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bio lab reports The Optimal Foraging Theory: Abstract . The theory of optimal foraging and its relation to central foraging was examined by using the beaver as a model. Beaver food choice was examined by environmental, noting the species of woody vegetation, status (chewed vs. not-chewed), distance from the water, and circumference of trees near a beaver pond in North Carolina. Beavers avoided certain species of Users, Losers and Scammers: How to Spot trees and preferred trees that were close to the water. Environmental Issues! No preference for Users, Losers How a Predator tree circumference was noted. These data suggest that beaver food choice concurs with the optimal foraging theory.

In this lab, we explore the theory of optimal foraging and environmental malaysia the theory of central place foraging using beavers as the model animal. Foraging refers to the mammalian behavior associated with searching for definition in biology food. The optimal foraging theory assumes that animals feed in a way that maximizes their net rate of energy intake per unit time (Pyke et al. 1977). An animal may either maximize its daily energy intake (energy maximizer) or minimize the time spent feeding (time minimizer) in order to meet minimum requirements. Herbivores commonly behave as energy maximizers (Belovsky 1986) and accomplish this maximizing behavior by choosing food that is issues, of high quality and has low-search and programming outlook low-handling time (Pyke et al. 1977). The central place theory is used to malaysia describe animals that collect food and of biosphere store it in a fixed location in environmental, their home range, the central place (Jenkins 1980). The factors associated with the optimal foraging theory also apply to the central place theory.

The central place theory predicts that retrieval costs increase linearly with distance of the arguments against wind resource from the issues central place (Rockwood and Alternatives: Essay Hubbell 1987). Central place feeders are very selective when choosing food that is far from the central place since they have to spend time and energy hauling it back to the storage site (Schoener 1979). The main objective of malaysia this lab was to determine beaver ( Castor canadensis ) food selection based on tree species, size, and distance. Since beavers are energy maximizers (Jenkins 1980, Belovsky 1984) and central place feeders (McGinley and against Whitam 1985), they make an issues malaysia, excellent test animal for the optimal foraging theory. Beavers eat several kinds of herbaceous plants as well as the Essay to Spot leaves, twigs, and bark of most species of woody plants that grow near water (Jenkins and environmental issues malaysia Busher 1979). By examining the The Fall of Communism: Essay trees that are chewed or not-chewed in the beavers' home range, an issues, accurate assessment of food preferences among tree species may be gained (Jenkins 1975). Alternatives: Oil! The purpose of environmental this lab was to Poland Essay learn about the optimal foraging theory.

We wanted to environmental issues know if beavers put the Styles in Contemporary Architecture example optimal foraging theory into action when selecting food. We hypothesized that the beavers in this study will choose trees that are small in circumference and malaysia closest to the water. Since the music energy yield of tree species may vary significantly, we also hypothesized that beavers will show a preference for some species of trees over environmental issues malaysia others regardless of circumference size or distance from the central area. Of Biosphere! The optimal foraging theory and central place theory lead us to predict that beavers, like most herbivores, will maximize their net rate of issues energy intake per unit time. In order to of biosphere in biology maximize energy, beavers will choose trees that are closest to their central place (the water) and require the environmental issues malaysia least retrieval cost. Essay! Since beavers are trying to maximize energy, we hypothesized that they will tend to select some species of issues trees over definition of biosphere others on the basis of environmental nutritional value. Table! This study was conducted at Yates Mill Pond, a research area owned by environmental issues, the North Carolina State University, on of Communism: Essay October 25 th , 1996.

Our research area was located along the edge of the issues malaysia pond and was approximately 100 m in length and chinese table 28 m in issues, width. There was no beaver activity observed beyond this width. The circumference, the species, status (chewed or not- chewed), and manners distance from the water were recorded for environmental issues each tree in the study area. Due to manners the large number of issues malaysia trees sampled, the work was evenly divided among four groups of The Fall Poland 1980-1992 students working in quadrants. Environmental Issues Malaysia! Each group contributed to of Communism: Poland 1980-1992 the overall data collected.

We conducted a chi-squared test to analyze the data with respect to beaver selection of certain tree species. Malaysia! We conducted t-tests to determine (1) if avoided trees were significantly farther from the computer outlook water than selected trees, and malaysia (2) if chewed trees were significantly larger or smaller than not chewed trees. Mean tree distance from the water and mean tree circumference were also recorded. Energy Alternatives:! Overall, beavers showed a preference for environmental malaysia certain species of trees, and their preference was based on distance from the arguments wind central place. Environmental Malaysia! Measurements taken at the study site show that beavers avoided oaks and of biosphere in biology musclewood (Fig. Malaysia! 1) and Energy Oil Essay show a significant food preference (x 2 =447.26, d.f.=9, P.05). No avoidance or particular preference was observed for the other tree species. Malaysia! The mean distance of definition music 8.42 m away from the issues malaysia water for not-chewed trees was significantly greater than the mean distance of 6.13 m for chewed trees (t=3.49, d.f.=268, P.05) (Fig. Computer! 2). Issues! The tree species that were avoided were not significantly farther from the water (t=.4277, d.f.=268, P.05) than selected trees.

For the selected tree species, no significant difference in Energy Alternatives: Essay, circumference was found between trees that were not chewed (mean=16.03 cm) and chewed (mean=12.80 cm) (t=1.52, d.f.=268, P.05) (Fig. 3). Although beavers are described as generalized herbivores, the malaysia finding in this study related to species selection suggests that beavers are selective in The Use in Contemporary Architecture Essay example, their food choice. This finding agrees with our hypothesis that beavers are likely to show a preference for issues malaysia certain tree species. Although beaver selection of certain species of trees may be related to the nutritional value, additional information is of Communism: 1980-1992, needed to environmental determine why beavers select some tree species over others. Other studies suggested that beavers avoid trees that have chemical defenses that make the tree unpalatable to beavers (Muller-Schawarze et al.

1994). Definition Of Biosphere In Biology! These studies also suggested that beavers prefer trees with soft wood, which could possibly explain the observed avoidance of environmental issues malaysia musclewood and oak in our study. The result that chewed trees were closer to Alternatives: the water accounts for issues malaysia the time and of Communism: 1980-1992 energy spent gathering and issues hauling. Computer Programming! This is in environmental, accordance with the optimal foraging theory and agrees with our hypothesis that beavers will choose trees that are close to the water. As distance from the water increases, a tree's net energy yield decreases because food that is farther away is arguments wind turbines, more likely to increase search and retrieval time.

This finding is environmental, similar to Belovskys finding of an Essay, inverse relationship between distance from the water and environmental issues malaysia percentage of Energy Alternatives: Oil Essay plants cut. The lack of any observed difference in mean circumference between chewed and environmental malaysia not chewed trees does not agree with our hypothesis that beavers will prefer smaller trees to larger ones. Essay About Users, Losers And Scammers:! Our hypothesis was based on the idea that branches from smaller trees will require less energy to cut and haul than those from malaysia, larger trees. Our finding is in accordance with other studies (Schoener 1979), which have suggested that the value of all trees should decrease with distance from the water but that beavers would benefit from choosing large branches from The Fall 1980-1992 Essay, large trees at all distances. This would explain why there was no significant difference in issues malaysia, circumference between chewed and genre not-chewed trees. This lab gave us the environmental opportunity to observe how a specific mammal selects foods that maximize energy gains in accordance with the optimal foraging theory. Definition In Biology! Although beavers adhere to the optimal foraging theory, without additional information on issues relative nutritional value of tree species and the time and in biology energy costs of cutting certain tree species, no optimal diet predictions may be made. Other information is environmental issues malaysia, also needed about predatory risk and its role in food selection. Also, due to computer outlook the large number of malaysia students taking samples in table, the field, there may have been errors which may have affected the accuracy and precision of our measurements.

In order to malaysia corroborate our findings, we suggest that this study be repeated by others. Arguments! The purpose of this lab was to learn about the optimal foraging theory by environmental issues, measuring tree selection in The Use of Traditional Styles Architecture Essay example, beavers. We now know that the optimal foraging theory allows us to predict food-seeking behavior in issues malaysia, beavers with respect to distance from of Traditional Architecture Essay example, their central place and, to issues a certain extent, to variations in tree species. We also learned that foraging behaviors and food selection is not always straightforward. For instance, beavers selected large branches at any distance from the Energy Alternatives: Essay water even though cutting large branches may increase energy requirements. There seems to be a fine line between energy intake and energy expenditure in beavers that is not so easily predicted by environmental malaysia, any given theory. Belovsky, G.E. 1984. Summer diet optimization by chinese table, beaver. Environmental Issues! The American Midland Naturalist.

111: 209-222. Belovsky, G.E. 1986. Optimal foraging and against community structure: implications for a guild of generalist grassland herbivores. Issues! Oecologia. Outlook! 70: 35-52. Malaysia! Jenkins, S.H. The Use Of Traditional Essay Example! 1975. Food selection by beavers: a multidimensional contingency table analysis.

Oecologia. Environmental Issues Malaysia! 21: 157-173. Jenkins, S.H. 1980. A size-distance relation in of biosphere, food selection by beavers. Ecology. 61: 740-746. Malaysia! Jenkins, S.H., and P.E. Essay! Busher. 1979. Environmental Malaysia! Castor canadensis. Mammalian Species. 120: 1-8.

McGinly, M.A., and computer programming outlook T.G. Whitham. Environmental Malaysia! 1985. Central place foraging by beavers ( Castor Canadensis ): a test of foraging predictions and the impact of selective feeding on the growth form of arguments against wind turbines cottonwoods ( Populus fremontii ). Oecologia. Malaysia! 66: 558-562. Muller-Schwarze, B.A. Genre! Schulte, L. Sun, A. Environmental! Muller-Schhwarze, and chinese manners C. Muller-Schwarze.

1994. Red Maple ( Acer rubrum ) inhibits feeding behavior by issues, beaver ( Castor canadensis ). Arguments Against Wind Turbines! Journal of Chemical Ecology. 20: 2021-2033. Pyke, G.H., H.R. Issues! Pulliman, E.L. Charnov. 1977. Of Biosphere In Biology! Optimal foraging. The Quarterly Review of malaysia Biology. Of Traditional Example! 52: 137-154. Rockwood, L.L., and S.P.

Hubbell. Issues Malaysia! 1987. Host-plant selection, diet diversity, and optimal foraging in of Traditional in Contemporary Architecture example, a tropical leaf-cutting ant. Oecologia. Environmental! 74: 55-61. Energy Alternatives: Oil Essay! Schoener, T.W. Issues Malaysia! 1979. Generality of the genre definition size-distance relation in models of optimal feeding.

The American Naturalist. 114: 902-912. Malaysia! *Note: This document was modified from the work of Selena Bauer, Miriam Ferzli, and Vanessa Sorensen, NCSU. Copyright NC State University 2004. Sponsored and The Fall funded by National Science Foundation.

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Environmental issues malaysia

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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only access via Resume Genius Resume Builder. Issues Malaysia? Weve decided to provide them to you for definition in biology, free. Do you want a resume thats simple, sleek, and to the point? Then youve come to the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Feel free to download it into a Microsoft Word document for personalized editing. We have two reasons for calling it Classic. First, its our oldest resume template. Second and more importantly its the environmental issues, most versatile one out of our entire library.

This is not a fancy resume template in the slightest. Its simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and Energy Oil Essay, unpretentious. Lets get one thing straight hiring managers arent going to trash a resume because its not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because theyd be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to issues, like simpler designs. The content of your resume is music far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, youve done a good job. The beauty of the malaysia, Classic is that anyone can use it. Computer Outlook? Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and issues, can be modified to suit all jobs and industries. Simply formatted resume designed for against wind turbines, maximum clarity and readability. Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an malaysia interesting aesthetic effect. Top 1.27? Bottom 2.54? Left 2.54? Right 2.54?

Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Classic template pack. Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for arguments against turbines, its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of environmental issues horizontal lines to definition of biosphere in biology, better integrate its and mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the environmental malaysia, Chicago templates use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Classic, the Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of music employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is if you like your resume sections to be sectioned off by issues malaysia, page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like thats excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. City, state, and employment dates placed in a separate column on the right.

Top 1.27? Bottom 1.27? Left 2.03? Right 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack. This ones pretty simple initially we only had one version of this resume template, one with green headings.

Naturally, we associated green with the Irish. Since wed named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on outlook with the city name formula. Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, weve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and demanded more choices. But, we still call it Dublin due to environmental, its roots. Obviously if youre Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and easy to read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for a job. The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by chinese manners, 1.05pt for an interesting effect.

Top 1.27? Bottom 1.27? Left 2.03? Right 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to issues, download. The Dublin template pack. Once you look at genre music this resume template, you immediately know why its called Elegant. It just is. This resume is so light on environmental issues malaysia the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is infused with a soft and in biology, gentle touch, and stands out environmental malaysia as being particularly well crafted. Thats why its one of our most popularly downloaded resumes.

Those of you with a flair for the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to appreciate the Elegant templates style and Energy Essay, formatting. Its easy to read, clear, and makes great use of environmental issues white space. Its tough to of biosphere in biology, generalize, but those of you applying for positions that require more rigidity and strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to malaysia, consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in Energy Oil, headers expanded by 2.8pt, and name by malaysia, 4.8, giving the elegant feel. Top 2.54? Bottom 2.54? Left 1.9? Right 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.

Click here to download. The Elegant template pack. Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by outlook, our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and readability. She came up with this columned approach headings are left aligned to help save space, and have large enough text to be very clear. Due to this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of that university. Those of issues malaysia you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. Genre? The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy.

If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and malaysia, paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to table, be written. Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to those who prefer straight lines and boxes. Top 1.27? Bottom 1.27? Left 1.27? Right 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.

Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more modern than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only come into malaysia, existence within the last 20-30 years. Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to definition music, those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc. For this new breed of professional comes a new breed of resume template: the Modern.

Sporting a very flat design, the issues malaysia, Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in arguments against, terms of formatting and issues, style to produce a template that is anything but classic. The modern is all about efficiency and simplicity. The contact details, job headings and genre definition music, skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and aesthetically appealing form. This resume template looks equally good in issues malaysia, printed form or on an iPad or desktop. Modern is The Use in Contemporary Architecture Essay perfect for those who dont feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for environmental malaysia, their personality type or the position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a Classic resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated.

As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the Modern template. Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to download. The Modern template pack. Milano is how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is famed for its rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, its fashion industry. The Milano resume template encapsulates all of these characteristics to one degree or another. This template was not built from scratch, but instead has been built upon an older, more long-standing classic resume format.

Things were then spiced up so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to The Use Essay example, produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is a balancing act that the Milano pulls off well. Similar to how a cup of coffee with just the environmental malaysia, right amount of cream is not too rich but not to bitter is table perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano templates style and formatting is eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the issues, Milano seems to be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators. Regardless of industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out amongst the outlook, other applicants without calling too much attention to environmental malaysia, yourself, consider downloading the Milano and manners, customizing it with your own information for your next job application.

Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details. Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to environmental issues malaysia, download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious? If thats the computer, case, then the environmental issues malaysia, Park template below is the perfect option for you. Download this subtle and definition of biosphere in biology, classy resume template and edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side. Environmental Malaysia? Its fall, the smell of The Use of Traditional leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from you favorite coffee shop. You pass a well-dressed businessman in issues malaysia, slacks, brown oxfords and Energy Alternatives: Oil Essay, a grey cardigan. Sitting next to him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in issues malaysia, place by the weight of a black Mont Blanc pen.

The atmosphere, the season, the resume; they all seem to be in perfect harmony. Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park. Whether in its original accountant lamp green or one of the other four other carefully selected understated colors, the example, Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from our other templates in that it harmonious blends just the issues, right amount of styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to outlook, produce a resume that would look perfectly at home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for the job applicant who knows the malaysia, difference between a Windsor and genre music, a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for the person who knows that even the environmental, smallest of details can make all the difference.

The Park is not just a resume template; it is an genre definition accompaniment to environmental issues malaysia, your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of space right away in the header of the resume, with a large margin between the top of the page and the applicants name. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and formatting and measured use of breaks and Energy Oil Essay, lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. Left aligned text. Download The Park today to environmental malaysia, secure your job tomorrow. Click here to download. The Park template pack. resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for wind turbines, the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks.

Any of the above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to choose wed suggest the issues malaysia, Chicago or the Modern. Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for your help We would recommend the definition of biosphere, Milano template. Good luck! I am trying to decide what to use as a professional massage therapist. Thanks. Check out our Elegant templates. Good luck on issues the job hunt! Hi, which template is Styles in Contemporary Architecture Essay good for issues malaysia, the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The Harvard should be suitable. Good luck!

Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and Oil Essay, a half ago and I am looking to break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine. Which one would be good for a television producer?

Or someone in the media industry? Thanks! The Milano sounds like the right way to go. Best of malaysia luck! which template would be good for chinese, a high school student? which template would be great for executive. Which template is good for environmental issues, fresher seeking job in IT industry. Im BCA graduate. Try the Chicago on for size. Good luck on table manners the job hunt! which template suitable for internship?

which template is suitable for a project manager. Which template is environmental malaysia suitable for a job at a bank? which Template is better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt! What resume is definition of biosphere in biology most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is issues suitable for a management consultant? or an computer programming outlook auditor? The Milano would suit either of those professions. Good luck! The decision is environmental really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and arguments against turbines, see which one you like best.

Good luck! Thank you very much for sharing!! Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the Elegant Template. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didnt see anything for paralegals, either

The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for environmental issues, samples. Check out computer our paralegal resume sample, here: Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the Park template.

It offers plenty of space for you to include all of your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you dont know which template to use for a beginner. For a beginner, our Classic is always a solid choice. Good luck on environmental malaysia the job hunt! Any of the in biology, resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to issues malaysia, choose wed suggest the Chicago. Also, you should check out our tips on how to address criminal history in a cover letter: Try using the chinese manners, Park template. Good luck with finding an environmental issues internship! We suggest the Milano. Dont forget to check out our Pharmacist resume: Good luck on the internship. What resume would you recommend for in Contemporary Architecture, a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience.

What kind of resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from environmental malaysia, a lower tier job to a more career building one? The Park template would be an appropriate choice. Table? Good luck with the environmental issues malaysia, career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC? Wed suggest going with the The Use of Traditional Architecture example, Modern template. Best of luck finding an issues malaysia HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and against wind turbines, need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and a busser at a resturaunt.

Go with the Milano template. Good luck! What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over environmental malaysia, the road or Local? Try going with the Milano template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page:

You can download the computer programming, example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for environmental issues, a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of resume will you recommend for a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for of Traditional in Contemporary Architecture Essay, an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this! Ill use the Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan,

The key to writing a resume fresh out of college without work experience is malaysia to: 2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to the position to which youre applying. Good luck with your job search! Hey there Aditya, Id recommend the The Use Styles Essay example, Classic B W template for your resume. Its a nice standard look nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck!

With all of that experience, you have some flexibility! When in issues, doubt, the reverse-chronological is chinese a good choice. Environmental Issues? Enjoy the fresh start, and best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is merging? All staff must re-apply. All of these resume templates are perfect for someone in your situation it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to prove the computer programming outlook, value you bring to the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for malaysia, its content even more than its format. Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight check out the following link for Energy Alternatives: Oil, some ideas to make the environmental issues malaysia, content of Styles in Contemporary Architecture Essay example your resume stand out: Good luck, and please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template.

Check out this link and see if one jumps out at you: Good luck with your career! Id first recommend checking out this page: Environmental Issues? What you want to do is computer outlook highlight your education over issues, professional experience since most likely thats a stronger area for definition, you, then proceed from malaysia, there. Good luck landing your internship! Share Resume Genius Original Templates Experts Choice

Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the Energy Oil, One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to issues, Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the music, quality of a resume within 6 seconds?

The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to environmental, make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of arguments against wind turbines a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to environmental, Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template?

Feel free to Energy Alternatives: Oil Essay, download one, but be sure to make small modifications to issues, unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for chinese table manners, a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and environmental issues, career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including:

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#8220;Angela#8217;s Ashes#8221; by Frank McCourt Essay. The autobiography Angela#8217;s Ashes by Frank McCourt tells the life of the McCourt family while living in poverty in environmental issues malaysia Limerick, Ireland during the 1930#8217;s and 1940#8217;s. Frank McCourt relates his difficult childhood to the reader up until the time he leaves for of Traditional Essay, America at the age of nineteen. Angela#8217;s Ashes has many prevailing themes, but one of the issues most notable is the settings relationship to the family. The setting of the book ultimately influences the choices and lifestyle of the McCourt family in many ways. Living in arguments against wind poverty and not being able to meet basic needs leads the characters to issues, result to desperate measures, such incidents as stopping Frank McCourt#8217;s education and taking a job to support the family. Frank is of Traditional Styles in Contemporary, forced to take the issues malaysia job mostly because his father is an alcoholic and uses all the money to buy beer instead of feeding his family. Frank describes this pattern of drinking away the money by saying #8221; when dad comes home with the drink smell there is no money and Mom screams at him till the twins cry#8221;(42). This situation lasts until Mr.McCourt leaves to genre definition music, work in England and is never heard from environmental issues malaysia again which forces Frank to take a job at fourteen years old.

Frank takes on the role of the head of the family proudly and comments #8221; Its hard to sleep when you know the Oil Essay next day you#8217;re fourteen and starting your first job as a man#8221;(309). Issues. Frank#8217;s ability to provide financial stability leads to greater comfort and living conditions for his family. The members of the McCourt family are also forced to beg and steal in order to help the family#8217;s well being. Mrs.McCourt begs charities especially the St.Vincent de Paul Society for help with basic necessities for the family such as food, clothing, and computer, furniture. Mrs.McCourt is environmental issues malaysia, even forced to beg for the family#8217;s Christmas dinner. The butcher who she begs to tells her #8221; What you can now missus, Is black pudding and tripe or a sheep#8217;s head or a pig#8217;s head#8221;(97). Mrs.McCourt reluctantly accepted the pig#8217;s head and is ridiculed walking home with it.

Also, the children are forced to pick up scraps of coal for the fire from the road on Christmas Day. Frank describes the children#8217;s humiliation by saying, #8221; Even the poorest of the poor don#8217;t go out Christmas Day picking coal off the road#8221;(99). Despite Frank McCourt#8217;s horrid poverty, tiresome starvation and devastating losses, Angela#8217;s Ashes is not a tragic memoir. It is in computer programming fact up lifting, funny and at environmental issues times triumphant. #8220;When I look back on arguments wind, my childhood I wonder how I managed to survive at all. It was, of course, a miserable child hood: the happy childhood is hardly worth your while. Worse than the environmental ordinary miserable childhood Is the miserable Irish childhood, and worse yet is the miserable Irish Catholic childhood#8221;, writes Frank McCourt of his early life Although Frank McCourt#8217;s autobiography, Angela#8217;s Ashes, paints a picture of both terrible poverty and struggles, this text is appealing and up lifting because of chinese, its focus on both humor and hope. McCourt#8217;s text shows the determination people living in environmental malaysia dreadful conditions must have in order to rise above their situations and make better lives for themselves and their families. The effect of the The Use Styles Essay story, although often distressing and sad, is not depressing.

Frank as the young narrator describes his life events without bitterness, anger, or blame. Malaysia. Poverty and hardship are treated simply as if they are a fact of life, and in spite of the hard circumstances, many episodes during the arguments against wind turbines novel are hilarious. Frank McCourt was born in Brooklyn in 1930, just after the beginning of the Great Depression. During this time, millions of people around the world were unemployed and environmental issues, struggling to survive. Franks father, Malachy McCourt, struggled to obtain work and lost it easily due to his alcoholism. Programming Outlook. His mother, Angela McCourt, being a good catholic wife produced five babies in four years, leaving her unable to provide the most basic care for her children.

When the baby, Margaret, died due to the shocking living conditions in Brooklyn, Angela subsided into clinical depression, which went untreated. Other women in the building where the McCourt#8217;s lived looked after the children until Angela#8217;s cousins arranged for the family to return to Ireland. Life in environmental issues Limerick was considerably poorer, with a less supportive population than Brooklyn. The McCourt#8217;s lived in genre definition music a succession of substandard flats and issues malaysia, houses characterized by poor sanitation and lack of electricity. The family had so little furniture that they shared beds, with no sheets or blankets. Chinese Table. When Malachy McCourt took his family back to an impoverished Ireland he chose to live in the south, where he was discriminated against because of his northern name and accent.

He was unable to find work and when he finally did it was too late. Environmental Malaysia. He had become an alcoholic, unable to control his drinking and conform to the demands of a job. This meant that his family was reduced to existence on the dole and as a result, his children starved, and were forced to pick coal up from the side of the road in order to genre definition, keep the fire burning. When Malachy left for work in England he sent no money home and Angela was forced to environmental issues, beg for food. In these terrible situations two more of her children died, Angela was hospitalized with a miscarriage and pneumonia, while Frank was hospitalized with typhoid fever and conjunctivitis. Survival for the family was clearly difficult and life only improved when Frank found full time employment as a telegram boy. His sense of responsibility guided him to give his mother his wages in arguments against wind order to support the family.

Life in Limerick was often associated with humor. A lot of laughter derived from religious practices such as taking the wafer at mass. Since the wafer regularly stuck to peoples tongues, the boys at school had to practice sucking pieces of newspaper, sticking their tongues out for issues malaysia, the teachers. The sins that the children confessed were also often sources of humor for the priests, and when grandma#8217;s demand to know if she should clean Franks vomit up with Holy Water is pure mockery. #8220;bless me father for I have sinned, its been a minute since my last confession#8221;, becomes a sarcastic comment on Grandma#8217;s ignorance. Poverty itself reduced the family to other slapstick situations. Pious Grandma#8217;s deliberate lie to the real estate agent when she denied that there had ever been two rooms upstairs in Angela#8217;s house has a savage humor in light of her piety. For the children Grandma was often the chinese source of unintentional humor from the environmental issues moment they heard her accent. There is humor in the situations caused by Roman Catholic censorship. On one occasion Frank is evicted from the public library for reading a book about table manners sex left on the table.

The irony here is he really wanted to read Butlers Life of the Saints but was enticed by a book that shocked the librarian. From an early age Frank promised to issues malaysia, support his family. To do this he dreamed of returning to table manners, America. During the novel there was discussion between Frank and his father about the difference in economies of the two countries when his father discussed this over the paper he encouraged him to get a good job in the land of opportunity. Malaysia. These discussions were placed in the context of the English oppression of Ireland. It is the symbols associated with New York that really sustained Franks dream over genre music the years. The images of the Statue of Liberty and malaysia, Ellis Island which he kept as he left New York as a small boy were so clear that he recognized them on his trip back. McCourt#8217;s hope of computer programming outlook, a better future was shared by environmental issues malaysia his father, brother Malachy and hisUncle Pa Sheehan.

However, it was Frank that had the determination to genre definition music, work at any job available and to save money even id his family starved, in order to make the dream real. There is no magic in Angela#8217;s Ashes. Poverty and despair are cured by environmental issues malaysia both hard work and breaking the chinese table manners law. Not everything that Frank did to save his fare was honorable, but his choices were made with long term goals in mind. Angela#8217;s Ashes depicts unrelenting poverty and the terrible consequences for individuals living in dirtiness. However, Frank McCourt shows that there is always humor in life, no matter how desperate the situation is. Environmental Issues. Combined with this is the hope that sustained McCourt and arguments, drove him to seek a better life in the USA. Issues Malaysia. University/College: University of Chicago.

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college paper setup Once your statistical analyses are complete, you will need to summarize the data and results for presentation to malaysia your readers. The Use Of Traditional Styles Example? Data summaries may take one of environmental malaysia 3 forms: text, Tables and Figures. Text: contrary to what you may have heard, not all analyses or results warrant a Table or Figure. Some simple results are best stated in genre definition music a single sentence, with data summarized parenthetically: Seed production was higher for plants in the full-sun treatment (52.3 +/-6.8 seeds) than for those receiving filtered light (14.7+/- 3.2 seeds, t=11.8, df=55, p0.001.) Tables: Tables present lists of numbers or text in columns, each column having a title or label.

Do not use a table when you wish to environmental show a trend or a pattern of relationship between sets of values - these are better presented in a Figure. For instance, if you needed to table manners present population sizes and sex ratios for your study organism at a series of sites, and you planned to focus on issues malaysia, the differences among individual sites according to (say) habitat type, you would use a table. However, if you wanted to show us that sex ratio was related to population size, you would use a Figure. Figures: Figures are visual presentations of results, including graphs, diagrams, photos, drawings, schematics, maps, etc. Graphs are the most common type of definition of biosphere figure and will be discussed in detail; examples of malaysia other types of figures are included at the end of this section. Graphs show trends or patterns of relationship. Organizing your presentation: Once you have done your analyses and music, decided how best to environmental present each one, think about how you will arrange them. Your analyses should tell a story which leads the reader through the steps needed to logically answer the computer outlook, question(s) you posed in your Introduction. The order in which you present your results can be as important in environmental malaysia convincing your readers as what you actually say in outlook the text. How to refer to Tables and Figures from the text: Every Figure and Table included in issues malaysia the paper MUST be referred to from the text. Use sentences that draw the reader's attention to the relationship or trend you wish to highlight, referring to the appropriate Figure or Table only parenthetically:

Germination rates were significantly higher after 24 h in running water than in controls (Fig. 4). DNA sequence homologies for the purple gene from the four congeners (Table 1) show high similarity, differing by at most 4 base pairs. Avoid sentences that give no information other than directing the reader to the Figure or Table: Table 1 shows the summary results for male and female heights at Bates College. Abbreviation of the word Figure: When referring to a Figure in definition of biosphere the text, the word Figure is environmental issues malaysia abbreviated as Fig., while Table is not abbreviated.

Both words are spelled out completely in descriptive legends. How to number Tables and Figures: Figures and Tables are numbered independently , in the sequence in which you refer to computer programming outlook them in the text, starting with Figure 1 and Table 1. If, in revison, you change the presentation sequence of the figures and tables, you must renumber them to reflect the new sequence. Placement of environmental issues malaysia Figures and Tables within the Paper: In manuscripts (e.g. lab papers, drafts), Tables and of Traditional Styles in Contemporary Architecture Essay, Figures are usually put on environmental issues malaysia, separate pages from text material. In consideration of your readers, place each Table or Figure as near as possible to the place where you first refer to it (e.g., the chinese manners, next page). Environmental Issues Malaysia? It is permissable to place all the illustrative material at the end of the manners, Results section so as to avoid interrupting the flow of text. The Figures and Tables may be embedded in the text, but avoid breaking up the text into small blocks; it is better to have whole pages of text with Figures and Tables on their own pages.

The Acid Test for environmental issues, Tables and Figures: Any Table or Figure you present must be sufficiently clear, well-labeled, and described by its legend to definition in biology be understood by your intended audience without reading the results section, i.e., it must be able to stand alone and be interpretable. Overly complicated Figures or Tables may be difficult to understand in or out of context, so strive for simplicity whenever possible. If you are unsure whether your tables or figures meet these criteria, give them to a fellow biology major (not in your course) and ask them to interpret your results. Descriptive Legends or Captions: To pass the acid test above, a clear and environmental issues, complete legend (sometimes called a caption) is chinese table manners essential. Like the title of the paper itself, each legend should convey as much information as possible about what the Table or Figure tells the reader : the first sentence functions as the title for the figure (or table) and should clearly indicate what results are shown in the context of the study question, the summary statistics that have been plotted (e.g., mean and SEM), the environmental malaysia, organism studied in the experiment (if applicable), context for the results: the treatment applied or the in biology, relationship displayed, etc. location (ONLY if a field experiment), specific explanatory information needed to interpret the results shown (in tables, this is frequently done as footnotes) and may include a key to any annotations, culture parameters or conditions if applicable (temperature, media, etc) as applicable, and, sample sizes and statistical test summaries as they apply. Do not simply restate the axis labels with a versus written in environmental malaysia between. Figure 1. Height frequency (%) of White Pines ( Pinus strobus ) in the Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary, Lewiston, Maine, before and after the Ice Storm of in biology '98. Before, n=137, after, n=133.

Four trees fell during the storm and were excluded from the post-storm survey. In the examples later in this section, note the issues malaysia, completeness of the legends. When you are starting out, you can use one of these examples (or an appropriate example from a published paper) as a model to follow in constructing your own legends. NOTE : Questions frequently arise about how much methodology to include in the legend, and how much results reporting should be done. For lab reports, specific results should be reported in the results text with a reference to Alternatives: the applicable Table or Figure. Other than culture conditions, methods are similarly confined to the Methods section. The reality: How much methodology and results are reported in the legends is journal specific.

Hot-off-the-press journals like Science and Nature so limit the body text that virtually all of the Methods are presented in issues the Figure and Table legends or in Energy Alternatives: Oil Essay footnotes. Environmental Issues Malaysia? Much of the results are also reported in The Use Styles the legends. Format and placement of legends: Both Figure and Table legends should match the environmental issues malaysia, width of the Table or graph. Wind Turbines? Table legends go above the body of the Table and are left justified ; Tables are read from the top down. Figure legends go below the environmental issues malaysia, graph and are left justified ; graphs and genre definition, other types of Figures are usually read from the bottom up. Use a font one size smaller than the body text of the document and be consistent throughout the document. Issues Malaysia? Use the same font as the body text.

The Anatomy of outlook a Table. Table 4 below shows the typical layout of a table in three sections demarcated by malaysia, lines. Tables are most easily constructed using your word processor's table function or a spread sheet such as Excel. Gridlines or boxes, commonly invoked by word processors, are helpful for setting cell and chinese table, column alignments, but should be eliminated from the printed version. Tables formatted with cell boundaries showing are unlikely to be permitted in a journal. Example 1: Courtesy of Shelley Ball. Example 2: Courtesy of environmental Shelley Ball. Example 3: Courtesy of Greg Anderson. In these examples notice several things: the presence of a period after Table #; the in biology, legend (sometimes called the caption ) goes above the issues, Table; units are specified in column headings wherever appropriate; lines of demarcation are used to arguments turbines set legend, headers, data, and footnotes apart from environmental issues one another. footnotes are used to clarify points in the table, or to convey repetitive information about entries; footnotes may also be used to of Traditional denote statistical differences among groups. The Anatomy of a Figure. The sections below show when and how to use the issues, four most common Figure types (bar graph, frequency histogram, XY scatterplot, XY line graph.) The final section gives examples of other, less common, types of Figures.

Parts of a Graph: Below are example figures (typical line and bar graphs) with the various component parts labeled in red. Arguments Against? Refer back to these examples if you encounter an unfamiliar term as you read the following sections. Some general considerations about Figures: Big or little? For course-related papers, a good rule of thumb is to size your figures to issues malaysia fill about chinese one-half of a page. Use an easily readable font size for axes and ticks. Readers should not have to environmental issues reach for genre definition music, a magnifying glass to read the environmental issues, legend or axes. Compound figures may require a full page. Energy Alternatives: Essay? Color or no color?

Most often black and white is issues malaysia preferred. The rationale is that if you need to genre definition music photocopy or fax your paper, any information conveyed by colors will be lost to the reader. However, for environmental, a poster presentation or a talk with projected images, color can be helpful in distinguishing different data sets. Every aspect of your Figure should convey information; never use color simply because it is pretty. Title or no title? Never use a title for Figures included in a document ; the manners, legend conveys all the necessary information and the title just takes up extra space. However, for posters or projected images , where people may have a harder time reading the small print of a legend, a larger font title is very helpful.

Offset axes or not ? Elect to offset the axes only when data points will be obscured by issues malaysia, being printed over the Y axis. Error bars or not ? Always include error bars (e.g., SD or SEM) when plotting means. In some courses you may be asked to plot other measures associated with the of Traditional Styles in Contemporary Essay, mean, such as confidence intervals. When plotting data analyzed using non-parametric tests, you will most likely plot the median and malaysia, quartiles or the range. These might be dotplots or box and whisker plots.

Tick marks - Use common sense when deciding on chinese table, major (numbered) versus minor ticks. Major ticks should be used to reasonably break up the range of values plotted into integer values. Within the major intervals, it is usually necessary to add minor interval ticks that further subdivide the scale into logical units (i.e., a interval that is a factor of the major tick interval). For example, when using major tick intervals of 10, minor tick intervals of 1,2, or 5 might be used, but not 3 or 4. When the data follow a uniform interval on the x-axis (e.g., a times series, or equal increments of concentration), use major ticks to environmental malaysia match the data. Chinese? No minor intervals would be used in this case. Legend width - The width of the figure legend should match the width of the graph (or other content. Environmental? Style considerations - When you have multiple figures, make sure to standardize font, font sizes, etc. such that all figures look stylistically similar.

When you have multiple graphs, or graphs and others illustrative materials that are interrelated, it may be most efficient to present them as a compound figure. Compound figures combine multiple graphs into one common figure and turbines, share a common legend. Each figure must be clearly identified by capital letter (A, B, C, etc), and, when referred to from the Results text, is specifically identified by that letter, e.g., . (Fig. 1b) . The legend of the compound figure must also identify each graph and the data it presents by issues, letter. Four Common Figure Types. Bar graphs are used when you wish to compare the value of a single variable (usually a summary value such as a mean) among several groups. The Use Of Traditional Styles Architecture Example? For example, a bar graph is appropriate to environmental malaysia show the mean sizes of plants harvested from plots that received 4 different fertilizer treatments. Wind Turbines? (Note that although a bar graph might be used to show differences between only 2 groups, especially for pedagogical purposes, editors of environmental many journals would prefer that you save space by presenting such information in the text.) In this example notice that: legend goes below the figure; a period follows Figure 1 and the legend itself; Figure is programming not abbreviated ; the measured variable is labelled on the Y axis.

In most cases units are given here as well (see next example); the categorical variable (habitat) is labelled on the X axis, and each category is designated; a second categorical variable (year) within habitat has been designated by different bar fill color . The bar colors must be defined in a key , located wherever there is environmental issues malaysia a convenient space within the arguments against turbines, graph. Issues? error bars are included, extending +1 SD or SEM above the mean. statistical differences may be indicated by a system of letters above the bars, with an accompanying note in the caption indicating the test and the significance level used. the completeness of the legend, which in this case requires over 3 lines just to in biology describe the treatments used and variable measured. Issues? axis labels, with units; treatment group (pH) levels specified on X axis; error bars and group sample sizes accompany each bar, and each of these is well-defined in programming outlook legend; statistical differences in this case are indicated by lines drawn over the bars, and environmental malaysia, the statistical test and definition in biology, significance level are identified in the legend. Frequency histograms (also called frequency distributions) are bar-type graphs that show how the measured individuals are distributed along an axis of the measured variable. Issues Malaysia? Frequency (the Y axis) can be absolute (i.e. number of counts) or relative (i.e. percent or proportion of the sample.) A familiar example would be a histogram of exam scores, showing the number of The Use of Traditional Styles in Contemporary Architecture students who achieved each possible score. Frequency histograms are important in describing populations, e.g. Malaysia? size and age distributions. Notice several things about this example: the Y axis includes a clear indication (%) that relative frequencies are used. (Some examples of an absolute frequencies: Number of stems, Number of of biosphere in biology birds observed) the measured variable (X axis) has been divided into categories (bins) of appropriate width to visualize the population size distribution.

In this case, bins of 1 m broke the population into 17 columns of varying heights. Setting the bin size at 0.5 m would have yielded too many columns with low frequencies in issues malaysia each, making it diffcult to visualize a pattern. Conversely, setting the bin size too large (2-3 m) would have yielded too few columns, again obscuring the underlying pattern. A rule of thumb is to start with a number of bins that is equal to the square root of the largest value in your data set(s) to be plotted. the values labeled on the X axis are the bin centers ; in this example, bin 10 m contains values that range from arguments turbines 9.50 -10.49 m. sample size is clearly indicated, either in the legend (as in this case) or in the body of the graph itself; the Y axis includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of bar values. These are plots of environmental X,Y coordinates showing each individual's or sample's score on two variables. When plotting data this way we are usually interested in knowing whether the computer programming outlook, two variables show a relationship, i.e. do they change in value together in a consistent way? Note in this example that: each axis is labeled (including units where appropriate) and includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of the values of plotted points; sample size is included in the legend or the body of the graph; if the data have been analyzed statistically and a relationship between the variables exists, it may be indicated by issues malaysia, plotting the regression line on Energy Oil, the graph, and by giving the equation of the regression and its statistical significance in environmental malaysia the legend or body of the figure; the range of each axis has been carefully selected to maximize the spread of the points and to minimize wasted blank space where no points fall. For instance, the Energy Alternatives: Oil, X axis is truncated below 50 g because no plants smaller than 52 g were measured. The ranges selected also result in labeled ticks that are easy to read (50, 100, 150#133;, rather than 48, 96, 144#133;) Which variable goes on the X axis?

When one variable is clearly dependent upon another (e.g. height depends on age, but it is hard to imagine age depending on issues, height), the convention is to plot the dependent variable on the Y axis and the independent variable on computer programming outlook, the X axis . Malaysia? Sometimes there is no clear independent variable (e.g. length vs. width of table manners leaves: does width depend on width, or vice-versa?) In these cases it makes no difference which variable is on which axis; the variables are inter -dependent, and an X,Y plot of these shows the relationship BETWEEN them (rather than the effect of one upon the other.) In the example plotted above, we can imagine that seed production might depend on plant biomass, but it is hard to see how biomass could depend directly on environmental issues, seed production, so we choose biomass as the X axis. Alternatively, the programming outlook, relationship might be indirect: both seed production and plant biomass might depend on some other, unmeasured variable. Our choice of axes to demonstrate correlation does not necessarily imply causation . Line graphs plot a series of related values that depict a change in Y as a function of environmental malaysia X. Two common examples are a growth curve for an individual or population over time, and a dose-response curve showing effects of increasing doses of a drug or treatment. When to connect the arguments wind, dots? If each point in environmental issues the series is obtained from the same source and of Traditional Styles in Contemporary example, is dependent on the previous values (e.g. a plot of a baby's weight over environmental issues the course of a year, or of programming muscle strength on successive contractions as a muscle fatigues), then the malaysia, points should be connected by a line in a dot-to-dot fashion. If, however, the series represents independent measurements of a variable to show a trend (e.g. mean price of computer memory over time; a standard curve of optical density vs. solute concentration), then the trend or relationship can be modeled by calculating the best-fit line or curve by regression analysis ( see A Painless Guide to Statistics ) Do not connect the dots when the measurements were made independently. In this example notice: a different symbol is used for each group (species), and the key to the symbols is placed in the body of the genre definition, graph where space permits. Symbols are large enough to environmental issues malaysia be easily recognizable in the final graph size; each point represents a mean value, and this is stated in the legend. Error bars are therefore plotted for each point and Oil, defined in the legend as well. because measurements were taken on independent groups for each species, the points are NOT connected dot-to-dot; instead a curve is fitted to the data to show the trend.

Notice here that: this time the dots ARE connected dot-to-dot within each treatment, because cumulative percent germination was measured within the same set of seeds each day, and thus is dependent on the measurements of the prior days; a different symbol is used for each treatment, and symbols are large enough (and connecting lines fine enough) so that all can be easily read at the final graph size; in environmental addition to the key to Energy Alternatives: Oil Essay symbols, two other kinds of environmental malaysia helpful information are supplied in the body of the figure: the values of the highest and lowest final cumulative percents, and a dashed line (baseline) showing the lowest cumulative % germination achieved. This baseline is defined in the legend. Some Other Types of Figures. Figure 9. Aerial photo of the study site ca. 1949 and in 1998 (inset) showing the Alternatives: Essay, regeneration of the forest. Photos courtesy of the issues malaysia, USDA Field Office, Auburn, Maine. Notice here that: A photograph is a figure.

Any photograph from another source requires attribution in of Traditional Architecture the legend. Photos must have sufficient resolution to reproduce well by standard photocopying.