resort to caesar childhood litigation instead, a stay can be obtained from the court under s.9 of the 1996 Act. The person chosen as the arbitrator should be qualified to understand the issues that arise in the particular disputed referred to persian gulf him. Julius Childhood? It is not normal procedure for an arbitration clause in Oral Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous, a lease to provide for a named individual arbitrator. Julius Caesar Childhood? Instead, it will normally lay down a procedure by which such a person may be appointed (in default of the parties' agreement upon his identity).

In a clause in a lease that is specifically aimed at Lung of Death Today, dilapidations disputes, the President of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors or of the Law Society is likely to be named as the person to make appointments. If however, there are no appointment procedures outlined within the lease, or of for some reason those that are set out fail to facts operate, the 1996 Act provides a fall back appointment procedure. If the parties enter into a specific arbitration agreement for the purposes of an existing dilapidations dispute they will be able to specify a named individual in their agreement. Oral Tissues To Intraosseous Implants?? Alternatively, they may invoke the appointment procedures of the RICS or the Law Society or some other appointing institution or rely upon appointment by the court. It is always preferable to obtain an appointment by julius childhood facts, specific agreement, as this would give the parties the maximum control over the identity of the person who is to decide their dispute. Once an arbitrator has been appointed, he or she will give directions for Olympian of Greek a speedy and cost effective resolution of the dispute under s.34 of the 1996 Act. It is important to julius childhood facts note, that unlike litigation, there is considerable flexibility in the range of procedures that may be adopted. When Did The In Vietnam? For example the arbitration may be conducted wholly in julius, writing or there may be an oral hearing.

Furthermore, the arbitrator may be given power to did the us get involved take the initiative in ascertaining the facts and the law. The strict rules of evidence may or may not apply and under s.37, the arbitrator may appoint a legal or other assessor to assist him. Procedural matters may be agreed between the parties. Julius Childhood Facts? If they are unable to do so, these may be determined by the arbitrator in accordance with hi general duty under s.33 to act fairly and impartially between the parties, allowing each party a reasonable opportunity to put forward his case and dealing with that of his opponent, and adopting procedures suitable t the circumstances of the particular case, avoiding unnecessary delay and expense, so as to provide a fair means for the resolution of the matter falling to be determined. This may resemble a superficial resemblance to Essay litigation procedures under the CPR, but the important difference is julius caesar that the parties control most aspects of arbitration proceedings (except where there is disagreement, in which case the arbitrator decides) while under the R is for Ridiculous CPR the court's case management powers override the wishes of the parties as to how the caesar childhood facts proceedings should progress. An arbitrator's award will deal with all the matters with which a court's judgment could deal, including interest and costs. It is enforceable in the same way as a court judgment and unless the parties agree otherwise, will contain reasons for the decision. In the context of a typical dilapidation dispute, the advantages of arbitration as opposed to litigation are twofold. Firstly the right to choose a specific person to decide the dispute enables the parties to have the How Do Oral Hard React Essay matters resolved by julius caesar childhood facts, a person from a relevant discipline who is not necessarily a lawyer and who may be thought for some particular reason to be a more suitable tribunal than a judge.

Secondly, the advantage is simply that under arbitration, the dispute is likely to be resolved more quickly. The reason for this is not due to the fact the when did the involved arbitrator is, in general terms, at the parties' disposal, whereas a judge has public duties towards other litigants resulting in a comparable case in court being unlikely to be tried within the timescale which could be achieved at arbitration. Arbitration may also provide a more flexible range of procedures, especially the possibility of avoiding an oral hearing. Having said that, the improved procedures brought in julius childhood facts, by the CPR, allied to the special techniques evolved by Essay on A Career in Archaeology, the Technology and julius caesar, Construction Court, make the difference between the relevant procedures less marked in Essay on A Career, dilapidation dispute instances, than in other litigation. A disadvantage of arbitration is also that the parties will be put to caesar childhood facts the additional cost of paying the arbitrator's fee, as well as any assessors whom he may appoint. In a dilapidations case, where the complexity of the issues may sometimes require a lot of time to be devoted by the arbitrator and assessor, the additional costs may be quite considerable.

Furthermore, in cases where a lengthy hearing is involved, the costs of hiring a suitable venue must also be borne in mind. Notably in such instances as those described, court fees payable in respect of Cancer: A Leading Cause Today Essay, a comparable dispute being resolved by litigation are relatively insignificant. A second process by which litigation in dilapidation cases may be avoided is caesar childhood facts that of expert determination. Expert determination means that unlike litigation, there are no formal procedures governing the procedure. Furthermore, an expert essentially decides the matter referred to him according to when did the in vietnam his own knowledge and experience and not the evidence put before him by the parties. Expert determination may be less suitable than arbitration in dilapidation cases where substantial issues and sums of money are involved. This is childhood facts because such a dispute will inevitably be so complex that it cannot generally be safely entrusted to Essay on A the decision of julius caesar facts, a third party without the benefit of hearing and weighing and adjudicating upon the various points put by the opposing parties. On the other hand, expert determination may be well suited to disputes where the How Do Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay issues are straight forward or where the sums at stake are low or of particular issues which the parties cannot agree and the resolution of which is likely to julius facts facilitate an overall settlement of the entire claim. The Dispute Resolution Service of the Essay in Archaeology Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors is launching a scheme to facilitate determination of dilapidations disputes by a Chartered Surveyor appointed either as an arbitrator or as an expert, depending upon whichever the parties think is most appropriate in their particular instance.

In appropriate cases, this will be a speedy and cost effective alternative to litigation either for childhood facts entire dilapidation disputes or for particular issues which the parties cannot agree. A third alternative process to be considered is that of mediation. CPR Part 26 and the Practice Direction on Olympian of Greek Mythology, Case Management make provision for a stay of proceedings to allow for settlement of the case. Notably, it was one of the main objectives of the CPR to encourage mediation. The Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations claims for Damages published by julius caesar facts, the Property Litigation Association specifically recommends both parties explore the possibilities of mediation or other alternative dispute resolution process. The mediator does not make an award or determination binding the Olympian Gods Essay parties. Instead his role is caesar facts purely to Gods of Greek facilitate the settlement by the parties of their dispute and if mediation is caesar childhood successful, it will result in Olympian of Greek Essay, a compromise between the julius caesar childhood parties that is legally binding upon them in the same was as contract. In dilapidation disputes, the mediator is likely to be a Chartered Surveyor, although a suitably trained lawyer is also appropriate. It is unclear at present how frequently and with what degree of success mediation is being used as a result of the encouragement given by the CPR. Mediation seems well suited to the sorts of issues arising out of dilapidation claims as they are usually a number of interlocking issues as well as a number of disputed points which are of commercial importance to the parties but which are not necessarily susceptible to resolution through the How Do Oral Tissues Implants? ordinary litigation process. A fourth and final alternative is that of Early Neutral Evaluation.

Early Neutral Evaluation is referred to both in the Admiralty Commercial Courts Guide, and in julius childhood facts, dilapidation matters in the Technology and Construction Court Guide. What is envisaged in the Commercial Court, is us get involved a discussion between the advocates and a judge, from which it appears to julius facts them that and Early Neutral Evaluation is likely to assist in the resolution of the dispute or of particular issues, in which case it will, if both parties agree, be referred to a judge who is to Olympian Gods Essay provide a without prejudice non-binding early neutral evaluation. The Guide provides that the judge conducting the evaluation will take no further part in the case unless both parties agree. Similar procedures are set out in paragraph 6.5 of the Technology and Construction Court Guide. The intention of this process is to allow both parties to learn what are the julius caesar facts strengths and Essay on A in Archaeology, weaknesses of their respective arguments and to see the reaction of a judge of the court which will try the dispute if it does in fact go to court.

It is hoped this process will help the julius parties narrow the issues, or focus their arguments, or to accept that the result of a full trial is not likely to be much different from that indicated by the evaluation, and to compromise their differences accordingly. It is not thought that this particular alternative dispute resolution procedure has to Olympian Gods of Greek date been much used in julius, dilapidations claims, but the procedure would seem to be one which, in Essay, principle, might be usefully applied in such cases. So have the changes brought in by the caesar CPR been effective? In March 2001, the Lord Chancellor's Department published a Report Emerging Findings: An early evaluation of the Civil Justice Reforms presenting some conclusions as to the effects of the CPR. The report evaluates whether certain goals of the new procedures have been met, for example, the goals that litigation will be avoided wherever possible, will be less adversarial and R is Essay, less complex and more co-operative, and that parties of limited financial means will be able to conduct litigation on a more equal footing. The key findings were as follows:

1. Overall, there has been a drop in the number of claims issued, in particular in the types of claims where the CPR have been introduced 2. Julius Childhood? Anecdotal evidence suggests pre-action protocols are working well to did the promote settlement before issue and caesar facts, reducing the Essay number of ill-founded claims 3. There is evidence showing that settlements at the door of the court are now fewer and that settlements before the hearing day have increased. Part 36 has been welcomed by all interested groups as a means of resolving claims more quickly. Despite the fact offers to childhood settle can be made at any time during proceedings, there is a widespread belief that they are used in the early stages of a claim so that a trial may be avoided. Essay On A Career In Archaeology? 4. The number of julius caesar, cases using Alternative Dispute Resolution has increased, suggesting that since the introduction of the Civil Procedure Rules, parties are more likely to try alternative means of settling claims. 5. The use of single joint experts seems to have worked without problems.

It is likely that their use has contributed to a less adversarial culture, earlier settlement and may have cut costs. 6. Case Management Conferences are a key factor in making litigation less complex, and appear to R is Essay have been a success. 7. The time between issue and hearing for those cases that go to trial has fallen. Facts? The time between issue and hearing for small claims has risen since the introduction of the Civil Procedure Rules 8. The number of appeals in Essay, the course of proceedings appears to have fallen sharply. A definitive view on caesar childhood, costs is however, difficult to establish.

The picture remains unclear with statistics difficult to obtain and conflicting anecdotal evidence. 9. The views of litigants in person are difficult to obtain in How Do Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants?, light of the fact they tend to julius childhood facts use the system only once. Whilst research is being undertaken to assess their views, anecdotally it appears that the courts are providing the assistance required. 10. Sources external to Olympian Gods Mythology the Lord Chancellor's Department show that, with one or two exceptions, the civil justice reforms have been well received overall. It may be said that, given the provenance of the report, it would be expected that it would seek to provide a favourable impression of the changes in procedural law. Julius Caesar Childhood? It should however be noted that much that has happened in recent years is not traceable to the Access to Justice Reports. As a longitudinal study, the report is long on anecdote and short on robust evidence (largely because evidence of the performance of the civil justice system prior to the CPR coming into effect is slender). To a large extent the report draws on in-house studies conducted by large law firms.

In some respects, the report understates the success of certain aspects of the new rules and, in others, overstates the success. Nationwide, amongst lawyers and judges, particularly those routinely involved with cases in the middle range (including multi-track cases), there is a large amount of discontent. The criticism is not directed at the objectives of the new civil justice system, but rather at for Ridiculous, a perceived lack of resources sufficient to make the system work properly. Doubtless the official answer to caesar childhood facts this will be that existing resources should be used more efficiently. The use of resources is at the centre of the Lord Chancellor's Department Consultation Paper on Modernising the Civil Courts published in 2001.

This paper claims to indicate how the Court Service will become a modern customer-focused organisation, providing excellent services, by the effective use of involved, technology and through significant re-organisation. Caesar Childhood Facts? The key components of this new vision which the Court Service has for its future fore are said to be a new way of managing the civil justice system, new ways of serving our customers, and a new way of when involved in vietnam, handling cases and supporting our judges and caesar facts, staff. To an extent, the Modernising the Civil Courts Programme is a response to the recommendations made by Lord Woolf in his Reports as to the crucial role of information technology in implementing the civil justice reforms he proposed. Essay On A Career In Archaeology? Those concerned with the facts lack of resources presently available to the civil justice system will need to be persuaded that the objectives of the Programme are not to reduce further the number of High Court and County court offices throughout the jurisdiction and the number of staff serving in them. A consequence of the sharp drop in the number of civil claims being started since the introduction of the civil justice reforms came into effect is us get a serious reduction in the income from court fees. For this reason alone, the prospects for the Court Service providing an excellent service for its customers in the future has to be regarded as bleak. In relation to dilapidation claims, it is arguable that it is not only the smooth running of the litigation process that is necessary, but also some reform in the law itself. Dilapidation law is derived mainly from the common law and like many other areas of English law it has developed rather sporadically and on caesar facts, a case by case basis. Few statutes of universal application exist, and those that do have been enacted as a response to perceived unfairness of the common law in a particular area. Some statutory intervention has taken place in the residential field, although these have not followed any particular plan and in some areas require reform. The availability of specific performance as a means of enforcing repairing obligations illustrates how piecemeal the development in this area has been.

Over many years, it was believed that specific performance as a remedy was not available, particularly when dealing with the enforcement of a tenant or landlord's covenant. It was only in 1974 that an Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology order for specific performance of a landlord's covenant in favour of a tenant of a dwelling was finally conferred by statute. Facts? Despite this fact, some uncertainty remained regarding the availability of the remedy in relation to a tenant's covenant. It was only in March 1996 that the Law Commission recommended the court should be given a general power to decree specific performance of repairing obligations, whether of landlord or tenant. How Do Tissues React Implants? Essay? This recommendation has not yet been implemented, although in 1998 the High Court decided at first instance that power to order specific performance of a tenant's repairing covenant exists anyway. The piecemeal development of the law has been matched by a deeply conservative approach to the drafting of dilapidations obligations in leases There are of course exceptions to the rule, but most draftsmen have tended to childhood facts stick to the old tried and Lung A Leading of Death Today Essay, tested formulae including the traditional obligation to repair and keep in repair. These have ordinarily concentrated on julius caesar childhood facts, the technical operations that are to be carried out to the premises rather than the of Greek Essay state in which the premises are to be kept. This has meant that there are some cases where the relevant obligation has been held not to caesar facts have been broken even though the premises are clearly unusable.

This means that in a number of areas, the law of dilapidations does not provide the comprehensive solution to Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology Essay modern problems which a more structured and radical approach might provide. In March 1996 the Law Commission published its report Landlord and Tenant: Responsibility for the State and Condition of Property. This report contains a useful discussion of many aspects of the existing law, and sets out proposals for reform. The introduction concludes that there are some serious short comings in julius caesar facts, the law governing the R is for Ridiculous Essay repair and maintenance of julius caesar childhood, leasehold property. The report was published prior to Essay on A Career in Archaeology the decision in childhood, Southwark Borough Council v Mills where the House of Lords reaffirmed the general rule that the landlord gives no implied covenant with regard to of Death Today the condition of the property being let. The House of Lords held that two tenants of council flats had no remedy at common law for substantial interference by noise resulting from the lack of sound proofing. This decision would no doubt have been regarded by julius, the Commission as further support for its views on the need for reform. In the case of in the gulf, Habinteg Housing Association v James Staughton L.J said in relation to the problem in that case where the landlord was not liable to sort out an alleged infestation of childhood, cockroaches on a housing estate that, we are told that the Law Commission has been considering such a problem.

It is to be hoped that they will recommend a solution. What is more, it is hoped that if they do, Parliament will carry it out. R Is For Ridiculous? Judges and julius, lawyers are sometimes reproached when the law does not produce the right result. There are occasions when the reproach should be directed elsewhere. In Issa v Hackney LBC decided shortly after the publication of the Law Commission Report, Brooke L.J stated, parliament has now had the Law Commission's report for over six months. The resolution of this injustice lies in decisions being taken about the allocation and distribution of public sector finance to the health service and to local government which are for ministers and Parliament and not for judges to take in our constitutional scheme of things. In Lee v Leeds City Council Chadwick LJ commented on the recommendation in the report that there should be an implied term as to fitness for habitation in the following terms, Parliament has not found time to give effect to that recommendation. Gods Of Greek? At the least, it has not done so directly.

Unless, as the appellants contends, the solution to the problem can be found in the provisions of the Human Rights Act 1998, the position remains that there continues to exist a class of case where serious wrong continues to be without a remedy in the civil courts. Despite the judicial encouragement, the Law Commission report has not been implemented to date, and it is not clear when, if at julius childhood, all, this may happen. Andrews, N, A New Civil Procedural Code for England: Party-Control Going, Going, Gone, (2000) CJQ 19, 9 Denehan, E, Dilapidations Law and Practice, 2004, Jordans Dowding, N and Reynolds, K, Dilapidations, the Modern Law and practice, 3rd Edition, 2004, Sweet Maxwell Hall, JG, The Expert Witness, 2001, 3rd Edition, Bary Rose Law Publisher Hollis, M, Dilapidations: An introduction, 2003, The College of Estate Management Lightman, G, The Civil Justice Reforms in Practice, (2000), Butterworths Piggot, MS, Civil Litigation, (2004) Semple Piggot Rocher Plant, C, Blackstone's Civil Practice, (2004) Oxford University Press Vegoda, VH, The Dilapidation Handbook, 2002, London Lark Productions West, WA, West and Smith's Law of Dilapidations, 11th Edition, 2001, Estates Gazette Dilapidations (RICS Guidance Notes), 4th Edition, 2002, RICS Publishing Effects of the Civil Justice Reforms, (2001) CJQ 20, 301 Emerging Findings: An early evaluation of the on A Civil Justice Reforms (2001) www.open.gov.uk/lcd Modernising the Civil Courts (2001) www.courtservice.gov.uk Access to Justice - Interim Report (June 1995) www.dca.gov.uk Access to Justice - Final Report (July 1996) www.dca.gov.uk. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Law essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Law work in your email box, in facts, as little as 3 hours. This Law essay was submitted to when did the us get involved us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

This page has approximately words. If you use part of facts, this page in your own work, you need to involved in vietnam provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay on the Effects of Civil Procedure Rules on facts, Dilapidations | Property . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/law/expert-witness-role.php [06-10-17]. If you are the who was persian gulf war original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time.

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CanGo Final Report Teamblue Essay. Elizabeth Bennett, a businesswoman that had a great idea and worked hard to julius caesar childhood start a new business in the ecommerce market named CanGo. She began making groundbreaking decisions in 2006 when she started CanGo. Over the years this new booming business was established to provide customers with opportunities to purchase books, music, videos and games in an online environment. CanGo was designed to accommodate consumers in todays market by providing them with affordable options for entertainment at the touch of the fingertips without leaving home. However CanGo started off with a blast of success but the organization like any other have some concerns and issues that need some professional attention. Gods Mythology! One of the issues that CanGo lacks is childhood facts, a formal strategic business plan. Olympian Gods Of Greek Mythology! The company has failed to julius caesar childhood facts really define its values and mission statement. They clearly do not have any goals set forth. Another issue is poor communication meaning the involved gulf war staff members and caesar facts management is Olympian Gods of Greek, unclear of goals to meet project needs. In summary, CanGo cannot survive todays world if they cant adapt and develop a professional and aggressive strategic plan while implementing a range of reforms.

CanGo is an IPO Recognized Company. Liz thought it would be a good idea to hold an caesar childhood facts, IPO (Initial Public Offering) to raise capital that would help expand the business. CanGo would like to add on more products. In todays market there are so many competitors that sell a variety of products, it makes sense to try to keep up or past competition. CanGo has a loyal team that welcomes diversity. Olympian Gods Of Greek Mythology! The team that is creative and works well together and welcomes new and exciting projects.

CanGo does not have a strategic business plan to follow. This plan would give CanGo significant direction and would allow them to identify short-term and julius caesar childhood long-term goals. It is Olympian Gods of Greek Essay, up to julius caesar facts Liz the CEO of the company to Essay develop a strategic plan. CanGo struggles with communication from top to bottom. From management down to julius staff members goals and deadlines are unclear to meet project expectations. The tasks arent prioritized.

CanGo lacks any structure in their warehouse. The products arent in any specific order, they are hard to find. When customers places orders, that staff members pull these orders manually and ship them. There is no organization whatsoever. CanGo can utilize advanced technology with software and hardware with integration of inventory barcode control. This would give them more organization in the warehouse to locate products easier and keep track of the warehouse inventory.

CanGos plays partners or roles in the ecommerce growing market which enables them to reach out to consumers globally. This gives them both a domestic and international consumer base. While CanGo thinks about expansion, the staff members are juggling multiple tasks which result in the staff feeling overworked due to no type of system to work efficiently. CanGo has no technology in did the, place to compete with their biggest competitors such as Amazon or EBay. They have no type of application downloads to view or use their products instantly. In todays ecommerce market, Internet has truly defined the way we a society do things from communication, entertainment, shopping, and research of childhood, information. E-commerce has been successful because it offers a lot of advantages for both consumers and retailers.

Consumers can make comparisons of products and prices with just a click of a mouse. Online retailers or online company which is How Do Oral Hard Essay, what CanGo is provides the power of online purchases from the comfort of the consumer homes and delivery to their doorstep. While doing some research, In June 2009, a study by the Carnegie Mellon Green Design Institute in the US found that shopping online can reduce our environmental impact by as much as 66%. For businesses like CanGo, the advantages of e-commerce lies mainly in the low cost setting up and maintaining the business. According to MarketLine, the world online retail market expanded by julius caesar almost 18% in 2010 and is predicted to reach close to $435 billion in sales. The market is expected to reach a 90% growth by 2015 and exceed $827 billion in involved persian gulf, sales.

Listed in an article Ecommerce Growth Statistics, the average amount spent by julius facts each consumer is Lung A Leading Cause, expected to rise from $1,207 per year to $1,738 per person by 2016. That is a significant increase. That shows that people prefer to julius childhood facts shop online than going to the actual store in todays society. Shoppers will spend on an average of $327 billion online shopping in 2016, which is about 45% from $226 billion in 2012. It is very evident that consumers will drive ecommerce into the future; especially e-retail.

In just a few years, purchases online will be more profitable than ever, with others products and services available to Career in Archaeology purchase such as mobile and social allowing consumers to shop to their convenience. Caesar Facts! For retailers and Oral Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? others, it would be strategic to utilize all tools available for julius advertisement such as social networking, website optimization, and marketing. CanGo needs to be aware of their competition if they wish to remain completely in their particular market. Essay In Archaeology! It is very important to reach the julius caesar facts success of any business. A competitive analysis is a statement of the Mythology Essay business strategy statement and how it relates to the competition (Entrepreneur Media, Inc., 2006). This provides the appropriate data needed to facts remain competitive and in the competition. The information provided includes details about the competition, assumptions and strategies. Also anything that could possibly hinder business success. For Ridiculous! If CanGo were to move forward with deciding a plan without taking into consideration their competition, they could be setting themselves up for the ultimate failure. Julius Facts! A competitive analysis was done for Gods Mythology Essay of CanGo to help in the development of their marketing strategy within the Retail and Software Industries. CanGo has experienced growth over the last few years, even though it is still a fairly young company; unfortunately the growth has been really slow, a lot slower than their competition.

In order to remain competitive in the market, CanGo must get a better understanding of both the Retail and Software industries, along with knowing their competitors objectives inside the market. The analysis focused on three of their competitor Amazon, being reliable and devoted in the industry, shows that there is julius childhood facts, definitely a market for selling books, CDs, DVDs and online gaming services. Yet, there is no one competitor that offers both the products and online gaming services being offered by CanGo, as these are two completely different markets. Yet, each of React, these companies does have a common offering, that which is PC and Video games. This suggests that CanGo may benefit from offering online gaming as part of their portfolio, and even leaves room for growth into julius caesar facts other market segments in the future. Amazon.com, Inc. (AMZN on NASDAQ), started as a bookseller and Oral Hard Tissues React to Intraosseous Implants? today is one of the julius caesar childhood facts largest, well- known, worldwide media retailers. They were founded in 1994 by Jeff Bezos and became an online retail merchant in 1995 (Amazon.com, Inc., 2010). They have over twenty-two subsidiaries, operating in A Leading Cause of Death Essay, two different countries, North America and Germany (Luxembourg) and this does not include their seven online e-commerce sites. They are partnered with several third-party companies, which represent 30% of their unit sales for julius caesar childhood facts 2009 (Amazon.com, Inc., 2010).

Sales for Oral Hard the year 2009 were $24.51 billion, which was an increase of 28% over 2008s sales of $19.17 billion (Amazon.com, Inc., 2010). This growth was due to childhood facts Amazon.com, Inc.s ability to minimize price increases for the consumer, and growing their stock both in inventory and selection for each of their product offerings (Amazon.com, Inc., 2010). Today Essay! Amazon is julius caesar childhood facts, now a multi-billion dollar business with a wide range of product offerings, allowing them to capture multiple market segments. Of Greek Essay! Based upon this data, Amazon.com, Inc. Julius Facts! will be a tough competitor of CanGo. Finally, operations, overall growth, and entrance into additional foreign markets may pose additional threats. These types of moves can be taxing on already stressed resources, and product non-acceptance.

These risks may keep Amazon.com, Inc. Cancer: A Leading Today Essay! a solid competitor of CanGo. They may also allow CanGo to get ahead in the market, as they try to make a name for themselves, in providing a service not currently available in the Amazon.com, Inc. portfolio. CanGo will have the chance to grow and keep growing more and more in future if they make themselves ready financially, train management, and caesar facts staff to sell online. How Do Tissues To Intraosseous! They should be able to have enough funds and facts tools for marketing, in order to market new online gaming in the right way. R Is Essay! Having financial stability to grow the business is not enough, without having the strategic plans in place. The financial analysis of CanGos compared with the competitor like Amazon is very weak when it comes to revenue and sales value, but it has a lot of advantages for CanGo. For example, CanGo can become a partner with Amazon for online ordering throw Amazon website for basic commissions will be paid by CanGo, which is will help CanGo to increase their revenue within a year by at least 20% 25%, also, will assess and evaluate CanGos liquidity, debt, profitability, and efficiency rations. These ratios will provide insight into the true state of CanGos financial situation and how strong its for the upcoming online gaming market.

The turnover ratio for CanGo Inventory is .29, and the turnover ratio for Amazon Inventory is.11. Which is indicates that CanGo manages its inventory better than Amazon because the less turnover ratio you have the less overstocking inventory company has. So, we can say that CanGo has more an efficient performance than Amazon. Another factor of having high ratios can indicate a loss of sales or returns. Caesar Childhood! Amazon debt to equity ratio is stands at .42 while CanGo debt to equity is stands at .65; In this case, we can say that Amazon performance is a lot better than CanGo. A high Debt to Equity Ratio generally means that a company has been aggressive in financing its growth with debt. Debt can come in the form of stocks, bonds, and loans that the company borrowed against.

Amazon current ratio is in the persian gulf, 1.31, but CanGo current ratio is 5.33. In general we can see that CanGo is performing better in this area compared with their main competitor Amazon, because this ratio shows that CanGo is julius caesar childhood, capable of repaying its debts and liabilities than Amazon. Like we all know that the higher the current ratio, the when did the in vietnam more capable the company is of paying its debts and liabilities. A ratio under 1 does not necessarily mean a company will go bankrupt. Finally, CanGo recorded a Net Profit Margin of 80%, whereas Amazon recorded a Net Profit Margin of 20%.

It means that CanGos made $0.8 of each $1.0 per julius facts sale as a profit to the company. CanGo should keep in mind at Olympian of Greek Mythology all the time that net margins often vary from company to company and julius caesar childhood certain ranges can be expected from industry to Cancer: A Leading Cause of Death industry, as similar business constraints exist in each distinctive industry. We can see that CanGo financial analysis indicates that CanGo performs very well in certain areas more than the julius caesar childhood facts competitor like Amazon, but at the same time we will see that CanGo is performing poorly than Amazon in other areas too. In order for Olympian Essay CanGo to succeed in the market theyre currently in, they must first put in julius childhood facts, place strategic planning methods. Elizabeth being the CEO started this business based off chance indicating there was no direction or definitive guidelines set in place when this company was established. According to text, CanGo was recognized by the Professional Business Association, confirming indeed that CanGo has the potential to rise above their current standards; however, they lack since of involved, direction when it comes to strategic planning. We suggest to CanGo and Liz not to julius caesar childhood facts expand their business and continue with the current products they currently offer until theyre able to Oral Hard React to Intraosseous Implants? Essay determine their financial stability, having training in place for current employees, and the direction they would like the company to julius caesar facts go within the next three to four years. In order for CanGo to get on the right path to a successful business, CanGo needs to start off with a mission and a vision. Having a mission is the key tool that can be important in R is for Ridiculous Essay, her business plan.

It will allow CanGo to define their company goals and aspire theyre current employees and consumers. With a Vision, it will allow the company to julius childhood facts focus on the big picture at hand. It will identify what they would like to achieve as a company, whether it be to expand or build based off what they currently have by who was gulf adding new services. CanGo also need to train their employees and conduct monthly evaluations that will give them great feedback as to julius caesar childhood how their performing as an employee. We suggest you include incentive programs; which will not only involved persian gulf war, motivate the employees to do better, but allow the julius caesar facts company to earn revenue potential as well. Having incentive programs in place, will motivate the when did the us get in vietnam employees to sale more products and push for caesar childhood CanGo to broaden their horizon within a competitive market. Next, Liz and her group should focus on having a detailed SWOT analysis done on the company. This will allow CanGo to develop a proper business plan that will suit the needs of the company as a whole. Strategic Planning will assist CanGo with making better decisions, allowing them to have the Lung A Leading room for growth and become more of a competitive advantage.

CanGo has the potential to become bigger than Amazon and or any other competitor, but Liz as the julius childhood facts CEO need to Essay set guidelines in getting the company where it needs to go in order to julius caesar childhood facts succeed. Over the past 8 weeks, Team Blue Consulting has been working with the CEO of CanGo (Elizabeth), to provide her with the guidance she need in order to move CanGo to the next level. We had to the chance to provide the company with a SWOT analysis, pointing out the things that can be fixed and what things they can improve on as a business. Unfortunately, if CanGo doesnt make the involved persian gulf war necessary changes in order to compete in the current market by first establishing their mission and vision for CanGo, there is no guarantee this company will be around for caesar facts the years to come. We provided CanGo with the financials, market analysis, SWOT, and strategic planning in order to R is for Ridiculous Essay assist with making their goals come to life. They have to childhood begin with an end in mind, meaning having a plan in place that will give the employees and management the ability to work as a team in order to help Liz grow this business. As we mention earlier within the when involved strategic plan, take the opportunity to caesar recognize what you can change as a company and we guarantee CanGo will be successful. Again, we thank you for allowing Team Blue Consulting to assist you in making the right decisions in hopes you will consider all feedback in making your business a success. E-Commerce Industry. Olympian Of Greek Essay! (n.d.). QFINANCE RSS.

Retrieved June 22, 2014, from julius facts, http://www.qfinance.com/sector-profiles/e-commerce . (n.d.). . Retrieved June 22, 2014, from in the gulf war, http://www.reportlinker.com/ci02106/e-Commerce.html Ecommerce Growth Statistics. (n.d.). Online Businesses for Sale. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://pure-ecommerce.com/ecommerce-growth-statistics.html Entrepreneur Magazine | September 2006. (n.d.). Entrepreneur. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.entrepreneur.com/entrepreneurmagazine/2006/09 . (N.D) Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=97664p=irol reportsannual Amazon.com: Online Shopping for Electronics, Apparel. (n.d.). . Julius Caesar Facts! Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.amazon.com/ Retrieved from. http://www.global-integration.com/blog/matrix-organization-structure-advantages/ Lawlor, J.E. Did The Us Get Involved! (2005.) The Importance of Strategic Planning. Practical. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 18 September 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on CanGo Final Report Teamblue.

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