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apollo 13 essay “HOUSTON, WE’VE HAD A PROBLEM HERE.” 1218 April 1970. The Mission Insignia for Apollo 13 showed the god Apollo, representing the as the Building Essay, Sun, riding his chariot across the surface of the the stranger, Moon to as the Building Technology Contact Essay, symbolise the Apollo Project bringing back new knowledge from the what dreams, Moon. The two names chosen for the Apollo 13 spacecraft turned out to be very prophetic. The Command Module was called Odyssey from Homer and Arthur C. Clarkes fictitious works. My Role Technology Contact Essay? Lovell liked the sound and felt it was going to follow the dictionarys description of a long and eventful voyage. The Lunar Module was called after the mass examples, sign of the Zodiac and star constellation Aquarius , the My Role as the Building Essay, water carrier, at in literature times identified with Zeus pouring the My Role Building Technology, waters of life down from the education system 1840s, heavens. Before the mission, the crew had hoped that Aquarius would bring life back from the as the Technology Essay, Moon. After the how to find absolute advantage, mission they were glad it did! Settling into My Role as the Building Technology Essay, the Command Module, the astronauts of how to absolute advantage Apollo 13 were an Technology Contact, assorted trio. Maclean Books? Lovell was a navy test pilot with 572 hours in My Role as the Building Essay space, including the first trip to the Moon in Apollo 8. The Stranger? He had more time in as the space than any other human at the time. The other two were civilians looking forward to their first trip into find, space.

Haise, a serious family man, had been a journalist turned naval aviator. He was recognised as a specialist on the Lunar Module, having spent fourteen months at Grumman, the factory building the My Role, spacecraft. He knew every switch, wire and alistair books, connector in as the Building Technology Contact Essay the spacecraft. Swigert was a swinging bachelor with the reputation of an air hostess in every airport. Mass Examples? The crew of Apollo 13: from left James A. Contact? Lovell, Jr, John L. Swigert, Jr., and how to advantage, Fred W. Building Technology Essay? Haise, Jr. In Literature? Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery maintained by as the Technology Contact Essay, Kipp Teague. Two days before the mission, Swigert had replaced Ken Mattingly, who had worked with backup crew member Charles Duke. Infected by Paul House, a three year old friend, Duke developed German Measles the weekend before the maclean, launch.

As Mattingly was found to have no immunity to as the Technology Contact, the disease, the doctors were afraid he might break out in a severe rash at the moment Lovell and shmoop the stranger, Haise were on the Moons surface, when swollen fingers and My Role as the Building Essay, sore muscles could have slowed him up, particularly in an emergency. Health Zealand? Because of the Building Technology Contact Essay, teamwork required by the crew, normally the whole crew would be changed, but as Duke was already out, they left Lovell and education 1840s, Haise. The training had to as the Building Technology Contact Essay, be intensified to develop the teamwork required with Swigert in what only two days. My Role Building Contact? The new crew spent many extra hours in dreams the simulator drilling through the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, procedures. In one of the colin maclaurin, many strange twists of as the Building Technology Essay fate in education this mission, Swigert had been trained as a specialist in malfunctions of the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, Command and Lunar Modules. As NASA Administrator Dr Tom Paine pointed out: Swigert practically wrote the book on what dreams may become spacecraft malfunctions. Ironically, Mattingly never did break out as the Contact Essay, with Rubella. The original crew of alistair Apollo 13: from My Role Technology Essay left James A. What Dreams May Become? Lovell, Jr, Thomas K. Mattingly II, and My Role Technology Contact Essay, Fred W. Absolute Advantage? Haise, Jr. Building Essay? Photo courtesy of Ed Hengeveld via the Apollo Image Gallery. Apollo 13 was going to Health Zealand, be the My Role Technology Essay, first moon landing with a greater degree of difficulty than either Apollos 11 or 12. The Stranger? The target was the Frau Mauro region, a range of Technology Contact Essay rugged hills 177 kilometres to colin maclaurin, the east of the Apollo 12 landing site.

Frau Mauro was going to be more interesting to the geologists Apollo was now going to be more scientific, rather than a flight testing exercise. Sunday 12 April 1970 LAUNCH. Launch day found light and as the Contact, variable winds, with a maximum strength of 12 knots from the east south east. Altocumulus clouds with a base height of 19,000 feet covered about 40% of the sky, with cirrostratus spread over the whole sky above. The temperature was 24C and relative humidity 57%. The Stranger? A perfect launch day. My Role Building Technology Essay? as received in Australia by shortwave from The Voice of America. Recorded by Colin Mackellar. What Dreams? 2.2MB mp3 runs for 4:44. Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery maintained by Kipp Teague. Contact Essay? Originally scheduled for 12 March 1970, Apollo 13 left Pad 39A at 1413 USEST 11 April 1970 (0513 AEST on what Sunday 12 April).

There was trouble right away. My Role Essay? Lovell: At five and mass examples, a half minutes after liftoff, Swigert, Haise, and I felt a little vibration. Then the as the Contact Essay, centre engine of the S-II stage shut down two minutes early. This caused the remaining four engines to burn 34 seconds longer than planned, and how to find absolute, the S-IVB third stage had to burn 9 seconds longer to put us into as the Building Technology, orbit. What Dreams May Become? No problem; the S-IVB had plenty of fuel. Apollo 13 entered Earth orbit at as the Essay 0525:39 AEST and shmoop, went into a 185.7 by 183.9 kilometre orbit with period of My Role as the Building Technology Essay 88.2 minutes and a speed of british 28,053.2 kilometres per My Role Technology Contact, hour. Mass Examples? Translunar injection was at 0754:47 AEST with a 5 minute 50.8 second burn and Building Technology Essay, Apollo 13 was heading for the Moon at 26,600.4 kilometres per maclean books, hour. The CSM separated from the My Role Contact Essay, SIVB at 0819:38 AEST and shmoop, docked with the LM at Building Contact Essay 0832:08 with television watching the the stranger, action. The two docked spacecraft were ejected from the as the Technology, SIVB at 0914:00 AEST before being separated from each other. Colin Maclaurin? In the Building Technology Essay, previous missions the SIVB was sent off into solar orbit but for the stranger, Apollo 13 the SIVB was targeted to as the Building Technology Contact, impact the Moon so the vibrations could be detected by the Apollo 12 seismometer. Despite this problematic start, the three astronauts settled down to the relatively relaxed trans-lunar coast life.

The peace of Health in New Zealand Sunday was broken by an agitated Swigert calling Houston. In the rush to Technology, replace Mattingly, he remembered he had not filed his Income Tax Return: How do I apply for colin maclaurin, an extension? he asked, Things kinda happened real fast down there and I need an extension. Im really serious. Youre breaking up the Technology Contact Essay, room down here, replied a laughing Joe Kerwin, but later Flight Director Glynn Lunney passed up the british system, advice, American citizens out My Role, of the maclean, country get a 60 day extension on filing, I assume this applies to Building Essay, you. Monday 13 April 1970. On Monday morning Capcom Joe Kerwin called, The spacecraft is in real good shape as far as we are concerned. Mass Examples? We are bored to Building Technology Essay, tears down here. This boredom was reflected in Health Zealand the world outside a third lunar landing hardly drew any media attention, in as the Building Contact Essay fact all the education 1840s, American television networks ignored the special television show put on by the astronauts. At the as the, Goldstone Tracking Complex in education system California it was a clear spring afternoon as the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, evening shift for shmoop, Monday April 13 came in for a quiet spell of uneventful tracking. Bill Wood , C Shift leader at the DSS-12 Pioneer Wing Station: Pioneer, the half Coyote, half German Shepherd station mascot greeted us at the gate as usual, before we took over tracking the signal from the My Role Technology Essay, Saturn IVB. Colin Maclaurin? Ed Smith, the intersite microwave engineer, had the as the Contact Essay, air to ground voice loops up so we could keep up with what was going on at the Prime site and hear the alistair maclean books, spacecraft and My Role as the Building Contact, Houston talking. Things were very quiet, even boring. It wasnt long before this mood was to change, to hyperbole, change dramatically. Tuesday 14 April 1970. At 1133 AEST on 14 April Lovell and as the Contact, Haise had entered Aquarius earlier than the what, flight plan had scheduled, anxious to check the pressure in Technology Contact Essay the helium tank, which checked out british, okay.

White Team Flight Director Gene Kranz on Technology Contact Essay shift shortly before the shmoop, television broadcast. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. My Role As The Technology Essay? At 1227 AEST, the astronauts put on a television show, exhibiting some of maclean books their gear such as their space helmets, sleeping hammocks and Building Essay, special bags for in New, drinking water inside their spacesuits. Lovell in the CM played music from 2001:A space Odyssey and Aquarius from a small tape recorder. As The Technology Contact Essay? Sadly, the astronauts did not know that their program was ending at the NASA centres, as the commercial networks had lost interest in shmoop broadcasting boring trips to the Moon. Marilyn Lovell and Mary Haise had to go to the Mission Control Center to Technology, see their husbands on television. Fred Haise takes the what dreams may become, few viewers of the My Role Technology Essay, broadcast on books a tour of the Lunar Module, Aquarius . White Team Flight Director Gene Kranz (closest to as the Building Technology, the camera) watches in Mission Control, just 17 minutes and 42 seconds before the explosion. GET: on screen at top left, 55:37:11; GET of the stranger explosion: 55:54:53.

NASA image. Astronauts Vance Brand and Jack Lousma (Capcom) enjoy the TV show. My Role Building Technology? From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by alistair maclean, Colin Mackellar. As The Technology? At 1259 the astronauts finished their on-board production with: This is the colin maclaurin, crew of Essay Apollo 13 wishing everybody a nice evening, and shmoop the stranger, were just about Contact Essay, ready to close our inspection of Aquarius and get back for a pleasant evening in Odyssey . Education System 1840s? Goodnight. Lovell: On the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, tapes I sound mellow and benign, or some might say fat, dumb, and colin maclaurin, happy. A pleasant evening indeed! Nine minutes later the roof fell in. Essay? As the how to find absolute, astronauts were copying down a message from Houston, on a control panel just above them a yellow caution light glowed to My Role Building Contact, indicate a low pressure in hydrogen tank #1 in in New Zealand Essay the Service Module. Back at Houston the My Role as the Building, same warning glared at EECOM Sy Liebergot from the Health Zealand Essay, sloping panel of as the Essay his console. Zealand Essay? As he had been working on the contents of the as the, tanks he wasnt too concerned to see the light, as it could be a normal short-term situation. Health Zealand? In the My Role as the Building Essay, weightlessness of space the cryogenically stored gases could stratify into layers of colin maclaurin different densities and My Role as the Contact, give a false quantity reading, but to make sure, Liebergot told Capcom Jack Lousma to education, ask the My Role as the Building Technology, astronauts to alistair books, stir both the My Role Technology Contact Essay, hydrogen tanks, using paddles operated by electric motors.

Normally this stirring was performed each day after the sleep period, but Liebergot wanted an extra stir before they went to sleep as he had been having trouble reading the absolute, quantity in the oxygen tank #2, so he suggested they stir the Technology Contact Essay, oxygen tanks too. Lousma: Thirteen, weve got one more item for you when you get the the stranger, chance. As The Building Essay? Wed like you to alistair maclean, stir up your cryo tanks. My Role Technology Essay? Swigert answered Okay, stand by and at system 1306:18 AEST flicked the switches labelled H 2 and O 2 FANS on My Role as the Technology Essay to stir the how to find absolute advantage, contents of the hydrogen and oxygen tanks. My Role Building Contact? Nobody knew that inside Oxygen Tank #2 wires to the fan had lost their insulation from an british education, incident during a test two weeks before. A committee led by Edgar Cortright, Director of the Langley Research Center in Virginia, was formed to investigate the incident. It found the following events led to My Role Technology, this moment of the Apollo 13 disaster. None of this can ever be verified, of absolute advantage course, because the Service Module burned up in the atmosphere on reentry. The flawed #2 oxygen tank had originally been made for as the Essay, Apollo 10, but had been returned to the manufacturers to improve the electromagnetic interference properties of the alistair books, vac-ion pumps.

When removing it from the Apollo 10 Service Module the My Role as the Building, frame holding the tanks was dropped about 5 centimetres. Although there is british education a possibility the jar could have loosened the as the Technology Contact Essay, couplings of the fill tubes, as far as the spacecraft systems engineers are concerned, this incident did not begin the hyperbole in literature, series of My Role Technology Contact events leading to Health in New, the explosion in as the Essay space. In the oxygen tank there were a set of tube assemblies in hyperbole examples in literature the neck of the My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, tank to fill and hyperbole in literature, empty the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, tank on the ground, and absolute, a different set for My Role as the, use in space to pipe the what dreams may become, oxygen to either a fuel cell, or to the cabin atmosphere. According to the engineers the real culprit was a set of couplings in these tube assemblies in the top of the oxygen tank which leaked during a Count Down Demonstration Test (CDDT) conducted on March 16, a test run to check out the Building Technology, launch procedures before every mission. The filling system was working normally, but technicians found they were unable to alistair, pump the Contact, super-critical cold oxygen fluid out of what dreams may become tank #2 after the test. Due to My Role Essay, the leaking couplings, gas pumped in to british system 1840s, remove the liquid oxygen was bypassing the My Role Technology Contact Essay, tank contents and colin maclaurin, coming back out again, leaving up to 92% of the My Role Building Technology Contact, liquid contents behind. Looking for books, a solution, the as the Building Essay, engineering team thought the quickest way to mass examples, empty the liquid oxygen would be to boil it off using the Building Contact, heaters in the tank. After discussions between the engineers at maclean Kennedy Space Center, the My Role as the Technology Contact, Manned Spacecraft Center, North American Rockwell (the contractor) and Beech (the manufacturer) it was decided to shmoop the stranger, go ahead. My Role As The Technology Contact? They also advised Mattingly and Lovell, assuring them it would be okay as these tubes were not used to supply the oxygen during the flight.

Lovell queried the mass examples, implications of putting a new tank in. The flight would probably be delayed by up to a month was the My Role as the Contact, answer, so Lovell told them to go ahead with the old tank: “If you’re all comfortable with this, then I am too.” The original Apollo spacecraft worked on 28 volts of electricity, but after 1965 the Apollo spacecraft’s electrical systems had been modified to handle 65 volts from the shmoop, external ground test equipment. Unfortunately Beech, the manufacturer of the My Role Technology Contact, tank, did not advise the manufacturer of the thermostat of the colin maclaurin, change, so the bi-metal thermostat switches installed in My Role as the Essay these tanks were still the shmoop the stranger, 28 volt models, so when the My Role Contact, heaters were switched on mass examples to boil the oxygen off after the CDDT test, the higher voltage caused arcing in the bi-metal thermostat and Building Technology, welded the contacts together. With the thermostat contacts permanently on, the alistair maclean books, heating elements remained on as the Building Technology Essay for 8 hours, instead of being turned off when the in New Essay, temperature reached 27C. My Role Contact? This allowed the temperature inside the hyperbole, tank to climb to an estimated 538C. As The Building Technology Contact Essay? As the colin maclaurin, temperature gauge on the ground test panel only as the Technology Contact, went to 29.5C, no one was aware of this excessive heat, which burned the Teflon insulation off the wires in the motors driving the the stranger, two fans inside the My Role Building Technology Essay, tank. How To Find Advantage? The fate of Apollo 13 and Building Essay, its crew was now riding on alistair the two bare wires sealed in Oxygen Tank #2. My Role As The Essay? Perhaps the first clue of how to absolute advantage a problem in the Service module was at My Role Building Contact 0318 AEST 14 April when oxygen tank #2 quantity indicated off scale high, eight hours before Lovell and Haise entered the LM to education system 1840s, conduct some system checks, but nobody took notice of My Role Building Technology Contact it.

But now, on what dreams may become board Odyssey , 322,000 kilometres from My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay Earth, the mass examples, relaxed complacency of the crew and ground teams around the as the Building Contact Essay, world was to Health in New Essay, be suddenly interrupted when Swigert switched the fans on in the oxygen tanks. When Swigert switched the as the Building Contact Essay, fans on Health Zealand in O 2 Tank #2 at 55:53:18 GET, (1306:18 AEST on My Role as the Essay 14 April), some of the liquid oxygen in Health Zealand tank had been used, exposing the My Role Technology, bare wiring. Colin Maclaurin? As a result a spark arced between the wires a spark in pure oxygen sealed under a pressure of 6,205 kPa in My Role Contact Essay the super tough spherical nickel alloy steel tank. Education? It took less than 20 seconds for the resulting pressure to blow the My Role Technology Contact, tank apart . Colin Maclaurin? shock the feed valves to two of the as the Building Technology Essay, three fuel cells causing their failure within seconds. wreck the Zealand, adjacent equipment in Building Technology Essay Bay 4 of the Service Module . and blow the external side panel out. which clipped the main antenna as it hurtled out into space. Langley Research Center estimated the explosion was equivalent to 3.2 kilograms of TNT, which would demolish an average sized suburban house. There was nothing to shmoop, indicate what had happened; no sound in the vacuum of space; no sensors to detect explosions. As the Service Module was not directly visible from the Command Module windows, the astronauts could not see what had happened behind their backs. Just a shudder from the My Role Building, spacecraft.

At Goldstone and Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Stations the prime receiver’s usually steady white “Signal in mass examples Lock” light suddenly blinked out and My Role as the Building Technology Contact, the alarms began their two-tone singing. The servo operator immediately switched to hyperbole, Program Track (antenna under computer control) and the receiver operators began trying to reacquire the signal but were only able to find a weak signal coming from the My Role as the Essay, spacecraft. Alan Foster on what dreams the Honeysuckle Creek receivers remembers: “The signal level dropped right down to about minus 140 db, I can remember struggling with it it was pretty grim but we managed to keep in Building Technology Contact Essay lock. They also went on colin maclaurin to emergency voice and became hard to hear.” Fred was still in as the Building Technology the Lunar Module. Jack was back in the Command Module in alistair the left hand seat. And I was half way in Technology between in Health the lower equipment bay wrestling with TV wires and a camera, watching Fred coming down. Haise was crawling through the My Role as the Building Technology, tunnel from the british education 1840s, Lunar Module when he saw the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, wall of the tunnel flex, and alistair maclean, felt the jar from the as the Building Technology, explosion. He jumped when the master alarm suddenly howled in mass examples his headset, mixed with Swigerts voice from the Command Module yelling about My Role Building Technology Contact, a panel alarm. Now, before that, Fred being in the Lunar Module, had actuated a valve which normally gives us the mass examples, same sound. since he didnt tell us about it, we all rather jumped. My Role As The Building Technology Essay? But it was his joke and we all thought it was sort of fun until something happened. It wasnt me! Haise threw back at Lovells inquiring expression as he instinctively dived for mass examples, his couch in as the the Command Module. The Stranger? Swigert tried to slam the My Role as the Technology Contact, hatch shut behind him, thinking the mass examples, jolt might have come from the Lunar Module being hit by My Role Essay, something.

The astronauts knew a high speed object not much bigger than a grain of what dreams sand could rip open the flimsy skin of the Lunar Module and let their life supporting atmosphere vent out in moments. Though Swigert wrestled with the My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, hatch, it wouldnt lock shut as it was misaligned. As they still had their atmosphere and were still alive, they pushed the hatch aside. All three astronauts pulse rates shot up to Health Essay, over 130. It is interesting to note that days later, just before we jettisoned the Lunar Module, when the hatch had to Building Contact, be closed and locked, Jack did it easy as pie. Thats the kind of flight it was. It shook the spacecraft and scared the hell out of british education system me. I proceeded to look at My Role as the Building Technology Contact Jim and maclean books, about the same time I guess about two seconds had elapsed when I had a master alarm and My Role as the Building Contact Essay, a main bus B undervolt light. I told Houston we had a problem and proceeded to go over to the right hand side of the spacecraft to advantage, look at the voltage He saw the B bus voltage supplying half the My Role Building, power to drive the spacecraft, drop right out. Haise checked fuel cell #3 supplying its electricity, and found it dead, so connected the alternative A power Bus to line, but it seemed to be on what dreams may become its way out too. As The Technology? A quick check of the stranger fuel cell #1 showed it was as dead as #3. My Role Essay? With only dreams may become, fuel cell #2 left to drive the A Bus, the astronauts realised from the My Role as the Essay, mission rules that landing on the moon was now impossible.

At 1308 AEST Swigert called Houston with the now famous remark, Okay, Houston, weve had a problem here. Capcom Jack Lousma, This is Houston say again, please. Houston weve had a problem. May Become? Weve had a Main B Bus undervolt, Lovell explained. Roger. My Role As The Building Essay? Main B undervolt. Okay, stand by, Thirteen, were looking at it. Capcom Lousma answered for the Mission Control team. In the Apollo 13 spacecraft, launched at 1313 hours (spacecraft time), it was 9:08 pm on April 13 . What Dreams May Become? At Honeysuckle Creek it was 1308 hours (1:08 pm) on as the Building Essay April 14. In New Zealand Essay? At Houston it was just after 2100 local on a pleasant clear evening. With three friends, Andy Saulietis had rigged up a telescope connected to My Role as the Contact, a black and white television set on a roof of the Manned Spacecraft Center.

They were studying a slowly fading pinpoint of light approaching the Moon the Saturn IVB rocket following Odyssey , blinking as it tumbled along. While they watched, a bright spot appeared in the middle of the screen and over what the next ten minutes grew into My Role as the Building Contact, quite a bright ball. No one connected the colin maclaurin, flare with Apollo 13 they vaguely thought it was a defect in their television monitor. They left the rooftop quite oblivious to My Role Building Technology, what they had witnessed the colin maclaurin, oxygen tank on My Role as the Building Apollo 13 exploding, and in system 1840s ten minutes spreading into Building Contact Essay, a gaseous sphere over 48 kilometres wide, glowing in the sunlight. Inside the alistair, Mission Control Center none of the Flight Controllers sitting at My Role Building Technology Essay their consoles were aware of what had happened either, until some of them began seeing abnormal indications coming down their telemetry channels strange readings from temperatures, pressures, voltages, and find, the status of My Role various pieces of equipment. Mass Examples? They were overwhelmed by as the Building Essay, reports of loss of the mass examples, High Gain Antenna, spacecraft computer restarts, random thruster firings, and multiple system failures. It took them over as the Technology fifteen minutes to figure out that there had been some sort of colin maclaurin explosion, but they were still hopeful the Technology Essay, mission was going to proceed to education system, a normal lunar landing. EECOM Sy Liebergot, the Flight Controller in My Role as the Building Technology Essay charge of the colin maclaurin, Command and Service Modules electrical and environmental systems, was now squarely in the hot seat: Our data suddenly went ratty, some of it went static.

I heard the announcements from the My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, spacecraft and find, was already scanning my readouts. Nothing made sense. My Role Building Technology Contact Essay? I called Kranz, We may have an instrumentation problem, Flight. Find Absolute? Let me go ahead and check, which was my way of putting Kranz off, and he knew that. Rog. Kranz replied. Hear Sy Liebergot’s EECOM loop starting just six seconds before the explosion. My Role As The Contact Essay? He asks about the cryo stir, and hyperbole in literature, then we hear a burst of static as lock is lost on the High Gain Antenna. We hear the team beginning to troubleshoot the My Role as the Technology, problem. Zealand Essay? This recording is Building Technology Essay part of shmoop longer audio on a disc included with Sy’s book, “Apollo EECOM: Journey of a Lifetime” available from CG Publishing/Apogee Books.

This audio clip is also available on My Role as the Building Contact Essay Sy’s website. Used with kind permission of, and dreams, with thanks to, Sy Liebergot. 1.1MB mp3 / 2 minutes 12 seconds. Clip starts at 055:54:49GET. Charlie Dumas (left) speaks with Gerry Griffin at the EECOM console. Building Technology Contact? Sy Liebergot, smoking a pipe, is at right.

From 16mm NASA footage several minutes before the explosion. May Become? Screenshot by My Role Building Contact Essay, Colin Mackellar. May Become? Liebergot never saw the pressure spike in My Role as the the oxygen tank that caused the colin maclaurin, explosion: You look away, you blink, and as the Technology Essay, its gone. Education 1840s? Thats exactly what happened. As The Technology? We were doing the cryo stir and maclean books, I was just looking to as the Contact Essay, the right of the how to absolute advantage, oxygen tanks at Building Technology the hydrogen tanks where the changes usually showed up first.

Everybody was looking at shmoop the stranger the hydrogen, which was about two inches over. When I looked back the My Role as the Building Contact Essay, spike had already gone. My backroom guys, Dick Brown, electrical system expert, and George Bliss and Larry Sheaks, my environmental control systems experts, were trying to figure out alistair maclean, what was going on as well. As The Contact Essay? To begin with we figured we just had a fuel cell problem and concentrated on that. Hyperbole In Literature? Pretty soon we knew the tank was gone, so I asked for an estimate of how long we had on the remaining tank. Liebergot had little to work on, only My Role Contact, displays of nearly fifty parameters all showing out of system limit readings on his console. My Role Contact Essay? This was so sudden, without any warning, that he felt overwhelmed.

No amount of training or mission experience could prepare him for this crisis. Initially he knew that the two dead fuel cells drew their oxygen from the same source, and books, as the My Role as the Building Technology Essay, third cell was still working, at what dreams may become first he didnt suspect the oxygen tanks. He was working on Technology a Fuel Cell #3 leak, and Health, trying to isolate it. Also, he was still trying to figure out why two fuel cells would fail. Then he saw that oxygen tank #2 was showing empty. Its contents had all gone! Half the oxygen for the cabin atmosphere and as the Building Essay, the spacecraft power for the mission had gone in british system 1840s two minutes just vanished. They hadnt even reached the My Role as the Building, moon. All their training and colin maclaurin, simulations had always relied on backup systems to My Role Building Contact Essay, keep the mission going, nobody had been game enough to shmoop, introduce a complete failure of all the power systems into My Role as the Essay, the simulations.

As one of the Flight Controllers said later, This was so far down the line, if anyone had asked us to simulate it ahead of time we would all have said he was being unrealistic. I had all the feelings that went with not having the colin maclaurin, answers to the problem and not seeing any way out of it. It happened too quickly it was a cascading failure which means the original failure got masked by the subsequent failures it created. As The Technology Contact? We were never trained for a cascading series of alistair books problems leading to a catastrophe. Technology Contact? Thats not training. It was like saying the mass examples, structure of the spacecraft was going to fail. A minute or so after the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, explosion Alan Glines, the how to absolute advantage, communications engineer (INCO), reported to Kranz that the signal from the spacecraft had switched to the smaller omni antennas, which was probably due to the side panel hitting the big antenna on My Role as the Technology Contact Essay its way past. The weaker signal combined with the erratic behaviour of the spacecraft caused the alistair books, receiver operators at My Role Contact Essay Goldstone and Honeysuckle Creek and the other stations difficulty in in literature holding onto Building, the weak, fluctuating signal for the rest of the dreams, mission.

Then Lovell announced the voltage on Building Technology Essay the A Bus was beginning to drop. An uneasy silence fell on shmoop the stranger the voice loops Okay, Houston, are you still reading Apollo 13? Lovell couldnt contain his anxiety any longer. My Role As The Building Essay? Thats affirmative, replied Lousma, We are reading you. Were trying to come up with some good ideas here for what dreams may become, you. He looked appealingly at My Role as the Building Contact Essay Kranz: What can I tell them? Kranz did not have an system, answer. Nobody had an answer. Capcom Jack Lousma apeaks with the crew onboard Apollo 13 after the explosion. Astronaut John Young is Building Technology Contact seated next to find absolute advantage, him.

From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. As The Building Contact? Lovell couldnt understand why his ship was reeling drunkenly about the heavens. The thrusters were firing away trying to in New Zealand Essay, bring the spacecraft under control, but unknown to either the astronauts or the flight controllers at Building the time the explosion had knocked some of the thrusters out. Maclean Books? Lovell took over My Role Building Technology Contact manual control, but found no matter how he tried, he could do no better than the automatic pilot the shmoop the stranger, spacecraft seemed to have a mind of its own, always trying to Technology, veer away from the course. What Dreams? He decided to My Role Contact Essay, look out of the how to find, window in case he could see something outside. My Role Building Technology Contact Essay? As he swung himself onto the left seat and peered out, the sight that met his inquiring eyes formed a knot in his stomach the how to, sun was shining on as the Technology Contact Essay a powerful stream of gas spurting out of the education system 1840s, side of the Service Module. Sixteen minutes after the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, explosion, at absolute advantage 1322 AEST, Lovell remembers, I happened to My Role as the Building Contact, look out of the left hand window, and saw the final evidence pointing toward potential catastrophe. We are venting something out into the . into space, I reported to Houston. Roger, we copy you are venting, acknowledged Lousma. In Mission Control a report of gas venting into the stranger, space spread among the as the, consoles like wildfire, and put a whole new dimension on the situation. Liebergot: I ignored that, I couldnt deal with that.

I needed to Health Zealand, go and My Role as the Building Technology, find what I could do about it. In Literature? Fuel cell #2 was still producing electricity but when Lovell looked back at the oxygen pressures again Tank #2 was still reading zilch, but now Tank #1 was only half full, and dropping! They were going to as the Technology Contact, lose all their oxygen they werent going to have enough to bring the in literature, ship back home to Essay, Earth! This was it! Lovell knew they were in trouble. But how serious was it?

Was it only oxygen gas squirting out into alistair maclean books, space? How long did they have? He immediately sensed that their next moves would be crucial to their survival, and My Role Building Technology Essay, their lives would depend on maintaining communication with Houston, and for that they needed power. There were only 15 minutes of hyperbole battery power left in My Role the Command Module, and that was needed for reentry into shmoop the stranger, the Earths atmosphere. My Role As The Technology Contact Essay? The Earth was over system 90 hours away . Lovell: The knot in my stomach tightened, and My Role, all regrets about Zealand Essay, not landing on the moon vanished. My Role As The Technology Essay? Now it was strictly a case for in literature, survival. I had seen the film Marooned and I must admit that the parallel crossed my mind. He looked across to Haise, the LM expert and My Role as the Technology Contact, pilot, Were going to have to use Aquarius to get home. Back in examples mission control, Liebergot also saw oxygen tank #1 contents disappearing before his eyes the as the Building Contact, pressure dropping from 6,068 kPa down to hyperbole in literature, 2,760 kPa in less than three minutes.

Two thirds of the electrical power generation system was dead, and there was only as the Essay, three hours of find life left. Looking into the immediate future, he felt momentarily sick in the stomach. He grabbed the security handles on My Role as the Contact his console to steady himself down. Was he going to be the first flight controller to lose a spacecraft and its crew out in the stranger space? In all my life I have never felt so alone, as I did then. Contact Essay? I didnt have the answers. It seemed we were on the point of losing everybody and how to find, everything. What had to be done before the Command Module completely died?

Would this crippled combination of a dead Command Service Module and a Lunar Module only Building Technology Contact, designed to go down to the lunar surface and colin maclaurin, back with two people cope with demands and manoeuvres they were never designed for? There was little time left to make any plans. Building Technology Contact? Everybody was facing problems that seemed to be leading to more problems. except the Lunar Module systems people they were standing by with a fully operational spacecraft, powered down waiting to arrive at the moon. It wasnt long before they realised the Lunar Module was going to hyperbole, be involved. During the Trans Lunar Coast phase of the mission, the My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, Lunar Module was powered down to what may become, conserve power, except for some critical systems kept warm by thermostatically controlled heaters powered by as the Contact, the Service Module batteries fed through the mass examples, Command Module. Now they had lost the power to the relays that controlled the My Role as the Technology Contact, transfer of the shmoop the stranger, power source to the Lunar Module batteries so they could not turn the power on in the as the Building Technology Essay, Lunar Module from its batteries in the descent stage.

That was the hyperbole examples, first big problem to be overcome. Strangely enough a year earlier, on 25 April 1969, during an My Role as the Building Essay, Apollo 10 simulation the examples, simulation team had failed the fuel cells in almost the same spot, and My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, the simulation ended with a dead crew. It was decided that this failure was a bit unrealistic and mass examples, the incident was forgotten as the Apollo program forged ahead. As The Contact Essay? Fortunately some of the more conscientious Lunar Module flight controllers had worried about shmoop, their simulation failure, and decided to as the Building, look into colin maclaurin, the problem. Jim Hannigan, branch chief of the Lunar Module flight controllers, assigned Donald Puddy to pick a team to work on the problem. My Role? Bill Legler, one of the key members of the team (who had been present during the colin maclaurin, Apollo 10 simulation) worked out some procedures that could reverse the as the Contact Essay, power flow to find absolute, go from the Lunar Module back into My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, the Command Module and energise the power transfer relays. These emergency procedures had never been completed and colin maclaurin, incorporated into Building Technology Contact Essay, the official procedures, but with the find, Apollo 13 situation these preliminary procedures were recovered and as the Building Contact, dusted off.

They gave the may become, Lunar Module controllers a head start. The engineer in My Role as the Building Contact Essay charge of the dreams may become, electrical and My Role as the Technology Contact, environmental systems of the Lunar Module was Bill Peters, I had just unplugged from the mass examples, console and Contact Essay, only taken two steps away when Bob Heselmeyer called out Youd better come back here, I think somethings going on. I figured out what may become, pretty quickly it looked like a major disaster, and one of the Building Technology Contact, plans in cases like this was to maclean books, close all the telephone lines in and out of the Control Center so just in case I called my wife real quick and told her not to My Role Building Contact Essay, expect me home that night turn on may become the TV to find out why and hung up. At the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, Goldstone tracking station a team was quickly formed to absolute, analyse the telemetry information they had just recorded, particularly the My Role Building, last few moments before the mass examples, explosion. Bill Wood , lead USB Engineer: We were able to read all bits up to My Role as the Building Technology, signal loss by recording the data at a high speed of 60 inches per second and playing it back at colin maclaurin 3 inches per second. Then we rolled the chart paper onto My Role Technology Contact, the control room floor and counted the frames of data by eye to how to advantage, find out what each parameter was reading up to the signal loss, and what things looked like right after the signal was reacquired. My recollection was that the Contact, engineers found a pressure spike in shmoop the stranger the oxygen tank that exploded.

The telemetry showed the pressure shot up to 6,950 kPa for two seconds before dropping to zero in the next two seconds. Technology Contact Essay? Then Larry Sheaks called Liebergot to colin maclaurin, tell him that the oxygen surge tank in the Command Module was losing pressure. My Role? The surge tank was usually used for mass examples, reentry only, but was used as a buffer to keep the oxygen levels steady. The EECOM from Milt Windlers Maroon shift, John Aaron, was quietly shaving at home when the phone shrilled. Building Essay? It was Arnold Aldrich, his office manager, at Mission Control. Arnie said Hey, John, these guys are working some kind of hyperbole in literature problem and I know your specialty is instrumentation patterns and My Role, they think this is a telemetry problem, but I dont know. So I said to shmoop the stranger, Arnie, Go and read me some parameters off displays such and My Role Building Technology Essay, such, then go to displays such and such and read those out to me. He did all that and I said Arnie, that is Health Zealand not a telemetry failure there is no pattern there that fits. Tell those guys theyve got a real problem and Ill be right there.

By the time I came in, I got in on the tail end of My Role Building Technology Essay analysing what had happened there, and colin maclaurin, started convincing the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, guys that they ought to shmoop, power down the Command Module and save the batteries, because we were using battery power to My Role Technology Essay, troubleshoot the problem, and Zealand Essay, I knew these were the same batteries that were going to bring us home. As The Building Technology Essay? That was pretty traumatic because the Command and Service Module was never designed to be powered down in space and we didnt have any procedures to power it up from shmoop scratch. My Role Building Technology? Normally it was powered up over a period of days on shmoop the pad before you launched, using a lot of power. Forty six minutes after the explosion George Bliss informed Liebergot that there was only 1 hour 54 minutes left in O 2 Tank #1, when the My Role as the Technology Contact, last fuel cell would die. Then there would only be the colin maclaurin, Command Modules reentry batteries left and they were needed for reentry. The unthinkable had happened and there was no back up or redundant system to Building Essay, pull them out of colin maclaurin this one. They were facing a major disaster in as the Building Technology space. Dreams? Liebergot announced on the intercom loop: Flight, the My Role Technology Contact Essay, pressure in O 2 tank 1 has dropped all the what dreams, way down to 297 (psi) (2048 kPa) and wed better think about getting into the LM. Flight dynamics chief Jerry Bostick was sitting in the Trench listening to the drama deepening on the console behind him, and Contact Essay, began to think of getting the spacecraft back as soon as possible. How To Absolute? He and his team soon discarded the Building, immediate turn-around (direct abort which would bring them home in 34 hours) using the main SPS engine because the LM lifeboat would have to be cast off, and dreams may become, doubt about the integrity of the as the, Service Module that is, how much damage had been done to Health in New Zealand, the internal systems of the Service Module? Was the My Role Technology Essay, engine damaged?

Even if it wasnt, there was no electricity to find absolute, operate the engine controls such opening or closing valves. The alternative was to carry on My Role as the Essay and sling around the Moon. What Dreams May Become? This was going to take up to four days could they keep the astronauts alive for such a long period? That was up to the LM systems controllers. As The Technology Contact Essay? The Trench waited for the Flight Directors to colin maclaurin, make up their minds. Ken Mattingly slid alongside Lousma and as the Technology Contact, plugged his headset in. Maclean Books? He wanted to help his mates if he could.

Kranz said this was his toughest call on Apollo 13. Building Technology Essay? My team was pretty much split down the education system 1840s, middle. My Role As The Building? Many of my systems controllers wanted to get home in Health in New Zealand the fastest fashion possible. By now there were two teams gathered around the consoles discussing the emergency and as the Building Technology, the chatter was getting out of british system hand so Kranz stood up and yelled around the My Role as the Building Contact Essay, room, Okay all flight controllers cut the books, chatter. I want every member of the Essay, White team to settle down and get back on the voice loops the hyperbole in literature, rest of you shut up. Still damp from as the Building Technology being called from Essay a shower at as the Technology home, Chris Kraft had arrived by now and joined the intercom conversation at what dreams may become his Directors console, just before thirty three year old Glynn Lunney was due to My Role Building Technology Essay, take over the next shift. Leader of the how to, Maroon team, Milt Windler, also joined the as the Technology Contact Essay, group. In Literature? Lunney had been discussing the return options with Bostick and an intense discussion developed between the Flight Directors on the best course of My Role Building Technology Contact action, ending with Kranz addressing Kraft, Our only real option is to alistair books, go around the Moon. Chris Kraft, Astronaut Jim McDivitt, and Robert Gilruth in My Role as the Technology Contact the back row of the hyperbole examples, MOCR. Behind them is the as the, glass window of the Health in New Zealand Essay, VIP viwewing room.

From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. My Role As The Building Technology Contact? Kraft agreed, When do you want to do the burn? The decision was made, and the Flight Dynamics controllers in the Trench breathed a sigh of relief and shmoop the stranger, began to work out a burn procedure for a trajectory to sling around the Moon and as the Building Technology Contact, return home. So 53 minutes after the explosion, an emergency plan began to evolve. Hyperbole In Literature? Astronauts Gene Cernan (left), Deke Slayton (coat) and Contact, Ed Mitchell look on as Jack Lousma sits as his Capcom console. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by colin maclaurin, Colin Mackellar. I was already in a back room of the Control Center when we got the as the Building, report that there was a problem. What Dreams May Become? We were due on shift at about 10:00 pm (USCST) that night. The spacecraft crew were supposed to go to Building Contact Essay, sleep and we were supposed to sit there and watch a sleep shift. Education 1840s? I went in and plugged in Technology Contact Essay with Gene; I knew the how to, spacecraft crew had reported a bang and as the Building Technology Essay, some venting, so there was a suspicion there was some kind of absolute advantage problem, but people still werent sure how serious the problem was. There were a set of confusing indicators we had lost the My Role Technology Contact, oxygen in one tank so we lost the in New, fuel cell that was plugged to My Role as the Essay, it, and that fuel cell was plugged to alistair books, the B electrical Buss. Contact? The RCS thrusters were split between main Bus A and maclean, Main Bus B, so we had lost half the thrusters which gave us these attitude control problems. We became involved in as the Technology Essay closing off the fuel cells, one at a time, to may become, try to Building Technology, isolate a leak within the shmoop, fuel cells, but once you shut them down, you cant get them back, and I remember doing that as a last resort.

We had a number of situations to deal with. We were on Essay a non free-return trajectory. The Stranger? Up until Apollo 13 we had used trajectories that would loop around the as the Technology Essay, Moon to return approximately into education system 1840s, the entry corridor. Here we were not going to come back to My Role as the Building Technology, any safe kind of Earth entry at mass examples all. As The Building Technology Essay? We were also at a point where it would have been very expensive in terms of propulsion to british 1840s, turn around and come back without looping around the My Role Building Technology Essay, Moon. That was considered for how to find absolute, a while, but the only way we knew how to as the Technology Contact, do that was to dump the descent stage of the Lunar Module and how to absolute advantage, use all of the Service Propulsion fuel, but the two problems with that were we couldnt power the Service Module up any more, we were only as the Building Contact, down to what dreams may become, batteries, so we couldnt sustain a power load to run the Service Propulsion engine, and My Role Contact, we didnt want to dump the in literature, descent stage of the as the, Lunar Module because it was our lifeboat where most of the batteries, water and so on were stored. Parallel with all this going on examples in literature with the guidance people was what are we going to as the Contact, do to alistair maclean, power the My Role Technology, Lunar Module up. Shmoop The Stranger? We knew we had to as the Building, get it powered up enough to take care of the what dreams may become, manoeuvre later, but we also began to Building Contact Essay, realise that the way the telescope worked for aligning the platform in shmoop the stranger the Lunar Module that it probably wouldnt work by Technology Contact, itself while it was attached to the Command Module out in mass examples free space. We realised we had to My Role as the, get an mass examples, alignment from the My Role Building Contact Essay, Command Module guidance reference system, the inertial platform, and transfer it over to the Lunar Module which was a lot of education number plugging by the crew members, followed and My Role as the Building Technology Contact, checked by the people on british education system the ground. This of Technology Contact Essay course happened some time after we got the Lunar Module powered up.

We got the Lunar Module powered up but as we went through it we were trying to figure out what we didnt have to mass examples, bring up because we knew we were going to be power limited and water coolant limited to get home. As The Technology Contact Essay? The Lunar Module was designed for maclean books, two men for as the Technology Essay, two days and we knew we were at least four or five days from home with three people. We knew we couldnt stay powered up at these levels so we had to figure out colin maclaurin, a way to My Role Essay, cut the colin maclaurin, power down. We also knew we had limited amounts of consumables on board. Contact? We got the Lunar Module configured so it could do a passive thermal control. Instead of a rolling manoeuvre, which we normally used, we rotated the Health in New Zealand Essay, vehicle ninety degrees every hour so we could get equal sun (heating) and cooling on My Role Technology Contact the vehicle. As we could watch this on shmoop the stranger the ground the crew didnt have to worry about it.

Once we got in that position we said were on this non-free return, why dont we trim that out and My Role, get the colin maclaurin, vehicle on a free return so if anything happens later we are least heading for the reentry corridor. So we did this 40 foot per second manoeuvre that put us on a free return trajectory. After that we began to try to take power off everything that we didnt need and we began to lay out in detail the options for My Role Technology Essay, how big or small a manoeuvre we would do at seventy nine and alistair books, a half hours into My Role as the Building Technology, the mission, after we got around the hyperbole, Moon. We settled on My Role as the Contact Essay a manoeuvre that wasnt quite maximum but would get us back by mass examples, about 142 hours. We had also figured out how to husband the My Role as the Technology Essay, consumables. By the end of my shift about hyperbole in literature, ten hours later we had put the vehicle back on an Earth return trajectory, the inertial guidance platform had been transferred to the Lunar Module, and My Role Contact Essay, we kept the what dreams may become, Lunar Module reasonably powered up for the burn planned for two hours after we had turned the as the Technology, corner at the Moon. Mass Examples? We had a plan for what that manoeuvre would be, and we had a consumable profile that really left us with reasonable margins at the end. Glynn Lunney (left) and Milt Windler, take stock of the situation. Behind them, in the background, is as the Building Contact Robert Gilruth. British 1840s? Deke Slayton is in the foreground. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Here’s a view of the My Role Technology, MOCR during Glynn Lunney’s shift, after the shmoop, accident.

Panorama assembled from as the Essay 16mm NASA footage by CM. Gene Kranz and his White Team continued their shift for an extra hour before handing over to Glynn Lunney and the Black Team, and in New Essay, went to My Role Technology Essay, the back of the hyperbole in literature, building to as the Building Contact, study data from the mass examples, spacecraft. Kranz decided to as the Technology Contact, step out of the Houston shift sequence and head a Tiger Team to in literature, concentrate on the engineering and procedures to get the My Role as the, crippled spacecraft and its crew back home. The key thing here was I didnt form the Tiger Team the Tiger Team to a great extent always existed. Essay? During the My Role Building, Apollo Program we flew with four mission control teams, and mass examples, one team was always designated as the Lead Team and in case of any mission difficulties it was that teams responsibility to My Role as the Building Technology, establish the Health in New, game plan, the recovery plan, do the trouble shooting and that just happened to fall into my team. We had many problems here we had a variety of survival problems, we had electrical management, water management, and we had to as the Building Technology Contact, figure out how to navigate because the stars were occluded by the debris cloud surrounding the alistair, spacecraft. Basically we had to as the Technology Contact Essay, turn a two day spacecraft into a four and Health Zealand Essay, a half day spacecraft with an extra crewmember to get the My Role Technology Contact, crew back home. We were literally working outside the design and maclean books, test boundaries of the Technology Essay, spacecraft so we had to invent everything as we went along. In New Zealand? There were many lead people, but the three people I would name were Arnie Aldrich who handled the checklist, John Aaron with the power management, and Bill Peters who looked at Building Essay the Lunar Module and the stranger, tried to figure out as the Technology Contact Essay, how it could be most effective as a lifeboat. There were no official procedures to mass examples, refer to even the emergency procedures didnt cover losing all three Command Module fuel cell power sources and My Role as the Technology, using the what, Lunar Module in lieu of the Command Module. At 1456 AEST on 14 April Lovell and Haise had already decided to Essay, climb into the Lunar Module, Without much discussion from the ground, both Jim and in literature, I decided to head for the LM. Contact Essay? At this point we only had one choice and how to find advantage, took it, Haise explained. Swigert was left to wind down the as the Building Technology Contact, Command Module.

The last oxygen tank was nearly empty. Capcom Jack Lousma told the Health Essay, astronauts, Thirteen, Houston. Wed like you to Building Contact Essay, start making your way over to the LM now Swigert replied: Fred and how to find advantage, Jim are in the LM. Lovell had joined Haise in the LM, who was already throwing switches to bring the power up when Swigert yelled down the tunnel, Houston wants the LM powered up. Haise advised Houston, . and My Role Contact Essay, Jack, I got LM power on. GUIDO Will Fenner (green shirt) at alistair maclean books the Guidance console as the navigation platform is transferred from Odyssey to Aquarius . From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. As The Contact? Swigert said he had never seen the LM activated so fast, but it still wasnt fast enough. He had to turn the reentry battery in how to find absolute advantage the Command Module on to keep the navigation guidance system going until the crucial settings were transferred to the Lunar Module system. Just as Lovell set up a good alignment at 1513 AEST, the last Fuel Cell #2, died. Lovell: Getting that transfer was the first big turning point.

The concern is evident on My Role Technology Essay the face of astronaut John Young as he stands beside Capcom Jack Lousma. British? Behind him is My Role Essay astronaut Tom Stafford. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by Colin Mackellar. Houston told Swigert to what, close the My Role as the Building Essay, Command Module down. The power had to mass examples, be turned off in a carefully planned sequence so it could be brought back up ready for reentry.

At 1553 he turned off the My Role Contact, last switch, looked around the lifeless cabin no cosy lights, no friendly voices from the radio, no gurgling from what dreams pipes or whirring of fans their cheerful home of a moment ago was just dark and dead 333,125 empty kilometres from Earth, and racing away from as the Technology Contact Essay it at 3,380 kilometres per hour! He floated into the Lunar Module, and said to shmoop, Lovell and Haise, Its up to Building Essay, you now. He suddenly felt lost. Alistair Books? He was trained for as the Building Contact, the Command and alistair maclean, Service Module, a position normally busy right through the My Role as the Essay, mission. Examples? Now he could only watch the Building Technology, other two expertly bringing the maclean, Lunar Module to as the Technology Contact, life. The last few hours had been fast and furious, crammed with momentous life threatening events; now it was just waiting. for Health in New, what? Haise said that he lost all track of My Role Building Technology Essay time during those hectic five hours, full of rapid-fire events. It was more like a dream than reality because of the jolt from the security of find absolute comfort and as the Building, order to the onslaught of unexpected events and fleeting images and mass examples, feeling very vulnerable to the hostile environment of Contact empty space. Dead tired, he was the advantage, first to Building Contact, drag himself into mass examples, the Command Module to sleep soundly for My Role Building, the next five hours. RIGHT ACROSS THE CONTINENT, FROM PERTH TO SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA PITCHES IN TO HELP APOLLO 13. At the time of the in literature, explosion I was operating the ranging system, which measured the My Role Building Technology Essay, distance and speed of the find advantage, spacecraft, when I heard Swigert send his problem call, and then listened as the flight controllers sent a barrage of My Role as the Building Contact instructions up to the spacecraft, punctuated by terse responses from the astronauts. Once we had acquired on the smaller omni antenna, my equipment was managing to colin maclaurin, keep locked on the spacecraft signal, but my finger was hovering beside the My Role as the Building Technology Essay, ‘acquire’ button in case of mass examples drop-outs. As The? At that stage we did not know it was a life-threatening situation, we thought it was a communications problem with the what dreams, spacecraft.

The first indication of the Building Technology Contact Essay, seriousness of the crisis to mass examples, us at Honeysuckle Creek was when Mission Control in My Role as the Building Contact Houston called the Operations Supervisor at Honeysuckle Creek and mass examples, asked, How long would it take to My Role as the Building Contact, get Parkes up? Parkes was the hyperbole in literature, CSIROs radio telescope used during the Apollo 11 mission. It was not called up for the Apollo 13 mission because the astronauts now used a big portable umbrella antenna for Building, communications from the find advantage, lunar surface. My Role As The Building Technology Contact Essay? I knew the british 1840s, situation was really serious as you dont just casually ask to use the 64 metre radio astronomy antenna at as the Parkes without making high level arrangements with plenty of warning. In Mission Control the alistair books, low signal levels from the My Role as the, spacecraft were causing concern. Chris Kraft, Director of Flight Operations, We wanted to dreams, make sure that we got a good telemetry signal, and Parkes was one of the My Role Technology, places where we knew we could get it. Parkes isnt committed to in literature, this mission, Mike Dinn informed them. Oh, then Mr Kraft will be calling your Director on the phone shortly, Houston replied. My Role As The Building Technology Contact? Honeysuckle Creek Station Director Don Gray : Don Gray, Station Director, in his office at Honeysuckle Creek.

Photo: Hamish Lindsay. I was sitting in my office listening to Health Zealand Essay, this conversation on My Role as the the net, and in moments the phone rang. Hyperbole In Literature? Chris Kraft said to me We have a serious problem on the spacecraft; it looks like we are going to My Role Technology Essay, have to what, power down and will need all the antennas we can get. Technology Essay? Do what you can to get Parkes up as soon as possible. First of all I called Tom Reid, the british system, Director at Tidbinbilla, to organise a crew to go to My Role as the Contact, Parkes, then I rang John Bolton at Parkes to mass examples, find he was already aware of the Building Contact Essay, problem and was prepared to change the antenna over to support the how to absolute, NASA signals. At the Deep Space Station at Tidbinbilla the request took Station Director Tom Reid by My Role as the Building Contact, surprise: What are you talking about? It takes weeks of negotiations between the CSIRO and NASA Headquarters, agreements and money and mass examples, budgets. Then I got a black phone call , Hey look, weve got a problem on Contact board the spacecraft this is a serious thing, think again about how soon you can do it never mind about budgets and money. The contractors people responded magnificently, got themselves down to hyperbole examples, Parkes luckily the equipment was still there, it just wasnt configured. NASA hastily flew out Bob Taylor, one of the Goddard engineers, to be there, as he knew the My Role Essay, system. Dr John Bolton, Director of colin maclaurin Parkes. Photo from My Role Building Contact a 1967 ABC publication, via John Sarkissian. I was listening to what, the conversation between Houston and James Lovell, and as had been my habit, had thoroughly digested the flight plan. I realised that the only solution was to occupy the Building Technology Essay, LM and colin maclaurin, use its facilities. The very low power (signal from the Building Technology Contact Essay, spacecraft) and the fact that the shmoop the stranger, journey would be in Parkes coverage time meant we would certainly be called in. I rang Tom Reid, the My Role as the Building Technology, Director of hyperbole in literature Tidbinbilla, with whom I had an excellent relationship, to ask for the NASA crew to be sent in; I rang Taffy (Dr.

E.G. Bowen) to let him know what assistance I would need from Sydney; and Contact, then Charlie Chenhall (RP Workshop Supervisor) to mass examples, organise supplies and aircraft. Fortunately Radhakrishnan (Venkataraman Radhakrishnan, Director of the Raman Research Institute, Bangladore, India) was conducting a special experiment on the telescope and a number of engineers were on My Role as the hand. They dismantled and how to find absolute advantage, carried Rads equipment down the My Role Essay, ladder of one of the feed legs, while Parkes staff used the 1840s, lift to get the My Role as the Building Technology Essay, NASA gear to the focus. We accomplished in 10 hours what normally took close to examples, a week. Bruce Window , Tidbinbilla USB Supervisor: It was about My Role Technology Contact, 6 pm. I was working on shift at mass examples Tidbinbilla when we were cranked up straight away to get to as the Building Essay, Parkes in dreams a hurry in My Role Building Contact a light aircraft, a Cessna 337. It was a hairy trip. At the same time the mass examples, CSIRO had been given the message and they had taken their feedcone off and had started to My Role as the Technology, assemble our feedcone. We arrived in the dark, drove out to what dreams may become, the site, by which time the My Role as the Building Technology Essay, CSIRO had flashed up all their part of the equipment. Find Absolute? On that first day we had got the Building Technology Contact Essay, voice but we hadnt got all the links through to Honeysuckle.

I can remember holding the cable and shouting in british system 1840s frustration, I had the stuff in my hand but I couldnt do anything with it! Predictions were the as the Technology, problem (the information where to point the antenna), they were a big problem early on. We just had to rely on hyperbole in literature predictions from My Role Technology NASA. John Bolton and how to find absolute, his boys had to work around them as much as they could. We didnt get any really good data from My Role Technology Parkes that first night. They were relying heavily on us because of the improved quality of signal they were able to examples in literature, up the My Role as the Essay, bit rate by maclean, one step with our signal from what they were getting from the 26 metre dishes (such as Honeysuckle) that was why they needed us at Parkes. We worked 16 hour days.

I was relaxing at Contact home when I had a phone call from the shift supervisor at the time to shmoop the stranger, say there was a problem, so I immediately went in to find that Apollo 13 really was in Building Technology Contact Essay trouble. Next there was a call from the Network Manager in the United States to say they wanted two things immediately they wanted to activate the mass examples, lines to Parkes, and the second one, which was a bit more difficult, was to get some kind of broadband communication between the My Role as the Contact, Carnarvon OTC Earth station and the Carnarvon Tracking Station. They wanted everything they could get. I worked out Health Zealand, I still had a few friends left in the PMG (Post Master Generals Department) in My Role Building Technology Contact Western Australia who could help us out. So, by Health, 4 oclock in Technology the morning I dragged one of alistair maclean my friends out of bed, and as the Building Technology Essay, he said, Oh, I think I have got an education 1840s, OB (Outside Broadcast) link we could use, Ill see what I can do give me a call back in an hour. When I called him back he said, Yes, Ive organised it, two OB vans will be leaving the depot in Perth for as the Building Technology Essay, Carnarvon at 8 oclock this morning, as soon as the shmoop the stranger, guys get to Building Technology Contact Essay, work. There was no mention of money, or anything like that, it was a matter of shmoop the stranger lets do it and Essay, sort things out afterwards. At the same time I got cracking with the alistair maclean books, PMG. My Role Technology Contact Essay? Because we already had circuits into what, Parkes, there was a probability most of it was still working. As The Building Technology Contact Essay? I called people out of bed and in New Zealand, they found most of the link was there, and pretty soon after the Tidbinbilla guys arrived we had the links up. Trevor Gray , PMG technician: We worked non-stop through the Building Essay, night to get the links going. After Apollo 11 we had trouble with the maclean, connections exploding when we switched the Building Essay, equipment on because of the high voltage and what dreams, moisture getting in, so we had left the equipment switched on, but then all the electronic valves had deteriorated, and My Role as the Contact, we were frantically trying to find the sick valves and mass examples, change them before we could get the links going. Wilfred Laing , Senior Technical Officer at the Redfern Microwave Terminal in My Role as the Building Technology Sydney was interrupted by the phone ringing: It was the hyperbole in literature, City South Control to say they needed Parkes up in My Role as the Technology Essay a hurry.

I rang through to Parkes to find they were already setting their end up. Somebody must have had a premonition because only how to absolute, a few days before we had put up a temporary link from Parkes to Sydney via Orange just in case it may be required. My Role As The Building Technology Essay? We dropped everything we were doing with the state networks and the stranger, concentrated on Essay the Apollo circuits. Meanwhile out in space the the stranger, astronauts found that as soon as they brought the Lunar Module communications system on line it clashed with the My Role Building Essay, Saturn IVB rocket following them, as they were both transmitting on mass examples the same frequency. Because the My Role Technology Contact Essay, Apollo 12 mission had left a seismometer on the moon, the Saturn IVB was organised to mass examples, crash on as the Technology the moon for seismic readings, and extra batteries had been added for communications to last until impact. Normally, this should occur well before the Lunar Module was fired up. So with both the british education system 1840s, Saturn IVB and My Role as the Building Technology Essay, Lunar Module transmitters on the stranger the same frequency it was the My Role Building Contact Essay, same as having two radio stations on maclean books the same spot on My Role as the Building Contact the dial of your radio. Which one does it try to lock onto? Bill Wood at the Goldstone Tracking Station, The Flight Controllers at Houston wanted us to the stranger, move the My Role Building Essay, signal from the Lunar Module across to the other side of the colin maclaurin, Saturn IVB signal to allow for expected doppler changes. Tom Jonas, our receiver-exciter engineer, yelled at My Role Essay me, thats not going to work! We will end up locking both spacecraft to one up-link and wipe out the telemetry and in New Zealand Essay, voice contact with the crew. I jumped on the station intercom and My Role Contact Essay, strongly requested Bill Sheridan, the Station Operations Supervisor, to how to, tell Houston what would happen, but they just told us to follow instructions. So at Technology Contact Essay that time Houston lost telemetry with the education 1840s, Saturn IVB and voice contact with the My Role as the Building Essay, spacecraft crew.

Luckily our big 64 metre Mars antenna was already switching over to maclean, the Apollo emergency and My Role Essay, their narrower beam width managed to discriminate between the two signals and the telemetry and hyperbole in literature, voice links were restored. So the situation stabilised from our point of My Role as the Building view until it was time for us to hand this mess over to Honeysuckle Creek in Australia. Honeysuckle Creek was tracking with its smaller 26 metre antenna. Deputy Director Mike Dinn : This was where the 1840s, receiver operators earned their money. When they fired up the LM, we had both signals in the same bandwidth and we had ten receivers that could lock to My Role Building Essay, one or the books, other and did! Before the mission I had foreseen the Essay, possibility of alistair books our having to cope with the Building Technology Contact Essay, Saturn IVB and the LM together. There was nothing written down in mass examples the procedures and Technology Contact, I remember calling Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland, our technical advisors, to discuss what we might do, and we agreed there would be no difficulty in pulling the hyperbole examples, frequencies apart by tuning the My Role Technology Essay, station transmitters appropriately. I was used to this procedure in the Deep Space Network in the early years of lunar and colin maclaurin, planetary exploration. Anyway, I remember that we acquired the My Role Building Technology, two spacecraft and successfully pulled the maclean books, two links apart. Then Houston asked us to My Role Building, tune the colin maclaurin, frequency of as the Building one transmitter and mass examples, I immediately recognised this would bring all the frequencies back together again. As The Contact Essay? I tried to colin maclaurin, talk Houston out of this, even asking Goddard to tell them, but was unsuccessful, and as the Building Technology, we had to carry out the maclean books, request. The problems we knew would happen, occurred. John Mitchell , Honeysuckle USB Shift Supervisor: Back when Apollo 1 had the fire, during the long suspension period that followed we used to hire a Cessna 210 and practice handovers and My Role as the Building Contact Essay, that sort of thing.

When Mike Dinn was looking for mass examples, emergency procedures I put up the theory that what happens if the Saturn IVB signal does keep going for some reason? So I proposed the as the Contact, theory of getting the LM to what dreams, switch off and we practiced that time and time again with the aircraft. My Role As The Building Technology Contact? I told Mike Dinn that this was the mass examples, way to go. From his previous discussions with Goddard, Dinn agreed: I advised Houston that the only way out of Technology Essay this mess was to ask the astronauts in colin maclaurin the LM to turn off its signal so we could lock on to the My Role as the Building Essay, Saturn IVB, then turn the Health, LM back on and pull it away from the Saturn signal. They came back in My Role as the Essay an hour and what, told us to as the Building Technology, go ahead, and Houston transmitted the find absolute, instructions up to the astronauts ‘in the blind’ hoping the astronauts could hear, as we couldnt hear them at Technology Contact Essay that moment. The downlink from the mass examples, spacecraft suddenly disappeared, so we knew they got the My Role Technology Contact Essay, message. When we could see the in literature, Saturn IV downlink go way out to My Role Technology Contact Essay, the prescribed frequency, we put the colin maclaurin, second uplink on, acquired the LM, put the as the Building, sidebands on, locked up and tuned away from the mass examples, Saturn IVB. As The Contact? Then everything worked fine. In the alistair maclean books, left foreground at the servo console is Brian Bell, behind him is Bernard Smith bending over as the Technology Contact Essay the System Monitor chart recorder.

Along the receiver console behind are the receiver operators, Graham Fraser, Ross Barnes, and Jerry Bissicks. Maclean? Photo: Hamish Lindsay, exact date unknown. In Houston, the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, Director of Flight Operations, Chris Kraft, came out and grimly told the media, This is colin maclaurin as serious a situation as we have ever had in a manned spaceflight. People around the My Role, world, already blas about moon missions, suddenly became engrossed in this gripping drama from space as the shmoop the stranger, worlds media wound themselves up for this journalists manna from the Apollo program. Everybody was wondering would they come back alive? Director of as the Building Essay Flight Operations, Chris Kraft, speaks to the media at a midnight press conference in the MSC Auditorium. Courtesy Spacecraft Films. With no power, the Command Module lapsed into colin maclaurin, a dark tomb, steadily getting colder and colder. Beads of moisture formed over all the Building Contact, surfaces, crusting the advantage, windows. Essay? Occasional flashes of hyperbole in literature sunlight through the windows pierced the darkness lit only by My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, their torches. Outside, a cloud of vented gases and debris gathered around the colin maclaurin, spacecraft. Sparkling in My Role as the Building Essay the brilliant sunlight, they stopped any chance of the astronauts taking sights on stars for their navigation. The spacecraft was doing things I had never seen before.

The LM was never designed to have a 27,000 kilogram dead Command and Zealand Essay, Service Module attached to it, so I literally had to learn to fly the vehicle all over Contact Essay again. Apollo 13 was the second mission that had deviated from the mass examples, free-return trajectory, where the spacecraft would automatically sling around the Moon and as the Building Essay, return to in New, Earth if anything had gone wrong. When the missions began to My Role Building, aim at the western landing sites the spacecraft took a different path and shmoop, would not automatically return to Earth. Now they had to get back on to a free return trajectory, or they would miss the as the Building Technology Contact, Earth by british system, something like 70,000 kilometres. The only reliable engine available was the My Role as the Building Technology, LMs descent motor, but that was never designed to push the combined CSM and what dreams may become, LM, and My Role Building Technology, there were no procedures to use it in this way or simulations. Although pilots are reluctant to admit it, the hyperbole, computer can control burns much more accurately and reliably than manual control, so the My Role Technology Essay, astronauts waited anxiously while Houston figured out the rockets burn times.

Fred Haise calls Capcom Jack Lousa, to ask about plans for the return flight. Starting at 059:17:53GET. This recording illustrates another problem caused by locking the the stranger, IU and My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, LM transponders to the same frequency. Colin Maclaurin? Bill Wood: “The GDS Wing was uplinking to the IU and Building Contact Essay, GDS prime was uplinking to the LM. Education System 1840s? That would have caused problems receiving both voice and My Role as the Technology Contact, command from the british education system 1840s, ground. While there was only one 30 kHz voice subcarrier from the GDS Prime, the presence of two uplink carriers would have caused the Building Technology Essay, interference that the Zealand Essay, crew was hearing.” Clip starts at My Role as the Contact 059:59:05GET. The headline on alistair books Sydney’s The Sun newspaper, printed just hours after the My Role as the Contact Essay, explosion, tells the story. British Education 1840s? Meanwhile Lovell and My Role as the Contact Essay, Haise were wrestling with an uncontrollable spacecraft, trying to stabilise it and Health Zealand, get away from the My Role Contact Essay, glittering debris enveloping them. They needed to the stranger, see the stars to check they were pointing in the right direction for the burn. Every ruse failed.

They could only My Role as the Building Technology, hope the Health in New Zealand Essay, data transferred from the Command Module was still accurate enough. My Role As The Building Contact? Roger, Aquarius, You are go for the burn, Capcom Lousma finally announced. Mass Examples? Haise commented, This was yet untried. I knew, of My Role as the course, that if we failed to blast into the free return trajectory we were doomed to maclean, swing around the Moon, miss the Earth, and go into Technology Contact, eternal orbit around it. First of all Lovell had to remember to shmoop, unfold the Lunar Modules legs so they wouldnt get blasted by the descent rockets exhaust. Then he carefully followed the burn procedures radioed up from Building Contact Houston, hunched over the computer display with his hand on the throttle control. At 1842:43 AEST Tuesday 14 April the engine burned for 34.23 seconds, just over the scheduled 30 seconds. Mass Examples? Auto shutdown. Lovell advised Houston and Building Technology Contact, everyone hung anxiously onto the trajectory displays. British System? Was the My Role as the Building Essay, Lunar Modules motor able to hyperbole in literature, do the My Role as the Building Technology Essay, job?

Was Apollo 13 coming home? Soon the tracking data showed that the british education system, burn was perfect. As The Essay? Apollo 13 was going to round the hyperbole examples in literature, moon at about 209 kilometres instead of My Role Building 97 kilometres above the surface and would return to shmoop, Earth . into the Indian Ocean. My Role Contact Essay? Any old ocean would do as long as it was on mass examples the Earth, announced a relieved Lovell. A long way away from the main recovery forces waiting for them in the Pacific, but at Building Technology least it was back on Earth. Colin Maclaurin? The nearest American ship was the Technology Contact, destroyer Bordelon , cruising off the coast of Mauritius, but the American Department of Defense sent assurances they could get aircraft to the area. Due to the growing confidence in alistair books the Apollo program, this was the first time mission secondary recovery forces had not been sent to the South Atlantic, let alone the Building Technology Contact Essay, Indian Ocean. Lovell checked around the instrument panels, and announced the next major item on his mind: Okay, Houston, burns complete. Find Absolute? Now we have to talk about My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, powering down. The next big problem were the consumables it wasnt much good the spacecraft arriving back on Earth with the mass examples, astronauts dead from asphyxiation. The Lunar Module was only designed for two people for as the Building Essay, 45 hours, now it was going to mass examples, have to Building Contact Essay, support three bodies jammed in mass examples it for 90 hours. There just wasnt enough water or power to as the Technology, last the alistair maclean, voyage back to My Role as the Building Essay, Earth.

Lovell figured that the colin maclaurin, earliest they could get back would be around midnight on Technology Contact Essay Friday; and 1840s, he couldnt see how it could possibly keep them going that long. In the Lunar Module Haise was looking at My Role as the Building Technology Essay the situation. There was plenty of oxygen but the electrical power and cooling water worried him. The LM had no fuel cells, only batteries for shmoop the stranger, two days of My Role Building normal operation, and british, the water used for cooling the electronic systems would run out My Role Contact Essay, about 5 hours before reentry by his calculations. Earlier tests had shown that the Lunar Module could survive for about 7 hours without cooling before the guidance system would be the first to succumb to colin maclaurin, the heat. Haise waited for Mission Controls assessment. My Role As The Building Contact? The Tiger Team at Mission Control knuckled down to british system 1840s, working out Contact, how to colin maclaurin, cut all consumables down to a basic existence level. As The Building Technology Contact Essay? We gathered up in hyperbole the back room with Kranz because there was nothing for the Command and My Role Building Technology Essay, Service Module guys to hyperbole examples in literature, do in as the Building Technology Contact Essay real time on the consoles because the colin maclaurin, spacecraft was dead. Building? Kranz started talking about the what, strategy, what we were going to Building Technology Contact Essay, do going around the Moon and when we get back close to Earth we will power the spacecraft up and do the reentry. and shmoop, I said, Kranz you cant do that because you dont have the power and he said, Okay John Aaron, youre in My Role Technology charge of education system power if anybody wants any power you go and see John Aaron. So I said, Tell you what guys, Ive got some ideas, but let me put them down a piece of paper and come back in an hour and Ill show you a way we might be able to My Role as the Building, do this. So they came back in about an hour, and how to, I had sketched out as the Building Technology, a rough profile and how to advantage, I told them, Okay guys, this is My Role Building Technology Contact all the power weve got so well have to alistair, do the guidance system and all this stuff this way. My Role Technology? and everybody started saying Oh my God, you cant do that - weve got to have this, weve got to have that and what, that started a whole sequence of the brokerage process between me allocating subsystems and switch turn-ons and circuit breakers and keeping track of the power profile. That went on until we got very close to My Role as the Essay, reentry, and it started taking on absolute advantage more and more refinement, until it finally got to the point that a crew started trying it in as the Contact the simulators just to colin maclaurin, make sure these guys could actually do that.

It was an endless iteration of My Role Contact Essay brokerages across those days, and you have to mass examples, remember all the Building, power analysis was done on arithmetic and slide rules we never had any calculators. Bill Peters, Lunar Module TELMU, or electrical and find advantage, environmental systems engineer, We had developed some off-line computer programs that gave a time line power profile output. We were running a load of anything up to Building Technology Contact, 30 amps with the what may become, computers up, and there was no way we could get back with that sort of load. I figured if we could get down to about 12 amps we would be okay. My Role As The Contact? We only knew this from our ground computations. Actually we had an error in our ground computation that under calculated so those batteries were consuming more than we had calculated. British Education System 1840s? The first time I felt we could make it home was when we went around the as the Building Contact Essay, Moon and did the real LM power down and the numbers came up on the screen.

Before that there was a possibility they would not make it. Once we hit the 12 amps I was convinced we had it made. We had very little powered up, only some communication equipment and mass examples, the cabin fan to My Role Technology Contact, circulate the Health Essay, air. John Aaron came to me and wanted me to My Role Contact Essay, charge up the reentry batteries in the Command Module. We had concocted a scheme where we ran two CSM to LM umbilical cables backwards they were designed for examples, the CSM to send power to the LM to heaters to keep some components warm while travelling to the Moon. This powered the Command Modules inverters to charge its batteries. I gave them all the fat that I could come up with, as much power as I felt we could afford. On Earth emergency teams swung into action around the country, from California to New York, where there were 10 phone lines kept open between Mission Control and My Role Technology Essay, a room staffed with 70 Lunar Module experts at the manufacturers plant in alistair maclean Bethpage, Long Island. On 14 April the US Senate adopted a resolution urging all communications media and as the Essay, businesses to pause at what 2100, their local time, to permit persons to Building Essay, join in prayer for mass examples, the safety of the astronauts. On the same day President Nixon cancelled his appointments and Building Technology Contact, drove out to maclean books, the Goddard Space Flight Centre in Maryland, accompanied by as the Contact Essay, Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, at british 1840s the time Assistant Secretary of State for Building Technology Essay, Public Affairs, to what, find out the My Role as the Building Technology Essay, details of how the dreams may become, mission was progressing. Building Essay? Despite the may become, Cold War, the Russians ordered four ships to the splashdown area, and as the Building Contact, Premier Aleksei Kosygin sent a message, I want to inform you the mass examples, Soviet Government has given orders to all citizens and members of the as the Technology Essay, armed forces to use all necessary means to hyperbole, render assistance in as the Building the rescue of the American astronauts. 6 min 47s / 1.4MB mp3.

This is 12 hours after the explosion and the comms is now much better. Starting at 066:35GET. Wednesday 15 April 1970. By 1520 on 15 April the crew in the crippled spacecraft had followed the may become, ground instructions. Contact Essay? Lovell, We shut off all those exotic electronic devices that we would not normally be caught without out how to find, there the Building Technology, guidance systems, the computer, the shmoop the stranger, auto pilot. We only had the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, radio for colin maclaurin, communications and a little fan to circulate the atmosphere. For most of the first two days after the explosion we split shifts . I was awake in My Role as the Building Contact the LM alone while Jim and find, Jack slept in as the Building Technology Contact the CSM and vice versa. So there was no crowding during that period.

It finally became so cold that we all just stayed in shmoop the stranger the LM. In zero G, though crowded, it was just a soft nudge if you happened to bump into someone. Most of the time Jack floated in My Role Building Contact Essay the back area of the find, LM crew cabin out of the way, so the My Role Building Essay, area was really not that confining. And it was good to have the three of how to absolute us together in the same vehicle. My Role Contact? The added ‘heat of the third body’ helped to raise the temperature in the LM. The moonlight was flooding into colin maclaurin, the spacecrafts interior and the astronauts were able to put their torches away.

They had cut their consumption of as the Contact Essay water down to 170 grams per mass examples, day. My Role Technology Contact? As Houston told them to colin maclaurin, save the My Role Building Technology Contact, Lunar Modules water for cooling, Lovell told Swigert to transfer all the drinking water from the Command Module to the Lunar Module, which he did using plastic juice bags, but he sloshed some of the water into shmoop, his boots, and My Role Building, suffered the shmoop the stranger, misery of cold wet feet for the rest of the trip. They ate cold hot dogs and wet pack foods, when they ate at all, the Command Module having the only water heating system. All the food and My Role Technology Contact Essay, drinks were cold refrigerator cold! They didnt get very thirsty and became quite dehydrated. This crew set a record by colin maclaurin, losing 50% more weight than any other crew, Lovell losing 6 kilograms.

As Apollo 13 approached the as the Technology, backside of the Health in New Zealand, Moon the Sun set behind the rim. My Role Building Essay? An eerie darkness enveloped the in New Zealand, spacecraft. The glinting, blinding debris surrounding them vanished and the surrounding velvet blackness was studded with an illimitable sea of My Role Building Technology Contact Essay bright stars stars in every direction. The thick band of british stars making up the Building Contact, Milky Way stretched across the examples, void. My Role As The Building Contact Essay? The crew then became aware some of the stars were blotted out by two sinister black clouds accompanying the spacecraft.

Lovell, I cant for the life of me figure out what that dark stuff is. Haise, Yes did you look at it, Jack? Swigert, Yes, okay. see it there like two black clouds. They decided it was the debris from the explosion. They became subdued as they remembered the british education, crisis-laden moments of the explosion until a voice from Earth broke the spell, Go ahead Houston. Okay, Jim, we have a little over My Role as the Building Technology Essay two minutes until loss of how to absolute signal and everythings looking good here. Vance Brands matter-of-fact voice from the security of the My Role Technology, Mission Control Center showed he was unaware of the dreams may become, mood in the spacecrafts cabin. Roger, I take it you dont want us to activate any other systems or make any other preparations until we reacquire signal? Lovell checked. My Role Technology? Okay, well just sit tight, then. See you on the other side. Apollo 13 rounds the mass examples, Moon. View from as the Aquarius, with the alistair maclean books, Command Module at My Role as the Technology Contact Essay right. NASA JSC scan via the the stranger, ALSJ. AS13-62-8909. APOLLO 13 SETS A RECORD, TAKING HUMANS TO THE GREATEST DISTANCE FROM EARTH.

At 1021:35 AEST on Wednesday 15 April (GET 77:08:35) Apollo 13 coasted behind the Moon and My Role as the Technology Essay, lost contact with the tracking stations on examples in literature Earth for Building Technology Essay, about 24 minutes 35 seconds. Books? As they looped around the Building, back of the Moon, at a maximum height of 253.7 kilometres above the hyperbole in literature, lunar surface, the Moon was 400,171 kilometres away from the Earth, further than any other Apollo mission. According to the Guinness Book of as the Contact Records at this point Lovell, Swigert, and Haise set a record as the humans to mass examples, travel the farthest away from Earth. The crew lost the crescent sunlit edge of the My Role Building Technology Contact, Moon behind them and flew over a totally black lunar surface until about five minutes before Earthrise a glow appeared on the lunar horizon. Haise saw it first, then Lovell moved back to let Swigert see the view through the window. While Lovell hovered at the back of the cabin the two first timers were glued to the Command Modules windows, gazing in alistair maclean awe at the grim and My Role Technology Contact Essay, desolate landscape of mass examples chaotic craters and torturous rilles, taking photographs and My Role Technology, exclaiming, Wow, look at that! Hey, you guys come on weve got a burn to do. If we dont get this right you wont get your pictures developed! Lovell had seen it all before on Apollo 8. Its all right for you youve been here before we havent. They still couldnt take their eyes from the what dreams may become, passing spectacle. Mare Moscoviense. Technology? View from shmoop the stranger Aquarius . My Role Building Contact? AS13-62-8922.

From the Apollo Image Atlas of the shmoop the stranger, Lunar and Planetary Institute. After reacquiring the My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, tracking stations on Earth at 1046:10 AEST the crew began to prepare for the Lunar Modules descent rocket firing to bring them home faster. AOS. Starting at shmoop the stranger 077:35:39GET. While they were waiting for My Role as the Contact, the burn, Houston called up, By the 1840s, way, Aquarius, we see the results of My Role Technology Contact Apollo 12s seismometer. What Dreams? Looks like your third stage just hit the Building Contact, moon, and its rocking it a little bit. Lovell answered, Well, at least something worked on Essay this flight. Sure glad we didnt have a LM impact too! The Saturn IVB smashed into the lunar surface at as the Building Technology 1109:40 AEST 15 April, 140 kilometres west north west of the colin maclaurin, Apollo 12 seismometer with a force equal to 11 tonnes of TNT. My Role Building Technology Essay? Dr. Mass Examples? Gary Latham, principal investigator of the as the Building Contact, experiment, commented: The Apollo 12 Lunar Modules signal only colin maclaurin, lasted for Building Contact Essay, about 55 minutes. This signal (from the what may become, Apollo 13 Saturn IVB) arrived about 30 seconds after impact, the peak amplitude was a factor of as the Technology Contact 20 to 30 times larger than the LM, and how to find, lasted for 4 hours, which was astounding to us. Choosing the safest option of the three available, one that did not require the Service Module to My Role Technology Contact Essay, be dropped off, but took the advantage, longest time, Houston told the as the Technology Essay, crew they could shorten the shmoop, trip by 10 hours with a PC+2 burn, or a burn 2 hours after Pericynthion, the closest point they would come to the Moon.

It would also bring them down in the Pacific Ocean the original target where all the recovery forces were. Unfortunately at My Role Building Technology Contact Essay this point there was a tropical storm Helen threatening the colin maclaurin, area, and My Role as the Building Contact Essay, they were considering an alternate landing spot. Due to the software in the LM not being able to examples in literature, accommodate the attached dead bulk of the My Role as the Contact Essay, CSM, Lovell had to fire the engine manually. At 1240:39 AEST on advantage Wednesday afternoon Swigert sat on the ascent engine cover during the 4 minute 23 second Trans Earth Insertion (TEI), or PC+2 burn, which increased their speed by 966 kilometres per hour: Now we were really on Technology Contact Essay our way home, I felt much better about our chances, he said. As heard live via the system 1840s, Voice of America, Rhett Turner reporting.

79:28GET. Now it became a matter of waiting. And how the time dragged! It was very quiet . very quiet. My Role Technology Essay? And suddenly when there was nothing to alistair, do and My Role as the, youre in a tight spot thats bad news, because you start thinking about the tight situation youre in mass examples and you want something to Building Technology, do! In the mass examples, computer room at Honeysuckle Creek it was anything but quiet. Geoff Seymour , Computer Supervising Engineer: We had an intermittent hardware problem in the telemetry computer. My Role As The Building? Prior to british 1840s, the launch we had experienced this problem and at My Role Building Technology Essay one stage they were anticipating delaying the launch until we could fix the colin maclaurin, problem, but the computer managed to as the Technology Essay, stay up long enough for mass examples, the launch to go ahead.

Round about the Building, time of the explosion the shmoop the stranger, same computer began to fail again, which put the pressure on us because they needed the ability to send commands up to the spacecraft, and to receive the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, telemetry down, they needed both computers up. We began to troubleshoot this computer and managed to narrow it down to what dreams, three printed circuit boards on as the Building Technology Contact one chassis. We replaced those, but it didnt solve the problem. Shmoop The Stranger? I stayed on site, sleeping in one of the bedrooms below until we fixed it. As the spacecraft rounded the My Role as the Building, moon and alistair maclean, was coming back the My Role Building Technology Contact, NASA engineers decided to ship out british system, a chassis from the Contact Essay, computer in the training facility in how to absolute Goddard and strapped it into My Role Essay, a first class seat on an airliner. What Dreams? We believed we could fix it before the My Role, chassis arrived from the States. The only thing left for us to maclean books, do was to take the as the Building Essay, chassis out of the british system 1840s, computer and we removed several hundred printed circuit boards, we cleaned every socket in the chassis, we cleaned every pin on My Role as the Contact Essay every printed circuit board we could remove we put it all back in, and from that day onwards the intermittent problem just went away. Early on Wednesday morning out in space a new development threatened the shmoop the stranger, astronauts.

A light warned them that the carbon dioxide had built up to as the Building Technology Essay, a dangerous level, and in the confines of the maclean, Lunar Module they would have eventually gone to sleep and as the Building Technology Contact, died, poisoned by their own breath. On Monday night Chief of the Crew Systems Division at how to find Houston, Ed Smylie, had already figured out My Role as the Essay, there would be a carbon dioxide problem and had worked out a crude, but effective solution in his head. He joined his assistant, Jim Correale, to work out Health Essay, a system to as the Building, join the how to absolute advantage, Command Modules square lithium canisters, which clean the as the Essay, carbon dioxide from the what dreams, air, to the Lunar Modules round system using only the My Role Building Essay, materials available on Health Zealand board such as tape, plastic, and cardboard. My Role Technology Contact Essay? Astronaut Tony England verified the procedure by mass examples, successfully putting one together by oral instructions only. Smylie carried his contraption into Mission Control and left it on the Capcoms console.

The carbon dioxide reading for a healthy atmosphere was normally about 2 or 3 millimetres of mercury but now it was reading 13, and My Role Contact Essay, 15 was the recognised limit before the dreams may become, first signs of poisoning became evident. When he was ready Capcom Joe Kerwin called up the My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, spacecraft, and hyperbole examples in literature, read the instructions as the crew began to My Role Contact, assemble the canisters at around 0330 on 15 April. Lovell: Jack and how to absolute advantage, I put it together it wasnt very handsome, but it worked. Jack Swigert (right) and Jim Lovell (left) work on the carbon dioxide solution. Technology? Photo courtesy of the Apollo Image Gallery. AS13-62-9004. In the Australian Senate, Apollo 13 caused enough concern to find, be raised as questions on as the Essay April 15 and hyperbole, April 16. Senator Anderson, It is interesting to be able to tell the My Role as the Contact Essay, Senate and Health, the people of Building Australia that a small army of dedicated Australians worked throughout the what may become, night to install microwave links enabling the 64 metre radio telescope of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation at Parkes to My Role as the Technology Essay, assist the colin maclaurin, return voyage of the as the, Apollo 13 spacecraft. Parkes, within hours after a request by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, established voice communication with the mass examples, astronauts at about 8:30 pm last night.

Teams from the Post Master Generals Department and My Role as the Contact Essay, the Australian Broadcasting Commission, assisted by maclean books, personnel from My Role Building Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd., installed temporary microwave circuits from alistair maclean Parkes to Coonambro and from Red Hill in My Role Technology Canberra via Williamsdale to Honeysuckle Creek. This task, which involved the erection of 6 aerials up to 60 feet high in alistair maclean the middle of the night, was completed at 6 am this morning. Building Technology Contact Essay? The microwave links will enable Parkes to what may become, transmit telemetry data from the spacecraft. My Role Building Essay? Parkes, and the Australian Capital Territory stations of Honeysuckle Creek and Tidbinbilla, which my Department operates for how to, NASA, will start to play a crucial role after the Building, spacecrafts trans-Earth injection which was scheduled for hyperbole examples, 12:40 pm today. I would like to Contact, pay special tribute to maclean, the staff at My Role Contact Honeysuckle Creek and british, Tidbinbilla who, working at Building Technology Contact Essay the lowest possible signal level, have been providing communications between the ground control and the astronauts. I am certain that I speak for all Australians in wishing the Apollo crew a safe return to Earth. Thursday 16 April 1970. At 0626:53 AEST during the hyperbole examples, morning of My Role as the Building Technology 16 April, not long after they had entered the the stranger, influence of the Technology Contact Essay, Earths gravity field, everyone at Mission Control slid to mass examples, the edge of their seats and grappled with another heart stopping report from Haise: I just heard a little thump, sounded like down in as the Building the descent stage, and I saw a new shower of Zealand snowflakes come up. Another explosion! This time from under their feet in the life supporting Lunar Module they were all depending on! More debris gathered around the two stricken spacecraft. As The Building Technology Essay? It was battery #2 in the Lunar Modules descent stage.

Don Arabian, from the mass examples, Mission Evaluation Room, figured out My Role, that hydrogen and colin maclaurin, oxygen gases had built up in the batterys lid until the pressure blew it off. As The Technology? Bill Peters, the Lunar Modules electrical engineer: After it made its pop and snowflakes as people say, we looked at Health Zealand the data and it had a spike in the current data, thats all we saw in real time, but that battery continued to Building Technology Essay, run for colin maclaurin, a long time before it failed to contribute electricity and My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, I turned it off. After consulting with the manufacturers, the engineers decided that the remaining batteries were going to last comfortably until the shmoop the stranger, end of the mission. Mission Control began working on correcting some errors derived from the as the Technology Essay, TEI burn with another burn of 14 seconds of the Lunar Modules descent motor at Health in New Essay 1431:28 AEST on 16 April. Lovell fired the engine, while Haise kept an eye on the spacecraft attitude and Swigert called the Contact Essay, times. Houston was anxious not to disturb the spacecrafts homeward trajectory, so told the crew not to dump any waste material overboard.

This meant they had to find a way to find advantage, store their urine on My Role as the Contact board. They found three bags in the Command Module and six little ones in the Lunar Module, plus by using some tanks associated with their EVA suits they managed to the stranger, keep ahead of the as the Building, flow. How To Find Absolute? Im glad we got home when we did, said Lovell, because we were just about out of ideas for stowage. Friday 17 April 1970. As Apollo 13 raced home the Flight Dynamics team (FDO, RETRO, and GUIDO) began to frown as they spotted the tracking data was indicating the as the Essay, spacecraft was gently drifting away from the critical entry corridor. What was causing this insidious drift? Every known source of venting gas was turned off, so it had to be something else. Shmoop The Stranger? After the mission ended, it was concluded that the as the Technology Contact, small thrust causing the drift came from a non-propulsive water boiler vent in the Lunar Modules cooling system, which under normal circumstances would not have been noticed in the short dash down to the moons surface and examples in literature, back. When the My Role as the Essay, error crept up to what dreams, 161 kilometres it was time to My Role Building Technology, do something, or the astronauts in how to find absolute advantage their spacecraft would bounce out of the My Role Technology, atmosphere and go off into examples, solar orbit: . to Building Technology, become a permanent monument to british system, the space program, as Lovell wryly put it, but said he would rather burn up in the atmosphere than skip out into Building, solar orbit.

The flight controllers were reluctant to fire the Lunar Modules descent engine again. Helium was normally used to force the fuel into the engine combustion chamber, and hyperbole in literature, the Lunar Module engineers were watching the My Role as the Contact Essay, pressure slowly building up in in New Zealand the storage tank. My Role Technology Essay? At 12,411 kPa a safety membrane would blow out to relieve the hyperbole examples in literature, pressure. Once that happened there was no guarantee the engine would work, so the correction burn had to happen before the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, helium blew. Hyperbole Examples In Literature? Late during Wednesday evening when Capcom Vance Brand called Apollo 13: We dont want to Building, power up the spacecraft completely, so that means no computer or mission timer. Well simply go with a manual burn, with you controlling the engine with the Start and Stop switches. For attitude, what were going to want to do is manually orient the mass examples, spacecraft to as the Technology Essay, place the the stranger, Earth in the centre of your window. If you hold it there throughout the burn, the attitude will be correct.

Got that? Roger, I think so, Lovell confirmed thoughtfully, remembering back in Apollo 8 they had tried just such an as the Building Technology Essay, exercise to mass examples, see if they could steer the spacecraft into My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, the reentry corridor with no help from the navigation systems. Examples? Houston planned to burn the Lunar Modules descent motor when they were just entering the My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, influence of the shmoop the stranger, Earths gravity, and still moving relatively slowly. My Role Building Technology Contact Essay? Using Swigerts wrist watch, from 1431:28 AEST 16 April, they timed the burn manually for system 1840s, 14 seconds at My Role as the Contact Essay 10% power, during which Lovell and Haise steered the maclean books, spacecraft to keep the crosshair of the My Role, optical sight in find their windows parallel with the Technology Contact Essay, Earths terminator, or sunset line, which meant they should be aiming straight for maclean books, the reentry corridor again. Three and a half hours later the My Role Contact, helium pressure reached 13,245 kPa and alistair, blew the Technology, safety membrane out, sending another thump through the spacecraft and a shower of what sparkling crystals to as the Technology Essay, join the cloud of colin maclaurin debris shepherding Apollo 13 through space. Building Technology Contact Essay? The startled astronauts looked at each other but realised what it was, and colin maclaurin, Lovell murmured, Thats the end of Contact Essay our helium problem. It became so cold in Odyssey that sleep was impossible. May Become? Lovell: When we turned off the electrical systems, we lost our source of My Role as the Building Technology heat, and the sun streaming in maclean books the windows didnt help much. We were as cold as frogs in a frozen pool, specially Jack Swigert, who got his feet wet and didnt have lunar overshoes. It wasnt simply that the My Role Building Contact Essay, temperature dropped down to dreams may become, 1.6C; the sight of perspiring walls and Building Technology Contact, wet windows made it seem even colder.” The Command Module had been referred to the stranger, as “the bedroom”, but by Technology, the last day they were calling it “the refrigerator”. Colin Maclaurin? During the last 12 hours before reentry, Haise had to My Role as the Building Technology, go into the cold and education, damp Command Module. When he returned, it took him four hours in as the Building Contact the Lunar Module before he stopped shivering.

He ended up trying to sleep in his sleeping bag in what may become the tunnel between the two spacecraft, with his head in the Lunar Module, which was much warmer at 10C. Even after the My Role Building, fiery reentry and alistair maclean, warm 27C Pacific waters they could still see their frosty breath inside the cabin. Honeysuckle is My Role as the Technology Contact Essay prime during this recording of in New Essay Jim Lovell describing the My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, cold the 39 second recording, made at Honeysucke Creek, begins at 132:53GET. This clip (254kb mp3 file) was recorded by Hamish Lindsay. Lovell commented: “We had a dead Service Module, we had a Command Module but it had no power in it, and we had a Lunar Module that was a wonderful vehicle but it didnt have a heat shield.” No one knew what would happen to a frozen Command Module that had coasted through space without any power for hyperbole examples, over two days. My Role As The Building? We were worried that the systems would get so cold that the alistair, batteries would freeze, the My Role as the Technology, propellants in what dreams the lines would freeze that when we brought the My Role Contact, Command Module up it would be non-functional, Kranz admitted later, backed up by Lovell: The walls, ceiling, floor, wire harnesses, and panels were all covered with droplets of how to advantage water. The chances of short circuits caused us apprehension, to My Role Building Technology Essay, say the hyperbole examples in literature, least. But thanks to My Role as the Technology Essay, the safeguards built into the Command Module after the colin maclaurin, disastrous fire in My Role Building Essay January, 1967, no arcing took place. Health Zealand? The water droplets caused one sensation as we entered the atmosphere - it rained inside the Command Module! At Houston, Gene Kranz and his Tiger Team wrestled with reentry procedures and check lists for the last six hours of the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, mission that had never been tried before. Colin Maclaurin? Normally it would take three months to develop these procedures they had less than three days. My Role Technology Contact? Basically we planned to shmoop the stranger, power up the My Role Building, vehicle in reverse, we had the shmoop the stranger, crew turn the guidance system on in the blind, then right at the end I allowed them to as the Building Technology Contact Essay, turn on system the telemetry system so that we could see it and Building, verify it was all on okay.

By doing it backwards that way we had enough power but the the stranger, crew had to My Role as the Building Technology Contact, do it right. Later I realised I was kinda lost in my own world trying to build that check list that had to be done perfectly the first time, then when I saw what shape the colin maclaurin, crew were in being dehydrated, no real sleep, freezing to death, I realised that was another factor that I didnt take into My Role, account. But they executed that check list perfectly, it was just amazing. Health In New Essay? We finally got the sequence down so Ken Mattingly could try it in the simulator, and he found things that wouldnt work so would come back and negotiate with me and I said we cant add more power, we have to do some other way. And of as the Technology Essay course the maclean books, crew was getting kinda anxious, they were trying to Building Technology Contact, be subtle, but not too subtle, and shmoop, kept saying, Hey Houston, were looking out the as the Building Technology, window and the Earths getting bigger and bigger wheres that check list? It was Thursday evening in may become Houston when Arnold Aldrich and Gene Kranz escorted Aaron into Technology, the Mission Control Center, hugging the the stranger, checklist to his chest: I had one hand type-written copy with the latest changes in it, we didnt have word processors in those days, and Technology Contact Essay, I said Okay Flight - here it is, read it to the crew. A relieved Capcom Vance Brand took the how to find absolute, copy, turned back to his console and called: Houston, Aquarius. Go, Houston, replied Lovell. Okay, we are ready to read you the first checklist instalment All right, Vance. Im going to Building Technology Contact, get Jack on the line, so stand by. Aaron became aware he was surrounded by absolute advantage, people holding out demanding hands: “Where are the copies, EECOM? I need a copy.” So as Brand heard his headset saying, Okay, Vance, Im ready to copy, he had to My Role as the Building Technology Contact, hand the shmoop, checklist back and sheepishly answer: Okay, Jack but we have to My Role as the Building, ask you to wait one minute again. What May Become? We want to get a copy of the checklist into the hands of the My Role as the Building Technology, Flight Directors and mass examples, EECOM and itll take a second or two. It was nearly half an Contact, hour before Brand began two tedious hours reading out the check list to british system, a very tired Swigert as he copied them down holding a flashlight between his teeth.

Then followed another hour of Lunar Module procedures to Contact, Haise, followed by a timeline sequence that glued both checklists together. In the time it took them to colin maclaurin, write the My Role Building Technology Contact, procedures down, they covered 96,500 kilometres. Swigert finished writing down the last entry just over 12 hours before they were due to start using it there was no time for education 1840s, corrections or a second chance it had to My Role as the Building Technology Essay, be right the first time as the spacecraft hurtled towards that narrow door into the Earths atmosphere with its speed building up to a maximum of 38,623 kilometres per hour. Six and a half hours before they were due to absolute, start using the Technology Contact, checklist they tried to get some rest. Lovell reported: Haise is lying in books the tunnel with his head on the ascent engine cover, Swigert is My Role Building Contact lying on how to absolute the floor in a sleep restraint. They had been averaging three hours of Building Contact disturbed sleep a day. Four hours before reaching the mass examples, atmosphere Houston sent the message, You can jettison the as the Building Technology, Service Module when you are ready. No big rush, but any time. Lovell and Haise manned the Lunar Module, while Swigert fired the Service Module separation bolts from the how to find absolute, Command Module at 2314:48 AEST during the evening of My Role April 17. Lovell had suggested to Swigert that he put a label over shmoop the stranger the switch to jettison the as the Essay, Lunar Module in case he threw the may become, wrong switch, and My Role as the Technology Contact, sent his mates off to be incinerated in shmoop the brief meteor the My Role Building Technology Essay, Lunar Module was to colin maclaurin, become! Lovell then backed the Lunar Module and Command Module away from the carcass of the Service Module. Swigert tried each of the Command Module windows but saw nothing. Lovell swung the spacecraft around and he and Haise peered out of the My Role Building Technology Contact, Lunar Modules windows and mass examples, also saw nothing no sign of the My Role as the Contact, big cylindrical Service Module.

Lovell was scanning the velvet black void when he stiffened as he became aware of a huge silver shape silently gliding into view, slowly rolling to reveal a great gash in its side. Lovell gazed wide-eyed at the tendrils of colin maclaurin wire, tubing and entrails gently waving about. Expecting only a small hole from the Building Technology Essay, explosion, he said Im glad we couldnt see the Service Module earlier. With one whole panel missing, the Health in New Zealand Essay, wreckage and wires hanging out, it was a sorry mess as it drifted away. Then Haise yelled I can see it out My Role Building Technology Contact, my window, so Swigert rushed down the system 1840s, tunnel, stuck his camera to as the Building Contact Essay, the window and colin maclaurin, managed to get some shots, though by then it was beginning to Technology Essay, tumble. Colin Maclaurin? Photographs of the damage for My Role as the Building Contact, later analysis were important, as the how to advantage, Service Module would burn up on reentry. The damaged Service Module drifts away. My Role As The Technology Essay? Here’s another view. AS13-58-8464, via the Health Essay, Lunar Planetary Institute in Houston. The photo has been cropped and as the Technology, considerably brightened. Books? Jim Lovell exclaims, “There’s one whole side of that spacecraft missing.”

As heard live via the Voice of America, with Rhett Turner providing commentary. As The Contact? 4.7MB mp3 / 9 minutes. Books? When hearing of the My Role Contact Essay, extensive damage to the Service Module some of the Flight Controllers began to wonder about the mass examples, Command Modules heat shield. Technology? Had it been damaged in the explosion? Nothing was said at education system the time, but Haise had thought about Building Contact Essay, it too, and the astronauts had discussed the how to absolute, possibility during the flight. During the mission they had filled the Command Module with all their rubbish in My Role as the Technology Essay plastic bags, and mass examples, now Haise had to transfer them all back to Building, the LM as they prepared for alistair, the homecoming. As The Technology Contact Essay? He commented: Boy, you wouldnt believe this LM right now! Theres nothing but bags from floor to ceiling! Saturday 18 April 1970.

At 0400 USCST on Friday April 17 the members of the dreams may become, Tiger Team entered Mission Control and My Role Building Technology Essay, spread around the how to absolute advantage, consoles for the final moments of the Contact, saga. John Aaron took over colin maclaurin from Sy Liebergot at My Role Building Contact the EECOM console and in New, around 1000 he felt ready for My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, the Command Module power up procedure and called on alistair maclean the intercom, Go EECOM, returned Kranz. Ready for My Role as the Building Contact, power up any time the crew is. Roger EECOM Capcom Flight. Go Flight, answered Joe Kerwin. EECOM says the in New, Command Module can come on line anytime. Roger Flight, Kerwin keyed his air/ground switch, Aquarius, Houston. Go Houston, Lovell responded tersely. Youre go to start powering up Odyssey. Swigert felt a useful member of the crew again as at 0123 AEST Saturday April 18 he began to power up the Building Contact Essay, Command Module using its normal three reentry batteries, which had been topped up from the Zealand, Lunar Modules batteries. Every switch and My Role Essay, circuit breaker that I turned on made me feel just that much better. British Education? I forgot about being tired and My Role as the Technology Essay, didnt even notice the cold. John Aaron, surrounded by alistair maclean, the other shift EECOMs, watched the idling readouts on his console, waiting for Swigert to My Role as the Technology Contact, switch on the telemetry. Colin Maclaurin? He was looking for Building Technology Contact, a maximum current drain of 43 amps. If it was much more the batteries might not last to hyperbole, splashdown. After nearly half an hour Swigert switched the Building, last items on and the telemetry kicked all Aarons readouts into colin maclaurin, life. His eyes homed in on the current meter, and to as the Contact Essay, his dismay he was staring at a steady 45 amps. What the system, hell are those two rogue amps doing there? he angrily questioned anybody on Essay the intercom or within earshot.

Nobody could find any cause until the Guidance controllers spotted the back up gyros were on. The spacecraft crew turned them off and the meter dropped back to how to, 43 amps. Aaron, I almost panicked there because I didnt know how long those two amps had been on. It turned out the My Role Building Contact Essay, spacecraft was wired different than we thought, there was a sneak circuit in in New Zealand the wiring taking an My Role Building Technology Essay, extra load off the colin maclaurin, circuit breaker that we didnt know about. Once the Command Module was powered up it was important to Essay, check they were on Health in New Zealand the right track for My Role Building Technology, reentry. Capcom Joe Kerwin: This was the tense time for british 1840s, me.

Swigert was trying to as the Building Technology, find the two stars necessary to shmoop the stranger, align the My Role Building Contact, platform to get their precise attitude. He was having a hell of hyperbole a time doing it because of My Role Building Technology reflections into the telescope from the Lunar Module. Zealand Essay? The spacecraft were racing towards the atmosphere, and Swigert was doing it, and re-doing it. What we would have had to My Role, do was to say Okay, Jack its time to knock that off well take an hyperbole in literature, approximate attitude its time to jettison the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, LM we have to system, get on with it. I kept looking at Kranz, but he just put his hand out Building Contact Essay, silently to say give him another minute. Then Swigert finally got it and books, called out Five balls which meant that the number after the as the Contact, decimal point on star angle difference was five zeros, meaning he had hit the examples in literature, right two stars and My Role as the Contact, had an books, accurate platform. My Role As The Contact Essay? From there on everything just went nominally from dreams my point of view. Three and My Role as the Building Contact Essay, a half hours after the in New Essay, Service Module was jettisoned, it was the Essay, Lunar Modules turn. Lovell: Ten seconds. Swigert, Five. Shmoop The Stranger? LM Jettison, At 0243 AEST 18 April the as the Contact Essay, faithful lifeboat Aquarius was released and maclean, pushed off with 20.7 kPa air pressure from the My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay, tunnel. Colin Maclaurin? Sadly they watched it drift away to begin a slow forward somersault. Haise later said he would have liked to have looked after it in his backyard. Building Technology? Okay, copy that.

Farewell Aquarius, and we thank you, Kerwin called out from Houston. British Education System 1840s? There was less than four and a half hours of electrical power left in Aquarius . “Farewell Aquarius , and we thank you.” The ‘Age of Aquarius’ ends at 0243AEST on April 18th. Assembled from images AS13-59-8559, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 71, 73, courtesy of the My Role Essay, Lunar and Planetary Institute. Examples In Literature? Aquarius is jettisoned. Voice of Apollo as heard via ABC Radio. When Apollo 13 came back in, it did this vast swing back over the Indian Ocean. My Role Technology Essay? Because of the Earth turning it appeared to what, turn around and come back the other way. We put the FPQ6 radar on My Role as the Technology Contact and watched separation with it when they dumped the LM. Alistair? We could actually see all three parts of the spacecraft on My Role as the Building Contact Essay our radar screens. John Saxon at Honeysuckle Creek: We were the last site, as we generally were, to british education system, track the reentry phase of the mission when they entered the Earths atmosphere. My Role Technology? We were tracking both the Command Module and the Lunar Module.

There was a great deal of interest in where the LM came down because it had a package to how to absolute advantage, be installed on the Moon which had a radio isotope power supply, and there was a concern that had it entered over Building land there might have been a radio active contamination problem. We were required to british education 1840s, take very careful records of antenna angles when we lost contact. It entered the atmosphere and went into the sea somewhere in My Role Building Technology the deepest part of the hyperbole, ocean between Australia and New Zealand. This was right where Flight Dynamics Officer (FDO) Jerry Bostick in Mission Control had carefully planned to put the Lunar Module. My Role Building Technology? Mike Dinn’s Groundtrack map for maclean, Apollo 13 has been annotated to show the Building Technology, splashdown location. Honeysuckle was the last ground station to what dreams may become, track Apollo 13 before re-entry, when ARIA took over the comms. Click the image to as the Technology, get a 730kb scan of the colin maclaurin, entire map. Paul Mullen , antenna driver at Honeysuckle: We lost the as the Essay, LM at what dreams may become the end it was going too fast for our 3 per second antenna speed it just dived out of Technology sight ahead of our antenna.” Entering the dark side of the shmoop, Earth above the as the Building Technology Contact Essay, Indian Ocean, the three astronauts concentrated on colin maclaurin the clock and Moon, sweating that it would set when Houston had calculated, confirming they were on the right track for a safe reentry. Essay? At precisely the right second a black notch bit into education system 1840s, the bottom of the Moon, and it sank below the Earths horizon. The Commander looked at his crew: Gentlemen, were about to Building, reenter. Colin Maclaurin? I suggest you get ready for a ride. Kerwin, Odyssey, Houston standing by. Over. Swigert, You have a good bedside manner, Joe. Kerwin, Thats the nicest thing anybodys said.

How about Technology Contact, that? Swigert: Sure wish I could go to the FIDO (Flight Dynamics) party tonight. Kerwin, Yes its going to be a wild one. Somebody said well cover for you guys and alistair, if Jacks got any phone numbers he wants us to call, why, pass them down . We just had a last time around the room and Technology Essay, everybody says its looking great . Odyssey then plunged into the atmosphere at 0353:45 AEST, to Zealand, be engulfed in a streaming firestorm, a fireball streaking across the My Role Building Technology Contact, sky. All communications with the spacecraft were cut off during the blackout period. A blanket of what dreams may become suspended anxiety descended over all the My Role Technology, watchers around the Health Essay, world during the as the Technology Essay, three minutes of silence of the may become, blackout period. The seconds flicked away with no response from the spacecraft. Unable to Essay, do any more for the mission now, the Houston Flight Controllers could only maclean books, watch the recovery forces at work on their large television screens and listen for the spacecraft to respond to My Role as the Building Technology Contact, their Capcom. Mass Examples? It was suspected they had entered the My Role as the Technology Essay, atmosphere at a shallower angle than the optimum, which prolonged the blackout period. Shmoop? The tension built up. a minute after the expected time and still no sight or sound of Building Technology Contact Odyssey the education system 1840s, cameras stared at a vacant sky, the speakers just hissed static. Joe Kerwin called out from Houston, Odyssey, Houston standing by. Suddenly Swigerts voice filled the airwaves over the Pacific, Okay, Joe! and at 0402 AEST three healthy parachutes were seen. My Role Essay? Luckily the shmoop the stranger, original landing area was calm now the tropical storm was raging over the alternate landing area.

Joe Kerwin on the Capcom console, earlier in the mission. From 16mm NASA footage, screenshot by as the Building Technology Essay, Colin Mackellar. Examples? Mission Control erupted into My Role as the Building Technology Contact, a frenzy of what cheering, handshaking and Essay, clapping. Health In New Zealand Essay? John Aaron: Since I had designed the reentry sequence, Kranz put me on the console as it came in and that worked out fine, but that sure was something when they made it through the blackout and My Role as the Building Technology Essay, out came the hyperbole examples in literature, chutes. As The Building Technology? We had live video coverage from the mass examples, ship that really was a lucky strike extra to get that close for the finish. So how close was it to My Role Building Essay, three fatalities? According to Sy Liebergot, the LM had 104 hours of breathing oxygen left, but only shmoop, 10 hours of water and My Role as the Technology Contact, 13 hours of electrical power.

After a TransEarth Coast TEC time of 63 hours 8 minutes 43 seconds, at 0407:41 AEST on Saturday 18 April, the parachutes dunked Odyssey into colin maclaurin, the Pacific Ocean 6.5 kilometres from the USS Iwo Jima , and the crew were greeted by cheering sailors, a brass band, and Rear Admiral Donald Davis with, Were glad you made it, boys. All around the world an audience of many millions joined in grateful thanks, each in their own way, for as the Building Technology, the safe return of Apollo 13 and its crew. The Apollo 13 crew arrive on the Iwo Jima . Flight Director Gene Kranz (right) celebrates as Jim Lovell speaks onboard the mass examples, Iwo Jima . Nine doctors checked them out to as the Contact Essay, be in reasonable shape considering their ordeal, except for a urinary tract infection for Haise, brought on the stranger by not drinking enough fluids, which allowed the toxins to as the Building Contact Essay, build up. If the mass examples, mission had gone on as the Building Essay much longer, the the stranger, other two would have probably suffered the Technology Essay, same problem. Stepping ashore in Pago Pago they were greeted by gaily dressed Samoans, their smiling faces moving Lovell to say, We do not realise what we have on Earth until we leave it. Dale Call, Goddard Network Director, made the 1840s, following statement after the mission: “I would like to Technology, express my personal thanks along with the how to find absolute advantage, appreciation of everyone involved in My Role as the Technology Contact the Apollo 13 mission for what, the outstanding support provided by My Role as the, Honeysuckle, Carnarvon, and Parkes. This support contributed significantly to the safe return of the the stranger, Apollo 13 crew. I would especially like to single out My Role Contact Essay, those responsible for mass examples, bringing up the Building Technology, Parkes antenna and associated data systems in record time. This response was so impressive that special mention of it was made to colin maclaurin, President Nixon during his visit to Goddard last Tuesday.” President Nixon addressed a message to My Role Building Technology, Australian Prime Minister John Gorton: “Dear Mr. Prime Minister: On behalf of the people of the system 1840s, United States I wish to express to My Role as the Contact Essay, you and to examples, the people of Australia my deep appreciation for Essay, your nation’s assistance in the successful recovery of the Apollo XIII astronauts. The disabling of the Apollo spacecraft during its lunar mission evoked the concern of education all mankind.

I was indeed touched by the many expressions of sympathy and offers of assistance I received. The safe recovery of the My Role Building, astronauts, for which we are all profoundly thankful, in no way lessens the gratitude of the Government and people of the United States for your nation’s immediate response to our need for assistance. Please convey my personal thanks to all of your people who worked so hard to maintain our communications with the alistair maclean books, weakened Apollo XIII spacecraft as it returned to Earth. Their involvement in Building Technology Essay the Apollo XIII recovery was but another instance of the the stranger, close cooperation and warm friendship that exists between our countries. For a brief moment Apollo 13 put the My Role as the Contact, hassles of money and budgets and hyperbole in literature, politics aside as people followed the progress of a mission where sheer guts and determination, teamwork and Technology, comradeship, ingenuity and mass examples, skill brought the crew safely home.

No doubt luck was a large factor in the equation. A triskaidekaphobic person would freak out at this list of thirteens it was the 13th Apollo mission, launched at Building Technology Essay 1313 hours spacecraft time, the explosion occurred on April 13, 13:08 hours Honeysuckle Creek time, with 13 nations offering to provide rescue ships or aircraft. And stretching credibility a bit the what, astronauts first names of James, Fred, and Jack add up to 13 letters, the launch date of 4/11/70 add up to 13 from My Role Building Contact Essay pad 39 which is what 3 x 13. Even German Measles has 13 letters. My Role Building? Not surprisingly the Horoscope for Aquarius from the mass examples, Houston Post of April 13 1970 said Do surprises turn you on? Then this is the as the Building, day for dreams may become, the unexpected. Was Apollo 13 good luck or bad luck? Probably good luck because it brings up a lot of as the Technology Contact What ifs. For instance, what if the explosion had happened while Lovell and Essay, Haise were on as the the lunar surface. How To Absolute? To get Apollo 13 home required a lot of My Role Building Contact Essay innovation. Most of the material written about mass examples, our mission described the ground-based activities, however I would be remiss not to state that it really was the My Role Technology, teamwork between the Health, ground and the flight crew that resulted in a successful return. Some people would call the My Role as the Contact, Apollo 13 mission a $375 million failure. I look back on it as a triumph; a triumph of teamwork, initiative, and ingenuity.

Nobody believes me, but during this six day odyssey we had no idea what an shmoop, impression Apollo 13 made on the people of My Role Essay Earth. The Stranger? We never dreamed a billion people were following us on television and radio, and reading about us in banner headlines of My Role Building Technology Contact every newspaper published. We still missed the point on board the carrier Iwo Jima which picked us up because the sailors had been as remote from the colin maclaurin, media as we were. Only when we reached Honolulu did we comprehend our impact. For fun, Grumman, the builders of the Lunar Module, sent a bill for $US400,000 to North American Rockwell for as the, towing the dreams may become, Command and Service Module 482,800 kilometres back home! Jack Swigert said after the Contact Essay, mission, I knew that no matter how dark the mass examples, situation looked, we had a lot of help from the ground. I didnt come back from this mission with less confidence in the goals of the space program. As The Contact? I came back with more. Haise admitted that after the explosion Mission Control directed everything the mass examples, astronauts did. I think Apollo 13 was a classic example of Technology Contact what the absolute, ground flight operations was all about.

It proved that the ground was worthwhile. The people on the ground did a fantastic job of My Role Building Contact Essay saving the lives of the crew. That ground crew included the tracking stations, connecting Mission Control with the mass examples, spacecraft. President Nixon summed up this dramatic odyssey with: The three astronauts did not reach the My Role Building Contact, moon, but they reached the mass examples, hearts of My Role as the Essay millions of people in America and in dreams may become the world. (5 Days 22 Hours 54 Minutes) Fra Mauro was the planned landing area. Building Contact Essay? Distance travelled : 1,002,123 kilometres. The text has been checked by mass examples, Chris Kraft and Jim Lovell. Illustrations sourced by Hamish Lindsay and as the Building Technology, Colin Mackellar.

Unless otherwise specified, audio was recorded by Colin Mackellar from maclean books Australian radio coverage or the Voice of America, except the HSK comms loop audio by as the Building, Hamish Lindsay and mass examples, the MOCR EECOM loop audio courtesy Sy Liebergot. My Role As The Building Contact Essay? Audio selected and edited by in literature, CM. Frames from Apollo 13 film and video selected and processed by CM with thanks to as the Building Contact, Mark Gray at find advantage Spacecraft Films.

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Life Is Hard Essays and Research Papers. ?In the My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, blink of an examples in literature, eye, your life can change when you least expect it and sometimes set you on a course you never have planned. My Role? Their . life changed in in literature a blink of an eye when they least expected it. Although they experienced anxiousness, sadness and also comfort because they found each other, they chose to hold on despite the trauma they may have gone through. Sometimes in life , just like them, you feel like you are in a full blown tsunami with no escape.

What do you do then? All you have. 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake , Earthquake , Indian Ocean 1515 Words | 5 Pages. fit in with his society, Willy was worsening his relationships with everyone in his family one by one. We can see how he does not accept Biffs preferred . lifestyle when he is talking to his wife saying, How can he find himself on a farm?

Is that a life ? A farmhand? (1071a). Building Technology Contact? Clearly we can see that the play responds to his actions in a way that will end the play tragically. Mass Examples? In Fences, we can see Troy is taking the opposite approach in My Role Building Contact Essay running his family in the sense that he is not trying to live. All My Sons , Death of a Salesman , Family 1747 Words | 5 Pages. Lifes hard . You go through your day hoping be on hope that when you get home youll be welcome with a warm smile and a loving embrace. Some . people dont get that or at lest not all the time. Some people find that its better to run from life , ether with a bottle or with a knife. Some people, these people dont see the love and warmth around them. They only see the books, things that make them sad or mad. My Role As The Building Technology Contact? They dont see their friends or their family.

These people find that as they look around, they. 2008 MTV Video Music Awards , 2008 singles , Brian Wilson 620 Words | 2 Pages. Immigrants of the Early 1900s: The Hard Life in mass examples America. A Hard Knock Life For immigrants, life was as bad in America as it was in their homeland. Building Essay? Immigrants faced . equally rough conditions no matter where they were. Life was terribly unfair to them. When life got as bad as it did for immigrants, as anyone would, they wanted to distance themselves from the problems.

America seemed like the most ideal place to go. Unfortunately, life was no better there than it had been. Even in a prosperous land, immigrants still faced racism and rough conditions. Maclean Books? Their. Better , Emigration , Eyewitness to History 1089 Words | 3 Pages. ?Motivational Speech Life is Hard , Life is Difficult Everybody wishes for good life . It may be . at different levels. One person may define a good life one way and another may describe it another way. Building? For one person a good life may be just having three meals a day and a roof over their head. Advantage? For another it may be having a huge mansion and a couple of My Role as the million dollars in the bank. Colin Maclaurin? There are different levels and My Role Essay, meanings to mass examples, what a good life is. But whatever your definition of My Role it, there is perhaps.

Accept , Aerosmith , Debut albums 580 Words | 2 Pages. A hard life Middle school will probably be the 3 hardest years I have ever had to colin maclaurin, deal with. Those years are difficult for . anyone that age but with a bad combination of braces and glasses things were not that wonderful. Having bad fashion sense did not help the fact either and being in the band was a real kicker. My Role As The Building Contact? Life in middle school was the worst and I would never want to experience it again, even if you tried to pay me. Mass Examples? . 2006 albums , College , Failure 581 Words | 2 Pages. a Diggers Life on the Australian Goldfields Was Extremely Hard many obstacles and difficulties, including getting to the goldfields and these difficulties contributed to Building Essay, making life hard . The . diggers were shopkeepers, clerks, tradesman, lawyers, squatters and even sailors.

In the mass examples, 1850s, thousands of people believed that finding gold on Building Technology Contact, the Australian goldfields would be easy and they dreamt of the system 1840s, better life it would be bring. The reality was hard work, disease and enduring all kinds of weather conditions. Exorbitant licensing fees fostered resentment and eventually. Australia , China , Diggers 943 Words | 3 Pages. Hard work or Hard luck Hard work has been the main reason for success throughout history. Inventors, sinentest . and leaders are examples of successful workers who scarify a lot of things in order to privilege. My Role Technology Contact Essay? Some people claim that hard work is the only means to success and luck has nothing to do with it, while others say that luck is a main factor for successes. British Education? I believe that hard work is a very important factor for success and the hard luck is a secondary reason we must not rely on. Brandau.

Chance , Comedy , Luck 925 Words | 3 Pages. Hard Life This is a story Ive been avoiding for a long time. As The Building Technology Contact Essay? I call this the story of my life . Ive been . Colin Maclaurin? through a lot in my life . Its been filled with a lot of Building Technology dramatic things most people would never imagine. I never felt it right to verbalize these happenings. Now, I feel its time I express these occurrences through a story. It all starts with my mother and education, father. I never really knew either of them. I lived with my mother, but I never really knew her. We were very distant people living. Drug addiction , Family , Father 864 Words | 2 Pages.

Life is beautiful but not always easy, it has problems and as the, the challenge lies in facing them with courage, letting the beauty of mass examples . life act like a balm, which makes the pain bearable, during trying times, by as the Building Technology Contact, providing hope. Absolute Advantage? As life goes on, things get more complicated. You are no longer a child, but an adult who faces reality. To you, real life is nothing like fairy tales. Problems are not being easily solved and Technology Essay, confusions are everywhere. Happiness, sorrow, victory, defeat, day-night are the examples in literature, two. Dark side , English-language films , Face transplant 710 Words | 3 Pages.

Life is a great surprise I do not see why death should not be an even greater one Everyone knows theyre going to die but nobody . believes it. If we did, we would do things differently.Theres a better approach. To know youre going to die, and to be prepared for it at any time. Thats better. That way you can actually be more involved in your life while youre living. (Albom 82). Morrie feels that people refuse to believe that they will come one day die, and therefore, do not lives there. Afterlife , Death , Don Piper 1880 Words | 5 Pages. The Hard Knock Life for Langston Hughes. Langston Hughes knew nothing of this uncertainty he spoke of due to his sponser. The images of poverty that Hughes evokes through his poetry, contribute to My Role Essay, . the American notion of impoverished black Americans since the days of slavery, however, Hughes' life was very different from the colin maclaurin, notion he described. My Role As The Building Technology Contact Essay? At this time in maclean history, many Americans were illiterate, especially minorities.

Langston Hughes was fortunate to My Role as the Building Technology Contact, be able to read, and blessed with his talent to write. Due to financial stability. African American , Black people , Carl Van Vechten 977 Words | 3 Pages. Success literature going back hundreds of years espouses the benefits of hard work. Mass Examples? But why is it that some people seem to feel that . hard work is a dirty word nowadays? I define hard work as work that is Contact Essay, challenging.

Both hard work and working hard (i.e. Alistair? putting in the time required to get the My Role as the Technology, job done) are required for success. A problem occurs when people think of challenging work as painful or uncomfortable. Does challenging work necessarily have to be painful? No, of course not. In fact. 2008 singles , Challenge , Desmond Child 1525 Words | 4 Pages.

Hard work will not guarantee you success. Let me explain the hardest working athletes are not the ones making the most money. The most . talented ones in any sport are not often described as being hard working The person who is putting in colin maclaurin 12 hour days, sweating and My Role as the Building Contact, plodding along? Getting the job done and earning very little reward? Do people get promoted within the alistair maclean, organization on My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, work ethic alone? Isnt usually because they know someone, have a natural knack for something, have more education. 2000 albums , A Good Thing , ACK 814 Words | 3 Pages. Hard Work Never Hurt Anyone I wish there could be a way to relive the first fourteen years of my life in my current situation . and in mass examples a wealthy situation just to compare the two to see how life would differ. Growing up differently from My Role as the Building Contact, how the kids I was going to school with was a big challenge.

I could not fit in with them correctly or really have good conversations because what I knew was totally different from what they knew, life was hard . Most of the find absolute advantage, kids I was going to school with at Contact the. 2005 singles , Aerosmith , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles 1050 Words | 3 Pages. Value of Life A Synthesis Paper Short Introduction Life is something that so valuable that you can only find advantage, live it once, . not twice, not thrice but just once. We are the ones who get to My Role Building Contact, die when its time for mass examples, us to Technology Essay, die, so we should live the absolute, way we want to This is one way of looking at as the Building life and how would you do it. Some people have different perspectives. How To Absolute Advantage? Some say life is entirely a matter of faith; we cannot prove it. We believe what we want, we back up our beliefs with strong and meaningful. 2002 albums , 2006 singles , Ayumi Hamasaki 1141 Words | 3 Pages. ?I) Life : An overview of Building production The Earth is home to more than 30 million different animals and plants every single one fighting to . survive. [] the epic television series Life is the alistair, definitive exploration of as the Technology Contact our planets living things and their spectacular, bizarre and Health Zealand, fascinating behaviors (A Landmark, 2010).

Life is a nature documentary series produced by My Role Building Technology, BBC Natural History Unit that was first broadcast on BBC television from October to alistair, December 2009. The production of Life series. BBC Natural History Unit , Camera , Cinematography 2279 Words | 7 Pages. For It Some people sit back and think about how good of a life they have, while others are wondering why they are constantly feeling like . they are at as the Contact Essay a disadvantage. This is what Namit Arora, discusses in his essay What Do We Deserve? He often thinks to himself, How much of my good life do I really deserve? Why me and not so many others? (Arora 87) and what he means by this is, why is Health in New Essay, it fair that he receives so many rewards in as the Technology Contact Essay life when others are struggling to pay the bills. Well I completely. Affirmative action , Das Model , Discrimination 1822 Words | 5 Pages. Charles Dickens' Life Related to His Book, Hard Times

Hard Times For These Times In order to improve the sales of his own weekly magazine, Household Words, in which sales had begun to decline in . Health In New Zealand? 1854, Charles Dickens (lived 1812 ? 1870) began to publish a new series of weekly episodes in the magazine. Hard Times For These Times, an assault on My Role as the Building, the industrial greed and colin maclaurin, political economy that exploits the My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, working classes and colin maclaurin, deadens the soul, ran from April 1 to Contact Essay, August 12, 1854. In the opening scenes that take place in maclean books the classroom, you become familiarized. Barnaby Rudge , Bleak House , Charles Dickens 989 Words | 3 Pages. focus. Occasionally, lovers face obstacles such as finances, physical illness, various forms of My Role Technology Contact Essay discrimination, psychological restraints or family that . threaten to break their union of love. Mass Examples? As in My Role Building Technology Essay all romantic relationships, tensions of in literature day-to-day life , temptations (of infidelity), and differences in compatibility enter into the plots of romantic films.[1] Romantic films often explore the essential themes of love at first sight, young with older love, unrequited love, obsessive love, sentimental. Antagonist , Character , False protagonist 2235 Words | 7 Pages. English 1A 23 October 2012 Word Hard , Play Hard Low paid workers and farmers losing everything, sounds like complete madness. . In the book Stuffed and Starved by author Raj Patel, as well as the book Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser show similarities between how workers are paid low also working in My Role Contact Essay bad conditions, and to hyperbole in literature, carry along how farmers have become nothing more then people in My Role Building Technology Essay debt and losing their land, and lastly how the NAFTA agreement between Canada, the U.S., and Mexico has played. Fast Food Nation , Federal government of the United States , Free trade 1400 Words | 4 Pages. snow forts and snow angels; bon fires and Smores.

And as we got older, we still had the closest family bond that no one could ever compare to in my eyes. . Family is the most important aspect in the growth of a child. Although my father was not in my life for long, my mom was the greatest mother and father ever. She has done so much for my sister and I; a million, Thank Yous, just wouldnt be enough. Mass Examples? I hold such an attachment to my grandmothers home because I grew up in her home. My Role? Many of my family. Big Bad , English-language films , Family 999 Words | 3 Pages. Michael Jackson Man In The Mirror I'm gonna make a change for once in my life It's gonna feel real good, Gonna make a difference Gonna . make it right. As I, turn up the collar on my favorite winter coat This wind is blowing my mind I see the kids in the streets with not enough to eat Who am I to how to find advantage, be blind?

Pretending not to see their needs A summer disregard, a broken bottle top And a one man soul They follow each other on the wind ya' know 'Cause they got nowhere to go That's. 2006 singles , 2007 singles , English-language films 607 Words | 3 Pages. Accidental killing of the boy at the wedding I think that these events foreshadowed Okonkwos and Building Technology Contact, the Ibo tribes demise because . every single one of the events affected Okonkwo negatively and led to some of change in his life . It starts with Okonkwos father being a bum in the tribe and neglecting his responsibility to alistair books, his family. Building Technology Contact? His death was also degrading because his body was thrown in the forbidden forest and Okonkwo always worked towards not becoming someone like. Chinua Achebe , Colonialism , Foreshadowing 684 Words | 3 Pages. Freeman boys and one Riley Brookes It All Started With An Apple [Watty's 2013] How To Tame A Bad Boy My College Life The Bad Boy Walked Me . Down The Aisle A and D Friends With Benefits with the british education system, English Bad Boy Dorm Room 210 Love Elevator The Cheerleader And The Cage Fighter. Are Dance Partners? Living High School to the Fullest (Completed) One and Only His appointed wife My Life as a Walter Boy [Sequel to MLWTWB] Float Drunken Mistake? Finding Out What The Bad Boy Fights For The Heartbreakers . Bad Boy , Boy , English-language films 422 Words | 3 Pages. school and as the Building Technology, graduati (MORE) Parents, family and british education, friends of the graduating class of 2012, welcome. Graduating students, welcome.

Today, you close one era of My Role as the Building Essay . your life and embark on alistair maclean books, the next. It is a day (MORE) Parents, family and Building Technology, friends of the Health Zealand, graduating class of 2012, welcome. As The Building? Graduating students, welcome. Health In New Zealand? Today, you close one era of your life and embark on the next. It is a day (MORE) Wow! It's your 18th birthday.

In most parts of the world, you are now regarded as an adult. Flaunt your driving. Birthday , Birthday cake , Birthdays 814 Words | 4 Pages. Mundy sisters in Brian Friels play Dancing at Building Lughnasa. The same rural, isolated atmosphere of colin maclaurin Donegal is also felt in My Role as the Contact Essay the lonely county of Sligo, home to . the pub in Conor McPhersons play The Weir, which is influenced by his grandfathers lonely life in the Irish countryside. Both the plays incorporate the mass examples, appearance of outsiders into the normally rejected and remote settings, and as the Technology Contact, the way in which the respective authors make their characters deal with the examples, outsiders often is alike, yet sometimes. Brian Friel , Conor McPherson , County Donegal 2016 Words | 5 Pages. Williamsburg Official History Citizenship Site. My Role Technology Contact? http://www.history.org/almanack/ life /politics/giveme.cfm (accessed March 3, 2014). Alistair Maclean Books? The . My Role As The Contact Essay? Bible Our history book History.org: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Citizenship Website. Patrick Henry's Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death Speech : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History Citizenship Site. http://www.history.org/almanack/ life /politics/giveme.cfm (accessed March 3, 2014). . Bible , British Empire , Colonialism 1064 Words | 4 Pages. enable Warby Parker to realize the higher demand for optical eyeglasses compared to sunglasses at these regions and this enable them to take necessary steps . to capture the demand from this targeted market.

Diagram 1 Warby Parker has worked very hard on hyperbole examples in literature, the basis of differentiation. Technology Contact? They did not want to be the overpriced, ordinary eyewear whereby people would be so disturbed just by looking at their range of prices. Instead of that, Neil Blumenthal and his friends chose to disrupt the british education 1840s, optical industry. Book of Optics , Consultative selling , Customer service 1542 Words | 5 Pages. of life on the planet. As The Technology Contact? In what concrete way has what you have seen on Health Zealand Essay, the screen given you hope?

This movie has really encouraged to say the . phrase pay it forward more often, but mostly to really treat people fairly. I've been trying to this all my life the best of my ability, but now going through with so many pressures to as the Contact Essay, have to fit in and to neglect the outsiders; I've tried to mass examples, the best of My Role as the Building Contact Essay my ability to do the Health, opposite. Every single one of us has a good work to do in My Role as the Building Essay life , Flannery. 2004 albums , English-language films , Flannery O'Connor 1133 Words | 4 Pages. Free and Enslaved: A Case for Hard Determinism Are you free to do as you choose?

The vast majority of alistair maclean people would say yes, but consider . this; the connection between the My Role as the Building Technology Contact, past and the future is incredibly strong. Therefore if there is only one past, the question is how much control does that past have over the future? According to hard determinism, the past completely determines the future because all the alistair maclean, conditions of the past ultimately shape and cause the My Role as the Contact Essay, future to occur. This means that your. Causality , Cosmological argument , David Hume 826 Words | 3 Pages. not caring enough about there community so therefore he feels he needs to get the mass examples, message across about how socially unacceptable this is. As he conveys these . ideas to the reader he uses representation to give an object human life . An example when he gives an object a human life structure is; It was a town of unnatural red and as the, black like a painted face of a savage,(1057). By doing this he was stressing the british, importance of how nothing is progressing and the politicians need to take another look at. Brick , Charles Dickens , Hard Times 900 Words | 3 Pages. financial gains by the mid 1980s it had not yet fully emerged from the shadow of drug abuse which had characterized it during much of the 1970s. . (Professional Basketball In the My Role as the Contact Essay, 1980s) There were some players that couldnt handle the pressures of daily life as an NBA player and werent capable of managing the large salaries responsibly. One player that took drugs was Michael Ray Richardson.

He spent most of his career in and out of drug rehab centers. When he left training camp before the 1983-1984 season. Boston Celtics , Detroit Pistons , Houston Rockets 886 Words | 3 Pages. disengaging us from the always on culture.(274) This emphasizes that technology including: Tablets, cell phones, IPads, Kindles, etcare all ways that . technology is distracting kids. Mass Examples? If these devices were turned off people could not function in real life . Goldwasser agrees with Turkle and says, Kids todaydont read, dont write, and dont care anything further than their iPods. (237)This point needs to My Role Building Technology Essay, be emphasized since so many kids are distracted by these devices in hyperbole examples front of My Role as the Building Contact Essay them. We depend. Distraction 826 Words | 3 Pages. In Dickenss Hard Times, there are many symbols that run through the novel.

These symbols stand for much more than just word you would come . across multiple times as you read. Each symbol can mean something about human nature, human relationships, morality, and even about colin maclaurin, our society. Each symbol can have a different meaning to all of My Role as the Contact Essay us. In Literature? The symbols that came up frequently and My Role as the Building Technology, that stood out to me as I read were staircase, Pegasus, smoke serpents, and fire. The first symbol that stood out to.

Bleak House , Charles Dickens , Circus 939 Words | 3 Pages. Hard but Possible (story of a friend) By Pouria Moghimi HARD BUT POSSIBLE I had an interview with my fathers friend, . who is a friend with a pure heart, a great husband and a hard working man in his job and education, Hooman Mosavi has his own narrative of a life with a lot of ups and downs in it. He opened his eyes to the world on twenty second April of 1970 in Rey, near Tehran, the capital city of Iran. Hooman grow upped in a family with three siblings and hyperbole examples in literature, they lived in Contact Essay Tehran. Hooman. Adolescence , Best Friends , Education 1524 Words | 4 Pages. ?Alice Rino Karri Harris ENG403B 10 March 2014 Hard Times Essay The novel Hard Times, by Charles Dickens was written in 1854 . Colin Maclaurin? based on the idea that logic and fact helped advance society more than fancy and imagination did. Dickens was concerned with the gloomy lives and social problems of mid-nineteenth-century England's working class and Hard Times was his way of expressing his thoughts. He addresses these problems through three divided sections of the Building Essay, novel where logic, reason, fancy and.

Bleak House , Character , Charles Dickens 992 Words | 4 Pages. cultural relations. We are registered in colin maclaurin England as a charity. Page 2 of 3 Big City Small World Meet the Cast Fadi . http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/big-city-small-world/meet-fadi Fadis Season 1 Read the questions about Fadis life throughout season 1. Try to answer the My Role as the Technology Contact Essay, questions. You might have to mass examples, go back and My Role as the Building Essay, listen to some of the earlier episodes again if you can't remember. 1. In episode 2, what sort of business is hyperbole examples, Fadi in? a. My Role Technology Contact Essay? Food supplies b. Office supplies c. Colin Maclaurin? Sports equipment. 869 Words | 3 Pages.

How a Person Overcome Very Hard Obstacles in My Role Life. Developmental Psychology Photo by mass examples, Lotus Head This branch of psychology looks at development throughout the lifespan, from childhood to adulthood. The . scientific study of human development seeks to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life . This includes all aspects of human growth, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social, perceptual and personality development. Topics studied in this field include everything from prenatal development to Alzheimer's disease. Building Contact Essay? * What is. Behavior , Behaviorism , Behavioural sciences 728 Words | 4 Pages. Facts.

Facts alone are wanted in life . Plant nothing else, and root out how to, everything else. My Role Building Contact Essay? You can only form the minds of education 1840s reasoning animals upon . Facts: nothing else will ever be of as the Essay any service to them. This is the in New Zealand, principle on My Role Contact Essay, which I bring up my own children, and this is the how to find advantage, principle on which I bring up these children. As The Building Contact Essay? Stick to british education 1840s, Facts, sir! Mr Thomas Gradgrinds speech, the opening paragraph to My Role Technology, Hard Times, is alistair books, probably as famous as the as the Building Technology, novel itself. Health Zealand? Published in 1854, Hard Times tells the story of a fictional. A Christmas Carol , Bleak House , Charles Dickens 1122 Words | 3 Pages. . Hard Times In the novel Hard Times, by Charles Dickens, we can immediately see the Building Technology, problems that occurred in England around . the times period of the mid 18oo's. Maclean Books? Dickens shows us how the class system works and Technology, what the economy was then and what it would shape out to be. British System? This novel is split into three books, the Building Essay, Sowing, Reaping, and Health Zealand, Garnering. In the first book, we can see that it is aptly named because we begin to learn about as the Technology Essay, who the characters are and what they are about. The characters.

An Essay on the Principle of Population , Capitalism , Hard Times 952 Words | 3 Pages. The Purpose of Life Is a Life of Zealand Purpose. The purpose of life is as the Building Essay, a life of purpose Throughout my life , I have persevered through much pain and . misfortune; however, instead of using my experiences as reasons for a life of mass examples retribution and reparations, I used these tragedies as motivation to making other peoples lives better. Growing up I witnessed my grandmother assist anybody she saw struggling or needed help. During the 17 years she was a part of my life , I watched her nurse back to My Role as the Building Technology Essay, health approximately 300 foster children, because. Feeling , Life , Meaning of mass examples life 906 Words | 3 Pages. Life factors and as the, live events There are many different factors that may affect a persons life such as genetic, biological, . Hyperbole In Literature? environmental, socio-economic and lifestyle. The genetic factors that may affect a persons life are cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, asthma, brittle bone disease and rheumatic disease the genetic disease that I have chosen to write about is cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that is caused by a defective gene; cystic fibrosis affects.

Affect , Affect display , Cystic fibrosis 2585 Words | 6 Pages. her loved ones from seeing the worst of her disease especially me, as I was only six years old. Building Contact Essay? My grandma was the foundation of the maclean books, family. She kept us . together through life and even when she was busy she would still make time for me. I always looked up to her as Christians do to Jesus because she was very wise and had so much life experience. She always listened to what I had to say, even if it didnt make sense. She didnt correct me or try to make me feel stupid; she just listened. My Role Building Essay? When she spoke.

1980s , Chemotherapy , Childhood 502 Words | 2 Pages. means sweat. Maclean Books? And when do we sweat? When we do hard work. And when do we do hard work? When we get a push or inspiration. As The Essay? You just . need a slight push and it will be enough to be inspired to do hard work. Perspiration comes from hard work. So it means, to be a genius, is 1% idea, and in order to make it a success, the rest is hard work.

Nothing comes easy, just work hard at i It does NOT mean that inspiration comes from hard work. It means that hard work (perspiration) is much more important than. Creativity , English-language films , Henry Ford 904 Words | 3 Pages. Hard work leads to success Hard work is the key to success. Nothing can be achieved without hard work. Work, . In New? work, ever work, is a great panacea. Edison worked for My Role as the Technology, twenty-one hours a day. He slept only for two or three hours on the laboratory tables with his books as his pillow. Our beloved Prime Minister late Pt.

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margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Experience using performance test tools (HP Load Runner, IBM Rational Performance Tester, Load Impact, Load Test, etc.)/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Ability to use load tools to monitor, gather, and report application performance/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Knowledge of performance bottlenecks and end-to-end performance measures (server response time, throughput, latency, etc.)/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Ability to troubleshoot issues in My Role Technology Contact the performance test environment/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Experience using test tools: TOAD, Benthic, SQL Server, SQL Plus, or other similar database query tools/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;JAVA, PERL, JavaScript (and/or other common programming languages)/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Deep knowledge of how web applications work over HTTP protocol./span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Experience working with Federal Government projects/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Experience with DHS Systems Engineering Life Cycle (SELC)/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Ability to british promote a positive and collaborative teaming work environment/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Proven ability to My Role Building Technology Contact Essay work independently and alistair, as a team member/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Good communication (written and My Role Building Technology Essay, oral), analytical and interpersonal skills/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Good organizational, multi-tasking, decision-making and time-management skills/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Ability to learn very quickly, adapts to changing priorities, and share knowledge with other team members/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Comfortable working in colin maclaurin a fast paced, quality conscious environment/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Availability to work extended hours if needed for Contact Essay urgent support/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Ability topro-actively identify and clearly articulate issues and present solution options/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Thinks innovatively and develops new ideas to mass examples make test more efficient/span/li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;span style=font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif,serif,EmojiFont; font-size: 10pt;Dedication to accuracy and precision/span/li /ul div style=margin:0px/div NSS Annapolis Junction MD.

E3 Federal Solutions. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 E3 Federal Solutions (E3) is an award winning Veteran Owned Business specializing in providing acquisition management, financial management, and program management support to the federal government. E3's strong understanding of Essay federal acquisition, contract, financial management and alistair maclean books, program management organization (PMO) lifecycles paves the as the Technology Contact Essay, way for hyperbole mature organizational processes, experienced resources, responsive management and proven management methodologies to meet and exceed client goals. Excellence, Accountability, Community, Humility and Integrity are the My Role Building Technology, core values of E3 as we continue to strive in becoming a recognized leader in the management consulting community that both federal agencies and industry partners value doing business with. Zealand Essay. We are an organization that offers both our employees and My Role Building Contact Essay, clients an exceptional experience; our culture will be contagious, while always maintaining a genuine reputation. E3 Federal Solutions, LLC seeks Reporting Testers to colin maclaurin join our team in Building support of alistair maclean our projected work with the Department of Homeland Security - Transportation Security Administration - Secure Flight Work Program. These positions are located in Annapolis Junction, MD. The Reporting Testers will support efforts to validate the solution design by testing the application against performance requirements.

They will support the My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, test leads by find creating detailed performance test tasks for the work plan and providing accurate status of My Role these tasks. Mass Examples. The Reporting Testers will perform the following regular work responsibilities: + Develops detailed test plans and results artifacts + Identify and My Role Building, create detailed test cases and advantage, test scripts and map to appropriate requirements and Building Technology, design specifications. Colin Maclaurin. Supports Test Lead in upward stakeholder management, status report development, metrics, etc. + Creates performance test approach and strategy from system requirements and design documents + Establishes verifiable performance benchmarks for system and system components + Assists in My Role as the Building Contact Essay identifying clear performance requirements / measurement criteria from poorly defined metrics + Leads effort to identify test cases and map them to performance/system/integration requirements for appropriate testing coverage + Responsible for colin maclaurin creating and maintaining test artifacts (plans, reports, dashboards) and ensuring they meet client's expectations + Manages the creation of required test data and as the Technology, data loads for Essay each performance test run + Manages shakeout testing and maintaining performance test environment + Create accurate time estimates and meet schedules for performance/stress testing efforts + Manages effort of My Role as the Technology automating the maclean, performance/load test scripts + Performs execution of Building Technology Contact test cases/runs to meet required execution targets to in New Zealand Essay keep the Technology Contact, project on hyperbole in literature, schedule + Analyzes data gathered from performance test runs and as the Building Contact, provides sound recommendations for performance improvements and can identify bottlenecks of web applications + Recommend to the proper teams performance tuning in how to find absolute different categories: system, platform, application, etc. Technology Essay. as necessary + Reviews test results in examples test tools and validates test cases are complete and My Role as the Technology Contact, of high quality + Communicates any testing issues and/or risks to Test Lead in a timely fashion + Communicate effectively with architecture, design, and development teams to learn system and resolve defects + Willingness to work a flexible schedule as needed to manage execution of test cases + Willingness to work in an Agile Framework environment + Bachelor's degree with a minimum of british 1840s 3 years directly related work experience + ICAgile Certified Professional (ACP) + Experience with Rat App Dev, Rat Functional Tstr, RatClear Case, RatClear Quest, RatRequisite Pro, Rational DOORS Next Generation (DNG), Rational Quality Manager (RQM), Rational Team Concert (RTM), IBM WAS Appl Server, IBM MQ, IBM ILOG. + Experience with IBM Data Power, IBM Data Studio, Java/J2EE, Eclipse, Agile, Gradle, Jenkins, AIX, RedHat Linux, CHEF, DevOps. + Must be a U.S. Citizen with the ability to obtain and maintain a DHS Suitability security clearance. + Experience using performance test tools (HP Load Runner, IBM Rational Performance Tester, Load Impact, Load Test, etc.) + Ability to use load tools to monitor, gather, and report application performance + Knowledge of performance bottlenecks and My Role Building Technology Contact, end-to-end performance measures (server response time, throughput, latency, etc.) + Ability to troubleshoot issues in the performance test environment + Experience using test tools: TOAD, Benthic, SQL Server, SQL Plus, or other similar database query tools + JAVA, PERL, JavaScript (and/or other common programming languages) + Deep knowledge of how web applications work over mass examples HTTP protocol. Building Technology Contact Essay. + Experience working with Federal Government projects + Experience with DHS Systems Engineering Life Cycle (SELC) + Ability to promote a positive and collaborative teaming work environment + Proven ability to mass examples work independently and My Role Technology Contact, as a team member + Good communication (written and oral), analytical and interpersonal skills + Good organizational, multi-tasking, decision-making and find absolute advantage, time-management skills + Ability to learn very quickly, adapts to changing priorities, and share knowledge with other team members + Comfortable working in My Role Building Contact Essay a fast paced, quality conscious environment + Availability to 1840s work extended hours if needed for My Role as the Contact Essay urgent support + Ability to pro-actively identify and clearly articulate issues and hyperbole, present solution options + Thinks innovatively and as the Building, develops new ideas to Health Zealand make test more efficient + Dedication to as the Essay accuracy and precision Req #: 2017-3618 External Company URL: www.e3federalsolutions.com E3 Federal Solutions Annapolis Junction MD. Extract Transform Load (Etl) Testers. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. How To. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter.

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Essay on Thailand: An Outstanding Essay on Thailand. Next to Myanmar, Thailand is the second largest country on the Southeast Asian mainland. Its territory of 198,115 sq. miles (over 513,117 sq. km) shelters a population of over 62 million. Geography and history have conspired to make the country a unique nation. There has been a major Thai state in the present territory of Thai­land for the last six hundred years, and the country is one of the very few in Asia to My Role Building Technology, have escaped European colonialism. Lying off the major historic sea lanes, it was spared the influences that shaped the mari­time world to the south and eastnotably the Health Zealand Muslim religion and the European rule. Thailand has thus acted as a buffer be­tween the conflicting interests of France and England for control of the region, and My Role Technology Essay partly because of this competition suc­ceeded in preserving its independence during the European colonial partition of Southeast Asia. The monarchy became and remains a potent symbol of the british countrys historical continuity and national identity. For over a century, the country has prac­ticed a neutral stance in as the Technology Essay, world affairs, and its post-1950 dependence on the West is a sharp break with tradition. The non-colonial development of the economy is illustrated by colin maclaurin, the fact that em­phasis was placed almost entirely on non-estate agriculture except for Building Essay the rub­ber plantations in the southern peninsula. The great rubber, tea, coffee, coconut, palm, and other plantation estates of Indo­nesia, the Philippines and Indonesia are conspicuously absent in the nation as has been the European and American capital.

It is only in find advantage, the exploitation in My Role Technology Contact Essay, tin extrac­tion in its peninsula region and in the growing manufacturing sector that the American and advantage European involvement has been significant. Thailand, for a long time, remained neglected by the West, partly be­cause the colonial powers were engaged elsewhere, and due in part to Thailands lo­cation off the historic routes of maritime trade. Thailands physical configuration is simple: a south- facing river basin enclosed on the west, north and as the Building Contact Essay the southeast by mountains, and a long, slender peninsular finger in find, the south. The northern and western moun­tains are the southward continuation of the complex mountain system of the Hi­malayas from eastern Tibet curving to the south that, in part, form the boundary be­tween southern Myanmar and Thailand. These mountains are a series of north- south ranges, rise to nearly 8,000 feet (2,440 meters), and trend southward into Malaysia.

To the north are the hills and dissected plateau region of Technology Essay Myanmar that contains caves from which remains of pre­historic humans have been excavated. The Khorat Plateau in hyperbole examples, the northeast covers a third of the country that gently tilts to­ward the east, and lies in My Role Technology, the drainage of the Mekong. The Plateau is enclosed on colin maclaurin the west and south by low, linear hills. Contact Essay? Surface elevations on mass examples the Khorat range from 650 feet (198 meters) in the north­west to 300 feet in the southeast. Lying between the northern and western moun­tain ranges and the Khorat Plateau is a sizable Chao Phraya River basin, which is the as the Building cultural and economic heartland of the country, known also as the Central Low­lands.

This region consists of in literature rolling plains in the north and a low-lying flood plain and delta of the Chao Phraya formed by My Role as the Technology, the large deposits of colin maclaurin alluvium brought by the tributaries of the rivers. The alluvial deposits of the river valleys are the most fertile in Thailand, as these are replenished year after year with river sediments swol­len with annual monsoon rains. The topography of the peninsular arm is roll­ing to mountainous, with little flat land. Higher mountains rise to about 5,000 feet (1,524 meters) on the west, off the rugged and indented coast, lie several small is­lands, including the Phuketl Island, which is rich in My Role as the Technology Essay, tin. The climate of alistair maclean Thailand may be de­scribed as tropical monsoonal. The major influences are the countrys location in the tropics, monsoon zone and the topo­graphic features affect the My Role Building Contact distribution of rainfall. In early May the southwest mon­soons flow from the Indian Ocean, and bring large amounts of rainfall, which reaches a maximum in September. The wind system is reversed between Novem­ber and February, when a northeast monsoon brings cool, dry air.

Occasion­ally, typhoons may come across the China Sea and colin maclaurin bring some rain but fades out across Thailand. My Role Building Technology? The amount of rainfall varies from 40 inches to 120 (1,016 to 3,048 mm) in the various parts of the country. In the southern peninsular region a dry sea­son seldom occurs and receives as much as 160 inches of precipitation annually, whereas Bangkok gets 55 inches (1,397 mm) and Khorat, sheltered by hills on all sides even less than 30 inches (762 min) and almost the whole of the peninsular region receives over 80 inches distributed throughout the year. Temperatures are, in general, moderate to high, averaging be­tween 77 and 84F (25 and 29C). The season of highest temperatures is in late March, April and early May. In central, peninsular and southeastern Thailand, maximum temperatures seldom reach 100F (37.7C), while minimum tempera­tures are lower than 65F (18.3C).

In northern Thailand, temperature range tends to be much larger. Soils of the river valleys are fertile, and the most fertile land IS in alistair books, the flood plains of the lower Chao Phraya basin because it receives large amounts of the rich, alluvial deposits of soil every year. Relatively flat areas else­where and parts of the coast also have fertile soils. Contact? Elsewhere, soils tend to be poor, highly leached laterites of the maclean books humid tropics. Among Southeast Asian countries, Thailand is the as the Technology Essay most iden­tity-conscious nation. Relatively homo­geneous, the country does not possess the multiplicity of languages found in Indone­sia and find absolute the Philippines, nor contains a complex ethnic mix as in Malaysia. Eighty- five percent of the population speaks Thai, which is a member of a large cluster of lan­guages spoken in all bordering countries as well as southern China and northern Viet­nam. Like the people of Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos, the Thais are Bud­dhists of the Theravada school. In 1991 ninety-five percent of the population was listed as adhering to Buddhism.

The mi­norities include Muslims (who account for four percent of the Building Contact Essay population), Hindus, Sikhs, and a few Christians, which are con­centrated chiefly around Bangkok. The national government plays down regional loyalties, and the Thai language is taught in schools throughout the country. Non-Thais number nearly 12 million or 20 percent of the Health in New population. The larg­est ethnic minority, comprising over 8 million or 12 percent of the Technology Contact Essay total popula­tion are Chinese, who have been assimilated to a far greater degree than in either Malaysia or Indonesia. Health In New Zealand? There are no barriers to intermarriage, and most have embraced Thailands Buddhism. The next largest minority is that of Malays, who profess the Muslim faith, and are largely concentrated in the southern peninsular neck of the country close to the Malaysian border. In the northern and as the Building Technology Contact northwestern part of the country along the Myanmar border are several hill peo­plethe tribal groups, chief of which are Karens, and Shans (numbering over one million each). Most are shifting cultivators. Also included among Thailands minori­ties are Vietnamese, who moved and settled in the northeastern part of the country in the 1940s and 1950s to colin maclaurin, escape Indo-China war with the French, and Khmers (Cambodians) who fled their homeland as refugees after the 1979 Viet­namese invasion of Cambodia.

Such border areas inhibited by My Role as the, the minority groups in the north, northwest, northeast and the southern peninsula are imperfectly integrated into british the Thai state, and My Role Building Technology Contact are eco­nomically backward as well. The Thais dominate the lowlands, and there are lay­ers of non-Thai people in the mountainous borderlands. Traditionally, ag­riculture has been the dominant sector of Thailands economy. Although through government encouragement to small in­dustry, its contributions to economic growth have declined consistently since 1950. The proportion of the colin maclaurin agricultural la­bor force has declined from 88 percent in the 1950s to less than 50 percent. Agricul­tures contribution to the national economy relative to as the, manufacturing has also declined from more than 50 percent in the 1950s to hyperbole examples, less than 11 percent in the 1999. Despite this shift to manufacturing, agricultural production has continued to expand, and Thai farmers continue to pro­duce enough rice for the countrys needs as well as a surplus for export. Today, Thailand is the worlds fifth largest producer of rice and its largest ex­porter (exporting one-third to a quarter of rice exports of the as the Technology world). Health Essay? Agriculture is My Role Building Technology Contact Essay, overwhelmingly associated with rice culti­vation, and close to ninety percent of the countrys cultivable area is given to alistair maclean, it, nearly one-half of which lies in My Role Essay, the Chao Phraya basin where the flood waters of the river provide irrigation and silt-laden fer­tile soils to 1840s, the fields. During the 1960s movement toward crop diversification be­came popular and the farmers began growing such other export crops as maize, sugarcane, pineapples, tobacco, coconuts, and kenaf (a substitute for Building jute) on a larger scale than before. These crops have since been slowly acquiring greater prominence.

In addition, large quantities of vegetables and fruits are also grown. Cattle breeding are important in the Central plains, and pigs and poultry are widely raised. Fishing is also of considerable importance, and con­stitutes a growing export commodity. Rubber productionintroduced into the country during the 19th centuryis im­portant in the southern, peninsular section. Thailand ranks third in the world in natural rubber production. It produces nearly one-sixth of the worlds production of hardwoodsparticularly teak. Its major forest products are now exported in small quantities, following a government ban on logging imposed in 1989.

Mining constitutes a small segment of mass examples nations economy, with only 0.2 of labor- force engaged in Building Contact, it and colin maclaurin contributing less than 2 percent to as the Contact Essay, the domestic gross prod­uct. Tin, mined mostly in the peninsula, has long been a valuable mineral resource, and the country has become one of the worlds largest tin producers, producing on the average about one-tenth of the worlds total output. Coal, zinc, gypsum, tungsten, and limestone are some other minerals produced. The manufacturing sector has dramati­cally grown during the last four decades, representing primarily the large invest­ments made by private firms; the larger ones have been financed by foreign and Thai capital. Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and mass examples Singapore have been the major sources of investment for industry that is particu­larly oriented to producing consumer goods such as clothing, canned goods, and electrical products. Japanese capital is in­creasingly invested in Building, the manufacture of textiles and machinery. At the same time, growth of the traditional, factory-type in­dustry including that of rice milling, sugar and timber, the manufacture of colin maclaurin tobacco, jute sacks and as the Technology cement as the production of textiles (especially based on silk), clothing, furniture, and hyperbole examples in literature footwear owned primarily by domestic investors has also registered substantial gains.

Factory industry is heav­ily concentrated in the Bangkok area. Thailands imports include electrical machinery, minerals and fuels, iron and steel, vehicles, plastics, and organic chemi­calsitems necessary for its growing industrialization and Building Technology Essay domestic needs. Its major exports in the mid-1990s in the cate­gory of manufactured items were electric machinery, textiles and apparel, and nu­clear reactors that collectively accounted for nearly forty percent of british 1840s all exports, whereas the traditional exports of rice, tin, rubber, and teak made up for nearly 22 percent of the as the Contact Essay nations export earnings. Physical and how to find Economic Regionalism : Physically, and economically, Thailand is composed of several distinctive natural units, although the key area is the central lowland, the plain of the as the Building Essay Chao Phraya, which accounts for about one-fifth of the colin maclaurin countrys territory and two-fifths of its population. This is the My Role as the Building Essay area of most com­pact Thai settlement and most important agriculture. Population densities are high­est of any region: over 600 persons per sq. mile (230 persons per colin maclaurin, sq. km). It was for­merly forested but now consists of unbroken paddy (rice) fields.

Soils are ex­tremely fertile, composed of rich alluvium brought by Building Essay, the river. Despite receiving a relatively low total rainfall of in New Essay a little over 50 inches (1,250 millimeters) a year, it is the countrys agricultural heartland and the rice basket. Cassava, maize and other crops are also grown here. For most of the Technology Contact Essay nations history, the capital has been lo­cated here and the people of the central lowland have been the dominant group in the country. Most of Thailands commercial, indus­trial, and service industries are located in the central lowland, focused largely on Bangkok, the capital.

The most important theme of the nations modern history has been the steady concentration of political authority and economic power in a cen­tralized government and at a single place: Bangkok, the capital (population 5.6 mil­lion), which has come to concentrate all facets of find absolute Thai life to a remarkable degree unsurpassed elsewhere. In the process, the city grew to be a classic example of a pri­mate city, collecting nearly 10 percent of the national population; its metropolitan area is nearly 30 times larger than the next biggest cityNakhon Ratchasima 250 miles to the northeast in the Khorat Pla­teau. Containing more than 300 Buddhist temples, the as the Technology Contact Essay royal place, and other cultural attractions, it is a tourist Mecca. Most of the countrys trade passes through its port, and the manufacturing sector is growing rapidly. Chiang Mai (population: 1.6 mil­lion) located in the north, is another tourist center outside the capital. The vast northeastern region, sepa­rated from Laos by the Mekong River, is the plateau area of colin maclaurin Khorat. Not blessed with the fertile soils and Building Technology Essay adequate precipi­tation of the central plains, it is the poorest area of Thailand, and contains about examples, eight million people who are officially desig­nated as living in poverty. Like the My Role as the Building Technology Contact Essay northern region, this area had a history of semi-autonomy until the late 19th century. The people speak a language similar to the Lao, and have often displayed discontent with the central Thai administration, which has recently been trying to bring them into the national fold.

The long peninsular tail to the south which joins central Thailand with Malaysia is less fer­tile, but is the mass examples countrys major rubber-growing and tin producing region. Thailand has recorded some of Southeast Asias most impressive eco­nomic gains (averaging between 6 and 7 percent a year) during the last three dec­ades. The fastest expansion has been seen in the manufacturing, service and trading sectors. Domestic markets have expanded and production of My Role as the Technology Essay such commodities as ce­ment, soft drinks and textiles has continued to grow. American military ex­penditure during the 1960s and 1970s and Japanese investments further bolstered the economy.

Between 1950 and 1970 a rapidly grow­ing population particularly in maclean books, the Central lowlands and around Bangkok had caused great concern, and as the Technology Contact the administration which had previously supported popula­tion growth reversed its policies. Since 1970s the family planning programs of the government helped to substantially reduce the population growth rates, which now stand at 0.9 percent a year at examples, nearly one- third of those prevailing during the 1960s and 1970s. The country is now a model for other developing nations seeking to reduce their rates of population increase. How­ever, a third of Thailands population belongs to the youthful age group (be­tween 20 and 40) that creates high demands on the nations education, hous­ing, health and employment systems, but the government is trying to utilize its highly literate human resource (with a lit­eracy rate of over 90 percent) for My Role Technology Contact economic development. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on mass examples this site, please read the following pages: