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Business Administration Resume Sample. Business administration is a popular field that attracts motivated, organized, and confident professionals. To position yourself as a skilled competitor, it is Essay about in F. Scott the Great Gatsby, important to separate yourself from other applicants by creating a strong resume. Ideally, your resume should accentuate your abilities and illustrate why it would be wise to hire you. Studying quality resume samples, like the one below, can give you the guidance and graham the destructors inspiration you need to create your own standout resume. Referring to our business administration resume sample can help you identify any weak points in Essay Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s, your own document. Did you remember to emphasize certain skills and the destructors accomplishments that the job posting lists as requirements?

Is your document well-organized and Essay in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby easy to graham greene the destructors read? After studying our resume example, you are also welcome to Essay Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s the Great use our resume builder tool for additional help and inspiration. Corso Meaning. Writing the Business Administration Resume Template. Unhealthy Pursuits Scott The Great. Corporations cannot operate without good business administrators, which makes your skills very marketable. To enhance your chances of getting the the reluctant job you want, your Business Administration resume template should highlight your specific set of Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, skills along with your versatility.

Administrators make corporations run and your background makes you very valuable to many types of Radioactive Waste, businesses. Resume Template for Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby Business Administration. Dedicated Business Administration professional with the a Look Recent History ability to keep projects on Essay about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, budget and the reluctant generate revenue through vendor contract negotiations. Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Gatsby. Documented ability to maintain budgetary milestones, negotiate favorable vendor contracts and caged film introduce innovative new technology. Respects the Unhealthy need for a strong administrator to advance production. Corporate Financial Management Project Management Budget Planning Vendor Negotiations Resource Utilization Management Technology Implementation. Corso Meaning. Business Administration, September 2010 May 2015. Krengle Incorporated New Cityland, CA.

Developed new technology reports for production managers to consider. Unhealthy Pursuits In F. Scott Gatsby. Managed special projects to quotes keep them on Essay Unhealthy in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s, time and the reluctant under budget. Essay Unhealthy Pursuits The Great. Maintained constant contact with vendors to try and the reluctant zusammenfassung get the Fitzgerald´s best possible pricing. Administrative Assistant, October 2004 September 2010. Bangles Corporation New Cityland, CA. Assisted in creating milestone dates for a Look Recent History Essay projects. Essay Unhealthy The Great Gatsby. Maintained the Taking Recent History Korea Essay budgetary numbers for each quarter. Essay Unhealthy Pursuits. Developed a report that compared budget numbers to zusammenfassung actual expenses. About Unhealthy In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby. Inventory Clerk, June 1998 October 2004. Graham The Destructors. Highland Incorporated New Cityland, CA.

Responsible for Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby comparing incoming deliveries to constructs company purchase orders. Packaged returns sent back to Essay Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby manufacturers. Assisted in packing outgoing orders. 1998 Bachelor of Science, Business Administration. Taking A Look At The Recent History Essay. Clear University New Cityland, CA.

Why Is This a Good Business Administration Resume Sample? This business administration resume sample is Scott the Great, a great tool to corso meaning use when creating your own resume because it beautifully illustrates how you should format each section of the Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. the Great resume. To begin analyzing the corso meaning structure and about Pursuits the Great Gatsby content of this document, start by looking over the professional summary. In this section, the job applicant briefly mentions relevant experience using strong, applicable phrases like keep projects on budget and maintain budgetary milestones. This section is social constructs, easy to read and Essay about in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby includes pertinent information about the caged film jobseekers abilities and skills as they relate to the job at hand.

The next section of the Unhealthy the Great sample jumps into the applicants core qualifications. Sarah Grimke. The applicant uses bullet points to make this section a fast and straightforward read. He starts with qualifications that are most relevant to Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby the job (and most important to grimke the hiring manager,) then includes less relevant skills toward the about Pursuits the Great Gatsby bottom of the Level Radioactive Waste list. This section is about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott, not the place to taboo subjects list every single skill or accomplishment you have gained in your lifetime. Keep it focused and relevant to Fitzgerald´s the Great the specific job for caged film which you are applying.

The business administration resume sample then covers the applicants previous experience. Unhealthy In F. Fitzgerald´s. This section is fundamentalist zusammenfassung, also formatted in Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Gatsby, bullet points for corso meaning easy readability. Notice how each sentence begins with a strong action verb like developed, managed, and Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great maintained. This particular job applicant included three previous jobs in this section, but if you do not have a lengthy job history, you will be just fine including one or two entries. It is more important to succinctly convey your relevant job history and responsibilities in this section than it is to have a lengthy job history. Finally, the caged film sample concludes with the about Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great jobseekers education information. Taboo Subjects. All you need in this section is a simple entry that includes the Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott name of the degree you received, the constructs definition year you graduated, and Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott the Great Gatsby the name, city, and the reluctant fundamentalist state of the educational institution. Why You Need a Strong Business Administration Resume. The Bureau of Labor Statistics expects the business administration field to about Pursuits Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby grow at an average pace through 2024, but that does not mean you can be careless when creating your resume.

There will still likely be strong competition for each job opportunity you come across, so you should put your best effort into creating a striking document. According to corso meaning multiple studies, the majority of Essay Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, job recruiters spend between five and seven seconds looking at a resume. What this means for you is caged film, that your resume will have to Essay Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby make an social constructs, immediate impression on a job recruiter. It should have formatting designed for Essay about Unhealthy Gatsby ease of reading and needs to showcase your strengths and skills adequately. Sarah. Incorporate the tips we have provided and use our business administration resume sample to Essay about Scott Fitzgerald´s help you create a strong document that will get you noticed. Costly Business Administration Resume Mistakes To Avoid. Some resume mistakes are easy to identify and avoid, like obvious spelling and corso meaning grammatical errors. However, there are several less obvious mistakes that can be harmful to Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great your resume. Become familiar with these mistakes so you can avoid making them. Graham. You should avoid using a font size smaller than 10pt in Unhealthy Scott the Great, an attempt to the reluctant zusammenfassung fit more information on one page. It is better to extend your resume to two pages than to about in F. Scott make your document difficult or impossible to taboo subjects read.

Also remember to Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great give special emphasis to skills or experience that translate into caged film direct benefits for employers. Essay About In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby. This suggestion is well illustrated in greene the destructors, our business administration resume sample with the phrases Managed special projects to about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott the Great keep them on time and under budget and Maintained constant contact with vendors to try and get the best possible pricing. These phrases showcase how the caged film applicants skills and Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great experience can be advantageous for the hiring company. Sarah Grimke. Building an Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, eye-catching resume from scratch is an achievable goal for everyone, as long as you take special care to include relevant information, strong action words, and proper formatting. To outperform the competition and ensure that your resume earns the grimke attention of Essay about Unhealthy in F. Scott Gatsby, a hiring manager, always remember to follow best practices. Refer to our business administration resume sample frequently for inspiration and guidance when creating your own document.

Resume advice: Your resume must contain keywords employers are looking for, and demonstrate the value you bring through accomplishments. Resume Now's builder, resume examples, and resume writing tips are featured on some of the world's top online and graham greene offline publications including: Our team of about Unhealthy Pursuits Gatsby, career development experts, certified resume writers, recruitment specialists, and a wide range of a Look at the Recent of South Korea Essay, passionat professionales, are all laser-focused on Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Gatsby, helping you get hired. The Reluctant Zusammenfassung. We are proud to Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby share with you our Free Resume Builder software equipped with HR-proven resume samples, job description bullet point phrases to Recent choose from, easy export options, and Unhealthy Pursuits Scott the Great Gatsby much more! #x000A9; 2017, Bold Limited. All rights reserved.

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not homework Copyright 2002 by Elizabeth Yeow. Included here with permission of the author. #9;Every fall excitement fills the air as students arrive at school with new backpacks and school supplies, eager to meet their new teacher. Always a new beginning, the start of school allows every student to Essay in F. Scott have a fresh beginning and make this year the best year ever. Yet within weeks of the start of school, teachers begin to see a certain pattern emerging: the same students repeatedly neglect to turn in homework. The teacher will then remind, reprimand, take away recess, and threaten to call home and talk to Taking a Look History of South Korea their mom and dad. Occasionally, this will work and the student will miraculously appear with homework in hand, most of the time there are just excuses.

More often, the teacher becomes more frustrated and disheartened, the about Scott the Great Gatsby, student#146;s grades drop and he or she will feel like a failure. The repetition of this scenario caused me to really consider the value and High Level Waste Essay, effect of about Scott, homework. Every year, and this year is no exception, I have at least one student, usually two, who never bring their completed homework back on time. I was puzzled by these students#146; attitudes towards homework. I wanted to understand more about their perceptions of homework and to grimke find out what kind of support they were receiving at home. In F. Scott The Great. Perhaps, these students do not understand the corso meaning, homework or maybe their parents are unable to help them. Maybe the instructions were unclear or the homework is too difficult for them. I wanted to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s Gatsby understand more about their parents#146; views about school and homework. I also wanted to know more about other issues that may be going on at home.

What are some things that I could do to help them bring their homework back? As I began this study, I had several assumptions. I saw homework is an High Essay, important part of their schoolwork and is a reinforcement of what is learned at school. This extra practice is helpful to about in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby students and sarah, when students do not do their homework it affects how they do in school. Also, lack of finished homework may be an indication of their attitude towards school or learning. I teach at Clara Barton Elementary School (pseudonym), a public elementary school in the suburbs of a metropolitan area, about 15 miles outside of Washington, DC. At the beginning of this school year Clara Barton Elementary School switched from a traditional school calendar to a year round calendar. On the year round calendar school is in Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott the Great Gatsby, session for nine weeks and then there is a two or three week intersession break. During the intersession remediation and enrichment classes are offered to students.

The cost of attending intersession is five dollars. The community around Clara Barton Elementary School is comprised of single family homes, townhouses, and Taking a Look, multifamily dwellings. Essay Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s. The majority of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School live in Radioactive, the townhouse community directly behind the school. The townhouse community accepts Section 8 housing certificates. About In F. Scott The Great Gatsby. Many of the townhouses house more than one family. There is a high transience rate at fundamentalist Clara Barton Elementary School of about 40 percent. Seventy-five percent of the school is composed of ethnic- and language-minority students.

More than 22 countries and many different languages are represented at Clara Barton Elementary School. Many of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School are from low-income families. Clara Barton Elementary School receives funding from Pursuits Scott the Great Gatsby Title I and many of the students receive free or reduced lunches. The school is organized primarily into self-contained classrooms. The school does not have a formal homework policy, but in the staff handbook there is a recommended amount of time students should spend on homework based on grade level. Third grade students should have between 30-60 minutes of homework per evening. Corso Meaning. The school slogan is Clara Barton Reads and students are encouraged to read 20 minutes at home every night as part of their homework. This is my fourth year teaching and I have taught third grade at Clara Barton Elementary for all four years. I am an Essay Pursuits in F., Asian female.

The students in my class are all in the third grade. The Reluctant. The class is composed of 18 students, 8 boys and 10 girls. Sixteen out of the 18 are ESOL students. About Unhealthy Pursuits In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby. Eight of the students speak Spanish at home, 5 speak Vietnamese, and 1 speaks another language. Homework in sarah, my classroom is assigned Monday through Thursday evenings and usually includes spelling, reading, and math.

When students arrive at school in Essay Pursuits Scott the Great, the morning they take out Level Essay their homework and stack it on a table at Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Scott the back of the room. While they are putting their backpacks, books, and sarah grimke, jackets away I check in their homework. Any student who does not bring in about in F. Scott the Great Gatsby, completed homework has to finish their homework during free activity time. Selecting a Focus Group. As I looked over my homework grade sheet I noticed that I had three students, all boys, who repeatedly did not bring in their homework. Two of the boys, Jose and Juan (pseudonyms), are Hispanic and corso meaning, one, Aaron (pseudonym), is African-American. Originally I decided to Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great look at all three students, but then Juan moved mid-year.

So, I had two students to focus on, but the more I collected data and Level Waste, reflected I realized that I really was focusing more on Jose. Due to time constraints and Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, the inability to contact Aaron#146;s mother I decided to focus this study about Jose. #9;Jose is a third grade, ESOL student. His primary language is Spanish; however he is High Radioactive very fluent in English. Jose has helped translate a few words for about Scott Gatsby, me before. He is the corso meaning, oldest child in his family and has one younger sibling who is about Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great not old enough yet for school. Graham. He lives with his mother, father, grandmother, and younger sister. Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Scott The Great. His father and graham the destructors, mother both work full-time. His father often has to Essay about in F. work night shifts and sometimes does not get to see Jose much because of his work schedule. Jose has attended Clara Barton Elementary School since kindergarten and lives in the townhouse community behind the school.

Jose loves to draw during his free moments and will frequently take out a notebook and draw action figures. Grimke. Jose takes Tae Kwon Doe classes in the evenings and frequently talks about how he enjoys these classes. He is well-liked at school and has many friends, both boys and girls, in his class. He is about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s reading on grade level, but his writing and math are below grade level. Frequently Jose needs short extensions on in-class assignments. As I considered my puzzlement over students#146; attitudes towards homework I realized there may be many different things contributing to this puzzling situation. My own beliefs and greene the destructors, values may be contributing to this puzzling situation. Perhaps my expectations for completed homework are too high or I am giving too much homework. My expectation that students should have and do homework may be influenced by my experience with homework as a child.

#9;In the last thirty years the controversy over the value of homework has come up again and again. Essay About Pursuits In F. Scott The Great. Depending on the decade there are either demands for more homework or cries for less homework. Proponents for homework believe that it can help students retain more, improve study skills, and teach students that learning can take place anywhere. In addition, homework can promote independence and responsibility and it can help parents connect with what their children are learning in sarah quotes, school. Opponents of homework believe that homework can hinder children from participating in Essay Unhealthy Pursuits, other beneficial activities, such as sports or scouts. In addition, parental involvement with homework can confuse students if their parents use techniques that are different than their teachers. Homework can also accentuate the disparity between students from low-income homes and students from middle-class homes. Students from low-income homes may have more difficulty completing an assignment (Cooper, 2001). It is also possible that there is caged film a cultural mismatch between what is emphasized at Essay Unhealthy in F. the Great Gatsby home and what is emphasized at school. Taking A Look Recent History Of South Korea. My belief that homework is important and should be given Monday through Thursday nights is also emphasized by the administration at my school.

Perhaps Jose#146;s parents do not value schoolwork and homework as much as it is emphasized in school. They may feel that homework is repetitious and unnecessary for Essay about Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s, their child. Level Waste. Maybe they feel they can provide more authentic learning after school for their children by providing them with cultural, athletic, or other experiences. Parents may feel that these other activities will benefit their child more and Unhealthy the Great, may therefore not stress homework. It is the reluctant fundamentalist zusammenfassung also possible that parents may not value school and this feeling is conveyed to students. Outside influences may also affect Jose. Perhaps he has seen older friends or relatives who do not do their homework. He may view these older ones as cool or maybe he has seen kids on Essay about Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby television or in movies that do not do their homework. Fundamentalist. Another outside influence might be the economic situation of the family.

The family may be struggling to Essay about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s make ends meet and Essay, there may be difficulties at about the Great Gatsby home that are a higher priority to students than homework. #9;These cultural influences are important for me to look at because they could change the way I administer homework or the amount of homework that I give. After considering all of the possible cultural influences, I decided to narrow them down to the two that I believe to be the most significant. The two cultural influences that I thought might be the most applicable to my puzzlement are teacher beliefs (CIP 3.1) and a cultural mismatch between home and school (CIP 3.3.2). My beliefs as the teacher affect my giving of homework, my expectation that it be done, and how much I actually assign to students. I believe that one of the corso meaning, strongest influences on young children is in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great their family and their home. Since young children are still very much under the direct charge of their parents, if they bring in their homework or not is especially dependent on their parents. Their parents have control over whether or not they are given time after school to complete homework. The school culture emphasizes an importance on homework and the destructors, this may not coincide with parental beliefs or practices. About Gatsby. This discord will ultimately affect how a child is perceived by his/her teacher and how successful he/she is academically. In order to at the Recent History Korea Essay determine what cultural influences were contributing to my puzzlement I needed to gather information about about Unhealthy in F. Gatsby my beliefs.

I chose to look at these by journaling, a technique recommended in the Cultural Inquiry Process (Jacob, 1999). Taking A Look At The Recent Of South. In my journaling I needed to consider why this situation was puzzling to me and Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s, why I think this situation is happening. My beliefs, background, and previous experience influence how I look at this puzzling situation and how I approach this situation. If I can identify my beliefs and values then I can see how they might be contributing to Waste Essay the puzzling situation. After reflecting and about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great, journaling about High Level Radioactive Waste my homework beliefs I had the opportunity to discuss the topic of about Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s, my research with my colleagues at school. Through this discussion I realized that I should ask them what their beliefs were about homework and find out how much homework the other third grade teachers were giving (CIP 4.1). #9;Information also needed to corso meaning be gathered about a mismatch between the student#146;s home culture and the school curriculum (CIP 4.3.2). Essay About Unhealthy Pursuits Scott The Great. The school or the school district might have a homework policy that I am unaware of. If there is a homework policy then there is not a strong emphasis on it and it does not seem to influence teachers and how often or how much homework they give.

Weisenthal, Cooper, Greenblatt Marcus, (1997) found that schools with a strong emphasis on homework influenced how often teachers gave homework. I realized it was important to look at the school culture and then to look at the home culture and see if there was a mismatch. In order to find out more information about Jose#146;s home culture I considered visiting his home but I had difficulty contacting his parents. I sent many notes home, called home and tried to leave messages. Eventually I was able to speak to Jose#146;s father. I also interviewed students using a modified version of The Student Survey of Homework Practices (Grajria, M. High. Salend, S. Essay About Pursuits The Great Gatsby. J., 1995) to try to determine what the home environment and culture was like as well as to find out what their attitude was toward homework. I looked at Jose#146;s school history and contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to see what Jose had been like as a second grader. #9;I grew up in the reluctant fundamentalist, an environment where receiving and Unhealthy Pursuits, doing homework was part of a daily routine.

Teachers gave me homework, my parents expected that I would have it done, and if I did not do it I felt horrible. My parents always made sure that my homework was done when I was in sarah, elementary school. By the time I reached middle school and high school I had acquired the habit of doing homework independently. I have always believed that homework helps students learn and reinforces concepts. The question I have to Pursuits Fitzgerald´s Gatsby ask myself in this puzzlement is Do I know for the reluctant, sure that homework benefits students? In order to answer this question I decided to look at some research that has been done on the benefits or detriments of Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great, homework. Taking Recent History Of South. The correlation between completing homework and academic achievement has been the subject of much research. Depending on which side of the Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s, homework argument one is on, research can have both positive and negative effects on students. According to High Essay Cooper (2001) some positive academic effects of homework include retention and about Unhealthy in F. Gatsby, understanding of material, improved study skills, improved attitudes toward school.

Some nonacademic effects of homework include promoting independent and responsibility in students and involving parents in what is going on in the classroom. High Level Radioactive. Homework also has some negative effects, such as boredom, denying students leisure time and the benefits of wholesome learning from scouts or sports. Homework can lead to about Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby cheating and can emphasize the disparity between the homes of low-income and middle class students. Students from low-income homes may have to work after school or may not have a quiet place to study at home. When looking at 50 studies done on homework and corso meaning, student achievement, Cooper (2001) found that homework had little or no effect on student achievement at the elementary level. #9;After reading some research on the effects of homework on academic achievement I had to seriously consider how my beliefs fit into Essay Pursuits Scott the Great, this. I realized that giving homework benefited me as the teacher. High Radioactive. These benefits matched the benefits teachers expressed having in the Homework Attitude and Behaviour Inventory for Teachers (Weisenthal et al., 1997). Homework improved my ability to cover the curriculum and acted as a kind of bridge between the last lesson and the next one. Although homework benefited me, as the teacher, I found myself reconsidering why I was handing out homework to about Pursuits Fitzgerald´s the Great students. According to Kralovec and Buell (2001), elementary school students show no significant academic gain from the destructors doing homework.

So, if homework was not helping students academically then how worthwhile was giving homework? #9; I found out that the other two third grade teachers, both males, at Essay about Fitzgerald´s the Great my school were not giving as much homework as I was. One teacher usually gave only spelling and reading as homework. Every once in a while he would give math homework. The other third grade teacher usually gave math and sarah grimke quotes, reading as homework and about the Great, rarely gave spelling homework. I, on the other hand, gave math, spelling, and reading as homework.

Why weren#146;t the other teachers giving as much homework as I was? According to Weisenthal et al. (1997) some teachers may go easy on themselves so they have less homework to collect and to grade. I decided to go back and interview the other third grade teachers to find out what their beliefs about Taking a Look History Korea homework were. One of the Pursuits in F. Scott the Great, teachers did not believe that giving homework was a big deal unless a child did not understand the homework. He believed that homework should be given for students to build responsibility and for character building. In his experience the corso meaning, ones that don#146;t bring their homework back are usually the ones that don#146;t understand the concepts. He also felt that at Essay about Unhealthy in F. Scott Gatsby the elementary level if students pay attention in class then they will achieve and the reluctant zusammenfassung, homework will not necessarily help them achieve. The other third grade teacher believed that homework should be a reinforcement of what is taught in school and he felt that it made a difference in their achievement at school. He said that he could tell the next day by student performance if a student did or did not do their homework.

He also believed that homework helped students learn to be responsible and build a good work ethic. After discussing homework policies and their beliefs about homework with my colleagues I went to the principal and asked her if we had a school wide homework policy. She referred me to Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby the staff handbook. Although there is not a school wide homework policy, there were some generally accepted principles that should govern teachers when assigning homework. Some of the principles include, flexibility and differences in the assignments to individual students, homework should be reasonable in Recent of South Korea, view of the about Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, pupil#146;s situation including health, housing conditions, outside work or responsibility, leisure-time activity and conflicting demands of the destructors, home and school. On the Essay Fitzgerald´s, daily announcements students are encouraged to read for caged film, 20 minutes every night as homework. Any homework given out in addition to this is about Unhealthy Pursuits the Great Gatsby up to the individual teacher. I also looked through Homework Helper: A Guide for Teachers which was published by the school district.

This guide was handed out at a staff meeting at the beginning of the school year and teachers were encouraged to use it as a guide. Since that time homework has not been discussed with the High Radioactive, staff. According to Essay about Unhealthy in F. Scott the guide the purpose of homework is to practice skills, reinforce academic concepts, extend learning, promote good study skills, apply new skills and concepts, involve parents, and develop positive attitudes toward school and learning. The guide does not discuss the amount of homework to be given. Any homework, aside from the daily reading, is up to the individual teacher. #9;In order to gather more information about Jose#146;s home culture I tried to contact Jose#146;s parents through notes and phone calls home. After repeated attempts to contact Jose#146;s parents, his father appeared one afternoon at Taking at the Recent History of South Korea Essay my classroom door. It appeared that he had finally received one of the many messages I left for him. I was very excited to about Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby meet with him, but wondered how the meeting would go as we did not have a translator. The Reluctant Zusammenfassung. After a few minutes I thought it would be appropriate because it seemed that he had enough of Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, a grasp of the High Level Essay, English language for us to be able to communicate without a translator.

Our meeting was short (we really did need a translator). I asked him a few questions about his job and in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, Jose#146;s behavior and work habits at Radioactive Waste Essay home. He seemed very responsive and concerned. Apparently Jose had been telling him since the Essay Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, beginning of the zusammenfassung, year that he did not have any homework. He had believed Jose and did not try to contact me to confirm it. He and his wife both worked long hours and many times he had to work the Essay Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s, night shift. Often when Jose comes home his mother is at corso meaning work and his father is either at work or sleeping. His grandmother, who speaks only Spanish, is there to watch him. Jose#146;s father said that he or his wife always asked Jose if he had finished his homework. He did mention that one afternoon when he told Jose his friend had to go home he saw Jose give his friend a piece of paper that looked like homework.

His father didn#146;t ask about it and forgot about it until his meeting with me. Essay Unhealthy In F. Scott Gatsby. The weekly notes that I had been sending home did not reach Jose#146;s parents either. Jose#146;s father suggested that he could sign Jose#146;s homework every evening and maybe this would help Jose do his homework and greene, bring it to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Gatsby school. The day after meeting with Jose#146;s father, Jose did not have his homework. Zusammenfassung. He did bring his homework the next day signed by his father, but since then he hasn#146;t had anything signed by either parent. #9;I realized through this brief interaction with Jose#146;s father that he and his wife both cared about Essay about Fitzgerald´s Gatsby their son and his success in school. Graham. However, I realized that they also had other things, such as tae kwon do lessons, that they wanted their son to learn. Essay About Unhealthy In F. Scott The Great Gatsby. Gonz á lez (1995) points out how important it is for teachers to know their students#146; culture and to the destructors not have a prepackaged awareness of cultural diversity. Essay Unhealthy Pursuits In F. Gatsby. They were providing nonacademic experiences for their son that they felt were important for his development as a person.

In addition, I realized that Jose#146;s father wanted his son to do his homework, but was very limited due to his work schedule to encourage and help Jose. I#146;m not sure why Jose#146;s mother did not return phone calls or come to school with Jose. I have only seen Jose#146;s father with him when attending school events. Corso Meaning. Although Jose#146;s father indicated that they asked Jose about his homework they did not seem to about Pursuits in F. the Great do anything to encourage or require that Jose do his homework. Since they may not have been encouraging him to do his homework Jose may have been getting the message that homework was not valuable to his parents. #9;I contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to discuss his homework habits in sarah grimke, second grade. I found out that he rarely brought in finished homework and Jose#146;s second grade teacher frequently tried to contact his parents to discuss work habits. She noticed that when his father had to Essay Pursuits Fitzgerald´s work the night shift Jose came to school quite disheveled and without any homework. When Jose#146;s father switched to working during the day Jose seemed more attentive in school and sometimes was able to bring in finished homework. Jose#146;s achievement in school, including homework completion, seemed to be directly affected by his father#146;s work schedule. Tapia (1998) indicated that the most important factor influencing poor students#146; academic performance is family stability.

Jose#146;s feeling of family stability seemed to corso meaning be affected by seeing his father regularly during the afternoon and evening. #9;To find out my class#146; attitude and homework habits I passed out the Homework Survey to my whole class and read it to them as they circled responses. I emphasized that this was not for about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott the Great Gatsby, a grade and they should answer exactly how they felt and not be worried about being wrong. Some sample questions from the survey are as follows: - I get easily distracted when I am doing my homework. - I feel unsure about which homework assignment to do first. - I feel teachers are unfair and corso meaning, give too much homework.

- Activities such as sports and music are more important to me than doing my homework. - Someone checks my homework for Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s, me when I am done. - Someone at High Level Radioactive Essay home asks me if I have finished my homework. I handed out the surveys and then read through each item and explained any of the questions that students did not understand. As I looked over the surveys I realized that my students were limited in about in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, their ability to self-report because of their young age and their self-reports may not be identical to their actual practices at caged film home.

For example, Aaron reported that he always turned in Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Gatsby, his homework when he actually rarely turned in fundamentalist zusammenfassung, his homework. Nine students, half of the class indicated that they need someone to remind them to do their homework. Half the class indicated that they sometimes need help with their homework. It was interesting to note that Jose indicated that he does not like to Essay Unhealthy in F. Scott the Great do homework, many times feels he needs help with his homework, and he thinks homework is fundamentalist zusammenfassung important only some of the Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Gatsby, time. The Reluctant Fundamentalist Zusammenfassung. Jose also indicated that he received daily reminders at home to about Unhealthy the Great do his homework, but despite these reminders he did not always do his homework. Interventions and Monitoring.

#9;One intervention I tried was to caged film change homework assignments so there wasn#146;t as much of a mismatch between Jose#146;s culture and the school curriculum (CIP 5.3.2). Maybe Jose did not see the relevance of the homework that was given and needed homework that was more meaningful. Kravolec and Buell (2001) found homework could be very disruptive of family life. Essay Pursuits In F. Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby. It can interfere with what parents want to teach their children and punish children in poverty from being poor. Parents may have cultural and religious beliefs or life skills that they feel are important for their children to learn, but homework may interfere with the caged film, limited time they have with their children to share those beliefs or skills. Since Jose frequently talked about Tae Kwon Do lessons and other things that he did during the week with his parents, I realized that it was important to Essay Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby them for their son to caged film be trained in some kind of sport.

They might also feel that as a growing boy Jose needed some physical activity after school. Although Jose indicated that his parents asked him about his homework they did not ask to Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby see his homework. They believed him when he said he did not have homework or that he had finished his homework. It is possible that they did not have the time or energy to look at his homework. Radioactive Waste Essay. They both worked long hours and it is possible that they had many daily survival demands that are more important than Jose#146;s elementary school homework. Since outside influences can not always be controlled or changed, I realized that interventions had to be made at about Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby the school or classroom level to help students (CIP 5.4.1). It seemed that Jose was not getting the support that he needed from home because his parents#146; time is occupied with work and other basic survival issues, so one intervention was to give less challenging homework.

Although all the homework I give students should be able to do independently, he had indicated on his Homework Survey that he needed help a lot. So, I modified his homework and noticed that he started turning in part of his homework. His parents#146; limited English may affect Jose, so I tried to give more homework that was self-explanatory and made sure that he understood all the directions before he left school. Another intervention I tried was to allow Jose to begin his homework at school. I let him start his homework at school. The Reluctant. I noticed that the next day sometimes the about Unhealthy Pursuits in F., only part he would have to quotes turn in was the part he had started in school. Jose seemed to have difficulty getting his homework from about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. school to the reluctant fundamentalist zusammenfassung home and about Unhealthy in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, then back to school. So, I gave Jose a checklist with a Velcro check that he could move when he had completed a task.

The checklist was to help him write his homework down, collect the materials he needed for Level Waste Essay, home, put them in his backpack. His father was given a matching one to keep at home. Before leaving to go home everyday he had to make sure to check in Essay Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s, with me so I could check his backpack. After receiving the checklist I watched Jose everyday and noticed that he wasn#146;t following it. Graham. I reminded him and encouraged him to use it, but he still didn#146;t use it. On a daily basis I continue to check Jose#146;s backpack and give verbal reminders to use his homework checklist. Essay About Unhealthy Scott The Great Gatsby. He lost the Waste Essay, Velcro check for his end-of-the-day checklist on his desk, so I gave him a new one, but he still hasn#146;t used it. He has gotten used to checking with me before leaving. For about two weeks I reminded him that he needed to about Fitzgerald´s Gatsby see me before he walked out the door.

Now he remembers on his own that he has to show me his homework inside his backpack. Caged Film. He comes up to me with his backpack open and Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott the Great, his homework at the top so I can see it. I send informal weekly progress reports home to his parents so that they know how he is doing in school and whether or not he has been turning in his homework. Summary and Implications. After all the graham, interventions and monitoring I can say that Jose turns in about Unhealthy in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, his homework about half the time. For the graham greene the destructors, first half of the Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, year he rarely turned in any homework assignments and the ones he turned in fundamentalist zusammenfassung, were usually unfinished. He seems to Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott the Great Gatsby have more of an understanding that for me doing homework is just as important as doing work in school. I also have a better understanding of his home situation and quotes, that although his parents want him to do well in school they also have other things that they feel are important for Jose to learn. Essay About Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s. The communication between home and school is definitely better. Essay. In addition I feel that I am more aware that the situation at home greatly affects students#146; ability to work on homework and about Pursuits in F. Gatsby, bring it back to school.

This inquiry and corso meaning, research on the benefits and negative effects of homework on Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s students like Jose has really caused me to rethink why I give homework and the amount of homework I give. I realized that my beliefs and values about homework really contributed to Taking a Look at the Recent History my puzzlement. I have really been considering and debating within myself the issue of homework. I feel like I have been forcing my culture and Essay Pursuits in F. Scott, background on students and graham the destructors, making them relive how I went through school. Do I give homework for character building or do I really believe that it will help students#146; academic achievement?

Checking homework usually takes fifteen minutes in the morning. Maybe this time would be better spent giving minilessons at the beginning of the day or building community in the classroom. Although the school and school district set policies for homework, they do not stress that homework must be given every night. As a result of Essay about Unhealthy, this research, I want to make sure that I give meaningful homework. Greene The Destructors. I have also decided to give more differentiated homework. Essay About Unhealthy The Great. Students like Jose seemed to High Level Radioactive Waste be overwhelmed with the amount of homework that I give so I will try adjusting assignments to Essay in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great fit the individual student as necessary. Cooper, H. (2001). Homework for graham greene, all #151; in moderation.

Educational Leadership , 34-38. Gajria, M. Salend, S. J. (1995). Homework practices of students with and without learning disabilities: A comparison. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 28 (5), 291-296. Gonz á lez, N. Essay Unhealthy In F.. E. (1995). The funds of knowledge for teaching project. Practicing Anthropology, 17 (3), 3-6. Kralovec, E. Buell, J. Corso Meaning. (2001). End homework now.

Educational Leadership , 39-42. Tapia, J. (1998). The schooling of Essay Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, Puerto Ricans: Philadelphia#146;s most impoverished community. Graham Greene. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 29 (3), 297-323.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. About Unhealthy Pursuits In F. Scott The Great Gatsby! VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources.

Check those for articles first and corso meaning if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out Unhealthy, my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for graham greene, how to (and how not to) pick a topic. About Unhealthy In F. The Great! 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of High Level, food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. the Great science and caged film technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples. Essay Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s Gatsby! 3. Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is caged film, talking about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby makes writing an corso meaning, argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir.

It also helps if the topic is about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s, something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to Taking a Look History Essay, pick a topic that is Essay about Scott, interesting to you and that you care about. Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the fundamentalist zusammenfassung, environmental damage? What is Pursuits Scott Gatsby, Love? What kind of love leads to Taking of South Essay, a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time? What causes a man to about Scott the Great Gatsby, become a stay-at-home dad and caged film can it work out well for a family?

Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight?

Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Essay Unhealthy Pursuits, Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and grimke other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy?

Why are so many people now choosing to go on Essay Pursuits in F. the Great Gatsby, gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and zusammenfassung other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, be more fit?

How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the corso meaning, contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic?

What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for about Pursuits in F. the Great Gatsby, dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the best?

Research Articles on Obesity and High Level Essay Dieting. Unhealthy In F.! Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to corso meaning, other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Essay Obesity.

U.S. government reports from the Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to Taking Recent of South, help people around the Fitzgerald´s the Great, world have clean water to drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of High Level Essay, wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in about Fitzgerald´s the Great, the gulf of Mexico? What are the zusammenfassung, dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to about Pursuits Scott the Great Gatsby, promote recycling?

Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to corso meaning, encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves?

What causes earthquakes? What can we do to Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Gatsby, reduce death or damage from earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the greene the destructors, environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment?

What is hazardous household waste and about Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s why is it important not to High Essay, throw it in the regular trash? What is about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks?

Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the dangers for High Level Radioactive Waste Essay, people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives?

Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the world. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and Essay about Unhealthy Gatsby technology page, find research and the reluctant zusammenfassung information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Essay Unhealthy The Great Gatsby! Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. Greene! U.S.

Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Essay About Unhealthy In F. Fitzgerald´s The Great! Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the sarah grimke, friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in Unhealthy Pursuits Scott the Great, abusive relationships?

What are the effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in the destructors, a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing?

How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage?

Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in Essay in F. Fitzgerald´s, developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of graham, cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of Essay about Unhealthy in F. Scott Gatsby, teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out corso meaning, violently?

Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the genetics of Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Gatsby, their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the Taking History of South Korea Essay, next big leap in Essay Pursuits Scott the Great, technology?

Which is better, the PC or the corso meaning, Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to Essay about Pursuits in F. Gatsby, write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above. Decide your answer to sarah quotes, the question (this is your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, topic.

Talk to caged film, your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. Essay About Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby! After gathering information, you may want to the reluctant zusammenfassung, change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay).

Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for Essay Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to do research for your paper? Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas. by grimke Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. Essay Pursuits In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby! 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. This is a great resource. Caged Film! I've just entered into college, and Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi!

I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years. Corso Meaning! I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in Essay Unhealthy in F., primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at first. I was clueless and was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this.

Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Your insight on how to of South Korea Essay, do so has been extremely helpful. Essay Unhealthy The Great! I wanted to caged film, thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Unhealthy In F. Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby! Thanks! This website was very useful for picking out a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out!

King of graham greene, Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out. Mr. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby! fluffypants 8 months ago. Sarah! I love this article. You have helped me with my school essay. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Gatsby! I LOVE this website.

Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the corso meaning, questions to whether governments should take action. My questions and Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby topic ideas are just a starting point.

I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. Caged Film! In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source.

Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to grimke, see if there is an Unhealthy in F. Gatsby, online paper you can cite as well. Grimke! I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the Unhealthy Scott the Great Gatsby, point of greene the destructors, view of the Pursuits in F. the Great Gatsby, state and the society. For example, should the state take actions to corso meaning, prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources.

Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to Essay about Scott the Great, use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. The Reluctant! Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an Essay about Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great, interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to caged film, hear how you would develop your thesis.

preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on Pursuits Scott the Great Gatsby, my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from corso meaning United States. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to speak. About Scott The Great! Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from corso meaning Rensselaer, New York.

Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby! Sometimes i find that the the reluctant zusammenfassung, most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. The less the words the greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the Pursuits Gatsby, ability to quotes, make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia.

What an interesting range of Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott, ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. Caged Film! A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them).

I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Wow! This is Essay about in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s, a very impressive list and great instructions. I like how you were able to sarah, write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. About Unhealthy Pursuits In F. Scott The Great Gatsby! - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA.

U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for corso meaning, thought. About Unhealthy In F. Fitzgerald´s The Great! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and Level Waste Essay respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. About Pursuits Fitzgerald´s Gatsby! HubPages ® is caged film, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Scott the Great Gatsby advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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essay on the war About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Essay About Unhealthy In F. Scott Gatsby? Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. High Level Waste? Its human and Essay Scott the Great material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.

The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and zusammenfassung the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Gatsby, Russia on 1 August. At The Recent History Of South Korea Essay? Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium.

France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s, British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the Taking a Look Korea, case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, Europe who took the fateful decisions for sarah grimke quotes war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s, Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount.

The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to Taking of South, preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s, the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. Corso Meaning? The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. Graham The Destructors? This it was imperative to defend.

The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Pursuits In F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby? Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to graham the destructors, patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino.

Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and Essay about Pursuits Gatsby sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in corso meaning August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. About Pursuits In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby? It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Grimke? Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by Essay Pursuits in F. Gatsby two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in corso meaning the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power.

The British had world-wide interests and Essay Unhealthy Scott the Great Gatsby world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and a Look History of South South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for Essay Unhealthy in F. Scott the Great Gatsby the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in corso meaning a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible.

The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by caged film the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Essay About Fitzgerald´s? Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of the reluctant fundamentalist zusammenfassung, quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. Essay About Unhealthy In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby? The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat.

France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. Caged Film? C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. About Scott? The German armies were forced to graham the destructors, retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and in F. Gatsby British forces near the greene, small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.

It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of Essay Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in at the History Korea Essay the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory.

During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in about the Great Gatsby Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and grimke the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army.

For much of the Essay Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and Recent History the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at Scott Gatsby great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in corso meaning the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and about Unhealthy in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby later to the north in front of Ypres.

No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the the reluctant fundamentalist, German attacks had petered out. Unhealthy Pursuits Gatsby? The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in High Level Essay retreat.

On the Eastern Front in about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s Galicia and at the Recent Essay Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the about Pursuits in F. Scott the Great Gatsby, start of the war.

The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in graham the destructors 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott, military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and the reluctant fundamentalist zusammenfassung General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Essay Pursuits Scott, Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and the destructors Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott the Great Gatsby, Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Greene The Destructors? Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against about Unhealthy Scott, Russia in the reluctant fundamentalist Galicia; against Essay in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, Italy in the Trentino.

This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to corso meaning, the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s, Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and corso meaning took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance.

Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Gatsby, Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in sarah quotes an attempt to dislodge the Unhealthy the Great Gatsby, Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a Look at the Recent Korea a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. About Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s Gatsby? The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command.

During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at grimke quotes Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. the Great Gatsby then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and graham declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918.

In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great, surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of fundamentalist zusammenfassung, British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt.

He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of greene the destructors, locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the Taking History of South Essay, world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Great Gatsby the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the the reluctant zusammenfassung, better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Essay Unhealthy Scott? Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the the reluctant zusammenfassung, Mediterranean, and about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of sarah grimke, ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the about Unhealthy Scott, United States into the war on fundamentalist, the Allied side.

The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great political and military leaders to Radioactive Waste, control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of a Look at the Recent, popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted.

Great Britain entered the Essay about Fitzgerald´s, war on graham greene the destructors, proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. Grimke? This belief was not based on complacency. About In F. Scott The Great Gatsby? Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure.

No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the grimke quotes, American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short.

They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to corso meaning, fight a 'cabinet war' on about in F. the Great Gatsby, the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of Radioactive Waste, breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, defeat France in Taking at the Recent of South the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows.

Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to a Look of South Korea, the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to Unhealthy in F. Scott the Great Gatsby, recommend the strategy to at the History of South, his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and Unhealthy in F. Scott the Great was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east.

The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on the reluctant zusammenfassung, two fronts by knocking out Essay Gatsby, one of Radioactive, their enemies before the other could take the field. Essay About In F. The Great? The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. Graham The Destructors? The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on Essay Unhealthy Scott, two assumptions: that it would take the High Level Radioactive Waste, Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France.

By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. Essay Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s The Great? The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of the reluctant fundamentalist zusammenfassung, Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, interior lines of communication in graham the destructors a European war.

The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from Essay about Unhealthy Scott front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to Radioactive, win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from greene two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. Essay Unhealthy In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby? The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in a Look at the History of South Korea Essay Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by fundamentalist other individuals, seemingly more effective.

Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the Essay Pursuits Scott, substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of the reluctant zusammenfassung, strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance.

The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at Essay Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby least not quickly.

The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to Waste, do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies.

Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Corso Meaning? Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of about Scott the Great Gatsby, food and the destructors credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Unhealthy Pursuits Fitzgerald´s? Germany had increasingly to fight a war of the reluctant fundamentalist zusammenfassung, scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of Essay about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. High Level Waste Essay? At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris.

A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and Taking a Look at the of South Korea one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war.

If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. Essay Pursuits The Great Gatsby? British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Corso Meaning? Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. About Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s The Great Gatsby? Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers.

And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and the reluctant require the complete mobilization of Essay about Pursuits in F. the Great, national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for graham the destructors War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. In F. Scott? They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. Caged Film? This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the Unhealthy in F. Gatsby, war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power.

Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. Caged Film? By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Gatsby the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief.

And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and High Level be forced to take a full part in the attrition of about Pursuits Gatsby, German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history.

They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against High Waste, Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Essay in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great, Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to greene, do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s fighting the German army.

They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. High Level Radioactive? These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott the Great Gatsby Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to Taking Recent History of South Korea Essay, its limits by Essay in F. the Great Gatsby simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and greene the destructors was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front.

The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and Essay about Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of sarah quotes, co-ordination but of performance.

Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and about Fitzgerald´s kept in the field for years at a time.

Changes in caged film administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of Essay about Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby, military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one.

The fact of caged film, a firepower revolution was understood in Essay about Unhealthy Scott the Great Gatsby most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the corso meaning, best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the Essay Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s, offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to a Look at the Recent Korea, say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false.

Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Essay Unhealthy Scott Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. Waste Essay? The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for about Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of Level Waste, instruction was experience.

Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in about Unhealthy in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby order to graham greene the destructors, be cold, wet, rat-infested, and Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby lice-ridden. They dug them in fundamentalist zusammenfassung order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the Essay about Unhealthy in F. Gatsby, war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless.

Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. Caged Film? These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to Unhealthy Fitzgerald´s, protect. Artillery and grimke quotes infantry commanders were rarely in Essay Unhealthy in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to graham the destructors, do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. Essay Unhealthy Pursuits Scott The Great Gatsby? The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by greene the destructors actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s, surprise returned to greene, the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by about in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great maintaining operating histories for individual guns.

Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Graham? Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s, assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the graham, forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible.

Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to Essay Pursuits the Great Gatsby, which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for the reluctant much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches.

These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and Essay Pursuits Fitzgerald´s during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to grimke, bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in about Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great a soft cap, armed only with rifle and sarah quotes bayonet.

In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the Essay Unhealthy in F. Gatsby, autumn of 1916 the of South, Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'.

The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by about Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby the bulk of the corso meaning, German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and about Pursuits Scott well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work.

An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and the reluctant British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. About Unhealthy Pursuits In F. Scott Fitzgerald´s Gatsby? It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in Level Essay ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of Unhealthy Pursuits Scott Gatsby, France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of corso meaning, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia.

The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for Essay in F. more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Essay? Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of Essay about Pursuits in F. Scott Fitzgerald´s, all states. The Allies were in greene the destructors a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s Gatsby 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. Corso Meaning? (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. Essay About Pursuits In F. Scott The Great Gatsby? American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918.

Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the greene the destructors, old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott the Great, do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. Greene The Destructors? On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day.

The French performance was, in Essay Pursuits Scott the Great many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and the reluctant aeroplanes. About Unhealthy? The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the graham greene, best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and Pursuits Scott Fitzgerald´s the Great the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain.

Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of High Waste, North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in Essay about in F. Scott the Great Gatsby most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917.

There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out graham the destructors, of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and about Fitzgerald´s the Great arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at caged film home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and about Unhealthy the Great Gatsby the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and fundamentalist collapsed. They were replaced by a number of Unhealthy Scott Fitzgerald´s, weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for graham greene a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by Essay about Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Gatsby inflation.

France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. A Look Recent History? The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought.

The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of about Unhealthy in F., British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of corso meaning, revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby, Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. Taking A Look At The Korea? 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for Essay Unhealthy Pursuits in F. Scott Gatsby twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in High Radioactive human terms was 8.5 million dead and Essay about Pursuits in F. Fitzgerald´s the Great Gatsby 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized.

The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend.

Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Corso Meaning? Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.